feline panleukopenia

Summary

Summary: A highly contagious DNA virus infection of the cat family, characterized by fever, enteritis and bone marrow changes. It is also called feline ataxia, feline agranulocytosis, feline infectious enteritis, cat fever, cat plague, and show fever. It is caused by FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS or the closely related MINK ENTERITIS VIRUS or CANINE PARVOVIRUS.

Top Publications

  1. Gore T, Lakshmanan N, Williams J, Jirjis F, Chester S, Duncan K, et al. Three-year duration of immunity in cats following vaccination against feline rhinotracheitis virus, feline calicivirus, and feline panleukopenia virus. Vet Ther. 2006;7:213-22 pubmed
    ..feline calicivirus (FCV) or sequentially challenged with feline rhinotracheitis virus (FRV) followed by feline panleukopenia virus (FPV)...
  2. Hoelzer K, Shackelton L, Parrish C, Holmes E. Phylogenetic analysis reveals the emergence, evolution and dispersal of carnivore parvoviruses. J Gen Virol. 2008;89:2280-9 pubmed publisher
    ..CPV emerged from the endemic feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), or from a closely related parvovirus of another host...
  3. Dawson S, Willoughby K, Gaskell R, Wood G, Chalmers W. A field trial to assess the effect of vaccination against feline herpesvirus, feline calicivirus and feline panleucopenia virus in 6-week-old kittens. J Feline Med Surg. 2001;3:17-22 pubmed
    ..There was no difference between the conventionally and early-vaccinated groups in terms of antibody response to any antigen by 12 and 15 weeks of age...
  4. Bauder B, Suchy A, Gabler C, Weissenbock H. Apoptosis in feline panleukopenia and canine parvovirus enteritis. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2000;47:775-84 pubmed
    ..The results of this study indicate that apoptotic cell death contributes significantly to the widespread tissue damage of parvovirus infection in cats and dogs...
  5. Addie D, Toth S, Thompson H, Greenwood N, Jarrett J. Detection of feline parvovirus in dying pedigree kittens. Vet Rec. 1998;142:353-6 pubmed
    ..The most likely explanation for the occurrence of FPV-associated disease was exposure of the young kittens to large doses of virus contaminating the environment...
  6. Decaro N, Desario C, Miccolupo A, Campolo M, Parisi A, Martella V, et al. Genetic analysis of feline panleukopenia viruses from cats with gastroenteritis. J Gen Virol. 2008;89:2290-8 pubmed publisher
    ..parvovirus strains contained in faecal samples collected in Italy (n=34) and UK (n=5) from cats with feline panleukopenia were characterized at the molecular level...
  7. Buonavoglia C, Marsilio F, Tempesta M, Buonavoglia D, Tiscar P, Cavalli A, et al. Use of a feline panleukopenia modified live virus vaccine in cats in the primary-stage of feline immunodeficiency virus infection. Zentralbl Veterinarmed B. 1993;40:343-6 pubmed
    ..Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) infection and FIV seronegative cats were vaccinated with a modified live Feline Panleukopenia virus vaccine (FPV-MLV)...
  8. DiGangi B, Levy J, Griffin B, Reese M, Dingman P, Tucker S, et al. Effects of maternally-derived antibodies on serologic responses to vaccination in kittens. J Feline Med Surg. 2012;14:118-23 pubmed publisher
    ..was more effective than an inactivated (IA) product at inducing protective antibody titers (PAT) against feline panleukopenia virus (FPV)...
  9. Schunck B, Kraft W, Truyen U. A simple touch-down polymerase chain reaction for the detection of canine parvovirus and feline panleukopenia virus in feces. J Virol Methods. 1995;55:427-33 pubmed
    ..The very rapid and simple sample preparation recommends this PCR assay as an alternative technique for routine parvovirus diagnosis...

More Information

Publications80

  1. Duarte M, Barros S, Henriques M, Fernandes T, Bernardino R, Monteiro M, et al. Fatal infection with feline panleukopenia virus in two captive wild carnivores (Panthera tigris and Panthera leo). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2009;40:354-9 pubmed
    ..VP2 complete gene was achieved in both cases and sequencing analysis identified these isolates as feline panleukopenia virus (FPLV). The nucleotide sequences obtained from these two viruses were genetically indistinguishable...
  2. An D, Jeong W, Jeoung H, Yoon S, Kim H, Park J, et al. Phylogenetic analysis of feline panleukopenia virus (FPLV) strains in Korean cats. Res Vet Sci. 2011;90:163-7 pubmed publisher
    Sixteen Korean feline panleukopenia virus (FPLV) strains were compared with 48 non-Korean strains and two vaccine strains to conduct phylogenetic analysis of the FPLVs currently circulating among cats in Korea...
  3. Yang S, Xia X, Qiao J, Liu Q, Chang S, Xie Z, et al. Complete protection of cats against feline panleukopenia virus challenge by a recombinant canine adenovirus type 2 expressing VP2 from FPV. Vaccine. 2008;26:1482-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) is an important infectious pathogen of all members of the family Felidae...
  4. Lappin M, Veir J, Hawley J. Feline panleukopenia virus, feline herpesvirus-1, and feline calicivirus antibody responses in seronegative specific pathogen-free cats after a single administration of two different modified live FVRCP vaccines. J Feline Med Surg. 2009;11:159-62 pubmed publisher
    Two groups of feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), feline calicivirus (FCV), and feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1) seronegative cats (five cats per group) were administered one of two modified live feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and ..
  5. Truyen U, Addie D, Belak S, Boucraut Baralon C, Egberink H, Frymus T, et al. Feline panleukopenia. ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. J Feline Med Surg. 2009;11:538-46 pubmed publisher
    b>Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) infects all felids as well as raccoons, mink and foxes. This pathogen may survive in the environment for several months and is highly resistant to some disinfectants.
  6. Yang S, Wang S, Feng H, Zeng L, Xia Z, Zhang R, et al. Isolation and characterization of feline panleukopenia virus from a diarrheic monkey. Vet Microbiol. 2010;143:155-9 pubmed publisher
    A feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) mutant, monkey/BJ-22/2008/CHN, was isolated from intestinal contents of a diarrheic monkey in Beijing, China...
  7. Mochizuki M, Horiuchi M, Hiragi H, San Gabriel M, Yasuda N, Uno T. Isolation of canine parvovirus from a cat manifesting clinical signs of feline panleukopenia. J Clin Microbiol. 1996;34:2101-5 pubmed
    Twenty-seven feline parvovirus (FPV) isolates were recovered from cats clinically diagnosed with feline panleukopenia (FPL) for assessing antigenic and genomic properties of FPL viruses (FPLV) recently prevalent among cats in Japan...
  8. Lutz H, Castelli I, Ehrensperger F, Pospischil A, Rosskopf M, Siegl G, et al. Panleukopenia-like syndrome of FeLV caused by co-infection with FeLV and feline panleukopenia virus. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1995;46:21-33 pubmed
    ..No feline panleukopenia virus (FPLV) antigen was found in feces by latex agglutination, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) ..
  9. Nakamura K, Ikeda Y, Miyazawa T, Tohya Y, Takahashi E, Mochizuki M. Characterisation of cross-reactivity of virus neutralising antibodies induced by feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvoviruses. Res Vet Sci. 2001;71:219-22 pubmed
    ..It is important to determine whether conventional feline panleukopenia virus (FPLV) vaccines protect against recent CPV infections...
  10. Ohshima T, Mochizuki M. Evidence for recombination between feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus type 2. J Vet Med Sci. 2009;71:403-8 pubmed
    ..parvovirus type 2 (CPV) is a virulent pathogen that emerged in the late 1970s, probably originating from feline panleukopenia virus (FPLV) or a closely related carnivore parvovirus belonging to the feline parvovirus (FPV) subspecies...
  11. Nakamura K, Sakamoto M, Ikeda Y, Sato E, Kawakami K, Miyazawa T, et al. Pathogenic potential of canine parvovirus types 2a and 2c in domestic cats. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2001;8:663-8 pubmed
    ..The in vivo pathogenicity of canine parvovirus (CPV) type 2c (strain V203) and of CPV type 2a (strain V154) against cats was investigated. Our results indicate that both types of CPV have the potential to induce disease in cats. ..
  12. Lappin M, Sebring R, Porter M, Radecki S, Veir J. Effects of a single dose of an intranasal feline herpesvirus 1, calicivirus, and panleukopenia vaccine on clinical signs and virus shedding after challenge with virulent feline herpesvirus 1. J Feline Med Surg. 2006;8:158-63 pubmed
    ..05). Administration of this vaccine within several days prior to exposure lessened clinical signs of disease and FHV-1 shedding compared to unvaccinated kittens. ..
  13. Decaro N, Buonavoglia D, Desario C, Amorisco F, Colaianni M, Parisi A, et al. Characterisation of canine parvovirus strains isolated from cats with feline panleukopenia. Res Vet Sci. 2010;89:275-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A CPV-2a variant was identified in a 3-month-old Persian kitten displaying clinical sign of feline panleukopenia (FPL) (acute gastroenteritis and marked leukopenia) and oral ulcerations, that died eight days after the ..
  14. Garigliany M, Gilliaux G, Jolly S, Casanova T, Bayrou C, Gommeren K, et al. Feline panleukopenia virus in cerebral neurons of young and adult cats. BMC Vet Res. 2016;12:28 pubmed publisher
    Perinatal infections with feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) have long been known to be associated with cerebellar hypoplasia in kittens due to productive infection of dividing neuroblasts...
  15. Balboni A, Bassi F, De Arcangeli S, Zobba R, Dedola C, Alberti A, et al. Molecular analysis of carnivore Protoparvovirus detected in white blood cells of naturally infected cats. BMC Vet Res. 2018;14:41 pubmed publisher
    Cats are susceptible to feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and canine parvovirus (CPV) variants 2a, 2b and 2c...
  16. Poncelet L, Garigliany M, Ando K, Franssen M, Desmecht D, Brion J. Cell cycle S phase markers are expressed in cerebral neuron nuclei of cats infected by the Feline Panleukopenia Virus. Cell Cycle. 2016;15:3482-3489 pubmed publisher
    ..In other respects, the Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV) is able to complete its cycle in mature brain neurons in the feline species...
  17. Herbst W, Krauss H. [Electron microscopy in the diagnosis of enteritis in cats]. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 1989;114:328-33 pubmed
    ..The present study shows that electron microscopy is a useful and rapid procedure in the diagnosis of enteritis in cats as well as in other domestic animals. ..
  18. Lu Z, Tallmadge R, Callaway H, Felippe M, Parker J. Sequence analysis of feline immunoglobulin mRNAs and the development of a felinized monoclonal antibody specific to feline panleukopenia virus. Sci Rep. 2017;7:12713 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report novel feline Ig sequences, a technique to express antigen-specific felinized monoclonal antibodies, and the initial characterization of a functional felinized monoclonal antibody against feline panleukopenia virus.
  19. Rottier P, Nakamura K, Schellen P, Volders H, Haijema B. Acquisition of macrophage tropism during the pathogenesis of feline infectious peritonitis is determined by mutations in the feline coronavirus spike protein. J Virol. 2005;79:14122-30 pubmed
    ..The implications of these findings are discussed. ..
  20. Camero M, Cavalli A, Bozzo G, Decaro N, Aliberti A, Martella V, et al. A severe dual infection by feline panleukopenia virus and feline calicivirus in an adult cat. New Microbiol. 2004;27:79-82 pubmed
    A dual infection by feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and feline calicivirus (FCV) in a 7 month-old cat is described...
  21. Nan H, Yoo D, Kang S. Fast parallel detection of feline panleukopenia virus DNA by multi-channel microchip electrophoresis with programmed step electric field strength. J Sep Sci. 2013;36:350-5 pubmed publisher
    ..a programmed step electric field strength (PSEFS) method was investigated for fast parallel detection of feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) DNA...
  22. Waldvogel A, Hassam S, Stoerckle N, Weilenmann R, Tratschin J, Siegl G, et al. Specific diagnosis of parvovirus enteritis in dogs and cats by in situ hybridization. J Comp Pathol. 1992;107:141-6 pubmed
    ..Demonstration of the infectious agent by in situ hybridization, however, proves to be a valuable specific tool which allows an exact cellular localization of parvovirus in formalin-fixed, paraffin wax-embedded tissue sections. ..
  23. Ahmed N, Riaz A, Zubair Z, Saqib M, Ijaz S, Nawaz ul Rehman M, et al. Molecular analysis of partial VP-2 gene amplified from rectal swab samples of diarrheic dogs in Pakistan confirms the circulation of canine parvovirus genetic variant CPV-2a and detects sequences of feline panleukopenia virus (FPV). Virol J. 2018;15:45 pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly the BLAST analysis showed the of feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) sequences in 3 samples which were already positive for new CPV-2a, with 99% sequence homology ..
  24. Wosu L. Feline panleucopenia--in vivo infectivity studies. Vet Microbiol. 1988;16:137-43 pubmed
    ..No clinical disease was produced. However, cats infected with "full" particles developed antibody more rapidly than cats infected with the other particles. ..
  25. Pfankuche V, Jo W, Van Der Vries E, Jungwirth N, Lorenzen S, Osterhaus A, et al. Neuronal Vacuolization in Feline Panleukopenia Virus Infection. Vet Pathol. 2017;:300985817738096 pubmed publisher
    b>Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) infections are typically associated with anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, neutropenia, and lymphopenia. In cases of late prenatal or early neonatal infections, cerebellar hypoplasia is reported in kittens...
  26. Neuerer F, Horlacher K, Truyen U, Hartmann K. Comparison of different in-house test systems to detect parvovirus in faeces of cats. J Feline Med Surg. 2008;10:247-51 pubmed publisher
    ..of these are licensed for canine parvovirus only; but anecdotal information suggests that they will detect feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) as well...
  27. Chaber A, Cozzi G, Broekhuis F, Hartley R, W McNutt J. Serosurvey for Selected Viral Pathogens among Sympatric Species of the African Large Predator Guild in Northern Botswana. J Wildl Dis. 2017;53:170-175 pubmed publisher
    ..Samples were tested for antibodies against canine distemper virus (CDV), feline panleukopenia virus, enteric coronavirus, feline calicivirus, feline herpesvirus (FHV-1), and feline immunodeficiency ..
  28. Tian J, Hu X, Liu D, Wu H, Qu L. Identification of Inonotus obliquus polysaccharide with broad-spectrum antiviral activity against multi-feline viruses. Int J Biol Macromol. 2017;95:160-167 pubmed publisher
    ..broad-spectrum antiviral activity against the feline herpesvirus 1, feline influenza virus H3N2 and H5N6, feline panleukopenia virus and feline infectious peritonitis virus that can contribute to respiratory and gastrointestinal ..
  29. Kurtzman G, Platanias L, Lustig L, Frickhofen N, Young N. Feline parvovirus propagates in cat bone marrow cultures and inhibits hematopoietic colony formation in vitro. Blood. 1989;74:71-81 pubmed
    ..Recombinant human colony stimulating factors GM-CSF and G-CSF supported feline myelopoiesis in progenitor assays, and FPV completely inhibited factor dependent colony formation...
  30. Battilani M, Balboni A, Giunti M, Prosperi S. Co-infection with feline and canine parvovirus in a cat. Vet Ital. 2013;49:127-9 pubmed
    In this study we reported a case of co-infection with canine parvovirus (CPV) type 2a and feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) in a 3-month-old male kitten, with the presence of a parvovirus variant which is a true intermediate between CPV ..
  31. Rivera E, Karlsson K. A solid-phase fluorescent immunoassay for detecting canine or mink enteritis parvoviruses in faecal samples. Vet Microbiol. 1987;15:1-9 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, the use of IB as the matrix for the immunological reactions allows FITC- or enzyme-conjugated antibodies to be used as indicators of the reactions and a simultaneous investigation of several pathogenic agents...
  32. Lane E, Brettschneider H, CALDWELL P, Oosthuizen A, Dalton D, du Plessis L, et al. Feline panleukopaenia virus in captive non-domestic felids in South Africa. Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 2016;83:a1099 pubmed publisher
  33. Ruch Gallie R, Veir J, Hawley J, Lappin M. Results of molecular diagnostic assays targeting feline herpesvirus-1 and feline calicivirus in adult cats administered modified live vaccines. J Feline Med Surg. 2011;13:541-5 pubmed publisher
    ..9%) prior to vaccination and 7/12 cats (12/154 samples; 7.8%) after vaccination. Positive molecular diagnostic assay results for FHV-1 and FCV were uncommon prior to or after vaccination in these cats...
  34. Yu Y, Zhou M, Zhang J, Hua Y, Wang L, Liu Y, et al. [Preparation of the vaccine with inactivated Feline Panleukopenia Virus isolated from tiger and the preliminary application]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2009;49:643-7 pubmed
    To prepare a vaccine with inactivated Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV) isolated from Siberian tigers and to evaluate its immunological effect.
  35. Mochizuki M, Osawa N, Ishida T. Feline coronavirus participation in diarrhea of cats. J Vet Med Sci. 1999;61:1071-3 pubmed
    ..It was found that a primary viral pathogen was feline panleukopenia parvovirus (FPLV; 28.5% of the positive rate) and the secondary was FCoV (10.7%)...
  36. Bodewes R, Egberink H. [An update on viral diseases of the dog and cat]. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 2009;134:330-6 pubmed
    ..Infection with avian influenza A (H5N1) can cause disease and mortality in cats and is mostly subclinical in dogs. A number of outbreaks of highly virulent strains of the calicivirus in cats have been described...
  37. Risi E, Agoulon A, Allaire F, Le Dréan Quénec hdu S, Martin V, Mahl P. Antibody response to vaccines for rhinotracheitis, caliciviral disease, panleukopenia, feline leukemia, and rabies in tigers (Panthera tigris) and lions (Panthera leo). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012;43:248-55 pubmed
    ..was observed, with the exception of abortion in one lioness, potentially caused by the incorrect use of the feline panleukopenia virus modified live vaccine...
  38. DiGangi B, Levy J, Griffin B, McGorray S, Dubovi E, Dingman P, et al. Prevalence of serum antibody titers against feline panleukopenia virus, feline herpesvirus 1, and feline calicivirus in cats entering a Florida animal shelter. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2012;241:1320-5 pubmed publisher
    To determine the proportion of cats entering a Florida animal shelter with serum antibody titers against feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV1), and feline calicivirus (FCV) and to identify factors associated with ..
  39. Ikeda Y, Nakamura K, Miyazawa T, Chen M, Kuo T, Lin J, et al. Seroprevalence of canine distemper virus in cats. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2001;8:641-4 pubmed
    ..The serologic pattern in cats with antibodies indicated that they had likely been exposed to field strains rather than typical CDV vaccine strains...
  40. Muz D, Oğuzoğlu T, Timurkan M, Akın H. Characterization of the partial VP2 gene region of canine parvoviruses in domestic cats from Turkey. Virus Genes. 2012;44:301-8 pubmed publisher
    Canine parvoviruses (CPVs) is a category comprising three closely related viruses, CPV, feline panleukopenia virus (FPLV), and mink enteritis virus, all of which cause serious diseases, especially in young cats...
  41. van Vuuren M, Steinel A, Goosen T, Lane E, van der Lugt J, Pearson J, et al. Feline panleukopenia virus revisited: molecular characteristics and pathological lesions associated with three recent isolates. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2000;71:140-3 pubmed
    The low incidence of clinical signs or pathological lesions compatible with feline panleukopenia in cats has created the perception among practitioners that the disease has disappeared since the emergence of canine parvovirus type 2 in ..
  42. Horiuchi M, Yuri K, Soma T, Katae H, Nagasawa H, Shinagawa M. Differentiation of vaccine virus from field isolates of feline panleukopenia virus by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Vet Microbiol. 1996;53:283-93 pubmed
    In an attempt to distinguish feline panleukopenia virus (FPLV) live vaccine strains from FPLV field isolates in Japan, we compared restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified fragments of ..
  43. Schaudien D, Meyer H, Grunwald D, Janssen H, Wohlsein P. Concurrent infection of a cat with cowpox virus and feline parvovirus. J Comp Pathol. 2007;137:151-4 pubmed
    ..This co-infection did not result in a more severe and rapid course of the poxvirus-associated disease...
  44. Nakamura K, Ikeda Y, Miyazawa T, Nguyen N, Duong D, Le K, et al. Comparison of prevalence of feline herpesvirus type 1, calicivirus and parvovirus infections in domestic and leopard cats in Vietnam. J Vet Med Sci. 1999;61:1313-5 pubmed
    ..In leopard cats, the positive rate of FPV was high (3/4) and it indicated that FPV was prevailing in leopard cats in Vietnam...
  45. Sun J, Wang J, Wang S, Yuan D, Birame B, Li Z, et al. MicroRNA profile analysis of a feline kidney cell line before and after infection with mink enteritis virus. Gene. 2014;539:224-9 pubmed publisher
    ..No miRNAs coded by MEV itself were detected. ..
  46. Gamoh K, Senda M, Inoue Y, Itoh O. Efficacy of an inactivated feline panleucopenia virus vaccine against a canine parvovirus isolated from a domestic cat. Vet Rec. 2005;157:285-7 pubmed
    ..The cats were protected against CPV-2b strain FP84 infection and their clinical signs were suppressed, although the two unvaccinated cats showed the typical clinical signs of parvovirus infection...
  47. Gil S, Leal R, Duarte A, McGahie D, Sepúlveda N, Siborro I, et al. Relevance of feline interferon omega for clinical improvement and reduction of concurrent viral excretion in retrovirus infected cats from a rescue shelter. Res Vet Sci. 2013;94:753-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The 13 FCV positive cats and the FPV positive cat were negative on D65. In conclusion, rFeIFN? improves clinical signs and reduces concurrent viral excretion in naturally infected retroviral cats...
  48. Battilani M, Balboni A, Ustulin M, Giunti M, Scagliarini A, Prosperi S. Genetic complexity and multiple infections with more Parvovirus species in naturally infected cats. Vet Res. 2011;42:43 pubmed publisher
    Parvoviruses of carnivores include three closely related autonomous parvoviruses: canine parvovirus (CPV), feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and mink enteritis virus (MEV)...
  49. Abd Eldaim M, Beall M, Kennedy M. Detection of feline panleukopenia virus using a commercial ELISA for canine parvovirus. Vet Ther. 2009;10:E1-6 pubmed
    b>Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) is a significant pathogen of cats. Rapid virus detection is critical for treatment and management, especially in populations in which spread may occur...
  50. Zhang D. Studies on preparation of inactivated vaccines from cell cultures of mink enteritis virus (MEV) and their immunity. Sci China B. 1991;34:947-62 pubmed
    ..The manufacturing and monitoring operation rules of the MEV vaccines with different adjuvants have been laid down by the author...
  51. Starr R. Reaction rate in cats vaccinated with a new controlled-titer feline panleukopenia-rhinotracheitis-calicivirus-Chlamydia psittaci vaccine. Cornell Vet. 1993;83:311-23 pubmed
    The safety profile of a new controlled-titer feline panleukopenia-rhinotracheitis-calicivirus-Chlamydia psittaci vaccine was compared to that of a currently-marketed vaccine...
  52. Ikeda Y, Miyazawa T, Nakamura K, Naito R, Inoshima Y, Tung K, et al. Serosurvey for selected virus infections of wild carnivores in Taiwan and Vietnam. J Wildl Dis. 1999;35:578-81 pubmed
    ..All civets and nine of 11 leopard cats were shown to have antibodies against feline parvovirus (FPV), and FPV's were isolated from mononuclear cells in the peripheral blood of the six leopard cats...
  53. Patterson E, Reese M, Tucker S, Dubovi E, Crawford P, Levy J. Effect of vaccination on parvovirus antigen testing in kittens. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007;230:359-63 pubmed
    To determine the frequency and duration of feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) vaccine-induced interference with fecal parvovirus diagnostic testing in cats.
  54. Truyen U, Parrish C. Feline panleukopenia virus: its interesting evolution and current problems in immunoprophylaxis against a serious pathogen. Vet Microbiol. 2013;165:29-32 pubmed publisher
    Vaccination of cats against feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) has been a routine part of feline medicine for the past 40 or more years, and many of the same vaccines that were first developed in the 1960s are still in routine use today...
  55. Lee H, Lee M, Lee J, Kim H, Yoon J, Choi J. Ultrasonographic diagnosis of a fibrinonecrotic colonic cast in a kitten with feline panleukopenia virus. J Small Anim Pract. 2012;53:416-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first ultrasonographic description of a fibrinonecrotic cast and spontaneous passage of the colonic cast in the veterinary field...
  56. Haynes S, Holloway S. Identification of parvovirus in the bone marrow of eight cats. Aust Vet J. 2012;90:136-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine if canine parvovirus (CPV) or feline panleucopenia virus (FPV) genomic sequences are present in adult feline bone marrow samples...
  57. Knotek Z, Hajkova P, Svoboda M, Toman M, Raska V. Epidemiology of feline leukaemia and feline immunodeficiency virus infections in the Czech Republic. Zentralbl Veterinarmed B. 1999;46:665-71 pubmed
    ..6% and 45.2% of the FIV-positive patients, respectively. The results of this first survey in the Czech Republic have shown prevalence values and clinical patterns similar to those reported formerly from other European countries...
  58. Scott F, Geissinger C. Long-term immunity in cats vaccinated with an inactivated trivalent vaccine. Am J Vet Res. 1999;60:652-8 pubmed
    To evaluate duration of immunity in cats vaccinated with an inactivated vaccine of feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), feline herpesvirus (FHV), and feline calicivirus (FCV).
  59. Leutenegger C, Hofmann Lehmann R, Riols C, Liberek M, Worel G, Lups P, et al. Viral infections in free-living populations of the European wildcat. J Wildl Dis. 1999;35:678-86 pubmed
    ..As an exception, wildcats should be tested for absence of FIV infection before release if they were at risk to acquire this infection from domestic cats...
  60. Moschidou P, Martella V, Lorusso E, Desario C, Pinto P, Losurdo M, et al. Mixed infection by Feline astrovirus and Feline panleukopenia virus in a domestic cat with gastroenteritis and panleukopenia. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2011;23:581-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The present report describes a dual infection by Feline astrovirus and Feline panleukopenia virus in a 4-month-old cat with severe gastroenteritis and panleukopenia...
  61. Shin A, Lee M, Kim S, Kang S. On-line capillary electrophoresis for enhanced detection sensitivity of feline panleukopenia virus. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2012;909:22-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Using the BS and PFSG combination, the amplified PCR product (340-bp DNA) of cats infected with feline panleukopenia virus was detected within 6.5min...
  62. Buchmann A, Kershaw O, Kempf V, Gruber A. Does a feline leukemia virus infection pave the way for Bartonella henselae infection in cats?. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:3295-300 pubmed publisher
    ..to cause immunosuppression in cats-Feline leukemia virus (FeLV), Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV)-on natural B. henselae infection in cats...
  63. Lamm C, Rezabek G. Parvovirus infection in domestic companion animals. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2008;38:837-50, viii-ix pubmed publisher
    ..This article briefly discusses these three diseases, with emphasis on virus evolution and the challenges to protecting susceptible companion animal populations...
  64. Kanellos T, Sutton D, Salisbury C, Chalmers W. Combined administration in a single injection of a feline multivalent modified live vaccine against FHV, FCV, and FPLV together with a recombinant FeLV vaccine is both safe and efficacious for all four major feline viral pathogens. J Feline Med Surg. 2008;10:346-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Challenge studies using pathogenic herpesvirus and FeLV revealed no difference in the degree of clinical protection. This paper shows that neither safety nor efficacy is adversely affected as a result of mixing the two vaccines...
  65. Lappin M. Feline panleukopenia virus, feline herpesvirus-1 and feline calicivirus antibody responses in seronegative specific pathogen-free kittens after parenteral administration of an inactivated FVRCP vaccine or a modified live FVRCP vaccine. J Feline Med Surg. 2012;14:161-4 pubmed publisher
    Two groups of feline panleukopenia (FPV), feline calicivirus (FCV) and feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1) seronegative kittens (six cats per group) were administered one of two feline viral rhinotracheitis, calcivirus and panleukopenia (FVRCP) ..
  66. DiGangi B, Gray L, Levy J, Dubovi E, Tucker S. Detection of protective antibody titers against feline panleukopenia virus, feline herpesvirus-1, and feline calicivirus in shelter cats using a point-of-care ELISA. J Feline Med Surg. 2011;13:912-8 pubmed publisher
    Serum antibody titers are a useful measurement of protection against infection (feline panleukopenia virus [FPV]) or clinical disease (feline herpesvirus-1 [FHV] and feline calicivirus [FCV]), and their determination has been recommended ..
  67. Miyazawa T, Ikeda Y, Nakamura K, Naito R, Mochizuki M, Tohya Y, et al. Isolation of feline parvovirus from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of cats in northern Vietnam. Microbiol Immunol. 1999;43:609-12 pubmed
  68. Brun A, Chappuis G, Precausta P, Terre J. Immunisation against panleukopenia: early development of immunity. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 1979;1:335-9 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, we have demonstrated that a sensitive kitten can be admitted in a contaminated environment immediately after vaccination without showing any clinical evidence of the disease...
  69. Hara Y, Suzuki J, Noguchi K, Terada Y, Shimoda H, Mizuno T, et al. Function of feline signaling lymphocyte activation molecule as a receptor of canine distemper virus. J Vet Med Sci. 2013;75:1085-9 pubmed
    ..These results indicated that feline SLAM can function as a receptor for morbilliviruses, and our established feline cells that express feline SLAM might be useful for analysis of morbilliviruses originated from felids. ..
  70. Kruse B, Unterer S, Horlacher K, Sauter Louis C, Hartmann K. [Feline panleukopenia - different course of disease in cats younger than versus older than 6 months of age?]. Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere. 2011;39:237-42 pubmed
    ..this study was to evaluate differences between young cats (< 6 months) and adult cats (? 6 months) with feline panleukopenia with respect to clinical signs, laboratory abnormalities, environmental conditions, vaccination status, and ..
  71. Berthier K, Langlais M, Auger P, Pontier D. Dynamics of a feline virus with two transmission modes within exponentially growing host populations. Proc Biol Sci. 2000;267:2049-56 pubmed
    ..Thus, demographic parameters should be precisely measured in field studies in order to obtain accurate predictions. The predicted results of our model were in good agreement with observations...