myoviridae

Summary

Summary: A family of BACTERIOPHAGES and ARCHAEAL VIRUSES which are characterized by complex contractile tails.

Top Publications

  1. Kapfhammer D, Blass J, Evers S, Reidl J. Vibrio cholerae phage K139: complete genome sequence and comparative genomics of related phages. J Bacteriol. 2002;184:6592-601 pubmed
    ..we characterize the complete genome sequence of the temperate phage K139, which morphologically belongs to the Myoviridae phage family (P2 and 186). The prophage genome consists of 33,106 bp, and the overall GC content is 48.9%...
  2. Dammeyer T, Bagby S, Sullivan M, Chisholm S, Frankenberg Dinkel N. Efficient phage-mediated pigment biosynthesis in oceanic cyanobacteria. Curr Biol. 2008;18:442-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Analyses of global ocean metagenomes show that PcyA and Ho1 occur in both cyanobacteria and their phages, whereas the novel PebS-encoding gene is exclusive to phages...
  3. Aksyuk A, Kurochkina L, Fokine A, Forouhar F, Mesyanzhinov V, Tong L, et al. Structural conservation of the myoviridae phage tail sheath protein fold. Structure. 2011;19:1885-94 pubmed publisher
    ..The structural rearrangement of the phiKZ tail sheath contraction was found to be similar to that of phage T4...
  4. Kropinski A, Arutyunov D, Foss M, Cunningham A, Ding W, Singh A, et al. Genome and proteome of Campylobacter jejuni bacteriophage NCTC 12673. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:8265-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Remarkably, the 135-kb Myoviridae genome of NCTC 12673 differs greatly from any other proteobacterial phage genome described (including C...
  5. Born Y, Fieseler L, Marazzi J, Lurz R, Duffy B, Loessner M. Novel virulent and broad-host-range Erwinia amylovora bacteriophages reveal a high degree of mosaicism and a relationship to Enterobacteriaceae phages. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:5945-54 pubmed publisher
    ..7 kbp), and the virus particle exhibits a complex tail fiber structure. Phages M7 and Y2 both belong to the Myoviridae family and feature long, contractile tails and genomes of 84.7 kbp (M7) and 56...
  6. Garbe J, Bunk B, Rohde M, Schobert M. Sequencing and characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage JG004. BMC Microbiol. 2011;11:102 pubmed publisher
    ..g. Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For an effective use of bacteriophages as antimicrobial agents, it is important to understand phage biology but also genes of the bacterial host essential for phage infection...
  7. Adriaenssens E, Ackermann H, Anany H, Blasdel B, Connerton I, Goulding D, et al. A suggested new bacteriophage genus: "Viunalikevirus". Arch Virol. 2012;157:2035-46 pubmed
    We suggest a bacteriophage genus, "Viunalikevirus", as a new genus within the family Myoviridae. To date, this genus includes seven sequenced members: Salmonella phages ViI, SFP10 and ?SH19; Escherichia phages CBA120 and PhaxI; ..
  8. Leiman P, Arisaka F, van Raaij M, Kostyuchenko V, Aksyuk A, Kanamaru S, et al. Morphogenesis of the T4 tail and tail fibers. Virol J. 2010;7:355 pubmed publisher
    ..Structure determination of the rest of the subunits and intermediate complexes and the assembly of the hub still require further study...
  9. Chenard C, Suttle C. Phylogenetic diversity of sequences of cyanophage photosynthetic gene psbA in marine and freshwaters. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008;74:5317-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, as psbA sequences are not confined to a single family of phages, they provide an additional genetic marker that can be used to explore the diversity and evolutionary history of cyanophages in aquatic environments...

More Information

Publications81

  1. Krylov V, Dela Cruz D, Hertveldt K, Ackermann H. "phiKZ-like viruses", a proposed new genus of myovirus bacteriophages. Arch Virol. 2007;152:1955-9 pubmed
    ..The genome of the type virus, phiKZ, has 306 ORFs and over 280 kbp and is the second-largest phage genome known. The phiKZ genus has very few relationships to other phages and includes three species and one possible species...
  2. Miller E, Heidelberg J, Eisen J, Nelson W, Durkin A, Ciecko A, et al. Complete genome sequence of the broad-host-range vibriophage KVP40: comparative genomics of a T4-related bacteriophage. J Bacteriol. 2003;185:5220-33 pubmed
    ..Features of the KVP40 genome that distinguish it from T4 are presented, as well as those, such as the replication and virion gene clusters, that are substantially conserved...
  3. Jang S, Yoon B, Chang H. Complete nucleotide sequence of the temperate bacteriophage LBR48, a new member of the family Myoviridae. Arch Virol. 2011;156:319-22 pubmed publisher
    ..analysis and nucleic acid sequence determination, phage LBR48 can be classified as a member of the family Myoviridae. Analysis of the genome showed the conserved gene order of previously reported phages of the family Siphoviridae ..
  4. Kaliniene L, Klausa V, Truncaite L. Low-temperature T4-like coliphages vB_EcoM-VR5, vB_EcoM-VR7 and vB_EcoM-VR20. Arch Virol. 2010;155:871-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Sequence analysis of diagnostic g23 PCR products revealed that g23 of vB_EcoM-VR5, vB_EcoM-VR7 and vB_EcoM-VR20 differed from the corresponding T4 g23 DNA sequence by 21, 21 and 20%, respectively...
  5. Lavigne R, Darius P, Summer E, Seto D, Mahadevan P, Nilsson A, et al. Classification of Myoviridae bacteriophages using protein sequence similarity. BMC Microbiol. 2009;9:224 pubmed publisher
    ..It appears that horizontal gene transfer generally does not totally obliterate evolutionary relationships between phages...
  6. Walmagh M, Briers Y, Dos Santos S, Azeredo J, Lavigne R. Characterization of modular bacteriophage endolysins from Myoviridae phages OBP, 201?2-1 and PVP-SE1. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e36991 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, these endolysins extensively enlarge the pool of potential antibacterial compounds used against multi-drug resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections...
  7. Villegas A, She Y, Kropinski A, Lingohr E, Mazzocco A, Ojha S, et al. The genome and proteome of a virulent Escherichia coli O157:H7 bacteriophage closely resembling Salmonella phage Felix O1. Virol J. 2009;6:41 pubmed publisher
  8. Beilstein F, Dreiseikelmann B. Temperate bacteriophage PhiO18P from an Aeromonas media isolate: characterization and complete genome sequence. Virology. 2008;373:25-9 pubmed
    ..The phage PhiO18P was induced from the Aeromonas media isolate O18. PhiO18P belongs to the Myoviridae phage family...
  9. Wang K, Chen F. Prevalence of highly host-specific cyanophages in the estuarine environment. Environ Microbiol. 2008;10:300-12 pubmed
    ..Prevalence of host-specific cyanophages in the estuary suggests that Synechococcus and their phages in the estuarine ecosystem may develop a host-phage relationship different from what have been found in the open ocean...
  10. Geiben Lynn R, Sauber K, Lutz F. Flagellin inhibits Myoviridae phage phiCTX infection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain GuA18: purification and mapping of binding site. Arch Microbiol. 2001;176:339-46 pubmed
    PhiCTX is a double-stranded DNA phage of the Myoviridae family that converts Pseudomonas aeruginosa into a cytotoxin producer. A 42-kDa phiCTX-inhibiting protein was purified from the outer membrane fraction of P...
  11. Kęsik Szeloch A, Drulis Kawa Z, Weber Dabrowska B, Kassner J, Majkowska Skrobek G, Augustyniak D, et al. Characterising the biology of novel lytic bacteriophages infecting multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. Virol J. 2013;10:100 pubmed publisher
    ..The increased incidence of antimicrobial resistance in these species has propelled the need for alternate/combination therapeutic regimens to aid clinical treatment. Bacteriophage therapy forms one of these alternate strategies...
  12. Kiljunen S, Hakala K, Pinta E, Huttunen S, Pluta P, Gador A, et al. Yersiniophage phiR1-37 is a tailed bacteriophage having a 270 kb DNA genome with thymidine replaced by deoxyuridine. Microbiology. 2005;151:4093-102 pubmed
    ..This implies that the phage belongs to the order Caudovirales and the family Myoviridae in the ICTV (International Committee for Taxonomy of Viruses) classification...
  13. O Flaherty S, Coffey A, Edwards R, Meaney W, Fitzgerald G, Ross R. Genome of staphylococcal phage K: a new lineage of Myoviridae infecting gram-positive bacteria with a low G+C content. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:2862-71 pubmed
    Phage K is a polyvalent phage of the Myoviridae family which is active against a wide range of staphylococci. Phage genome sequencing revealed a linear DNA genome of 127,395 bp, which carries 118 putative open reading frames...
  14. Han J, Kim J, Hwang S, Choresca C, Shin S, Jun J, et al. Isolation and characterization of a Myoviridae bacteriophage against Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dairy cows with mastitis. Res Vet Sci. 2013;95:758-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The SAH-1 was morphologically classified as Myoviridae and possessed an approximate 144 kb double-stranded genomic DNA. The phage showed broad host ranges within S...
  15. Chibani Chennoufi S, Dillmann M, Marvin Guy L, Rami Shojaei S, Brussow H. Lactobacillus plantarum bacteriophage LP65: a new member of the SPO1-like genus of the family Myoviridae. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:7069-83 pubmed
    ..Helicase/primase and two replication/recombination enzymes represented the only links to T4-like Myoviridae from gram-negative bacteria. Another module corresponded to the structural genes...
  16. Park M, Lee J, Shin H, Kim M, Choi J, Kang D, et al. Characterization and comparative genomic analysis of a novel bacteriophage, SFP10, simultaneously inhibiting both Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli O157:H7. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:58-69 pubmed publisher
    ..SFP10 contains a 158-kb double-stranded DNA genome belonging to the Vi01 phage-like family Myoviridae. In vitro adsorption assays showed that the adsorption constant rates to both Salmonella enterica serovar ..
  17. Comeau A, Tremblay D, Moineau S, Rattei T, Kushkina A, Tovkach F, et al. Phage morphology recapitulates phylogeny: the comparative genomics of a new group of myoviruses. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40102 pubmed publisher
    Among dsDNA tailed bacteriophages (Caudovirales), members of the Myoviridae family have the most sophisticated virion design that includes a complex contractile tail structure...
  18. Kropinski A, Lingohr E, Moyles D, Chibeu A, Mazzocco A, Franklin K, et al. Escherichia coli O157:H7 typing phage V7 is a T4-like virus. J Virol. 2012;86:10246 pubmed publisher
    ..Its double-stranded DNA genome is 166,452 bp long, encoding 273 proteins and including 11 tRNAs. This virus belongs to the genus T4-like viruses within the subfamily Tevenvirinae, family Myoviridae.
  19. Yamada T, Satoh S, Ishikawa H, Fujiwara A, Kawasaki T, Fujie M, et al. A jumbo phage infecting the phytopathogen Ralstonia solanacearum defines a new lineage of the Myoviridae family. Virology. 2010;398:135-47 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified six of them including a tail sheath protein and a topoisomerase IB by N-terminal sequencing. Based on a DNA microarray analysis, we identified two transcription patterns...
  20. Lindell D, Sullivan M, Johnson Z, Tolonen A, Rohwer F, Chisholm S. Transfer of photosynthesis genes to and from Prochlorococcus viruses. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:11013-8 pubmed publisher
    ..the presence of genes central to oxygenic photosynthesis in the genomes of three phages from two viral families (Myoviridae and Podoviridae) that infect the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus...
  21. Resch G, Kulik E, Dietrich F, Meyer J. Complete genomic nucleotide sequence of the temperate bacteriophage Aa Phi 23 of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. J Bacteriol. 2004;186:5523-8 pubmed
    ..However, Aa Phi 23 encodes a DNA adenine methylase, and the DNA packaging strategy is more closely related to the P22 system. The attachment sites of Aa Phi 23 (attP) and several A. actinomycetemcomitans hosts (attB) are 49 bp long...
  22. Klumpp J, Dorscht J, Lurz R, Bielmann R, Wieland M, Zimmer M, et al. The terminally redundant, nonpermuted genome of Listeria bacteriophage A511: a model for the SPO1-like myoviruses of gram-positive bacteria. J Bacteriol. 2008;190:5753-65 pubmed publisher
  23. Ackermann H. Salmonella phages examined in the electron microscope. Methods Mol Biol. 2007;394:213-34 pubmed publisher
    Out of 177 surveyed bacteriophages, 161 (91%) are tailed and belong to the Myoviridae, Siphoviridae, and Podoviridae families (43, 55, and 59 viruses, respectively)...
  24. Santos S, Kropinski A, Ceyssens P, Ackermann H, Villegas A, Lavigne R, et al. Genomic and proteomic characterization of the broad-host-range Salmonella phage PVP-SE1: creation of a new phage genus. J Virol. 2011;85:11265-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Both phages are unrelated to any other known virus, which suggests that an "rV5-like virus" genus should be created within the Myoviridae to contain these two phages.
  25. Voelker R, Sulakvelidze A, Ackermann H. Spontaneous tail length variation in a Salmonella myovirus. Virus Res. 2005;114:164-6 pubmed
    Salmonella phage SPT-1, a member of the Myoviridae family and a relative of phage O1, produces abnormally long tails with coordinate variations of sheath and core length. The length of abnormal tails varies between 140 and 445 nm.
  26. Krylov V, Pleteneva E, Bourkaltseva M, Shaburova O, Volckaert G, Sykilinda N, et al. Myoviridae bacteriophages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a long and complex evolutionary pathway. Res Microbiol. 2003;154:269-75 pubmed
    ..to other bacteriophages on the DNA and protein levels indicated that phiKZ represents a distinct branch of the Myoviridae family. In this work, we analyzed a group of six P...
  27. Simoliunas E, Kaliniene L, Truncaite L, Zajanckauskaite A, Staniulis J, Kaupinis A, et al. Klebsiella phage vB_KleM-RaK2 - a giant singleton virus of the family Myoviridae. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e60717 pubmed publisher
    ..While head and tail proteins of RaK2 are mostly myoviridae-related, the bioinformatics analysis indicate that tail fibers/spikes of this phage are formed from podovirus-..
  28. Pleteneva E, Shaburova O, Sykilinda N, Miroshnikov K, Krylov S, Mesianzhinov V, et al. [Study of the diversity in a group of phages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa species PB1 (Myoviridae) and their behavior in adsorbtion-resistant bacterial mutants]. Genetika. 2008;44:185-94 pubmed
    ..aeruginosa PAO1 bacteria was constructed based on the analysis of growth of some other phage species on adsorption mutants of the first type...
  29. Alemayehu D, Casey P, McAuliffe O, Guinane C, Martin J, Shanahan F, et al. Bacteriophages ?MR299-2 and ?NH-4 can eliminate Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the murine lung and on cystic fibrosis lung airway cells. MBio. 2012;3:e00029-12 pubmed publisher
  30. Abbasifar R, Kropinski A, Sabour P, Ackermann H, Alanís Villa A, Abbasifar A, et al. Genome sequence of Cronobacter sakazakii myovirus vB_CsaM_GAP31. J Virol. 2012;86:13830-1 pubmed publisher
    ..It consists of 147,940 bp and has a G+C content of 46.3%. A total of 295 genes, including 269 open reading frames and 26 tRNA genes, were identified. This phage is related to Salmonella phage PVP-SE1 and coliphages vB_EcoM-FV3 and rV5...
  31. Tsonos J, Adriaenssens E, Klumpp J, Hernalsteens J, Lavigne R, De Greve H. Complete genome sequence of the novel Escherichia coli phage phAPEC8. J Virol. 2012;86:13117-8 pubmed publisher
    ..As such, phAPEC8 represents a novel, phylogenetically distinct clade within the Myoviridae, with molecular properties suitable for phage therapy applications.
  32. Truncaite L, Simoliunas E, Zajanckauskaite A, Kaliniene L, Mankevičiūte R, Staniulis J, et al. Bacteriophage vB_EcoM_FV3: a new member of "rV5-like viruses". Arch Virol. 2012;157:2431-5 pubmed publisher
    A proposed new genus of the family Myoviridae, "rV5-like viruses", includes two lytic bacteriophages: Escherichia coli O157: H7-specific bacteriophage rV5 and Salmonella phage PVP-SE1...
  33. Tovkach F. [Temperate bacteriophage ZF40 of Erwinia carotovora: phage particle structure and DNA restriction analysis]. Mikrobiologiia. 2002;71:75-81 pubmed
    ..Phage ZF40 proved to be a typical member of the Myoviridae family (morphotype A1). Phage particles consist of an isometric head 58.3 nm in diameter and a contractile 86...
  34. Mankiewicz Boczek J, Jaskulska A, Pawełczyk J, Gągała I, Serwecińska L, Dziadek J. Cyanophages Infection of Microcystis Bloom in Lowland Dam Reservoir of Sulejów, Poland. Microb Ecol. 2016;71:315-25 pubmed publisher
    ..of selected g91 gene amplification products confirmed that the identified cyanophages belonged to the family Myoviridae (95 % homology)...
  35. Zhou Y, Bao H, Zhang H, Wang R. Isolation and Characterization of Lytic Phage vB_EcoM_JS09 against Clinically Isolated Antibiotic-Resistant Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli and Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Intervirology. 2015;58:218-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Phage JS09 is assigned to the Caudovirales order (Myoviridae phage family), and it is considered a T4-like phage based on its morphological, genomic, and growth ..
  36. Synnott A, Kuang Y, Kurimoto M, Yamamichi K, Iwano H, Tanji Y. Isolation from sewage influent and characterization of novel Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophages with wide host ranges and potent lytic capabilities. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:4483-90 pubmed publisher
    ..aureus strain. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the phages were similar sizes and belonged to the Myoviridae family. Measurement of optical densities during coculture with S...
  37. Sau K, Gupta S, Sau S, Mandal S, Ghosh T. Studies on synonymous codon and amino acid usage biases in the broad-host range bacteriophage KVP40. J Microbiol. 2007;45:58-63 pubmed
  38. Klein R, Baranyi U, Rossler N, Greineder B, Scholz H, Witte A. Natrialba magadii virus phiCh1: first complete nucleotide sequence and functional organization of a virus infecting a haloalkaliphilic archaeon. Mol Microbiol. 2002;45:851-63 pubmed
  39. Thomas J, Black L. Mutational analysis of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa myovirus KZ morphogenetic protease gp175. J Virol. 2013;87:8713-25 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings were shown by informatics to be relevant to the head morphogenesis of numbers of other related IB-containing giant phages as well as to T4 and herpesviruses, which have homologous proteases. ..
  40. Castro Mejía J, Muhammed M, Kot W, Neve H, Franz C, Hansen L, et al. Optimizing protocols for extraction of bacteriophages prior to metagenomic analyses of phage communities in the human gut. Microbiome. 2015;3:64 pubmed publisher
    ..spiked with low numbers of c2, Ï•29, and T4 phages (representatives of the Siphoviridae, Podoviridae, and Myoviridae families, respectively) and their concentration (plaque-forming units) followed at every step during the ..
  41. Parmar K, Dafale N, Pal R, Tikariha H, Purohit H. An Insight into Phage Diversity at Environmental Habitats using Comparative Metagenomics Approach. Curr Microbiol. 2018;75:132-141 pubmed publisher
    ..Differential relative abundance of phage families-Siphoviridae (34%) and Myoviridae (26%) in WWTP, Myoviridae (30%) and Podoviridae (23%) in fresh water, and Myoviridae (41%) and Podoviridae (8%) ..
  42. Lu S, Le S, Tan Y, Zhu J, Li M, Rao X, et al. Genomic and proteomic analyses of the terminally redundant genome of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage PaP1: establishment of genus PaP1-like phages. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e62933 pubmed publisher
    ..We therefore propose that these four phages be classified as PaP1-like phages, a new phage genus of Myoviridae that infects Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
  43. Xing S, Ma T, Zhang X, Huang Y, Mi Z, Sun Q, et al. First complete genome sequence of a virulent bacteriophage infecting the opportunistic pathogen Serratia rubidaea. Arch Virol. 2017;162:2021-2028 pubmed publisher
    ..The morphology suggested that phage vB_Sru IME250 should be classified as a member of the family Myoviridae. High-throughput sequencing revealed that the phage genome has 154,938 nucleotides and consists of 193 coding ..
  44. Klein R, Greineder B, Baranyi U, Witte A. The structural protein E of the archaeal virus phiCh1: evidence for processing in Natrialba magadii during virus maturation. Virology. 2000;276:376-87 pubmed
    ..The virus morphology resembles other members of Myoviridae infecting Halobacterium species...
  45. Jin J, Li Z, Wang S, Wang S, Huang D, Li Y, et al. Isolation and characterization of ZZ1, a novel lytic phage that infects Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates. BMC Microbiol. 2012;12:156 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, one lytic bacteriophage, ZZ1, which infects A. baumannii and has a broad host range, was selected for characterization...
  46. Klumpp J, Lavigne R, Loessner M, Ackermann H. The SPO1-related bacteriophages. Arch Virol. 2010;155:1547-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The number of phages isolated consistent with these parameters is large, suggesting a ubiquitous nature of this group of viruses. ..
  47. van Zyl L, Nemavhulani S, Cass J, Cowan D, Trindade M. Three novel bacteriophages isolated from the East African Rift Valley soda lakes. Virol J. 2016;13:204 pubmed
    ..Phage Shbh1 belongs to the family Myoviridae while Mgbh1 and Shpa belong to the Siphoviridae family...
  48. Dann L, Rosales S, McKerral J, Paterson J, Smith R, Jeffries T, et al. Marine and giant viruses as indicators of a marine microbial community in a riverine system. Microbiologyopen. 2016;5:1071-1084 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Myoviridae, Siphoviridae, Phycodnaviridae, Mimiviridae, Herpesviridae, and Podoviridae were the most abundant families...
  49. Campoy S, Aranda J, Alvarez G, Barbe J, Llagostera M. Isolation and sequencing of a temperate transducing phage for Pasteurella multocida. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:3154-60 pubmed
    ..F108 has a typical morphology of the family Myoviridae, presenting a hexagonal head and a long contractile tail. F108 is able to infect all P...
  50. Radford D, Guild B, Strange P, Ahmed R, Lim L, Balamurugan S. Characterization of antimicrobial properties of Salmonella phage Felix O1 and Listeria phage A511 embedded in xanthan coatings on Poly(lactic acid) films. Food Microbiol. 2017;66:117-128 pubmed publisher
    ..99% phage release within 30 min for both phages. Similar approaches could be used to develop packaging inhibitory to other significant foodborne pathogens such as Campylobacter, and Escherichia coli, as well as spoilage bacteria. ..
  51. Muniesa M, Moce Llivina L, Katayama H, Jofre J. Bacterial host strains that support replication of somatic coliphages. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2003;83:305-15 pubmed
    ..coli. We conclude that the contribution of replication to the number of somatic coliphages detected in the aquatic environment is negligible...
  52. Shahrbabak S, Khodabandehlou Z, Shahverdi A, Skurnik M, Ackermann H, Varjosalo M, et al. Isolation, characterization and complete genome sequence of PhaxI: a phage of Escherichia coli O157 : H7. Microbiology. 2013;159:1629-38 pubmed publisher
    ..PhaxI is a member of the genus 'Viunalikevirus' of the family Myoviridae and is specific for E. coli O157?:?H7.
  53. Jiang X, Jiang H, Li C, Wang S, Mi Z, An X, et al. Sequence characteristics of T4-like bacteriophage IME08 benome termini revealed by high throughput sequencing. Virol J. 2011;8:194 pubmed publisher
    ..The literature indicates that T4-like phage genomes have permuted terminal sequences, and are generated by a DNA terminase in a sequence-independent manner;..
  54. Toma J, Weinheimer S, Stawiski E, Whitcomb J, Lewis S, Petropoulos C, et al. Loss of asparagine-linked glycosylation sites in variable region 5 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope is associated with resistance to CD4 antibody ibalizumab. J Virol. 2011;85:3872-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The reduction in ibalizumab susceptibility due to the loss of V5 PNGSs was confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis. Taken together, these findings provide important insights into resistance to this new class of antiretroviral drug...
  55. Setayesh N, Sabouri Shahrbabak S, Bakherad H, Sepehrizadeh Z. Cloning, molecular characterization and expression of a DNA-ligase from a new bacteriophage: Phax1. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;29:2227-31 pubmed publisher
    ..The enzyme was then homogeneously purified by a metal affinity column. Enzymatic activity of the recombinant DNA ligase was assayed by an in-house PCR-based method. ..
  56. McGee L, Sackman A, Morrison A, Pierce J, Anisman J, Rokyta D. Synergistic Pleiotropy Overrides the Costs of Complexity in Viral Adaptation. Genetics. 2016;202:285-95 pubmed publisher
    ..The costs of complexity, however, remained substantial when considering the effects on a single trait in the context of selection on multiple traits. ..
  57. Demczuk W, Ahmed R, Ackermann H. Morphology of Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg typing phages. Can J Microbiol. 2004;50:873-5 pubmed
    Eleven tailed phages are described. They belong to the Myoviridae, Siphoviridae, or Podoviridae families and represent the ViI, T1, T5, Jersey, N4, and P22 species of enterobacterial phages. Morphology is correlated with host range.
  58. Maciejewska B, Roszniowski B, Espaillat A, Kęsik Szeloch A, Majkowska Skrobek G, Kropinski A, et al. Klebsiella phages representing a novel clade of viruses with an unknown DNA modification and biotechnologically interesting enzymes. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2017;101:673-684 pubmed publisher
  59. Wang S, Chandramouli P, Butcher S, Dokland T. Cleavage leads to expansion of bacteriophage P4 procapsids in vitro. Virology. 2003;314:1-8 pubmed
    ..The cleavage leads to particle expansion and scaffold removal in vitro. The resulting expanded capsid has a thin-shelled structure similar, but not identical, to that of mature virions...
  60. Talledo M, Rivera I, Lipp E, Neale A, Karaolis D, Huq A, et al. Characterization of a Vibrio cholerae phage isolated from the coastal water of Peru. Environ Microbiol. 2003;5:350-4 pubmed
    A Vibrio cholerae bacteriophage, family Myoviridae, was isolated from seawater collected from the coastal water of Lima, Peru. Genome size was estimated to be 29 kbp. The temperate phage was specific to V. cholerae and infected 12/13 V...
  61. Muniesa M, Lucena F, Jofre J. Study of the potential relationship between the morphology of infectious somatic coliphages and their persistence in the environment. J Appl Microbiol. 1999;87:402-9 pubmed
    ..b>Myoviridae, followed by Siphoviridae, were the most frequently isolated morphological types in raw sewage, treated sewage ..
  62. Lee Y, Kim J, Park J, Chang H. Genomic analysis of bacteriophage ESP2949-1, which is virulent for Cronobacter sakazakii. Arch Virol. 2012;157:199-202 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on its morphology, phage ESP2949-1 can be classified as a member of the family Myoviridae. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the genomic sequence and characterization of phage ESP2949-1 ..
  63. Drulis Kawa Z, Olszak T, Danis K, Majkowska Skrobek G, Ackermann H. A giant Pseudomonas phage from Poland. Arch Virol. 2014;159:567-72 pubmed publisher
    A novel giant phage of the family Myoviridae is described. Pseudomonas phage PA5oct was isolated from a sewage sample from an irrigated field near Wroclaw, Poland...
  64. Shivu M, Rajeeva B, Girisha S, Karunasagar I, Krohne G, Karunasagar I. Molecular characterization of Vibrio harveyi bacteriophages isolated from aquaculture environments along the coast of India. Environ Microbiol. 2007;9:322-31 pubmed
    ..Morphologically, six phages were grouped under family Siphoviridae and one under Myoviridae. These phages were further characterized with respect to host range, morphology and structural proteins...
  65. Gong C, Heringa S, Singh R, Kim J, Jiang X. Isolation and characterization of bacteriophages specific to hydrogen-sulfide-producing bacteria. Can J Microbiol. 2013;59:39-45 pubmed publisher
    ..for the phage cocktail revealed that 6 phages belonged to the family of Siphoviridae and 3 belonged to the Myoviridae family...
  66. Butina T, Belykh O, Maksimenko S, Belikov S. Phylogenetic diversity of T4-like bacteriophages in Lake Baikal, East Siberia. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2010;309:122-9 pubmed publisher
    ..An important component of the Myoviridae family is the genus 'T4-like viruses'...
  67. Kim E, Hong J, Yun N, Lee Y. Characterization of Bacillus phage-K2 isolated from chungkookjang, a fermented soybean foodstuff. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011;38:39-42 pubmed publisher
    ..These data suggest that Bp-K2 would be a new member of the Myoviridae family of Bacillus bacteriophages.
  68. Kotay S, Datta T, Choi J, Goel R. Biocontrol of biomass bulking caused by Haliscomenobacter hydrossis using a newly isolated lytic bacteriophage. Water Res. 2011;45:694-704 pubmed publisher
    ..The isolated bacteriophage belongs to the Myoviridae family with a contractile tail (length-126 nm; diameter-18 nm) and icosahedral head (diameter-81 nm)...
  69. Aksyuk A, Bowman V, Kaufmann B, Fields C, Klose T, Holdaway H, et al. Structural investigations of a Podoviridae streptococcus phage C1, implications for the mechanism of viral entry. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:14001-6 pubmed publisher
    ..the knob has an N-terminal domain with a fold observed previously in tube forming proteins of Siphoviridae and Myoviridae phages...
  70. Shin H, Bandara N, Shin E, Ryu S, Kim K. Prevalence of Bacillus cereus bacteriophages in fermented foods and characterization of phage JBP901. Res Microbiol. 2011;162:791-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Transmission electron microscopy analysis suggested that JBP901 is a member of the family Myoviridae. Restriction enzyme digestion pattern analysis and one-step growth study indicated a genome size of ..
  71. Romero P, López R, Garcia E. Genomic organization and molecular analysis of the inducible prophage EJ-1, a mosaic myovirus from an atypical pneumococcus. Virology. 2004;322:239-52 pubmed
    ..of EJ-1, an inducible prophage isolated from an atypical Streptococcus pneumoniae strain that belongs to the Myoviridae morphology family. The phage and bacterial recombinational sites (attachment sites) have been also determined...
  72. Vidgen M, Carson J, Higgins M, Owens L. Changes to the phenotypic profile of Vibrio harveyi when infected with the Vibrio harveyi myovirus-like (VHML) bacteriophage. J Appl Microbiol. 2006;100:481-7 pubmed
    ..To determine if infection of Vibrio harveyi with the V. harveyi myovirus-like (VHML) bacteriophage causes a change to the phenotypic profile of this species...