Summary: The induction of local hyperthermia by either short radio waves or high-frequency sound waves.

Top Publications

  1. Nutt J, Anderson V, Peacock J, Hammerstad J, Burchiel K. DBS and diathermy interaction induces severe CNS damage. Neurology. 2001;56:1384-6 pubmed
    Pulse-modulated radiofrequency diathermy treatment to the maxilla produced permanent diencephalic and brainstem lesions and a vegetative state in a patient with PD with implanted subthalamic electrodes for deep brain stimulation.
  2. Rabini A, Piazzini D, Tancredi G, Foti C, Milano G, Ronconi G, et al. Deep heating therapy via microwave diathermy relieves pain and improves physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2012;48:549-59 pubmed
    ..DHT: local microwave diathermy (three 30-min sessions a week for four weeks); SHT: application of hot packs (three 30-min sessions a week for ..
  3. Rabini A, Piazzini D, Bertolini C, Deriu L, Saccomanno M, Santagada D, et al. Effects of local microwave diathermy on shoulder pain and function in patients with rotator cuff tendinopathy in comparison to subacromial corticosteroid injections: a single-blind randomized trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2012;42:363-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Single-blind randomized clinical trial, with a follow-up of 24 weeks...
  4. Amer S, Li T, Metwally M, Emarh M, Ledger W. Randomized controlled trial comparing laparoscopic ovarian diathermy with clomiphene citrate as a first-line method of ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Hum Reprod. 2009;24:219-25 pubmed publisher
    Laparoscopic ovarian diathermy (LOD) is currently accepted as a successful second-line treatment for ovulation induction (OI) in clomiphene citrate (CC)-resistant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)...
  5. Farquhar C. An economic evaluation of laparoscopic ovarian diathermy versus gonadotrophin therapy for women with clomiphene citrate-resistant polycystic ovarian syndrome. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2005;17:347-53 pubmed
    ..Zealand trial the costs of a live birth were one-third lower in the group that underwent laparoscopic ovarian diathermy compared with those women who received gonadotrophins (NZ$19,640 and 29,836, respectively)...
  6. Altomare D, Milito G, Andreoli R, Arcanà F, Tricomi N, Salafia C, et al. Ligasure Precise vs. conventional diathermy for Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy: a prospective, randomized, multicenter trial. Dis Colon Rectum. 2008;51:514-9 pubmed publisher
    ..hemorrhoidectomy using radiofrequency dissection (Ligasure) has been proposed instead of conventional diathermy in view of its potential benefits in terms of postoperative anal pain and better hemostatic control, but the ..
  7. Uppal S, Nadig S, Jones C, Nicolaides A, Coatesworth A. A prospective single-blind randomized-controlled trial comparing two surgical techniques for the treatment of snoring: laser palatoplasty versus uvulectomy with punctate palatal diathermy. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2004;29:254-63 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to compare laser palatoplasty with uvulectomy with punctate palatal diathermy as treatment modalities for snoring. The study design was a prospective, single-blind, randomized-controlled trial...
  8. Amer S, Li T, Cooke I. Repeated laparoscopic ovarian diathermy is effective in women with anovulatory infertility due to polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril. 2003;79:1211-5 pubmed
    To assess the effectiveness of a second laparoscopic ovarian diathermy (LOD) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Retrospective study. Tertiary infertility clinic...
  9. Seiger C, Draper D. Use of pulsed shortwave diathermy and joint mobilization to increase ankle range of motion in the presence of surgical implanted metal: A case series. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006;36:669-77 pubmed
    Case series. Traditionally, all forms of diathermy have been contraindicated over metal implants. There is a lack of research-based evidence for harm regarding the use of pulsed shortwave diathermy (PSWD) over orthopedic metal implants...

More Information


  1. Kiriakopoulos A, Dimitrios T, Dimitrios L. Use of a diathermy system in thyroid surgery. Arch Surg. 2004;139:997-1000 pubmed
    New hemostatic methods have been widely used in open and laparoscopic surgery. The LigaSure Precise diathermy system (Valleylab, Boulder, Colo) has been recently used in thyroid surgery...
  2. Panoskaltsis T, Ind T, Perryman K, Dina R, Abrahams Y, Soutter W. Needle versus loop diathermy excision of the transformation zone for the treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: a randomised controlled trial. BJOG. 2004;111:748-53 pubmed
    ..33 to 7.58). No difference in peri-operative or post-operative complication rates could be demonstrated between the two groups. NETZ is more likely to produce a specimen in one piece and with clear margins compared to LLETZ. ..
  3. Sunj M, Canic T, Baldani D, Tandara M, Jeroncic A, Palada I. Does unilateral laparoscopic diathermy adjusted to ovarian volume increase the chances of ovulation in women with polycystic ovary syndrome?. Hum Reprod. 2013;28:2417-24 pubmed publisher
    Does unilateral volume-adjusted laparoscopic diathermy increase the chances of ovulation in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?
  4. Ortiz H, Marzo J, Armendariz P. Randomized clinical trial of stapled haemorrhoidopexy versus conventional diathermy haemorrhoidectomy. Br J Surg. 2002;89:1376-81 pubmed
    ..the results of stapled haemorrhoidopexy (commonly called stapled haemorrhoidectomy) with those of conventional diathermy haemorrhoidectomy...
  5. Amer S, Li T, Samuelson C, Ledger W. The impact of insulin resistance on the outcome of laparoscopic ovarian diathermy in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2011;90:338-43 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of IR on the outcome of laparoscopic ovarian diathermy (LOD). Prospective observational study. Tertiary fertility centre...
  6. Mitic S, Tvinnereim M, Lie E, Saltyte B. A pilot randomized controlled trial of coblation tonsillectomy versus dissection tonsillectomy with bipolar diathermy haemostasis. Clin Otolaryngol. 2007;32:261-7 pubmed
    ..12 years undergoing tonsillectomy, using either coblation tonsillectomy or dissection tonsillectomy with bipolar diathermy haemostasis. A prospective, single blind, randomised controlled trial. ENT clinic, University Teaching Hospital...
  7. Sengupta S, Webb D. Use of a computer-controlled bipolar diathermy system in radical prostatectomies and other open urological surgery. ANZ J Surg. 2001;71:538-40 pubmed
    Ligasure is a computer-controlled bipolar diathermy system, designed to optimally seal vessels < or = 7 mm in diameter. The aim of the present study was to evaluate its application to open urological surgery...
  8. Meretoja T, von Smitten K, Kuokkanen H, Suominen S, Jahkola T. Complications of skin-sparing mastectomy followed by immediate breast reconstruction: a prospective randomized study comparing high-frequency radiosurgery with conventional diathermy. Ann Plast Surg. 2008;60:24-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aims to compare the effects of radiofrequency coagulation and conventional diathermy on complications of SSM...
  9. Farquhar C, Brown J, Marjoribanks J. Laparoscopic drilling by diathermy or laser for ovulation induction in anovulatory polycystic ovary syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;:CD001122 pubmed publisher
    ..The keywords included polycystic ovary syndrome, laparoscopic ovarian drilling, electrocautery and diathermy. Searches were conducted in September 2011, and a further search of the MDSG Trials Register was made on 14 May ..
  10. Thaha M, Campbell K, Kazmi S, Irvine L, Khalil A, Binnie N, et al. Prospective randomised multi-centre trial comparing the clinical efficacy, safety and patient acceptability of circular stapled anopexy with closed diathermy haemorrhoidectomy. Gut. 2009;58:668-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Although the overall symptom control and safety are similar in the majority of the patients, the re-treatment rate for recurrent prolapse at 1 year is higher following SA when compared to CH. ..
  11. Muzi M, Milito G, Nigro C, Cadeddu F, Andreoli F, Amabile D, et al. Randomized clinical trial of LigaSure and conventional diathermy haemorrhoidectomy. Br J Surg. 2007;94:937-42 pubmed
    The aim of this randomized prospective trial was to compare LigaSure and conventional diathermy haemorrhoidectomy...
  12. Goats G. Continuous short-wave (radio-frequency) diathermy. Br J Sports Med. 1989;23:123-7 pubmed
    Continuous shortwave diathermy is the technique of choice when uniform marked elevation of temperature is required in the deep tissues. This heating can be targeted accurately by using an appropriate applicator positioned correctly...
  13. Spearman J, Tsavellas G, Nichols P. Current attitudes and practices towards diathermy smoke. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2007;89:162-5 pubmed
    ..The use of smoke extraction equipment is very limited. Greater awareness of the hazards and available technology to extract fumes from the theatre environment might lead to greater uptake. ..
  14. Palomba S, Falbo A, Battista L, Russo T, Venturella R, Tolino A, et al. Laparoscopic ovarian diathermy vs clomiphene citrate plus metformin as second-line strategy for infertile anovulatory patients with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010;202:577.e1-8 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of laparoscopic ovarian diathermy (LOD) vs clomiphene citrate (CC) plus metformin in infertile patients with CC-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)...
  15. Makama G, Ameh E. Hazards of surgical diathermy. Niger J Med. 2007;16:295-300 pubmed
    Surgical diathermy is an invaluable facility widely used in the operating theatre. Its application in surgical practice is rapidly expanding. However, its use may be accompanied with hazards, which this review is intended to highlight...
  16. Tan K, Sng K, Tay K, Lai J, Eu K. Randomized clinical trial of 0.2 per cent glyceryl trinitrate ointment for wound healing and pain reduction after open diathermy haemorrhoidectomy. Br J Surg. 2006;93:1464-8 pubmed
    ..021). Only one patient who received GTN experienced headache requiring discontinuation of the ointment. TGN 0.2 per cent ointment improved wound healing rates, but did not reduce pain in this study. ..
  17. Rogers S, Mills K, Tufail Z. Airway fire due to diathermy during tracheostomy in an intensive care patient. Anaesthesia. 2001;56:441-3 pubmed
    ..occurred during a surgical tracheostomy under general anaesthesia, following ignition of the tracheal tube by diathermy. After debridement of the burnt tissue and treatment with intravenous antibiotics and glucocorticoids, the ..
  18. Laufer Y, Zilberman R, Porat R, Nahir A. Effect of pulsed short-wave diathermy on pain and function of subjects with osteoarthritis of the knee: a placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial. Clin Rehabil. 2005;19:255-63 pubmed
    To examine the effects of pulsed short-wave diathermy (PSWD), delivered at an intensity sufficient to induce a thermal sensation and at an athermal intensity, in comparison with a placebo short-wave diathermy treatment, on reported pain, ..
  19. Di Cesare A, Giombini A, Dragoni S, Agnello L, Ripani M, Saraceni V, et al. Calcific tendinopathy of the rotator cuff. Conservative management with 434 Mhz local microwave diathermy (hyperthermia): a case study. Disabil Rehabil. 2008;30:1578-83 pubmed publisher
    To report the effects of local microwave diathermy (hyperthermia) at 434 Mhz on calcific tendinopathy of the shoulder in two middle aged patients...
  20. Shah S, Farrow A. Assessment of physiotherapists' occupational exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields from shortwave and microwave diathermy devices: a literature review. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2013;10:312-27 pubmed publisher
    ..In the reviewed studies, EMFs were measured at different distances (range 0.2 m to 6 m) from the console of diathermy devices, electrodes, and cables. For continuous shortwave diathermy (CSWD) (27...
  21. Farquhar C, Williamson K, Gudex G, Johnson N, Garland J, Sadler L. A randomized controlled trial of laparoscopic ovarian diathermy versus gonadotropin therapy for women with clomiphene citrate-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril. 2002;78:404-11 pubmed
    To compare the effectiveness of laparoscopic ovarian diathermy with gonadotropin ovulation induction for women with clomiphene citrate-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome. Randomized controlled trial. A tertiary referral fertility clinic...
  22. Amer S, Li T, Cooke I. Laparoscopic ovarian diathermy in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: a retrospective study on the influence of the amount of energy used on the outcome. Hum Reprod. 2002;17:1046-51 pubmed
    Currently, there is an uncertainty about the optimum number of punctures to be applied at laparoscopic ovarian diathermy (LOD). This retrospective study was undertaken to investigate the dose-response relationship of LOD...
  23. Sutton P, Awad S, Perkins A, Lobo D. Comparison of lateral thermal spread using monopolar and bipolar diathermy, the Harmonic Scalpel and the Ligasure. Br J Surg. 2010;97:428-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Monopolar and bipolar diathermy (power settings 20, 30 and 40 W), the Harmonic Scalpel and Ligasure (power settings 1, 3 and 5) were studied ..
  24. Mistrangelo E, Febo G, Ferrero B, Ferrero S, Deltetto F, Camanni M. Safety and efficacy of vaginal hysterectomy in the large uterus with the LigaSure bipolar diathermy system. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008;199:475.e1-5 pubmed publisher
    ..and efficacy of vaginal hysterectomy in case of large uterine size (> or = 250 g) using the LigaSure bipolar diathermy (Valleylab, Boulder, CO)...
  25. Tuli A, Singh A. Monopolar diathermy used for correction of ankyloglossia. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2010;28:130-3 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we report on a 5-year old girl with a tongue tie, who underwent frenectomy using monopolar diathermy under local anesthesia without any postoperative complication.
  26. Giombini A, Giovannini V, Di Cesare A, Pacetti P, Ichinoseki Sekine N, Shiraishi M, et al. Hyperthermia induced by microwave diathermy in the management of muscle and tendon injuries. Br Med Bull. 2007;83:379-96 pubmed
    Hyperthermia induced by microwave diathermy raises the temperature of deep tissues from 41 degrees C to 45 degrees C using electromagnetic power...
  27. Ruggera P, Witters D, von Maltzahn G, Bassen H. In vitro assessment of tissue heating near metallic medical implants by exposure to pulsed radio frequency diathermy. Phys Med Biol. 2003;48:2919-28 pubmed
    ..bilateral implanted neurostimulators suffered significant brain tissue damage, and subsequently died, following diathermy treatment to hasten recovery from teeth extraction...
  28. Akyol Y, Ulus Y, Durmus D, Canturk F, Bilgici A, Kuru O, et al. Effectiveness of microwave diathermy on pain, functional capacity, muscle strength, quality of life, and depression in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome: a randomized placebo-controlled clinical study. Rheumatol Int. 2012;32:3007-16 pubmed
    ..05). A 2,450-MHz MD regimen showed no beneficial effects in patients with SIS, so the superficial heat and exercise program, as it is efficient, may be preferable for the treatment of SIS, alone. ..
  29. Tay S, Teoh L, Yong F, Tan S. The prevention of neuroma formation by diathermy: an experimental study in the rat common peroneal nerve. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2005;34:362-8 pubmed
    There have been anecdotal reports of the efficacy of diathermy (electrocoagulation) in the prevention of neuroma formation. However, this has not been investigated in the laboratory...
  30. Lowe D, Cromwell D, Lewsey J, Copley L, Brown P, Yung M, et al. Diathermy power settings as a risk factor for hemorrhage after tonsillectomy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;140:23-8 pubmed publisher
    To investigate bipolar diathermy power settings as a risk factor for postoperative hemorrhage following tonsillectomy...
  31. Blanchford H, Lowe D. Cold versus hot tonsillectomy: state of the art and recommendations. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2013;75:136-41 pubmed publisher
    ..of the risk factors for haemorrhage after tonsillectomy with particular reference to the use of bipolar diathermy for tonsillar dissection and haemostasis, diathermy power settings and coblation tonsillectomy...
  32. Agrawal S, Gupta S, Singh V, Agrawal S. A novel technique to recanalize the nasolacrimal duct with endodiathermy bipolar probe. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2013;61:718-21 pubmed publisher
    ..One hundred and fifty-one eyes underwent RC with 20 G endodiathermy bipolar probe connected to a 7 W diathermy followed by bicanalicular intubation under direct visualization...
  33. Chu E, Taranath D. Another case of congenital pupillary-iris-lens membrane with goniodysgenesis. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2010;47 Online:e1-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Early diagnosis and treatment is vital to prevent complications such as amblyopia and glaucoma. ..
  34. Stephens J, Singh A, Hughes J, Goswami T, Ghufoor K, Sandhu G. A prospective multi-centre randomised controlled trial comparing PlasmaKnife with bipolar dissection tonsillectomy: evaluating an emerging technology. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2009;73:597-601 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study has found no significant advantage to PlasmaKnife over bipolar diathermy tonsillectomy...
  35. Vogl T, Worst T, Naguib N, Ackermann H, Gruber Rouh T, Nour Eldin N. Factors influencing local tumor control in patients with neoplastic pulmonary nodules treated with microwave ablation: a risk-factor analysis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013;200:665-72 pubmed publisher
    ..7 J/mm(3) to the index tumor. ..
  36. Chikamoto A, Kaida T, Arima K, Higashi T, Taki K, Ida S, et al. Heat injury to the inferior vena cava by bipolar tissue sealer. Surg Endosc. 2016;30:1519-22 pubmed publisher
    ..When Ensealâ„¢ is used, contact with the adjacent vessels of the IVC should be avoided at all. It could increase the risk of heat injury to the vessel wall. ..
  37. Cohen V, Hungerford J. Choroidal neovascularization induced by transcleral microdiathermy for localization of a juxtapapillary choroidal melanoma. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging. 2007;38:410-2 pubmed
    ..To avoid the postoperative development of a choroidal neovascular membrane, transcleral transillumination can be used without the application of microdiathermy. ..
  38. Thumann G, Bartz Schmidt K, Kirchhof B, Heimann K. Branch retinal artery occlusion by diathermy of a persistent hyaloid artery. Am J Ophthalmol. 1997;124:415-6 pubmed
    To report branch retinal artery occlusion caused by diathermy of a persistent hyaloid artery. Case report...
  39. Kairaluoma M, Nuorva K, Kellokumpu I. Day-case stapled (circular) vs. diathermy hemorrhoidectomy: a randomized, controlled trial evaluating surgical and functional outcome. Dis Colon Rectum. 2003;46:93-9 pubmed
    ..Therefore, the outcome of stapled hemorrhoidectomy was compared with that of diathermy hemorrhoidectomy in a randomized, controlled trial...
  40. Loulmet D, Patel N, Patel N, Frumkin W, Santoni Rugiu F, Langan M, et al. First robotic endoscopic epicardial isolation of the pulmonary veins with microwave energy in a patient in chronic atrial fibrillation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004;78:e24-5 pubmed
    ..The procedure consisted of making a conduction block around the pulmonary veins with a flexible microwave energy delivery probe. The probe was placed endoscopically on the left atrial epicardium with the aid of robotic instruments. ..
  41. Fine I, Hoffman R, Packer M. Bimanual bipolar diathermy for recurrent hyphema after anterior segment intraocular surgery. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2004;30:2017-20 pubmed
    ..Surgical intervention using bipolar diathermy was required to control the bleeding and the elevated IOP...
  42. Yu X, McBean A, Caldwell D. Unequal use of new technologies by race: the use of new prostate surgeries (transurethral needle ablation, transurethral microwave therapy and laser) among elderly Medicare beneficiaries. J Urol. 2006;175:1830-5; discussion 1835 pubmed
    ..36 (95% CI 1.16-1.59) for Laser. After controlling for availability, elderly black Medicare beneficiaries were less likely to undergo the new BPH procedures than white beneficiaries, while the usage difference for TURP remained small. ..
  43. Hasegawa T, Matsukura T, Mizuno Y, Suga Y, Ogawa H, Ikeda S. Clinical trial of a laser device called fractional photothermolysis system for acne scars. J Dermatol. 2006;33:623-7 pubmed
    ..All the patients were successfully treated with minimal adverse effects. The fractional photothermolysis system represents an optional method for the treatment of acne scars. ..
  44. Beesley J, Taylor L. Reducing the risk of surgical fires: are you assessing the risk?. J Perioper Pract. 2006;16:591-7 pubmed
    ..In this article the authors reflect on a critical incident involving a fire in the operating theatre and review best practice for ensuring organisations assess potential fire hazards and manage the risks. ..
  45. Hofstad B. [Explosion in rectum]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2007;127:1789-90 pubmed
    The article describes a case of gas explosion during diathermy snare resection of a polyp in the rectum, after cleansing with a sorbitol enema. Proximity to anus prevented perforation or other complications...
  46. Deng Z, Liu J. Minimally invasive thermotherapy method for tumor treatment based on an exothermic chemical reaction. Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol. 2007;16:341-6 pubmed
    ..This study opens the clinical possibilities for tumors to be treated in a minimally invasive way by a thermotherapy treatment based on an exothermic chemical reaction. ..
  47. Silberstein N. Diathermy: comeback, or new technology? An electrically induced therapy modality enjoys a resurgence. Rehab Manag. 2008;21:30, 32-3 pubmed
  48. Barry Delongchamps N, Robert G, Descazeaud A, Cornu J, Azzouzi A, Haillot O, et al. [Surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia by thermotherapy and other emerging techniques: A review of the literature by the LUTS committee of the French Urological Association]. Prog Urol. 2012;22:87-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Urethral stents should only be proposed in exceptional cases of surgical contra-indication, because of their related complications. Botulinium toxin and ethanol intra-prostatic injections are currently under evaluation. ..
  49. Numanoglu A, McCulloch M, Van Der Pool A, Millar A, Rode H. Laparoscopic salvage of malfunctioning Tenckhoff catheters. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2007;17:128-30 pubmed
    ..Five had no cause identified. Re-look laparotomy and diathermy hemostasis of fimbriae was required in one patient due to bleeding from fimbriae following laparoscopic ..
  50. Touchberry C, Le T, Richmond S, Prewitt M, Beck D, Carr D, et al. Diathermy treatment increases heat shock protein expression in female, but not male skeletal muscle. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008;102:319-23 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether diathermy can increase Hsp70 and Hsp27p content in skeletal muscle...
  51. Hirst G, Arumugam P, Beynon J. Ranitidine as adjuvant treatment in colorectal cancer (Br J Surg 2002; 89: 1416-1422). Br J Surg. 2003;90:249 pubmed
  52. Grönemeyer D, Schirp S, Gevargez A. Image-guided radiofrequency ablation of spinal tumors: preliminary experience with an expandable array electrode. Cancer J. 2002;8:33-9 pubmed
    ..When confirmed by further investigation, this therapy may be a new option for patients with unresectable spine tumors that do not respond to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. ..
  53. Taylor M, Shalev E, Tanawattanacharoen S, Jolly M, Kumar S, Weiner E, et al. Ultrasound-guided umbilical cord occlusion using bipolar diathermy for Stage III/IV twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Prenat Diagn. 2002;22:70-6 pubmed
    To evaluate bipolar diathermy as a technique for selective fetocide in the treatment of advanced (Stage III/IV) twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS)...