male genitalia


Summary: The male reproductive organs. They are divided into the external organs (PENIS; SCROTUM;and URETHRA) and the internal organs (TESTIS; EPIDIDYMIS; VAS DEFERENS; SEMINAL VESICLES; EJACULATORY DUCTS; PROSTATE; and BULBOURETHRAL GLANDS).

Top Publications

  1. Soto I, Carreira V, Fanara J, Hasson E. Evolution of male genitalia: environmental and genetic factors affect genital morphology in two Drosophila sibling species and their hybrids. BMC Evol Biol. 2007;7:77 pubmed
    ..koepferae. Genital morphology in interspecific hybrids was examined and compared to the corresponding parental lines...
  2. Rönn J, Katvala M, Arnqvist G. Coevolution between harmful male genitalia and female resistance in seed beetles. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:10921-5 pubmed
    ..The spectacular evolution of male genitalia that impose physical injury on females during mating has often been suggested to be a product of sexually ..
  3. Hass U, Scholze M, Christiansen S, Dalgaard M, Vinggaard A, Axelstad M, et al. Combined exposure to anti-androgens exacerbates disruption of sexual differentiation in the rat. Environ Health Perspect. 2007;115 Suppl 1:122-8 pubmed publisher
  4. Rider C, Furr J, Wilson V, Gray L. A mixture of seven antiandrogens induces reproductive malformations in rats. Int J Androl. 2008;31:249-62 pubmed publisher
  5. Arbuckle T, Hauser R, Swan S, Mao C, Longnecker M, Main K, et al. Meeting report: measuring endocrine-sensitive endpoints within the first years of life. Environ Health Perspect. 2008;116:948-51 pubmed publisher
  6. Moreira P, Araújo V, Zama U, Lino Neto J. Morphology of male reproductive system in three species of Trypoxylon (Trypargilum) Richards (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae). Neotrop Entomol. 2008;37:429-35 pubmed
    ..Sexually mature individuals have all spermatogenesis stages in their follicles. Sperms are released from testes in bundles which are disorganized inside seminal vesicles...
  7. Metzdorff S, Dalgaard M, Christiansen S, Axelstad M, Hass U, Kiersgaard M, et al. Dysgenesis and histological changes of genitals and perturbations of gene expression in male rats after in utero exposure to antiandrogen mixtures. Toxicol Sci. 2007;98:87-98 pubmed
    ..Exposure to antiandrogens, which appears to exert only small effects when judged on a chemical-by-chemical basis, may induce marked responses in concert with, possibly unrecognized, similarly acting chemicals...
  8. Bertin A, Fairbairn D. The form of sexual selection on male genitalia cannot be inferred from within-population variance and allometry - a case study in Aquarius remigis. Evolution. 2007;61:825-37 pubmed
    ..We discuss the implications of this finding and propose future directions for improving our current understanding of genital evolution in arthropods...
  9. Brennan P, Prum R, McCracken K, Sorenson M, Wilson R, Birkhead T. Coevolution of male and female genital morphology in waterfowl. PLoS ONE. 2007;2:e418 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that females have evolved a cryptic anatomical mechanism of choice in response to forced extra-pair copulations...

More Information

Publications125 found, 100 shown here

  1. Takami Y, Sota T. Rapid diversification of male genitalia and mating strategies in Ohomopterus ground beetles. J Evol Biol. 2007;20:1385-95 pubmed
    We analysed evolutionary diversification and covariation in male genitalia and four mating traits related to sexual selection, i.e...
  2. Wilson V, Blystone C, Hotchkiss A, Rider C, Gray L. Diverse mechanisms of anti-androgen action: impact on male rat reproductive tract development. Int J Androl. 2008;31:178-87 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the effects of mixtures of these compounds are just beginning to be explored...
  3. Zang Y, Chung L, Wong T. A review of the psychosocial issues for nurses in male genitalia-related care. J Clin Nurs. 2008;17:983-98 pubmed publisher
    This literature review aimed to highlight psychosocial issues for nurses in the practice of male genitalia-related care so as to guide the improvement of the teaching and practice of male genitalia-related care.
  4. Swan S, Main K, Liu F, Stewart S, Kruse R, Calafat A, et al. Decrease in anogenital distance among male infants with prenatal phthalate exposure. Environ Health Perspect. 2005;113:1056-61 pubmed
    ..These data support the hypothesis that prenatal phthalate exposure at environmental levels can adversely affect male reproductive development in humans...
  5. Avellar M, Honda L, Hamil K, Yenugu S, Grossman G, Petrusz P, et al. Differential expression and antibacterial activity of epididymis protein 2 isoforms in the male reproductive tract of human and rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). Biol Reprod. 2004;71:1453-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Whereas the activity of every EP2 variant tested thus far is antibacterial, further investigation may reveal additional physiological roles for EP2 peptides in the primate male reproductive tract...
  6. Salazar Martinez E, Romano Riquer P, Yanez Marquez E, Longnecker M, Hernandez Avila M. Anogenital distance in human male and female newborns: a descriptive, cross-sectional study. Environ Health. 2004;3:8 pubmed
    ..Because AGD has been an easy-to-measure, sensitive outcome in animals studies, we developed and implemented an anthropometric protocol for measurement of AGD in human males as well as females...
  7. Jarfelt K, Dalgaard M, Hass U, Borch J, Jacobsen H, Ladefoged O. Antiandrogenic effects in male rats perinatally exposed to a mixture of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate. Reprod Toxicol. 2005;19:505-15 pubmed
    ..However, no combination effect was seen with respect to antiandrogenic effects, as males receiving DEHP in combination with DEHA did not exhibit more pronounced effects in the reproductive system than males receiving DEHP alone...
  8. Vinggaard A, Christiansen S, Laier P, Poulsen M, Breinholt V, Jarfelt K, et al. Perinatal exposure to the fungicide prochloraz feminizes the male rat offspring. Toxicol Sci. 2005;85:886-97 pubmed
    ..Overall these results strongly indicate that prochloraz feminizes the male offspring after perinatal exposure, and that these effects are due, at least in part, to diminished fetal steroidogenesis...
  9. Carruthers C, Foster P. Critical window of male reproductive tract development in rats following gestational exposure to di-n-butyl phthalate. Birth Defects Res B Dev Reprod Toxicol. 2005;74:277-85 pubmed
    ..This study was conducted to identify the critical days for the abnormal development of the male reproductive tract, specifically the testis and epididymis...
  10. Bertin A, Fairbairn D. One tool, many uses: precopulatory sexual selection on genital morphology in Aquarius remigis. J Evol Biol. 2005;18:949-61 pubmed
    ..These results highlight the multiple functions of genital organs and the importance of both precopulatory and post-copulatory sexual selection in shaping the remarkable diversity of male genitalia in insects.
  11. Patil A, Cai Y, Sang Y, Blecha F, Zhang G. Cross-species analysis of the mammalian beta-defensin gene family: presence of syntenic gene clusters and preferential expression in the male reproductive tract. Physiol Genomics. 2005;23:5-17 pubmed
    ..Existence of such a vast array of beta-defensins in the male reproductive tract suggests that these genes may play a dual role in both fertility and host defense...
  12. Foster P. Disruption of reproductive development in male rat offspring following in utero exposure to phthalate esters. Int J Androl. 2006;29:140-7; discussion 181-5 pubmed
    ..However humans are exposed to and produce the critical phthalate metabolites that have been detected in blood of the general population, in children and also human amniotic fluid...
  13. House C, Simmons L. The evolution of male genitalia: patterns of genetic variation and covariation in the genital sclerites of the dung beetle Onthophagus taurus. J Evol Biol. 2005;18:1281-92 pubmed
    ..has direct implications for a male's fertilization success and the resulting sexual selection acting on male genitalia is predicted to maintain high levels of additive genetic variance...
  14. Longnecker M, Gladen B, Cupul Uicab L, Romano Riquer S, Weber J, Chapin R, et al. In utero exposure to the antiandrogen 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (DDE) in relation to anogenital distance in male newborns from Chiapas, México. Am J Epidemiol. 2007;165:1015-22 pubmed
    ..If DDE has important antiandrogenic action in humans, it may be manifest only at higher levels of exposure or via effects on other outcomes...
  15. Garnier S, Magniez Jannin F, Rasplus J, Alibert P. When morphometry meets genetics: inferring the phylogeography of Carabus solieri using Fourier analyses of pronotum and male genitalia. J Evol Biol. 2005;18:269-80 pubmed
    ..solieri differentiated during the last glaciation events before recolonizing the actual range of the species. It also indicates a large introgression between the two differentiated entities in the centre of the range...
  16. Aguilar L, Lazcano Ponce E, Vaccarella S, Cruz A, Hernandez P, Smith J, et al. Human papillomavirus in men: comparison of different genital sites. Sex Transm Infect. 2006;82:31-3 pubmed
    ..To elucidate which anatomical sites need to be sampled to detect human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in the lower male genital tract...
  17. Jagadeeshan S, Singh R. A time-sequence functional analysis of mating behaviour and genital coupling in Drosophila: role of cryptic female choice and male sex-drive in the evolution of male genitalia. J Evol Biol. 2006;19:1058-70 pubmed
    b>Male genitalia in Drosophila exemplify strikingly rapid and divergent evolution, whereas female genitalia are relatively invariable...
  18. Swan S. Does our environment affect our fertility? Some examples to help reframe the question. Semin Reprod Med. 2006;24:142-6 pubmed
    ..These methods, rather than trend analyses, may lead more directly--and more persuasively--to identifying the role of environment in human fertility...
  19. BAKER B, Lin L, Kim C, Raza J, Smith C, Miller W, et al. Nonclassic congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia: a new disorder of the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein with very late presentation and normal male genitalia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006;91:4781-4785 pubmed publisher
  20. Braswell W, Andrés J, Maroja L, Harrison R, Howard D, Swanson W. Identification and comparative analysis of accessory gland proteins in Orthoptera. Genome. 2006;49:1069-80 pubmed
    ..Despite rapid nucleotide sequence divergence, there appears to be functional conservation of protein classes among Drosophila and cricket taxa...
  21. Levron C, Poddubnaya L, Kuchta R, Freeman M, Wang Y, Scholz T. SEM and TEM study of the armed male terminal genitalia of the tapeworm Paraechinophallus japonicus (Cestoda: Bothriocephalidea). J Parasitol. 2008;94:803-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Microvilli on the cirrus of P. japonicus are reported for the first time in the Cestoda, whereas the spines on the cirrus may represent a synapomorphy of bothriocephalidean cestodes of the Echinophallidae. ..
  22. Askew E, Gampe R, Stanley T, Faggart J, Wilson E. Modulation of androgen receptor activation function 2 by testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:25801-16 pubmed
    ..We conclude that T is a weaker androgen than DHT because of less favorable T-dependent AR FXXLF and coactivator LXXLL motif interactions at AF2. ..
  23. Cerqueira D, de Souza I. Orofacial manifestations of Robinow's syndrome: a case report in a pediatric patient. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2008;105:353-7 pubmed
  24. Le Tortorec A, Le Grand R, Denis H, Satie A, Mannioui K, Roques P, et al. Infection of semen-producing organs by SIV during the acute and chronic stages of the disease. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e1792 pubmed publisher
    ..These results help elucidate the origin of HIV in semen and constitute an essential base to improving the design of antiretroviral therapies to eradicate virus from semen. ..
  25. McGurk L, Pathirana S, Rothwell K, Trimbuch T, Colombini P, Yu F, et al. The RGS gene loco is essential for male reproductive system differentiation in Drosophila melanogaster. BMC Dev Biol. 2008;8:37 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, we conclude that specific isoforms of loco are required for the differentiation of the male gonad and genital disc. ..
  26. Abdulkadir A, Abdur Rahman L, Adesiyun O. Nonfluoroscopic pressure colostography in the evaluation of genitourinary fistula of anorectal malformations: experience in a resource-poor environment. Pediatr Radiol. 2009;39:132-6 pubmed publisher
  27. Yu H, Li B. First record of the genus Megalota Diakonoff from China, with the descriptions of two new species (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Olethreutinae). Zootaxa. 2013;3641:476-80 pubmed
    ..Two new species, M. bicepsunca, sp. nov., and M., curvativa, sp. nov., are described and illustrated based on the male adults, both of them are distributed in south China Photographs of the adults and male genitalia are provided.
  28. ELzanaty S, Erenpreiss J, Becker C. Seminal plasma albumin: origin and relation to the male reproductive parameters. Andrologia. 2007;39:60-5 pubmed
    ..This is the first study to demonstrate an association between seminal plasma albumin and sperm morphology. Further studies are needed to elucidate the role of seminal albumin in sperm morphology. ..
  29. Agras K, Shiroyanagi Y, Baskin L. Progesterone receptors in the developing genital tubercle: implications for the endocrine disruptor hypothesis as the etiology of hypospadias. J Urol. 2007;178:722-7 pubmed
    ..These findings expand our knowledge of genital tubercle morphogenesis and provide important information for understanding the effects of endocrine disruptors. ..
  30. Shin S, Jeon J, Park D, Jang M, Choi J, Choi B, et al. trans-Resveratrol relaxes the corpus cavernosum ex vivo and enhances testosterone levels and sperm quality in vivo. Arch Pharm Res. 2008;31:83-7 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, we propose that resveratrol has a positive effect on male reproductive function by triggering a penile erection, as well as enhancing blood testosterone levels, testicular sperm counts, and epididymal sperm motility. ..
  31. Shum W, Da Silva N, Brown D, Breton S. Regulation of luminal acidification in the male reproductive tract via cell-cell crosstalk. J Exp Biol. 2009;212:1753-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, a complex interplay between the different cell types present in the epithelium leads to activation of the luminal acidifying capacity of the epididymis, a process that is crucial for sperm maturation and storage. ..
  32. Chan D, Ray J. Quantification of antiretroviral drugs for HIV-1 in the male genital tract: current data, limitations and implications for laboratory analysis. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2007;59:1451-62 pubmed
    ..This review critically appraises current studies of antiretroviral drug quantification in semen and suggests recommendations to address observed limitations. ..
  33. Amid P, Hiatt J. Surgical anatomy of the preperitoneal space. J Am Coll Surg. 2008;207:295; author reply 295-6 pubmed publisher
  34. Takemori N, Yamamoto M. Proteome mapping of the Drosophila melanogaster male reproductive system. Proteomics. 2009;9:2484-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on our proteomic data set, we constructed reference proteome maps of the reproductive organs, which will provide valuable information toward a comprehensive understanding of Drosophila reproduction. ..
  35. Miller J. Repeated evolution of male sacrifice behavior in spiders correlated with genital mutilation. Evolution. 2007;61:1301-15 pubmed
    ..behavior (either complicity in cannibalism or spontaneous death associated with copulation) often also have male genitalia that stereotypically become broken or disfigured the first time they are used for copulation, potentially ..
  36. Ji Y, Wang H, Liu P, Wang Q, Zhao X, Meng X, et al. Pubertal cadmium exposure impairs testicular development and spermatogenesis via disrupting testicular testosterone synthesis in adult mice. Reprod Toxicol. 2010;29:176-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that the decreased testicular T synthesis might partially contribute to pubertal Cd-induced impairment on testicular development and spermatogenesis in mice. ..
  37. Hester A, Kogan S. The prostatic utricle: An under-recognized condition resulting in significant morbidity in boys with both hypospadias and normal external genitalia. J Pediatr Urol. 2017;13:492.e1-492.e5 pubmed publisher
    ..The boys with normal external male genitalia all required surgery since symptoms were the result of the utricle alone...
  38. Hernandez Jimenez A, Rios Cardenas O. Condition-dependent female preference for male genitalia length is based on male reproductive tactics. Proc Biol Sci. 2017;284: pubmed publisher
    There is extensive morphological variation of male genitalia across animals with internal fertilization, even among closely related species...
  39. Pavone L, Tafuri S, Lo Muto R, Spina A, Lychkova A, Mastellone V, et al. Expression of the serotonin transporter SERT in the genital tract of cattle. Regul Pept. 2009;154:1-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide the first evidence for SERT expression in the mammalian genital tract, thus highlighting a new potential target for the therapy of the genital tract cancers. ..
  40. Suo H, Dietrich C, Qin D. Yunicella, a new genus in the Empoasca-complex of the Empoascini (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) from China and Thailand. Zootaxa. 2016;4173:396-400 pubmed publisher
    ..Habitus photos and illustrations of male genitalia of this new species are given. Differences between this new genus and related genera are also discussed.
  41. Wen C, Chen F, Dai W. A review of the leafhopper genus <i>Scaphoideus</i> (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae) from Guangxi of China, with description of one new species. Zootaxa. 2017;4247:351-377 pubmed publisher
    ..The new species is described, and photographs of external habitus and male genitalia of all the species treated are also given along with a key to the species of the region.
  42. Muller F, Depaquit J, Léger N. Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus) mascomai n. sp. (Diptera-Psychodidae). Parasitol Res. 2007;101:1597-602 pubmed
    ..The inclusion of this species in the subgenus Euphlebotomus is justified on the basis of characters of the male genitalia (paramere, basal lobe)...
  43. Sallum M, Foster P, Dos Santos C, Flores D, Motoki M, Bergo E. Resurrection of two species from synonymy of Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) strodei Root, and characterization of a distinct morphological form from the Strodei Complex (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol. 2010;47:504-26 pubmed
    ..The male genitalia of An. arthuri and An. albertoi are described and illustrated for the first time. An. strodei, An...
  44. Angeli L, Tiberio R, Zuccoli R, Annali G, Ramponi A, Leigheb G. Human dirofilariasis: 10 new cases in Piedmont, Italy. Int J Dermatol. 2007;46:844-7 pubmed
  45. Tietz H. Balanitis with eczematous perigenital intertriginous candidosis. Mycoses. 2008;51 Suppl 4:46-7 pubmed publisher
  46. Lundwall A, Larne O, Nayudu P, Ceder Y, Valtonen Andre C. Rapidly evolving marmoset MSMB genes are differently expressed in the male genital tract. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2009;7:96 pubmed publisher
  47. Yamamoto M, Takemori N. Proteome profiling reveals tissue-specific protein expression in the male reproductive system of Drosophila melanogaster. Fly (Austin). 2010;4:36-9 pubmed
    ..In this article, we will provide an overview of the principles of recent proteomic technologies and describe a few proteomic profiles of the male reproductive organs. ..
  48. Soto I, Soto E, Corio C, Carreira V, Manfrin M, Hasson E. Male genital and wing morphology in the cactophilic sibling species Drosophila gouveai and Drosophila antonietae and their hybrids reared in different host plants. Environ Entomol. 2010;39:865-73 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the extent of morphological differentiation between hybrids and pure species as well as plasticity patterns varied across organs, suggesting a complex genetic architecture for the studied traits. ..
  49. Janda A, Sedlacek P, Mejstrikova E, Zdrahalova K, Hrusak O, Kalina T, et al. Unrelated partially matched lymphocyte infusions in a patient with complete DiGeorge/CHARGE syndrome. Pediatr Transplant. 2007;11:441-7 pubmed
    ..We believe that infusions of small doses of DLI from an unrelated donor represent a potentially helpful therapeutic option in patients with cDGS/CHARGE phenotype. ..
  50. Hsieh M, Grantham E, Liu B, Macapagal R, Willingham E, Baskin L. In utero exposure to benzophenone-2 causes hypospadias through an estrogen receptor dependent mechanism. J Urol. 2007;178:1637-42 pubmed
    ..04). These findings suggest that benzophenone-2 may cause hypospadias via signaling through the estrogen receptor. Further study of human benzophenone-2 exposure and its effects is needed to support this hypothesis. ..
  51. Stonis J, Diškus A, Remeikis A. The first description of the leaf-mining Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera) feeding on the South American plant genus Liabum, Asteraceae. Zootaxa. 2015;4040:576-82 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. and S. pangorica Diškus & Stonis, sp. nov. The male genitalia of both species and the female genitalia, as well the leaf-mines of S. serpantina sp. nov. are illustrated.
  52. Murphy A, Sheridan M, O Neill M, Green A. The Walker-Warburg phenotype and genotype among Irish Travellers. Clin Dysmorphol. 2008;17:119-20 pubmed publisher
  53. Kutyshenko V, Sviridova Chailakhyan T, Molochkov N, Chailakhyan L. A study of the organic compound composition of mouse male reproductive organs by high resolution NMR. Dokl Biochem Biophys. 2008;420:99-104 pubmed
  54. Yamada Y, Matsumoto T, Arakawa A, Ikeda S, Fujime M, Komuro Y, et al. Evaluation using a combination of lymphatic invasion on D2-40 immunostain and depth of dermal invasion is a strong predictor for nodal metastasis in extramammary Paget's disease. Pathol Int. 2008;58:114-7 pubmed publisher
    ..001) had a positive correlation with nodal metastasis. In conclusion, evaluation using a combination of lymphatic invasion according to D2-40 immunostain and depth of dermal invasion is a strong predictor of nodal metastasis in EPD...
  55. Hemmingsen J, Hougaard K, Talsness C, Wellejus A, Loft S, Wallin H, et al. Prenatal exposure to diesel exhaust particles and effect on the male reproductive system in mice. Toxicology. 2009;264:61-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, prenatal exposure to SRM2975 was associated with reduced daily sperm production in adulthood, which was not possible to clearly associate with altered endocrine function or expression of aquaporins in the testes. ..
  56. Murillo Ramos L, Hernández Mejía C, Llorente Bousquets J. The phylogenetic position of Aphrissa (Lepidoptera: Pieridae: Coliadinae) within its relatives the ancient American Catopsilias. Zootaxa. 2016;4147:538-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Kricogonia remained as the sister taxon of the whole group. Characters that support clade A include the morphology of male genitalia, while the clade B is supported by female genitalia and morphology of the chorion.
  57. Laurito M, Visintin A, Almiron W. Culex saltanensis morphological redescription of the immature and adult stages. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2008;24:203-10 pubmed
    Culex (Culex) saltanensis is redescribed in the adult, pupal, and larval stages. The male genitalia, pupae, and 4th-stage larvae are illustrated. Information about distribution, bionomics, and taxonomy is included...
  58. Kumar P, Das A, Savant S, Barkat R. Median raphe cyst: report of two cases. Dermatol Online J. 2017;23: pubmed
    Median raphe cysts are rare congenital lesions ofthe male genitalia that occur as a result of alteredembryologic development. We report two such casesof median raphe cysts in the pediatric age group. Inaddition, we review the literature.
  59. Park B, Sung D, Yeom S, Sohn Y, Kim Y, Cho S, et al. Communication between spaces formed by fasciae of male external genitalia and perineum: computed tomographic cadaveric study and clinical significance. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2010;34:193-8 pubmed publisher
    ..tomographic images of 11 patients with diseases involving the potential spaces formed by the fasciae of the male genitalia and the perineum were correlated with observations made on CT of the cadavers...
  60. Paulsen M. Correction of existing generic and species concepts in Platyceroidini (Coleoptera: Lucanidae: Lucaninae) and the description of four new species of Platyceroides Benesh. Zootaxa. 2017;4269:346-378 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on study of the male genitalia and external morphology, the previously monotypic genus Platyceropsis Benesh is reduced to subgeneric status ..
  61. Carro Juarez M, Rodríguez Manzo G. The spinal pattern generator for ejaculation. Brain Res Rev. 2008;58:106-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Data are discussed in the context of the physiology of male sexual function. ..
  62. Kariminejad A, Bozorgmehr B, Sedighi Gilani M, Almadani N, Kariminejad M. Clinical variability in acro-cardio-facial-syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2008;146A:1977-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Their second child died 4 days after birth with severe limb defects and imperforate anus. Our patient may represent clinical variability of the acro-cardio-facial syndrome. ..
  63. Romão R, Pippi Salle J. Update on the surgical approach for reconstruction of the male genitalia. Semin Perinatol. 2017;41:218-226 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review article, the authors present the current status of reconstruction of the male genitalia in this setting...
  64. Glanc P, Umranikar S, Koff D, Tomlinson G, Chitayat D. Fetal sex assignment by sonographic evaluation of the pelvic organs in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. J Ultrasound Med. 2007;26:563-9; quiz 570-1 pubmed
    ..A numerical discriminatory level can be used to distinguish between male and female internal genitalia. Larger numbers will be required to further refine these values. ..
  65. Nusier M, Bataineh H, Daradkah H. Adverse effects of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) on reproductive function in adult male rats. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2007;232:809-13 pubmed
    ..In addition, the treatment markedly increased the number of fetal resorptions in female rats impregnated by group 2 males, thereby reducing their fertility. ..
  66. Ravi Ram K, Ramesh S. Male accessory gland secretory protein polymorphism in natural populations of Drosophila nasuta nasuta and Drosophila sulfurigaster neonasuta. J Genet. 2007;86:217-24 pubmed
    ..The study suggests that though both D. n. nasuta and D. s. neonasuta belong to the same subgroup, they differ in population structure, as far as accessory gland protein polymorphism is concerned. ..
  67. Preece J, Prasad V, Schober M, DaJusta D. Spontaneous Cystic Penile Vascular Malformation in an Adolescent and Review of the Literature. Urology. 2016;97:197-199 pubmed publisher
    Vascular malformations rarely involve the male genitalia, and even fewer appear as cystic lesions on the penile shaft...
  68. Waxman S, Beekley A, Morey A, Soderdahl D. Penetrating trauma to the external genitalia in Operation Iraqi Freedom. Int J Impot Res. 2009;21:145-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Treatment of penetrating trauma to the external genitalia in a combat setting requires attention to tissue preservation while coordinating associated surgical procedures. ..
  69. Boudaya L, Neifar L, Euzet L. Diplectanid parasites of Lithognathus mormyrus (L.) (Teleostei: Sparidae) from the Mediterranean Sea, with the description of Lamellodiscus flagellatus n. sp. (Monogenea: Diplectanidae). Syst Parasitol. 2009;74:149-59 pubmed publisher
    ..The status of L. ignoratus Palombi, 1943, another species from Lithognathus mormyrus, is discussed. A possible scenario for the synxenic speciation of these congeneric parasites of L. mormyrus is proposed...
  70. Zhang X, Sun S, Zhang Y, Wu B, Zhang Z, Liu B, et al. Toxicity of purified terephthalic acid manufacturing wastewater on reproductive system of male mice (Mus musculus). J Hazard Mater. 2010;176:300-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, PTA wastewater was found to have reproductive toxicity on male mice, and public health problems may potentially arise from the discharge of the wastewater into the environment. ..
  71. Okada A, Kai O. Effects of estradiol-17beta and bisphenol A administered chronically to mice throughout pregnancy and lactation on the male pups' reproductive system. Asian J Androl. 2008;10:271-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Chronic exposure to E(2) and BPA might disrupt spermatogenesis in male pups. ..
  72. Ruhlen R, Howdeshell K, Mao J, Taylor J, Bronson F, Newbold R, et al. Low phytoestrogen levels in feed increase fetal serum estradiol resulting in the "fetal estrogenization syndrome" and obesity in CD-1 mice. Environ Health Perspect. 2008;116:322-8 pubmed publisher
  73. Norville K, Sweeney S, Elliott C. Postmating change in physiology of male Drosophila mediated by serotonin (5-HT). J Neurogenet. 2010;24:27-32 pubmed publisher
    ..As serotonin is linked with attentiveness in both flies and mammals, this bioassay suggests reduced behavioral sensitivity of the male fly after mating. ..
  74. Mardo V, Squibb E, Braverman N, Hoover Fong J, MIGEON C, Batista D, et al. Molecular cytogenetic analysis of a de novo interstitial deletion of chromosome 10q (q25.3q26.13) in a male child with ambiguous genitalia: Evidence for a new critical region for genital development. Am J Med Genet A. 2008;146A:2293-7 pubmed publisher
  75. Poon H, Lee K, Wong C, O W, Chow P. A lack of contact of sperm with accessory sex gland secretions deregulates DNA methylation and imprinted gene expression in rodent embryos. Syst Biol Reprod Med. 2009;55:200-13 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggests that a lack of contact of sperm with the ASG secretion disrupts genome-wide DNA methylation and also affects the DNA methylation pattern of imprinted genes in embryos. ..
  76. Sukontason K, Chaiwong T, Chaisri U, Vogtsberger R, Sukontason K. Ultrastructure of male accessory glands of Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) (Diptera: Calliphoridae). J Vector Ecol. 2009;34:294-303 pubmed publisher
    ..About four prominent types of secretions were observed on the basis of difference in electron-density. ..
  77. Peeters M, Giuliano F. Central neurophysiology and dopaminergic control of ejaculation. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2008;32:438-53 pubmed
  78. Cobellis G, Cacciola G, Chioccarelli T, Izzo G, Meccariello R, Pierantoni R, et al. Estrogen regulation of the male reproductive tract in the frog, Rana esculenta: a role in Fra-1 activation in peritubular myoid cells and in sperm release. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2008;155:838-46 pubmed
    ..Therefore, estrogens can be considered a new entry in the list of substances involved in spermiation...
  79. Arthur B, Sbilordo S, Pemberton A, Ward P. The anatomy of fertilization in the yellow dung fly Scathophaga stercoraria. J Morphol. 2008;269:630-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Such anatomy potentially gives the female a large degree of control over sperm traffic from storage to the site of fertilization...
  80. Howdeshell K, Rider C, Wilson V, Gray L. Mechanisms of action of phthalate esters, individually and in combination, to induce abnormal reproductive development in male laboratory rats. Environ Res. 2008;108:168-76 pubmed
    ..Since phthalate ester metabolites are detected in maternal and fetal body fluids, and androgen-signaling and insl3 are highly conserved among mammals, phthalates may potentially affect human reproductive development. ..
  81. Desai N, Kesari K, Agarwal A. Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on male reproductive system. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2009;7:114 pubmed publisher
  82. Aldemir E, Akdeniz F. [Effects of valproate on male reproductive functions]. Turk Psikiyatri Derg. 2009;20:376-84 pubmed
    ..In the second section we review the results of animal research, which could be beneficial in assessing the effects of valproate and epilepsy. ..
  83. Tahami M, Muilwijk J, Lohaj R, Sadeghi S. Study of <i>Laemostenus</i> species across Zagros and Central zone of Iran, with the description of seven new cavernicolous species and notes on subgenus <i>Iranosphodrus</i> (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Sphodrini). Zootaxa. 2017;4344:115-136 pubmed publisher
    ..Morphological characters of the habitus and shape of male genitalia were used to delimit the species. New species of subgenus Antisphodrus are: L. (A.) zagrosensis sp. nov. and L...
  84. Huang F, Yu R, Chen X. Ultrastructure of the male reproductive system of Cotesia vestalis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with preliminary characterization of the secretions. Microsc Res Tech. 2007;70:563-71 pubmed
    ..This study gives new insights into the intriguing features of male internal reproductive system and it especially constitutes the first report of its kind about the secretion properties of these organs in C. vestalis...
  85. Odeh M, Ophir E, Bornstein J. Hypospadias mimicking female genitalia on early second trimester sonographic examination. J Clin Ultrasound. 2008;36:581-3 pubmed publisher
    ..We therefore suggest that female fetal sex assignment should be based on the demonstration of the 2 or 4 parallel lines representing the labial folds and not only upon the demonstration of the downward direction of the genital tubercle...
  86. Howdeshell K, Furr J, Lambright C, Rider C, Wilson V, Gray L. Cumulative effects of dibutyl phthalate and diethylhexyl phthalate on male rat reproductive tract development: altered fetal steroid hormones and genes. Toxicol Sci. 2007;99:190-202 pubmed
  87. Ware J, May M, Kjer K. Phylogeny of the higher Libelluloidea (Anisoptera: Odonata): an exploration of the most speciose superfamily of dragonflies. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2007;45:289-310 pubmed
  88. Rengaraj D, Gao F, Liang X, Yang Z. Expression and regulation of type II integral membrane protein family members in mouse male reproductive tissues. Endocrine. 2007;31:193-201 pubmed
    ..Our results suggested that Itm2b mRNA was differentially expressed in mouse male reproductive tissues, during sexual maturation and up-regulated by testosterone...
  89. Nanba Y, Oka A, Ohno K. [Severe diarrhea associated with X-linked lissencephaly with absent corpus callosum and abnormal genitalia: a case report of successful treatment with the somatostatin analogue octreotide]. No To Hattatsu. 2007;39:379-82 pubmed
    ..His urinary findings mimicked the symptoms of Fanconi syndrome, so it was possible that his hyperaldsteronemia affected not only his intestinal tract, but also his renal tubules...
  90. Lu D, Li Y, Bi Z, Yu H, Li X. Expression and immunohistochemical localization of aquaporin-1 in male reproductive organs of the mouse. Anat Histol Embryol. 2008;37:1-8 pubmed
    ..These findings provide valuable information on the expression of AQP-1 in male reproductive organs and suggest that AQP-1 is involved in water transport to regulate water homeostasis in male reproductive physiology...
  91. Wu J, Wang F. [Genes related with male gonadal morphogenesis in mammals]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue. 2008;14:356-9 pubmed
    ..The functions of some genes, such as SRY, SOX9, SOX8, DAX1, and FGF9, have already been defined in male gonadal morphogenesis. This paper presents a review of the genes involved in the formation of the male gonad in mammals...
  92. Multigner L, Kadhel P, Pascal M, Huc Terki F, Kercret H, Massart C, et al. Parallel assessment of male reproductive function in workers and wild rats exposed to pesticides in banana plantations in Guadeloupe. Environ Health. 2008;7:40 pubmed publisher
    ..We carried out a joint study in Guadeloupe assessing the reproductive function of workers exposed to pesticides in banana plantations and of male wild rats living in these plantations...