inhalation burns

Summary

Summary: Burns of the respiratory tract caused by heat or inhaled chemicals.

Top Publications

  1. Silver G, Freiburg C, Halerz M, Tojong J, Supple K, Gamelli R. A survey of airway and ventilator management strategies in North American pediatric burn units. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2004;25:435-40 pubmed
    ..Pediatric burn patients may benefit from clinical trials that clarify the advantages and disadvantages of various ventilator modes, the use of cuffed tubes, and the timing of tracheostomy...
  2. Marek K, Piotr W, Stanisław S, Stefan G, Justyna G, Mariusz N, et al. Fibreoptic bronchoscopy in routine clinical practice in confirming the diagnosis and treatment of inhalation burns. Burns. 2007;33:554-60 pubmed
    ..was shown to be a useful method in our routine clinical practice to confirm diagnosis and treatment of inhalation burns. The high agreement between the clinical suspicion of inhalation injury and the incidence confirmed by ..
  3. Vajtr D, Tomasova H, Adamek T, Valova M, Mocikova H, Broz L. [Findings in bronchial lavage in patients with burns of the upper respiratory tract]. Soud Lek. 2004;49:12-7 pubmed
    ..Serin proteinase activity was lower than 50 ncat/l at five patients and the ratio of MMP-8/TIMP-2 was higher than one in all analysed samples. There was no development of lung inflammation into chronic stadium. Two patients died...
  4. Jie X, Baoren C. Mortality rates among 5321 patients with burns admitted to a burn unit in China: 1980-1998. Burns. 2003;29:239-45 pubmed
    ..Inhalation injuries, infection and MOD are the main causes of deaths in our patients and would be key targets to improve clinical care and in future study...
  5. Palmieri T. Use of beta-agonists in inhalation injury. J Burn Care Res. 2009;30:156-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The goal of this chapter is to describe the potential role of inhalation therapies in the treatment of smoke inhalation injury...
  6. Ansermino M, Hemsley C. Intensive care management and control of infection. BMJ. 2004;329:220-3 pubmed
  7. Palmieri T, Warner P, Mlcak R, Sheridan R, Kagan R, Herndon D, et al. Inhalation injury in children: a 10 year experience at Shriners Hospitals for Children. J Burn Care Res. 2009;30:206-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies are required to standardize diagnostic criteria for inhalation injury and to optimize the treatment of children with inhalation injury...
  8. Garner J, Jenner J, Parkhouse D. Prediction of upper airway closure in inhalational injury. Mil Med. 2005;170:677-82 pubmed
    ..This article examines the pathophysiology of inhalational injury and ways in which prediction of airway closure might be effected to prevent unnecessary surgical airway operations...
  9. Cedidi C, Hierner R, Pichlmaier M, Forssmann W, Meyer M. Survival of severe ARDS with five-organ system failure following burns and inhalation injury in a 15-year-old patient. Burns. 2003;29:389-94 pubmed

More Information

Publications62

  1. Spies M, Herndon D, Rosenblatt J, Sanford A, Wolf S. Prediction of mortality from catastrophic burns in children. Lancet. 2003;361:989-94 pubmed
    ..This model included not only demographic variables, but also variables obtained throughout the hospital course. We aimed to prospectively validate our model for accuracy of outcome prediction...
  2. Hassan Z, Wong J, Bush J, Bayat A, Dunn K. Assessing the severity of inhalation injuries in adults. Burns. 2010;36:212-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Larger prospective studies using bronchoscopic findings and P/F ratio would give us a better indication as to the value of a scoring system in adults that are admitted with inhalation injuries...
  3. Niskanen M, Purhonen S, Koljonen V, Ronkainen A, Hirvonen E. Fatal inhalation injury caused by airway fire during tracheostomy. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2007;51:509-13 pubmed
    ..Immediately after the incident, bronchofibroscopic examination revealed inhalation injury. After remaining for 8 weeks in hospital, the patient was transferred to a health care centre, where he was found dead in his bed...
  4. Lee A, Mellins R. Lung injury from smoke inhalation. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2006;7:123-8 pubmed
    ..Studies are needed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of these potential therapies before they are used clinically...
  5. Lehnhardt M, Katzy Y, Langer S, Druecke D, Homann H, Steinstraesser L, et al. Prognostic significance of erythroblasts in burns. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;115:120-7 pubmed
    ..It seems attractive to think about an incorporation of erythroblasts into further refinements of burn scores...
  6. Cvetkovski J. [Therapy and nursing in severe burns: complications make life difficult]. Pflege Z. 2003;56:701-4 pubmed
  7. Kao S, Yap E, Khoo S, Lim T, Mukhopadhyay A, Teo S. Acute lung injury after inhalation of nitric acid. Eur J Emerg Med. 2008;15:348-50 pubmed publisher
    ..It also highlights the use of noninvasive ventilatory support in the management of such patients...
  8. Song X. [The time and indication for tracheotomy when inhalation injury]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi. 2003;17:323-4 pubmed
    ..To discuss the time and indication of tracheotomy for patients with inhalation injury...
  9. Thierauf A, Strehler M, Schmidt P, Madea B. [Suicide by self-immolation]. Arch Kriminol. 2007;220:103-14 pubmed
    ..The cases presented by us are inhomogenous as to the motive and differ from those reported in the literature with regard to gender distribution, scene, motivational situation and psychological constitution...
  10. Mahar P, Wasiak J, Bailey M, Cleland H. Clinical factors affecting mortality in elderly burn patients admitted to a burns service. Burns. 2008;34:629-36 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this retrospective study was to provide basic probabilistic predictors of mortality to assist in determining appropriate therapeutic aggression in elderly burns population...
  11. Weinstein S. Today's SCBA: should you be amused, confused, or entrused?. Occup Health Saf. 2002;71:28-33 pubmed
  12. Still J, Friedman B, Law E, Orlet H, Craft Coffman B. Burns due to exposure to steam. Burns. 2001;27:379-81 pubmed
    ..From one to five operations were required by the survivors; two required later reconstructive surgery. Closer supervision of industrial plants in which pipes carrying steam are present may have prevented some of these accidents...
  13. Miller K, Chang A. Acute inhalation injury. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2003;21:533-57 pubmed
  14. Vulović T, Dordevic G. [Pathophysiology of the lung inhalation injuries]. Vojnosanit Pregl. 2007;64:145-50 pubmed
  15. Maybauer M, Maybauer D, Herndon D. Incidence and outcomes of acute lung injury. N Engl J Med. 2006;354:416-7; author reply 416-7 pubmed
  16. Holland A. Pediatric burns: the forgotten trauma of childhood. Can J Surg. 2006;49:272-7 pubmed
  17. Cancio L, Reifenberg L, Barillo D, Moreau A, Chavez S, Bird P, et al. Standard variables fail to identify patients who will not respond to fluid resuscitation following thermal injury: brief report. Burns. 2005;31:358-65 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to characterize these patients, and to develop a predictor of resuscitation failure...
  18. Barrio J, Sanchez C, Vicente R, Ramos F, Montero R, Morales P, et al. Successful sequential double-lung transplantation for adult respiratory distress syndrome after long-term mechanical ventilation. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2004;21:326-7 pubmed
  19. Piatkowski A, Groger A, Bozkurt A, Fuchs P, Pallua N. Acetone associated inhalation injury and rhabdomyolysis. Burns. 2007;33:932-4 pubmed
  20. van Harten S, Welling L, Perez R, Patka P, Kreis R. Management of multiple burn casualties from the Volendam disaster in the emergency departments of general hospitals. Eur J Emerg Med. 2005;12:270-4 pubmed
    ..To establish the level of medical care provided in the emergency department of general hospitals to the victims of the Volendam café fire on 1 January 2001...
  21. Lv Y, Liu J, Zhang J. Theoretical evaluation of burns to the human respiratory tract due to inhalation of hot gas in the early stage of fires. Burns. 2006;32:436-46 pubmed
    ..The method presented in this paper may suggest a valuable approach to theoretically evaluate the injury of hot air to the human respiratory tract under various fire situations...
  22. Muller M, Pegg S, Rule M. Determinants of death following burn injury. Br J Surg. 2001;88:583-7 pubmed
    ..The aim of the study was to establish whether changes in management have improved survival following burn injury and to determine the contributory factors leading to non-survival...
  23. Rajpura A. A review of the specialties that care for inpatient burns and smoke inhalation in the English counties of Lancashire and South Cumbria. Burns. 2002;28:131-4 pubmed
    ..This may have major implications for service planning alongside changes in referral patterns...
  24. Cox R, Burke A, Soejima K, Murakami K, Katahira J, Traber L, et al. Airway obstruction in sheep with burn and smoke inhalation injuries. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2003;29:295-302 pubmed
  25. Fidkowski C, Fuzaylov G, Sheridan R, Coté C. Inhalation burn injury in children. Paediatr Anaesth. 2009;19 Suppl 1:147-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Management consists of supportive measures, pulmonary toilet, treatment of pulmonary infection and ventilatory support as needed. This review details the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management options for inhalation injury...
  26. Cartotto R, Ellis S, Gomez M, Cooper A, Smith T. High frequency oscillatory ventilation in burn patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome. Burns. 2004;30:453-63 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to review our experience with HFOV in adult burn patients with oxygenation failure secondary to ARDS...
  27. Carman B, Cahill T, Warden G, McCall J. A prospective, randomized comparison of the Volume Diffusive Respirator vs conventional ventilation for ventilation of burned children. 2001 ABA paper. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2002;23:444-8 pubmed
    ..A prospective, randomized, institutional review board-approved study was conducted comparing the VDR to PCV in burned children with respiratory failure from all causes...
  28. Bloom G, Suhail F, Hopkins Price P, Sood A. Acute anhydrous ammonia injury from accidents during illicit methamphetamine production. Burns. 2008;34:713-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Although injuries associated with AA exposure are well studied, AA injuries associated with incidents during illicit methamphetamine production have not been adequately described in the literature...
  29. Ying S, Ho W. An analysis of 550 hospitalized pediatric burn patients in Hong Kong. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2001;22:228-31 pubmed
    ..Only 19 out of 550 patients (3.5%) had burns of 30% TBSA or larger, and only nine patients (1.9%) had inhalation injuries. Only one patient died in this series, which yielded a mortality rate of 0.2%...
  30. Rajpura A. The epidemiology of burns and smoke inhalation in secondary care: a population-based study covering Lancashire and South Cumbria. Burns. 2002;28:121-30 pubmed
    ..Paediatric and elderly injuries have been highlighted as high incidence groups. The epidemiology described here should assist in formulating strategies for prevention and the planning of further research...
  31. Torres M, Rodrigues E. [Care of severe burns at the emergency service]. Servir. 2002;50:75-83 pubmed
  32. Wolf S. The year in burns 2007. Burns. 2008;34:1059-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Each selected article is mentioned briefly with editorial comment...
  33. Bargues L, Vaylet F, Le Bever H, L Her P, Carsin H. [Respiratory dysfunction in burned patients]. Rev Mal Respir. 2005;22:449-60 pubmed
    ..Smoke inhalation and respiratory complications are still the major causes of mortality in severely burned patients...
  34. Wolter T, Fuchs P, Horvat N, Pallua N. Is high PEEP low volume ventilation in burn patients beneficial? A retrospective study of 61 patients. Burns. 2004;30:368-73 pubmed
    ..Differences between ventilation strategies were not as evident as expected in this retrospective study, so prospective randomized studies are needed...
  35. Cox R, Burke A, Oliveras G, Enkhbaatar P, Traber L, Zwischenberger J, et al. Acute bronchial obstruction in sheep: histopathology and gland cytokine expression. Exp Lung Res. 2005;31:819-37 pubmed
    ..05...
  36. Shiau Y, Liu F, Tsai J, Wang J, Ho S, Kao A. Usefulness of technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime lung scan to detect inhalation lung injury of patients with pulmonary symptoms/signs but negative chest radiograph and pulmonary function test findings after a fire accident--a preliminary . Ann Nucl Med. 2003;17:435-8 pubmed
    ..In this study, we employed technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTc HMPAO) lung scan to detect inhalation lung injury of patients after a fire accident...
  37. Ahuja R, Bhattacharya S, Sethi G. Late residual pulmonary sequel following kerosene burns. Burns. 2004;30:188-91 pubmed
  38. Fu Z, Guo G, Wu X, Yang M. [The effects of high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and HFOV combined with pulmonary surfactant treatment on lung tissue of rabbits with steam inhalation injury]. Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2009;21:641-3 pubmed
    ..To investigate the effects of high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and HFOV combined with pulmonary surfactant (PS) treatment on lung tissue after steam inhalation injury in rabbits...
  39. Komatsu T, Kaji R, Okazaki S, Miyawaki I, Ishihara K, Takahashi Y. Endotracheal tube ignition during the intratracheal laser treatment. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2008;16:e49-51 pubmed
    ..Some preventive precautions have been reported, however, none of them are absolutely perfect. We report the rare occurrence of tracheal tube ignition, preventive measures and treatment strategies for the resultant airway burn...
  40. Li G, Guo G. [Treatment of inhalation injury with high frequency ventilation]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2008;24:375-7 pubmed
    ..HFJV can effectively improve breathing mechanics and gas exchange in dogs with smoke inhalation injury. Clinical application also proves that HFV is efficient in treatment of inhalation injury...
  41. Shulman D, Reshef D, Nesher R, Donchin Y, Cotev S. Pulmonary barotrauma including orbital emphysema following inhalation of toxic gas. Intensive Care Med. 1988;14:241-3 pubmed
    ..The diplopia and exotropia were manifestations of mechanical interference in extra-ocular muscle function by the intra-orbital air, an unusual expression of pulmonary barotrauma...
  42. Silvestre Pérez M, Matoses Jaén M, Peiró Tudela M, López Navarro A, Tomás Braulio J. [Anesthesia and management of recovery for severely burned pediatric patients]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2004;51:253-67 pubmed
    ..All of these processes will involve management of pain as well as provision of the psychological support these children will need to overcome physical and psychological sequelae and allow them to take up social activities after recovery...
  43. Hu Q, Guo G, Wang W, Wang Y, Li G, Cao Y. [The relationship between arterial blood oxygen pressure and the changes in blood biochemical indices after partial liquid ventilation in canine inhalation injury]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2002;18:142-4 pubmed
    ..To explore the therapeutic effects of partial liquid ventilation on canine inhalation injury...
  44. Schmalstieg F, Chow J, Savage C, Rudloff H, Palkowetz K, Zwischenberger J. Interleukin-8, aquaporin-1, and inducible nitric oxide synthase in smoke and burn injured sheep treated with percutaneous carbon dioxide removal. ASAIO J. 2001;47:365-71 pubmed
  45. Ewert R, Kern F, Mutze S, Witt C. [Aspiration of petroleum by a "fire-eater"]. Pneumologie. 1995;49:388-90 pubmed
    ..The infiltrates resolved over the following two weeks. This favourable result clearly shows that conservative treatment has a role in petroleum aspiration...
  46. Thaler U, Kraincuk P, Kamolz L, Frey M, Metnitz P. [Inhalation injury--epidemiology, diagnosis and therapy]. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2010;122:11-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, knowledge about development, diagnosis and treatment of inhalation injury should be available for each physician working in an intensive care unit...
  47. Cochran A. Inhalation injury and endotracheal intubation. J Burn Care Res. 2009;30:190-1 pubmed publisher
  48. Byerly F, Haithcock J, Buchanan I, Short K, Cairns B. Use of high flow nasal cannula on a pediatric burn patient with inhalation injury and post-extubation stridor. Burns. 2006;32:121-5 pubmed
  49. McCall J, Cahill T. Respiratory care of the burn patient. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2005;26:200-6 pubmed
  50. Sheridan R. Burn care: results of technical and organizational progress. JAMA. 2003;290:719-22 pubmed
  51. Saitoh D, Ookawara T, Fukuzuka K, Kawakami M, Sakamoto T, Ohno H, et al. Characteristics of plasma extracellular SOD in burned patients. Burns. 2001;27:577-81 pubmed
    ..Also, plasma EC-SOD was significantly related to existence of inhalation injury, %TBSA and age, respectively. The plasma EC-SOD might therefore play some roles in the pathophysiology of burned patients...
  52. Yelon J, Simpson R, Gudjonsson O. Formic acid inhalation injury: a case report. J Burn Care Rehabil. 1996;17:241-2 pubmed
    ..This resulted in a reversible pulmonary chemical injury. Inhalation of formic acid results in a reactive airway dysfunction syndrome--a common response to inhalation of an occupational irritant...
  53. Voeltz P. [Inhalation trauma]. Unfallchirurg. 1995;98:187-92 pubmed
    ..The objective of the management is to maintain sufficient oxygenation of the organism during the period of respiratory failure; there is no specific therapy. Adequate respirator therapy is the most important factor...