Elise Roy

Summary

Country: Canada

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Female street youth and prostitution
    Amy E Weber
    Focus 17:5-6. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Initiation to drug injection among street youth: a gender-based analysis
    Elise Roy
    Universite de Sherbrooke, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Service de Toxicomanie, Longueuil, Québec J4K0A8, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 114:49-54. 2011
  3. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of prescription opioid residue injection
    Elise Roy
    Faculty of Medecine and Health Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 166:69-74. 2016
  4. pmc Epidemiology of Injection Drug Use: New Trends and Prominent Issues
    Elise Roy
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebc, Canada Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Can J Psychiatry 61:136-44. 2016
  5. doi request reprint Examining the link between cocaine binging and individual, social and behavioral factors among street-based cocaine users
    Elise Roy
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Electronic address
    Addict Behav 68:66-72. 2017
  6. pmc Predictors of residential stability among homeless young adults: a cohort study
    Elise Roy
    Addiction Research and Study Program, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, 150, place Charles Le Moyne, Room 200, Longueuil, QC, J4K 0A8, Canada
    BMC Public Health 16:131. 2016
  7. pmc Residential trajectories of street youth-the Montréal Cohort Study
    Elise Roy
    Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    J Urban Health 91:1019-31. 2014
  8. doi request reprint Prevalence and temporal trends of crack injection among injection drug users in eastern central Canada
    Elise Roy
    Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Chaire de Toxicomanie, Longueuil, Quebec J4K 0A8, Canada Agence de la Santé et des Services Sociaux de Montréal, Direction de sante publique, Montreal, Québec H2L 1M3, Canada Institut National de Santé Publique, Montreal, Quebec G1V 5B3, Canada Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 133:275-8. 2013
  9. doi request reprint Patterns of cocaine and opioid co-use and polyroutes of administration among street-based cocaine users in Montréal, Canada
    Elise Roy
    Universite de Sherbrooke, Addiction Research and Study Program, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada J4K 0A8
    Int J Drug Policy 24:142-9. 2013
  10. doi request reprint Injection of drug residue as a potential risk factor for HCV acquisition among Montréal young injection drug users
    Elise Roy
    Universite de Sherbrooke, Programme d études et de recherche en toxicomanie, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 126:246-50. 2012

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. ncbi request reprint Female street youth and prostitution
    Amy E Weber
    Focus 17:5-6. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Initiation to drug injection among street youth: a gender-based analysis
    Elise Roy
    Universite de Sherbrooke, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Service de Toxicomanie, Longueuil, Québec J4K0A8, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 114:49-54. 2011
    ..To estimate the incidence rate of initiation into drug injection and to identify predictors of initiation into drug injection separately among street girls and boys...
  3. doi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of prescription opioid residue injection
    Elise Roy
    Faculty of Medecine and Health Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 166:69-74. 2016
    ..Preparation of POs for injection may leave residues in containers and filters used by people who inject drugs and may lead to adverse health outcomes if they are injected...
  4. pmc Epidemiology of Injection Drug Use: New Trends and Prominent Issues
    Elise Roy
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebc, Canada Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Can J Psychiatry 61:136-44. 2016
    ....
  5. doi request reprint Examining the link between cocaine binging and individual, social and behavioral factors among street-based cocaine users
    Elise Roy
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Electronic address
    Addict Behav 68:66-72. 2017
    ..To estimate the prevalence of cocaine binging and examine associated factors, to characterize binge episodes and to study the relationship between cocaine binging and HIV and HCV risk behaviors among street-based cocaine users...
  6. pmc Predictors of residential stability among homeless young adults: a cohort study
    Elise Roy
    Addiction Research and Study Program, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, 150, place Charles Le Moyne, Room 200, Longueuil, QC, J4K 0A8, Canada
    BMC Public Health 16:131. 2016
    ..This study was undertaken to estimate the probability of reaching residential stability over time and to identify predictors of residential stability among homeless young adults aged 18 to 25 years...
  7. pmc Residential trajectories of street youth-the Montréal Cohort Study
    Elise Roy
    Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    J Urban Health 91:1019-31. 2014
    ..Protective correlates of residential stability included high school education, birth in Canada, and presence of mental health problems. Drug abuse or dependence was associated with a decreased probability of housing. ..
  8. doi request reprint Prevalence and temporal trends of crack injection among injection drug users in eastern central Canada
    Elise Roy
    Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Chaire de Toxicomanie, Longueuil, Quebec J4K 0A8, Canada Agence de la Santé et des Services Sociaux de Montréal, Direction de sante publique, Montreal, Québec H2L 1M3, Canada Institut National de Santé Publique, Montreal, Quebec G1V 5B3, Canada Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 133:275-8. 2013
    ..This article describes the extent of crack injection and examines temporal trends among injection drug users (IDUs) recruited from 2003 to 2010 in the SurvUDI network...
  9. doi request reprint Patterns of cocaine and opioid co-use and polyroutes of administration among street-based cocaine users in Montréal, Canada
    Elise Roy
    Universite de Sherbrooke, Addiction Research and Study Program, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada J4K 0A8
    Int J Drug Policy 24:142-9. 2013
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Injection of drug residue as a potential risk factor for HCV acquisition among Montréal young injection drug users
    Elise Roy
    Universite de Sherbrooke, Programme d études et de recherche en toxicomanie, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 126:246-50. 2012
    ..Little is known about the specific practice of injecting someone else's drug residue as a possible route of HCV transmission...
  11. pmc Drug use patterns in the presence of crack in downtown Montréal
    Elise Roy
    University of Sherbrooke, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Addiction Research Study Program, Longueuil, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 31:72-80. 2012
    ..A study was undertaken to verify reports of an increasing presence of crack in downtown Montréal, and to investigate the influence of crack availability on current drug use patterns among street-based cocaine users...
  12. pmc The growing popularity of prescription opioid injection in downtown Montréal: new challenges for harm reduction
    Elise Roy
    Faculté de Médicine et des Sciences de la Santé, Universite de Sherbrooke, Service de Toxicomanie, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 46:1142-50. 2011
    ..More research is needed to examine the role of illicit PO use in the development of opiate addiction and to better understand drug-using contexts that put PO users at risk of infections. The study's limitations are noted...
  13. pmc Residential trajectory and HIV high-risk behaviors among Montréal street youth--a reciprocal relationship
    Elise Roy
    Direction de sante publique, Montreal, Canada
    J Urban Health 88:767-78. 2011
    ..This calls for more integrated services combining both individual and structural-level interventions to improve the health of street youth...
  14. doi request reprint Temporal changes in risk factors associated with HIV seroconversion among injection drug users in eastern central Canada
    Elise Roy
    Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Service de Toxicomanie, Longueuil, Canada
    AIDS 25:1897-903. 2011
    ..To investigate temporal trends in HIV incidence rates and to assess changes over time in associated risk factors...
  15. ncbi request reprint Modeling initiation into drug injection among street youth
    Elise Roy
    Universite de Sherbrooke, Canada, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Service de Toxicomanie, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    J Drug Educ 41:119-34. 2011
    ..Preventive strategies targeting street youth should both enhance youth's control beliefs and actual control over their substance use and improve their life conditions...
  16. pmc The challenge of understanding mortality changes among street youth
    Elise Roy
    Universite de Sherbrooke, 1111 St Charles Street West, Longueuil, QC, Canada
    J Urban Health 87:95-101. 2010
    ..Setting up a system to monitor the drug market could improve the quality of information collected...
  17. doi request reprint Hepatitis C virus incidence among young street-involved IDUs in relation to injection experience
    Elise Roy
    Universite de Sherbrooke, Service de Toxicomanie, 1111 St Charles Street West, West Tower, Room 500, Longueuil, Quebec J4K 5G4, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 102:158-61. 2009
    ..Using a time scale starting at first injection, we studied the period of HCV susceptibility after initiation into drug injection among street-involved IDUs...
  18. ncbi request reprint Transition to injection drug use among street youth--a qualitative analysis
    Elise Roy
    Programmes d études et de recherche en toxicomanie, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 94:19-29. 2008
    ..To examine social contexts and processes influencing transition to drug injection among street youth...
  19. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis C meanings and preventive strategies among street-involved young injection drug users in Montréal
    Elise Roy
    Service de Toxicomanie, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 18:397-405. 2007
    ..To examine what hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection means to street-involved young IDUs (SYIDUs) and how this impacts on their health behaviours, based on social contexts in which they live...
  20. ncbi request reprint High hepatitis C virus prevalence and incidence among Canadian intravenous drug users
    E Roy
    Direction de santé publique de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Int J STD AIDS 18:23-7. 2007
    ..The HCV epidemic severely affects IDUs in this area. Actions to prevent HCV transmission, such as distribution of sterile injection equipment, have to be reinforced. Special efforts have to be targeted towards starting IDUs...
  21. ncbi request reprint Trends in injection drug use behaviors over 10 years among street youth
    Elise Roy
    Programmes d études et de recherche en toxicomanie, Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, 1111 rue Saint Charles West, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 89:170-5. 2007
    ..To determine the temporal trends of initiation into injection drug use, current injection, and recent receptive sharing of injection paraphernalia among street youth...
  22. pmc Drug injection among street youths in Montreal: predictors of initiation
    Elise Roy
    Montreal Regional Public Health Department, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Urban Health 80:92-105. 2003
    ..This study showed that injection drug use is frequent among street youths, but prevention appears possible...
  23. pmc Low perceived benefits and self-efficacy are associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection-related risk among injection drug users
    Joseph Cox
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 66:211-20. 2008
    ..Interventions should aim to heighten awareness of the benefits of risk reduction and provide IDUs with the skills necessary to negotiate safer injecting with their peers...
  24. pmc Access to sterile injecting equipment is more important than awareness of HCV status for injection risk behaviors among drug users
    Joseph Cox
    Direction de sante publique, Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, Montreal, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 44:548-68. 2009
    ..Improved access to sterile injecting equipment may be more important than knowledge of HCV status in reducing injection risks among this IDU population. The study limitations are noted and recommendations discussed...
  25. ncbi request reprint Minimal uptake of sterile drug preparation equipment in a predominantly cocaine injecting population: implications for HIV and hepatitis C prevention
    Carole Morissette
    Montreal Public Health Department, Division of Infectious Diseases, 1301 Sherbrooke Street East, Montreal, Quebec, H2L 1M3, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 18:204-12. 2007
    ..To identify factors associated with using sterile drug injection equipment by injection drug users (IDUs)...
  26. ncbi request reprint HIV incidence among street youth in Montreal, Canada
    Elise Roy
    Direction de santé publique de Montréal Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    AIDS 17:1071-5. 2003
    ..To estimate HIV incidence and identify predictors of seroconversion among Montreal street youth...
  27. ncbi request reprint Drug injection among street youth: the first time
    Elise Roy
    Montreal Regional Public Health Department, Quebec, Canada
    Addiction 97:1003-9. 2002
    ..To describe the circumstances of the first drug injection among street youth...
  28. doi request reprint Predictors of crack cocaine initiation among Montréal street youth: a first look at the phenomenon
    Camille Paquette
    Faculte de Medecine, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada J4K 5G4
    Drug Alcohol Depend 110:85-91. 2010
    ..However, initiation risk factors among street youth are unknown. The goal of this project is to estimate the incidence of first crack cocaine use among these youth and to identify the associated risk factors...
  29. ncbi request reprint Mortality in a cohort of street youth in Montreal
    Elise Roy
    Direction de santé publique de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec
    JAMA 292:569-74. 2004
    ..However, data on mortality among these youth are sparse...
  30. pmc Cessation of injecting drug use among street-based youth
    Colin Steensma
    Montreal Regional Public Health Department, 1301 Sherbrooke Street East, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Urban Health 82:622-37. 2005
    ..Intensity of drug use and factors which may help to stabilize the social environment of the young IDU may also influence the ability to stop injecting...
  31. ncbi request reprint The health of street youth: a Canadian perspective
    Jean Francois Boivin
    Regional Public Health Department, Infectious Diseases Unit, Montreal, QC
    Can J Public Health 96:432-7. 2005
    ..To review epidemiologic studies of the health of street youth in industrialized countries, with a special focus on Canadian youth...
  32. doi request reprint Anxiety, mood disorders and injection risk behaviors among cocaine users: Results from the COSMO study
    Elise Roy
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Addict 24:654-60. 2015
    ..This study was undertaken to examine the relationships between mood and anxiety disorders and the sharing of drug injection equipment among cocaine users who inject drugs...
  33. doi request reprint Gambling Problems Among Community Cocaine Users
    Magali Dufour
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, Campus de Longueuil 150 Place Charles Le Moyne, Room 200, Longueuil, QC, J4K 0A8, Canada
    J Gambl Stud 32:1039-53. 2016
    ..These results indicate the need to include routines for screening to identify gambling problem among cocaine users. ..
  34. doi request reprint The rising prevalence of prescription opioid injection and its association with hepatitis C incidence among street-drug users
    Julie Bruneau
    Research Center, Centre Hospitalier de l Universite de Montreal, 264 Rene Levesque Est, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Addiction 107:1318-27. 2012
    ..To examine trends in prescription opioid (PO) injection and to assess its association with hepatitis C virus (HCV) seroconversion among injection drug users (IDUs)...
  35. doi request reprint Sex Work as an Emerging Risk Factor for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seroconversion Among People who Inject Drugs in the SurvUDI Network
    Karine Blouin
    From the Unité des Infections Transmissibles Sexuellement et par le Sang, Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Quebec, Canada Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Université Laval Axe Santé des populations et pratiques optimales en santé, Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec Université Laval, Quebec, Canada Direction de Santé Publique du Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de service sociaux du Centre Sud de l Île de Montréal, Montreal, Canada Université de Sherbrooke à Longueuil, Département des sciences de la santé communautaire, Longueuil, Canada Laboratoire de Santé Publique du Québec, Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Sainte Anne de Bellevue, Canada
    Sex Transm Dis 43:648-55. 2016
    ..Recent analyses have shown an emerging positive association between sex work and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in the SurvUDI network...
  36. pmc HIV risk profile and prostitution among female street youths
    Amy E Weber
    Joint Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    J Urban Health 79:525-35. 2002
    ..Unique intervention strategies are necessary for reducing HIV infection among female street youths involved in prostitution...
  37. doi request reprint Randomized controlled trial of motivational interviewing for reducing injection risk behaviours among people who inject drugs
    Karine Bertrand
    University of Sherbrooke, Department of Community Health Sciences, Addiction Research Study Program, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada Charles LeMoyne Hospital Research Centre, Longueuil, Quebec, Canada
    Addiction 110:832-41. 2015
    ..We tested the efficacy of a brief intervention based on motivational interviewing (MI) to reduce high-risk injection behaviours over a 6-month period among people who inject drugs (PWID)...
  38. ncbi request reprint Seroprevalence and risk factors for hepatitis A among Montreal street youth
    Elise Roy
    Montreal Regional Public Health Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC
    Can J Public Health 93:52-3. 2002
    ..To estimate the prevalence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies among Montreal street youth...
  39. doi request reprint A prospective cohort study of non-fatal accidental overdose among street youth: the link with suicidal ideation
    Isabelle Richer
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Addiction Services, University of Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 32:398-404. 2013
    ..This study longitudinally examined the relationship between recent suicidal ideations and non-fatal accidental drug overdoses among street youth...
  40. doi request reprint Examining the link between psychological distress, mental health disorders and sharing behaviors among cocaine users
    Annie Levesque
    Research Center, Centre hospitalier de l Université de Montréal CRCHUM, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Addict Behav 62:54-9. 2016
    ..We examined the association between psychological distress and injection material sharing among cocaine users, while accounting for comorbid anxious and mood disorders...
  41. doi request reprint Hepatitis C Virus seroconversion among persons who inject drugs in relation to primary care physician visiting: The potential role of primary healthcare in a combined approach to Hepatitis C prevention
    Andreea Adelina Artenie
    Research Center, Centre hospitalier de l Université de Montréal CRCHUM, 900 Saint Denis, Montreal, QC, Canada H2X 0A9 Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, 5858 Chemin de la Côte des Neiges, Montreal, QC, Canada H3S 1Z1
    Int J Drug Policy 26:970-5. 2015
    ..This study assessed the association between PCP visiting and HCV seroconversion among PWID attending needle exchange programs (NEP)...
  42. doi request reprint Estimating the size of the population of persons who inject drugs in the island of Montréal, Canada, using a six-source capture-recapture model
    Pascale Leclerc
    Direction de santé publique de l Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, 1301 rue Sherbrooke Est, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2L 1M3 Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 142:174-80. 2014
    ..For the island of Montréal, Canada, the only estimate, of 11,700 PWID, was obtained in 1996 through a capture-recapture method. Thirteen years later, this study was undertaken to produce a new estimate...
  43. ncbi request reprint Sexual health of adolescents in Quebec residential Youth Protection Centres
    Gilles Lambert
    Direction de santé publique de l Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Can J Public Health 104:e216-21. 2013
    ..To document risk behaviours and prevalence of chlamydia and gonorrhoea infections among adolescents aged 14 to 17 years entering care in Quebec Youth Protection Centres (YPC)...
  44. doi request reprint Licit and illicit substance use among people who inject drugs and the association with subsequent suicidal attempt
    Andreea Adelina Artenie
    Research Center, Centre Hospitalier de l Universite de Montreal CHUM, Montreal, Canada
    Addiction 110:1636-43. 2015
    ..To estimate associations between recent licit and illicit substance use and subsequent suicide attempt among people who inject drugs (PWID)...
  45. doi request reprint Are poker players all the same? Latent class analysis
    Magali Dufour
    Faculty of Medicine Addiction Program, Université de Sherbrooke campus Longueuil, 150, Place Charles Le Moyne Bureau 200, Longueuil, QC, J4K 0A8, Canada
    J Gambl Stud 31:441-54. 2015
    ..The specific characteristics associated with each subgroup points to vulnerabilities that could potentially be targeted for preventive interventions. ..
  46. pmc Nonmedical Use of Prescription Medication Among Adolescents Using Drugs in Quebec
    Elise Roy
    Full Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec Researcher, Research Chair on addiction, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 60:556-63. 2015
    ..To determine the prevalence and factors associated with nonmedical use of prescription medication (NMUPM) among adolescents who use drugs (ages 12 to 17 years) in Quebec...
  47. doi request reprint Exploration of a crack use setting and its impact on drug users' risky drug use and sexual behaviors: the case of piaules in a Montréal neighborhood
    Elise Roy
    1Faculty of Medicine, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec Researcher, Research Chair on addiction, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec
    Subst Use Misuse 50:630-41. 2015
    ..The study's limitations are noted. ..
  48. pmc Predictors of initiation into prostitution among female street youths
    Amy E Weber
    Joint Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Canada
    J Urban Health 81:584-95. 2004
    ..9, 95% CI 0.9-4.2), and injection drug use (AHR 0.8, 95% CI 0.3-2.4). The incidence of prostitution in female street youths was elevated. Having a female sex partner was a strong predictor of initiating involvement in prostitution...