viral skin diseases


Summary: Skin diseases caused by viruses.

Top Publications

  1. Tscharke D, Reading P, Smith G. Dermal infection with vaccinia virus reveals roles for virus proteins not seen using other inoculation routes. J Gen Virol. 2002;83:1977-86 pubmed
    ..Thus, the intranasal and intradermal models are complementary tools for dissecting the genetic basis of VV virulence. ..
  2. Rossi R, Bruscino N, Ricceri F, Grazzini M, Dindelli M, Lotti T. Photodynamic treatment for viral infections of the skin. G Ital Dermatol Venereol. 2009;144:79-83 pubmed
  3. Rajapakse S, Rodrigo C, Rajapakse A. Atypical manifestations of chikungunya infection. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010;104:89-96 pubmed publisher
    ..In this context, considering CHIKV infection a benign and non fatal illness has to be revisited. ..
  4. Boyd A. Laboratory testing in patients with morbilliform viral eruptions. Dermatol Clin. 1994;12:69-82 pubmed
    ..Clinical suspicions may be pursued more fully now, sometimes even in an office setting. ..
  5. Perna A, Tyring S. A review of the dermatologic manifestations of poxvirus infections. Dermatol Clin. 2002;20:343-6 pubmed
    ..It is important to consider that these infections can suggest underlying systemic disease, as in the case of severe, recalcitrant MCV infection, which may be indicative of HIV infection or another immunocompromised state. ..
  6. Hengge U, Cusini M. Topical immunomodulators for the treatment of external genital warts, cutaneous warts and molluscum contagiosum. Br J Dermatol. 2003;149 Suppl 66:15-9 pubmed
    ..This immune milieu has been clinically used to treat viral infections such as human papillomavirus (condyloma and common warts), herpes simplex virus and mollusca in immunocompetent and immunosuppressed patients...
  7. Chakrabarty A, Beutner K. Therapy of other viral infections: herpes to hepatitis. Dermatol Ther. 2004;17:465-90 pubmed
    ..Promotion of community awareness and the development of vaccines should be emphasized in the battle against these common viruses, particularly the herpes simplex viruses, the pox viruses, and hepatitis B. ..
  8. Walsh N, Boutilier R, Glasgow D, Shaffelburg M. Exclusive involvement of folliculosebaceous units by herpes: a reflection of early herpes zoster. Am J Dermatopathol. 2005;27:189-94 pubmed
    ..The clinical evolution of our three cases and scientific data in the literature indicate that exclusive folliculosebaceous involvement by herpes, in the setting of a non-vesicular eruption, represents early herpes zoster. ..
  9. Al Naeem A, Abu Elzein E. In situ detection of PPR virus antigen in skin papules around the mouth of sheep experimentally infected with PPR virus. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2008;40:239-41 pubmed

More Information

Publications114 found, 100 shown here

  1. Rollison D, Pawlita M, Giuliano A, Iannacone M, Sondak V, Messina J, et al. Measures of cutaneous human papillomavirus infection in normal tissues as biomarkers of HPV in corresponding nonmelanoma skin cancers. Int J Cancer. 2008;123:2337-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the current case series, the combinations of antibodies+eyebrow hairs or antibodies+eyebrow hairs+Dacron swabs are the optimal, minimally invasive markers of cutaneous HPV infection for use in epidemiologic studies. ..
  2. Trizna Z. Viral diseases of the skin: diagnosis and antiviral treatment. Paediatr Drugs. 2002;4:9-19 pubmed
    ..Since these antiviral drugs generally have not been evaluated in children, caution should be exercised with their usage. ..
  3. Park K, Han W. Viral skin infections: diagnosis and treatment considerations. Drugs. 2002;62:479-90 pubmed
    ..However, recent progress in molecular biology has facilitated the development of new vaccines and new drugs to treat viral infections. ..
  4. Leinweber B, Kerl H, Cerroni L. Histopathologic features of cutaneous herpes virus infections (herpes simplex, herpes varicella/zoster): a broad spectrum of presentations with common pseudolymphomatous aspects. Am J Surg Pathol. 2006;30:50-8 pubmed
  5. Nitsche A, Pauli G. Sporadic human cases of cowpox in Germany. Euro Surveill. 2007;12:E070419.3 pubmed
  6. Sires B, Laukaitis S, Whitehouse P. Radiesse-induced herpes zoster. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008;24:218-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Physicians should be suspicious for herpetic infection or reactivation with facial injections of Radiesse or other fillers and should initiate immediate treatment with oral antivirals upon identifying the above signs and symptoms. ..
  7. Chen Z, Che J, Hou Y, Cheng Y, Lin P. The extract of inflamed rabbit skin induced by inoculation of vaccinia virus possesses antioxidant and neuroprotective effects in acute ischemic stroke. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009;18:475-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Such extract, therefore, may become a potential treatment regimen with promising therapeutic value in human subjects. ..
  8. Trent J, Federman D, Kirsner R. Common viral and fungal skin infections. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2001;47:28-34 pubmed
    ..Once a diagnosis is made, treatment with appropriate antifungal, antiviral, destructive, or immune modifying therapies can be instituted. ..
  9. Harries M, Lear J. Occupational skin infections. Occup Med (Lond). 2004;54:441-9 pubmed
    ..This review aims to highlight some common and important skin infections that may be acquired at work. Epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prevention will be covered. ..
  10. Primo J, Brites C, Oliveira M, Moreno Carvalho O, Machado M, Bittencourt A. Infective dermatitis and human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis in childhood and adolescence. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;41:535-41 pubmed
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of HAM/TSP in patients with IDH and in seropositive members of their families and to determine the blood levels of antibodies against HTLV-1 in patients with HAM/TSP...
  11. Tao J, Duan S, Li J. [Experimental studies on treatment of HSV infections with photodynamic therapy using 5-aminolevulinic acid]. Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi. 2007;21:79-82 pubmed
    ..ALA-PDT could be effective in treating HSV infections, which may provide a new approach to the treatment of viral infections. ..
  12. Pitarch G, Torrijos A, Garcia Escriva D, Martínez Menchón T. Eruptive pseudoangiomatosis associated to cytomegalovirus infection. Eur J Dermatol. 2007;17:455-6 pubmed
  13. Primo J, Siqueira I, Nascimento M, Oliveira M, Farre L, Carvalho E, et al. High HTLV-1 proviral load, a marker for HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis, is also detected in patients with infective dermatitis associated with HTLV-1. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2009;42:761-4 pubmed
    ..Since proviral load is associated with neurological disability, these data support the view that IDH patients are at high risk of developing HAM/TSP...
  14. Rose C, Starostik P, Brocker E. Infection with parapoxvirus induces CD30-positive cutaneous infiltrates in humans. J Cutan Pathol. 1999;26:520-2 pubmed
    ..Here, we report highly proliferative CD30-positive cutaneous infiltrates in 3 patients with Milkers's nodules, adding parapoxvirus infection to the spectrum of CD30-positive benign lympho-proliferations. ..
  15. Moriello K. Zoonotic skin diseases of dogs and cats. Anim Health Res Rev. 2003;4:157-68 pubmed
    ..Prevention of zoonotic infestations or infections can be accomplished easily by the use of routine flea and tick control, screening of new pets for dermatophytosis, and routine hand-washing...
  16. Wassilew S. Zoster-associated neuralgias. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2006;4:871-9; quiz 880-1 pubmed
  17. Hunyadi J, Tettinger A, Szabo I, Kuhnyar A. [Questions of dermatoinfectology in the practice]. Orv Hetil. 2006;147:1877-83 pubmed
    ..For such reasons we consider extremely important to overview and upgrade our current knowledge and practice regarding to these diseases. This manuscript will discuss the hottest practical questions of dermato-infectology. ..
  18. AbdullGaffar B, Raman L, Al Muala A. Cutaneous cytomegalovirus infection in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Int J Dermatol. 2008;47:944-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of cutaneous CMV infection in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, presenting as a generalized, pruritic, erythematous, maculopapular eruption. ..
  19. Sorlozano A, Carrasco C, Cabeza J, Villegas E, Gutierrez J. Antimicrobial development in the era of emerging resistance. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2009;9:938-55 pubmed
    ..Moreover, all of them would be useful for skin and soft tissue infections...
  20. Klinker H, Langmann P, Gillitzer R. [Skin efflorescences in infectious diseases. I: Skin efflorescences in viral diseases]. Internist (Berl). 2002;43:1105-6, 1109-18; quiz 1118-9 pubmed
  21. Crowson A, Nuovo G, Ferri C, Magro C. The dermatopathologic manifestations of hepatitis C infection: a clinical, histological, and molecular assessment of 35 cases. Hum Pathol. 2003;34:573-9 pubmed
    ..Tropism of the virus to B lymphocytes provides a mechanism for the development of low-grade clonal B cell lymphoproliferative disease in this setting. ..
  22. Egawa K. Histochemical analysis of cutaneous HPV-associated lesions. Methods Mol Med. 2005;119:27-40 pubmed
    ..Every step of the staining procedure, from sampling of the specimens to microscopic examination of the stained sections, is detailed with reference to the recent achievements in this field. ..
  23. de Koning M, Struijk L, Feltkamp M, ter Schegget J. HPV DNA detection and typing in inapparent cutaneous infections and premalignant lesions. Methods Mol Med. 2005;119:115-27 pubmed
    ..The type-specific PCR detects and types HPV 5a, 8, 15, 17, 20, 24, 36, and 38. These HPV types are representative of the B1 subgroup, because they are evenly distributed over the phylogenetic tree of the B1 subgroup. ..
  24. Beard P, Froggatt G, Smith G. Vaccinia virus kelch protein A55 is a 64 kDa intracellular factor that affects virus-induced cytopathic effect and the outcome of infection in a murine intradermal model. J Gen Virol. 2006;87:1521-9 pubmed
    ..In a murine intradermal model of VACV infection, a virus lacking the A55R gene induced larger lesions than wild-type and revertant control viruses...
  25. Dicle O, Parmaksizoglu B, Gurkan A, Tuncer M, Demirbas A, Yilmaz E. Skin infections in 401 renal transplant recipients in southern Turkey. Exp Clin Transplant. 2009;7:133-6 pubmed
    ..Except for the higher prevalence of superficial fungal infections, the overall results in our population agree with those of other similar series. ..
  26. Wassilew S. [Skin involvement in zoster]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2010;227:375-8 pubmed publisher
    ..It is also efficacious in reducing the severity and duration of pain and preventing PHN. Therefore zoster vaccination is recommended for elderly persons. ..
  27. Herman R, Burke C, Perry S. Epidermal tumors of rainbow smelt with associated virus. J Wildl Dis. 1997;33:925-9 pubmed
    ..Histologically, these were noninvasive epithelial cell lesions. Herpesvirus-like particles could be seen in the nucleus and cytoplasm. The lesions occurred in both males and females. Prevalence which varied annually, was as high as 30%...
  28. Nikkels A, Snoeck R, Rentier B, Pierard G. Chronic verrucous varicella zoster virus skin lesions: clinical, histological, molecular and therapeutic aspects. Clin Exp Dermatol. 1999;24:346-53 pubmed
    ..Drug resistance to TK-dependent antiviral agents is a result of nonfunctional or deficient viral TK. This necessitates alternative therapeutic management using antiviral agents that target the viral DNA polymerase. ..
  29. Trimarchi H, Casas G, Jordan R, Martinez J, Schropp J, Freixas E, et al. Cytomegalovirus maculopapular eruption in a kidney transplant patient. Transpl Infect Dis. 2001;3:47-50 pubmed
    ..Skin biopsy must be considered as a useful and safe procedure in patients with a rash to obtain a prompt diagnosis and efficiently treat this immunocompromised population. ..
  30. Cameron D. Common dermatologic manifestations of herpesviruses in HIV/AIDS. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic). 2004;3:29-31 pubmed
  31. Bain S. Physical signs for the general dental practitioner. Dent Update. 2006;33:252 pubmed
  32. Marshall C, Murphy F, McCarthy S, Cheng A. Herpes compunctorum: cutaneous herpes simplex virus infection complicating tattooing. Med J Aust. 2007;187:598 pubmed
  33. Sapundgieva A. [Ocular complications in eruptive diseases of childhood]. Oftalmologia. 2009;53:26-33 pubmed
    ..Childhood infectious diseases are not usually serious. The symptoms (fever, conjunctivitis, itching) diminish with the administration of antipyretic drugs. Cutaneous lesions leave no scarring. Sometimes complications may appear. ..
  34. Takenaka H, Kishimoto S, Ichikawa R, Shibagaki R, Kubota Y, Yamagata N, et al. Virus-associated haemophagocytic syndrome caused by rubella in an adult. Br J Dermatol. 1998;139:877-80 pubmed
    ..The patient was treated with antibiotics and immunoglobulin, and by supportive measures including platelet transfusion, and recovered completely. ..
  35. Nowak Wegrzyn A, Crawford T, Winkelstein J, Carson K, Lederman H. Immunodeficiency and infections in ataxia-telangiectasia. J Pediatr. 2004;144:505-11 pubmed
    ..In spite of the high prevalence of laboratory immunologic abnormalities, systemic bacterial, severe viral, and opportunistic infections are uncommon in A-T. Cross-sectional analysis suggests that the immune defect is rarely progressive. ..
  36. Gaudelus J. [Skin eruptions in children]. Rev Prat. 2004;54:1343-50 pubmed
  37. Rodriguez Serna M, Mercader P, Pardo J, Fortea Baixauli J, Aliaga A. Kaposi's varicelliform eruption in an HIV-positive patient after laser resurfacing. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2004;18:711-2 pubmed
    ..This is the first report, to the best of our knowledge, of Kaposi's varicelliform eruption after laser resurfacing. The immunodepressed status of the patient may have played a role in her infection...
  38. Del Giudice P, Schuffenecker I, Zeller H, Grelier M, Vandenbos F, Dellamonica P, et al. Skin manifestations of West Nile virus infection. Dermatology. 2005;211:348-50 pubmed
    ..Three patients out of 6 had a similar skin roseola-like eruption. The cluster of 3 cases of similar febrile roseola of unexplained cause during the same week led to the diagnosis of the first WNV human outbreak in France for 40 years. ..
  39. Di Lernia V, Ricci C. Skin manifestations with Rotavirus infections. Int J Dermatol. 2006;45:759-61 pubmed
    ..They include exanthema, Gianotti-Crosti syndrome, and Acute Infantile Hemorrhagic Edema. The condition can be diagnosed microbiologically with stool cultures. The prognosis is excellent in healthy, immunocompetent individuals. ..
  40. Moser B. T-cell memory: the importance of chemokine-mediated cell attraction. Curr Biol. 2006;16:R504-7 pubmed
    ..A recent study demonstrates the involvement of certain chemokines in immune response initiation and CD8+ T-cell memory formation. These seminal findings broaden our understanding of the role of chemokines in adaptive immune processes...
  41. Howell M. The role of human beta defensins and cathelicidins in atopic dermatitis. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007;7:413-7 pubmed
    ..The current review will examine recent literature on the role of antimicrobial peptides in atopic dermatitis in an effort to improve our understanding of why patients with the condition suffer from recurrent infections. ..
  42. vander Straten M, Tyring S. Mucocutaneous manifestations of viral diseases in children. Clin Dermatol. 2002;20:67-73 pubmed
  43. Park H, Choi W. Pulsed dye laser treatment for viral warts: a study of 120 patients. J Dermatol. 2008;35:491-8 pubmed publisher
    ..0-9.5 J/cm2. A replacement of pulsed dye laser treatment should be considered unless prominent improvement is observed after three treatment sessions...
  44. Oskay T, Karademir A, Kutluay L. Vesicular and pustular eruption related to cytomegalovirus in an immunocompetent patient. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2003;28:610-2 pubmed
    ..However, immunocompetent individuals rarely present with cutaneous eruptions related to CMV. We describe an immunocompetent patient who developed a skin eruption and mild hepatitis related to CMV...
  45. Wolf R, Davidovici B, Marcus B, Orion E, Lipozencic J. Autoinoculation and dissemination are two different forms of herpes virus spread. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat. 2006;14:258-60 pubmed
    ..Presented are typical examples of the two forms of viral spread...
  46. Hanafusa T, Yamaguchi Y, Kitaba S, Katayama I. Intractable wounds from a herpes simplex infection in an immunosuppressed patient with rheumatoid arthritis. Arch Dermatol. 2007;143:1340-2 pubmed
  47. Opriessnig T, Meng X, Halbur P. Porcine circovirus type 2 associated disease: update on current terminology, clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and intervention strategies. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2007;19:591-615 pubmed
    ..This article is intended to discuss the most common disease manifestations, pathogenesis, diagnostic approaches, and intervention strategies associated with PCVAD in North America...
  48. Dilley D, Chandler R, Gupta A. Resistant herpes infection of the palm in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a case report. J Hand Surg Am. 1997;22:650-2 pubmed
    ..The recurrent lesions proved to be herpes simplex virus infection in a patient with previously undiagnosed acquired immunodeficiency syndrome...
  49. Wohlrab T, Rohrbach J, Erb C, Schlote T, Knorr M, Thiel H. Argon laser therapy of benign tumors of the eyelid. Am J Ophthalmol. 1998;125:693-7 pubmed
    ..To report the therapy of benign eyelid tumors with an argon laser as an alternative to surgery...
  50. Lascaux A, Chosidow O. [Current therapeutics in infectious dermatology]. Presse Med. 2000;29:1048-52 pubmed
    ..NEW POSSIBILITIES: Ivermectine is effective against scabies, but must be reserved for particularly severe forms. Finally, the emergence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains resistant to fluoroquinolones is disquieting...
  51. Geusau A, Mooseder G. A maculopapular rash in a patient with severe diarrhea. Arch Dermatol. 2002;138:117-22 pubmed
  52. Pfutzner W. [Infectious skin diseases in childhood. 2: Viruses and parasites]. MMW Fortschr Med. 2002;144:31-6 pubmed
  53. Gaultier M, Launay J, Koechlin M, Guedj A, Mourad J. [Superficial thrombophlebitis of the scalp preceding zona zoster eruption]. Rev Med Interne. 2002;23:802-3 pubmed
  54. Wetzel S, Wollenberg A. Eczema molluscatum in tacrolimus treated atopic dermatitis. Eur J Dermatol. 2004;14:73-4 pubmed
    ..We observed a patient with atopic dermatitis who developed eczema molluscatum during treatment with tacrolimus 0.1% ointment. After withdrawal of tacrolimus, the lesions resolved spontaneously over 3 weeks...
  55. Kawamura T, Koyanagi Y, Nakamura Y, Ogawa Y, Yamashita A, Iwamoto T, et al. Significant virus replication in Langerhans cells following application of HIV to abraded skin: relevance to occupational transmission of HIV. J Immunol. 2008;180:3297-304 pubmed
    ..Thus, initiation of antiretroviral drugs soon after percutaneous HIV exposure may not prevent infection of LC, which is likely to occur rapidly, but may prevent or limit subsequent LC-mediated infection of T cells...
  56. Fölster Holst R, Kreth H. Viral exanthems in childhood. Part 3: Parainfectious exanthems and those associated with virus-drug interactions. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2009;7:506-10 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, some exanthems result from the interaction between viruses and drugs...
  57. Requena L, Requena C. [Histopathology of the more common viral skin infections]. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2010;101:201-16 pubmed
    ..Acanthosis, papillomatosis, and hyperkeratosis are observed in common warts, with confluence of the epidermal ridges in the centre of the lesion and koilocytes...
  58. Groff J. Cutaneous biology and diseases of fish. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2001;4:321-411, v-vi pubmed
    ..The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of normal cutaneous biology prior to consideration of specific cutaneous diseases in fish...
  59. Helbling D, Breitbach T, Krause M. Disseminated cytomegalovirus infection in Crohn's disease following anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2002;14:1393-5 pubmed
    ..Whenever patients with inflammatory bowel disease deteriorate rapidly, cytomegalovirus infection should be ruled out before the immunosuppressive therapy is fortified...
  60. Pires de Miranda M, Reading P, Tscharke D, Murphy B, Smith G. The vaccinia virus kelch-like protein C2L affects calcium-independent adhesion to the extracellular matrix and inflammation in a murine intradermal model. J Gen Virol. 2003;84:2459-71 pubmed
    ..In summary, we found that C2L is not required for virus replication in vitro but contributes to aspects of VV-induced CPE and reduces immunopathology in vivo...
  61. Laffort C, Le Deist F, Favre M, Caillat Zucman S, Radford Weiss I, Debre M, et al. Severe cutaneous papillomavirus disease after haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation in patients with severe combined immune deficiency caused by common gammac cytokine receptor subunit or JAK-3 deficiency. Lancet. 2004;363:2051-4 pubmed
    ..That genetic causes are the only predisposing factor to be identified for severe combined immune deficiency, suggests that natural-killer cells or gammac/JAK-3-dependent signalling in keratinocytes could have a role in anti-HPV immunity...
  62. Twersky J, Nordlund J. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma sparing resolving dermatomal herpes zoster lesions: an unusual phenomenon and implications for pathophysiology. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004;51:123-6 pubmed
    ..There was no loss of LC in areas affected by CTCL. This is an unusual inhibition of CTCL by a prior viral infection. The loss of LC in the clinically spared skin suggests a role for LC in the epidermotropism of lymphocytes in CTCL...
  63. Rebora A. Human endogenous retroviruses and their possible impact on dermatology. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2005;52:E7 pubmed
  64. Romero A, Martin L, Hernández Núñez A, Arias D, Castano E, Borbujo J. [Eruptive pseudoangiomatosis]. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2007;98:138-9 pubmed
  65. Khan A, Yousaf A, Khan M, Siddique M, Gul S, Mahmood F. Cutaneous form of pox infection among captive peafowl (Pavo cristatus) chicks. Avian Pathol. 2009;38:65-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions (Bollinger bodies) in keratinocytes were consistently present. It was concluded that avian pox rendered high morbidity, mortality and case fatality in peafowl chicks...
  66. Kouznetsov L, Kuznetsov A, Ruzicka T, Matterne U, Wienecke R, Zippel S. Knowledge and attitude regarding human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in dermatological outpatients. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2009;23:927-33 pubmed publisher
  67. Matsuo K, Honda M, Shiraki K, Niimura M. Prolonged herpes zoster in a patient infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. J Dermatol. 2001;28:728-33 pubmed
    ..We also discuss an effective treatment for prolonged cases of zoster...
  68. Jones A, Warken K, Tyring S. The cutaneous manifestations of viral hepatitis. Dermatol Clin. 2002;20:233-47, vi pubmed
    ..This article serves as a review of the most widely published associations between skin diseases and specific subtypes of viral hepatitis...
  69. Nenoff P, Handrick W, Haustein U. [Sports-induced infections--an overview]. Wien Med Wochenschr. 2002;152:574-7 pubmed
    ..Therefore, sport-induced infections are reviewed giving details about their route of transmission. Awareness of these infections might facilitate implementation of early treatment and preventive measures...
  70. Moodley M, Chetty R, Moodley J. Vulval cytomegalovirus coexisting with herpes simplex virus in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection. BJOG. 2003;110:1123-4 pubmed
  71. Waterboer T, Neale R, Michael K, Sehr P, de Koning M, Weissenborn S, et al. Antibody responses to 26 skin human papillomavirus types in the Netherlands, Italy and Australia. J Gen Virol. 2009;90:1986-98 pubmed publisher
  72. Galeota J, Napier J, Armstrong D, Riethoven J, Rogers D. Herpesvirus infections in rock hyraxes (Procavia capensis). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2009;21:531-5 pubmed
    ..The data presented in the current study suggest that a novel alphaherpesvirus caused the lesions seen in these rock hyraxes. The molecular characteristics of this virus would tentatively support its inclusion in the genus Simplexvirus...
  73. Iannacone M, Michael K, Giuliano A, Waterboer T, Pawlita M, Rollison D. Risk factors for cutaneous human papillomavirus seroreactivity among patients undergoing skin cancer screening in Florida. J Infect Dis. 2010;201:760-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Little is known about the risk factors for cutaneous human papillomavirus (HPV) infection...
  74. Cho K, Kim C, Heo D, Lee D, Choi W, Rim J, et al. Epstein-Barr virus-associated peripheral T-cell lymphoma in adults with hydroa vacciniforme-like lesions. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2001;26:242-7 pubmed
    ..These patients were diagnosed as having T-cell lymphoma. Interestingly, large granular lymphocytosis was found in the peripheral blood of Case 2...
  75. Naik R, Pai M, Bantwal P, Shankarnarayana -, Nayak K, Gandhi A. Study of mast cells in non-neoplastic skin lesions. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2003;46:173-5 pubmed
    ..The highest numbers of mast cells in the non-infectious vesicular and bullous lesions were in bullous pemhigoid (57/mm2) and lowest in dermatitis (38/mm2)...
  76. Morizane S, Suzuki D, Tsuji K, Oono T, Iwatsuki K. The role of CD4 and CD8 cytotoxic T lymphocytes in the formation of viral vesicles. Br J Dermatol. 2005;153:981-6 pubmed
    ..Herpetic vesicles caused by herpes simplex virus and varicella zoster virus, and hydroa vacciniforme (HV) are characterized by umbilicated vesicule formation...
  77. Boer A, Herder N, Blödorn Schlicht N, Steinkraus V, Falk T. Refining criteria for diagnosis of cutaneous infections caused by herpes viruses through correlation of morphology with molecular pathology. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2006;72:270-5 pubmed
    ..Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) allows diagnosis and differential diagnosis of herpes virus infections, but the method is not yet available in large parts of the world, where diagnosis is made based on morphology alone...
  78. Dalstein V, Briolat J, Birembaut P, Clavel C. [The epidemiology of genital human papillomavirus infections]. Rev Prat. 2006;56:1877-81 pubmed
    ..In particular, high-risk HPV are responsible for almost all cervical carcinomas...
  79. Sardana K, Relhan V, Sehgal V, Garg V, Kochhar A. Occurrence of acne comedones over healed linear scar of herpes zoster: a neurogenic perception. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2007;21:431-2 pubmed
  80. Saleem K, Shaikh I. Skin lesions in hospitalized cases of dengue Fever. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2008;18:608-11 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the frequency and types of skin lesions in cases of dengue fever in patients admitted in three hospitals of Karachi...
  81. Diven D. An overview of poxviruses. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2001;44:1-16 pubmed
    ..The genera of poxviruses known to affect humans are Orthopoxvirus, Parapoxvirus, Molluscipoxvirus, and Yatapoxvirus. The different poxviruses are reviewed, including their history, incidence, clinical presentation, and treatment...
  82. Gonzaga H, Jorge M, Gonzaga L, Barbosa C, Chaves M. Systemic and oral alterations in Brazilian patients with cutaneous herpes zoster. Braz Dent J. 2002;13:49-52 pubmed
    ..3%), face (20%), lower limbs (10%) and upper limbs (6.7%). Specific oral involvement such as oral HZ was not found. The presence of the disease may indicate a non-diagnosed malignant neoplasm and/or association with AIDS...
  83. Ajithkumar K, Ramalingam S, Kannangai R, Prakash K. Human T lymphotrophic virus-I (HTLV-I) infection in patients with unclassifiable dermatitis in central Kerala, south India: a preliminary study. Sex Transm Infect. 2002;78:E7 pubmed
    ..We have conducted a preliminary serostudy to confirm the presence of this virus in cases of dermatitis of unknown aetiology and among individuals with sexually transmitted infections (STI) in central Kerala...
  84. Tee A, Oh H, Wee I, Khoo B, Poh W. Dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome masquerading as a viral exanthem: three cases and a mini-review. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2004;33:375-8 pubmed
    ..We report 3 cases of dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome due to anti-malarial chemoprophylactic treatment with maloprim, in military servicemen, presenting like a viral exanthem...
  85. Mirlesse V, Duguy N, Cynober E, François Magny J, Daffos F. Alphafoetoprotein and acetylcholinesterase in amniotic fluid as a factor suggesting fetal skin and nerve lesions in a case of congenital varicella syndrome. Prenat Diagn. 2004;24:498-500 pubmed
    ..The frequency of maternofetal transmission is low. Ultrasound is the usual tool for prenatal survey of exposed fetuses. But many anomalies due to VZV infection are not accessible to ultrasound alone...
  86. Jeyaratnam D, Robson A, Hextall J, Wong W, MacMahon E. Concurrent verrucous and varicelliform rashes following renal transplantation. Am J Transplant. 2005;5:1777-80 pubmed
    ..This case highlights the need to consider chronic VZV infection in the differential diagnosis of skin lesions even in the VZV seronegative transplant recipient without substantial exposure to antiviral agents...
  87. Kottke M, Parker S. Intravenous cidofovir-induced resolution of disfiguring cutaneous human papillomavirus infection. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006;55:533-6 pubmed
    ..Our report provides further support for the use of intravenous cidofovir as therapy for treatment-resistant and/or widespread cutaneous human papillomavirus infection...
  88. Rudy S. Pediatric dermatology: fungal/yeast infections, viral infections, acne, and hemangiomas. Dermatol Nurs. 2007;19:507-8 pubmed
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