ross river virus

Summary

Summary: A species of ALPHAVIRUS associated with epidemic EXANTHEMA and polyarthritis in Australia.

Top Publications

  1. Tong S, Hu W. Climate variation and incidence of Ross river virus in Cairns, Australia: a time-series analysis. Environ Health Perspect. 2001;109:1271-3 pubmed
    In this study we assessed the impact of climate variability on the Ross River virus (RRv) transmission and validated an epidemic-forecasting model in Cairns, Australia...
  2. Morrison T, Fraser R, Smith P, Mahalingam S, Heise M. Complement contributes to inflammatory tissue destruction in a mouse model of Ross River virus-induced disease. J Virol. 2007;81:5132-43 pubmed
    Arthritogenic alphaviruses, including Ross River virus (RRV) and chikungunya virus, are mosquito-borne viruses that cause significant human disease worldwide, including explosive epidemics that can result in thousands to millions of ..
  3. Kang Y, Stein C, Heth J, Sinn P, Penisten A, Staber P, et al. In vivo gene transfer using a nonprimate lentiviral vector pseudotyped with Ross River Virus glycoproteins. J Virol. 2002;76:9378-88 pubmed
    ..of a feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-based lentiviral vector pseudotyped with the glycoproteins from Ross River Virus (RRV)...
  4. Russell R. Ross River virus: ecology and distribution. Annu Rev Entomol. 2002;47:1-31 pubmed
    b>Ross River virus is the most common mosquito-borne pathogen in Australia, and approximately 5000 human cases are reported annually...
  5. Herrero L, Nelson M, Srikiatkhachorn A, Gu R, Anantapreecha S, Fingerle Rowson G, et al. Critical role for macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in Ross River virus-induced arthritis and myositis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:12048-53 pubmed publisher
    Arthrogenic alphaviruses, such as Ross River virus (RRV), chikungunya, Sindbis, mayaro and o'nyong-nyong viruses circulate endemically worldwide, frequently causing outbreaks of polyarthritis...
  6. Tong S, Bi P, Hayes J, Donald K, MacKenzie J. Geographic variation of notified Ross River virus infections in Queensland, Australia, 1985-1996. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2001;65:171-6 pubmed
    The spatial and temporal variations of Ross River virus infections reported in Queensland, Australia, between 1985 and 1996 were studied by using the Geographic Information System...
  7. Gatton M, Kay B, Ryan P. Environmental predictors of Ross River virus disease outbreaks in Queensland, Australia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005;72:792-9 pubmed
    b>Ross River virus (RRV) disease is the most common mosquito-borne disease in Australia, with the majority of cases reported from Queensland...
  8. Suhrbier A, La Linn M. Clinical and pathologic aspects of arthritis due to Ross River virus and other alphaviruses. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2004;16:374-9 pubmed
    ..summarizes the current knowledge of these diseases, focusing on recent developments in the understanding of Ross River virus disease. Alphaviral arthritides have often been blamed for protracted chronic illnesses...
  9. Way S, Lidbury B, Banyer J. Persistent Ross River virus infection of murine macrophages: an in vitro model for the study of viral relapse and immune modulation during long-term infection. Virology. 2002;301:281-92 pubmed
    A clinical feature of Ross River virus disease (RRVD) is the periodic relapse of symptoms months after the initial onset of disease. The underlying mechanisms responsible for this relapse have not been determined...

More Information

Publications70

  1. Tong S, Hu W, Nicholls N, Dale P, Mackenzie J, Patz J, et al. Climatic, high tide and vector variables and the transmission of Ross River virus. Intern Med J. 2005;35:677-80 pubmed
    This report assesses the impact of the variability in environmental and vector factors on the transmission of Ross River virus (RRV) in Brisbane, Australia...
  2. Jupille H, Oko L, Stoermer K, Heise M, Mahalingam S, Gunn B, et al. Mutations in nsP1 and PE2 are critical determinants of Ross River virus-induced musculoskeletal inflammatory disease in a mouse model. Virology. 2011;410:216-27 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings indicate that determinants in both nsP1 and PE2 have critical and distinct roles in the pathogenesis of RRV-induced musculoskeletal inflammatory disease in mice...
  3. Glass K. Ecological mechanisms that promote arbovirus survival: a mathematical model of Ross River virus transmission. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2005;99:252-60 pubmed
    ..this paper, mathematical models are used to compare local survival mechanisms for a range of scenarios, using Ross River virus as a case study. Ross River virus is an Australian arbovirus with many mosquito vectors and reservoir hosts...
  4. Harley D, Ritchie S, Bain C, Sleigh A. Risks for Ross River virus disease in tropical Australia. Int J Epidemiol. 2005;34:548-55 pubmed
    There are no analytical studies of individual risks for Ross River virus (RRV) disease...
  5. Tomerini D, Dale P, Sipe N. Does mosquito control have an effect on mosquito-borne disease? The case of Ross River virus disease and mosquito management in Queensland, Australia. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2011;27:39-44 pubmed
    We examined the relationship between types of mosquito control programs and the mosquito-borne Ross River virus (RRV) disease in Queensland, Australia...
  6. Aichinger G, Ehrlich H, Aaskov J, Fritsch S, Thomasser C, Draxler W, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated whole virus Vero cell-derived Ross River virus vaccine: a randomized trial. Vaccine. 2011;29:9376-84 pubmed publisher
    b>Ross River virus (RRV) is endemic in Australia and several South Pacific Islands. Approximately 5000 cases of RRV disease, which is characterized by debilitating polyarthritis, are recorded each year in Australia...
  7. Mylonas A, Brown A, Carthew T, McGrath B, Purdie D, Pandeya N, et al. Natural history of Ross River virus-induced epidemic polyarthritis. Med J Aust. 2002;177:356-60 pubmed
    To describe the natural history, treatment and cost of Ross River virus-induced epidemic polyarthritis (RRV disease).
  8. Kelly Hope L, Kay B, Purdie D, Williams G. The risk of Ross River and Barmah Forest virus disease in Queensland: implications for New Zealand. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2002;26:69-77 pubmed
    ..To describe the incidence of Ross River (RR) and Barmah Forest (BF) virus disease in Queensland and determine the risk of importation of RR virus from Queensland into New Zealand (NZ) via viraemic travellers...
  9. Tong S, Bi P, Donald K, McMichael A. Climate variability and Ross River virus transmission. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2002;56:617-21 pubmed
    1) To examine the feasibility to link climate data with monthly incidence of Ross River virus (RRv). (2) To assess the impact of climate variability on the RRv transmission.
  10. Woodruff R, Guest C, Garner M, Becker N, Lindesay J, Carvan T, et al. Predicting Ross River virus epidemics from regional weather data. Epidemiology. 2002;13:384-93 pubmed
    ..The goal of this study was to test whether climate variables could predict with high levels of accuracy (more than 70%) epidemics of one arbovirus, Ross River virus disease.
  11. Liu W, Rourke M, Holmes E, Aaskov J. Persistence of multiple genetic lineages within intrahost populations of Ross River virus. J Virol. 2011;85:5674-8 pubmed publisher
    We examined the structure and extent of genetic diversity in intrahost populations of Ross River virus (RRV) in samples from six human patients, focusing on the nonstructural (nsP3) and structural (E2) protein genes...
  12. Rulli N, Melton J, Wilmes A, Ewart G, Mahalingam S. The molecular and cellular aspects of arthritis due to alphavirus infections: lesson learned from Ross River virus. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007;1102:96-108 pubmed
    ..This chapter summarizes our current understanding of viral arthritides using our newly developed mouse model of Ross River virus-induced joint and muscle inflammation.
  13. Hu W, Mengersen K, Dale P, Tong S. Difference in mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae) and the transmission of Ross River virus between coastline and inland areas in Brisbane, Australia. Environ Entomol. 2010;39:88-97 pubmed publisher
    This study examined the distribution of major mosquito species and their roles in the transmission of Ross River virus (RRV) infection for coastline and inland areas in Brisbane, Australia (27 degrees 28' S, 153 degrees 2' E)...
  14. Werner A, Goater S, Carver S, Robertson G, Allen G, Weinstein P. Environmental drivers of Ross River virus in southeastern Tasmania, Australia: towards strengthening public health interventions. Epidemiol Infect. 2012;140:359-71 pubmed publisher
    In Australia, Ross River virus (RRV) is predominantly identified and managed through passive health surveillance...
  15. Shabman R, Rogers K, Heise M. Ross River virus envelope glycans contribute to type I interferon production in myeloid dendritic cells. J Virol. 2008;82:12374-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Coinfection studies using mammalian- and mosquito cell-derived Ross River virus (mam-RRV and mos-RRV, respectively) indicated that mos-RRV was unable to suppress IFN-alpha/beta induction by ..
  16. Proll S, Dobler G, Pfeffer M, Jelinek T, Nothdurft H, Loscher T. [Persistent arthralgias in Ross-River-Virus disease after travel to the South Pacific]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1999;124:759-62 pubmed
    ..Physical examination showed extensive pain on palpation of the glenohumeral and acromioclavicular joints with impairment of active and passive mobility. Investigation of the cervical spine was normal...
  17. Lidbury B, Rulli N, Musso C, Cossetto S, Zaid A, Suhrbier A, et al. Identification and characterization of a ross river virus variant that grows persistently in macrophages, shows altered disease kinetics in a mouse model, and exhibits resistance to type I interferon. J Virol. 2011;85:5651-63 pubmed publisher
    Alphaviruses, such as chikungunya virus, o'nyong-nyong virus, and Ross River virus (RRV), cause outbreaks of human rheumatic disease worldwide. RRV is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus endemic to Australia and Papua New Guinea...
  18. Mukhopadhyay S, Chipman P, Hong E, Kuhn R, Rossmann M. In vitro-assembled alphavirus core-like particles maintain a structure similar to that of nucleocapsid cores in mature virus. J Virol. 2002;76:11128-32 pubmed
    ..This suggested that in the absence of membrane and glycoproteins, nucleocapsid core particles are fragile, lacking accurate icosahedral symmetry...
  19. Harley D, Bossingham D, Purdie D, Pandeya N, Sleigh A. Ross River virus disease in tropical Queensland: evolution of rheumatic manifestations in an inception cohort followed for six months. Med J Aust. 2002;177:352-5 pubmed
    To describe the natural history of rheumatic manifestations of Ross River virus (RRV) disease.
  20. Tong S. Ross River virus disease in Australia: epidemiology, socioecology and public health response. Intern Med J. 2004;34:58-60 pubmed
    ..b>Ross River virus (RRV) infection is the most common arboviral disease in Australia and some Pacific island nations...
  21. Kelly Hope L, Purdie D, Kay B. Risk of mosquito-borne epidemic polyarthritis disease among international visitors to Queensland, Australia. J Travel Med. 2002;9:211-3 pubmed
  22. Neighbours L, Long K, Whitmore A, Heise M. Myd88-dependent toll-like receptor 7 signaling mediates protection from severe Ross River virus-induced disease in mice. J Virol. 2012;86:10675-85 pubmed publisher
    Arthralgia-associated alphaviruses, including chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Ross River virus (RRV), pose significant public health threats because of their ability to cause explosive outbreaks of debilitating arthralgia and myalgia in ..
  23. Zhang W, Heil M, Kuhn R, Baker T. Heparin binding sites on Ross River virus revealed by electron cryo-microscopy. Virology. 2005;332:511-8 pubmed
    ..and Semliki Forest virus, have been shown to utilize heparan sulfate as an attachment receptor, whereas Ross River virus (RRV) does not significantly interact with it...
  24. Kistner O, Barrett N, Br├╝hmann A, Reiter M, Mundt W, Savidis Dacho H, et al. The preclinical testing of a formaldehyde inactivated Ross River virus vaccine designed for use in humans. Vaccine. 2007;25:4845-52 pubmed
    b>Ross River virus was grown in industrial facilities in vaccine-certified Vero cells in the absence of serum, inactivated using standard formalin-inactivation protocols, treated with Benzonase to digest host cell DNA and purified on a ..
  25. Harley D, Sleigh A, Ritchie S. Ross River virus transmission, infection, and disease: a cross-disciplinary review. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2001;14:909-32, table of contents pubmed
    b>Ross River virus (RRV) is a fascinating, important arbovirus that is endemic and enzootic in Australia and Papua New Guinea and was epidemic in the South Pacific in 1979 and 1980...
  26. Pelecanos A, Ryan P, Gatton M. Outbreak detection algorithms for seasonal disease data: a case study using Ross River virus disease. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2010;10:74 pubmed publisher
    ..Although many algorithms have been designed for detecting outbreaks, few have been specifically assessed against diseases that have distinct seasonal incidence patterns, such as those caused by vector-borne pathogens...
  27. Bi P, Hiller J, Cameron A, Zhang Y, Givney R. Climate variability and Ross River virus infections in Riverland, South Australia, 1992-2004. Epidemiol Infect. 2009;137:1486-93 pubmed publisher
    b>Ross River virus (RRV) infection is the most common notifiable vector-borne disease in Australia, with around 6000 cases annually...
  28. Done S, Holbrook N, Beggs P. The Quasi-Biennial Oscillation and Ross River virus incidence in Queensland, Australia. Int J Biometeorol. 2002;46:202-7 pubmed
    b>Ross River virus (RRV) is the most important vector-borne disease in Australia...
  29. Jacups S, Whelan P, Markey P, Cleland S, Williamson G, Currie B. Predictive indicators for Ross River virus infection in the Darwin area of tropical northern Australia, using long-term mosquito trapping data. Trop Med Int Health. 2008;13:943-52 pubmed publisher
    To describe the epidemiology of Ross River virus (RRV) infection in the endemic Darwin region of tropical northern Australia and to develop a predictive model for RRV infections.
  30. Gatton M, Kelly Hope L, Kay B, Ryan P. Spatial-temporal analysis of Ross River virus disease patterns in Queensland, Australia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004;71:629-35 pubmed
    b>Ross River virus is the most common vector-borne disease in Australia, with the majority of notifications being in Queensland...
  31. Kelly Hope L, Purdie D, Kay B. Ross River virus disease in Australia, 1886-1998, with analysis of risk factors associated with outbreaks. J Med Entomol. 2004;41:133-50 pubmed
    b>Ross River virus (RR) is a mosquito-borne arbovirus responsible for outbreaks of polyarthritic disease throughout Australia...
  32. Kay B, Jennings C. Enhancement or modulation of the vector competence of Ochlerotatus vigilax (Diptera: Culicidae) for ross river virus by temperature. J Med Entomol. 2002;39:99-105 pubmed
    Two different doses of Ross River virus (RR) were fed to Ochlerotatus vigilax (Skuse), the primary coastal vector in Australia; and blood engorged females were held at different temperatures up to 35 d. After ingesting 10(4...
  33. Vally H, Peel M, Dowse G, Cameron S, Codde J, Hanigan I, et al. Geographic Information Systems used to describe the link between the risk of Ross River virus infection and proximity to the Leschenault estuary, WA. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2012;36:229-35 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the relationship between risk of Ross River virus (RRV) infection and proximity to mosquito-breeding habitat surrounding a tidal wetland ecosystem in south-west Australia.
  34. Lidbury B, Mahalingam S. Specific ablation of antiviral gene expression in macrophages by antibody-dependent enhancement of Ross River virus infection. J Virol. 2000;74:8376-81 pubmed
    b>Ross River virus (RRV) is an indigenous Australian arthropod-borne alphavirus responsible for epidemic polyarthritis (EPA), myalgia, and lethargy in humans...
  35. Burness A, Pardoe I, Faragher S, Vrati S, Dalgarno L. Genetic stability of Ross River virus during epidemic spread in nonimmune humans. Virology. 1988;167:639-43 pubmed
    We have examined the rate of evolution of Ross River virus, a mosquito-borne RNA virus, during epidemic spread through tens of thousands of nonimmune humans over a period of 10 months...
  36. Stoermer Burrack K, Hawman D, Jupille H, Oko L, Minor M, Shives K, et al. Attenuating mutations in nsP1 reveal tissue-specific mechanisms for control of Ross River virus infection. J Virol. 2014;88:3719-32 pubmed publisher
    b>Ross River virus (RRV) is one of a group of mosquito-transmitted alphaviruses that cause debilitating, and often chronic, musculoskeletal disease in humans...
  37. Gardner J, Anraku I, Le T, Larcher T, Major L, Roques P, et al. Chikungunya virus arthritis in adult wild-type mice. J Virol. 2010;84:8021-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Prior infection with Ross River virus, a related arthrogenic alphavirus, and anti-Ross River virus antibodies protected mice against chikungunya ..
  38. Jones A, Lowry K, Aaskov J, Holmes E, Kitchen A. Molecular evolutionary dynamics of Ross River virus and implications for vaccine efficacy. J Gen Virol. 2010;91:182-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Ross River virus (RRV) is a mosquito-borne member of the genus Alphavirus that causes epidemic polyarthritis in humans, costing the Australian health system at least US$10 million annually...
  39. Tong S, Dale P, Nicholls N, Mackenzie J, Wolff R, McMichael A. Climate variability, social and environmental factors, and ross river virus transmission: research development and future research needs. Environ Health Perspect. 2008;116:1591-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Arbovirus diseases have emerged as a global public health concern. However, the impact of climatic, social, and environmental variability on the transmission of arbovirus diseases remains to be determined...
  40. Klapsing P, MacLean J, Glaze S, McClean K, Drebot M, Lanciotti R, et al. Ross River virus disease reemergence, Fiji, 2003-2004. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:613-5 pubmed
    We report 2 clinically characteristic and serologically positive cases of Ross River virus infection in Canadian tourists who visited Fiji in late 2003 and early 2004...
  41. Kahl C, Marsh J, Fyffe J, Sanders D, Cornetta K. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1-derived lentivirus vectors pseudotyped with envelope glycoproteins derived from Ross River virus and Semliki Forest virus. J Virol. 2004;78:1421-30 pubmed
    b>Ross River virus (RRV) and Semliki Forest virus (SFV) are two alphaviruses that have a high degree of amino acid homology, as well as a very broad host range...
  42. Tong S, Hu W, McMichael A. Climate variability and Ross River virus transmission in Townsville Region, Australia, 1985-1996. Trop Med Int Health. 2004;9:298-304 pubmed
    ..We assess the impact of climate variation on the Ross River virus (RRv) transmission in the Townsville region, Queensland, north-east Australia.
  43. Hu W, Nicholls N, Lindsay M, Dale P, McMichael A, Mackenzie J, et al. Development of a predictive model for ross river virus disease in Brisbane, Australia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004;71:129-37 pubmed
    This paper describes the development of an empirical model to forecast epidemics of Ross River virus (RRV) disease using the multivariate seasonal auto-regressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) technique in Brisbane, Australia...
  44. Woodruff R, Guest C, Garner M, Becker N, Lindsay M. Early warning of Ross River virus epidemics: combining surveillance data on climate and mosquitoes. Epidemiology. 2006;17:569-75 pubmed
    b>Ross River virus disease is spread by mosquitoes, and an average of 5000 people are infected each year in Australia. It is one of the few infectious diseases for which climate-based early warning systems could be developed...
  45. Morrison T, Simmons J, Heise M. Complement receptor 3 promotes severe ross river virus-induced disease. J Virol. 2008;82:11263-72 pubmed publisher
    Alphaviruses such as Ross River virus (RRV) and chikungunya virus are mosquito-transmitted viruses that cause explosive epidemics of debilitating arthritis and myositis affecting millions of humans worldwide...
  46. Faragher S, Meek A, Rice C, Dalgarno L. Genome sequences of a mouse-avirulent and a mouse-virulent strain of Ross River virus. Virology. 1988;163:509-26 pubmed
    The nucleotide sequence of the genomic RNA of a mouse-avirulent strain of Ross River virus, RRV NB5092 (isolated in 1969), has been determined and the corresponding sequence for the prototype mouse-virulent strain, RRV T48 (isolated in ..
  47. Heil M, Albee A, Strauss J, Kuhn R. An amino acid substitution in the coding region of the E2 glycoprotein adapts Ross River virus to utilize heparan sulfate as an attachment moiety. J Virol. 2001;75:6303-9 pubmed
    Passage of Ross River virus strain NB5092 in avian cells has been previously shown to select for virus variants that have enhanced replication in these cells...
  48. Mahalingam S, Lidbury B. Suppression of lipopolysaccharide-induced antiviral transcription factor (STAT-1 and NF-kappa B) complexes by antibody-dependent enhancement of macrophage infection by Ross River virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:13819-24 pubmed
    ..This evidence demonstrates that RRV can potently disrupt the activation of specific antiviral pathways via ADE infection pathways, and may suggest a significant mechanism in the infection and pathogenesis of other ADE viruses...
  49. Holzer G, Coulibaly S, Aichinger G, Savidis Dacho H, Mayrhofer J, Brunner S, et al. Evaluation of an inactivated Ross River virus vaccine in active and passive mouse immunization models and establishment of a correlate of protection. Vaccine. 2011;29:4132-41 pubmed publisher
    b>Ross River Virus has caused reported outbreaks of epidemic polyarthritis, a chronic debilitating disease associated with significant long-term morbidity in Australia and the Pacific region since the 1920s...
  50. Morrison T, Whitmore A, Shabman R, Lidbury B, Mahalingam S, Heise M. Characterization of Ross River virus tropism and virus-induced inflammation in a mouse model of viral arthritis and myositis. J Virol. 2006;80:737-49 pubmed
    ..Utilizing a mouse model of Ross River virus (RRV) disease, we found that the primary targets of RRV infection are bone, joint, and skeletal muscle ..
  51. Ryan P, Alsemgeest D, Gatton M, Kay B. Ross River virus disease clusters and spatial relationship with mosquito biting exposure in Redland Shire, southern Queensland, Australia. J Med Entomol. 2006;43:1042-59 pubmed
    The spatial heterogeneity in the risk of Ross River virus (family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus, RRV) disease, the most common mosquito-borne disease in Australia, was examined in Redland Shire in southern Queensland, Australia...
  52. Tappe D, Schmidt Chanasit J, Ries A, Ziegler U, Muller A, Stich A. Ross River virus infection in a traveller returning from northern Australia. Med Microbiol Immunol. 2009;198:271-3 pubmed publisher
    b>Ross River virus is an arthropod-borne alphavirus (family Togaviridae) causing epidemic polyarthritis in the Australia-Pacific region. The infection causes substantial morbidity due to long-lasting arthralgia...
  53. Watkins R, Eagleson S, Veenendaal B, Wright G, Plant A. Applying cusum-based methods for the detection of outbreaks of Ross River virus disease in Western Australia. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2008;8:37 pubmed publisher
    ..study investigates the correspondence between retrospective epidemiological evaluation of notifications of Ross River virus (RRv) disease in Western Australia, and the signals produced by two cumulative sum (cusum)-based automated ..
  54. Kerr P, Fitzgerald S, Tregear G, Dalgarno L, Weir R. Characterization of a major neutralization domain of Ross river virus using anti-viral and anti-peptide antibodies. Virology. 1992;187:338-42 pubmed
    The E2 glycoprotein of the alphavirus Ross River virus (RRV) contains three defined neutralization epitopes (a, b1 and b2) with determinants located between amino acids 216 and 251 in the linear sequence (Vrati et al...
  55. Kelly Hope L, Purdie D, Kay B. Differences in climatic factors between Ross River virus disease outbreak and nonoutbreak years. J Med Entomol. 2004;41:1116-22 pubmed
    b>Ross River virus is a common mosquito-borne arbovirus responsible for outbreaks of polyarthritic disease throughout Australia...
  56. Jeffery J, Kay B, Ryan P. Role of Verrallina funerea (Diptera: Culicidae) in transmission of Barmah Forest virus and Ross River virus in coastal areas of eastern Australia. J Med Entomol. 2006;43:1239-47 pubmed
    ..the vector competence of this species for Barmah Forest virus (family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus, BFV) and Ross River virus (family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus, RRV), two medically important arboviruses in Australia, were ..
  57. Hu W, Tong S, Mengersen K, Oldenburg B. Exploratory spatial analysis of social and environmental factors associated with the incidence of Ross River virus in Brisbane, Australia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007;76:814-9 pubmed
    We used geographic information systems and a spatial analysis approach to explore the pattern of Ross River virus (RRV) incidence in Brisbane, Australia...
  58. Tong S, Hu W. Different responses of Ross River virus to climate variability between coastline and inland cities in Queensland, Australia. Occup Environ Med. 2002;59:739-44 pubmed
    To examine the potential impact of climate variability on the transmission of Ross River virus (RRv) infection, and to assess the difference in the potential predictors of RRv incidence in coastline and inland regions, Queensland, ..
  59. Jacups S, Whelan P, Currie B. Ross River virus and Barmah Forest virus infections: a review of history, ecology, and predictive models, with implications for tropical northern Australia. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2008;8:283-97 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of the present article is to present a review of the Ross River virus (RRV) and Barmah Forest virus (BFV) literature in relation to potential implications for future disease in tropical northern Australia...
  60. Lidbury B, Rulli N, Suhrbier A, Smith P, McColl S, Cunningham A, et al. Macrophage-derived proinflammatory factors contribute to the development of arthritis and myositis after infection with an arthrogenic alphavirus. J Infect Dis. 2008;197:1585-93 pubmed publisher
    Alphaviruses, such as chikungunya virus and Ross River virus (RRV), are associated with outbreaks of infectious rheumatic disease in humans worldwide...
  61. Sharkey C, North C, Kuhn R, Sanders D. Ross River virus glycoprotein-pseudotyped retroviruses and stable cell lines for their production. J Virol. 2001;75:2653-9 pubmed
    ..virus (Mo-MuLV)-based retrovirus particles efficiently incorporate the glycoproteins of the alphavirus Ross River virus (RRV) and utilize them for entry into cells...