Michael Brauer

Summary

Affiliation: University of British Columbia
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. pmc Exposure assessment for estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to outdoor air pollution
    Michael Brauer
    School of Population and Public Health, The University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T1Z3, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 46:652-60. 2012
  2. pmc Proximity of public elementary schools to major roads in Canadian urban areas
    Ofer Amram
    Department of Geography, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
    Int J Health Geogr 10:68. 2011
  3. ncbi request reprint Exposures to atmospheric effects in the entertainment industry
    Kay Teschke
    University of British Columbia, Health Care and Epidemiology, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Occup Environ Hyg 2:277-84. 2005
  4. pmc Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and the risk of coronary heart disease hospitalization and mortality
    Wen Qi Gan
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:501-7. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Evaluation and determinants of airborne bacterial concentrations in school classrooms
    Karen H Bartlett
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Occup Environ Hyg 1:639-47. 2004
  6. pmc Three measures of forest fire smoke exposure and their associations with respiratory and cardiovascular health outcomes in a population-based cohort
    Sarah B Henderson
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1266-71. 2011
  7. doi request reprint Neighbourhood socioeconomic status and individual lung cancer risk: evaluating long-term exposure measures and mediating mechanisms
    Perry Hystad
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z3 Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 97:95-103. 2013
  8. pmc Spatiotemporal air pollution exposure assessment for a Canadian population-based lung cancer case-control study
    Perry Hystad
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Environ Health 11:22. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Long-term residential exposure to air pollution and lung cancer risk
    Perry Hystad
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Epidemiology 24:762-72. 2013
  10. doi request reprint Traffic, asthma and genetics: combining international birth cohort data to examine genetics as a mediator of traffic-related air pollution's impact on childhood asthma
    Elaina A MacIntyre
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T1Z3, Canada
    Eur J Epidemiol 28:597-606. 2013

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. pmc Exposure assessment for estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to outdoor air pollution
    Michael Brauer
    School of Population and Public Health, The University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T1Z3, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 46:652-60. 2012
    ..Combined with spatially resolved population distributions, these estimates expand the evaluation of the global health burden associated with outdoor air pollution...
  2. pmc Proximity of public elementary schools to major roads in Canadian urban areas
    Ofer Amram
    Department of Geography, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
    Int J Health Geogr 10:68. 2011
    ..No studies have yet examined the proximity of schools to major roads in Canadian cities...
  3. ncbi request reprint Exposures to atmospheric effects in the entertainment industry
    Kay Teschke
    University of British Columbia, Health Care and Epidemiology, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Occup Environ Hyg 2:277-84. 2005
    ..It is important to consider these exposures in light of any health effects observed, since existing occupational exposure limits were developed in other industries where the aerosol composition differs from that of theatrical fogs...
  4. pmc Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and the risk of coronary heart disease hospitalization and mortality
    Wen Qi Gan
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:501-7. 2011
    ..Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that exposure to road traffic is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes...
  5. ncbi request reprint Evaluation and determinants of airborne bacterial concentrations in school classrooms
    Karen H Bartlett
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Occup Environ Hyg 1:639-47. 2004
    ....
  6. pmc Three measures of forest fire smoke exposure and their associations with respiratory and cardiovascular health outcomes in a population-based cohort
    Sarah B Henderson
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1266-71. 2011
    ..During the summer of 2003 numerous fires burned in British Columbia, Canada...
  7. doi request reprint Neighbourhood socioeconomic status and individual lung cancer risk: evaluating long-term exposure measures and mediating mechanisms
    Perry Hystad
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z3 Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 97:95-103. 2013
    ....
  8. pmc Spatiotemporal air pollution exposure assessment for a Canadian population-based lung cancer case-control study
    Perry Hystad
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Environ Health 11:22. 2012
    ..We also examine the implications of disregarding and/or improperly accounting for residential mobility in long-term exposure assessments...
  9. doi request reprint Long-term residential exposure to air pollution and lung cancer risk
    Perry Hystad
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Epidemiology 24:762-72. 2013
    ..Still, questions remain about exposure misclassification, the components of air pollution responsible, and the histological subtypes of lung cancer that might be produced...
  10. doi request reprint Traffic, asthma and genetics: combining international birth cohort data to examine genetics as a mediator of traffic-related air pollution's impact on childhood asthma
    Elaina A MacIntyre
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T1Z3, Canada
    Eur J Epidemiol 28:597-606. 2013
    ..TAG comprises a rich database, the largest of its kind, for investigating the effect of genotype on the association between air pollution and childhood allergic disease. ..
  11. ncbi request reprint Intake fraction of urban wood smoke
    Francis J Ries
    Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability and School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 43:4701-6. 2009
    ..Our results emphasize the importance of urban wood smoke as a source of PM2.5 exposure and highlight the comparatively large population exposure and potential environmental justice benefits from reducing wood smoke emissions...
  12. pmc Effect of early life exposure to air pollution on development of childhood asthma
    Nina Annika Clark
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 118:284-90. 2010
    ..We investigated the effect of exposure to ambient air pollution in utero and during the first year of life on risk of subsequent asthma diagnosis in a population-based nested case-control study...
  13. doi request reprint Residential air pollution and otitis media during the first two years of life
    Elaina A MacIntyre
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Epidemiology 22:81-9. 2011
    ..Otitis media is the leading reason young children receive antibiotics or visit a physician. We evaluated the impact of ambient air pollution on outpatient physician visits for otitis media in a population-based birth cohort...
  14. ncbi request reprint Infiltration of forest fire and residential wood smoke: an evaluation of air cleaner effectiveness
    Prabjit Barn
    School of Environmental Health, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 18:503-11. 2008
    ..001). No significant predictors of ACE were identified. Our findings show that remaining indoors combined with use of air cleaner can effectively reduce PM(2.5) exposure during forest fires and residential wood burning...
  15. pmc Perinatal Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Atopy at 1 Year of Age in a Multi-Center Canadian Birth Cohort Study
    Hind Sbihi
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 123:902-8. 2015
    ..The role of traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) exposure in the development of allergic sensitization in children is unclear, and few birth cohort studies have incorporated spatiotemporal exposure assessment...
  16. doi request reprint Childhood allergic rhinitis, traffic-related air pollution, and variability in the GSTP1, TNF, TLR2, and TLR4 genes: results from the TAG Study
    Elaine Fuertes
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 132:342-52.e2. 2013
    ..Associations between traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) and allergic rhinitis remain inconsistent, possibly because of unexplored gene-environment interactions...
  17. doi request reprint Traffic-related air pollution and incident asthma in a high-risk birth cohort
    Chris Carlsten
    Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Occup Environ Med 68:291-5. 2011
    ..We aimed to evaluate the hypothesis that the risk of new onset asthma is positively associated with early exposure to traffic-related air pollution in a well-characterised high-risk birth cohort...
  18. doi request reprint Association of long-term exposure to community noise and traffic-related air pollution with coronary heart disease mortality
    Wen Qi Gan
    School of Population and Public Health, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 175:898-906. 2012
    ..These findings suggest that there are independent effects of traffic-related noise and air pollution on CHD mortality...
  19. doi request reprint Changes in residential proximity to road traffic and the risk of death from coronary heart disease
    Wen Qi Gan
    School of Environmental Health, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Epidemiology 21:642-9. 2010
    ..Residential proximity to road traffic is associated with increased coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality. It is unknown, however, whether changes in residential proximity to traffic could alter the risk of CHD mortality...
  20. doi request reprint Particulate matter exposure along designated bicycle routes in Vancouver, British Columbia
    Amy Thai
    Department of Geography, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 405:26-35. 2008
    ..Observations show qualitative agreement in terms of spatial patterns with a land-use regression (LUR) model for annual PM(2.5) concentrations...
  21. doi request reprint Modeling population exposure to community noise and air pollution in a large metropolitan area
    Wen Qi Gan
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Res 116:11-6. 2012
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Spatial modeling for air pollution monitoring network design: example of residential woodsmoke
    Jason G Su
    Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 57:893-900. 2007
    ..Overall the results show that relatively simple data inputs and spatial analysis can be effective in capturing the spatial variability of ambient air pollution emissions and concentrations...
  23. ncbi request reprint Application of land use regression to estimate long-term concentrations of traffic-related nitrogen oxides and fine particulate matter
    Sarah B Henderson
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 41:2422-8. 2007
    ..62 and were similar across traffic metrics. Resulting maps show the distribution of NO to be more heterogeneous than that of NO2, supporting the usefulness of this approach for assessing spatial patterns of traffic-related pollution...
  24. ncbi request reprint Effects of theatrical smokes and fogs on respiratory health in the entertainment industry
    Sunil Varughese
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Am J Ind Med 47:411-8. 2005
    ..Theatrical fogs (glycol or mineral oil aerosols) are widely used in the entertainment industry to create special effects and make lighting visible...
  25. pmc GSTP1 and TNF Gene variants and associations between air pollution and incident childhood asthma: the traffic, asthma and genetics (TAG) study
    Elaina A MacIntyre
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 122:418-24. 2014
    ..Genetics may partially explain observed heterogeneity in associations between traffic-related air pollution and incident asthma...
  26. pmc A new exposure metric for traffic-related air pollution? An analysis of determinants of hopanes in settled indoor house dust
    Hind Sbihi
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z3
    Environ Health 12:48. 2013
    ..Exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) can adversely impact health but epidemiologic studies are limited in their abilities to assess long-term exposures and incorporate variability in indoor pollutant infiltration...
  27. pmc A cohort study of traffic-related air pollution impacts on birth outcomes
    Michael Brauer
    School of Environmental Health, The University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver BC V6T1Z3 Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 116:680-6. 2008
    ..Evidence suggests that air pollution exposure adversely affects pregnancy outcomes. Few studies have examined individual-level intraurban exposure contrasts...
  28. doi request reprint Predicting personal exposure of pregnant women to traffic-related air pollutants
    Elizabeth Nethery
    School of Environmental Health, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 395:11-22. 2008
    ..g. gas stove). These findings improve our understanding of sources of exposure to air pollutants among pregnant women and support the use of outdoor concentration estimates as proxies for exposure in epidemiologic studies...
  29. pmc Evaluation of a wildfire smoke forecasting system as a tool for public health protection
    Jiayun Yao
    School of Population and Public Health, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 121:1142-7. 2013
    ..Climate change will increase the severity and frequency of smoke events, suggesting a need for enhanced public health protection. Forecasts of smoke exposure can facilitate public health responses...
  30. ncbi request reprint Evaluation and a predictive model of airborne fungal concentrations in school classrooms
    Karen H Bartlett
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:547-54. 2004
    ..A methodology is proposed for the evaluation of airborne fungal concentration data which takes into account local environmental conditions as an aid in the evaluation of fungal bioaerosols in public buildings...
  31. pmc From good intentions to proven interventions: effectiveness of actions to reduce the health impacts of air pollution
    Luisa V Giles
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:29-36. 2011
    ..Associations between air pollution and a multitude of health effects are now well established. Given ubiquitous exposure to some level of air pollution, the attributable health burden can be high, particularly for susceptible populations...
  32. pmc Chronic traffic-related air pollution and stress interact to predict biologic and clinical outcomes in asthma
    Edith Chen
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 116:970-5. 2008
    ..Previous research has documented effects of both physical and social environmental exposures on childhood asthma. However, few studies have considered how these two environments might interact to affect asthma...
  33. doi request reprint Ambient Air Pollution Exposure Estimation for the Global Burden of Disease 2013
    Michael Brauer
    School of Population and Public Health, The University of British Columbia, 3rd Floor 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T1Z3, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 50:79-88. 2016
    ..Population-weighted mean concentrations of ozone increased globally by 8.9% from 1990-2013 with increases in most countries-except for modest decreases in North America, parts of Europe, and several countries in Southeast Asia. ..
  34. doi request reprint Impact of noise and air pollution on pregnancy outcomes
    Ulrike Gehring
    From the aInstitute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands and bSchool of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Epidemiology 25:351-8. 2014
    ..While there is growing evidence for an adverse effect of ambient air pollution on reproductive health, little is known about the association between traffic noise and pregnancy outcomes...
  35. pmc Creating national air pollution models for population exposure assessment in Canada
    Perry Hystad
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1123-9. 2011
    ..Population exposure assessment methods that capture local-scale pollutant variability are needed for large-scale epidemiological studies and surveillance, policy, and regulatory purposes. Currently, such exposure methods are limited...
  36. ncbi request reprint Accessible tools for classification of exposure to particles
    Michael Brauer
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, The University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vanccouver, Canada BC V6T 1Z3
    Chemosphere 49:1151-62. 2002
    ..The ultimate use of the assessed exposures will determine the relevance of potential surrogate measures...
  37. pmc Built environment influences on healthy transportation choices: bicycling versus driving
    Meghan Winters
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Urban Health 87:969-93. 2010
    ..Future research should explicitly consider relevant spatial zones when investigating the relationship between physical activity and urban form...
  38. doi request reprint Perinatal air pollution exposure and development of asthma from birth to age 10 years
    Hind Sbihi
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Eur Respir J 47:1062-71. 2016
    ..Enhanced impacts were observed amongst low-term-birthweight cases. Associations were independent of surrounding residential greenness.Within-city air pollution variation was associated with new asthma onset during the pre-school years. ..
  39. pmc The Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) birth cohort study: assessment of environmental exposures
    Tim K Takaro
    Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 25:580-92. 2015
    ..Several analytical frameworks are proposed to address the many interacting exposure variables and potential issues of co-linearity in this complex data set. ..
  40. pmc The impacts of traffic-related and woodsmoke particulate matter on measures of cardiovascular health: a HEPA filter intervention study
    Majid Kajbafzadeh
    School of Population and Public Health, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Occup Environ Med 72:394-400. 2015
    ..Combustion-generated fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity. Both traffic-related air pollution and residential wood combustion may be important, but few studies have compared their impacts...
  41. doi request reprint Time-activity patterns of pregnant women and changes during the course of pregnancy
    Elizabeth Nethery
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 19:317-24. 2009
    ..e., indoor air pollution or chemicals in the home) late in pregnancy, and increased confidence in exposure proxies based on home locations or characteristics during the same period...
  42. pmc Chronic exposure to high levels of particulate air pollution and small airway remodeling
    Andrew Churg
    Department of Pathology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 111:714-8. 2003
    ..This process may produce chronic airflow obstruction...
  43. ncbi request reprint A case-crossover analysis of particulate air pollution and cardiac arrhythmia in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators
    Kira E Rich
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Inhal Toxicol 16:363-72. 2004
    ..In summary, this study provides little evidence that specific components of PM affect risk of cardiac arrhythmias, although power limited the ability of the study to detect small effects...
  44. ncbi request reprint Determinants of exposure to metalworking fluid aerosol in small machine shops
    Andrew S Ross
    School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Ann Occup Hyg 48:383-91. 2004
    ..Factors associated with reduced aerosol exposure included machining aluminum, milling, the height (and shape) of the shop roof (for both sample types) and the presence of mechanical shop ventilation (for the 37 mm cassette samples)...
  45. doi request reprint How much, how long, what, and where: air pollution exposure assessment for epidemiologic studies of respiratory disease
    Michael Brauer
    Sc D, University of British Columbia School of Environmental Health, 3rd Floor, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T1Z3 Canada
    Proc Am Thorac Soc 7:111-5. 2010
    ....
  46. pmc Traffic-related air pollution and otitis media
    Michael Brauer
    University of British Columbia, School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1414-8. 2006
    ..Although exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is a known risk factor associated with otitis media, little information is available regarding the potential association with air pollution...
  47. doi request reprint PM2.5 Population Exposure in New Delhi Using a Probabilistic Simulation Framework
    Arvind Saraswat
    Institute for Resources Environment and Sustainability, The University of British Columbia, Rm 411, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 4T1, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 50:3174-83. 2016
    ..Ignoring the effects of mobility causes the average annual PM2.5 population exposure to be underestimated by only 11%. ..
  48. doi request reprint Childhood intermittent and persistent rhinitis prevalence and climate and vegetation: a global ecologic analysis
    Elaine Fuertes
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Institute of Epidemiology I, Helmholtz Zentrum München German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany Electronic address
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 113:386-92.e9. 2014
    ..The effect of climate change and its effects on vegetation growth, and consequently on rhinitis, are uncertain...
  49. doi request reprint Spatiotemporal land use regression models of fine, ultrafine, and black carbon particulate matter in New Delhi, India
    Arvind Saraswat
    Institute for Resources Environment and Sustainability The University of British Columbia, Rm 411, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 4T1, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 47:12903-11. 2013
    ..5, BC, and UFPN than observed in other LUR studies, indicating the importance of temporal variability and suggesting the existence of uncharacterized sources. ..
  50. ncbi request reprint Communicating exposure and health effects results to study subjects, the community and the public: strategies and challenges
    Michael Brauer
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14:479-83. 2004
    ....
  51. doi request reprint Effect of diesel exhaust inhalation on blood markers of inflammation and neurotoxicity: a controlled, blinded crossover study
    Rachel Cliff
    a Department of Medicine, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Chan Yeung Centre for Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Disease, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Inhal Toxicol 28:145-53. 2016
    ..Controlled human exposure studies of the effect of air pollution on the brain have potential to enhance our understanding of this relationship and to inform potential biological mechanisms...
  52. doi request reprint A land use regression model for ultrafine particles in Vancouver, Canada
    Rebecca C Abernethy
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 47:5217-25. 2013
    ..Models incorporating wind roses did not explain more variability in measured PNC...
  53. ncbi request reprint Policy uses of particulate exposure estimates
    Michael Brauer
    University of British Columbia, School of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 123
    Chemosphere 49:947-59. 2002
    ..The various major approaches for estimation of exposure--direct and indirect measurement, empirical and physical modeling--are catalogued and compared with these proposed criteria...