Genomes and Genes
Summary: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Publications272 found, 100 shown here
- LEAFY COTYLEDON1-LIKE defines a class of regulators essential for embryo developmentRaymond W Kwong
Section of Plant Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, One Shields Avenue, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Plant Cell 15:5-18. 2003..Our results also suggest that LEC1-type HAP3 subunits arose from a common origin uniquely in plants. Thus, L1L, an essential regulator of embryo development, defines a unique class of plant HAP3 subunits...
- ABA induction of miR159 controls transcript levels of two MYB factors during Arabidopsis seed germinationJose L Reyes
Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
Plant J 49:592-606. 2007..Here, we show that, in germinating Arabidopsis thaliana seeds, ABA induces the accumulation of microRNA 159 (miR159) in an ABI3-dependent fashion, and miRNA159 mediates ..
- Identification of miRNAs and their target genes in developing soybean seeds by deep sequencingQing Xin Song
State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Genome Biology Center, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, PR China
BMC Plant Biol 11:5. 2011....
- Arabidopsis cytokinin receptor mutants reveal functions in shoot growth, leaf senescence, seed size, germination, root development, and cytokinin metabolismMichael Riefler
Institute of Biology Applied Genetics, Free University of Berlin, Germany
Plant Cell 18:40-54. 2006..Mutant seeds had more rapid germination, reduced requirement for light, and decreased far-red light sensitivity, unraveling ..
- Association mapping of kernel size and milling quality in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivarsFlavio Breseghello
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
Genetics 172:1165-77. 2006..Our results demonstrated that association mapping could complement and enhance previous QTL information for marker-assisted selection...
- Arabidopsis LEAFY COTYLEDON1 is sufficient to induce embryo development in vegetative cellsT Lotan
Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
Cell 93:1195-205. 1998..Our results suggest that LEC1 is an important regulator of embryo development that activates the transcription of genes required for both embryo morphogenesis and cellular differentiation...
- A QTL for rice grain width and weight encodes a previously unknown RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligaseXian Jun Song
National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institute for Biological Sciences, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 Fenglin Road, Shanghai 200032, China
Nat Genet 39:623-30. 2007..The functional characterization of GW2 provides insight into the mechanism of seed development and is a potential tool for improving grain yield in crops...
- Seed dormancy and the control of germinationWilliam E Finch-Savage
Warwick HRI, Warwick University, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, UK
New Phytol 171:501-23. 2006..We argue that adaptation has taken place on a theme rather than via fundamentally different paths and identify similarities underlying the extensive diversity in the dormancy response to the environment that controls germination...
- The AtGenExpress hormone and chemical treatment data set: experimental design, data evaluation, model data analysis and data accessHideki Goda
RIKEN Plant Science Center, Tsurumi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230 0045, Japan
Plant J 55:526-42. 2008..The data set presented here will be a versatile resource for future hormone studies, and constitutes a reference for genome-wide gene expression in Arabidopsis...
- Genome-wide network model capturing seed germination reveals coordinated regulation of plant cellular phase transitionsGeorge W Bassel
Division of Plant and Crop Sciences, School of Biosciences and Centre for Plant Integrative Biology, University of Nottingham, Loughborough LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:9709-14. 2011..SeedNet is available as a community resource (http://vseed.nottingham.ac.uk) to aid dissection of this complex trait and gene function in diverse processes...
- MicroRNAs prevent precocious gene expression and enable pattern formation during plant embryogenesisMichael D Nodine
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
Genes Dev 24:2678-92. 2010..We propose that, by preventing precocious expression of differentiation-promoting transcription factors, miRNAs enable proper embryonic patterning...
- MicroRNAs regulate the timing of embryo maturation in ArabidopsisMatthew R Willmann
Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Plant Physiol 155:1871-84. 2011..Mature seeds are dormant and desiccated, with accumulated storage products that are to be used by the seedling after ..
- Genome-wide analysis of endogenous abscisic acid-mediated transcription in dry and imbibed seeds of Arabidopsis using tiling arraysMasanori Okamoto
RIKEN Plant Science Center, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230 0045, Japan
Plant J 62:39-51. 2010..To understand how endogenous ABA regulates the transcriptomes in seeds, we performed comprehensive expression analyses using whole-genome Affymetrix tiling arrays in two ABA metabolism ..
- Cytokinin regulates the activity of reproductive meristems, flower organ size, ovule formation, and thus seed yield in Arabidopsis thalianaIsabel Bartrina
Institute of Biology Applied Genetics, Dahlem Centre of Plant Sciences, Freie Universitat Berlin, D 14195 Berlin, Germany
Plant Cell 23:69-80. 2011..Together, the results underpin the important role of cytokinin in reproductive development. The increased cytokinin content caused an ~55% increase in seed yield, highlighting the relevance of sink strength as a yield factor...
- GS3, a major QTL for grain length and weight and minor QTL for grain width and thickness in rice, encodes a putative transmembrane proteinChuchuan Fan
National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and National Center of Plant Gene Research Wuhan, Huazhong Agricultural University, 430070 Wuhan, China
Theor Appl Genet 112:1164-71. 2006..Cloning of such a gene provided the opportunity for fully characterizing the regulatory mechanism and related processes during grain development...
- CYP707A1 and CYP707A2, which encode abscisic acid 8'-hydroxylases, are indispensable for proper control of seed dormancy and germination in ArabidopsisMasanori Okamoto
RIKEN Plant Science Center, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230 0045, Japan
Plant Physiol 141:97-107. 2006..encode ABA 8'-hydroxylases, and that the cyp707a2 mutants showed an increase in ABA levels in dry and imbibed seeds. In this study, we showed that the cyp707a1 mutant accumulated ABA to higher levels in dry seeds than the cyp707a2 ..
- ABI5 acts downstream of ABI3 to execute an ABA-dependent growth arrest during germinationLuis Lopez-Molina
Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, Laboratory for Mass Spectrometry and Gaseous Ion Chemistry, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021 6399, USA
Plant J 32:317-28. 2002..Although ABI5 is consistently located in the nucleus, chromosomal immunoprecipitation (ChIP) experiments revealed that ABA increases ABI5 occupancy on the AtEm6 promoter...
- The Arabidopsis cytochrome P450 CYP707A encodes ABA 8'-hydroxylases: key enzymes in ABA catabolismTetsuo Kushiro
Plant Science Center, RIKEN, Yokohama, Japan
EMBO J 23:1647-56. 2004..Consistent with the expression analyses, cyp707a2 mutants exhibited hyperdormancy in seeds and accumulated six-fold greater ABA content than wild type...
- Genome-wide profiling of stored mRNA in Arabidopsis thaliana seed germination: epigenetic and genetic regulation of transcription in seedKazumi Nakabayashi
Plant Science Center, RIKEN, Suehiro cho 1 7 22, Tsurumi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230 0045, Japan
Plant J 41:697-709. 2005..Statistical analysis revealed that promoters of highly expressed genes in wild-type dry seeds overrepresented abscisic acid-responsive elements (ABREs) containing the core motif ACGT...
- An SNP caused loss of seed shattering during rice domesticationSaeko Konishi
Institute of the Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries, 446 1 Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
Science 312:1392-6. 2006....
- Repression of AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR10 by microRNA160 is critical for seed germination and post-germination stagesPo Pu Liu
Department of Horticulture, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
Plant J 52:133-46. 2007..During sensu stricto germination and post-germination, mARF10 mutant seeds and plants were hypersensitive to ABA in a dose-dependent manner...
- Gene expression analysis of flax seed developmentPrakash Venglat
Plant Biotechnology Institute, NRC, 110 Gymnasium Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0W9, Canada
BMC Plant Biol 11:74. 2011..is an important crop whose seed oil and stem fiber have multiple industrial applications. Flax seeds are also well-known for their nutritional attributes, viz...
- Expression of ER quality control-related genes in response to changes in BiP1 levels in developing rice endospermYuhya Wakasa
Transgenic Crop Research and Development Center, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Kannondai 2 1 2, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8602, Japan
Plant J 65:675-89. 2011..Judicious modification of BiP1 levels in transgenic rice can provide suitable conditions for the production of secretory proteins by alleviating ER stress...
- Family life at close quarters: communication and constraint in angiosperm seed developmentGwyneth Christina Ingram
Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
Protoplasma 247:195-214. 2010The formation of viable angiosperm seeds involves the co-ordinated growth and development of three genetically distinct organisms, the maternally derived seed coat and the zygotic embryo and endosperm...
- Molecular aspects of seed dormancyRuth Finkelstein
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 9610, USA
Annu Rev Plant Biol 59:387-415. 2008..The net result is a slightly heterogeneous response, thereby providing more temporal options for successful germination...
- A comparative linkage map of oilseed rape and its use for QTL analysis of seed oil and erucic acid contentD Qiu
National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, 1 Shizishan, 430070, Wuhan, China
Theor Appl Genet 114:67-80. 2006..The results provide new insights into the genetic control of seed oil and erucic acid content in oilseed rape, and demonstrate the utility of the linkage map and population...
- Role of anthocyanidin reductase, encoded by BANYULS in plant flavonoid biosynthesisDe Yu Xie
Plant Biology Division, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Parkway, Ardmore, OK 73401, USA
Science 299:396-9. 2003..Ectopic expression of BAN in tobacco flower petals and Arabidopsis leaves results in loss of anthocyanins and accumulation of CTs...
- Molecular networks regulating Arabidopsis seed maturation, after-ripening, dormancy and germinationMichael J Holdsworth
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham LE12 5RD, UK
New Phytol 179:33-54. 2008..Combined postgenomics, physiology and molecular genetics approaches are beginning to provide an unparalleled understanding of the molecular processes underlying dormancy and germination...
- Gene coexpression clusters and putative regulatory elements underlying seed storage reserve accumulation in ArabidopsisFred Y Peng
Agricultural Lipid Biotechnology Program, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
BMC Genomics 12:286. 2011..A more holistic view of this molecular interplay will help in the further study of the regulatory mechanisms controlling seed storage compound accumulation...
- From the soil to the seeds: the long journey of nitrate in plantsJulie Dechorgnat
Institut Jean Pierre Bourgin, UMR 1318 INRA AgroParisTech, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Route de St Cyr, F 78026 Versailles, France
J Exp Bot 62:1349-59. 2011..All these fluxes are controlled by key factors, the 'major tour operators' like the internal nutritional status of the plant but also by external abiotic factors...
- Natural variation in GS5 plays an important role in regulating grain size and yield in riceYibo Li
National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and National Center of Plant Gene Research, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
Nat Genet 43:1266-9. 2011..The results suggest that natural variation in GS5 contributes to grain size diversity in rice and may be useful in improving yield in rice and, potentially, other crops(2)...
- Genomic diversity and introgression in O. sativa reveal the impact of domestication and breeding on the rice genomeKeyan Zhao
Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
PLoS ONE 5:e10780. 2010..However, genetic uniformity surrounding key domestication genes across divergent subpopulations suggests cultural exchange of genetic material among ancient farmers...
- Pharmacological and toxicological properties of Nigella sativaB H Ali
Department of Veterinary Medicine, King Saud University, Buraydah, Al Gaseem 81999, Saudi Arabia
Phytother Res 17:299-305. 2003The seeds of Nigella sativa Linn...
- Unraveling the complex trait of crop yield with quantitative trait loci mapping in Brassica napusJiaqin Shi
National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
Genetics 182:851-61. 2009..The idea of estimating indicator QTL for yield QTL and identifying potential candidate genes for yield provides an advance in methodology for complex traits...
- Differential expression of the microRNAs in superior and inferior spikelets in rice (Oryza sativa)Ting Peng
Research Center for Rice Engineering and Key Laboratory of Physiology, Ecology and Genetic Improvement of Food Crops in Henan Province, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, 450002, China
J Exp Bot 62:4943-54. 2011..The results indicate that the slow grain-filling and low grain weight of rice inferior spikelets are attributed partly to differences in expression and function between superior and inferior spikelet miRNAs...
- Extensive demethylation of repetitive elements during seed development underlies gene imprintingMary Gehring
Howard Hughes Medical Institute HHMI, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center FHCRC, 1100 Fairview Avenue North, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
Science 324:1447-51. 2009..These data suggest that imprinting in plants evolved from targeted methylation of transposable element insertions near genic regulatory elements followed by positive selection when the resulting expression change was advantageous...
- High-throughput peptide mass fingerprinting of soybean seed proteins: automated workflow and utility of UniGene expressed sequence tag databases for protein identificationBrian P Mooney
Department of Biochemistry and Proteomics Center, University of Missouri Columbia, 125 Chemistry, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Phytochemistry 65:1733-44. 2004..This survey of anonymous seed proteins will serve as the basis for future comparative analysis of seed-filling in soybean as well as comparisons with other soybean varieties...
- Mutations in UDP-Glucose:sterol glucosyltransferase in Arabidopsis cause transparent testa phenotype and suberization defect in seedsSeth DeBolt
Department of Horticulture, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506, USA
Plant Physiol 151:78-87. 2009..An ancillary observation was that cellulose biosynthesis was unaffected in the double mutant, inconsistent with a predicted role for SGs in priming cellulose synthesis...
- A conditionally fertile coi1 allele indicates cross-talk between plant hormone signalling pathways in Arabidopsis thaliana seeds and young seedlingsChristine Ellis
School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
Planta 215:549-56. 2002..We have used coi1-16 seeds to define novel interactions between JA and other hormone signalling pathways in seed germination and in the ..
- Early infection of scutellum tissue with Agrobacterium allows high-speed transformation of riceSeiichi Toki
Plant Genetic Engineering Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, 2 1 2 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8602, Japan
Plant J 47:969-76. 2006..Here, we report the competency of scutellum tissue from 1-day pre-cultured seeds for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation...
- Seed dormancy and germinationMaarten Koornneef
Laboratory of Genetics, Department of Plant Sciences, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Curr Opin Plant Biol 5:33-6. 2002..These tools preferentially use Arabidopsis thaliana because of the molecular genetic resources available for this species. However, Solanaceae and cereals also provide important models for dormancy research...
- Expression profiling of genes involved in starch synthesis in sink and source organs of riceTakashi Ohdan
Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency JST, 4 1 8, Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332 0012, Japan
J Exp Bot 56:3229-44. 2005..branching enzyme, starch debranching enzyme, starch phosphorylase, and disproportionating enzyme in developing seeds and leaves. The modes of gene expression were tissue- and developmental stage-specific...
- Apyap1 affects aflatoxin biosynthesis during Aspergillus parasiticus growth in maize seedsM Reverberi
Universita degli Studi La Sapienza, 00165 Rome, Italy
Food Addit Contam 24:1070-5. 2007..This study suggests that an association between oxidative stress and aflatoxin biosynthesis also occurs in maize seeds. We used DeltaApyap1, a strain in which the gene Apyap1 was disrupted, to verify whether this oxidative stress-..
- A novel transcriptional cascade regulating expression of heat stress proteins during seed development of ArabidopsisSachin Kotak
Institute of Molecular Biosciences, Biocenter N200 R306, Goethe University, D 60439 Frankfurt, Germany
Plant Cell 19:182-95. 2007..Consequently, the most abundant heat stress proteins (Hsps) in seeds (Hsp17.4-CI, Hsp17...
- Genetic analysis of functions involved in adhesion of Pseudomonas putida to seedsM Espinosa-Urgel
Department of Plant Biochemistry, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, E 18008 Granada, Spain
J Bacteriol 182:2363-9. 2000..require the establishment of efficient bacterial populations in the rhizosphere, for which colonization of plant seeds often constitutes a critical first step...
- Biochemical and genetic analysis of the effects of amylose-extender mutation in rice endospermA Nishi
Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki, Higashi ku, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
Plant Physiol 127:459-72. 2001..These results strongly suggest that BEIIb plays a specific role in the transfer of short chains, which might then be extended by SS to form the A and B(1) chains of amylopectin cluster in rice endosperm...
- Subcellular targeting is a key condition for high-level accumulation of cellulase protein in transgenic maize seedElizabeth E Hood
Arkansas State University, PO Box 2760, State University, AR 72467, USA
Plant Biotechnol J 5:709-19. 2007..Recovery of high levels of enzyme in T2 ears demonstrated that expression is likely to be stable over multiple generations. The enzymes were active in cleaving soluble substrate...
- The gibberellic acid signaling repressor RGL2 inhibits Arabidopsis seed germination by stimulating abscisic acid synthesis and ABI5 activityUrszula Piskurewicz
Universite de Geneve, Département de Biologie Végétale, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
Plant Cell 20:2729-45. 2008..In sleepy1 mutant seeds, RGL2 overaccumulates; germination of these seeds can occur under conditions that produce low ABI5 expression...
- Arabidopsis seed secrets unravelled after a decade of genetic and omics-driven researchHelen North
INRA, Seed Biology Laboratory, Institut Jean Pierre Bourgin IJPB, UMR 204 INRA AgroParisTech, Versailles Cedex, France
Plant J 61:971-81. 2010b>Seeds play a fundamental role in colonization of the environment by spermatophytes, and seeds harvested from crops are the main food source for human beings...
- Strigolactones stimulate arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi by activating mitochondriaArnaud Besserer
UMR 5546, Pôle de Biotechnologies Végétales, Castanet Tolosan, France
PLoS Biol 4:e226. 2006..intraradices. We conclude that strigolactones are important rhizospheric plant signals involved in stimulating both the pre-symbiotic growth of AM fungi and the germination of parasitic plants...
- Comparative organization of chloroplast, mitochondrial and nuclear diversity in plant populationsRemy J Petit
INRA, UMR Biodiversity, Genes and Ecosystems, 69 route d Arcachon, F 33612 Cestas cedex, France
Mol Ecol 14:689-701. 2005....
- Abscisic acid signaling in seeds and seedlingsRuth R Finkelstein
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
Plant Cell 14:S15-45. 2002
- Class III homeodomain-leucine zipper gene family members have overlapping, antagonistic, and distinct roles in Arabidopsis developmentMichael J Prigge
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, An Arbor, Michigan 48109 1048, USA
Plant Cell 17:61-76. 2005..Differences in expression patterns explain some of these genetic interactions, whereas other interactions are likely attributable to differences in protein function as indicated by cross-complementation studies...
- Endogenous, tissue-specific short interfering RNAs silence the chalcone synthase gene family in glycine max seed coatsJigyasa H Tuteja
Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
Plant Cell 21:3063-77. 2009....
- DEMETER, a DNA glycosylase domain protein, is required for endosperm gene imprinting and seed viability in arabidopsisYeonhee Choi
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Cell 110:33-42. 2002..In leaf, ectopic DME expression induces MEA and nicks the MEA promoter. Thus, a DNA glycosylase activates maternal expression of an imprinted gene in the central cell...
- Genome-wide demethylation of Arabidopsis endospermTzung Fu Hsieh
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Science 324:1451-4. 2009..Our findings demonstrate extensive reconfiguration of the endosperm methylation landscape that likely reinforces transposon silencing in the embryo...
- Transcriptional regulation of ABI3- and ABA-responsive genes including RD29B and RD29A in seeds, germinating embryos, and seedlings of ArabidopsisKazuo Nakashima
Biological Resources Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, JIRCAS, 1 1 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, 305 8686, Japan
Plant Mol Biol 60:51-68. 2006..analysis using abi3 and abi5 mutants showed that ABI3 and ABI5 play important roles in the expression of RD29B in seeds. Base-substitution analysis showed that two ABREs function strongly and one ABRE coupled with DRE functions weakly ..
- Variation in expression and protein localization of the PIN family of auxin efflux facilitator proteins in flavonoid mutants with altered auxin transport in Arabidopsis thalianaWendy Ann Peer
Department of Horticulture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 2010, USA
Plant Cell 16:1898-911. 2004..In some auxin-accumulating tissues, flavonoid increases and changes in flavonoid speciation are subsequent to auxin accumulation...
- Mobilization of vacuolar iron by AtNRAMP3 and AtNRAMP4 is essential for seed germination on low ironViviane Lanquar
Institut des Sciences du Vegetal, CNRS, Gif sur Yvette, France
EMBO J 24:4041-51. 2005..Mutant seeds have wild type Fe content, but fail to retrieve Fe from the vacuolar globoids...
- Development of maternal seed tissue in barley is mediated by regulated cell expansion and cell disintegration and coordinated with endosperm growthVolodymyr Radchuk
Leibniz Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung, Corrensstraße 3, D 06466 Gatersleben, Germany
J Exp Bot 62:1217-27. 2011..Possible functions of PCD in the maternal tissues imply a potential nutritive role or the relief of a physical restraint for endosperm growth. PCD could also activate post-phloem transport functions...
- Large-scale production of functional human serum albumin from transgenic rice seedsYang He
Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization, Ministry of Education, State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19078-83. 2011..Here, we report the production of Oryza sativa recombinant HSA (OsrHSA) from transgenic rice seeds. The level of OsrHSA reached 10.58% of the total soluble protein of the rice grain...
- LEAFY COTYLEDON2 encodes a B3 domain transcription factor that induces embryo developmentS L Stone
Section of Plant Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:11806-11. 2001..that LEC2 shares greatest similarity with the B3 domain transcription factors that act primarily in developing seeds, VIVIPAROUS1/ABA INSENSITIVE3 and FUSCA3...
- Regulation of expression of starch synthesis genes by ethylene and ABA in relation to the development of rice inferior and superior spikeletsGuohui Zhu
College of Life Sciences, South China Agricultural University, Guangdong, China
J Exp Bot 62:3907-16. 2011....
- High temperature-induced abscisic acid biosynthesis and its role in the inhibition of gibberellin action in Arabidopsis seedsShigeo Toh
Department of Life Sciences, School of Agriculture, Meiji University, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan
Plant Physiol 146:1368-85. 2008..Here, we show that ABA levels in imbibed seeds are elevated at high temperature and that this increase is correlated with up-regulation of the zeaxanthin ..
- A phenylalanine in DGAT is a key determinant of oil content and composition in maizePeizhong Zheng
Pioneer Hi Bred International Inc, A DuPont Company, 7300 NW 62nd Avenue, PO Box 1004, Johnston, Iowa 50131, USA
Nat Genet 40:367-72. 2008..This work provides insights into the molecular basis of natural variation of oil and oleic-acid contents in plants and highlights DGAT as a promising target for increasing oil and oleic-acid contents in other crops...
- Iron accumulation does not parallel the high expression level of ferritin in transgenic rice seedsLe Qing Qu
Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Department of Plant Biotechnology, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Kannondai 2 1 2, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8602, Japan
Planta 222:225-33. 2005To answer the question whether iron accumulation in transgenic rice seeds depends on the expression level of exogenous soybean ferritin, we generated two kinds of ferritin hyper-expressing rice lines by introducing soybean ferritin ..
- Transcription factors regulating the progression of monocot and dicot seed developmentPinky Agarwal
Interdisciplinary Centre for Plant Genomics, Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi, India
Bioessays 33:189-202. 2011..An understanding of this interplay will not only help unravel an integrated developmental process, but will also pave the way for biotechnological applications...
- The MADS box genes SEEDSTICK and ARABIDOPSIS Bsister play a maternal role in fertilization and seed developmentChiara Mizzotti
Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 26, 20133 Milan, Italy
Plant J 70:409-20. 2012..Here we describe the characterization of the abs stk double mutant. This double mutant develops very few seeds due to both a reduced number of fertilized ovules and seed abortions later during development...
- Evolutionary history of GS3, a gene conferring grain length in riceNoriko Takano-Kai
Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
Genetics 182:1323-34. 2009..This study indicates a critical role for GS3 in defining the seed morphologies of modern subpopulations of O. sativa and enhances the potential for genetic manipulation of grain size in rice...
- Translocation of neonicotinoid insecticides from coated seeds to seedling guttation drops: a novel way of intoxication for beesV Girolami
Dipartimento di Agronomia Ambientale e Produzioni Vegetali, Entomologia, Universita di Padova, Viale dell Universita 16, 35020 Legnaro, Padova, Italy
J Econ Entomol 102:1808-15. 2009..Here, we show that leaf guttation drops of all the corn plants germinated from neonicotinoid-coated seeds contained amounts of insecticide constantly higher than 10 mg/l, with maxima up to 100 mg/l for thiamethoxam and ..
- Temporal expression patterns of hormone metabolism genes during imbibition of Arabidopsis thaliana seeds: a comparative study on dormant and non-dormant accessionsJeremy Preston
Growth Regulation Research Group, RIKEN Plant Science Center, 1 7 22, Suehiro cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama, 230 0045, Japan
Plant Cell Physiol 50:1786-800. 2009..Here, we investigated imbibition responses of Arabidopsis seeds by transcriptomic and hormone profile analyses using dormant [Cape Verde Islands (Cvi)] and non-dormant [Columbia (..
- Regulatory networks in seeds integrating developmental, abscisic acid, sugar, and light signalingInès M Brocard-Gifford
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
Plant Physiol 131:78-92. 2003....
- Dietary feeding of proanthocyanidins from grape seeds prevents photocarcinogenesis in SKH-1 hairless mice: relationship to decreased fat and lipid peroxidationAnshu Mittal
Department of Dermatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
Carcinogenesis 24:1379-88. 2003..Dietary feeding of proanthocyanidins extracted from grape seeds (GSP) (0.2 and 0...
- Paternal control of embryonic patterning in Arabidopsis thalianaMartin Bayer
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA
Science 323:1485-8. 2009..We propose that SSP protein produced from paternal transcripts upon fertilization triggers zygotic YDA activity, providing an essential temporal cue for the regulation of the asymmetric first division...
- Epigenetic resetting of a gene imprinted in plant embryosStephanie Jahnke
Developmental Biology and Biotechnology, Biocenter Klein Flottbek, University of Hamburg, Ohnhorststrasse 18, 22609 Hamburg, Germany
Curr Biol 19:1677-81. 2009..The striking difference between the regulation of imprinting in the embryo and endosperm suggests that imprinting mechanisms might have evolved independently in both fertilization products of flowering plants...
- MATERNALLY EXPRESSED PAB C-TERMINAL, a novel imprinted gene in Arabidopsis, encodes the conserved C-terminal domain of polyadenylate binding proteinsSushma Tiwari
Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom
Plant Cell 20:2387-98. 2008..In Arabidopsis, DEMETER (DME) activates expression of maternal alleles. MPC expression is reduced in flowers and seeds in a dme-4 mutant but only after fertilization in dme-1...
- Arabidopsis NF-YB subunits LEC1 and LEC1-LIKE activate transcription by interacting with seed-specific ABRE-binding factorsAkiko Yamamoto
Bioscience and Biotechnology Center, Nagoya University, Chikusa ku, Nagoya, Japan
Plant J 58:843-56. 2009..These results demonstrate a novel plant-specific mechanism for NF-Y subunit function that enables LEC1 and L1L to regulate a defined developmental network...
- Stored and neosynthesized mRNA in Arabidopsis seeds: effects of cycloheximide and controlled deterioration treatment on the resumption of transcription during imbibitionMitsuhiro Kimura
Department of Cell and Systems Biology, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, ON M5S3B2, Canada
Plant Mol Biol 73:119-29. 2010Dry seeds accumulate translatable mRNAs as well as functional proteins for transcription and translation. They are possibly involved in early physiological responses after imbibition, however, their functions remain poorly understood...
- The Arabidopsis histone deacetylases HDA6 and HDA19 contribute to the repression of embryonic properties after germinationMotoki Tanaka
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
Plant Physiol 146:149-61. 2008..These results suggest that during germination in Arabidopsis, HDA6 and HDA19 redundantly regulate the repression of embryonic properties directly or indirectly via repression of embryo-specific gene function...
- Comparative proteome analysis of metabolic proteins from seeds of durum wheat (cv. Svevo) subjected to heat stressPaolo Laino
Department of Agrobiology and Agrochemistry, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy
Proteomics 10:2359-68. 2010..Many of the heat-induced polypeptides are considered to be allergenic for sensitive individuals...
- Tailoring plant lipid composition: designer oilseeds come of ageJohnathan A Napier
Department of Biological Chemistry, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
Curr Opin Plant Biol 13:330-7. 2010..The new approaches and outcomes described here will inform new paradigms and hasten the arrival of truly predictive biology in this vital field...
- The Arabidopsis SeedGenes ProjectIris Tzafrir
Department of Botany, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Nucleic Acids Res 31:90-3. 2003..This information is needed to focus attention on genes with important cellular functions in a model plant and to assess from a genetic perspective the extent of functional redundancy in the Arabidopsis genome...
- Molecular evolution of shattering loci in U.S. weedy riceCarrie S Thurber
Biology Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
Mol Ecol 19:3271-84. 2010..weedy rice accessions, as well as wild and cultivated relatives. We find that all U.S. weedy rice groups shatter seeds easily, despite multiple origins, and in contrast to a decrease in shattering ability seen in cultivated groups...
- Functional characterization of a UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase from the seed coat of black soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.)Nik Kovinich
Bioproducts and Bioprocesses, Research Branch, Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0C6
Phytochemistry 71:1253-63. 2010..RT-PCR confirmed the co-expression of one of these genes (Glyma08g07130) with UGT78K1 in the seed coat of black soybean, suggesting possible functional redundancies in anthocyanin biosynthesis in this tissue...
- Seed arrival, ecological filters, and plant species richness: a meta-analysisJonathan A Myers
Department of Biological Sciences, Division of Systematics, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
Ecol Lett 12:1250-60. 2009..experiments, effect size was positively correlated with species and functional diversity within the pool of added seeds (species evenness and seed-size diversity), primarily in disturbed communities...
- Glucose-induced delay of seed germination in rice is mediated by the suppression of ABA catabolism rather than an enhancement of ABA biosynthesisGuohui Zhu
College of Life Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangdong, PR China
Plant Cell Physiol 50:644-51. 2009..increased during the first 6 h of imbibition, which was consistent with the decline of ABA content in the imbibed seeds. Expression of OsABA8ox genes, especially OsABA8ox2 and OsABA8ox3, was sensitively suppressed in the presence of ..
- Maternal epigenetic pathways control parental contributions to Arabidopsis early embryogenesisDaphné Autran
diversité, Adaptation et Développement des Plantes, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Universite de Montpellier, UMR 232, Montpellier 34394, France
Cell 145:707-19. 2011..Our results define maternal epigenetic pathways controlling the parental contributions in plant embryos, which are distinct from those regulating genomic imprinting...
- Plant seeds as bioreactors for recombinant protein productionOn Sun Lau
Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8104, USA
Biotechnol Adv 27:1015-22. 2009..Significant advances in using seeds as bioreactors have occurred in the past decade, which include the first commercialized plant-derived recombinant ..
- Anatomical and transcriptomic studies of the coleorhiza reveal the importance of this tissue in regulating dormancy in barleyJosé M Barrero
Plant Industry, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601, Australia
Plant Physiol 150:1006-21. 2009....
- Plants and people from the Early Neolithic to Shang periods in North ChinaGyoung Ah Lee
Archaeology Program, La Trobe University, Victoria 3086, Australia
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:1087-92. 2007..The North China farming tradition that emphasized dry crops (millets, wheat, and legumes) with some rice appears to have been established at the latest by the Early Shang (Erligang; 1600-1300 B.C.) period...
- The protein storage vacuole: a unique compound organelleL Jiang
Department of Biology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China
J Cell Biol 155:991-1002. 2001....
- Mechanisms of long-distance dispersal of seeds by windRan Nathan
Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Nature 418:409-13. 2002..release and aerodynamics with turbulent transport processes provide accurate probabilistic descriptions of LDD of seeds by wind...
- Differential contribution of frugivores to complex seed dispersal patternsP Jordano
Integrative Ecology Group and Laboratorio de Ecología Molecular, Estacion Biologica de Donana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Pabellón del Perú, Avenida María Luisa, S N, E 41013 Seville, Spain
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:3278-82. 2007..We used DNA-based genotyping techniques on Prunus mahaleb seeds dispersed by birds (small- and medium-sized passerines) and carnivorous mammals to infer each seed's source tree, ..
- Role of cell walls in the bioaccessibility of lipids in almond seedsPeter R Ellis
Biopolymers Group, Department of Life Sciences, King s College London, University of London, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NN, UK
Am J Clin Nutr 80:604-13. 2004..A crucial and relevant aspect is the amount of these dietary components available for absorption in the intestine, which is a concept referred to as bioaccessibility...
- Tung tree DGAT1 and DGAT2 have nonredundant functions in triacylglycerol biosynthesis and are localized to different subdomains of the endoplasmic reticulumJay M Shockey
U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Southern Regional Research Center, New Orleans, Louisiana 70124, USA
Plant Cell 18:2294-313. 2006b>Seeds of the tung tree (Vernicia fordii) produce large quantities of triacylglycerols (TAGs) containing approximately 80% eleostearic acid, an unusual conjugated fatty acid...
- Antitumor effects of curcin from seeds of Jatropha curcasJuan Lin
College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
Acta Pharmacol Sin 24:241-6. 2003..To study the antitumor effects of curcin from Jatropha curcas...
- Arabidopsis AtMYC2 (bHLH) and AtMYB2 (MYB) function as transcriptional activators in abscisic acid signalingHiroshi Abe
Biological Resources Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, 1 1 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8686, Japan
Plant Cell 15:63-78. 2003..These results indicate that both AtMYC2 and AtMYB2 proteins function as transcriptional activators in ABA-inducible gene expression under drought stress in plants...
- Starch synthesis in the cereal endospermMartha G James
Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Molecular Biology, 1210 Molecular Biology Building, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
Curr Opin Plant Biol 6:215-22. 2003..For the first time, tools for global analyses of starch biosynthesis are available for cereal crops, and are heralded by the draft sequence of the rice genome...
- Molecular characterization of the Arabidopsis 9-cis epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase gene familyBao Cai Tan
Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Plant J 35:44-56. 2003..AtNCED5, AtNCED6, AtNCED9, and AtNCED3 contribute to expression in developing seeds with high levels of AtNCED6 present at an early stage...
- AtBXL1 encodes a bifunctional beta-D-xylosidase/alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase required for pectic arabinan modification in Arabidopsis mucilage secretory cellsAndrej A Arsovski
Biology Department, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1B1
Plant Physiol 150:1219-34. 2009..Wetting of mature seeds leads to the rapid bursting of these mucilage secretory cells to release a hydrophilic gel that surrounds the seed ..
- Conserved and novel miRNAs in the legume Phaseolus vulgaris in response to stressCatalina Arenas-Huertero
Departamento de Biologia Molecular de Plantas, Instituto de Biotecnologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Av Universidad 2001, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Plant Mol Biol 70:385-401. 2009..vulgaris. We propose that the novel miRNAs present in common bean and other legumes, are involved in regulation of legume-specific processes including adaptation to diverse external cues...
- Salmonella Vaccines Against Bacterial EnteropathogensRoy Curtiss; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will annually amend our Master File, prepare and fully characterize candidate vaccine Master Seeds for stability and safety, prepare and submit protocols for IRB approvals, and submit information to facilitate ..
- S. typhimiurium Vaccine Against Bacterial EnteropathogensRoy Curtiss; Fiscal Year: 2007..will also collaboratively work to develop our Master File, prepare and fully characterize candidate vaccine Master Seeds for stability and safety, prepare and submit protocols for IRB approvals, submit information necessary to obtain ..
- PROTEIN-CARBOHYDRATE INTERACTIONIrwin Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 1990..and N-acetyllactosamine with the N-acetyl-D-glucosamine binding lectin from Datura stramonium seeds will be studied...
- Walnuts vs. Walnut-Oil, Glucose Homeostasis, PCOSSidika Kasim Karakas; Fiscal Year: 2007..improves insulin sensitivity, these women are advised to increase polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) intake from nuts, seeds and fish-oil. This advice is not evidence based...
- FERRITIN AND IRON DEFICIENCY--A NEW LOOK AT THE PROBLEMElizabeth Theil; Fiscal Year: 2000A sustainable solution to dietary iron deficiency can be achieved in part by increasing bioavailable iron in seeds used for food such as soybeans. Dietary iron deficiency and anemia afflict 1.5 billion people world-wide, approximately 6...
- Echinacea: Standardized Product & Supply ProvisionXiping Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004..The source of crude material for subsequent analytical chemistry testing will be first addressed: Echinacea seeds will be tested and identified for purity, then germinated and cultivated at different seasons/soil/field ..
- Crossing Borders: HIV and Substance use at the Gateway to North AmericaKimberly C Brouwer; Fiscal Year: 2010..substance using FSWs;Round 2 will focus on the MSM population;and Round 3 will begin with peer recruiters ("seeds") drawn from "mobile" persons- including truck drivers, deportees and regional and international migrants...
- Ferritin and Iron Nutrition in Health and DiseaseElizabeth Theil; Fiscal Year: 2005..Ferritin is a major source of iron in the early development of humans, other animals and plants. Legume seeds consumed by humans are rich in iron and ferritin...
- CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY IN ADVENTISTS--A LOW RISK GROUPGary Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2007..Nearly half of the population are vegetarian, and many eat dairy products, nuts, seeds and soy, these providing a wide range of dietary linolenic and other long-chain unsaturated acids...
- REGULATION OF AMINO ACID BIOSYNTHESIS GENES IN PLANTSGloria Coruzzi; Fiscal Year: 1999..Nitrogen assimilation into these amino acids affects plant growth and ultimately seeds quantity and quality...
- Visualization and real-time dosimetry for prostate brachytherapy using ultrasoundSeptimiu Salcudean; Fiscal Year: 2007..This treatment involves the permanent placement of radioactive capsules (seeds) in the prostate, in a pattern that delivers a sufficient radiation dose to kill the cancer while maintaining a ..
- Resolution of Gouty InflammationSTEPHEN MALAWISTA; Fiscal Year: 2007..We hypothesize that early lipid mediators sow the seeds for later ones (lipoxins and perhaps novel moieties) with anti-inflammatory properties, leading to resolution...
- Molecular Mechanism of Genistein in Prostate CancerFazlul Sarkar; Fiscal Year: 2004..The soy isoflavone, genistein is believed to be the primary anti-cancer agent found in whole grain cereal food, seeds and soybean products, which may play an important role in the prevention and/or treatment of human prostate cancer...
- Geography, networks, and risk in disease transmissionRichard Rothenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will use ethnographic methods to identify 3 "seeds" in each of 5 high-burden and 5 low-burden zip codes, and will use a chain-link design to construct 30 networks of ..
- Geography, networks, and risk in disease transmissionRichard Rothenberg; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will use ethnographic methods to identify 3 "seeds" in each of 5 high-burden and 5 low-burden zip codes, and will use a chain-link design to construct 30 networks of ..
- Prostate Edema in Permanent Interstitial BrachytherapyZhe Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010..Public Health Relevance: Permanent implantation of radioactive seeds containing iodine-125, palladium-103, or cesium-131 in the prostate, also called brachytherapy, has become a ..
- Prostate Edema in Permanent Interstitial BrachytherapyZhe Chen; Fiscal Year: 2009..Public Health Relevance: Permanent implantation of radioactive seeds containing iodine-125, palladium-103, or cesium-131 in the prostate, also called brachytherapy, has become a ..
- Recombinant Attenuated Salmonella Vaccines for HumansRoy Curtiss; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will also add to our Master File (filed with FDA), prepare and fully characterize candidate vaccine Master Seeds for stability and safety, prepare and submit protocols for IRB approvals, submit information necessary to obtain ..
- PROTEIN-CARBOHYDRATE INTERACTIONIrwin Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 1993..Mucus from colon cancer will be fractionated on immobilized amaranthin, the lectin which we isolated and characterized from Amaranthus caudatus seeds. This lectin recognizes the T- or cryptic T-antigen [(NANAalpha2,3)Galbeta1,3GalNAc].
- Pre-clinical Studies on Lupinus termis Seeds ExtractMIKHAIL ANTOUN; Fiscal Year: 2003..is intended to carry out preliminary pharmacology-toxicology studies on an alcoholic extract obtained form the seeds of a plant which, in earlier clinical studies performed outside the US, demonstrated encouraging activity in the ..
- Neurotoxicity of sterol glucosides: role in ALS-PDCChristopher Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2007..complex (ALS-PDC) of Guam has been historically and experimentally associated with the consumption of seeds of the cycad palm known to contain various cyto- as well as specific neurotoxins...
- Gamma Ray Spectroscopy for Dose Rate ConstantsRavinder Nath; Fiscal Year: 2006Permanent implantation of either iodine-125 seeds or palladium-103 radioactive seeds in the prostate has become a popular form of radiation therapy for carefully selected prostate cancer patients...