Genomes and Genes
Summary: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)
Publications246 found, 100 shown here
- Food store access and household fruit and vegetable use among participants in the US Food Stamp ProgramDonald Rose
Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Public Health Nutr 7:1081-8. 2004..This study examined the relationship between various measures of food store access and household fruit and vegetable use among participants in the Food Stamp Program, America's largest domestic food assistance programme...
- The spatial relationship between traffic-generated air pollution and noise in 2 US citiesRyan W Allen
Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, Canada
Environ Res 109:334-42. 2009....
- On-road vehicle detection: a reviewZehang Sun
eTreppid Technologies LLC, Reno, NV 89521, USA
IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 28:694-711. 2006..Finally, we present a critical overview of the methods discussed, we assess their potential for future deployment, and we present directions for future research...
- Road traffic noise and stroke: a prospective cohort studyMette Sørensen
Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Strandboulevarden 49, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
Eur Heart J 32:737-44. 2011..The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between exposure to road traffic noise and risk for stroke, which has not been studied before...
- Secondhand smoke exposure in young people and parental rules against smoking at home and in the carKathleen B Cartmell
Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Medicine, Hollings Cancer Center, 86 Jonathan Lucas St, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
Public Health Rep 126:575-82. 2011..Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is an important cause of morbidity in children. We assessed the impact of family rules about smoking in the home and car on SHS exposure prevalence in students in grades six to 12...
- A risk-based method for modeling traffic fatalitiesKavi Bhalla
Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Risk Anal 27:125-36. 2007..Regional adaptations of the model validated with local data can be used to evaluate the impacts of transportation planning and safety interventions, such as helmets, seat belts, and enforcement of traffic laws, on traffic fatalities...
- Acute effects of noise on blood pressure and heart rateSally L Lusk
School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2003, USA
Arch Environ Health 59:392-9. 2004..The results of this and other studies imply that reducing acute noise exposure reduces cardiovascular stress...
- Predictors of smoking in cars with nonsmokers: findings from the 2007 Wave of the International Tobacco Control Four Country SurveySara C Hitchman
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Nicotine Tob Res 12:374-80. 2010..This study examines the proportion and characteristics of smokers who smoke in cars with nonsmokers across four countries and the potentially modifiable correlates of this behavior...
- Smoking bans in the home and car: Do those who really need them have them?G J Norman
Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, California, Palo Alto 94304, USA
Prev Med 29:581-9. 1999..This paper addresses the question of whether individuals who are most in need of household and car smoking bans, such as individuals with children living at home or who have many friends who smoke, are the ones who have them...
- Engineering modeling of traffic noise in shielded areas in citiesErik M Salomons
TNO Built Environment and Geosciences, Van Mourik Broekmanweg 6, 2628 XE Delft, The Netherlands
J Acoust Soc Am 126:2340-9. 2009..It is shown that by a redistribution of traffic flow around these buildings, one can achieve low sound levels at quiet sides and a corresponding reduction in the percentage of highly annoyed inhabitants from typically 23% to 18%...
- Evolution of road risk disparities at small-scale level: example of BelgiumVojtech Eksler
INRETS GARIG French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research, Group for the Analysis of Road Risk and its Governance, 23, rue Alfred Nobel Cité Descartes, 77420 Champs sur Marne, France
J Safety Res 39:417-27. 2008..The aim of this paper is to demonstrate usefulness of a simple spatiotemporal modeling of road accident outcomes at small-scale geographical level...
- Hyperthermia deaths among children in parked vehicles: an analysis of 231 fatalities in the United States, 1999-2007John N Booth
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Blvd, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
Forensic Sci Med Pathol 6:99-105. 2010..The accountability of parents for MVRCHF is likely due to the exposure-risk concept, in which the situation/circumstances increase the injury probability...
- Heat related deaths to young children in parked cars: an analysis of 171 fatalities in the United States, 1995-2002A Guard
Join Together, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Inj Prev 11:33-7. 2005..To describe the circumstances surrounding heat related deaths to young children in passenger compartments of motor vehicles...
- The effect on road safety of a modal shift from car to bicycleHenk Stipdonk
Road Safety Assessment Department, SWOV, Leidschendam, The Netherlands
Traffic Inj Prev 13:412-21. 2012..To describe and apply a method to assess the effect on road safety of a modal shift from cars to bicycles...
- Predictors of noise annoyance in noisy and quiet urban streetsKatarina Paunovic
Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
Sci Total Environ 407:3707-11. 2009..The aim of the study was to assess the predictive value of various factors on noise annoyance in noisy and quiet urban streets...
- Annoyance due to single and combined sound exposure from railway and road trafficEvy Ohrström
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, Box 414, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
J Acoust Soc Am 122:2642-52. 2007..This interaction effect was significant from 59 dB and increased gradually with higher sound levels. Effects of the total sound exposure should be considered in risk assessments and in noise mitigation activities...
- Inhalation exposure to isocyanates of car body repair shop workers and industrial spray paintersAnjoeka Pronk
Risk Assessment in the Work Environment, a collaborative centre between TNO Quality of Life and IRAS, Zeist, The Netherlands
Ann Occup Hyg 50:1-14. 2006..However, since respiratory protection is less extensively used during other tasks, lower level exposure during these other tasks may significantly contribute to the internal dose...
- Effects of air pollution on blood pressure and heart rate variability: a panel study of vehicular traffic controllers in the city of São Paulo, BrazilUbiratan de Paula Santos
Divisão de Pneumologia, Instituto do Coração InCor, Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, 44, CEP 05403 000, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Eur Heart J 26:193-200. 2005..Evaluating the effects of air pollution on Sao Paulo city's vehicular traffic controllers by means of risk indicators for cardiovascular diseases...
- Expertise for cars and birds recruits brain areas involved in face recognitionI Gauthier
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
Nat Neurosci 3:191-7. 2000..The results suggest that level of categorization and expertise, rather than superficial properties of objects, determine the specialization of the FFA...
- Hypertension and road traffic noise exposureYvonne de Kluizenaar
TNO Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, Delft, The Netherlands
J Occup Environ Med 49:484-92. 2007..The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between road traffic noise exposure at home and the prevalence of hypertension...
- Planes, trains, automobiles--and tea sets: extremely intense interests in very young childrenJudy S DeLoache
Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4400, USA
Dev Psychol 43:1579-86. 2007..One of the most striking findings is a large gender difference: Extremely intense interests are much more common for young boys than for girls...
- Traffic-related air pollution associated with prevalence of asthma and COPD/chronic bronchitis. A cross-sectional study in Southern SwedenAnna Lindgren
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Int J Health Geogr 8:2. 2009..A Geographical Information System (GIS) was used to link geocoded residential addresses to a Swedish road database and an emission database for NOx...
- Fast food, automobiles, television and obesity epidemic in Chinese childrenTsung O Cheng
Int J Cardiol 98:173-4. 2005
- Annoyance from environmental noise across the lifespanPascal W M Van Gerven
Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
J Acoust Soc Am 126:187-94. 2009..The inverted U-shape explains the absence of linear age effects in previous studies. The results are discussed in light of theories predicting an age-related vulnerability to noise...
- A model for the perception of environmental sound based on notice-eventsBert De Coensel
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 1776, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 126:656-65. 2009....
- Environmental tobacco smoke exposure in motor vehicles: a preliminary studyConstantine I Vardavas
Tob Control 15:415. 2006
- Personal space smoking restrictions among African AmericansGary King
Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
Am J Prev Med 28:33-40. 2005..This paper investigates the association between implementing a personal space smoking restriction for the home or automobile, and various sociodemographic, social, behavioral, and attitudinal variables...
- Factors influencing the patterns of injuries and outcomes in car versus car crashes compared to sport utility, van, or pick-up truck versus car crashes: Crash Injury Research Engineering Network StudyJ H Siegel
Department of Surgery, New Jersey Medical School-UMDNJ, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA
J Trauma 51:975-90. 2001....
- Concentrations of volatile organic compounds in the passenger side and the back seat of automobilesW K Jo
Department of Environmental Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Taegu, Korea
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 9:217-27. 1999..The present study evaluated if the potential differences in VOC concentrations occur in the automobiles' interior during idling and commuting under different driving conditions associated with the use of air ..
- Measuring air quality to protect children from secondhand smoke in carsVaughan W Rees
Harvard School of Public Health, Division of Public Health Practice, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Am J Prev Med 31:363-8. 2006..To help promote more effective protection through legislation, health communication strategies, or behavioral interventions, data demonstrating the adverse effect of SHS on air quality in cars are needed...
- It's not just average faces that are attractive: computer-manipulated averageness makes birds, fish, and automobiles attractiveJamin Halberstadt
Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Psychon Bull Rev 10:149-56. 2003..In three experiments, we examined the attractiveness of birds, fish, and automobiles whose averageness had been manipulated using digital image manipulation techniques common in research on facial ..
- Variations in amounts and potential sources of volatile organic chemicals in new carsYeh Chung Chien
Department Industrial Safety and Health, Hungkuang University, 34 Chung Chie Road, Shalu 433, Taiwan
Sci Total Environ 382:228-39. 2007..The effect of temperature on interior VOC levels was examined using model automobiles with and without the air-conditioning running...
- Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) levels in dust from previously owned automobiles at United States dealershipsAnthony F Lagalante
Villanova University, Department of Chemistry, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085 1699, USA
Environ Int 35:539-44. 2009..BDE-47, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153, BDE-154, BDE-183, and BDE-209 were determined in the dust sampled from 60 automobiles that were available for resale at U.S. dealerships...
- Residual tobacco smoke pollution in used cars for sale: air, dust, and surfacesGeorg E Matt
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4611, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 10:1467-75. 2008..Disclosure requirements and smoke-free certifications could help protect nonsmoking buyers of used cars...
- Content analysis of television advertising for cars and minivans: 1983-1998Susan A Ferguson
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
Accid Anal Prev 35:825-31. 2003..Furthermore, manufacturers are missing an opportunity to promote vehicle safety, a feature that consumers have indicated is very important to them...
- Measurement of volatile organic compounds inside automobilesMarion J Fedoruk
Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, California, USA
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 13:31-41. 2003..the types and concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the passenger cabin of selected sedan automobiles under static (parked, unventilated) and specified conditions of operation (i.e...
- Critical factors in fatal collisions of adult cyclists with automobilesMichal Bíl
Transport Research Centre, Lísenská 33a, Brno 636 00, Czech Republic
Accid Anal Prev 42:1632-6. 2010..370). In order to reduce the fatal risk, it is recommended to separate the road traffic of motor vehicles from bicyclists in critical road-sections; or, at least, to reduce speed limits there...
- Tire condition and drivers' practice in maintaining tires in Saudi ArabiaNedal T Ratrout
Department of Civil Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, KFUPM Box 1503, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
Accid Anal Prev 37:201-6. 2005..It was concluded that drivers need proper education on how to select, use, and maintain tires. Hopefully, this will reduce the percentage of under-inflated tires and other incorrect practices found in this study...
- [The prevalence of classic cardiovascular risk factors in a working Mediterranean population of 4996 men]A Grima Serrano
Unidad de Cardiología Laboral, Servicio Médico de Ford España, Almussafes, Valencia
Rev Esp Cardiol 52:910-8. 1999..To report a cross-sectional study on the incidence of cardiovascular risk factors among 4,996 male workers (mean age = 47 years) at an automobile factory in the Spanish mediterranean region...
- Work-related musculoskeletal symptoms among car mechanics: a descriptive studyS Torp
Division of Occupational Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway
Occup Med (Lond) 46:407-13. 1996..001). It seems that symptoms from the back and shoulders restrain car mechanics, work more than any other MSS. The mechanics' most common working postures may contribute to the development of back and shoulder symptoms...
- Environmental exposure to gasoline and leukemia in children and young adults--an ecology studyR Nordlinder
Department of Internal Medicine, Goteborg University, Sweden
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 70:57-60. 1997..The association between AML in young adults and car density might be attributable to exposure to benzene from gasoline vapors and exhaust gases, but further investigations are necessary before any definite conclusion can be drawn...
- Dermal, inhalation, and internal exposure to 1,6-HDI and its oligomers in car body repair shop workers and industrial spray paintersA Pronk
Risk Assessment in the Work Environment, Food and Chemical Risk Analysis, TNO Quality of Life and IRAS, Netherlands
Occup Environ Med 63:624-31. 2006....
- Response to a change in transport noise exposure: a review of evidence of a change effectA L Brown
Urban Research Program, Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Nathan 4111, Brisbane, Australia
J Acoust Soc Am 125:3018-29. 2009..Further, there appears to be little, if any, adaptation of this excess response with time...
- Here comes hypercar!David C Holzman
Environ Health Perspect 113:A250-3. 2005
- The safety implications of vehicle seat adjustmentsJohn D Hill
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, and Public Policy Center, The University of Iowa, 3131 Seamans Center, Iowa City, 52242, USA
J Safety Res 37:187-93. 2006..The goal of this study was to gather information on the preferred front seat position of vehicle occupants and to determine the impact of variation in seat position on safety during crashes...
- Spine and spinal cord injury in motor vehicle crashes: a function of change in velocity and energy dissipation on impact with respect to the direction of crashJoyce A Smith
New Jersey Crash Injury Research Engineering Network Center, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07107, USA
J Trauma 59:117-31. 2005..Comparison of 214 patients with SF or SCI with 938 patients who did not have SF or SCI...
- Effect of model year and vehicle type on rollover crashes and associated injuries to childrenMichael J Kallan
Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:171-84. 2006..Even with this decline in SUV rollover risk, similarly aged passenger cars and minivans still exhibited a rollover risk approximately half that of their SUV counterparts...
- Effect of increased rear row occupancy on injury to seat belt restrained children in side impact crashesMatthew R Maltese
The Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 49:229-43. 2005..Occupants are at an increased risk of injury if they sit alone on their row as compared to sitting with other occupants. Patterns of injuries distinct to each seat position were delineated...
- Death on the roads: article lacks logicJohn Adams
BMJ 333:199. 2006
- Restraint use among northwest American Indian children traveling in motor vehiclesJodi A Lapidus
Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Division of Biostatistics, Center for Healthy Communities, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland 97239, USA
Am J Public Health 95:1982-8. 2005..e., age and weight appropriate) passenger restraint systems...
- Vehicle interior interactions and kinematics of rear facing child restraints in frontal crashesC P Sherwood
Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 49:215-28. 2005..Attachment methods which reduce child restraint rotation and more rigidly couple the restraint to the vehicle result in the best safety performance...
- Seat belt use, counseling and motor-vehicle injury during pregnancy: results from a multi-state population-based surveyHulya Sirin
Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
Matern Child Health J 11:505-10. 2007..Differences were examined by age, race and education...
- Commentary: legal minimum tread depth for passenger car tires in the U.S.A.--a surveyWilliam Blythe
William Blythe, Inc, Palo Alto, California, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 7:107-10. 2006....
- The alcohol interlock: an underutilized resource for predicting and controlling drunk driversPaul R Marques
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 4:5-11. 2003..Policy changes are discussed that might take better advantage of interlock information to improve the public response to drunk driving...
- Are SUVs dangerous vehicles?Michael D Keall
Monash University Accident Research Centre, Melbourne, Australia
Accid Anal Prev 40:954-63. 2008..Their high crash involvement rate and injury rate is likely to be largely due to the way they are driven rather than to inherent characteristics of the vehicles themselves...
- Kid in the middle: a discussion of effectiveness of center rear-seat restraint systemsJeya Padmanaban
JP Research Inc, Mountain View, California, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:221-36. 2006..Review of NASS/CDS cases on seriously injured belted children shows belt misuse and injury patterns that might be mitigated by booster seats or proper use of adult belts...
- Residual injuries after recent safety improvementsJ Augenstein
William Lehman Injury Research Center, Miami, FL, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:353-62. 2006..A reduction in chest injuries to belted elderly occupants during low severity frontal crashes offers a prime opportunity for further improvement of safety systems. Younger occupants could also benefit from improved chest protection...
- Frontal sled tests comparing rear and forward facing child restraints with 1-3 year old dummiesC P Sherwood
Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:169-80. 2007..Rear facing restraints with support legs provided the best results for all injury measures, while RF restraints in general provided the lowest chest displacements and neck loads...
- Misuse of child restraint systems in crash situations - danger and possible consequencesPhilippe Lesire
Laboratoire d Accidentologie, de Biomécanique et d Etudes du Comportement Humain PSA Peugeot Citroen Renault, France
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:207-22. 2007..This work provides material for educational and training purposes to help parents understand that child restraints need to be correctly fitted in order to provide the level of protection they are designed for...
- Benefits of a low severity frontal crash testKennerly Digges
George Washington University, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:299-317. 2007..to 36 mm. was conducted. A standard that limits the chest deflection to 34 mm. would reduce serious chest injury by 16% to 24% for the belted population in frontal crashes...
- Age appropriate restraints for the right front passengerJ Augenstein
William Lehman Injury Research Center, Miami, Florida, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:381-94. 2007..These results suggest the need for more benign safety systems for the right front passenger that are appropriate for the lower injury tolerance of the predominant occupants of that seating position...
- A population-based comparison of CIREN and NASS cases using similarity scoringJoel D Stitzel
Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:395-417. 2007..Weighted NASS data and CIREN data were obtained for the years 2001-2005. NASS cases with Maximum AIS 3 resulted in a subset of 1,869 NASS cases, and 2,819 CIREN cases...
- The impact of environmental, vehicle and driver characteristics on injury severity in older drivers hospitalized as a result of a traffic crashSoufiane Boufous
Injury Risk Management Research Centre, University of New South Wales
J Safety Res 39:65-72. 2008..Compared to younger age groups, older people are more likely to be seriously injured or to die as a result of a traffic crash...
- Mixed logit analysis of safety-belt use in single- and multi-occupant vehiclesKonstantina Gkritza
Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, 450 Town Engineering Building, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3232, United States
Accid Anal Prev 40:443-51. 2008..Our results show that the mixed logit model can provide a much fuller understanding of the interaction of the numerous variables which correlate with safety-belt use than traditional discrete-outcome modeling approaches...
- Childhood crash injury patterns associated with restraint misuse: implications for field triageEileen M Bulger
Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Prehosp Disaster Med 23:9-15. 2008....
- Capturing attention to brake lampsScott E McIntyre
Graduate School and University Center, CUNY, Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, 2900 Bedford Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11210 2889, United States
Accid Anal Prev 40:691-6. 2008..Vehicle conspicuity will be improved and reductions in rear-end collisions and other accidents will be reduced by implementing the proposed yellow tail lamp coloring...
- Rear seat safer: seating position, restraint use and injuries in children in traffic crashes in Victoria, AustraliaAlexia Lennon
Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, Queensland University of Technology, Beams Road, Carseldine, Queensland 4034, Australia
Accid Anal Prev 40:829-34. 2008..We suggest that serious consideration should be given to mandating rear seating for children, particularly those aged 4 and under...
- Deaths among drivers and right-front passengers in frontal collisions: redesigned air bags relative to first-generation air bagsElisa R Braver
Charles McC Mathias National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 9:48-58. 2008..Concern has been expressed that depowering air bags could compromise the protection of adult occupants. This study aimed to determine the effects of changes in air bag designs on risk of death among front-seat occupants...
- Re: "Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort study"Carin M Olson
Am J Epidemiol 167:885-6; author reply 886-7. 2008
- Misuse study of latch attachment: a series of frontal sled testsRajiv Menon
The Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:129-54. 2007..The effective reduction was 37% in the HIC values, 6% in the chest G's, 30% in the head excursion, 22 % in the knee excursion and finally 37 % reduction in the Nij values...
- A comparison of tactile, visual, and auditory warnings for rear-end collision prevention in simulated drivingJ J Scott
United States Air Force, Edwards Air Force Base, California, USA
Hum Factors 50:264-75. 2008..This study examined the effectiveness of rear-end collision warnings presented in different sensory modalities as a function of warning timing in a driving simulator...
- Quantifying the relationship between vehicle interior geometry and child restraint systemsC P Sherwood
Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:381-96. 2006..Upper tethers are critical in the prevention of head contact, while head contact is likely when the upper tether is not used...
- Influence of age and proximity warning devices on collision avoidance in simulated drivingArthur F Kramer
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, 405 N Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Hum Factors 49:935-49. 2007..We conducted a set of experiments to examine the utility of several different uni- and multimodal collision avoidance systems (CASs) on driving performance of young and older adult drivers in a high-fidelity simulator...
- Field use patterns and performance of child restraints secured by lower anchors and tethers for children (LATCH)Kristy B Arbogast
Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Accid Anal Prev 39:530-5. 2007..This subset of cases demonstrates that consumers are using the LATCH technology, at times with significant misuse and that significant injury still may occur, despite use of LATCH...
- A risky treat: exploring parental perceptions of the barriers to seating their children in the rear seats of passenger vehiclesAlexia Lennon
Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, Queensland University of Technology, Carseldine, Queensland, Australia
Inj Prev 13:105-9. 2007..However, little is known about the factors that affect parents' decisions about seating positions...
- The safest seat: effect of seating position on occupant mortalityJames Mayrose
Buffalo State College, Mechanical Engineering Technology, 1300 Elmwood Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14222, USA
J Safety Res 39:433-6. 2008..This study investigated the survival rates of occupants of passenger cars involved in a fatal crash between 2000 and 2003...
- Occupant injury in longitudinal barrier collisions: effects of restraintsDouglas J Gabauer
Virginia Tech Wake Forest, Center for Injury Biomechanics Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Biomed Sci Instrum 43:1-6. 2007..Despite these large differences in relative risk, however, 95 percent of the occupants in the analyzed data were either uninjured or sustained minor injury, which reinforces the overall effectiveness of these roadside devices...
- Factors affecting the likelihood of reporting road crashes resulting in medical treatment to the policeB P Y Loo
Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
Inj Prev 13:186-9. 2007..This paper aims to determine the percentage of road crashes resulting in injuries requiring hospital care that are reported to the police and to identify factors associated with reporting such crashes to the police...
- Child passenger injury risk in sibling versus non-sibling teen driver crashes: a US studyTeresa M Senserrick
Center for Injury Research and Prevention formerly TraumaLink, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Inj Prev 13:207-10. 2007..57, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.26). Child passengers riding with sibling teen drivers may be safer than those riding with non-sibling teens, but not as safe as those riding with adult drivers...
- Rollover injury: effects of near- and far-seating position, belt use, and number of quarter rollsDavid C Viano
ProBiomechanics, LLC, 265 Warrington Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 8:382-92. 2007..The aim was to improve our understanding of rollover injury mechanisms...
- Choice of teenagers' vehicles and views on vehicle safety: survey of parents of novice teenage driversLaurie A Hellinga
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 USA
J Safety Res 38:707-13. 2007..To examine parental decisions about vehicles driven by teenagers and parental knowledge of vehicle safety...
- Car safety seats for children: rear facing for best protectionB Henary
Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
Inj Prev 13:398-402. 2007..To compare the injury risk between rear-facing (RFCS) and forward-facing (FFCS) car seats for children less than 2 years of age in the USA...
- Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort studyElisa R Braver
National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Am J Epidemiol 167:546-52. 2008..A borderline significant interaction between vehicle type and air bag generation suggested that sled-certified air bags may have reduced the risk of dying in head-on collisions among drivers of pickup trucks...
- Willingness to use safety belt and levels of injury in car accidentsMatthieu de Lapparent
Institut National de Recherche sur les Transports et leur Securite, Departement Economie et Sociologie des Transports, 2, avenue du General Malleret Joinville, 94114 Arcueil, France
Accid Anal Prev 40:1023-32. 2008..Furthermore, it is observed that demographic characteristics of car users, as well as transport facilities, play important roles in decisions to fasten safety belts and in the eventual resulting accident injuries...
- Performance of booster seats in side impacts: effect of adjacent passengers and ISOfix attachmentJudith L Charlton
Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Clayton, Australia
Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 51:155-67. 2007..Further research is warranted to explore the applicability of the findings for different CRS types and seating configurations...
- The current status of road user injuries among the elderly in Germany: a medical and technical accident analysisMartinus Richter
Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
J Trauma 58:591-5. 2005..The incidence and treatment of injuries involving the elderly road user are of increasing importance for all fields of trauma care to ensure the best possible outcomes...
- [Daytime running light: pros and cons]B Lachenmayr
Neuhaserstrasse 23, Munchen
Ophthalmologe 100:836-42. 2003..Physiological-optical considerations, the technical realisation of DRL and accident statistics will be discussed...
- Passenger seating position and the risk of passenger death or injury in traffic crashesKathleen M Smith
Department of Emergency Medicine, Mary Bridge Children s Hospital, 315 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Tacoma, WA 98405 0987, USA
Accid Anal Prev 36:257-60. 2004..To estimate the association of passenger seat position with the risk of death and serious injury for passengers in traffic crashes...
- Making vehicles saferJon S Vernick
Am J Public Health 94:170; author reply 171-2. 2004
- The independent contribution of driver, crash, and vehicle characteristics to driver fatalitiesMichel Bedard
Lakehead Psychiatric Hospital, Thunder Bay, Ont, Canada
Accid Anal Prev 34:717-27. 2002..The importance of age and gender suggests that the specific safety needs of older drivers and female drivers may need to be addressed separately from those of men and younger drivers...
- Factors associated with front row seating of children in motor vehicle crashesDennis R Durbin
Department of Pediatrics and TraumaLink, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
Epidemiology 15:345-9. 2004..However, front row seating among these children remains common. To develop future educational and other interventions to decrease front row seating of young children, it is important to examine factors associated with this behavior...
- Is seat belt use associated with fewer days of lost work after motor vehicle collisions?Jesse Metzger
Center for Injury Sciences at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
J Trauma 56:1009-14. 2004..The goal of this study is to determine whether seat belt use is associated with fewer lost workdays among occupants involved in MVCs...
- Challenges in motor vehicle safetyPatricia F Waller
Transportation Research Institute, University of Michigan, 1779 Crawford Dairy Road, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 17516, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 23:93-113. 2002..The achievements in motor vehicle safety provide a model for other injury control efforts...
- Factors associated with the likelihood of injury resulting from collisions between four-wheel drive vehicles and passenger carsRobert W Broyles
Department of Health Administration and Policy, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA
Accid Anal Prev 35:677-81. 2003..Other factors include the driver being female, driving too fast, travel on curved or level roadways, and being hit laterally or from the rear...
- The association between occupant restraint systems and risk of injury in frontal motor vehicle collisionsGerald McGwin
Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
J Trauma 54:1182-7. 2003..An evaluation of seat belt use and airbag deployment, either alone or in combination, on risk of injury to specific body regions has yet to be completed...
- Traffic-related injury prevention interventions for low-income countriesSamuel N Forjuoh
Texas A and M University System, Health Science Center, College of Medicine, Scott and White Memorial Hospital, Temple, TX, USA
Inj Control Saf Promot 10:109-18. 2003..It behooves LIC governments, however, to ensure that only standard, approved safety devices like helmets are imported into their countries. Additionally, LICs may need to improvise and innovate in the traffic safety technology transfer...
- Other high-risk factors for young drivers--how graduated licensing does, doesn't, or could address themSusan A Ferguson
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
J Safety Res 34:71-7. 2003..This paper examines the risk factors underlying their high crash rates and assesses the extent to which existing graduated licensing programs address these risks and whether improvements to these programs should be considered...
- Trip characteristics of vehicle crashes involving child passengersI G Chen
The Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Inj Prev 11:219-24. 2005..To describe the trip characteristics of vehicle crashes involving children, and to examine the effect of situational factors on front row seating or inappropriate restraint for young children...
- Crash proof kids? An overview of current motor vehicle child occupant safety strategiesBeth E Ebel
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care 33:38-55. 2003
- Design and evaluation of a prototype rear obstacle detection and driver warning systemRobert E Llaneras
Hum Factors 47:199-215. 2005..None of the interface warning conditions reliably induced avoidance braking under the surprise event condition. Actual or potential applications of this work include the appropriate design of effective backing warning systems...
- Traffic safety and the switch to a primary seat belt law: the California experienceDavid J Houston
Department of Political Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 37996 0410, USA
Accid Anal Prev 34:743-51. 2002..The results show that California experienced an improvement in traffic safety in terms of a significant reduction in injuries, but the change in enforcement provision had no statistically significant impact on fatalities...
- Air Pollution on Adiposity and Vascular Dysfunction: White or Brown Matters?Qinghua Sun; Fiscal Year: 2013..on obesity development and associated vascular dysfunction, which may lead to the new policies/interventions in greener energy plants and automobiles, stricter air quality standards, and better, comprehensive obesity prevention.
- Air Pollution on Adiposity and Vascular Dysfunction: White or Brown Matters?Qinghua Sun; Fiscal Year: 2010..development and associated vascular dysfunction, which may lead to the new policies/interventions in greener energy plants and automobiles, stricter air quality standards, and better, comprehensive obesity prevention.
- Healthy Worker Effect, Occupational Exposure to PM and Cardiopulmonary MortalityELLEN AURA EISEN; Fiscal Year: 2013..With the growth of the green manufacturing sector, e.g., fuel efficient automobiles, light rail cars and wind turbine systems, the number of workers exposed to MWF will likely increase...
- Using Community Based Participatory Research to Improve Health in ChildrenLUISA contact SEIJO MALDONADO; Fiscal Year: 2010..of obesity stems from the collective acceptance of (1) government policies favoring the use of private automobiles instead of multiple transportation options, which include walking or biking, (2) advertisements by ..
- Neighborhood Environments and Disparities in Obesity Rates in New York CityAndrew G Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2010..data on restaurant locations from the food service licensing database, locations of pedestrian injuries from automobiles, and neighborhood social capital from their neighborhood surveys...
- Low-Cost Catalytic Biomass Cookstove for Improved Indoor Air QualityPAUL YELVINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2013..Similar to the evolution of emissions controls for automobiles, advanced biomass cook stoves have progressed to the point where inclusion of an oxidation catalyst is the ..
- Multimicrophone Adaptive Array Augmented with Visual CueingKEVIN M KRAMER; Fiscal Year: 2010..A discrete device that augments hearing aids in difficult reverberant environments would allow hearing aid users to converse with multiple people in almost any environment including restaurants, automobiles, etc.
- Instrumented Child Safety SeatSARA SEIFERT; Fiscal Year: 2011..seat is that, if successful, it will inexpensively and easily improve the safety of all children riing in automobiles by reducing the prevalence of seat installation errors...
- Scalable and Deformable 3D Hand Model for use with Computer Aided Engineering DesDavid Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2009..in the development and evaluation of new buildings (and consumer products) as well as the interior design of automobiles. While these processes are beginning to work well for whole body designs targeted at accommodating population ..
- Power Source For Mobility AidsRobert Dean; Fiscal Year: 2004..Existing carts are massive (50-100 kg) which precludes their transport in automobiles, taxis and in luggage racks of bus, train and aircraft. Their major mass is their batteries...
- Postural instability & visually-induced motion sicknessTHOMAS STOFFREGEN; Fiscal Year: 2006..disorientation and nausea, users of military flight simulators are sometimes forbidden to operate aircraft or automobiles for several hours following simulator use)...
- Challenges to Farmworkers' Health at the US-Mexico BorderCecilia Rosales; Fiscal Year: 2007..for farmworkers who are not living in local households but may be commuting from a distance, living in their automobiles, living across the border or living in "colonias" not yet mapped...
- Power Source For Mobility AidsRobert Dean; Fiscal Year: 2002..Existing carts are massive (50-100 kg) which precludes their transport in automobiles, taxis and in luggage racks of bus, train and aircraft. Their major mass is their batteries...
- BENZENE--MECHANISMS OF TOXICITY AND CHEMOPROTECTIONMichael Trush; Fiscal Year: 2000..to benzene arising from a variety of sources, including certain occupational settings, hazardous waste sites, automobiles and cigarette smoking...
- EYE OPENER: A VEHICLE OPERATOR VIGILANCE MONITOR SYSTEMJ Hobson; Fiscal Year: 2001..the Eye Opener, which could be used in a wide variety of vehicle operation applications including personal automobiles, commercial trucks, railroad trains, seagoing cargo vessels, and airplanes...
- IMPACT OF LIGHT RAIL ON PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & BMID Peterson; Fiscal Year: 2006..can reverse the obesity trend through increased opportunities for physical activity and the reduced reliance on automobiles for basic transportation...
- In-Car Technology to Alert Attention-Imparied DriversMatthew Rizzo; Fiscal Year: 2009..The results may be used to design safer automobiles that use new strategies and technologies for collision warning, perceptual augmentation, and attention ..
- ELECTRO-IMMUNOSENSOR TO DETECT COCAINE AND THC METABOLITJOHN O DALY; Fiscal Year: 1992..g., operating automobiles, public transportation, and military hardware).
- Six Programs for the Future of Alcohol SafetyRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2007..Voas to become involved in a broader range of programs than if he otherwise were limited by taking on the full management of individual R01 projects. For this effort we are requesting 5 years of support for 75% of Dr. Voas' time. ..
- ENVIRONMENTAL PREVENTION OF COLLEGE ALCOHOL PROBLEMSRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Lowering the drinking age: The New Zealand exampleRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Drivers with Alcohol Use Disorders: At high risk for crashes?Robert B Voas; Fiscal Year: 2010..It will determine the prevalence of drivers with alcohol use disorders in traffic crashes and provide information to policymakers concerned with treatment and prevention programs. ..
- ENHANCING ALCOHOL INTERLOCK EFFECTS ON 1ST DUI OFFENDERSRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2004..This research builds on experience gained in a 5-year RO1-funded program in Alberta, Canada. ..
- Campuses selling alcohol--Profit of Problem?Robert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- EVALUATION OF EFFORTS TO REDUCE BORDER BINGE DRINKINGRobert Voas; Fiscal Year: 2002..El Paso/Juarez, a border town with a similar border-binge drinking problem will, serve as a comparison site. ..
- Isocyanate Exposure Intervention Study in Body ShopsYoucheng Liu; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Mississippi Youth Tobacco SurveyRobert McMillen; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Skin Temperature in the Hands of Office WorkersJudith Gold; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Development of Guidelines and Assessment Tools for Truck Ingress/EgressMatthew Reed; Fiscal Year: 2009..The guidelines and assessment methods will be disseminated through publications, standards organizations, and a dedicated website. ..
- Prevention of Neck Injuries in Older Adults During Rear Motor Vehicle CollsionsPAUL IVANCIC; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed project will provide important research-based data that may form the basis for future safety standards and help to decrease the frequency and severity of neck injuries in older adults, thus benefiting society. ..
- Combining Data from the NHIS and BRFSSMichael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2004..This approach is particularly promising because, in contrast to other proposed techniques, it can be applied using existing publicly available data. ..
- MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER IN AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURINGLaura Punnett; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Control Measures for Silica Exposures for TuckpointingWilliam Heitbrink; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Model-Based Methods for the Analyses of Weighted DataMichael Elliott; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- HEALTH AND SOCIOECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF NSBRICarrie Redlich; Fiscal Year: 2003..This information is critical for the development of interventions to prevent and/or ameliorate the adverse consequences of NSBRI. ..
- International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work Related MusculoskeletalLaura Punnett; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Clinical Vision Research Unit at UABCynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2006..Furthermore, UAB has already established many community relations and research infrastructure contacts with these subpopulations that will immediately facilitate our research efforts. ..
- DIETARY INTERVENTION METHODS FOR CLINICAL TRIALSRobert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2001..Outcome measures will be obesity reflected in changes in weight, body composition, body fat distribution, and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), with the latter assessed only on subjects at the Pittsburgh Center, ..
- Knee Disorders and Occupational Biomechanical RisksBryan Buchholz; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CONTROL OF ENZYMATIC PHOSPHATE TRANSFER IN MITOCHONDRIAPeter Pedersen; Fiscal Year: 2009..These studies also have direct relevance to using nanotechnology in medicine as the ATP synthasome is comprised of 2 reversible nanomotors. ..
- Environmental Intervention for Weight Gain PreventionRobert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2009..It is also anticipated that the effects of the intervention on behavior and weight will be related to degree of exposure to intervention activities. ..
- OBESITY TREATMENT IN A MANAGED CARE SETTINGRobert Jeffery; Fiscal Year: 2003..It also addresses important issues of cost and population outreach, and would provide a basis for determining whether such weight management systems are economically viable for primary health care providers. ..
- NIOSH SURVEILLANCE RESEARCH METHODOLOGYDavid Parker; Fiscal Year: 2001..Data analysis will consist of three parts: (1) Descriptive statistics; (2) Timeliness; and (3) Computation of incidence rates by industry. ..
- PATTERNS AND PREDICTORS IN THE ALCOHOL INTERLOCK RECORDPaul Marques; Fiscal Year: 2002..The findings will have substantial practical relevance for public policy. ..
- Theoretical analysis of the effects of aging on memory and reaction timeRoger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Cancer-Related Glycolytic Gene:Regulation and TargetingPeter Pedersen; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Physical Activity Assessment Using Variability in Accelerometer CountsDavid Bassett; Fiscal Year: 2007..The improved method could then be used in future studies of the relationships between physical activity and health outcomes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Planning a Clinical Trial on Low Vision RehabilitationCynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Post-accident earning and benefits adequacy and equityEmile Tompa; Fiscal Year: 2006..The research in Part 2 will provide valuable insight into whether it is appropriate to treat temporary disability as a short-term phenomenon. ..
- Behavioral Health Effects of September 11th, 2001Charles DiMaggio; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Sensory Impairment, Functional Status and MortalityDavid Lee; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Hurricane Katrina Effects on Female Adolescent OffendersAngela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study will contribute to the design of prevention interventions for this population to address multiple health problems simultaneously. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Reducing Low-back Disorders Using a New Sitting DesignMohsen Makhsous; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- ISEA 2004 ConferenceJunfeng Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- EYE DISEASE, DISABILITY AND MORTALITY RISK IN US ADULTSDavid Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- A SOCIAL NETWORK-BASED INTERVENTION TO REDUCE LEAD EXPOSMichelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004..Process evaluation methods include documentation of lay health advisory contacts and interviews with youth and adult volunteers. ..
- A Qualitative Study of Household Smoking PoliciesMichelle Kegler; Fiscal Year: 2004..Findings from this formative research will provide the foundation upon which to design and test effective strategies for creating smoke-free homes in rural, low-income communities. ..
- Impact/HIV Intervention/Adolescent Males Leaving JailNicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005..This sub-study will also be used to tailor the intervention tested in this proposal for adolescent females. ..
- HIV Risk Reduction among Young Incarcerated FemalesAngela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results will be useful to juvenile justice administrators and others that work with this high-risk population. ..
- Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008..This application will provide support for the institutionalization of these efforts at the University that educates more researchers and professionals involved in urban health than any university in the nation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NEURAL RECORDINGS AND REACTION TIME MODELSRoger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Prevalence of HIV/STDs among Incarcerated JuvenilesAngela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2002..Grant funds will be used to provide STD screening, STD treatment referral, and HIV testing and counseling to juveniles in detention. ..
- HEALTH/SAFETY IMPACT OF ONTARIOS DRINKING HOURSEvelyn Vingilis; Fiscal Year: 2001..Alcohol-related casualties for both cities will be subjected to time-series analyses. In addition, Detroit data will be disaggregated to analyze the trends of alcohol-related casualties involving Ontario drivers. ..
- AGING AND PERFORMANCE OF COGNITIVE AND PERCEPTUAL TASKSGEORGE ANDERSEN; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results of this research will be beneficial in understanding the increased accident risk associated with age. ..
- The Effect of Hypertonic Resuscitation for Blunt TraumaEileen Bulger; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- RETRIEVAL PROCESSES IN MEMORYRoger Ratcliff; Fiscal Year: 2004..Reaction time models especially might lead to diagnostic techniques that are non-invasive and relatively inexpensive. ..