heart injuries


Summary: General or unspecified injuries to the heart.

Top Publications

  1. El Chami M, Nicholson W, Helmy T. Blunt cardiac trauma. J Emerg Med. 2008;35:127-33 pubmed
    ..On the other hand, transesophageal echocardiogram seems to be more sensitive and specific in trauma patients and should be the test of choice in patients with high clinical suspicion for blunt cardiac trauma...
  2. Sauer H, Ntalakoura K, Haun C, Le T, Hraska V. Early cardiac perforation after atrial septal defect closure with the Amplatzer septal occluder. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;81:2312-3 pubmed
    ..Atrial septal defect was primarily closed. A short anterosuperior rim should be considered a risk factor for aortic perforation in transcatheter atrial septal defect closure...
  3. Southam S, Jutila C, Ketai L. Contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI in blunt chest trauma: differentiating cardiac contusion from acute peri-traumatic myocardial infarction. J Thorac Imaging. 2006;21:176-8 pubmed
  4. Sartipy U, Lockowandt U, Gäbel J, Jideus L, Dellgren G. Cardiac rupture during vacuum-assisted closure therapy. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;82:1110-1 pubmed
    ..This potentially lethal complication may be avoided by covering the heart with protective layers of paraffin gauze dressings...
  5. Lepilina A, Coon A, Kikuchi K, Holdway J, Roberts R, Burns C, et al. A dynamic epicardial injury response supports progenitor cell activity during zebrafish heart regeneration. Cell. 2006;127:607-19 pubmed
    ..Our findings reveal injury responses by myocardial and epicardial tissues that collaborate in an Fgf-dependent manner to achieve cardiac regeneration...
  6. Joukar S, Najafipour H, Dabiri S, Sheibani V, Esmaeili Mahani S, Ghotbi P, et al. The effect of chronic co-administration of morphine and verapamil on isoproterenol-induced heart injury. Cardiovasc Hematol Agents Med Chem. 2011;9:218-24 pubmed
    ..Present study was designed to assess the effects of chronic co-administration of morphine plus verapamil on some cardiovascular indices of rats with / without myocardial damage...
  7. González Rosa J, Martin V, Peralta M, Torres M, Mercader N. Extensive scar formation and regression during heart regeneration after cryoinjury in zebrafish. Development. 2011;138:1663-74 pubmed publisher
    ..This finding suggests that CC-induced damage in zebrafish could provide a valuable model for the study of the mechanisms of scar removal post-MI...
  8. O CONNOR J, Ditillo M, Scalea T. Penetrating cardiac injury. J R Army Med Corps. 2009;155:185-90 pubmed
    ..Outcome data and future directions in managing this challenging injury are also examined...
  9. Khurana S, Puri R, Wong D, Dundon B, Brown M, Worthley M, et al. Latent tricuspid valve rupture after motor vehicle accident and routine echocardiography in all chest-wall traumas. Tex Heart Inst J. 2009;36:615-7 pubmed
    ..Because the clinical diagnosis of tricuspid valve rupture can be difficult, we believe that echocardiography should be used early and, if necessary, repeatedly in all patients who sustain blunt chest-wall trauma...

More Information


  1. Yamamoto L, Schroeder C, Morley D, Beliveau C. Thoracic trauma: the deadly dozen. Crit Care Nurs Q. 2005;28:22-40 pubmed
    ..Each of these may present as immediately life-threatening or potentially life-threatening events. This article provides an overview of these 12 injuries and appropriate management for each. Case studies are included...
  2. Malmsjo M, Petzina R, Ugander M, Engblom H, Torbrand C, Mokhtari A, et al. Preventing heart injury during negative pressure wound therapy in cardiac surgery: assessment using real-time magnetic resonance imaging. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009;138:712-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study aimed to examine the effects of negative pressure wound therapy on the position of the heart in relation to the thoracic wall using magnetic resonance imaging in a porcine sternotomy wound model...
  3. Namai A, Sakurai M, Fujiwara H. Five cases of blunt traumatic cardiac rupture: success and failure in surgical management. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007;55:200-4 pubmed
    ..We believe that patients with cardiac rupture who are alive when they reach hospital can often be saved by prompt diagnosis and immediate, adequate surgical repairs...
  4. Pedra C, Pontes S, Pedra S, Salerno L, Sousa J, Miaira M, et al. Percutaneous closure of postoperative and post-traumatic ventricular septal defects. J Invasive Cardiol. 2007;19:491-5 pubmed
    ..Percutaneous closure of traumatic and residual postoperative VSDs appears to be safe and effective. A larger number of patients and longer follow-up period are needed before the widespread use of this technique can be recommended...
  5. Nan Y, Lu M, Liu K, Huang Y, Tsai F, Chu J, et al. Blunt traumatic cardiac rupture: therapeutic options and outcomes. Injury. 2009;40:938-45 pubmed publisher
    ..This study reviews our experience of patients with suspected blunt traumatic cardiac rupture and proposes treatment protocols for the same...
  6. Degiannis E, Bowley D, Westaby S. Penetrating cardiac injury. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2005;87:61-3 pubmed
  7. Cowley C, Shaddy R. Transcatheter treatment of a large traumatic ventricular septal defect. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2004;61:144-6 pubmed
    ..The risks of standard open heart repair using cardiopulmonary bypass were felt to be prohibitive due to coexistent injuries. This case demonstrates the feasibility of transcatheter therapy for traumatic ventricular septal defects...
  8. Poss K, Wilson L, Keating M. Heart regeneration in zebrafish. Science. 2002;298:2188-90 pubmed
    ..These findings indicate that zebrafish will be useful for genetically dissecting the molecular mechanisms of cardiac regeneration...
  9. Roth T, Kipfer B, Takala J, Schmid R. Delayed heart perforation after blunt trauma. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2002;21:121-3 pubmed
    ..Outcome was favourable and the patient was operated on for his flail chest by internal stabilization the next day...
  10. Murry C, Giachelli C, Schwartz S, Vracko R. Macrophages express osteopontin during repair of myocardial necrosis. Am J Pathol. 1994;145:1450-62 pubmed
    ..These results provide the first evidence that osteopontin may be important in healing after tissue injury, possibly in cellular adhesion, chemotaxis, and/or phagocytosis...
  11. Aksoyek A, Tutun U, Babaroglu S, Parlar A, Ulus A, Katircioglu S. Penetrating cardiac injuries. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2007;13:135-41 pubmed
    ..This study was planned to evaluate patients with penetrating cardiac injury...
  12. Hsieh P, Segers V, Davis M, MacGillivray C, Gannon J, Molkentin J, et al. Evidence from a genetic fate-mapping study that stem cells refresh adult mammalian cardiomyocytes after injury. Nat Med. 2007;13:970-4 pubmed
    ..5% in areas bordering a myocardial infarction, 76.6% in areas away from a myocardial infarction, and 75.7% in hearts subjected to pressure overload, indicating that stem cells or precursor cells had refreshed the cardiomyocytes...
  13. Harris D, Papagiannopoulos K, Pretorius J, Van Rooyen T, Rossouw G. Current evaluation of cardiac stab wounds. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999;68:2119-22 pubmed
    ..Clinical signs, chest roentgenograms, pericardiocentesis, and subxiphoid window are not always helpful in establishing the diagnosis. We reflect on the current evaluation based on 128 patients...
  14. van Amerongen M, Harmsen M, Van Rooijen N, Petersen A, van Luyn M. Macrophage depletion impairs wound healing and increases left ventricular remodeling after myocardial injury in mice. Am J Pathol. 2007;170:818-29 pubmed
    ..Based on these findings, we propose that increasing macrophage numbers early after myocardial infarction could be a clinically relevant option to promote myocardial wound healing and subsequently to reduce remodeling and heart failure...
  15. Argento G, Fiorilli R, Del Prete G. [A rare case of a post-traumatic intraventricular defect]. Ital Heart J Suppl. 2002;3:352-4 pubmed
    ..We emphasize the role of echocardiography in the anatomic and functional evaluation of such lesions...
  16. Cecconi M, Quarti A, Bianchini F, Bucari S, Costantini C, Giovagnoni A, et al. Late cardiac perforation after transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;81:e29-30 pubmed
    ..We report a case of left atrial wall perforation and aortic root erosion occurring 16 months after implantation of an Amplatzer patent foramen ovale occluder that required emergent surgery...
  17. Vecht J, Ibrahim M, Chukwuemeka A, James P, Venn G. Delayed presentation of traumatic ventricular septal defect and mitral leaflet perforation. Emerg Med J. 2005;22:521-2 pubmed
    ..The need for immediate referral to a cardiothoracic unit and the importance of the use of echocardiography is stressed. This enables the safest and most appropriate management of potentially lethal injuries...
  18. Velavan P, Chauhan A. An unusual presentation of delayed cardiac perforation caused by atrial screw-in lead. Heart. 2003;89:364 pubmed
  19. Akyol A, Aydin A, Erdinler I, Oguz E. Late perforation of the heart, pericardium, and diaphragm by an active-fixation ventricular lead. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2005;28:350-1 pubmed
    ..This case report describes a late perforation of right heart wall, pericardium, and diaphragm by an active-fixation ventricular lead without development of pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade even under oral warfarin treatment...
  20. Lyne J, Fox K, Mohiaddin R. Follow up in a case of cardiac contusion using cardiovascular magnetic resonance. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2007;9:589 pubmed
  21. Trepels T, Zeplin H, Sievert H, Billinger K, Krumsdorf U, Zadan E, et al. Cardiac perforation following transcatheter PFO closure. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2003;58:111-3 pubmed
    ..We are reporting the first known case of cardiac perforation by an Amplatzer PFO occluder...
  22. Rollins M, Koehler R, Stevens M, Walsh K, Doty D, Price R, et al. Traumatic ventricular septal defect: case report and review of the English literature since 1970. J Trauma. 2005;58:175-80 pubmed
  23. Khan M, Joseph G, Khaykin Y, Ziada K, Wilkoff B. Delayed lead perforation: a disturbing trend. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2005;28:251-3 pubmed
    ..Delayed lead perforation (occurring more than 1 month after implantation) is a rare complication. Its pathophysiology and optimal management are currently unclear...
  24. Suh W, Kern M. Transcatheter closure of a traumatic VSD in an adult requiring an ASD occluder device. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2009;74:1120-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This case describes the technique and postprocedure imaging leading to a cautionary note regarding VSD closure device techniques...
  25. Divekar A, Gaamangwe T, Shaikh N, Raabe M, Ducas J. Cardiac perforation after device closure of atrial septal defects with the Amplatzer septal occluder. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005;45:1213-8 pubmed
    ..Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO)-associated cardiac perforation (CP) at our institution prompted this retrospective review...
  26. Studer M, Jefferies J, McKenzie E, Ing F. Traumatic cardiac rupture and left ventricular aneurismal formation in childhood. Am J Cardiol. 2008;101:413-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The aneurysms were repaired from within the left ventricle through a left atrial incision...
  27. Domico M, Checchia P. Biomonitors of cardiac injury and performance: B-type natriuretic peptide and troponin as monitors of hemodynamics and oxygen transport balance. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2011;12:S33-42 pubmed publisher
    ..class IIb, level of evidence B): The use of B-type natriuretic peptide and/or troponin measurements in the evaluation of hemodynamics and postoperative outcome in pediatric cardiac patients may be beneficial. ..
  28. Hightower J, Taylor A, Ursell P, LaBerge J. The Chiari Network: a rare cause of intracardiac guide wire entrapment. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2015;26:604-6 pubmed publisher
  29. He L, Huang X, Kanisicak O, Li Y, Wang Y, Li Y, et al. Preexisting endothelial cells mediate cardiac neovascularization after injury. J Clin Invest. 2017;127:2968-2981 pubmed publisher
    ..Instead, preexisting endothelial cells appear more likely to be the therapeutic target for promoting neovascularization and driving heart regeneration after injury. ..
  30. de la Torre Hernandez J, Gorria G, de Prada J, Zueco J. Papillary muscle rupture: first report of this complication in a retrograde transfemoral aortic valve implantation. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011;78:647-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We found papillary muscle head calcification as an anatomical substrate that could facilitate this complication. ..
  31. van Rees J, van Welsenes G, Borleffs C, Thijssen J, Van der Velde E, van der Wall E, et al. Update on small-diameter implantable cardioverter-defibrillator leads performance. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2012;35:652-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Only one cardiac perforation occurred. ..
  32. Romaguera R, Waksman R. Covered stents for coronary perforations: is there enough evidence?. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011;78:246-53 pubmed publisher
    ..This review summarizes the available evidence supporting the use of covered stents to treat coronary perforations. ..
  33. Zhang W, Fang L, Shi W, Ye W. Mitral paravalvular abnormal tunnel with mitral regurgitation caused by anterior chest trauma. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013;19:225-7 pubmed
    ..We sutured the tunnel with a patch from the left atrial side. Meanwhile, we performed the mitral valve annuoplasty because of the mitral regurgitation accompanied. The postoperation and the 12th month follow up were uneventful. ..
  34. Plurad D, Bricker S, van Natta T, Neville A, Kim D, Bongard F, et al. Penetrating cardiac injury and the significance of chest computed tomography findings. Emerg Radiol. 2013;20:279-84 pubmed publisher
    ..CCT is a potentially useful modality for the evaluation of cardiac injuries in high-risk stable patients. The presence of HPC and/or PPC on CCT after penetrating thoracic trauma is highly indicative of a significant cardiac injury. ..
  35. Jones E, Burlew C, Moore E. BioGlue hemostasis of penetrating cardiac wounds in proximity to the left anterior descending coronary artery. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012;72:796-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first description of the use of BioGlue for repair of penetrating cardiac injuries. This technique should be added to the armamentarium in managing complex cardiac wounds. III. ..
  36. Nugent A, Kowal R, Juraszek A, Ikemba C, Magee K. Model of magnetically guided fetal cardiac intervention: potential to avoid direct cardiac puncture. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2013;26:1778-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Progression to fetal lamb models is planned and may advance fetal cardiac interventions by reduction of fetal morbidity. ..
  37. Adil M, Kandhare A, Ghosh P, Bodhankar S. Sodium arsenite-induced myocardial bruise in rats: Ameliorative effect of naringin via TGF-?/Smad and Nrf/HO pathways. Chem Biol Interact. 2016;253:66-77 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of present investigation suggest that naringin ameliorates arsenite-induced cardiotoxicity via modulation of TGF-?/Smad-3 and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathways along with a reduction in myocardial apoptosis. ..
  38. Ussia G, Sarkar K, Tamburino C. Aortic valve perforation during aortic valvuloplasty: Identification and strategies for prevention. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011;77:876-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Failure to recognize cusp perforation can lead to serious procedural complications like severe aortic regurgitation, suboptimal prosthesis deployment, and function that can necessitate emergent open cardiac surgery. ..
  39. Steed M, Guerra V, Recto M, Yang S, Frieberg E, Fox C, et al. Ventricular septal avulsion and ventricular septal defect after blunt trauma. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012;94:1714-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Traumatic ventricular septal defect is an uncommon complication of blunt chest trauma. We report a case of ventricular septal avulsion, associated with traumatic ventricular septal defect and the associated management concerns. ..
  40. Zamani J, Amirghofran A, Moaref A, Afifi S, Rezaian G. Posttraumatic coronary artery-right ventricular fistula with multiple ventricular septal defects. J Card Surg. 2010;25:670-1 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe a case of a 19-year-old male with these findings following a blunt chest trauma after a motorcycle accident...
  41. Abdelhalim M. Exposure to gold nanoparticles produces cardiac tissue damage that depends on the size and duration of exposure. Lipids Health Dis. 2011;10:205 pubmed publisher
  42. Kappetein A, Head S, Genereux P, Piazza N, Van Mieghem N, Blackstone E, et al. Updated standardized endpoint definitions for transcatheter aortic valve implantation: the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 consensus document. Eur Heart J. 2012;33:2403-18 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, this document is intended to expand the understanding of patient risk stratification and case selection...
  43. Gao S, Wu R, Zeng Y. Up-regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma in radiation-induced heart injury in rats. Radiat Environ Biophys. 2012;51:53-9 pubmed publisher
    ..05). These data demonstrate that PPAR-? expression is up-regulated on both mRNA and protein levels in heart injured by radiation. PPAR-? may play an important role in radiation-induced heart injury. ..
  44. Liu F, Hwang T, Liu F, Yu H. Tropisetron attenuates cardiac injury in a rat trauma-hemorrhage model. Shock. 2012;38:76-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Tropisetron attenuates cardiac injury following trauma-hemorrhage, which is, at least in part, through Akt-dependent anti-inflammatory pathway. ..
  45. Korkmaz S, Demirkan B, Guray Y, Yilmaz M, Sasmaz H. Long-term follow-up of iatrogenic atrial septal defect: after percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty. Tex Heart Inst J. 2011;38:523-7 pubmed
    ..Fortunately, these defects are small in size and low in shunt ratio. They appear not to be associated with serious long-term outcomes. ..
  46. Almansob M, Xu B, Zhou L, Hu X, Chen W, Chang F, et al. Simvastatin reduces myocardial injury undergoing noncoronary artery cardiac surgery: a randomized controlled trial. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012;32:2304-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Clinical Trial Registration- URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01178710. ..
  47. Praeger P, Praeger J, Abdel Razek A, Elmann E. Stab wound of the heart with unusual sequelae. Tex Heart Inst J. 2013;40:353-7 pubmed
    ..The patient made a good recovery. We suggest that bilateral assist device placement can be beneficial in the recovery of a stunned but otherwise normal heart. ..
  48. Lee T, Hsuan C, Shih C, Liang H, Tsai H, Tseng W, et al. Early detection of myocardial infarction following blunt chest trauma by computed tomography: a case report. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2017;17:56 pubmed publisher
    ..This valuable sign should not be missed during the initial interpretation. ..
  49. Fukunaga N, Konishi Y, Murashita T, Yuzaki M, Shomura Y, Koyama T, et al. Survival after simultaneous repair of bichamber cardiac and pulmonary vein rupture caused by blunt chest trauma. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012;94:265-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Those tears were repaired successfully with 5-0 polypropylene sutures. ..
  50. Mizutani M, Wu J, Nusse R. Fibrosis of the Neonatal Mouse Heart After Cryoinjury Is Accompanied by Wnt Signaling Activation and Epicardial-to-Mesenchymal Transition. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016;5:e002457 pubmed publisher
  51. Korpacheva O, Konev V, Dolgikh V. Experimental model of heart contusion. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2009;148:668-71 pubmed
    ..Clinical, hemodynamic, and pathomorphological equivalents of this kind of blunt injury of the heart were obtained. ..
  52. Somekh N, Haider A, Makaryus A, Katz S, Bello S, Hartman A. Left circumflex coronary artery occlusion after mitral valve annuloplasty: "a stitch in time". Tex Heart Inst J. 2012;39:104-7 pubmed
  53. Koyama S, Itatani K, Kyo S, Aoyama R, Ishiyama T, Harada K, et al. Subacute presentation of right ventricular perforation after pacemaker implantation. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013;19:73-5 pubmed
    ..However, no bacteria were detected by bacterial cultures of the pericardial effusion and pacing wire. The patient developed neither mediastinitis nor sepsis after the operation, and a new pacemaker was implanted safely one month later...
  54. Juvet T, Al Khalifa A, Singh S. Survival following traumatic ventricular rupture and prolonged ambulance transport in a patient with previous coronary artery bypass surgery. J Card Surg. 2013;28:684-6 pubmed publisher
    ..He underwent an immediate redo sternotomy and was discharged 10 days postoperatively with no complications...
  55. Yamane M, Muto M, Matsubara T, Nakamura S, Muramatsu T, Oida A, et al. Contemporary retrograde approach for the recanalisation of coronary chronic total occlusion: on behalf of the Japanese Retrograde Summit Group. EuroIntervention. 2013;9:102-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of retrograde recanalisation of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the coronary arteries...
  56. Zeng X, Zhao X, Yang Y, Kuai J, Gao C, Yu D, et al. Opioid ?(1) and ?(2) receptor agonist attenuate myocardial injury via mPTP in rats with acute hemorrhagic shock. J Surg Res. 2011;169:267-76 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was designed to investigate myocardial protective effects and the mechanisms of high selective ?(1) and ?(2)-OR agonists during resuscitation of acute hemorrhagic shock...
  57. Hartert M, Dahm M, Neufang A, Vahl C. Minimum cause--maximum effect: the travelogue of a bullet. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2010;11:698-700 pubmed publisher
    ..This case report illustrates that the management of even minimum gunshot wounds requires a maximum variety of surgical skills...
  58. Wang S, Zhou Y, Andreyev O, Hoyt R, Singh A, Hunt T, et al. Overexpression of FABP3 inhibits human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cell proliferation but enhances their survival in hypoxia. Exp Cell Res. 2014;323:56-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Overexpression of FABP3 inhibited cell growth and proliferation via negative regulation of the cell cycle and down-regulation of cell growth factors, but enhances cell survival in hypoxic or ischemic conditions. ..
  59. Baskurt M, Kocas C, Ersanlı M, Gurmen T. Retained pericardial pellets for 25 years: a case report. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2010;38:426-8 pubmed
    ..Her past medical history revealed an accidental shot from a pellet rifle by her son 25 years before, at which time no surgical intervention was planned as she had been asymptomatic...
  60. Koruth J, Aryana A, Dukkipati S, Pak H, Kim Y, Sosa E, et al. Unusual complications of percutaneous epicardial access and epicardial mapping and ablation of cardiac arrhythmias. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2011;4:882-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In this report, we report a series of rare and unusual complications related to percutaneous epicardial procedures...
  61. Zhang M, Wei J, Pan X, Shan H, Yan R, Xue J, et al. [Change of cardiac mitochondrial STAT3 activity in rats with selenium deficiency and its relation with myocardial injury]. Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 2013;33:967-71 pubmed
    ..To study the phosphorylation activity of mitochondrial signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in the myocardium of rats with selenium deficiency and its association with myocardial injury...
  62. Strungs E, Ongstad E, O Quinn M, Palatinus J, Jourdan L, Gourdie R. Cryoinjury models of the adult and neonatal mouse heart for studies of scarring and regeneration. Methods Mol Biol. 2013;1037:343-53 pubmed publisher
    ..In a further extension of the method, we describe how we have adapted the model to deliver a cryoinjury to the apex of the heart of neonatal mice-a modification that may be useful for studies of myocardial regeneration in mammals. ..
  63. Esfahani S, Yousefzadeh D. Pericardial tamponade with a normal cardiopericardial silhouette due to a penetrating metallic projectile propelled by a lawnmower. Pediatr Cardiol. 2013;34:2044-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A dismissible dermal injury at the entry point and a normal initial cardiopericardial silhouette are reported. The report issues a new warning to be added to the warnings already listed in lawnmower manuals. ..
  64. Saidi B, Roshanali F, Yousefnia M, Mandegar M. Pericardial tamponade and right-to-left shunt through patent foramen ovale after epicardial pacing-wire removal. Tex Heart Inst J. 2010;37:574-5 pubmed
    ..The patient underwent emergency surgery to repair myocardium that had ruptured due to the removal of the wires, and he recovered uneventfully...
  65. Murakami M, Taketomi Y, Sato H, Yamamoto K. Secreted phospholipase A2 revisited. J Biochem. 2011;150:233-55 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review, we highlight recent advances in PLA(2) research, focusing mainly on the physiological functions of sPLA(2)s and their modes of action on 'extracellular' phospholipid targets versus lipid mediator production...
  66. Guild C, DeShazo M, Geraci S. Negative predictive value of cardiac troponin for predicting adverse cardiac events following blunt chest trauma. South Med J. 2014;107:52-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This could allow for early discharge after a 24-hour observation period in otherwise uncomplicated blunt chest trauma patients and avoid the need for more expensive cardiac imaging and additional resource utilization...
  67. Sen S, Sadek H. Neonatal heart regeneration: mounting support and need for technical standards. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015;4:e001727 pubmed publisher
  68. Kudo S, Tanaka K, Okada K, Takemura T. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for blunt cardiac rupture. Am J Emerg Med. 2017;35:1789.e1-1789.e2 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, open cardiac massage was unnecessary. ECPR with sternotomy and cardiac repair is advisable for patients with blunt cardiac rupture and cardiac arrest who do not have severe multiple traumatic injuries. ..
  69. Bock J, Benitez R. Blunt cardiac injury. Cardiol Clin. 2012;30:545-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Individuals with pain, ECG abnormalities, or hemodynamic instability may require rapid evaluation of the heart by echocardiography and the great vessels by advanced imaging...
  70. Nakano T, Endo S, Tsubochi H, Tetsuka K. Thoracoscopic findings of an asymptomatic solitary costal exostosis: is surgical intervention required?. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2012;15:933-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This report describes that the thoracoscopic findings of an asymptomatic costal exostosis originate from the costochondral junction, demonstrating that this condition may cause more extensive thoracic organ injury than expected...
  71. Mansour H, Tawfik S. Early treatment of radiation-induced heart damage in rats by caffeic acid phenethyl ester. Eur J Pharmacol. 2012;692:46-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Serum lipid profiles and cardiac enzymes were restored...
  72. Wen Zong L, Liang M. Severe tricuspid valve regurgitation due to perforation by permanent pacemaker lead. J Card Surg. 2011;26:555-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We now report a case of a patient with progressive right-sided heart failure due to severe tricuspid regurgitation due to perforation from a previously placed pacemaker lead.?..
  73. Furui M, Ohashi T, Yoshida T, Oka F, Hirai Y, Sakakura R, et al. Cardiogenic shock without cardiac tamponade caused by a subepicardial hematoma after percutaneous coronary intervention. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011;59:114-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We thus report a rare case of subepicardial hematoma resulting in shock during PCI in which cardiac tamponade was not observed...
  74. Saunders C, Saro E, Patel P, Swidryk J, Bacani V, Russo M, et al. Stingray barb injury: a cause of late coronary occlusion and stent failure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013;96:1875-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The following is a report of a stingray injury, inflicted by a human, causing coronary complications 17 years after the injury was sustained. ..
  75. Panoulas V, O Gallagher K, Mikhail G. Iatrogenic communications between aortic root and right ventricle/left atrium after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2013;82:E603-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Informed written consent was obtained from both patients...
  76. Boghdady N. Antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects of proanthocyanidin and ginkgo biloba extract against doxorubicin-induced cardiac injury in rats. Cell Biochem Funct. 2013;31:344-51 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, GSPE and EGb761 mediate their protective effect against DOX-induced cardiac injury through antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic mechanisms...
  77. Bajanowski T, Puschel K, Dettmeyer R. [Sudden cardiac death. Selected forensic aspects]. Pathologe. 2012;33:217-27 pubmed publisher
  78. Chen Y, Xie X. Tacrolimus attenuates myocardium damage to the total hepatic ischemia-reperfusion via regulation of the mitochondrial function. J Surg Res. 2012;172:e47-54 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, we evaluated the effect of tacrolimus on injured myocardium and mitochondria after total hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (THIR)...