Erich Schmutzhard

Summary

Affiliation: University of Innsbruck
Country: Austria

Publications

  1. ncbi [Flying fitness of patients with neurologic diseases--aircraft travel and the central nervous system]
    E Schmutzhard
    Neurologische Intensivstation, Universitätsklinik für Neurologie, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck
    Wien Med Wochenschr 152:466-8. 2002
  2. ncbi Concentrations of fosfomycin in the cerebrospinal fluid of neurointensive care patients with ventriculostomy-associated ventriculitis
    Bettina Pfausler
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Antimicrob Chemother 53:848-52. 2004
  3. pmc Protocol for German trial of Acyclovir and corticosteroids in Herpes-simplex-virus-encephalitis (GACHE): a multicenter, multinational, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled German, Austrian and Dutch trial [ISRCTN45122933]
    Francisco Martinez-Torres
    Department of Neurology, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    BMC Neurol 8:40. 2008
  4. ncbi Multiple sclerosis and Lyme borreliosis
    Erich Schmutzhard
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 114:539-43. 2002
  5. ncbi Eosinophilic myelitis, a souvenir from South East Asia
    Erich Schmutzhard
    Medical University Hospital Innsbruck, Department of Neurology, Innsbruck, Austria
    Pract Neurol 7:48-51. 2007
  6. ncbi Viral infections of the CNS with special emphasis on herpes simplex infections
    E Schmutzhard
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Austria
    J Neurol 248:469-77. 2001
  7. ncbi Neurological long-term sequelae after spinal anaesthesia in a tropical setting: a case control study
    M Bauer
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria
    Trop Med Int Health 6:34-6. 2001
  8. ncbi [New developments and perspectives of intensive neurology]
    E Schmutzhard
    Neurologische Intensivstation, Universitätsklinik für Neurologie, Innsbruck, Osterreich
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 111:713-8. 1999
  9. doi Endovascular cooling and endothelial activation in hemorrhagic stroke patients
    Marlene Fischer
    Department of Neurology, Neurologic Intensive Care Unit, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurocrit Care 17:224-30. 2012
  10. pmc Opposed circulating plasma levels of endothelin-1 and C-type natriuretic peptide in children with Plasmodium falciparum malaria
    Anelia Dietmann
    Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Malar J 7:253. 2008

Detail Information

Publications104 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi [Flying fitness of patients with neurologic diseases--aircraft travel and the central nervous system]
    E Schmutzhard
    Neurologische Intensivstation, Universitätsklinik für Neurologie, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck
    Wien Med Wochenschr 152:466-8. 2002
    ..The regularity of the intake of drugs and the problems in resorption of necessary drugs (cave traveller's diarrhea!) are emphasized...
  2. ncbi Concentrations of fosfomycin in the cerebrospinal fluid of neurointensive care patients with ventriculostomy-associated ventriculitis
    Bettina Pfausler
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Antimicrob Chemother 53:848-52. 2004
    ..The present study was performed to test the ability of fosfomycin to penetrate into the CSF of neurointensive care patients with ventriculostomy-associated ventriculitis...
  3. pmc Protocol for German trial of Acyclovir and corticosteroids in Herpes-simplex-virus-encephalitis (GACHE): a multicenter, multinational, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled German, Austrian and Dutch trial [ISRCTN45122933]
    Francisco Martinez-Torres
    Department of Neurology, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    BMC Neurol 8:40. 2008
    ..But currently there is no available evidence to support the routine use of adjuvant corticosteroid treatment in HSVE. A randomized multicenter trial is the only useful instrument to address this question...
  4. ncbi Multiple sclerosis and Lyme borreliosis
    Erich Schmutzhard
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 114:539-43. 2002
    ....
  5. ncbi Eosinophilic myelitis, a souvenir from South East Asia
    Erich Schmutzhard
    Medical University Hospital Innsbruck, Department of Neurology, Innsbruck, Austria
    Pract Neurol 7:48-51. 2007
  6. ncbi Viral infections of the CNS with special emphasis on herpes simplex infections
    E Schmutzhard
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Austria
    J Neurol 248:469-77. 2001
    ..Nevertheless, if other causes for the clinical/neurological syndrome of peripheral facial palsy have been excluded, a combination therapy with acyclovir plus prednisone seems to be indicated in a patient with Bell's palsy...
  7. ncbi Neurological long-term sequelae after spinal anaesthesia in a tropical setting: a case control study
    M Bauer
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria
    Trop Med Int Health 6:34-6. 2001
    ..These long-term sequelae need to be confirmed in a larger prospective study employing all possible neurophysiological and neuroimaging techniques...
  8. ncbi [New developments and perspectives of intensive neurology]
    E Schmutzhard
    Neurologische Intensivstation, Universitätsklinik für Neurologie, Innsbruck, Osterreich
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 111:713-8. 1999
    ....
  9. doi Endovascular cooling and endothelial activation in hemorrhagic stroke patients
    Marlene Fischer
    Department of Neurology, Neurologic Intensive Care Unit, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurocrit Care 17:224-30. 2012
    ..This analysis was designed to measure the endothelial markers Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and -2 (Ang-2) in endovascularly based prophylactic normothermia versus conventional temperature management...
  10. pmc Opposed circulating plasma levels of endothelin-1 and C-type natriuretic peptide in children with Plasmodium falciparum malaria
    Anelia Dietmann
    Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Malar J 7:253. 2008
    ....
  11. pmc Glatiramer acetate reduces the risk for experimental cerebral malaria: a pilot study
    Peter Lackner
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Malar J 8:36. 2009
    ....
  12. doi Soluble endoglin and transforming growth factor-β₁ and the development of vasospasm after spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage: a pilot study
    Anelia Dietmann
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Cerebrovasc Dis 33:16-22. 2012
    ..Alteration of vasomotor tone has been postulated as an important factor in the pathogenesis of CVS. Members of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) family and their receptors have been implicated in the regulation of vascular tone...
  13. doi Prophylactic, endovascularly based, long-term normothermia in ICU patients with severe cerebrovascular disease: bicenter prospective, randomized trial
    Gregor Broessner
    Department of Neurology, Neurologic Intensive Care Unit, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Stroke 40:e657-65. 2009
    ....
  14. pmc Differential regulation of matrix-metalloproteinases and their tissue inhibitors in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
    Marlene Fischer
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria mail
    PLoS ONE 8:e59952. 2013
    ..This study aimed to analyze MMP-3, MMP-9, TIMP-1 and TIMP-3 in patients with SAH and their respective association with cerebral vasospasm (CVS)...
  15. doi Keep the brain cool--endovascular cooling in patients with severe traumatic brain injury: a case series study
    Marlene Fischer
    Department of Neurology, Neurologic Intensive Care Unit, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurosurgery 68:867-73; discussion 873. 2011
    ..As brain temperature is reported to be extensively higher than core body temperature in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients, posttraumatic hyperthermia is of particular relevance in the injured brain...
  16. doi Imaging-based disease pattern in a consecutive series of cranial CTs and MRIs in a rural and an urban Tanzanian hospital: a comparative, retrospective, neuroradiological analysis
    Daniel Maier
    Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 122:40-6. 2010
    ..In conclusion, cranial pathologies seem to differ widely in rural and urban areas of Tanzania in particular with respect to cerebral infections and vascular disease...
  17. doi Influence of prophylactic, endovascularly based normothermia on inflammation in patients with severe cerebrovascular disease: a prospective, randomized trial
    Gregor Broessner
    Department of Neurology, Neurologic Intensive Care Unit, Innsbruck Medical University, Austria
    Stroke 41:2969-72. 2010
    ..We analyzed the impact of long-term endovascularly based prophylactic normothermia versus conventional temperature management on inflammatory parameters in patients with severe cerebrovascular disease...
  18. doi Cellular microparticles as a marker for cerebral vasospasm in spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage
    Peter Lackner
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Stroke 41:2353-7. 2010
    ..We hypothesize that cellular microparticles (MP) play a role in the pathogenesis of CVS and may serve as biomarkers for CVS...
  19. pmc Neuroglucopenia and Metabolic Distress in Two Patients with Viral Meningoencephalitis: A Microdialysis Study
    Mario Kofler
    Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurocrit Care 25:273-81. 2016
    ..Underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms are incompletely understood and may be elucidated using invasive multimodal neuromonitoring techniques in humans...
  20. ncbi Neuroinflammation is Associated with Brain Extracellular TAU-Protein Release after Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
    Alois Josef Schiefecker
    Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck
    Curr Drug Targets . 2016
    ..We sought to study the association between brain extracellular interleukin (IL)-6 and TAU-protein levels as a surrogate marker for neuroinflammation and axonal injury in patients with poor grade aSAH...
  21. pmc Pharmacokinetics of intravenous linezolid in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma in neurointensive care patients with staphylococcal ventriculitis associated with external ventricular drains
    Ronny Beer
    Innsbruck Medical University, Clinical Department of Neurology, Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:379-82. 2007
    ..9 mg x h/liter, with a CSF-to-plasma ratio of 0.8 +/- 0.3. Times above MIC in CSF were 99.8% and 57.2% for pathogens with MICs of 2 mg/liter and 4 mg/liter, respectively...
  22. pmc Angiopoietin-1 is associated with cerebral vasospasm and delayed cerebral ischemia in subarachnoid hemorrhage
    Marlene Fischer
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    BMC Neurol 11:59. 2011
    ..Angiopoietins may play an important role in the pathophysiology of cerebral vasospasm (CVS). Ang-1 and Ang-2 have not been investigated in this regard so far...
  23. doi Efficacy of silver nanoparticles-impregnated external ventricular drain catheters in patients with acute occlusive hydrocephalus
    Peter Lackner
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurocrit Care 8:360-5. 2008
    ..The purpose of this pilot study was to address the efficacy of silver-impregnated EVD catheters in neurological and neurosurgical patients requiring external CSF drainage due to acute occlusive hydrocephalus...
  24. pmc Continuous intra-arterial nimodipine infusion in refractory symptomatic vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage
    Raimund Helbok
    Department of Neurology, Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Springerplus 5:1807. 2016
    ..The purpose of this report is to describe the successful management of severe refractory vasospasm with continuous intra-arterial nimodipine (IAN) treatment...
  25. pmc Early brain injury after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a multimodal neuromonitoring study
    Raimund Helbok
    Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstreet 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    Crit Care 19:75. 2015
    ....
  26. pmc High dose erythropoietin increases brain tissue oxygen tension in severe vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage
    Raimund Helbok
    Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    BMC Neurol 12:32. 2012
    ..In this study, the authors aimed to investigate the effect of EPO on cerebral metabolism and brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2)...
  27. ncbi Survival and long-term functional outcome in 1,155 consecutive neurocritical care patients
    Gregor Broessner
    Neurologic Intensive Care Unit, Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Crit Care Med 35:2025-30. 2007
    ..To analyze survival, mortality, and long-term functional disability outcome and to determine predictors of unfavorable outcome in critically ill patients admitted to a neurologic intensive care unit (neuro-ICU)...
  28. pmc IgG-index predicts neurological morbidity in patients with infectious central nervous system diseases
    Peter Lackner
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Austria
    BMC Infect Dis 10:202. 2010
    ..In this retrospective cross-sectional study the prognostic value of basic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) parameters in patients with bacterial meningitis, viral meningoencephalitis and leptomeningeal metastases were evaluated...
  29. doi Acute granulomatous acanthamoeba encephalitis in an immunocompetent patient
    Peter Lackner
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, 6020 Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, Austria, Europe
    Neurocrit Care 12:91-4. 2010
    ..Acanthamoeba sp. are known to cause fatal granulomatous Acanthamoeba encephalitis (GAE) in immunocompromised patients...
  30. ncbi Targeted Temperature Management in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Systematic Review
    Marlene Fischer
    Department of Neurology, Headache Outpatient Clinic, Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Curr Drug Targets . 2016
    ..Single-center observational studies have shown reduced perihematomal edema under mild hypothermia and an association with favorable outcome. Thus, results from ongoing, prospective randomized-controlled trials are highly anticipated...
  31. doi Cerebral Taurine Levels are Associated with Brain Edema and Delayed Cerebral Infarction in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
    Mario Kofler
    Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurocrit Care 23:321-9. 2015
    ..On the other hand, neuroprotective mechanisms of taurine treatment have been described in the experimental setting...
  32. doi Cooling Activity is Associated with Neurological Outcome in Patients with Severe Cerebrovascular Disease Undergoing Endovascular Temperature Control
    Marlene Fischer
    Neurocritical Care Unit, Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstr 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurocrit Care 23:205-9. 2015
    ..We analyzed the association between cooling activity expressed as cool bath temperatures and functional neurological outcome...
  33. doi Multimodal neuromonitoring in a patient with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with aortic coarctation
    Raimund Helbok
    Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurocrit Care 14:433-7. 2011
    ..Aortic coarctation (AC) rarely remains undiagnosed until adulthood. Intracranial aneurysms and spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are more frequent in patients with AC than in the general population...
  34. doi Matrix metalloproteinases and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) in Plasmodium falciparum malaria: serum levels of TIMP-1 are associated with disease severity
    Anelia Dietmann
    Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    J Infect Dis 197:1614-20. 2008
    ..The key inhibitors of MMPs are the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs)...
  35. pmc Complement factors C1q, C3 and C5 in brain and serum of mice with cerebral malaria
    Peter Lackner
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Malar J 7:207. 2008
    ..Immune-mediated and ischaemic mechanisms have been implicated. The role of complement factors C1q, C3 and C5 for the pathogenesis of CM were investigated in this study...
  36. doi Early brain injury after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage a multimodal neuromonitoring study
    Raimund Helbok
    Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Crit Care 19:809. 2015
    ....
  37. doi Traumatic brain injury in a rural and an urban Tanzanian hospital--a comparative, retrospective analysis based on computed tomography
    Daniel Maier
    Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    World Neurosurg 81:478-82. 2014
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) between a rural and an urban area of Tanzania...
  38. doi Infectious intracranial complications in the neuro-ICU patient population
    Ronny Beer
    Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Curr Opin Crit Care 16:117-22. 2010
    ..Nosocomial infections of the central nervous system are a serious complication contributing to morbidity, prolonged length of stay in the ICU and/or hospital, and mortality of neurocritical care patients...
  39. pmc Nogo-A expression in the brain of mice with cerebral malaria
    Peter Lackner
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    PLoS ONE 6:e25728. 2011
    ..In the brain stem of severely affected animals increased Nogo-A expression and ultrastructural changes of the ER were observed. These data indicate a role of Nogo-A in neuronal stress response during experimental CM...
  40. pmc Scanning electron microscopy of the neuropathology of murine cerebral malaria
    Peter Lackner
    Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Malar J 5:116. 2006
    ..The present study investigates the neuropathological features of murine CM by applying SEM...
  41. doi Influence of red blood cell transfusion on mortality and long-term functional outcome in 292 patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage
    Gregor Broessner
    Neurologic Intensive Care Unit, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Crit Care Med 37:1886-92. 2009
    ....
  42. ncbi Prevalence of active epilepsy in a rural area in South Tanzania: a door-to-door survey
    Wolfgang Dent
    Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Epilepsia 46:1963-9. 2005
    ..A door-to-door survey was carried out to assess the prevalence of active epilepsy in the rural population within the catchment area of the Mnero Diocesan Hospital in Southern Tanzania...
  43. pmc Bi-insular cortical involvement in anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis - a case report
    Harald Hegen
    Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    BMC Neurol 16:130. 2016
    ..Brain MRI is unremarkable in at least 50% of patients and highly variable in the remaining patients with signal abnormalities in different brain regions. Only scarce reports exist on other imaging modalities...
  44. doi Cerebral tau is elevated after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage and associated with brain metabolic distress and poor functional and cognitive long-term outcome
    Raimund Helbok
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 86:79-86. 2015
    ....
  45. doi Management of nosocomial external ventricular drain-related ventriculomeningitis
    Ronny Beer
    Department of Neurology, Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurocrit Care 10:363-7. 2009
    ..Reducing morbidity and mortality is strongly dependent on prompt diagnosis and on the initiation of appropriate antiinfective therapy...
  46. doi Chronic meningitis
    Raimund Helbok
    Dept of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    J Neurol 256:168-75. 2009
    ..However, most patients with idiopathic chronic meningitis have a relatively good outcome...
  47. doi Cerebral glucose hypometabolism in Tick-Borne Encephalitis, a pilot study in 10 Patients
    Anelia Dietmann
    Department of Neurology, Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria Electronic address
    Int J Infect Dis 51:73-77. 2016
    ..Brain metabolic changes related to radiologic and clinical findings have not been described so far...
  48. ncbi Spreading depolarizations in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: Association with perihematomal edema progression
    Raimund Helbok
    Department of Neurology, Neurocritical Care Unit, Medical University Innsbruck, Austria
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab . 2016
    ..Whether they may serve as target in the treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage deserves further research...
  49. doi Can Therapeutic Hypothermia Be Guided by Advanced Neuromonitoring in Neurocritical Care Patients? A Review
    Alois Josef Schiefecker
    Division of Neurocritical Care, Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Ther Hypothermia Temp Manag 5:126-34. 2015
    ..We call for more research using multimodal neuromonitoring techniques in patients undergoing TH to optimize cooling and rewarming strategies. ..
  50. pmc Nodding syndrome in Tanzania may not be associated with circulating anti-NMDA-and anti-VGKC receptor antibodies or decreased pyridoxal phosphate serum levels-a pilot study
    Anelia Dietmann
    Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Austria
    Afr Health Sci 14:434-8. 2014
    ..We investigated association of pyridoxal-phosphate serum levels and occurrence of anti-neuronal antibodies against N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor and voltage gated potassium channel (VGKC) complex in NS patients...
  51. doi The prognostic value of midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide in patients with hemorrhagic stroke
    Marlene Fischer
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Cerebrovasc Dis 37:128-33. 2014
    ..This study aimed to analyze the prognostic value of MR-proANP in patients with hemorrhagic stroke, i.e. subarachnoid (SAH) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)...
  52. doi Migraine attack frequency, duration, and pain intensity: disease burden derived from a community-based survey in northern Tanzania
    Wolfgang Dent
    Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Headache 51:1483-92. 2011
    ..In this context, the aim of our study was to report the migraine-related headache burden in northern Tanzania...
  53. doi The role of Onchocerca volvulus in the development of epilepsy in a rural area of Tanzania
    Rebekka König
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Parasitology 137:1559-68. 2010
    ..This raises the question of whether these diseases are associated. We therefore investigated people with epilepsy and/or onchocerciasis living in an area in Tanzania endemic for Onchocerca volvulus (O. volvulus)...
  54. pmc Antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein in HIV-1 associated neurocognitive disorder: a cross-sectional cohort study
    Peter Lackner
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Neuroinflammation 7:79. 2010
    ..This cross-sectional cohort study explores the potential role of antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), a putative autoantigen in multiple sclerosis, in the pathogenesis of HAND...
  55. ncbi Simplified multi-organ dysfunction score predicts disability in African children with Plasmodium falciparum malaria
    Raimund Helbok
    Clinical Department of Neurology, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 75:443-7. 2006
    ..The simplified MODS is a simple and sensitive measure merit of severity of illness in children with P. falciparum malaria and allows early prognostic evaluation...
  56. doi Severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria with peripheral gangrene
    Raimund Helbok
    Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:400. 2008
  57. doi Complications of the management of status epilepticus in the intensive care unit
    Erich Schmutzhard
    Department of Neurology, Medical University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, Innsbruck, Austria
    Epilepsia 52:39-41. 2011
    ..The aim of this review is to raise awareness of complications incurred by therapeutic approaches to patients with status epilepticus in the intensive care unit...
  58. ncbi Traumatic intracranial hemorrhages in facial fracture patients: review of 2,195 patients
    Matthias Hohlrieder
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    Intensive Care Med 29:1095-100. 2003
    ..This study examined which simple clinical signs identify facial fracture patients at risk for intracranial hemorrhage before the performance of computed tomography...
  59. ncbi Treatment of staphylococcal ventriculitis associated with external cerebrospinal fluid drains: a prospective randomized trial of intravenous compared with intraventricular vancomycin therapy
    Bettina Pfausler
    Department of Neurology and the Central Laboratories, University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Neurosurg 98:1040-4. 2003
    ..The limited penetration of vancomycin into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is well known; the pharmacodynamics and efficacy of systemically compared with intraventricularly administered vancomycin is examined in this prospective study...
  60. ncbi Cerebral vasospasm and ischaemic infarction in clipped and coiled intracranial aneurysm patients
    M Hohlrieder
    Department of Anaesthesiology and General Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Neurol 9:389-99. 2002
    ..Whilst the vasospasm incidence was significantly higher after surgical treatment, ischaemic infarctions were only slightly more frequent. The incidence of neurological deficits and clinical outcome was similar in both treatment groups...
  61. ncbi [Magnetic resonance angiography in inflammatory brain diseases]
    S Felber
    Klinische Abteilung für Radiologie II, Universitätskliniken für Radiologie, Universitätskliniken Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck Osterreich
    Radiologe 40:1077-89. 2000
    ..Therefore, only positive MRA results can directly influence clinical management. In case of normal MRA, confirmation by catheder angiography may still be required...
  62. ncbi Brain abscess due to Capnocytophaga species, Actinomyces species, and Streptococcus intermedius in a patient with cyanotic congenital heart disease
    K Engelhardt
    University Hospital Innsbruck, Department of Neurology, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 21:236-7. 2002
  63. ncbi Post-infectious central and peripheral nervous system diseases complicating Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. Report of three cases and review of the literature
    B Pfausler
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Neurol 9:93-6. 2002
    ..pn. infection...
  64. ncbi Attenuated corticomedullary contrast: An early cerebral computed tomography sign indicating malignant middle cerebral artery infarction. A case-control study
    H P Haring
    Department of Neurology, Institute of Computed Tomography, Innsbruck, Austria
    Stroke 30:1076-82. 1999
    ..This case-control study was designed to analyze whether early cerebral CT (CCT) scanning provides reliable information for the prospective selection of stroke patients at risk of developing mMCAI...
  65. pmc Bactericidal activity of vancomycin in cerebrospinal fluid
    M Nagl
    Institute for Hygiene, Leopold Franzens University of Innsbruck, University Hospital of Innsbruck, Austria
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 43:1932-4. 1999
    ..5 to 0.8 mg/kg of body weight]) the in vivo kill kinetics were similar to those for the in vitro results. These results support time-dose regimens that provide trough vancomycin levels of 5 to 10 microg/ml...
  66. ncbi Vascular endothelial growth factor in CSF: a biological marker for carcinomatous meningitis
    G Stockhammer
    Departments of Neurology, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurology 54:1670-6. 2000
    ..To determine the value of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in CSF as a marker for carcinomatous meningitis (CM)...
  67. ncbi Aseptic meningo-encephalitis related to dexibuprofen use in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus: a case report with MR findings
    G Obermoser
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Austria
    Lupus 11:451-3. 2002
    ....
  68. ncbi Cell index--a new parameter for the early diagnosis of ventriculostomy (external ventricular drainage)-related ventriculitis in patients with intraventricular hemorrhage?
    B Pfausler
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 146:477-81. 2004
    ..The aim of this prospective study was to validate a new parameter for the early detection of an intraventricular infection...
  69. ncbi Refractory status epilepticus due to acute hepatic porphyria in a pregnant woman: induced abortion as the sole therapeutic option?
    K Engelhardt
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Neurol 11:693-7. 2004
    ..To our knowledge this is the first report of induced abortion as successful treatment in acute hepatic porphyria induced status epilepticus...
  70. ncbi rFVIIa--for acute rebleeding of a cerebral cavernous malformation
    K Engelhardt
    Department of Neurology, Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Neurol 14:117-20. 2007
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first report of the safe and successful use of rFVIIa to treat re-bleeding episodes in cavernomas. Further clinical studies are needed to specify the future potential of rFVIIa...
  71. ncbi Accidental intrathecal infusion of cefotiam: clinical presentation and management
    G Brössner
    University Hospital Innsbruck, Department of Neurology, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 60:373-5. 2004
  72. doi Nosocomial ventriculitis and meningitis in neurocritical care patients
    R Beer
    Neurological Critical Care Unit, Dept of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    J Neurol 255:1617-24. 2008
    ....
  73. doi Rickettsiae, protozoa, and opisthokonta/metazoa
    Erich Schmutzhard
    Department of Neurology, Medical University Hospital Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria Electronic address
    Handb Clin Neurol 121:1403-43. 2014
    ....
  74. doi Murine cerebral malaria: histopathology and ICAM 1 immunohistochemistry of the inner ear
    Joachim Schmutzhard
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Trop Med Int Health 16:914-22. 2011
    ..To evaluate the pathophysiologic changes in the inner ear during the course of severe cerebral malaria in an established animal model, C57 BL/6J mice...
  75. ncbi Imported Dengue fever presenting with febrile diarrhoea: report of two cases
    Raimund Helbok
    Department of Neurology, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 116:58-60. 2004
    ..Although presentation of the disease might not always be typical, Dengue infection has to be considered early in the course of disease by taking an in-depth history and profound physical examination...
  76. pmc A cross-sectional study of people with epilepsy and neurocysticercosis in Tanzania: clinical characteristics and diagnostic approaches
    Joachim Blocher
    Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1185. 2011
    ..This is the first study to systematically compare the clinical characteristics of PWE due to NCC or other causes and to explore the utility of two different antibody tests for diagnosis of NCC in sub-Saharan Africa...
  77. doi Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage and glucose management
    Erich Schmutzhard
    Department of Neurology, Neurocritical Care Unit, University Hospital, Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurocrit Care 15:281-6. 2011
    ..Furthermore, tight glycemic control was associated with an increased risk for hypoglycemia which was linked to worse outcome...
  78. ncbi Prognostic value of intraventricular blood in perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
    G Franz
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Comput Assist Tomogr 25:742-6. 2001
    ..Moreover, our results suggest that PNSH patients with ventricular blood may have a higher complication rate and a poorer outcome compared with PNSH patients without intraventricular blood...
  79. pmc Remote ischemic preconditioning in the prevention of ischemic brain damage during intracranial aneurysm treatment (RIPAT): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Selma Tülü
    Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of Innsbruck, 35, Anichstrasse, Innsbruck, 6020, Austria
    Trials 16:594. 2015
    ..We hypothesize that pre-interventional remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) reduces ischemic cerebral tissue damage in patients undergoing elective intracranial aneurysm treatment...
  80. doi Prevalence of restless legs syndrome in an urban population of eastern Africa (Tanzania)
    Clemens Burtscher
    Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria
    J Neurol Sci 346:121-7. 2014
    ..A recent study conducted in rural northern Tanzania documented a prevalence of only 0.013%. This result requires further investigation of the epidemiology of RLS in Africa, as prevalence rates seem to vary among different ethnicities...
  81. pmc Severe malaria in children leads to a significant impairment of transitory otoacoustic emissions--a prospective multicenter cohort study
    Joachim Schmutzhard
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    BMC Med 13:125. 2015
    ..An objective method to quickly evaluate the function of the inner ear are the otoacoustic emissions. Negative transient otoacoustic emissions are associated with a threshold shift of 20 dB and above...
  82. doi Prevalence and pattern of spinal pathologies in a consecutive series of CTs/MRIs in an urban and rural Tanzanian hospital--a retrospective neuroradiological comparative analysis
    Herta Zellner
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 122:47-51. 2010
    ....
  83. ncbi [Multibacillary leprosy in Tyrol]
    Bettina Pfausler
    Universitätskliniken für Neurologie, Neurologische Intensivstation, Innsbruck, Osterreich
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 115:72-5. 2003
    ....
  84. ncbi Subcortical deficit pattern after brain abscess: a neuropsychological study
    P Visani
    Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Neurol 13:599-603. 2006
    ..Reduction in quality of life was found in five patients (25%). BA may cause long lasting cognitive deficits. Despite the focal character of the lesion, long-term sequelae follow a more diffuse subcortical deficit pattern...
  85. doi Controversies in neurology, Vienna, 2012: steroids in bacterial meningitis: no
    Bettina Pfausler
    Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    J Neural Transm (Vienna) 120:343-6. 2013
    ....
  86. pmc Case report: severe heat stroke with multiple organ dysfunction - a novel intravascular treatment approach
    Gregor Broessner
    Department of Neurology, Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Crit Care 9:R498-501. 2005
    ....
  87. ncbi Craniectomy in severe, life-threatening encephalitis: a report on outcome and long-term prognosis of four cases
    E Taferner
    Department of Neurology, Neurointensive Care Unit, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Intensive Care Med 27:1426-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: Craniectomy with dural augmentation is a treatment approach in cases of severe space-occupying encephalitis, not only saving the patient's life but also leading to favorable long-term outcome...
  88. doi Basilar artery dissection: series of 12 consecutive cases and review of the literature
    M Ruecker
    Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Cerebrovasc Dis 30:267-76. 2010
    ..Current knowledge on primary or isolated basilar artery dissection (IBAD) is limited to case vignettes and small patient series...
  89. ncbi Chronic meningitis in Thailand. Clinical characteristics, laboratory data and outcome in patients with specific reference to tuberculosis and cryptococcosis
    R Helbok
    Clinical Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Neuroepidemiology 26:37-44. 2006
    ....
  90. ncbi The use of the multi-organ-dysfunction score to discriminate different levels of severity in severe and complicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria
    R Helbok
    Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:150-4. 2005
    ..42, P = 0.02; blood urea nitrogen, r = 0.45, P = 0.015). A score >or= 16 was associated with significantly longer disease duration (P = 0.018). Thus, this score might provide a predictive value for morbidity in P. falciparum malaria...
  91. doi [Parasitic diseases of the central nervous system]
    E Schmutzhard
    Neurologische Intensivstation, Universitätsklinik für Neurologie, Medizinische Universitat Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, Innsbruck, Austria
    Nervenarzt 81:162-71. 2010
    ..g. babesiosis, Chagas disease, Strongyloides stercoralis infestation, toxoplasmosis, etc.)...
  92. ncbi Time course of coagulation parameters, cytokines and adhesion molecules in Plasmodium falciparum malaria
    Alexander Vogetseder
    University Hospital Innsbruck, Department of Neurology and Central Laboratories, Innsbruck, Austria
    Trop Med Int Health 9:767-73. 2004
    ..IL-6 and IL-10 decreased significantly over 5 days during schizontocidal therapy. Our data show an impairment of the coagulation system which correlates with pro-inflammatory cytokines and therefore with the severity of the disease...
  93. ncbi Prevalence of migraine in a rural area in South Tanzania: a door-to-door survey
    W Dent
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Cephalalgia 24:960-6. 2004
    ..1%), in male persons in the third decade of life (3.8%). Compared with other African surveys, the prevalence rate of migraine headache in South Tanzania is slightly higher than among Ethiopian and Zimbabwean Africans...
  94. ncbi Behavioural and histopathological alterations in mice with cerebral malaria
    P Lackner
    Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol 32:177-88. 2006
    ..Applying the SHIRPA protocol in the functional characterization of animals suffering from CM might prove useful in the preclinical assessment of new antimalarial and potential neuroprotective therapies...
  95. ncbi Amyloid beta 1-42 and tau in cerebrospinal fluid after severe traumatic brain injury
    G Franz
    Department of Neurology, University of Innsbruck, Austria
    Neurology 60:1457-61. 2003
    ..To determine whether CSF amyloid beta 1-42 (Abeta-42) and tau have predictive value for prognosis after head injury...
  96. ncbi Menstrual cycle dependent right-to-left shunting: a single-blinded transcranial Doppler sonography study
    S Klien
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Austria
    Undersea Hyperb Med 32:403-7. 2005
    ..In considering this for paradoxical gas embolism, we hypothesized that there may be a link between cycle-dependent hormonal changes and the manifestation of a right-to-left shunt (RLS)...
  97. doi [Infections of the central nervous system in the immuno-compromised]
    E Schmutzhard
    Neurologische Intensivstation, Universitätsklinik für Neurologie, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria
    Nervenarzt 79:93-108; quiz 109. 2008
    ..Such CNS infections are frequently caused by viral, bacterial, or fungal pathogens and are described in their clinical presentation, their diagnostic procedures and the best possible therapeutic and prophylactic management...
  98. ncbi Temporal and spatial profile of caspase 8 expression and proteolysis after experimental traumatic brain injury
    R Beer
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Austria
    J Neurochem 78:862-73. 2001
    ..Our findings also suggest a contributory role of caspase 8 activation to caspase 3 mediated apoptotic cell death after experimental TBI in vivo...
  99. ncbi Maxillofacial fractures masking traumatic intracranial hemorrhages
    M Hohlrieder
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, A 6020, Tirol, Austria
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 33:389-95. 2004
    ..Those patients, suffering from central midface fractures and skull base fractures, are prone to highly significant elevated risks of intracranial hemorrhage...
  100. ncbi [Recommendations for prognostic assessment of cerebral hypoxia after cardiopulmonary resuscitation--Austrian Interdisciplinary Consensus Conference]
    Christian Madl
    Intensivstation, Universitatsklinik fur Innere Medizin IV, Universitat Wien, Osterreich
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 114:422-7. 2002
    ..Among these parameters, however, the strength of evidence and the level of recommendation are different...
  101. ncbi Computed tomographic parameters predicting fatal outcome in large middle cerebral artery infarction
    Philip A Barber
    Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
    Cerebrovasc Dis 16:230-5. 2003
    ..As yet there are few guidelines to aid the selection of patients for aggressive interventional therapies, such as decompression hemicraniectomy and/or hypothermia...