Elizabeth Ellen Roughead

Summary

Affiliation: University of South Australia
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Evaluating Australia's National Medicines Policy using geographical mapping
    E E Roughead
    School of Pharmaceutical, Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, University of South Australia, Australia
    Intern Med J 32:66-71. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Managing adverse drug reactions: time to get serious
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Med J Aust 182:264-5. 2005
  3. pmc Impact on Drug Safety of Variation in Adherence: The Need for Routinely Reporting Measures of Dose Intensity in Medication Safety Studies Using Electronic Health Data
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, SA, 5001, Australia
    Drug Saf 38:1145-52. 2015
  4. pmc The performance of sequence symmetry analysis as a tool for post-market surveillance of newly marketed medicines: a simulation study
    Nicole L Pratt
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 14:66. 2014
  5. pmc Bridging evidence-practice gaps: improving use of medicines in elderly Australian veterans
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:514. 2013
  6. pmc Transient ischaemic attack and ischaemic stroke: constructing episodes of care using hospital claims data
    Janet K Sluggett
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    BMC Res Notes 6:128. 2013
  7. pmc Ascertaining invasive breast cancer cases; the validity of administrative and self-reported data sources in Australia
    Anna Kemp
    Centre for Health Services Research, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 13:17. 2013
  8. pmc Medicines information provided by pharmaceutical representatives: a comparative study in Australia and Malaysia
    Noordin Othman
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    BMC Public Health 10:743. 2010
  9. pmc Prevalence of comorbidity of chronic diseases in Australia
    Gillian E Caughey
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    BMC Public Health 8:221. 2008
  10. pmc A self-controlled case series to assess the effectiveness of beta blockers for heart failure in reducing hospitalisations in the elderly
    Emmae N Ramsay
    Data Management and Analysis Centre, Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, South Australia, 5000, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:106. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications49

  1. ncbi request reprint Evaluating Australia's National Medicines Policy using geographical mapping
    E E Roughead
    School of Pharmaceutical, Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, University of South Australia, Australia
    Intern Med J 32:66-71. 2002
    ..However, knowledge of the nature and extent of these activities was lacking. A mechanism was required to map the activities to enable their coordination...
  2. ncbi request reprint Managing adverse drug reactions: time to get serious
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Med J Aust 182:264-5. 2005
    ..Identifying these reactions is a good start, now we must focus on managing and preventing them...
  3. pmc Impact on Drug Safety of Variation in Adherence: The Need for Routinely Reporting Measures of Dose Intensity in Medication Safety Studies Using Electronic Health Data
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, SA, 5001, Australia
    Drug Saf 38:1145-52. 2015
    ..The STROBE and RECORD statements should consider adding the requirement for reporting measures of dose intensity and its component products to improve observational study reports...
  4. pmc The performance of sequence symmetry analysis as a tool for post-market surveillance of newly marketed medicines: a simulation study
    Nicole L Pratt
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 14:66. 2014
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the validity of SSA as a signal detection tool for newly marketed medicines...
  5. pmc Bridging evidence-practice gaps: improving use of medicines in elderly Australian veterans
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:514. 2013
    ..We aimed to determine changes in medicine use as a result of the program...
  6. pmc Transient ischaemic attack and ischaemic stroke: constructing episodes of care using hospital claims data
    Janet K Sluggett
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    BMC Res Notes 6:128. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate reasons for hospital separations after transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or ischaemic stroke and construct episode of care criteria...
  7. pmc Ascertaining invasive breast cancer cases; the validity of administrative and self-reported data sources in Australia
    Anna Kemp
    Centre for Health Services Research, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 13:17. 2013
    ..This study investigated the validity of administrative and self-reported data compared with records in a State-wide Cancer Registry in identifying invasive breast cancer cases...
  8. pmc Medicines information provided by pharmaceutical representatives: a comparative study in Australia and Malaysia
    Noordin Othman
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    BMC Public Health 10:743. 2010
    ..We aimed to compare the provision of medicines information by pharmaceutical representatives to doctors in Australia and Malaysia...
  9. pmc Prevalence of comorbidity of chronic diseases in Australia
    Gillian E Caughey
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    BMC Public Health 8:221. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to identify, review and summarise studies reporting the prevalence of comorbidity of chronic diseases in Australia...
  10. pmc A self-controlled case series to assess the effectiveness of beta blockers for heart failure in reducing hospitalisations in the elderly
    Emmae N Ramsay
    Data Management and Analysis Centre, Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, South Australia, 5000, Australia
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:106. 2011
    ..To determine the suitability of using the self-controlled case series design to assess improvements in health outcomes using the effectiveness of beta blockers for heart failure in reducing hospitalisations as the example...
  11. pmc Consumer involvement in Quality Use of Medicines (QUM) projects - lessons from Australia
    Carl M J Kirkpatrick
    School of Pharmacy, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:75. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to determine how consumers as a group have been represented in QUM projects in Australia. A secondary aim was to investigate how the projects with consumer involvement fit into Australia's QUM policy framework...
  12. pmc Use of health services and medicines amongst Australian war veterans: a comparison of young elderly, near centenarians and centenarians
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    BMC Geriatr 10:83. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify annual use of health services and medicines by very old Australian veterans; those aged 95 to 99 years (near centenarians) and those aged 100 years and over (centenarians)...
  13. doi request reprint Collaborative home medicines review delays time to next hospitalization for warfarin associated bleeding in Australian war veterans
    E E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    J Clin Pharm Ther 36:27-32. 2011
    ..We aimed to determine the impact of general practitioner-pharmacist collaborative medication reviews in the practice setting on hospitalization-associated bleeds in patients on warfarin...
  14. doi request reprint Enhancing early uptake of drug evidence into primary care
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Associate Professor, University of South Australia, Sansom Institute, Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide 5001, South Australia
    Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 6:661-71. 2006
    ..The understanding and application of the communication and behavioral theories examined in this paper can assist in maximizing the impact of interventions to enhance uptake of evidence concerning medicines...
  15. doi request reprint The effectiveness of collaborative medicine reviews in delaying time to next hospitalization for patients with heart failure in the practice setting: results of a cohort study
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, North Terrace, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, South Australia 5001
    Circ Heart Fail 2:424-8. 2009
    ..We aimed to determine whether these results translated into Australian practice, where collaborative reviews are nationally funded...
  16. pmc Medication safety in acute care in Australia: where are we now? Part 2: a review of strategies and activities for improving medication safety 2002-2008
    Susan J Semple
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, 5001, Australia
    Aust New Zealand Health Policy 6:24. 2009
    ..Part 2 of the review examined the Australian evidence base for approaches to build safer medication systems in acute care...
  17. pmc Medication safety in acute care in Australia: where are we now? Part 1: a review of the extent and causes of medication problems 2002-2008
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, 5001
    Aust New Zealand Health Policy 6:18. 2009
    ..This first part of the review examines the extent and causes of medication incidents and adverse drug events in acute care...
  18. doi request reprint Assessing overall duration of cardiovascular medicines in veterans with established cardiovascular disease
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia Australia
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:71-6. 2010
    ..This study aimed to determine persistence, adherence, and time without therapy with cardiovascular medicines over all episodes of use among veterans following hospitalization for ischemic heart disease...
  19. ncbi request reprint Proton-pump inhibitors and the risk of antibiotic use and hospitalisation for pneumonia
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA
    Med J Aust 190:114-6. 2009
    ..To determine whether proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) use is associated with hospitalisations for pneumonia and with antibiotic use...
  20. doi request reprint Medication adherence, first episode duration, overall duration and time without therapy: the example of bisphosphonates
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Australia
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 18:69-75. 2009
    ..We aimed to determine the duration of first episode of therapy and overall therapy as well as time without treatment for bisphosphonates...
  21. ncbi request reprint NSAID use in individuals at risk of renal adverse events: an observational study to investigate trends in Australian veterans
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia
    Drug Saf 31:997-1003. 2008
    ..Randomized clinical trials had demonstrated fewer adverse gastrointestinal events with COX-2 inhibitors, but no difference with other adverse events, including adverse renal events. There was a rapid uptake of these medicines...
  22. doi request reprint The Australian funding debate on quadrivalent HPV vaccine: a case study for the national pharmaceutical policy
    Elizabeth Ellen Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Practice Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
    Health Policy 88:250-7. 2008
    ..To analyse the media and political reactions to the initial decision of the Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee (PBAC) to reject funding of the quadrivalent human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine in Australia...
  23. ncbi request reprint Improving drug use: a case study of events which led to changes in use of flucloxacillin in Australia
    E E Roughead
    School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, North Terrace, Adelaide, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 48:845-53. 1999
    ..This is valuable for policy makers, providing them with information on how to co-ordinate and orchestrate the myriad of activities which support quality use of medicines...
  24. ncbi request reprint Quality use of medicines in aged-care facilities in Australia
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    School of Pharmaceutical Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia
    Drugs Aging 20:643-53. 2003
    ..In addition, prioritisation by government advisory committees, inquiries and policy documents, have assisted in the development of services from ideas in 1991 to nationally funded realities in 2002...
  25. ncbi request reprint Medication-related problems commonly occurring in an Australian community setting
    E E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmaceutical, Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 13:83-7. 2004
    ..This study characterised medication-related problems in 1000 Australian patients living in the community, and who were considered at risk of medication misadventure...
  26. pmc Bisphosphonate use and subsequent prescription of acid suppressants
    E E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmaceutical Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, University of South Australia, North Terrace, Adelaide 5000, South Australia, Australia
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 57:813-6. 2004
    ..To determine the extent of prescribing of acid suppression agents associated with initiation of bisphosphonate therapy...
  27. pmc Trends over 5 years in cardiovascular medicine use in Australian veterans with diabetes
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 64:100-4. 2007
    ..To determine trends over 5 years in cardiovascular medicine use in the Australian veteran population with diabetes...
  28. ncbi request reprint Antidepressants: prevalence of duplicate therapy and avoidable drug interactions in Australian veterans
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, SA, 5001, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 41:366-70. 2007
    ..This study assessed the prevalence of duplicate antidepressant prescribing and avoidable potential antidepressant drug interactions in the Australian war veteran population...
  29. ncbi request reprint Potentially inappropriate prescribing among Australian veterans and war widows/widowers
    E E Roughead
    Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Intern Med J 37:402-5. 2007
    ..Long-acting benzodiazepines, amitriptyline, amiodarone, oxybutynin and doxepin were the medicines most commonly implicated. Strategies to support quality prescribing of medicines to the elderly must include a focus on these medicines...
  30. ncbi request reprint Prices for innovative pharmaceutical products that provide health gain: a comparison between Australia and the United States
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    University of South Australia, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Value Health 10:514-20. 2007
    ..This study aimed to examine prices paid by federal government programs and agencies in Australia and the United States for pharmaceutical products that provide significant health gain...
  31. ncbi request reprint Diabetes processes of care in the Australian veteran population
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, South Australia, Australia
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 79:299-304. 2008
    ..To determine the proportion of veterans with diabetes who had claims for recommended processes of diabetes care in 2005...
  32. doi request reprint Differential impact of NSAIDs on rate of adverse events that require hospitalization in high-risk and general veteran populations: a retrospective cohort study
    Nicole Pratt
    Data Management and Analysis Centre, Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
    Drugs Aging 27:63-71. 2010
    ..Few studies, however, have explored outcomes in populations considered to be more vulnerable to their effects...
  33. ncbi request reprint Adverse drug events and medication errors in Australia
    William B Runciman
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Level 4, Eleanor Harrald Building, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
    Int J Qual Health Care 15:i49-59. 2003
    ..To review information about adverse drug events (ADEs) and medication errors in Australia...
  34. pmc Quality of pharmaceutical advertisements in medical journals: a systematic review
    Noordin Othman
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    PLoS ONE 4:e6350. 2009
    ..We designed this systematic review to assess all studies that have examined the quality of pharmaceutical advertisements for prescription products in medical and pharmacy journals...
  35. ncbi request reprint Collaborative medication management services: improving patient care
    Andrew L Gilbert
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmaceutical, Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Med J Aust 177:189-92. 2002
    ..To implement and evaluate a collaborative medication management service model...
  36. doi request reprint Brand substitution or multiple switches per patient? An analysis of pharmaceutical brand substitution in Australia
    Lisa M Kalisch
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 17:620-5. 2008
    ..To determine the number of times patients have brand and generic products substituted under Australia's Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) brand substitution policy...
  37. doi request reprint Validity of medication-based co-morbidity indices in the Australian elderly population
    Agnes Vitry
    Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Aust N Z J Public Health 33:126-30. 2009
    ..To determine the validity of two medication-based co-morbidity indices, the Medicines Disease Burden Index (MDBI) and Rx-Risk-V in the Australian elderly population...
  38. doi request reprint Improvement in metformin and insulin utilisation in the Australian veteran population associated with quality use of medicines intervention programs
    Svetla Gadzhanova
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 20:359-65. 2011
    ....
  39. pmc Influence of comorbidities on therapeutic progression of diabetes treatment in Australian veterans: a cohort study
    Agnes I Vitry
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    PLoS ONE 5:e14024. 2010
    ..This study assessed whether the number of comorbid conditions unrelated to diabetes was associated with a delay in therapeutic progression of diabetes treatment in Australian veterans...
  40. doi request reprint Increased risk of hip fracture in the elderly associated with prochlorperazine: is a prescribing cascade contributing?
    Gillian E Caughey
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:977-82. 2010
    ..Given the range of potential hypotensive, sedative, dystonic and other extra-pyramidal side effects associated with prochlorperazine, its association with hip fracture was also examined...
  41. doi request reprint Improving heart failure outcomes with pharmacist-physician collaboration: how close are we?
    Lisa M Kalisch
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide SA 5001, Australia
    Future Cardiol 6:255-68. 2010
    ..The translation of results from randomized controlled trials to the practice setting is discussed, and barriers to the implementation of collaborative medicines reviews in practice are described...
  42. doi request reprint Comorbidity in the elderly with diabetes: Identification of areas of potential treatment conflicts
    Gillian E Caughey
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Australia
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 87:385-93. 2010
    ..To investigate the prevalence of comorbid conditions in the elderly with diabetes and the prescribing of potentially inappropriate medicines or treatment conflicts...
  43. ncbi request reprint Pharmaceutical brand substitution in Australia--are there multiple switches per prescription?
    Lisa M Kalisch
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia
    Aust N Z J Public Health 31:348-52. 2007
    ..It is unknown how often multiple substitutions per prescription occur...
  44. doi request reprint Comorbidity of chronic disease and potential treatment conflicts in older people dispensed antidepressants
    Gillian Elizabeth Caughey
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Australia
    Age Ageing 39:488-94. 2010
    ..the study aimed to examine the prevalence of comorbidity, the prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications and treatment conflicts in a large sample of older people who have been dispensed an antidepressant medicine...
  45. doi request reprint Antidepressant use and depressive symptomatology among older people from the Australian Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    Ying Zhang
    Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Int Psychogeriatr 22:437-44. 2010
    ..Although there is an overall increasing trend in antidepressant use, the relationship between use of antidepressants and depressive symptomatology is not clear, particularly in the older population...
  46. doi request reprint Policy options for pharmaceutical pricing and purchasing: issues for low- and middle-income countries
    Tuan Anh Nguyen
    Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia Pharmacoeconomic and Pharmaceutical Administration Department, Hanoi University of Pharmacy, 13 15 Le Thanh Tong St, Hanoi, Vietnam School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, High St, Kensington NSW 2052, Australia and Pharmaceutical Consultant, Adelaide Parade, Woollahra, NSW 2025, Australia Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia Pharmacoeconomic and Pharmaceutical Administration Department, Hanoi University of Pharmacy, 13 15 Le Thanh Tong St, Hanoi, Vietnam School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, High St, Kensington NSW 2052, Australia and Pharmaceutical Consultant, Adelaide Parade, Woollahra, NSW 2025, Australia
    Health Policy Plan 30:267-80. 2015
    ..Key factors are identified to assist LMICs improve their medicine pricing and purchasing systems. ..
  47. ncbi request reprint Differential effect of early or late implementation of prior authorization policies on the use of Cox II inhibitors
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Med Care 44:378-82. 2006
    ..Little is known about the differential effect of implementing prior authorization (PA) policies at market entry versus waiting until several years later when prescribing behavior may already be established...
  48. ncbi request reprint Adverse drug events: counting is not enough, action is needed
    Elizabeth E Roughead
    Med J Aust 184:315-6. 2006
  49. doi request reprint Medicaid prior authorization and controlled-release oxycodone
    Nancy E Morden
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03766, USA
    Med Care 46:573-80. 2008
    ..To control use and expenditures, many Medicaid programs have implemented CR oxycodone prior authorization (PA) policies. Few studies evaluate Medicaid policies or compare lenient and strict policies in multiple states...