Genomes and Genes
Summary: Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
Publications186 found, 100 shown here
- Nutritional analysis of blenderized enteral diets in the PhilippinesMary M Sullivan
Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Lincolnshire, IL, USA
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 13:385-91. 2004..Additionally, the viscosity of these feedings may be unsuitable for infusion through feeding tubes...
- Diet and agingMatthew D W Piper
UCL Institute of Healthy Ageing, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
Cell Metab 8:99-104. 2008..Here we discuss examples of diet/genotype interactions that show a more complex mechanistic view is required and that mild dietary modifications can dramatically change the interpretation of model organism aging studies...
- The role of meal replacements in obesity treatmentJ B Keogh
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Obes Rev 6:229-34. 2005..Meal replacements for weight loss are available in the community; however, their efficacy in the longer term is not clear. This review summarizes recent evidence on the use of meal replacements as a weight loss strategy...
- Critical role for peptide YY in protein-mediated satiation and body-weight regulationRachel L Batterham
Centre for Diabetes and Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, University College London, WC1E 6JJ, United Kingdom
Cell Metab 4:223-33. 2006..Our findings suggest that modulating the release of endogenous satiety factors, such as PYY, through alteration of specific diet constituents could provide a rational therapy for obesity...
- Effects of thickened feeding on gastroesophageal reflux in infants: a placebo-controlled crossover study using intraluminal impedanceTobias G Wenzl
Kinderklinik, Universitatsklinikum Aachen, Aachen, Germany
Pediatrics 111:e355-9. 2003..The aim of this randomized, placebo-controlled crossover study was to examine the influence of formula thickened with carob (St. John's bread) bean gum on acid and nonacid GER...
- Meal replacements in weight interventionJ M Ashley
Nutrition Education and Research Program, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Reno, 89557, USA
Obes Res 9:312S-320S. 2001..To evaluate the effectiveness of meal replacements (MRs) in weight loss interventions in premenopausal women...
- Altered sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) volume in adult Long-Evans rats by dietary soy phytoestrogensT D Lund
The Neuroscience Center, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
Brain Res 914:92-9. 2001..These data suggest that consumption of phytoestrogens via a soy diet, significantly: (1) decreases body and prostate weight, (2) delays puberty onset, and (3) alters SDN-POA volumes during adulthood...
- Gastric tone variations during gastric infusion of fiber-supplemented formulasGuillaume Savoye
The Digestive Tract Research Group, Rouen University Hospital, France
J Gastroenterol Hepatol 20:409-14. 2005..The objective of this study was to assess variations of fundic tone and their relation to antroduodenal motility before, during and after nasogastric feeding supplemented or not with fibers...
- Dietary soy phytoestrogens produce anxiolytic effects in the elevated plus-mazeT D Lund
Neuroscience Center, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
Brain Res 913:180-4. 2001..Phytoestrogens produced anxiolytic effects in both male and female Long-Evans rats. Additionally, phytoestrogens decreased body weight but increased consumption of food and/or water...
- A novel soy-based meal replacement formula for weight loss among obese individuals: a randomized controlled clinical trialD B Allison
Department of Biostatistics and Center for Research on Clinical Nutrition, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0022, USA
Eur J Clin Nutr 57:514-22. 2003..To assess the efficacy and safety of a low calorie soy-based meal replacement program for the treatment of obesity...
- Nutrient adequacy during weight loss interventions: a randomized study in women comparing the dietary intake in a meal replacement group with a traditional food groupJudith M Ashley
Nutrition Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557, USA
Nutr J 6:12. 2007..The objective of this one-year study was to document and compare the macronutrient and micronutrient levels in the foods chosen by women following two different weight reduction interventions...
- Resveratrol delays age-related deterioration and mimics transcriptional aspects of dietary restriction without extending life spanKevin J Pearson
Laboratory of Experimental Gerontology, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, 5600 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Cell Metab 8:157-68. 2008..Our findings indicate that resveratrol treatment has a range of beneficial effects in mice but does not increase the longevity of ad libitum-fed animals when started midlife...
- Long-term efficacy of soy-based meal replacements vs an individualized diet plan in obese type II DM patients: relative effects on weight loss, metabolic parameters, and C-reactive proteinZ Li
David Geffen School of Medicine, Center for Human Nutrition, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1742, USA
Eur J Clin Nutr 59:411-8. 2005..Achieving significant weight loss and glycemic control in diabetic patients remains a challenging task...
- Maternal and perinatal brain aromatase: effects of dietary soy phytoestrogensK S Weber
633 WIDB, Neuroscience Center, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
Brain Res Dev Brain Res 126:217-21. 2001..Dietary phytoestrogens, however, do not alter brain aromatase during pregnancy/lactation or perinatal development...
- A controlled trial of intermittent enteral nutrient supplementation in maintenance hemodialysis patientsManju Sharma
Department of Nephrology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, India
J Ren Nutr 12:229-37. 2002..The acceptability and palatability of the HP blend formula, ease of use, and cost were also assessed in comparison with the commercial nutritional supplement (CNS)...
- Reduced bile flow associated with parenteral nutrition is independent of oxidant load and parenteral multivitaminsJean Claude Lavoie
Department of Pediatrics, Hopital Sainte Justine, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 41:108-14. 2005..The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of multivitamin preparations and peroxides on bile flow in newborn guinea pigs receiving parenteral nutrition...
- Physiological effects of enteral and parenteral feeding on pancreaticobiliary secretion in humansStephen J D O'Keefe
Medical College of Virginia and Virginia Commonwealth University and McGuire Veterans Administration Hospital, Richmond 23298, USA
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 284:G27-36. 2003..Enteral "elemental" formulae diminish, but only intravenous feeding avoids pancreatic stimulation. Intravenous administration impairs metabolic clearance...
- Gastric emptying of two whey-based formulas of different energy density and its clinical implication in children with volume intoleranceV Khoshoo
West Jefferson Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Eur J Clin Nutr 56:656-8. 2002..Isoenergetic, isovolumic, whey-based formulas of different osmolarity and fat content empty in a similar manner. Will the gastric emptying of high and low energy density whey-based formulas be similar?..
- Fat composition may be a clue to explain the primary therapeutic effect of enteral nutrition in Crohn's disease: results of a double blind randomised multicentre European trialM A Gassull
Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain
Gut 51:164-8. 2002..Dietary fat has been suggested to determine the therapeutic effect of enteral diets in Crohn's disease...
- Hydrolyzed versus nonhydrolyzed protein diet in short bowel syndrome in childrenJanusz Ksiazyk
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children s Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 35:615-8. 2002..There is no consensus regarding the optimal enteral formula in patients with neonatal short bowel syndrome. The common practice in many centers is to give a semielemental diet...
- Nutrition in specific surgical diseasesAntonio Sitges-Serra
Department of Surgery, Hospital Universitari del Mar, Barcelona, Spain
Nutrition 18:937. 2002
- Diarrhea in severely burned childrenKalpesh Thakkar
Shriners Burns Hospital, Texas, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 29:8-11. 2005..Our patients are fed a high-carbohydrate enteral formula. We hypothesized that diarrhea in our patients may be related to the osmotic effects of unabsorbed carbohydrate in the small intestine and colon...
- Effect of calorically dense enteral nutrition formulas on outcome in critically ill trauma and surgical patientsJodie Bryk
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 32:6-11. 2008..We studied outcomes on surgical and trauma patients receiving either a calorically dense dietary formula or a normocaloric dietary formula...
- Clinical trial: normal diet vs. partial replacement with oral E028 formula for the prevention of gastrointestinal toxicity in cancer patients undergoing pelvic radiotherapyC McGough
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, The Royal Marsden Hospital, London, UK
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 27:1132-9. 2008..A nonrandomized study suggested benefit from a partial elemental diet. A pilot study suggested that radiotherapy patients only tolerate oral elemental diet comprising one-third of total calories for 3 weeks...
- Bowel rest and nutrition therapy in the management of active Crohn's diseaseMazen Issa
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Nutr Clin Pract 23:299-308. 2008....
- Effect of a novel palatinose-based liquid balanced formula (MHN-01) on glucose and lipid metabolism in male Sprague-Dawley rats after short- and long-term ingestionHidekazu Arai
Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Tokushima School of Medicine, Japan
Metabolism 53:977-83. 2004..Therefore, human study on the effects of MHN-01 on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism will be recommended to confirm whether MHN-01 may be a useful functional food for the treatment and prevention of insulin resistance...
- Prospective evaluation of nutritional status related to body mass indices and outcomes after modified D2 gastrectomy for carcinomaPaula M Murphy
Department of Nutrition, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport, UK
Clin Nutr 23:477-83. 2004....
- Enteral nutritional support and use of diabetes-specific formulas for patients with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysisMarinos Elia
Institute of Human Nutrition, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, MP 113 F Level, Tremona Road, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK
Diabetes Care 28:2267-79. 2005..The aim of this systematic review was to determine the benefits of nutritional support in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes...
- Effects of enteral feeding on antroduodenal motility in healthy volunteers with 2 different fiber-supplemented diets: a 24-hour manometric studyMickael Bouin
Digestive Tract Research Group, Rouen University Hospital Charles Nicolle, Rouen, France
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 28:169-75. 2004..The aim of the study was to evaluate antroduodenal motor activity during intermittent intragastric feeding and between enteral solutions supplemented with new recommended soluble or standard insoluble fibers...
- Amylin receptor blockade stimulates food intake in ratsRoger D Reidelberger
Department of Veterans Affairs Nebraska Western Iowa Health Care System, Research Service 151, 4101 Woolworth Ave, Omaha, NE 68105, USA
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 287:R568-74. 2004..These results support the hypothesis that endogenous amylin plays an essential role in reducing meal size and increasing the postmeal interval of satiety...
- [Biological evaluation of a protein mixture intended for enteral nutrition]J Olza Meneses
Departamento de Bioquimica y Biologia Molecular II, Instituto de Nutricion y Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Granada, Espana
Nutr Hosp 23:206-11. 2008..Whenever total enteral nutrition is needed, it represents the only source of nutrients for patients. Thus, it is mandatory to ensure that high biological value proteins are included in enteral formulae...
- Nasojejunal feeding in hyperemesis gravidarum--a preliminary studyN Vaisman
Unit of Clinical Nutrition, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Centre, 6 Weizmann Street, Tel Aviv 64239, Israel
Clin Nutr 23:53-7. 2004..None of the rest resumed vomiting after tube withdrawal.The above suggests that nasojejunal enteral feeding can be an effective option in hyperemesis gravidarum persisting despite intravenous fluids and antiemetic drugs...
- Benefits of an all-liquid ketogenic dietEric H Kossoff
Epilepsia 45:1163. 2004
- Supplementation with galactooligosaccharides and inulin increases bacterial translocation in artificially reared newborn ratsEmmanuel Barrat
UMR 1280, Physiologie des Adaptations Nutritionnelles, Universite de Nantes, Nantes, F 44093, France
Pediatr Res 64:34-9. 2008..The balance between the potential infectious risk of BT vs. its putative beneficial effect on the maturation of neonatal immune system clearly warrants further study...
- Artificial nutrition for the treatment of short bowel syndromeM Giammanco
Unit of Surgical Pathophysiology, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Anatomy and Oncological Science, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
Minerva Chir 58:545-9. 2003..In the present research, we will study the prospective possibilities of integrating the nutritional supply making resort to artificial nutrition techniques in patients with SBS...
- The effect of supplemental enteral glutamine on plasma levels, gut function, and outcome in severe burns: a randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trialYe ping Zhou
Department of Surgery, Peking Union Medical Collage Hospital, Beijing, China
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 27:241-5. 2003..This research was conducted to evaluate the effect of enterally administered glutamine (gln) dipeptide on metabolic, gastrointestinal, and outcome parameters after severe burn injury...
- [Protein metabolism and nutritional supplementation for enteral feeding in children with burns]Krystyna Szmytkowska
Oddziału Chirurgii Dzieciecej Wojewódzkiego Szpitala im dr Jana Biziela w Bydgoszczy
Wiad Lek 57:370-3. 2004..Indications and contraindications for enteral feeding have been outlined. Basic formulas for this type of feeding have been presented with respect to specific nutrient requirements, particularly protein requirement...
- Use of elemental feed in mesenteric ischemiaWael El-Matary
Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit and Neurology Department, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol, UK
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 37:85-6. 2003
- Comparative study of two systems of delivering supplemental protein with standardized tube feedingsHeidi Luther
MetroHealth Medical Center Campus of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44109, USA
J Burn Care Rehabil 24:167-72; discussion 166. 2003..6 +/- 17.1 min vs 18.6 +/- 3.6 min; P =.051). Sixteen of 17 nurses preferred the closed system with protein flush. The results of this study were used to support expansion of the protocol change throughout the hospital...
- Short-term efficacy of enteral nutrition in the treatment of active Crohn's disease: a randomized, controlled trial comparing nutrient formulasToshihiro Sakurai
Department of Gastroenterology, Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital, Chikushino, Japan
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 26:98-103. 2002..We therefore performed a prospective, randomized, controlled study to compare the effects of nutrient formulas differing in the amount of medium-chain triglycerides (MCT)...
- Comparison of standard and immune-enhancing oral formulas in asymptomatic HIV-infected persons: a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trialJoyce K Keithley
Rush University College of Nursing, Illinois, Chicago, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 26:6-14. 2002..A secondary aim was to evaluate the feasibility of maintaining a diverse sample of outpatients on a long-term oral formula protocol...
- Short-term meal replacements followed by dietary macronutrient restriction enhance weight loss in polycystic ovary syndromeLisa J Moran
Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research Centre for Reproductive Health, School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Adelaide, Australia
Am J Clin Nutr 84:77-87. 2006..Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common condition in women, improves with weight loss. Meal replacements in short-term weight loss and strategies for weight maintenance have not been investigated in PCOS...
- Use of serum leptin levels for determination of nutritional status and the effects of different enteral nutrients on intestinal mucosa after minor surgery: an experimental studyMehmet Gurdal Oztekin
4th General Surgery Department, S B Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ulucanlar, 06100 Ankara, Turkey
Int J Surg 5:336-41. 2007..We planned to evaluate the effects of different enteral nutrients on the levels of serum leptin, protein and albumin changes and also to compare their effects on mucosal morphology of small intestine...
- Taste preferences for oral nutrition supplements in patients before and after pelvic radiotherapy: a double-blind controlled studyCamilla McGough
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, The Royal Marsden Hospital, London SW3 6JJ, UK
Clin Nutr 25:906-12. 2006....
- Role of enteral and parenteral nutrition in the patient with gastrointestinal and liver diseaseRebecca J Stratton
Institute of Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 20:441-66. 2006....
- Postsurgical infections are reduced with specialized nutrition supportDan L Waitzberg
Department of Gastroenterology, LIM 35, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil, and Lilavati Hospital, Mumbai, India
World J Surg 30:1592-604. 2006..The objective was to examine the relationship between pre-, peri-, and postoperative specialized nutritional support with immune-modulating nutrients and postoperative morbidity in patients undergoing elective surgery...
- Is there a difference in metabolic outcome between different enteral formulas?Michael Kagansky
Hebrew University and Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 31:320-3. 2007..Despite appropriate enteral nutrition, many elderly patients do not reach a good metabolic outcome. Two nutrition formulas are commonly used in Israel with no evidence-based medicine to indicate preference of one over the other...
- Nutrient supplements in inflammatory bowel diseaseSean M Karp
Section of Gastroenterology, Washington Hospital Center, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA
Dis Mon 52:170-5. 2006
- Appetite during consumption of enteral formula as a sole source of nutrition: the effect of supplementing pea-fibre and fructo-oligosaccharidesKevin Whelan
Nutritional Sciences Research Division, King s College London, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NH, UK
Br J Nutr 96:350-6. 2006....
- Formula delivery in patients receiving enteral tube feeding on general hospital wards: the impact of nasogastric extubation and diarrheaKevin Whelan
Nutritional Sciences Research Division, King s College London, London, UK
Nutrition 22:1025-31. 2006..This study prospectively investigated the incidence of nasogastric extubation and diarrhea in patients starting ETF on general wards and examined their effect on formula delivery...
- Gastrostomy feeding in cerebral palsy: too much of a good thing?Peter B Sullivan
Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Dev Med Child Neurol 48:877-82. 2006..This study has demonstrated the relatively low energy expenditure and high body-fat content of children with severe CP and highlighted the potential risk of overfeeding with available enteral feeds administered via GT...
- Effectiveness of an 'half elemental diet' as maintenance therapy for Crohn's disease: A randomized-controlled trialS Takagi
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 24:1333-40. 2006..Although thiopurines have a proven role in maintenance therapy for Crohn's disease, an alternative therapy is needed for patients intolerant or resistant to thiopurines...
- Practical guidelines for nutritional management of burn injury and recoveryKathy Prelack
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Shriners Hospital for Children, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Burns 33:14-24. 2007..An exciting dichotomy exits, forcing nutrition support specialists to make responsible choices while remaining open to new potential helpful therapeutic options...
- Effects of various enteral nutrition solutions on bacterial translocation and intestinal morphology during the postoperative periodAkin Aydogan
4th General Surgery Department, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Adv Ther 24:41-9. 2007..The investigators concluded that this effect might be related to improvement in immune function resulting from the use of immunonutrients...
- Impact of nutrient density of nocturnal enteral feeds on appetite: a prospective, randomised crossover studyS Evans
Birmingham Children s Hospital, Birmingham, UK
Arch Dis Child 92:602-7. 2007..To determine whether the energy density of isocaloric nocturnal enteral feeds (NEF) influences daily nutrient intake in children...
- Impairment of lymphocyte function in head-injured rats: effects of standard and immune-enhancing diets for enteral nutritionLinda Belabed
Laboratoire de Biologie de la Nutrition EA2498, 4 avenue de l Observatoire, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France
Clin Nutr 25:832-41. 2006..The aim of the study was to investigate the consequences of HI on lymphocyte function and to determine the effects of an enteral IED comparatively to a standard enteral nutrition...
- Patterns of prescribing of nutritional supplements in the United KingdomC R Gale
MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit (University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, Hampshire, UK
Clin Nutr 20:333-7. 2001..But because only limited data are available on their nutritional status prior to supplementation, it is hard to assess whether general practitioners are prescribing these supplements appropriately...
- Enteral nutritional support in prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers: a systematic review and meta-analysisRebecca J Stratton
Institute of Human Nutrition, University of Southampton, MP 113 F Level, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
Ageing Res Rev 4:422-50. 2005..Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to address the impact of enteral nutritional support on pressure ulcer incidence and healing and a range of other clinically relevant outcome measures in this group...
- Early enteral nutrition in young dogs suffering from haemorrhagic gastroenteritisK Will
Clinic for Small Animals, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D 30173 Hannover, Germany
J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 52:371-6. 2005..The evaluation of clinical benefits of early enteral nutrition in young dogs with haemorrhagic gastroenteritis requires further investigations...
- Multinutrient oral supplements and tube feeding in maintenance dialysis: a systematic review and meta-analysisRebecca J Stratton
Institute of Human Nutrition, University of Southampton, UK
Am J Kidney Dis 46:387-405. 2005..This systematic review aims to determine the potential benefits of enteral multinutrient support (oral or tube) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) receiving maintenance dialysis...
- Effects of early versus delayed nutrition on intestinal mucosal apoptosis and atrophy after traumatic brain injurySevim Aydin
Department of Histology, Karadeniz Technical University, Farabi Hospital, Anabilim Dali, 61080, Trabzon, Turkey
Surg Today 35:751-9. 2005..To determine the optimal time to start nutritional support after traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
- Nutritional and other postoperative management of neonates with short bowel syndrome correlates with clinical outcomesD J Andorsky
Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
J Pediatr 139:27-33. 2001..In addition, prompt restoration of intestinal continuity is associated with lowered risk of cholestatic liver disease. Early enteral feeding after surgery is associated both with reduced duration of PN and less cholestasis...
- Efficacy of a high-carbohydrate diet in catabolic illnessD W Hart
Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical Branch and Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, TX, USA
Crit Care Med 29:1318-24. 2001..This is attributable to decreased protein breakdown, suggesting a protein-sparing effect of high-carbohydrate feedings...
- [General practice of artificial enteral nutrition in pediatrics (II)]Sigrid Kalde
Sondenbeauftragte Diätassistentin VDD DGE, Krefeld
Kinderkrankenschwester 23:101-6. 2004
- Treatment of active Crohn's disease in children using partial enteral nutrition with liquid formula: a randomised controlled trialT Johnson
Birmingham Children s Hospital, Birmingham B4 6NH, UK
Gut 55:356-61. 2006..The aim of this study was to compare PEN with conventional TEN in active Crohn's disease...
- Effect of perioperative feeding with fibre & arginine on morphometrics of ileum after surgical stressSukru Boylu
Departments of General Surgery, Dr Faruk Ilker Bergama State Hospital, Bergama, Turkey
Indian J Med Res 122:120-6. 2005..This experimental study was undertaken to compare the effects of different enteral diets on the mucosal morphometrics of small bowel in surgically stressed rats without malnutrition..
- Effects of multiple pulmonary aspirations of enteral solutions on lung tissue damageTümay Umuroğlu
Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Marmara University, Tophanelioglu cad, Yurtacon sok, Istanbul, Turkey
Clin Nutr 25:45-50. 2006..The aim of this study was to compare the pulmonary histopathologic effects of enteral solutions with various lipid content, after multiple aspirations in rats...
- [Pre and postoperatory nutrition in the gastroenterologic patient]Héctor Damián Torres Rodríguez
Depto de Gastroenterologia, INCMNSZ
Rev Gastroenterol Mex 70:86-7. 2005
- [Massive intestinal resection. Nutritional adaptation process]S Leyva-Martínez
Unidad de Nutrición Clínica y Dietética, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio de Granada, Espana
Nutr Hosp 22:616-20. 2007..While waiting for a viable intestinal transplantation, most of MSBR patients depend on total parenteral nutrition (TPN)...
- Control of oxidative stress and metabolic homeostasis by the suppression of postprandial hyperglycemiaEiji Takeda
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, and The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Japan
J Med Invest 52:259-65. 2005..Therefore, it is suggested that functional food which suppresses postprandial glucose level is beneficial for both stress and metabolic controls...
- [Practice standards for the hospital pharmacist providing specialized nutritional support. Nutrition Working Group of the Spanish Society of Hospital Pharmacy]M V Calvo
BCNSP Board Certified Nutrition Support Pharmacist, Servicio de Farmacia, Salamanca
Farm Hosp 31:177-91. 2007
- Tolerance and efficacy of a new enteral formula specifically designed for elderly persons: an experimental study in the aged ratAgathe Raynaud-Simon
Geriatrics Department, Bichat University Hospital, Paris Cedex 18, France
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 63:669-77. 2008..Threonine and isoleucine content in the soleus and gastrocnemius were higher in ESF-fed rats than SI-fed ones. ESF improved intestinal transit. Thus, in old rats, the ESF favored nutritional status more than a standard formula...
- Experimental copper and chromium deficiency and additional molybdenum supplementation in goats. II. Concentrations of trace and minor elements in liver, kidneys and ribs: haematology and clinical chemistryA Frank
Department of Clinical Chemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala
Sci Total Environ 249:143-70. 2000..The findings were also confirmed by multivariate data analysis, where PCA revealed the overall impact of the deficiencies, and PLS regression coefficients indicated the influence on the various analytes...
- Retinal vascular changes induced by the oxidative stress of alpha-tocopherol deficiency contrasted with diabetic microangiopathyW G Robison
National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 2735, USA
J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 16:109-20. 2000..These findings suggest that oxidative damage, though probably involved, is unlikely to play a predominant role in the development of diabetic retinal microangiopathies...
- Effects of vitamin B6 supplementation in rats during lactation on vitamin B6 concentration and transaminase activities in the offspringD A Roth-Maier
Institute of Nutritional Sciences, Technical University Munich, Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
Arch Tierernahr 53:227-39. 2000..But not all of the analysed parameters as the liver and total body weights, the activities of AST and ALT in the erythrocytes, and the haematological parameters were influenced by a deficient maternal dietary vitamin B6 supply...
- Short-term ingestion of chlorogenic or caffeic acids decreases zinc but not copper absorption in rats, utilization of stable isotopes and inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry techniqueC Coudray
Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine d Auvergne, INRA de Clermont Ferrand Theix, Champanelle, France
Br J Nutr 80:575-84. 1998..The study illustrates the effect of metal-binding phenolic compounds on mineral nutrition in the rat, and the possible importance of the effects of different foods rich in these compounds on mineral absorption in man...
- A comparison of the anticancer activities of dietary beta-carotene, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin in mice in vivoB P Chew
Department Animal Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman 99164 6320, USA
Anticancer Res 19:1849-53. 1999..Therefore, beta-carotene, canthaxanthin and especially astaxanthin inhibit the growth of mammary tumors in mice; their anti-tumor activity is also influenced by the supplemental dose...
- Chronic zinc deficiency in mice disrupted T cell lymphopoiesis and erythropoiesis while B cell lymphopoiesis and myelopoiesis were maintainedLouis E King
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Room 419, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1319, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 24:494-502. 2005..The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of chronic zinc deficiency (ChrZD) on T and B cell lymphopoiesis, myelopoiesis and erythropoiesis in mice...
- Toxicity and characterization of cotton expressing Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac and Cry2Ab2 proteins for control of lepidopteran pestsS Sivasupramaniam
Monsanto Company, 700 Chesterfield Parkway West, Saint Louis, MO 63017, USA
J Econ Entomol 101:546-54. 2008....
- Feeding level and diet quality influence trophic shift of C and N isotopes in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus (L.))J Gaye-Siessegger
Department of Aquaculture Systems and Animal Nutrition in the Tropics and Stubtropics, University of Hohenheim 480B, Fruwirthstr 12, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
Isotopes Environ Health Stud 39:125-34. 2003....
- Oestrogen deficiency impairs intestinal calcium absorption in the ratP D O'Loughlin
Division of Clinical Biochemistry, Institute of Medical and Veterinary Science and Department of Physiology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
J Physiol 511:313-22. 1998..Moreover E2 stimulates intestinal calcium absorption probably by a direct effect on the intestine...
- Enteral feeding of a chemically defined diet preserves pulmonary immunity but not intestinal immunity: the role of lymphotoxin beta receptorKenneth A Kudsk
Veterans Administration Surgical Services, William S Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 31:477-81. 2007..It controls many molecules important in mucosal immune integrity. This study examines effects of route (IV or enteral) and type (PN, CED, or chow) on murine intestine and lung LTbetaR expression...
- No enhancing effects of diacylglycerol oil on tumor development in a medium-term multi-organ carcinogenesis bioassay using male F344 ratsToshio Ichihara
DIMS Institute of Medical Science, Inc, 64 Goura, Nishiazai, Azai cho, Ichinomiya 491 0113, Japan
Food Chem Toxicol 46:157-67. 2008..Further dose-response study concerning HOTG may be needed to confirm whether the enhancing effect of large intestine carcinogenesis exert or not...
- Protection against esophageal cancer in rodents with lyophilized berries: potential mechanismsGary D Stoner
Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus 43210, USA
Nutr Cancer 54:33-46. 2006..Based upon the preclinical data on rodents, we have initiated prevention trials in humans to determine if berries might exhibit chemopreventive effects in the esophagus...
- Influence of caffeine consumption on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary gland tumorigenesis in female rats fed a chemically defined diet containing standard and high levels of unsaturated fatC W Welsch
Department of Anatomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824
Cancer Res 48:2074-7. 1988....
- Effect of magnesium depletion and potassium depletion and chlorothiazide on intracellular pH in the rat, studied by 31P NMRW R Adam
Renal Unit, Repatriation General Hospital, West Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 16:33-40. 1989..Potassium deficiency was associated with a normal intracellular pH in brain and muscle. 5. Magnesium depletion and chlorothiazide treatment produce intracellular alkalosis by unknown mechanism(s)...
- Effect of dietary cardiac glycosides on blood pressure regulation in ratsM Tamura
Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
Can J Physiol Pharmacol 78:548-56. 2000..These results suggest that supplemental dietary cardiac glycosides exert bidirectional effects on blood pressure regulation through actions that modulate extracellular fluid and electrolyte balance...
- Gastrointestinal Candida colonisation promotes sensitisation against food antigens by affecting the mucosal barrier in miceN Yamaguchi
Laboratory of Food Biochemistry, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Kita 9, Nishi 9, Kita ku, Sapporo shi, 060 8589, Japan
Gut 55:954-60. 2006..We hypothesised that Candida colonisation promotes food allergy, which is known to contribute to a pathogenic response in atopic dermatitis. We tested this using a recently established murine Candida colonisation model...
- Effect of phytic acid and microbial phytase on the flow and amino acid composition of endogenous protein at the terminal ileum of growing broiler chickensA J Cowieson
Danisco Animal Nutrition, Marlborough, Wiltshire, SN8 1XN UK
Br J Nutr 98:745-52. 2007..It is concluded that the effects of phytase on amino acid digestibility may be mediated, in part, through a route of reduced endogenous loss...
- Resistant carbohydrates stimulate cell proliferation and crypt fission in wild-type mice and in the Apc(Min/+) mouse model of intestinal cancer, association with enhanced polyp developmentNikki Mandir
Histopathology Unit, Cancer Research UK, London Research Institute, 44 Lincoln s Inn Fields, London WC2A3PX, UK
Br J Nutr 100:711-21. 2008..05). In conclusion, both types of resistant carbohydrates increased polyp number and tumour burden and this was associated with elevated epithelial cell proliferation and crypt fission...
- Both suboptimal and elevated vitamin intake increase intestinal neoplasia and alter crypt fission in the ApcMin/+ mouseO Bashir
Gastroenterology Department, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
Carcinogenesis 25:1507-15. 2004..Both vitamin deficiency and over-supplementation can markedly enhance polyp number and tumour burden...
- Comparative effect of fish oil feeding and other dietary fatty acids on plasma lipoproteins, biliary lipids, and hepatic expression of proteins involved in reverse cholesterol transport in the ratNora Morgado
Laboratorio de Lípidos y Antioxidantes, INTA, Universidad de Chile, Santiago
Ann Nutr Metab 49:397-406. 2005..On the other hand, omega-3 PUFAs decrease plasma HDL levels compared to other fatty acids, which may suggest an effect on reverse cholesterol transport...
- Nutritional value of flaxseed meal for swine and its effects on the fatty acid profile of the carcassL Eastwood
Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
J Anim Sci 87:3607-19. 2009..0 +/- 0.1 to 10.1 +/- 0.6 mg/g of loin tissue (P < 0.001). Flaxseed meal despite its deficiency in lysine can be included up to 150 g/kg of diets for swine and will contribute to the enrichment of the carcass with n-3 fatty acids...
- Role of intestinal Bifidobacterium pseudolongum in dietary fructo-oligosaccharide inhibition of 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene-induced contact hypersensitivity in miceNaho Sasajima
Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Physiology, Graduate School of Life Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060 8589, Japan
Br J Nutr 103:539-48. 2010....
- Identification of two cardiac glycosides as Na(+)-pump inhibitors in rat urine and dietM Tamura
Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232
J Biol Chem 269:11972-9. 1994..These results clearly demonstrate that the principal source of most of the inhibitors in rat urine is the diet. The results suggest that the ouabain-like inhibitor may be derived from an endogenous origin...
- Effect of zinc deficiency on the mRNA expression pattern in liver and jejunum of adult rats: monitoring gene expression using cDNA microarrays combined with real-time RT-PCRMichael W Pfaffl
Institute of Physiology, Department of Animal Sciences, Centre of Life and Food Sciences, Technical University of Munich, 85354 Freising, Germany
J Nutr Biochem 14:691-702. 2003..Expression results imply that some genes are expressed constitutively, whereas others are highly regulated in tissues responsible for Zn homeostasis...
- Acetaminophen elimination half-life in humans is unaffected by short-term consumption of sulfur amino acid-free dietYanci O Mannery
Graduate Program in Molecular and Systems Pharmacology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 333:948-53. 2010..Thus, the results show that 2 days of diet completely devoid of SAA have no effect on APAP metabolism or disposition in healthy humans...
- Niacin (nicotinic acid) in non-physiological doses causes hyperhomocysteineaemia in Sprague-Dawley ratsTapan K Basu
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
Br J Nutr 87:115-9. 2002..The niacin-associated change in homocysteine status may be an important limiting factor in the use of this vitamin as a lipid-lowering agent...
- Effects of different protective agents on the phototoxicity of fluoranthene to Daphnia magnaA S Wernersson
Department of Applied Environmental Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Comp Biochem Physiol C Pharmacol Toxicol Endocrinol 120:373-81. 1998..It was not obvious whether any of the additives influenced the UV-induced toxicity significantly, although, alpha-tocopherol, a known antioxidant, was the best candidate...
- Protein and hematological evaluations of infant formulated from cooking banana fruits (Musa spp, ABB genome) and fermented bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean L. Verdc) seedsOluwole Steve Ijarotimi
Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
Nutr Res Pract 2:165-70. 2008..05) lower than nutrend, but higher than ogi. The haematological variables of rats fed with formulated food samples, commercial formula (nutrend) and traditional weaning food (ogi) were not significantly (p>0...
- d- chiro-Inositol is absorbed but not synthesised in rodentsXiaobo Lin
Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Lipid Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Br J Nutr 102:1426-34. 2009..DCI was neither synthesised endogenously from 2H-labelled water nor converted from [2H6]myo-inositol. DCI and pinitol in rodents appear to be derived solely from the diet...
Research Grants125 found, 100 shown here
- ENVIRONMENTAL TEMPERATURE, SNS DEVELOPMENT AND OBESITYJames Young; Fiscal Year: 2005..The potential impact of changes in sympathetic activity regulated by RPa for glucose and energy metabolism will also be examined. ..
- Epigenetics of fetal alcohol syndromeFeng Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2009..The effect of these epigenetic key genes will be confirmed in the in vivo model exposed to alcohol vapor chamber with alcohol exposure pattern and paradigms similar to the whole embryonic culture. ..
- Behavioral factors in the surgical treatment of obesityThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2009..The study, by examining ghrelin and other appetite-related hormones, also will enhance knowledge of the regulation of body weight following GBP. ..
- MINIMAL ENTERAL NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS IN NEONATESDouglas Burrin; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Enteral vs. IV Feeding: Effect on Mucosal ImmunityKenneth A Kudsk; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Neuroanatomical adaptation at synaptic level to chronicFeng Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2003..The setting of this threshold might be derailed when alcohol is cyclically deprived. Current and future study along this line will provide information enabling us to better understanding excess drinking behavior. ..
- Changes in neural response to eating after bariatric surgery: MRI resultsTHOMAS A contact WADDEN; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition, we will serially measure postprandial changes in appetite-regulating hormones and examine the relationships between neural and endocrine response to food consumption. ..
- ALCOHOL & BRAIN DEVELOPMENT: MIDLINE CASCADE HYPOTHESISFeng Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- LIFESTYLE ACTIVITY FOR WEIGHT MANAGEMENTThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2003..The predicted superiority of lifestyle activity is based on extensive pilot data and, if confirmed, should significantly improve the management of obesity and its associated health complications. ..
- Enteral vs IV Feeding: Effect on Mucosal ImmunityKenneth Kudsk; Fiscal Year: 2005..These experiments use a monoclonal antibody produced by a hybridoma cell line which is specific for polysaccharide antigen(s) found on a high percentage of clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. ..
- Mouse Model Neuro-Facial Dysmorphology: Tanslational and Treatment StudiesFeng Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2007..The new studies will test whether the trophic peptides can prevent alcohol-induced brain and facial dysmorphology as well as behavioral impairment known to occur in FAS. ..
- Epigenetics of fetal alcohol syndromeFeng Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2007..The effect of these epigenetic key genes will be confirmed in the in vivo model exposed to alcohol vapor chamber with alcohol exposure pattern and paradigms similar to the whole embryonic culture. ..
- Improving the Management of Obesity in Primary Care PracticeThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study holds promise of identifying effective weight loss methods that can be provided in primary care, at reasonable cost, by existing office personnel. ..
- Look AHEAD: Action for Health in DiabetesThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2007..These procedures will enable us to analyze the effects of the intervention on serious cardiovascular- related factors and complications, and cost-effectiveness of the intervention. ..
- IMPROVING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF OBESITY MANAGEMENTThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Enteral vs. IV Feeding: Effect on Mucosal ImmunityKenneth Kudsk; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Sleep Apnea in Look AHEAD ParticipantsThomas Wadden; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results of this study will provide an empirical basis for making recommendations about the effectiveness of weight loss in Type 2 diabetics with OSA. ..
- MINIMAL ENTERAL NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS IN NEONATESDouglas Burrin; Fiscal Year: 1999....
- ENTERAL VS IV FEEDING--EFFECT ON MUCOSAL IMMUNITYKenneth Kudsk; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Estrogen Effects on Cholinergic Function in Older WomenPaul Newhouse; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Transdermal Nicotine Treatment of MCIPaul Newhouse; Fiscal Year: 2007..If nicotine proves successful in alleviating cognitive symptoms and in improving global outcomes along with reasonable safety, we will propose a large multicenter clinical trial. ..
- Cholesterol induces oxidative stress and triggers iron and A? accumulationOthman Ghribi; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- n-3 Fatty Acids Alter T-cell Activation and SignalingROBERT STEPHEN CHAPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings from the proposed studies could lead to the development of new therapeutic tools to treat T-cell-mediated inflammation and autoimmunity. ..
- Pilot Trial of Metformin in Amnestic MCIJose A Luchsinger; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Cholesterol induces oxidative stress and triggers iron and A? accumulationOthman Ghribi; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- n-3 Fatty Acids Alter T-cell Activation and SignalingROBERT CHAPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2009..Findings from the proposed studies could lead to the development of new therapeutic tools to treat T-cell-mediated inflammation and autoimmunity. ..
- Functions and Interactions dFOXO in Drosopila AgingMarc Tatar; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Look AHEAD: Action for Health DiabetesF Pi Sunyer; Fiscal Year: 2007..These procedures will enable us to analyze the effects of the intervention on serious cardiovascular- related factors and complications, and cost-effectiveness of the intervention. ..
- Vascular factors, amyloid beta, and Alzheimer's diseaseJose Luchsinger; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Etiologic studies on EMND: An animal model for ALSHussni Mohammed; Fiscal Year: 2004..Data obtained from these pilot studies will represent a major breakthrough towards the understanding of the mechanism of the motor neuron disease and lay the foundation for more thorough investigation. ..
- Isoflavones:Acute Response in Chronic Renal FailurePaolo Fanti; Fiscal Year: 2002..3. Intake of soy isoflavones suppresses NF-KB activity in peripheral blood monocytic cells of ESRD patients, in a manner consistent with change of cytokine levels and of clinical parameters of disease. ..
- Green Tea Polyphenols: A Novel Approach to IBDHELIEH OZ; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..