J B Carlin
Affiliation: University of Melbourne
- Analysis of binary outcomes in longitudinal studies using weighted estimating equations and discrete-time survival methods: prevalence and incidence of smoking in an adolescent cohortJ B Carlin
Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Royal Children s Hospital Research Institute and University of Melbourne, Department of Paediatrics, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
Stat Med 18:2655-79. 1999..This approach has the advantages of providing estimates of relative risks, being feasible with standard software, and also allowing robust information-sandwich variance estimates...
- Adolescent depressive disorder: a population-based study of ICD-10 symptomsG C Patton
Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Australia
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 34:741-7. 2000..This study examines the frequency of ICD-10 symptoms in depressive disorder and their association with severity in a large community sample of adolescents aged 15 to 18 years...
- Comorbidities of overweight/obesity in Australian preschoolers: a cross-sectional population studyM Wake
Centre for Community Child Health, Royal Children s Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
Arch Dis Child 93:502-7. 2008..To determine relationships between body mass index (BMI) status and indicators of health and morbidity in a nationally-representative population sample of preschool children...
- Morbidity patterns among the underweight, overweight and obese between 2 and 18 years: population-based cross-sectional analysesM Wake
Royal Children s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Int J Obes (Lond) 37:86-93. 2013..No study has documented how symptomatic morbidity varies across the body mass index (BMI) spectrum (underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese) or across the entire child and adolescent age range...
- Onset of adolescent eating disorders: population based cohort study over 3 yearsG C Patton
Centre for Adolescent Health, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville Victoria 3052, Australia
BMJ 318:765-8. 1999..To study the predictors of new eating disorders in an adolescent cohort...
- Parental 'affectionless control' in adolescent depressive disorderG C Patton
Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 36:475-80. 2001..Whether sub-optimal parenting is associated with a risk for the onset of depression outside the adolescent years has yet to be clarified...
- Effects of school-based interventions for direct delivery of physical activity on fitness and cardiometabolic markers in children and adolescents: a systematic review of randomized controlled trialsC Sun
Environmental and Genetic Epidemiology Research Group, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute MCRI, Royal Children s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Obes Rev 14:818-38. 2013..To evaluate the effectiveness of school-based physical activity interventions on fitness, adiposity and cardiometabolic outcomes among schoolchildren. Medline, Embase, EBSCOhost CINAHL and ERIC databases were searched up to October 2012...
- Prevalence of tuberculosis infection in Melbourne secondary school studentsP D Johnson
Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Royal Children s Hospital, Melbourne, Vic
Med J Aust 168:106-10. 1998..To estimate the prevalence of asymptomatic Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in Melbourne secondary school students...
- Does bullying cause emotional problems? A prospective study of young teenagersL Bond
Centre for Adolescent Health, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville 3052, Victoria, Australia
BMJ 323:480-4. 2001..To establish the relation between recurrent peer victimisation and onset of self reported symptoms of anxiety or depression in the early teen years...
- Lower airway inflammation in infants and young children with cystic fibrosisD S Armstrong
Department of Thoracic Medicine, Royal Children s Hospital, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 156:1197-204. 1997..We conclude that airway inflammation follows respiratory infection and, in young children, improves when pathogens are eradicated from the airways...
- Immunogenicity and reactogenicity associated with an 18-month booster dose of a new diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis vaccineT Nolan
Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
J Paediatr Child Health 34:346-8. 1998..To establish safety and immunogenicity of a reformulated whole cell pertussis based diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine (DTPw) at the 18-month booster stage following a 2, 4, and 6-month primary immunization course...
- Life events and early onset depression: cause or consequence?G C Patton
Murdoch Children s Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Psychol Med 33:1203-10. 2003..Adverse life events prior to episodes of depression are assumed to play a causal role. Earlier studies have, however, not adequately controlled for the potential confounding effects of previous depression...
- A case study on the choice, interpretation and checking of multilevel models for longitudinal binary outcomesJ B Carlin
Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Murdoch Children s Research Institute and University of Melbourne Department of Paediatrics, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
Biostatistics 2:397-416. 2001..The results do not provide final answers to the two questions posed, but we expect that lessons learned from the case study will provide general guidance for further investigation of these important issues...
- The association between higher maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index and increased birth weight, adiposity and inflammation in the newbornK McCloskey
Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Australia
Pediatr Obes . 2016..Excess adiposity and adiposity-related inflammation are known risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adults; however, little is known regarding the determinants of adiposity-related inflammation at birth...
- New normal ranges of antistreptolysin O and antideoxyribonuclease B titres for Australian childrenM H Danchin
Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
J Paediatr Child Health 41:583-6. 2005..Reference ranges used in Australia for these serological markers are usually based on data in adults from other countries. There are no age-specific reference values for Australian children...
- Overweight, obesity and girth of Australian preschoolers: prevalence and socio-economic correlatesM Wake
Centre for Community Child Health, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1044-51. 2007..1) To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Australian 4-5-year-old children. (2) To investigate associations between socio-economic characteristics and (a) overweight/obesity and (b) waist circumference...
- The temporal sequence of allergic sensitization and onset of infantile eczemaA J Lowe
Centre for Molecular, Environmental, Genetic and Analytic Epidemiology, The University of Melbourne, and Department of Allergy, Royal Children s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
Clin Exp Allergy 37:536-42. 2007..Eczema is commonly associated with sensitization in infants, but the causative role of sensitization in the development of eczema has been questioned...
- Randomized, double-blind study comparing the efficacy of moderate-dose metoclopramide and ondansetron for the prophylactic control of postoperative vomiting in children after tonsillectomyC M Bolton
Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, University of Melbourne, Royal Children s Hospital, Murdoch Children s Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Melbourne 3052, Australia
Br J Anaesth 99:699-703. 2007..It has been suggested that at moderate doses (0.5 mg kg(-1)), metoclopramide is also an effective agent. No study has been performed comparing the efficacy of an anti-serotinergic agent and moderate-dose metoclopramide...
- Intussusception following rotavirus vaccine administration: post-marketing surveillance in the National Immunization Program in AustraliaJ P Buttery
SAEFVIC in Child and Adolescent Immunisation, Murdoch Children s Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
Vaccine 29:3061-6. 2011..In Australia, post-marketing surveillance for intussusception following vaccination commenced with funding of RotaTeq(®) and Rotarix(®) vaccines under the National Immunization Program (NIP) in July 2007...
- Epidemiological patterns of rotaviruses causing severe gastroenteritis in young children throughout Australia from 1993 to 1996R F Bishop
Department of Gastroenterology and Clinical Nutrition, Royal Children s Hospital, Flemington Rd, Parkville, Victoria, Australia 3052
J Clin Microbiol 39:1085-91. 2001....
- High- or low- technology measurements of energy expenditure in clinical gait analysis?R Boyd
Hugh Williamson Gait Laboratory, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Dev Med Child Neurol 41:676-82. 1999..The carbon-dioxide sensor in the Cosmed K4 has enabled a new group of severely involved children with cerebral palsy (9%) to be defined. These children have been termed 'physiologically marginal ambulators'...