joint dislocations


Summary: Displacement of bones from their normal positions at a joint.

Top Publications

  1. Goossens M, De Stoop N. Lisfranc's fracture-dislocations: etiology, radiology, and results of treatment. A review of 20 cases. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1983;:154-62 pubmed
    ..The treatment of choice is anatomic reduction and transfixation with Kirschner wires. The major complication is arterial damage with necrosis of the forefoot. Amputation may be necessary...
  2. Krych A, Kohen R, Rodeo S, Barnes R, Warren R, Hotchkiss R. Acute brachialis muscle rupture caused by closed elbow dislocation in a professional American football player. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2012;21:e1-5 pubmed publisher
  3. Stinner D, Edwards D. Surgical Management of Musculoskeletal Trauma. Surg Clin North Am. 2017;97:1119-1131 pubmed publisher
    ..The decision-making process in providing EAC is reviewed in an effort to optimize patient outcomes following severe extremity trauma. ..
  4. Iordens G, den Hartog D, Tuinebreijer W, Eygendaal D, Schep N, Verhofstad M, et al. Minimal important change and other measurement properties of the Oxford Elbow Score and the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand in patients with a simple elbow dislocation; validation study alongside the multicenter FuncSiE trial. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0182557 pubmed publisher
    ..7 and 25.0, respectively. OES and Quick-DASH are reliable, valid, and responsive instruments for evaluating elbow-related quality of life. The anchor-based MIC was 8.2 points for OES and 11.7 for Quick-DASH. ..
  5. Malik K, Debnath S, Adhyapok A, Hazarika K. An Atypical Variant of Superolateral Dislocation of the Mandibular Condyle: A Case Report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017;75:2183.e1-2183.e6 pubmed publisher
    ..The condyle was hooked laterally above the zygomatic arch. Open reduction of the dislocated condyle was performed and a good outcome was obtained. ..
  6. Van Bosse H, Pontén E, Wada A, Agranovich O, Kowalczyk B, Lebel E, et al. Treatment of the Lower Extremity Contracture/Deformities. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017;37 Suppl 1:S16-S23 pubmed publisher
    ..This article synopsizes the treatment strategies presented in September 2014 in Saint Petersburg, Russia at the second international symposium on arthrogryposis...
  7. Du Y, Zhou Y, Piao S, Wu W, Ma H, Gao Z, et al. [Effects of trabecular metal augments for the reconstruction of Paprosky type ? acetabulum bone defects]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2017;55:410-415 pubmed publisher
    ..78?P<0.01)?????????????[(25.3±9.8)mm?(47.6±10.5)mm](t?4.95?P<0.01)??????????????????????????????????? ??? ??????????Paprosky ????????????"?????"????????????????????????????????????. ..
  8. Ye T, Ouyang Y, Chen A. Multistrand titanium cable for the coracoclavicular stabilization of acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation. Acta Orthop Belg. 2014;80:178-82 pubmed
    ..CC stabilization with multistrand titanium cables is an effective and safe alternative to other procedures. This procedure provides immediate joint stabilization and allows early mobilization with satisfying functional recovery. ..
  9. Hardcastle P, Reschauer R, Kutscha Lissberg E, Schoffmann W. Injuries to the tarsometatarsal joint. Incidence, classification and treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1982;64:349-56 pubmed
    ..It seems that, whatever the severity of the initial injury, prognosis depends on accurate reduction and its maintenance. ..

More Information


  1. Dlouhy B, Policeni B, Menezes A. Reduction of atlantoaxial dislocation prevented by pathological position of the transverse ligament in fixed, irreducible os odontoideum: operative illustrations and radiographic correlates in 41 patients. J Neurosurg Spine. 2017;27:20-28 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first study in which intraoperative findings regarding the transverse ligament have been correlated with MRI. ..
  2. Schnetzke M, Schüler S, Hoffend J, Simon R, Keil H, Porschke F, et al. Interobserver and intraobserver agreement of ligamentous injuries on conventional MRI after simple elbow dislocation. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017;18:85 pubmed publisher
    ..This should be the basis to develop new MRI quality standards with special focus on coronal oblique reconstructions to improve the evaluation of ligament injuries after simple elbow dislocations. ..
  3. Pérez Blanco R, Rodriguez Merchan C, Canosa Sevillano R, Munuera Martinez L. Tarsometatarsal fractures and dislocations. J Orthop Trauma. 1988;2:188-94 pubmed
    ..Good results were associated with an accurate reduction. Open treatment is advocated if minor displacement persists. Routine K-wire fixation is advised for all cases. ..
  4. Rosenberg G, Patterson B. Tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc's) fracture-dislocation. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 1995;Suppl:7-16 pubmed
    ..A thorough understanding of this often misdiagnosed injury should facilitate the physician's prompt diagnosis and management of this potentially debilitating lesion, resulting in improved functional recovery for the patient. ..
  5. Singh B, Mohanlal P, Bawale R. Early failure of coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction using TightRope system. Acta Orthop Belg. 2016;82:119-23 pubmed
    ..Surgeons should be wary of this potential problem whilst choosing this method of -reconstruction for CC ligament reconstructions. ..
  6. Benirschke S, Meinberg E, Anderson S, Jones C, Cole P. Fractures and dislocations of the midfoot: Lisfranc and Chopart injuries. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012;94:1325-37 pubmed publisher
  8. Gillespie S, Cashin F, MacFarlane R, Brown D. Prevention of extension lag using a sling attachment for Ligamentotaxor ® devices in complex proximal interphalangeal joint injuries. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2012;94:367-8 pubmed publisher
  9. Arntz C, Hansen S. Dislocations and fracture dislocations of the tarsometatarsal joints. Orthop Clin North Am. 1987;18:105-14 pubmed
    ..Our experience has shown that accurate anatomic operative reduction and rigid internal fixation provide an increased assurance of a pain-free, durable, and functional foot in the great majority of cases. ..
  10. Li J, Sun W, Li G, Li Q, Cai Z. Fracture of the coracoid process associated with acromioclavicular dislocation: a case report. Orthop Surg. 2010;2:165-7 pubmed publisher
  11. Insall J, Ranawat C, Aglietti P, Shine J. A comparison of four models of total knee-replacement prostheses. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1976;58:754-65 pubmed
    ..The significance of this cannot yet be determined but it suggest that the fixation may not be ideal. In all types, residual pain was most frequently attributed to the patellar compartment. Patellectomy was not a solution. ..
  12. Hsu J, Demos T, Lomasney L, Mitchell E. Radiologic case study. Talar neck fracture with tibiotalar and posterior subtalar dislocation. Orthopedics. 2012;35:165, 246-50 pubmed publisher
  13. Aitken A, Poulson D. Dislocations of the tarsometatarsal joint. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1963;45-A:246-60 pubmed
  14. Takase K, Yamamoto K. Changes in surgical procedures for acromioclavicular joint dislocation over the past 30 years. Orthopedics. 2013;36:e1277-82 pubmed publisher
    Generally, surgical treatment is recommended for Rockwood type 5 traumatic acromioclavicular joint dislocations. Since 1980, the authors have performed the modified Dewar procedure, the modified Cadenat procedure, and anatomical ..
  15. Myerson M. The diagnosis and treatment of injuries to the Lisfranc joint complex. Orthop Clin North Am. 1989;20:655-64 pubmed
    ..Surgical treatment is discussed as well as arguments against the use of conservative treatment. ..
  16. Trillat A, Marsan C, Lapeyre B. [Classification and treatment of Monteggia fractures. Apropos of 36 cases]. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 1969;55:639-57 pubmed
  17. Welch R, Chounthirath T, Smith G. Radial Head Subluxation Among Young Children in the United States Associated With Consumer Products and Recreational Activities. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2017;56:707-715 pubmed publisher
    ..Events associated with consumer products and recreational activities are an important increasing source of RHS. ..
  18. Wallace W. CORR Insights®: What Injury Mechanism and Patterns of Ligament Status Are Associated With Isolated Coronoid, Isolated Radial Head, and Combined Fractures?. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2017;475:2316-2317 pubmed publisher
  19. Potini V, Gibson P, Wu K, Li K, Tan V. A Novel Screening Technique for Ulnar-Sided Carpometacarpal Dislocations. Orthopedics. 2017;40:e352-e356 pubmed publisher
    ..During evaluation of patients with posttraumatic hand pain, an increased capitate-metacarpal angle may indicate the need for advanced imaging studies to further evaluate the carpometacarpal joints. [Orthopedics. 2017; 40(2):e352-e356.]. ..
  20. Boden K, Weinberg D, Vallier H. Complications and Functional Outcomes After Pantalar Dislocation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017;99:666-675 pubmed publisher
    ..Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. ..
  21. Scolaro J, Ahn J, Mehta S. Lisfranc fracture dislocations. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011;469:2078-80 pubmed publisher
  22. Aglietti P, Insall J, Cerulli G. Patellar pain and incongruence. I: Measurements of incongruence. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1983;:217-24 pubmed
    ..23), the sulcus angle was shallow (147 degrees), and the average congruence angle was +16 degrees. In 53 knees with "chondromalacia," the Q angle was increased (20 degrees), and the average congruence angle was -2 degrees. ..
  23. Simmons E, Cameron J. Patella alta and recurrent dislocation of the patella. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1992;:265-9 pubmed
    ..Only one patient complained of anterior knee pain in the follow-up period. This technique is thought to give good results when it is used specifically for recurrent patellar dislocations associated with patella alta. ..
  24. Ring D, Jupiter J. Fracture-dislocation of the elbow. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1998;80:566-80 pubmed
  25. Barquet A. Posterior dislocation of the ulna at the elbow with associated fracture of the radial shaft. Injury. 1984;15:390-2 pubmed
    ..A long arm cast was applied for 3 weeks with the elbow held at 90 degrees. Six months later full function of the limb had been achieved. ..
  26. Venkatesan M, Bhatt R, Newey M. Traumatic atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (TAARS) in adults: a report of two cases and literature review. Injury. 2012;43:1212-5 pubmed publisher
  27. Bo X, Wang W, Chen Z, Liu Z. Compression-distraction reduction surgical verification and optimization to treat the basilar invagination and atlantoaxial dislocation: a finite element analysis. Biomed Eng Online. 2016;15:168 pubmed publisher
    ..We also provide a biomechanically theoretical basis for improving the reliability of pure posterior reduction surgery and simplifying surgery for complicated BI-AAD disease. ..
  28. Myerson M. The diagnosis and treatment of injury to the tarsometatarsal joint complex. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1999;81:756-63 pubmed
  29. Sun Y, Zheng Y, Zhang Z. [Analysis of factors related to the number of mesenchymal stem cells derived from synovial fluid of the temporomandibular joint]. Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2017;52:355-359 pubmed publisher
    ..672????????p=0.063?????????p=0.371??????????????????????????r=0.186 ?p=0.043 ??????????????????????????????p= 0.001????????????????????????????p=0.042?? ??? ????????????????????????????. ..
  30. Nagaoka T, Uzawa K, Seki Y, Morales Chocano D. Pacopampa: Early evidence of violence at a ceremonial site in the northern Peruvian highlands. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0185421 pubmed publisher
  31. Robinson C. Fractures of the clavicle in the adult. Epidemiology and classification. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1998;80:476-84 pubmed
    ..In addition to displacement, the extent of comminution in type-2B fractures was a risk factor for delayed and nonunion. ..
  32. Zhang Z, Luo D, Zhang H. [Modified capsular arthroplasty for young patients with developmental dislocation of the hip]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2017;55:476-480 pubmed publisher
  33. Heim D. The skier's thumb. Acta Orthop Belg. 1999;65:440-6 pubmed
    ..The best results are obtained in bony avulsion fractures. Conservative treatment of lesions requiring surgical treatment may result in permanent disability of the joint; thus, correct diagnosis is mandatory. ..
  34. Li H, Yong Z, Chen Z, Huang Y, Lin Z, Wu D. Anterior cervical distraction and screw elevating-pulling reduction for traumatic cervical spine fractures and dislocations: A retrospective analysis of 86 cases. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96:e7287 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, it can reduce the risk of iatrogenic secondary spinal cord injury and maintain optimal cervical spine stability as observed during follow-ups. Therefore, it is suitable for clinical promotion and application. ..
  35. Wolford L, Dhameja A. Planning for combined TMJ arthroplasty and orthognathic surgery. Atlas Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2011;19:243-70 pubmed publisher
  36. Krul M, van der Wouden J, Kruithof E, van Suijlekom Smit L, Koes B. Manipulative interventions for reducing pulled elbow in young children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;7:CD007759 pubmed publisher
    ..We recommend that this is preceded by a survey among clinicians to establish the extent of clinical equipoise and to optimise the study design and recruitment. ..
  37. Adelaar R. The treatment of tarsometatarsal fracture-dislocation. Instr Course Lect. 1990;39:141-5 pubmed
  38. Zhang Y, Shen L, Shao J, Chou D, Song J, Zhang J. Structural Allograft versus Autograft for Instrumented Atlantoaxial Fusions in Pediatric Patients: Radiologic and Clinical Outcomes in Series of 32 Patients. World Neurosurg. 2017;105:549-556 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, blood loss was less when using allograft and donor-site morbidity was eliminated; however, the fusion time was increased. ..
  39. Lancourt J, Cristini J. Patella alta and patella infera. Their etiological role in patellar dislocation, chondromalacia, and apophysitis of the tibial tubercle. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1975;57:1112-5 pubmed
    ..Patella alta may be an important cause of dislocating patella and of chondromalacia patellae. The significance of the patella infera found in the Osgood-Schlatter lesion may be one of either cause or effect. ..
  40. Wright M, Michelson J. Lisfranc injuries. BMJ. 2013;347:f4561 pubmed publisher
  41. Heiple K, Freehafer A, van T Hof A. Isolated traumatic dislocation of the distal end of the ulna or distal radio-ulnar joint. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1962;44-A:1387-94 pubmed
    ..We believe that early closed reduction and adequate immobilization should result in excellent function in most cases. Delay in diagnosis will probably result in protracted disability and the necessity for surgical correction. ..
  42. Resch S, Stenstrom A. The treatment of tarsometatarsal injuries. Foot Ankle. 1990;11:117-23 pubmed
  43. Hospodar P, Guzman C, Johnson P, Uhl R. Treatment of displaced calcaneus fractures using a minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach. Orthopedics. 2008;31:1112 pubmed
  44. Mantas J, Burks R. Lisfranc injuries in the athlete. Clin Sports Med. 1994;13:719-30 pubmed
  45. Nkaoui M, Boufettal M, Sasbou Y, Kharmaz M, El Ouadaghiri M, Lamrani M, et al. [Pure internal subtalar dislocation: about a case]. Pan Afr Med J. 2017;27:123 pubmed publisher
    ..We here report the case of a young patient presenting with pure internal subtalar dislocation as a result of a sport accident. He underwent orthopedic therapy achieving a good functional outcome. ..
  46. Brunet J, Wiley J. The late results of tarsometatarsal joint injuries. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1987;69:437-40 pubmed
    ..Neither the initial fracture type nor the treatment had any apparent bearing on subsequent function; nor was there any correlation between radiographic assessment of the injury and the patient's symptoms. ..
  47. Königshausen M, Gothner M, Kruppa C, Dudda M, Godry H, Schildhauer T, et al. [Trampoline-related injuries in children: an increasing problem]. Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2014;28:69-74 pubmed publisher
    ..The security guidelines should be followed exactly and the infants should be under supervision. ..
  48. Schiffman E, Ohrbach R, Truelove E, Look J, Anderson G, Goulet J, et al. Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) for Clinical and Research Applications: recommendations of the International RDC/TMD Consortium Network* and Orofacial Pain Special Interest Group†. J Oral Facial Pain Headache. 2014;28:6-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Working from these findings and revisions, two international consensus workshops were convened, from which recommendations were obtained for the finalization of new Axis I diagnostic algorithms and new Axis II instruments...
  49. Wangen H, Hemstad L, Jonsson H, Talsnes O. Spontaneous and uncomplicated anal elimination of a hip pin-a case report. Acta Orthop. 2012;83:420-2 pubmed publisher
  50. Johansen J, Grutter P, McFarland E, Petersen S. Acromioclavicular joint injuries: indications for treatment and treatment options. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2011;20:S70-82 pubmed publisher
  51. Radomisli T, Rosen A. Controversies regarding radial neck fractures in children. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1998;:30-9 pubmed
    ..It is hoped that once the controversies surrounding these fractures are resolved, the long term results of these troublesome injuries will improve. ..
  52. Myerson M, Fisher R, Burgess A, Kenzora J. Fracture dislocations of the tarsometatarsal joints: end results correlated with pathology and treatment. Foot Ankle. 1986;6:225-42 pubmed
    ..Displacement greater than 2 mm or a talometatarsal angle greater than 15 degrees on radiographs following a closed reduction mandates open reduction. ..
  53. Wiss D, Kull D, Perry J. Lisfranc fracture-dislocations of the foot: a clinical-kinesiological study. J Orthop Trauma. 1987;1:267-74 pubmed
    ..The best results both clinically and by gait analysis were achieved in those patients who had anatomic reductions. ..