urinary tract

Summary

Summary: The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.

Top Publications

  1. Ozdemir E, Ozturk U, Celen S, Sucak A, Gunel M, Güney G, et al. Urinary complications of gynecologic surgery: iatrogenic urinary tract system injuries in obstetrics and gynecology operations. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2011;38:217-20 pubmed
    To evaluate iatrogenic urinary tract system injuries in obstetrics and gynecology operations and compare the results with the literature...
  2. Haraguchi R, Matsumaru D, Nakagata N, Miyagawa S, Suzuki K, Kitazawa S, et al. The hedgehog signal induced modulation of bone morphogenetic protein signaling: an essential signaling relay for urinary tract morphogenesis. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e42245 pubmed publisher
    Congenital diseases of the urinary tract are frequently observed in infants. Such diseases present a number of developmental anomalies such as hydroureter and hydronephrosis...
  3. Morelli A, Sarchielli E, Comeglio P, Filippi S, Mancina R, Gacci M, et al. Phosphodiesterase type 5 expression in human and rat lower urinary tract tissues and the effect of tadalafil on prostate gland oxygenation in spontaneously hypertensive rats. J Sex Med. 2011;8:2746-60 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate PDE5 expression in human and rat lower urinary tract (LUT) tissues, including vasculature, and determine the effects of PDE5 inhibition with tadalafil on prostatic ..
  4. Bharadwaj S, Liu G, Shi Y, Markert C, Andersson K, Atala A, et al. Characterization of urine-derived stem cells obtained from upper urinary tract for use in cell-based urological tissue engineering. Tissue Eng Part A. 2011;17:2123-32 pubmed publisher
    The goals of this study were to characterize urine-derived stem cells obtained from the upper urinary tract (uUSC), induce these cells to differentiate into urothelial and smooth muscle cells, and determine whether they could serve as a ..
  5. van Nieuwkoop C, Hoppe B, Bonten T, van t Wout J, Aarts N, Mertens B, et al. Predicting the need for radiologic imaging in adults with febrile urinary tract infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2010;51:1266-72 pubmed publisher
    Radiologic evaluation of adults with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) is frequently performed to exclude urological disorders. This study aims to develop a clinical rule predicting need for radiologic imaging...
  6. Riley P, Marks S, Desai D, Mushtaq I, Koffman G, Mamode N. Challenges facing renal transplantation in pediatric patients with lower urinary tract dysfunction. Transplantation. 2010;89:1299-1307 pubmed
    ..The commonest cause is a congenital abnormality of the kidneys and urinary tract, often associated with lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD)...
  7. Sampson M, Coughlin C, Kaplan P, Conlin L, Meyers K, Zackai E, et al. Evidence for a recurrent microdeletion at chromosome 16p11.2 associated with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) and Hirschsprung disease. Am J Med Genet A. 2010;152A:2618-22 pubmed publisher
    Congenital Anomalies of the Kidney and Urinary Tract can be associated with Hirschsprung disease. We report on three children with a similar 16p11...
  8. Eynard A, Navarro A. Crosstalk among dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids, urolithiasis, chronic inflammation, and urinary tract tumor risk. Nutrition. 2013;29:930-8 pubmed publisher
    ..and subclinical essential fatty acid deficiency (EFAD) in urothelial cell membranes may enhance the risk for urinary tract tumor (UTT) development...
  9. Carranza O, Castañon E, Abella L, Zudaire M, Castillo A, Arévalo E, et al. Clinical management of small-cell carcinoma of the urinary tract: a 10-year single-center's experience. Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2013;11:168-74 pubmed publisher
    ..enolase (NSE) serum levels have never been studied in patients with small-cell carcinoma of the urinary tract (SCCUT). We report the clinical outcome of 12 consecutive SCCUT patients treated during the past 10 years...

More Information

Publications73

  1. Reis S, Leite K, Mosconi Neto A, Pontes Junior J, Viana N, Antunes A, et al. Immune expression of E-cadherin and ?, ? and ?-Catenin adhesion molecules and prognosis for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas. Int Braz J Urol. 2012;38:466-73 pubmed
  2. Wühl E, van Stralen K, Verrina E, Bjerre A, Wanner C, Heaf J, et al. Timing and outcome of renal replacement therapy in patients with congenital malformations of the kidney and urinary tract. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013;8:67-74 pubmed publisher
    Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are the leading cause of ESRD in children, but the proportion of patients with individual CAKUT entities progressing to ESRD during adulthood and their long-term clinical ..
  3. Schwartz D, Kalas V, Pinkner J, Chen S, Spaulding C, Dodson K, et al. Positively selected FimH residues enhance virulence during urinary tract infection by altering FimH conformation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:15530-7 pubmed publisher
    ..1 pili are important virulence factors in uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC), which cause the majority of urinary tract infections (UTI)...
  4. Maserejian N, Giovannucci E, McVary K, McKinlay J. Dietary, but not supplemental, intakes of carotenoids and vitamin C are associated with decreased odds of lower urinary tract symptoms in men. J Nutr. 2011;141:267-73 pubmed publisher
    Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men may be related to micronutrients involved in prevention of oxidative damage or cell growth and differentiation...
  5. Mason K, Cottrell A, Corrigan A, Gillatt D, Mitchelmore A. Ketamine-associated lower urinary tract destruction: a new radiological challenge. Clin Radiol. 2010;65:795-800 pubmed publisher
    ..users that it is a safe drug with few long term side effects, however ketamine abuse is associated with severe urinary tract dysfunction. Presenting symptoms include urinary frequency, nocturia, dysuria, haematuria and incontinence.
  6. Ku J, Byun S, Jeong H, Kwak C, Kim H, Lee S. The role of p53 on survival of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2013;11:221-8 pubmed publisher
    ..and meta-analysis of the published literature that investigated the p53 expression and its effects on upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUTUC) prognosis was conducted...
  7. Raterman E, Shapiro D, Stevens D, Schwartz K, Welch R. Genetic analysis of the role of yfiR in the ability of Escherichia coli CFT073 to control cellular cyclic dimeric GMP levels and to persist in the urinary tract. Infect Immun. 2013;81:3089-98 pubmed publisher
    During urinary tract infections (UTIs), uropathogenic Escherichia coli must maintain a delicate balance between sessility and motility to achieve successful infection of both the bladder and kidneys...
  8. Nakayama M, Nozu K, Goto Y, Kamei K, Ito S, Sato H, et al. HNF1B alterations associated with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. Pediatr Nephrol. 2010;25:1073-9 pubmed publisher
    ..factor 1beta (HNF1beta) abnormalities have been recognized to cause congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), predominantly affecting bilateral renal malformations...
  9. Hoshi M, Batourina E, Mendelsohn C, Jain S. Novel mechanisms of early upper and lower urinary tract patterning regulated by RetY1015 docking tyrosine in mice. Development. 2012;139:2405-15 pubmed publisher
    Mutations in the receptor tyrosine kinase RET are associated with congenital anomalies of kidneys or urinary tract (CAKUT). RET tyrosine Y1015 is the docking site for PLC?, a major regulator of RET signaling...
  10. Ponglowhapan S, Church D, Khalid M. Effect of the gonadal status and the gender on glycosaminoglycans profile in the lower urinary tract of dogs. Theriogenology. 2011;76:1284-92 pubmed publisher
    ..a functional component of connective tissues that affect the structural and functional integrity of the lower urinary tract (LUT)...
  11. Rinnert M, Hinz M, Buhtz P, Reiher F, Lessel W, Hoffmann W. Synthesis and localization of trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides in the human urinary tract and TFF2 excretion into the urine. Cell Tissue Res. 2010;339:639-47 pubmed publisher
    ..They also probably play a key role in the remarkable regenerative capacity of the urinary tract epithelia...
  12. Schwartz D, Chen S, Hultgren S, Seed P. Population dynamics and niche distribution of uropathogenic Escherichia coli during acute and chronic urinary tract infection. Infect Immun. 2011;79:4250-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Urinary tract infections (UTIs) have complex dynamics, with uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC), the major causative agent, capable of colonization from the urethra to the kidneys in both extracellular and intracellular niches while ..
  13. La Maestra S, Micale R, De Flora S, D Agostini F, Ganchev G, Iltcheva M, et al. DNA damage in exfoliated cells and histopathological alterations in the urinary tract of mice exposed to cigarette smoke and treated with chemopreventive agents. Carcinogenesis. 2013;34:183-9 pubmed publisher
    ..After 7 months, the 17.6% of MCS-exposed male mice exhibited lesions of the urinary tract versus the 6...
  14. Chen C, Hsieh T, Chang C, Ma W, Hung X, Tsai Y, et al. Androgen receptor promotes the migration and invasion of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma cells through the upregulation of MMP-9 and COX-2. Oncol Rep. 2013;30:979-85 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the contribution of AR to the progression of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UUTUC) has not been fully investigated...
  15. Ritter M, Bolenz C, Bach T, Strobel P, Hacker A. Standardized ex vivo comparison of different upper urinary tract biopsy devices: impact on ureterorenoscopes and tissue quality. World J Urol. 2013;31:907-12 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the influence of different biopsy forcipes on the deflection, irrigant flow, and optical characteristics of flexible ureterorenoscopes and to assess tissue quality for histopathologic evaluation in an ex vivo setting...
  16. Toka H, Toka O, Hariri A, Nguyen H. Congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract. Semin Nephrol. 2010;30:374-86 pubmed publisher
    Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract anatomy (CAKUT) are common in children and represent approximately 30% of all prenatally diagnosed malformations...
  17. Sirgel W, Mas Coma S. Renylaima capensis n. gen., n. sp. (Trematoda: Brachylaimidae) from the urinary system of the shrew Myosorex varius Smuts, 1832 (Insectivora: Soricidae). Parasitol Res. 2010;106:1443-53 pubmed publisher
    ..gen., n. sp. is proposed...
  18. Song R, Yosypiv I. Genetics of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. Pediatr Nephrol. 2011;26:353-64 pubmed publisher
    Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) occur in 1 in 500 births and are a major cause of morbidity in children...
  19. Chen S, Wu M, Henderson J, Hooton T, Hibbing M, Hultgren S, et al. Genomic diversity and fitness of E. coli strains recovered from the intestinal and urinary tracts of women with recurrent urinary tract infection. Sci Transl Med. 2013;5:184ra60 pubmed publisher
    b>Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in women, and recurrence is a major clinical problem. Most UTIs are caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC)...
  20. Woodhouse C, Neild G, Yu R, Bauer S. Adult care of children from pediatric urology. J Urol. 2012;187:1164-71 pubmed publisher
    ..We review some abnormalities of the kidneys, progressive renal failure and disorders of bladder function from which general conclusions can be drawn...
  21. Xu J, Qi X, Gong J, Yu M, Zhang F, Sha H, et al. Fstl1 antagonizes BMP signaling and regulates ureter development. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e32554 pubmed publisher
    Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway plays important roles in urinary tract development although the detailed regulation of its activity in this process remains unclear...
  22. Watts R, Totsika M, Challinor V, Mabbett A, Ulett G, De Voss J, et al. Contribution of siderophore systems to growth and urinary tract colonization of asymptomatic bacteriuria Escherichia coli. Infect Immun. 2012;80:333-44 pubmed publisher
    The molecular mechanisms that define asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) Escherichia coli colonization of the human urinary tract remain to be properly elucidated. Here, we utilize ABU E...
  23. Spencer J, Hains D, Porter E, Bevins C, DiRosario J, Becknell B, et al. Human alpha defensin 5 expression in the human kidney and urinary tract. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31712 pubmed publisher
    The mechanisms that maintain sterility in the urinary tract are incompletely understood. Recent studies have implicated the importance of antimicrobial peptides (AMP) in protecting the urinary tract from infection...
  24. Weber S. Novel genetic aspects of congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2012;24:212-8 pubmed publisher
    Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are among the most frequent organ malformations. They are a relevant cause of chronic renal failure in children...
  25. Uckert S, Oelke M. Phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors in the treatment of lower urinary tract dysfunction. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2011;72:197-204 pubmed publisher
    Several disorders of the human upper and lower urinary tract, such as urinary stone disease, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and detrusor overactivity, can be therapeutically addressed by ..
  26. Nishimune A, Yoshiki H, Uwada J, Anisuzzaman A, Umada H, Muramatsu I. Phenotype pharmacology of lower urinary tract ?(1)-adrenoceptors. Br J Pharmacol. 2012;165:1226-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we review the literature regarding ?(1)-adrenoceptors in the lower urinary tract from the standpoint of ?(1L) phenotype pharmacology...
  27. Caiulo V, Caiulo S, Gargasole C, Chiriacò G, Latini G, Cataldi L, et al. Ultrasound mass screening for congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. Pediatr Nephrol. 2012;27:949-53 pubmed publisher
    There is a high incidence of congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT)...
  28. Spencer J, Schwaderer A, Dirosario J, McHugh K, McGillivary G, Justice S, et al. Ribonuclease 7 is a potent antimicrobial peptide within the human urinary tract. Kidney Int. 2011;80:174-80 pubmed publisher
    Although the urinary tract is constantly challenged by microbial invasion, it remains free from colonization...
  29. Sanna Cherchi S, Sampogna R, Papeta N, Burgess K, Nees S, Perry B, et al. Mutations in DSTYK and dominant urinary tract malformations. N Engl J Med. 2013;369:621-9 pubmed publisher
    Congenital abnormalities of the kidney and the urinary tract are the most common cause of pediatric kidney failure. These disorders are highly heterogeneous, and the etiologic factors are poorly understood. ..
  30. Kline K, Schwartz D, Gilbert N, Hultgren S, Lewis A. Immune modulation by group B Streptococcus influences host susceptibility to urinary tract infection by uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Infect Immun. 2012;80:4186-94 pubmed publisher
    b>Urinary tract infection (UTI) is most often caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC)...
  31. Zhang D, Hudson A, Delostrinos C, Carmean N, Eastman R, Hicks B, et al. Dual sources of vitronectin in the human lower urinary tract: synthesis by urothelium vs. extravasation from the bloodstream. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2011;300:F475-87 pubmed publisher
  32. Gimelli S, Caridi G, Beri S, McCracken K, Bocciardi R, Zordan P, et al. Mutations in SOX17 are associated with congenital anomalies of the kidney and the urinary tract. Hum Mutat. 2010;31:1352-9 pubmed publisher
    Congenital anomalies of the kidney and the urinary tract (CAKUT) represent a major source of morbidity and mortality in children...
  33. Hunstad D, Justice S. Intracellular lifestyles and immune evasion strategies of uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Annu Rev Microbiol. 2010;64:203-21 pubmed publisher
    Paradigms in the pathogenesis of urinary tract infections have shifted dramatically as a result of recent scientific revelations...
  34. Miyakita H, Yokoyama E, Onodera Y, Utsunomiya T, Tokunaga M, Tojo T, et al. Short-term effects of crossover treatment with silodosin and tamsulosin hydrochloride for lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Int J Urol. 2010;17:869-75 pubmed publisher
    To compare the efficacy and safety of silodosin and tamsulosin in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) by a randomized crossover method.
  35. Säve S, Persson K. Extracellular ATP and P2Y receptor activation induce a proinflammatory host response in the human urinary tract. Infect Immun. 2010;78:3609-15 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study suggests that enhanced ATP release and P2Y receptor activation during urinary tract infection may represent a novel, non-TLR4-mediated mechanism for production of proinflammatory IL-8 in human ..
  36. Mittal R, Aggarwal S, Sharma S, Chhibber S, Harjai K. Urinary tract infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a minireview. J Infect Public Health. 2009;2:101-11 pubmed publisher
    b>Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a serious health problem affecting millions of people each year. Infections of the urinary tract are the second most common type of infection in the body...
  37. Lin V, Hung K, Chen M, Lu K, Chen Y, Weng H, et al. Single-session laparoscopic total urinary tract exenteration without repositioning for multifocal urothelial carcinoma in dialysis-dependent patients. Urology. 2011;77:98-103 pubmed publisher
    To report our experience of single-session, en bloc, laparoscopic total urinary tract exenteration in dialysis-dependent patients with multifocal urothelial carcinoma.
  38. Weber S, Landwehr C, Renkert M, Hoischen A, Wühl E, Denecke J, et al. Mapping candidate regions and genes for congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) by array-based comparative genomic hybridization. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2011;26:136-43 pubmed publisher
    Congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) are frequently associated with malformations of other organs.
  39. Fang D, Li X, Xiong G, Yao L, He Z, Zhou L. Prophylactic intravesical chemotherapy to prevent bladder tumors after nephroureterectomy for primary upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Urol Int. 2013;91:291-6 pubmed publisher
    Intravesical recurrence after treatment of primary upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UUT-UCs) is common...
  40. Miyata Y, Sagara Y, Watanabe S, Asai A, Matsuo T, Ohba K, et al. CD105 is a more appropriate marker for evaluating angiogenesis in urothelial cancer of the upper urinary tract than CD31 or CD34. Virchows Arch. 2013;463:673-9 pubmed publisher
    ..angiogenesis semiquantitatively by assessing microvessel density (MVD) in urothelial cancer of the upper urinary tract (UC-UUT)...
  41. de Groat W, Yoshimura N. Plasticity in reflex pathways to the lower urinary tract following spinal cord injury. Exp Neurol. 2012;235:123-32 pubmed publisher
    The lower urinary tract has two main functions, storage and periodic expulsion of urine, that are regulated by a complex neural control system in the brain and lumbosacral spinal cord...
  42. Shnorhavorian M, Bittner R, Wright J, Schwartz S. Maternal risk factors for congenital urinary anomalies: results of a population-based case-control study. Urology. 2011;78:1156-61 pubmed publisher
    Epidemiologic data addressing maternal risk factors for congenital urinary tract anomalies (CUTA) are limited, with conflicting results for preexisting diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes, and tobacco and alcohol use...
  43. Kang C, Chen C, Chiang P. Primary urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract in dialysis patients with 5-year follow-up. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2010;40:241-6 pubmed publisher
    In this study, we assessed the clinical and pathological characteristics of urothelial cancers of the upper urinary tract (UUT) in patient under dialysis and evaluated the efficacy and complications of surgical management of the disease.
  44. Fry C, Meng E, Young J. The physiological function of lower urinary tract smooth muscle. Auton Neurosci. 2010;154:3-13 pubmed publisher
    The lower urinary tract is a muscular system composed of the urinary bladder and the outflow tract...
  45. Lyons B, Stothard R, Rollinson D, Khamis S, Simai K, Hunter P. A comparison of urinary tract pathology and morbidity in adult populations from endemic and non-endemic zones for urinary schistosomiasis on Unguja Island, Zanzibar. BMC Infect Dis. 2009;9:189 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the burden of urinary tract pathology and morbidity due to schistosomiasis in Zanzibar and identify reliable clinical predictors of ..
  46. Ashraf S, Hoskins B, Chaib H, Hoefele J, Pasch A, Saisawat P, et al. Mapping of a new locus for congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract on chromosome 8q24. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2010;25:1496-501 pubmed publisher
    Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) account for the majority of end-stage renal disease in children (50%). Previous studies have mapped autosomal dominant loci for CAKUT...
  47. Hawn T, Scholes D, Wang H, Li S, Stapleton A, Janer M, et al. Genetic variation of the human urinary tract innate immune response and asymptomatic bacteriuria in women. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e8300 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that genetic factors are associated with early in vivo human bladder immune responses prior to the development of symptomatic UTIs. ..
  48. Hashitani H, Lang R. Functions of ICC-like cells in the urinary tract and male genital organs. J Cell Mol Med. 2010;14:1199-211 pubmed publisher
    Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC)-like cells (ICC-LCs) have been identified in many regions of the urinary tract and male genital organs by immunohistochemical studies and electron microscopy...
  49. Hancock V, Dahl M, Klemm P. Abolition of biofilm formation in urinary tract Escherichia coli and Klebsiella isolates by metal interference through competition for fur. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:3836-41 pubmed publisher
    ..In the urinary tract, free iron is strictly limited but is critical for bacterial growth...
  50. Cordier S, Lehébel A, Amar E, Anzivino Viricel L, Hours M, Monfort C, et al. Maternal residence near municipal waste incinerators and the risk of urinary tract birth defects. Occup Environ Med. 2010;67:493-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In a previous ecological study we found an association between the risk of urinary tract birth defects and residence in the vicinity of municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs)...
  51. Tabel Y, Haskologlu Z, Karakas H, Yakinci C. Ultrasonographic screening of newborns for congenital anomalies of the kidney and the urinary tracts. Urol J. 2010;7:161-7 pubmed
    ..To search for the efficiency of scanning the newborns with routine urinary system ultrasonography...
  52. Kessler T, La Framboise D, Trelle S, Fowler C, Kiss G, Pannek J, et al. Sacral neuromodulation for neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction: systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Urol. 2010;58:865-74 pubmed publisher
    Treatment of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is a challenge, because conventional therapies often fail...
  53. Rotar M, Blagus R, Jeromel M, Skrbec M, Trsinar B, Vodusek D. Stroke patients who regain urinary continence in the first week after acute first-ever stroke have better prognosis than patients with persistent lower urinary tract dysfunction. Neurourol Urodyn. 2011;30:1315-8 pubmed publisher
    ..of greater mortality and poor functional recovery; however published studies failed to evaluate lower urinary tract (LUT) function immediately after stroke...
  54. Pearson M, Yep A, Smith S, Mobley H. Transcriptome of Proteus mirabilis in the murine urinary tract: virulence and nitrogen assimilation gene expression. Infect Immun. 2011;79:2619-31 pubmed publisher
    The enteric bacterium Proteus mirabilis is a common cause of complicated urinary tract infections. In this study, microarrays were used to analyze P. mirabilis gene expression in vivo from experimentally infected mice...
  55. Castelino Prabhu S, Ali S. Osteoclast-rich undifferentiated carcinoma of the urinary tract: cytologic findings and literature review. Diagn Cytopathol. 2010;38:364-7 pubmed publisher
    ..published reports of the cytopathologic characteristics of osteoclast-rich undifferentiated carcinoma of the urinary tract. We report herein, the case of a 63-year-old man who was evaluated at The Johns Hopkins Hospital for gross ..
  56. Cox A, Breau L, Connor L, McNeely P, Anderson P, MacLellan D. Transition of care to an adult spina bifida clinic: patient perspectives and medical outcomes. J Urol. 2011;186:1590-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Transitioning care of patients with spina bifida to adult centers poses a challenge. We sought patient and parent perspectives on the transition process at our center and correlated these perspectives with medical outcomes...
  57. Greco F, Cindolo L, Autorino R, Micali S, Stein R, Bianchi G, et al. Laparoendoscopic single-site upper urinary tract surgery: assessment of postoperative complications and analysis of risk factors. Eur Urol. 2012;61:510-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) has been developed in an attempt to minimise the morbidity and scarring associated with surgical intervention...
  58. Ponglowhapan S, Church D, Khalid M. Expression of prostaglandin E? receptor subtypes in the canine lower urinary tract varies according to the gonadal status and gender. Theriogenology. 2010;74:1450-66 pubmed publisher
    Locally-synthesised prostaglandin E? (PGE?) is pivotal for the function of the lower urinary tract (LUT)...
  59. Fry C, Daneshgari F, Thor K, Drake M, Eccles R, Kanai A, et al. Animal models and their use in understanding lower urinary tract dysfunction. Neurourol Urodyn. 2010;29:603-8 pubmed publisher
    ..will highlight appropriate animal models for the study of a number of disorders involving changes to lower urinary tract function...
  60. Chia I, Grote D, Marcotte M, Batourina E, Mendelsohn C, Bouchard M. Nephric duct insertion is a crucial step in urinary tract maturation that is regulated by a Gata3-Raldh2-Ret molecular network in mice. Development. 2011;138:2089-97 pubmed publisher
    b>Urinary tract development depends on a complex series of events in which the ureter moves from its initial branch point on the nephric duct (ND) to its final insertion site in the cloaca (the primitive bladder and urethra)...
  61. Merz W, Kübler K, Fimmers R, Willruth A, Stoffel Wagner B, Gembruch U. Cardiorenal syndrome is present in human fetuses with severe, isolated urinary tract malformations. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e63664 pubmed publisher
    We analyzed the association between renal and cardiovascular parameters in fetuses with isolated severe urinary tract malformations.
  62. Chatterjee R, Ramos E, Hoffman M, Vanwinkle J, Martin D, Davis T, et al. Traditional and targeted exome sequencing reveals common, rare and novel functional deleterious variants in RET-signaling complex in a cohort of living US patients with urinary tract malformations. Hum Genet. 2012;131:1725-38 pubmed publisher
    ..neurotrophic factor (GDNF)-RET receptor tyrosine kinase and SPRY1, a RET repressor, is essential for early urinary tract development...
  63. Nicolle L. Urinary tract infection. Crit Care Clin. 2013;29:699-715 pubmed publisher
    The urinary tract is a common source for life-threatening infections. Most patients with sepsis or septic shock from a urinary source have complicated urinary tract infection...
  64. Brockschmidt A, Chung B, Weber S, Fischer D, Kolatsi Joannou M, Christ L, et al. CHD1L: a new candidate gene for congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT). Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2012;27:2355-64 pubmed publisher
    Recently, we identified a microduplication in chromosomal band 1q21.1 encompassing the CHD1L/ALC1 gene encoding a chromatin-remodelling enzyme in congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) patient.