granulovirus

Summary

Summary: A genus of the family BACULOVIRIDAE, subfamily Eubaculovirinae, characterized by ovicylindrical occlusion bodies. The type species is Cydia pomonella granulovirus.

Top Publications

  1. Goldberg A, Romanowski V, Federici B, Sciocco de Cap A. Effects of the Epap granulovirus on its host, Epinotia aporema (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). J Invertebr Pathol. 2002;80:148-59 pubmed
    ..Larvae of this pest are attacked by a granulovirus (EpapGV) that is the most important cause of sporadic epizootics in E. aporema populations...
  2. Parola A, Manzán M, Lozano M, Ghiringhelli P, Sciocco Cap A, Romanowski V. Physical and genetic map of Epinotia aporema granulovirus genome. Virus Genes. 2002;25:329-41 pubmed
    ..Tortricidae), is an economically important pest of legume crops in South America. Recently, a granulovirus (EpapGV) was isolated from E. aporema larvae, and evaluated as a potential biological control agent...
  3. Escasa S, Lauzon H, Mathur A, Krell P, Arif B. Sequence analysis of the Choristoneura occidentalis granulovirus genome. J Gen Virol. 2006;87:1917-33 pubmed
    The genome of the Choristoneura occidentalis granulovirus (ChocGV) isolated from the western spruce budworm, Choristoneura occidentalis, was sequenced completely. It was 104,710 bp long, with a 67...
  4. Eberle K, Asser Kaiser S, Sayed S, Nguyen H, Jehle J. Overcoming the resistance of codling moth against conventional Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV-M) by a new isolate CpGV-I12. J Invertebr Pathol. 2008;98:293-8 pubmed publisher
    ..populations with a significantly reduced susceptibility to C. pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) products have been observed in Germany...
  5. Wen R, Ou R, Chen B. Molecular characterization and genetic organization of the inhibitor of apoptosis gene (iap-5) region of the Pieris rapae granulovirus. Virus Genes. 2007;35:443-8 pubmed
    Pieris rapae granulovirus (PiraGV) is a baculovirus pathogenic to the insect P. rapae (Pieridae, Lepidoptera). Though being known for decades, information on the genetic organization of this virus remains limited...
  6. Harrison R, Popham H. Genomic sequence analysis of a granulovirus isolated from the Old World bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera. Virus Genes. 2008;36:565-81 pubmed publisher
    The genome of a granulovirus isolated from the Old World bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera, was completely sequenced...
  7. Wang Y, Choi J, Roh J, Liu Q, Tao X, Park J, et al. Genomic sequence analysis of granulovirus isolated from the tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e28163 pubmed publisher
    ..It is a major pest of many crops. To better understand Spodoptera litura granulovirus (SpliGV), the nucleotide sequence of the SpliGV DNA genome was determined and analyzed.
  8. Wang X, Zhang B, Xu H, Cui Y, Xu Y, Zhang M, et al. ODV-associated proteins of the Pieris rapae granulovirus. J Proteome Res. 2011;10:2817-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Pieris rapae granulovirus (PrGV) can kill larvae of P. rapae, a worldwide and important pest of mustard family crops...
  9. Arends H, Winstanley D, Jehle J. Virulence and competitiveness of Cydia pomonella granulovirus mutants: parameters that do not match. J Gen Virol. 2005;86:2731-8 pubmed
    ..In this study, these parameters were determined for Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV-M) and two naturally occurring mutants (CpGV-MCp4 and -MCp5) that carry Tc1-like insect transposable ..

More Information

Publications85

  1. Liang Z, Zhang X, Yin X, Song X, Shao X, Wang L. Comparative analysis of the genomes of Clostera anastomosis (L.) granulovirus and Clostera anachoreta granulovirus. Arch Virol. 2013;158:2109-14 pubmed publisher
    Clostera anastomosis (L.) granulovirus (CaLGV) and Clostera anachoreta granulovirus (ClanGV) are both capable of infecting each other's native host insects. Despite this, we have little information on their genetic relationship...
  2. Liang Z, Zhang X, Yin X, Cao S, Xu F. Genomic sequencing and analysis of Clostera anachoreta granulovirus. Arch Virol. 2011;156:1185-98 pubmed publisher
    The complete genome of Clostera anachoreta granulovirus (ClanGV) from an important pest of poplar, Clostera anachoreta (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae), was sequenced and analyzed...
  3. Ferrelli M, Salvador R, Biedma M, Berretta M, Haase S, Sciocco Cap A, et al. Genome of Epinotia aporema granulovirus (EpapGV), a polyorganotropic fast killing betabaculovirus with a novel thymidylate kinase gene. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:548 pubmed publisher
    ..Epinotia aporema granulovirus (EpapGV) is a baculovirus that causes a polyorganotropic infection in the host larva...
  4. Wormleaton S, Kuzio J, Winstanley D. The complete sequence of the Adoxophyes orana granulovirus genome. Virology. 2003;311:350-65 pubmed
    The nucleotide sequence of the Adoxophyes orana granulovirus (AdorGV) DNA genome was determined and analysed. The genome contains 99,657 bp and has an A + T content of 65.5%...
  5. Rashidan K, Nassoury N, Tazi S, Giannopoulos P, Guertin C. Choristoneura fumiferana Granulovirus p74 protein, a highly conserved baculoviral envelope protein. J Biochem Mol Biol. 2003;36:475-87 pubmed
    ..viral structural protein, has been identified and sequenced on the genome of Choristoneura fumiferana granulovirus (ChfuGV). A part of the ChfuGV p74 gene was located on an 8...
  6. Burden J, Griffiths C, Cory J, Smith P, Sait S. Vertical transmission of sublethal granulovirus infection in the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella. Mol Ecol. 2002;11:547-55 pubmed
    ..interpunctella following survival of a granulovirus challenge...
  7. Arthurs S, Lacey L, de la Rosa F. Evaluation of a granulovirus (PoGV) and Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki for control of the potato tuberworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in stored tubers. J Econ Entomol. 2008;101:1540-6 pubmed
    Liquid suspensions and dry formulations of a granulovirus (family Baculoviridae, genus Granulovirus, PoGV) derived from infected larvae and the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis subsp...
  8. Wang Y, Choi J, Roh J, Woo S, Jin B, Je Y. Molecular and phylogenetic characterization of Spodoptera litura granulovirus. J Microbiol. 2008;46:704-8 pubmed publisher
    Baculovirus, Spodoptera litura granulovirus (SlGV) was isolated from the infected S. litura larvae, and was characterized...
  9. Lange M, Jehle J. The genome of the Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus. Virology. 2003;317:220-36 pubmed
    The genome of the Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus (CrleGV) was sequenced and analyzed...
  10. Espinel Correal C, Lery X, Villamizar L, Gomez J, Zeddam J, Cotes A, et al. Genetic and biological analysis of Colombian Phthorimaea operculella granulovirus isolated from Tecia solanivora (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:7617-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Nowadays, both species can be found in most areas in different proportions. The Phthorimaea operculella granulovirus (PhopGV) was found to efficiently control P. operculella and was used as a biopesticide in storage conditions...
  11. Jehle J. The expansion of a hypervariable, non-hr ori-like region in the genome of Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus provides in vivo evidence for the utilization of baculovirus non-hr oris during replication. J Gen Virol. 2002;83:2025-34 pubmed
    ..In this report a naturally occurring hypervariable region within the genome of different Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus genotypes is characterized...
  12. Arends H, Jehle J. Homologous recombination between the inverted terminal repeats of defective transposon TCp3.2 causes an inversion in the genome of Cydia pomonella granulovirus. J Gen Virol. 2002;83:1573-8 pubmed
    In this study, a new mutant of the Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV), which shows spontaneous inversion of a transposable element during in vivo replication, is described...
  13. Zhang B, Cheng R, Wang X, Zhang C. The Genome of Pieris rapae Granulovirus. J Virol. 2012;86:9544 pubmed publisher
    Pieris rapae granulovirus (PrGV) can infect and kill larvae of Pieris rapae, a worldwide and important pest of mustard family crops. The PrGV genome consists of 108,592 bp, is AT rich (66...
  14. Oh S, Kim D, Patnaik B, Jo Y, Noh M, Lee H, et al. Molecular and immunohistochemical characterization of granulin gene encoded in Pieris rapae granulovirus genome. J Invertebr Pathol. 2013;113:7-17 pubmed publisher
    Pieris rapae granulovirus (PiraGV) is highly pathogenic to the cabbage butterfly (P. rapae), an important pest of cultivated cabbages and mustard crops...
  15. Rashidan K, Nassoury N, Giannopoulos P, Mauffette Y, Guertin C. Identification, characterization and phylogenic analysis of conserved genes within the odvp-6e/odv-e56 gene region of Choristoneura fumiferana granulovirus. J Biochem Mol Biol. 2004;37:206-12 pubmed
    The genes that are located within the odvp-6e/odv-e56 region of the Choristoneura fumiferana granulovirus (ChfuGV) were identified by sequencing the 11 kb BamHI restriction fragment on the ChfuGV genome...
  16. Hilton S, Winstanley D. The origins of replication of granuloviruses. Arch Virol. 2008;153:1527-35 pubmed publisher
    ..Several putative hrs from the GVs were tested for replication in C. pomonella cells using a CpGV-dependent replication assay. Two CrleGV hrs were found to replicate at a low level...
  17. Zhang X, Liang Z, Peng H, Zhang Z, Tang X, Liu T. Characterization and partial genome sequence analysis of Clostera anachoreta granulovirus. Virus Res. 2005;113:36-43 pubmed
    The morphological and biological properties as well as partial genomic sequencing of a granulovirus isolated from Clostera anachoreta (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae), C. anachoreta granulovirus (ClanGV), were carried out...
  18. Undorf Spahn K, Fritsch E, Huber J, Kienzle J, Zebitz C, Jehle J. High stability and no fitness costs of the resistance of codling moth to Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV-M). J Invertebr Pathol. 2012;111:136-42 pubmed publisher
    Resistance against the biocontrol agent Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV-M) was previously observed in field populations of codling moth (CM, C. pomonella) in South-West Germany...
  19. Hilton S, Winstanley D. Identification and functional analysis of the origins of DNA replication in the Cydia pomonella granulovirus genome. J Gen Virol. 2007;88:1496-504 pubmed
    The entire genome of Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) was systematically screened for origins of DNA replication, using an infection-dependent DNA replication assay in the granulovirus-permissive Cydia pomonella cell line, Cp14R...
  20. Matthews H, Smith I, Edwards J. Lethal and sublethal effects of a granulovirus on the tomato moth Lacanobia oleracea. J Invertebr Pathol. 2002;80:73-80 pubmed
    A Scottish isolate of Lacanobia oleracea granulovirus (LoGV) was tested against larvae from a laboratory colony of L. oleracea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) using the peroral bioassay technique. The median lethal doses ranged from 10(1...
  21. Boots M, Mealor M. Local interactions select for lower pathogen infectivity. Science. 2007;315:1284-6 pubmed
    ..We therefore provide empirical support for the theory that population structure affects the evolution of infectious organisms. ..
  22. Saejeng A, Siva Jothy M, Boots M. Low cost antiviral activity of Plodia interpunctella haemolymph in vivo demonstrated by dose dependent infection. J Insect Physiol. 2011;57:246-50 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast to the natural oral infection route, we found no measurable sublethal effects in the survivors from direct injection. This suggests that the immune responses in the haemocoel are less costly than those that occur earlier. ..
  23. Hatting J, Moore S, Malan A. Microbial control of phytophagous invertebrate pests in South Africa: Current status and future prospects. J Invertebr Pathol. 2018;: pubmed publisher
    ..include Beauveria bassiana (Cordycipitaceae), Metarhizium anisopliae (Clavicipitaceae), Cydia pomonella granulovirus, Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus, Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus (Baculoviridae) and Bacillus ..
  24. Nakanishi T, Goto C, Kobayashi M, Kang W, Suzuki T, Dohmae N, et al. Comparative studies of lepidopteran baculovirus-specific protein FP25K: development of a novel Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus-based vector with a modified fp25K gene. J Virol. 2010;84:5191-200 pubmed publisher
    ..we performed comparative analyses of FP25K proteins from group I and group II nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs) and granulovirus (GV)...
  25. Graillot B, Bayle S, Blachere Lopez C, Besse S, Siegwart M, Lopez Ferber M. Biological Characteristics of Experimental Genotype Mixtures of Cydia Pomonella Granulovirus (CpGV): Ability to Control Susceptible and Resistant Pest Populations. Viruses. 2016;8: pubmed publisher
    The detection of resistance in codling moth (Cydia pomonella) populations against the Mexican isolate of its granulovirus (CpGV-M), raised questions on the sustainability of the use of this biological insecticide...
  26. Boots M, Roberts K. Maternal effects in disease resistance: poor maternal environment increases offspring resistance to an insect virus. Proc Biol Sci. 2012;279:4009-14 pubmed publisher
  27. Alletti G, Sauer A, Weihrauch B, Fritsch E, Undorf Spahn K, Wennmann J, et al. Using Next Generation Sequencing to Identify and Quantify the Genetic Composition of Resistance-Breaking Commercial Isolates of Cydia pomonella Granulovirus. Viruses. 2017;9: pubmed publisher
    The use of Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) isolates as biological control agents of codling moth (CM) larvae is important in organic and integrated pome fruit production worldwide...
  28. Gati C, Oberthuer D, Yefanov O, Bunker R, Stellato F, Chiu E, et al. Atomic structure of granulin determined from native nanocrystalline granulovirus using an X-ray free-electron laser. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017;114:2247-2252 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we describe the 2 Ã… resolution structure of native nanocrystalline granulovirus occlusion bodies (OBs) that are less than 0...
  29. Zhang X, Liang Z, Peng H, Zhang Z, Tang X, Zhao S, et al. Location and phylogenetic analysis of the region immediately upstream of the granulin gene of the Clostera anachoreta granulovirus. Virus Res. 2006;121:97-102 pubmed
    The region immediately upstream of the granulin gene from Clostera anachoreta granulovirus (ClanGV) was identified from hybridization experiments and sequenced...
  30. Dhladhla B, Mwanza P, Lee M, Moore S, Dealtry G. Comparison of microscopic and molecular enumeration methods for insect viruses: Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus as a case study. J Virol Methods. 2018;256:107-110 pubmed publisher
    Enumeration techniques were compared for quantification of the South African isolate of Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus (CrleGV-SA), used as a biopesticide to control false codling moth (Thaumatotibia leucotreta), an insect pest of ..
  31. Arthurs S, Lacey L, Behle R. Evaluation of spray-dried lignin-based formulations and adjuvants as solar protectants for the granulovirus of the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L). J Invertebr Pathol. 2006;93:88-95 pubmed
    Commercial formulations of the codling moth, Cydia pomonella L., granulovirus (CpGV) are limited by their short residual activity under orchard conditions in the Pacific Northwest...
  32. Jukes M, Motsoeneng B, Knox C, Hill M, Moore S. The comparative analysis of complete genome sequences from two South African betabaculoviruses: Phthorimaea operculella granulovirus and Plutella xylostella granulovirus. Arch Virol. 2016;161:2917-20 pubmed publisher
    The complete genomes of two novel South African betabaculovirus isolates, namely Phthorimaea operculella granulovirus (PhopGV-SA) and Plutella xylostella granulovirus (PlxyGV-SA), were sequenced and compared to the respective reference ..
  33. Nollet M, Mercé M, Laurichesse E, Pezon A, Soubabère O, Besse S, et al. Water fluxes and encapsulation efficiency in double emulsions: impact of emulsification and osmotic pressure unbalance. Soft Matter. 2016;12:3412-24 pubmed publisher
    ..used, first vitamin B12 which can be considered as a model drug and secondly a suspension of Cydia pomonella Granulovirus (CpGV), a virus used in organic agriculture to protect fruits against the Carpocapse insect...
  34. Ren H, Hu Y, Guo Y, Li L. Plutella xylostella granulovirus late gene promoter activity in the context of the Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus genome. Virol Sin. 2016;31:229-39 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the promoters of nine late genes of the betabaculovirus Plutella xylostella granulovirus (PlxyGV) were cloned into a transient expression vector and the alphabaculovirus Autographa californica ..
  35. Berling M, Blachere Lopez C, Soubabere O, Lery X, Bonhomme A, Sauphanor B, et al. Cydia pomonella granulovirus genotypes overcome virus resistance in the codling moth and improve virus efficiency by selection against resistant hosts. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:925-30 pubmed publisher
    Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) has been used for 15 years as a bioinsecticide in codling moth (Cydia pomonella) control...
  36. Lacey L, Arthurs S. New method for testing solar sensitivity of commercial formulations of the granulovirus of codling moth (Cydia pomonella, Tortricidae: Lepidoptera). J Invertebr Pathol. 2005;90:85-90 pubmed
    A method for screening codling moth granulovirus (CpGV) formulation sensitivity to sunlight using specially prepared half apples and a solar simulator is described...
  37. Ma S, Zhang Z, Xia H, Chen L, Yang Y, Yao Q, et al. Evolutionary analysis of the ubiquitin gene of baculovirus and insect hosts. Genet Mol Res. 2015;14:9963-73 pubmed publisher
    ..locations and phylogenetic trees indicated that granuloviruses and non-photosynthetic vegetation evolved, and granulovirus evolution was more similar to that of insect hosts...
  38. Liu P, Wang S, Liu Y, Li L. [Plutella xylostella granulovirus PP31 interacts with two host proteins]. Bing Du Xue Bao. 2012;28:15-22 pubmed
    ..was constructed and used for screening of genes encoding proteins interacting with Plutella xylostella granulovirus (PlxyGV) proteins...
  39. Rashidan K, Nassoury N, Giannopoulos P, Guertin C. Identification and characterization of a conserved baculoviral structural protein ODVP-6E/ODV-E56 from Choristoneura fumiferana granulovirus. J Biochem Mol Biol. 2002;35:595-603 pubmed
    ..viral structural protein, has been identified and sequenced on the genome of Choristoneura fumiferana granulovirus (ChfuGV)...
  40. Yang S, Zhao L, Ma R, Fang W, Hu J, Lei C, et al. Improving Baculovirus Infectivity by Efficiently Embedding Enhancing Factors into Occlusion Bodies. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2017;83: pubmed publisher
    ..and in vivo The AcMNPV recombinants were further modified by fusing truncated Agrotis segetum granulovirus enhancin or truncated Cydia pomonella granulovirus ORF13 (GP37) to the C-terminal 95 aa of ..
  41. Nakai M, Shiotsuki T, Kunimi Y. An entomopoxvirus and a granulovirus use different mechanisms to prevent pupation of Adoxophyes honmai. Virus Res. 2004;101:185-91 pubmed
    ..In previous work we showed that a granulovirus (AdhoGV) also retarded host development and prevented pupation of A. honmai larvae...
  42. Arthurs S, Lacey L, Fritts R. Optimizing use of codling moth granulovirus: effects of application rate and spraying frequency on control of codling moth larvae in Pacific Northwest apple orchards. J Econ Entomol. 2005;98:1459-68 pubmed
    New formulations of the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.), granulovirus (CpGV) [family Baculoviridae, genus Granulovirus] are commercially available in North America. In field tests on apple (Malus sp...
  43. Tidbury H, Pedersen A, Boots M. Within and transgenerational immune priming in an insect to a DNA virus. Proc Biol Sci. 2011;278:871-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This is important because immune priming may influence both host-parasite population and evolutionary dynamics...
  44. Giannopoulos P, Nassoury N, Lamontagne L, Guertin C, Rashidan K. Choristoneura fumiferana Granulovirus pk-1: a baculoviral protein kinase. J Biochem Mol Biol. 2005;38:457-67 pubmed
    Open reading frame (ORF) 3 on the Choristoneura fumiferana granulovirus (ChfuGV), located in the 11 kb fragment of the BamHI genomic bank encodes a predicted 32-kDa putative kinase protein...
  45. Hilton S, Kemp E, Keane G, Winstanley D. A bacmid approach to the genetic manipulation of granuloviruses. J Virol Methods. 2008;152:56-62 pubmed publisher
    A Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) bacmid has been constructed, which allows rapid and efficient production of recombinant baculoviruses in Escherichia coli. An 8...
  46. Cossentine J, Jensen L, Eastwell K. Incidence and transmission of a granulovirus in a large codling moth [Cydia pomonella L. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)] rearing facility. J Invertebr Pathol. 2005;90:187-92 pubmed
    Incidences of potential per os Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) transmission within a large codling moth colony were identified. CpGV was detected in the water which is used to wash egg sheets...
  47. Rashidan K, Nassoury N, Merzouki A, Guertin C. Identification and characterization of a putative baculoviral transcriptional factor IE-1 from Choristoneura fumiferana granulovirus. J Biochem Mol Biol. 2002;35:553-61 pubmed
    ..homologue to baculoviral IE-1 was identified and sequenced in the genome of the Choristoneura fumiferana granulovirus (ChfuGV)...
  48. Guo H, Fang J, Wang J, Zhong W, Liu B. Interaction of Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus with peritrophic matrix and Spodoptera litura nucleopolyhedrovirus in Spodoptera litura. J Econ Entomol. 2007;100:20-5 pubmed
    Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus (XcGV) was tested for its ability to increase Spodoptera litura nucleopolyhedrovirus (SINPV) infection in larvae of S. litura (F.). The interaction of XcGV with peritrophic matrix and SINPV in S...
  49. Oh S, Kim D, Patnaik B, Jo Y, Noh M, Lee H, et al. Molecular and immunohistochemical characterization of the chitinase gene from Pieris rapae granulovirus. Arch Virol. 2013;158:1701-18 pubmed publisher
  50. IJkel W, Roode E, Goldbach R, Vlak J, Zuidema D. Characterization of Spodoptera exigua multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus ORF17/18, a homologue of Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus ORF129. J Gen Virol. 2002;83:2857-67 pubmed
    ..One of these, SeMNPV ORF17/18 (Se17/18) shares 55% amino acid similarity to ORF129 of Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus (XcGV). Se17/18 was transcribed in cultured S. exigua 301 cells, as a polyadenylated transcript of 1.1 kb...
  51. Boots M, Childs D, Reuman D, Mealor M. Local interactions lead to pathogen-driven change to host population dynamics. Curr Biol. 2009;19:1660-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Broadly, because anthropological and environmental change often cause changes in population mixing, our work highlights the potential for dramatic changes in the effects of parasites on host populations...
  52. Gund N, Wagner A, Timm A, Schulze Bopp S, Jehle J, Johannesen J, et al. Genetic analysis of Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) populations with different levels of sensitivity towards the Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV). Genetica. 2012;140:235-47 pubmed
    ..towards one of the most important biocontrol agents used in apple production, the Cydia pomonella granulovirus CpGV-M. In 638 C...
  53. Liu X, Yang G, Qiu B, Zhang K, Tian P. [Expression of two truncated enhancin gene from Helicoverpa armigera granulosis virus in E. coli and its preliminary bioassay]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2001;41:167-72 pubmed
    ..2%-33.0% and decrease the LT50 by 1.2 d-1.9 d. The preliminary bioassay on Bt against Helicoverpa armigera indicated the recombinant enhancin could increase the mortality of larvae by 20.7%-35.4%, Den by 16.7%-31.5%, Ben by 11.7%-27.4%...
  54. Eberle K, Sayed S, Rezapanah M, Shojai Estabragh S, Jehle J. Diversity and evolution of the Cydia pomonella granulovirus. J Gen Virol. 2009;90:662-71 pubmed publisher
    Eight new field isolates of Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) originating in Iran and Georgia and one English CpGV isolate were analysed for restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) and by partial genome amplification and ..
  55. Mukawa S, Goto C. Mamestra brassicae nucleopolyhedrovirus infection and enhancing effect of proteins derived from Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus in larvae of Mamestra brassicae and Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on cabbage. J Econ Entomol. 2010;103:257-64 pubmed
    ..many other countries, and the enhancing activity of proteins derived from occlusion bodies of Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus (XecnGV) a-4, which was named GVPs, on the infectivity of MabrNPV were evaluated in a bioassay with second-..
  56. Berling M, Sauphanor B, Bonhomme A, Siegwart M, Lopez Ferber M. A single sex-linked dominant gene does not fully explain the codling moth's resistance to granulovirus. Pest Manag Sci. 2013;69:1261-6 pubmed publisher
    In 2004, resistance to a commercial formulation of the Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) was identified in a field population of Cydia pomonella from an organic orchard in southern France...
  57. Hilton S, Winstanley D. Biological characterization of an English granulovirus from the summer fruit tortrix moth, Adoxophyes orana. J Invertebr Pathol. 2008;97:298-305 pubmed
    Adoxophyes orana granulovirus (AdorGV) was isolated from overwintering larvae in an orchard in Kent, in the UK. The developmental time of each A. orana instar was determined by measuring the size of the head capsule...
  58. Lacey L, Hoffmann D, Federici B. Histopathology and effect on development of the PhopGV on larvae of the potato tubermoth, Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). J Invertebr Pathol. 2011;108:52-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The PTM granulovirus (PhopGV) provides significant potato protection, but little is known about its effect on larval development or ..
  59. Espinel Correal C, Lopez Ferber M, Zeddam J, Villamizar L, Gomez J, Cotes A, et al. Experimental mixtures of Phthorimaea operculella granulovirus isolates provide high biological efficacy on both Phthorimaea operculella and Tecia solanivora (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). J Invertebr Pathol. 2012;110:375-81 pubmed publisher
    ..P. operculella granulovirus (PhopGV) (Betabaculovirus) is a biocontrol agent to be considered for the simultaneous management of these two ..
  60. Ince I, Westenberg M, Vlak J, Demirbag Z, Nalcacioglu R, van Oers M. Open reading frame 193R of Chilo iridescent virus encodes a functional inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP). Virology. 2008;376:124-31 pubmed publisher
    ..protein has 28 and 27% similarity in amino acid sequence to the Orgyia pseudotsugata MNPV and Cydia pomonella granulovirus IAP-3 proteins, respectively...
  61. Liang Z, Zhang X, Chen X. Molecular characterization and genetic organization of the BamHI-C fragment of Clostera anachoreta granulovirus. Virus Genes. 2011;42:150-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Comparison results indicated that ClanGV, Cydia pomonella GV and Pieris rapae GV have similar arrangement and orientation of the homologous genes. The ORFs related to these five genes were analyzed...
  62. Mukhopadhyay A, De D. Pathogenecity of a baculovirus isolated from Arctornis submarginata (Walker) (Lepidoptera:Lymantriidae), a potential pest of tea growing in the Darjeeling foothills of India. J Invertebr Pathol. 2009;100:57-60 pubmed publisher
    ..45 days for 1 x 10(6) OBs/ml and 3.87 days for 1 x 10(7) OBs/ml concentrations. The results indicated the potential of the virus for its future application as microbial pesticide against A. submarginata in future...
  63. Arthurs S, Hilton R, Knight A, Lacey L. Evaluation of the pear ester kairomone as a formulation additive for the granulovirus of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in pome fruit. J Econ Entomol. 2007;100:702-9 pubmed
    ..AI), microencapsulated formulation of pear ester (PE-MEC) as an insecticidal additive for the codling moth granulovirus (CpGV). Although CpGV applied at 5-15-d intervals at commercial rates (2...
  64. Daimon T, Katsuma S, Kang W, Shimada T. Functional characterization of chitinase from Cydia pomonella granulovirus. Arch Virol. 2007;152:1655-64 pubmed
    ..Our data suggest that the molecular interaction between V-CHIA and V-CATH may be conserved across a broad range of lepidopteran GVs and NPVs...
  65. He Y, Lu L. [Simulation of Plutella xylostella population control by granulosis virus]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2005;16:129-32 pubmed
    ..13. Therefore, if used appropriately, the granulosis virus originated from Plutella xylostella could control the damage of Plutella xylostella effectively...
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    The genes located within the p74 gene region of the Choristoneura fumiferana granulovirus (ChfuGV) were identified by sequencing an 8.9 kb BamHI restriction fragment on the ChfuGV genome...
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    Intra-specific recombination between two genotypes of the Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus (CrleGV), namely CV3 and CV4, was studied by mixed infection experiments of larvae of C...
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    An up to 10,000-fold resistance against the biocontrol agent Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) was observed in field populations of codling moth, C. pomonella, in Europe...
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    ..The occurrence of codling moth populations in European apple orchards that were not controlled by Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) is the first reported case of field resistance against a baculovirus control agent...
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    ..this work, infection, transfection and co-transfection events with the baculoviruses AcMNPV and Trichoplusia ni granulovirus (TnGV) were accomplished by bombardment of T...
  72. Szewczyk B, Hoyos Carvajal L, Paluszek M, Skrzecz I, Lobo de Souza M. Baculoviruses-- re-emerging biopesticides. Biotechnol Adv. 2006;24:143-60 pubmed
    ..It is expected that the baculoviruses improved by genetic modifications will be gradually introduced in countries which have fewer concerns towards genetically modified organisms...
  73. Pfannenstiel R, Szymanski M, Lacey L, Brunner J, Spence K. Discovery of a granulovirus of Pandemis pyrusana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), a leafroller pest of apples in Washington. J Invertebr Pathol. 2004;86:124-7 pubmed
    ..The virus was identified morphologically as a granulovirus using electron microscopy and designated PpGV...
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    The granulovirus of Cydia pomonella (L.) (CpGV) offers potential for selective control of codling moth. Two major limitations of CpGV are its narrow host range and lack of persistence in the orchard agroecosystem...
  75. Parnell M, Grzywacz D, Jones K, Brown M, Oduor G, Ong aro J. The strain variation and virulence of granulovirus of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella Linnaeus, Lep., Yponomeutidae) isolated in Kenya. J Invertebr Pathol. 2002;79:192-6 pubmed
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    The ecdysteroid UDP-glycosyltransferase (egt) gene of Epinotia aporema granulovirus (EpapGV) was cloned sequenced and its biological activity was assessed. It encodes a protein of 446 amino acids...