vitelline membrane


Summary: The plasma membrane of the egg.

Top Publications

  1. Savant S, Waring G. Molecular analysis and rescue of a vitelline membrane mutant in Drosophila. Dev Biol. 1989;135:43-52 pubmed
    ..A class of six mutants with potential vitelline membrane defects was identified on the basis of the response of mutant eggs to hypochlorite solutions...
  2. Pascucci T, Perrino J, Mahowald A, Waring G. Eggshell assembly in Drosophila: processing and localization of vitelline membrane and chorion proteins. Dev Biol. 1996;177:590-8 pubmed
    The Drosophila eggshell consists of three major proteinaceous layers: the vitelline membrane, the inner chorionic layer, and the outer endochorion...
  3. Waclawek M, Foisner R, Nimpf J, Schneider W. The chicken homologue of zona pellucida protein-3 is synthesized by granulosa cells. Biol Reprod. 1998;59:1230-9 pubmed
  4. Burke T, Waring G, Popodi E, Minoo P. Characterization and sequence of follicle cell genes selectively expressed during vitelline membrane formation in Drosophila. Dev Biol. 1987;124:441-50 pubmed
    To isolate genes involved in vitelline membrane production, an ovarian cDNA library was screened with eggchamber RNAs labeled in vivo...
  5. Higgins M, Walker V, Holden J, White B. Isolation of two Drosophila melanogaster genes abundantly expressed in the ovary during vitelline membrane synthesis. Dev Biol. 1984;105:155-65 pubmed
    ..egg chambers demonstrated that these genes are expressed predominantly during stages 9 + 10, the time of vitelline membrane synthesis...
  6. Shimizu T, Vassylyev D, Kido S, Doi Y, Morikawa K. Crystal structure of vitelline membrane outer layer protein I (VMO-I): a folding motif with homologous Greek key structures related by an internal three-fold symmetry. EMBO J. 1994;13:1003-10 pubmed
    The crystal structure of vitelline membrane outer layer protein I (VMO-I), which is isolated from the vitelline membrane outer layer of hen's eggs, has been determined by the multiple isomorphous replacement method and refined to an R-..
  7. Kendirgi F, Swevers L, Iatrou K. An ovarian follicular epithelium protein of the silkworm (Bombyx mori) that associates with the vitelline membrane and contributes to the structural integrity of the follicle. FEBS Lett. 2002;524:59-68 pubmed
    ..the ovarian follicles of the domesticated silkworm Bombyx mori, secreted from them and associated with the vitelline membrane. BmVMP30 is a 30 kDa protein that bears limited structural features reminiscent of other insect vitelline ..
  8. Mann K. Proteomic analysis of the chicken egg vitelline membrane. Proteomics. 2008;8:2322-32 pubmed publisher
    The avian vitelline membrane (VM) is a multilayered proteinaceous structure separating egg white from yolk...
  9. Lin Y, Hamblin M, Edwards M, Barillas Mury C, Kanost M, Knipple D, et al. Structure, expression, and hormonal control of genes from the mosquito, Aedes aegypti, which encode proteins similar to the vitelline membrane proteins of Drosophila melanogaster. Dev Biol. 1993;155:558-68 pubmed publisher
    ..after a blood meal in the mosquito, Aedes aegypti, were identified as having significant similarity to the vitelline membrane protein genes of Drosophila melanogaster...

More Information

Publications103 found, 100 shown here

  1. Bausek N, Ruckenbauer H, Pfeifer S, Schneider W, Wohlrab F. Interaction of sperm with purified native chicken ZP1 and ZPC proteins. Biol Reprod. 2004;71:684-90 pubmed
    ..An antiserum directed against chicken ZP1 is capable of inhibiting sperm binding to the PVM. Taken together, these data suggest that ZP1, in addition to ZPC, plays a major role in the initial interactions between sperm and egg...
  2. Manogaran A, Waring G. The N-terminal prodomain of sV23 is essential for the assembly of a functional vitelline membrane network in Drosophila. Dev Biol. 2004;270:261-71 pubmed
    The vitelline membrane is a specialized extracellular matrix that surrounds and protects the oocyte. Recent studies indicate that it also serves as a storage site for embryonic pattern determinants...
  3. Elalayli M, Hall J, Fakhouri M, Neiswender H, Ellison T, Han Z, et al. Palisade is required in the Drosophila ovary for assembly and function of the protective vitelline membrane. Dev Biol. 2008;319:359-69 pubmed publisher
    The innermost layer of the Drosophila eggshell, the vitelline membrane, provides structural support and positional information to the embryo...
  4. Ventura G, Furriols M, Martin N, Barbosa V, Casanova J. closca, a new gene required for both Torso RTK activation and vitelline membrane integrity. Germline proteins contribute to Drosophila eggshell composition. Dev Biol. 2010;344:224-32 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the vitelline membrane, the innermost layer of the eggshell, holds the local determinant required to activate the Torso RTK pathway,..
  5. Visvader J, Fujiwara Y, Orkin S. Unsuspected role for the T-cell leukemia protein SCL/tal-1 in vascular development. Genes Dev. 1998;12:473-9 pubmed
    ..These findings establish a role for SCL in embryonic angiogenesis and argue for critical functions in both embryonic blood and vascular cells, the descendents of the presumptive hemangioblast. ..
  6. Dunn L, Gruenloh S, Dunn B, Reddy D, Falck J, Jacobs E, et al. Chick chorioallantoic membrane as an in vivo model to study vasoreactivity: characterization of development-dependent hyperemia induced by epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs). Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol. 2005;285:771-80 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, we report a novel vascular response to EETs using the CAM as an in vivo model. These lipids specifically distend a subset of capillaries in a dose- and development-dependent manner. ..
  7. Tang Y, Dong W, Kong T. Effects of heating on the immunogenicity and biological toxicity of Deinagkistrodon acutus venom and its fractions. Toxicon. 2010;56:45-54 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that venom fractions heated and injected separately could significantly reduce their toxicity and enhance the neutralization of antiserum induced by them. ..
  8. Yamaguchi A, Saito T, Yamada L, Taniguchi H, Harada Y, Sawada H. Identification and localization of the sperm CRISP family protein CiUrabin involved in gamete interaction in the ascidian Ciona intestinalis. Mol Reprod Dev. 2011;78:488-97 pubmed publisher
    ..The molecular interaction between CiVC57 and CiUrabin may be involved in the primary binding of sperm to the VC prior to the allorecognition process, mediated by v-Themis-A/B and s-Themis-A/B, during fertilization of C. intestinalis. ..
  9. Carvalho F, Sousa M, Oliveira E, Carvalheiro J, Baldaia L. Ultrastructure of oogenesis in Penaeus kerathurus (Crustacea, Decapoda). I. Previtellogenic oocytes. J Submicrosc Cytol Pathol. 1998;30:409-16 pubmed
  10. Fujita T, Shimizu M, Hiramatsu N, Fukada H, Hara A. Purification of serum precursor proteins to vitelline envelope (choriogenins) in masu salmon, Oncorhynchus masou. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2002;132:599-610 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that hVERP and lVERP are precursor proteins to the vitelline envelope (choriogenins) in masu salmon. ..
  11. Cosi E, Abidalla M, Roversi P. The effect of Tween 80 on eggshell permeabilization in Galleria mellonella (L.) (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae). Cryo Letters. 2010;31:291-300 pubmed
    ..2 +/- 1.5 percent) and late stages (22.4 +/- 3.7 percent). Thus, 0.08 percent Tween 80 allows sufficient permeabilization of G. mellonella embryos without the high toxicity of alkane. ..
  12. Rodler D, Sasanami T, Sinowatz F. Assembly of the inner perivitelline layer, a homolog of the mammalian zona pellucida: an immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study. Cells Tissues Organs. 2012;195:330-9 pubmed publisher
  13. Dombre C, Guyot N, Moreau T, Monget P, Da Silva M, Gautron J, et al. Egg serpins: The chicken and/or the egg dilemma. Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2017;62:120-132 pubmed publisher
    ..egg, some of them having a specific distribution in the respective egg structures (eggshell, egg white, vitelline membrane and egg yolk)...
  14. Hosomi O, Ohe Y, Takeya A, Hosaka K, Okubo T, Iyobe S, et al. Nucleotide and protein sequences of a proteinase inhibitor from the vitelline envelope of dace (Tribolodon hakonensis) eggs. J Exp Zool A Comp Exp Biol. 2004;301:756-66 pubmed
    ..A possible binding-site for serine proteinases, Arg-Ile, was contained in three domains. ..
  15. Grijspeerdt K, Kreft J, Messens W. Individual-based modelling of growth and migration of Salmonella enteritidis in hens' eggs. Int J Food Microbiol. 2005;100:323-33 pubmed
    ..The results show that chemotaxis towards the yolk would have a strong effect on the time needed to reach the vitelline membrane, an aspect that future research should focus on...
  16. Andoh T, Matsubara T, Harumi T, Yanagimachi R. The use of poly-L-lysine to facilitate examination of sperm entry into pelagic, non-adhesive fish eggs. Int J Dev Biol. 2008;52:753-7 pubmed publisher
    ..These adhering eggs can be fertilized and develop normally on the dishes. Observations of micropyles of three fish species, before and after sperm entry are presented. ..
  17. Liao T, Yang F, Hui Y, Cheng W, Xiong G, Jin S, et al. Multi-endpoint toxicities on Chinese rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) fed with different diets. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2011;31:70-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings indicate that the selection of diet is extremely important to assure veracity of the experiment results. ..
  18. Saito T, Shiba K, Inaba K, Yamada L, Sawada H. Self-incompatibility response induced by calcium increase in sperm of the ascidian Ciona intestinalis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:4158-62 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that the sperm self-recognition signal triggers [Ca(2+)](i) increase and/or Ca(2+) influx, which elicits a self-incompatibility response to reject self-fertilization in C. intestinalis. ..
  19. Focarelli R, Leotta F, Lampariello R, Rosati F. Vitelline coat of Unio elongatulus: III. Glycan chain analysis of the 220- and 180-kD components by means of lectins. Mol Reprod Dev. 1995;40:205-10 pubmed
    ..Since this is where sperm recognition and interaction take place, it has been suggested the 220-kD protein acts as a ligand molecule in the sperm-egg interaction. ..
  20. Thalhammer A, Everts I, Hollmann M. Inhibition by lectins of glutamate receptor desensitization is determined by the lectin's sugar specificity at kainate but not AMPA receptors. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2002;21:521-33 pubmed
    ..Current amplitudes of GluR1(L479Y), a nondesensitizing mutant, however, could not be further increased by ConA. ..
  21. Ohtsuki M, Hanafy A, Mori M, Sasanami T. Involvement of interaction of ZP1 and ZPC in the formation of quail perivitelline membrane. Cell Tissue Res. 2004;318:565-70 pubmed
    ..These results demonstrate that ZPC secreted from the granulosa cells specifically binds with ZP1, and that the phenomenon might be involved in insoluble PL fiber formation in quail ovary. ..
  22. Mashimo Y, Machida R, Dallai R, Gottardo M, Mercati D, Beutel R. Egg structure of Zorotypus caudelli Karny (Insecta, Zoraptera, Zorotypidae). Tissue Cell. 2011;43:230-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Originating at the micropyle, the micropylar canal runs through the chorion obliquely. The structural features of the eggs of Zoraptera were compared with those of other polyneopteran and paraneopteran orders. ..
  23. Greani S, Quilichini Y, Foata J, Swiderski Z, Marchand B. Ultrastructural study of vitellogenesis and oogenesis of Metadena depressa (Stossich, 1883) Linton, 1910 (Digenea, Cryptogonimidae), intestinal parasite of Dentex dentex (Pisces, Teleostei). C R Biol. 2012;335:657-67 pubmed publisher
  24. Kubo H, Kotani M, Suzuki H, Yoshizaki N. Immunohistochemical localisation of gp69/64 molecules in Xenopus egg envelopes in relation to their sperm binding activity. Zygote. 2002;10:131-40 pubmed
  25. Vo L, Yen T, Macher B, Hedrick J. Identification of the ZPC oligosaccharide ligand involved in sperm binding and the glycan structures of Xenopus laevis vitelline envelope glycoproteins. Biol Reprod. 2003;69:1822-30 pubmed
    ..235:335-340, 1985). We propose that an alteration in the oligosaccharide structure of ZPC by glucosaminidase released from the cortical granule reaction is responsible for the loss of sperm binding ligand activity at fertilization. ..
  26. Prisco M, Del Giudice G, Agnese M, Ricchiari L, Campanella C, Andreuccetti P. Organization of the vitelline envelope in ovarian follicles of Torpedo marmorata Risso, 1810 (Elasmobranchii: Torpediniformes). J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2009;312:714-21 pubmed publisher
  27. Cohen K, Seid M, Warkentin K. How embryos escape from danger: the mechanism of rapid, plastic hatching in red-eyed treefrogs. J Exp Biol. 2016;219:1875-83 pubmed publisher
    ..High-speed video revealed three stages of the hatching process: pre-rupture shaking and gaping, vitelline membrane rupture near the snout, and muscular thrashing to exit through the hole. Hatching took 6.5-49?s...
  28. Witzberger M, Fitzpatrick J, Crowley J, Minden J. End-on imaging: a new perspective on dorsoventral development in Drosophila embryos. Dev Dyn. 2008;237:3252-9 pubmed publisher
    ..flattening, the first step in ventral furrow formation, is due to the ventral cells pushing against the vitelline membrane, rather than flattening the dome-shaped, apical surfaces of these cells by a pulling or constriction motion.
  29. Roybal J, Endo M, Buckley S, Herbert B, Waddington S, Flake A. Animal models for prenatal gene therapy: rodent models for prenatal gene therapy. Methods Mol Biol. 2012;891:201-18 pubmed publisher
    ..Depending upon the vector type, the route of delivery and the age of the fetus, specific or widespread gene transfer can be achieved, making fetal mice excellent models for exploratory biodistribution studies. ..
  30. Barisone G, Hedrick J, Cabada M. Vitelline envelope of Bufo arenarum: biochemical and biological characterization. Biol Reprod. 2002;66:1203-9 pubmed
    ..The relatively small differences observed in heterologous sperm-VE binding in X. laevis and B. arenarum are inconsistent with the current paradigm that species specificity in fertilization is regulated at the sperm-VE binding step...
  31. Johansen K, Johansen J. Studying nuclear organization in embryos using antibody tools. Methods Mol Biol. 2004;247:215-34 pubmed
  32. Urayama S, Harada Y, Nakagawa Y, Ban S, Akasaka M, Kawasaki N, et al. Ascidian sperm glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored CRISP-like protein as a binding partner for an allorecognizable sperm receptor on the vitelline coat. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:21725-33 pubmed publisher
    ..roretzi is mediated by the molecular interaction between HrUrabin on the sperm surface and HrVC70 on the vitelline coat, but that HrUrabin per se is unlikely to be a direct allorecognition protein. ..
  33. Monné M, Jovine L. A structural view of egg coat architecture and function in fertilization. Biol Reprod. 2011;85:661-9 pubmed publisher
  34. Gardner R. Experimental analysis of second cleavage in the mouse. Hum Reprod. 2002;17:3178-89 pubmed
    ..While both products of the meridional division include all axial levels of the zygote, those of the equatorial division acquire only its vegetal or animal half. ..
  35. Sultana F, Mao K, Yoshizaki N. Possible involvement of a sperm-associated body in the process of fertilization in quail. Zoolog Sci. 2004;21:851-8 pubmed
    ..termed the sperm-associated body, which is found both in the lumen at the oviductal infundibulum and in the vitelline membrane of the ovum in the quail Coturnix japonica...
  36. LeMosy E, Hashimoto C. The nudel protease of Drosophila is required for eggshell biogenesis in addition to embryonic patterning. Dev Biol. 2000;217:352-61 pubmed
    ..within the perivitelline space, an extracellular compartment between the embryo plasma membrane and the vitelline membrane layer of the eggshell...
  37. Bongalhardo D, Flores A, Severo V, Gonzalez V, Miranda R, Corcini C, et al. Vitrification of the inner perivitelline layer of chicken eggs for use in the sperm-egg interaction assay. Theriogenology. 2009;72:198-202 pubmed publisher
    ..Vitrified IVPL would ensure availability for sperm evaluation and facilitate wide distribution of IPVL, enabling assays to be conducted even in the absence of facilities or expertise to prepare membranes. ..
  38. Wei D, Li R, Zhang M, Liu Y, Zhang Z, Smagghe G, et al. Comparative Proteomic Profiling Reveals Molecular Characteristics Associated with Oogenesis and Oocyte Maturation during Ovarian Development of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Int J Mol Sci. 2017;18: pubmed publisher
    ..tropomyosin, vitellogenin, eukaryotic translation initiation factor, heat shock protein, importin protein, vitelline membrane protein, and chorion protein...
  39. Familiari G, Heyn R, Relucenti M, Sathananthan H. Structural changes of the zona pellucida during fertilization and embryo development. Front Biosci. 2008;13:6730-51 pubmed
    ..Differences in ZP glycoproteins among mammals do not affect structural morphology; further studies are needed to clarify the relationships between ultrastructural and molecular organizations...
  40. Koyama T, Takano H, Yokoyama T. Micropores in the vitteline layer of the eggs of the dragonfly Oligoaeshna pryeri: a preliminary observation from the viewpoint of oxygen uptake. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2011;701:307-10 pubmed publisher
    ..As in birds, dragonfly egg shells consist of three layers: the exochorion, endochorion and the innermost vitelline membrane. Trueman has described pores and fine anchorlike structures in the endochorion but the vitelline membrane ..
  41. Fukuzawa R, Toma M, Nomura A. Histology of a paraumbilical band in a neonate with gastroschisis. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2011;14:493-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The origin of the paraumbilical band and an associated pathogenetic hypothesis of gastroschisis are discussed. ..
  42. Aydin R, Pariza M, Cook M. Olive oil prevents the adverse effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid on chick hatchability and egg quality. J Nutr. 2001;131:800-6 pubmed
    ..yolk and albumen, presumably by reducing the yolk saturated fatty acids, which are believed to disrupt the vitelline membrane during cold storage...
  43. Mu J, Adamson S. Developmental changes in hemodynamics of uterine artery, utero- and umbilicoplacental, and vitelline circulations in mouse throughout gestation. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2006;291:H1421-8 pubmed
    ..These results provide novel information concerning the development of the vitelline and placental circulations in mice and reveal strong similarities in placental hemodynamics between mice and humans. ..
  44. Pate B, White K, Chen D, Aston K, Sessions B, Bunch T, et al. A novel approach to identify bovine sperm membrane proteins that interact with receptors on the vitelline membrane of bovine oocytes. Mol Reprod Dev. 2008;75:641-9 pubmed
    ..disintegrin ligands on the inner acrosomal membrane of the sperm bind to integrin receptors on the oocyte vitelline membrane. The aim of these experiments was to find and identify the sperm protein ligands involved in bovine sperm-..
  45. Poddubnaya L, Bruňanská M, Swiderski Z, Gibson D. Ultrastructure of the vitellarium of Ancyrocephalus paradoxus (Monogenea: Monopisthocotylea), with comments on the nature of the vitellarium in the Monogenea and related platyhelminth groups. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:1169-77 pubmed publisher
    ..On the basis of ultrastructural features of the vitellarium, a relationship between the Monogenea and the Aspidogastrea is indicated. ..
  46. Lambert C, Goudeau H, Franchet C, Lambert G, Goudeau M. Ascidian eggs block polyspermy by two independent mechanisms: one at the egg plasma membrane, the other involving the follicle cells. Mol Reprod Dev. 1997;48:137-43 pubmed
  47. Tyler C, Pottinger T, Coward K, Prat F, Beresford N, Maddix S. Salmonid follicle-stimulating hormone (GtH I) mediates vitellogenic development of oocytes in the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Biol Reprod. 1997;57:1238-44 pubmed
    ..The responses in the production of estradiol-17beta and testosterone indicate that the dynamics of sex steroid synthesis in ovarian follicles in ULO fish was different than in the ovaries of control fish...
  48. Pinter E, Mahooti S, Wang Y, Imhof B, Madri J. Hyperglycemia-induced vasculopathy in the murine vitelline vasculature: correlation with PECAM-1/CD31 tyrosine phosphorylation state. Am J Pathol. 1999;154:1367-79 pubmed
  49. McGary S, Estevez I, Bakst M, Pollock D. Phenotypic traits as reliable indicators of fertility in male broiler breeders. Poult Sci. 2002;81:102-11 pubmed
    ..0001) and flock fertility (P < 0.001). Significant correlations were not found between testicular weight asymmetry and other reproductive traits. Results suggest comb area may be a reliable indicator of male fertility in Strain A...
  50. Murabe N, Hoshi M. Re-examination of sibling cross-sterility in the ascidian, Ciona intestinalis: genetic background of the self-sterility. Zoolog Sci. 2002;19:527-38 pubmed
  51. Chen J, Shallo Thesmar H, Kerr W. Outgrowth of Salmonellae and the physical property of albumen and vitelline membrane as influenced by egg storage conditions. J Food Prot. 2005;68:2553-8 pubmed
    ..of storage time and temperature on the volume, weight, and pH of egg albumen, the physical strength of vitelline membrane, and the fate of Salmonella Enteritidis artificially inoculated into egg albumen...
  52. Aagaard J, Vacquier V, MacCoss M, Swanson W. ZP domain proteins in the abalone egg coat include a paralog of VERL under positive selection that binds lysin and 18-kDa sperm proteins. Mol Biol Evol. 2010;27:193-203 pubmed publisher
    ..This work identifies an egg coat paralog of VERL under positive selection and the candidate sperm proteins with which it may interact during abalone fertilization...
  53. Rand M, Kearney A, Dao J, Clason T. Permeabilization of Drosophila embryos for introduction of small molecules. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2010;40:792-804 pubmed publisher the embryo is the waxy layer that lies beneath the external chorion layers and encases the underlying vitelline membrane of the eggshell...
  54. Kudo S, Inoue M. Bacterial action of fertilization envelope extract from eggs of the fish Cyprinus carpio and Plecoglossus altivelis. J Exp Zool. 1989;250:219-28 pubmed
    ..The extracts of purified VEs from eggs of both fish had no bactericidal effect on the bacteria examined, nor any agglutination effect on human erythrocytes and fish spermatozoa...
  55. Mindrinos M, Scherer L, Garcini F, Kwan H, Jacobs K, Petri W. Isolation and chromosomal location of putative vitelline membrane genes in Drosophila melanogaster. EMBO J. 1985;4:147-53 pubmed
    cDNA clones for two Drosophila vitelline membrane genes have been identified on the basis of: (i) stage and tissue specificity of transcription and (ii) size and amino acid content of the translation product...
  56. Fesenko I, Kurth T, Sheth B, Fleming T, Citi S, Hausen P. Tight junction biogenesis in the early Xenopus embryo. Mech Dev. 2000;96:51-65 pubmed
    ..These data reveal a distinction between Xenopus and mammalian early embryos in the origin and mechanisms of epithelial cell polarization and TJ formation during cleavage of the egg...
  57. Sasanami T, Hanafy A, Toriyama M, Mori M. Variant of perivitelline membrane glycoprotein ZPC of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) lacking its cytoplasmic tail exhibits the retention in the endoplasmic reticulum of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells. Biol Reprod. 2003;69:1401-7 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that the cytoplasmic tail of quail ZPC might possess the determinant responsible for the efficient transport of the newly synthesized ZPC from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus...
  58. LeMosy E. Pattern formation: the eggshell holds the cue. Curr Biol. 2003;13:R508-10 pubmed
  59. Wang M. A technical consideration concerning the removal of oocyte vitelline membranes for patch clamp recording. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004;324:971-2 pubmed
    We have developed an efficient method for removing the vitelline membrane of Xenopus oocytes for patch clamp recording...
  60. Sricharoen S, Kim J, Tunkijjanukij S, Söderhäll I. Exocytosis and proteomic analysis of the vesicle content of granular hemocytes from a crayfish. Dev Comp Immunol. 2005;29:1017-31 pubmed
    ..found to be a masquerade-like protein, a masquerade-like serine proteinase, a mannose receptor protein, a vitelline membrane outer layer protein I, and two anti-microbial peptides...
  61. Ban S, Harada Y, Yokosawa H, Sawada H. Highly polymorphic vitelline-coat protein HaVC80 from the ascidian, Halocynthia aurantium: structural analysis and involvement in self/nonself recognition during fertilization. Dev Biol. 2005;286:440-51 pubmed
    ..The data support the hypothesis that HaVC80 is a highly polymorphic protein responsible for self-sterility in H. aurantium...
  62. Barisone G, Krapf D, Correa Fiz F, Arranz S, Cabada M. Glycoproteins of the vitelline envelope of Amphibian oocyte: biological and molecular characterization of ZPC component (gp41) in Bufo arenarum. Mol Reprod Dev. 2007;74:629-40 pubmed
    ..As far as we are aware, this is the first observation of the presence of different zpc genes in an Amphibian species...
  63. Zhang Z, Stevens L, Stein D. Sulfation of eggshell components by Pipe defines dorsal-ventral polarity in the Drosophila embryo. Curr Biol. 2009;19:1200-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that the vitelline membrane-like (VML) protein undergoes Pipe-dependent sulfation and, consistent with a role in conveying positional ..
  64. Wu T, Manogaran A, Beauchamp J, Waring G. Drosophila vitelline membrane assembly: a critical role for an evolutionarily conserved cysteine in the "VM domain" of sV23. Dev Biol. 2010;347:360-8 pubmed publisher
    The vitelline membrane (VM), the oocyte proximal layer of the Drosophila eggshell, contains four major proteins (VMPs) that possess a highly conserved "VM domain" which includes three precisely spaced, evolutionarily conserved, ..
  65. Lee J, You J, Lee G, Hyun S, Lee E. Pig oocytes with a large perivitelline space matured in vitro show greater developmental competence after parthenogenesis and somatic cell nuclear transfer. Mol Reprod Dev. 2013;80:753-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Further, enlargement of the PVS by culturing in low-NaCl medium improves the developmental competence of pig oocytes...
  66. Mei B, Kennedy M, Beauchamp J, Komuniecki P, Komuniecki R. Secretion of a novel, developmentally regulated fatty acid-binding protein into the perivitelline fluid of the parasitic nematode, Ascaris suum. J Biol Chem. 1997;272:9933-41 pubmed
    ..As-p18 may play a role in sequestering potentially toxic fatty acids and their peroxidation products, or it may be involved in the maintenance of the impermeable lipid layer of the eggshell...
  67. Mizell M, Romig E. The aquatic vertebrate embryo as a sentinel for toxins: zebrafish embryo dechorionation and perivitelline space microinjection. Int J Dev Biol. 1997;41:411-23 pubmed
  68. Kelly S, Jia Y, Macklem P. Measurement of elastic properties of Xenopus oocytes. Comp Biochem Physiol A Physiol. 1997;118:607-13 pubmed
    ..Specific elastance[delta Pic/(delta Vc/Vc)] was reduced by removal of the VE. The data indicate that oocytes are weakly elastic and that a large part of their resistance to expansion resides in the VE...
  69. Haino Fukushima K, Shimoirisa M, Yamakawa Y. Vitelline-coat lysin: comparison of lysins among three species in the genus Tegula. Dev Growth Differ. 1999;41:455-61 pubmed
    ..It was concluded that the species specificity of the vitelline coat lysin appears to be determined by a sequence of 24 residues (Nos 67-90) in the middle region of the molecule...
  70. Nelson D, Leopold R. Composition of the surface hydrocarbons from the vitelline membranes of dipteran embryos. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2003;136:295-308 pubmed
    Hydrocarbons were the major lipid class extracted by hexane from the vitelline membrane surface of dechorionated eggs of the house fly, Musca domestica, the New World screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax, the secondary screwworm, ..
  71. Le Noble F, Moyon D, Pardanaud L, Yuan L, Djonov V, Matthijsen R, et al. Flow regulates arterial-venous differentiation in the chick embryo yolk sac. Development. 2004;131:361-75 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, we show that flow shapes the global patterning of the arterial tree and regulates the activation of the arterial markers ephrinB2 and neuropilin 1...
  72. Caputo M, Riccio S, Paglierucci P, Tretola L, Diglio C, Carotenuto R, et al. Sulphated glycoconjugates are powerful inhibitors of spermatozoa binding to the vitelline envelope in amphibian eggs. Biol Cell. 2005;97:435-44 pubmed
    ..gp63 and a glycoprotein of 75 kDa are both capable of binding the spermatozoa in in vitro assays and, having similar peptide maps and different glycosylation, are probably two glycoforms of the same protein...
  73. Alatortsev V. [New genes coding for vitelline membrane proteins in Drosophila]. Mol Biol (Mosk). 2006;40:375-7 pubmed
  74. Levron C, Poddubnaya L, Kuchta R, Freeman M, Scholz T. Vitellogenesis and vitelline system in the pseudophyllidean tapeworm Paraechinophallus japonicus: ultrastructural and cytochemical studies. Folia Parasitol (Praha). 2007;54:43-50 pubmed
    ..The presence of a large amount of lipid droplets in the vitelline cytoplasm within the eggs of P. japonicus may be related to egg accumulation in the uterine sac...
  75. Lemoine M, Grasseau I, Brillard J, Blesbois E. A reappraisal of the factors involved in in vitro initiation of the acrosome reaction in chicken spermatozoa. Reproduction. 2008;136:391-9 pubmed publisher
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    The vitelline membrane of Drosophila eggs is composed of a family of proteins which are cross linked into an insoluble matrix with an overlying waxy layer that prevents desiccation...
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    ..Egg properties measured included Haugh units, albumen pH, yolk pH, albumen CO(2) content, vitelline membrane strength, water loss, shell strength, and shell color...
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    ..This process requires serine proteolytic activity; the injection of serine protease inhibitors into the perivitelline space of wild-type embryos results in the formation of dorsalized embryos...
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    ..The egg glycoproteins acted in synergy to increase sperm binding. Thus, ZPC possessed both independent and hetero-oligomeric-dependent ligand activities for sperm binding...
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    ..The present study extends the previous findings that older oocytes are more readily activated and that the age-dependent surface ultrastructural alterations correlate very well with the age dependent activation of oocytes...
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    ..cells in the luminal epithelium of the oviductal infundibulum and was provided to the egg on and in its vitelline membrane. During incubation, the SB substance bound with spermatozoa in the posterior portion of their flagella...
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    ..These data suggest that the acrosomal responsiveness of B. arenarum sperm, present during a narrow period, is acquired during EW incubation and involves the modulation of a voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel...
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    ..does not usually occur at a high frequency in naturally contaminated eggs, bacterial penetration through the vitelline membrane could lead to rapid and extensive multiplication in the nutrient-rich yolk contents...