Ilse Van Diest

Summary

Affiliation: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Country: Belgium

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Hyperventilation beyond fight/flight: respiratory responses during emotional imagery
    I Van Diest
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Psychophysiology 38:961-8. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint Resting end-tidal CO2 and negative affectivity
    Ilse Van Diest
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Psychosom Med 65:976-83. 2003
  3. doi request reprint Resistance to extinction in an odor-20% CO2 inhalation paradigm: further evidence for a symptom learning account of multiple chemical sensitivity
    Ann Meulders
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Leuven, Belgium
    J Psychosom Res 68:47-56. 2010
  4. doi request reprint High symptom reporters are less interoceptively accurate in a symptom-related context
    Katleen Bogaerts
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Psychosom Res 65:417-24. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint US-inflation in a differential odor-conditioning paradigm is not robust: relevance for medically unexplained symptoms
    Stephan Devriese
    Research Group for Stress, Health, and Well being, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 37:314-32. 2006
  6. doi request reprint Breathlessness rating type influences respiratory behavior during hypercapnia in the rebreathing test
    Li Wan
    Department of Psychology, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Psychosom Res 65:501-4. 2008
  7. doi request reprint Distorted symptom perception in patients with medically unexplained symptoms
    Katleen Bogaerts
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Abnorm Psychol 119:226-34. 2010
  8. doi request reprint Learning to fear obstructed breathing: comparing interoceptive and exteroceptive cues
    Meike Pappens
    Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102 box 3726, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 92:36-42. 2013
  9. ncbi request reprint Repeated experiences of air hunger and ventilatory behavior in response to hypercapnia in the standardized rebreathing test: effects of anxiety
    Li Wan
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven 3000, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 77:223-32. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Anxiety and respiratory variability
    Ilse Van Diest
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Physiol Behav 89:189-95. 2006

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint Hyperventilation beyond fight/flight: respiratory responses during emotional imagery
    I Van Diest
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Psychophysiology 38:961-8. 2001
    ..FetCO2 drops and decreases in inspiratory and expiratory time occurred in all but the depressive and the relaxation scripts, suggesting that a defense conceptualization of hyperventilation is not always appropriate...
  2. ncbi request reprint Resting end-tidal CO2 and negative affectivity
    Ilse Van Diest
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Psychosom Med 65:976-83. 2003
    ..In two studies we aimed to clarify this paradox...
  3. doi request reprint Resistance to extinction in an odor-20% CO2 inhalation paradigm: further evidence for a symptom learning account of multiple chemical sensitivity
    Ann Meulders
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Leuven, Belgium
    J Psychosom Res 68:47-56. 2010
    ..Additionally, extinction of learned symptoms was investigated...
  4. doi request reprint High symptom reporters are less interoceptively accurate in a symptom-related context
    Katleen Bogaerts
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Psychosom Res 65:417-24. 2008
    ..We investigated the role of a symptom interpretation frame on the accuracy of interoception and on retrospective symptom reporting in nonclinical high and low reporters of medically unexplained symptoms...
  5. ncbi request reprint US-inflation in a differential odor-conditioning paradigm is not robust: relevance for medically unexplained symptoms
    Stephan Devriese
    Research Group for Stress, Health, and Well being, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 37:314-32. 2006
    ..The results indicate that, despite a successful learning of reported symptoms, US-inflation does not seem to be robust...
  6. doi request reprint Breathlessness rating type influences respiratory behavior during hypercapnia in the rebreathing test
    Li Wan
    Department of Psychology, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Psychosom Res 65:501-4. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of rating type on respiratory sensation and behavior during repeated hypercapnic exposures...
  7. doi request reprint Distorted symptom perception in patients with medically unexplained symptoms
    Katleen Bogaerts
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Abnorm Psychol 119:226-34. 2010
    ..This suggests a stronger role for top-down psychological processes in the symptom perception of patients with MUS...
  8. doi request reprint Learning to fear obstructed breathing: comparing interoceptive and exteroceptive cues
    Meike Pappens
    Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102 box 3726, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 92:36-42. 2013
    ..In the extero-IFC study, the CS-picture evoked an increase in tidal volume and self-reported fear only in the paired group. In addition, startle potentiation during the CS-picture was greater for the paired than for the unpaired group...
  9. ncbi request reprint Repeated experiences of air hunger and ventilatory behavior in response to hypercapnia in the standardized rebreathing test: effects of anxiety
    Li Wan
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven 3000, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 77:223-32. 2008
    ..The results suggest that habituation of perceived air hunger is depending on a complex interplay between both changes in respiratory behavior and in perceptual-cognitive processes related to trait anxiety...
  10. ncbi request reprint Anxiety and respiratory variability
    Ilse Van Diest
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Physiol Behav 89:189-95. 2006
    ..The paradoxical findings for fearful imagery enhance the importance of a distinction between fearful and anxious affects...
  11. doi request reprint Anxiety, pCO2 and cerebral blood flow
    Omer Van den Bergh
    Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Int J Psychophysiol 89:72-7. 2013
    ..The findings may elucidate conflicting findings in the literature and are relevant for brain imaging relying on regional cerebral blood flow. ..
  12. doi request reprint Learning to fear suffocation: a new paradigm for interoceptive fear conditioning
    Meike Pappens
    Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychophysiology 49:821-8. 2012
    ..The present paradigm successfully established interoceptive fear conditioning with panic-relevant stimuli...
  13. doi request reprint Why do you sigh? Sigh rate during induced stress and relief
    Elke Vlemincx
    University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychophysiology 46:1005-13. 2009
    ..Breathing parameters were recorded continuously by means of the LifeShirt System. Results consistently showed that more sighing occurred during conditions of relief compared to conditions of stress...
  14. ncbi request reprint Can subjective asthma symptoms be learned?
    Steven De Peuter
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychosom Med 67:454-61. 2005
    ..We investigated whether perception of subjective asthma symptoms can be brought under control of biomedically irrelevant cues in the environment, i.e., whether subjective asthma symptoms can be learned in response to harmless stimuli...
  15. ncbi request reprint Differentiation between the sensory and affective aspects of histamine-induced bronchoconstriction in asthma
    Steven De Peuter
    Research Group for Stress, Health and Well Being, Psychology Department, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Respir Med 101:925-32. 2007
    ..The differentiation between sensory and affective components of dyspnea adds to the understanding of respiratory symptom perception in asthma...
  16. doi request reprint Inducing symptoms in high symptom reporters via emotional pictures: the interactive effects of valence and arousal
    Elena Constantinou
    Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Psychosom Res 74:191-6. 2013
    ..The present study examined the role of valence and arousal of emotional pictorial cues on this effect...
  17. doi request reprint Do not worry, be mindful: effects of induced worry and mindfulness on respiratory variability in a nonanxious population
    Elke Vlemincx
    Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Int J Psychophysiol 87:147-51. 2013
    ..These results suggest that, in contrast to mindfulness, worry is characterized by decreased respiratory stability and flexibility, and therefore worry and mindfulness seem to have countering effects on RV and respiratory regulation...
  18. doi request reprint Fear of suffocation alters respiration during obstructed breathing
    Meike Pappens
    Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychophysiology 49:829-32. 2012
    ..The present findings document a potentially panicogenic mechanism that may maintain and worsen respiratory discomfort in persons with fear of suffocation...
  19. doi request reprint Repeated breathlessness experiences induced by hypercapnia: differential effects on intensity and unpleasantness
    Li Wan
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Chest 135:455-61. 2009
    ..The present study investigated the effect of repeated hypercapnic challenges on the sensory (intensity [I]) and affective (unpleasantness [U]) dimensions of breathlessness...
  20. doi request reprint Defense reactions to interoceptive threats: a comparison between loaded breathing and aversive picture viewing
    Meike Pappens
    Research Group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 84:98-103. 2010
    ..Startle data did not follow this pattern with an absence of startle potentiation during the moderate load, suggesting that fear potentiated startle does not occur when the background aversive stimulus is of an interoceptive nature...
  21. ncbi request reprint Contingency awareness in a symptom learning paradigm: necessary but not sufficient?
    Stephan Devriese
    Research Group for Stress, Health, and Well being, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Conscious Cogn 13:439-52. 2004
    ..Also contingency awareness did not account for the selective conditioning effect, and did not interact with NA. Overall, the necessity but insufficiency hypotheses can only be withhold for group data and not for individual data...
  22. doi request reprint Take a deep breath: the relief effect of spontaneous and instructed sighs
    Elke Vlemincx
    Research Group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Physiol Behav 101:67-73. 2010
    ..Thus, a spontaneous sigh seemed to induce relief. An instructed sigh appeared to inhibit recovery from mental stress...
  23. ncbi request reprint Hyperventilation in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: the role of coping strategies
    Katleen Bogaerts
    Research Group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Behav Res Ther 45:2679-90. 2007
    ..In conclusion, hostile resistance seems to trigger both physiological and symptom perception processes contributing to the clinical picture of CFS...
  24. doi request reprint Psychophysiological responses to inspiratory resistive loads
    Meike Pappens
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Int J Psychophysiol 80:161-5. 2011
    ..This suggests that startle potentiation during aversive respiratory stimulation with IRLs only occurs when an exteroceptive task limits attentional allocation to the interoceptive experience...
  25. doi request reprint Atypical modulation of startle in women in face of aversive bodily sensations
    Erik Ceunen
    Research Group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Mailbox 3726, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Int J Psychophysiol 88:157-63. 2013
    ..Results suggest that startle amplitude during aversive stimulation is inversely correlated with perceived fearfulness for women, although further studies are necessary to corroborate this interpretation...
  26. doi request reprint Psychophysiological responses to COâ‚‚inhalation
    Meike Pappens
    Research Group Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Int J Psychophysiol 84:45-50. 2012
    ..Our findings suggest that inhalation of CO(2)-enriched air is associated with a circa-strike defensive response pattern, corroborating its application as an interoceptive, panic-relevant stimulus in fear research...
  27. doi request reprint A sigh following sustained attention and mental stress: effects on respiratory variability
    Elke Vlemincx
    Research Group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Physiol Behav 107:1-6. 2012
    ..These results suggest that a spontaneous sigh and an instructed sigh, when physiologically appropriate, restore respiratory variability influenced by stress or attention...
  28. ncbi request reprint Air hunger and ventilation in response to hypercapnia: effects of repetition and anxiety
    Wan Li
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Physiol Behav 88:47-54. 2006
    ..05). No differences occurred in the slopes of the breathing responses. The findings documented uncoupling of the physiological and subjective responses during CO2-induced air hunger...
  29. doi request reprint Dyspnea-related anxiety: The Dutch version of the Breathlessness Beliefs Questionnaire
    Steven De Peuter
    Research Group Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Chron Respir Dis 8:11-9. 2011
    ..Further research is needed to document to what extent BBQ scores are related to daily life activities and symptoms...
  30. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of respiratory symptom perception in different affective contexts
    Katleen Bogaerts
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Leuven B 3000, Belgium
    J Psychosom Res 58:537-43. 2005
    ..The accuracy of respiratory symptom perception was investigated in different affective contexts in participants (N=48) scoring high or low for negative affectivity (NA)...
  31. doi request reprint Inaccurate perception of asthma symptoms: a cognitive-affective framework and implications for asthma treatment
    Thomas Janssens
    Research Group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Clin Psychol Rev 29:317-27. 2009
    ....
  32. doi request reprint Feeling lightheaded: the role of cerebral blood flow
    Johan Bresseleers
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychosom Med 72:672-80. 2010
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Imagined risk of suffocation as a trigger for hyperventilation
    Ilse Van Diest
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychosom Med 67:813-9. 2005
    ..The present experiment aimed to test whether stronger hyperventilation responses occur in response to suggested risk of suffocation compared with other fearful situations in high- and low-trait anxious women...
  34. doi request reprint On the psychology of cough
    Omer Van den Bergh
    Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Lung 190:55-61. 2012
    ..This functional-behavioral perspective may lay the groundwork for a structured research program on the role of psychological factors in cough...
  35. doi request reprint Sigh rate and respiratory variability during normal breathing and the role of negative affectivity
    Ruth Wuyts
    Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Int J Psychophysiol 82:175-9. 2011
    ..We conclude that it is important to take into account individual difference variables when studying the psychophysiological functions of sighing...
  36. doi request reprint Negative affective pictures can elicit physical symptoms in high habitual symptom reporters
    Katleen Bogaerts
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Psychol Health 25:685-98. 2010
    ..The findings allude to a learned association between negative emotional states and symptom reporting in high habitual symptom reporters...
  37. ncbi request reprint Perceived relation between odors and a negative event determines learning of symptoms in response to chemicals
    Stephan Devriese
    Research Group for Stress, Health, and Well being, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000, Leuven, Belgium
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 77:200-4. 2004
    ..We investigated the effects of worrying information about chemical pollution on subjective symptoms in response to an odor that was previously associated with symptom episodes...
  38. ncbi request reprint Acquired lightheadedness in response to odors after hyperventilation
    Ilse Van Diest
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychosom Med 68:340-7. 2006
    ..This study aimed to investigate whether lightheadedness in response to odors could be acquired through previous associations with hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia...
  39. doi request reprint Affective modulation of inspiratory motor drive
    Ilse Van Diest
    Research Group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychophysiology 46:12-6. 2009
    ..We conclude that inspiratory motor drive is affectively modulated and is a measure of the respiratory response to threatful stimuli...
  40. doi request reprint Illness-specific catastrophic thinking and overperception in asthma
    Steven De Peuter
    Department of Psychology, Research Group Health Psychology, Leuven, Belgium
    Health Psychol 27:93-9. 2008
    ..This study investigated the role of illness-specific catastrophic thinking in symptom perception in asthma...
  41. doi request reprint Respiratory variability and sighing: a psychophysiological reset model
    Elke Vlemincx
    Research Group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 93:24-32. 2013
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Dyspnea: the role of psychological processes
    Steven De Peuter
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Clin Psychol Rev 24:557-81. 2004
    ..In this review, we focus on the psychological processes that play part in the perception of dyspnea and formulate some practical guidelines for those who are confronted with dyspnea...
  43. doi request reprint To inhale or not to inhale: conditioned avoidance in breathing behavior in an odor--20% CO2 paradigm
    Stien Fannes
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 78:87-92. 2008
    ..We conclude that paradoxical decreases in ventilation constitute a relevant behavioral index of fear in CO2-inhalation paradigms...
  44. doi request reprint Imposing respiratory variability patterns
    Elke Vlemincx
    Department of Psychology, Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 37:153-60. 2012
    ..However, including non-variable, correlated and random breathing patterns only, the effects of self-reported discomfort on sigh occurrence override the effects of altered breathing variability...
  45. doi request reprint Understanding fear of pain in chronic pain: interoceptive fear conditioning as a novel approach
    Steven De Peuter
    Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Eur J Pain 15:889-94. 2011
    ..The review concludes with a number of theoretical and clinical considerations, introducing interoceptive exposure as a potentially effective treatment for fear of pain...
  46. ncbi request reprint Media warnings about environmental pollution facilitate the acquisition of symptoms in response to chemical substances
    Winnie Winters
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychosom Med 65:332-8. 2003
    ..In this study, we investigated whether warnings about environmental pollution would facilitate acquiring symptoms, regardless of the pleasantness of the smell...
  47. doi request reprint Sigh rate and respiratory variability during mental load and sustained attention
    Elke Vlemincx
    Research Group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychophysiology 48:117-20. 2011
    ..Sigh rate increased during mental load and during recovery from the attention task. It is concluded that mental load and task-related attention show specific patterns in respiratory variability and sigh rate...
  48. doi request reprint Influence of Interoceptive Fear Learning on Visceral Perception
    Jonas Zaman
    From the Research Group Health Psychology Zaman, Vlaeyen, Van den Bergh, Van Diest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences Translational Research Centre for Gastrointestinal Disorders TARGID, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine Weltens, ly, Van Oudenhove and Centre for the Psychology of Learning and Experimental Psychopathology Struyf, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Department Clinical Psychological Science Vlaeyen, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB Wiech and Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences Wiech, Nuffield Division Anaesthetics, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK and Consultation Liaison Psychiatry Van Oudenhove, University Psychiatric Centre KU Leuven, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychosom Med 78:248-58. 2016
    ..However, there is no experimental evidence demonstrating that fear learning and generalization to visceral sensations can be established in humans and alter visceral perception...
  49. doi request reprint Respiratory variability preceding and following sighs: a resetter hypothesis
    Elke Vlemincx
    Research Group on Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 84:82-7. 2010
    ..No changes in variability were found in comparable epochs without intermediate sighs. We conclude that a sigh resets structured respiratory variability, enhancing information processing in the respiratory system...
  50. pmc Fear-conditioned respiration and its association to cardiac reactivity
    Ilse Van Diest
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 80:212-7. 2009
    ..These results suggest that preparation for defensive action is characterized by a tendency towards hyperventilation and cardiac acceleration...
  51. doi request reprint Healing Words: Using Affect Labeling to Reduce the Effects of Unpleasant Cues on Symptom Reporting in IBS Patients
    Elena Constantinou
    Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000, Leuven, Belgium
    Int J Behav Med 22:512-20. 2015
    ....
  52. pmc Unraveling the relationship between trait negative affectivity and habitual symptom reporting
    Katleen Bogaerts
    Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 10:e0115748. 2015
    ....
  53. doi request reprint The Dutch Claustrophobia Questionnaire: psychometric properties and predictive validity
    Ilse Van Diest
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Anxiety Disord 24:715-22. 2010
    ..It can be concluded that the Dutch version of the CLQ is a reliable and valid instrument to assess claustrophobic fear...
  54. ncbi request reprint Negative affectivity and enhanced symptom reports: differentiating between symptoms in men and women
    Ilse Van Diest
    Research Group for Stress, Health and Well Being, Department of Psychology, Tiensestraat 102, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    Soc Sci Med 61:1835-45. 2005
    ..These results suggest that (1) NA should not be considered a general complaining factor, and (2) important gender differences exist regarding the type of symptoms that relate most strongly to NA...
  55. doi request reprint Retention of perceptual generalization of fear extinction
    Meike Pappens
    Research Group Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Electronic address
    Int J Psychophysiol 98:520-8. 2015
    ..Evidence for the retention of fear extinction generalization was present in US expectancy and skin conductance, but a perceptual gradient in the retention of generalized fear extinction could not be observed. ..
  56. doi request reprint Emotion, sighing, and respiratory variability
    Elke Vlemincx
    Research Group on Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Psychophysiology 52:657-66. 2015
    ..Fear imagery particularly increased variability in end-tidal carbon dioxide and expiratory time. These findings show that dimensions of emotion importantly influence respiratory regulation. ..
  57. ncbi request reprint Learning subjective health complaints
    Omer Van den Bergh
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Scand J Psychol 43:147-52. 2002
    ..Our findings are relevant to the understanding of medically unexplained ("functional") syndromes and the poor relationship between objective and subjective health indicators in general...
  58. ncbi request reprint Fearful imagery induces hyperventilation and dyspnea in medically unexplained dyspnea
    Jiang na Han
    Department of Pneumology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China
    Chin Med J (Engl) 121:56-62. 2008
    ..Using an imagery paradigm, we investigated the role of fearful imagery in provoking hyperventilation and in eliciting symptoms, specifically dyspnea...