electric injuries


Summary: Injuries caused by electric currents. The concept excludes electric burns (BURNS, ELECTRIC), but includes accidental electrocution and electric shock.

Top Publications

  1. Cawley J, Homce G. Occupational electrical injuries in the United States, 1992-1998, and recommendations for safety research. J Safety Res. 2003;34:241-8 pubmed
    ..CFOI and SOII data show that 2,287 U.S. workers died and 32,807 workers sustained days away from work due to electrical shock or electrical burn injuries between 1992 and 1998...
  2. Rautji R, Rudra A, Behera C, Dogra T. Electrocution in South Delhi: a retrospective study. Med Sci Law. 2003;43:350-2 pubmed
    ..Three cases showed no electric burn marks on the body; the cause of death in one of these cases was polytrauma due to a fall from a height and one case had committed suicide...
  3. Uzun I, Akyildiz E, Inanici M. Histopathological differentiation of skin lesions caused by electrocution, flame burns and abrasion. Forensic Sci Int. 2008;178:157-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of this study revealed that certain morphological changes determined under a light microscope could help the differential diagnoses of electrical lesions, flame burns and abrasions...
  4. Clements P. Hazards of performing chest compressions in collapsed patients with internal cardioverter defibrillators. Emerg Med J. 2003;20:379-80 pubmed
  5. Tirasci Y, Goren S, Subasi M, Gurkan F. Electrocution-related mortality: a review of 123 deaths in Diyarbakir, Turkey between 1996 and 2002. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2006;208:141-5 pubmed
    ..The public should be educated to prevent children to play near electrical appliances and to avoid electrical heaters in the bathroom...
  6. Wick R, Gilbert J, Simpson E, Byard R. Fatal electrocution in adults--a 30-year study. Med Sci Law. 2006;46:166-72 pubmed
    ..The reduction in cases over the last decade of the study may be a reflection of the success of workplace and domestic safety campaigns. Female electrocution suicides and electrocution homicides were rare events...
  7. Lindstrom R, Bylund P, Eriksson A. Accidental deaths caused by electricity in Sweden, 1975-2000. J Forensic Sci. 2006;51:1383-8 pubmed
    ..During the study period, the overall incidence of electricity-related fatalities has decreased, in spite of increased use of electricity. This indicates that safety improvements have been successful...
  8. Lloyd M, Heeke B, Walter P, Langberg J. Hands-on defibrillation: an analysis of electrical current flow through rescuers in direct contact with patients during biphasic external defibrillation. Circulation. 2008;117:2510-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The safety of a rescuer remaining in contact with a patient being shocked with modern defibrillation equipment has not been investigated...
  9. Lucas J. Electrical fatalities in Northern Ireland. Ulster Med J. 2009;78:37-42 pubmed
    ..The potential hazards of electricity must continue to be stressed in public safety campaigns if these relatively uncommon but tragic deaths are to be prevented...

More Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Stockwell B, Bellis G, Morton G, Chung K, Merton W, Andrews N, et al. Electrical injury during "hands on" defibrillation-A potential risk of internal cardioverter defibrillators?. Resuscitation. 2009;80:832-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors also discuss the existing literature on the subject and make suggestions for future management...
  2. Guil F, Fernández Olalla M, Moreno Opo R, Mosqueda I, Gómez M, Aranda A, et al. Minimising mortality in endangered raptors due to power lines: the importance of spatial aggregation to optimize the application of mitigation measures. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e28212 pubmed publisher
    ..To optimize the application of mitigation measures, our results recommend the substitution of pin-type insulators to suspended ones and elongating the strings of insulators...
  3. Ulrich D, Pallua N, Lichtenegger F, Hafemann B, Silny J. Influence of low frequency electric fields on anti- and pro-coagulability of the vascular endothelium: new insights into high-voltage electrical injury. Thromb Haemost. 2004;91:1000-8 pubmed
    ..The disturbed balance between clotting system and fibrinolysis seen in vitro after electric injury might explain the clinical observation of a progressive thrombosis of blood vessels after electric injury leading to tissue loss...
  4. Shaha K, Joe A. Electrocution-related mortality: a retrospective review of 118 deaths in Coimbatore, India, between January 2002 and December 2006. Med Sci Law. 2010;50:72-4 pubmed
    ..The most common cause of death was cardiac arrest, followed by septicaemia and renal failure. Congestion of the brain and oedematous lungs were frequent non-specific postmortem findings...
  5. López López P, Ferrer M, Madero A, Casado E, McGrady M. Solving man-induced large-scale conservation problems: the Spanish imperial eagle and power lines. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17196 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently it has resulted in an increasing awareness of this problem amongst land managers and the public at large, as well as increased research into the distribution of electrocution events and likely mitigation measures...
  6. Miller B, Goldstein M, Monshizadeh R, Tabandeh H, Bhatti M. Ocular manifestations of electrical injury: a case report and review of the literature. CLAO J. 2002;28:224-7 pubmed
  7. Bligh Glover W, Miller F, Balraj E. Two cases of suicidal electrocution. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2004;25:255-8 pubmed
    ..Two cases of suicidal electrocution are presented: one using a household lamp, the other using a homemade electrocution machine. The mechanisms of death and the histologic changes in electrocution are discussed...
  8. Sheikhazadi A, Kiani M, Ghadyani M. Electrocution-related mortality: a survey of 295 deaths in Tehran, Iran between 2002 and 2006. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2010;31:42-5 pubmed
    ..Electrical burns are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, which are usually preventable with simple safety measures...
  9. Marc B, Baudry F, Douceron H, Ghaith A, Wepierre J, Garnier M. Suicide by electrocution with low-voltage current. J Forensic Sci. 2000;45:216-22 pubmed
    ..The rareness of suicide by electrocution and its forensic characteristics are detailed in order to help the clinical forensic examiners, prosecutors, and police officers concerned by such death examinations...
  10. de Graaf L, van Puijenbroek E. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors and shocklike paresthesia. J Clin Psychiatry. 2003;64:969-71 pubmed
  11. Nandigam K, Sahay A, Nandigam V. Severe electrocution across the body escaping heart due to a third point of contact. Forensic Sci Int. 2005;153:274-5 pubmed
  12. Tugcu H, Özsoy S, Balandiz H. Electrocution fatalities in military personnel in Ankara, Turkey. Saudi Med J. 2015;36:82-6 pubmed publisher
    ..03). Electrical burns were most commonly detected in the upper extremities (32.6%, n=14). The present study shows that deaths due to high voltage electrocution are more frequent than low voltage electrocution among military personnel. ..
  13. Pappano D. Radius fracture from an electrical injury involving an electric guitar. South Med J. 2010;103:242-4 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the case of a 14-year-old boy who suffered a minor burn and radius fracture related to an electrical injury involving his electric guitar. An interesting pattern is emerging from available case reports of similar injuries. ..
  14. Lipový B, Rihová H, Kaloudová Y, Suchanek I, Gregorová N, Hokynková A, et al. The importance of a multidisciplinary approach in the treatment of mutilating electrical injury: a case study. Acta Chir Plast. 2010;52:61-4 pubmed
    ..This contact was followed by a 10 m fall. In our work we present the need for multidisciplinary cooperation along with the opportunities, problems and risks that accompany the treatment of this type of injury. ..
  15. Seo C, Jeong J, Lee D, Kang T, Jin E, Lee D, et al. Radiological and pathological evaluation of the spinal cord in a rat model of electrical injury-induced myelopathy. Burns. 2012;38:1066-71 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrates a novel design and analysis of an animal-based experimental model of spinal cord injury by electrical etiology. This model is useful for experimental studies of injuries to the spinal cord. ..
  16. Massouh F. Electrical hazards in the operating room. Middle East J Anaesthesiol. 2004;17:713-22 pubmed
  17. Forss N, Kirveskari E, Gockel M. Mirror-like spread of chronic pain. Neurology. 2005;65:748-50 pubmed
    ..Here the authors present neurophysiologic evidence of altered interhemispheric conduction in a patient with a mirror-like spread of complex regional pain syndrome symptoms. ..
  18. Kim P, Franklin W. Ventricular fibrillation after stun-gun discharge. N Engl J Med. 2005;353:958-9 pubmed
  19. Longman M. Making the grade. Occup Health Saf. 2007;76:70-1 pubmed
  20. Jia C, Zhang J. Characteristics of young suicides by violent methods in rural China. J Forensic Sci. 2011;56:674-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Characteristics of the suicides by violent methods are different from those by nonviolent methods. Investigations into the methods of rural young suicides are necessary for suicide prevention in China. ..
  21. Sullivan J, Chapman F. Will medical examination gloves protect rescuers from defibrillation voltages during hands-on defibrillation?. Resuscitation. 2012;83:1467-72 pubmed publisher
    ..A lack of sensation during hands-on defibrillation does not guarantee that a safety margin exists. As such, we encourage rescuers to minimize rather than eliminate the pause in compressions for defibrillation. ..
  22. Kroll M, Fish R, Calkins H, Halperin H, Lakkireddy D, Panescu D. Defibrillation success rates for electrically-induced fibrillation: hair of the dog. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012;2012:689-93 pubmed publisher
    ..5 minutes. However, with pre-shock chest compressions, the modeled data suggest a 90% success rate at 10 minutes and a 50% rate at 14 minutes.1. ..
  23. Pérez Molina I, Velázquez Pérez J, Mondéjar Marín B, Navarro Munoz S, Pedrosa Guerrero A, Alvarez Tejerina A. [Neurological sequelae following electrocution. A case report and review of the literature]. Rev Neurol. 2006;43:610-2 pubmed
  24. Solarino B, Di Vella G. Electrocution by arcing: a nonfatal case study. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2011;32:324-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The circumstances surrounding the manner of electrocution and the features of electric injuries are presented and discussed.
  25. Al Ajmi A, Rousseff R, Khuraibet A. Clinically definite ALS presenting weeks after mild electric injury: causality or coincidence?. Neurol Sci. 2012;33:1451-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This is a well-documented case of fast-progressive ALS that seems related to electric injury. ..
  26. Wade E. Don't be shocked. Occup Health Saf. 2003;72:42-4 pubmed
  27. Johansen C, Welker K, Lindell E, Petty G. Cerebral corticospinal tract injury resulting from high-voltage electrical shock. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008;29:1142-3 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the MR imaging findings of such injuries remain largely unstudied. We report a high-voltage electrical injury to the cerebral corticospinal tracts and document evolution on serial MR images. ..
  28. Backes J. Testing times should improve safety. Health Estate. 2008;62:72-3 pubmed
    ..John Backes, sales and product manager, Rigel Medical, considers the implications of the new IEC standard for the in-service and post-repair testing of electromedical devices. ..
  29. Nagesh K, Kanchan T, Rastogi P, Arun M. Arcing injuries in a fatal electrocution. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2009;30:183-5 pubmed publisher
    ..A fatal case of accidental high-voltage electrocution is reported, where multiple skin to bone-deep oval and circular lesions of varying dimensions caused by arcing was present. ..
  30. Hinchey P, Subramaniam G. Pneumothorax as a complication after TASER activation. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2009;13:532-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This case report of a 16-year-old male patient who suffered a pneumothorax after TASER activation is thought to be the first reported in the literature. ..
  31. Swan N. Burn moulage made easy (and cheap). J Burn Care Res. 2013;34:e215-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Transforming a mannequin into a simulated patient with burns seems like an overwhelming task. Techniques for using makeup and toilet paper to make blisters and burns are presented. ..
  32. Qin Z, Gong Y, Huang X. [Ultrastructure changes of electrical injury in rats]. Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2001;17:142-4 pubmed
    ..The above mentioned ultrastructure changes could be used as assistant diagnostic index of electrocution. The mechanism of the changes were discussed. ..
  33. Lederer W, Kroesen G. [Emergency treatment of injuries following lightning and electrical accidents]. Anaesthesist. 2005;54:1120-9 pubmed
    ..Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) follows the international guidelines for resuscitation and may be effective after delayed onset and even after prolonged resuscitation attempts. ..
  34. Jing H, Lu Y, Fu Y, Zhang Y, Wang Z, Wu J. [Experimental studies on ocular tissues taken from mice of electrocution under the electron microscope]. Yan Ke Xue Bao. 2006;22:30-4 pubmed
    ..It can be drawn that these certain morphological characteristics in the experimental group might be helpful to the treatment of electrical injury. ..
  35. Melero M, Gonzalez F, Nicolás O, Lopez I, Jiménez M, Jato Sánchez S, et al. Detection and assessment of electrocution in endangered raptors by infrared thermography. BMC Vet Res. 2013;9:149 pubmed publisher
  36. Martin B, Wright S. Countershock: mobilizing resistance to electroshock weapons. Med Confl Surviv. 2003;19:205-22 pubmed
    ..A longer-term goal is policy change to deny access by torturing states to such repressive tools. Countershock strategies and methodologies are introduced here as potential tools to create ever-expanding torture-technology-free zones. ..
  37. Foong K, Watson A, Avolio A. Equipotential earthing study: equipotential wiring is unnecessary. Australas Phys Eng Sci Med. 2004;27:151-4 pubmed
    ..This study suggests that the requirements for EP earthing in section 4.4.2 of AS/NZS 3003 are unnecessary. It is further suggested that Standards Australia review these requirements with the view of withdrawing them from the Standard. ..
  38. Niple J, Sahl J, Kelsh M, Kavet R. Equipment grounding affects contact current exposure: a case study of sewing machines. Ann Occup Hyg. 2005;49:673-82 pubmed
    ..On this basis, such exposures have been under-investigated relative to the far greater attention accorded to occupational electric and magnetic fields. ..
  39. Kaloudová Y, Rihová H, Brychta P, Suchanek I, Kucera J, Mensík I, et al. Mutilating electrotrauma--case report. Acta Chir Plast. 2008;50:11-5 pubmed
    ..Two years after the injury function of the right hand in terms of grip function was satisfactory (patient was able to complete pinch grip and sign). Gait with the prosthesis was very good. ..
  40. Räder S, Zeijlemaker V, Pehrson S, Svendsen J. Making post-mortem implantable cardioverter defibrillator explantation safe. Europace. 2009;11:1317-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Two gloves on each hand offer sufficient protection. We will recommend the use of neoprene gloves. ..
  41. Gunduz T, Elcioglu O, Cetin C. Intensity and localization of trauma in non-fatal electrical injuries. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2010;16:237-40 pubmed
    ..Our study underlines the need for stronger efforts aimed at prevention, such as better public education and strict regulations regarding the distribution and use of electricity. ..
  42. Nikolic S, Mihailovic Z, Micic J. [Suicide by electrocution--2 case reports]. Srp Arh Celok Lek. 2004;132:38-40 pubmed
    ..In second case, it was a female, age of 46, abused by her husband, who committed suicide by putting the switched hear-dryer into the water in bathtub. ..
  43. Bianchini K, Love J, Greve K, Adams D. Detection and diagnosis of malingering in electrical injury. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2005;20:365-73 pubmed
    ..These findings highlight the importance of considering biological markers of neurological injury and of non-neurological factors, including effort/malingering, in the study of the neurocognitive consequences of EI. ..
  44. Heightman A. Don't be shocked. JEMS. 2005;30:12, 32 pubmed
  45. Levine S, Sloane C, Chan T, Dunford J, Vilke G. Cardiac monitoring of human subjects exposed to the taser. J Emerg Med. 2007;33:113-7 pubmed
    ..Alterations in the QT interval were observed in some subjects but their true incidence and clinical significance are unknown. ..
  46. Killingsworth C, Melnick S, Litovsky S, Ideker R, Walcott G. Evaluation of acute cardiac and chest wall damage after shocks with a subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator in Swine. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2013;36:1265-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Troponin I data indicate significantly less cardiac injury from 80-J S-ICD shocks than 35-J transvenous shocks. ..
  47. RÃ¥dman L, NilsagÃ¥rd Y, Jakobsson K, Ek Ã, Gunnarsson L. Electrical injury in relation to voltage, "no-let-go" phenomenon, symptoms and perceived safety culture: a survey of Swedish male electricians. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2016;89:261-70 pubmed publisher
    ..The workplace routines to reduce the number of work-related electrical injuries for Swedish electricians can be improved. ..
  48. Seo C, Park C, Jung M, Jang S, Joo S, Kang Y, et al. Preliminary Investigation of Pain-Related Changes in Cerebral Blood Volume in Patients With Phantom Limb Pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2017;98:2206-2212 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggests that CBV changes were related to neuroplasticity associated with phantom limb pain. ..
  49. Kostering B, Koenig P. [Diagnostic image (197). A man who suddenly collapsed]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2004;148:1389 pubmed
    ..A 40-year-old man suffered a witnessed collapse with brief loss of consciousness, due to electrical injury...
  50. Pelissier Alicot A, Gavaudan G, Bartoli C, Kintz P, Piercecchi Marti M, Desfeux J, et al. Planned complex suicide: an unusual case. J Forensic Sci. 2008;53:968-70 pubmed publisher
    ..5 mg/L). Although the exact cause of death could not be determined because of the state of the corpse, meticulous examination of the scene and information obtained from the victim's relatives led to the conclusion of suicide...
  51. Töro K, Kristóf I, Kardos M. Suicidal hanging on high-voltage line pylon. J Forensic Sci. 2008;53:1200-3 pubmed publisher
  52. Vazquez L, Kuhl E, Shea J, Kirkness A, Lemon J, Whalley D, et al. Age-specific differences in women with implantable cardioverter defibrillators: an international multi center study. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2008;31:1528-34 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the study was to investigate these areas of adjustment across three age groups of women from multiple centers...
  53. Bozeman W, Hauda W, Heck J, Graham D, Martin B, Winslow J. Safety and injury profile of conducted electrical weapons used by law enforcement officers against criminal suspects. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;53:480-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We seek to determine the safety and injury profile of conducted electrical weapons used against criminal suspects in a field setting...
  54. Celebi A, Gulel O, Cicekcioglu H, Gokaslan S, Kututcularoglu G, Ulusoy V. Myocardial infarction after an electric shock: a rare complication. Cardiol J. 2009;16:362-4 pubmed
    ..He was discharged in good health after stabilization for a co-existing pelvic fracture and retroperitoneal hematoma. The patient had an uneventful follow-up one year later, with persisting non-specific electrocardiographic changes...
  55. Bridges J. Non-perceptible body current ELF effects as defined by electric shock safety data. Bioelectromagnetics. 2002;23:542-4 pubmed
  56. Fineschi V, Di Donato S, Mondillo S, Turillazzi E. Electric shock: Cardiac effects relative to non fatal injuries and post-mortem findings in fatal cases. Int J Cardiol. 2006;111:6-11 pubmed
    ..Data from such studies may aid in a more accurate comprehension of clinical and morphological alterations of the heart and in the development of therapeutic strategies that could counterbalance such effects...
  57. Ho J, Miner J, Lakireddy D, Bultman L, Heegaard W. Cardiovascular and physiologic effects of conducted electrical weapon discharge in resting adults. Acad Emerg Med. 2006;13:589-95 pubmed
  58. Zain Z, Pounder D. Electric shock during cordotomy. Anaesthesia. 2006;61:719-20; author reply 720 pubmed
  59. Asuquo M, Okpokam O, Mwagbara V. High tension electricity burns: a case report. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2006;13:165-6 pubmed
    ..Recently in some areas there has been an upsurge in rural electrification. Though electricity is desirable, it is one of the most potentially dangerous commodities in the society...
  60. Rana M, Banerjee R. Scapular fracture after electric shock. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2006;88:3-4 pubmed
    ..Scapular fracture as a direct result of electric shock is a rare injury. We present a case report and review of the literature...
  61. Strote J, Range Hutson H. Taser use in restraint-related deaths. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2006;10:447-50 pubmed
    ..We examined the autopsy reports of patients who died after application of a Taser in an attempt to identify high-risk interactions...
  62. Lee C, Nam G, Park H, Kim H, Park K, Kim J, et al. Effects of antiarrhythmic drugs on inappropriate shocks in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Circ J. 2008;72:102-5 pubmed
  63. Zaki S, Chavan V, Shanbag P, Sundar U. Transient quadriparesis after electric shock in a child: case report. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2010;30:65-8 pubmed publisher
    ..It is important to maintain raised awareness of these different complications to ensure that they are recognised and treated early. We describe a rare case of transient quadriparesis following electric shock in a 10-year-old boy...
  64. Li J, Hamill M. Catastrophic globe disruption as a result of a TASER injury. J Emerg Med. 2013;44:65-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Scottsdale, AZ) have been well documented, and both direct and indirect ocular injuries have been reported. We present a case of severe perforating injury to the globe from a TASER dart with central cornea penetration...
  65. Mediratta N, Barker D, McKevith J, Davies P, Belchambers S, Rao A. Thoracoscopic patch insulation to correct phrenic nerve stimulation secondary to cardiac resynchronization therapy. Europace. 2012;14:1049-53 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper describes a video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) procedure to correct phrenic nerve stimulation secondary to cardiac resynchronization therapy...
  66. Rebonatto M, Spalding L, Hessel F, Amaral L. Protegemed2: an extended platform based on RFID to identify EME and improve the detection of microshocks. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2013;51:719-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Protegemed2 was built embedded into the gas and electric power panel of surgical rooms and uses an ARM 32-bit microcontroller...
  67. Bozeman W. Withdrawal of taser electroshock devices: too much, too soon. Ann Emerg Med. 2005;46:300-1 pubmed
  68. Holden S, Sheridan R, Coffey T, Scaramuzza R, Diamantopoulos P. Electromagnetic modelling of current flow in the heart from TASER devices and the risk of cardiac dysrhythmias. Phys Med Biol. 2007;52:7193-209 pubmed
    ..This study provides evidence for a lack of arrhythmogenic action of the M26 and X26 TASER devices...
  69. Hartwig S, Schmeling A, Wirth I. [Death by electric shock due to blatantly faulty repair]. Arch Kriminol. 2008;222:110-6 pubmed
    ..On the day of the accident, he first plugged the part of the cable with the two plugs into a wall socket. Then, as he tried to connect it with the other part, he was electrocuted...
  70. Piza Katzer H, Wechselberger G, Estermann D, Gabl M, Arora R, Hussl H. [Ten years of hand transplantation experiment or routine?]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2009;41:210-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Until then indication has to be strict and the operation can possibly only be performed in a few centres. Long-time prospects, disadvantages and complications, as well as side effects have to be presented openly...
  71. Luo B, Zhao Y, Chen X, Jiang H. [Pathology of accidental electrocution: an autopsy study of 16 cases]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 2009;38:380-3 pubmed
    ..To study the pathologic findings seen in lethal cases due to accidental electrocution...
  72. Bailey J, Warner P. Respiratory arrest from Ascaris lumbricoides. Pediatrics. 2010;126:e712-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Review of the literature revealed 4 previous reports of this complication. We also discuss options for prevention and treatment of this rare complication of a common infestation...
  73. Molon G, Perrone C, Maines M, Costa A, Comisso J, Boi A, et al. ICD and neuromodulation devices: is peaceful coexistence possible?. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2011;34:690-3 pubmed publisher
  74. Bastian D, Kracker S, Pauschinger M, Gohl K. ICD implantation without intraoperative testing does not increase the rate of system modifications and does not impair defibrillation efficacy tested in follow-up. Herzschrittmacherther Elektrophysiol. 2013;24:125-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The study's goal was to prove that consequent abdication of intraoperative DT does not impair defibrillation efficacy and does not increase the rate of postoperative system revisions...
  75. Bailey B, Gaudreault P, Thivierge R. Cardiac monitoring of high-risk patients after an electrical injury: a prospective multicentre study. Emerg Med J. 2007;24:348-52 pubmed
    ..To report our experience monitoring patients with previously identified theoretical risk factors of significant electrical injury...
  76. Gabl M, Blauth M, Lutz M, Zimmermann R, Angermann P, Arora R, et al. [Musculosceletal reconstruction in bilateral forearm transplantation]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2009;41:224-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Improvement of motor function of the upper extremity was investigated in a patient following bilateral forearm transplantation...
  77. Mashreky S, Rahman A, Khan T, Svanstrom L, Rahman F. Epidemiology of childhood electrocution in Bangladesh: findings of national injury survey. Burns. 2010;36:1092-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Rural children are at higher risk compared to urban. Home is the most common place of childhood electrocution. A national strategy and prevention program is necessary to address morbidity and mortality of children due to electrocution...
  78. Petley G, Cotton A, Deakin C. Hands-on defibrillation: theoretical and practical aspects of patient and rescuer safety. Resuscitation. 2012;83:551-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In doing so, it is hoped that in future it may be possible to deliver continuous and safe manual chest compressions during defibrillator discharge in order to improve patient outcome...
  79. Sohal H, Goyal D. Simultaneous bilateral femoral neck fractures after electrical shock injury: a case report. Chin J Traumatol. 2013;16:126-8 pubmed
    ..Surgeons caring for patients with electrical injury should be aware of the possibility of skeletal injuries which can go unnoticed, leading to delay in diagnosis and increased risk of complications...
  80. Anders S, Junge M, Schulz F, Puschel K. Cutaneous current marks due to a stun gun injury. J Forensic Sci. 2003;48:640-2 pubmed
  81. Liao W, Lin J. High-voltage electrical brain injury. J Trauma. 2008;64:843-5 pubmed
  82. Karadaş S, Gönüllü H, Oncü M, Isik D, Canbaz Y. [The effects on complications and myopathy of different voltages in electrical injuries]. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2011;17:349-53 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of electrical injuries, laboratory findings, complications, and mortality and morbidity rates of these injuries...
  83. Bailer A, Bena J, Stayner L, Halperin W, Park R. External cause-specific summaries of occupational fatal injuries. Part II: an analysis of years of potential life lost. Am J Ind Med. 2003;43:251-61 pubmed
  84. Szarek J, Kowalski I, van Dam F, Zarzycki D, Pawlicki R, Fabczak J. Pathomorphological pattern of paravertebral muscles of rabbits after long-term experimental electrostimulation. Pathol Res Pract. 2003;199:613-8 pubmed
    ..The observed lesions may indicate that the damage to the neuromuscular system is an effect of long-term LESS application. Thus, standard LESS therapy may deepen idiopathic scoliosis...
  85. Jakubeniene M, Zakaras A, Minkuviene Z, Benoshys A. Application of atomic absorption spectroscopy for detection of multimetal traces in low-voltage electrical marks. Forensic Sci Int. 2006;161:36-40 pubmed
    ..Different penetration rates for different metals contained in the wire inflicting an electrical mark were observed...
  86. Kroll M, Calkins H, Luceri R. Electronic control devices and the clinical milieu. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007;49:732; author reply 732-3 pubmed
  87. Kwon O, Kang S, Park H, Choi S, Kim S, Kim K, et al. Lead fracture and free-wall perforation in a patient with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2012;35:e167-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Complete disconnection of the fractured electrode has not been reported yet. Here, we report a case of lead fracture/disconnection and free-wall perforation, which occurred consecutively in a patient...
  88. Byard R, Winskog C. Autoerotic death: incidence and age of victims--a population-based study. J Forensic Sci. 2012;57:129-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Whether this is because of different kinds of paraphilic activities in different populations or of differences in methods of central data collection is uncertain...
  89. Manrique Cerrillo M, Murillo López S, Leizaola Fernández C, Quiroz Mercado H, Guerrero Naranjo J, Vargas Castillo R, et al. [Bilateral macular cysts secondary to electric current strike. A case report]. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2004;79:37-9 pubmed
    ..To report the clinical and tomographic findings in a case of maculopathy secondary to high-tension electric current strike...
  90. Atak R, Turhan H, Erbay A, Yetkin E, Ileri M. Permanent myocardial dysfunction caused by high-voltage electrical injury--a case report. Angiology. 2004;55:455-7 pubmed
    ..In the present case, the authors report a 22-year-old man who sustained extensive upper extremity trauma from a high-voltage electrical injury and manifested clinical signs of left ventricular heart failure...
  91. Ulusal B, Lin Y, Ulusal A, Lin C. Free lateral arm flap for 1-stage reconstruction of soft tissue and composite defects of the hand: A retrospective analysis of 118 cases. Ann Plast Surg. 2007;58:173-8 pubmed
    ..However, complete bone healing without complication was uniformly detected in all cases. Lateral arm fasciocutaneous flap endured secondary interventions well and no complications regarding wound healing was encountered...
  92. Morani G, Cicoira M, Pozzani L, Angheben C, Zanotto G, Vassanelli C. Outpatient electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation: 8 years' experience. Analysis of shock-related arrhythmias. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2009;32:1152-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Shock-related arrhythmias may be particularly deleterious in this setting. Preoperative identification of high-risk patients may be very useful...