caulimovirus

Summary

Summary: A genus of PLANT VIRUSES, in the family CAULIMOVIRIDAE, that are transmitted by APHIDS in a semipersistent manner. Aphid-borne transmission of some caulimoviruses requires certain virus-coded proteins termed transmission factors.

Top Publications

  1. Drucker M, Froissart R, Hebrard E, Uzest M, Ravallec M, Espérandieu P, et al. Intracellular distribution of viral gene products regulates a complex mechanism of cauliflower mosaic virus acquisition by its aphid vector. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:2422-7 pubmed
    ..A model, describing the regulating role of P3 in the formation of the transmissible CaMV complex in planta and during acquisition by aphids, is presented, and its consequences are discussed...
  2. Park H, Himmelbach A, Browning K, Hohn T, Ryabova L. A plant viral "reinitiation" factor interacts with the host translational machinery. Cell. 2001;106:723-33 pubmed
  3. Schubert D, Lechtenberg B, Forsbach A, Gils M, Bahadur S, Schmidt R. Silencing in Arabidopsis T-DNA transformants: the predominant role of a gene-specific RNA sensing mechanism versus position effects. Plant Cell. 2004;16:2561-72 pubmed
    ..It is proposed that the RNA sensing mechanism described is a genome surveillance system that eliminates RNA corresponding to excessively transcribed genes, including transgenes, and so plays an important role in genome defense...
  4. Pahalawatta V, Druffel K, Pappu H. A new and distinct species in the genus Caulimovirus exists as an endogenous plant pararetroviral sequence in its host, Dahlia variabilis. Virology. 2008;376:253-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, members of the genus Caulimovirus remained to be the exception and are known to exist only as episomal elements in the infected cell...
  5. Love A, Laval V, Geri C, Laird J, Tomos A, Hooks M, et al. Components of Arabidopsis defense- and ethylene-signaling pathways regulate susceptibility to Cauliflower mosaic virus by restricting long-distance movement. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2007;20:659-70 pubmed
    ..Thus, mutations with enhanced systemic acquired resistance or compromised ET signaling show diminished long-distance virus movement...
  6. Prakash N, Prasad V, Chidambram T, Cherian S, Jayaprakash T, Dasgupta S, et al. Effect of promoter driving selectable marker on corn transformation. Transgenic Res. 2008;17:695-704 pubmed
  7. Pooggin M, Ryabova L, He X, Fütterer J, Hohn T. Mechanism of ribosome shunting in Rice tungro bacilliform pararetrovirus. RNA. 2006;12:841-50 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that the mechanism of ribosome shunting is evolutionary conserved in plant pararetroviruses...
  8. Squires J, Stephens J, Shoelz J, Palukaitis P. Assessment of CaMV-mediated gene silencing and integration of CaMV into GM plants with a 35S RNA promoter. Environ Biosafety Res. 2007;6:259-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on a detection limit of one copy per 4000 haploid genomes, we conclude that if integration of virus does occur into the CaMV 35S RNA promoter, then it occurs at such a low frequency as to be insignificant...
  9. Bureau M, Leh V, Haas M, Geldreich A, Ryabova L, Yot P, et al. P6 protein of Cauliflower mosaic virus, a translation reinitiator, interacts with ribosomal protein L13 from Arabidopsis thaliana. J Gen Virol. 2004;85:3765-75 pubmed
  10. Geri C, Love A, Cecchini E, Barrett S, Laird J, Covey S, et al. Arabidopsis mutants that suppress the phenotype induced by transgene-mediated expression of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) gene VI are less susceptible to CaMV-infection and show reduced ethylene sensitivity. Plant Mol Biol. 2004;56:111-24 pubmed

Detail Information

Publications69

  1. Drucker M, Froissart R, Hebrard E, Uzest M, Ravallec M, Espérandieu P, et al. Intracellular distribution of viral gene products regulates a complex mechanism of cauliflower mosaic virus acquisition by its aphid vector. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:2422-7 pubmed
    ..A model, describing the regulating role of P3 in the formation of the transmissible CaMV complex in planta and during acquisition by aphids, is presented, and its consequences are discussed...
  2. Park H, Himmelbach A, Browning K, Hohn T, Ryabova L. A plant viral "reinitiation" factor interacts with the host translational machinery. Cell. 2001;106:723-33 pubmed
  3. Schubert D, Lechtenberg B, Forsbach A, Gils M, Bahadur S, Schmidt R. Silencing in Arabidopsis T-DNA transformants: the predominant role of a gene-specific RNA sensing mechanism versus position effects. Plant Cell. 2004;16:2561-72 pubmed
    ..It is proposed that the RNA sensing mechanism described is a genome surveillance system that eliminates RNA corresponding to excessively transcribed genes, including transgenes, and so plays an important role in genome defense...
  4. Pahalawatta V, Druffel K, Pappu H. A new and distinct species in the genus Caulimovirus exists as an endogenous plant pararetroviral sequence in its host, Dahlia variabilis. Virology. 2008;376:253-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, members of the genus Caulimovirus remained to be the exception and are known to exist only as episomal elements in the infected cell...
  5. Love A, Laval V, Geri C, Laird J, Tomos A, Hooks M, et al. Components of Arabidopsis defense- and ethylene-signaling pathways regulate susceptibility to Cauliflower mosaic virus by restricting long-distance movement. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2007;20:659-70 pubmed
    ..Thus, mutations with enhanced systemic acquired resistance or compromised ET signaling show diminished long-distance virus movement...
  6. Prakash N, Prasad V, Chidambram T, Cherian S, Jayaprakash T, Dasgupta S, et al. Effect of promoter driving selectable marker on corn transformation. Transgenic Res. 2008;17:695-704 pubmed
  7. Pooggin M, Ryabova L, He X, Fütterer J, Hohn T. Mechanism of ribosome shunting in Rice tungro bacilliform pararetrovirus. RNA. 2006;12:841-50 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that the mechanism of ribosome shunting is evolutionary conserved in plant pararetroviruses...
  8. Squires J, Stephens J, Shoelz J, Palukaitis P. Assessment of CaMV-mediated gene silencing and integration of CaMV into GM plants with a 35S RNA promoter. Environ Biosafety Res. 2007;6:259-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on a detection limit of one copy per 4000 haploid genomes, we conclude that if integration of virus does occur into the CaMV 35S RNA promoter, then it occurs at such a low frequency as to be insignificant...
  9. Bureau M, Leh V, Haas M, Geldreich A, Ryabova L, Yot P, et al. P6 protein of Cauliflower mosaic virus, a translation reinitiator, interacts with ribosomal protein L13 from Arabidopsis thaliana. J Gen Virol. 2004;85:3765-75 pubmed
  10. Geri C, Love A, Cecchini E, Barrett S, Laird J, Covey S, et al. Arabidopsis mutants that suppress the phenotype induced by transgene-mediated expression of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) gene VI are less susceptible to CaMV-infection and show reduced ethylene sensitivity. Plant Mol Biol. 2004;56:111-24 pubmed
  11. Kohli A, Griffiths S, Palacios N, Twyman R, Vain P, Laurie D, et al. Molecular characterization of transforming plasmid rearrangements in transgenic rice reveals a recombination hotspot in the CaMV 35S promoter and confirms the predominance of microhomology mediated recombination. Plant J. 1999;17:591-601 pubmed
    ..Our data also show the similarity between mechanisms underlying junction formation in dicot and monocot plants transformed using different procedures...
  12. Hapiak M, Li Y, Agama K, Swade S, Okenka G, Falk J, et al. Cauliflower mosaic virus gene VI product N-terminus contains regions involved in resistance-breakage, self-association and interactions with movement protein. Virus Res. 2008;138:119-29 pubmed publisher
    ..The P1-P6 interactions suggest a role for P6 in virus transport, possibly by regulating P1 tubule formation or the assembly of movement complexes...
  13. Pauli S, Rothnie H, Chen G, He X, Hohn T. The cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter extends into the transcribed region. J Virol. 2004;78:12120-8 pubmed
    ..A repeated CT-rich motif is involved both in enhancer function and in interaction with plant nuclear proteins. The S1 region can also enhance expression from heterologous promoters...
  14. Blevins T, Rajeswaran R, Shivaprasad P, Beknazariants D, Si Ammour A, Park H, et al. Four plant Dicers mediate viral small RNA biogenesis and DNA virus induced silencing. Nucleic Acids Res. 2006;34:6233-46 pubmed
    ..Our work highlights the complexity of virus interaction with host silencing pathways and suggests that DCL multiplicity helps mediate plant responses to diverse viral infections...
  15. Plisson C, Uzest M, Drucker M, Froissart R, Dumas C, Conway J, et al. Structure of the mature P3-virus particle complex of cauliflower mosaic virus revealed by cryo-electron microscopy. J Mol Biol. 2005;346:267-77 pubmed
    ..Our results combined with existing data reinforce the hypothesis that this coiled-coil N-terminal region of P3 could coordinate several functions during the virus life-cycle, such as cell-to-cell movement and aphid-transmission...
  16. Yu W, Murfett J, Schoelz J. Differential induction of symptoms in Arabidopsis by P6 of Cauliflower mosaic virus. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2003;16:35-42 pubmed
    ..That comparative analysis of TAV function, coupled with the characterization of the D4-2 transgenic line in the present paper, indicates that the TAV function of P6 may play only a minor role in the development of chlorotic symptoms...
  17. Monsion B, Froissart R, Michalakis Y, Blanc S. Large bottleneck size in Cauliflower Mosaic Virus populations during host plant colonization. PLoS Pathog. 2008;4:e1000174 pubmed publisher
  18. Podevin N, du Jardin P. Possible consequences of the overlap between the CaMV 35S promoter regions in plant transformation vectors used and the viral gene VI in transgenic plants. GM Crops Food. 2012;3:296-300 pubmed publisher
  19. Lutz L, Raikhy G, Leisner S. Cauliflower mosaic virus major inclusion body protein interacts with the aphid transmission factor, the virion-associated protein, and gene VII product. Virus Res. 2012;170:150-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that inclusion body stability may not be dependent on the efficiency of P2-P6 interaction. However, neither P2 nor P3 interacted with P7 in yeast two-hybrid assays...
  20. Gudynaite Savitch L, Johnson D, Miki B. Strategies to mitigate transgene-promoter interactions. Plant Biotechnol J. 2009;7:472-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results may allow the design of strategies that, individually or in combination, can be used to minimize nonspecific interactions and to design vectors for individual tissue-specific promoters...
  21. Bhullar S, Chakravarthy S, Advani S, Datta S, Pental D, Burma P. Strategies for development of functionally equivalent promoters with minimum sequence homology for transgene expression in plants: cis-elements in a novel DNA context versus domain swapping. Plant Physiol. 2003;132:988-98 pubmed
  22. Palanichelvam K, Schoelz J. A comparative analysis of the avirulence and translational transactivator functions of gene VI of Cauliflower mosaic virus. Virology. 2002;293:225-33 pubmed
    ..The TAV function could also tolerate a small insertion within gene VI; this insertion abolished the elicitor function. This study provides direct evidence that the TAV function of gene VI is separate from its role as an elicitor of HR...
  23. Love A, Laird J, Holt J, Hamilton A, Sadanandom A, Milner J. Cauliflower mosaic virus protein P6 is a suppressor of RNA silencing. J Gen Virol. 2007;88:3439-44 pubmed
    ..These results demonstrate that CaMV can efficiently suppress silencing of a GFP transgene, and that P6 acts as a silencing suppressor...
  24. Angel C, Lutz L, Yang X, Rodriguez A, Adair A, Zhang Y, et al. The P6 protein of Cauliflower mosaic virus interacts with CHUP1, a plant protein which moves chloroplasts on actin microfilaments. Virology. 2013;443:363-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Silencing of CHUP1 in N. edwardsonii impaired the ability of CaMV to infect plants. The findings suggest that CHUP1 supports CaMV infection through an interaction with P6...
  25. Shivaprasad P, Rajeswaran R, Blevins T, Schoelz J, Meins F, Hohn T, et al. The CaMV transactivator/viroplasmin interferes with RDR6-dependent trans-acting and secondary siRNA pathways in Arabidopsis. Nucleic Acids Res. 2008;36:5896-909 pubmed publisher
    ..The resulting deficiency in tasiRNAs and other RDR6-/DCL4-dependent siRNAs appears to trigger a feedback mechanism that compensates for the inhibitory effects...
  26. Petrzik K, Benes V, Mr z I, Honetslegrov Fr nov J, Ansorge W, Spak J. Strawberry vein banding virus--definitive member of the genus Caulimovirus. Virus Genes. 1998;16:303-5 pubmed
    ..Phylogenetic analysis based on the amino acid sequence of this protein shows a closer relationship of SVBV with CaMV, figwort mosaic virus and carnation etched ring virus than with other caulimoviruses...
  27. Mishiba K, Nishihara M, Nakatsuka T, Abe Y, Hirano H, Yokoi T, et al. Consistent transcriptional silencing of 35S-driven transgenes in gentian. Plant J. 2005;44:541-56 pubmed
    ..These results indicated that cytosine methylation occurs exclusively in the 35S promoter regions of the expressed transgenes during selection of gentian transformants, causing transcriptional gene silencing...
  28. Froissart R, Roze D, Uzest M, Galibert L, Blanc S, Michalakis Y. Recombination every day: abundant recombination in a virus during a single multi-cellular host infection. PLoS Biol. 2005;3:e89 pubmed
    ..This first determination of a virus recombination rate during a single multi-cellular host infection indicates that recombination is very frequent in the everyday life of this virus...
  29. Kobayashi K, Nakayashiki H, Tsuge S, Mise K, Furusawa I. Accumulation kinetics of viral gene products in cauliflower mosaic virus-infected turnip protoplasts. Microbiol Immunol. 1998;42:65-9 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that the expression of CaMV genes is differentially regulated...
  30. Khelifa M, Journou S, Krishnan K, Gargani D, Espérandieu P, Blanc S, et al. Electron-lucent inclusion bodies are structures specialized for aphid transmission of cauliflower mosaic virus. J Gen Virol. 2007;88:2872-80 pubmed
  31. Shababi M, Bourque J, Palanichelvam K, Cole A, Xu D, Wan X, et al. The ribosomal shunt translation strategy of cauliflower mosaic virus has evolved from ancient long terminal repeats. J Virol. 2006;80:3811-22 pubmed
    ..Since the left arm of the stem-loop structure must represent an imperfect reverse copy of the right arm, we propose that the ribosomal shunt has evolved from a pair of LTRs that have become incorporated end to end into the CaMV genome...
  32. Monsion B, Duborjal H, Blanc S. Quantitative Single-letter Sequencing: a method for simultaneously monitoring numerous known allelic variants in single DNA samples. BMC Genomics. 2008;9:85 pubmed publisher
  33. Hemmings Mieszczak M, Steger G, Hohn T. Regulation of CaMV 35 S RNA translation is mediated by a stable hairpin in the leader. RNA. 1998;4:101-11 pubmed
    ..Compensatory mutations restoring the stable elongated hairpin upregulate the translation efficiency. Our results demonstrate that the regulation of translation of the CaMV 35 S RNA is mediated by a stable hairpin in the leader...
  34. Haas M, Geldreich A, Bureau M, Dupuis L, Leh V, Vetter G, et al. The open reading frame VI product of Cauliflower mosaic virus is a nucleocytoplasmic protein: its N terminus mediates its nuclear export and formation of electron-dense viroplasms. Plant Cell. 2005;17:927-43 pubmed
    ..The discovery that P6 can localize to the nucleus opens new prospects for understanding yet unknown roles of this viral protein in the course of the CaMV infection cycle...
  35. Stavolone L, Villani M, Leclerc D, Hohn T. A coiled-coil interaction mediates cauliflower mosaic virus cell-to-cell movement. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:6219-24 pubmed
    ..These results highlight the multifunctional potential of the VAP protein conferred by its efficient coiled-coil interaction system and show a plant virus possessing a surface-exposed protein (VAP) mediating viral entry into host cells...
  36. Pooggin M, Futterer J, Skryabin K, Hohn T. Ribosome shunt is essential for infectivity of cauliflower mosaic virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98:886-91 pubmed
    ..Finally, by using an artificial stem structure that blocks scanning, we obtained direct evidence that ribosome shunt operates during CaMV infection...
  37. Harries P, Palanichelvam K, Yu W, Schoelz J, Nelson R. The cauliflower mosaic virus protein P6 forms motile inclusions that traffic along actin microfilaments and stabilize microtubules. Plant Physiol. 2009;149:1005-16 pubmed publisher
    ..The motility of P6 along microfilaments represents an entirely new property for this protein, and these results imply a role for P6 in intracellular and cell-to-cell movement of CaMV...
  38. Ryabova L, Park H, Hohn T. Control of translation reinitiation on the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) polycistronic RNA. Biochem Soc Trans. 2004;32:592-6 pubmed
    ..We propose a model in which TAV enters the host translational machinery at the eIF4B-removal step to stabilize eIF3 within polysomes...
  39. Kobayashi K, Hohn T. Dissection of cauliflower mosaic virus transactivator/viroplasmin reveals distinct essential functions in basic virus replication. J Virol. 2003;77:8577-83 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that CaMV basic replication requires both Tav-activated polycistronic translation and some posttranslational function(s) of Tav that is not affected by the deletions in the central region of Tav...
  40. Kelemen Z, Mai A, Kapros T, Feher A, Györgyey J, Waterborg J, et al. Transformation vector based on promoter and intron sequences of a replacement histone H3 gene. A tool for high, constitutive gene expression in plants. Transgenic Res. 2002;11:69-72 pubmed
    ..Thus, alfalfa replacement H3 gene sequences can be used instead of viral promoters to drive heterologous gene expression in plants, avoiding perceived risks of viral sequences...
  41. Haas G, Azevedo J, Moissiard G, Geldreich A, Himber C, Bureau M, et al. Nuclear import of CaMV P6 is required for infection and suppression of the RNA silencing factor DRB4. EMBO J. 2008;27:2102-12 pubmed publisher
    ..This study identifies both genetic and physical interactions between a VSR to a host RNA silencing component, and highlights the importance of subcellular compartmentalization in VSR function...
  42. Gutiérrez S, Yvon M, Thébaud G, Monsion B, Michalakis Y, Blanc S. Dynamics of the multiplicity of cellular infection in a plant virus. PLoS Pathog. 2010;6:e1001113 pubmed publisher
  43. Pooggin M, Fütterer J, Hohn T. Cross-species functionality of pararetroviral elements driving ribosome shunting. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e1650 pubmed publisher
    ..The shunt requires translation of a 5'-proximal sORF terminating near the stem. In CaMV, mutations knocking out this sORF nearly abolish shunting and virus viability...
  44. Hoh F, Uzest M, Drucker M, Plisson Chastang C, Bron P, Blanc S, et al. Structural insights into the molecular mechanisms of cauliflower mosaic virus transmission by its insect vector. J Virol. 2010;84:4706-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results highlight the structural and biological versatility of this coiled-coil structure and provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms involved in CaMV acquisition and transmission by the insect vector...
  45. Li Y, Leisner S. Multiple domains within the Cauliflower mosaic virus gene VI product interact with the full-length protein. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2002;15:1050-7 pubmed
    ..The presence of multiple domains involved in P6 self-association may help explain the ability of this protein to form the intracellular inclusions characteristic of caulimoviruses...
  46. Kobayashi K, Hohn T. The avirulence domain of Cauliflower mosaic virus transactivator/viroplasmin is a determinant of viral virulence in susceptible hosts. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2004;17:475-83 pubmed
    ..These results provide the first evidence that a Tav domain required for avirulence function in solanaceous plants is not essential for CaMV infectivity but has a role in viral virulence in susceptible hosts...
  47. Moreno A, Hebrard E, Uzest M, Blanc S, Fereres A. A single amino acid position in the helper component of cauliflower mosaic virus can change the spectrum of transmitting vector species. J Virol. 2005;79:13587-93 pubmed
  48. Kobayashi K, Tsuge S, Stavolone L, Hohn T. The cauliflower mosaic virus virion-associated protein is dispensable for viral replication in single cells. J Virol. 2002;76:9457-64 pubmed
    ..Analysis of inoculated turnip leaves showed that the ORF III frameshift mutant does not cause any detectable local infection. These results are strongly indicative of a role for Vap in virus movement...
  49. Palacios I, Drucker M, Blanc S, Leite S, Moreno A, Fereres A. Cauliflower mosaic virus is preferentially acquired from the phloem by its aphid vectors. J Gen Virol. 2002;83:3163-71 pubmed
    ..Consistently, immunoelectron microscopy showed that P3-virions are frequently found in the sieve element lumen, whereas P2 could not be detected...
  50. Froissart R, Uzest M, Ruiz Ferrer V, Drucker M, Hebrard E, Hohn T, et al. Splicing of Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S RNA serves to downregulate a toxic gene product. J Gen Virol. 2004;85:2719-26 pubmed
  51. Maekawa T, Kusakabe M, Shimoda Y, Sato S, Tabata S, Murooka Y, et al. Polyubiquitin promoter-based binary vectors for overexpression and gene silencing in Lotus japonicus. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2008;21:375-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, we created GATEWAY conversion technology-compatible binary vectors for over-expression and RNA interference under the Ljubq1 promoter. These materials could provide alternative choice for studies in L. japonicus...
  52. Love A, Yun B, Laval V, Loake G, Milner J. Cauliflower mosaic virus, a compatible pathogen of Arabidopsis, engages three distinct defense-signaling pathways and activates rapid systemic generation of reactive oxygen species. Plant Physiol. 2005;139:935-48 pubmed
    ..These findings implicate reactive oxygen species and ethylene in signaling in response to CaMV infection, but suggest that salicylic acid does not play an effective role...
  53. Fridborg I, Kuusk S, Moritz T, Sundberg E. The Arabidopsis dwarf mutant shi exhibits reduced gibberellin responses conferred by overexpression of a new putative zinc finger protein. Plant Cell. 1999;11:1019-32 pubmed
    ..This suggests that SHI may act as a negative regulator of GA responses through transcriptional control...
  54. Guerra Peraza O, Kirk D, Seltzer V, Veluthambi K, Schmit A, Hohn T, et al. Coat proteins of Rice tungro bacilliform virus and Mungbean yellow mosaic virus contain multiple nuclear-localization signals and interact with importin alpha. J Gen Virol. 2005;86:1815-26 pubmed
    ..The possibility that this pathway could serve for docking of virions to the nucleus is discussed. ..
  55. Goodin M, Chakrabarty R, Yelton S. Membrane and protein dynamics in virus-infected plant cells. Methods Mol Biol. 2008;451:377-93 pubmed publisher
  56. Wang W, Devoto A, Turner J, Xiao S. Expression of the membrane-associated resistance protein RPW8 enhances basal defense against biotrophic pathogens. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2007;20:966-76 pubmed
  57. Bhattacharyya S, Dey N, Maiti I. Analysis of cis-sequence of subgenomic transcript promoter from the Figwort mosaic virus and comparison of promoter activity with the cauliflower mosaic virus promoters in monocot and dicot cells. Virus Res. 2002;90:47-62 pubmed
    ..The FMV Sgt promoter is a constitutive promoter; expression level in seedlings was in the order: root>leaf>stem...
  58. Verhees J, van der Krol A, Vreugdenhil D, van der Plas L. Characterization of gene expression during potato tuber development in individuals and populations using the luciferase reporter system. Plant Mol Biol. 2002;50:653-65 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that analysis of developmental programs by studying individuals may result in new insights, possibly obscured when using pooled samples...
  59. Mishiba K, Yamasaki S, Nakatsuka T, Abe Y, Daimon H, Oda M, et al. Strict de novo methylation of the 35S enhancer sequence in gentian. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e9670 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide insights into the phenomenon of sequence- and species- specific gene silencing in higher plants...
  60. Kinoshita T, Harada J, Goldberg R, Fischer R. Polycomb repression of flowering during early plant development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001;98:14156-61 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that FIE-mediated polycomb complexes are an essential component of a floral repression mechanism established early during plant development...
  61. Ranjan R, Dey N. Development of vascular tissue and stress inducible hybrid-synthetic promoters through dof-1 motifs rearrangement. Cell Biochem Biophys. 2012;63:235-45 pubmed publisher
    A Caulimovirus-based hybrid-promoter, EFCFS, was derived by fusing the distal region (-227 to -54, FUAS) of Figwort mosaic virus full-length transcript promoter (F20) with the core promoter (-151 to +12, FS3CP) domain of Figwort mosaic ..
  62. Swain S, Singh D, Helliwell C, Poole A. Plants with increased expression of ent-kaurene oxidase are resistant to chemical inhibitors of this gibberellin biosynthesis enzyme. Plant Cell Physiol. 2005;46:284-91 pubmed
    ..Finally, the observation that pollen tubes expressing 35S:KO or 35S:KO-GFP have decreased sensitivity to KO inhibitors provides further evidence for a physiological role for GAs in pollen tube elongation...
  63. Han J, Domier L, Dorrance A, Qu F. Complete genome sequence of a novel pararetrovirus isolated from soybean. J Virol. 2012;86:9555 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparison of SPuV with other plant-infecting pararetroviruses places it in the genus Caulimovirus of the family Caulimoviridae.
  64. Hebrard E, Drucker M, Leclerc D, Hohn T, Uzest M, Froissart R, et al. Biochemical characterization of the helper component of Cauliflower mosaic virus. J Virol. 2001;75:8538-46 pubmed
    ..Possible interference between the two types of interaction is discussed with regard to the biological activity of P2...
  65. Acharya S, Sengupta S, Patro S, Purohit S, Samal S, Maiti I, et al. Development of an intra-molecularly shuffled efficient chimeric plant promoter from plant infecting Mirabilis mosaic virus promoter sequence. J Biotechnol. 2014;169:103-11 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose chimeric MUASMSCP promoter developed in the study could be useful for strong constitutive expression of transgenes in both plant/animal cells and it may become an efficient substitute for CaMV35S/CaMV35S(2) promoter. ..