arboviruses

Summary

Summary: Arthropod-borne viruses. A non-taxonomic designation for viruses that can replicate in both vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. Included are some members of the following families: ARENAVIRIDAE; BUNYAVIRIDAE; REOVIRIDAE; TOGAVIRIDAE; and FLAVIVIRIDAE. (From Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2nd ed)

Top Publications

  1. Gubler D. The global emergence/resurgence of arboviral diseases as public health problems. Arch Med Res. 2002;33:330-42 pubmed
  2. Blair C. Mosquito RNAi is the major innate immune pathway controlling arbovirus infection and transmission. Future Microbiol. 2011;6:265-77 pubmed publisher
    Mosquito-borne arboviruses cause serious diseases in humans that are increasingly becoming public health problems, yet arbovirus infections cause minimal pathology in the mosquito vector, allowing persistent infections and lifelong virus ..
  3. Crabtree M, Sang R, Lutomiah J, Richardson J, Miller B. Arbovirus surveillance of mosquitoes collected at sites of active Rift Valley fever virus transmission: Kenya, 2006-2007. J Med Entomol. 2009;46:961-4 pubmed
    ..of Rift Valley fever in Kenya from December 2006 to February 2007 were tested to isolate other mosquito-borne arboviruses circulating in the region...
  4. Guilherme J, Gonella Legall C, Legall F, Nakoume E, Vincent J. Seroprevalence of five arboviruses in Zebu cattle in the Central African Republic. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1996;90:31-3 pubmed
    ..Zebus do not play an important role in the spread of CHIK and WSL viruses among humans; these viruses were found in only one and 5, respectively, of the 183 cattle examined. ..
  5. Werblow A, Bolius S, Dorresteijn A, Melaun C, Klimpel S. Diversity of Culex torrentium Martini, 1925 - a potential vector of arboviruses and filaria in Europe. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:2495-501 pubmed publisher
    ..Both species are known to be potential vectors for different arboviruses (not only in Germany) with C. torrentium being a possible vector for Sindbis or Ockelbo virus...
  6. Kuno G. Persistence of arboviruses and antiviral antibodies in vertebrate hosts: its occurrence and impacts. Rev Med Virol. 2001;11:165-90 pubmed
    ..in New York immediately raised, as one of a few explanations, the possibility of long-term persistence of arboviruses in vertebrate hosts...
  7. Guillaumot L. Arboviruses and their vectors in the Pacific--status report. Pac Health Dialog. 2005;12:45-52 pubmed
    Three arboviruses have already caused epidemics in various Pacific Island countries and territories, and currently represent a direct threat to public health...
  8. Major L, Linn M, Slade R, Schroder W, Hyatt A, Gardner J, et al. Ticks associated with macquarie island penguins carry arboviruses from four genera. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e4375 pubmed publisher
    ..Macquarie Island penguins thus harbour arboviruses from at least four of the seven arbovirus-containing genera, with related viruses often found in the northern ..
  9. Cruz A, Prazeres A, Gama E, Lima M, Azevedo R, Casseb L, et al. [Serological survey for arboviruses in Juruti, Pará State, Brazil]. Cad Saude Publica. 2009;25:2517-23 pubmed
    This study aimed to measure the prevalence of antibodies to arboviruses in the area affected by the Juruti Project before local mining operations...

More Information

Publications77

  1. Yanase T, Kato T, Kubo T, Yoshida K, Ohashi S, Yamakawa M, et al. Isolation of bovine arboviruses from Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in southern Japan: 1985--2002. J Med Entomol. 2005;42:63-7 pubmed
    In 1985--2002, surveillance for bovine arboviruses was conducted in Kagoshima, located in the most southern part of the main islands of Japan and known to be an area where bovine arboviral diseases have frequently been epidemic...
  2. Caceda E, Kochel T. Application of modified shell vial culture procedure for arbovirus detection. PLoS ONE. 2007;2:e1034 pubmed
    The isolation of arboviruses from patient's low titer sera can be difficult...
  3. Weaver S, Barrett A. Transmission cycles, host range, evolution and emergence of arboviral disease. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2004;2:789-801 pubmed
    ..We discuss viruses of medical importance, including Venezuelan equine and Japanese encephalitis viruses, dengue viruses and West Nile viruses...
  4. Nicoletti L, CIufolini M, Fortuna C, Magurano F, Fiorentini C, Marchi A, et al. Arboviruses in Italy. Parassitologia. 2008;50:109-11 pubmed
    A brief review of the arboviruses isolated In Italy is presented and discussed...
  5. Hollidge B, Gonzalez Scarano F, Soldan S. Arboviral encephalitides: transmission, emergence, and pathogenesis. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2010;5:428-42 pubmed publisher
    Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are of paramount concern as a group of pathogens at the forefront of emerging and re-emerging diseases...
  6. Bryant J, Crabtree M, Nam V, Yen N, Duc H, Miller B. Isolation of arboviruses from mosquitoes collected in northern Vietnam. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005;73:470-3 pubmed
    ..Surprisingly, no isolates of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus were obtained. Isolation of Akabane virus, Oya virus, Getah virus, and Sagiyama virus is reported for the first time from Vietnam...
  7. Hall Mendelin S, Ritchie S, Johansen C, Zborowski P, Cortis G, Dandridge S, et al. Exploiting mosquito sugar feeding to detect mosquito-borne pathogens. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:11255-9 pubmed publisher
    Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) represent a global public health problem, with dengue viruses causing millions of infections annually, while emerging arboviruses, such as West Nile, Japanese encephalitis, and chikungunya viruses ..
  8. Gu W, Novak R. Short report: detection probability of arbovirus infection in mosquito populations. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004;71:636-8 pubmed
    ..8) of detection. Due to focal transmission of arboviruses, grouping samples over different sampling sites and times is often inappropriate for detection of mosquito ..
  9. Almeida A, Galão R, Sousa C, Novo M, Parreira R, Pinto J, et al. Potential mosquito vectors of arboviruses in Portugal: species, distribution, abundance and West Nile infection. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102:823-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The density and proximity of these mosquitoes to the human populations may constitute a public health threat in the case of involvement in arbovirus transmission cycles...
  10. Li W, Wang J, Li M, Fu S, Wang H, Wang Z, et al. Mosquitoes and mosquito-borne arboviruses in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau--focused on the Qinghai area, China. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;82:705-11 pubmed publisher
    An investigation was conducted to identify the distribution of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne arboviruses in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China from July to August in 2007...
  11. Bishop Lilly K, Turell M, Willner K, Butani A, Nolan N, Lentz S, et al. Arbovirus detection in insect vectors by rapid, high-throughput pyrosequencing. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010;4:e878 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, these techniques may be unsuitable for situations when the causative agent of an outbreak is unknown...
  12. Batista P, Andreotti R, Almeida P, Marques A, Rodrigues S, Chiang J, et al. Detection of arboviruses of public health interest in free-living New World primates (Sapajus spp.; Alouatta caraya) captured in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2013;46:684-90 pubmed publisher
    A sero-epidemiological survey was undertaken to detect the circulation of arboviruses in free-living non-human primates.
  13. La Linn M, Gardner J, Warrilow D, Darnell G, McMahon C, Field I, et al. Arbovirus of marine mammals: a new alphavirus isolated from the elephant seal louse, Lepidophthirus macrorhini. J Virol. 2001;75:4103-9 pubmed
    ..The SES virus represents the first arbovirus of marine mammals and illustrates that alphaviruses can inhabit Antarctica and that alphaviruses can be transmitted by lice...
  14. Russell R, Dwyer D. Arboviruses associated with human disease in Australia. Microbes Infect. 2000;2:1693-704 pubmed
    Mosquito-borne arboviruses are an important public health issue in Australia. The alphaviruses Ross River and Barmah Forest virus are widespread and active annually, and cause debilitating polyarthritis...
  15. Chastel C, Bailly Choumara H, Bach Hamba D, Le Lay G, Legrand M, Le Goff F, et al. [Tick-transmitted arbovirus in Maghreb]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 1995;88:81-5 pubmed
    ..Four tick-borne arboviruses have been isolated so far: three from Morocco, Soldado (Nairovirus), Essaouria (Orbivirus) and Kala Iris (..
  16. Rey G, Ferro C, Bello F. Establishment and characterization of a new continuous cell line from Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: psychodidae) and its susceptibility to infections with arboviruses and Leishmania chagasi. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2000;95:103-10 pubmed
    ..Lulo was free from bacterial, fungal, mycoplasmic and viral infection. Susceptibility to five arbovirus was determined, the same as Lulo interaction with Leishmania promastigotes...
  17. Dobler G. Arboviruses causing neurological disorders in the central nervous system. Arch Virol Suppl. 1996;11:33-40 pubmed
    ..In addition to the tick-borne encephalitis viruses, other arboviruses in Europe are known to cause neurological disorders...
  18. Weaver S, Brault A, Kang W, Holland J. Genetic and fitness changes accompanying adaptation of an arbovirus to vertebrate and invertebrate cells. J Virol. 1999;73:4316-26 pubmed
    The alternating host cycle and persistent vector infection may constrain the evolution of arboviruses. To test this hypothesis, eastern equine encephalitis virus was passaged in BHK or mosquito cells, as well as in alternating (both) ..
  19. El Esnawy -, Nagwa A. Infection by certain arboviruses among workers potentially at risk of infection. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2001;76:169-82 pubmed
    ..38%) and 3 persons for SIN viruses. Out of the four STPs Helwan workers' exhibited the highest infection rate for most of the studied arboviruses WN, SFN, SIN and SFS.
  20. Bartholomay L, Waterhouse R, Mayhew G, Campbell C, Michel K, Zou Z, et al. Pathogenomics of Culex quinquefasciatus and meta-analysis of infection responses to diverse pathogens. Science. 2010;330:88-90 pubmed publisher
    ..and non-native bacteria facilitated an unprecedented meta-analysis of 25 vector-pathogen interactions involving arboviruses, filarial worms, bacteria, and malaria parasites, revealing common and distinct responses to these pathogen ..
  21. Sang R, Onyango C, Gachoya J, Mabinda E, Konongoi S, Ofula V, et al. Tickborne arbovirus surveillance in market livestock, Nairobi, Kenya. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:1074-80 pubmed
    ..Our results demonstrate the potential for tickborne dissemination of endemic and emergent viruses and the relevance of A. gemma in the maintenance of tickborne viruses in this region...
  22. Fragkoudis R, Attarzadeh Yazdi G, Nash A, Fazakerley J, Kohl A. Advances in dissecting mosquito innate immune responses to arbovirus infection. J Gen Virol. 2009;90:2061-72 pubmed publisher
    Arthropod-borne viruses - arboviruses - are a significant threat to public health...
  23. Wang J, Zhang H, Sun X, Fu S, Wang H, Feng Y, et al. Distribution of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne arboviruses in Yunnan Province near the China-Myanmar-Laos border. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011;84:738-46 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the results of surveillance of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne arboviruses along the border of China-Myanmar-Laos in 2005 and 2006, and information associating several arboviruses with ..
  24. Lord C, Tabachnick W. Influence of nonsystemic transmission on the epidemiology of insect borne arboviruses: a case study of vesicular stomatitis epidemiology in the western United States. J Med Entomol. 2002;39:417-26 pubmed
    ..The data needed to compare the two pathways and their relative roles in virus epidemiology are discussed...
  25. Peltier D, Lazear H, Farmer J, Diamond M, Miller D. Neurotropic arboviruses induce interferon regulatory factor 3-mediated neuronal responses that are cytoprotective, interferon independent, and inhibited by Western equine encephalitis virus capsid. J Virol. 2013;87:1821-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, these results indicate that innate immune pathways have important cytoprotective activity in neurons and contribute to limiting injury associated with infection by neurotropic arboviruses.
  26. Okamoto K, Endo Y, Inoue S, Nabeshima T, Nga P, Guillermo P, et al. Development of a rapid and comprehensive proteomics-based arboviruses detection system. J Virol Methods. 2010;167:31-6 pubmed publisher
    ..ionisation-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI/MS/MS), was developed for identification of arboviruses in infected culture fluid...
  27. van den Hurk A, Hall Mendelin S, Johansen C, Warrilow D, Ritchie S. Evolution of mosquito-based arbovirus surveillance systems in Australia. J Biomed Biotechnol. 2012;2012:325659 pubmed publisher
    ..within a box trap to probe a sugar-baited nucleic-acid preservation card that is processed for expectorated arboviruses. In a longitudinal field trial, both Ross River and Barmah Forest viruses were detected numerous times from ..
  28. Ohashi S, Yoshida K, Yanase T, Kato T, Tsuda T. Simultaneous detection of bovine arboviruses using single-tube multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. J Virol Methods. 2004;120:79-85 pubmed
    ..multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (mRT-PCR) assay was developed to detect and identify arboviruses in infected cell-culture fluids and field specimens...
  29. Coffey L, Vasilakis N, Brault A, Powers A, Tripet F, Weaver S. Arbovirus evolution in vivo is constrained by host alternation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:6970-5 pubmed publisher
    ..processes promoting cross-species transfers are poorly defined, especially for arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses)...
  30. Muturi E, Alto B. Larval environmental temperature and insecticide exposure alter Aedes aegypti competence for arboviruses. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2011;11:1157-63 pubmed publisher
    ..These results show that environmental factors, including those factors used in controlling mosquitoes, experienced by immature stages have latent effects that continue to adulthood and alter vector competence to arboviruses.
  31. L vov D, Kovtunov A, Iashkulov K, Gromashevskiĭ V, Dzharkenov A, Shchelkanov M, et al. [Circulation of West Nile virus (Flaviviridae, Flavivirus) and some other arboviruses in the ecosystems of Volga delta, Volga-Akhtuba flood-lands and adjoining arid regions (2000-2002)]. Vopr Virusol. 2004;49:45-51 pubmed
    ..serological as well as genetic studies of the ecology of West Nile Virus (WNV) as well as of some other arboviruses were undertaken in different ecosystems in the territories of the Astrakhan Region and of the Kalmyk Republic...
  32. Tavares Neto J, Freitas Carvalho J, Nunes M, Rocha G, Rodrigues S, Damasceno E, et al. [Serologic survey for yellow fever and other arboviruses among inhabitants of Rio Branco, Brazil, before and three months after receiving the yellow fever 17D vaccine]. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2004;37:1-6 pubmed
    ..campaign among residents of Rio Branco (Acre State), the frequency of HI antibodies to the most prevalent arboviruses in the Amazon region and to yellow fever virus was determined before and three months after immunization with ..
  33. Vasconcelos P, Travassos da Rosa A, Rodrigues S, Travassos da Rosa E, Degallier N, Travassos Da Rosa J. Inadequate management of natural ecosystem in the Brazilian Amazon region results in the emergence and reemergence of arboviruses. Cad Saude Publica. 2001;17 Suppl:155-64 pubmed
    A total of 187 different species of arboviruses and other viruses in vertebrates were identified at the Evandro Chagas Institute (IEC) from 1954 to 1998, among more than 10,000 arbovirus strains isolated from humans, hematophagous ..
  34. Novella I, Hershey C, Escarmis C, Domingo E, Holland J. Lack of evolutionary stasis during alternating replication of an arbovirus in insect and mammalian cells. J Mol Biol. 1999;287:459-65 pubmed
    ..Thus, the slow rates of evolution observed in natural populations of arboviruses are not necessarily due to the need for the virus to compromise between adaptation to both arthropod and ..
  35. Capelli G, Drago A, Martini S, Montarsi F, Soppelsa M, Delai N, et al. First report in Italy of the exotic mosquito species Aedes (Finlaya) koreicus, a potential vector of arboviruses and filariae. Parasit Vectors. 2011;4:188 pubmed publisher
    ..During the routine monitoring activity in a tiger mosquito-free area, an unexpected mosquito was noticed, which clearly did not belong to the recorded Italian fauna...
  36. Clarke D, Casals J. Techniques for hemagglutination and hemagglutination-inhibition with arthropod-borne viruses. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1958;7:561-73 pubmed
  37. Van Den Hurk A, Nisbet D, Foley P, Ritchie S, Mackenzie J, Beebe N. Isolation of arboviruses from mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) collected from the Gulf Plains region of northwest Queensland, Australia. J Med Entomol. 2002;39:786-92 pubmed
    ..The isolate of RR from Ae. lineatopennis was the first reported from this species. The public health implications of these isolations in the Gulf Plains region are discussed briefly...
  38. Kuno G. Transmission of arboviruses without involvement of arthropod vectors. Acta Virol. 2001;45:139-50 pubmed
    Transmission of arboviruses (arthropod-borne viruses belonging to various virus families) without involvement of arthropod vectors has been documented for years, but the reports have not been reviewed systematically...
  39. Wolfe N, Kilbourn A, Karesh W, Rahman H, Bosi E, Cropp B, et al. Sylvatic transmission of arboviruses among Bornean orangutans. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2001;64:310-6 pubmed
    ..The present study demonstrates that orangutans are susceptible to arboviralinfections in the wild, although the impact of arboviral infections on this endangered ape remain unknown...
  40. Paupy C, Delatte H, Bagny L, Corbel V, Fontenille D. Aedes albopictus, an arbovirus vector: from the darkness to the light. Microbes Infect. 2009;11:1177-85 pubmed publisher
    ..We examine and discuss recent changes in its role as a vector, particularly in the transmission of arboviruses, and its importance in the current and future emergence of pathogens...
  41. Vesenjak Hirjan J, Punda Polic V, Dobe M. Geographical distribution of arboviruses in Yugoslavia. J Hyg Epidemiol Microbiol Immunol. 1991;35:129-40 pubmed
    Studies of arboviruses started in Yugoslavia in 1953 following the isolation of TBE virus which caused a severe epidemic that year...
  42. Nene V, Wortman J, Lawson D, Haas B, Kodira C, Tu Z, et al. Genome sequence of Aedes aegypti, a major arbovirus vector. Science. 2007;316:1718-23 pubmed
    ..An increase in genes encoding odorant binding, cytochrome P450, and cuticle domains relative to An. gambiae suggests that members of these protein families underpin some of the biological differences between the two mosquito species...
  43. Cao Y, Fu S, Tian Z, Lu Z, He Y, Wang H, et al. Distribution of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne arboviruses in Inner Mongolia, China. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2011;11:1577-81 pubmed publisher
    ..an investigation was conducted to identify the distribution of mosquitoes and circulation of mosquito-borne arboviruses in Inner Mongolia, China...
  44. Weaver S, Reisen W. Present and future arboviral threats. Antiviral Res. 2010;85:328-45 pubmed publisher
    Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are important causes of human disease nearly worldwide...
  45. Sanchez Vargas I, Travanty E, Keene K, Franz A, Beaty B, Blair C, et al. RNA interference, arthropod-borne viruses, and mosquitoes. Virus Res. 2004;102:65-74 pubmed
    ..explain, in part, why some mosquitoes are competent vectors of medically important, arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) and others are not...
  46. Humphery Smith I, Cybinski D, Byrnes K, St George T. Seroepidemiology of arboviruses among seabirds and island residents of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Epidemiol Infect. 1991;107:435-40 pubmed
    ..sera from island residents collected in the Coral Sea and on Australia's Great Barrier Reef against 19 known arboviruses. Antibodies to a potentially harmful flavivirus, Gadget's Gully virus, were equally present (4%) in both avian ..
  47. Labuda M, Nuttall P. Tick-borne viruses. Parasitology. 2004;129 Suppl:S221-45 pubmed
    ..specific and less than 10% of all tick species (Argasidae and Ixodidae) are known to play a role as vectors of arboviruses. However, a few tick species transmit several (e.g. Ixodes ricinus, Amblyomma variegatum) or many (I...
  48. Figueiredo L. Emergent arboviruses in Brazil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2007;40:224-9 pubmed
    ..These provide ideal conditions for the existence of many arboviruses, which are maintained in a large variety of zoonotic cycles...
  49. Bagny L, Delatte H, Elissa N, Quilici S, Fontenille D. Aedes (Diptera: Culicidae) vectors of arboviruses in Mayotte (Indian Ocean): distribution area and larval habitats. J Med Entomol. 2009;46:198-207 pubmed
    ..Thus, arbovirus surveillance programs should focus, as a priority, on areas where this vector is present because of a higher risk of emergence of an epidemic source of arboviruses.
  50. Sun X, Fu S, Gong Z, Ge J, Meng W, Feng Y, et al. Distribution of arboviruses and mosquitoes in northwestern Yunnan Province, China. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2009;9:623-30 pubmed publisher
    From July to September in 2005 and 2006, a survey was conducted to identify mosquito species and mosquito-borne arboviruses at elevations ranging from 900-3280 m between 24 degrees 00' N and 29 degrees 00' N latitude in the northwestern ..
  51. Hollidge B, Weiss S, Soldan S. The role of interferon antagonist, non-structural proteins in the pathogenesis and emergence of arboviruses. Viruses. 2011;3:629-58 pubmed publisher
    A myriad of factors favor the emergence and re-emergence of arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses), including migration, climate change, intensified livestock production, an increasing volume of international trade and transportation, and ..
  52. Carpenter S, Groschup M, Garros C, Felippe Bauer M, Purse B. Culicoides biting midges, arboviruses and public health in Europe. Antiviral Res. 2013;100:102-13 pubmed publisher
    ..recent discovery of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) in Europe have highlighted the fact that exotic Culicoides-borne arboviruses from remote geographic areas can enter and spread rapidly in this region...
  53. Hall Mendelin S, Allcock R, Kresoje N, van den Hurk A, Warrilow D. Detection of arboviruses and other micro-organisms in experimentally infected mosquitoes using massively parallel sequencing. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e58026 pubmed publisher
    ..It has the potential to provide insight into virus transmission dynamics, and has applicability to the post-release monitoring of Wolbachia in mosquito populations...
  54. Cleton N, Koopmans M, Reimerink J, Godeke G, Reusken C. Come fly with me: review of clinically important arboviruses for global travelers. J Clin Virol. 2012;55:191-203 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on most common clinical syndromes, currently known arboviruses can be grouped to develop diagnostic algorithms to support decision-making in diagnostics...
  55. Jansen C, Prow N, Webb C, Hall R, Pyke A, Harrower B, et al. Arboviruses isolated from mosquitoes collected from urban and peri-urban areas of eastern Australia. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2009;25:272-8 pubmed
    To determine the presence of arboviruses in mosquito populations from major urban areas of eastern Australia, a total of 67,825 mosquitoes, representing -60 species, was collected and tested from Cairns, Brisbane, and Sydney between ..
  56. Turell M, O Guinn M, Jones J, Sardelis M, Dohm D, Watts D, et al. Isolation of viruses from mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) collected in the Amazon Basin region of Peru. J Med Entomol. 2005;42:891-8 pubmed
    ..in the Amazon Basin region of Peru, we assayed 539,694 mosquitoes captured in Loreto Department, Peru, for arboviruses. Mosquitoes were captured either by dry ice-baited miniature light traps or with aspirators while mosquitoes ..
  57. Medlock J, Snow K, Leach S. Possible ecology and epidemiology of medically important mosquito-borne arboviruses in Great Britain. Epidemiol Infect. 2007;135:466-82 pubmed
    Nine different arboviruses are known to be transmitted by, or associated with, mosquitoes in Europe, and several (West Nile, Sindbis and Tahyna viruses) are reported to cause outbreaks of human disease...
  58. Doherty R, Carley J, Murray M, Main A, Kay B, Domrow R. Isolation of arboviruses (Kemerovo group, Sakhalin group) from Ixodes uriae collected at Macquarie Island, Southern ocean. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1975;24:521-6 pubmed
    ..The names "Nugget" and "Taggert" are proposed for them. Antigenically-related viruses have therefore now been isolated from I. uriae in both subarctic and subantarctic regions...
  59. Hubalek Z, Rudolf I, Bakonyi T, Kazdová K, Halouzka J, Sebesta O, et al. Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) surveillance for arboviruses in an area endemic for West Nile (Lineage Rabensburg) and Tahyna viruses in Central Europe. J Med Entomol. 2010;47:466-72 pubmed
    ..This species feeds mostly on mammals including man; this raises the question whether this virus lineage is not adapted to an alternative mosquito-mammal cycle in the South-Moravian natural focus...
  60. Scott T, Wright S, Eldridge B, Brown D. Cost effectiveness of three arbovirus surveillance methods in northern California. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2001;17:118-23 pubmed
    ..Future research efforts should investigate the costs and surveillance efficiency of modifications in the frequency of specimen collection and the placement of chicken flocks and mosquito traps...
  61. Kuniholm M, Wolfe N, Huang C, Mpoudi Ngole E, Tamoufe U, LeBreton M, et al. Seroprevalence and distribution of Flaviviridae, Togaviridae, and Bunyaviridae arboviral infections in rural Cameroonian adults. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006;74:1078-83 pubmed
    b>Arboviruses from the families Flaviviridae, Togaviridae, and Bunyaviridae are suspected to cause widespread morbidity in sub-Saharan African populations, but little research been done to document the burden and distribution of these ..
  62. Mellor P, Boorman J, Baylis M. Culicoides biting midges: their role as arbovirus vectors. Annu Rev Entomol. 2000;45:307-40 pubmed
    ..transmit a great number of assorted pathogens of human, and domestic and wild animals, but it is as vectors of arboviruses, and particularly arboviruses of domestic livestock, that they achieve their prime importance...
  63. Kuno G. Universal diagnostic RT-PCR protocol for arboviruses. J Virol Methods. 1998;72:27-41 pubmed
    ..were evaluated to determine if they could serve as a universal protocol for detecting and identifying all arboviruses. In this study, four parameters that affect the efficacy of RT-PCR (RNA extraction method, choice of reverse ..
  64. Gu W, Unnasch T, Katholi C, Lampman R, Novak R. Fundamental issues in mosquito surveillance for arboviral transmission. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2008;102:817-22 pubmed publisher
    Marked spatiotemporal variabilities in mosquito infection of arboviruses, exemplified by the transmission of West Nile virus (WNV) in America, require adaptive strategies for mosquito sampling, pool screening and data analyses...
  65. Lord C, Rutledge C, Tabachnick W. Relationships between host viremia and vector susceptibility for arboviruses. J Med Entomol. 2006;43:623-30 pubmed
    ..Relying on assumptions with little support may result in erroneous conclusions about the importance of different hosts...
  66. Hawkes R. ENHANCEMENT OF THE INFECTIVITY OF ARBOVIRUSES BY SPECIFIC ANTISERA PRODUCED IN DOMESTIC FOWLS. Aust J Exp Biol Med Sci. 1964;42:465-82 pubmed
  67. Fokam E, Levai L, Guzman H, Amelia P, Titanji V, Tesh R, et al. Silent circulation of arboviruses in Cameroon. East Afr Med J. 2010;87:262-8 pubmed
    To investigate the silent circulation and transmission of arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) in the Fako Division of Cameroon.
  68. Rainey S, Shah P, Kohl A, Dietrich I. Understanding the Wolbachia-mediated inhibition of arboviruses in mosquitoes: progress and challenges. J Gen Virol. 2014;95:517-30 pubmed publisher
    Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) pose a considerable threat to human and animal health, yet effective control measures have proven difficult to implement, and novel means of controlling their replication in arthropod vectors, such ..