automobiles

Summary

Summary: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)

Top Publications

  1. doi Road traffic noise and stroke: a prospective cohort study
    Mette Sørensen
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Eur Heart J 32:737-44. 2011
  2. ncbi Fast food, automobiles, television and obesity epidemic in Chinese children
    Tsung O Cheng
    Int J Cardiol 98:173-4. 2005
  3. doi Predictors of noise annoyance in noisy and quiet urban streets
    Katarina Paunovic
    Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
    Sci Total Environ 407:3707-11. 2009
  4. ncbi Acute effects of noise on blood pressure and heart rate
    Sally L Lusk
    School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2003, USA
    Arch Environ Health 59:392-9. 2004
  5. pmc The spatial relationship between traffic-generated air pollution and noise in 2 US cities
    Ryan W Allen
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, Canada
    Environ Res 109:334-42. 2009
  6. ncbi Effects of air pollution on blood pressure and heart rate variability: a panel study of vehicular traffic controllers in the city of São Paulo, Brazil
    Ubiratan de Paula Santos
    Divisão de Pneumologia, Instituto do Coração InCor, Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, 44, CEP 05403 000, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Eur Heart J 26:193-200. 2005
  7. ncbi Food store access and household fruit and vegetable use among participants in the US Food Stamp Program
    Donald Rose
    Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Public Health Nutr 7:1081-8. 2004
  8. ncbi It's not just average faces that are attractive: computer-manipulated averageness makes birds, fish, and automobiles attractive
    Jamin Halberstadt
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:149-56. 2003
  9. ncbi A risk-based method for modeling traffic fatalities
    Kavi Bhalla
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Risk Anal 27:125-36. 2007
  10. ncbi [The prevalence of classic cardiovascular risk factors in a working Mediterranean population of 4996 men]
    A Grima Serrano
    Unidad de Cardiología Laboral, Servicio Médico de Ford España, Almussafes, Valencia
    Rev Esp Cardiol 52:910-8. 1999

Detail Information

Publications219 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Road traffic noise and stroke: a prospective cohort study
    Mette Sørensen
    Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Eur Heart J 32:737-44. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between exposure to road traffic noise and risk for stroke, which has not been studied before...
  2. ncbi Fast food, automobiles, television and obesity epidemic in Chinese children
    Tsung O Cheng
    Int J Cardiol 98:173-4. 2005
  3. doi Predictors of noise annoyance in noisy and quiet urban streets
    Katarina Paunovic
    Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
    Sci Total Environ 407:3707-11. 2009
    ..The aim of the study was to assess the predictive value of various factors on noise annoyance in noisy and quiet urban streets...
  4. ncbi Acute effects of noise on blood pressure and heart rate
    Sally L Lusk
    School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2003, USA
    Arch Environ Health 59:392-9. 2004
    ..The results of this and other studies imply that reducing acute noise exposure reduces cardiovascular stress...
  5. pmc The spatial relationship between traffic-generated air pollution and noise in 2 US cities
    Ryan W Allen
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, Canada
    Environ Res 109:334-42. 2009
    ....
  6. ncbi Effects of air pollution on blood pressure and heart rate variability: a panel study of vehicular traffic controllers in the city of São Paulo, Brazil
    Ubiratan de Paula Santos
    Divisão de Pneumologia, Instituto do Coração InCor, Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, 44, CEP 05403 000, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Eur Heart J 26:193-200. 2005
    ..Evaluating the effects of air pollution on Sao Paulo city's vehicular traffic controllers by means of risk indicators for cardiovascular diseases...
  7. ncbi Food store access and household fruit and vegetable use among participants in the US Food Stamp Program
    Donald Rose
    Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Public Health Nutr 7:1081-8. 2004
    ..This study examined the relationship between various measures of food store access and household fruit and vegetable use among participants in the Food Stamp Program, America's largest domestic food assistance programme...
  8. ncbi It's not just average faces that are attractive: computer-manipulated averageness makes birds, fish, and automobiles attractive
    Jamin Halberstadt
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:149-56. 2003
    ..In three experiments, we examined the attractiveness of birds, fish, and automobiles whose averageness had been manipulated using digital image manipulation techniques common in research on facial ..
  9. ncbi A risk-based method for modeling traffic fatalities
    Kavi Bhalla
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Risk Anal 27:125-36. 2007
    ..Regional adaptations of the model validated with local data can be used to evaluate the impacts of transportation planning and safety interventions, such as helmets, seat belts, and enforcement of traffic laws, on traffic fatalities...
  10. ncbi [The prevalence of classic cardiovascular risk factors in a working Mediterranean population of 4996 men]
    A Grima Serrano
    Unidad de Cardiología Laboral, Servicio Médico de Ford España, Almussafes, Valencia
    Rev Esp Cardiol 52:910-8. 1999
    ..To report a cross-sectional study on the incidence of cardiovascular risk factors among 4,996 male workers (mean age = 47 years) at an automobile factory in the Spanish mediterranean region...
  11. ncbi Work-related musculoskeletal symptoms among car mechanics: a descriptive study
    S Torp
    Division of Occupational Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway
    Occup Med (Lond) 46:407-13. 1996
    ..001). It seems that symptoms from the back and shoulders restrain car mechanics, work more than any other MSS. The mechanics' most common working postures may contribute to the development of back and shoulder symptoms...
  12. ncbi Inhalation exposure to isocyanates of car body repair shop workers and industrial spray painters
    Anjoeka Pronk
    Risk Assessment in the Work Environment, a collaborative centre between TNO Quality of Life and IRAS, Zeist, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 50:1-14. 2006
    ..However, since respiratory protection is less extensively used during other tasks, lower level exposure during these other tasks may significantly contribute to the internal dose...
  13. doi Critical factors in fatal collisions of adult cyclists with automobiles
    Michal Bíl
    Transport Research Centre, Lísenská 33a, Brno 636 00, Czech Republic
    Accid Anal Prev 42:1632-6. 2010
    ..370). In order to reduce the fatal risk, it is recommended to separate the road traffic of motor vehicles from bicyclists in critical road-sections; or, at least, to reduce speed limits there...
  14. ncbi Hypertension and road traffic noise exposure
    Yvonne de Kluizenaar
    TNO Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, Delft, The Netherlands
    J Occup Environ Med 49:484-92. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between road traffic noise exposure at home and the prevalence of hypertension...
  15. pmc Traffic-related air pollution associated with prevalence of asthma and COPD/chronic bronchitis. A cross-sectional study in Southern Sweden
    Anna Lindgren
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Int J Health Geogr 8:2. 2009
    ..A Geographical Information System (GIS) was used to link geocoded residential addresses to a Swedish road database and an emission database for NOx...
  16. pmc Environmental tobacco smoke exposure in motor vehicles: a preliminary study
    Constantine I Vardavas
    Tob Control 15:415. 2006
  17. pmc Dermal, inhalation, and internal exposure to 1,6-HDI and its oligomers in car body repair shop workers and industrial spray painters
    A Pronk
    Risk Assessment in the Work Environment, Food and Chemical Risk Analysis, TNO Quality of Life and IRAS, Netherlands
    Occup Environ Med 63:624-31. 2006
    ....
  18. doi Residual tobacco smoke pollution in used cars for sale: air, dust, and surfaces
    Georg E Matt
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4611, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:1467-75. 2008
    ..Disclosure requirements and smoke-free certifications could help protect nonsmoking buyers of used cars...
  19. ncbi A model for the perception of environmental sound based on notice-events
    Bert De Coensel
    Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 1776, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 126:656-65. 2009
    ....
  20. ncbi Environmental exposure to gasoline and leukemia in children and young adults--an ecology study
    R Nordlinder
    Department of Internal Medicine, Goteborg University, Sweden
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 70:57-60. 1997
    ..The association between AML in young adults and car density might be attributable to exposure to benzene from gasoline vapors and exhaust gases, but further investigations are necessary before any definite conclusion can be drawn...
  21. doi Engineering modeling of traffic noise in shielded areas in cities
    Erik M Salomons
    TNO Built Environment and Geosciences, Van Mourik Broekmanweg 6, 2628 XE Delft, The Netherlands
    J Acoust Soc Am 126:2340-9. 2009
    ..It is shown that by a redistribution of traffic flow around these buildings, one can achieve low sound levels at quiet sides and a corresponding reduction in the percentage of highly annoyed inhabitants from typically 23% to 18%...
  22. doi Annoyance from environmental noise across the lifespan
    Pascal W M Van Gerven
    Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Acoust Soc Am 126:187-94. 2009
    ..The inverted U-shape explains the absence of linear age effects in previous studies. The results are discussed in light of theories predicting an age-related vulnerability to noise...
  23. ncbi Personal space smoking restrictions among African Americans
    Gary King
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:33-40. 2005
    ..This paper investigates the association between implementing a personal space smoking restriction for the home or automobile, and various sociodemographic, social, behavioral, and attitudinal variables...
  24. ncbi Factors influencing the patterns of injuries and outcomes in car versus car crashes compared to sport utility, van, or pick-up truck versus car crashes: Crash Injury Research Engineering Network Study
    J H Siegel
    Department of Surgery, New Jersey Medical School-UMDNJ, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA
    J Trauma 51:975-90. 2001
    ....
  25. ncbi On-road vehicle detection: a review
    Zehang Sun
    eTreppid Technologies LLC, Reno, NV 89521, USA
    IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 28:694-711. 2006
    ..Finally, we present a critical overview of the methods discussed, we assess their potential for future deployment, and we present directions for future research...
  26. ncbi Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) levels in dust from previously owned automobiles at United States dealerships
    Anthony F Lagalante
    Villanova University, Department of Chemistry, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085 1699, USA
    Environ Int 35:539-44. 2009
    ..BDE-47, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153, BDE-154, BDE-183, and BDE-209 were determined in the dust sampled from 60 automobiles that were available for resale at U.S. dealerships...
  27. ncbi Measuring air quality to protect children from secondhand smoke in cars
    Vaughan W Rees
    Harvard School of Public Health, Division of Public Health Practice, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Prev Med 31:363-8. 2006
    ..To help promote more effective protection through legislation, health communication strategies, or behavioral interventions, data demonstrating the adverse effect of SHS on air quality in cars are needed...
  28. ncbi Content analysis of television advertising for cars and minivans: 1983-1998
    Susan A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:825-31. 2003
    ..Furthermore, manufacturers are missing an opportunity to promote vehicle safety, a feature that consumers have indicated is very important to them...
  29. ncbi Tire condition and drivers' practice in maintaining tires in Saudi Arabia
    Nedal T Ratrout
    Department of Civil Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, KFUPM Box 1503, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
    Accid Anal Prev 37:201-6. 2005
    ..It was concluded that drivers need proper education on how to select, use, and maintain tires. Hopefully, this will reduce the percentage of under-inflated tires and other incorrect practices found in this study...
  30. ncbi Concentrations of volatile organic compounds in the passenger side and the back seat of automobiles
    W K Jo
    Department of Environmental Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Taegu, Korea
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 9:217-27. 1999
    ..The present study evaluated if the potential differences in VOC concentrations occur in the automobiles' interior during idling and commuting under different driving conditions associated with the use of air ..
  31. ncbi Variations in amounts and potential sources of volatile organic chemicals in new cars
    Yeh Chung Chien
    Department Industrial Safety and Health, Hungkuang University, 34 Chung Chie Road, Shalu 433, Taiwan
    Sci Total Environ 382:228-39. 2007
    ..The effect of temperature on interior VOC levels was examined using model automobiles with and without the air-conditioning running...
  32. ncbi Measurement of volatile organic compounds inside automobiles
    Marion J Fedoruk
    Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, California, USA
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 13:31-41. 2003
    ..the types and concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the passenger cabin of selected sedan automobiles under static (parked, unventilated) and specified conditions of operation (i.e...
  33. ncbi Planes, trains, automobiles--and tea sets: extremely intense interests in very young children
    Judy S DeLoache
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:1579-86. 2007
    ..One of the most striking findings is a large gender difference: Extremely intense interests are much more common for young boys than for girls...
  34. doi Response to a change in transport noise exposure: a review of evidence of a change effect
    A L Brown
    Urban Research Program, Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Nathan 4111, Brisbane, Australia
    J Acoust Soc Am 125:3018-29. 2009
    ..Further, there appears to be little, if any, adaptation of this excess response with time...
  35. pmc Here comes hypercar!
    David C Holzman
    Environ Health Perspect 113:A250-3. 2005
  36. ncbi Smoking bans in the home and car: Do those who really need them have them?
    G J Norman
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, California, Palo Alto 94304, USA
    Prev Med 29:581-9. 1999
    ..This paper addresses the question of whether individuals who are most in need of household and car smoking bans, such as individuals with children living at home or who have many friends who smoke, are the ones who have them...
  37. pmc Vehicle interior interactions and kinematics of rear facing child restraints in frontal crashes
    C P Sherwood
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 49:215-28. 2005
    ..Attachment methods which reduce child restraint rotation and more rigidly couple the restraint to the vehicle result in the best safety performance...
  38. ncbi Child passenger safety in the school-age population
    Jennifer P Yakupcin
    Emergency Department, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 21:286-90. 2005
  39. ncbi The current status of road user injuries among the elderly in Germany: a medical and technical accident analysis
    Martinus Richter
    Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    J Trauma 58:591-5. 2005
    ..The incidence and treatment of injuries involving the elderly road user are of increasing importance for all fields of trauma care to ensure the best possible outcomes...
  40. pmc Factors affecting the likelihood of reporting road crashes resulting in medical treatment to the police
    B P Y Loo
    Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Inj Prev 13:186-9. 2007
    ..This paper aims to determine the percentage of road crashes resulting in injuries requiring hospital care that are reported to the police and to identify factors associated with reporting such crashes to the police...
  41. pmc Kid in the middle: a discussion of effectiveness of center rear-seat restraint systems
    Jeya Padmanaban
    JP Research Inc, Mountain View, California, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:221-36. 2006
    ..Review of NASS/CDS cases on seriously injured belted children shows belt misuse and injury patterns that might be mitigated by booster seats or proper use of adult belts...
  42. ncbi The alcohol interlock: an underutilized resource for predicting and controlling drunk drivers
    Paul R Marques
    Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:5-11. 2003
    ..Policy changes are discussed that might take better advantage of interlock information to improve the public response to drunk driving...
  43. pmc Effect of model year and vehicle type on rollover crashes and associated injuries to children
    Michael J Kallan
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:171-84. 2006
    ..Even with this decline in SUV rollover risk, similarly aged passenger cars and minivans still exhibited a rollover risk approximately half that of their SUV counterparts...
  44. ncbi Influence of age and proximity warning devices on collision avoidance in simulated driving
    Arthur F Kramer
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Hum Factors 49:935-49. 2007
    ..We conducted a set of experiments to examine the utility of several different uni- and multimodal collision avoidance systems (CASs) on driving performance of young and older adult drivers in a high-fidelity simulator...
  45. ncbi Traffic-related injury prevention interventions for low-income countries
    Samuel N Forjuoh
    Texas A and M University System, Health Science Center, College of Medicine, Scott and White Memorial Hospital, Temple, TX, USA
    Inj Control Saf Promot 10:109-18. 2003
    ..It behooves LIC governments, however, to ensure that only standard, approved safety devices like helmets are imported into their countries. Additionally, LICs may need to improvise and innovate in the traffic safety technology transfer...
  46. ncbi Commentary: legal minimum tread depth for passenger car tires in the U.S.A.--a survey
    William Blythe
    William Blythe, Inc, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 7:107-10. 2006
    ....
  47. ncbi Biomechanical analysis of occupant kinematics in rollover motor vehicle accidents: dynamic spit test
    Anthony Sances
    Biomechanics Institute, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
    Biomed Sci Instrum 41:104-9. 2005
    ..The present study forms a first step in delineating the biomechanics of occupants in rollover accidents...
  48. ncbi The safety implications of vehicle seat adjustments
    John D Hill
    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, and Public Policy Center, The University of Iowa, 3131 Seamans Center, Iowa City, 52242, USA
    J Safety Res 37:187-93. 2006
    ..The goal of this study was to gather information on the preferred front seat position of vehicle occupants and to determine the impact of variation in seat position on safety during crashes...
  49. pmc Residual injuries after recent safety improvements
    J Augenstein
    William Lehman Injury Research Center, Miami, FL, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:353-62. 2006
    ..A reduction in chest injuries to belted elderly occupants during low severity frontal crashes offers a prime opportunity for further improvement of safety systems. Younger occupants could also benefit from improved chest protection...
  50. pmc Effect of increased rear row occupancy on injury to seat belt restrained children in side impact crashes
    Matthew R Maltese
    The Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 49:229-43. 2005
    ..Occupants are at an increased risk of injury if they sit alone on their row as compared to sitting with other occupants. Patterns of injuries distinct to each seat position were delineated...
  51. pmc Restraint use among northwest American Indian children traveling in motor vehicles
    Jodi A Lapidus
    Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Division of Biostatistics, Center for Healthy Communities, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland 97239, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1982-8. 2005
    ..e., age and weight appropriate) passenger restraint systems...
  52. ncbi Seat belt use, counseling and motor-vehicle injury during pregnancy: results from a multi-state population-based survey
    Hulya Sirin
    Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
    Matern Child Health J 11:505-10. 2007
    ..Differences were examined by age, race and education...
  53. ncbi Field use patterns and performance of child restraints secured by lower anchors and tethers for children (LATCH)
    Kristy B Arbogast
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 39:530-5. 2007
    ..This subset of cases demonstrates that consumers are using the LATCH technology, at times with significant misuse and that significant injury still may occur, despite use of LATCH...
  54. pmc Death on the roads: article lacks logic
    John Adams
    BMJ 333:199. 2006
  55. ncbi Spine and spinal cord injury in motor vehicle crashes: a function of change in velocity and energy dissipation on impact with respect to the direction of crash
    Joyce A Smith
    New Jersey Crash Injury Research Engineering Network Center, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07107, USA
    J Trauma 59:117-31. 2005
    ..Comparison of 214 patients with SF or SCI with 938 patients who did not have SF or SCI...
  56. pmc A risky treat: exploring parental perceptions of the barriers to seating their children in the rear seats of passenger vehicles
    Alexia Lennon
    Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, Queensland University of Technology, Carseldine, Queensland, Australia
    Inj Prev 13:105-9. 2007
    ..However, little is known about the factors that affect parents' decisions about seating positions...
  57. pmc Trip characteristics of vehicle crashes involving child passengers
    I G Chen
    The Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Inj Prev 11:219-24. 2005
    ..To describe the trip characteristics of vehicle crashes involving children, and to examine the effect of situational factors on front row seating or inappropriate restraint for young children...
  58. ncbi Occupant injury in longitudinal barrier collisions: effects of restraints
    Douglas J Gabauer
    Virginia Tech Wake Forest, Center for Injury Biomechanics Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    Biomed Sci Instrum 43:1-6. 2007
    ..Despite these large differences in relative risk, however, 95 percent of the occupants in the analyzed data were either uninjured or sustained minor injury, which reinforces the overall effectiveness of these roadside devices...
  59. pmc Quantifying the relationship between vehicle interior geometry and child restraint systems
    C P Sherwood
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:381-96. 2006
    ..Upper tethers are critical in the prevention of head contact, while head contact is likely when the upper tether is not used...
  60. ncbi Design and evaluation of a prototype rear obstacle detection and driver warning system
    Robert E Llaneras
    USA
    Hum Factors 47:199-215. 2005
    ..None of the interface warning conditions reliably induced avoidance braking under the surprise event condition. Actual or potential applications of this work include the appropriate design of effective backing warning systems...
  61. pmc Child passenger injury risk in sibling versus non-sibling teen driver crashes: a US study
    Teresa M Senserrick
    Center for Injury Research and Prevention formerly TraumaLink, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Inj Prev 13:207-10. 2007
    ..57, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.26). Child passengers riding with sibling teen drivers may be safer than those riding with non-sibling teens, but not as safe as those riding with adult drivers...
  62. ncbi Rollover injury: effects of near- and far-seating position, belt use, and number of quarter rolls
    David C Viano
    ProBiomechanics, LLC, 265 Warrington Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:382-92. 2007
    ..The aim was to improve our understanding of rollover injury mechanisms...
  63. ncbi Factors associated with front row seating of children in motor vehicle crashes
    Dennis R Durbin
    Department of Pediatrics and TraumaLink, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Epidemiology 15:345-9. 2004
    ..However, front row seating among these children remains common. To develop future educational and other interventions to decrease front row seating of young children, it is important to examine factors associated with this behavior...
  64. ncbi Experimental injury study of children seated behind collapsing front seats in rear impacts
    Kenneth J Saczalski
    Environmental Research and Safety Technologists, Inc, Newport Beach, CA, USA
    Biomed Sci Instrum 39:259-65. 2003
    ..Several actual accident cases were compared with the preliminary polynomial fit. This study provides a test efficient, multi-variable, method to compare the injury biomechanical data with actual accident cases...
  65. doi Capturing attention to brake lamps
    Scott E McIntyre
    Graduate School and University Center, CUNY, Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, 2900 Bedford Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11210 2889, United States
    Accid Anal Prev 40:691-6. 2008
    ..Vehicle conspicuity will be improved and reductions in rear-end collisions and other accidents will be reduced by implementing the proposed yellow tail lamp coloring...
  66. doi Rear seat safer: seating position, restraint use and injuries in children in traffic crashes in Victoria, Australia
    Alexia Lennon
    Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, Queensland University of Technology, Beams Road, Carseldine, Queensland 4034, Australia
    Accid Anal Prev 40:829-34. 2008
    ..We suggest that serious consideration should be given to mandating rear seating for children, particularly those aged 4 and under...
  67. ncbi Crash proof kids? An overview of current motor vehicle child occupant safety strategies
    Beth E Ebel
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care 33:38-55. 2003
  68. doi Deaths among drivers and right-front passengers in frontal collisions: redesigned air bags relative to first-generation air bags
    Elisa R Braver
    Charles McC Mathias National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:48-58. 2008
    ..Concern has been expressed that depowering air bags could compromise the protection of adult occupants. This study aimed to determine the effects of changes in air bag designs on risk of death among front-seat occupants...
  69. ncbi Other high-risk factors for young drivers--how graduated licensing does, doesn't, or could address them
    Susan A Ferguson
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    J Safety Res 34:71-7. 2003
    ..This paper examines the risk factors underlying their high crash rates and assesses the extent to which existing graduated licensing programs address these risks and whether improvements to these programs should be considered...
  70. ncbi Traffic safety and the switch to a primary seat belt law: the California experience
    David J Houston
    Department of Political Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 37996 0410, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:743-51. 2002
    ..The results show that California experienced an improvement in traffic safety in terms of a significant reduction in injuries, but the change in enforcement provision had no statistically significant impact on fatalities...
  71. ncbi The independent contribution of driver, crash, and vehicle characteristics to driver fatalities
    Michel Bedard
    Lakehead Psychiatric Hospital, Thunder Bay, Ont, Canada
    Accid Anal Prev 34:717-27. 2002
    ..The importance of age and gender suggests that the specific safety needs of older drivers and female drivers may need to be addressed separately from those of men and younger drivers...
  72. doi Re: "Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort study"
    Carin M Olson
    Am J Epidemiol 167:885-6; author reply 886-7. 2008
  73. ncbi Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort study
    Elisa R Braver
    National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:546-52. 2008
    ..A borderline significant interaction between vehicle type and air bag generation suggested that sled-certified air bags may have reduced the risk of dying in head-on collisions among drivers of pickup trucks...
  74. ncbi Are SUVs dangerous vehicles?
    Michael D Keall
    Monash University Accident Research Centre, Melbourne, Australia
    Accid Anal Prev 40:954-63. 2008
    ..Their high crash involvement rate and injury rate is likely to be largely due to the way they are driven rather than to inherent characteristics of the vehicles themselves...
  75. ncbi Willingness to use safety belt and levels of injury in car accidents
    Matthieu de Lapparent
    Institut National de Recherche sur les Transports et leur Securite, Departement Economie et Sociologie des Transports, 2, avenue du General Malleret Joinville, 94114 Arcueil, France
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1023-32. 2008
    ..Furthermore, it is observed that demographic characteristics of car users, as well as transport facilities, play important roles in decisions to fasten safety belts and in the eventual resulting accident injuries...
  76. ncbi Childhood crash injury patterns associated with restraint misuse: implications for field triage
    Eileen M Bulger
    Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 23:9-15. 2008
    ....
  77. ncbi A comparison of tactile, visual, and auditory warnings for rear-end collision prevention in simulated driving
    J J Scott
    United States Air Force, Edwards Air Force Base, California, USA
    Hum Factors 50:264-75. 2008
    ..This study examined the effectiveness of rear-end collision warnings presented in different sensory modalities as a function of warning timing in a driving simulator...
  78. ncbi Challenges in motor vehicle safety
    Patricia F Waller
    Transportation Research Institute, University of Michigan, 1779 Crawford Dairy Road, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 17516, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 23:93-113. 2002
    ..The achievements in motor vehicle safety provide a model for other injury control efforts...
  79. doi The safest seat: effect of seating position on occupant mortality
    James Mayrose
    Buffalo State College, Mechanical Engineering Technology, 1300 Elmwood Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14222, USA
    J Safety Res 39:433-6. 2008
    ..This study investigated the survival rates of occupants of passenger cars involved in a fatal crash between 2000 and 2003...
  80. ncbi The association between occupant restraint systems and risk of injury in frontal motor vehicle collisions
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    J Trauma 54:1182-7. 2003
    ..An evaluation of seat belt use and airbag deployment, either alone or in combination, on risk of injury to specific body regions has yet to be completed...
  81. doi Mixed logit analysis of safety-belt use in single- and multi-occupant vehicles
    Konstantina Gkritza
    Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, 450 Town Engineering Building, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3232, United States
    Accid Anal Prev 40:443-51. 2008
    ..Our results show that the mixed logit model can provide a much fuller understanding of the interaction of the numerous variables which correlate with safety-belt use than traditional discrete-outcome modeling approaches...
  82. pmc Car safety seats for children: rear facing for best protection
    B Henary
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    Inj Prev 13:398-402. 2007
    ..To compare the injury risk between rear-facing (RFCS) and forward-facing (FFCS) car seats for children less than 2 years of age in the USA...
  83. pmc Misuse study of latch attachment: a series of frontal sled tests
    Rajiv Menon
    The Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:129-54. 2007
    ..The effective reduction was 37% in the HIC values, 6% in the chest G's, 30% in the head excursion, 22 % in the knee excursion and finally 37 % reduction in the Nij values...
  84. ncbi Is seat belt use associated with fewer days of lost work after motor vehicle collisions?
    Jesse Metzger
    Center for Injury Sciences at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Trauma 56:1009-14. 2004
    ..The goal of this study is to determine whether seat belt use is associated with fewer lost workdays among occupants involved in MVCs...
  85. pmc Performance of booster seats in side impacts: effect of adjacent passengers and ISOfix attachment
    Judith L Charlton
    Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Clayton, Australia
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:155-67. 2007
    ..Further research is warranted to explore the applicability of the findings for different CRS types and seating configurations...
  86. pmc Frontal sled tests comparing rear and forward facing child restraints with 1-3 year old dummies
    C P Sherwood
    Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:169-80. 2007
    ..Rear facing restraints with support legs provided the best results for all injury measures, while RF restraints in general provided the lowest chest displacements and neck loads...
  87. pmc Misuse of child restraint systems in crash situations - danger and possible consequences
    Philippe Lesire
    Laboratoire d Accidentologie, de Biomécanique et d Etudes du Comportement Humain PSA Peugeot Citroen Renault, France
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:207-22. 2007
    ..This work provides material for educational and training purposes to help parents understand that child restraints need to be correctly fitted in order to provide the level of protection they are designed for...
  88. pmc Benefits of a low severity frontal crash test
    Kennerly Digges
    George Washington University, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:299-317. 2007
    ..to 36 mm. was conducted. A standard that limits the chest deflection to 34 mm. would reduce serious chest injury by 16% to 24% for the belted population in frontal crashes...
  89. pmc Age appropriate restraints for the right front passenger
    J Augenstein
    William Lehman Injury Research Center, Miami, Florida, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:381-94. 2007
    ..These results suggest the need for more benign safety systems for the right front passenger that are appropriate for the lower injury tolerance of the predominant occupants of that seating position...
  90. pmc Making vehicles safer
    Jon S Vernick
    Am J Public Health 94:170; author reply 171-2. 2004
  91. ncbi Factors associated with the likelihood of injury resulting from collisions between four-wheel drive vehicles and passenger cars
    Robert W Broyles
    Department of Health Administration and Policy, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:677-81. 2003
    ..Other factors include the driver being female, driving too fast, travel on curved or level roadways, and being hit laterally or from the rear...
  92. doi The impact of environmental, vehicle and driver characteristics on injury severity in older drivers hospitalized as a result of a traffic crash
    Soufiane Boufous
    Injury Risk Management Research Centre, University of New South Wales
    J Safety Res 39:65-72. 2008
    ..Compared to younger age groups, older people are more likely to be seriously injured or to die as a result of a traffic crash...
  93. ncbi Choice of teenagers' vehicles and views on vehicle safety: survey of parents of novice teenage drivers
    Laurie A Hellinga
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 USA
    J Safety Res 38:707-13. 2007
    ..To examine parental decisions about vehicles driven by teenagers and parental knowledge of vehicle safety...
  94. pmc Influences of vehicle size and mass and selected driver factors on odds of driver fatality
    Jeya Padmanaban
    JP Research, Los Altos, California, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 47:507-24. 2003
    ..To understand the importance of "vehicle type" variable, further investigation of vehicle "stiffness" and other passenger car/light truck differentiating parameters is warranted...
  95. pmc A population-based comparison of CIREN and NASS cases using similarity scoring
    Joel D Stitzel
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:395-417. 2007
    ..Weighted NASS data and CIREN data were obtained for the years 2001-2005. NASS cases with Maximum AIS 3 resulted in a subset of 1,869 NASS cases, and 2,819 CIREN cases...
  96. ncbi [Daytime running light: pros and cons]
    B Lachenmayr
    Neuhaserstrasse 23, Munchen
    Ophthalmologe 100:836-42. 2003
    ..Physiological-optical considerations, the technical realisation of DRL and accident statistics will be discussed...
  97. ncbi Passenger seating position and the risk of passenger death or injury in traffic crashes
    Kathleen M Smith
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mary Bridge Children s Hospital, 315 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Tacoma, WA 98405 0987, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 36:257-60. 2004
    ..To estimate the association of passenger seat position with the risk of death and serious injury for passengers in traffic crashes...
  98. ncbi Adverse sedation events in pediatrics: analysis of medications used for sedation
    C J Cote
    Department of Pediatric Anesthesiology, Children s Memorial Hospital, Northwestern University School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    Pediatrics 106:633-44. 2000
    ..To perform a systematic investigation of medications associated with adverse sedation events in pediatric patients using critical incident analysis of case reports...
  99. doi The continued burden of spine fractures after motor vehicle crashes
    Marjorie C Wang
    Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, and the Clement J Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 10:86-92. 2009
    ..Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, have led to an increase in automobiles with air bags and the increased use of seat belts to lessen injuries sustained from MVCs...
  100. ncbi Comparative study of regulated and unregulated air pollutant emissions before and after conversion of automobiles from gasoline power to liquefied petroleum gas/gasoline dual-fuel retrofits
    Hsi Hsien Yang
    Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, Chaoyang University of Technology, Wufong, Taichung 413, Taiwan
    Environ Sci Technol 41:8471-6. 2007
    Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is increasingly being examined as an alternative to gasoline use in automobiles as interest grows in reducing air pollutant emissions...
  101. ncbi Epidemiology of childhood injury
    A R Adesunkanmi
    Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
    J Trauma 44:506-12. 1998
    ..5%). About 90% of these were pedestrians knocked down by automobiles and motorcycles. Passengers accounted for about 10% of the cases...

Research Grants122 found, 100 shown here

  1. Neighborhood Environments and Disparities in Obesity Rates in New York City
    Andrew Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..data on restaurant locations from the food service licensing database, locations of pedestrian injuries from automobiles, and neighborhood social capital from their neighborhood surveys...
  2. Neighborhood Environments and Disparities in Obesity Rates in New York City
    Andrew G Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..data on restaurant locations from the food service licensing database, locations of pedestrian injuries from automobiles, and neighborhood social capital from their neighborhood surveys...
  3. Epidemiological Studies of Air Pollution and Human Health in China
    Tongzhang Zheng; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The rapid increase in number of automobiles, vehicle miles traveled and reliance on coal to fuel industrial growth will only increase pollution levels and ..
  4. Air Pollution on Adiposity and Vascular Dysfunction: White or Brown Matters?
    Qinghua Sun; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..development and associated vascular dysfunction, which may lead to the new policies/interventions in greener energy plants and automobiles, stricter air quality standards, and better, comprehensive obesity prevention.
  5. Neighborhood Environments and Disparities in Obesity Rates in New York City
    Andrew G Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..data on restaurant locations from the food service licensing database, locations of pedestrian injuries from automobiles, and neighborhood social capital from their neighborhood surveys...
  6. Challenges to Farmworkers' Health at the US-Mexico Border
    Joel Meister; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..for farmworkers who are not living in local households but may be commuting from a distance, living in their automobiles, living across the border or living in "colonias" not yet mapped...
  7. Challenges to Farmworkers' Health at the US-Mexico Border
    Cecilia Rosales; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..for farmworkers who are not living in local households but may be commuting from a distance, living in their automobiles, living across the border or living in "colonias" not yet mapped...
  8. Power Source For Mobility Aids
    Robert Dean; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Existing carts are massive (50-100 kg) which precludes their transport in automobiles, taxis and in luggage racks of bus, train and aircraft. Their major mass is their batteries...
  9. Power Source For Mobility Aids
    Robert Dean; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Existing carts are massive (50-100 kg) which precludes their transport in automobiles, taxis and in luggage racks of bus, train and aircraft. Their major mass is their batteries...
  10. Scalable and Deformable 3D Hand Model for use with Computer Aided Engineering Des
    David Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in the development and evaluation of new buildings (and consumer products) as well as the interior design of automobiles. While these processes are beginning to work well for whole body designs targeted at accommodating population ..
  11. Postural instability & visually-induced motion sickness
    THOMAS STOFFREGEN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..disorientation and nausea, users of military flight simulators are sometimes forbidden to operate aircraft or automobiles for several hours following simulator use)...
  12. Postural instability & visually-induced motion sickness
    THOMAS STOFFREGEN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..disorientation and nausea, users of military flight simulators are sometimes forbidden to operate aircraft or automobiles for several hours following simulator use)...
  13. Postural instability & visually-induced motion sickness
    THOMAS STOFFREGEN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..disorientation and nausea, users of military flight simulators are sometimes forbidden to operate aircraft or automobiles for several hours following simulator use)...
  14. Using Community Based Participatory Research to Improve Health in Children
    LUISA contact SEIJO MALDONADO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of obesity stems from the collective acceptance of (1) government policies favoring the use of private automobiles instead of multiple transportation options, which include walking or biking, (2) advertisements by ..
  15. Using Community Based Participatory Research to Improve Health in Children
    ANN MACPHERSON SANCHEZ; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of obesity stems from the collective acceptance of (1) government policies favoring the use of private automobiles instead of multiple transportation options, which include walking or biking, (2) advertisements by ..
  16. Power Source For Mobility Aids
    Robert Dean; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Existing carts are massive (50-100 kg) which precludes their transport in automobiles, taxis and in luggage racks of bus, train and aircraft. Their major mass is their batteries...
  17. NEUROPHYSIOLOGY OF SOUND LOCALIZATION
    Masakazu Konishi; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..task that the human brain performs in many daily activities including talking with one another, driving automobiles, and working with machines...
  18. NEUROPHYSIOLOGY OF SOUND LOCALIZATION
    Masakazu Konishi; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..task that the human brain performs in many daily activities including talking with one another, driving automobiles, and working with machines...
  19. NEUROPHYSIOLOGY OF SOUND LOCALIZATION
    Masakazu Konishi; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..task that the human brain performs in many daily activities including talking with one another, driving automobiles, and working with machines...
  20. EYE OPENER: A VEHICLE OPERATOR VIGILANCE MONITOR SYSTEM
    J Hobson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..the Eye Opener, which could be used in a wide variety of vehicle operation applications including personal automobiles, commercial trucks, railroad trains, seagoing cargo vessels, and airplanes...
  21. BENZENE--MECHANISMS OF TOXICITY AND CHEMOPROTECTION
    Michael Trush; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..to benzene arising from a variety of sources, including certain occupational settings, hazardous waste sites, automobiles and cigarette smoking...
  22. BENZENE--MECHANISMS OF TOXICITY AND CHEMOPROTECTION
    Michael Trush; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..to benzene arising from a variety of sources, including certain occupational settings, hazardous waste sites, automobiles and cigarette smoking...
  23. Multimicrophone Adaptive Array Augmented with Visual Cueing
    KEVIN M KRAMER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A discrete device that augments hearing aids in difficult reverberant environments would allow hearing aid users to converse with multiple people in almost any environment including restaurants, automobiles, etc.
  24. IMPACT OF LIGHT RAIL ON PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & BMI
    D Peterson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..can reverse the obesity trend through increased opportunities for physical activity and the reduced reliance on automobiles for basic transportation...
  25. Multimicrophone Adaptive Array Augmented with Visual Cueing
    KEVIN M KRAMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A discrete device that augments hearing aids in difficult reverberant environments would allow hearing aid users to converse with multiple people in almost any environment including restaurants, automobiles, etc.
  26. IMPACT OF LIGHT RAIL ON PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & BMI
    D Peterson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..can reverse the obesity trend through increased opportunities for physical activity and the reduced reliance on automobiles for basic transportation...
  27. In-Car Technology to Alert Attention-Imparied Drivers
    Matthew Rizzo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results may be used to design safer automobiles that use new strategies and technologies for collision warning, perceptual augmentation, and attention ..
  28. ELECTRO-IMMUNOSENSOR TO DETECT COCAINE AND THC METABOLIT
    JOHN O DALY; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..g., operating automobiles, public transportation, and military hardware).
  29. In-Car Technology to Alert Attention-Imparied Drivers
    Matthew Rizzo; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results may be used to design safer automobiles that use new strategies and technologies for collision warning, perceptual augmentation, and attention ..
  30. In-Car Technology to Alert Attention-Imparied Drivers
    Matthew Rizzo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results may be used to design safer automobiles that use new strategies and technologies for collision warning, perceptual augmentation, and attention ..
  31. Instrumented Child Safety Seat
    SARA SEIFERT; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..seat is that, if successful, it will inexpensively and easily improve the safety of all children riing in automobiles by reducing the prevalence of seat installation errors...
  32. ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This research builds on experience gained in a 5-year RO1-funded program in Alberta, Canada. ..
  33. Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It will determine the prevalence of drivers with alcohol use disorders in traffic crashes and provide information to policymakers concerned with treatment and prevention programs. ..
  34. The PARC Education Program for First DUIs: Two-Year Followup of 43,000 Offenders
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..e., males, underage drivers, heavy drinkers, Hispanics, and others), thereby, providing crucial information about the continuation, expansion, or modification of the PARC program. ..
  35. Lowering the drinking age: The New Zealand example
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  38. Six Programs for the Future of Alcohol Safety
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Voas to become involved in a broader range of programs than if he otherwise were limited by taking on the full management of individual R01 projects. For this effort we are requesting 5 years of support for 75% of Dr. Voas' time. ..
  39. ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research builds on experience gained in a 5-year RO1-funded program in Alberta, Canada. ..
  40. EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKING
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
  41. ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This research builds on experience gained in a 5-year RO1-funded program in Alberta, Canada. ..
  42. ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Research to date has shown that following removal of the interlock, participants have the same recidivism rate as offenders who did not choose to install interlocks and remain fully suspended instead. ..
  43. ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?
    Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will determine the prevalence of drivers with alcohol use disorders in traffic crashes and provide information to policymakers concerned with treatment and prevention programs. ..
  45. ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  47. EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKING
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
  48. EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKING
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
  49. ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This research builds on experience gained in a 5-year RO1-funded program in Alberta, Canada. ..
  50. ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKING
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
  52. ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?
    Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will determine the prevalence of drivers with alcohol use disorders in traffic crashes and provide information to policymakers concerned with treatment and prevention programs. ..
  54. EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKING
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
  55. ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMS
    Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Prevention of Neck Injuries in Older Adults During Rear Motor Vehicle Collsions
    PAUL IVANCIC; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed project will provide important research-based data that may form the basis for future safety standards and help to decrease the frequency and severity of neck injuries in older adults, thus benefiting society. ..
  58. Model-Based Methods for the Analyses of Weighted Data
    Michael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Center for the Promotion of Health in the New England Workplace
    Laura Punnett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..CPE-NEW will greatly advance public health by integrating two core public health areas (OHS and HPE), thus linking primary prevention to the workplace, and the workplace to primary prevention. ..
  60. HEALTH AND SOCIOECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF NSBRI
    Carrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This information is critical for the development of interventions to prevent and/or ameliorate the adverse consequences of NSBRI. ..
  61. HEALTH AND SOCIOECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF NSBRI
    Carrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This information is critical for the development of interventions to prevent and/or ameliorate the adverse consequences of NSBRI. ..
  62. MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER IN AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING
    Laura Punnett; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  63. HEALTH AND SOCIOECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF NSBRI
    Carrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This information is critical for the development of interventions to prevent and/or ameliorate the adverse consequences of NSBRI. ..
  64. International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work Related Musculoskeletal
    Laura Punnett; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. HIV Risk Reduction among Young Incarcerated Females
    Angela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results will be useful to juvenile justice administrators and others that work with this high-risk population. ..
  66. RETRIEVAL PROCESSES IN MEMORY
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In general, the more we know about the human cognitive system, the more we can improve and augment traditional diagnostic methods. ..
  67. Knee Disorders and Occupational Biomechanical Risks
    Bryan Buchholz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. Theoretical analysis of the effects of aging on memory and reaction time
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  69. HIV Risk Reduction among Young Incarcerated Females
    Angela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results will be useful to juvenile justice administrators and others that work with this high-risk population. ..
  70. Measuring Human Exposure to PBDEs
    Thomas Webster; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed project will provide a more complete understanding of how PBDEs enter the indoor environment, how people are exposed, and the extent to which they may be associated with human hormones levels. ..
  71. Hypertonic Modulation of Inflammation following Injury
    Eileen Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of these studies will provide valuable information to determine the ultimate therapeutic use of the resuscitation strategy. ..
  72. Theoretical analysis of the effects of aging on memory and reaction time
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  73. RETRIEVAL PROCESSES IN MEMORY
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In general, the more we know about the human cognitive system, the more we can improve and augment traditional diagnostic methods. ..
  74. Knee Disorders and Occupational Biomechanical Risks
    Bryan Buchholz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. Theoretical analysis of the effects of aging on memory and reaction time
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  76. Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)
    Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This application will provide support for the institutionalization of these efforts at the University that educates more researchers and professionals involved in urban health than any university in the nation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  77. Isocyanate Exposure Intervention Study in Body Shops
    Youcheng Liu; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  78. A SOCIAL NETWORK-BASED INTERVENTION TO REDUCE LEAD EXPOS
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Process evaluation methods include documentation of lay health advisory contacts and interviews with youth and adult volunteers. ..
  79. Prevalence of HIV/STDs among Incarcerated Juveniles
    Angela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Grant funds will be used to provide STD screening, STD treatment referral, and HIV testing and counseling to juveniles in detention. ..
  80. MODELING THE EFFECTS OF AGING ON REACTION TIME
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The investigators anticipate that this theoretical approach will provide a more complete picture of processing than the Brinley plot analyses that currently dominate explanations of aging effects on reaction time. ..
  81. Model-Based Methods for the Analyses of Weighted Data
    Michael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  82. A SOCIAL NETWORK-BASED INTERVENTION TO REDUCE LEAD EXPOS
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Process evaluation methods include documentation of lay health advisory contacts and interviews with youth and adult volunteers. ..
  83. MODELING THE EFFECTS OF AGING ON REACTION TIME
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The investigators anticipate that this theoretical approach will provide a more complete picture of processing than the Brinley plot analyses that currently dominate explanations of aging effects on reaction time. ..
  84. MODELING THE EFFECTS OF AGING ON REACTION TIME
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The investigators anticipate that this theoretical approach will provide a more complete picture of processing than the Brinley plot analyses that currently dominate explanations of aging effects on reaction time. ..
  85. The Effect of Hypertonic Resuscitation for Blunt Trauma
    Eileen Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  86. Isocyanate Exposure Intervention Study in Body Shops
    Youcheng Liu; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  87. NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELS
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  88. NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELS
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  89. HIV Risk Reduction among Young Incarcerated Females
    Angela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results will be useful to juvenile justice administrators and others that work with this high-risk population. ..
  90. NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELS
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  91. Impact/HIV Intervention/Adolescent Males Leaving Jail
    Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This sub-study will also be used to tailor the intervention tested in this proposal for adolescent females. ..
  92. NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELS
    Roger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..abstract_text> ..
  93. A Qualitative Study of Household Smoking Policies
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this formative research will provide the foundation upon which to design and test effective strategies for creating smoke-free homes in rural, low-income communities. ..
  94. A SOCIAL NETWORK-BASED INTERVENTION TO REDUCE LEAD EXPOS
    Michelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Process evaluation methods include documentation of lay health advisory contacts and interviews with youth and adult volunteers. ..
  95. Isocyanate Exposure Intervention Study in Body Shops
    Youcheng Liu; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  96. HIV Risk Reduction among Young Incarcerated Females
    Angela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results will be useful to juvenile justice administrators and others that work with this high-risk population. ..