Paul J Villeneuve

Summary

Affiliation: Health Canada
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. doi A cohort study of intra-urban variations in volatile organic compounds and mortality, Toronto, Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Electronic address
    Environ Pollut 183:30-9. 2013
  2. ncbi Associations between outdoor air pollution and emergency department visits for stroke in Edmonton, Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Air Health Effects Division, Environmental Contaminants Bureau, Health Canada, 269 Laurier Ave W 3rd Floor, 3 022 PL4903C, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1A 0K9
    Eur J Epidemiol 21:689-700. 2006
  3. ncbi Coronary heart disease mortality and radon exposure in the Newfoundland fluorspar miners' cohort, 1950-2001
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Biostatistics and Epidemiology Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Radiat Environ Biophys 46:291-6. 2007
  4. doi Associations between cigarette smoking, obesity, sociodemographic characteristics and remote-sensing-derived estimates of ambient PM2.5: results from a Canadian population-based survey
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, 50 Columbine Driveway, Room 165, PL0801A, Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9, Canada
    Occup Environ Med 68:920-7. 2011
  5. doi Occupational exposure to diesel and gasoline emissions and lung cancer in Canadian men
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Res 111:727-35. 2011
  6. ncbi Frequency of emergency room visits for childhood asthma in Ottawa, Canada: the role of weather
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Air Health Effects Division, Health Canada, 2nd Floor, Room 2042, 400 Cooper Street, Ottawa, Canada, K1A 0K9
    Int J Biometeorol 50:48-56. 2005
  7. pmc Outdoor air pollution and emergency department visits for asthma among children and adults: a case-crossover study in northern Alberta, Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Biostatistics and Epidemiology Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health 6:40. 2007
  8. pmc Risk of incident diabetes in relation to long-term exposure to fine particulate matter in Ontario, Canada
    Hong Chen
    Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 121:804-10. 2013
  9. doi A cohort study relating urban green space with mortality in Ontario, Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Environ Res 115:51-8. 2012
  10. doi Spatial association between ambient fine particulate matter and incident hypertension
    Hong Chen
    From Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada H C, J C K, R C Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada H C, J C K, P J V, R C Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada H C, J C K, A K Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada R T B Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada J C K Department of Health Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada P J V Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada M S G Division of Clinical Epidemiology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada M S G Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor R D B Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada A v D, R V M Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California
    Circulation 129:562-9. 2014

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. doi A cohort study of intra-urban variations in volatile organic compounds and mortality, Toronto, Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Electronic address
    Environ Pollut 183:30-9. 2013
    ..02-1.11). Our findings suggest ambient concentrations of VOCs were associated with cancer mortality, and that these exposures did not confound our previously reported associations between NO2 and cardiovascular mortality. ..
  2. ncbi Associations between outdoor air pollution and emergency department visits for stroke in Edmonton, Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Air Health Effects Division, Environmental Contaminants Bureau, Health Canada, 269 Laurier Ave W 3rd Floor, 3 022 PL4903C, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1A 0K9
    Eur J Epidemiol 21:689-700. 2006
    ..20 (95% CI = 1.00-1.43). Our results suggest it is possible that vehicular traffic, which produces increased levels of NO(2) and CO, contributes to an increased incidence of emergency department visits for stroke...
  3. ncbi Coronary heart disease mortality and radon exposure in the Newfoundland fluorspar miners' cohort, 1950-2001
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Biostatistics and Epidemiology Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Radiat Environ Biophys 46:291-6. 2007
    ..These findings are consistent with those recently reported by Kreuzer and colleagues. We share their view that uncontrolled confounding for other coronary heart disease risk factors hinders the interpretation of the risk estimates...
  4. doi Associations between cigarette smoking, obesity, sociodemographic characteristics and remote-sensing-derived estimates of ambient PM2.5: results from a Canadian population-based survey
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, 50 Columbine Driveway, Room 165, PL0801A, Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9, Canada
    Occup Environ Med 68:920-7. 2011
    ..5 and individual-level measures of smoking, obesity and sociodemographic status. The authors present an approach to evaluate the impact that uncontrolled confounding from smoking may have on associations between PM2.5 and mortality...
  5. doi Occupational exposure to diesel and gasoline emissions and lung cancer in Canadian men
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Res 111:727-35. 2011
    ..Our findings suggest that exposure to diesel engine emissions increases the risk of lung cancer particularly for squamous and large cell carcinoma subtypes...
  6. ncbi Frequency of emergency room visits for childhood asthma in Ottawa, Canada: the role of weather
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Air Health Effects Division, Health Canada, 2nd Floor, Room 2042, 400 Cooper Street, Ottawa, Canada, K1A 0K9
    Int J Biometeorol 50:48-56. 2005
    ..77) relative to summer periods with no activity. Models that incorporate calendar and meteorological data may help emergency departments to more efficiently allocate resources needed to treat children presenting with respiratory distress...
  7. pmc Outdoor air pollution and emergency department visits for asthma among children and adults: a case-crossover study in northern Alberta, Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Biostatistics and Epidemiology Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health 6:40. 2007
    ..However, few have examined the possible confounding influence of aeroallergens, or reported findings among very young children...
  8. pmc Risk of incident diabetes in relation to long-term exposure to fine particulate matter in Ontario, Canada
    Hong Chen
    Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 121:804-10. 2013
    ..5 µm in diameter; PM(2.5)) can activate pathophysiological responses that may induce insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. However, epidemiological evidence relating PM2.5 and diabetes is sparse, particularly for incident diabetes...
  9. doi A cohort study relating urban green space with mortality in Ontario, Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Environ Res 115:51-8. 2012
    ....
  10. doi Spatial association between ambient fine particulate matter and incident hypertension
    Hong Chen
    From Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada H C, J C K, R C Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada H C, J C K, P J V, R C Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada H C, J C K, A K Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada R T B Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada J C K Department of Health Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada P J V Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada M S G Division of Clinical Epidemiology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada M S G Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor R D B Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada A v D, R V M Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California
    Circulation 129:562-9. 2014
    ..However, epidemiological evidence relating PM2.5 and hypertension is sparse. We thus conducted a population-based cohort study to determine whether exposure to ambient PM2.5 is associated with incident hypertension...
  11. pmc A case-control study of medium-term exposure to ambient nitrogen dioxide pollution and hospitalization for stroke
    Julie Y M Johnson
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada
    BMC Public Health 13:368. 2013
    ..To address this research gap, we evaluated associations between highly spatially resolved estimates of ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a marker of traffic pollution, and emergency department visits for stroke in Edmonton, Canada...
  12. doi Short-term effects of ambient air pollution on stroke: who is most vulnerable?
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 430:193-201. 2012
    ..Air pollution was not associated with hemorrhagic stroke or transient ischemic attacks. The findings suggest that specific patient characteristics modify associations between air pollution and ischemic stroke...
  13. doi Ambient air pollution and adverse birth outcomes: Differences by maternal comorbidities
    Eric Lavigne
    Air Health Science Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada School of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Electronic address
    Environ Res 148:457-66. 2016
    ..Our objective was to investigate whether associations between prenatal air pollution exposures and birth outcomes differ by maternal comorbidities...
  14. pmc Ambient Fine Particulate Matter and Mortality among Survivors of Myocardial Infarction: Population-Based Cohort Study
    Hong Chen
    Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 124:1421-8. 2016
    ..Little is known, however, about the influence of long-term (months to years) air pollution exposure on survival after AMI...
  15. ncbi Gaseous air pollutants and asthma hospitalization of children with low household income in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Mei Lin
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 159:294-303. 2004
    ..No significantly positive associations were found between carbon monoxide and ozone and asthma hospitalization in either low or high socioeconomic groups...
  16. doi The influence of cosmetic breast augmentation on the stage distribution and prognosis of women subsequently diagnosed with breast cancer
    Lin Xie
    Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Cancer 126:2182-90. 2010
    ..65-1.74). In conclusion, this study suggests that breast implants delay the detection of breast cancer, but there was no statistically significant difference in survival between the breast implant and other plastic surgery groups...
  17. pmc Assessment of the effect of cold and hot temperatures on mortality in Ontario, Canada: a population-based study
    Hong Chen
    Public Health Ontario Chen, Wang, LI, Copes Dalla Lana School of Public Health Chen, Foty, Villeneuve, Copes, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences Chen, Toronto, Ont Climate Change and Health Office Yagouti, Health Canada Air Health Science Division Lavigne, Health Canada Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine Lavigne, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ont Sick Kids Hospital Foty, Toronto, Ont Population Studies Division Burnett, Cakmak, Health Canada Department of Health Sciences Villeneuve, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ont
    CMAJ Open 4:E48-58. 2016
    ..Less is known about cold-related risk in this population. Our objective was to quantify the health impact from cold and hot temperatures in Ontario...
  18. pmc Ambient PM2.5, O₃, and NO₂ Exposures and Associations with Mortality over 16 Years of Follow-Up in the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC)
    Dan L Crouse
    Environmental Health Science and Research Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 123:1180-6. 2015
    ..Few studies examining the associations between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and mortality have considered multiple pollutants when assessing changes in exposure due to residential mobility during follow-up...
  19. ncbi Air pollution and emergency department visits for asthma in Windsor, Canada
    Eric Lavigne
    Environmental Issues Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON
    Can J Public Health 103:4-8. 2012
    ..In this study, we examined associations between short-term changes in ambient air pollution and emergency department (ED) visits for asthma in Windsor...
  20. doi Canadian breast implant cohort: extended follow-up of cancer incidence
    Sai Yi Pan
    Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Int J Cancer 131:E1148-57. 2012
    ..Possible increase of breast cancer incidence shortly after breast augmentation with polyurethane implants needs to be verified...
  21. pmc Risk of nonaccidental and cardiovascular mortality in relation to long-term exposure to low concentrations of fine particulate matter: a Canadian national-level cohort study
    Dan L Crouse
    Environmental Health Science and Research Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 120:708-14. 2012
    ..5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(2.5))]. This is the first national-level cohort study to investigate these risks in Canada...
  22. ncbi Maternal Exposure to Aeroallergens and the Risk of Early Delivery
    Eric Lavigne
    From the aAir Health Science Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada bSchool of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada cDepartment of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom dPopulation Studies Division, Health Canada, Canada ePublic Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada fDalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada gInstitute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Ontario, Canada hOttawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada iBetter Outcomes Registry and Network Ontario, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada jChildren s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada kDepartment of Geography, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada lChild Health Evaluative Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada mDepartment of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada nCHAIM Research Centre, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada and oAerobiology Research Laboratories
    Epidemiology 28:107-115. 2017
    ..This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to aeroallergens during the week preceding birth and the risk of early delivery among preterm and term pregnancies...
  23. pmc The influence of ambient coarse particulate matter on asthma hospitalization in children: case-crossover and time-series analyses
    Mei Lin
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 110:575-81. 2002
    ..For the most part, relative risk estimates from the unidirectional case-crossover analysis were more pronounced compared with both bidirectional case-crossover and time-series analyses...
  24. pmc A retrospective cohort study of stroke onset: implications for characterizing short term effects from ambient air pollution
    Julie Y M Johnson
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health 10:87. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to improve our understanding on how these sources of errors influence risk estimates derived using a case-crossover study design...
  25. ncbi Radon and lung cancer risk: an extension of the mortality follow-up of the Newfoundland fluorspar cohort
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Health Phys 92:157-69. 2007
    ....
  26. doi Long-term exposure to fine particulate matter air pollution and the risk of lung cancer among participants of the Canadian National Breast Screening Study
    Anna Tomczak
    Department of Health Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, K1S5B6, Canada
    Int J Cancer 139:1958-66. 2016
    ..5 and lung cancer. Importantly, they suggest associations persist at lower concentrations such as those currently found in Canadian cities. ..
  27. doi Long-term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Mortality Among Canadian Women
    Paul J Villeneuve
    From the aDepartment of Health Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada bAir Health Effects Science Division, cPopulation Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada dDalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada and eDepartment of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    Epidemiology 26:536-45. 2015
    ..In Canada, where ambient air pollution levels are substantially lower than in most other countries, there have been few attempts to study associations between long-term exposure to PM2.5 and mortality...
  28. pmc Within- and between-city contrasts in nitrogen dioxide and mortality in 10 Canadian cities; a subset of the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC)
    Dan L Crouse
    Environmental Health Science and Research Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 25:482-9. 2015
    ..Our results suggest that variation in NO2 concentrations within a city may represent a more toxic mixture of pollution than variation between cities...
  29. ncbi Environmental tobacco smoke and the risk of pancreatic cancer: findings from a Canadian population-based case-control study
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Epistream Consulting Inc, Ottawa, ON
    Can J Public Health 95:32-7. 2004
    ..We investigated the relationship between pancreatic cancer and childhood and adult exposure to ETS using a case-control study design...
  30. pmc Occupational exposure to asbestos and lung cancer in men: evidence from a population-based case-control study in eight Canadian provinces
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Cancer 12:595. 2012
    ..Few studies have evaluated risks in population-based settings where there is a greater variety in the types of occupations, and exposures...
  31. doi Maternal exposure to ambient air pollution and risk of early childhood cancers: A population-based study in Ontario, Canada
    Eric Lavigne
    Air Health Science Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada School of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Electronic address
    Environ Int . 2017
    ..There are increasing concerns regarding the role of exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy in the development of early childhood cancers...
  32. doi Living near major roads and the incidence of dementia, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis: a population-based cohort study
    Hong Chen
    Public Health Ontario, Toronto, ON, Canada Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, ON, Canada Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Electronic address
    Lancet . 2017
    ..We aimed to investigate the association between residential proximity to major roadways and the incidence of these three neurological diseases in Ontario, Canada...
  33. pmc Hospitalizations from Hypertensive Diseases, Diabetes, and Arrhythmia in Relation to Low and High Temperatures: Population-Based Study
    Li Bai
    Public Health Ontario, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Sci Rep 6:30283. 2016
    ..In conclusion, ambient temperatures, especially in moderate ranges, contribute to excess hospitalizations from hypertension and diabetes. ..
  34. ncbi Fine particulate air pollution and all-cause mortality within the Harvard Six-Cities Study: variations in risk by period of exposure
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Ann Epidemiol 12:568-76. 2002
    ..We used Poisson regression methods to examine the relation between temporal changes in the levels of fine particulate air pollution (PM(2.5)) and the risk of mortality among participants of the Harvard Six Cities longitudinal study...
  35. doi Ecological analysis of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and the incidence of stroke in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Julie Y M Johnson
    Air Health Effects Division, Health Canada, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Stroke 41:1319-25. 2010
    ..We investigated the associations between ambient pollution and the incidence of stroke, as well as stroke subtypes, in a northern Canadian city surrounded by energy-sector pollution sources...
  36. doi Progression from Asthma to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Is Air Pollution a Risk Factor?
    Teresa To
    1 Child Health Evaluative Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 194:429-38. 2016
    ..Air pollution exposure is a known risk factor for asthma and COPD; however, its role in ACOS is not as well understood...
  37. pmc Bladder cancer and occupational exposure to diesel and gasoline engine emissions among Canadian men
    Lidija Latifovic
    Prevention and Cancer Control, Cancer Care Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Cancer Med 4:1948-62. 2015
    ..Taken together, our findings support the hypothesis that exposure to high concentrations of diesel engine emissions may increase the risk of bladder cancer...
  38. pmc Workplace exposure to diesel and gasoline engine exhausts and the risk of colorectal cancer in Canadian men
    Linda Kachuri
    Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, 6th Floor, Toronto, ON, M5T 3 M7, Canada
    Environ Health 15:4. 2016
    ..We addressed this question by investigating exposure to diesel and gasoline emissions with respect to risk of colorectal cancer in men...
  39. doi Liver transplantation and subsequent risk of cancer: findings from a Canadian cohort study
    Ying Jiang
    Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Liver Transpl 14:1588-97. 2008
    ..Increased surveillance in this patient population, particularly in the first year following transplantation, and screening for colorectal cancer with modalities for which benefits are already well recognized should be pursued...
  40. pmc PM2.5, oxidant defence and cardiorespiratory health: a review
    Scott A Weichenthal
    Health Canada, Air Health Effects Science Division, Ottawa, Canada
    Environ Health 12:40. 2013
    ..Therefore, further evaluation is required to determine how this metric may be incorporated in ambient air quality management...
  41. pmc Long-term follow-up of kidney transplant recipients: comparison of hospitalization rates to the general population
    Ying Jiang
    Science Integration Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, 785 Carling Ave, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9, Canada
    Transplant Res 2:15. 2013
    ..Such analyses are useful in estimating the health burden in this patient population...
  42. doi 0295 Occupational exposure to crystalline silica and the risk of lung cancer in Canadian men
    Linda Kachuri
    Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, CanadaPrevention and Cancer Control, Cancer Care Ontario, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Occup Environ Med 71:A102. 2014
    ..This study investigated the relationship between occupational silica exposure and lung cancer, and the combined effects of cigarette smoking and silica exposure on lung cancer risk...
  43. pmc Long-term exposure to fine particulate matter: association with nonaccidental and cardiovascular mortality in the agricultural health study cohort
    Scott Weichenthal
    Health Canada, Air Health Sciences Division, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 122:609-15. 2014
    ..Few studies have examined the relationship between long-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and nonaccidental mortality in rural populations...
  44. ncbi Survival of patients diagnosed with either colorectal mucinous or non-mucinous adenocarcinoma: a population-based study in Canada
    Lin Xie
    Chronic Disease Surveillance Division, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9, Canada
    Int J Oncol 34:1109-15. 2009
    ..In conclusion, no significant differences in stage distribution and overall survival were found between mucinous and non-mucinous patients for colorectal cancer...
  45. ncbi Brain cancer and occupational exposure to magnetic fields among men: results from a Canadian population-based case-control study
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Environmental Risk Assessment and Case Surveillance Division, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0L2
    Int J Epidemiol 31:210-7. 2002
    ..Emphasis was placed on examining the variations in risk across different histological types...
  46. ncbi Mortality among Canadian women with cosmetic breast implants
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 164:334-41. 2006
    ..Findings suggest that breast implants do not directly increase mortality in women. Further work is needed to evaluate risk factors for suicide among women who undergo elective cosmetic surgery...
  47. doi Childhood autism spectrum disorders and exposure to nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter air pollution: A review and meta-analysis
    Marie Claire Flores-Pajot
    Department of Health Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Epistream Consulting Inc, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Res 151:763-776. 2016
    ..Herein, we present a systematic review, and meta-analysis of published epidemiological studies that have investigated these associations...
  48. doi Occupational exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation and the risk of prostate cancer
    Cheryl E Peters
    Department of Health Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Occup Environ Med 73:742-748. 2016
    ..Preventable risk factors for prostate cancer are poorly understood; sun exposure is a possible protective factor. The goal of this study was to investigate prostate cancer risk in outdoor workers, a population with high sun exposure...
  49. doi Chronic disease prevalence in women and air pollution--A 30-year longitudinal cohort study
    Teresa To
    Child Health Evaluative Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Electronic address
    Environ Int 80:26-32. 2015
    ..Identifying the influence of PM2.5 on prevalence of these conditions may help target interventions to reduce disease morbidity among high-risk populations...
  50. doi Estimating risk of emergency room visits for asthma from personal versus fixed site measurements of NO2
    Scott Weichenthal
    Air Health Effects Science Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada Electronic address
    Environ Res 137:323-8. 2015
    ..We examined the impact of data source and exposure measurement error for ambient NO2 on risk estimates derived from a case-crossover study of emergency room visits for asthma in Windsor, Canada between 2002 and 2009...
  51. doi Urban greenness and physical activity in a national survey of Canadians
    Owen McMorris
    Department of Health Sciences, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1S 5B6
    Environ Res 137:94-100. 2015
    ..Our findings have important public health implications as they suggest that access to urban green environments contributes to increased participation in leisure-time physical activity which has demonstrable health benefits...
  52. doi The Air Quality Health Index as a predictor of emergency department visits for ischemic stroke in Edmonton, Canada
    Li Chen
    Population Studies Division, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, 200 Eglantine Driveway, 1915B, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0K9
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 24:358-64. 2014
    ..Our finding that ED visits for stroke were significantly associated with the AQHI suggests that the AQHI may be a valid communication tool for air pollution morbidity effects related to stroke. ..
  53. ncbi Screening for colorectal cancer using the fecal occult blood test: an actuarial assessment of the impact of a population-based screening program in Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Epistream Consulting Inc, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 19:715-23. 2003
    ..These findings were used to develop an actuarial model to estimate the impact that a FOB screening program for colorectal cancer would have on the Canadian population...
  54. ncbi Cancer incidence in a cohort of Ontario and Quebec women having bilateral breast augmentation
    Jacques Brisson
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Laval, QC, Canada
    Int J Cancer 118:2854-62. 2006
    ..subglandular), fill (saline vs. silicone) or envelope (polyurethane-coated or not). In conclusion, women undergoing cosmetic breast augmentation do not appear to be at an increased long-term risk of developing cancer...
  55. ncbi A time-series study of air pollution, socioeconomic status, and mortality in Vancouver, Canada
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A8
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 13:427-35. 2003
    ..However, these results should be interpreted cautiously due to the small number of deaths observed within each stratum of socioeconomic status...
  56. ncbi Self-perceived health among Canadian opiate users: a comparison to the general population and to other chronic disease populations
    Peggy E Millson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 95:99-103. 2004
    ....
  57. ncbi Determinants of health-related quality of life of opiate users at entry to low-threshold methadone programs
    Peggy Millson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Eur Addict Res 12:74-82. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to conduct an exploratory analysis of factors associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among opiate users at entry to low-threshold methadone treatment...
  58. ncbi Reduction in injection-related HIV risk after 6 months in a low-threshold methadone treatment program
    Peggy Millson
    HIV Social, Behavioural and Epidemiological Studies Unit, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Canada
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:124-36. 2007
    ..Our findings suggest that low-threshold MMT programs can reduce the risk of HIV without the enforcement of abstinence-based policies...