adnexa uteri


Summary: Appendages of the UTERUS which include the FALLOPIAN TUBES, the OVARY, and the supporting ligaments of the uterus (BROAD LIGAMENT; ROUND LIGAMENT).

Top Publications

  1. Ulusoy S, Akbayir O, Numanoglu C, Ulusoy N, Odabas E, Gulkilik A. The risk of malignancy index in discrimination of adnexal masses. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2007;96:186-91 pubmed
    ..To assess the ability of the risk of malignancy index (RMI) based on a serum CA125 level, ultrasound findings and menopausal status, to discriminate benign from malignant adnexal masses...
  2. Adusumilli S, Hussain H, Caoili E, Weadock W, Murray J, Johnson T, et al. MRI of sonographically indeterminate adnexal masses. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006;187:732-40 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of MRI to characterize sonographically indeterminate adnexal masses and to define the sonographic features contributing to indeterminate diagnoses...
  3. Yazbek J, Helmy S, Ben Nagi J, Holland T, Sawyer E, Jurkovic D. Value of preoperative ultrasound examination in the selection of women with adnexal masses for laparoscopic surgery. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2007;30:883-8 pubmed
    ..To assess the value of preoperative ultrasound examination in predicting the feasibility of intermediate-level laparoscopic surgery for benign adnexal masses...
  4. Guerriero S, Alcazar J, Coccia M, Ajossa S, Scarselli G, Boi M, et al. Complex pelvic mass as a target of evaluation of vessel distribution by color Doppler sonography for the diagnosis of adnexal malignancies: results of a multicenter European study. J Ultrasound Med. 2002;21:1105-11 pubmed
    ..The evaluation of vessel distribution by color Doppler sonography in complex adnexal cysts seems to increase the diagnostic accuracy of gray scale sonography in the detection of adnexal malignancies in a large study population. ..
  5. Yang Y, Lu X. Drosophila sperm motility in the reproductive tract. Biol Reprod. 2011;84:1005-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Our analyses here suggest that Pkd2 is required for the sperm to adopt the correct waveform and movement orientation during SR entry. A working model for the sperm's SR entry movement is proposed. ..
  6. Piura B, Rabinovich A. Primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube: study of 11 cases. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2000;91:169-75 pubmed
    ..The prognosis of patients with primary fallopian tube carcinoma is similar to that of patients with primary ovarian carcinoma. ..
  7. Yoshiki N, Okawa T, Kubota T. Hybrid transvaginal and transumbilical laparoendoscopic adnexal surgery. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2012;22:992-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Hybrid transvaginal and transumbilical NOTES is feasible and safe in select patients, and it provides no visible scar. ..
  8. Lavie O, Moskoviz M, Auslender R, Gemer O, Bitterman A, Younes G, et al. Clinical and Pathological Characteristics of Incidental Diagnostic Early Occult Malignancy After Risk-Reducing Salpingo-Oophorectomy in BRCA Mutation Carriers. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2016;26:233-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Two cases with malignant origins within the fallopian tube, while sparing the ovaries in their entirety, support the fallopian tubes as the originating organ for some ovarian or peritoneal malignancies in BRCA mutation carriers. ..
  9. Umobi M, Meltz R, Barmat L. Accessory uterine appendage may be a new Müllerian malformation. Fertil Steril. 2005;84:1017 pubmed
    ..This was completely excised. We report a rare case of a uterine anomaly that is inconsistent with the traditional classification system, and we offer a possible mechanism for its formation. ..

More Information

Publications169 found, 100 shown here

  1. Akillioglu I, Kaymakci A, Akkoyun I, Guven S, Yucesan S, Hicsonmez A. Inguinal hernias containing the uterus: a case series of 7 female children. J Pediatr Surg. 2013;48:2157-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Surgeons should be aware of the possibility of presence of the uterus or another organ in the hernial sac in phenotypic female children, and sliding components should be replaced carefully into the abdomen to prevent any damage. ..
  2. Schultz K, Ness K, Nagarajan R, Steiner M. Adnexal masses in infancy and childhood. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2006;49:464-79 pubmed
    ..Assessment of the patient's developmental, hormonal, and pubertal status is necessary to ensure an accurate diagnosis. Treatment options must consider risks to ovarian function and future fertility. ..
  3. Zhdanov A, Davydova M, Kurbanova D, Sosulina L, Gabuniya T, Van ko L, et al. Local expression of cytokine genes in uterine adnexa and endometrium of women with pyoinflammatory adnexal diseases. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2003;135:174-7 pubmed
    ..2-fold (p=0.009), IL-10 2.9-fold (p=0.008), IL-12 2.3-fold (p=0.3), and TGF-beta(2) gene 10.3-fold (p=0.1). In the endometrium of women with pyoinflammatory adnexal diseases only IL-10 gene expression increased (15.6-fold, p=0.007). ..
  4. van den Tillaart S, Trimbos J, Dreef E, Jordanova E, Fleuren G. Patterns of parametrial involvement in radical hysterectomy specimens of cervical cancer patients. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2011;30:185-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The majority (79%) of parametrial involvement in the discontinuous group is caused by lymphatic metastases. Parametrial blood vessel involvement might be an independent predictor for the development of distant metastasis. ..
  5. Zanetti Dallenbach R, Lapaire O. [Fertility preservation and pregnancy in gynecological cancers]. Ther Umsch. 2011;68:573-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Nowadays a therapy option can be offered to all pregnant patients diagnosed with cancer - depending on the gestational age, the tumor type, tumor stage and the expectation of the future mother. ..
  6. Stepp K, Paraiso M. Laparoscopic management of ureteric obstruction after uterosacral vaginal vault suspension. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2005;12:70-2 pubmed
    ..With proper patient selection, ureteral obstruction after vault suspension procedures can be managed with laparoscopic ureterolysis, avoiding the morbidity associated with laparotomy. ..
  7. Lermann J, Mueller A, Wiesinger E, Haberle L, Brucker S, Wallwiener D, et al. Comparison of different diagnostic procedures for the staging of malformations associated with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome. Fertil Steril. 2011;96:156-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare different diagnostic procedures for staging malformations associated with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome...
  8. Ferrazzi E, Lissoni A, Dordoni D, Trio D, Redaelli L, Rusconi C, et al. Differentiation of small adnexal masses based on morphologic characteristics of transvaginal sonographic imaging: a multicenter study. J Ultrasound Med. 2005;24:1467-73; quiz 1475-6 pubmed
  9. Mathew M, Gowri V, al Hamdani A, Machado L, Rao K, Shabnam S. Cotyledonoid leiomyoma in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2007;109:509-11 pubmed
    ..Some variant forms with unusual infiltrative growth pattern have been known, but they are rare in pregnancy. The variant forms pose diagnostic and management difficulties...
  10. Onuma K, Chu C, Dabbs D. Asymptomatic giant-cell (temporal) arteritis involving the bilateral adnexa: case report and literature review. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2007;26:352-5 pubmed
    ..Giant-cell arteritis rarely involves the female genital tract and may present as an isolated form or a part of systemic disease. We discuss female genital tract giant-cell arteritis with a review of the English literature. ..
  11. Babikian S, Thoma D, Berkey B. Ruptured ectopic pregnancy presenting 3 years after supracervical hysterectomy. J Ultrasound Med. 2008;27:1087-90 pubmed
    ..Many providers may automatically exclude an ectopic pregnancy as a possibility in the aforementioned clinical scenario if the patient has a history of a hysterectomy. Such automatic exclusion may result in life-threatening consequences. ..
  12. Alcazar J, Galan M, Garcia Manero M, Guerriero S. Three-dimensional sonographic morphologic assessment in complex adnexal masses: preliminary experience. J Ultrasound Med. 2003;22:249-54 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the role of three-dimensional transvaginal sonography in assessing complex adnexal masses...
  13. Geomini P, Coppus S, Kluivers K, Bremer G, Kruitwagen R, Mol B. Is three-dimensional ultrasonography of additional value in the assessment of adnexal masses?. Gynecol Oncol. 2007;106:153-9 pubmed
    ..02). The calibration of both models was good. In the assessment of the ovarian mass, the use of 3D ultrasonography significantly improves the prediction of malignancy as compared to patient characteristics and 2D ultrasonography. ..
  14. Carroll A, Lamb E, Hill A, Gill E, Matthews C. Surgical management of apical pelvic support defects: the impact of robotic technology. Int Urogynecol J. 2012;23:1183-6 pubmed publisher
    ..0001). The introduction of robotic technology significantly affected the surgical procedure and mode of surgical access for repair of apical pelvic support defects. ..
  15. Doumerc S, Nazac A, Fernandez H. [Sonographic diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy: optimal strategy?]. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2003;32:401-12 pubmed
    ..The diagnostic sensitivity of ultrasonography has been consistently high in published series, undoubtedly because the studies were performed in referral centers highly experienced in diagnostic ultrasound. ..
  16. Ito Y, Komori S, Horiuchi I, Kinuta T, Hori M, Wada C, et al. Solid pelvic tumor in a woman with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küstner-Hauser syndrome. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2006;274:252-4 pubmed
    ..Histopathological examination of the removed tumor identified it as a leiomyoma of rudimentary uterus. ..
  17. Anastasakis E, Jetti A, Macara L, Daskalakis G. A case of heterotopic pregnancy in the absence of risk factors. A brief literature review. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2007;22:285-8 pubmed
    ..Sonographic diagnosis of a heterotopic pregnancy is not always possible. Patients with abdominal pain and intrauterine pregnancy should heighten the clinician's suspicion of a heterotopic pregnancy. ..
  18. Van Calster B, Timmerman D, Lu C, Suykens J, Valentin L, Van Holsbeke C, et al. Preoperative diagnosis of ovarian tumors using Bayesian kernel-based methods. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2007;29:496-504 pubmed
    ..The models performed well in the test sets of all the centers. Bayesian kernel-based methods can accurately separate malignant from benign masses. The robustness of the models will be investigated in future studies. ..
  19. Ko M. Pneumopericardium and severe subcutaneous emphysema after laparoscopic surgery. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2010;17:531-3 pubmed publisher
    ..This case report describes a rare but potentially serious complication of pneumopericardium occurring after laparoscopy. Contributing factors and possible etiologies are discussed. ..
  20. Hsieh C, Changchien C, Lan K, Huang C, Shen C, Chang S, et al. Pelvic Castleman's disease presenting as an adnexal tumor. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2004;83:311-3 pubmed
  21. Robertson H, Velasco V, Gutierrez C, Anderson M. Ascites, elevated CA 125, and a large adnexal mass with an enteroovarian fistula. Obstet Gynecol. 2006;108:764-6 pubmed
    ..The patient's left adnexa was removed, along with a 3-cm portion of small bowel. Uncommon entities should be included in the differential diagnosis of pelvic masses in immunocompromised women. ..
  22. Harada O, Ota H, Takagi K, Matsuura H, Hidaka E, Nakayama J. Female adnexal tumor of probable wolffian origin: morphological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study with c-kit gene analysis. Pathol Int. 2006;56:95-100 pubmed
    ..In addition, the cytological features of this rare tumor are presented, which have not been described previously...
  23. Siddiqui N, Mitchell T, Bentley R, Weidner A. Neural entrapment during uterosacral ligament suspension: an anatomic study of female cadavers. Obstet Gynecol. 2010;116:708-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Suture placement directly into the uterosacral ligament with a dorsal and posterior needle arc results in a higher risk of nerve entrapment compared with ventral tenting of the ligament. ..
  24. Scharitzer M, Tamandl D, Ba Ssalamah A. [Incidental findings of the kidneys, adrenal glands, adnexa uteri, gastrointestinal tract, mesentery and lymph nodes : Assessment and management recommendations]. Radiologe. 2017;57:279-285 pubmed publisher
    ..imaging has also led to a rising number of incidental findings in the kidneys, adrenal glands, adnexa uteri, the gastrointestinal tract, mesentery and abdominal lymph nodes...
  25. Morice P, Rodrigues A, Pautier P, Rey A, Camatte S, Atallah D, et al. [Surgery for uterine sarcoma: review of the literature and recommendations for the standard surgical procedure]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2003;31:147-50 pubmed
    ..Surgical resection should be ideally performed without uterine parcelling out and so using a laparotomy in order to avoid this risk. ..
  26. Bazot M, Nassar Slaba J, Thomassin Naggara I, Cortez A, Uzan S, Darai E. MR imaging compared with intraoperative frozen-section examination for the diagnosis of adnexal tumors; correlation with final histology. Eur Radiol. 2006;16:2687-99 pubmed
    ..3% and 93.3%, and 62.5% and 12.5%, respectively. MRI is less accurate than IC for characterizing adnexal masses. However, MRI may increase the relevance of IC for borderline mucinous tumors. ..
  27. Osuga Y, Koga K, Hirata T, Hiroi H, Taketani Y. A case of hydrosalpinx associated with the menstrual cycle. Fertil Steril. 2008;90:199.e9-11 pubmed
    ..Change in the volume of the hydrosalpinx in this case was speculated to reflect the normal tubal fluid production regulated by ovarian hormones. ..
  28. Cho H, Kang S, Kim H, Park S, Park S. Prophylactic adnexectomy along with vaginal hysterectomy for benign pathology. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2012;286:1221-5 pubmed publisher
    ..007) were not different between the two groups. Similarly, surgical outcomes and complication rates were not different between the two groups. Prophylactic bilateral adnexectomy can be performed safely during VH. ..
  29. O Hanlan K, Huang G, Lopez L, Garnier A. Selective incorporation of total laparoscopic hysterectomy for adnexal pathology and body mass index. Gynecol Oncol. 2004;93:137-43 pubmed
    ..This pilot data can facilitate guidelines for a randomized controlled trial of TLH with TAH and LAVH, and help surgeons avoid our early complications. ..
  30. Scaffa C, Di Bella O, Tartaglia E, Rotondi M, Lup F, Messalli E. Surgical approach to appendiceal mucocele mimicking an adnexal complex mass: case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2007;28:503-5 pubmed
  31. Takeda A, Imoto S, Mori M, Yamada J, Nakamura H. Management of large adnexal tumors by isobaric laparoendoscopic single-site surgery with a wound retractor. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2013;166:185-9 pubmed publisher
  32. Kim H, Thonse V, Judson K, Vang R. Utero-ovarian anastomosis: histopathologic correlation after uterine artery embolization with or without ovarian artery embolization. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2007;18:31-9 pubmed
    ..Histologically normal fallopian tubes and ovaries can be expected after UAE with microsphere particles with and without OAE with gelatin sponges. ..
  33. Smorgick N, Maymon R, Mendelovic S, Herman A, Pansky M. Torsion of normal adnexa in postmenarcheal women: can ultrasound indicate an ischemic process?. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2008;31:338-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Recognition of the different sonographic features of twisted normal adnexa may assist in the correct diagnosis of these patients. ..
  34. Guerriero S, Alcazar J, Pascual M, Ajossa S, Graupera B, Hereter L, et al. The diagnosis of ovarian cancer: is color Doppler imaging reproducible and accurate in examiners with different degrees of experience?. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2011;20:273-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The accuracy was comparable among different operators. Our results indicate that color Doppler imaging for detection of adnexal malignancy seems to be a reproducible method even in moderately experienced examiners. ..
  35. Balci O, Capar M, Mahmoud A, Colakoglu M. Removal of intra-abdominal mislocated intrauterine devices by laparoscopy. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2011;31:650-2 pubmed publisher
    ..If possible, a single ancillary port should be preferred for the removal of mislocated IUDs. We advise that surgical removal and surgical risk should be discussed with the patients, even if asymptomatic. ..
  36. Baradnay G, Varga L, Hohn J, Simonka Z, Nagy F, Molnar T, et al. [Multiple organ resections for the surgical treatment of locally advanced colorectal cancer infiltrating the urinary tract]. Magy Onkol. 2003;47:341-4 pubmed
    ..Based on their experiences of a series of 13 radically operated cases, the authors suggest extended multiple organ resection for the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer infiltrating the urinary tract. ..
  37. Van Holsbeke C, Yazbek J, Holland T, Daemen A, De Moor B, Testa A, et al. Real-time ultrasound vs. evaluation of static images in the preoperative assessment of adnexal masses. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2008;32:828-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Evaluation of static images is associated with lower diagnostic specificity. ..
  38. Nann D, Gahlen S, Keul H, Voigt H, Fend F, Staebler A. [Tumor of the mesosalpinx with unclear differentiation]. Pathologe. 2016;37:84-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The FATWOs express pancytokeratin, CD10, vimentin, calretinin and inhibin A. Estrogen and progesterone receptors are expressed in a minority of cases, whereas epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) is not detectable. ..
  39. Outwater E, Huang A, Dunton C, Talerman A, Capuzzi D. Papillary projections in ovarian neoplasms: appearance on MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 1997;7:689-95 pubmed
    ..All papillary projections in vivo enhanced after injection of gadopentetate dimeglumine. Papillary projections have an appearance on MRI that reflects their histologic structure. ..
  40. Hefni M, El Toukhy T, Bhaumik J, Katsimanis E. Sacrospinous cervicocolpopexy with uterine conservation for uterovaginal prolapse in elderly women: an evolving concept. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003;188:645-50 pubmed
    ..It avoids the potential morbidity of vaginal hysterectomy and is associated with a high success rate. ..
  41. Sills E, Kaplan C, Perloe M, Tucker M. Laparoscopic approach to an uncommon adnexal neoplasm associated with infertility: serous cystadenofibroma of the fallopian tube. J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc. 2003;10:545-7 pubmed
    ..The mass showed histologic features consistent with benign serous cystadenofibroma. The patient had an uncomplicated postoperative convalescence and continued to do well 3 months after surgery. ..
  42. Lin L, Phelps J, Liu C. Laparoscopic vaginal vault suspension using uterosacral ligaments: a review of 133 cases. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2005;12:216-20 pubmed
    ..8%) had recurrence of prolapse. The major complication rate was 2.25%. We conclude that laparoscopic vaginal vault suspension is a safe, efficacious, and durable alternative for the management of vaginal vault prolapse. ..
  43. Laing F, Allison S. US of the ovary and adnexa: to worry or not to worry?. Radiographics. 2012;32:1621-39; discussion 1640-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Knowledge of these recommendations and of the characteristic US features of benign, malignant, and indeterminate adnexal masses can serve as important guidelines for patient management. ..
  44. Bremer G, Land J, Tiebosch A, van der Putten H. Five different histological subtypes of germ cell malignancies in an XY female. Gynecol Oncol. 1993;50:247-8 pubmed
    ..She received no adjuvant treatment and has remained well 30 months after diagnosis...
  45. Srikrishna S, Robinson D, Cardozo L, Yazbek J, Jurkovic D. Is transvaginal ultrasound a worthwhile investigation for women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy?. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2008;28:418-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Associated gynaecological pathology was found in 46.6% of patients on TVS and this led to a change in planned management in 2.9% of cases. Consequently, preoperative TVS would appear to be a worthwhile investigation. ..
  46. Smith T, Luo J, Hsu Y, Ashton Miller J, DeLancey J. A novel technique to measure in vivo uterine suspensory ligament stiffness. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013;209:484.e1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The cervix location in the OR at minimal traction lay below POP-Q point C value in three-fourths of the women. ..
  47. Kvasnicka J, Zivny J. [Changes in serum levels of C-reactive protein and the soluble adhesion molecules, sE-selectin and sICAM-1, after transdermal 17-beta estradiol replacement]. Ceska Gynekol. 2001;66:161-5 pubmed
    ..86 +/- 62.32 micrograms/l; p = 0.026). Transdermal substitution with 17-beta estradiol may reduce one of risk factor of atherogenesis in treated women after hysterectomy with both side adnexectomy. ..
  48. Shulman A, Marom H, Oelsner G, Horowitz A, Ben Nun I, Mashiach S, et al. The effect of adnexal surgery on the ovarian response to stimulation in in vitro fertilization. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2002;103:158-62 pubmed
    ..Neither of the analyzed parameters were affected by the tubal surgery. We conclude from our study adnexal surgery is not detrimental to ovarian function. ..
  49. Paparella P, Sizzi O, Rossetti A, De Benedittis F, Paparella R. Vaginal hysterectomy in generally considered contraindications to vaginal surgery. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2004;270:104-9 pubmed
    ..Vaginal hysterectomy appears to be feasible in about 97% of cases in which this approach would have been judged unsuitable. This figure decreases to 94.2% when oophorectomy is indicated. ..
  50. Perez Medina T, Contreras E, Alonso M, Arenas J. Umbilical site Richter's hernia. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2006;13:258-9 pubmed
  51. Rechberger T, Wrobel A. [Classification and surgery for uterovaginal anomalies]. Ginekol Pol. 2005;76:921-5 pubmed
    ..It is essential to exclude other then anatomical causes of procreative misfortunes before making the decision dealing with surgical correction of a given uterovaginal anomaly. ..
  52. de Jonge E, Venter P. Hysterectomy for septic abortion--is bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy necessary?. S Afr Med J. 1988;74:291-2 pubmed
    ..The clinical assessment of infected ovaries was false-positive in 40% of cases but there was no false-negative decision-making. It is concluded that ovaries which appear normal at hysterectomy for septic abortion should be conserved...
  53. Lundorff P, van Geldorp H, Tronstad S, Lalos O, Larsson B, Johns D, et al. Reduction of post-surgical adhesions with ferric hyaluronate gel: a European study. Hum Reprod. 2001;16:1982-8 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, ferric hyaluronate was safe and highly efficacious in reducing the number, severity and extent of adhesions throughout the abdomen following peritoneal cavity surgery. ..
  54. Nascu P, Vilos G, Ettler H, Abu Rafea B, Hollet Caines J, Ahmad R. Histopathologic findings on uterosacral ligaments in women with chronic pelvic pain and visually normal pelvis at laparoscopy. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2006;13:201-4 pubmed
    ..Laparoscopic resection of uterosacral ligaments improved dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and noncyclical pain and decreased the number of days lost from work, as well as the proportion of patients who required medication for pain control. ..
  55. Komiyama S, Asai S, Dokoh J, Tsuji H, Ishikawa M, Mikami M. Papillary serous carcinoma of the peritoneum with paraaortic lymph node metastasis despite minimal intraperitoneal involvement: a case report. Acta Cytol. 2006;50:323-6 pubmed
    ..PSCP can present with an early paraaortic lymph node metastasis. Endometrial cytology can be valuable in the diagnosis. ..
  56. Medina C, Takacs P. Laparoscopic uterosacral uterine suspension: a minimally invasive technique for treating pelvic organ prolapse. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2006;13:472-5 pubmed
    ..9 months. Laparoscopic uterine suspension appears to be a safe and effective treatment option for uterine prolapse in patients who desire uterine preservation. ..
  57. Salomon L, Lefevre M, Cortez A, Antoine J, Uzan S. [Struma ovarii: a rare tumor that deserves special management. Case report and review of the literature]. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2003;32:175-8 pubmed
    ..Based on this observation and the review of the literature we describe the main characteristics and propose a diagnostic and therapeutic management scheme for such tumors. ..
  58. Quan M, Fey J, Eitan R, Abu Rustum N, Barakat R, Borgen P, et al. Role of laparoscopy in the evaluation of the adnexa in patients with stage IV breast cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 2004;92:327-30 pubmed
    ..Accurate diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer versus ovarian cancer can be made laparoscopically, thereby avoiding laparotomy in the metastatic breast cancer setting. ..
  59. Klimek M, Skotniczny K, Banas T, Wicherek L. A case of left interstitial pregnancy after left adnexectomy--why surgical management?. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2006;27:288-9 pubmed
    ..We report a case of spontaneous left interstitial pregnancy after left adnexectomy due to left ovarian tumor of borderline malignancy. ..
  60. Yazbek J, Raju K, Ben Nagi J, Holland T, Hillaby K, Jurkovic D. Accuracy of ultrasound subjective 'pattern recognition' for the diagnosis of borderline ovarian tumors. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2007;29:489-95 pubmed
    ..53-22.8) and negative likelihood ratio 0.34 (95% CI, 0.21-0.55). Ultrasound diagnosis of BOTs is highly specific. However, typical features are absent in one-third of cases, which are typically misdiagnosed as benign lesions. ..
  61. Dauplat J, Chene G, Pomel C, Dauplat M, Le Bouedec G, Mishellany F, et al. Comparison of dysplasia profiles in stimulated ovaries and in those with a genetic risk for ovarian cancer. Eur J Cancer. 2009;45:2977-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Conversely, the fact that the dysplasia profile after stimulation differs from that in genetic risk ovaries suggests that ovarian stimulation may predispose to a different evolution. ..
  62. Kurjak A, Kupesic S. Three dimensional ultrasound and power doppler in assessment of uterine and ovarian angiogenesis: a prospective study. Croat Med J. 1999;40:413-20 pubmed
    ..Therefore it enhances and facilitates the morphologic and functional evaluation of both benign and malignant pelvic tumors. ..
  63. Alcazar J, Lopez Garcia G. Transvaginal color Doppler assessment of venous flow in adnexal masses. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2001;17:434-8 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that preoperative evaluation by venous flow assessment of adnexal masses may be useful to discriminate between malignant and benign tumors. ..
  64. Wang H, Sheu M, Guo W, Hong C, Chang C. Magnetic resonance imaging of pregnancy luteoma. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2003;27:155-7 pubmed
    ..The MR findings were similar to those of other cystic tumors or tumor-like lesions of the ovary...
  65. Köhler C, Tozzi R, Klemm P, Schneider A. "Schauta sine utero": technique and results of laparoscopic-vaginal radical parametrectomy. Gynecol Oncol. 2003;91:359-68 pubmed
    ..We evaluated whether radical parametrectomy without or with cervical stump exstirpation can be performed by a combined laparoscopic-vaginal approach...
  66. Heilbrun M, Olpin J, Shaaban A. Imaging of benign adnexal masses: characteristic presentations on ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2009;52:21-39 pubmed publisher
    ..It is important that gynecologists and radiologists appreciate the appearance of these lesions on multiple imaging modalities, including ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging to avoid unnecessary intervention. ..
  67. Terada M, Ohki E, Yamagishi Y, Mikamo H. [Clinical application of azithromycin extended-release (ER) formulation to treat female sexually transmitted infection]. Jpn J Antibiot. 2010;63:93-104 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, azithromycin ER was suggested theoretically becoming one of the choices of new treatment STI caused by not only chlamydia but also gonococcus, more clinical consideration to treat STI will be necessary in the future. ..
  68. Poole A, Haas D, Magann E. Early abdominal ectopic pregnancies: a systematic review of the literature. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2012;74:249-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Understanding treatment options by pregnancy location may be helpful in the management of this potentially life-threatening condition. ..
  69. Ozler A, Turgut A, Soydinc H, Sak M, Evsen M, Alabalık U, et al. The biochemical and histologic effects of adnexal torsion and early surgical intervention to unwind detorsion on ovarian reserve: an experimental study. Reprod Sci. 2013;20:1349-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, the results of this study suggest that conservative surgery alone is insufficient to protect ovarian reserve. ..
  70. Piura B, Rabinovich A, Yanai Inbar I. Psammomacarcinoma of the peritoneum. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2001;97:231-4 pubmed
    ..The mainstay of treatment is surgical debulking. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy has as yet not been established. ..
  71. Gilmour D, Baskett T. Disability and litigation from urinary tract injuries at benign gynecologic surgery in Canada. Obstet Gynecol. 2005;105:109-14 pubmed
    ..Urinary tract injuries are an uncommon but significant complication from benign gynecologic surgery. Such injuries are associated a high relative risk of litigation. ..
  72. Marret H, Sauget S, Giraudeau B, Body G, Tranquart F. Power Doppler vascularity index for predicting malignancy of adnexal masses. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2005;25:508-13 pubmed
    ..The power Doppler vascularity index obtained using customized color quantifying software has high diagnostic value in discriminating between benign and malignant adnexal masses. ..
  73. Plotti F, Capriglione S, Terranova C, Montera R, Aloisi A, Damiani P, et al. Does HE4 have a role as biomarker in the recurrence of ovarian cancer?. Tumour Biol. 2012;33:2117-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The combination of CA125 and HE4 at cut-off of 70 pmol/L improves the overall sensitivity and specificity of CA125 alone, suggesting a useful application of HE4 in strategies for surveillance of ovarian cancer recurrence. ..
  74. Morse A, Schroeder C, Magrina J, Webb M, Wollan P, Yawn B. The risk of hydrosalpinx formation and adnexectomy following tubal ligation and subsequent hysterectomy: a historical cohort study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;194:1273-6 pubmed
  75. Cascini V, Lisi G, Di Renzo D, Pappalepore N, Lelli Chiesa P. Irreducible indirect inguinal hernia containing uterus and bilateral adnexa in a premature female infant: report of an exceptional case and review of the literature. J Pediatr Surg. 2013;48:e17-9 pubmed publisher
  76. Appelbaum H, Abraham C, Choi Rosen J, Ackerman M. Key clinical predictors in the early diagnosis of adnexal torsion in children. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2013;26:167-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Key clinical and imaging findings can aid in the early diagnosis of AT in children. Future prospective studies will focus on development of a clinical predictive model for the diagnosis of AT in the pediatric population. ..
  77. Morse A, Hammer R, Walter A, Baker S, Magtibay P. Does hysterectomy without adnexectomy in patients with prior tubal interruption increase the risk of subsequent hydrosalpinx?. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002;187:1483-5; discussion 1485-6 pubmed
    ..If further study bears out this association, consideration should be given to performing salpingectomy at the time of hysterectomy even if the ovaries are being left behind. ..
  78. Daponte A, Stergioti E, Messinis I. Risk scoring for adnexal masses and endoscopic management. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2007;96:42-3 pubmed
  79. Kaiser C, Stoll I, Ataseven B, Morath S, Schaff J, Eiermann W. [Vaginal hysterectomy and bilateral adnexectomy for female to male transsexuals in an interdisciplinary concept]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2011;43:240-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Realising the vaginal hysterectomy with bilateral vaginal adnexectomy after performing a total colpectomy from our point of view is the optimal choice concerning operative methods for reassignment surgeries. ..
  80. Gil Romea I, Valcarreres Rivera M, Palacios Gasos P, Lamata Delaorden L, Quintana Martínez J, Moreno Mirallas M. [Postoperative intra-abdominal foreign body resemblance to neoplasm. Report of a case and review of the bibliography]. Cir Cir. 2013;81:148-52 pubmed
    ..Intra-abdominal gossypibomas are exceptional, although the diagnosis is made through imaging and, if suspected GI neoplasm, endoscopic studies. The primary differential diagnosis must be made with intra-abdominal malignancies. ..
  81. Zhu J, Wen H, Bi R, Wu X. Clinicopathological characteristics, treatment and outcomes in uterine carcinosarcoma and grade 3 endometrial cancer patients: a comparative study. J Gynecol Oncol. 2016;27:e18 pubmed publisher
    ..The distinctions in both clinicopathological and prognostic characteristics between UCS and G3EC suggest that this subtype should be treated separately from high-risk epithelial endometrial carcinoma. ..
  82. Rumstadt B, Roshanaei N, Schilling D. [Gossypiboma - the retained surgical towel]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2008;133:1673-6 pubmed publisher
    ..It presents a diagnostic problem if there are no symptoms for a long time. To make the correct diagnosis it is important to simply to consider the possibility of gossypiboma after a complicated or unsatisfactory postoperative course. ..
  83. Ameye L, Valentin L, Testa A, Van Holsbeke C, Domali E, Van Huffel S, et al. A scoring system to differentiate malignant from benign masses in specific ultrasound-based subgroups of adnexal tumors. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2009;33:92-101 pubmed publisher
    ..The scoring system is less sensitive but more specific than the LR model. ..
  84. Ramaiah S, Ganesan R, Mangham D, McNally O, Klys H, Hirschowitz L. Malignant variant of sclerosing perivascular epithelioid cell tumor arising in the adnexa. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2009;28:589-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Only one of the reported cases showed transition to a high-grade malignant phenotype. We report the first case of sclerosing PEComa arising in the uterine adnexa, with high-grade malignant transformation. ..
  85. Sert B. Robotic port-site and pelvic recurrences after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for a stage IB1 adenocarcinoma of the cervix with negative lymph nodes. Int J Med Robot. 2010;6:132-5 pubmed publisher
  86. Perutelli A, Garibaldi S, Basile S, Baldacci C, Gargini A, Domenici L, et al. Laparoscopic adnexectomy of suspect ovarian masses: surgical technique used to avert spillage. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2011;18:372-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the procedure must be validated in a larger series of patients to standardize the technique. ..
  87. Koo Y, Kim H, Lim K, Lee I, Lee K, Shim J, et al. Laparotomy versus laparoscopy for the treatment of adnexal masses during pregnancy. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2012;52:34-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The laparoscopic approach appears to offer a suitable alternative to laparotomy, which, in our setting, was associated with shorter operative times and hospital stays than laparotomy. ..
  88. Amagada J, Nzewi C, Bowen Simpkins P. Endometrial carcinoma presenting as an adnexal mass. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2002;22:452-3 pubmed
  89. Gultekin M, Dursun P, Salman C, Ozyuncu O, Saglam A, Kucukali T, et al. Ganglioneuroma mimicking ovarian tumor: a report of a case and review of the ganglioneuromas. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2005;271:66-8 pubmed
    ..It occurs most commonly in the mediastinum and retroperitoneum and are almost always benign tumors in nature. Here, we report a case of the retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma mimicking an ovarian tumor in a 20 years old female patient. ..
  90. Steiner R, Fehr P. [Minimal invasive surgery in gynaecology]. Ther Umsch. 2005;62:127-38 pubmed
    ..Furthermore with the concept of the sentinel lymphnode a reduction of the morbidity of the classical lymphonodectomy is achieved without loss of information about the axillary lymphnode status. ..
  91. Alcazar J, Rodriguez D, Royo P, Galvan R, Ajossa S, Guerriero S. Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility of 3-dimensional power Doppler vascular indices in assessment of solid and cystic-solid adnexal masses. J Ultrasound Med. 2008;27:1-6 pubmed
    ..95). Three-dimensional power Doppler angiography is a reproducible technique for offline assessment of stored 3D volume data of vascularized adnexal masses. ..
  92. Bellaaj H, Moussa A, Gouiaa N, Maazoun K, Frikha I, Medhaffar M, et al. [Isolated extramedullary adnexal relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a case report]. Arch Pediatr. 2009;16:1016-20 pubmed publisher
    ..She presented with an isolated pelvic mass. The diagnosis was established by a CT-guided biopsy. The treatment consisted of a second course of chemotherapy and complementary surgery; a second complete remission was obtained. ..