soft tissue injuries


Summary: Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".

Top Publications

  1. Mellado J, Pérez del Palomar L, Diaz L, Ramos A, Sauri A. Long-standing Morel-Lavallée lesions of the trochanteric region and proximal thigh: MRI features in five patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004;182:1289-94 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to review and describe the MRI features of long-standing Morel-Lavallée lesions of the trochanteric region and proximal thigh in five patients with a history of trauma...
  2. Williams K. Evidence on NSAID use in soft tissue injuries. Nurs Times. 2012;108:12-4 pubmed
    ..the evidence on the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medications in the management of acute soft tissue injuries such as sprains...
  3. Middleton K, Barro V, Muller B, Terada S, Fu F. Evaluation of the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy involved in the healing of sports-related soft tissue injuries. Iowa Orthop J. 2012;32:150-63 pubmed
    ..Current findings in PRP basic science research, which have shed light on its proposed mechanisms of action, have opened doors for future areas of PrP research...
  4. Li C, Frangione V, Rovati S, Zheng Q. Diclofenac epolamine medicated plaster in the treatment of minor soft tissue injuries: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Curr Med Res Opin. 2013;29:1137-46 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the efficacy and safety of a topical plaster containing diclofenac epolamine (DHEP) 1.3% in the treatment of patients with acute minor soft tissue injuries in China.
  5. Ren G, Li J, Li R, Wang G, Yu B. [Treatment of large circular soft tissue defect in lower extremities with a combination of bridge flaps and free skin graft covered by vacuum sealing drainage]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2012;50:39-44 pubmed
  6. Lee Y, Rah S, Choi S, Chung M, Baek G. Distally based lateral supramalleolar adipofascial flap for reconstruction of the dorsum of the foot and ankle. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004;114:1478-85 pubmed
    ..It is believed that this flap is versatile and effective and is a good addition to the available techniques used by reconstructive surgeons for coverage of the dorsum of the foot and ankle...
  7. Venter N, Jamel N, Marques R, Djahjah F, Mendonca L. [Evaluation of radiological methods for detection of wood foreign body in animal model]. Acta Cir Bras. 2005;20 Suppl 1:34-41 pubmed
    ..To determine the usefulness of different radiological methods in the diagnoses of wooden foreign bodies (FB)...
  8. Kobbe P, Vodovotz Y, Kaczorowski D, Billiar T, Pape H. The role of fracture-associated soft tissue injury in the induction of systemic inflammation and remote organ dysfunction after bilateral femur fracture. J Orthop Trauma. 2008;22:385-90 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesized that fracture-associated soft tissue injury plays a pivotal role in the induction of systemic inflammation and remote organ dysfunction after fracture...
  9. Steiert A, Gohritz A, Schreiber T, Krettek C, Vogt P. Delayed flap coverage of open extremity fractures after previous vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy - worse or worth?. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2009;62:675-83 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Collins M, Raleigh S. Genetic risk factors for musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries. Med Sport Sci. 2009;54:136-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Common musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries for which a genetic contribution has been proposed include the Achilles tendon in the heel, the rotator ..
  2. Liu D, Sofiadellis F, Ashton M, Macgill K, Webb A. Early soft tissue coverage and negative pressure wound therapy optimises patient outcomes in lower limb trauma. Injury. 2012;43:772-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluated the impact of delayed free-flap reconstruction, prolonged metalware exposure, pre-flap wound infection, and the efficacy of NPWT on the success of soft tissue coverage after open lower limb injury...
  3. Namazi H, Mozaffarian K. Awful considerations with LCP instrumentation: a new pitfall. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2007;127:573-5 pubmed
    ..But, there is no study about the potential soft tissue pitfalls that may occur. There is an attempt in this study to achieve this objective...
  4. Labler L, Trentz O. The use of vacuum assisted closure (VAC) in soft tissue injuries after high energy pelvic trauma. Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2007;392:601-9 pubmed
    ..Application of vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) in soft tissue defects after high-energy pelvic trauma is described as a retrospective study in a level one trauma center...
  5. Elsayes K, Lammle M, Shariff A, Totty W, Habib I, Rubin D. Value of magnetic resonance imaging in muscle trauma. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 2006;35:206-12 pubmed
    ..This article illustrates the spectrum of muscle injuries, emphasizing the value of MRI in their diagnosis...
  6. Abdel Hamid M, Chang C, Chan Y, Lo Y, Huang J, Hsu K, et al. Arthroscopic evaluation of soft tissue injuries in tibial plateau fractures: retrospective analysis of 98 cases. Arthroscopy. 2006;22:669-75 pubmed
    ..We hypothesized that use of arthroscopy to evaluate soft tissue injury in tibial plateau fractures would reveal a greater number of associated injuries than have previously been reported...
  7. Claes L, Maurer Klein N, Henke T, Gerngross H, Melnyk M, Augat P. Moderate soft tissue trauma delays new bone formation only in the early phase of fracture healing. J Orthop Res. 2006;24:1178-85 pubmed
    ..A fast recovery of blood flow and callus formation took place in the F + STT group, which led to similar histological and biomechanical results in fracture healing observed after 28 days between the two groups...
  8. Holmgren E, Dierks E, Assael L, Bell R, Potter B. Facial soft tissue injuries as an aid to ordering a combination head and facial computed tomography in trauma patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005;63:651-4 pubmed
    ..A study was undertaken to identify exactly which facial soft tissue injuries correlate with facial fractures and which did not...
  9. Bankole O, Fasola A, Denloye O. Oro-facial soft tissue injuries in Nigerian children: a five-year review. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2004;33:93-7 pubmed
    ..The highest occurrence was in the 0-5 years old children (60%). The predominant type of soft tissue injuries was lacerations (75.0%). Falls (66...
  10. Schaser K, Zhang L, Haas N, Mittlmeier T, Duda G, Bail H. Temporal profile of microvascular disturbances in rat tibial periosteum following closed soft tissue trauma. Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2003;388:323-30 pubmed
    ..We hypothesized that periosteal microcirculation is adversely affected and the manifestation of trauma-initiated microvascular impairment in periosteum is substantially prolonged following CSTI...
  11. Hou Z, Irgit K, Strohecker K, Matzko M, Wingert N, Desantis J, et al. Delayed flap reconstruction with vacuum-assisted closure management of the open IIIB tibial fracture. J Trauma. 2011;71:1705-8 pubmed publisher
    ..However, there is continued debate over timing and type of definitive wound coverage even with VAC therapy application...
  12. Li R, Yu B, Wang G, Chen B, Qin C, Guo G, et al. Sequential therapy of vacuum sealing drainage and free-flap transplantation for children with extensive soft-tissue defects below the knee in the extremities. Injury. 2012;43:822-8 pubmed publisher
  13. Herscovici D, Sanders R, Scaduto J, Infante A, DiPasquale T. Vacuum-assisted wound closure (VAC therapy) for the management of patients with high-energy soft tissue injuries. J Orthop Trauma. 2003;17:683-8 pubmed
    To evaluate the results of a vacuum-assisted closure device in patients presenting with open high-energy soft tissue injuries.
  14. Gefen A. Bioengineering models of deep tissue injury. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2008;21:30-6 pubmed
  15. Tejwani S, Cohen S, Bradley J. Management of Morel-Lavallee lesion of the knee: twenty-seven cases in the national football league. Am J Sports Med. 2007;35:1162-7 pubmed
    ..It also occurs in the knee as a result of shearing trauma during football and is a distinct lesion from prepatellar bursitis and quadriceps contusion...
  16. Leininger B, Rasmussen T, Smith D, Jenkins D, Coppola C. Experience with wound VAC and delayed primary closure of contaminated soft tissue injuries in Iraq. J Trauma. 2006;61:1207-11 pubmed
    ..A novel wound management protocol was developed to facilitate this practice, and patient outcomes were tracked. This article describes that protocol and discusses the outcomes in a series of 88 wounds managed with it...
  17. Banning M. Topical diclofenac: clinical effectiveness and current uses in osteoarthritis of the knee and soft tissue injuries. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2008;9:2921-9 pubmed
    ..non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for symptom control in osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee and soft tissue injuries. Although treatment with oral diclofenac is associated with serious adverse effects involving both the ..
  18. Collinge C, Tornetta P. Soft tissue injuries associated with pelvic fractures. Orthop Clin North Am. 2004;35:451-6, v pubmed
    Significant soft tissue injuries often occur as part of high-energy injuries to the pelvis. These soft tissue injuries must be recognized and considered when implementing a treatment plan if complications are to be minimized...
  19. McClellan C, Greenwood R, Benger J. Effect of an extended scope physiotherapy service on patient satisfaction and the outcome of soft tissue injuries in an adult emergency department. Emerg Med J. 2006;23:384-7 pubmed
    ..physiotherapy (ESP) service on patient satisfaction, and to measure the functional outcome of patients with soft tissue injuries attending an adult emergency department (ED), comparing management by ESPs, emergency nurse practitioners (..
  20. Kuehl K. Review of the efficacy and tolerability of the diclofenac epolamine topical patch 1.3% in patients with acute pain due to soft tissue injuries. Clin Ther. 2010;32:1001-14 pubmed publisher
    ..3% (DETP) was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in January 2007 for the treatment of soft tissue injuries such as strains, sprains, and contusions, although it has been available for many years in >40 countries ..
  21. Laguette M, Abrahams Y, Prince S, Collins M. Sequence variants within the 3'-UTR of the COL5A1 gene alters mRNA stability: implications for musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries. Matrix Biol. 2011;30:338-45 pubmed publisher
    ..These results have important implications for our understanding of the molecular basis of musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries and other exercise-related phenotypes.
  22. Fleck C. Suspected deep tissue injury. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2007;20:413-5 pubmed
  23. Dedmond B, Kortesis B, Punger K, Simpson J, Argenta J, Kulp B, et al. Subatmospheric pressure dressings in the temporary treatment of soft tissue injuries associated with type III open tibial shaft fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006;26:728-32 pubmed
    ..We hypothesized that the use of a negative-pressure dressing in these fractures would result in a decreased incidence of infection and decreased need for pedicled muscle flaps and free tissue transfer...
  24. Mellado J, Bencardino J. Morel-Lavallée lesion: review with emphasis on MR imaging. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2005;13:775-82 pubmed
    ..Correct preoperative MR diagnosis of ML lesions can be useful for treatment planning...
  25. Wu P, Matoo R, Sun H, Song L, Kikkawa D, Lu W. Single-stage soft tissue reconstruction and orbital fracture repair for complex facial injuries. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2017;70:e1-e6 pubmed publisher
    ..This study focuses on the efficacy of early single-stage repair in combined bony and soft tissue injuries. Retrospective review...
  26. Brunetti B, Tenna S, Aveta A, Segreto F, Persichetti P. Free-style local perforator flaps: versatility of the v-y design to reconstruct soft-tissue defects in the skin cancer population. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013;132:451-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Free-style local perforator flaps advanced in V-Y fashion proved to be a valid and reliable solution to restore function and aesthetics of the operated site after skin cancer excision. Therapeutic, IV. ..
  27. Melikoglu C, Eren F, Kok D. Repair of pretibial atonic wound with long cross-leg flap. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2013;12:223-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This study presents a case with an atonic wound in the pretibial region caused by a previous traffic accident, which had received cross-leg flap repair following the excision. ..
  28. Rowe S, Fritz J, Fishman E. CT evaluation of musculoskeletal trauma: initial experience with cinematic rendering. Emerg Radiol. 2018;25:93-101 pubmed publisher musculoskeletal imaging, including the evaluation of complex fractures, the delineation of the relationship of fractures to adjacent vasculature and overlying soft tissues, and the visualization of vascular and soft tissue injuries.
  29. Kheirabadi B, Terrazas I, Williams J, Hanson M, Dubick M, Blackbourne L. Negative-pressure wound therapy: a hemostatic adjunct for control of coagulopathic hemorrhage in large soft tissue wounds. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012;73:1188-94 pubmed publisher
  30. Castilla D, Liu Z, Tian R, Li Y, Livingstone A, Velazquez O. A novel autologous cell-based therapy to promote diabetic wound healing. Ann Surg. 2012;256:560-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, we identify new molecular targets that may be important for advancing the field of wound healing. ..
  31. Faria P, de Souza Carvalho A, Masalskas B, Chihara L, Sant Ana E, Filho O. Surgical Reconstruction of Lower Face Degloving. J Craniofac Surg. 2016;27:e683-e685 pubmed
    One of the most impressive soft tissue injuries is the facial degloving, normally associated with industrial machines and traffic accidents...
  32. September A, Posthumus M, Collins M. Application of genomics in the prevention, treatment and management of Achilles tendinopathy and anterior cruciate ligament ruptures. Recent Pat DNA Gene Seq. 2012;6:216-23 pubmed
    Musculoskeletal soft tissue injuries such as Achilles tendinopathy and anterior cruciate ligament ruptures are common among elite athletes, recreational athletes and physically active individuals...
  33. Yang C, Wei Z, Zhang T, Zeng X, Wu B. [Effects of lappaconitine on pain and inflammatory response of severely burned rats and the mechanism]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2017;33:374-380 pubmed publisher
    ..05)?(5)??72.5 h??????????tnf???il?1??????????4?(p????0.001)????la?????tnf???il?1?????????????????????????????la?(p????0.001)? ??? la????????????????????????????????????????????????p2x(4)???????????tnf???il?1??????. ..
  34. Wang X, Li X, Fang B, Lu Q, Yang L, Sun Y, et al. [Repair of defects in lower extremities with peroneal perforator-based sural neurofasciocutaneous flaps]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2013;29:432-5 pubmed
    ..The operation is also easy to perform. ..
  35. Gir P, Cheng A, Oni G, Mojallal A, Saint Cyr M. Pedicled-perforator (propeller) flaps in lower extremity defects: a systematic review. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2012;28:595-601 pubmed publisher
    ..3 and 8.1%). Pedicled-perforator flaps appear to be a reliable and safe procedure for the coverage soft tissue defects of the lower extremity based on favorable results reported in the literature...
  36. Svider P, Chen M, Burchhardt D, O Brien P, Shkoukani M, Zuliani G, et al. The Vicious Cycle: Pediatric Facial Trauma from Bicycling. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;154:371-6 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Soft tissue injuries predominated among all age groups, although fractures increased significantly with age...
  37. Muir S, Beauchet O, Montero Odasso M, Annweiler C, Fantino B, Speechley M. Association of executive function impairment, history of falls and physical performance in older adults: a cross-sectional population-based study in eastern France. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17:661-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of the Clock Drawing Test is an easy to administer measure of EF that can be used routinely in comprehensive fall risk evaluations. ..
  38. Borrelli J. Management of soft tissue injuries associated with tibial plateau fractures. J Knee Surg. 2014;27:5-9 pubmed publisher
  39. Levy M, Tang N. Use of tissue adhesive as a field expedient barrier dressing for hand wounds in disaster responders. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014;29:107-9 pubmed publisher
    ..At the 30-day follow-up, the wound was well healed and without complications. This technique proved to be a valuable method of field expedient wound management and is worthy of consideration in similar future circumstances. ..
  40. Fathi M, Zare M, Bahmani H, Zehtabchi S. Comparison of oral oxycodone and naproxen in soft tissue injury pain control: a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Am J Emerg Med. 2015;33:1205-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Adult (>18 years old) patients with soft tissue injuries were enrolled in a teaching urban ED...
  41. Fry D. Pressure Irrigation of Surgical Incisions and Traumatic Wounds. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2017;18:424-430 pubmed publisher
    ..There is need for randomized clinical trials to validate pressure lavage in the prevention of infections in soft tissue injuries or high-risk surgical incisions.
  42. Boettcher Haberzeth S, Schiestl C. Management of avulsion injuries. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2013;23:359-64 pubmed publisher
  43. Bista N, Shrestha K, Bhattachan C. The reverse sural fasciocutaneous flap for the coverage of soft tissue defect of lower extremities (distal 1/3 leg and foot). Nepal Med Coll J. 2013;15:56-61 pubmed
  44. Sinnott J, Morris G, Medland P, Porter K. High-velocity facial gunshot wounds: multidisciplinary care from prehospital to discharge. BMJ Case Rep. 2016;2016: pubmed publisher
    ..A literature review was performed allowing discussion of the current evidence and best practice in the management of facial gunshot wounds. ..
  45. Andia I, Maffulli N. Platelet-rich plasma for muscle injury and tendinopathy. Sports Med Arthrosc Rev. 2013;21:191-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Other unexplored issues include activation, redosing, and concomitant longitudinal tenotomies. Limiting factors for the acceptance of PRP are the lack of evidence of obvious clinical improvement and reimbursement. ..
  46. Kulla M, Maier J, Bieler D, Lefering R, Hentsch S, Lampl L, et al. [Civilian blast injuries: an underestimated problem? : Results of a retrospective analysis of the TraumaRegister DGU®]. Unfallchirurg. 2016;119:843-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Of the patients 27 % had severe soft tissue injuries with an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) ≥ 3 and 90 % of these injuries were burns...
  47. Kempegowda H, Maniar H, Tawari A, Fanelli G, Jones C, Sietsema D, et al. Knee Injury Associated With Acetabular Fractures: A Multicenter Study of 1273 Patients. J Orthop Trauma. 2016;30:48-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Prognostic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. ..
  48. Jin R, Lin G, Chen K, Jin Y. [Upper limb free flap for repair of severe contracture of thumb web and one stage reconstruction of index finger abduction]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2012;26:1071-3 pubmed
    ..A combination of the upper limb free flap for severe contracture of thumb web and one stage reconstruction of the index finger abduction for index finger abduction dysfunction can achieve good results in function and appearance. ..
  49. Fu D, Zhou L, Yang S, Xiao B. Surgical technique: repair of forefoot skin and soft tissue defects using a lateral tarsal flap with a reverse dorsalis pedis artery pedicle: a retrospective study of 11 patients. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013;471:317-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Various authors have proposed flaps to reconstruct traumatic forefoot skin and soft tissue defects, especially with exposure of tendon and/or bone although which is best for particular circumstances is unclear...
  50. Porat S, Baud D, Farine D. Obstetric anal sphincter injuries in vaginal delivery of twins: associated risk factors and comparison with singletons. Int Urogynecol J. 2013;24:769-74 pubmed publisher
    ..6). Risk factors of nulliparity, OP position, large fetal size, and instrumental delivery were shared by both twin and singleton deliveries. These data will be useful in counselling women carrying twins who intend to deliver vaginally. ..
  51. Kosashvili Y, Arami A, Heller S, Velkes S, Gollish J. Reversed assembly of total hip arthroplasty components: a surgical tip to facilitate implant reduction during minimally invasive surgery. Surg Technol Int. 2013;23:235-8 pubmed
    ..At latest follow-up there was no evidence for component dissociation or loosening in any of the patients. Reverse assembly of THA components is a viable option, which may facilitate MIS THA and decrease soft tissue trauma. ..
  52. Tang J, Gan G, Luo P, Huang Y. [Anterolateral thigh fasciocutaneous flap for repair of open Achilles tendon defect]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2012;26:1209-12 pubmed
  53. Xie Q, Tian T, Chen Z, Deng S, Sun K, Xie J, et al. Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor (PPAR) in Regenerative Medicine: Molecular Mechanism for PPAR in Stem Cells' Adipocyte Differentiation. Curr Stem Cell Res Ther. 2016;11:290-8 pubmed
    ..However, the precise molecular mechanism is still unknown. This review thus summarizes recent progress on the study of molecular mechanism and role of PPAR in adipocyte differentiation. ..
  54. Fu X, Fan S, Liu Y, Li S, Wang L, Ji X. [A preliminary study on repairing defects at medial malleolus in children by vascularized fibular head composite flap]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2013;27:1305-8 pubmed
    ..To investigate the operative method and effectiveness of repairing defects at medial malleolus in children with vascularized fibular head composite flap...
  55. Narang S. Progressive hematoma in an older adult: closed internal degloving injury of the knee. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2013;42:376-8 pubmed
    ..This case report of a 55-year-old female patient covers the nature, diagnosis, and management of a progressively dissecting hematoma that evolved into a massive closed internal degloving lesion. ..
  56. Silveira P, da Silva L, Pinho C, de Souza P, Ronsani M, Scheffer D, et al. Effects of low-level laser therapy (GaAs) in an animal model of muscular damage induced by trauma. Lasers Med Sci. 2013;28:431-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The data strongly indicate that increased ROS production and augmented collagen synthesis are elicited by traumatic muscular injury, effects that were significantly decreased by LLLT...
  57. Arslan H, Cinar C, Bingol U, Yücel O. Subacute and delayed period microsurgical management of traumatic extremity injuries in pediatric population. Microsurgery. 2012;32:527-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The final results obtained after delayed definitive soft tissue reconstruction compare favorably with results previously reported in the literature from patient groups whose wounds could be closed in the early period within 7 days...
  58. Manaster B. Soft-tissue masses: optimal imaging protocol and reporting. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013;201:505-14 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this article is to discuss optimal imaging protocols and reporting of soft-tissue masses...
  59. Sagray B. Aggressive early reconstruction in open foot trauma: a case report. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2013;103:76-80 pubmed
    ..We present a case of open fracture-dislocation of the first ray treated with prompt debridement, skeletal stabilization, and immediate soft-tissue reconstruction...
  60. Abiodun A, Atinuke A, Yvonne O. Computerized tomography assessment of cranial and mid-facial fractures in patients following road traffic accident in South-West Nigeria. Ann Afr Med. 2012;11:131-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study is to assess the pattern of cranial and facial fractures on CT in head injured patients following RTA...
  61. Ji T, Wang T, Guo W. [Soft tissue reconstruction after resection of musculoskeletal tumors]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2012;26:950-4 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of soft tissue reconstruction after resection of musculoskeletal tumor and to discuss the strategy of soft tissue reconstruction...
  62. Guo Y, Liang X, Wang J, Wang C, Guo D, Wang C, et al. [Anatomic study on perforating branch flap of medial vastus muscle and its clinical application]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2012;26:1091-4 pubmed
    ..To investigate the anatomic features of the perforating branch flap of the medial vastus muscle, so as to provide a new perforating branch flap for repairing the soft tissue defect...
  63. Park H, Lee S, Rho M, Chung E, Ahn J, Park J, et al. Usefulness of the fast spin-echo three-point Dixon (mDixon) image of the knee joint on 3.0-T MRI: comparison with conventional fast spin-echo T2 weighted image. Br J Radiol. 2016;89:20151074 pubmed publisher
  64. von Matthey F, Braun K, Hanschen M, Pohlig F, Schubert E, Matevossian E, et al. [Cardiac post-resuscitation care. An indication for trauma whole-body CT?]. Unfallchirurg. 2016;119:69-73 pubmed publisher
    ..It should also be noted that mechanical CPR can act in a similar way to chest trauma and can necessitate an investigation with contrast enhanced computed tomography. ..
  65. Jeong S, Lee B. Versatile use of submental tissue for reconstruction of perioral soft tissue defects. J Craniofac Surg. 2012;23:934-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe that the submental area can provide useful soft tissue for perioral soft tissue defects because it provides a good color and texture match with perioral skin and can be harvested with minimal donor-site morbidity...
  66. Kim S, Youn S, Kim J, Kim J, Hwang K, Kim Y. Reconstruction of extensive lower limb defects with thoracodorsal axis chimeric flaps. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013;132:470-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The latissimus dorsi chimeric flap is one of the most useful tools for resurfacing extensive limb defects...
  67. Yilmaz A, Yener O. Giant post-traumatic cyst after motorcycle injury: a case report with review of the pathogenesis. Prague Med Rep. 2013;114:123-7 pubmed
    ..1977; Tull and Borrelli, 2003). Magnetic resonance imaging is the modality of choice for detection and revealing the exact size and location of these lesions. The best method of treatment is surgical excision with complete resection...
  68. Cheema S, Ahmad A. Frequency of sensory deficit in terms of two point discrimination in split thickness skin grafts and local flaps for soft tissue defects of fingers. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2012;24:86-9 pubmed
    ..Aim was to determine the frequency of sensory deficit in terms of Two Point Discrimination (TPD) in Split Thickness Skin Grafts (STSG) and local flaps for soft tissue defects of fingers three months postoperatively...
  69. Knobloch K, Herold C, Vogt P. [Free latissimus dorsi flap transfer for reconstruction of soft tissue defects of the lower extremity]. Oper Orthop Traumatol. 2012;24:122-30 pubmed publisher
  70. Lei P, You H, Andreadis S. Bioengineered skin substitutes. Methods Mol Biol. 2013;1001:267-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we describe a method of generating bioengineered skin based on a natural scaffold, namely, decellularized human dermis and epidermal stem cells...
  71. Morley N, Grant T, Blount K, Omar I. Sonographic evaluation of athletic pubalgia. Skeletal Radiol. 2016;45:689-99 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we review the sonographic appearance of the relevant complex anatomy, scanning technique for ultrasound evaluation of athletic pubalgia, and the sonographic appearances of associated pathologic conditions. ..
  72. Smit J, Darcy C, Audolfsson T, Hartman E, Acosta R. Multilayer reconstructions for defects overlying the Achilles tendon with the lateral-arm flap: long-term follow-up of 16 cases. Microsurgery. 2012;32:438-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this report is to share the experience the authors gained with this type of reconstruction. The authors report the largest series in the published reports today...
  73. Houtmeyers P, Opsomer D, Van Landuyt K, Monstrey S. Reconstruction of the Achilles tendon and overlying soft tissue by free composite anterolateral thigh flap with vascularized fascia lata. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2012;28:205-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, normal footwear could be worn. A free composite ALT flap with vascularized fascia lata is a reliable option for coverage of Achilles tendon and overlying soft tissue defects, even in elderly patients...
  74. Hsiao Y, Yang J, Chang C, Lin C, Chang S, Chuang S. Flow-through anterolateral thigh flap for reconstruction in electrical burns of the severely damaged upper extremity. Burns. 2013;39:515-21 pubmed publisher
    ..This study is a first attempt to analyze the outcome of the flow-through anterolateral thigh flap for reconstruction in acute electrical burns of the severely traumatized upper extremity...
  75. Geiger D, Chang E, Pathria M, Chung C. Posterolateral and posteromedial corner injuries of the knee. Radiol Clin North Am. 2013;51:413-32 pubmed publisher
    ..It is important to carefully evaluate the PLC and PMC structures on magnetic resonance imaging before planned surgical intervention to avoid potential complications resulting from occult injury...
  76. Poon H, Le Cocq H, Mountain A, Sargeant I. Dermal Fenestration With Negative Pressure Wound Therapy: A Technique for Managing Soft Tissue Injuries Associated With High-Energy Complex Foot Fractures. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016;55:161-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a simple technique of dermal fenestration combined with the use of negative pressure wound therapy, which aims to preserve the skin integrity of the foot without resorting to formal fasciotomy. ..
  77. Zhao L, Li Y, Chen A, Zhang Z, Xi J, Yang D. Treatment of type C pilon fractures by external fixator combined with limited open reduction and absorbable internal fixation. Foot Ankle Int. 2013;34:534-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical outcome of the treatment of type C pilon fractures by using an external fixator combined with limited open reduction and absorbable internal fixation...
  78. Halper J. Advances in the use of growth factors for treatment of disorders of soft tissues. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2014;802:59-76 pubmed publisher
    ..problems), the use of PRP and mesenchymal stem cells in people has been more problematic and requires more studies before PRP and mesenchymal stem cells can become reliable tools in management of soft tissue injuries and disorders.
  79. Ju J, Hou R. Repair of a degloving injury of the thumb with a combined dorsal great toenail flap and dorsalis pedis flap: a case report. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2013;133:1455-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The described technique provides good restoration of morphology and aesthetic outcome, good functional and sensory recovery, and is associated with minimal donor-site morbidity. ..
  80. Ball S, Halaki M, Orr R. Training volume and soft tissue injury in professional and non-professional rugby union players: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51:1012-1020 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the relationship between training volume and soft tissue injury incidence, and characterise soft tissue injury in rugby union players...
  81. Ruta D, Ozer K. Open fractures of the hand with soft tissue loss. Hand Clin. 2013;29:551-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Factors that have shown association with outcomes in these injuries are also discussed, and the authors' preferred management is summarized. ..