product labeling

Summary

Summary: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Smokers' responses to advertisements for regular and light cigarettes and potential reduced-exposure tobacco products
    William L Hamilton
    Abt Associates Inc, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:S353-62. 2004
  2. pmc Impact of the graphic Canadian warning labels on adult smoking behaviour
    D Hammond
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Tob Control 12:391-5. 2003
  3. pmc Graphic Canadian cigarette warning labels and adverse outcomes: evidence from Canadian smokers
    David Hammond
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
    Am J Public Health 94:1442-5. 2004
  4. ncbi An optimal detector structure for the fourier descriptors domain watermarking of 2D vector graphics
    Victor Rodriguez Doncel
    Department of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
    IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph 13:851-63. 2007
  5. ncbi What happened to smokers' beliefs about light cigarettes when "light/mild" brand descriptors were banned in the UK? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
    R Borland
    VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
    Tob Control 17:256-62. 2008
  6. ncbi Health warning messages on tobacco products: a review
    David Hammond
    Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
    Tob Control 20:327-37. 2011
  7. ncbi Patient-reported outcomes to support medical product labeling claims: FDA perspective
    Donald L Patrick
    Food and Drug Administration, University of Washington, Seattle Quality of Life Group, Seattle, WA 98103 8652, USA
    Value Health 10:S125-37. 2007
  8. ncbi Impact of graphic and text warnings on cigarette packs: findings from four countries over five years
    R Borland
    VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Tob Control 18:358-64. 2009
  9. pmc Cigarette warning label policy alternatives and smoking-related health disparities
    James F Thrasher
    Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Am J Prev Med 43:590-600. 2012
  10. pmc The impact of cigarette pack design, descriptors, and warning labels on risk perception in the U.S
    Maansi Bansal-Travers
    Department of Health Behavior, Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Am J Prev Med 40:674-82. 2011

Detail Information

Publications245 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Smokers' responses to advertisements for regular and light cigarettes and potential reduced-exposure tobacco products
    William L Hamilton
    Abt Associates Inc, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:S353-62. 2004
    ..Effective regulation may need to focus on consumer perceptions resulting from advertisements rather than the explicit content of advertising text...
  2. pmc Impact of the graphic Canadian warning labels on adult smoking behaviour
    D Hammond
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Tob Control 12:391-5. 2003
    ..To assess the impact of graphic Canadian cigarette warning labels on current adult smokers...
  3. pmc Graphic Canadian cigarette warning labels and adverse outcomes: evidence from Canadian smokers
    David Hammond
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
    Am J Public Health 94:1442-5. 2004
    ..We assessed the impact of graphic Canadian cigarette warning labels...
  4. ncbi An optimal detector structure for the fourier descriptors domain watermarking of 2D vector graphics
    Victor Rodriguez Doncel
    Department of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
    IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph 13:851-63. 2007
    ..Furthermore, the problem of watermarking multiple lines, as well as other implementation issues are being addressed. Experimental results verify the imperceptibility and robustness of the proposed method...
  5. ncbi What happened to smokers' beliefs about light cigarettes when "light/mild" brand descriptors were banned in the UK? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
    R Borland
    VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
    Tob Control 17:256-62. 2008
    ..This paper examines how beliefs of smokers in the UK were affected by the removal of "light" and "mild" brand descriptors, which came into effect on 30 September 2003 for Member States of the European Union (EU)...
  6. ncbi Health warning messages on tobacco products: a review
    David Hammond
    Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
    Tob Control 20:327-37. 2011
    ..To review evidence on the impact of health warning messages on tobacco packages...
  7. ncbi Patient-reported outcomes to support medical product labeling claims: FDA perspective
    Donald L Patrick
    Food and Drug Administration, University of Washington, Seattle Quality of Life Group, Seattle, WA 98103 8652, USA
    Value Health 10:S125-37. 2007
    ..developed and evaluated instruments may provide misleading conclusions or data that cannot be used to support product labeling claims...
  8. ncbi Impact of graphic and text warnings on cigarette packs: findings from four countries over five years
    R Borland
    VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
    Tob Control 18:358-64. 2009
    ....
  9. pmc Cigarette warning label policy alternatives and smoking-related health disparities
    James F Thrasher
    Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Am J Prev Med 43:590-600. 2012
    ..Pictorial health warning labels on cigarette packaging have been proposed for the U.S., but their potential influences among populations that suffer tobacco-related health disparities are unknown...
  10. pmc The impact of cigarette pack design, descriptors, and warning labels on risk perception in the U.S
    Maansi Bansal-Travers
    Department of Health Behavior, Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Am J Prev Med 40:674-82. 2011
    ..In the U.S., limited evidence exists on the impact of colors and brand imagery used in cigarette pack design...
  11. pmc Can pictorial warning labels on cigarette packages address smoking-related health disparities? Field experiments in Mexico to assess pictorial warning label content
    James F Thrasher
    Department of Health Promotion, Education and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 23:69-80. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the most effective content of pictorial health warning labels (HWLs) and whether educational attainment moderates these effects...
  12. ncbi Estimating the impact of pictorial health warnings and "plain" cigarette packaging: evidence from experimental auctions among adult smokers in the United States
    James F Thrasher
    Departamento de Investigaciones sobre Tabaco, Centro de Investigacion en Salud Poblacional, Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Mexico
    Health Policy 102:41-8. 2011
    ..To estimate differences in demand for cigarette packages with different packaging and health warning label formats...
  13. ncbi Deadly in pink: the impact of cigarette packaging among young women
    Juliana Doxey
    Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Tob Control 20:353-60. 2011
    ..This study sought to examine the impact of cigarette packaging on young women, including the impact of 'plain' packaging...
  14. ncbi Assessing the impact of cigarette package health warning labels: a cross-country comparison in Brazil, Uruguay and Mexico
    James F Thrasher
    Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    Salud Publica Mex 52:S206-15. 2010
    ..To assess the impact of different health warning labels (HWL)...
  15. ncbi Consumer perceptions of cigarette pack design in France: a comparison of regular, limited edition and plain packaging
    Karine Gallopel-Morvan
    Ecole des hautes études en santé publique, French School of Public Health, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management, Av du CS 74312, Rennes Cx 35043, France
    Tob Control 21:502-6. 2012
    ..A ban on the use of branding on tobacco packaging, known as 'plain' packaging, has emerged as a promising regulatory strategy. The current study sought to examine perceptions of cigarette packaging among adults in France...
  16. ncbi The emotional impact of European tobacco-warning images
    M A Munoz
    Departamento de Psicologia, Research Institute on Health Sciences IUNICS Building, Cra deValldemossa, km 7 5, Palma IllesBalears, Palma de Mallorca E 07122, Spain
    Tob Control 22:123-9. 2013
    ....
  17. ncbi Secret signatures inside genomic DNA
    Masanori Arita
    Department of Computational Biology, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5 1 5, 277 8561 Kashiwa, Japan
    Biotechnol Prog 20:1605-7. 2004
    ..The first such strain of Bacillus subtilis is engineered and is ready to be distributed...
  18. pmc Tobacco packaging and mass media campaigns: research needs for Articles 11 and 12 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
    David Hammond
    Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
    Nicotine Tob Res 15:817-31. 2013
    ..Articles 11 and 12 of the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control establish standards for two important forms of communication: packaging regulations (Article 11), and mass media campaigns (Article 12)...
  19. pmc Responses to tobacco control policies among youth
    M A Crawford
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, 930 South 20th Street, Room 325, Birmingham, AL 35205 USA
    Tob Control 11:14-9. 2002
    ..Explore adolescents' response to current and potential tobacco control policy issues...
  20. pmc Impact of the new Malaysian cigarette pack warnings on smokers' awareness of health risks and interest in quitting smoking
    Ahmed I Fathelrahman
    The Clearing House for Tobacco Control, the National Poison Center, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden 11800 Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:4089-99. 2010
    ..The new warnings in Malaysia will increase smokers' knowledge of the adverse health effects of smoking and have a positive effect on interest in quitting...
  21. ncbi The case for the plain packaging of tobacco products
    Becky Freeman
    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Addiction 103:580-90. 2008
    ..It critiques legal objections raised by the industry about plain packaging violating laws and international trade agreements...
  22. ncbi Perceived effectiveness of pictorial health warnings among Mexican youth and adults: a population-level intervention with potential to reduce tobacco-related inequities
    David Hammond
    School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada
    Cancer Causes Control 23:57-67. 2012
    ..This study tested message themes and content of pictorial warnings in Mexico...
  23. pmc Perceptions of tobacco health warnings in China compared with picture and text-only health warnings from other countries: an experimental study
    Geoffrey T Fong
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Tob Control 19:i69-77. 2010
    ..To assess the perceived effectiveness of cigarette health warnings in China, compared with picture and text-only warnings from other countries...
  24. ncbi The impact and acceptability of Canadian-style cigarette warning labels among U.S. smokers and nonsmokers
    Ellen Peters
    Decision Research, and Institute of Cognitive and Decision Sciences, University of Oregon, OR 97401, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 9:473-81. 2007
    ..A majority of both smokers and nonsmokers endorsed the use of Canadian labels in the United States. Canadian-style warnings should be adopted in the United States as part of the country's overall tobacco control strategy...
  25. ncbi Fuzzy-trace theory, risk communication, and product labeling in sexually transmitted diseases
    Valerie F Reyna
    Informatics and Decision Making Laboratory, Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, PO Box 245031, Tucson, AZ 85724 5031, USA
    Risk Anal 23:325-42. 2003
    ..They should also provide support for information representation, effective retrieval, and accurate processing...
  26. ncbi Pediatric patient-reported outcome instruments for research to support medical product labeling: report of the ISPOR PRO good research practices for the assessment of children and adolescents task force
    Louis S Matza
    Outcomes Research, United BioSource Corporation, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Value Health 16:461-79. 2013
    ..Patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments for children and adolescents are often included in clinical trials with the intention of collecting data to support claims in a medical product label...
  27. pmc Effectiveness of cigarette warning labels in informing smokers about the risks of smoking: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
    D Hammond
    Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada
    Tob Control 15:iii19-25. 2006
    ..Health warnings on cigarette packages are among the most common means of communicating the health risks of smoking. However, few studies have evaluated the impact of package warnings on consumer knowledge about tobacco risks...
  28. ncbi Avoidance of smoking: the impact of warning labels in Brazil
    B E M Nascimento
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Tob Control 17:405-9. 2008
    ..However, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of warning labels to elicit avoidance of smoking...
  29. pmc Smokers' responses toward cigarette pack warning labels in predicting quit intention, stage of change, and self-efficacy
    Ahmed I Fathelrahman
    Clearing House for Tobacco Control, National Poison Center, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden 11800 Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:248-53. 2009
    ....
  30. pmc Assessment of the knowledge of graphical symbols labelled on malaria rapid diagnostic tests in four international settings
    Veerle Hermans
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Unit of Tropical Laboratory Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, B 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Malar J 10:331. 2011
    ..The present study assessed the comprehension of IVD symbols labelled on malaria RDT kits among laboratory staff in four different countries...
  31. pmc Waterpipe tobacco products: nicotine labelling versus nicotine delivery
    Andrea R Vansickel
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 980205, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    Tob Control 21:377-9. 2012
    ..Waterpipe tobacco package labelling typically indicates "0.0% tar" and "0.05% or 0.5% nicotine"...
  32. ncbi Cigarette pack warning labels in Russia: how graphic should they be?
    Benjamin Wade
    Department of Health Science, College of Life Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA
    Eur J Public Health 21:366-72. 2011
    ..Tobacco warning labels on cigarette packs have been shown to reduce cigarette consumption. The current study measures the Russian population's acceptance and preference of graphic (picture + text) tobacco warning labels...
  33. ncbi Does the effect go up in smoke? A randomized controlled trial of pictorial warnings on cigarette packaging
    Sven Schneider
    Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine MIPH, Mannheim Medical School, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
    Patient Educ Couns 86:77-83. 2012
    ..Our randomized controlled trial investigated if pictorial warnings lead to significantly higher motivation to quit, as compared to written warnings alone...
  34. ncbi Do graphic health warning labels have an impact on adolescents' smoking-related beliefs and behaviours?
    Victoria White
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
    Addiction 103:1562-71. 2008
    ..To assess the impact of the introduction of graphic health warning labels on cigarette packets on adolescents at different smoking uptake stages...
  35. ncbi Smokers' reactions to cigarette package warnings with graphic imagery and with only text: a comparison between Mexico and Canada
    James F Thrasher
    Department of Health Promotion, Education and Behavior, SC 29208, USA
    Salud Publica Mex 49:S233-40. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi How reactions to cigarette packet health warnings influence quitting: findings from the ITC Four-Country survey
    Ron Borland
    VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control, The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Addiction 104:669-75. 2009
    ..To examine prospectively the impact of health warnings on quitting activity...
  37. ncbi Analysis of the level of comprehension of chemical hazard labels: a case for Zambia
    Samuel F Banda
    Department of Chemistry, University of Zambia, P O Box 32379, Lusaka 10101, Zambia
    Sci Total Environ 363:22-7. 2006
    ..The survey revealed that effective chemical hazard symbols must not be too abstract to the client but should contain features that are known or easily comprehended...
  38. ncbi Use of and beliefs about light cigarettes in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey
    Ron Borland
    Cancer Control Research Institute, The Cancer Council Victoria, Australia
    Nicotine Tob Res 6:S311-21. 2004
    ....
  39. pmc Enhancing the effectiveness of tobacco package warning labels: a social psychological perspective
    E J Strahan
    Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Tob Control 11:183-90. 2002
    ..To outline social psychological principles that could influence the psychosocial and behavioural effects of tobacco warning labels, and to inform the development of more effective tobacco warning labels...
  40. ncbi Results of recognition tests on Japanese subjects of the labels presently used in Japan and the UN-GHS labels
    Kunio Hara
    Department of Environmental Medicine, School of Medicine, Kurume University, Japan
    J Occup Health 49:260-7. 2007
    ..Further, many subjects were unable to clearly distinguish 'skull and crossbones' from 'health hazard.' These results indicate that it is very important to impart correct education regarding these labels...
  41. ncbi Information disclosure and smoking risk perceptions. Potential short-term impact on Spanish students of the new European Union directive on tobacco products
    Fabiola Portillo
    Department of Economics and Business Studies, Universidad de La Rioja, C La Cigüena 60, 26004 Logroño, Spain
    Eur J Public Health 12:295-301. 2002
    ..The aim of the present study was to analyse the potential effect of the planned measures on the perceptions by Spanish youth of the risks associated with smoking...
  42. ncbi Response of mass media, tobacco industry and smokers to the introduction of graphic cigarette pack warnings in Australia
    Caroline L Miller
    Cancer Council South Australia, South Australia, Australia
    Eur J Public Health 19:644-9. 2009
    ..In the year 2006, Australia introduced graphic cigarette packet warnings. Previous warnings were text only. New warnings include one of 14 pictures, many depicting tobacco-related pathology...
  43. ncbi The potential effectiveness of warning labels on cigarette packages: the perceptions of young adult Canadians
    John J Koval
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London, ON
    Can J Public Health 96:353-6. 2005
    ..This study examines how Canadians in their 20s feel about the current graphic warning labels and their potential to prevent smoking and encourage quitting...
  44. ncbi ISBT 128 implementation plan for cellular therapy products
    Paul Ashford
    J Clin Apher 22:258-64. 2007
    ..This paper provides guidance on the practical aspects of adopting these new standards for organizations with differing current levels of computerization. It discusses project management, equipment, licensing, and validation topics...
  45. ncbi Relationship between constituent labelling and reporting of tar yields among smokers in four countries
    R J O'Connor
    Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14203, USA
    J Public Health (Oxf) 28:324-9. 2006
    ..Pack labelling appears to be useful for conveying information about cigarettes to smokers; however, there is an urgent need to develop more meaningful information on toxic constituents of cigarette smoke...
  46. ncbi Standards for the terminology and labeling of cellular therapy products
    Paul Ashford
    J Clin Apher 22:249-57. 2007
  47. ncbi The new EU cigarette health warnings benefit smokers who want to quit the habit: results from the Dutch Continuous Survey of Smoking Habits
    Marc C Willemsen
    The Hague, The Netherlands
    Eur J Public Health 15:389-92. 2005
    ..This study examined the self-perceived impact of these warnings on the attractiveness of cigarettes, smokers' motivation to quit and smoking behaviour...
  48. pmc Text and graphic warnings on cigarette packages: findings from the international tobacco control four country study
    David Hammond
    Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 32:202-9. 2007
    ..The current study examined the effectiveness of health warnings on cigarette packages in four countries...
  49. ncbi Recommendations on health-related quality of life research to support labeling and promotional claims in the United States
    D A Revicki
    MEDTAP International, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Qual Life Res 9:887-900. 2000
    ....
  50. ncbi The prevalence of misleading tobacco descriptors in the New Zealand tobacco market
    Nick Wilson
    N Z Med J 120:U2497. 2007
  51. pmc Impact on the Australian Quitline of new graphic cigarette pack warnings including the Quitline number
    C L Miller
    The Cancer Council South Australia, PO Box 929, UNLEY BC SA 5061, Australia
    Tob Control 18:235-7. 2009
    ..In March 2006, Australia introduced graphic pictorial warnings on cigarette packets. For the first time, packs include the Quitline number...
  52. ncbi Natural health product labels: is more information always better?
    Heather S Boon
    Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3M2
    Patient Educ Couns 68:193-9. 2007
    ..To explore how the information provided on labels as mandated by the new Canadian natural health product (NHP) regulations impacts consumers' perceptions of risks associated with using NHPs...
  53. ncbi Terminology and labeling of cellular products: 1. Standards
    P Ashford
    International Cellular Therapy Coding and Labelling Advisory Group, Redlands, CA 92374, USA
    Bone Marrow Transplant 40:1075-83. 2007
    ..A companion paper provides guidance on the implementation of the ISBT 128 system...
  54. ncbi Estimating the impact of different cigarette package warning label policies: the auction method
    James F Thrasher
    Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA
    Addict Behav 32:2916-25. 2007
    ..The consistently lower value that smokers attributed to cigarette packages with the graphic warning label indicates that these labels are likely to reduce cigarette demand...
  55. pmc Young adults' perceptions of cigarette warning labels in the United States and Canada
    Michelle O'Hegarty
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Smoking and Health, 4770 Buford Hwy, NE, Mailstop K 50, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 4:A27. 2007
    ..S. cigarette warning labels so they would be effective for smoking deterrence and cessation...
  56. ncbi Terminology and labeling of cellular products-2: Implementation plan
    P Ashford
    International Cellular Therapy Coding and Labelling Advisory Group, Redlands, CA 92374, USA
    Bone Marrow Transplant 40:1085-90. 2007
    ..This paper provides guidance on the practical aspects of adopting these new standards for organizations with differing current levels of computerization. It discusses project management, equipment, licensing, and validation topics...
  57. ncbi Showing leads to doing: graphic cigarette warning labels are an effective public health policy
    David Hammond
    Eur J Public Health 16:223-4; author reply 225. 2006
  58. ncbi Knowledge of dietary supplement label information among female supplement users
    Carla K Miller
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, 12 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 52:291-6. 2004
    ..Supplement users need additional education about supplement claims and testing for product safety and efficacy to make informed health care choices...
  59. ncbi Reactions of young adult smokers to warning labels on cigarette packages
    Michelle O'Hegarty
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:467-73. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine how U.S. smokers and former smokers might respond to stronger and more graphic warnings for U.S. cigarettes packages...
  60. ncbi Adolescents perceived effectiveness of the proposed European graphic tobacco warning labels
    Constantine I Vardavas
    Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Crete, Greece
    Eur J Public Health 19:212-7. 2009
    ....
  61. ncbi Watermarking mesh-based representations of 3-D objects using local moments
    Adrian G Bors
    Department of Computer Science, University of York, York YOI0 5DD, UK
    IEEE Trans Image Process 15:687-701. 2006
    ..The information capacity of various 3-D meshes is analyzed when using the proposed 3-D watermarking algorithms. The robustness of the 3-D watermarking algorithms is tested to noise perturbation and to object cropping...
  62. ncbi Digital watermarking robust to geometric distortions
    Ping Dong
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL 60616, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 14:2140-50. 2005
    ..Numerical experiments demonstrate that the proposed watermarking schemes are robust to a wide range of geometric attacks...
  63. ncbi Expansion embedding techniques for reversible watermarking
    Diljith M Thodi
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 0104, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 16:721-30. 2007
    ..There is also a significant improvement in the quality of the watermarked image, especially at moderate embedding capacities...
  64. ncbi Blind robust watermarking schemes for copyright protection of 3D mesh objects
    Stefanos Zafeiriou
    Department of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Box 451, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
    IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph 11:596-607. 2005
    ..Experimental results indicate the ability of the proposed method to deal with the aforementioned attacks...
  65. ncbi [Effective laws for tobacco control: EU directives and Italian legislation]
    Lorena Charrier
    Centro di Riferimento per l Epidemiologia e la Prevenzione Oncologica in Piemonte, Torino
    Epidemiol Prev 30:366-9. 2006
    ..The positive impact of this ban in these countries suggests that it should be considered a priority in the European policies against tobacco in order to reduce the gap between literature recommendations and actions...
  66. ncbi Multipurpose image watermarking algorithm based on multistage vector quantization
    Zhe Ming Lu
    Department of Automatic Test and Control, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
    IEEE Trans Image Process 14:822-31. 2005
    ..Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of our algorithm in terms of robustness and fragility...
  67. ncbi Blind MPEG-2 video watermarking robust against geometric attacks: a set of approaches in DCT domain
    Yulin Wang
    International School of Software, Wuhan University, China
    IEEE Trans Image Process 15:1536-43. 2006
    ..no original unwatermarked MPEG-2 video is needed for watermark extraction. The presented technique is applicable not only to MPEG-2 video, but also to other DCT-based coding videos. Selected experimental results validate our techniques...
  68. ncbi Anti-collusion forensics of multimedia fingerprinting using orthogonal modulation
    Z Jane Wang
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    IEEE Trans Image Process 14:804-21. 2005
    ..We also propose a likelihood-based approach to estimate the number of colluders. Finally, we demonstrate the performance for detecting colluders through experiments using real images...
  69. ncbi Optimal signature design for spread-spectrum steganography
    Maria Gkizeli
    Department of Electrical Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo 14260, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 16:391-405. 2007
    ..Optimized multisignature/multimessage embedding in the same host data is studied as well...
  70. ncbi A novel high-capacity data-embedding system
    Tse Hua Lan
    EG Techonology, Inc, Atlanta, GA 30318, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 15:2431-40. 2006
    ..As a result, the data-embedding system achieves 1/167 (1 bit out of 167 raw image bits) to 1/84 hiding ratios with a BER of around 0.1% in the presence of JPEG compression attacks, while maintaining visual distortion at a minimum...
  71. ncbi A new approach to image copy detection based on extended feature sets
    Jen Hao Hsiao
    Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    IEEE Trans Image Process 16:2069-79. 2007
    ..Our approach can be integrated into existing copy detectors to further improve their performance. Experiment results demonstrate that the proposed approach can substantially enhance the accuracy of copy detection...
  72. ncbi Ergodic chaotic parameter modulation with application to digital image watermarking
    Siyue Chen
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4 Canada
    IEEE Trans Image Process 14:1590-602. 2005
    ..In addition, its implementation is very simple and the computation speed is fast. Compared to holographic transform domain method and the conventional spread spectrum watermarking scheme, the proposed technique is shown to be superior...
  73. ncbi Genetic algorithm based methodology for breaking the steganalytic systems
    Yi Ta Wu
    Computer Vision Laboratory, College of Computing Sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
    IEEE Trans Syst Man Cybern B Cybern 36:24-31. 2006
    ..Experimental results show that our algorithm can not only pass the detection of current steganalytic systems, but also increase the capacity of the embedded message and enhance the peak signal-to-noise ratio of stego-images...
  74. ncbi Still-image watermarking robust to local geometric distortions
    Jean Luc Dugelay
    Eurecom Institute, 06904 Sophia Antipolis, France
    IEEE Trans Image Process 15:2831-42. 2006
    ..During the extraction step, the reference bits are used as anchor points to estimate and compensate for small local and global geometrical distortions. The deformations are approximated using a modified basic optical flow algorithm...
  75. ncbi Tailored reversible watermarking schemes for authentication of electronic clinical atlas
    Feng Bao
    Institute for Infocomm Research, Singapore
    IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed 9:554-63. 2005
    ..We present two tailored reversible watermarking schemes for the clinical atlas by exploiting its inherent characteristics. We have implemented the schemes and our experimental results look very promising...
  76. pmc Tamper detection and recovery for medical images using near-lossless information hiding technique
    Jeffery H K Wu
    Department of Medical Imaging, Chang Hua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan
    J Digit Imaging 21:59-76. 2008
    ..With the proposal method, any random changes on the stego image will be detected in high probability...
  77. ncbi Halftone visual cryptography
    Zhi Zhou
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 15:2441-53. 2006
    ..The simulation shows that the visual quality of the obtained halftone shares are observably better than that attained by any available visual cryptography method known to date...
  78. ncbi Hardcopy image barcodes via block-error diffusion
    Niranjan Damera-Venkata
    Imaging Systems Laboratory, HP Laboratories, Palo Alto, CA 94304 1126, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 14:1977-89. 2005
    ..Encoder stability, image quality versus information capacity tradeoffs, and decoding issues with and without explicit knowledge of the base image are discussed...
  79. ncbi Lossless watermarking for image authentication: a new framework and an implementation
    Mehmet Utku Celik
    University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 0126, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 15:1042-9. 2006
    ..Effectiveness of the framework is demonstrated by implementing the framework using hierarchical image authentication along with lossless generalized-least significant bit data embedding...
  80. pmc Making big tobacco give in: you lose, they win
    Nathaniel Wander
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences and the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:2048-54. 2006
    ....
  81. ncbi Multiscale fragile watermarking based on the Gaussian mixture model
    Hua Yuan
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada
    IEEE Trans Image Process 15:3189-200. 2006
    ....
  82. ncbi The unbearable lightness of "light" cigarettes: a comparison of smoke yields in six varieties of Canadian "light" cigarettes
    Paul L Gendreau
    School of Psychoeducation, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Public Health 96:167-72. 2005
    ..We selected cigarettes from the two most popular Canadian brands, Du Maurier and Players...
  83. ncbi "Light" and "mild" cigarettes: let's end the confusion. Now
    Andrew Pipe
    Can J Public Health 96:165-6, 188. 2005
  84. ncbi Design and statistical analysis of a hash-aided image watermarking system
    Jillian Cannons
    Beckman Institute and Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 13:1393-408. 2004
    ..Finally, various attacks on the watermarked image are introduced to study the robustness of the derived detectors. The joint hashing/watermarking scheme outperforms the traditional "hashless" watermarking technique...
  85. ncbi Tobacco control and gender in south-east Asia. Part II: Singapore and Vietnam
    Martha Morrow
    Australian International Health Institute, School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Health Promot Int 18:373-80. 2003
    ..Yet, with a few exceptions, gender was largely unrecognized in control policy. Suggestions for overcoming this weakness in order to enhance tobacco control are made...
  86. ncbi Wavelet tree quantization for copyright protection watermarking
    Shih Hao Wang
    Department of Electronics Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, ROC
    IEEE Trans Image Process 13:154-65. 2004
    ..Also, the watermark is spread throughout large spatial regions. This yields more robustness against time domain geometric attacks. Examples of various attacks will be given to demonstrate the robustness of the proposed technique...
  87. ncbi Geometric invariance in image watermarking
    Masoud Alghoniemy
    Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Alexandria, Alexandria 21544, Egypt
    IEEE Trans Image Process 13:145-53. 2004
    ....
  88. ncbi Analysis and design of watermarking algorithms for improved resistance to compression
    Chuhong Fei
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3G4 Canada
    IEEE Trans Image Process 13:126-44. 2004
    ..Through analytic comparisons, we develop a novel hybrid watermarking algorithm that exploits the best of both approaches for greater resilience to JPEG compression...
  89. ncbi Dual domain watermarking for authentication and compression of cultural heritage images
    Yang Zhao
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3G4, Canada
    IEEE Trans Image Process 13:430-48. 2004
    ..Analysis is provided to characterize the behavior of the scheme under ideal conditions. Simulations and comparisons of the proposed approach with state-of-the-art existing work demonstrate the potential of the overall scheme...
  90. ncbi Reversible watermark using the difference expansion of a generalized integer transform
    Adnan M Alattar
    Digimarc Corporation, Tualatin, OR 97062, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 13:1147-56. 2004
    ..These results indicate that the spatial, quad-based algorithm allows for hiding the largest payload at the highest signal-to-noise ratio...
  91. ncbi Watermarking on 3D mesh based on spherical wavelet transform
    Jian Qiu Jin
    State Key Laboratory of CAD and CG, AI Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
    J Zhejiang Univ Sci 5:251-8. 2004
    ..Experiments showed that our algorithm can improve the capacity of the watermark and the robustness of watermarking against attacks...
  92. ncbi A comment on "Asymptotically optimal detection for additive watermarking in the DCT AND DWT domains"
    Saralees Nadarajah
    IEEE Trans Image Process 16:1182-3. 2007
    ..Explicit expressions are derived for the Fisher information for the generalized Gaussian noise model considered by Nikolaidis and Pitas...
  93. pmc The Australian cigarette brand as product, person, and symbol
    S M Carter
    School of Public Health, Room 128A Building A27, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Tob Control 12:iii79-86. 2003
    ....
  94. ncbi Tobacco control and gender in Southeast Asia. Part I: Malaysia and the Philippines
    Martha Morrow
    Australian International Health Institute, School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    Health Promot Int 18:255-64. 2003
    ..Yet, with a few exceptions, gender was largely unrecognized in control policy. Suggestions for overcoming this weakness in order to enhance tobacco control are made in Part II...
  95. ncbi Forensic analysis of nonlinear collusion attacks for multimedia fingerprinting
    H Vicky Zhao
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute for Systems Research, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 14:646-61. 2005
    ..We further propose a preprocessing technique of the extracted fingerprints specifically for collusion scenarios to improve the detection performance...
  96. ncbi Enhanced perceptual distance functions and indexing for image replica recognition
    Arun Qamra
    Department of Computer Science, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 27:379-91. 2005
    ..We propose using Locality Sensitive Hashing (LSH) to index images while using the above perceptual distance functions and demonstrate good performance through empirical studies on a very large database of diverse images...
  97. pmc Expressive freedom and tobacco advertising: a Canadian perspective
    Christopher P Manfredi
    Department of Political Science, McGill University, 855 Sherbrooke Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H31 2T7
    Am J Public Health 92:360-2. 2002
    ..While the Canadian government could have used the decision to justify withdrawing from further confrontations with powerful commercial interests, it chose instead to enact new tobacco control legislation in 1997...
  98. ncbi Locally optimum nonlinearities for DCT watermark detection
    Alexia Briassouli
    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 13:1604-17. 2004
    ..The performance of the correlator and the nonlinear detectors in the presence of quantization is also analyzed, using results from dither theory, and also verified experimentally...
  99. ncbi Applying informed coding and embedding to design a robust high-capacity watermark
    Matt L Miller
    NEC Research Institute, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    IEEE Trans Image Process 13:792-807. 2004
    ..Fidelity is improved by the incorporation of perceptual shaping into the embedding process. We show that each of these three components improves performance substantially...
  100. ncbi Watermarking polygonal lines using Fourier descriptors
    Vassilios Solachidis
    Dept of Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
    IEEE Comput Graph Appl 24:44-51. 2004
  101. ncbi Mixed reversible and RONI watermarking for medical image reliability protection
    G Coatrieux
    GET ENST Bretagne, INSERM U650, France
    Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2007:5654-7. 2007
    ..The proposed system was applied to magnetic resonance images of the head. Experimental results illustrate the overall functionality of the system...

Research Grants41

  1. Do Safety Warnings Change Prescribing among the US Dialysis Population?
    Mae Thamer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..FDA issued a public health advisory and Black Box warning outlining new safety information, including revised product labeling about erythropoiesis- stimulating agents (ESAs), widely-used drugs for the treatment of anemia associated ..
  2. Autism Risk, Prenatal Environmental Exposures, and Pathophysiologic Markers
    Isaac N Pessah; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., potentially through education, product labeling, and/or regulatory action...
  3. A Phase 3, Double-Blind Efficacy, Safety and Dose-Response Study of Lofexidine (S
    Charles W Gorodetzky; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..effectiveness and safety data to supplement the existing lofexidine safety database and enable appropriate product labeling for end-users...
  4. Advancing addiction research and capacity to guide tobacco control in the Eastern
    Wasim Maziak; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..smokers will help guide the timing and composition of cessation treatments, as well as to counter deceptive product labeling, and drive public health policies to limit WP promotion and youth access...
  5. Phase 2 Study of Hemin for Treatment and Prevention of Porphyria Attacks
    KARL ELMO ANDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..clinical studies are needed to address these longstanding issues and considerable disparities between product labeling and current expert recommendations...
  6. Effectiveness of Tobacco Control Policies in High vs. Low Income Countries
    KENNETH MICHAEL CUMMINGS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    This program project (P01) explores the question of whether different tobacco control policies (e.g., product labeling, smoke-free policies, price and taxation, and product regulation) are relatively consistent or inconsistent in ..
  7. Radioactive Iodide Therapy of Pediatric Graves' Disease
    Scott A Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..are considered Phase 2 FDA studies as they will gather more information about effectiveness and safety that is necessary to evaluate the overall risk-benefit ratio of the product and to provide an acceptable basis for product labeling.
  8. RESEARCH TRAINING IN TRANSFUSION MEDICINE
    Jeffrey McCullough; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Diabetes and Drug-Associated Hyperkalemia: Effect of Laboratory Monitoring
    Marsha Raebel; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The findings will also assist in developing a framework for future studies to evaluate the effects and costs of medication-laboratory monitoring among patients with diabetes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Evaluating Low Ignition Propensity Cigarette Legislation
    RICHARD O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Taken together, these studies comprise a comprehensive evaluation of the potential impacts of this harm-reduction policy, which will inform policymakers in other jurisdictions considering similar regulations. ..
  11. Comorbid Substance Abuse and Long-Term Health Outcomes in Schizophrenia
    DEANNA KELLY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This will be an important step for improving the lives of people with schizophrenia. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Human Corneal Model for Ocular Irritation Assay
    Yulia Kaluzhny; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We will develop a corneal full thickness tissue and in vitro test methods that will dramatically reduce or eliminate the need to use animals to assess ocular irritancy of chemicals and products. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Computerized EMR-Assisted Smoking Cessation (CEASCE)
    Jennifer Haas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Future Directions: Evaluate whether CEASCE can serve as a prototype for other common primary care problems that require counseling for behavior change. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Effects of Graphic Warning Labels on Adolescent Smoking
    Geoffrey Fong; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  15. IN VIVO IMAGING OF FORMATION OF HEPATIC METASTASES
    Jonathan Kruskal; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This project will allow identification of a series of in vivo steps that can be used to explore novel diagnostic and therapeutic probes in animal studies. ..
  16. GARLIC PREPARATIONS AND ANTIRETROVIRAL DRUGS
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The work will provide immediately applicable clinical data on garlic interactions with antiretrovirals, as well as mechanistic data identifying the interaction process and its predictability from in vitro models. ..
  17. Prophylactic Ibuprofen: Effect on IUD Continuation Rates
    David Hubacher; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If ibuprofen is found to have a beneficial effect on continuation rates, it can become a standard feature of product labeling; because ibuprofen is inexpensive, safe, and readily available in over-the-counter form, it could ultimately ..
  18. Clinical Predictors of Antiretroviral Failure
    Daniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. MATERNAL HEALTH STATUS AND ADVERSE BIRTH OUTCOMES
    Jennifer Haas; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Such interventions should begin from the premise that improved maternal and infant outcomes can only come from improved maternal health. ..
  20. Cardiac-Related Mortality with Atypical Antipsychotics
    DEANNA KELLY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study is important as data on long-term health outcomes with atypical antipsychotics is lacking from the literature. ..
  21. Racial Segregation & Disparities in Cancer Outcomes
    Jennifer Haas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed study would provide empirical evidence that could give impetus to area-based interventions to reduce cancer disparities. ..
  22. Clinical Knowledge Hub - Conceptual Integration of Rules, Data Sets, and Queries
    Gunther Schadow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  23. Public input in the development of federal genetic non-discrimination policy
    Theresa Montini; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Moreover, our research will blaze new ground and lay the groundwork for studies in other areas where public participation represents a key component of an informed legislative process. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPIES AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The in vitro model, if validated, has the potential to provide clinically important information on interactions involving HIV treatments and abusable drugs, at relatively low cost and with no human drug exposure. ..
  25. IMPROVING EVERYDAY MEMORY IN AT RISK ELDERLY
    Graham J McDougall; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Data collections will occur over 27 months on five occasions with face-to-face interviews. Data analysis will include descriptive statistics, correlations, 2X5 MANOVA and hierarchical regressions. ..
  26. Modeling the Effect of Drugs in Intergomics by Linking Drug Ontology and Pathways
    Gunther Schadow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The hub of these terminologies is the Structured Product Labeling (SPL) standard for drug knowledge representation...
  27. Stigma & Quality of Life of Youth w/Facial Differences
    Donald Patrick; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Participants for this study will be recruited from sites in Seattle, Chicago, and Chapel Hill, NC. ..
  28. Metabolic Consequences of HAART: CYP3A and P-gp
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This multidisciplinary proposal provides a clinical and scientific basis to assess the effects of currently available as well as experimental HAART medications on human CYP3A and P-gp. ..
  29. Quality Life Among Youth with Craniofacial Conditions
    Donald Patrick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..S., and one in the United Kingdom. Adolescents and their parents will complete questionnaires at baseline, and gain at 1-2 year clinical follow-up. ..
  30. HAART Regimens in Substance Abusers
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  31. CHRONIC BENZODIAZEPINES: BEHAVIOR AND NEUROCHEMISTRY
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  32. Digoxin Chiral Isolates as Improved Pharmaceuticals
    John Somberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The advantage would be a treatment for AF that did not cause cardiac augmentation and vasoconstriction or a treatment for CHF that does not cause heart rate slowing or conduction disturbances. ..
  33. Value of New Drug Labeling Knowledge for e-Prescribing
    Gunther Schadow; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. CYP3A Function in Aging AfricanAmericans
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study should provide important mechanistic information on the role of age, gender, and ethnicity as sources of variability in CYP3A-mediated drug metabolism and response. ..
  35. Quality of Life of Overweight Youth: Multicultural View
    Donald Patrick; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. MDR1 and Related Proteins during HIV PI Exposure
    David Greenblatt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings will be of importance in understanding lipid disorders related to PIs as well as the kinetics of drugs used to treat HIV and related disorders. ..
  37. In Vitro Assay to Determine Skin Corrosivity Packing Groups
    Yulia Kaluzhny; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project will develop an in vitro assay to determine skin corrosivity packing groups and fulfill all testing and regulatory needs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Pre-validation of Tissue Specific Micronucleus Assay for Genotoxicity Testing
    Yulia Kaluzhny; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will develop a skin-specific micronucleus assay by utilizing in vitro human reconstructed skin model to overcome low levels of specificity of current test methods and avoid animal welfare issues. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. DYNAMIC TECHNIQUES FOR TREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSES
    ANDREW LEON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In summary, this interdisciplinary project will inform methodologists about the proposed data analytic strategy and inform clinicians about effectiveness of treatments for PD, BDD, and bipolar depression. ..
  40. Early Diagnosis of Neonatal Candidiasis
    Daniel Benjamin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. Hearing Loss and Quality of Life of Children and Youth
    Donald Patrick; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....