foot injuries


Summary: General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.

Top Publications

  1. Spitz D, Newberg A. Imaging of stress fractures in the athlete. Radiol Clin North Am. 2002;40:313-31 pubmed
    ..MR imaging is useful in evaluating shin splints, early osseous stress injuries, and overt stress fracture. In the elite athlete prompt diagnosis and early rehabilitation are the goals...
  2. Kindred J, Trubey C, Simons S. Foot injuries in runners. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2011;10:249-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Barefoot running recently has garnered increased attention, but currently, there is a lack of prospective studies regarding its injury reduction...
  3. Mickle K, Munro B, Lord S, Menz H, Steele J. Foot pain, plantar pressures, and falls in older people: a prospective study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010;58:1936-40 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine whether foot pain and plantar pressure are associated with falls in community-dwelling older adults...
  4. Tang S, Chen C, Hong W, Chen H, Chu N, Leong C. Improvement of gait by using orthotic insoles in patients with heel injury who received reconstructive flap operations. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2003;82:350-6 pubmed
    ..To investigate the effect of orthotic insoles in heel injury patients who received reconstructive flap operations...
  5. Schildhauer T, Nork S, Sangeorzan B. Temporary bridge plating of the medial column in severe midfoot injuries. J Orthop Trauma. 2003;17:513-20 pubmed
    ..7-mm reconstruction plate between the talar neck and the first metatarsal, which may provide adequate temporary internal stabilization until bony healing occurs...
  6. Haapamaki V, Kiuru M, Koskinen S. Ankle and foot injuries: analysis of MDCT findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004;183:615-22 pubmed
    ..The purpose of our study was to assess MDCT findings and the advantages of MDCT compared with radiography in patients referred to a level 1 trauma center for diagnostic evaluation of acute ankle and foot trauma...
  7. Derksen R, Bakker F, de Lange de Klerk E, Spaans I, Heilbron E, Veenings B, et al. Specialized emergency nurses treating ankle and foot injuries: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Emerg Med. 2007;25:144-51 pubmed
    To cope with emergency departments (EDs) being progressively overcrowded, the concept of specialized emergency nurses (SENs) was conceived. In this study, the ability of SENs to treat ankle/foot injuries was assessed.
  8. Terrier P, Deriaz O, Meichtry A, Luthi F. Prescription footwear for severe injuries of foot and ankle: effect on regularity and symmetry of the gait assessed by trunk accelerometry. Gait Posture. 2009;30:492-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Substantial inter-patient variability in the footwear outcome was observed. In conclusion, we believe that trunk accelerometry can be a useful tool in the field of gait rehabilitation...
  9. Pinney S, Sangeorzan B. Fractures of the tarsal bones. Orthop Clin North Am. 2001;32:21-33 pubmed
    ..Treatment should preserve the function of the talonavicular joint, maintain the relative length of the medial and lateral columns, and protect the ligaments and soft tissues until adequate healing has occurred...

More Information

Publications107 found, 100 shown here

  1. Bachmann L, Kolb E, Koller M, Steurer J, Ter Riet G. Accuracy of Ottawa ankle rules to exclude fractures of the ankle and mid-foot: systematic review. BMJ. 2003;326:417 pubmed
    ..To summarise the evidence on accuracy of the Ottawa ankle rules, a decision aid for excluding fractures of the ankle and mid-foot...
  2. Luetters C, Keegan T, Sidney S, Quesenberry C, Prill M, Sternfeld B, et al. Risk factors for foot fracture among individuals aged 45 years and older. Osteoporos Int. 2004;15:957-63 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that risk factors for foot fractures among older people differ in part from risk factors for other fracture sites generally considered to be osteoporotic, such as the hip, vertebrae, and forearm...
  3. Niva M, Sormaala M, Kiuru M, Haataja R, Ahovuo J, Pihlajamaki H. Bone stress injuries of the ankle and foot: an 86-month magnetic resonance imaging-based study of physically active young adults. Am J Sports Med. 2007;35:643-9 pubmed
    ..No comprehensive studies of bone stress injuries in the ankle and foot based on magnetic resonance imaging findings have been published...
  4. Shih Y, Wen Y, Chen W. Application of wedged foot orthosis effectively reduces pain in runners with pronated foot: a randomized clinical study. Clin Rehabil. 2011;25:913-23 pubmed publisher
    ..014), then to 12.3 (short-term effect, P?<?0.001). The rearfoot medially-wedged insole was a useful intervention for preventing or reducing painful knee or foot symptoms during running in runners with pronated foot. ..
  5. Shu H, Ma B, Kan S, Wang H, Shao H, Watson J. Treatment of posttraumatic equinus deformity and concomitant soft tissue defects of the heel. J Trauma. 2011;71:1699-704 pubmed publisher
  6. Ballal M, Pearce C, Calder J. Management of sports injuries of the foot and ankle: an update. Bone Joint J. 2016;98-B:874-83 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review article, we cover some of the common and important sporting injuries involving the ankle including updates on their management and outcomes. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:874-83. ..
  7. Damgaard O, Siemssen P. Lipografted tenolysis. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010;63:e637-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a case where recurrent adherence of extensor tendons on the left foot of a 54-year-old woman was treated successfully with tenolysis supplemented by autologous fat transplant in the form of lipofilling. ..
  8. Zhuang Y, Zheng H, Lin S, Xu D. Vasculature at the medial aspect of the foot and clinical application of flaps based on it for forefoot reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011;127:1967-78 pubmed publisher
    ..This flap should be considered as a preferential way to reconstruct soft-tissue defects of the dorsal forefoot. ..
  9. Ramasamy A, Hill A, Masouros S, Gibb I, Phillip R, Bull A, et al. Outcomes of IED foot and ankle blast injuries. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013;95:e25 pubmed publisher
    ..Although not life-threatening, they remain a source of long-term morbidity in an active population. ..
  10. Hierner E, Corterier C, Hierner R. [Lateral supramalleolar flaps for reconstruction in the ankle and foot]. Oper Orthop Traumatol. 2013;25:122-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Reliable, excellent functional and aesthetic results with thin skin in small to midsize defects. Increasing morbidity of grafting site in larger flaps and risk of neuroma when the superficial peroneal nerve was exposed. ..
  11. Crönlein M, Rauscher I, Beer A, Schwaiger M, Schäffeler C, Beirer M, et al. Visualization of stress fractures of the foot using PET-MRI: a feasibility study. Eur J Med Res. 2015;20:99 pubmed publisher
    ..Conservative management is a promising therapeutic option for the treatment of stress fractures. To rule out the benefits compared to a surgical treatment plan, further studies are needed. ..
  12. Rogers C, Cianca J. Musculoskeletal ultrasound of the ankle and foot. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2010;21:549-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Musculoskeletal ultrasound examination strongly complements other diagnostic tools used in the diagnosis and treatment of foot and ankle pathology. ..
  13. Firoozabadi R, Kramer P, Benirschke S. Plantar medial wounds associated with calcaneal fractures. Foot Ankle Int. 2013;34:941-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The Tscherne classification of open wounds should be used in the future. Level IV, retrospective case series. ..
  14. Bahel A, Yu J. Lateral plantar pain: diagnostic considerations. Emerg Radiol. 2010;17:291-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this article is to review the differential diagnosis of lateral plantar pain, emphasizing on the common mechanisms of injury, and to identify characteristic imaging findings for these pathologic conditions. ..
  15. Chateau F, Chabas J, Niddam J, Guinard D, Legre R. [Use of Extensor digitorum brevis flap in routine reconstructive surgery of lower limbs. Report of more than 50 cases]. Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2012;57:600-5 pubmed publisher
    ..At last, we insist on the fast learning of the procedure and the aim to use it in humanitary mission. ..
  16. Grier T, Knapik J, Swedler D, Jones B. Footwear in the United States Army Band: injury incidence and risk factors associated with foot pain. Foot (Edinb). 2011;21:60-5 pubmed publisher
    ..5, 95% CI: 1.4-95.4). The new shoes did not lower injury incidence, although specific risk factors associated with foot pain/discomfort were identified. To potentially increase the cushioning and comfort, insoles may be considered. ..
  17. Smith K, Brown C, Brewer K. Can clinical prediction rules used in acute pediatric ankle and midfoot injuries be applied to an adult population?. Am J Emerg Med. 2011;29:441-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The same indicators found to be predictive of high risk for fracture in a population of pediatric patients were found to be predictive in a population including adults. ..
  18. Kitsiou C, Perrot P, Duteille F. [Reconstruction of complex foot defects by serratus anterior-rib osteomuscular free flap: about four cases]. Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2013;58:321-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The possibility of a synchronous bony reconstruction is a major advantage thus permitting an all-inclusive treatment. ..
  19. Dickens J, Kilcoyne K, Kluk M, Gordon W, Shawen S, Potter B. Risk factors for infection and amputation following open, combat-related calcaneal fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013;95:e24 pubmed publisher
    ..After short-term follow-up, patients with open calcaneal fractures eventually requiring amputation exhibit improved pain and activity levels compared with patients with continued, ostensibly successful limb salvage. ..
  20. Lei L, He R, Cheng P, Zhang J, Qi D. [Free perforating flap of peroneal artery for repairing the forefoot skin defects]. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2013;26:634-6 pubmed
    ..The vessels anatomy of knee with antegrade extended peroneal artery was relative constant with a moderate thickness and simple operation, is useful to repair small or middle areas of skin defects in forefoot. ..
  21. Li F, Zeng B, Fan C, Chai Y, Ruan H, Cai P. Distally based extended peroneal artery septocutaneous perforator cross-bridge flap without microvascular anastomoses for reconstruction of contralateral leg and foot soft tissue defects. J Reconstr Microsurg. 2010;26:243-9 pubmed publisher
  22. Gravel J, Roy M, Carrière B. 44-55-66-PM, a mnemonic that improves retention of the Ottawa Ankle and Foot Rules: a randomized controlled trial. Acad Emerg Med. 2010;17:859-64 pubmed publisher
    ..The improvement in knowledge of the OAR among the control group highlights the importance of using controlled trials for studies evaluating knowledge transfer. ..
  23. Haverstock B. Puncture wounds of the foot. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2012;29:311-22, ix pubmed publisher
    ..If complications have developed, aggressive treatment is required to eradicate the infection and prevent pedal amputation. ..
  24. Van Bergen C, Kerkhoffs G, Marsidi N, Korstjens C, Everts V, van Ruijven L, et al. Osteochondral defects of the talus: a novel animal model in the goat. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2013;19:449-57 pubmed publisher
    ..The model can be used in future experiments to investigate alternative treatment methods before they are introduced into clinical practice. ..
  25. Rammelt S, Zwipp H, Schneiders W, Dürr C. Severity of injury predicts subsequent function in surgically treated displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013;471:2885-98 pubmed publisher
    ..Both fracture severity classifications predicted function. Anatomic reconstruction of the shape and articular surfaces of the calcaneus leads to predictable function in the medium to long term. ..
  26. Wei Z, Sun G, Tang X, Wang D, Wang Y. [Repair of skin defects at forepart of feet with reverse saphenous nerve neurocutaneous flaps]. Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2009;25:266-8 pubmed
    ..The patients could walk very well. It is reliable to repair the skin defects at forepart of feet with reverse saphenous nerve neurocutaneous flaps. It is easily performed with less morbidity. ..
  27. Rush S. Trinity Evolution: mesenchymal stem cell allografting in foot and ankle surgery. Foot Ankle Spec. 2010;3:140-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Mesenchymal stem cell allograft is viable living biologic material that is capable of new bone formation and osteointegration at the implantation site. ..
  28. Motamed S, Yavari M, Mofrad H, Rafiee R, Shahraki F. Distally based sural artery flap without sural nerve. Acta Med Iran. 2010;48:127-9 pubmed
    ..We describe one case of reverse sural flap without sural nerve .The aim of this paper is to establish the reliability of this flap even without sural nerve. ..
  29. Lei L, He R, Shen M, Cheng P, Li G, Yan W. [Application of pedicle reducing tension flap in the distally-based pedicle flap operation]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2012;26:58-60 pubmed
    ..Twenty-six cases were followed up 6-12 months (mean, 7.5 months). The appearance and texture of the flaps were good. Pedicle reducing tension flap could promote the survival and the appearance of distally-based pedicle flap. ..
  30. Krause F, Pfander G, Henning J, Shafighi M, Weber M. Ankle dorsiflexion arthrodesis to salvage Chopart's amputation with anterior skin insufficiency. Foot Ankle Int. 2013;34:1560-8 pubmed publisher
    ..It enabled the patients to preserve the advantages of a full-length limb with terminal weight-bearing. Level IV, retrospective case series. ..
  31. Elias D, Carne A, Bethapudi S, Engebretsen L, Budgett R, O Connor P. Imaging of plantar fascia and Achilles injuries undertaken at the London 2012 Olympics. Skeletal Radiol. 2013;42:1645-55 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, the spectrum of athletic injuries of the plantar fascia and Achilles is described, illustrated by imaging findings from the London 2012 Olympic games. ..
  32. Steflitsch W. [Wound care with essential oils after enucleation of a chronic abscess]. Forsch Komplementmed. 2009;16:400-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Applied medical aroma therapy makes use of these properties to support wound healing. ..
  33. Duffy A, Hackett T. Canine pedal injury resulting from metal landscape edging. J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2010;20:533-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Dogs are at risk of injury when exposed to metal landscape edging. Severity of pedal injury determines treatment protocol and prognosis for recovery. ..
  34. Ridge S, Johnson A, Mitchell U, Hunter I, Robinson E, Rich B, et al. Foot bone marrow edema after a 10-wk transition to minimalist running shoes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2013;45:1363-8 pubmed publisher
    ..009). Runners interested in transitioning to minimalist running shoes, such as Vibram FiveFingers, should transition very slowly and gradually to avoid potential stress injury in the foot. ..
  35. Scaglioni M, Kuo Y, Chen Y. Reconstruction of distal hand and foot defects with the free proximal peroneal artery perforator flap. Microsurgery. 2016;36:183-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Although the pedicle is short, the vessel diameter is adequate for microvascular anastomosis to the distal foot and hand recipient vessels. The free PPAP flap may be a good option for reconstructing distal hand and foot defects. ..
  36. Donovan A, Rosenberg Z. MRI of ankle and lateral hindfoot impingement syndromes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010;195:595-604 pubmed publisher
    ..MRI is valuable in assessing both osseous and soft-tissue abnormalities associated with impingement syndromes. ..
  37. Miswan M, Singh V, Yasin N. Outcome of surgically treated Lisfranc injury: a review of 34 cases. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2011;17:504-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We reviewed cases with Lisfranc injuries who presented to our center in order to study the adequacy of the treatment method and their final functional outcome...
  38. Hardie R, Lewallen J. Use of a custom orthotic boot for management of distal extremity and pad wounds in three dogs. Vet Surg. 2013;42:678-82 pubmed publisher
    ..A custom orthotic boot was effective at immobilizing the distal extremity and reducing contact between the wound and the boot which allowed for complete healing by contraction and epithelialization. ..
  39. Grice J, Watura C, Elliot R. Audit of foot and ankle surgeons' management of acute peroneal tendon tears and review of management protocols. Foot (Edinb). 2016;26:1-3 pubmed publisher
    ..The evidence in the literature was examined in an attempt to produce a protocol to aid surgical decision-making. A randomised controlled trial is required for consistent evidenced based surgical management of peroneal tendon tears. ..
  40. Bodenheimer T. Lessons from my left foot. Ann Fam Med. 2010;8:550-1 pubmed publisher
    ..These feelings need to be elicited and addressed when family physicians provide care to people with chronic conditions. ..
  41. Pearce C, Brooks J, Kemp S, Calder J. The epidemiology of foot injuries in professional rugby union players. Foot Ankle Surg. 2011;17:113-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Foot injuries represent a small but important proportion of injuries to professional rugby union players. There are no detailed epidemiological studies regarding these injuries...
  42. Chang S, Hsu C, Tzeng Y, Teng S, Fu J, Dai N, et al. Deep sole burns in several participants in a traditional festival of the firewalking ceremony in Kee-lung, Taiwan--clinical experiences and prevention strategies. Burns. 2012;38:1079-83 pubmed publisher
    ..From our experience treating patients with deep disseminated second- to third-degree plantar burns caused by firewalking, we conclude that they should be treated conservatively, with secondary healing rather than a skin graft. ..
  43. Meyer Marcotty M, Sutmoeller K, Kopp J, Vogt P. Postoperative insole-paedobarographic gait analysis for patients with flap coverages of weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing areas of the foot. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2012;65:482-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The resulting potential minimisation of the ulceration rate can lead to a further optimisation in the rate of completely rehabilitated patients and a reduction in the revision rate. ..
  44. Molines L, Darmon P, Raccah D. Charcot's foot: newest findings on its pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. Diabetes Metab. 2010;36:251-5 pubmed publisher
    ..As the cornerstone of treatment remains any method that avoids weight-bearing on the foot, the primary importance of the RANK/RANK-L/OPG signalling pathway is that it opens up the field to new treatment strategies for the future. ..
  45. Khan W, Oragui E, Akagha E. Common fractures and injuries of the ankle and foot: functional anatomy, imaging, classification and management. J Perioper Pract. 2010;20:249-58 pubmed
    ..paper we will discuss the functional anatomy, imaging, classification and the management of common ankle and foot injuries including ankle fractures, Achilles tendon ruptures, Lisfranc joint injuries, calcaneo fractures and fractures ..
  46. Lee J, Sautter T. Subextensor digitorum brevis abscess after blunt trauma. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2011;50:595-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We present an interesting case of a patient who presented after a fairly benign, low energy injury to the foot. The patient was found to have a submuscular abscess that was successfully managed with a surgical incision and drainage. ..
  47. Rammelt S, Zwipp H. Corrective arthrodeses and osteotomies for post-traumatic hindfoot malalignment: indications, techniques, results. Int Orthop. 2013;37:1707-17 pubmed publisher
    ..This article reviews the indications, techniques and results of corrective surgery after talar and calcaneal malunions and nonunions based on an easy-to-use classification. ..
  48. Usmani S, Abu al Huda F, Al Kandari F. Three-Phase 99mTc MDP Bone Scintigraphy and SPECT-CT in Sinus Tarsi Syndrome. Clin Nucl Med. 2016;41:e208-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Diagnosis of sinus tarsi syndrome was made on the basis of history, clinical examination, and bone scintigraphy findings. Local conservative therapy was initiated. ..
  49. Shi Z, Gu W, Zhang C, Zeng B. [Surgical treatment of tarsometatarsal joint complex injury]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2010;48:651-4 pubmed
    ..To report the outcome of surgical treatment of tarsometatarsal joint complex injury...
  50. Larcher L, Plötzeneder I, Riml S, Köhnke R, Tasch C, Kompatscher P. The toothpick-tale - Take your patient seriously: a decade of pain and immobilization caused by an unrecognized toothpick!. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2010;122:543-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Especially pain is sometimes not taken seriously enough. Despite the stressful daily routine, listening to the patient and performing a proper clinical examination is core of medical work...
  51. Soomekh D. Current concepts for the use of platelet-rich plasma in the foot and ankle. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2011;28:155-70 pubmed publisher
    ..The results from in vitro and in vivo studies in foot and ankle injuries are promising. The applications for treatment in the foot and ankle may be broader than once thought...
  52. Noviello S, Esposito I, Pascale R, Esposito S, Zeppa P. [Diabetic foot infections: microbiological aspects]. Infez Med. 2012;20 Suppl 1:20-7 pubmed
    ..In severe infections the etiology is polymicrobial. As regards the involvement of fungi in diabetic foot infections data are few and mostly conflicting...
  53. Sezgin Y, Becel S, Akcay F. Acupuncture Treatment of a Metatarsus Proximal End Fracture: A Case Report. J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2016;9:319-321 pubmed publisher
    ..We used these acupoints in acupuncture treatment. Pain and edema were rapidly relieved, which may be attributable to the recovery of the lymphatic system in the affected area via acupuncture treatment. ..
  54. Demirtas Y, Neimetzade T, Kelahmetoglu O, Guneren E. Comparison of free muscle and perforator skin flaps for soft tissue reconstruction of the foot and ankle. Foot Ankle Int. 2010;31:53-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This type of reconstruction may interfere with postoperative function and footwear if a bulky flap is used...
  55. Sobotka L. [Local treatment of wounds and vascular perfusion]. Vnitr Lek. 2010;56:356-8 pubmed
    ..Amputation is an extreme solution that, nevertheless, may save the limb functionality if done in a patient with ischemic damage that cannot be resolved...
  56. Goertz O, Kapalschinski N, Hirsch T, Homann H, Daigeler A, Steinstraesser L, et al. [Three case reports of frostbite. Management and literature]. Unfallchirurg. 2011;114:634-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We provide help in grading and introduce concrete therapeutic regimes for frostbite which are illustrated by three case reports from our clinical experience with varying risk profiles...
  57. Werber B. Dance medicine of the foot and ankle: a review. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2011;28:137-54 pubmed publisher
    ..This article discusses biomechanics of the foot and the imaging and treatment of dance-related injuries...
  58. Levante S, Mebtouche N, Molina V, Cottin P, Begue T. [The distally based sural flap at the ankle and foot: complications analysis in a 27 cases study]. Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2011;56:194-9 pubmed publisher
    ..No relationship could be established between the necrosis of the flap and its width. Heel and lateral localizations were found more risky. Technical modifications are discussed with a special focus on the two staged procedure...
  59. Giuliani J, Masini B, Alitz C, Owens B. Barefoot-simulating footwear associated with metatarsal stress injury in 2 runners. Orthopedics. 2011;34:e320-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Runners using these shoes should be cautioned on the potential need for gait alterations from a heel-strike to a midfoot-striking pattern, as well as cautioned on the symptoms of stress injury...
  60. Spiker A, Dixit S, Cosgarea A. Triathlon: running injuries. Sports Med Arthrosc Rev. 2012;20:206-13 pubmed publisher
    ..We discuss the running-associated injuries in the hip, knee, lower leg, ankle, and foot of the triathlete, and the causes, presentation, evaluation, and treatment of each...
  61. Rausky J, Binder J, Mazouz Dorval S, Hamou C, Revol M. Perforator-based chimaeric thoracodorsal flap for foot reconstruction. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2013;66:1798-800 pubmed publisher
    ..Postoperative recovery was uneventful and the patient began full weight bearing after 3 months. Twelve months after reconstruction, natural shape and walking function were successfully achieved. ..
  62. Badekas T, Takvorian M, Souras N. Treatment principles for osteochondral lesions in foot and ankle. Int Orthop. 2013;37:1697-706 pubmed publisher
    ..Publications on the efficacy of these treatment strategies vary. In most cases, several treatment options are viable, and the choice of treatment is based on defect type and size and preferences of the treating clinician. ..
  63. Yañez Arauz J, Del Vecchio J, Amor R, Piazza D. Non-irradiated frozen structural allograft in reconstructive surgeries of the hindfoot and midfoot. Foot Ankle Surg. 2014;20:120-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study is to analyze the clinical, functional and radiological results of patients treated with non-irradiated frozen structural bone allograft...
  64. Malizos K, Gougoulias N, Dailiana Z, Varitimidis S, Bargiotas K, Paridis D. Ankle and foot osteomyelitis: treatment protocol and clinical results. Injury. 2010;41:285-93 pubmed publisher
    ..A management protocol for ankle and foot osteomyelitis and the outcome in 84 patients treated in a unit with special interest in musculoskeletal infection, is presented...
  65. Tintle S, Keeling J, Shawen S. Combat foot and ankle trauma. J Surg Orthop Adv. 2010;19:70-6 pubmed
    ..They are frequently associated with fractures to multiple levels. Early elective amputation at the level V treatment center is frequently performed. When limb salvage is performed, basic principles must be followed to optimize treatment...
  66. Altman A, Davis I. Barefoot running: biomechanics and implications for running injuries. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2012;11:244-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this article is to review current and past research on shod and barefoot/minimal footwear running and their implications for running injuries. Clearly more research is needed, and areas for future study are suggested...
  67. Elder J, Grover C. Wound debridement: lessons learned of when and how to remove "wild" maggots. J Emerg Med. 2013;45:585-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Wild maggots in chronic wounds, therefore, should be removed, yet there is no reported literature that describes a technique for their removal...
  68. Zhang T, Su Y, Chen W, Zhang Q, Wu Z, Zhang Y. Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated in a minimally invasive fashion: longitudinal approach versus sinus tarsi approach. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014;96:302-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aims to assess the clinical outcomes of a minimally invasive longitudinal approach compared with the sinus tarsi approach in the surgical treatment of these fractures...
  69. Demirtas Y, Neimetzade T, Kelahmetoglu O, Guneren E. Free anterolateral thigh flap for reconstruction of car tire injuries of children's feet. Foot Ankle Int. 2010;31:47-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Free tissue transfer is indicated for reconstruction of these defects because of the limited local tissue available. We describe our management of high-grade car tire foot injuries in children with free anterolateral thigh flap (ALT).
  70. Wukich D, Lowery N, McMillen R, Frykberg R. Postoperative infection rates in foot and ankle surgery: a comparison of patients with and without diabetes mellitus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010;92:287-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, our study sought to demonstrate whether patients with complicated diabetes are at greater risk of postoperative wound infection than are patients with uncomplicated diabetes or patients without diabetes...
  71. Anderson R, Hunt K, McCormick J. Management of common sports-related injuries about the foot and ankle. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2010;18:546-56 pubmed
    ..Early diagnosis and management of these injuries are critical. Ultimately, however, pressure to return to play must not compromise appropriate care and long-term outcomes...
  72. Emerson D. Treating envenomation caused by fish sting. Emerg Nurse. 2012;20:28-9 pubmed
    ..Emergency staff should be aware, therefore, of the symptoms of lesser weever fish stings in patients who present with severe pain in the foot. Immersion of the foot in hot water is the most effective treatment...
  73. Wu Z, Su Y, Chen W, Zhang Q, Liu Y, Li M, et al. Functional outcome of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: a comparison between open reduction/internal fixation and a minimally invasive approach featured an anatomical plate and compression bolts. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012;73:743-51 pubmed
  74. Kirk K, Hayda R. Compartment syndrome and lower-limb fasciotomies in the combat environment. Foot Ankle Clin. 2010;15:41-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The role for prophylactic fasciotomy of the foot is unclear and should be considered on a case by case basis. The surgeon must maintain a high degree of vigilance for the development of compartment syndrome in the combat casualty...
  75. Racz R, Ramanujam C, Zgonis T. Puncture wounds of the foot. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2010;27:523-34 pubmed publisher
    ..These injuries can occur in all age groups and in various circumstances. Early diagnosis and appropriate medical and surgical management is paramount in achieving successful outcomes...
  76. Lui T, Chan K. Arthroscopic management of late complications of calcaneal fractures. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013;21:1293-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To review retrospectively the results of arthroscopic management of late complications of calcaneal fractures...
  77. DiDomenico L, Blasko G, Cane L, Cross D. Repair of lacerated anterior tibial tendon with acellular tissue graft augmentation. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2012;51:642-4 pubmed publisher
    ..This, combined with the patient's dedication to physical therapy, led to excellent recovery in less time than anticipated...
  78. Shibuya N, Humphers J, Agarwal M, Jupiter D. Efficacy and safety of high-dose vitamin C on complex regional pain syndrome in extremity trauma and surgery--systematic review and meta-analysis. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2013;52:62-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A routine, daily administration of vitamin C may be beneficial in foot and ankle surgery or injury to avoid CRPS. Further foot and ankle specific and dose-response studies are warranted...
  79. Bonner T, Mountain A, Allison K, Sargent I, Adedapo S. Management of a complex hind foot war injury with negative pressure wound therapy: a case study. Foot (Edinb). 2009;19:177-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The patient returned to his normal level of function, without complications within a few months...
  80. Granata J, Philbin T. The midfoot sprain: a review of Lisfranc ligament injuries. Phys Sportsmed. 2010;38:119-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Referral to an orthopedic surgeon is appropriate for injuries that result in joint diastasis. Long-term outcomes are optimized by early anatomic reduction...
  81. Lu D, Jin J, Gu S, Zhu Y, Xu B, Shao H, et al. [Value of spiral CT examination for diagnosis of occult fracture of ankle and foot]. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2011;24:522-6 pubmed
    ..To investigate the value of spiral CT examination for diagnosis occult fracture of the patients with negative result of X-ray examination and with high suspicion of fractures,so as to reduce misdiagnosis...
  82. Henderson J, Sutcliffe M, Gillespie P. Epitendinous suture techniques in extensor tendon repairs--an experimental evaluation. J Hand Surg Am. 2011;36:1968-73 pubmed publisher
    ..We aimed to evaluate the strength and stiffness of the strongest epitendinous sutures described, using an in vitro model that subjects the repair to angular force over a pulley, thereby creating a tension-band model...
  83. Rammelt S, Schneiders W, Fitze G, Zwipp H. [Foot and ankle fractures in children]. Orthopade. 2013;42:45-54 pubmed publisher
  84. Li M, Lan X, Zheng P, Liu X, Gao Q, Song M. [Application of the tension skin flap with different shapes in the pedicle of the reverse neurocutaneous island flap]. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2013;26:627-30 pubmed
    ..To investigate the effects of the tension skin flap with different shapes on the transplantation of the reverse neurocutaneous island flap...
  85. Kelsey J, Samelson E. Variation in risk factors for fractures at different sites. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2009;7:127-33 pubmed
    ..Frail people are likely to fracture their hip or proximal humerus, while healthy, active people tend to fracture their distal forearm. We strongly recommend that studies identify risk factors on a site-specific basis...
  86. Winson I, Higgs A. The use of proximal and distal tibial bone graft in foot and ankle procedures. Foot Ankle Clin. 2010;15:553-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Proximal and distal tibial bone grafting remains a technique against which other grafting techniques should be measured...
  87. Easter J, Schumacher J, Watkins J. Transfixation cast technique for arthrodesis of the distal interphalangeal joint of horses. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2011;24:62-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Unlike previously described techniques for arthrodesis of the DIP joint, the technique used did not require insertion of implants across the joint, which may have contributed to the successful outcome...
  88. Echo A, Bullocks J. Use of the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex vessels as a composite interposition graft in lower extremity reconstruction. Microsurgery. 2011;31:241-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The saphenous vein was not available as an interposition graft; therefore, the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery and venae comitantes were used as a composite arteriovenous interposition graft...
  89. Kaplan L, Jost P, Honkamp N, Norwig J, West R, Bradley J. Incidence and variance of foot and ankle injuries in elite college football players. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2011;40:40-4 pubmed
    ..Foot and ankle injuries are common in collegiate football players, affecting 72% of players. Thirteen percent underwent surgical treatment. Trends are seen in the types of injuries for the different player positions...
  90. Fu D, Zhou L, Yang S, Xiao B. Surgical technique: repair of forefoot skin and soft tissue defects using a lateral tarsal flap with a reverse dorsalis pedis artery pedicle: a retrospective study of 11 patients. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013;471:317-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Various authors have proposed flaps to reconstruct traumatic forefoot skin and soft tissue defects, especially with exposure of tendon and/or bone although which is best for particular circumstances is unclear...
  91. Miyamura S, Ota H, Okamoto M, Namba J, Yamamoto K. Surgical Treatment of Calcaneal Avulsion Fracture in Elderly Patients Using Cannulated Cancellous Screws and Titanium Wire. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016;55:157-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Normal ankle function was restored, and the patients recovered the activities of daily living almost to the original level. Although an additional plantar incision is required, this surgical technique provides strong internal fixation. ..
  92. Sharma G, Dhillon M, Dhatt S. The influence of foot and ankle injury patterns and treatment delays on outcomes in a tertiary hospital; a one-year prospective observation. Foot (Edinb). 2016;26:48-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Severe foot injuries are projected to have significantly worse outcomes and surgical delays are thought to alter prognosis...