Stephen Bernard

Summary

Affiliation: Alfred Hospital
Country: Australia

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Hypothermia after cardiac arrest: expanding the therapeutic scope
    Stephen Bernard
    Intensive Care Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Crit Care Med 37:S227-33. 2009
  2. doi request reprint Induction of prehospital therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation from nonventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest*
    Stephen A Bernard
    Ambulance Victoria, Monash University, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Crit Care Med 40:747-53. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Induction of therapeutic hypothermia by paramedics after resuscitation from out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest: a randomized controlled trial
    Stephen A Bernard
    The Intensive Care Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Commercial Rd, Prahran, VIC 3118, Australia
    Circulation 122:737-42. 2010
  4. doi request reprint Effect of supplemental oxygen exposure on myocardial injury in ST-elevation myocardial infarction
    Ziad Nehme
    Department of Research and Evaluation, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
    Heart 102:444-51. 2016
  5. pmc An automated CPR device compared with standard chest compressions for out-of-hospital resuscitation
    Paul A Jennings
    Ambulance Victoria, Manningham Road, Doncaster, Australia
    BMC Emerg Med 12:8. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Morphine and ketamine is superior to morphine alone for out-of-hospital trauma analgesia: a randomized controlled trial
    Paul A Jennings
    Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Ann Emerg Med 59:497-503. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in Melbourne, Australia
    Conor Deasy
    Ambulance Victoria, Australia
    Resuscitation 83:465-70. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint An interventional study to improve paramedic diagnosis of stroke
    Janet E Bray
    Eastern Melbourne Neurosciences, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
    Prehosp Emerg Care 9:297-302. 2005
  9. doi request reprint Functional outcomes and quality of life of young adults who survive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Conor Deasy
    Research and Strategy, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
    Emerg Med J 30:532-7. 2013
  10. ncbi request reprint A model of survival following pre-hospital cardiac arrest based on the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Register
    Masha Fridman
    Strategic Planning Department, Metropolitan Ambulance Service, 375 Manningham Road, Doncaster 3108, Victoria, Australia
    Resuscitation 75:311-22. 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. doi request reprint Hypothermia after cardiac arrest: expanding the therapeutic scope
    Stephen Bernard
    Intensive Care Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Crit Care Med 37:S227-33. 2009
    ....
  2. doi request reprint Induction of prehospital therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation from nonventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest*
    Stephen A Bernard
    Ambulance Victoria, Monash University, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Crit Care Med 40:747-53. 2012
    ....
  3. doi request reprint Induction of therapeutic hypothermia by paramedics after resuscitation from out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest: a randomized controlled trial
    Stephen A Bernard
    The Intensive Care Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Commercial Rd, Prahran, VIC 3118, Australia
    Circulation 122:737-42. 2010
    ..Laboratory studies have suggested that earlier cooling may be associated with improved neurological outcomes. We hypothesized that induction of therapeutic hypothermia by paramedics before hospital arrival would improve outcome...
  4. doi request reprint Effect of supplemental oxygen exposure on myocardial injury in ST-elevation myocardial infarction
    Ziad Nehme
    Department of Research and Evaluation, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
    Heart 102:444-51. 2016
    ..Supplemental oxygen therapy may increase myocardial injury following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of the dose and duration of oxygen exposure on myocardial injury after STEMI...
  5. pmc An automated CPR device compared with standard chest compressions for out-of-hospital resuscitation
    Paul A Jennings
    Ambulance Victoria, Manningham Road, Doncaster, Australia
    BMC Emerg Med 12:8. 2012
    ..This study aimed to compare the rates of survival between conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (C-CPR) and automated CPR (A-CPR) using AutoPulseā„¢ in adults following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)...
  6. doi request reprint Morphine and ketamine is superior to morphine alone for out-of-hospital trauma analgesia: a randomized controlled trial
    Paul A Jennings
    Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Ann Emerg Med 59:497-503. 2012
    ..We assess the efficacy of intravenous ketamine compared with intravenous morphine in reducing pain in adults with significant out-of-hospital traumatic pain...
  7. doi request reprint Traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in Melbourne, Australia
    Conor Deasy
    Ambulance Victoria, Australia
    Resuscitation 83:465-70. 2012
    ..Many consider attempted resuscitation for traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) futile. This study aims to describe the characteristics and profile of adult traumatic OHCA...
  8. ncbi request reprint An interventional study to improve paramedic diagnosis of stroke
    Janet E Bray
    Eastern Melbourne Neurosciences, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
    Prehosp Emerg Care 9:297-302. 2005
    ..The aim of the Faster Access to Stroke Therapy (FAST) study was to determine the effect of educational intervention and the use of a prehospital stroke tool on the paramedic diagnosis of stroke...
  9. doi request reprint Functional outcomes and quality of life of young adults who survive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Conor Deasy
    Research and Strategy, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
    Emerg Med J 30:532-7. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to assess their functional and quality of life outcomes...
  10. ncbi request reprint A model of survival following pre-hospital cardiac arrest based on the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Register
    Masha Fridman
    Strategic Planning Department, Metropolitan Ambulance Service, 375 Manningham Road, Doncaster 3108, Victoria, Australia
    Resuscitation 75:311-22. 2007
    ..We used the VACAR data to construct a new model of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), which was specified in accordance with observed trends...
  11. doi request reprint Challenging issues in randomised controlled trials
    A D Nichol
    Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care, Research Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
    Injury 41:S20-3. 2010
    ..TIPS FOR RESEARCHERS: The RCTs most likely to be funded and/or be of high quality always address these issues...
  12. doi request reprint Air Versus Oxygen in ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction
    Dion Stub
    From The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia D S, S B, J E B, A H E, A J T, D M K Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia D S, A H E, A J T, D M K Western Health, Melbourne, Australia D S Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia K S, S B, Z N, M S, B B Monash University, Melbourne, Australia K S, S B, Z N, M S, M E B, P C, I T M, D M K University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Australia K S and Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia I T M
    Circulation 131:2143-50. 2015
    ..Oxygen is commonly administered to patients with ST-elevation-myocardial infarction despite previous studies suggesting a possible increase in myocardial injury as a result of coronary vasoconstriction and heightened oxidative stress...
  13. doi request reprint Exploring gender differences and the "oestrogen effect" in an Australian out-of-hospital cardiac arrest population
    Janet E Bray
    Ambulance Victoria, 375 Manningham Road, Doncaster, Victoria 3108, Australia
    Resuscitation 84:957-63. 2013
    ..We aimed to investigate these findings in an Australian OHCA population using the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry (VACAR)...
  14. ncbi request reprint Trends in intensive care unit cardiac arrest admissions and mortality in Australia and New Zealand
    Lahn D Straney
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Crit Care Resusc 16:104-11. 2014
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Hanging-associated out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in Melbourne, Australia
    Conor Deasy
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred Centre, 5 Floor, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne 3004, Australia
    Emerg Med J 30:38-42. 2013
    ..Hanging is an infrequent but devastating cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We determine the characteristics and outcomes of hanging-associated OHCA in Melbourne Australia...
  16. doi request reprint CPR-induced consciousness: A cross-sectional study of healthcare practitioners' experience
    Alexander Olaussen
    Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Monash University, Australia Emergency and Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia National Trauma Research Institute, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia Trauma Service, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia Electronic address
    Australas Emerg Nurs J 19:186-190. 2016
    ..Reported cases in the medical literature appear scant compared to anecdotal reports. The aim of this study was to evaluate health care providers' experience with consciousness during cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR)...
  17. pmc Regions of High Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Incidence and Low Bystander CPR Rates in Victoria, Australia
    Lahn D Straney
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    PLoS ONE 10:e0139776. 2015
    ..The aim of this study is to identify census areas with high incidence of OHCA and low rates of bystander CPR in Victoria, Australia...
  18. doi request reprint Long-term pain prevalence and health-related quality of life outcomes for patients enrolled in a ketamine versus morphine for prehospital traumatic pain randomised controlled trial
    Paul A Jennings
    Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med J 31:840-3. 2014
    ..In this follow-up study, we sought to determine the prevalence of persistent pain and whether there were differences in patients who received ketamine or morphine...
  19. doi request reprint Determinants of clinically important pain severity reduction in the prehospital setting
    Paul A Jennings
    Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med J 29:333-4. 2012
    ..These included age, time criticality of the patient, pain aetiology, initial pain severity, analgesic agent or combination administered to the patient and prehospital time...
  20. doi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of oxygen therapy in acute myocardial infarction Air Verses Oxygen In myocarDial infarction study (AVOID Study)
    Dion Stub
    Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Am Heart J 163:339-345.e1. 2012
    ..The few clinical trials examining the role of oxygen in AMI were performed prior to the modern approach of emergent reperfusion and advanced medical management...
  21. pmc Design of the RINSE trial: the rapid infusion of cold normal saline by paramedics during CPR
    Conor Deasy
    Ambulance Victoria, Victoria, Australia
    BMC Emerg Med 11:17. 2011
    ..This study aims to determine whether paramedic cooling during CPR improves outcome compared standard treatment in patients who are being resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
  22. doi request reprint Can we improve neurological outcomes in severe traumatic brain injury? Something old (early prophylactic hypothermia) and something new (erythropoietin)
    Alistair D Nichol
    Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Alfred Hospital Campus, Commercial Road, Melbourne, Australia
    Injury 40:471-8. 2009
    ..Nevertheless the high morbidity and mortality associated with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) demands that we investigate the safety and efficacy of these promising potential therapies as a matter of urgency...
  23. doi request reprint Paramedic resuscitation competency: A survey of Australian and New Zealand emergency medical services
    Kylie Dyson
    School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas . 2017
    ..We aimed to identify the current practices within emergency medical services (EMS) for developing and maintaining paramedic resuscitation competency...
  24. pmc Are sociodemographic characteristics associated with spatial variation in the incidence of OHCA and bystander CPR rates? A population-based observational study in Victoria, Australia
    Lahn D Straney
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    BMJ Open 6:e012434. 2016
    ..We examined the extent to which this variation could be explained by the sociodemographic and population health characteristics of the region...
  25. doi request reprint Ethanol exposure and isolated traumatic brain injury
    James H Brennan
    Emergency and Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred Centre, Melbourne, Vic, Australia Electronic address
    J Clin Neurosci 22:1928-32. 2015
    ..Any neuroprotection or harm from ethanol exposure was not conclusive, requiring further prospective trials. ..
  26. doi request reprint Paramedic Exposure to Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation Is Associated With Patient Survival
    Kylie Dyson
    From the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia K D, J E B, K S, S B, L S, J F Clinical and Community Services, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia K D, S B Department of Research and Evaluation, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia K S Discipline of Emergency Medicine, School of Primary, Aboriginal and Rural Health Care, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia K S, J F Emergency and Trauma Centre, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia J E B Intensive Care Department, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia S B Prehospital, Resuscitation and Emergency Care Research Unit, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Curtin University, Perth, Australia J E B, J F
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 9:154-60. 2016
    ..In this study, we examined whether previous paramedic exposure to OHCA resuscitation is associated with patient survival...
  27. doi request reprint Using a cardiac arrest registry to measure the quality of emergency medical service care: decade of findings from the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry
    Ziad Nehme
    From the Department of Research and Evaluation, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia Z N, S B, M L, K S Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventative Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia Z N, S B, P C, J E B, M L, K S Intensive Care Department, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia S B Department of Cardiology, MonashHeart, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia I T M and Discipline of Emergency Medicine, School of Primary, Aboriginal and Rural Health Care, University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Australia K S
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 8:56-66. 2015
    ..We report the methodology and findings of a statewide emergency medical service surveillance initiative, which is used to measure the quality of systems of care for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
  28. ncbi request reprint Could bystander first-aid prevent trauma deaths at the scene of injury?
    Amer Ashour
    Emergency and Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 19:163-8. 2007
    ..To identify potentially preventable prehospital deaths following traumatic cardiac arrest...
  29. ncbi request reprint Effect of diabetes and pre-hospital blood glucose level on survival and recovery after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Ziad Nehme
    Department of Research and Evaluation, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Crit Care Resusc 18:69-77. 2016
    ..We evaluated the effect of diabetes and pre-hospital BGL on survival to hospital discharge and on 12-month functional recovery after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)...
  30. doi request reprint Paramedic exposure to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is rare and declining in Victoria, Australia
    Kylie Dyson
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia Ambulance Victoria, Victoria, Australia Electronic address
    Resuscitation 89:93-8. 2015
    ..Paramedic exposure to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) may be an important factor in skill maintenance and quality of care. We aimed to describe the annual exposure rates of paramedics in the state of Victoria, Australia...
  31. doi request reprint Epidemiology of prehospital pain: an opportunity for improvement
    Paul Andrew Jennings
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med J 28:530-1. 2011
    ..Those with the most severe pain had pain reduction that was clinically significant. Further research is needed to provide optimal pain relief in the prehospital setting...
  32. ncbi request reprint Induced hypothermia using large volume, ice-cold intravenous fluid in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a preliminary report
    Stephen Bernard
    The Intensive Care Unit, Dandenong Hospital, David St, Victoria 3175, Dandenong, Australia
    Resuscitation 56:9-13. 2003
    ....
  33. doi request reprint The influence of comorbidity on survival and long-term outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Emily Andrew
    Department of Research and Evaluation, Ambulance Victoria, Victoria, Australia Electronic address
    Resuscitation 110:42-47. 2016
    ..Previous studies have attempted to elucidate the influence of pre-arrest comorbidities on survival and neurological recovery following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), however the findings are conflicting...
  34. doi request reprint Comparison of health-related quality of life and functional recovery measurement tools in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors
    Emily Andrew
    Department of Research and Evaluation, Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Australia Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia Electronic address
    Resuscitation 107:57-64. 2016
    ..We sought to compare the responses of 12-month OHCA survivors to three HR-QOL and functional recovery instruments, and assess instrument validity...
  35. doi request reprint Early Decompression following Cervical Spinal Cord Injury: Examining the Process of Care from Accident Scene to Surgery
    Camila R Battistuzzo
    1 Department of Medicine Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    J Neurotrauma 33:1161-9. 2016
    ..Direct surgical hospital admission, rapid organization of theater, and where possible, use of closed reduction, are likely to be effective strategies to reduce the time to decompression. ..
  36. doi request reprint Return of consciousness during ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A systematic review
    Alexander Olaussen
    Department of Community Emergency Health and Paramedic Practice, Monash University, Australia Emergency and Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Australia Electronic address
    Resuscitation 86:44-8. 2015
    ..The incidence and management of this phenomenon are not well described. This systematic review aims to identifying cases where CPR-induced consciousness is mentioned in the literature and explore its management options...
  37. doi request reprint A systematic review of the effect of emergency medical service practitioners' experience and exposure to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest on patient survival and procedural performance
    Kylie Dyson
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia Operations Department, Ambulance Victoria, Victoria, Australia Electronic address
    Resuscitation 85:1134-41. 2014
    ..We systematically reviewed the literature to examine these associations...
  38. ncbi request reprint Protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial of early and sustained prophylactic hypothermia in the management of traumatic brain injury
    Alistair Nichol
    Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Crit Care Resusc 17:92-100. 2015
    ..We describe our study protocol and the challenges in conducting prophylactic hypothermia research in TBI...
  39. doi request reprint The association between systolic blood pressure on arrival at hospital and outcome in adults surviving from out-of-hospital cardiac arrests of presumed cardiac aetiology
    Janet E Bray
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Level 5, The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia Electronic address
    Resuscitation 85:509-15. 2014
    ..This study aimed to explore the association between level of systolic blood pressure (SBP) on arrival at hospital and survival to hospital discharge...
  40. ncbi request reprint Hyperoxia in the intensive care unit and outcome after out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest
    Joshua F Ihle
    The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Crit Care Resusc 15:186-90. 2013
    ....
  41. pmc New indications for the use of therapeutic hypothermia
    Stephen Bernard
    The Intensive Care Unit, Dandenong Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Crit Care 8:E1. 2004
    ..However, given the strong theoretical benefit and the minimal adverse side-effects, it is reasonable for clinicians to consider the use of therapeutic hypothermia in such cases...
  42. doi request reprint Ethanol and isolated traumatic brain injury
    James H Brennan
    Emergency and Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, Vic, Australia Electronic address
    J Clin Neurosci 22:1375-81. 2015
    ..Further research is recommended to explore the potential use of ethanol as a therapeutic strategy following TBI. ..
  43. ncbi request reprint "After-hours" staffing of trauma centres and outcomes among patients presenting with acute traumatic coagulopathy
    Biswadev Mitra
    The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Med J Aust 201:588-91. 2014
    ..To examine the effect of the "after-hours" (18:00-07:00) model of trauma care on a high-risk subgroup - patients presenting with acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC)...
  44. doi request reprint Tranexamic acid for trauma: filling the 'GAP' in evidence
    Biswadev Mitra
    National Trauma Research Institute, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Emergency and Trauma Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 26:194-7. 2014
    ..This and further trials involving appropriate sample populations are required before evidence based guidelines on TxA use during trauma resuscitation can be developed. ..
  45. ncbi request reprint Prehospital analgesia in adults using inhaled methoxyflurane
    Paul Buntine
    Emergency Department, Box Hill Hospital, Box Hill, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med Australas 19:509-14. 2007
    ..However, there is a paucity of literature regarding its efficacy, safety and usage profile. The present study was designed to examine the efficacy of methoxyflurane in adults...
  46. ncbi request reprint Therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest
    Stephen Bernard
    Intensive Care Unit, Dandenong Hospital, David Street, Dandenong, Victoria 3175, Australia
    Neurol Clin 24:61-71. 2006
    ..Hypothermia (33 degrees C) should be maintained for 24 hours, followed by rewarming over 12 hours. Particular attention must be paid to potassium and glucose levels during hypothermia...
  47. doi request reprint Usefulness of cooling and coronary catheterization to improve survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Dion Stub
    Alfred Hospital Heart Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Cardiol 107:522-7. 2011
    ..In conclusion, modern management of OHCA, including therapeutic hypothermia and early coronary angiography is associated with significant improvement in survival to hospital discharge and neurologic recovery...
  48. ncbi request reprint Early Rapid Neurological Assessment for Acute Spinal Cord Injury Trials
    Camila R Battistuzzo
    1 Department of Medicine Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    J Neurotrauma 33:1936-1945. 2016
    ..A neurological assessment that can be performed rapidly after injury is important for clinical trials of early therapy and to identify patients most likely to benefit from intervention...
  49. doi request reprint Quality of life and functional outcomes 12 months after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Karen Smith
    From Ambulance Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia K S, E A, M L, Z N, S B Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia K S, E A, M L, Z N, S B School of Primary, Aboriginal, and Rural Health Care, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia K S and Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia S B
    Circulation 131:174-81. 2015
    ..However, concern remains that survivors have a poor quality of life. This study describes the quality of life of OHCA survivors at 1-year postarrest in Victoria, Australia...
  50. ncbi request reprint Paramedic identification of stroke: community validation of the melbourne ambulance stroke screen
    Janet E Bray
    Eastern Melbourne Neurosciences, Melbourne, Australia
    Cerebrovasc Dis 20:28-33. 2005
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint The use of rapid sequence intubation by ambulance paramedics for patients with severe head injury
    Stephen Bernard
    Air Ambulance Victoria, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Emerg Med (Fremantle) 14:406-11. 2002
    ..To determine the effects of rapid sequence intubation in patients with severe head injury performed by paramedics on a helicopter emergency medical service...