vas deferens

Summary

Summary: The excretory duct of the testes that carries SPERMATOZOA. It rises from the SCROTUM and joins the SEMINAL VESICLES to form the ejaculatory duct.

Top Publications

  1. Scaramello C, Muzi Filho H, Zapata Sudo G, Sudo R, Cunha V. FKBP12 depletion leads to loss of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) stores in rat vas deferens. J Pharmacol Sci. 2009;109:185-92 pubmed
    ..In this work, the presence of FKBP12 in rat vas deferens (RVD) and its possible contribution to RVD function was investigated...
  2. Zhu H, Aishima M, Morinaga H, Wassall R, Shibata A, Iwasa K, et al. Molecular and biophysical properties of voltage-gated Na+ channels in murine vas deferens. Biophys J. 2008;94:3340-51 pubmed publisher
    ..and molecular properties of tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive voltage-gated Na(+) currents (I(Na)) in murine vas deferens myocytes were investigated using patch-clamp techniques and molecular biological analyses...
  3. Yu J, Chen Z, Ni Y, Li Z. CFTR mutations in men with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD): a systemic review and meta-analysis. Hum Reprod. 2012;27:25-35 pubmed publisher
    Numerous studies have reported CFTR mutations in CBAVD (congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens) patients, but their results are not completely consistent...
  4. Riba P, Friedmann T, Király K, Al Khrasani M, Sobor M, Asim M, et al. Novel approach to demonstrate high efficacy of mu opioids in the rat vas deferens: a simple model of predictive value. Brain Res Bull. 2010;81:178-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The micro opioid receptor efficacy, full or partial agonist nature of opioids was analyzed in the rat vas deferens (RVD) bioassay...
  5. Sonenshine D, Bissinger B, Egekwu N, Donohue K, Khalil S, Roe R. First transcriptome of the testis-vas deferens-male accessory gland and proteome of the spermatophore from Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae). PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e24711 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the previously described model for male regulation of female reproduction may not apply to other ticks. A new paradigm is needed to explain male stimulation of female tick reproduction...
  6. Skowronski M, Leska A, Robak A, Nielsen S. Immunolocalization of aquaporin-1, -5, and -7 in the avian testis and vas deferens. J Histochem Cytochem. 2009;57:915-22 pubmed publisher
    ..The localization of AQP subtypes (AQP1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, and 11) in the goose testis and vas deferens has been studied through immunohistochemistry and immunobloting...
  7. Nojimoto F, Piffer R, Kiguti L, Lameu C, de Camargo A, Pereira O, et al. Multiple effects of sibutramine on ejaculation and on vas deferens and seminal vesicle contractility. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2009;239:233-40 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigates the effects of sibutramine on ejaculation and vas deferens and seminal vesicle contractility...
  8. Sasaki K, Bastacky S, Zynger D, Parwani A. Use of immunohistochemical markers to confirm the presence of vas deferens in vasectomy specimens. Am J Clin Pathol. 2009;132:893-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We sought to determine if CD10 and pankeratin could corroborate the presence of vas deferens (VD)...
  9. Junge K, Binnebösel M, Rosch R, Ottinger A, Stumpf M, Mühlenbruch G, et al. Influence of mesh materials on the integrity of the vas deferens following Lichtenstein hernioplasty: an experimental model. Hernia. 2008;12:621-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different mesh structures on integrity of the vas deferens.

More Information

Publications65

  1. Horiguchi T, Ohta Y, Nishikawa T, Shiraishi F, Shiraishi H, Morita M. Exposure to 9-cis retinoic acid induces penis and vas deferens development in the female rock shell, Thais clavigera. Cell Biol Toxicol. 2008;24:553-62 pubmed
    ..of each treatment were measured as the incidence of imposex, the length of the penis-like structure, and the vas deferens sequence (VDS) index...
  2. Colabufo N, Pagliarulo V, Berardi F, Contino M, Perrone R, Niso M, et al. Human epididymal and prostatic tracts of vas deferens: different contraction response to noradrenaline stimulation in isolated organ bath assay. Eur J Pharmacol. 2007;577:150-5 pubmed
    In the present study epididymal and prostatic portions of human vas deferens were separately isolated and stimulated with exogenous noradrenaline to study their contractile properties...
  3. Williams D, Sidaway P, Cunnane T, Brain K. Mechanisms involved in nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-induced neurotransmitter release from sympathetic nerve terminals in the mouse vas deferens. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e29209 pubmed publisher
    ..and field-stimulation-evoked neurotransmitter release from sympathetic nerve terminals in the mouse isolated vas deferens. Locally applied epibatidine (1 µM) produced 'epibatidine-induced depolarisations' (EIDs) that were similar in ..
  4. Ratbi I, Legendre M, Niel F, Martin J, Soufir J, Izard V, et al. Detection of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene rearrangements enriches the mutation spectrum in congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens and impacts on genetic counselling. Hum Reprod. 2007;22:1285-91 pubmed
    ..regulator (CFTR) gene have been widely detected in infertile men with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD)...
  5. Parker L, Shanks J, Kennard J, Brain K. Dynamic monitoring of NET activity in mature murine sympathetic terminals using a fluorescent substrate. Br J Pharmacol. 2010;159:797-807 pubmed publisher
    ..uptake assay (NTUA)] as it accumulates in the mature sympathetic nerve terminals of the mouse isolated vas deferens. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP), enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP)-transgenic mice ..
  6. Havasi V, Rowe S, Kolettis P, Dayangac D, Sahin A, Grangeia A, et al. Association of cystic fibrosis genetic modifiers with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens. Fertil Steril. 2010;94:2122-7 pubmed publisher
    ..genetic modifiers of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease also predispose to congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) in association with cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutations...
  7. Al Khrasani M, Spetea M, Friedmann T, Riba P, Kiraly K, Schmidhammer H, et al. DAMGO and 6beta-glycine substituted 14-O-methyloxymorphone but not morphine show peripheral, preemptive antinociception after systemic administration in a mouse visceral pain model and high intrinsic efficacy in the isolated rat vas deferens. Brain Res Bull. 2007;74:369-75 pubmed
    ..DAMGO, but not morphine showed high intrinsic efficacy, naltrexone-sensitive agonist effect at MOR of the rat vas deferens. These data demonstrate that selective activation of peripheral MOR by systemic s.c...
  8. de Almeida Kiguti L, Pupo A. Investigation of the effects of ?1-adrenoceptor antagonism and L-type calcium channel blockade on ejaculation and vas deferens and seminal vesicle contractility in vitro. J Sex Med. 2012;9:159-68 pubmed publisher
  9. Steiner B, Rosendahl J, Witt H, Teich N, Keim V, Schulz H, et al. Common CFTR haplotypes and susceptibility to chronic pancreatitis and congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens. Hum Mutat. 2011;32:912-20 pubmed publisher
    ..enhance susceptibility for idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP) and congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD); however, it is unknown why CFTR heterozygotes are at increased disease risk...
  10. Ohno A, Ohya S, Yamamura H, Imaizumi Y. Regulation of ryanodine receptor-mediated Ca(2+) release in vas deferens smooth muscle cells. J Pharmacol Sci. 2009;110:78-86 pubmed
    ..RyR) and hormonal regulation by flutamide, an androgen-receptor (AR) antagonist, on it were examined in vas deferens (VD) smooth muscle cells (SMCs). VD and VDSMCs were obtained from two groups of male rats that were treated p.o...
  11. Mirabella N, Squillacioti C, De Luca A, Paino G. Effects of castration on the expression of TrkB and p75NTR in the vas deferens and male accessory genital glands of the rat. Anat Histol Embryol. 2008;37:118-25 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, using immunohistochemistry, we investigated the distribution of TrkB and p75NTR in the vas deferens and accessory male genital glands in normal and castrated rats...
  12. Pierucci Alves F, Yi S, Schultz B. Transforming growth factor beta 1 induces tight junction disruptions and loss of transepithelial resistance across porcine vas deferens epithelial cells. Biol Reprod. 2012;86:36 pubmed publisher
    ..study examined whether TGFB has any effects on epithelial function exhibited by primary cultures of porcine vas deferens epithelia...
  13. Zhao L, Wang Z, Ruan Y, Zhou W. Cellular mechanism underlying the facilitation of contractile response of vas deferens smooth muscle by sodium orthovanadate. Mol Cell Biochem. 2012;366:149-57 pubmed publisher
    ..current study, we aimed to investigate the cellular mechanisms by which SOV facilitated contractile response of vas deferens smooth muscle and its potential therapeutic advantage...
  14. Williams D, Brain K, Cunnane T. The effect of epibatidine on spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release in the mouse and guinea pig isolated vas deferens. Br J Pharmacol. 2007;150:906-12 pubmed
    Nicotinic agonists increase sympathetic field-stimulus-evoked contraction of the rodent vas deferens, presumably by increasing evoked neurotransmitter release. This presumption was tested in two species.
  15. Burnstock G, Verkhratsky A. Vas deferens--a model used to establish sympathetic cotransmission. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2010;31:131-9 pubmed publisher
    The vas deferens has been used as a model for many diverse studies of different aspects of autonomic neurotransmission since its introduction including, in particular, sympathetic cotransmission involving release of ATP and neuropeptide Y ..
  16. Zhu H, Wassall R, Takai M, Morinaga H, Nomura M, Cunnane T, et al. Actions of veratridine on tetrodotoxin-sensitive voltage-gated Na currents, Na1.6, in murine vas deferens myocytes. Br J Pharmacol. 2009;157:1483-93 pubmed publisher
    The effects of veratridine, an alkaloid found in Liliaceae plants, on tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive voltage-gated Na(+) channels were investigated in mouse vas deferens.
  17. Seto S, Docherty J. Effects of T-type calcium channel blockers and thalidomide on contractions of rat vas deferens. Br J Pharmacol. 2010;159:1211-6 pubmed publisher
    In rat vas deferens, nerve mediated-contractions to a single electrical stimulus consist of an early purinergic and a later adrenergic component with differing sensitivities to L-type calcium channel blockers...
  18. Ruan Y, Wang Z, Du J, Zuo W, Guo J, Zhang J, et al. Regulation of smooth muscle contractility by the epithelium in rat vas deferens: role of ATP-induced release of PGE2. J Physiol. 2008;586:4843-57 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study investigated the regulation of smooth muscle contraction by the epithelium in rat vas deferens and the possible factor(s) involved...
  19. Ho K, Wong M, Tam P. Microsurgical vasoepididymostomy for obstructive azoospermia. Hong Kong Med J. 2009;15:452-7 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of microsurgical vasoepididymostomy for patients with obstructive azoospermia attending our institutions...
  20. Liang M, Subramanian A, Weedin J, Griffith D, Awad S. True duplication of the vas deferens: a case report and review of literature. Int Urol Nephrol. 2012;44:385-91 pubmed publisher
    Duplication of the vas deferens is the identification of a second vas deferens within the spermatic cord; it is a rarely reported congenital anomaly...
  21. Erdemir F, Parlaktas B, Yasar A, Uluocak N. Duplicated vas deferens: a rare congenital abnormality. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2008;24:210-1 pubmed publisher
    Duplication of vas deferens is a rare congenital anomaly for which the overall incidence in the general population is estimated to be less than 0.05%...
  22. Selli C, Cavalleri S, De Maria M, Iafrate M, Giannarini G. Robot-assisted removal of a large seminal vesicle cyst with ipsilateral renal agenesis associated with an ectopic ureter and a Müllerian cyst of the vas deferens. Urology. 2008;71:1226.e5-7 pubmed publisher
    ..vesicle cyst with ipsilateral renal agenesis, associated with ectopic ureter and a Müllerian cyst of the vas deferens in a 39-year-old man...
  23. Lafayette S, Vladimirova I, Garcez do Carmo L, Monteforte P, Caricati Neto A, Jurkiewicz A. Evidence for the participation of calcium in non-genomic relaxations induced by androgenic steroids in rat vas deferens. Br J Pharmacol. 2008;153:1242-50 pubmed publisher
    Androgens cause non-genomic relaxation in several smooth muscle preparations. However, such an effect has not been investigated in rat vas deferens yet. Our purpose was to study the effect of testosterone and derivatives in this tissue.
  24. Maciel L, Glina S, Palma P, Nascimento L, Costa N, Netto N. Histopathological alterations of the vas deferens in rats exposed to polypropylene mesh. BJU Int. 2007;100:187-90 pubmed
    ..and physiological effects of polypropylene mesh for inguinal herniorraphy, as it can cause lesions in the vas deferens in 0.3-2...
  25. Pieri P, Missaglia M, Roque J, Moreira Filho C, Hallak J. Novel CFTR missense mutations in Brazilian patients with congenital absence of vas deferens: counseling issues. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2007;62:385-90 pubmed
    ..for mutations in the entire Cystic Fibrosis gene (CFTR) of Brazilian infertile men with congenital absence of vas deferens, in order to prevent transmission of CFTR mutations to offspring with the use of assisted reproductive ..
  26. Radpour R, Gourabi H, Dizaj A, Holzgreve W, Zhong X. Genetic investigations of CFTR mutations in congenital absence of vas deferens, uterus, and vagina as a cause of infertility. J Androl. 2008;29:506-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is a genital form of cystic fibrosis (CF) that is responsible for 2%-6% of male infertility...
  27. Cardoso L, Nascimento A, Royer C, Porto C, Lazari M. Locally produced relaxin may affect testis and vas deferens function in rats. Reproduction. 2010;139:185-96 pubmed publisher
    We have previously shown that the rat testis and vas deferens contain high levels of the relaxin receptor, RXFP1...
  28. Lopez E, Viart V, Guittard C, Templin C, René C, Méchin D, et al. Variants in CFTR untranslated regions are associated with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens. J Med Genet. 2011;48:152-9 pubmed publisher
    Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD), a frequent cause of obstructive azoospermia, is generated by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene...
  29. Lohiya N, Suthar R, Khandelwal A, Goyal S, Ansari A, Manivannan B. Sperm characteristics and teratology in rats following vas deferens occlusion with RISUG and its reversal. Int J Androl. 2010;33:e198-206 pubmed publisher
    ..The fertility/pregnancy/implantation record and skeletal morphology of the offspring were comparable to control. The results suggest functional success and safety of vas occlusion reversal by DMSO...
  30. Kim B, Kawashima A, Ryu J, Takahashi N, Hartman R, King B. Imaging of the seminal vesicle and vas deferens. Radiographics. 2009;29:1105-21 pubmed publisher
    The seminal vesicle (SV) and vas deferens (VD) are ancillary but essential urogenital organs. Understanding their embryologic features and anatomy can be helpful in evaluating various disorders of these organs...
  31. Lee C, Wu C, Wu Y, Chiang H. Gene copy number variations in Asian patients with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens. Hum Reprod. 2009;24:748-55 pubmed publisher
    Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is a distinct clinical entity accounting for approximately 25% of obstructive azoospermia in infertile men...
  32. Gilmore A, Billing R, Einstein R. The effects on heart rate and temperature of mice and vas deferens responses to noradrenaline when their cage mates are subjected to daily restraint stress. Lab Anim. 2008;42:140-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Radiotelemetry and postmortem in vitro studies of the vas deferens were used to determine the effects of stress on observers...
  33. Patel S, Sigman M. Comparison of outcomes of vasovasostomy performed in the convoluted and straight vas deferens. J Urol. 2008;179:256-9 pubmed
    We compared postoperative semen analysis parameters and patency rates of vasovasostomy performed in the convoluted vs straight portion of the vas deferens.
  34. Radpour R, Gourabi H, Gilani M, Dizaj A. Correlation between CFTR gene mutations in Iranian men with congenital absence of the vas deferens and anatomical genital phenotype. J Androl. 2008;29:35-40 pubmed
    Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) and congenital unilateral absence of the vas deferens (CUAVD) are 2 causes of male sterility; these phenotypes are found in 1%-2% of men investigated for infertility and ..
  35. Boudaya M, Fredj S, Haj R, Khrouf M, Bouker A, Halouani L, et al. Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator mutations and polymorphisms associated with congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens in a restricted group of patients from North Africa. Ann Hum Biol. 2012;39:76-9 pubmed publisher
    Congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens (CBAVD) is responsible for 2-6% of male infertility. It occurs in 95% of men with cystic fibrosis...
  36. Li H, Wen Q, Li H, Zhao L, Zhang X, Wang J, et al. Mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in Chinese patients with congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens. J Cyst Fibros. 2012;11:316-23 pubmed publisher
    ..transmembrane conductance (CFTR) gene is currently performed in patients with congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens (CBAVD)...
  37. Jurkiewicz N, da Silva Júnior E, de Souza B, Ferreira Verde L, Drawanz Pereira J, Mendes Sobrinho C, et al. Changes of cytosolic calcium and contractility of young rat vas deferens by acute treatment with amphetamine, fluoxetine or sibutramine. Eur J Pharmacol. 2012;691:52-60 pubmed publisher
    ..that administration of amphetamine, fluoxetine or sibutramine affects the sympathetic nervous system of the rat vas deferens. Therefore, our goal was to verify the role of calcium in vasa deferentia from young rats pretreated with a ..
  38. Ni W, Jiang L, Fei Q, Jin J, Yang X, Huang X. The CFTR polymorphisms poly-T, TG-repeats and M470V in Chinese males with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens. Asian J Androl. 2012;14:687-90 pubmed publisher
    Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is a frequent cause of obstructive azoospermia, and mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene have also been frequently identified in patients ..
  39. Chiang H, Lin Y, Wu Y, Wu C, Liu M, Lin C. Advantages of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the seminal vesicles and intra-abdominal vas deferens in patients with congenital absence of the vas deferens. Urology. 2013;82:345-51 pubmed publisher
    ..show the flexibility in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of seminal vesicle (SV) and intra-abdominal segment of vas deferens for the patients with congenital absence of the vas deferens (CAVD), including congenital bilateral absence of ..
  40. Schwarzer J, Schwarz M. Significance of CFTR gene mutations in patients with congenital aplasia of vas deferens with special regard to renal aplasia. Andrologia. 2012;44:305-7 pubmed publisher
    Between 1994 and 2010, a total of 123 patients with obstructive azoospermia due to aplasia of vas deferens (CAVD) were surgically treated...
  41. Xu B, Niu X, Wang Z, Li P, Qin C, Li J, et al. Novel methods for the diagnosis and treatment of ejaculatory duct obstruction. BJU Int. 2011;108:263-6 pubmed publisher
    To investigate a new method of vas deferens radiography for ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO). • To evaluate the effect of a procedure involving dilation of the ejaculatory duct by F9 seminal vesicoscopy.
  42. Squillacioti C, De Luca A, Paino S, Langella E, Mirabella N. Effects of castration on the expression of the NGF and TrkA in the vas deferens and accessory male genital glands of the rat. Eur J Histochem. 2009;53:239-48 pubmed
    ..study, using immunohistochemistry and real time RT-PCR, we investigated the expression of NGF and TrkA in the vas deferens and accessory male genital glands in normal and castrated rats...
  43. Magheli A, Rais Bahrami S, Kempkensteffen C, Weiske W, Miller K, Hinz S. Impact of obstructive interval and sperm granuloma on patency and pregnancy after vasectomy reversal. Int J Androl. 2010;33:730-5 pubmed publisher
    ..However, when counselling patients and their female partners, it is of utmost importance to stress that the age of the female partner is an independent predictor of successful vasectomy reversal...
  44. Hinz S, Rais Bahrami S, Weiske W, Kempkensteffen C, Schrader M, Miller K, et al. Prognostic value of intraoperative parameters observed during vasectomy reversal for predicting postoperative vas patency and fertility. World J Urol. 2009;27:781-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Our aim is to determine the value of intraoperative semen consistency and quality as well as the presence of a sperm granuloma on predicting vas patency and fertility following vasectomy reversal...
  45. Grangeia A, Sá R, Carvalho F, Martin J, Girodon E, Silva J, et al. Molecular characterization of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene in congenital absence of the vas deferens. Genet Med. 2007;9:163-72 pubmed
    Approximately 20% of patients with congenital absence of the vas deferens remain without two mutations identified...
  46. White C, Short J, Haynes J, Evans R, Ventura S. The residual nonadrenergic contractile response to nerve stimulation of the mouse prostate is mediated by acetylcholine but not ATP in a comparison with the mouse vas deferens. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2010;335:489-96 pubmed publisher
    ..In the guinea pig and rat prostate and the vas deferens of guinea pigs, rats, and mice, ATP is the mediator of this residual contraction...
  47. Zhu H, Shibata A, Inai T, Nomura M, Shibata Y, Brock J, et al. Characterization of NaV1.6-mediated Na+ currents in smooth muscle cells isolated from mouse vas deferens. J Cell Physiol. 2010;223:234-43 pubmed publisher
    Patch-clamp experiments were performed to investigate the behavior of voltage-activated inward currents in vas deferens myocytes from Na(V)1.6-null mice (Na(V)1...
  48. Young J, Brain K, Cunnane T. Electrical and optical study of nerve impulse-evoked ATP-induced, P2X-receptor-mediated sympathetic neurotransmission at single smooth muscle cells in mouse isolated VAS deferens. Neuroscience. 2007;148:82-91 pubmed
    ..were used to investigate purinergic neurotransmission at single smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in mouse isolated vas deferens, and to explore the relationship between two high-resolution P2X-receptor-mediated measures of per pulse ATP ..
  49. Hagedorn T, Carlin R, Schultz B. Oxytocin and vasopressin stimulate anion secretion by human and porcine vas deferens epithelia. Biol Reprod. 2007;77:416-24 pubmed
    ..OT) and vasopressin (VP) on epithelial cells isolated from human (1 degree HVD) and porcine (1 degree PVD) vas deferens and an immortalized epithelial cell line derived from porcine vas deferens (PVD9902 cells)...
  50. Teramoto N, Zhu H, Yotsu Yamashita M, Inai T, Cunnane T. Resurgent-like currents in mouse vas deferens myocytes are mediated by NaV1.6 voltage-gated sodium channels. Pflugers Arch. 2012;464:493-502 pubmed publisher
    ..the molecular properties of resurgent-like currents in single smooth muscle cells dispersed from mouse vas deferens, utilizing both Na(V)1.6-null mice (Na(V)1...
  51. Palani D, Ghildyal P, Manchanda R. Effects of carbenoxolone on syncytial electrical properties and junction potentials of guinea-pig vas deferens. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2006;374:207-14 pubmed
    ..blocker carbenoxolone on smooth muscle syncytial properties and junction potentials were studied in guinea pig vas deferens (GPVD)...
  52. Manin M, Lecher P, Martinez A, Tournadre S, Jean C. Exportation of mouse vas deferens protein, a protein without a signal peptide, from mouse vas deferens epithelium: a model of apocrine secretion. Biol Reprod. 1995;52:50-62 pubmed
    Mouse vas deferens protein (MVDP) is a major androgen-dependent protein of deferential fluid. It is specifically expressed in the epithelium of the mouse vas deferens...
  53. Martinez A, Pailhoux E, Berger M, Jean C. Androgen regulation of the mRNA encoding a major protein of the mouse vas deferens. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1990;72:201-11 pubmed
    A cDNA encoding the major mouse vas deferens protein (MVDP) has been cloned and characterized. Using in situ hybridization we have identified the epithelial cells of the vas deferens as the site of synthesis of MVDP mRNA...
  54. Ghildyal P, Palani D, Manchanda R. Post- and prejunctional consequences of ecto-ATPase inhibition: electrical and contractile studies in guinea-pig vas deferens. J Physiol. 2006;575:469-80 pubmed
    ..inhibitor, on ATP-mediated electrical and contractile activity in the sympathetically innervated guinea-pig vas deferens. ARL 67156 at 100 mum significantly potentiated the amplitude of spontaneous excitatory junction potentials (..
  55. Banks F, Knight G, Calvert R, Thompson C, Morgan R, Burnstock G. The purinergic component of human vas deferens contraction. Fertil Steril. 2006;85:932-9 pubmed
    To examine purinergic signaling in human vas deferens.
  56. Chan P, Brandell R, Goldstein M. Prospective analysis of outcomes after microsurgical intussusception vasoepididymostomy. BJU Int. 2005;96:598-601 pubmed
    ..To prospectively analyse the outcomes of microsurgical vasoepididymostomy using the intussusception technique, as vasoepididymostomy is considered the most challenging reconstructive microsurgery in urology...