carlavirus

Summary

Summary: A genus of RNA plant viruses in the family FLEXIVIRIDAE, containing slightly flexuous filaments, often transmitted by aphids in a non-persistent manner. Carnation latent virus is the type species.

Top Publications

  1. Naylor M, Reeves J, Cooper J, Edwards M, Wang H. Construction and properties of a gene-silencing vector based on Poplar mosaic virus (genus Carlavirus). J Virol Methods. 2005;124:27-36 pubmed
    ..The ability to systemically silence a plant transgene following the production of a gene-silencing signal from a locally replicating viral-construct derived from a carlavirus has not to our knowledge been shown before.
  2. Mosahebi G, Ahoon Manesh A, Sharifi Tehrani A, Mohammadi M, Okhovvat S. Occurrence and physico-serological properties of potato virus S (PVS) in Iran. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2005;70:423-4 pubmed
    ..SDS-Page and Western blotting methods used successfully for virus detection and determining and measuring viral protein components...
  3. Nie X, Bai Y, Molen T, Desjardins D. Development of universal primers for detection of potato carlaviruses by RT-PCR. J Virol Methods. 2008;149:209-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Sequencing of the tentative carlavirus-fragments resulting from Car-F1/Car-R and Car-F2b/dT-B proved their carlavirus-origin, thus indicating the high ..
  4. Cavileer T, Halpern B, Lawrence D, Podleckis E, Martin R, Hillman B. Nucleotide sequence of the carlavirus associated with blueberry scorch and similar diseases. J Gen Virol. 1994;75 ( Pt 4):711-20 pubmed publisher
    ..have synthesized and mapped a library of cDNA clones representing the RNA genome of a strain of blueberry scorch carlavirus (BBScV) associated with a disease known locally, in New Jersey, U.S.A., as Sheep Pen Hill disease...
  5. Lawrence D, Rozanov M, Hillman B. Autocatalytic processing of the 223-kDa protein of blueberry scorch carlavirus by a papain-like proteinase. Virology. 1995;207:127-35 pubmed publisher
    The first open reading frame of the blueberry scorch carlavirus (BBScV) genome encodes a putative replication-associated protein of 223 kDa (p223)...
  6. Asjes C. Control of aphid-borne Lily symptomless virus and Lily mottle virus in Lilium in the Netherlands. Virus Res. 2000;71:23-32 pubmed
    ..The impact of the different factors in the management and control of viruses in Lilium crops in the Netherlands is discussed...
  7. Brito M, Fernández Rodríguez T, Garrido M, Mejías A, Romano M, Marys E. First report of Cowpea mild mottle Carlavirus on yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis) in Venezuela. Viruses. 2012;4:3804-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Symptomatic leaves were shown to contain carlavirus-like particles. RT-PCR analysis with carlavirus-specific primers was positive in all tested samples...
  8. Nicolaisen M, Nielsen S. Analysis of the triple gene block and coat protein sequences of two strains of Kalanchoë latent carlavirus. Virus Genes. 2001;22:265-70 pubmed
    A region of the Kalanchoë latent carlavirus (KLV) genome, containing the coding capacity for the triple gene block and the coat protein, was cloned and sequenced for two isolates, the one infecting Chenopodium quinoa systemically whereas ..
  9. Choi S, Ryu K. The complete nucleotide sequence of the genome RNA of Lily symptomless virus and its comparison with that of other carlaviruses. Arch Virol. 2003;148:1943-55 pubmed publisher
    The complete genomic nucleotide sequence and genome structure of Lily symptomless virus (LSV), a lily-infecting carlavirus, have been obtained...

More Information

Publications97

  1. Zheng H, Chen J, Zhao M, Lin L, Chen J, Antoniw J, et al. Occurrence and sequences of Lily mottle virus and Lily symptomless virus in plants grown from imported bulbs in Zhejiang province, China. Arch Virol. 2003;148:2419-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Two viruses, Lily mottle virus (LMoV, genus Potyvirus) and Lily symptomless virus (LSV, genus Carlavirus) were detected, purified and completely sequenced from a mixed infection in a plant raised from bulbs imported ..
  2. Smith C, Campbell M. Complete nucleotide sequence of the genomic RNA of poplar mosaic virus (Genus Carlavirus). Arch Virol. 2004;149:1831-41 pubmed
    ..Comparative sequence analysis supports earlier research suggesting that this virus is a member of the genus Carlavirus. For example, as is the case for all carlaviruses, there are 6 predicted ORFs in the PopMV genome...
  3. Lawrence D, Hillman B. Synthesis of infectious transcripts of blueberry scorch carlavirus in vitro. J Gen Virol. 1994;75 ( Pt 9):2509-12 pubmed
    Blueberry scorch carlavirus (BBScV) is a filamentous virus with a polyadenylated, positive-sense RNA genome. A near full-length cDNA clone of BBScV was constructed by assembly of clones from a cDNA library...
  4. Gaspar J, Belintani P, Almeida A, Kitajima E. A degenerate primer allows amplification of part of the 3'-terminus of three distinct carlavirus species. J Virol Methods. 2008;148:283-5 pubmed publisher
    ..primer that together with an oligo dT anti-sense primer, was effective for the detection of three distinct carlavirus species, two transmitted by aphids and one by whitefly...
  5. Naidu R, Gowda S, Satyanarayana T, Boyko V, Reddy A, Dawson W, et al. Evidence that whitefly-transmitted cowpea mild mottle virus belongs to the genus Carlavirus. Arch Virol. 1998;143:769-80 pubmed
    ..proteins of known carlaviruses and potexviruses suggest that CPMMV-S and CPMMV-M are closely related to viruses in the genus Carlavirus. Based on the data, it is concluded that CPMMV is a distinct species in the genus Carlavirus.
  6. Fuji S, Yamamoto H, Inoue M, Yamashita K, Fukui Y, Furuya H, et al. Complete nucleotide sequence of the genomic RNA of Aconitum latent virus (genus Carlavirus) isolated from Delphinium sp.. Arch Virol. 2002;147:865-70 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that AcLV is a distinct carlavirus species but closely related to PVM.
  7. Wylie S, Jones M. Complete genome sequences of seven carlavirus and potyvirus isolates from Narcissus and Hippeastrum plants in Australia, and proposals to clarify their naming. Arch Virol. 2012;157:1471-80 pubmed publisher
    Complete genome sequences were obtained from two isolates of the carlavirus nerine latent virus from hippeastrum and narcissus plants, two isolates of the potyvirus hippeastrum mosaic virus from a hippeastrum plant, and one isolate each ..
  8. Zheng H, Chen J, Adams M, Chen J. Complete nucleotide sequence and affinities of the genomic RNA of Narcissus common latent virus (genus Carlavirus). Arch Virol. 2006;151:1667-72 pubmed publisher
    ..genomic RNA of NCLV was 8539 nucleotides (nt) long and had the typical organization for a member of the genus Carlavirus. The most closely related species were Potato virus M, Hop latent virus and Aconitum latent virus, which had 58-..
  9. Su L, Li Z, Bernardy M, Wiersma P, Cheng Z, Xiang Y. The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of pea streak virus (genus Carlavirus). Arch Virol. 2015;160:2651-4 pubmed publisher
    Pea streak virus (PeSV) is a member of the genus Carlavirus in the family Betaflexiviridae...
  10. Kim J, Yoo H, Bae E, Jung Y. Development of an indirect ELISA and immunocapture rt-PCR for Lily virus detection. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;22:1776-81 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that large-scale bulb tests and economic detection of Lily viruses in epidemiological studies can be performed routinely using these polyclonal antisera. ..
  11. Wang R, Dong J, Wang Z, Zhou T, Li Y, Ding W. Complete nucleotide sequence of a new carlavirus in chrysanthemums in China. Arch Virol. 2018;163:1973-1976 pubmed publisher
    ..contains six putative open reading frames (ORFs), and has a genomic organization typical of members of the genus Carlavirus. BLAST analysis of the full genome sequence showed low similarity (38%-56% sequence identity) to other members ..
  12. Maina S, Edwards O, de Almeida L, Ximenes A, Jones R. Complete Genome Sequences of the Carlavirus Sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus from East Timor and Australia. Genome Announc. 2016;4: pubmed publisher
    ..The Australian, East Timorese, South Korean, and Ugandan genomes differed considerably from each other. ..
  13. Cox B, Jones R. Genetic variability in the coat protein gene of Potato virus S isolates and distinguishing its biologically distinct strains. Arch Virol. 2010;155:1163-9 pubmed publisher
    ..systemically. The acronym PVS(O-CS) is suggested for isolates that invade Chenopodium spp. systemically but are not within clade PVS(A)...
  14. Flatken S, Ungewickell V, Menzel W, Maiss E. Construction of an infectious full-length cDNA clone of potato virus M. Arch Virol. 2008;153:1385-9 pubmed publisher
  15. Moretti M, Ciuffo M, Gotta P, Prodorutti D, Bragagna P, Turina M. Molecular characterization of two distinct strains of blueberry scorch virus (BlScV) in northern Italy. Arch Virol. 2011;156:1295-7 pubmed publisher
  16. Carvalho S, Nagata T, Junqueira B, Zanardo L, Paiva A, Carvalho C. Construction of a full-length infectious cDNA clone of Cowpea mild mottle virus. Virus Genes. 2017;53:137-140 pubmed publisher
    ..describes the first generation of a full-length infectious cDNA clone of Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV), a Carlavirus. The full-length genome was synthesized by Overlap Extension PCR of two overlapping fragments and cloned in a ..
  17. Lukhovitskaya N, Ignatovich I, Savenkov E, Schiemann J, Morozov S, Solovyev A. Role of the zinc-finger and basic motifs of chrysanthemum virus B p12 protein in nucleic acid binding, protein localization and induction of a hypersensitive response upon expression from a viral vector. J Gen Virol. 2009;90:723-33 pubmed publisher
  18. Jo Y, Choi H, Kim S, Kim S, Lee B, Cho W. The pepper virome: natural co-infection of diverse viruses and their quasispecies. BMC Genomics. 2017;18:453 pubmed publisher
    ..The pepper viromes are dominated by geminivirus DNA-A followed by a novel carlavirus referred to as Pepper virus A. The two pepper cultivars share similar viral populations and replications...
  19. Igori D, Lim S, Zhao F, Baek D, Park J, Cho H, et al. The complete sequence and genome organization of ligustrum virus A, a novel carlavirus. Arch Virol. 2016;161:3593-3596 pubmed
    ..nucleotides, excluding the poly(A) tail, and consists of six open reading frames typical of members of the genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexiviridae...
  20. Sánchez Navarro J, Cañizares M, Cano E, Pallas V. Simultaneous detection of five carnation viruses by non-isotopic molecular hybridization. J Virol Methods. 1999;82:167-75 pubmed
    ..The relative benefits of using this detection procedure for routine diagnosis of carnation viruses are discussed. ..
  21. Carra A, Brocchi E, Simone F, Luisoni E. Improved serological diagnosis of Poplar mosaic virus with monoclonal antibodies. J Virol Methods. 2005;125:173-9 pubmed
    ..Six PopMV isolates from four European countries were detected with the same efficiency, indicating that no limitations to the practical use of the TAS-ELISA arise due to excessive epitope-specificity of the monoclonal antibody employed. ..
  22. Singh L, Hallan V, Martin D, Ram R, Zaidi A. Genomic sequence analysis of four new chrysanthemum virus B isolates: evidence of RNA recombination. Arch Virol. 2012;157:531-7 pubmed publisher
    ..worldwide suffer from a high incidence of infection with chrysanthemum virus B (CVB), a member of the genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexiviridae...
  23. Hatlestad G, Elam L, Gonzalez A, Lloyd A. Mirabilis jalapa mottle virus: a new carlavirus infecting four o'clocks. Arch Virol. 2011;156:2109-11 pubmed publisher
    ..a next-generation sequence dataset from Mirabilis jalapa resulted in the discovery of a novel virus in the genus Carlavirus (family Betaflexiviridae), mirabilis jalapa mottle virus (MjMV)...
  24. Wang R, Wang G, Zhao Q, Zhang Y, An L, Wang Y. Expression, purification and characterization of the Lily symptomless virus coat protein from Lanzhou Isolate. Virol J. 2010;7:34 pubmed publisher
    ..This investigation to LSV should provide some specific antibodies and aid to development a detection system for LSV diagnostics and epidemiologic surveys. ..
  25. Ge B, Li Q, Liu G, Lu M, Li S, Wang H. Simultaneous detection and identification of four viruses infecting pepino by multiplex RT-PCR. Arch Virol. 2013;158:1181-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that the new multiplex RT-PCR method has potential to be used routinely for surveys of pepino for virus infection. ..
  26. Hashimoto M, Komatsu K, Maejima K, Yamaji Y, Okano Y, Shiraishi T, et al. Complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of butterbur mosaic virus. Arch Virol. 2009;154:1955-8 pubmed publisher
    Butterbur mosaic virus (ButMV), a member of the genus Carlavirus, was isolated from Japanese butterbur. Here we report the complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of ButMV...
  27. Ziegler A, Matousek J, Steger G, Schubert J. Complete sequence of a cryptic virus from hemp (Cannabis sativa). Arch Virol. 2012;157:383-5 pubmed publisher
    Hemp (Cannabis sativa) was found to be a useful propagation host for hop latent virus, a carlavirus. However, when virus preparations were analysed by electron microscopy, along with the expected filamentous particles, spherical particles ..
  28. Fujita N, Komatsu K, Ayukawa Y, Matsuo Y, Hashimoto M, Netsu O, et al. N-terminal region of cysteine-rich protein (CRP) in carlaviruses is involved in the determination of symptom types. Mol Plant Pathol. 2018;19:180-190 pubmed publisher
    Plant viruses in the genus Carlavirus include more than 65 members. Plants infected with carlaviruses exhibit various symptoms, including leaf malformation and plant stunting...
  29. Ohshima K, Okamura K, Yasaka R, Fukuda S, Ishimaru K, Tomitaka Y, et al. First Genome Sequence of Shallot Latent Carlavirus from Allium macrostemon Bunge. Genome Announc. 2017;5: pubmed publisher
    ..Genome sequencing showed that it was infected with shallot latent carlavirus. The genomic sequence of this virus is reported for the first time from wild onion.
  30. Xu H, D Aubin J, Nie J. Genomic variability in potato virus M and the development of RT-PCR and RFLP procedures for the detection of this virus in seed potatoes. Virol J. 2010;7:25 pubmed publisher
    Potato virus M (PVM, Carlavirus) is considered to be one of the most common potato viruses distributed worldwide. Sequences of the coat protein (CP) gene of several Canadian PVM isolates were determined...
  31. Marczewski W, Strzelczyk Zyta D, Hennig J, Witek K, Gebhardt C. Potato chromosomes IX and XI carry genes for resistance to potato virus M. Theor Appl Genet. 2006;112:1232-8 pubmed
    ..The locus Rm was placed on the short arm of chromosome XI, close to the marker loci GP250 and GP283, where a hotspot for monogenic and polygenic resistance to diverse pathogens is located in the potato and tomato genome. ..
  32. Su X, Wu K, Zhang L, Rahman M, Zheng K, Li T, et al. Complete genome sequence of a new isolate of potato virus M in Yunnan, China. Arch Virol. 2017;162:2485-2488 pubmed publisher
    ..The coat proteins (CP) of PVM-YN shared 79.0-97.4% amino acid sequence identity with that of other isolates. It is the first report of the complete genomic sequence of a new PVM isolate infecting S. tuberosum in China. ..
  33. Aritua V, Barg E, Adipala E, Vetten H. Sequence analysis of the entire RNA genome of a sweet potato chlorotic fleck virus isolate reveals that it belongs to a distinct carlavirus species. Arch Virol. 2007;152:813-8 pubmed
    ..Based on genomic organisation and sequence similarity, SPCFV appears to be a member of the genus Carlavirus (family Flexiviridae)...
  34. Turner R, Bate N, Twell D, Foster G. Analysis of a translational enhancer upstream from the coat protein open reading frame of potato virus S. Arch Virol. 1994;134:321-33 pubmed
    Evidence has suggested that the subgenomic RNA of the carlavirus potato virus S is an efficient message for the coat protein, even though evidence suggests it is uncapped at its 5' terminus...
  35. Chen J, Adams M. Molecular characterisation of a complex mixture of viruses in garlic with mosaic symptoms in China. Arch Virol. 2001;146:1841-53 pubmed
    Degenerate primers were used to detect and amplify cDNA of viruses of the genera Carlavirus, Allexivirus and Potyvirus from garlic plants with mosaic symptoms growing in Zhejiang province, China...
  36. Gutiérrez P, Alzate J, Marín Montoya M. Complete genome sequence of a novel potato virus S strain infecting Solanum phureja in Colombia. Arch Virol. 2013;158:2205-8 pubmed publisher
    Potato virus S (PVS) (genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexiviridae) is one of the most prevalent viruses in potato crops (Solanum tuberosum and S. phureja) around the world, causing reductions in crop yields between 10 and 20 %...
  37. Zheng H, Chen J, Chen J. [Complete sequence analysis on potato virus M infecting Solanum muricatum]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2003;43:336-41 pubmed
    ..The genome organization was typical feature of genus Carlavirus. Sequence analysis showed that PVM isolates shared 62.5% - 97.2% nucleotide and 60.9% - 97...
  38. Cohen J, Zeidan M, Feigelson L, Maslenin L, Rosner A, Gera A. Characterization of a distinct carlavirus isolated from Verbena. Arch Virol. 2003;148:1007-15 pubmed
    ..In the light of particle morphology, absence of specific cytopathological effects in ultrathin sections, and genomic and serological properties, it is suggested that this virus belongs to the genus Carlavirus.
  39. Spiegel S, Zeidan M, Sobolev I, Beckelman Y, Holdengreber V, Tam Y, et al. The complete nucleotide sequence of Passiflora latent virus and its phylogenetic relationship to other carlaviruses. Arch Virol. 2007;152:181-9 pubmed
    ..Particle morphology, host range and serological properties suggested that this virus belongs to the genus Carlavirus. The complete genomic sequence of PLV was determined by sequencing overlapping cDNA fragments...
  40. Matousek J, Schubert J, Dedic P. Complementation analysis of triple gene block of Potato virus S (PVS) revealed its capability to support systemic infection and aphid transmissibility of recombinant Potato virus X. Virus Res. 2009;146:81-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These results show the potential function of Carlavirus TGB in aphid transmissibility and underlines the possible biological risks from certain recombinant virus ..
  41. Ohkawa A, Yamada M, Sayama H, Sugiyama N, Okuda S, Natsuaki T. Complete nucleotide sequence of a Japanese isolate of Chrysanthemum virus B (genus Carlavirus). Arch Virol. 2007;152:2253-8 pubmed
    ..alignment and phylogenetic analyses indicated that the phylogenetic relationship among members of the genus Carlavirus is very diverse, with phlox virus S being the closest relative of CVB...
  42. Mangal M, Bhardwaj S, Sharma D, Kaur R, Mangal A. Use of meristem tip culture to eliminate carnation latent virus from carnation plants. Indian J Exp Biol. 2002;40:119-22 pubmed
    ..0 microM) proved best for meristem establishment and microshoots were rooted in MS medium supplemented with IBA (5.0 microM). Meristems measuring 0.1 and-0.2 mm yielded virus free plants and larger meristems were not effective...
  43. Poke F, Crowle D, Whittock S, Wilson C. Molecular variation of hop mosaic virus isolates. Arch Virol. 2010;155:1721-4 pubmed publisher
    Hop mosaic virus (HpMV), a member of the genus Carlavirus, is importance to hop production worldwide...
  44. de Sousa Geraldino Duarte P, Galvino Costa S, de Paula Ribeiro S, Figueira A. Complete genome sequence of the first Andean strain of potato virus S from Brazil and evidence of recombination between PVS strains. Arch Virol. 2012;157:1357-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Recombination analysis showed that the isolate Vltava (AJ863510), from Germany, is a recombinant between PVS(O) and PVS(A) isolates, with the recombination event located between nucleotides 6125 and 8324...
  45. De Souza J, Fuentes S, Savenkov E, Cuellar W, Kreuze J. The complete nucleotide sequence of sweet potato C6 virus: a carlavirus lacking a cysteine-rich protein. Arch Virol. 2013;158:1393-6 pubmed publisher
    ..similarity and phylogenetic analysis clearly place it as a member of a distinct species within the genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexiviridae...
  46. Lukhovitskaia N, Solov eva A, Koshkina T, Zavriev S, Morozov S. [Interaction of cysteine-rich protein of Carlavirus with plant defense system]. Mol Biol (Mosk). 2005;39:896-904 pubmed
    Viruses of genus Carlavirus encode a small cysteine-rich protein (CRP) of unknown function...
  47. Scott S, Zimmerman M. The complete sequence of ligustrum necrotic ringspot virus, a novel carlavirus. Arch Virol. 2008;153:393-6 pubmed
  48. Vilar M, Esteve V, Pallas V, Marcos J, Perez Paya E. Structural properties of carnation mottle virus p7 movement protein and its RNA-binding domain. J Biol Chem. 2001;276:18122-9 pubmed
  49. Hataya T, Uchino K, Arimoto R, Suda N, Sano T, Shikata E, et al. Molecular characterization of Hop latent virus and phylogenetic relationships among viruses closely related to carlaviruses. Arch Virol. 2000;145:2503-24 pubmed
    ..The genome organization of HpLV is similar to that of other species in the genus Carlavirus, and the overall sequence of HpLV is more similar to that of Potato virus M than to sequences of other ..
  50. Pramesh D, Baranwal V. Molecular characterization of coat protein gene of Garlic common latent virus isolates from India: an evidence for distinct phylogeny and recombination. Virus Genes. 2013;47:189-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Various protein analysis tools identified thirteen conserved domains and motifs including Carlavirus and Potexvirus-specific Flexi CP and Flexi N CP...
  51. Singh R, Dilworth A, Singh M, McLaren D. Evaluation of a simple membrane-based nucleic acid preparation protocol for RT-PCR detection of potato viruses from aphid and plant tissues. J Virol Methods. 2004;121:163-70 pubmed
    ..The protocol was applied successfully for the detection of individual potato viruses: carlavirus Potato virus S (PVS), potexvirus Potato virus X (PVX), potyvirus Potato virus Y (PVY), and polerovirus Potato ..
  52. Ho T, Quito Avila D, Keller K, Postman J, Martin R, Tzanetakis I. Evidence of sympatric speciation of elderberry carlaviruses. Virus Res. 2016;215:72-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Analyses of the carlavirus conserved domains indicate that the 2-oxoglutarate and Fe(II)-dependent oxygenase motifs are reliable indicators ..
  53. Tang J, Harper S, Wei T, Clover G. Characterization of hydrangea chlorotic mottle virus, a new member of the genus Carlavirus. Arch Virol. 2010;155:7-12 pubmed publisher
    An isolate of the tentative carlavirus species Hydrangea chlorotic mottle virus (HdCMV) was found in New Zealand (NZ) in 2007...
  54. Meng B, Zhu H, Gonsalves D. Rupestris stem pitting associated virus-1 consists of a family of sequence variants. Arch Virol. 1999;144:2071-85 pubmed
    ..Findings from this study should have practical applications toward understanding the etiology of RSP and developing reliable assays to rapidly detect the disease...
  55. Massa G, Portantier M, Segretin M, Bravo Almonacid F, Feingold S. Comparison of complete sequences of potato rough dwarf virus and potato virus P and their relationships to other carlaviruses. Arch Virol. 2008;153:1787-9 pubmed publisher
  56. Garg I, Hegde V, Khurana S. Effect of pH, ions, bovine serum albumin and heterologous antisera on the stability of immunosorbed flexuous potato viruses. Acta Virol. 2000;44:67-72 pubmed
    ..The results presented here suggest (1) a disruptive effect of Cl' on PVX and PVY0 virions particularly when it was associated with Na+ and (2) an interaction between the immunosorbed virions of PVX or PVY0 and the antiserum to PVS...
  57. Kraus J, Tzanetakis I, Putnam M, Martin R. Complete nucleotide sequence of an isolate of coleus vein necrosis virus from verbena. Arch Virol. 2008;153:381-4 pubmed
  58. Eastwell K, Druffel K. Complete genome organization of American hop latent virus and its relationship to carlaviruses. Arch Virol. 2012;157:1403-6 pubmed publisher
    The complete genomic sequence of American hop latent virus (AHLV; genus Carlavirus) was determined. The genome consists of 8,601 nucleotides plus a 3'-polyadenylate tail...
  59. Turner R, Glynn M, Taylor S, Cheung M, Spurr C, Twell D, et al. Analysis of a translational enhancer present within the 5'-terminal sequence of the genomic RNA of potato virus S. Arch Virol. 1999;144:1451-61 pubmed
    ..In stably transformed plants the PVS 5'UTR enhanced translation yield ca. 5-fold compared with a synthetic 5'UTR...
  60. Matousek J, Schubert J, Ptacek J, Kozlová P, Dedic P. Complete nucleotide sequence and molecular probing of potato virus S genome. Acta Virol. 2005;49:195-205 pubmed
    ..Genome probing and evolutionary distances suggested that the PVS-CS isolates analyzed were close to the ordinary European isolates of ordinary strain of PVS (PVS-O) but distant to the original Andean strain of PVS (PVS-A)...
  61. Wu J, Liu C, Hong J, Liu W, Ye M. [Production of monoclonal antibodies to Lily symptomless virus and application in lily virus detection]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2005;45:580-3 pubmed
    ..8 ng of purified LSV or virus in plant sap diluted 1:300. The presence of LSV in field lily tissues was investigated with ACP-ELISA...
  62. Tsuneyoshi T, Matsumi T, Deng T, Sako I, Sumi S. Differentiation of Allium carlaviruses isolated from different parts of the world based on the viral coat protein sequence. Arch Virol. 1998;143:1093-107 pubmed
    ..viruses on the basis of their biological and physical properties, belong to the same species of the genus Carlavirus. Both viruses are clearly differentiated from GCLV...
  63. Fernando G, Cotes J, Marin M. [Detection and molecular characterization of Potato virus S (PVS, Carlavirus) from Colombia]. Rev Biol Trop. 2013;61:565-75 pubmed
    ..These findings highlight the importance of strengthening seed certification programs and quarantine measures in Colombia for viruses like PVS, which can cause losses of up to 20% in potato crops and even higher in mixed virus infection...
  64. Jelkmann W. Nucleotide sequences of apple stem pitting virus and of the coat protein gene of a similar virus from pear associated with vein yellows disease and their relationship with potex- and carlaviruses. J Gen Virol. 1994;75 ( Pt 7):1535-42 pubmed
    ..The results show that ASPV does not fall into subgroup A of the closteroviruses but that it probably belongs in an as yet undefined group of viruses. They also suggest that the virus associated with VY is a strain of ASPV...
  65. Singh A, Mahinghara B, Hallan V, Ram R, Zaidi A. Recombination and phylogeographical analysis of Lily symptomless virus. Virus Genes. 2008;36:421-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of complete nucleotide sequence from India and also the first evidence of homologous recombination in LSV...
  66. Turner R, Mills P, Foster G. Nucleotide sequence of the 7 K gene of Helenium virus S. Acta Virol. 1993;37:523-8 pubmed
    ..of 380 nucleotides upstream of the start codon of the open reading frame (ORF) of the coat protein of the carlavirus Helenium virus (HelVS) was determined from cloned cDNA...
  67. Ahn H, Ryu J, Kim J, Lee S, Choi J, Park W, et al. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the 3'-terminal region of two Korean isolates of lily symptomless Carlavirus and expression of the coat protein in E. coli. Mol Cells. 1999;9:338-43 pubmed
    The 3'-terminal regions of the genomic RNAs of two Korean isolates of the lily symptomless Carlavirus (LSV), LSV-Ko and LSV-KII, were cloned and their nucleotide sequences were determined...
  68. Turner R, Foster G. Deletion analysis of a translational enhancer upstream from the coat protein open reading frame of potato virus S. Arch Virol. 1997;142:167-75 pubmed
    ..viral translational enhancer), contain a block of nucleotide homology that is conserved between members of the carlavirus group, centered around a core sequence of CCTTTAGGTT...
  69. Turner R, Bate N, Twell D, Foster G. In vivo characterisation of a translational enhancer upstream from the coat protein open reading frame of potato virus S. Arch Virol. 1994;137:123-32 pubmed
    ..Tobacco plants stability transformed with this PVS 101 nucleotide region and downstream GUS gene gave 4 times the level of translation over synthetic leader GUS control plants...
  70. Massa G, Segretin M, Colavita M, Riero M, Bravo Almonacid F, Feingold S. Biological and sequence data suggest that potato rough dwarf virus (PRDV) and potato virus P (PVP) are strains of the same species. Arch Virol. 2006;151:1243-7 pubmed
  71. Weber Lotfi F, Ibrahim N, Boesch P, Cosset A, Konstantinov Y, Lightowlers R, et al. Developing a genetic approach to investigate the mechanism of mitochondrial competence for DNA import. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009;1787:320-7 pubmed publisher
    ..cerevisiae strains deleted for the VDAC-1 or VDAC-2 gene are severely compromised in DNA import. The prospect is now open to screen further mutant yeast strains to identify the elusive inner membrane DNA transporter. ..
  72. Hataya T, Arimoto R, Suda N, Uyeda I. Molecular characterization of Hop mosaic virus: its serological and molecular relationships to Hop latent virus. Arch Virol. 2001;146:1935-48 pubmed
    ..primer, which was designed to anneal to the overlapping region of open reading frames (ORFs) 2 and 3 of eight carlavirus genomes...
  73. Singh L, Hallan V, Jabeen N, Singh A, Ram R, Martin D, et al. Coat protein gene diversity among Chrysanthemum virus B isolates from India. Arch Virol. 2007;152:405-13 pubmed
    ..To our knowledge this is the first reported evidence of homologous recombination in carlaviruses...
  74. Salari K, Massumi H, Heydarnejad J, Hosseini Pour A, Varsani A. Analysis of Iranian Potato virus S isolates. Virus Genes. 2011;43:281-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis coupled with pairwise identity analysis, we propose 15 genotypes for the PVS(O) strain and 3 genotypes for the PVS(A) strain...
  75. Tavassoli M, Shahraeen N, Ghorbani S. Detection and some properties of cowpea mild mottle virus isolated from soybean in Iran. Pak J Biol Sci. 2008;11:2624-8 pubmed
    ..On the basis of biological, serological and EM results, CPMMV-Carla virus was identified in the infected soybean samples. This is the first report of CPMMV infection of soybean in Iran...
  76. Harris C, Slootweg E, Goverse A, Baulcombe D. Stepwise artificial evolution of a plant disease resistance gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:21189-94 pubmed publisher
  77. Lee B, Min B, Ha J, Lee M, Paek K, Ryu K. Genome structure and complete sequence of genomic RNA of Daphne virus S. Arch Virol. 2006;151:193-200 pubmed
    ..genomic nucleotide sequence and structure of Daphne virus S (DVS), a daphne-infecting member of the genus Carlavirus, were determined. The genome of DVS was 8,739 nucleotides long, excluding the poly (A) tails...
  78. Nagata T, Alves D, Inoue Nagata A, Tian T, Kitajima E, Cardoso J, et al. A novel melon flexivirus transmitted by whitefly. Arch Virol. 2005;150:379-87 pubmed
    ..The sequence comprised a polyadenilated tail and two ORFs, one exhibiting similarity to potexvirus and carlavirus coat protein gene and the second to a carlavirus protein with potential nucleic acid-binding property...
  79. Cerovska N, Filigarová M, Subr Z. Partial antigenic characterization of potato virus S (Andean strain) by monoclonal antibodies. Acta Virol. 1996;40:23-6 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that the surface virus-specific epitopes are located near the terminus of CP molecule as it is characteristic for potyviruses...
  80. Mortimer Jones S, Jones M, Jones R, Thomson G, Dwyer G. A single tube, quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay that detects four potato viruses simultaneously. J Virol Methods. 2009;161:289-96 pubmed publisher
    ..This high-throughput test is accurate and sensitive, and provides seed potato industries with a cost-effective diagnostic tool to detect viruses reliably in bulked samples of dormant potato tubers...
  81. Lee B, Choi S, Ryu K. Characterization of the 3'-terminal nucleotide sequence of two Korean isolates of Daphne virus S support its placement as a distinct species of the genus Carlavirus. Arch Virol. 2003;148:1915-24 pubmed
    ..3'-terminal nucleotide sequences of two Korean isolates of Daphne virus S (DVS), a tentative member of the genus Carlavirus, causing leaf distortion and chlorotic spot disease symptoms in daphne plants...
  82. Rustici G, Accotto G, Noris E, Masenga V, Luisoni E, Milne R. Indian citrus ringspot virus: a proposed new species with some affinities to potex-, carla-, fovea- and allexiviruses. Arch Virol. 2000;145:1895-908 pubmed
    ..The virus does not appear to fall into any known genus. A new species is proposed. Serological and molecular diagnostic reagents were prepared...
  83. Chen J, Chen J, Adams M. Characterisation of some carla- and potyviruses from bulb crops in China. Brief report. Arch Virol. 2002;147:419-28 pubmed
    ..Jiangsu, Shangdong and Yunnan provinces all contained at least one isolate each of Garlic latent virus (genus Carlavirus), Onion yellow dwarf virus (OYDV, genus Potyvirus) and Leek yellow stripe virus (LYSV, genus Potyvirus)...
  84. Xu P, Li H, Liu J, Luan Y, Yin Y, Bai J. Sequence and structure prediction of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of lily symptomless virus isolated from L. × 'Casablanca'. Arch Virol. 2011;156:939-43 pubmed publisher
    ..RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) gene of lily symptomless virus (LSV), a lily-infecting member of the genus Carlavirus, was determined from nine overlapping cDNA fragments of different sizes...
  85. Lukhovitskaya N, Solovieva A, Boddeti S, Thaduri S, Solovyev A, Savenkov E. An RNA virus-encoded zinc-finger protein acts as a plant transcription factor and induces a regulator of cell size and proliferation in two tobacco species. Plant Cell. 2013;25:960-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we show that a C-4 type zinc-finger (ZF) protein, p12, encoded by a carlavirus (chrysanthemum virus B) can induce cell proliferation, which results in hyperplasia and severe leaf malformation...
  86. Zou M, Zhang F, Li J, Wang N. Rapid detection of lily symptomless virus with CdTe quantum dots by flow cytometry. J Immunoassay Immunochem. 2011;32:259-68 pubmed publisher
    ..This method was 16 times more sensitive than ELISA in the detection of LSV, and could potentially be applied to the simultaneous detection of inhomogeneous matter...
  87. Song S, Choi J, Song J, Ahn J, Lee J, Kim M, et al. Complete genome sequence of garlic latent virus, a member of the carlavirus family. Mol Cells. 2002;14:205-13 pubmed
    ..Putative proteins that were encoded by the reading frames contain the motifs that were conserved in carlavirus-specific RNA replicases, NTP-dependent DNA helicases, two viral membrane-bound proteins, a viral coat protein, ..
  88. Costa T, Blawid R, da Costa Junior A, Lima M, de Aragão F, de Andrade G, et al. Complete genome sequence of melon yellowing-associated virus from melon plants with the severe yellowing disease in Brazil. Arch Virol. 2017;162:3899-3901 pubmed publisher
    ..At least six open reading frames were predicted, with a typical carlavirus genomic organisation...