comminuted fractures


Summary: A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed into a number of pieces.

Top Publications

  1. Sultan S, Khan A. Management of comminuted fractures of the olecranon by tension band wiring. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2003;15:27-9 pubmed
    ..b>Comminuted fractures of olecranon are unstable, therefore, bone graft and tension band wiring are supposed to give good ..
  2. Ateschrang A, Eisenbarth I, Schaller H, Weise K. [Arrosion of flexor tendons after palmar plate osteosynthesis of the distal radius: three case reports]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2007;39:418-22 pubmed
  3. Anderson M, Larson A, Merten S, Steinmann S. Congruent elbow plate fixation of olecranon fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 2007;21:386-93 pubmed
    ..Our results will be compared to previously published reports...
  4. Douthit J. Volar plating of dorsally comminuted fractures of the distal radius: a 6-year study. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2005;34:140-7 pubmed
    ..Prominent plates and sharp-edged screws may imperil deep flexor tendons and should be removed. More liberal use of bone graft and improvements in plate design should reduce complications...
  5. Gordon M, Budoff J, Yeh M, Luo Z, Noble P. Comminuted olecranon fractures: a comparison of plating methods. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2006;15:94-9 pubmed
    ..This construct was significantly (48%) stronger than dual medial and lateral plating...
  6. Pospula W, Abu Noor T. Percutaneous fixation of comminuted fractures of the humerus: initial experience at Al Razi hospital, Kuwait. Med Princ Pract. 2006;15:423-6 pubmed
    To present initial experience of 12 cases of percutaneous plating of the comminuted fractures of the humerus using minimal access surgery and standard low-contact dynamic compression plate.
  7. Russo R, Visconti V, Lorini S, Lombardi L. Displaced comminuted midshaft clavicle fractures: use of Mennen plate fixation system. J Trauma. 2007;63:951-4 pubmed
    ..However, it is often difficult stabilizing small fragments, and there are several complications. The aim of this study was to assess an alternative technique using a Mennen plate...
  8. Snow M, Thompson G, Turner P. A mechanical comparison of the locking compression plate (LCP) and the low contact-dynamic compression plate (DCP) in an osteoporotic bone model. J Orthop Trauma. 2008;22:121-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine if locking compression plates (LCP) are mechanically advantageous compared to low-contact dynamic compression plates (DCP) when used as a bridging plate in a synthetic model of osteoporotic bone...
  9. Smekal V, Oberladstaetter J, Struve P, Krappinger D. Shaft fractures of the clavicle: current concepts. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2009;129:807-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Though, indications for operative management remain controversial. Further prospective randomized comparative clinical trials are necessary for a well-founded risk-benefit analysis...

More Information

Publications106 found, 100 shown here

  1. den Hartog D, Van Lieshout E, Tuinebreijer W, Polinder S, van Beeck E, Breederveld R, et al. Primary hemiarthroplasty versus conservative treatment for comminuted fractures of the proximal humerus in the elderly (ProCon): a multicenter randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010;11:97 pubmed publisher
    ..The treatment of comminuted fractures of the proximal humerus like selected three-or four-part fractures and split fractures of the humeral head ..
  2. Huber F, Hillmeier J, Herzog L, McArthur N, Kock H, Meeder P. Open reduction and palmar plate-osteosynthesis in combination with a nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite spacer in the treatment of comminuted fractures of the distal radius. J Hand Surg Br. 2006;31:298-303 pubmed
    ..The study demonstrates that Ostim, in combination with angularly stable osteosynthesis, can be used as an acceptable bone substitute for the treatment of type C2 and C3 radial fractures...
  3. Apostle K, Younger A. Technique tip: open reduction internal fixation of comminuted fractures of the navicular with bridge plating to the medial and middle cuneiforms. Foot Ankle Int. 2008;29:739-41 pubmed
  4. Klein M, Juschka M, Hinkenjann B, Scherger B, Ostermann P. Treatment of comminuted fractures of the proximal humerus in elderly patients with the Delta III reverse shoulder prosthesis. J Orthop Trauma. 2008;22:698-704 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate clinical and radiologic results after implantation of the Delta III reverse shoulder prosthesis in elderly patients with comminuted fractures of the proximal humerus.
  5. Ikeda M, Fukushima Y, Kobayashi Y, Oka Y. Comminuted fractures of the olecranon. Management by bone graft from the iliac crest and multiple tension-band wiring. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2001;83:805-8 pubmed
    Between 1993 and 1999, we treated ten patients with comminuted fractures of the olecranon by multiple tension-band wiring and a graft from the iliac crest. Their mean age was 35 years (19 to 56). The mean follow-up was for 28...
  6. Eren O, Tezer M, Armagan R, Kucukkaya M, Kuzgun U. [Results of excision of the radial head in comminuted fractures]. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2002;36:12-6 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the results of radial head excision in the treatment of comminuted radial head fractures...
  7. Yang K, Byun Y. Separate vertical wiring for the fixation of comminuted fractures of the inferior pole of the patella. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2003;85:1155-60 pubmed
    ..We have evaluated the clinical effectiveness of the separate vertical wiring technique in acute comminuted fractures of the inferior pole of the patella...
  8. Yang K. Helical plate fixation for treatment of comminuted fractures of the proximal and middle one-third of the humerus. Injury. 2005;36:75-80 pubmed
    When an operative treatment is indicated for comminuted fractures of the proximal and middle one-third of the humerus, plate fixation is one of the better options...
  9. Imatani J, Noda T, Morito Y, Sato T, Hashizume H, Inoue H. Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis for comminuted fractures of the metaphysis of the radius. J Hand Surg Br. 2005;30:220-5 pubmed
    ..Radial inclination, palmar tilt, and ulnar variance were restored without loss of reduction in all five cases and the fractures healed at an average of 10 weeks, with good to excellent clinical outcomes...
  10. Ermis M, Yagmurlu M, Kilinc A, Karakas E. Irreducible fracture dislocation of the ankle caused by tibialis posterior tendon interposition. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2010;49:166-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Isolated tibialis posterior tendon interposition between the distal tibiofibular and tibiotalar joints has rarely been reported, and can inhibit anatomical reduction of the fractured ankle. ..
  11. Mnif H, Koubaa M, Zrig M, Zrour S, Amara K, Bergaoui N, et al. Bilateral posterior fracture dislocation of the shoulder. Chir Main. 2010;29:132-4 pubmed publisher
    ..At midterm outcome, a good range of motion of both shoulders was registered. ..
  12. Fu Y, Chien S, Huang P, Chen S, Tien Y, Lin G, et al. Use of an external fixation combined with the buttress-maintain pinning method in treating comminuted distal radius fractures in osteoporotic patients. J Trauma. 2006;60:330-3 pubmed
    ..External fixation for unstable distal radius fracture combined with buttress-maintain pinning method can be used in the osteoporotic bone of older adults with results similar to those for young adults at 18 months follow-up. ..
  13. Schön R, Metzger M, Weyer N, Fakler O. Microplate osteosynthesis of orbital floor fractures. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;45:165 pubmed
  14. Gabarre S, Albareda J, Gracia L, Puértolas S, Ibarz E, Herrera A. Influence of screw combination and nail materials in the stability of anterograde reamed intramedullary nail in distal femoral fractures. Injury. 2017;48 Suppl 6:S47-S53 pubmed publisher
    ..Non-comminuted fractures had a mean consolidation time of 20.5 weeks (4...
  15. Ring D, Prommersberger K, Jupiter J. Combined dorsal and volar plate fixation of complex fractures of the distal part of the radius. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005;87 Suppl 1:195-212 pubmed
    ..The results are limited by the severity of the injury and may deteriorate with longer follow-up. A second operation for implant removal is common, and there is a small risk of tendon-related complications. ..
  16. Jackson W, Bayne G, Gregg Smith S. Fractures of the lateral third of the clavicle: an anatomic approach to treatment. J Trauma. 2006;61:222-5 pubmed
  17. Werner C, Lorich D, Gardner M, Helfet D. Ankle fractures: it is not just a "simple" ankle fracture. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2007;36:466-9 pubmed
  18. Aghayev E, Thali M, Sonnenschein M, Hurlimann J, Jackowski C, Kilchoer T, et al. Fatal steamer accident; blunt force injuries and drowning in post-mortem MSCT and MRI. Forensic Sci Int. 2005;152:65-71 pubmed
    ..We conclude that virtual autopsy using combined post-mortem MSCT and MRI is a useful tool for documentation, visualisation and analysis of the findings of blunt force trauma and drowning with a large potential in forensic medicine. ..
  19. Carreira D, Fox J, Freedman K, Bach B. Displaced nonunion patellar fracture following use of a patellar tendon autograft for ACL reconstruction: case report. J Knee Surg. 2005;18:131-4 pubmed
  20. Steiger J, Chiu A, Francis D, Palmer J. Endoscopic-assisted reduction of anterior table frontal sinus fractures. Laryngoscope. 2006;116:1936-9 pubmed
  21. Graham R, Smyth K, Langton S. Intraorbital wooden foreign body. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;66:2377-9 pubmed publisher
  22. Farkas T, Zane R. Comminuted femur fracture secondary to stress during the Boston marathon. J Emerg Med. 2006;31:79-82 pubmed
    ..We report a case of a sub-trochanteric comminuted femoral stress fracture in a female marathon runner. ..
  23. Smith W, Ziran B, Anglen J, Stahel P. Locking plates: tips and tricks. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89:2298-307 pubmed
  24. Cascone P, Petrucci B, Ramieri V, Marianetti T, TitoMatteo M. Security Hi-tech Individual Extra-light Device Mask: a new protection for [soccer] players. J Craniofac Surg. 2008;19:772-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This mask shortens convalescence period, and due to its realization, it is comfortable and easy fitting, thus allowing the player to perform at a professional level in his sport activity in the shortest time possible...
  25. Tolat A, Amis A, Crofton S, Sinha J. Failure of humeral fracture fixation plate in a young patient using the Philos system: case report. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2006;15:e44-7 pubmed
  26. Bonner T, Mountain A, Allison K, Sargent I, Adedapo S. Management of a complex hind foot war injury with negative pressure wound therapy: a case study. Foot (Edinb). 2009;19:177-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The patient returned to his normal level of function, without complications within a few months...
  27. Alonso N, de Oliveira Bastos E, Massenburg B. Pseudoaneurysm of the internal maxillary artery: A case report of facial trauma and recurrent bleeding. Int J Surg Case Rep. 2016;21:63-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A 32-year-old male presented to the emergency department presented with comminuted fractures in the left zygoma, ethmoids, and the right ramus of the mandible following a gunshot wound...
  28. Haklar U, Kocaoglu B, Gereli A, Nalbantoglu U, Guven O. Arthroscopic inspection after the surgical treatment of patella fractures. Int Orthop. 2009;33:665-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite good knee scores, we observed surface irregularities, chondral lesions, and fibrillation in most of the cases implicating subsequent patellofemoral arthritis. ..
  29. Cheng P, Choi S, Hsu Y. Hoffa fracture: should precautions be taken during fixation and rehabilitation?. Hong Kong Med J. 2009;15:385-7 pubmed
    ..Clinicians should be aware that rehabilitation programmes need to be tailored to the method of fixation used to manage this uncommon fracture pattern. ..
  30. Iida K, Sudo A, Ishiguro S. Clinical and radiological results of calcium phosphate cement-assisted balloon osteoplasty for Colles' fractures in osteoporotic senile female patients. J Orthop Sci. 2010;15:204-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Calcium phosphate cement-assisted balloon osteoplasty is a less invasive procedure and can be clinically justified as a therapeutic option for a Colles' fracture in osteoporotic senile female patients. ..
  31. Holt G, Nunag P, Duncan K, Gregori A. Outcome after short intramedullary nail fixation of unstable proximal femoral fractures. Acta Orthop Belg. 2010;76:347-55 pubmed
    ..The results of this study suggest that both implants have similar post-operative outcome measures and complication rates when implanted correctly. ..
  32. Zhang Y, Wang Y, Xie J. [Treatment of distal radius fracture by combination of external fixator and volar approach fixation]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2007;21:269-71 pubmed
    ..Volar fixation can avoid operative complication, and external fixator can obtain satisfactory reduction and function. ..
  33. Knox J, Ambrose H, McCallister W, Trumble T. Percutaneous pins versus volar plates for unstable distal radius fractures: a biomechanic study using a cadaver model. J Hand Surg Am. 2007;32:813-7 pubmed
    ..These results show the superior biomechanic stability of internal fixation using plates for dorsally comminuted intra-articular distal radius fractures in this cadaver model. Further clinical correlations are needed. ..
  34. Richter M, Brüser P. [Long-term follow-up of fracture dislocations and comminuted fractures of the PIP joint treated with Suzuki's pin and rubber traction system]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2008;40:330-5 pubmed publisher
    Fracture dislocations and comminuted fractures of the PIP joint are considered as severe injuries with uncertain outcome. Short-term results of several traction devices in the treatment of PIP joint fractures have been published...
  35. Taylor K, Mizen K, Spencer N. Isolated fracture of the superior orbital fissure. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;48:178-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of a patient with an isolated fracture of the superior orbital fissure and development of superior orbital fissure syndrome. ..
  36. Köse A, Aydin A, Ezirmik N, Yildirim Ã. Treatment of Ipsilateral Distal Humerus and Diaphyseal Ulna Fractures by Using an Olecranon Osteotomy and Intramedullary Nail. J Orthop Trauma. 2016;30:251-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Retrospective clinical study. University-affiliated teaching hospital. Eight patients with comminuted fractures of the distal humerus and ipsilateral ulnar diaphyseal fractures were included...
  37. Andalib A, Sheikhbahaei E, Andalib Z, Tahririan M. Effectiveness of Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis (MIPO) on Comminuted Tibial or Femoral Fractures. Arch Bone Jt Surg. 2017;5:290-295 pubmed
    b>Comminuted fractures happen frequently due to traumas. Fixation without opening the fracture site, known as minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), has recently become prevalent...
  38. Stansfield T. Locked intramedullary nailing of metacarpal fractures secondary to gunshot wounds. J Hand Surg Am. 2007;32:1120; author reply 1120-1 pubmed
  39. Shiber J, Carter K. Images in clinical medicine. Open mandibular fracture with malocclusion. N Engl J Med. 2008;358:512 pubmed publisher
  40. Chen C, Chen J, Wang C, Tien Y, Chang J, Hung S. Semitubular plates for acutely displaced midclavicular fractures: a retrospective study of 111 patients followed for 2.5 to 6 years. J Orthop Trauma. 2008;22:463-6 pubmed publisher
    We designed this study to determine the usefulness of semitubular plates for acute displaced or comminuted fractures of the midclavicle. Nonrandomized retrospective study. A secondary transfer hospital specializing in orthopaedics...
  41. Ruan H, Liu J, Fan C, Jiang J, Zeng B. Incidence, management, and prognosis of early ulnar nerve dysfunction in type C fractures of distal humerus. J Trauma. 2009;67:1397-401 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that neurolysis and anterior subfascial transposition of vascularized ulnar nerve during open reduction and internal fixation of type C fractures of the distal humerus is beneficial in cases of early ulnat nerve dysfunction. ..
  42. Houwert R, Smeeing D, Ahmed Ali U, Hietbrink F, Kruyt M, van der Meijden O. Plate fixation or intramedullary fixation for midshaft clavicle fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and observational studies. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25:1195-203 pubmed publisher
    ..Seven of these studies reported exclusion of patients with comminuted fractures. No difference in the total re-intervention rate was found (odds ratio [OR], 1...
  43. Georgy B. Metastatic spinal lesions: state-of-the-art treatment options and future trends. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008;29:1605-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Potential future trends and new technologies for performing vertebral body augmentation in patients with metastatic spinal lesions are also discussed. ..
  44. Sammer D, Bishop A, Shin A. Vascularized medial femoral condyle graft for thumb metacarpal reconstruction: case report. J Hand Surg Am. 2009;34:715-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We present a case of thumb metacarpal osteomyelitis resulting in a large segmental osseous defect. Reconstruction was performed using a large, structural, vascularized bone graft from the medial femoral condyle. ..
  45. Kirchhoff C, Brunner U, Biberthaler P. [Periprosthetic humeral fractures: Strategies and techniques for osteosynthesis]. Unfallchirurg. 2016;119:273-80 pubmed publisher
    ..In comminuted fractures with extensive defect zones, severely thinned cortex or extensive osteolysis a biological augmentation of ..
  46. Cullu E, Ozkan I, Baltaci E, Alparslan B. A new guide for condylar blade-plate on distal femoral fractures. Orthopedics. 2005;28:447-9 pubmed
    ..This article presents a new guide used to reduce the risk of malalignment following distal femoral fracture fixation with a 95 degrees angled blade plate. ..
  47. Hernanz González Y, Díaz Martín A, Jara Sánchez F, Resines Erasun C. Early results with the new internal fixator systems LCP and LISS: a prospective study. Acta Orthop Belg. 2007;73:60-9 pubmed
    ..Despite the large number of open and comminuted fractures, no serious complications such as deep infections, vascular lesions, deep venous thrombosis or non-unions ..
  48. Inagaki K, Kawasaki K. Distal radius fractures-Design of locking mechanism in plate system and recent surgical procedures. J Orthop Sci. 2016;21:258-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The combination of arthroscopic-assisted reduction and locking plate fixation is now indicated for AO type C2 and C3 intra-articular comminuted fractures.
  49. Karaarslan A, Acar N, Örgen Y, Aycan H, Ertem F, Sesli E. A novel nail providing more biomechanical rotational and axial stability than conventional interlocking nail in femur complex fracture model. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2017;43:491-496 pubmed publisher
    Inter-fragmentary rotational and axial instabilities are major challenges in nailing of complex or comminuted fractures. We aimed to compare the inter-fragmentary rotational and axial stability of novel anti-rotation interlocking nail and ..
  50. Kamano M, Koshimune M, Kazuki K, Honda Y. Palmar plating for AO/ASIF C3.2 fractures of the distal radius with arthroscopically assisted reduction. Hand Surg. 2005;10:71-6 pubmed
    ..Grade 1 arthritic changes were found in 10 patients even though with no step-off on radiographs. In the current study, this combined treatment was challenging and useful for AO/ASIF C3.2 fractures. ..
  51. Chen M, Lin X, Wang H, Huang G, Li T, Cai S. [To compare and research the clinical effect of treating the comminute distal radius fractures by refining splintage]. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2008;21:87-9 pubmed
    ..The outcome of improved splint was better than that of traditional splint on the function and radiology for treating the comminute distal radius fracture. ..
  52. Gorzelnik L, Kozlovsky E. Bicortical extraoral plating of mandibular fractures. Atlas Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2009;17:35-43 pubmed publisher
    ..In this chapter, the authors discuss the indications and techniques of bicortical fixation of mandible fractures. ..
  53. Wähnert D, Hoffmeier K, von Oldenburg G, Fröber R, Hofmann G, Muckley T. Internal fixation of type-C distal femoral fractures in osteoporotic bone. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010;92:1442-52 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was performed to investigate the biomechanical stability of four different fixation devices for the treatment of comminuted distal femoral fractures in osteoporotic bone...
  54. Hedequist D, Sink E. Technical aspects of bridge plating for pediatric femur fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 2005;19:276-9 pubmed
    ..The technique, used in comminuted fractures, allows for stable internal fixation while reducing blood loss and the need for fracture site exposure...
  55. Aning J, Aung H, MacKinnon J. Fixation of a complex comminuted proximal femoral fracture in the presence of a Birmingham hip resurfacing prosthesis. Injury. 2005;36:1127-9 pubmed
  56. Hall J, McKee M. Posterolateral rotatory instability of the elbow following radial head resection. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005;87:1571-9 pubmed
    Resection is a common procedure for the treatment of comminuted fractures of the radial head...
  57. Islam S, Shorafa M, Hoffman G, Patel P. Internal fixation of comminuted cartilaginous fracture of the larynx with mini-plates. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;45:321-2 pubmed
    ..We illustrate a patient who sustained a severe penetrating laryngeal injury. His subsequent management was optimised by the joint intra-operative surgical collaboration between otorhinolaryngology and maxillofacial disciplines...
  58. Chin S, Chicarilli Z, Narayan D. Alloderm stabilization of zygomatic arch fractures. J Craniofac Surg. 2006;17:403-4 pubmed
    ..Zygomatic arch fractures, particularly when comminuted, are unstable fractures that may lose their reduction after operative manipulation. This case study describes the use of Alloderm as a postoperative stabilizing agent in two patients...
  59. Harrahill M. Peroneal nerve compression: a case review. J Emerg Nurs. 2007;33:294-6 pubmed
  60. Milenkovic S, Stanojkovic M. [Hawkins type III fracture: dislocation of the talus and fracture of the medial malleolus treated by distraction external fixation]. Unfallchirurg. 2008;111:112-6 pubmed
  61. Carter T, Brar P, Tolas A, Beirne O. Off-label use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) for reconstruction of mandibular bone defects in humans. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;66:1417-25 pubmed publisher
    ..The off-label use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) for the treatment of mandibular bone defects was evaluated in 5 patients. The rhBMP-2 was used as an alternative to autogenous bone grafting...
  62. Arora J, Malik A. External fixation in comminuted, displaced intra-articular fractures of the distal radius: is it sufficient?. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2005;125:536-40 pubmed
    ..This prospective study was conducted to look at the results of comminuted, displaced intra-articular fractures of the distal radius treated exclusively by external fixation...
  63. Dvorak M, Fisher C, Fehlings M, Rampersaud Y, Oner F, Aarabi B, et al. The surgical approach to subaxial cervical spine injuries: an evidence-based algorithm based on the SLIC classification system. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32:2620-9 pubmed
    ..Systematic review of literature and expert clinical opinions of the members of the Spine Trauma Study Group were combined to develop and refine this algorithm...
  64. Korovessis P. Re: Mahar A, Kim C, Wedemeyer M, et al. Short-segment fixation of lumbar burst fractures using pedicle fixation at the level of the fracture. Spine 2007;32:1503-7. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32:2638-9; author reply 2639 pubmed
  65. Bilgili H, Kurum B, Captug O. Use of a circular external skeletal fixator to treat comminuted metacarpal and tibial fractures in six calves. Vet Rec. 2008;163:683-7 pubmed
    ..The fixator was tolerated well, the fractures healed and the fixators maintained rigid stability. The calves were able to use their limbs fully after between 15 and 27 days...
  66. Calfee R, Kiefhaber T, Sommerkamp T, Stern P. Hemi-hamate arthroplasty provides functional reconstruction of acute and chronic proximal interphalangeal fracture-dislocations. J Hand Surg Am. 2009;34:1232-41 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was designed to determine whether this procedure would successfully restore function after such injuries...
  67. Zhang Z, Niu S, Chang Z, Ning F. [Study of the treatment of comminuted fractures of proximal humerus with open reduction and internal fixation]. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2009;22:824-6 pubmed
    To study the effect of the treatment for comminuted fractures of proximal humerus with open reduction and internal fixation, and the influence of the different internal fixation.
  68. Vresilovic E, Mehta S, Placide R, Milam R. Traumatic spondylopelvic dissociation. A report of two cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005;87:1098-103 pubmed
  69. van Kooten E, Coster E, Segers M, Ritt M. Early proximal row carpectomy after severe carpal trauma. Injury. 2005;36:1226-32 pubmed
    ..Three patients had a good outcome. In the patient with the bad outcome, the before-mentioned prerequisites were not met, which is discussed...
  70. Mitkovic M, Bumbasirevic M, Golubovic Z, Micic I, Mladenovic D, Milenkovic S, et al. New concept in external fixation. Acta Chir Iugosl. 2005;52:107-11 pubmed
    ..Overall average time for union time was 3.2 months. Overall success of fracture healing was 96.8% including open and closed fractures. Our study suggests that the use of this 3D unilateral system is suitable for routine use...
  71. Sen R, Gul A, Aggarwal S, Kumar S, Nagi O. Comminuted refracture of the distal femur and condyles in patients with an intramedullary nail: a report of 5 cases. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2005;13:290-5 pubmed
    ..The final results of the knees were good, with more than 100 degrees range of movement. It is important to adhere to established internal fixation protocols in the treatment of these complex nail tip fractures...
  72. Taylor K, Parks B, Segalman K. Biomechanical stability of a fixed-angle volar plate versus fragment-specific fixation system: cyclic testing in a C2-type distal radius cadaver fracture model. J Hand Surg Am. 2006;31:373-81 pubmed
    ..To compare the biomechanical stability of 2 recently introduced fixation systems in an intra-articular, dorsal comminution distal radius fracture model...
  73. Cruz A, dos Santos A. Blindness after Le Fort I osteotomy: a possible complication associated with pterygomaxillary separation. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2006;34:210-6 pubmed
    ..Visual loss after Le Fort I osteotomy is a devastating complication the mechanism of which is not always clear...
  74. Siegel J, Tornetta P. Extraperiosteal plating of pronation-abduction ankle fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89:276-81 pubmed
    ..The purpose of the present study was to report the technique for and outcomes of extraperiosteal plating in a series of patients with pronation-abduction ankle fractures...
  75. Kumar A, Chambers I, Maistrelli G, Wong P. Management of periprosthetic fracture above total knee arthroplasty using intramedullary fibular allograft and plate fixation. J Arthroplasty. 2008;23:554-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We believe this technique is a feasible treatment option for periprosthetic fractures in this difficult group of patients, having both biologic and mechanical advantages...
  76. Klein S, Varner K, Marymont J. Lateral talar process fracture and peroneal tendon dislocation: a previously unrecognized injury complex. Foot Ankle Int. 2008;29:1020-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Lateral process fractures were initially classified by Hawkins as three types. Type II injuries are comminuted fractures involving both the talofibular and talocalcaneal articular surfaces...
  77. Maturo S, Weitzel E, Cowhart J, Brennan J. Isolated posterior table frontal sinus fractures do not form mucoceles in a goat model. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;139:688-94 pubmed publisher
    ..The goal of this study was to investigate how patency of the nasofrontal outflow tract would affect frontal sinus healing in the setting of displaced, comminuted, posterior table fractures in the adult goat (Capra hircus)...
  78. Esen E, Dogramaci Y, Gultekin S, Deveci M, Suluova F, Kanatli U, et al. Factors affecting results of patients with humeral proximal end fractures undergoing primary hemiarthroplasty: a retrospective study in 42 patients. Injury. 2009;40:1336-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study reports long-term results and factors related to patient satisfaction in the case of primary hemiarthroplasty for humeral proximal end fractures...
  79. Pradhan R, Lakhey S, Pandey B, Manandhar R, Rijal K, Sharma S. External and internal fixation for comminuted intra-articular fractures of distal radius. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 2009;7:369-73 pubmed
    ..Distal radius fractures are a common injury and without proper treatment leads to high functional impairment and frequent complications...
  80. Urgelli S, Crainz E, Maniscalco P. Conservative treatment vs prosthetic replacement surgery to treat 3- and 4-fragment fractures of the proximal epiphysis of humerus in the elderly patient. Chir Organi Mov. 2005;90:345-51 pubmed
    ..Thus, in order to limit complications, when the patient is elderly, complex fracture of the proximal epiphysis of humerus should be treated conservatively...
  81. Adamiak Z, Aleksiewicz R, Kostrzewski M, Mederski J. Comminuted long bone fractures in cats caused by pneumatic gun shot and repaired using the external fixator "tie-in" technique. Pol J Vet Sci. 2007;10:153-7 pubmed
    ..Clinical results as well as fracture healing were excellent in all five cats. The study showed that the IM/ESF tie-in technique can be used in cats for the treatment of comminuted femoral fractures caused by pneumatic bullets...
  82. Siegel J, Tornetta P. Extraperiosteal plating of pronation-abduction ankle fractures. Surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008;90 Suppl 2 Pt 1:135-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of the present study was to report the technique for and outcomes of extraperiosteal plating in a series of patients with pronation-abduction ankle fractures...
  83. Krappinger D, Struve P, Smekal V, Huber B. Severely comminuted bicondylar tibial plateau fractures in geriatric patients: a report of 2 cases treated with open reduction and postoperative external fixation. J Orthop Trauma. 2008;22:652-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The described treatment plan does not provide a valid alternative for the treatment of bicondylar fractures in younger patients. It may be an option for the treatment of C3-type fractures in geriatric patients only...
  84. Cooney W. Radial head fractures and the role of radial head prosthetic replacement: current update. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2008;37:21-5 pubmed
    ..New radial head replacement designs, including bipolar designs and radial head and capitellar replacements, are available but have limited reported clinical results...
  85. Frank S, Grewal R, Johnson J, Faber K, King G, Athwal G. Determination of correct implant size in radial head arthroplasty to avoid overlengthening. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009;91:1738-46 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify clinical and radiographic features that may be used to diagnose overlengthening of the radius intraoperatively and on postoperative radiographs...
  86. Zoja R, Battistini A, Gentile G. Death with complete decapitation: report of four suicides by train. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2009;30:303-6 pubmed publisher
  87. Rahmel B, Scott C, Lynham A. Comminuted orbital blowout fracture after vigorous nose blowing that required repair. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;48:e21-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Patients who present with acute periorbital emphysema after nose blowing require careful assessment with potential blowout fractures in mind...
  88. Nam S, Park E, Shin H, Jung S, Kim Y. Interphalangeal traction for comminuted fracture of middle phalanx fingers: case report. J Hand Surg Am. 2010;35:1282-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The difference between our IP traction system compared with the modified Suzuki frame method is that distal IP and proximal IP joints are synchronously distracted in the fixator, and bony continuity and articular integrity are restored...
  89. Tomčovčík L, Cuha R, Rasi R. [Intra-operative myelography in treatment of fractures of thoracolumbar spine]. Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech. 2010;77:320-6 pubmed
    ..The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the results of intra-operative myelography as the method used to assess the reduction of bone fragments from the posterior margin of the vertebral body...
  90. White T, Clutton R, Salter D, Swann D, Christie J, Robinson C. The early response to major trauma and intramedullary nailing. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2006;88:823-7 pubmed
    ..Subsequent stabilisation of the fractures using intramedullary nails did not significantly exacerbate any of these responses...
  91. Mottier F, Wall B, Nove Josserand L, Galoisy Guibal L, Walch G. [Reverse prosthesis and os acromiale or acromion stress fracture]. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 2007;93:133-41 pubmed
    ..We reviewed cases of acromion stress fracture or os acromiale among a consecutive series of 240 reverse prostheses implanted between 1995 and 2003...
  92. Tan B, Wong C. An anomalous septocutaneous perforator to the skin paddle of the fibula osteocutaneous flap originating from the posterior tibial artery. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2009;62:690-2 pubmed publisher
    ..The clinical implications and techniques for overcoming this anomalous situation are discussed...