Kate Shannon

Summary

Affiliation: British Columbia
Country: Canada

Publications

  1. pmc Global epidemiology of HIV among female sex workers: influence of structural determinants
    Kate Shannon
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada Electronic address
    Lancet 385:55-71. 2015
  2. pmc Community-based HIV prevention research among substance-using women in survival sex work: the Maka Project Partnership
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 4:20. 2007
  3. pmc Potential community and public health impacts of medically supervised safer smoking facilities for crack cocaine users
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 3:1. 2006
  4. pmc Sex-for-Crack exchanges: associations with risky sexual and drug use niches in an urban Canadian city
    Putu Duff
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 10:29. 2013
  5. pmc Structural and environmental barriers to condom use negotiation with clients among female sex workers: implications for HIV-prevention strategies and policy
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Public Health 99:659-65. 2009
  6. ncbi Sexual and drug-related vulnerabilities for HIV infection among women engaged in survival sex work in Vancouver, Canada
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Can J Public Health 98:465-9. 2007
  7. pmc Crystal methamphetamine use among female street-based sex workers: Moving beyond individual-focused interventions
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 113:76-81. 2011
  8. doi Reconsidering the impact of conflict on HIV infection among women in the era of antiretroviral treatment scale-up in sub-Saharan Africa: a gender lens
    Kate Shannon
    Faculty of Medicine, School of Population and Public Health, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 22:1705-7. 2008
  9. pmc Severe food insecurity is associated with elevated unprotected sex among HIV-seropositive injection drug users independent of HAART use
    Kate Shannon
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 25:2037-42. 2011
  10. doi HIV and HCV prevalence and gender-specific risk profiles of crack cocaine smokers and dual users of injection drugs
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 43:521-34. 2008

Detail Information

Publications87

  1. pmc Global epidemiology of HIV among female sex workers: influence of structural determinants
    Kate Shannon
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada Electronic address
    Lancet 385:55-71. 2015
    ..Multipronged structural and community-led interventions are crucial to increase access to prevention and treatment and to promote human rights for FSWs worldwide. ..
  2. pmc Community-based HIV prevention research among substance-using women in survival sex work: the Maka Project Partnership
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 4:20. 2007
    ..In doing so, we discuss some of the strengths and challenges of community-based HIV prevention research, as well as some key ethical considerations, in the context of street-level sex work in an urban setting...
  3. pmc Potential community and public health impacts of medically supervised safer smoking facilities for crack cocaine users
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 3:1. 2006
    ..71-8.64). The results suggest a strong potential for a SSF to reduce the health related harms and address concerns of public order and open drug use among crack cocaine smokers should a facility be implemented in this setting...
  4. pmc Sex-for-Crack exchanges: associations with risky sexual and drug use niches in an urban Canadian city
    Putu Duff
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Harm Reduct J 10:29. 2013
    ..This study longitudinally examined the correlates of sex-for-crack exchanges and associated effects on sexual risk outcomes among street-based female sex workers (SW) who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada...
  5. pmc Structural and environmental barriers to condom use negotiation with clients among female sex workers: implications for HIV-prevention strategies and policy
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Public Health 99:659-65. 2009
    ..We investigated the relationship between environmental-structural factors and condom-use negotiation with clients among female sex workers...
  6. ncbi Sexual and drug-related vulnerabilities for HIV infection among women engaged in survival sex work in Vancouver, Canada
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Can J Public Health 98:465-9. 2007
    ..This analysis aimed to determine HIV prevalence among women engaged in survival sex work, and explore sexual and drug-related vulnerabilities associated with baseline infection...
  7. pmc Crystal methamphetamine use among female street-based sex workers: Moving beyond individual-focused interventions
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 113:76-81. 2011
    ..The findings highlight the crucial need to move beyond the individual to gender-focused safer environment interventions that mediate the physical and social risk environment of crystal methamphetamine use among FSWs...
  8. doi Reconsidering the impact of conflict on HIV infection among women in the era of antiretroviral treatment scale-up in sub-Saharan Africa: a gender lens
    Kate Shannon
    Faculty of Medicine, School of Population and Public Health, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 22:1705-7. 2008
  9. pmc Severe food insecurity is associated with elevated unprotected sex among HIV-seropositive injection drug users independent of HAART use
    Kate Shannon
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    AIDS 25:2037-42. 2011
    ..To our knowledge, this study is the first to longitudinally evaluate the relationship between food insecurity and unprotected sex among HIV-seropositive people who inject drugs [injection drug users (IDUs)] both on and not on HAART...
  10. doi HIV and HCV prevalence and gender-specific risk profiles of crack cocaine smokers and dual users of injection drugs
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Subst Use Misuse 43:521-34. 2008
    ..70, 95% CI: 1.10-2.81). These findings highlight the need for evidence-based prevention and harm reduction initiatives that directly targeting crack cocaine smokers, with particular attention given to female dual users of injection drugs...
  11. doi Drug sharing with clients as a risk marker for increased violence and sexual and drug-related harms among survival sex workers
    K Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS Care 20:228-34. 2008
    ....
  12. doi Mapping violence and policing as an environmental-structural barrier to health service and syringe availability among substance-using women in street-level sex work
    K Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Canada
    Int J Drug Policy 19:140-7. 2008
    ....
  13. ncbi Social and structural violence and power relations in mitigating HIV risk of drug-using women in survival sex work
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC Canada
    Soc Sci Med 66:911-21. 2008
    ....
  14. pmc Survival sex work involvement as a primary risk factor for hepatitis C virus acquisition in drug-using youths in a canadian setting
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:61-5. 2010
    ..To examine whether there were differential rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence in injecting drug-using youths who did and did not report involvement in survival sex work...
  15. pmc Prevalence and structural correlates of gender based violence among a prospective cohort of female sex workers
    Kate Shannon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMJ 339:b2939. 2009
    ..To examine the prevalence and structural correlates of gender based violence against female sex workers in an environment of criminalised prostitution...
  16. ncbi Violence and HIV risk among female sex workers in Southern India
    Kathleen N Deering
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Sex Transm Dis 40:168-74. 2013
    ..The factors associated with client violence were also assessed...
  17. pmc Client demands for unsafe sex: the socioeconomic risk environment for HIV among street and off-street sex workers
    Kathleen N Deering
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:522-31. 2013
    ....
  18. pmc Injection drug use among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:171. 2009
    ..We undertook this study to examine the prevalence of injection drug use and associated risks among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada...
  19. pmc Survival sex work and increased HIV risk among sexual minority street-involved youth
    Brandon D L Marshall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 53:661-4. 2010
    ..We sought to determine if street-involved drug-using sexual minority youth are at greater risk for survival sex work and are more likely to engage in risk behaviors with clients...
  20. pmc High lifetime pregnancy and low contraceptive usage among sex workers who use drugs- an unmet reproductive health need
    Putu Duff
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:61. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to describe levels of pregnancy and contraceptive usage among a cohort of street-based female sex workers (FSWs) in Vancouver...
  21. pmc Survival sex work involvement among street-involved youth who use drugs in a Canadian setting
    Jill Chettiar
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver BC, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 32:322-7. 2010
    ..Drug users engaged in survival sex work are at heightened risk for drug- and sexual-related harms. We examined factors associated with survival sex work among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada...
  22. pmc Early sex work initiation independently elevates odds of HIV infection and police arrest among adult sex workers in a Canadian setting
    Shira M Goldenberg
    Department of Medicine, Division of Global Public Health, University of California, San Diego, CA Department of Medicine, Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada and Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 65:122-8. 2014
    ..To explore factors associated with early sex work initiation and model the independent effect of early initiation on HIV infection and prostitution arrests among adult sex workers (SWs)...
  23. pmc Police confrontations among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting
    Lianping Ti
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Int J Drug Policy 24:46-51. 2013
    ..However, the extent of interaction between police and street-involved youth has not been well characterized. We examined the incidence and risk factors for police confrontations among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting...
  24. doi A peer-led mobile outreach program and increased utilization of detoxification and residential drug treatment among female sex workers who use drugs in a Canadian setting
    Kathleen N Deering
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 113:46-54. 2011
    ....
  25. pmc Association of highly active antiretroviral therapy coverage, population viral load, and yearly new HIV diagnoses in British Columbia, Canada: a population-based study
    Julio S G Montaner
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Lancet 376:532-9. 2010
    ..We aimed to estimate the association between plasma HIV-1 viral load, HAART coverage, and number of new cases of HIV in the population of a Canadian province...
  26. pmc Barriers to Cervical Screening Among Sex Workers in Vancouver
    Putu Duff
    Putu Duff, Ofer Amram, Jill Chettiar, Paul Nguyen, Sabina Dobrer, Julio Montaner, and Kate Shannon are with British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia Putu Duff, Jean Shoveller, and Kate Shannon are with School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver Gina Ogilvie is with British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver Julio Montaner and Kate Shannon are also with Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital
    Am J Public Health 106:366-73. 2016
    ....
  27. pmc Injection drug users' involvement in drug dealing in the downtown eastside of Vancouver: social organization and systemic violence
    Will Small
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6 Simon Fraser University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Burnaby, Canada Viral Hepatitis Epidemiology and Prevention Program, Kirby Institute, Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW, Australia Electronic address
    Int J Drug Policy 24:479-87. 2013
    ..This exploratory qualitative study aims to understand IDUs' dealing activities and roles, as well as the perceived benefits and risks related to participation in illicit drug markets, including experiences of drug market violence...
  28. pmc Access and utilization of HIV treatment and services among women sex workers in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside
    Kate Shannon
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    J Urban Health 82:488-97. 2005
    ....
  29. pmc Associations between childhood maltreatment and sex work in a cohort of drug-using youth
    Jo Anne Madeleine Stoltz
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC Canada
    Soc Sci Med 65:1214-21. 2007
    ..These findings have implications for early intervention efforts aimed at vulnerable, high-risk youth populations as well as intervention strategies for active sex trade workers...
  30. pmc Homelessness among a cohort of women in street-based sex work: the need for safer environment interventions
    Putu Duff
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    BMC Public Health 11:643. 2011
    ..Drawing on data from a community-based prospective cohort study in Vancouver, Canada, we examined the prevalence and individual, interpersonal and work environment correlates of homelessness among 252 women in street-based sex work...
  31. pmc Suboptimal plasma HIV-1 RNA suppression and adherence among sex workers who use illicit drugs in a Canadian setting: an observational cohort study
    Lianping Ti
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 90:418-22. 2014
    ..However, there is limited empirical research on virologic outcomes among sex workers who use illicit drugs (SW-DU)...
  32. pmc A systematic review of the correlates of violence against sex workers
    Kathleen N Deering
    Kathleen N Deering, Putu Duff, Elena Argento, Ariel Nesbitt, and Kate Shannon are with Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia Kathleen N Deering and Kate Shannon are also with Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver Putu Duff, Ariel Nesbitt, Jean Shoveller, and Kate Shannon are with School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia Avni Amin and Claudia García Moreno are with Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Public Health 104:e42-54. 2014
    ..Measurement and methodological innovation, in partnership with sex work communities, are critical...
  33. pmc Expansion of HAART coverage is associated with sustained decreases in HIV/AIDS morbidity, mortality and HIV transmission: the "HIV Treatment as Prevention" experience in a Canadian setting
    Julio S G Montaner
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS ONE 9:e87872. 2014
    ..However, population-level sustainability of this strategy has not been characterized...
  34. pmc Negotiating safety and sexual risk reduction with clients in unsanctioned safer indoor sex work environments: a qualitative study
    Andrea Krusi
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Am J Public Health 102:1154-9. 2012
    ..We examined how unique, low-barrier, supportive housing programs for women who are functioning as unsanctioned indoor sex work environments in a Canadian urban setting influence risk negotiation with clients in sex work transactions...
  35. pmc Occupational stigma as a primary barrier to health care for street-based sex workers in Canada
    Lisa Lazarus
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Cult Health Sex 14:139-50. 2012
    ....
  36. doi Nonadherence increases the risk of hospitalization among HIV-infected antiretroviral naive patients started on HAART
    Sarah J Fielden
    B C Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, Department of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic) 7:238-44. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the impact of adherence on hospitalization among antiretroviral-naïve HIV-infected persons initiating HAART...
  37. pmc Income generating activities of people who inject drugs
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 91:50-6. 2007
    ..However, little is known about the IDU who engage in such activities and the role of active drug use in perpetuating this behavior...
  38. pmc Individual and structural vulnerability among female youth who exchange sex for survival
    Cari L Miller
    Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    J Adolesc Health 49:36-41. 2011
    ....
  39. pmc Structural Barriers to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Sex Workers Living with HIV: Findings of a Longitudinal Study in Vancouver, Canada
    Shira M Goldenberg
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    AIDS Behav 20:977-86. 2016
    ..Community-based, tailored interventions to scale-up entry and retention in ART for sex workers should be further explored in this setting. ..
  40. doi Community mapping of sex work criminalization and violence: impacts on HIV treatment interruptions among marginalized women living with HIV in Vancouver, Canada
    Shira M Goldenberg
    1 Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Int J STD AIDS . 2017
    ..Interventions to promote 'enabling environments' (e.g. peer-led models, safer living/working spaces) should be explored, alongside policy reforms to ensure uninterrupted treatment access...
  41. pmc Sex work and HIV incidence among people who inject drugs
    Thomas Kerr
    aBritish Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS bDepartment of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada cDivision of Global Public Health, University of California San Diego Department of Medicine, San Diego, California, USA
    AIDS 30:627-34. 2016
    ..We investigated the relationship between sex work and HIV incidence among people who inject drugs (IDU) in a Canadian setting...
  42. pmc The relationship between social, policy and physical venue features and social cohesion on condom use for pregnancy prevention among sex workers: a safer indoor work environment scale
    Putu Duff
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 69:666-72. 2015
    ....
  43. pmc Safety and danger in downtown Vancouver: understandings of place among young people entrenched in an urban drug scene
    Danya Fast
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Urban Health Research Initiative, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Health Place 16:51-60. 2010
    ....
  44. doi Expanded highly active antiretroviral therapy coverage among HIV-positive drug users to improve individual and public health outcomes
    Julio S G Montaner
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Providence Health Care, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S5-9. 2010
    ....
  45. doi Piloting a peer-driven intervention model to increase access and adherence to antiretroviral therapy and HIV care among street-entrenched HIV-positive women in Vancouver
    Kathleen Nicole Deering
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:603-9. 2009
    ..Although this would not predict long-term treatment success, the PDI approach to HIV treatment support is a promising program for women who might otherwise be excluded from treatment altogether...
  46. doi Use of injectable hormonal contraception and HSV-2 acquisition in a cohort of female sex workers in Vancouver, Canada
    M Eugenia Socías
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect . 2016
    ..We investigated the effects of DMPA on HSV-2 acquisition among female sex workers...
  47. ncbi Policing the epidemic: High burden of workplace violence among female sex workers in conflict-affected northern Uganda
    Katherine A Muldoon
    a School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Glob Public Health 12:84-97. 2017
    ..Structural and community-led responses, including decriminalisation, and engagement with police and policy stakeholders, remain critical to addressing violence, both a human rights and public health imperative...
  48. pmc Social Cohesion Among Sex Workers and Client Condom Refusal in a Canadian Setting: Implications for Structural and Community-Led Interventions
    Elena Argento
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, B C Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    AIDS Behav 20:1275-83. 2016
    ..97; 95 % CI 0.95-0.99). Community empowerment can have a direct protective effect on HIV risk. These findings highlight the need for a legal framework that enables collectivization and SW-led efforts in the HIV response. ..
  49. pmc Barriers to Viral Suppression Among Female Sex Workers: Role of Structural and Intimate Partner Dynamics
    Putu Duff
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada and Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 73:83-90. 2016
    ..This study examined the correlates of undetectable plasma viral load (pVL) among street- and off-street SWs living with HIV and on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Metro Vancouver, Canada...
  50. pmc Negotiating Violence in the Context of Transphobia and Criminalization: The Experiences of Trans Sex Workers in Vancouver, Canada
    Tara Lyons
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Qual Health Res 27:182-190. 2017
    ..The findings demonstrate the need for shifts in sex work laws and culturally relevant antistigma programs and policies to address transphobia...
  51. pmc The role of dyad-level factors in shaping sexual and drug-related HIV/STI risks among sex workers with intimate partners
    Elena Argento
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Drug Alcohol Depend 157:166-73. 2015
    ..This study investigated partner/dyad-level factors associated with inconsistent condom use among SWs with intimate partners in Vancouver, Canada...
  52. doi Decisions, decisions: the importance of condom use decision making among HIV sero-discordant couples in a prospective cohort study in Uganda
    Katherine A Muldoon
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 90:408-12. 2014
    ..We examined sexual decision making type among couples in HIV sero-discordant partnerships in Uganda, and investigated how sexual decision making type changed over time and its effect on condom use...
  53. pmc High prevalence and partner correlates of physical and sexual violence by intimate partners among street and off-street sex workers
    Elena Argento
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS ONE 9:e102129. 2014
    ..This study aims to longitudinally evaluate prevalence and correlates of IPV among street and off-street SWs over two-years follow-up...
  54. pmc Condom use within non-commercial partnerships of female sex workers in southern India
    Kathleen N Deering
    Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 11:S11. 2011
    ....
  55. pmc Gender inequity norms are associated with increased male-perpetrated rape and sexual risks for HIV infection in Botswana and Swaziland
    Kate Shannon
    Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e28739. 2012
    ..This study is among the first to directly evaluate the adherence to gender inequity norms and epidemiological relationships with violence and sexual risks for HIV infection...
  56. ncbi Supporting southern-led research: implications for North-South research partnerships
    Katherine A Muldoon
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    Can J Public Health 103:128-31. 2012
    ..This power asymmetry within North-South research partnerships may further exacerbate the unequal distribution of benefits from the research process...
  57. doi Seeking refuge from violence in street-based drug scenes: women's experiences in North America's first supervised injection facility
    Nadia Fairbairn
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Urban Health Research Initiative, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 67:817-23. 2008
    ..Although this micro-environmental intervention serves to reduce risks common among women who inject drugs, additional interventions that address the structural forces producing and shaping violence and other risks are needed...
  58. pmc Food Insecurity Increases HIV Risk Among Young Sex Workers in Metro Vancouver, Canada
    Daniella Barreto
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    AIDS Behav . 2016
    ..This study indicates a critical relationship between food insecurity and HIV risk, and demonstrates YSWs' particular vulnerability. Public policies for food assistance as a harm reduction measure may be key to addressing this disparity...
  59. pmc Women Who Use Drugs and Have Sex with Women in a Canadian Setting: Barriers to Treatment Enrollment and Exposure to Violence and Homelessness
    Tara Lyons
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Arch Sex Behav 45:1403-10. 2016
    ....
  60. pmc Experiences of Trans Women and Two-Spirit Persons Accessing Women-Specific Health and Housing Services in a Downtown Neighborhood of Vancouver, Canada
    Tara Lyons
    1 Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    LGBT Health 3:373-8. 2016
    ..As such, we conducted a qualitative investigation into experiences of accessing women-specific health and housing services among trans women and two-spirit persons in a downtown neighborhood of Vancouver, Canada...
  61. pmc Universal Coverage without Universal Access: Institutional Barriers to Health Care among Women Sex Workers in Vancouver, Canada
    M Eugenia Socías
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    PLoS ONE 11:e0155828. 2016
    ..The aim of this study was to assess prevalence and correlates of institutional barriers to care among sex workers in a setting with UHC...
  62. ncbi The Loss of Boystown and Transition to Online Sex Work: Strategies and Barriers to Increase Safety Among Men Sex Workers and Clients of Men
    Elena Argento
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, B C Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Mens Health . 2016
    ....
  63. doi War-Related Abduction and History of Incarceration Linked to High Burden of HIV Among Female Sex Workers in Conflict-Affected Northern Uganda
    Shira M Goldenberg
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada The AIDS Support Organisation Gulu, Gulu, Uganda The AIDS Support Organization Uganda, Kampala, Uganda and Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 73:109-16. 2016
    ....
  64. pmc Structural determinants of inconsistent condom use with clients among migrant sex workers: findings of longitudinal research in an urban canadian setting
    Julie Sou
    From the Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and University of California San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, CA
    Sex Transm Dis 42:312-6. 2015
    ..Given the dearth of knowledge in high-income countries, we explored factors associated with inconsistent condom use by clients among migrant female sex workers over time in Vancouver, BC...
  65. pmc Sex Work and Motherhood: Social and Structural Barriers to Health and Social Services for Pregnant and Parenting Street and Off-Street Sex Workers
    Putu Duff
    a British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Health Care Women Int 36:1039-55. 2015
    ..Our findings highlight a critical need for tailored and nonjudgmental services and supports, including improved programs to address intersecting aspects of poverty, health literacy, stigma, and substance use. ..
  66. pmc A qualitative study of transgender individuals' experiences in residential addiction treatment settings: stigma and inclusivity
    Tara Lyons
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 10:17. 2015
    ..Thus, we sought to qualitatively investigate the residential addiction treatment experiences of transgender individuals who use illicit drugs in a Canadian setting...
  67. pmc Uptake of a women-only, sex-work-specific drop-in center and links with sexual and reproductive health care for sex workers
    Soyoun Rachel Kim
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 128:201-5. 2015
    ..To longitudinally examine female sex workers' (FSWs') uptake of a women-only, sex-work-specific drop-in service and its impact on their access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services...
  68. pmc Cohort Profile: HAART Observational Medical Evaluation and Research (HOMER) cohort
    Sophie Patterson
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada and Division of AIDS, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada and Division of AIDS, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 44:58-67. 2015
    ..For further information please contact the principal investigator, Dr Robert Hogg (robert_hogg@sfu.ca). ..
  69. pmc Prevalence and correlates of nonmedical prescription opioid use among a cohort of sex workers in Vancouver, Canada
    Elena Argento
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Int J Drug Policy 26:59-66. 2015
    ..This study prospectively evaluated the prevalence and correlates of NPOU within a Vancouver cohort of sex workers over three-years follow-up...
  70. pmc Complexities of short-term mobility for sex work and migration among sex workers: violence and sexual risks, barriers to care, and enhanced social and economic opportunities
    Shira M Goldenberg
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Urban Health 91:736-51. 2014
    ....
  71. pmc Youth, violence and non-injection drug use: nexus of vulnerabilities among lesbian and bisexual sex workers
    Tara Lyons
    a British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS Care 26:1090-4. 2014
    ..In particular, policies and programmes tailored to lesbian and bisexual youth and women working in sex work, including those that prevent violence and address issues of non-injection stimulant use are required. ..
  72. pmc Piloting a 'spatial isolation' index: the built environment and sexual and drug use risks to sex workers
    Kathleen N Deering
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada Electronic address
    Int J Drug Policy 25:533-42. 2014
    ....
  73. pmc Sex work and the public health impacts of the 2010 Olympic Games
    Kathleen N Deering
    Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 88:301-3. 2012
    ..The authors examined the impact of exposure to the 2010 Winter Olympics time period on outcomes measuring disruption of local sex work environments in Vancouver, Canada...
  74. ncbi High rates of primary care and emergency department use among injection drug users in Vancouver
    T Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 27:62-6. 2005
    ..Using a community-based sample of IDUs, we examined rates of primary care and emergency room use among IDUs and identified correlates of frequent emergency department use...
  75. pmc Violence prevention and municipal licensing of indoor sex work venues in the Greater Vancouver Area: narratives of migrant sex workers, managers and business owners
    Solanna Anderson
    a Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Cult Health Sex 17:825-41. 2015
    ....
  76. pmc Pregnancy intentions among female sex workers: recognising their rights and wants as mothers
    Putu Duff
    Research assistant and PhD candidate, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver and School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 41:102-8. 2015
    ..To better understand the prevalence and correlates of pregnancy intentions among female sex workers (FSWs)...
  77. pmc International migration from non-endemic settings as a protective factor for HIV/STI risk among female sex workers in Vancouver, Canada
    Shira M Goldenberg
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, St Paul s Hospital, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    J Immigr Minor Health 17:21-8. 2015
    ..Research exploring structural and socio-cultural factors shaping risk mitigation and migrants' access to support remains needed...
  78. pmc Sexual relationship power and intimate partner violence among sex workers with non-commercial intimate partners in a Canadian setting
    Katherine A Muldoon
    a School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS Care 27:512-9. 2015
    ....
  79. pmc Negotiating place and gendered violence in Canada's largest open drug scene
    Ryan McNeil
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Electronic address
    Int J Drug Policy 25:608-15. 2014
    ..e., those occupying subordinate positions within the drug scene) in the Downtown Eastside, including access to Insite...
  80. pmc The 'stolen generations' of mothers and daughters: child apprehension and enhanced HIV vulnerabilities for sex workers of Aboriginal ancestry
    Putu Duff
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    PLoS ONE 9:e99664. 2014
    ..The objective of the current analysis is to examine the prevalence and correlates of child apprehensions among female sex workers in Vancouver, Canada...
  81. pmc 'It's more about the heroin': injection drug users' response to an overdose warning campaign in a Canadian setting
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Addiction 108:1270-6. 2013
    ..To assess heroin injectors' perceptions of and responses to a warning issued by public health officials regarding high-potency heroin and increases in fatal overdoses...
  82. doi Violence and HIV Risk Among Female Sex Workers in Southern India
    Kathleen N Deering
    From the Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Bangalore, India Laval University, Quebec City, Canada Department of Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, Imperial College, London, UK Departments of Medical Microbiology and Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada
    Sex Transm Dis 42:168-74. 2013
    ..The factors associated with client violence were also assessed...
  83. doi Gendered HIV risk patterns among polygynous sero-discordant couples in Uganda
    Katherine A Muldoon
    BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Cult Health Sex 13:933-44. 2011
    ..In this sample of sero-discordant couples we found indication of excess HIV-risk behaviour among men involved in polygynous relationships...
  84. pmc Generational sex work and HIV risk among Indigenous women in a street-based urban Canadian setting
    Brittany Bingham
    a Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Vancouver, Canada
    Cult Health Sex 16:440-52. 2014
    ..Policy reforms and community-based, culturally safe and trauma informed HIV-prevention initiatives are required for Indigenous sex workers. ..
  85. pmc "People knew they could come here to get help": an ethnographic study of assisted injection practices at a peer-run 'unsanctioned' supervised drug consumption room in a Canadian setting
    Ryan McNeil
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    AIDS Behav 18:473-85. 2014
    ..Findings underscore the need for changes to regulatory frameworks governing SIFs to ensure that they accommodate people who require help injecting...
  86. pmc HIV infection among female sex workers in concentrated and high prevalence epidemics: why a structural determinants framework is needed
    Kate Shannon
    aGender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS bDepartment of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada cGlobal Health Sciences, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 9:174-82. 2014
    ..We offer a conceptual framework for structural HIV determinants and sex work that unpacks intersecting structural, interpersonal, and individual biological and behavioural factors...
  87. doi The social and environmental factors underlying maternal malnutrition in rural Bangladesh: implications for reproductive health and nutrition programs
    Kate Shannon
    Centre for International Health, Division of Health Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    Health Care Women Int 29:826-40. 2008
    ..The findings highlight the need to address traditional dietary taboos and preferenaces, and actively target key household decisionmakers, namely, husbands and mothers-in-law, in nutrition behavior change communication...