parvoviridae infections

Summary

Summary: Virus infections caused by the PARVOVIRIDAE.

Top Publications

  1. Kim J, Lim C, Kim Y, Lee K, Lee C. Human bocavirus in patients with respiratory tract infection. Korean J Lab Med. 2011;31:179-84 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the prevalence of HBoV infection and the association between viral (HBoV) load and clinical features of the infection in patients of all age-groups...
  2. Lahtinen A, Kivelä P, Hedman L, Kumar A, Kantele A, Lappalainen M, et al. Serodiagnosis of primary infections with human parvovirus 4, Finland. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:79-82 pubmed publisher
    ..We found 2 persons with parvovirus 4 primary infection who had mild or asymptomatic clinical features among hepatitis C virus-infected injection drug users...
  3. Kapoor A, Mehta N, Dubovi E, Simmonds P, Govindasamy L, Medina J, et al. Characterization of novel canine bocaviruses and their association with respiratory disease. J Gen Virol. 2012;93:341-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly, we observed that a CBoV genotype with a unique deletion in the VP2 gene was significantly more prevalent in animals with respiratory diseases compared with healthy animals. ..
  4. Yang S, Hung C, Chang S, Lee K, Chen M. Immunoglobulin G and M antibodies to human parvovirus 4 (PARV4) are frequently detected in patients with HIV-1 infection. J Clin Virol. 2011;51:64-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The transmission routes of PARV4 are not completely understood. The first PARV4 serological study suggested that PARV4 is transmitted predominantly through parenteral route...
  5. Meriluoto M, Hedman L, Tanner L, Simell V, Mäkinen M, Simell S, et al. Association of human bocavirus 1 infection with respiratory disease in childhood follow-up study, Finland. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:264-71 pubmed publisher
  6. Simmons R, Sharp C, McClure C, Rohrbach J, Kovari H, Frangou E, et al. Parvovirus 4 infection and clinical outcome in high-risk populations. J Infect Dis. 2012;205:1816-20 pubmed publisher
    ..There was, however, a significant association with early HIV-related symptoms, although because this was tightly linked to both HCV status and clinical group (IDU), the specific role of PARV4 is not yet clear. ..
  7. Khamrin P, Thongprachum A, Shimizu H, Okitsu S, Mizuguchi M, Hayakawa S, et al. Detection of human bocavirus 1 and 2 from children with acute gastroenteritis in Japan. J Med Virol. 2012;84:901-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicated that HBoV was one of the viral agents found in stool specimens collected from children with acute gastroenteritis and HBoV 1 and 2A circulated in Japan between 2009 and 2010 epidemic season...
  8. Siedek E, Schmidt H, Sture G, Raue R. Vaccination with canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) protects against challenge with virulent CPV-2b and CPV-2c. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2011;124:58-64 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, vaccination with the low passage, high titre CPV-2 strain NL-35-D cross-protects dogs against virulent challenges with CPV-2b or CPV-2c by preventing disease and substantially reducing viral shedding...
  9. Bredl S, Plentz A, Wenzel J, Pfister H, Möst J, Modrow S. False-negative serology in patients with acute parvovirus B19 infection. J Clin Virol. 2011;51:115-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Acute parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection is characterized by high-level viremia. Antibodies against the capsid proteins VP1 and VP2 may complex with B19V-particles thereby becoming undetectable in diagnostic tests...

More Information

Publications74

  1. Soma T, Taharaguchi S, Ohinata T, Ishii H, Hara M. Analysis of the VP2 protein gene of canine parvovirus strains from affected dogs in Japan. Res Vet Sci. 2013;94:368-71 pubmed publisher
    ..This epidemic is the same as that in Taiwan. Furthermore, a 324-lle mutant, which has been reported in Korean and Chinese strains, was detected in 66.7% of CPV-2a strains...
  2. Ursic T, Steyer A, Kopriva S, Kalan G, Krivec U, Petrovec M. Human bocavirus as the cause of a life-threatening infection. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:1179-81 pubmed publisher
    ..An initial clinical presentation of acute bronchiolitis developed into an extremely severe course of disease characterized by pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and acute respiratory failure with pronounced air-leak syndrome...
  3. Zhu L, Xu H, Qi S, Zheng J, Chen Y, Chen L. [The correlational study of viral load of human bocavirus and clinical features in children with acute respiratory tract infection]. Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi. 2011;25:271-3 pubmed
    ..To analyze the correlations between clinical features in paediatric patients with acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) and viral load of human bocavirus...
  4. Chen M, Yang S, Hung C. Placental transmission of human parvovirus 4 in newborns with hydrops, Taiwan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:1954-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In 1 additional case, only the mother had PARV4 DNA. Our findings demonstrate that PARV4 can be transmitted through the placenta...
  5. Touinssi M, Reynaud Gaubert M, Gomez C, Thomas P, Dussol B, Berland Y, et al. Parvovirus 4 in French in-patients: a study of hemodialysis and lung transplant cohorts. J Med Virol. 2011;83:717-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies will be needed in order to understand better both the potential implication in host health and the natural history of this virus...
  6. Manning L, Laman M, Rosanas Urgell A, Michon P, Aipit S, Bona C, et al. Severe anemia in Papua New Guinean children from a malaria-endemic area: a case-control etiologic study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6:e1972 pubmed publisher
    ..There are few detailed etiologic studies of severe anemia in children from malaria-endemic areas and none in those countries with holoendemic transmission of multiple Plasmodium species...
  7. Simmons R, Sharp C, Sims S, Kloverpris H, Goulder P, Simmonds P, et al. High frequency, sustained T cell responses to PARV4 suggest viral persistence in vivo. J Infect Dis. 2011;203:1378-87 pubmed publisher
    ..The interaction of PARV4 with the cellular immune system has not been described. Consequently, we investigated whether T cell responses to PARV4 could be detected in individuals exposed to blood-borne viruses...
  8. Yu X, Zhang J, Hong L, Wang J, Yuan Z, Zhang X, et al. High prevalence of human parvovirus 4 infection in HBV and HCV infected individuals in shanghai. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29474 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data clearly demonstrate that PARV4 infection is strongly associated with HCV and HBV infection in Shanghai but may not cause increased disease severity...
  9. Kantola K, Hedman L, Arthur J, Alibeto A, Delwart E, Jartti T, et al. Seroepidemiology of human bocaviruses 1-4. J Infect Dis. 2011;204:1403-12 pubmed publisher
    ..HBoV2-4 occur mainly in the gastrointestinal tract but rarely in the respiratory tract, contrary to human bocavirus 1 (HBoV1)...
  10. Hashimoto H, Yuno T. Parvovirus B19-associated purpuric-petechial eruption. J Clin Virol. 2011;52:269-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Such multifaceted features can cause considerable confusion when making a diagnosis of purpuric eruption associated with PVB19...
  11. Edner N, Castillo Rodas P, Falk L, Hedman K, Soderlund Venermo M, Allander T. Life-threatening respiratory tract disease with human bocavirus-1 infection in a 4-year-old child. J Clin Microbiol. 2012;50:531-2 pubmed publisher
  12. Liu W, Chen D, Liu Q, Liang H, Yang Z, Qin S, et al. Detection of human bocavirus from children and adults with acute respiratory tract illness in Guangzhou, southern China. BMC Infect Dis. 2011;11:345 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study is the first to analyze the characteristics of HBoV-positive samples from ARTI patients with a wide age distribution from Guangzhou, southern China...
  13. Körner R, Soderlund Venermo M, van Koningsbruggen Rietschel S, Kaiser R, Malecki M, Schildgen O. Severe human bocavirus infection, Germany. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:2303-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This case demonstrates that lower respiratory tract infection caused by HBoV can lead to severe and life-threatening disease...
  14. Guido M, Zizza A, Bredl S, Lindner J, De Donno A, Quattrocchi M, et al. Seroepidemiology of human bocavirus in Apulia, Italy. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2012;18:E74-6 pubmed publisher
    ..0001) in children from 2-4years (64.2%) to 5-9years (96.4%). A similar trend was observed in both male and female subjects. In conclusion, our results show that hBoV infection is common in this population, especially in children...
  15. Maya L, Calleros L, Francia L, Hernández M, Iraola G, Panzera Y, et al. Phylodynamics analysis of canine parvovirus in Uruguay: evidence of two successive invasions by different variants. Arch Virol. 2013;158:1133-41 pubmed publisher
    ..These results support the hypothesis that CPV invasion events are not rare in certain geographic regions and indicate that some current strains may exhibit an unexpectedly high invasion and replacement capability...
  16. Lavoie M, Sharp C, Pepin J, Pennington C, Foupouapouognigni Y, Pybus O, et al. Human parvovirus 4 infection, Cameroon. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18:680-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Findings suggest parenteral acquisition of some PARV4 infections...
  17. Santonja C, Nieto González G, Santos Briz A, Gutiérrez Zufiaurre M, Cerroni L, Kutzner H, et al. Immunohistochemical detection of parvovirus B19 in "gloves and socks" papular purpuric syndrome: direct evidence for viral endothelial involvement. Report of three cases and review of the literature. Am J Dermatopathol. 2011;33:790-5 pubmed publisher
  18. Palade E, Kisary J, Benyeda Z, Mandoki M, Balka G, Jakab C, et al. Naturally occurring parvoviral infection in Hungarian broiler flocks. Avian Pathol. 2011;40:191-7 pubmed publisher
  19. Zhao Y, Lin Y, Zeng X, Lu C, Hou J. Genotyping and pathobiologic characterization of canine parvovirus circulating in Nanjing, China. Virol J. 2013;10:272 pubmed publisher
    ..It has mutated and spread throughout the world in dog populations. We provide an update on the molecular characterization of CPV that circulated in Nanjing, a provincial capital in China between 2009 and 2012...
  20. Jartti T, Hedman K, Jartti L, Ruuskanen O, Allander T, Soderlund Venermo M. Human bocavirus-the first 5 years. Rev Med Virol. 2012;22:46-64 pubmed publisher
    ..The best currently available diagnostic approaches are quantitative PCR and serology. This concise review summarizes the current clinical knowledge on HBoV species...
  21. Decaro N, Buonavoglia C. Canine parvovirus--a review of epidemiological and diagnostic aspects, with emphasis on type 2c. Vet Microbiol. 2012;155:1-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Continuous surveillance will help assess whether there is a real need to update currently available vaccines and diagnostic tests...
  22. Palade E, Demeter Z, Hornyák A, Nemes C, Kisary J, Rusvai M. High prevalence of turkey parvovirus in turkey flocks from Hungary experiencing enteric disease syndromes. Avian Dis. 2011;55:468-75 pubmed
  23. Cashman O, O SHEA H. Detection of human bocaviruses 1, 2 and 3 in Irish children presenting with gastroenteritis. Arch Virol. 2012;157:1767-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Three types of human bocavirus were identified: HBoV1, 2 and 3. In addition, recombinant strains (n=4) were also isolated. This is the first report of all three types of HBoV being detected in southern Ireland...
  24. Calderon M, Romanutti C, D Antuono A, Keller L, Mattion N, La Torre J. Evolution of canine parvovirus in Argentina between years 2003 and 2010: CPV2c has become the predominant variant affecting the domestic dog population. Virus Res. 2011;157:106-10 pubmed publisher
    ..6% and 5.4% of the population, respectively. Considering that CPV2c is spreading worldwide, and that this variant is also affecting vaccinated dogs, efforts should be made towards the development of new matched CPV vaccines...
  25. Opaleye O, Fagbami A, Lalremruata A, Kun J. Prevalence and association of human parvovirus B19V with hepatitis B and C viruses in Nigeria. J Med Virol. 2011;83:710-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Long-term longitudinal studies are, however, required to determine the synergistic effect of parvovirus B19 infection in HBV or HBV and HCV co-infected persons...
  26. Wang Y, Gonzalez R, Zhou H, Li J, Li Y, Paranhos Baccala G, et al. Detection of human bocavirus 3 in China. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011;30:799-805 pubmed publisher
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first report of HBoV3 in China. However, it is unclear whether HBoV3 is associated with AGE because of its low detection rate in AGE patients and its co-infection with other AGE-causing viruses...
  27. Pinto L, Streck A, Gonçalves K, Souza C, Corbellini A, Corbellini L, et al. Typing of canine parvovirus strains circulating in Brazil between 2008 and 2010. Virus Res. 2012;165:29-33 pubmed publisher
    ..A phylogenetic analysis of the variants circulating in the canine population of Brazil showed that they are very similar to those found in other countries and type 2c has become the predominant type circulating in Brazil...
  28. Norja P, Lassila R, Makris M. Parvovirus transmission by blood products - a cause for concern?. Br J Haematol. 2012;159:385-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Continued surveillance of the patients and of the safety of blood products remains an important ongoing issue...
  29. Escher F, Vetter R, Kuhl U, Westermann D, Schultheiss H, Tschope C. Fractalkine in human inflammatory cardiomyopathy. Heart. 2011;97:733-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Cardiac inflammation is important for the prognosis of patients with inflammatory cardiomyopathy (CMi), but the mechanisms leading to it are not fully elucidated...
  30. Dogonyaro B, Bosman A, Sibeko K, Venter E, van Vuuren M. Genetic analysis of the VP2-encoding gene of canine parvovirus strains from Africa. Vet Microbiol. 2013;165:460-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Amino acid analysis showed predicted amino acid changes. ..
  31. Benjamin L, Lewthwaite P, Vasanthapuram R, Zhao G, Sharp C, Simmonds P, et al. Human parvovirus 4 as potential cause of encephalitis in children, India. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17:1484-7 pubmed publisher
    ..A high-throughput pyrosequencing screen detected human parvovirus 4 DNA in cerebrospinal fluid of 2 children with encephalitis of unknown etiology...
  32. Lehtoranta L, Soderlund Venermo M, Nokso Koivisto J, Toivola H, Blomgren K, Hatakka K, et al. Human bocavirus in the nasopharynx of otitis-prone children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012;76:206-11 pubmed publisher
  33. Slavov S, Kashima S, Silva Pinto A, Covas D. Genotyping of Human parvovirus B19 among Brazilian patients with hemoglobinopathies. Can J Microbiol. 2012;58:200-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The quantification of all B19V genotypes by a single hydrolytic probe is a technically useful method, but it is difficult to establish relationships between B19V sequence characteristics and infection outcome...
  34. Bidin M, Lojkic I, Bidin Z, Tiljar M, Majnaric D. Identification and phylogenetic diversity of parvovirus circulating in commercial chicken and turkey flocks in Croatia. Avian Dis. 2011;55:693-6 pubmed
  35. Ghietto L, Cámara A, Zhou Y, Pedranti M, Ferreyra S, FREY T, et al. High prevalence of human bocavirus 1 in infants with lower acute respiratory tract disease in Argentina, 2007-2009. Braz J Infect Dis. 2012;16:38-44 pubmed
    ..Human bocavirus (HBoV) is a parvovirus whose association with respiratory disease is currently under investigation...
  36. Ma Y, Guo Y, Zhao X, Wang Z, Lv M, Yan Q, et al. Human parvovirus PARV4 in plasma pools of Chinese origin. Vox Sang. 2012;103:183-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The high level of PARV4 in plasma pools may pose a potential risk to recipients. Further studies on the pathogenesis of PARV4 are urgently required...
  37. Lau S, Woo P, Yip C, Li K, Fu C, Huang Y, et al. Co-existence of multiple strains of two novel porcine bocaviruses in the same pig, a previously undescribed phenomenon in members of the family Parvoviridae, and evidence for inter- and intra-host genetic diversity and recombination. J Gen Virol. 2011;92:2047-59 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report describing marked sequence diversity and the co-existence of two viruses of the family Parvoviridae within the same host, which may have originated from and, in turn, facilitated recombination...
  38. Allison A, Harbison C, Pagán I, Stucker K, Kaelber J, Brown J, et al. Role of multiple hosts in the cross-species transmission and emergence of a pandemic parvovirus. J Virol. 2012;86:865-72 pubmed publisher
    ..This highlights the potential role of alternative hosts in viral emergence...
  39. Lau S, Woo P, Yeung H, Teng J, Wu Y, Bai R, et al. Identification and characterization of bocaviruses in cats and dogs reveals a novel feline bocavirus and a novel genetic group of canine bocavirus. J Gen Virol. 2012;93:1573-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Although the pathogenicity of FBoV and CBoV remains to be determined, their presence in different host tissues suggested wide tissue tropism...
  40. Clegg S, Coyne K, Parker J, Dawson S, Godsall S, Pinchbeck G, et al. Molecular epidemiology and phylogeny reveal complex spatial dynamics in areas where canine parvovirus is endemic. J Virol. 2011;85:7892-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This cross-sectional study of national and global CPV phylogeographic segregation reveals a substantially more complex epidemic structure than previously described...
  41. Jin Y, Cheng W, Xu Z, Liu N, Yu J, Li H, et al. High prevalence of human bocavirus 2 and its role in childhood acute gastroenteritis in China. J Clin Virol. 2011;52:251-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Human bocavirus 2 (HBoV2) was recently identified in stool samples and is involved in the pathogenesis of AGE, but the current data were too limited to clarify this issue...
  42. Zsak L, Strother K, Kisary J. Partial genome sequence analysis of parvoviruses associated with enteric disease in poultry. Avian Pathol. 2008;37:435-41 pubmed publisher
    ..These parvoviruses may play a significant role in the aetiology of PEMS and RSS. ..
  43. Kleinman S, Glynn S, Lee T, Tobler L, Schlumpf K, Todd D, et al. A linked donor-recipient study to evaluate parvovirus B19 transmission by blood component transfusion. Blood. 2009;114:3677-83 pubmed publisher
    ..These data do not support the need to routinely screen blood donations with a sensitive B19V DNA nucleic acid assay. ..
  44. Hong C, Decaro N, Desario C, Tanner P, Pardo M, Sanchez S, et al. Occurrence of canine parvovirus type 2c in the United States. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2007;19:535-9 pubmed
    ..The continuous evolution of CPV requires that monoclonal antibody-based and nucleic acid-based diagnostic assays should be periodically checked for sensitivity on prevalent CPV strains...
  45. Blessing K, Neske F, Herre U, Kreth H, Weissbrich B. Prolonged detection of human bocavirus DNA in nasopharyngeal aspirates of children with respiratory tract disease. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009;28:1018-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe the virologic and clinical characteristics of 6 immunocompetent children with hBoV persistence in the respiratory tract for up to 4.5 months. ..
  46. Freitas R, Melo F, Oliveira D, Romano C, Freitas M, Macedo O, et al. Molecular characterization of human erythrovirus B19 strains obtained from patients with several clinical presentations in the Amazon region of Brazil. J Clin Virol. 2008;43:60-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We reported two genotypes, 1 and 3b, with three genotype 1 clusters co-circulating in the Amazon region during the past 10 years. ..
  47. Chieochansin T, Samransamruajkit R, Chutinimitkul S, Payungporn S, Hiranras T, Theamboonlers A, et al. Human bocavirus (HBoV) in Thailand: clinical manifestations in a hospitalized pediatric patient and molecular virus characterization. J Infect. 2008;56:137-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicated that HBoV can be detected in nasopharyngeal aspirate specimens from infants and children with acute lower respiratory tract illness. ..
  48. Endo R, Ishiguro N, Kikuta H, Teramoto S, Shirkoohi R, Ma X, et al. Seroepidemiology of human bocavirus in Hokkaido prefecture, Japan. J Clin Microbiol. 2007;45:3218-23 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that HBoV is a ubiquitous virus acquired early in life and that HBoV might play a role in the course of lower respiratory tract infections. ..
  49. Cotmore S, Tattersall P. Parvoviral host range and cell entry mechanisms. Adv Virus Res. 2007;70:183-232 pubmed
  50. Spibey N, Greenwood N, Sutton D, Chalmers W, Tarpey I. Canine parvovirus type 2 vaccine protects against virulent challenge with type 2c virus. Vet Microbiol. 2008;128:48-55 pubmed
  51. Allander T. Human bocavirus. J Clin Virol. 2008;41:29-33 pubmed
    ..Development of alternative diagnostic strategies such as serology will be important for future studies of HBoV and its association with disease. ..
  52. Larson L, Schultz R. Do two current canine parvovirus type 2 and 2b vaccines provide protection against the new type 2c variant?. Vet Ther. 2008;9:94-101 pubmed
  53. Lehmann H, Lutterbüse N, Plentz A, Akkurt I, Albers N, Hauffa B, et al. Association of parvovirus B19 infection and Hashimoto's thyroiditis in children. Viral Immunol. 2008;21:379-83 pubmed publisher
    ..01). There is strong evidence that acute parvovirus B19 infections are involved in the pathogenesis of some cases of Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
  54. Sobrino R, Arnal M, Luco D, Gortazar C. Prevalence of antibodies against canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus among foxes and wolves from Spain. Vet Microbiol. 2008;126:251-6 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that contact with CDV is widespread among wild canid populations in Spain and that CPV is endemic in the Iberian wolf population. The implications of these results are briefly discussed...
  55. Christensen A, Nordbø S, Krokstad S, Rognlien A, Døllner H. Human bocavirus commonly involved in multiple viral airway infections. J Clin Virol. 2008;41:34-7 pubmed
    ..Human bocavirus (HBoV) was recently discovered in children with acute respiratory tract infections. We have included a PCR for HBoV in a study on airway infections in children...
  56. Parsyan A, Candotti D. Human erythrovirus B19 and blood transfusion - an update. Transfus Med. 2007;17:263-78 pubmed
    ..The ability of the virus to reactivate in immunodeficient recipients may create difficulties in differentiating between transfusion transmission and reactivation...
  57. Zhang R, Yang S, Zhang W, Zhang T, Xie Z, Feng H, et al. Phylogenetic analysis of the VP2 gene of canine parvoviruses circulating in China. Virus Genes. 2010;40:397-402 pubmed publisher
    ..A phylogenetic tree constructed from the VP2 genes showed that most of the Chinese strains classified in a cluster consisting of Chinese and Korean field isolates, which were distinct from Thai, U.S., and Italian isolates...
  58. Nandi S, Anbazhagan R, Kumar M. Molecular characterisation and nucleotide sequence analysis of canine parvovirus strains in vaccines in India. Vet Ital. 2010;46:69-81 pubmed
    ..From the study, it is inferred that the CPV strain used in commercially available vaccine preparation differed from the strains present in CPV infection in dogs in India...
  59. Ohshima T, Kawakami K, Abe T, Mochizuki M. A minute virus of canines (MVC: canine bocavirus) isolated from an elderly dog with severe gastroenteritis, and phylogenetic analysis of MVC strains. Vet Microbiol. 2010;145:334-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Further detailed clinical and virological studies are warranted to define the role of MVCs in disease in adult dogs...
  60. Adlhoch C, Kaiser M, Ellerbrok H, Pauli G. High prevalence of porcine Hokovirus in German wild boar populations. Virol J. 2010;7:171 pubmed publisher
    ..The German PHoV sequences from wild boars showed a close relationship with sequences of isolates from Hong Kong...
  61. Marusak R, Guy J, Abdul Aziz T, West M, Fletcher O, Day J, et al. Parvovirus-associated cerebellar hypoplasia and hydrocephalus in day old broiler chickens. Avian Dis. 2010;54:156-60 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that a chicken parvovirus might cause a neurologic disease of young chickens characterized by cerebellar hypoplasia and hydrocephalus; however, its role as the cause of the disease remains to be confirmed...
  62. Lu X, Gooding L, Erdman D. Human bocavirus in tonsillar lymphocytes. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:1332-4 pubmed publisher
  63. Ohshima T, Hisaka M, Kawakami K, Kishi M, Tohya Y, Mochizuki M. Chronological analysis of canine parvovirus type 2 isolates in Japan. J Vet Med Sci. 2008;70:769-75 pubmed
    ..The recent field CPV isolates reacted more efficiently to the antibodies produced in dogs vaccinated with the new CPV-2b vaccine strain than the conventional CPV-2 vaccine strain...
  64. Santos N, Almendra C, Tavares L. Serologic survey for canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus in free-ranging wild carnivores from Portugal. J Wildl Dis. 2009;45:221-6 pubmed
    ..The extremely high CPV antibody prevalence in genets is unprecedented. Although based on a limited sample, these data suggest widespread exposure of free-ranging Iberian carnivores to CDV and CPV...
  65. Schaudien D, Polizopoulou Z, Koutinas A, Schwab S, Porombka D, Baumgartner W, et al. Leukoencephalopathy associated with parvovirus infection in Cretan hound puppies. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48:3169-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, an association of parvovirus infection with the leukoencephalopathy seems likely, possibly facilitated by a genetic predisposition due to the mode of inbreeding in this particular dog breed...