rinderpest

Summary

Summary: A viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals caused by MORBILLIVIRUS. It may be acute, subacute, or chronic with the major lesions characterized by inflammation and ulceration of the entire digestive tract. The disease was declared successfully eradicated worldwide in 2010.

Top Publications

  1. Chinnakannan S, Holzer B, Bernardo B, Nanda S, Baron M. Different functions of the common P/V/W and V-specific domains of rinderpest virus V protein in blocking IFN signalling. J Gen Virol. 2014;95:44-51 pubmed publisher
    ..We have shown here that the two domains of rinderpest virus V protein have distinct functions: the N-terminal domain acted to bind STAT1, whilst the C-terminal V-..
  2. Heaney J, Cosby S, Barrett T. Inhibition of host peripheral blood mononuclear cell proliferation ex vivo by Rinderpest virus. J Gen Virol. 2005;86:3349-55 pubmed
    b>Rinderpest, or cattle plague, is caused by Rinderpest virus (RPV), which is related most closely to human Measles virus (MV), both being members of the genus Morbillivirus, a group of viruses known to have strong immunosuppressive effects ..
  3. Anderson J, McKay J. The detection of antibodies against peste des petits ruminants virus in cattle, sheep and goats and the possible implications to rinderpest control programmes. Epidemiol Infect. 1994;112:225-31 pubmed
    ..antibody-based competitive ELISA (C-ELISA) have been used for the specific measurement of antibodies to both rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants (PPR) viruses in cattle, sheep and goats...
  4. Dechamma H, Dighe V, Kumar C, Singh R, Jagadish M, Kumar S. Identification of T-helper and linear B epitope in the hypervariable region of nucleocapsid protein of PPRV and its use in the development of specific antibodies to detect viral antigen. Vet Microbiol. 2006;118:201-11 pubmed
    ..a highly contagious viral disease of small ruminants making its diagnosis difficult from the similar symptoms of Rinderpest. Computer based prediction algorithms was applied to identify antigenic determinants on the nucleocapsid (N) ..
  5. Tempia S, Salman M, Keefe T, Morley P, Freier J, DeMartini J, et al. A sero-survey of rinderpest in nomadic pastoral systems in central and southern Somalia from 2002 to 2003, using a spatially integrated random sampling approach. Rev Sci Tech. 2010;29:497-511 pubmed
    ..regions of central and southern Somalia, to estimate the seroprevalence and geographic distribution of rinderpest (RP) in the study area, as well as to identify potential risk factors for the observed seroprevalence ..
  6. Normile D. Rinderpest. Driven to extinction. Science. 2008;319:1606-9 pubmed publisher
  7. Verardi P, Aziz F, Ahmad S, Jones L, Beyene B, Ngotho R, et al. Long-term sterilizing immunity to rinderpest in cattle vaccinated with a recombinant vaccinia virus expressing high levels of the fusion and hemagglutinin glycoproteins. J Virol. 2002;76:484-91 pubmed
    b>Rinderpest is an acute and highly contagious viral disease of ruminants, often resulting in greater than 90% mortality...
  8. Brüning Richardson A, Akerblom L, Klingeborn B, Anderson J. Improvement and development of rapid chromatographic strip-tests for the diagnosis of rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants viruses. J Virol Methods. 2011;174:42-6 pubmed publisher
    This paper describes the improvement of a rapid diagnostic test for the detection of rinderpest virus (RPV) at pen-side and the development of a similar test for the detection of another Morbillivirus, peste de petits ruminants virus (..
  9. Worrall E, Litamoi J, Seck B, Ayelet G. Xerovac: an ultra rapid method for the dehydration and preservation of live attenuated Rinderpest and Peste des Petits ruminants vaccines. Vaccine. 2000;19:834-9 pubmed
    ..It presents a further step away from dependence on mandatory low temperature refrigerated storage and could lead to greater confidence in vaccine stability, potency and efficacy...

More Information

Publications75

  1. Roeder P. Rinderpest: the end of cattle plague. Prev Vet Med. 2011;102:98-106 pubmed publisher
    This paper describes the demise of rinderpest, focussing on the 20th Century and especially the period of the Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme, before proceeding to describe the process of accreditation of rinderpest freedom which ..
  2. Buczkowski H, Parida S, Bailey D, Barrett T, Banyard A. A novel approach to generating morbillivirus vaccines: negatively marking the rinderpest vaccine. Vaccine. 2012;30:1927-35 pubmed publisher
    The eradication of rinderpest virus (RPV) from the globe was possible through the availability of a safe and effective live attenuated vaccine and a suitable companion diagnostic test...
  3. Boxer E, Nanda S, Baron M. The rinderpest virus non-structural C protein blocks the induction of type 1 interferon. Virology. 2009;385:134-42 pubmed publisher
    ..We have previously shown that rinderpest virus, a morbillivirus closely related to the human pathogen measles virus, blocks the actions of type 1 and ..
  4. Couacy Hymann E, Bodjo S, Koffi M, Danho T. Observations on rinderpest and rinderpest-like diseases throughout West and Central African countries during rinderpest eradication projects. Res Vet Sci. 2007;83:282-5 pubmed
    ..From a total of 606 sera; 65 tissue samples and 75 swabs received, no rinderpest virus or specific gene products or antibodies against rinderpest were detected...
  5. Couacy Hymann E, Bodjo S, Danho T. Interference in the vaccination of cattle against rinderpest virus by antibodies against peste des petits ruminants (PPR) virus. Vaccine. 2006;24:5679-83 pubmed
    The ability of the attenuated vaccine 75/1 of peste des petits ruminants to interfere with rinderpest vaccination in cattle was investigated experimentally...
  6. Yoneda M, Bandyopadhyay S, Shiotani M, Fujita K, Nuntaprasert A, Miura R, et al. Rinderpest virus H protein: role in determining host range in rabbits. J Gen Virol. 2002;83:1457-63 pubmed
    ..We used a recombinant strain of Rinderpest virus (RPV) to examine the role of this protein in determining the ability of RPV to replicate in rabbits...
  7. Ortiz Pelaez A, Pfeiffer D, Tempia S, Otieno F, Aden H, Costagli R. Risk mapping of Rinderpest sero-prevalence in Central and Southern Somalia based on spatial and network risk factors. BMC Vet Res. 2010;6:22 pubmed publisher
    ..Data from a rinderpest survey and other data sources have been integrated to explore the topology of a contact network of cattle herds ..
  8. Galbraith S, McQuaid S, Hamill L, Pullen L, Barrett T, Cosby S. Rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants viruses exhibit neurovirulence in mice. J Neurovirol. 2002;8:45-52 pubmed
    ..CNS complications are rare for measles virus (MV) and are not associated with rinderpest virus (RPV) and peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) infection...
  9. Mariner J, McDermott J, Heesterbeek J, Catley A, Roeder P. A model of lineage-1 and lineage-2 rinderpest virus transmission in pastoral areas of East Africa. Prev Vet Med. 2005;69:245-63 pubmed
    The development of a stochastic, state-transition model of rinderpest transmission dynamics is described using parameter estimates obtained from both laboratory and participatory research...
  10. Kamata H, Ohishi K, Hulskotte E, Osterhaus A, Inui K, Shaila M, et al. Rinderpest virus (RPV) ISCOM vaccine induces protection in cattle against virulent RPV challenge. Vaccine. 2001;19:3355-9 pubmed
    b>Rinderpest virus (RPV), a member of genus Morbillivirus in the family Paramyxoviridae, causes an acute and often fatal disease in cattle and other large ruminants...
  11. Romero C, Barrett T, Chamberlain R, Kitching R, Fleming M, Black D. Recombinant capripoxvirus expressing the hemagglutinin protein gene of rinderpest virus: protection of cattle against rinderpest and lumpy skin disease viruses. Virology. 1994;204:425-9 pubmed
    ..containing the complete coding sequence of the hemagglutinin (H) protein gene of the RBOK vaccine strain of rinderpest virus, under the control of the vaccinia late promoter p11, was inserted by homologous recombination into the ..
  12. Manore C, McMahon B, Fair J, Hyman J, Brown M, LaBute M. Disease properties, geography, and mitigation strategies in a simulation spread of rinderpest across the United States. Vet Res. 2011;42:55 pubmed publisher
    ..the past decade, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has been working toward eradicating rinderpest through vaccination and intense surveillance by 2012...
  13. De Swart R, Duprex W, Osterhaus A. Rinderpest eradication: lessons for measles eradication?. Curr Opin Virol. 2012;2:330-4 pubmed publisher
    In 2011 the Food and Agriculture Organization formally announced that rinderpest was eradicated from the globe. Rinderpest virus had long been associated with huge disease outbreaks among cattle...
  14. Roeder P, Mariner J, Kock R. Rinderpest: the veterinary perspective on eradication. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2013;368:20120139 pubmed publisher
    b>Rinderpest was a devastating disease of livestock responsible for continent-wide famine and poverty...
  15. Sinnathamby G, Naik S, Renukaradhya G, Rajasekhar M, Nayak R, Shaila M. Recombinant hemagglutinin protein of rinderpest virus expressed in insect cells induces humoral and cell mediated immune responses in cattle. Vaccine. 2001;19:3870-6 pubmed
    b>Rinderpest virus causes a highly contagious and often fatal disease in domestic and wild ruminants...
  16. Njeumi F, Taylor W, Diallo A, Miyagishima K, Pastoret P, Vallat B, et al. The long journey: a brief review of the eradication of rinderpest. Rev Sci Tech. 2012;31:729-46 pubmed
    ..Organization of the United Nations (FAD) Conference adopted a resolution declaring the world free from rinderpest and recommending follow-up measures to preserve the benefits of this new and hard-won situation...
  17. Barrett T. Recombinant DNA technology for producing new rinderpest virus vaccines. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2005;4:113-20 pubmed
    ..In general, animal diseases are ignored by the public, however, recent targeting of the rinderpest virus, the agent of cattle plague, has put this virus on the verge of global extinction...
  18. Rossiter P, Wamwayi H, Ndungu E. Rinderpest seroprevalence in wildlife in Kenya and Tanzania, 1982-1993. Prev Vet Med. 2006;75:1-7 pubmed
    ..species in Kenya and Tanzania between 1982 and 1993 were tested for virus-neutralising (VN) antibodies to rinderpest (RP) virus...
  19. Kock R, Wamwayi H, Rossiter P, Libeau G, Wambwa E, Okori J, et al. Re-infection of wildlife populations with rinderpest virus on the periphery of the Somali ecosystem in East Africa. Prev Vet Med. 2006;75:63-80 pubmed
    We report surveillance for rinderpest virus in wildlife populations in three major ecosystems of East Africa: Great Rift Valley, Somali and Tsavo from 1994 to 2003...
  20. Mariner J, Roeder P. Use of participatory epidemiology in studies of the persistence of lineage 2 rinderpest virus in East Africa. Vet Rec. 2003;152:641-7 pubmed
    In 1994, rinderpest virus of African lineage 2 was detected in East Africa after an apparent absence of more than 30 years...
  21. Brown C. A review of three pathology-based techniques for retrospective diagnosis of rinderpest, with comparison to virus isolation. Res Vet Sci. 1997;63:103-6 pubmed
    ..of tongue, eyelid, and retropharyngeal lymph node were collected from three animals experimentally infected with rinderpest and utilised in a study comparing virus isolation with histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and in situ ..
  22. Mariner J, House J, Mebus C, Sollod A, Chibeu D, Jones B, et al. Rinderpest eradication: appropriate technology and social innovations. Science. 2012;337:1309-12 pubmed publisher
    b>Rinderpest is only the second infectious disease to have been globally eradicated...
  23. Sinnathamby G, Nayak R, Shaila M. Mapping of T-helper epitopes of Rinderpest virus hemagglutinin protein. Viral Immunol. 2001;14:83-92 pubmed
    b>Rinderpest virus (RPV) is a highly contagious and often fatal disease of domestic and wild ruminants, caused by rinderpest virus of the genus Morbillivirus under the family Paramyxoviridae...
  24. Mahapatra M, Parida S, Baron M, Barrett T. Matrix protein and glycoproteins F and H of Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus function better as a homologous complex. J Gen Virol. 2006;87:2021-9 pubmed
    ..RPV-PPRFH) was produced for the control of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) disease, where the F and H genes of Rinderpest virus (RPV) were replaced with the equivalent genes from Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus (PPRV); however, this ..
  25. Couacy Hymann E, Bodjo C, Danho T, Libeau G, Diallo A. Surveillance of wildlife as a tool for monitoring rinderpest and peste des petits ruminants in West Africa. Rev Sci Tech. 2005;24:869-77 pubmed
    The authors provide a report on the surveillance of rinderpest virus (RPV) and peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) in the wildlife population in Côte d'Ivoire...
  26. Parida S, Mahapatra M, Kumar S, Das S, Baron M, Anderson J, et al. Rescue of a chimeric rinderpest virus with the nucleocapsid protein derived from peste-des-petits-ruminants virus: use as a marker vaccine. J Gen Virol. 2007;88:2019-27 pubmed
    ..Using reverse genetics, a chimeric rinderpest virus (RPV)/peste-des-petits-ruminants virus (PPRV) was rescued in which the RPV N gene open reading frame had ..
  27. Romero C, Barrett T, Kitching R, Carn V, Black D. Protection of cattle against rinderpest and lumpy skin disease with a recombinant capripoxvirus expressing the fusion protein gene of rinderpest virus. Vet Rec. 1994;135:152-4 pubmed
    Cattle were protected against challenge with rinderpest and lumpy skin disease viruses by vaccination with a recombinant capripoxvirus containing the fusion protein (F) gene of rinderpest virus...
  28. Baron M, Banyard A, Parida S, Barrett T. The Plowright vaccine strain of Rinderpest virus has attenuating mutations in most genes. J Gen Virol. 2005;86:1093-101 pubmed
    The currently used vaccine strain of Rinderpest virus was derived by serial passage of the highly virulent Kabete 'O' strain (KO)...
  29. Walsh E, Baron M, Anderson J, Barrett T. Development of a genetically marked recombinant rinderpest vaccine expressing green fluorescent protein. J Gen Virol. 2000;81:709-18 pubmed
    In order to effectively control and eliminate rinderpest, a method is required to allow serological differentiation between animals that have been vaccinated and those which have recovered from natural infection...
  30. Yoneda M, Miura R, Barrett T, Tsukiyama Kohara K, Kai C. Rinderpest virus phosphoprotein gene is a major determinant of species-specific pathogenicity. J Virol. 2004;78:6676-81 pubmed
    We previously demonstrated that the rinderpest virus (RPV) hemagglutinin (H) protein plays an important role in determining host range but that other viral proteins are clearly required for full RPV pathogenicity to be manifest in ..
  31. Walsh E, Baron M, Rennie L, Monaghan P, Anderson J, Barrett T. Recombinant rinderpest vaccines expressing membrane-anchored proteins as genetic markers: evidence of exclusion of marker protein from the virus envelope. J Virol. 2000;74:10165-75 pubmed
    b>Rinderpest virus (RPV) causes a severe disease of cattle resulting in serious economic losses in parts of the developing world...
  32. Mitra Kaushik S, Nayak R, Shaila M. Identification of a cytotoxic T-cell epitope on the recombinant nucleocapsid proteins of Rinderpest and Peste des petits ruminants viruses presented as assembled nucleocapsids. Virology. 2001;279:210-20 pubmed
    ..We overexpressed the N proteins of Rinderpest virus and Peste des petits ruminants virus in E...
  33. Ngichabe C, Wamwayi H, Ndungu E, Mirangi P, Bostock C, Black D, et al. Long term immunity in African cattle vaccinated with a recombinant capripox-rinderpest virus vaccine. Epidemiol Infect. 2002;128:343-9 pubmed
    Cattle were vaccinated with a recombinant capripox-rinderpest vaccine designed to protect cattle from infection with either rinderpest virus (RPV) or lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV)...
  34. Shiotani M, Miura R, Fujita K, Wakasa C, Uema M, Kai C. Molecular properties of the matrixprotein(M) gene of the lapinized rinderpest virus. J Vet Med Sci. 2001;63:801-5 pubmed
    The nucleotide sequence of the matrixprotein (M) gene of the lapinized rinderpest virus (RPV-L) was determined...
  35. Logan N, Dundon W, Diallo A, Baron M, James Nyarobi M, Cleaveland S, et al. Enhanced immunosurveillance for animal morbilliviruses using vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) pseudotypes. Vaccine. 2016;34:5736-5743 pubmed publisher
    ..For animal morbilliviruses, such as peste des petits ruminants (PPRV) or rinderpest virus (RPV), live virus-based neutralisation tests require high-level biocontainment to prevent the accidental ..
  36. Kimura H, Saitoh M, Kobayashi M, Ishii H, Saraya T, Kurai D, et al. Molecular evolution of haemagglutinin (H) gene in measles virus. Sci Rep. 2015;5:11648 pubmed publisher
    ..We also analysed positive selection sites. The MCMC tree indicated that the MeV H gene diverged from the rinderpest virus (same genus) about 250 years ago and that 24 MeV genotypes formed 3 lineages dating back to a 1915 ..
  37. Choi K, Nah J, Choi C, Ko Y, Sohn H, Libeau G, et al. Monoclonal antibody-based competitive ELISA for simultaneous detection of rinderpest virus and peste des petits ruminants virus antibodies. Vet Microbiol. 2003;96:1-16 pubmed
    ..morbillivirus (RPV and PPRV)-specific monoclonal antibody (P-13A9) was developed for simultaneous detection of rinderpest virus (RPV) and peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) antibodies and its diagnostic performance was evaluated...
  38. Stolte M, Haas L, Wamwayi H, Barrett T, Wohlsein P. Induction of apoptotic cellular death in lymphatic tissues of cattle experimentally infected with different strains of rinderpest virus. J Comp Pathol. 2002;127:14-21 pubmed
    The presence, type, and extent of cellular death in lymphatic tissues of cattle experimentally infected with rinderpest virus strains of different virulence was investigated morphologically...
  39. Domenech J, Vallat B. [The fight against epizootics in the 21st Century]. C R Biol. 2012;335:356-69 pubmed publisher
    ..Three examples of control programmes against major epidemics are discussed here: Rinderpest (declared eradicated worldwide in 2011), Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1), and Foot and Mouth Disease.
  40. Baron M, Diop B, Njeumi F, Willett B, Bailey D. Future research to underpin successful peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) eradication. J Gen Virol. 2017;98:2635-2644 pubmed publisher
    ..PPRV is a morbillivirus and, given the experience of these organizations in eradicating the related rinderpest virus, the eradication of PPRV should be feasible...
  41. Mariner J, Gachanja J, Tindih S, Toye P. A thermostable presentation of the live, attenuated peste des petits ruminants vaccine in use in Africa and Asia. Vaccine. 2017;35:3773-3779 pubmed publisher
    ..This limits their utility in developing countries. Methods for the lyophilization of a related morbillivirus, rinderpest (RP), resulted in vaccine that could be used in the field for up to 30days without refrigeration which was a ..
  42. Kumar P, Tripathi B, Sharma A, Kumar R, Sreenivasa B, Singh R, et al. Pathological and immunohistochemical study of experimental peste des petits ruminants virus infection in goats. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2004;51:153-9 pubmed
    ..The results of the IHC study suggested that indirect immunoperoxidase could be an alternative method in the absence of more sophisticated methods of laboratory diagnosis of PPR virus infection in goats. ..
  43. Mariner J, Jeggo M, van t Klooster G, Geiger R, Roeder P. Rinderpest surveillance performance monitoring using quantifiable indicators. Rev Sci Tech. 2003;22:837-47 pubmed
    ..The system was developed through dialogue with a number of countries in Africa and adopted as part of the Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations...
  44. Roeder P, Taylor W. Rinderpest. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2002;18:515-47, ix pubmed
    b>Rinderpest, also known as cattle plague, was for centuries the most dreaded bovine plague known and one that changed the course of history and still seriously compromises trade...
  45. Joshi A, Sharma B, Goel A, Mondal B. Immunization with a plasmid DNA expressing rinderpest virus hemagglutinin protein protects rabbits from lethal challenge. Arch Virol. 2002;147:597-606 pubmed
    b>Rinderpest virus haemagglutinin (H) protein was expressed in eukaryotic cells and the plasmid encoding H gene was used for immunization of rabbits...
  46. Taylor W. The global eradication of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) within 15 years--is this a pipe dream?. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2016;48:559-67 pubmed publisher
    Gordon Scott did much to inspire the eradication of rinderpest, probably the most outstanding veterinary achievement of the twentieth century, and one currently inspiring is the proposed eradication of peste des petits ruminants (PPR), a ..
  47. Vallat F. [Austrian Low Countries, Europe's animal health pioneer, 1769-1776]. Rev Sci Tech. 2006;25:951-60 pubmed
    ..reveal how innovative the Austrian Low Countries were when they introduced an animal health policy to control rinderpest in 1769. The policy was novel in that it replaced the slaughter of individual sick animals with herd slaughter...
  48. Yilma T, Aziz F, Ahmad S, Jones L, Ngotho R, Wamwayi H, et al. Inexpensive vaccines and rapid diagnostic kits tailor-made for the global eradication of rinderpest, and technology transfer to Africa and Asia. Dev Biol (Basel). 2003;114:99-111 pubmed
    b>Rinderpest is an acute and highly contagious viral disease of ruminants, often resulting in greater than 90% mortality...
  49. Fournié G, Jones B, Beauvais W, Lubroth J, Njeumi F, Cameron A, et al. The risk of rinderpest re-introduction in post-eradication era. Prev Vet Med. 2014;113:175-84 pubmed publisher
    In 2011, ten years after the last reported outbreak, the eradication of rinderpest was declared. However, as rinderpest virus stocks still exist, there remains a risk of rinderpest re-introduction...
  50. Imaoka K, Yoshikawa Y, Kanai Y, Yamanouchi K. Characterization of antinuclear antibodies induced in rabbits by rinderpest virus infection. Arch Virol. 1988;102:111-8 pubmed
    Rabbits infected with the L strain of rinderpest virus (RV) produced high titres of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) which reached a maximum two weeks after inoculation but rapidly disappeared by 6-8 weeks...
  51. Youde J. Cattle scourge no more. The eradication of rinderpest and its lessons for global health campaigns. Politics Life Sci. 2013;32:43-57 pubmed publisher
    In 2011, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) officially declared rinderpest eradicated...
  52. Romero C, Barrett T, Evans S, Kitching R, Gershon P, Bostock C, et al. Single capripoxvirus recombinant vaccine for the protection of cattle against rinderpest and lumpy skin disease. Vaccine. 1993;11:737-42 pubmed
    A recombinant capripoxvirus has been constructed containing a full-length cDNA of the fusion protein gene of rinderpest virus...
  53. Schneider H. The history of veterinary medicine in Namibia. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2012;83:4 pubmed publisher
    ..CBPP and the outbreak of rinderpest in 1897 necessitated a greatly expanded veterinary infrastructure and the first veterinary laboratory was ..
  54. Jost C, Stem C, Ramushwa M, Twinamasiko E, Mariner J. Comparative ethnoveterinary and serological evaluation of the Karimojong Community Animal Health Worker Program in Uganda. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1998;849:327-37 pubmed
    ..A serological study of rinderpest antibody titers was also completed to compare serological results with ethnoveterinary results in the case of ..
  55. Busayi R. History of veterinary medicine in Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe). Part III. Rippling effects of the 1896 rinderpest outbreak. Hist Med Vet. 2006;31:85-91 pubmed
    This paper looks at the rippling effects of the first and last 1896 rinderpest outbreak that occurred in Zimbabwe. Following the devastating effects of this outbreak, the Department of Veterinary Services remains on full alert...
  56. Liu F, Liu Z, Wang Z. [Feasibility study on global peste des petits ruminants eradication based on rinderpest eradication]. Bing Du Xue Bao. 2012;28:89-96 pubmed
    ..A joint FAO/OIE announcement of global rinderpest eradication was declared in 2011...
  57. Khan H, Siddique M, Sajjad Ur Rahman -, Abubakar M, Ashraf M. The detection of antibody against peste des petits ruminants virus in sheep, goats, cattle and buffaloes. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2008;40:521-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The animals had not been vaccinated against rinderpest or PPR. Findings suggested that the sero-positive cases were significantly higher in sheep (51...
  58. Sato H, Yoneda M, Honda T, Kai C. Recombinant vaccines against the mononegaviruses--what we have learned from animal disease controls. Virus Res. 2011;162:63-71 pubmed publisher
    ..These recombinant mononegaviruses are currently under evaluation as new viral vectors for vaccination. Reverse genetics could have great potential for the preparation of vaccines against many mononegaviruses...
  59. Mares R. Rinderpest, a plague in time: early days in Tanganyika at the end of World War II. Hist Med Vet. 2002;27:349-60 pubmed
    The author describes the activity of the British veterinary services and especially the vaccination against rinderpest in Tanganyika in the years after the Second World War as seen by late Ken Aspinall (1922-1996).
  60. Domenech J, Lubroth J, Sumption K. Immune protection in animals: the examples of rinderpest and foot-and-mouth disease. J Comp Pathol. 2010;142 Suppl 1:S120-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Two veterinary examples of fading immune protection are discussed: rinderpest and foot-and-mouth disease (FMD)...
  61. Silva I, Dangolla A, Allen J. Seroepidemiology of rinderpest in bovids in Sri Lanka using the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. Prev Vet Med. 1998;37:69-75 pubmed
    ..Serum antibodies for the rinderpest virus were detected using the competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
  62. Ngichabe C, Wamwayi H, Barrett T, Ndungu E, Black D, Bostock C. Trial of a capripoxvirus-rinderpest recombinant vaccine in African cattle. Epidemiol Infect. 1997;118:63-70 pubmed
    Cattle were vaccinated with differing doses of an equal mixture of capripox-rinderpest recombinant viruses expressing either the fusion protein (F) or the haemagglutinin protein (H) of rinderpest virus. Animals vaccinated with 2 x 10(4) p...
  63. Brock W. Crookes, carbolic and cattle plague. Endeavour. 2002;26:87-91 pubmed
    ..This is illustrated by his intervention in the great cattle plague epidemic that swept the UK between 1865 and 1866...
  64. Thomson G, Dungu B, Tounkara K, Vosloo W, Bastos A, Bidjeh K. Suitability of currently available vaccines for controlling the major transboundary diseases that afflict sub-Saharan Africa. Dev Biol (Basel). 2003;114:229-41 pubmed
  65. Tambi E, Maina O, Mariner J. Ex-ante economic analysis of animal disease surveillance. Rev Sci Tech. 2004;23:737-52 pubmed
    ..ex-ante economic analysis comparing four alternative intervention strategies for the control and eradication of rinderpest against a scenario of no intervention in a cattle population similar in size to that of Ethiopia...
  66. Balamurugan V, Sen A, Saravanan P, Singh R, Singh R, Rasool T, et al. One-step multiplex RT-PCR assay for the detection of peste des petits ruminants virus in clinical samples. Vet Res Commun. 2006;30:655-66 pubmed
    ..N and M genes of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV), respectively, and only a 337 bp fragment of N gene of Rinderpest virus (RPV)...