aviation

Summary

Summary: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air aircraft.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi G-induced loss of consciousness: case-control study of 78 G-Locs in the F-15, F-16, and A-10
    Nereyda L Sevilla
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:370-4. 2005
  2. ncbi Flight display dynamics and compensatory head movements in pilots
    Jeremy Beer
    Laser Vehicle Engagement Simulator Laboratory, Naval Health Research Center Directed Energy Bioeffects Laboratory NHRC DET DEBL, 8315 Navy Road, Brooks AFB, TX 78235 5365, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:579-86. 2007
  3. pmc Association between respiratory tract diseases and secondhand smoke exposure among never smoking flight attendants: a cross-sectional survey
    Jon O Ebbert
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Environ Health 6:28. 2007
  4. pmc Error, stress, and teamwork in medicine and aviation: cross sectional surveys
    J B Sexton
    University of Texas Human Factors Research Project, 1609 Shoal Creek Boulevard, Austin, Texas 78701, USA
    BMJ 320:745-9. 2000
  5. ncbi A multicenter trial of aviation-style training for surgical teams
    Ken R Catchpole
    Quality Reliability Safety and Teamwork Unit, Nuffield Department of Surgery, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
    J Patient Saf 6:180-6. 2010
  6. ncbi Functional magnetic resonance imaging of mental strategy in a simulated aviation performance task
    M Peres
    Institut de Medecine Aerospatiale du Service de Sante des Armees, Bretigny sur Orge, France
    Aviat Space Environ Med 71:1218-31. 2000
  7. pmc A geospatial analysis of the effects of aviation gasoline on childhood blood lead levels
    Marie Lynn Miranda
    Children s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1513-6. 2011
  8. pmc The roles of COMT val158met status and aviation expertise in flight simulator performance and cognitive ability
    Q Kennedy
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5550, USA
    Behav Genet 41:700-8. 2011
  9. ncbi Affective decision making under uncertainty during a plausible aviation task: an fMRI study
    Mickaël Causse
    Institut Supérieur de l Aéronautique et de l Espace, Département Mathématiques, Informatique, Automatique, Universite de Toulouse, 10 avenue E Belin 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
    Neuroimage 71:19-29. 2013
  10. ncbi Cost and workforce implications of subjecting all physicians to aviation industry work-hour restrictions
    Michael Payette
    School of Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington, CT, USA
    Am J Surg 197:820-5; discussion 826-7. 2009

Detail Information

Publications253 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi G-induced loss of consciousness: case-control study of 78 G-Locs in the F-15, F-16, and A-10
    Nereyda L Sevilla
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:370-4. 2005
    ....
  2. ncbi Flight display dynamics and compensatory head movements in pilots
    Jeremy Beer
    Laser Vehicle Engagement Simulator Laboratory, Naval Health Research Center Directed Energy Bioeffects Laboratory NHRC DET DEBL, 8315 Navy Road, Brooks AFB, TX 78235 5365, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:579-86. 2007
    ..In a synthetic cockpit, the flight display was manipulated to test whether changing the visual reference frame would alter OKCR...
  3. pmc Association between respiratory tract diseases and secondhand smoke exposure among never smoking flight attendants: a cross-sectional survey
    Jon O Ebbert
    Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Environ Health 6:28. 2007
    ..We undertook this study to evaluate the association between accumulated flight time in smoky airplane cabins and respiratory tract diseases in a cohort of never smoking flight attendants...
  4. pmc Error, stress, and teamwork in medicine and aviation: cross sectional surveys
    J B Sexton
    University of Texas Human Factors Research Project, 1609 Shoal Creek Boulevard, Austin, Texas 78701, USA
    BMJ 320:745-9. 2000
    ..To survey operating theatre and intensive care unit staff about attitudes concerning error, stress, and teamwork and to compare these attitudes with those of airline cockpit crew...
  5. ncbi A multicenter trial of aviation-style training for surgical teams
    Ken R Catchpole
    Quality Reliability Safety and Teamwork Unit, Nuffield Department of Surgery, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
    J Patient Saf 6:180-6. 2010
    This study measured the effect of aviation-style team training on 3 surgical teams from different specialties...
  6. ncbi Functional magnetic resonance imaging of mental strategy in a simulated aviation performance task
    M Peres
    Institut de Medecine Aerospatiale du Service de Sante des Armees, Bretigny sur Orge, France
    Aviat Space Environ Med 71:1218-31. 2000
    The objective of this study was to analyze the sensory and cognitive functions associated with activated brain regions characterizing mental strategy relative to degree of expertise in aviation-related tasks.
  7. pmc A geospatial analysis of the effects of aviation gasoline on childhood blood lead levels
    Marie Lynn Miranda
    Children s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1513-6. 2011
    b>Aviation gasoline, commonly referred to as avgas, is a leaded fuel used in small aircraft. Recent concern about the effects of lead emissions from planes has motivated the U.S. Environmental Protection to consider regulating leaded avgas.
  8. pmc The roles of COMT val158met status and aviation expertise in flight simulator performance and cognitive ability
    Q Kennedy
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5550, USA
    Behav Genet 41:700-8. 2011
    ..effects extend to a real-world task, aircraft navigation performance in a flight simulator; and (3) determine if aviation expertise moderates any effect of COMT val158met status on flight simulator performance...
  9. ncbi Affective decision making under uncertainty during a plausible aviation task: an fMRI study
    Mickaël Causse
    Institut Supérieur de l Aéronautique et de l Espace, Département Mathématiques, Informatique, Automatique, Universite de Toulouse, 10 avenue E Belin 31055 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
    Neuroimage 71:19-29. 2013
    ..We investigated this hypothesis by combining functional neuroimaging with an ecologically valid aviation task performed under contextual variation in incentive and situational uncertainty...
  10. ncbi Cost and workforce implications of subjecting all physicians to aviation industry work-hour restrictions
    Michael Payette
    School of Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington, CT, USA
    Am J Surg 197:820-5; discussion 826-7. 2009
    Efforts to improve patient safety have attempted to incorporate aviation industry safety standards...
  11. pmc Age and expertise effects in aviation decision making and flight control in a flight simulator
    Quinn Kennedy
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 81:489-97. 2010
    Age (due to declines in cognitive abilities necessary for navigation) and level of aviation expertise are two factors that may affect aviation performance and decision making under adverse weather conditions...
  12. ncbi Alertness management in aviation operations: enhancing performance and sleep
    Mark R Rosekind
    Alertness Solutions, 1601 S DeAnza Blvd, Ste 200, Cupertino, CA 95014, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 77:1256-65. 2006
    ..As a result, there has been growing interest in developing and implementing activities to improve alertness, performance, and safety in real-world operations where fatigue is a factor...
  13. pmc The impact of brain size on pilot performance varies with aviation training and years of education
    Maheen M Adamson
    Department of Veterans Affairs and Sierra Pacific MIRECC, Palo Alto, California, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 16:412-23. 2010
    ..The Stanford/VA Aviation Study examines the influence of specialized training and skill level (expertise) on age-related changes in ..
  14. ncbi Flight crew fatigue management in a more flexible regulatory environment: an overview of the New Zealand aviation industry
    T Leigh Signal
    Sleep Wake Research Centre, Research School of Public Health, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
    Chronobiol Int 25:373-88. 2008
    ....
  15. ncbi Can aviation-based team training elicit sustainable behavioral change?
    Harry C Sax
    Department of Surgery, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA
    Arch Surg 144:1133-7. 2009
    To quantify effects of aviation-based crew resource management training on patient safety-related behaviors and perceived personal empowerment.
  16. ncbi Monitoring antioxidant defenses and free radical production in space-flight, aviation and railway engine operators, for the prevention and treatment of oxidative stress, immunological impairment, and pre-mature cell aging
    C De Luca
    Lab Tissue Engineering and Cutaneous Physiopathology, Istituto Dermopatico dell Immacolata IRCCS, Via Monti di Creta, Rome, Italy
    Toxicol Ind Health 25:259-67. 2009
    ..Long route aviation pilots display elevated oncogenic risk, connected with cosmic radiation overexposure, and high mortality rates ..
  17. pmc The role of the airline transportation network in the prediction and predictability of global epidemics
    Vittoria Colizza
    School of Informatics and Center for Biocomplexity, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47401, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:2015-20. 2006
    ..These measures may be used for the analysis of containment policies and epidemic risk assessment...
  18. pmc Teamwork and team training in the ICU: where do the similarities with aviation end?
    Tom W Reader
    Institute of Social Psychology, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London, UK, WC2A 2AE
    Crit Care 15:313. 2011
    The aviation industry has made significant progress in identifying the skills and behaviors that result in effective teamwork...
  19. ncbi The age 60 rule: age discrimination in commercial aviation
    Robin Wilkening
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 73:194-202. 2002
    The Federal Aviation Administration's Age 60 Rule, promulgated in 1959, prohibits airline pilots from working in Part 121 operations once they have reached the age of 60...
  20. ncbi Approaching the evidence basis for aviation-derived teamwork training in medicine
    Marina V Zeltser
    UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, East Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
    Am J Med Qual 25:13-23. 2010
    ..Training on such topics has been adapted from teamwork training programs used in military and commercial aviation, called crew resource management (CRM)...
  21. ncbi Safety lessons from aviation
    Phil Higton
    Terema Ltd, Meadfield, Three Gates Lane, Haslemere, Surrey
    Perfusion 20:191-3. 2005
    Thirty years ago the world of Commercial Aviation provided a challenging environment...
  22. pmc The complexity of team training: what we have learned from aviation and its applications to medicine
    W R Hamman
    Qual Saf Health Care 13:i72-9. 2004
    ..education in performing the research, identifying performance measurements, and modifying educational curricula for the advancement of interdisciplinary teams, based on the complexity of team training identified in commercial aviation.
  23. ncbi Navigating towards improved surgical safety using aviation-based strategies
    Lillian S Kao
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 62008, USA
    J Surg Res 145:327-35. 2008
    Safety practices in the aviation industry are being increasingly adapted to healthcare in an effort to reduce medical errors and patient harm...
  24. pmc How to turn a team of experts into an expert medical team: guidance from the aviation and military communities
    C S Burke
    Department of Psychology, and Institute for Simulation and Training, University of Central Florida, 3280 Progress Drive, Orlando, FL 32826 USA
    Qual Saf Health Care 13:i96-104. 2004
    ..Over the past 20 years the military and aviation communities have made a large investment in understanding teams and their requisite training requirements...
  25. ncbi Assessing the impact of airline travel on the geographic spread of pandemic influenza
    Rebecca F Grais
    Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 18:1065-72. 2003
    ..In addition, after recognition of pandemic onset in the focal city, the time lag for public health intervention is very short. These findings highlight the importance of coordinated global surveillance and pandemic planning...
  26. ncbi Cataract formation mechanisms and risk in aviation and space crews
    Jeffrey A Jones
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:A56-66. 2007
    ....
  27. pmc From aviation to medicine: applying concepts of aviation safety to risk management in ambulatory care
    R Wilf-Miron
    Department of Risk Management, Maccabi Healthcare Services, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Qual Saf Health Care 12:35-9. 2003
    The development of a medical risk management programme based on the aviation safety approach and its implementation in a large ambulatory healthcare organisation is described. The following key safety principles were applied: (1)...
  28. pmc Understanding diagnostic errors in medicine: a lesson from aviation
    H Singh
    Division of Health Policy and Quality, Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies, Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA
    Qual Saf Health Care 15:159-64. 2006
    ..Situational awareness is a model that is primarily used in aviation human factors research that can encompass both the cognitive and the systems roots of such errors...
  29. pmc Global traffic and disease vector dispersal
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:6242-7. 2006
    ..In contrast, An. gambiae has rarely spread from Africa, which we suggest is partly due to the low volume of sea traffic from the continent and, until very recently, a European destination for most flights...
  30. ncbi The evolution of Crew Resource Management training in commercial aviation
    R L Helmreich
    Department of Psychology, Aerospace Crew Research Project, The University of Texas at Austin, USA
    Int J Aviat Psychol 9:19-32. 1999
    In this study, we describe changes in the nature of Crew Resource Management (CRM) training in commercial aviation, including its shift from cockpit to crew resource management. Validation of the impact of CRM is discussed...
  31. ncbi The challenge of regional accents for aviation English language proficiency standards: a study of difficulties in understanding in air traffic control-pilot communications
    T Tiewtrakul
    Department of Systems Engineering and Human Factors, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, UK
    Ergonomics 53:229-39. 2010
    Although English has been the international aviation language since 1951, formal language proficiency testing for key aviation personnel has only recently been implemented by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)...
  32. pmc Translating teamwork behaviours from aviation to healthcare: development of behavioural markers for neonatal resuscitation
    E J Thomas
    The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Psychology, Human Factors Research Project, USA
    Qual Saf Health Care 13:i57-64. 2004
    ..recordings of neonatal resuscitations were used to identify some new teamwork behaviours, to translate existing aviation team behaviours to this setting, and to develop a data collection form...
  33. ncbi Risk management in mental health: applying lessons from commercial aviation
    Simon Hatcher
    Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Australas Psychiatry 18:4-6. 2010
    ..Commercial aviation has a similar task in preventing rare but catastrophic accidents...
  34. ncbi [Improvement of team competence in the operating room : Training programs from aviation]
    C E Schmidt
    Geschäftsführung Kliniken der Stadt Köln gGmbH, Akademische Lehrkrankenhäuser der Universität zu Köln, Zentralverwaltung, Koln, Deutschland
    Anaesthesist 59:717-22, 724-6. 2010
    ..Human performance can be supported by well-trained interpersonal skills which are evolved in CRM training. In combination these training programs make a significant contribution to maintaining patient safety...
  35. ncbi Aviation dentistry: current concepts and practice
    Y Zadik
    Zrifin Central Dental Clinic, The Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, The IDF Dental Forensic Team, Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces, Jerusalem, Israel
    Br Dent J 206:11-6. 2009
    ..Moreover, dentists should prevent the creation of in-flight hazards when treating aircrew members. The aim of this article is to introduce the concepts of aviation (aerospace) medicine and dentistry.
  36. ncbi [Personal traits and a sense of job-related stress in a military aviation crew]
    Milanko Cabarkapa
    Filozofski fakultet, Beograd, Srbija
    Vojnosanit Pregl 68:143-9. 2011
    ..Since these changes are particularly common in military aviation, this study examined the way military aviation crew experiences job-related stress during a regular aviation ..
  37. ncbi Patient handover from surgery to intensive care: using Formula 1 pit-stop and aviation models to improve safety and quality
    Ken R Catchpole
    Nuffield Department of Surgery, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Paediatr Anaesth 17:470-8. 2007
    We aimed to improve the quality and safety of handover of patients from surgery to intensive care using the analogy of a Formula 1 pit stop and expertise from aviation.
  38. ncbi Comparing safety climate in naval aviation and hospitals: implications for improving patient safety
    Sara J Singer
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    Health Care Manage Rev 35:134-46. 2010
    ..However, comparisons only among hospitals may underestimate the improvement required. Comparison of hospitals with analogous industries may provide a broader perspective on the safety status of our nation's hospitals...
  39. ncbi Public health impact of large airports
    W Passchier
    Health Council of The Netherlands, The Hague, The Netherlands
    Rev Environ Health 15:83-96. 2000
    ..It was concluded that, generally, integrated health assessments are not available. Such assessments, as part of sustainable mobility policy, should accompany the further development of the global aviation system.
  40. ncbi Changes in the ocular and nasal signs and symptoms of aircrews in relation to the ban on smoking on intercontinental flights
    G Wieslander
    Department of Medical Sciences and Asthma Research Centre, Uppsala University, University Hospital, Sweden
    Scand J Work Environ Health 26:514-22. 2000
    ..This study determined the influence of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in aircraft on measured and perceived cabin air quality (CAQ), symptoms, tear-film stability, nasal patency, and biomarkers in nasal lavage fluid...
  41. ncbi Trends in cabin air quality of commercial aircraft: industry and passenger perspectives
    Martin B Hocking
    Department of Chemistry, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Rev Environ Health 17:1-49. 2002
    ..Also suggested are some measures that passengers can take to help improve their comfort and decrease their risk of illness, particularly on long-haul flights...
  42. ncbi Risk factors of jet fuel combustion products
    Irene Tesseraux
    UMEG Umweltmessungen, Umwelterhebungen und Gerätesicherheit, Grossoberfeld 3, D 76135 Karlsruhe, Germany
    Toxicol Lett 149:295-300. 2004
    ..The analysis of such data shows that there is an impact on the air quality of the adjacent communities, but this impact does not result in levels higher than those in a typical urban environment...
  43. ncbi Aircraft crew radiation workplaces: comparison of measured and calculated ambient dose equivalent rate data using the EURADOS in-flight radiation data base
    Peter Beck
    ARC Seibersdorf Research ARCS, Austria
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 118:182-9. 2006
    ..Three observers from the Article 31 Group of Experts as well as one observer from the Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) were also appointed. The European Commission funded the meetings...
  44. ncbi Injury risk factors in parachuting and acceptability of the parachute ankle brace
    Joseph J Knapik
    Directorate of Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance, US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 79:689-94. 2008
    ..This investigation examined risk factors for injuries during military parachute training and solicited attitudes and opinions regarding a parachute ankle brace (PAB) that has been shown to protect against ankle injuries...
  45. ncbi Dextroamphetamine use during B-2 combat missions
    David N Kenagy
    Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland AFB, TX 78236 5300, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:381-6. 2004
    ..Sortie durations were long (16.9 h) from one field and very long (35.3 h) from the other. Controversy exists concerning the use of stimulant medication, in part because of a paucity of combat data...
  46. ncbi Visual neglect: occurrence and patterns in pilots in a simulated overnight flight
    Michael B Russo
    US Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Fort Rucker, AL 36362, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:323-32. 2004
    ..Visual perception was evaluated in military pilots during a simulated overnight flight to explore for the possible occurrence of visual neglect...
  47. ncbi Human factors of powered flight: the Wright brothers' contributions
    Stanley R Mohler
    Wright State University, School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45401, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:184-8. 2004
    ..The Wrights' flight training school in Dayton included a flight simulator of their own design. The Wrights patented their practical airplane and flight control concepts, many of which are still in use today...
  48. ncbi Preventing G-induced loss of consciousness: 20 years of operational experience
    Terence J Lyons
    Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development, Tokyo, Japan
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:150-3. 2004
    Although anecdotal reports of G-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC) in military aviation date back to before 1920, regular reporting did not begin until 1982...
  49. ncbi Human systems integration in remotely piloted aircraft operations
    Anthony P Tvaryanas
    Unmanned Aircraft System Human Systems Integration Branch, 311th Human Systems Wing PER, U S Air Force, 2485 Gillingham Drive, Brooks City Base, TX 78235 5105, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 77:1278-82. 2006
    The role of humans in remotely piloted aircraft (RPAs) is qualitatively different from manned aviation, lessening the applicability of aerospace medicine human factors knowledge derived from traditional cockpits...
  50. ncbi Do short international layovers allow sufficient opportunity for pilots to recover?
    Nicole Lamond
    The Centre for Sleep Research, The University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Chronobiol Int 23:1285-94. 2006
    ..As a result, their response speed prior to the inbound flight is substantially slower than the response speed of flight crew with a longer layover...
  51. ncbi Modelling the risk of noise-induced hearing loss among military pilots
    Pentti Kuronen
    Finnish Air Force Headquarters, Tikkakoski, Finland
    Int J Audiol 43:79-84. 2004
    Noise is a significant risk factor in aviation, especially in military aviation...
  52. ncbi Decisions, endings, and new beginnings
    Robert F Dorr
    Aerosp Am 43:6-8. 2005
    ..The discussion of personnel recovery vehicles reports on development of an aircraft designed to rescue survivors during combat search and rescue missions...
  53. ncbi Trans-femoral amputee pilots: criteria for return to the fighter cockpit
    Alon Grossman
    Israeli Air Force Aeromedical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:403-5. 2005
    ..Adaptations are needed in the limb prostheses to enable the amputees to access the minimally spaced cockpit...
  54. ncbi Neck strength and myoelectric fatigue in fighter and helicopter pilots with a history of neck pain
    Bjorn Ang
    Neurotec Department, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:375-80. 2005
    ..The aim of this single-blinded cross-sectional study was to evaluate neck neuromuscular function in fighter and helicopter pilots who suffered from frequent neck pain...
  55. ncbi Midair collisions: limitations of the see-and-avoid concept in civil aviation
    C Craig Morris
    Bureau of Transportation Statistics, US Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:357-65. 2005
    Midair collisions cause loss of life and property and undermine general aviation; they also represent failures of the see-and-avoid concept in air traffic control. This study identifies limitations of the see-and-avoid concept.
  56. ncbi Phobic fear of flying in aircrews: epidemiological aspects and comorbidity
    Jesus Medialdea
    Department of Psychiatry, Centro de Instrucción de Medicina Aerospacial, Madrid, Spain
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:566-8. 2005
    ..Phobic fear of flying may affect aircrew members during any phase of their flying careers. Symptoms are beyond voluntary control and may lead patients to avoid flying and seek medical advice...
  57. ncbi Hearing in military pilots: one-time audiometry in pilots of fighters, transports, and helicopters
    Marc Raynal
    Hôspital d instruction des Armées HIA Percy, Clamart, France
    Aviat Space Environ Med 77:57-61. 2006
    ..We have determined the audiometric profiles of pilots as a function of age and type of aircraft (i.e., fighter, transport, helicopter) and have searched for risk factors of deafness other than noise in a pilot population...
  58. ncbi Diagnostic categories among 232 military aircrew with musculoskeletal disabilities
    Narinder Taneja
    Department of Human Engineering and Human Factors, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Indian Air Force, Bangalore, India
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:581-5. 2005
    ..Analysis of the nature and cause of musculoskeletal disabilities can provide insight to assist in developing preventive and therapeutic intervention programs...
  59. ncbi Blood glucose awareness training helps return insulin-treated aviators to the cockpit
    Alon Grossman
    Israel Air Force Aeromedical Center, Israel
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:586-8. 2005
    Insulin-treated diabetes mellitus has traditionally been considered disqualifying for aviation duties, the major concern being the risk of hypoglycemia...
  60. ncbi Pilot mental workload: how well do pilots really perform?
    Charles H Morris
    Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Hawthorn, 3122 Victoria, Australia
    Ergonomics 49:1581-96. 2006
    ..and allocation hierarchy of aviate-navigate-communicate was examined, a hierarchy commonly used within the aviation industry...
  61. ncbi Effects of conflict alerting system reliability and task difficulty on pilots' conflict detection with cockpit display of traffic information
    Xidong Xu
    Aviation Safety, Commercial Airplanes, The Boeing Company, P O Box 3707 MC 67 TC, Seattle, WA 98124 2207, USA
    Ergonomics 50:112-30. 2007
    ..The results point to the benefits of even imperfect automation in the strategic alerts characteristic of the CDTI, at least as long as this reliability remains high (above 80%)...
  62. ncbi A classification on human factor accident/incident of China civil aviation in recent twelve years
    Xiao Li Luo
    Civil Aviation Flight University of China, Sichuan Guanghan
    Space Med Med Eng (Beijing) 17:318-21. 2004
    ..To study human factor accident/incident occurred during 1990-2001 using new classification standard...
  63. ncbi Automation in future air traffic management: effects of decision aid reliability on controller performance and mental workload
    Ulla Metzger
    Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, USA
    Hum Factors 47:35-49. 2005
    ..Potential or actual applications of the results include the design of automation and procedures for future air traffic control systems...
  64. ncbi Contact lenses and corrective flying spectacles in military aircrew--implications for flight safety
    Andrew M Partner
    Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, University Hospital Birmingham, Selly Oak Hospital, Birmingham, UK
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:661-5. 2005
    ..We also asked if they had experienced any flight safety incidents (FSI) relating to their refractive correction...
  65. ncbi Psoriatic arthritis in a military aviator
    Daryl J Sulit
    Marine Corps Air Station, Naval Branch Health Clinic, Beaufort, SC 29904 5020, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:684-8. 2005
    ..We also review the medical literature on psoriatic arthritis disease and etanercept and discuss their aeromedical implications in military aviation.
  66. ncbi Self-reported flight hours vs. company records for epidemiologic studies of flight attendants
    Barbara Grajewski
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:806-10. 2004
    ..Although there is increased interest in health effects studies of aircrew members, the differences between self-reported work history and company records, including effects on exposure assessment, are poorly characterized...
  67. ncbi Rupture of the pectoralis major muscle in a paratrooper
    Mahmut Komurcu
    Department of Orthopedics, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:81-4. 2004
    ..Prevention of this type of altitude injury would be possible by applying the fundamentals of parachuting...
  68. ncbi [Estimated cosmic radiation doses for flight personnel]
    Ying jin Feng
    Space Med Med Eng (Beijing) 15:265-9. 2002
    ..S. Federal Aviation Administration was used to calculate the effective dose of galactic cosmic radiation along the air lines, and to ..
  69. ncbi Measurement of the energy spectrum of cosmic-ray induced neutrons aboard an ER-2 high-altitude airplane
    P Goldhagen
    U S Department of Energy, Environmental Measurements Laboratory, New York, NY 10014 4811, USA
    Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res A 476:42-51. 2002
    ..In all cases, ambient dose equivalent was greater than effective dose for cosmic-ray neutrons...
  70. ncbi [Pathologic changes induced by sustained acceleration]
    Chang lu Zhan
    Institute of Aviation Medicine, Air Force, Beijing, China
    Space Med Med Eng (Beijing) 15:74-8. 2002
    ..With raise of aircraft performance, acceleration problem is becoming more and more serious. Aviation medical workers should pay good attention to these changes and the use of high performance anti-G measures in ..
  71. ncbi Eastern minds in western cockpits: meta-analysis of human factors in mishaps from three nations
    Wen Chin Li
    Psychology Department, National Defence University, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:420-5. 2007
    b>Aviation accident rates vary in different regions; Asia and Africa have higher rates than Europe and America...
  72. ncbi Redefining the approach to aircrew protection: helicopter aircrew integrated life support systems
    Estrella M Forster
    Aviat Space Environ Med 73:164-5. 2002
  73. ncbi Configural features of helmet-mounted displays to enhance pilot situation awareness
    Joseph C Jenkins
    Department of Biomedical, Industrial, and Human Factors Engineering, 207 Russ Engineering Center, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 79:397-407. 2008
    ..Configural displays have been shown to provide better performance for integration tasks, yet the design aspects of these displays which affect the formation of operator SA have not been determined...
  74. ncbi Neck exercises compared to muscle activation during aerial combat maneuvers
    Kevin J Netto
    School of Science and Primary Industries, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory 0909, Australia
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:478-84. 2007
    ..However, there is little known about these exercises in comparison to the demands on the neck musculature in flight...
  75. ncbi Aviation medicine in the United Kingdom: from the end of World War I to the end of World War II, 1919-1945
    T Michael Gibson
    Corporate Health Ltd, Slough, Berkshire, UK
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:689-91. 2005
    This is the second of three brief papers that summarize the history of Aviation Medicine in the Royal Air Force...
  76. ncbi The estimated full-scale intellectual abilities of U.S. Army aviators
    Kris Kratz
    Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:B261-7. 2007
    ..Similarly, no research has assessed the generalizability of U.S. Air Force (USAF) research on premorbid aviator intellectual abilities to U.S. Army aviators...
  77. ncbi [Medical-psychological aspects of flying training of pilots for informal aviation structure]
    S K Soldatov
    Aviakosm Ekolog Med 41:14-6. 2007
    The authors report the data of medical and psychological monitorized of in formal aviation pilots trained for flying motor-hang-planes...
  78. ncbi [What are the peculiarities of management in respiratory insufficiency patients coupled with air travel? Air travel in patients undergoing long-term oxygen therapy]
    J Gonzalez-Bermejo
    Service de Pneumologie et Réanimation et Centre SLA Ile de France, Groupe Hospitalier Pitie Salpetriere, Paris, France
    Rev Mal Respir 24:4S30-4S33. 2007
  79. ncbi Looking for an accident: glider pilots' visual management and potentially dangerous final turns
    Steve Jarvis
    Human Factors Department, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, UK
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:597-600. 2007
    ..Accidents caused by spinning from low turns continue to kill glider pilots despite the introduction of specific exercises aimed at increasing pilot awareness and recognition of this issue...
  80. ncbi Desensitizing a pilot with a phobic response to required helicopter underwater escape training
    Christopher J Brooks
    Survival Systems Ltd, 40 Mount Hope Ave, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4K9
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:618-23. 2007
    ..A systematic desensitization program designed to help aircrew who have a phobic anxiety of the Helicopter Underwater Escape Training (HUET) has been developed...
  81. ncbi [The influence of initial functional activity on adaptation responses of pilots' organism during standard veloergometric load]
    Iu K Churilov
    Voen Med Zh 328:43-9. 2007
  82. ncbi [What are the peculiarities of management of respiratory insufficiency patients coupled with air travel? Air travel in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation]
    D Orlikowski
    Service de réanimation médicale et pôle de ventilation a domicile, Hopital Raymond Poincare, Garches, France
    Rev Mal Respir 24:4S34-4S36. 2007
  83. ncbi [Respiratory equipment and air travel: what problems, what solutions?]
    D Foret
    Fédération ANTADIR, Paris, France
    Rev Mal Respir 24:4S37-4S41. 2007
  84. ncbi Galactic and solar radiation exposure to aircrew during a solar cycle
    B J Lewis
    Royal Military College of Canada, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Kingston, Ontario
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 102:207-27. 2002
    ..This model has been compared to results obtained during recent solar flare events...
  85. ncbi Supporting trust calibration and the effective use of decision aids by presenting dynamic system confidence information
    John M McGuirl
    Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, USA
    Hum Factors 48:656-65. 2006
    ..To examine whether continually updated information about a system's confidence in its ability to perform assigned tasks improves operators' trust calibration in, and use of, an automated decision support system (DSS)...
  86. ncbi Optic neuropathy following an altitude exposure
    Allan Steigleman
    Navy Experimental Diving Unit, Panama City, FL 32407, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 74:985-9. 2003
    ....
  87. ncbi Risk factors for injuries during military parachuting
    Joseph J Knapik
    U S Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 74:768-74. 2003
    ..Parachuting is an activity performed by a variety of occupational groups including the military, firefighters (smoke jumpers), and rescue groups...
  88. ncbi Permanent flying disqualifications of USAF pilots and navigators (1995-1999)
    Brian F McCrary
    US Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks Air Force Base, San Antonio, TX, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 73:1117-21. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study is to update the literature and to demonstrate that USAF efforts during the past 19 yr have improved our ability to retain experienced aviators...
  89. ncbi Production compilation: a simple mechanism to model complex skill acquisition
    Niels A Taatgen
    Department Artificial Intelligence, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
    Hum Factors 45:61-76. 2003
    ..Actual or potential applications of this research include the evaluation of user interfaces, the design of systems that support learning, and the building of user models...
  90. ncbi Developing operator capacity estimates for supervisory control of autonomous vehicles
    M L Cummings
    Humans and Automation Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Hum Factors 49:1-15. 2007
    ..This study examined operators' capacity to successfully reallocate highly autonomous in-flight missiles to time-sensitive targets while performing secondary tasks of varying complexity...
  91. ncbi Refuse-to-crash: NASA tackles loss of control
    John W Croft
    Aerosp Am 41:42-5. 2003
    ....
  92. ncbi Walk the flight line
    Waldo Waldman
    Occup Health Saf 76:27. 2007
  93. ncbi Approaches and landings at wrong airports: analysis of 54 incidents and 11 accidents, 1981-2004
    Alexander J De Voogt
    Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:117-20. 2007
    ..The objective was to gain insight into the circumstances of a wrong airport approach or landing as well as the moment at which the navigation error became apparent to the pilot...
  94. ncbi [Medical control on the state of pilots' health suffering from urologic diseases]
    A M Shelepov
    Voen Med Zh 327:55-61, 96. 2006
    The complexity of flying work and human factor significance increase the responsibility of aviation physician for health and high working capacity of the flying staff...
  95. ncbi World-wide radiation dosage calculations for air crew members
    K O'BRIEN
    Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
    Adv Space Res 31:835-40. 2003
    ..The program is now utilized by airline companies around the world and provides unification for subsequent world-wide studies on the effects of natural radiation on aircrew members...
  96. ncbi Simulated parachute descent in the cold: thermal responses and manual performance
    S Rissanen
    Oulu Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Laboratory of Physiology, Finland
    Aviat Space Environ Med 73:1100-5. 2002
    ..Ejection from a fighter aircraft can expose the pilot to extreme cold and windy conditions. Knowledge of the effects of such conditions on thermal responses and performance of the pilot is scarce...
  97. ncbi Static line injuries of the biceps brachii in military parachutists
    Mart M F M Bressers
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 85:1396-7; author reply 1397. 2003
  98. ncbi Biodegradation of international jet A-1 aviation fuel by microorganisms isolated from aircraft tank and joint hydrant storage systems
    A Y Itah
    University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83:318-27. 2009
    ..The results imply that aviation fuel could be biodegraded by hydrocarbonoclastic microorganisms...
  99. ncbi Maryland State Police Aviation Division. A model emergency medical system for our nation
    Richard F Edlich
    De Camp Burn and Wound Healing Center, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    J Long Term Eff Med Implants 14:401-14. 2004
    ..First we will describe each of the components of the Maryland State Police Aviation Division...
  100. ncbi First-generation H1 antihistamines found in pilot fatalities of civil aviation accidents, 1990-2005
    Ahmet Sen
    Department of Aerospace Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Eskisehir, Turkey
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:514-22. 2007
    ..Such side effects could impair performance and, thus, could be the cause or a factor in accidents. Therefore, the prevalence of these antagonists was evaluated in aviation accident pilot fatalities.

Research Grants62

  1. Improving Geriatric Drug Safety in Underserved Practices
    Gurdev Singh; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of objectively assessing the impact of a CRM (adapted Crew Resource Management approach proven successful in aviation as well as some inpatient medical settings) intervention on reducing medication errors among geriatric patients ..
  2. Just-In-Time Methods For Understanding Near-misses, Injuries &Risk Factors
    Nancy M Daraiseh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of near-misses has long been integrated in the surveillance systems of other high-risk industries such as aviation, nuclear facilities and the military because each occurrence contributes to an understanding of potential failure ..
  3. Alcohol Effects Simulator for Pilot Training
    ERIC R CRAINE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..recognizes that alcohol plays a significant role in serious (fatal) aircraft accidents in all three major aviation sectors: general, commercial and military...
  4. Age-Related Longitudinal Changes in Aviator Performance
    Jerome A Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Part 121 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs, 121.383c) contains a provision for mandatory retirement of airline pilots at age 60. The "Age-60 Rule" was established in 1959 with ".....
  5. Does Teamwork Mediate Relationship between Partner Familiarity and EMT Injuries?
    PAUL D PATTERSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Prior research in aviation link this type of configuration to accidents, errors, and poor teamwork engagement...
  6. Non-prescription Drug Training for Pilots
    ERIC R CRAINE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This requirement, specified in the aviation medicine literature, recognizes that over-the-counter drug (OTCD) abuse plays a significant role in serious (..
  7. Near Miss Narratives from the Fire Service: A Bayesian Analysis
    Jennifer Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Near miss reporting systems have made major contributions to safety in such industries as aviation, nuclear power, petrochemical processing, steel production, and military operations, because the same patterns of ..
  8. National EMS Patient Safety Reporting System
    ROLLIN FAIRBANKS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Use of a reporting system modeled after the successful Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) has been demonstrated to be effective in this role in non-aviation, health-related ..
  9. BIOBEHAVIORAL CORRELATES OF ACUTE ETHANOL WITHDRAWAL
    Frank Holloway; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..g., automobile driving) and even disastrous results (e.g., health care or aviation industries). However, its role in alcohol abuse and alcoholism is still poorly understood...
  10. Great Plains Institute for Rural Health Services Resear*
    Mary Wakefield; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A key consideration in the research proposal focuses on aviation and error management issues such as communication, leadership, planning and vigilance as factors that have ..
  11. Alcohol Effects Simulator for Pilot Training
    ERIC CRAINE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..recognizes that alcohol plays a significant role in serious (fatal) aircraft accidents in all three major aviation sectors: general, commercial and military...
  12. AGE RELATED LONGITUDINAL CHANGES IN AVIATOR PERFORMANCE
    Jerome Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 1999
    Part 121 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs, 121.383c) contains a provision for mandatory retirement of airline pilots at age 60. The "Age-60 Rule" was established in 1959 with ".....
  13. TEAMWORK AND ERROR IN NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE
    Eric Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Many of these questions have been answered for the aviation industry and the research group that led that effort is a critical element of the research team assembled for ..
  14. REPORTING SYSTEM TO IMPROVE SAFETY OF THE BLOOD SUPPLY
    Harold Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The development and operation of near-miss event reporting systems in other error critical fields such as aviation and nuclear power represent one approach to dealing with error...
  15. SENSORY SUBSTITUTION FOR VESTIBULAR FUNCTION DEFICIT
    Mitchell Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A major medical products manufacturer has already expressed interest in the device. Commercialization of the potential applications in aviation will also be explored.
  16. PILOT PERFORMANCE AND ALCOHOL
    Jerome Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..for several years with the objective of better understanding the acute and hangover effects of alcohol on aviation ability...
  17. Translating Safety Practices from Aviation to Healthcare
    Eric Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..improve patient safety, the general public, policymakers, researchers, and health care providers often cite the aviation industry as an example to follow...
  18. AGING, EXPERTISE, TEXT ORGANIZATION, AND COMPREHENSION
    Daniel Morrow; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The domain of aviation is examined because it is well-defined, has real world importance, and should minimize age-cohort differences ..
  19. Portable Vehicle Simulator for Training Novice Drivers
    KONSTANTIN SIZOV; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In applications as diverse as commercial aviation and nuclear power plant control, simulators have become so well accepted that individuals can be fully trained ..
  20. Center for Safety in Emergency Care
    Robert Wears; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..care similar to that played by the NASA Ames Research Center, the Air Safety Reporting System, and the NTSB in aviation. The center will develop expertise in four domains fundamental to patient safety research: the cognitive ..
  21. EDUCATIONAL AIDS FOR INTRAOPERATIVE NEUROMONITORING
    RICHARD MOBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The development effort will make use of educational technology developed in the aviation industry and by the military and will combine that with our abilities to create realistic 3-D environments...
  22. Wireless, Low-Maintenance Transdermal Alcohol Sensor
    LINDA TEMPELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3) Monitoring of professionals with or without known alcohol problems in sensitive industries (aviation, nuclear). 4) Monitoring drivers with prior DWI/DUI convictions...
  23. Patterns of Alcohol Use Among Airline Passengers
    DEBORAH GIRASEK; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This work will expand our understanding of a potentially risky behavior, and provide some scientific basis for making policy related to aviation safety.
  24. In Situ Simulation to Detect and Prevent Near Misses during Critical Events
    William Riley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our intervention to improve patient safety is based on an advanced set of event sets and debriefing techniques in use by the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
  25. CONFERENCE ON COMMUNICATION AND PATIENT SAFETY
    JAY CALLAHAN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition, a powerful one-act play on aviation communication and safety, "Charlie-Victor-Romeo," will be presented...
  26. PILOT AGING AND AVIATION SAFETY
    Guohua Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..this application are to better understand the effects of aging on pilots' safety performance and to improve aviation safety...
  27. Alcohol in Aviation and Motor Carriers
    Guohua Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The broad, long-term objectives of this proposal are to better understand the role of alcohol in aviation and motor carrier accidents and to improve transportation safety...
  28. Light Treatment for Sleep/Wake Disturbances AD
    Jerome Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Outcome will be documented by objective circadian activity rhythm parameters and standard sleep/wake measures both assessed by actigraphy. ..
  29. TREATMENTS FOR INSOMNIA
    Jerome Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This five-year application will ultimately include 90 treatment subjects aged >60 years (three groups of 30 each). ..
  30. Conference Support 'Video: A Tool for Research'
    Colin Mackenzie; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..in conjunction with the Human Factors and Ergonomic Society, will bring together experts in video acquisition and analysis from different domains including human factors, industry, medical, nursing military and aviation.
  31. MRI and Decline of Aging Aviator Performance
    Joy Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..beyond that explained by measures of processing speed and working memory, APOE e4 carrier status, and aviation experience...
  32. Evaluating Nicotine Lozenges for Treatment of Smokeless Tobacco Addiction
    Jon Ebbert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..No drug therapies have been shown to be effective for helping smokeless tobacco users quit for good. The purpose of this study is to test drugs that can be used to help smokeless tobacco users quit for good. ..
  33. Interdisciplinary Training-Alcohol, Injury, & Violence
    Susan Baker; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The program aims to develop creative and independent investigators, well prepared to contribute to amelioration of alcohol-related injury. ..
  34. Brief Dental Office Intervention with Tobacco Quitline
    Jon Ebbert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. adult population smoking; and 3) 75% of smokers quitting for at least one day or longer because they are trying to quit. ..
  35. High Dose Nicotine Patch Therapy for Spit Tobacco Users
    Jon Ebbert; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our goal is to reduce the prevalence of ST use and decrease the incidence of oropharyngeal cancer through the development of effective treatment options for ST users. ..
  36. Individual Differences in Response to Sleep Deprivation
    HANS VAN DONGEN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  37. Predictors of Skin Cancer in Commercial Airline Pilots
    Joyce Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Improving Safety and Quality with Integrated Technology
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings, though applied specifically for OB, can be applied to many areas of medicine and surgery. The findings will provide inpatient and outpatient HIT stakeholders needed information to make important decisions. ..
  39. Developmental Neurotoxicity of Phthalate Esters
    Bernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed research will examine this question in rats, and translate its implications into human relevance. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. The Effect of Pulmonary Interstitial Edema on Gas Exchange
    G Prisk; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..3) Define and quantify the relationship between alterations in the heterogeneity of pulmonary blood flow and lung water content using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and X-ray techniques. ..
  41. Induction of suppression for Islet Transplantation
    Zandong Yang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This study will provide an experimental strategy of using AAV vlL-10 gene therapy to investigate immunosuppression induction in islet transplantation. ..
  42. PRACTICAL CIRCADIAN INTERVENTIONS FOR NIGHT SHIFT WORK
    CHARMANE EASTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This work will have important implications for the health, safety, and well being of the night shift worker. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. Phase response curves for home remedies to treat circadian misalignment
    Charmane I Eastman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  44. Air Pollution and Adverse Birth Outcomes
    Beate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  45. Neuroendocrine Regulation of Sleep in PTSD
    Thomas Neylan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Finally, the results from the study have implications for the clinical applicability of CRF receptor antagonists, which continue to be developed. ..
  46. Mentored Training in Research on Arsenic
    Craig Steinmaus; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This project will involve the development of all major aspects of study design and implementation with the ultimate goal of preparing an investigation that will provide dose-response data useful in drinking water regulation. ..
  47. Integrity of the Pulmonary Blood-Gas Barrier
    John West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, at the more basic level, this research is devoted to a fundamental biological dilemma of the lung, namely how the blood-gas barrier combines extreme thinness with immense strength. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Translational Research on Extinction and PTSD
    Barbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Currently, no such interventions with proven efficacy exist. ..
  49. Virtuality Reality Cue Exposure for Crack Cocaine
    Barbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The long-term objectives to be achieved in Phase II include the development and testing of the treatment of crack cocaine dependence using VR cue exposure therapy in a controlled design. ..
  50. Duke Center for Geospatial Medicine (RMI)
    Marie Lynn Miranda; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Using neural tube defects as a prototype health endpoint, we will develop a generalized framework for applying these methods to a wide variety of health endpoints, including autism, asthma, ADHD, and obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Effects of Short and Long Nights on the Circadian Clock
    CHARMANE EASTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This work has important implications for the sleep deprived general population and for jet travelers and night shift workers who must phase shift their circadian rhythms in order to adjust to phase shifts in their light/dark cycle. ..
  52. The Epidemiology of Fecal Incontinence after Childbirth
    Jeanne Marie Guise; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These data will provide a better understanding of the extent of the problem and will provide data essential for future trials of prevention and treatment of fecal incontinence. ..
  53. Neurotoxic Interactions of Different Forms of Mercury
    Bernard Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The acquisition of these data offers a firm foundation for determining the risks to neurobehavioral development of concurrent exposures to both mercury species. ..
  54. SMALL GRANT PROGRAM FOR CONFERENCE SUPPORT
    David Baker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Ergonomic Interventions for Garment Work
    Beate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will provide employers, employees and public agencies with evidence of the effectiveness of ergonomic interventions in order to guide health and safety policy. ..
  56. Preparing rural and urban hospitals to improve safety culture through simulation
    David Gaba; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will also use multiple methods, including process measures and participant evaluations, to evaluate simulation qualitatively. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Deposition of 0.5 to 2 Micron Aerosol in the Human Lung
    G Prisk; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..5 to 1 micron). Such information will provide a much-improved basis for the assessment of exposure to small inhaled particles both in long duration spaceflight and on Earth. ..
  58. Cognitive Enhancer May Facilitate Behavioral Exposure
    Barbara O Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..