bunyaviridae infections

Summary

Summary: Virus diseases caused by the BUNYAVIRIDAE.

Top Publications

  1. Briese T, Bird B, Kapoor V, Nichol S, Lipkin W. Batai and Ngari viruses: M segment reassortment and association with severe febrile disease outbreaks in East Africa. J Virol. 2006;80:5627-30 pubmed
    ..KV-141, isolated during a febrile disease outbreak in Sudan, was identified as another isolate of Ngari virus, emphasizing a role of this reassortant virus in severe human illness throughout East Africa...
  2. Beer M, Conraths F, van der Poel W. 'Schmallenberg virus'--a novel orthobunyavirus emerging in Europe. Epidemiol Infect. 2013;141:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Lessons to be learned from the Schmallenberg virus epidemic and the consequences for future outbreaks are discussed...
  3. De Regge N, Deblauwe I, De Deken R, Vantieghem P, Madder M, Geysen D, et al. Detection of Schmallenberg virus in different Culicoides spp. by real-time RT-PCR. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2012;59:471-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Pools of heads originating from following species: C. obsoletus complex, C. dewulfi and C. chiopterus were found positive, strongly indicating that these species are relevant vectors for SBV...
  4. Claine F, Coupeau D, Wiggers L, Muylkens B, Kirschvink N. Schmallenberg virus among female lambs, Belgium, 2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19:1115-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Bimonthly assessment by quantitative reverse transcription PCR and seroneutralization demonstrated that 100% of lambs were infected. Viremia duration may be longer in naturally infected than in experimentally infected animals. ..
  5. Walter C, Barr J. Recent advances in the molecular and cellular biology of bunyaviruses. J Gen Virol. 2011;92:2467-84 pubmed publisher
  6. Kuno G, Mitchell C, Chang G, Smith G. Detecting bunyaviruses of the Bunyamwera and California serogroups by a PCR technique. J Clin Microbiol. 1996;34:1184-8 pubmed
    ..Using this technique, we could detect one La Crosse virus-infected mosquito in a pool of 100 mosquitoes with undetectable plaque titers...
  7. Kamata H, Inai K, Maeda K, Nishimura T, Arita S, Tsuda T, et al. Encephalomyelitis of cattle caused by Akabane virus in southern Japan in 2006. J Comp Pathol. 2009;140:187-93 pubmed publisher
    ..It is suggested that AKAV infection is likely to have occurred during the early life period in the calves of this study. ..
  8. Brenner J, Tsuda T, Yadin H, Kato T. Serological evidence of akabane virus infection in northern Israel in 2001. J Vet Med Sci. 2004;66:441-3 pubmed
    ..5 and +/- 44.7, standard deviation), whereas only one of the 27 samples from the unaffected farms was positive (titer of 8). These results suggest that the vector(s) of AKAV was circulating in Israel in August through December, 2001...
  9. Yanase T, Kato T, Aizawa M, Shuto Y, Shirafuji H, Yamakawa M, et al. Genetic reassortment between Sathuperi and Shamonda viruses of the genus Orthobunyavirus in nature: implications for their genetic relationship to Schmallenberg virus. Arch Virol. 2012;157:1611-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of the three genomic RNA segments indicated that Schmallenberg virus is a reassortant, with the M RNA segment from SATV and the S and L RNA segments from SHAV...
  10. Garigliany M, Bayrou C, Kleijnen D, Cassart D, Desmecht D. Schmallenberg virus in domestic cattle, Belgium, 2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:1512-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Of cattle within 250 km of location where the virus emerged, ?91% tested positive for IgG targeting nucleoprotein. Risk for fetal infection was ?28%. ..

Detail Information

Publications94

  1. Briese T, Bird B, Kapoor V, Nichol S, Lipkin W. Batai and Ngari viruses: M segment reassortment and association with severe febrile disease outbreaks in East Africa. J Virol. 2006;80:5627-30 pubmed
    ..KV-141, isolated during a febrile disease outbreak in Sudan, was identified as another isolate of Ngari virus, emphasizing a role of this reassortant virus in severe human illness throughout East Africa...
  2. Beer M, Conraths F, van der Poel W. 'Schmallenberg virus'--a novel orthobunyavirus emerging in Europe. Epidemiol Infect. 2013;141:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Lessons to be learned from the Schmallenberg virus epidemic and the consequences for future outbreaks are discussed...
  3. De Regge N, Deblauwe I, De Deken R, Vantieghem P, Madder M, Geysen D, et al. Detection of Schmallenberg virus in different Culicoides spp. by real-time RT-PCR. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2012;59:471-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Pools of heads originating from following species: C. obsoletus complex, C. dewulfi and C. chiopterus were found positive, strongly indicating that these species are relevant vectors for SBV...
  4. Claine F, Coupeau D, Wiggers L, Muylkens B, Kirschvink N. Schmallenberg virus among female lambs, Belgium, 2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19:1115-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Bimonthly assessment by quantitative reverse transcription PCR and seroneutralization demonstrated that 100% of lambs were infected. Viremia duration may be longer in naturally infected than in experimentally infected animals. ..
  5. Walter C, Barr J. Recent advances in the molecular and cellular biology of bunyaviruses. J Gen Virol. 2011;92:2467-84 pubmed publisher
  6. Kuno G, Mitchell C, Chang G, Smith G. Detecting bunyaviruses of the Bunyamwera and California serogroups by a PCR technique. J Clin Microbiol. 1996;34:1184-8 pubmed
    ..Using this technique, we could detect one La Crosse virus-infected mosquito in a pool of 100 mosquitoes with undetectable plaque titers...
  7. Kamata H, Inai K, Maeda K, Nishimura T, Arita S, Tsuda T, et al. Encephalomyelitis of cattle caused by Akabane virus in southern Japan in 2006. J Comp Pathol. 2009;140:187-93 pubmed publisher
    ..It is suggested that AKAV infection is likely to have occurred during the early life period in the calves of this study. ..
  8. Brenner J, Tsuda T, Yadin H, Kato T. Serological evidence of akabane virus infection in northern Israel in 2001. J Vet Med Sci. 2004;66:441-3 pubmed
    ..5 and +/- 44.7, standard deviation), whereas only one of the 27 samples from the unaffected farms was positive (titer of 8). These results suggest that the vector(s) of AKAV was circulating in Israel in August through December, 2001...
  9. Yanase T, Kato T, Aizawa M, Shuto Y, Shirafuji H, Yamakawa M, et al. Genetic reassortment between Sathuperi and Shamonda viruses of the genus Orthobunyavirus in nature: implications for their genetic relationship to Schmallenberg virus. Arch Virol. 2012;157:1611-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of the three genomic RNA segments indicated that Schmallenberg virus is a reassortant, with the M RNA segment from SATV and the S and L RNA segments from SHAV...
  10. Garigliany M, Bayrou C, Kleijnen D, Cassart D, Desmecht D. Schmallenberg virus in domestic cattle, Belgium, 2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:1512-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Of cattle within 250 km of location where the virus emerged, ?91% tested positive for IgG targeting nucleoprotein. Risk for fetal infection was ?28%. ..
  11. Drews B, Szentiks C, Roellig K, Fickel J, Schroeder K, Duff J, et al. Epidemiology, control and management of an EBHS outbreak in captive hares. Vet Microbiol. 2011;154:37-48 pubmed publisher
    ..To estimate the effect of EBHS on reproduction, we compared the breeding seasons 2008 and 2009. Several possible sources of infection of the colony are discussed, but the definite cause could not be determined...
  12. Bastos M, Figueiredo L, Naveca F, Monte R, Lessa N, Pinto de Figueiredo R, et al. Identification of Oropouche Orthobunyavirus in the cerebrospinal fluid of three patients in the Amazonas, Brazil. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;86:732-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Nucleotide sequence analysis showed that the OROV from the CSF of these patients belonged to genotype I. We show here that severe Oropouche disease is occurring during outbreaks of this virus in Brazil. ..
  13. Elbers A, Meiswinkel R, van Weezep E, Sloet van Oldruitenborgh Oosterbaan M, Kooi E. Schmallenberg virus in Culicoides spp. biting midges, the Netherlands, 2011. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19:106-9 pubmed publisher
    ..SBV RNA was found in C. scoticus, C. obsoletus sensu stricto, and C. chiopterus. The high proportion of infected midges might explain the rapid spread of SBV throughout Europe...
  14. Edwards J, Livingston C, Chung S, Collisson E. Ovine arthrogryposis and central nervous system malformations associated with in utero Cache Valley virus infection: spontaneous disease. Vet Pathol. 1989;26:33-9 pubmed
    ..Seroepidemiologic studies on the flock and serologic data from heart blood taken from the stillborn affected lambs indicated that the outbreak was due to in utero infection with Cache Valley Virus...
  15. Kim Y, Kweon C, Tark D, Lim S, Yang D, Hyun B, et al. Development of inactivated trivalent vaccine for the teratogenic Aino, Akabane and Chuzan viruses. Biologicals. 2011;39:152-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Since the field application of experimental vaccine also revealed increased antibodies in inoculated cattle, we demonstrated that these trivalent vaccines could be used as a vaccine to control the arboviral infections in ruminants...
  16. Wernike K, Breithaupt A, Keller M, Hoffmann B, Beer M, Eschbaumer M. Schmallenberg virus infection of adult type I interferon receptor knock-out mice. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40380 pubmed publisher
    ..IFNAR(-/-) mice are susceptible to SBV infection and can develop fatal disease, making them a handy and versatile tool for SBV vaccine research. ..
  17. Tsuda T, Yoshida K, Ohashi S, Yanase T, Sueyoshi M, Kamimura S, et al. Arthrogryposis, hydranencephaly and cerebellar hypoplasia syndrome in neonatal calves resulting from intrauterine infection with Aino virus. Vet Res. 2004;35:531-8 pubmed
    ..Antibodies specific to AINOV were detected in their precolostral serum. These results demonstrate that AINOV is a potential etiological agent of congenital malformation of cattle...
  18. Mercer D, Castillo Pizango M. Changes in relative species compositions of biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) and an outbreak of Oropouche virus in Iquitos, Peru. J Med Entomol. 2005;42:554-8 pubmed
    ..Apparently, microhabitat differences and not range expansion by C. paraensis were responsible for differences in species compositions across the sample sites...
  19. Baisley K, Watts D, Munstermann L, Wilson M. Epidemiology of endemic Oropouche virus transmission in upper Amazonian Peru. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1998;59:710-6 pubmed
    ..Results suggested that endemic transmission of ORO virus in this region has been ongoing during many decades, and that people are at considerable risk of infection...
  20. Li S, Xue C, Fu Y, Wang J, Ding X, Liu R, et al. Sporadic case infected by severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome bunyavirus in a non-epidemic region of China. Biosci Trends. 2011;5:273-6 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that SFTSV can occur in a non-epidemic area due to a similar strain of SFTSV that apparently affect the blood system, implying the importance of dissecting the pathogenesis of SFTS as well as mode of infection...
  21. Conraths F, Peters M, Beer M. Schmallenberg virus, a novel orthobunyavirus infection in ruminants in Europe: potential global impact and preventive measures. N Z Vet J. 2013;61:63-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this article is to provide a state-of-the-art review on Schmallenberg virus 1 year after its first detection...
  22. Briese T, Calisher C, Higgs S. Viruses of the family Bunyaviridae: are all available isolates reassortants?. Virology. 2013;446:207-16 pubmed publisher
    ..If this hypothesis is correct, then the roots of the family and genus trees of bunyaviruses as currently described (or ignored) are incomplete or incorrect. ..
  23. Deng B, Zhang S, Geng Y, Zhang Y, Wang Y, Yao W, et al. Cytokine and chemokine levels in patients with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e41365 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, we investigated host cytokine and chemokine profiles in serum samples of patients with SFTSV infection from Northeast China and explored a possible correlation between cytokine levels and disease severity...
  24. Mercer D, Spinelli G, Watts D, Tesh R. Biting rates and developmental substrates for biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Iquitos, Peru. J Med Entomol. 2003;40:807-12 pubmed
    ..Because both species of biting midges emerged in high numbers from all parts of platano (ubiquitous in Iquitos), it will be challenging to control them through sanitation...
  25. Moreli M, Aquino V, Cruz A, Figueiredo L. Diagnosis of Oropouche virus infection by RT-nested-PCR. J Med Virol. 2002;66:139-42 pubmed
    ..These results show that this RT-nested-PCR is a useful tool for rapid diagnosis of Oropouche fever infections...
  26. Sun Y, Liang M, Qu J, Jin C, Zhang Q, Li J, et al. Early diagnosis of novel SFTS bunyavirus infection by quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay. J Clin Virol. 2012;53:48-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The clinical diagnosis is urgently needed to differentiate the disease from other infections...
  27. Mansfield K, La Rocca S, Khatri M, Johnson N, Steinbach F, Fooks A. Detection of Schmallenberg virus serum neutralising antibodies. J Virol Methods. 2013;188:139-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, these two assays constitute an effective diagnostic tool-box for providing confirmation of exposure to SBV...
  28. Valassina M, Valentini M, Valensin P, Cusi M. Fast duplex one-step RT-PCR for rapid differential diagnosis of entero- or toscana virus meningitis. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002;43:201-5 pubmed
    ..In our study we were able to diagnose 192 cases of meningitis by Toscana virus and 31 cases by enteroviruses out of 475 cases of meningitis utilizing the described one-step multiplex method...
  29. Tsutsui T, Yamamoto T, Hayama Y, Akiba Y, Nishiguchi A, Kobayashi S, et al. Duration of maternally derived antibodies against Akabane virus in calves: survival analysis. J Vet Med Sci. 2009;71:913-8 pubmed
    ..These differences need to be taken into account when a vaccination strategy is adopted for preventing epizootic encephalomyelitis in the future...
  30. van Eeden C, Williams J, Gerdes T, van Wilpe E, Viljoen A, Swanepoel R, et al. Shuni virus as cause of neurologic disease in horses. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:318-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Shuni virus was found in 7 horses, 5 of which had neurologic signs. Testing for lesser known viruses should be considered for horses with unexplained illness...
  31. Tarlinton R, Daly J, Dunham S, Kydd J. The challenge of Schmallenberg virus emergence in Europe. Vet J. 2012;194:10-8 pubmed publisher
  32. Ducomble T, Wilking H, Stark K, Takla A, Askar M, Schaade L, et al. Lack of evidence for Schmallenberg virus infection in highly exposed persons, Germany, 2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:1333-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the risk for human infection, we conducted a survey among shepherds to assess possible exposure and symptoms. We also performed serologic and molecular assays. No evidence of transmission to humans was detected...
  33. Elbers A, Loeffen W, Quak S, de Boer Luijtze E, van der Spek A, Bouwstra R, et al. Seroprevalence of Schmallenberg virus antibodies among dairy cattle, the Netherlands, winter 2011-2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:1065-71 pubmed publisher
    ..No significant differences were found in age-specific prevalence of antibodies against SBV, which is an indication that SBV is newly arrived in the country...
  34. Herder V, Wohlsein P, Peters M, Hansmann F, Baumgartner W. Salient lesions in domestic ruminants infected with the emerging so-called Schmallenberg virus in Germany. Vet Pathol. 2012;49:588-91 pubmed publisher
    ..The skeletal muscles had myofibrillar hypoplasia in lambs and calves. The lesions of SBV-associated abortion and perinatal death are similar to those attributed to Akabane virus and other viruses in the Simbu group of bunyaviruses...
  35. Fischer M, Hoffmann B, Goller K, Höper D, Wernike K, Beer M. A mutation 'hot spot' in the Schmallenberg virus M segment. J Gen Virol. 2013;94:1161-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Nevertheless, we characterized for the first time a region of high sequence variability (a mutation 'hot spot') within the glycoprotein Gc encoded by the M segment...
  36. Tauro L, Almeida F, Contigiani M. First detection of human infection by Cache Valley and Kairi viruses (Orthobunyavirus) in Argentina. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2009;103:197-9 pubmed publisher
    ..42% (9/166) for CVV and KRIV, respectively. The neutralizing antibody titers ranged between 1/20 and >or=1/160. Our results report the first known infection by CVV and KRIV in human inhabitants from temperate areas of Argentina...
  37. Vasconcelos H, Azevedo R, Casseb S, Nunes Neto J, Chiang J, Cantuária P, et al. Oropouche fever epidemic in Northern Brazil: epidemiology and molecular characterization of isolates. J Clin Virol. 2009;44:129-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Oropouche fever virus is an important arbovirus associated with febrile disease that re-emerged in 2006 in several municipalities of Pará State, Bragantina region, Amazon, Brazil, 26 years after the last epidemic...
  38. Liu Y, Li Q, Hu W, Wu J, Wang Y, Mei L, et al. Person-to-person transmission of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012;12:156-60 pubmed publisher
    ..No person who contacted the index patient during the same period, but were not exposed to the index patient blood, had got illness. We concluded that SFTSV can be transmitted from person to person through contacting patient's blood...
  39. Breard E, Lara E, Comtet L, Viarouge C, Doceul V, Desprat A, et al. Validation of a commercially available indirect ELISA using a nucleocapside recombinant protein for detection of Schmallenberg virus antibodies. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e53446 pubmed publisher
    ..This test can be applied for SBV sero-diagnostics and disease-surveillance studies in ruminant species in Europe...
  40. Kohl A, Clayton R, Weber F, Bridgen A, Randall R, Elliott R. Bunyamwera virus nonstructural protein NSs counteracts interferon regulatory factor 3-mediated induction of early cell death. J Virol. 2003;77:7999-8008 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that the BUN NSs protein can delay cell death in the early stages of BUN infection by inhibiting IRF-3-mediated apoptosis...
  41. Wernike K, Hoffmann B, Breard E, Bøtner A, Ponsart C, Zientara S, et al. Schmallenberg virus experimental infection of sheep. Vet Microbiol. 2013;166:461-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Maintenance of viral RNA in the lymphoreticular system is observed for an extended period...
  42. Weidmann M, Rudaz V, Nunes M, Vasconcelos P, Hufert F. Rapid detection of human pathogenic orthobunyaviruses. J Clin Microbiol. 2003;41:3299-305 pubmed
    ..The use of a mobile SmartCycler and a hands-on time of less than 3 h could help to intensify outbreak surveillance and control, especially in field studies...
  43. Xu B, Liu L, Huang X, Ma H, Zhang Y, Du Y, et al. Metagenomic analysis of fever, thrombocytopenia and leukopenia syndrome (FTLS) in Henan Province, China: discovery of a new bunyavirus. PLoS Pathog. 2011;7:e1002369 pubmed publisher
    ..After the release of the GenBank sequences of SFTSV, we found that they were nearly identical (>99% identity). These results show that the novel bunyavirus (HNF virus) is strongly correlated with FTLS...
  44. Campbell G, Mataczynski J, Reisdorf E, Powell J, Martin D, Lambert A, et al. Second human case of Cache Valley virus disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12:854-6 pubmed
    ..Cache Valley virus disease is rarely diagnosed in North America, in part because laboratories rarely test for it. Its true incidence, effect on public health, and full clinical spectrum remain to be determined...
  45. Jagoe S, Kirkland P, Harper P. An outbreak of Akabane virus-induced abnormalities in calves after agistment in an endemic region. Aust Vet J. 1993;70:56-8 pubmed
    ..Field observations and laboratory findings from this outbreak are presented, illustrating the danger of moving immunologically naive animals into areas where Akabane virus is endemic...
  46. Vasconcelos H, Nunes M, Casseb L, Carvalho V, Pinto da Silva E, Silva M, et al. Molecular epidemiology of Oropouche virus, Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:800-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, time-scale analysis based on the N gene showed that OROV emerged in Brazil ?223 years ago and that genotype I (based on N gene data) was responsible for the emergence of all other genotypes and for virus dispersal...
  47. Rodrigues A, Santos R, Arisi G, Bernardes E, Silva M, Rossi M, et al. Oropouche virus experimental infection in the golden hamster (Mesocrisetus auratus). Virus Res. 2011;155:35-41 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first description of an experimental model for OROV infection and should be helpful to study pathogenesis and possibly to test antiviral interventions such as drugs and vaccine candidates...
  48. Reusken C, van den Wijngaard C, van Beek P, Beer M, Bouwstra R, Godeke G, et al. Lack of evidence for zoonotic transmission of Schmallenberg virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:1746-54 pubmed publisher
  49. Meroc E, Poskin A, Van Loo H, Quinet C, Van Driessche E, Delooz L, et al. Large-scale cross-sectional serological survey of Schmallenberg virus in Belgian cattle at the end of the first vector season. Transbound Emerg Dis. 2013;60:4-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In consequence, the vast majority of the host animals should have developed post infection protective immunity against the virus...
  50. Muskens J, Smolenaars A, van der Poel W, Mars M, van Wuijckhuise L, Holzhauer M, et al. [Diarrhea and loss of production on Dutch dairy farms caused by the Schmallenberg virus]. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 2012;137:112-5 pubmed
    ..Likely the Schmallenbergvirus was the primary cause of the clinical symptoms in the Dutch dairy herds. Further research will be done to confirm this...
  51. Kobayashi T, Yanase T, Yamakawa M, Kato T, Yoshida K, Tsuda T. Genetic diversity and reassortments among Akabane virus field isolates. Virus Res. 2007;130:162-71 pubmed
    ..Discrepancies among the phylogenetic trees of the S, M and L RNA segments indicate genomic reassortment events among AKAV field isolates...
  52. Venturi G, Ciccozzi M, Montieri S, Bartoloni A, Francisci D, Nicoletti L, et al. Genetic variability of the M genome segment of clinical and environmental Toscana virus strains. J Gen Virol. 2007;88:1288-94 pubmed
    ..Alignment of the deduced amino acid sequences and evolutionary analysis indicated that most of the sites along the gene may be invariable because of purifying and/or neutral selection...
  53. Lee J, Park J, Choi J, Park B, Lee B, Hwang W, et al. Encephalomyelitis associated with akabane virus infection in adult cows. Vet Pathol. 2002;39:269-73 pubmed
    ..RT-PCR analysis revealed a target band of expected size in four cows. This is the first report on an outbreak of natural Akabane virus infection in adult cattle...
  54. Wernike K, Eschbaumer M, Breithaupt A, Hoffmann B, Beer M. Schmallenberg virus challenge models in cattle: infectious serum or culture-grown virus?. Vet Res. 2012;43:84 pubmed publisher
    ..83 infectious doses per mL. Hence, serum-borne virus that was only passaged in the natural host is a suitable option for a standardized SBV infection model...
  55. Charles J. Akabane virus. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 1994;10:525-46 pubmed
    ..Akabane viral infections must be differentiated from infections with other teratogenic viruses (including related Bunyaviruses), inherited conditions, and maternal intoxications. Diagnosis is made by serology and viral isolation...
  56. Zhang Y, He Y, Dai Y, Xiong Y, Zheng H, Zhou D, et al. Hemorrhagic fever caused by a novel Bunyavirus in China: pathogenesis and correlates of fatal outcome. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54:527-33 pubmed publisher
  57. Jiao Y, Zeng X, Guo X, Qi X, Zhang X, Shi Z, et al. Preparation and evaluation of recombinant severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus nucleocapsid protein for detection of total antibodies in human and animal sera by double-antigen sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:372-7 pubmed publisher
  58. Pan H, Hu J, Liu S, Shen H, Zhu Y, Wu J, et al. A reported death case of a novel bunyavirus in Shanghai, China. Virol J. 2013;10:187 pubmed publisher
  59. Gai Z, Zhang Y, Liang M, Jin C, Zhang S, Zhu C, et al. Clinical progress and risk factors for death in severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome patients. J Infect Dis. 2012;206:1095-102 pubmed publisher
    ..Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV) with an average fatality rate of 12%. The clinical factors for death in SFTS patients remain unclear...
  60. YU X, Liang M, Zhang S, Liu Y, Li J, Sun Y, et al. Fever with thrombocytopenia associated with a novel bunyavirus in China. N Engl J Med. 2011;364:1523-32 pubmed publisher
    ..A novel phlebovirus was identified in patients with a life-threatening illness associated with fever and thrombocytopenia in China. (Funded by the China Mega-Project for Infectious Diseases and others.)...
  61. Terrosi C, Olivieri R, Bianco C, Cellesi C, Cusi M. Age-dependent seroprevalence of Toscana virus in central Italy and correlation with the clinical profile. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009;16:1251-2 pubmed publisher
    ..The seroprevalence rate was 19.8% in adults and 5.8% in children, showing an age-dependent increase in TOSV-specific immunity. Meningitis due to TOSV infection was more frequent in adults than in children...
  62. Zhang Y, Zhou D, Qin X, Tian J, Xiong Y, Wang J, et al. The ecology, genetic diversity, and phylogeny of Huaiyangshan virus in China. J Virol. 2012;86:2864-8 pubmed publisher
    ..HYSV RNA was found in human and both tick species, with greater prevalence in H. longicornis and lesser prevalence in R. microplus. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that HYSV is a novel species of the genus Phlebovirus...
  63. Peyrefitte C, Devetakov I, Pastorino B, Villeneuve L, Bessaud M, Stolidi P, et al. Toscana virus and acute meningitis, France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:778-80 pubmed
  64. Ogawa Y, Sugiura K, Kato K, Tohya Y, Akashi H. Rescue of Akabane virus (family Bunyaviridae) entirely from cloned cDNAs by using RNA polymerase I. J Gen Virol. 2007;88:3385-90 pubmed
    ..The utility of this system was demonstrated by the generation of a mutant with a deletion of the non-structural protein (NSs) on the S RNA segment. These results offer a new option for bunyavirus rescue...
  65. Huang C, Huang T, Deng M, Jong M, Lin S. Natural infections of pigs with akabane virus. Vet Microbiol. 2003;94:1-11 pubmed
    ..Contrarily, fattening pigs aged at approximately 20 weeks old contained the lowest titers of specific antibodies. Our results suggest that pigs in natural situations are part of the AKA virus transmission cycle...
  66. Sanchez Seco M, Echevarria J, Hernandez L, Estévez D, Navarro Marí J, Tenorio A. Detection and identification of Toscana and other phleboviruses by RT-nested-PCR assays with degenerated primers. J Med Virol. 2003;71:140-9 pubmed
    ..Testing clinical samples with these assays confirmed the role of Toscana virus as an agent that causes acute aseptic meningitis in the central region of Spain...
  67. Bao C, Guo X, Qi X, Hu J, Zhou M, Varma J, et al. A family cluster of infections by a newly recognized bunyavirus in eastern China, 2007: further evidence of person-to-person transmission. Clin Infect Dis. 2011;53:1208-14 pubmed publisher
    ..We reexamined this family cluster for SFTSV infection...
  68. Azevedo R, Nunes M, Chiang J, Bensabath G, Vasconcelos H, Pinto A, et al. Reemergence of Oropouche fever, northern Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007;13:912-5 pubmed
    ..Nucleotide sequencing of 2 OROV isolates from each location indicated genotypes I (Parauapebas) and II (Porto de Moz) in Brazil...
  69. Yamakawa M, Yanase T, Kato T, Tsuda T. Chronological and geographical variations in the small RNA segment of the teratogenic Akabane virus. Virus Res. 2006;121:84-92 pubmed
  70. Hollidge B, Gonzalez Scarano F, Soldan S. Arboviral encephalitides: transmission, emergence, and pathogenesis. J Neuroimmune Pharmacol. 2010;5:428-42 pubmed publisher
  71. Yanase T, Maeda K, Kato T, Nyuta S, Kamata H, Yamakawa M, et al. The resurgence of Shamonda virus, an African Simbu group virus of the genus Orthobunyavirus, in Japan. Arch Virol. 2005;150:361-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Initially, SHAV was isolated from cattle and Culicoides biting midges in Nigeria in the 1960s, and its presence has not been reported until this study. The present results indicate a wider distribution of SHAV than previously assumed...
  72. Goller K, H per D, Schirrmeier H, Mettenleiter T, Beer M. Schmallenberg virus as possible ancestor of Shamonda virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:1644-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Results of full-genome and serologic investigations indicate that SBV belongs to the species Sathuperi virus and is a possible ancestor of the reassortant Shamonda virus...
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