rete testis

Summary

Summary: The network of channels formed at the termination of the straight SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES in the mediastinum testis. Rete testis channels drain into the efferent ductules that pass into the caput EPIDIDYMIS.

Top Publications

  1. Kajo K, Matoska J, Javorka K, Machalekova K, Tomaskin R, Kliment K. Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis. Case report. APMIS. 2005;113:720-3 pubmed
    Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis (CDRT) is a very rare cause of a paediatric scrotal mass often associated with renal and other genitourinary tract anomalies...
  2. Kutzler M, Shoemaker M, Valentine B, Bildfell R, Tornquist S. Bilateral cystic rete testis in an alpaca (Lama pacos). J Vet Diagn Invest. 2006;18:303-6 pubmed
    ..was lined by a single layer of squamous to cuboidal epithelial cells consistent with those originating from rete testis. The right testis was of a comparable size and shape to that of normal alpaca testis, but the rete testis was ..
  3. Smith P, DeSouza R, Roth D. Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis. Urology. 2008;72:230.e7-10 pubmed publisher
    Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis (CDT) represents a diagnostically challenging condition in the pediatric population...
  4. Nakagawa T, Hiraoka N, Ihara F, Komiyama M, Kanai Y, Matsuno Y. Primary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis with preceding diagnosis of pulmonary metastases. Int J Urol. 2006;13:1532-5 pubmed
    We report a case of primary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis in a 55-year-old man with pulmonary metastases that were detected 11 months prior to the diagnosis of the primary lesion...
  5. Ulbright T, Gersell D. Rete testis hyperplasia with hyaline globule formation. A lesion simulating yolk sac tumor. Am J Surg Pathol. 1991;15:66-74 pubmed
    The presence of eosinophilic, hyaline globules in association with epithelial hyperplasia was noted in the rete testis of three patients with germ cell tumors...
  6. Bremmer F, Schweyer S, Behnes C, Blech M, Radzun H. Sertoliform cystadenoma: a rare benign tumour of the rete testis. Diagn Pathol. 2013;8:23 pubmed publisher
    Sertoliform cystadenoma of the rete testis represents an uncommon benign tumour. They appear in patients from 26 to 62 years of age. We describe a case of a 66-year-old man with a tumour in the area of the epididymal head...
  7. Rubegni P, Poggiali S, de Santi M, Marsili S, Bilenchi R, Miracco C, et al. Cutaneous metastases from adenocarcinoma of the rete testis. J Cutan Pathol. 2006;33:181-4 pubmed
    Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis (ACRT) is extremely rare and has only been the subject of sporadic case reports, in most of which the neoplasm manifested as a scrotal mass with diffuse enlargement of the testis...
  8. Perimenis P, Athanasopoulos A, Speakman M. Primary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis. Int Urol Nephrol. 2003;35:373-4 pubmed
    We report a case of adenocarcinoma of the rete testis in a 44-year-old man, presented intially with a hydrocele and later with signs of infection in the affected hemiscrotum...
  9. Nistal M, Castillo M, Regadera J, García Cabezas M. Adenomatous hyperplasia of the rete testis. A review and report of new cases. Histol Histopathol. 2003;18:741-52 pubmed publisher
    Adenomatous hyperplasia of the rete testis (AHRT) is an uncommon benign lesion that preferentially involves the septal rete testis and mediastinal rete testis...

More Information

Publications90

  1. Burrus J, Lockhart M, Kenney P, Kolettis P. Cystic ectasia of the rete testis: clinical and radiographic features. J Urol. 2002;168:1436-8 pubmed
    Cystic ectasia of the rete testis is a rare condition that may be incidentally noted on scrotal ultrasonography...
  2. Camassei F, Francalanci P, Ferro F, Capozza N, Boldrini R. Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis: report of two cases and review of the literature. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2002;5:206-10 pubmed
    Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis (CDT) is a rare congenital defect, characterized by multiple irregular cystic spaces in the mediastinum of the testis that may involve the whole gonad...
  3. Sellars M, Sidhu P. Pictorial review: ultrasound appearances of the rete testis. Eur J Ultrasound. 2001;14:115-20 pubmed
    The rete testis is formed in the fifth week of intra-uterine life...
  4. Piotto L, LeQuesne G, Gent R, Bourne A, Freeman J, Ford W. Congenital cystic dysplasia of the rete testis. Pediatr Radiol. 2001;31:724-6 pubmed
    Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis (the network of straight seminiferous tubules within the mediastinum testis leading to the efferent ductules) is a rare congenital anomaly...
  5. Wrobel K. Morphogenesis of the bovine rete testis: the intratesticular rete and its connection to the seminiferous tubules. Anat Embryol (Berl). 2000;202:475-90 pubmed
    The development of the intragonadal rete testis and the establishment of the connection between seminiferous and straight testicular tubules was studied using ultrastructural and histochemical methods in 60 bovine embryos and fetuses ..
  6. Itoh M, Xie Q, Miyamoto K, Takeuchi Y. F4/80-positive cells rapidly accumulate around tubuli recti and rete testis between 3 and 4 weeks of age in the mouse: an immunohistochemical study. Am J Reprod Immunol. 1999;42:321-6 pubmed
    ..in testes of normal adult mice accumulate particularly in the interstitium adjacent to the tubuli recti and rete testis (i.e., the central region)...
  7. Lee K, Hess R, Bahr J, Lubahn D, Taylor J, Bunick D. Estrogen receptor alpha has a functional role in the mouse rete testis and efferent ductules. Biol Reprod. 2000;63:1873-80 pubmed
    Previous studies of the estrogen receptor-alpha knockout (alpha ERKO) in the male mouse demonstrate that the rete testis and efferent ductules are targets of estrogen...
  8. Hess R, Bunick D, Lubahn D, Zhou Q, Bouma J. Morphologic changes in efferent ductules and epididymis in estrogen receptor-alpha knockout mice. J Androl. 2000;21:107-21 pubmed
    ..Our previous study of the estrogen receptor-alpha knockout mouse (ERKO) showed that the efferent ductules and rete testis were primary targets of estrogen receptor function...
  9. Hess R, Bunick D, Lee K, Bahr J, Taylor J, Korach K, et al. A role for oestrogens in the male reproductive system. Nature. 1997;390:509-12 pubmed
    ..in low concentrations in blood, but can be extraordinarily high in semen, and as high as 250 pg ml(-1) in rete testis fluids, which is higher than serum oestradiol in the female...
  10. Fridman E, Skarda J, Ofek Moravsky E, Cordoba M. Complex multilocular cystic lesion of rete testis, accompanied by smooth muscle hyperplasia, mimicking intratesticular Leydig cell neoplasm. Virchows Arch. 2005;447:768-71 pubmed
    ..We describe a complex multilocular cystic lesion composed of cystic transformation of the rete testis associated with smooth muscle proliferation mimicking intratesticular Leydig cell neoplasm...
  11. Amin M. Selected other problematic testicular and paratesticular lesions: rete testis neoplasms and pseudotumors, mesothelial lesions and secondary tumors. Mod Pathol. 2005;18 Suppl 2:S131-45 pubmed
    The proximity and, in some instances, communication between several structures in the testis and paratestis (rete testis, epididymis, mesothelium, vestigial epithelium and paratesticular soft tissue) result in a plethora of interesting ..
  12. Sinclair A, Gunendran T, Napier Hemy R, Lee S, Denley H. Sertoliform cystadenoma of the rete testis. Pathol Int. 2006;56:568-9 pubmed
  13. Hahn K, Beres B, Rowton M, Skinner M, Chang Y, Rawls A, et al. A deficiency of lunatic fringe is associated with cystic dilation of the rete testis. Reproduction. 2009;137:79-93 pubmed publisher
    ..and immunohistochemical analysis of these testes revealed the development of unilateral cystic dilation of the rete testis. Tracer dye experiments confirm a block in the connection between the rete testis and the efferent ducts...
  14. Mermershtain W, Vardi N, Gusakova I, Klein J. Serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis: unusual ultrasonography and pathological findings. J Cancer Res Ther. 2007;3:37-9 pubmed
    We report a case of serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis in a 22-year-old man. Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is highly resistant to radiotherapy and any known chemotherapeutic regimen...
  15. Jeffs B, Meeks J, Ito M, Martinson F, Matzuk M, Jameson J, et al. Blockage of the rete testis and efferent ductules by ectopic Sertoli and Leydig cells causes infertility in Dax1-deficient male mice. Endocrinology. 2001;142:4486-95 pubmed
    ..Light and electron microscopic examination revealed the rete testis is blocked by aberrantly located Sertoli cells, creating a tailback of necrosing sperm in the testis...
  16. Jones E, Murray S, Young R. Cysts and epithelial proliferations of the testicular collecting system (including rete testis). Semin Diagn Pathol. 2000;17:270-93 pubmed
    ..The rete testis and epididymis are the 2 sites that are most likely to give rise to this unusual group of lesions...
  17. Sever D, Freeborn L. Observations on the anterior testicular ducts in snakes with emphasis on sea snakes and ultrastructure in the yellow-bellied sea snake, Pelamis platurus. J Morphol. 2012;273:324-36 pubmed publisher
    ..These ducts consist of the rete testis, ductuli efferentes, and ductus epididymis...
  18. Queiroz D, Silva A, Gutiérrez Ospina G, Porto C, Grossman G, Petrusz P, et al. Cells positive for microtubule-associated protein 1B (MAP 1B) are present along rat and human efferent ductules and epididymis. Cell Tissue Res. 2006;325:125-33 pubmed
    ..The functional significance of this cytoskeleton protein in tissues from the male reproductive tract requires further investigation. ..
  19. Kirby J, Yang L, Labus J, Hinton B. Characterization of fibroblast growth factor receptors expressed in principal cells in the initial segment of the rat epididymis. Biol Reprod. 2003;68:2314-21 pubmed
    ..principal cells of the rat initial segment and to identify other potential ligands for these receptors in rat rete testis fluid (RTF)...
  20. Goyal H, Williams C, Vig M. Postnatal differentiation of efferent ductule epithelium in goats: a light microscopic and ultrastructural study. Anat Rec. 2000;259:1-11 pubmed
    ..The goat efferent ductules can be characterized morphologically mature by 25 weeks. ..
  21. Emam A, Awad F, Elsayed E, Alghashi M. Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis: ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2012;23:559-61 pubmed
    ..To the best of our knowledge, our case is the first case of cystic dysplasia of the rete testis in the literature, which presented as undescended testis (inguinal swelling), with no associated renal or ..
  22. Mesa H, Larson W, Manivel J. Acquired adenomatous hyperplasia of the rete testis: an immunohistochemical study of its pathogenesis. Hum Pathol. 2018;73:102-107 pubmed publisher
    Adenomatous hyperplasia of the rete testis (AHRT) is an uncommon abnormality first described by Nistal and Paniagua in 1988. Congenital and acquired forms of AHRT are recognized...
  23. Nakata H, Sonomura T, Iseki S. Three-dimensional analysis of seminiferous tubules and spermatogenic waves in mice. Reproduction. 2017;154:569-579 pubmed publisher
    ..seminiferous tubules, including the number and length of tubules as well as the number of connections with the rete testis, branching points and blind ends, was assessed accurately...
  24. Jequier A, Phillips N. Cystic dilatation of the rete testis: a hidden diagnosis among infertile men. Reprod Biomed Online. 2009;18:190-4 pubmed
    Cystic dilatation of the rete testis, often also known as cystic ectasia of the rete testis, is a poorly understood condition that may be a cause of male infertility...
  25. Paner G, Kristiansen G, McKenney J, Amin M. Rete testis-associated nodular steroid cell nests: description of putative pluripotential testicular hilus steroid cells. Am J Surg Pathol. 2011;35:505-11 pubmed publisher
    ..We present hitherto undescribed nodular steroid cell nests associated with the rete testis that are distinctive in their morphology and immunohistochemical profile from Leydig cells and do not have the ..
  26. Rodriguez Sosa J, Silvertown J, Foster R, Medin J, Hahnel A. Transduction and transplantation of spermatogonia into the testis of ram lambs through the extra-testicular rete. Reprod Domest Anim. 2009;44:612-20 pubmed publisher
    ..ram lambs, where the head of the epididymis is reflected, and a catheter introduced into the extra-testicular rete testis. We also tested transduction of ram spermatogonia with a lentiviral (LV) vector as a means to identify ..
  27. Nanni L, Buonuomo V, Gessi M, Lauriola L, Pintus C. Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis associated to cryptorchidism: a case report. Arch Ital Urol Androl. 2005;77:199-201 pubmed
    A case of cystic dysplasia of the rete testis (CDRT) is reported. Nine months after right orchidopexy, a 10-year-old boy presented a palpable mass in the ipsilateral hemi-scrotum...
  28. Kara T, Durmaz M, Ceken K. Ultrasonography of tubular ectasia of the rete testis with associated scrotal findings. J Med Ultrason (2001). 2013;40:27-32 pubmed publisher
    Tubular ectasia of the rete testis (TERT) is a rare disorder that can be seen on ultrasonography (US) during a routine examination. In this study, we aim to discuss 15 cases of TERT and concomitant scrotal pathologies...
  29. Beu C, Orsi A, Stefanini M, Moreno M. The ultrastructure of the guinea pig rete testis. J Submicrosc Cytol Pathol. 2003;35:141-6 pubmed
    The chambers of the rete testis (RT) of guinea pig are lined by a simple epithelium, whose cells are squamous, cubical and columnar in shape...
  30. Wick M. Primary lesions that may imitate metastatic tumors histologically: A selective review. Semin Diagn Pathol. 2018;35:123-142 pubmed publisher
    ..carcinoma, adenocarcinomas of the urinary bladder, mucinous and "rhabdoid" tumors of the ovaries, rete testis adenocarcinomas, interdigitating dendritic-cell sarcoma of lymph nodes, selected sweat gland carcinomas, ..
  31. Aire T. Cyclical reproductive changes in the non-ciliated epithelia of the epididymis of birds. Anat Histol Embryol. 2002;31:113-8 pubmed
    ..b>Rete testis cells accumulated numerous variably sized lipid droplets in all birds, as well as large heterogeneous and ..
  32. Dieckmann K, Dralle Filiz I, Matthies C, Heinzelbecker J, Bedke J, Ellinger J, et al. Testicular seminoma clinical stage 1: treatment outcome on a routine care level. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2016;142:1599-607 pubmed publisher
    ..We registered type of management, age, duration of follow-up (F/U), relapse, rete testis invasion (RTI), and tumor size...
  33. Browne T, Richie J, Gilligan T, Rubin M. Intertubular growth in pure seminomas: associations with poor prognostic parameters. Hum Pathol. 2005;36:640-5 pubmed
    ..A recent randomized trial found tumor size and rete testis invasion to be the strongest predictors of relapse in clinical stage I seminomas...
  34. Osman H, Cheng L, Ulbright T, Idrees M. The utility of CDX2, GATA3, and DOG1 in the diagnosis of testicular neoplasms: an immunohistochemical study of 109 cases. Hum Pathol. 2016;48:18-24 pubmed publisher
    ..negative in all tumors, but stained spermatocytes and spermatids and the luminal borders of the epididymis and rete testis of nonneoplastic testis...
  35. Holmes H, Gist D. Excurrent duct system of the male turtle Chrysemys picta. J Morphol. 2004;261:312-22 pubmed
    ..This cell is frequently found in association with another narrow cell having a rounded nucleus and abundant mitochondria in its cytoplasm. ..
  36. Lane Z, Epstein J. Small blue cells mimicking small cell carcinoma in spermatocele and hydrocele specimens: a report of 5 cases. Hum Pathol. 2010;41:88-93 pubmed publisher
    ..In 4 of 5 cases, there was sufficient tissue to perform immunohistochemistry along with 10 cases each of normal rete testis and epididymis...
  37. Valdevenito J, Gallegos I, Fernandez C, Acevedo C, Palma R. Correlation between primary tumor pathologic features and presence of clinical metastasis at diagnosis of testicular seminoma. Urology. 2007;70:777-80 pubmed
    ..On univariate analysis, tumor size greater than 4 cm (P = 0.0135), testicular vascular invasion (P = 0.0042), rete testis invasion (P = 0.0002), tunica albuginea penetration (P = 0.00001), base of the spermatic cord invasion (P = 0...
  38. Dogra V, Gottlieb R, Rubens D, Liao L. Benign intratesticular cystic lesions: US features. Radiographics. 2001;21 Spec No:S273-81 pubmed
    ..An intratesticular spermatocele communicates with the seminiferous tubules, whereas simple ectasia of the rete testis does not do so directly. These cysts contain spermatozoa and can be septate...
  39. Danielian P, Hess R, Lees J. E2f4 and E2f5 are essential for the development of the male reproductive system. Cell Cycle. 2016;15:250-60 pubmed publisher
    ..seminiferous tubules and rete testes showed significant dilation, and spermatozoa accumulated aberrantly in the rete testis and efferent ducts...
  40. Skurikhin E, Pakhomova A, Pershina O, Ermolaeva L, Ermakova N, Krupin V, et al. Regenerative Potential of Stem and Progenitor Cells from Ischemic Testes of C57Bl/6 Mice in Culture and in the Model of Spermatogenesis Suppression Caused by Busulfan. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2017;162:400-405 pubmed publisher
    ..On day 30 after injection of stem and progenitor cells from ischemic testes to the rete testis zone of the testes of busulfantreated animals, an increase in the count of CD117-CD90+ ..
  41. Park E, Morrison S. Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis in an adolescent with VATER association. Pediatr Radiol. 2008;38:123 pubmed
  42. Maganty A, Fombona A, Bandari J, Lyon T, Kulich S, Gingrich J, et al. Aggressive surgical management of adenocarcinoma of the rete testis. Urol Case Rep. 2018;16:72-74 pubmed publisher
    Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is a rare and aggressive malignancy arising from the epididymal epithelium. We present a case of a 66-year-old male who presented with left testis mass...
  43. Schuler G, Dezhkam Y, Tenbusch L, Klymiuk M, Zimmer B, Hoffmann B. SULFATION PATHWAYS: Formation and hydrolysis of sulfonated estrogens in the porcine testis and epididymis. J Mol Endocrinol. 2018;61:M13-M25 pubmed publisher
    ..STS expression and activity was high in the testis (Leydig cells, rete testis epithelium) but also present throughout the epididymis...
  44. Friend J, Barker A, Khosa J, Samnakay N. Benign scrotal masses in children - some new lessons learned. J Pediatr Surg. 2016;51:1737-42 pubmed publisher
    ..two epidermoid cysts, one dermoid cyst, two cases of Leydig cell hyperplasia, one cystic dysplasia of the rete testis and one large simple intratesticular cyst...
  45. Casey R, Stunell H, Buckley O, Flynn R, Torreggiani W. A unique radiological pentad of mesonephric duct abnormalities in a young man presenting with testicular swelling. Br J Radiol. 2008;81:e93-6 pubmed publisher
    Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis with associated ipsilateral renal agenesis is a very rare congenital abnormality, mainly described in the paediatric literature...
  46. Yakirevich E, Yanai O, Sova Y, Sabo E, Stein A, Hiss J, et al. Cytotoxic phenotype of intra-epithelial lymphocytes in normal and cryptorchid human testicular excurrent ducts. Hum Reprod. 2002;17:275-83 pubmed
  47. Zhang L, Zhang J, Gan Z. [Relationship between ectasia of the rete testis and the volume of seminal vesicle cyst in the epididymal head: an ultrasonographic study]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue. 2013;19:137-40 pubmed
    To explore the correlation between ectasia of the rete testis (ERT) and the volume of seminal vesicle cyst (SVC) in the epididymal head by ultrasonography.
  48. Ruf C, Linbecker M, Port M, Riecke A, Schmelz H, Wagner W, et al. Predicting metastasized seminoma using gene expression. BJU Int. 2012;110:E14-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Currently, parameters such as primary tumour size, vessel invasion or invasion of the rete testis are used for predicting occult metastasis...
  49. Yasuzumi F. Need based structural changes in the ductulus efferentis during sperm movements in the human epididymis. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn. 2007;84:25-34 pubmed
    The dynamic structures of the human ductuli efferentes, which connect between the rete testis and the ductulus epididymidis, are described in the present paper...
  50. Yang B. [Diagnosis of tubular ectasia of the rete testis with color flow Doppler imaging]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue. 2004;10:855-6 pubmed
    To diagnose tubular ectasia of the rete testis with color flow Doppler imaging.
  51. Meyer D, Hüppe T, Lock U, Hodek E, Friedrich M. Pronounced cystic transformation of the Rete testis. MRI appearance. Invest Radiol. 1999;34:600-3 pubmed
    Cystic transformation of the rete testis is a little-known partial or complete obstruction of the spermatozoa-containing secretion of the head of the epididymis...
  52. Pascual Mateo C, Fernández González I, Lujan Galán M, Rodríguez García N, Espinales Castro G, Berenguer Sanchez A. [Cystic ectasia of the rete testis]. Arch Esp Urol. 2006;59:55-8 pubmed
    The cystic ectasia of the rete testis is a benign entity with a typical ultrasound appearance as a collection of small hypoechoic structures in the confluence of the mediastinum testis...
  53. Harvey S, Perry J, Zheng K, Chen D, Sado Y, Jefferson B, et al. Sequential expression of type IV collagen networks: testis as a model and relevance to spermatogenesis. Am J Pathol. 2006;168:1587-97 pubmed
    ..This situation is analogous to the glomerular basement membrane in Alport syndrome. In conclusion, testis can serve as a model system to study the sequence of type IV collagen network expression...
  54. Lin X, Yu J, Xu H, Wang L, Fan C, Liu Y, et al. A case of adenocarcinoma of the rete testis accompanied by focal adenomatous hyperplasia. Diagn Pathol. 2013;8:105 pubmed publisher
    Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is very rare. There is still little knowledge about its etiology and pathogenesis. Herein, we present a case of rete testis adenocarcinoma in a 36-year-old Chinese male...
  55. Nistal M, Gonzalez Peramato P, Regadera J, Serrano A, Tarin V, De Miguel M. Primary testicular lesions are associated with testicular germ cell tumors of adult men. Am J Surg Pathol. 2006;30:1260-8 pubmed
    ..We found Leydig cell hyperplasia, microlithiasis, angiopathy, adenomatous hyperplasia of the rete testis, SC nodules, SC dysgenesis and involution, SC-only tubules, tubular atrophy, adluminal compartment lesions, ..
  56. Arrighi S, Ventriglia G, Aralla M, Zizza S, Di Summa A, Desantis S. Absorptive activities of the efferent ducts evaluated by the immunolocalization of aquaporin water channels and lectin histochemistry in adult cats. Histol Histopathol. 2010;25:433-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Epithelial ciliated cells, whose main function is the movement of luminal content, might also participate in absorptive processes to a lesser extent...
  57. Trépos Pouplard M, Lardenois A, Staub C, Guitton N, Dorval Coiffec I, Pineau C, et al. Proteome analysis and genome-wide regulatory motif prediction identify novel potentially sex-hormone regulated proteins in rat efferent ducts. Int J Androl. 2010;33:661-74 pubmed publisher
    The efferent ducts are a series of tubules that conduct sperm from the rete testis to the epididymis...
  58. Roselli C, West N, Brenner R. Androgen receptor and 5 alpha-reductase activity in the ductuli efferentes and epididymis of adult rhesus macaques. Biol Reprod. 1991;44:739-45 pubmed
    ..Our data demonstrate that there are segmental differences in the concentrations of 5 alpha RA and AR in epididymis and suggest that there may be regional differences in the regulation of epididymal functions by androgen...
  59. Rosevear H, Mishail A, Sheynkin Y, Wald M. Unusual scrotal pathology: an overview. Nat Rev Urol. 2009;6:491-500 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Rete testis lesions are classified as developmental, benign or malignant...
  60. Tainosho S, Naito M, Hirai S, Terayama H, Qu N, Itoh M. Multilayered structure of the basal lamina of the tubuli recti in normal mice. Med Mol Morphol. 2011;44:34-8 pubmed publisher
    Previous studies have demonstrated that the blood-testis barrier (BTB) at the tubuli recti (TR) and the rete testis (RT) is less complete than at the seminiferous tubules (ST)...
  61. Hansen N, Sanchez R, Ivancic V. Unusual combination of bilateral testicular microlithiasis and tubular ectasia of the rete testis with left intra- and extratesticular varicocele in a 17-year-old boy. J Clin Ultrasound. 2012;40:314-8 pubmed publisher
    ..of testicular microlithiasis, unilateral intra/extratesticular varicocele, and tubular ectasia of the rete testis in a 17-year-old boy who presented with testicular pain following a trauma...
  62. Menon P, Vasudevarao -, Sabhiki A, Kudesia S, Joshi D, Mathur U. A case of carcinoma rete testis: histomorphological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings and review of literature. Indian J Cancer. 2002;39:106-11 pubmed
    ..Gross examination revealed a tumor arising in the region of the rete testis, which on histopathology proved to be a papillary adenocarcinoma...
  63. Ozegbe P, Kimaro W, Madekurozwa M, Soley J, Aire T. The excurrent ducts of the testis of the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) and ostrich (Struthio camelus): Microstereology of the epididymis and immunohistochemistry of its cytoskeletal systems. Anat Histol Embryol. 2010;39:7-16 pubmed publisher
    ..ducts, which are remarkably different from those of members of the Galloanserae monophyly, are as follows: the rete testis, 5.2 +/- 1.4% for the emu and 2.4 +/- 1.8% for the ostrich; efferent ducts, 14.2 +/- 2.3% (emu) and 11.8 +/- 1...
  64. Radi Z, Miller D, Hines M. Rete testis mucinous adenocarcinoma in a dog. Vet Pathol. 2004;41:75-8 pubmed
    ..of histopathology, histochemistry, and immunohistochemical findings, a diagnosis of mucinous adenocarcinoma of rete testis was made. Rete testis adenocarcinoma is a well known but very rare neoplasm in humans...
  65. Nistal M, García Cabezas M, Regadera J, Castillo M. Microlithiasis of the epididymis and the rete testis. Am J Surg Pathol. 2004;28:514-22 pubmed
    ..but no published data as to the existence of a possible microlithiasis of the epididymis and the rete testis have been found...
  66. Faes K, Tournaye H, Goethals L, Lahoutte T, Hoorens A, Goossens E. Testicular cell transplantation into the human testes. Fertil Steril. 2013;100:981-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To translate spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) transplantation towards a clinical application...
  67. Sever D. Ultrastructure of the reproductive system of the black swamp snake (Seminatrix pygaea). VI. Anterior testicular ducts and their nomenclature. J Morphol. 2010;271:104-15 pubmed publisher
    ..From the seminiferous tubules, the rete testis passes into the epididymal sheath, a structure along the medial border of the testis heavily invested with ..
  68. Bhatt S, Jafri S, Wasserman N, Dogra V. Imaging of non-neoplastic intratesticular masses. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2011;17:52-63 pubmed publisher
    ..lesions examined include simple testicular cysts, tunica albuginea cysts, epidermoid cysts, tubular ectasia of rete testis, and intratesticular abscesses...
  69. Parillo F, Magi G, Diverio S, Catone G. Immunohistochemical and lectin histochemical analysis of the alpaca efferent ducts. Histol Histopathol. 2009;24:1-12 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest the existence of two structurally different epithelial segments along the ductuli efferentes of the alpaca, with a high degree of compartmentalization of the secretory and absorptive activities...
  70. Cimador M, Rosone G, Castagnetti M, Libri M, Bertozzi M, Lima M, et al. [Cystic dysplasia of rete testis associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis. Case report]. Minerva Pediatr. 2003;55:175-9 pubmed
    Cystic dysplasia of the rete testis is a rare abnormality often associated with the ipsilateral agenesis of kidney...
  71. Takahashi K, Naito M, Terayama H, Qu N, Cheng L, Tainosho S, et al. Immunomorphological aspects of the tubuli recti and the surrounding interstitium in normal mice. Int J Androl. 2007;30:21-7 pubmed
    ..Three-dimensional analysis showed that 14-16 TR appeared to be connected to the rete testis (RT)...
  72. Naito M, Terayama H, Hirai S, Qu N, Moriyama H, Itoh M. The presence of intra-tubular lymphocytes in normal testis of the mouse. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn. 2008;85:91-6 pubmed
    ..However, the BTB at the tubuli recti (TR) and the rete testis (RT) is known to be incomplete against humoral substances...
  73. Hoshii T, Takeo T, Nakagata N, Takeya M, Araki K, Yamamura K. LGR4 regulates the postnatal development and integrity of male reproductive tracts in mice. Biol Reprod. 2007;76:303-13 pubmed
    ..In the testes, luminal swelling, loss of germinal epithelium in the seminiferous tubules, and rete testis dilation were observed. Cauda epididymidis sperm were immotile...
  74. Lee K, Park J, Bunick D, Lubahn D, Bahr J. Morphological comparison of the testis and efferent ductules between wild-type and estrogen receptor alpha knockout mice during postnatal development. J Anat. 2009;214:916-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Light microscopic examination of the testes of the alphaERKO mouse revealed a dramatic dilation of the rete testis as early as 10 days of age, premature lumen formation, reduced epithelial height and greatly dilated lumen of ..
  75. Weingarten B, Kellman G, Middleton W, Gross M. Tubular ectasia within the mediastinum testis. J Ultrasound Med. 1992;11:349-53 pubmed
    ..Recognizing tubular ectasia is important to avoid unnecessary concern and potential surgery...
  76. van Tilburg M, Sousa S, Ferreira de Melo R, Moreno F, Monteiro Moreira A, Moreira R, et al. Proteome of the rete testis fluid from tropically-adapted Morada Nova rams. Anim Reprod Sci. 2017;176:20-31 pubmed publisher
    The rete testis has a close relationship with sperm development and may have other functions besides serving as an intercalated channel...
  77. Pavlica P, Ramini R, Barozzi L. [Tubular ectasia of the rete testis. The echographic aspects]. Radiol Med. 1994;87:493-7 pubmed
    Tubular ectasia of the seminiferous tubules of the rete testis is an uncommon benign condition which was only recently described. Its US pattern is typical and allows the disease to be distinguished from cystic tumors of the testicle...
  78. Zheng B, Jiang M, Li S, Wu Y, Zhu H, Zhou Z, et al. [Location of Dctn1 in the mouse testis and sperm and its role in spermiogenesis]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue. 2011;17:799-804 pubmed
    ..To investigate the role of dynactin 1 (Dctn1) in the process of mouse spermiogenesis...
  79. Aire T, van der Merwe M. The ductuli efferentes testis of the greater cane rat ( Thryonomys swinderianus). Anat Embryol (Berl). 2003;206:409-17 pubmed
    ..This report is the first to describe multiple non-ciliated cells in the epithelium of the efferent ducts of a rodent and, indeed, of a mammal smaller than the dog...
  80. Rheubert J, Sever D, Geheber A, Siegel D. Proximal testicular ducts of the Mediterranean gecko (Hemidactylus turcicus). Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2010;293:2176-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The seminiferous tubules unite into a single rete testis tubule...
  81. Honaramooz A, Megee S, Dobrinski I. Germ cell transplantation in pigs. Biol Reprod. 2002;66:21-8 pubmed
    ..Best results of intratubular germ cell transfer were obtained when a catheter was inserted into the rete testis under ultrasound guidance...