- Intellectual function in Mexican children living in a mining area and environmentally exposed to manganese
Dirección de Salud Ambiental, Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Environ Health Perspect 118:1465-70. 2010
..Excessive exposure to manganese (Mn), an essential trace element, has been shown to be neurotoxic, especially when inhaled. Few studies have examined potential effects of Mn on cognitive functions of environmentally exposed children...
- Cause of death and presence of respiratory disease at autopsy in an HIV-1 seroconversion cohort of southern African gold miners
National Institute for Occupational Health, PO Box 4788, Johannesburg2000, South Africa
AIDS 21:S97-S104. 2007
..To describe causes of death and respiratory infections in HIV-infected miners in the pre-antiretroviral era, by duration of HIV infection...
- Vermiculite, respiratory disease, and asbestos exposure in Libby, Montana: update of a cohort mortality study
Patricia A Sullivan
Field Studies Branch, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:579-85. 2007
..Asbestos-contaminated Libby vermiculite was used in loose-fill attic insulation that remains in millions of homes in the United States, Canada, and other countries...
- High percentage inorganic arsenic content of mining impacted and nonimpacted Chinese rice
Y G Zhu
Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
Environ Sci Technol 42:5008-13. 2008
..Two of the sites were within mining and smeltery districts, and the third was devoid of large-scale metal processing industries...
- The Mt. Diwata study on the Philippines 1999--assessing mercury intoxication of the population by small scale gold mining
Institute for Forensic Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
Sci Total Environ 267:151-68. 2001
..A reduction of the external Hg burden on Mt. Diwata is urgently recommended. An attempt to treat the intoxicated participants with the chelating agent dimercaptopropanesulfonic acid (DMPS) is planned...
- The Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study: IV. Estimating historical exposures to diesel exhaust in underground non-metal mining facilities
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, US National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Ann Occup Hyg 54:774-88. 2010
..for an epidemiologic study of mortality, including lung cancer, among diesel-exposed miners at eight non-metal mining facilities [the Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study (DEMS)]...
- Estimating historical respirable crystalline silica exposures for Chinese pottery workers and iron/copper, tin, and tungsten miners
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Ann Occup Hyg 45:631-42. 2001
..The exposure matrix of the historical Chinese total dust concentrations was multiplied by these conversion factors to obtain an exposure matrix of historical respirable crystalline silica concentrations...
- Microbial diversity in uranium mining-impacted soils as revealed by high-density 16S microarray and clone library
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, SD 57701, USA
Microb Ecol 59:94-108. 2010
Microbial diversity was characterized in mining-impacted soils collected from two abandoned uranium mine sites, the Edgemont and the North Cave Hills, South Dakota, using a high-density 16S microarray (PhyloChip) and clone libraries...
- Community-level social support responses in a slow-motion technological disaster: the case of Libby, Montana
Rebecca J W Cline
School of Communication Studies, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
Am J Community Psychol 46:1-18. 2010
..quot; Specifically, community-level conflict appears to interfere with previously established social support patterns. The observed phenomenon can be understood as the deterioration of a previously supportive community...
- Mercury exposure, serum antinuclear/antinucleolar antibodies, and serum cytokine levels in mining populations in Amazonian Brazil: a cross-sectional study
Renee M Gardner
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Environ Res 110:345-54. 2010
..We have reported elevated levels of ANA and ANoA in human populations exposed to mercury in artisanal gold mining, though other confounding variables that may also modulate ANA/ANoA levels were not well controlled...
- Use of the modified BCR three-step sequential extraction procedure for the study of trace element dynamics in contaminated soils
Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona, Marti i Franques 1 11, E 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Environ Pollut 152:330-41. 2008
..Thus, the effectiveness of the BCR procedure has proved to be a useful tool for predicting short- and long-term mobility of trace elements, even in complex environmental scenarios...
- Factors associated with an increased case-fatality rate in HIV-infected and non-infected South African gold miners with pulmonary tuberculosis
G J Churchyard
Aurum Health Research, Welkom, Free State, South Africa
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 4:705-12. 2000
A gold mining company in the Free State Province, South Africa...
- The Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study: III. Interrelations between respirable elemental carbon and gaseous and particulate components of diesel exhaust derived from area sampling in underground non-metal mining facilities
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, US National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Ann Occup Hyg 54:762-73. 2010
..historical components of DE from side-by-side area measurements taken in underground operations of seven non-metal mining facilities...
- Exposure to silica and silicosis among tin miners in China: exposure-response analyses and risk assessment
Department of Labor Health and Occupational Diseases, School of Public Health, Tonji Medical University, 13 Hang Kong Lu, Wuhan, Hubei, People s Republic of China
Occup Environ Med 58:31-7. 2001
..To investigate the risk of silicosis among tin miners and to investigate the relation between silicosis and cumulative exposure to dust (Chinese total dust and respirable crystalline silica dust)...
- Effect of HIV on work-related injury rates in South African gold miners
National Institute for Occupational Health, National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa
AIDS 19:2019-24. 2005
..The objective was to calculate the effect of HIV on the rate and severity of work-related injuries by duration of infection...
- Behavioural development of school-aged children who live around a multi-metal sulphide mine in Guangdong province, China: a cross-sectional study
Qing Song Bao
Department of Food Safe Supervision, Health Inspection and Supervision Center, 205 Renmin South Road, Yixing, PR China
BMC Public Health 9:217. 2009
..The present study aimed to estimate relationships between measured multi-metal exposures and the presence of behavioural problems for the school-aged children in the polluted area...
- Inorganic carbon limitation and mixotrophic growth in Chlamydomonas from an acidic mining lake
Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Maulbeerallee 2, 14469 Potsdam, Germany
Protist 156:63-75. 2005
Plankton communities in acidic mining lakes (pH 2.5-3.3) are species-poor because they face extreme environmental conditions, e.g. 150mg l(-1) Fe2+ +Fe3+...
- A review of the federal government's health activities in response to asbestos-contaminated ore found in Libby, Montana
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Health Studies, Surveillance and Registries Branch, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Inhal Toxicol 18:925-40. 2006
..This article presents the various follow-up activities that have been conducted to date by ATSDR and partnering state health departments...
- An archaeal iron-oxidizing extreme acidophile important in acid mine drainage
K J Edwards
Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1215 West Dayton Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Science 287:1796-9. 2000
..The presence of this and other closely related Thermoplasmales suggests that these acidophiles are important contributors to acid mine drainage and may substantially impact iron and sulfur cycles...
- Heavy metal mining using microbes
Douglas E Rawlings
Department of Microbiology, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, South Africa
Annu Rev Microbiol 56:65-91. 2002
..The development of higher-temperature processes will extend the variety of minerals that can be commercially processed...
- Methylmercury neurotoxicity in Amazonian children downstream from gold mining
Department of Environmental Medicine, Odense University, Odense, Denmark
Environ Health Perspect 107:587-91. 1999
In widespread informal gold mining in the Amazon Basin, mercury is used to capture the gold particles as amalgam. Releases of mercury to the environment have resulted in the contamination of freshwater fish with methylmercury...
- HIV and STIs in clients and female sex workers in mining regions of Gejiu City, China
Jun Jie Xu
National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
Sex Transm Dis 35:558-65. 2008
To investigate HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs) and clients in a mining region of China.
- Use of conductivity to monitor the treatment of acid mine drainage by sulphate-reducing bacteria
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Macdonald Campus of McGill University, 21111 Lakeshore Road, Ste Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada H9X 3V9
Water Res 35:2081-6. 2001
..Changes in conductivity were not always coincident with changes in ORP and pH, indicating that conductivity may be a more sensitive tool for locating and monitoring specific zones of SRB activity...
- Characterisation of sequential leachate discharges of mining waste rock dumps in the Tinto and Odiel rivers
Departamento de Ciencias Agroforestales, Area de Tecnología del Medio Ambiente, Universidad de Huelva, 21819 Palos de la Frontera, Huelva, Spain
J Environ Manage 64:345-53. 2002
b>Mining waste rock dumps (WRDs) are potential sources of pollution, which after rainfall produce leachate discharges, loaded with acid mining drainage (AMD)...
- Multiple factor design for reactive mixture selection for use in reactive walls in mine drainage treatment
Ioana A Cocos
, , Canada
Water Res 36:167-77. 2002
..86, F = 62.38 (p-level < 10(-13)) and R2 = 0.90. F = 62.30 (p-level < 10(-13))) identified poultry manure and two other carbon sources as the critical variables for sulfate-reduction rate...
- Exposures to silica mixed dust and cohort mortality study in tin mines: exposure-response analysis and risk assessment of lung cancer
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Am J Ind Med 49:67-76. 2006
..The health impacts on workers with silica mixed dust exposure in tin mines and dose-response relationships between cumulative dust exposure and the mortality from lung cancer are investigated...
- Arsenic hazards to humans, plants, and animals from gold mining
U.S. Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 11510 American Holly Drive, Laurel, MD 20708-4019, USA
Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 180:133-65. 2004
Arsenic sources to the biosphere associated with gold mining include waste soil and rocks, residual water from ore concentrations, roasting of some types of gold-containing ores to remove sulfur and sulfur oxides, and bacterially enhanced ..
- Technological assessment of a mining-waste dump at the Dexing copper mine, China, for possible conversion to an in situ bioleaching operation
School of Civil and Environment Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Bioresour Technol 100:1931-6. 2009
..To evaluate the potential unstability of the dump, the leaching process, ore surface erosion, particle size, chemical elements and mechanical properties of the waste rock in DCM were investigated through experiment in this paper...
- Evolution of biological effects of AznalcÃ³llar mining spill in the Algerian mouse (Mus spretus) using biochemical biomarkers
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, , Severo Ochoa Building, 2nd Floor, Campus of Rabanales, Road N-IV, Km 396a, , Spain
Toxicology 197:123-38. 2004
..The increasing responses of several biomarkers at reference sites may suggest a progressive pollution of key DoÃ±ana ecosystems...
- Feasibility and acceptability of a specialist clinical service for HIV-infected mineworkers in South Africa
Aurum Health Research, Welkom, South Africa
AIDS Care 16:47-56. 2004
..A specialized clinic was established in a mining hospital in the Free State, South Africa, with the primary aim of delivering preventive therapy such as isoniazid ..
- Ischemic heart disease mortality among miners and other potentially silica-exposed workers
Swedish Work Environment Authority, Solna, Sweden
Am J Ind Med 50:403-8. 2007
..Some previous studies have observed an increased mortality regarding ischemic heart disease (IHD) among miners and industrial sand workers. The purpose was to study the occurrence of IHD mortality among silica-exposed workers...
- Hyperaccumulation of Pb, Zn and Cd in herbaceous grown on lead-zinc mining area in Yunnan, China
Eco-environment Research Institute, College of Resources and Environment, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, P.R. China
Environ Int 31:755-62. 2005
A field survey of herbaceous growing on lead-zinc mining area in Yunnan, China were conducted to identify species accumulating exceptionally large concentrations of Pb, Zn and Cd in shoots...
- Ecological impacts of lead mining on Ozark streams: toxicity of sediment and pore water
John M Besser
US Geological Survey, Columbia Environmental Research Center, 4200 New Haven Road, Columbia, MO 65201, USA
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 72:516-26. 2009
We studied the toxicity of sediments downstream of lead-zinc mining areas in southeast Missouri, using chronic sediment toxicity tests with the amphipod, Hyalella azteca, and pore-water toxicity tests with the daphnid, Ceriodaphnia dubia...
- Mining and other threats to the New Caledonia biodiversity hotspot
INRA, Station SCRIBE, Campus de Beaulieu, F. 35 042 Rennes Cedex, France
Conserv Biol 22:498-9. 2008
- HIV/AIDS prevalence testing--merits, methodology and outcomes of a survey conducted at a large mining organisation in South Africa
Department of Molecular Medicine and Haematology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
S Afr Med J 96:134-9. 2006
..To determine the HIV prevalence rate at Anglo Platinum, a large, multinational organisation operating in South Africa (Gauteng, Limpopo and North-West), and to assess the merits, methodology and outcomes of the survey...
- Biosorption of metal and salt tolerant microbial isolates from a former uranium mining area. Their impact on changes in rare earth element patterns in acid mine drainage
Friedrich Schiller University, Institute of Microbiology, Jena, Germany
J Basic Microbiol 47:474-84. 2007
The concentration of metals in microbial habitats influenced by mining operations can reach enormous values...
- Trace element partitioning and soil particle characterisation around mining and smelting areas at Tharsis, Ríotinto and Huelva, SW Spain
E I B Chopin
School of Human and Environmental Sciences, University of Reading, UK
Sci Total Environ 373:488-500. 2007
Trace elements may present an environmental hazard in the vicinity of mining and smelting activities...
- Soil to plant transfer of 238U, 226Ra and 232Th on a uranium mining-impacted soil from southeastern China
S B Chen
Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 18 Shuangqing Road, Beijing 100085, PR China
J Environ Radioact 82:223-36. 2005
..3+/-1.2) and 232Th (5.3+/-1.7), while the smallest R/S ratio for 238U was observed in clover (2.8+/-0.9)...
- Initial studies for the phytostabilization of a mine tailing from the Cartagena-La Union Mining District (SE Spain)
Héctor M Conesa
Soil Protection Group, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, Universitatstrasse 16, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Chemosphere 66:38-44. 2007
Mine tailings are one of the main environmental problems in post-mining landscapes and their removal is often complicated due to their high heavy metal content and dimensions...
- Contamination status of arsenic and other trace elements in drinking water and residents from Tarkwa, a historic mining township in Ghana
Kwadwo Ansong Asante
Center for Marine Environmental Studies, Ehime University, Bunkyo cho 2 5, Matsuyama, Ehime 790 8577, Japan
Chemosphere 66:1513-22. 2007
..assess the contamination status of 22 trace elements, especially As in water and residents in Tarkwa, a historic mining town in Ghana...
- Oxidation of arsenite by Thiomonas strains and characterization of Thiomonas arsenivorans sp. nov
BRGM, Environment and Process Division, Biotechnology Unit, 2 av Claude Guillemin, 45060, Orléans cedex 02, France
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 89:99-108. 2006
..It was closely related to an unnamed Thiomonas strain (NO115) isolated from a Norwegian mining site, though sequence identities between strain b6(T) and characterized Thiomonas species were less than 95%...
- Cyanide hazards to plants and animals from gold mining and related water issues
US Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 11510 American Holly Drive, Laurel, Maryland 20708-4019, USA
Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 183:21-54. 2004
..Surface waters are diverted around surface mining operations...
- Sequential extraction of heavy metals in river sediments of an abandoned pyrite mining area: pollution detection and affinity series
Department of Chemistry, University of Rome La Sapienza, p le A Moro, 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
Environ Pollut 132:189-201. 2004
- Evaluation of genotoxic effects of heavy metals and arsenic in wild nestling white storks (Ciconia ciconia) and black kites (Milvus migrans) from southwestern Spain after a mining accident
Department of Applied Biology, Estación Biológica de Doñana C S I C, Avda Ma Luisa s n Pabellón del Perú, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Environ Toxicol Chem 25:2794-803. 2006
Studies of birds from Doñana (southwestern Spain) after the Aznalcóllar mining accident (April 1998) have reported high levels of genetic damage when compared to conspecifics from reference areas...
- The impact of mining activities in alteration of As levels in the surrounding ecosystems: an encompassing risk assessment and evaluation of remediation strategies
Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, 98 Goon Ja Dong, Seoul 143 747, Republic of Korea
J Hazard Mater 182:427-38. 2010
..69 mg kg(-1)) and the strong correlation between TS and TA) suggests a strong effect of previous mining activities...
- Gold mining in the Peruvian Amazon: global prices, deforestation, and mercury imports
Jennifer J Swenson
Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e18875. 2011
..We find that since 2003, recent mining deforestation in Madre de Dios, Peru is increasing nonlinearly alongside a constant annual rate of increase in ..
- Metabolic diversity among main microorganisms inside an arsenic-rich ecosystem revealed by meta- and proteo-genomics
Philippe N Bertin
Genetique Moleculaire, Génomique et Microbiologie, UMR7156 CNRS and UdS, Strasbourg, France
ISME J 5:1735-47. 2011
- Water chemistry and ecotoxicity of an acid mine drainage-affected stream in subtropical China during a major flood event
Centre for Ecological and Environmental Technologies, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
J Hazard Mater 142:199-207. 2007
..5 km downstream of the discharge point was highly toxic to the test organism. At 25 km downstream of the discharge point where stream water pH was as high as 5.75, marked toxic responses of the test organism were still observed...
- The diesel exhaust in miners study: I. Overview of the exposure assessment process
Patricia A Stewart
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, US National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Ann Occup Hyg 54:728-46. 2010
..Air monitoring surveys at seven of the eight study mining facilities were conducted between 1998 and 2001 and provided reference personal REC exposure levels and ..
- Long-term effects of the AznalcÃ³llar mine spill-heavy metal content and mobility in soils and sediments of the Guadiamar river valley (SW Spain)
Faculty Biology and Geography, University of Duisburg-Essen, Universitaetsstrasse 2, 45141 Essen, Germany
Sci Total Environ 367:855-71. 2006
..As a consequence of the heavy metal migration, an accumulation zone has formed up to 30 cm into the underlying soil at the time of investigation. In the future, there may be further penetration of heavy metals to greater depths...
- GeoChip-based analysis of the functional gene diversity and metabolic potential of microbial communities in acid mine drainage
School of Mineral Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410083, China
Appl Environ Microbiol 77:991-9. 2011
..This study presents an overview of functional gene diversity and the structure of AMD microbial communities and also provides insights into our understanding of metabolic potential in AMD ecosystems...
- Could the bug Triatoma sherlocki be vectoring Chagas disease in small mining communities in Bahia, Brazil?
C E Almeida
Laboratório de Biodiversidade Entomológica, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ IOC Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Med Vet Entomol 23:410-7. 2009
..was described in the municipality of Gentio do Ouro, in the state of Bahia, Brazil, and in a small artisan quarry-mining community approximately 13 km distant in a remote area of the same municipality...
- Determinants of reproductive health and related quality of life among Indian women in mining communities
Melba Sheila D'Souza
Department of Adult Health and Critical Care, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
J Adv Nurs 67:1963-75. 2011
..This article is a report of a mixed method to examine the determinants of reproductive health and quality of life among Indian women...
- Aerial measurements on uranium ore mining, milling and processing areas in Germany
Federal Office for Radiation Protection, 10318 Berlin, Germany
J Environ Radioact 53:301-11. 2001
..These values are commonly found in the environment. In general, there is reasonable agreement between the results measured with different detectors and measuring methods...
- HIV-1 and STIs prevalence and risk factors of miners in mining districts of Yunnan, China
National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 53:S54-60. 2010
..To assess HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence and associated risk factors among miners in Yunnan, China...
- Health and environmental assessment of mercury exposure in a gold mining community in Western Mindanao, Philippines
National Poison Control and Information Service, College of Medicine, University of the Philippines-Manila, Philippines
J Environ Manage 81:126-34. 2006
The small-scale gold mining activities using mercury began in the late 1980s in Sibutad, Western Mindanao. It is located very near the Murcielagos Bay with tailing ponds directly discharging into bodies of water...
- [Association between reported annual gold mining extraction and incidence of malaria in Mato Grosso-Brazil, 1985-1996]
Elisabeth Carmen Duarte
, Cuiab, MT, Brasil
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 35:665-8. 2002
..ecological design to study the association between malaria incidence rates, the reported annual production of gold mining extraction and monetary investments for the control of malaria from 1985 to 1996 in Mato Grosso, Brazil...
- Using performance indicators to evaluate an environmental education program in artisanal gold mining communities in the Brazilian Amazon
Rodolfo N Sousa
Global Mercury Project, Norman B Keevil Institute of Mining Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Ambio 38:40-6. 2009
..A group of educators provided support to miners, training 4200 people in 141 mining locations. The effectiveness of this training was evaluated based on 20 performance indicators...
- Lead sources, behaviors, and socioeconomic factors in relation to blood lead of native american and white children: a community-based assessment of a former mining area
Lorraine Halinka Malcoe
Masters in Public Health Program, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA
Environ Health Perspect 110:221-31. 2002
..Further, the relation of mining waste to blood lead concentrations (BPbs) of rural children is controversial...
- Impact of biostimulated redox processes on metal dynamics in an iron-rich creek soil of a former uranium mining area
Eva Maria Burkhardt
Institute of Ecology, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Dornburger Strabetae 159, D 07743 Jena, Germany
Environ Sci Technol 44:177-83. 2010
..An iron-rich creek soil of a former uranium-mining district (Ronneburg, Germany) showed high porewater concentrations of heavy metals and radionuclides...
- Ecological, groundwater, and human health risk assessment in a mining region of Nicaragua
Centro para la Investigación en Recursos Acuáticos de Nicaragua, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Nicaragua, Managua, Nicaragua
Risk Anal 30:916-33. 2010
..to stream biota, groundwater, and humans in the Río Artiguas (Sucio) river basin, Nicaragua, where local gold mining occurs...
- The impact of long-term past exposure to elemental mercury on antioxidative capacity and lipid peroxidation in mercury miners
Alfred B Kobal
Idrija Mercury Mine, Idrija, Slovenia
J Trace Elem Med Biol 17:261-74. 2004
..Therefore, long-term occupational exposure to Hg0 could be one of the risk factors for increased lipid peroxidation and increased mortality due to ischaemic heart disease (ICH) found among the mercury miners of the Idrija Mine...
- Analysis of fatalities and injuries involving mining equipment
W A Groves
The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering, 110 Hosler Building, University Park, PA 16802 5000, USA
J Safety Res 38:461-70. 2007
Despite significant reductions, the number of injuries and fatalities in mining remains high. A persistent area of concern continues to be equipment-related incidents.
- Radon: a likely carcinogen at all exposures
Clinical Trial Service Unit, University of Oxford, UK
Ann Oncol 12:1341-51. 2001
..Radon is a well-established lung carcinogen that has been extensively studied. Very high concentrations can occur in some underground mines. Concentrations also tend to build up in homes...
- Baseline study of the spatio-temporal patterns of reef fish assemblages prior to a major mining project in New Caledonia (South Pacific)
IRD, UR 128, BP 172, 97492 Ste Clotilde cedex, La Reunion, France
Mar Pollut Bull 61:598-611. 2010
..These results are discussed and compared with others sites of the South Pacific. For monitoring perspectives, some indicators related to expected disturbances are proposed...
- Mercury contamination in freshwater, estuarine, and marine fishes in relation to small-scale gold mining in Suriname, South America
J H Mol
Center for Agriculture Research in Suriname (CELOS, University of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname
Environ Res 86:183-97. 2001
The extent of mercury contamination in Surinamese food fishes due to small-scale gold mining was investigated by determination of the total mercury concentration in 318 freshwater fishes, 109 estuarine fishes, and 110 fishes from the ..
- Relative effects of mammal herbivory and plant spacing on seedling recruitment following fire and mining
Michael H Parsons
Centre for Ecosystem Diversity and Dynamics CEDD in the Department of Environmental Biology, Curtin University of Technology, PO Box U1987, Perth, WA, Australia
BMC Ecol 7:13. 2007
..Additionally, we asked whether pre-browsed plants differed in nutrient content between or within species in the separate systems...
- Motor alterations associated with exposure to manganese in the environment in Mexico
Instituto Nacional de Neurología and Neurocirugía Manuel Velasco Suárez, Mexico
Sci Total Environ 368:542-56. 2006
..We studied the risk of motor alterations in people living in a mining district in Mexico...
- Mercury exposure and malaria prevalence among gold miners in Pará, Brazil
Ellen K Silbergeld
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 35:421-9. 2002
..response relationship between mercury exposure and likelihood of prevalent malaria infection, but there was a possible reduction in acquisition of immunity that may be associated with conditions in gold mining, including mercury exposure.
- The Mt. Diwata study on the Philippines 2000-treatment of mercury intoxicated inhabitants of a gold mining area with DMPS (2,3-dimercapto-1-propane-sulfonic acid, Dimaval)
Institute of Forensic Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany
Sci Total Environ 307:71-82. 2003
Ninty-five inhabitants of the gold mining area of Mt. Diwata (on Mindanao, Philippines), who were diagnosed to be mercury (Hg) intoxicated, were orally treated with 2 x 200 mg of the chelating agent DMPS (Dimaval, Co...
- How soon after infection with HIV does the risk of tuberculosis start to increase? A retrospective cohort study in South African gold miners
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
J Infect Dis 191:150-8. 2005
..Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) increases the risk of tuberculosis (TB), but no study has assessed how this risk changes with time since HIV seroconversion...
- Speciation of mercury and mode of transport from placer gold mine tailings
Aaron J Slowey
Surface and Aqueous Geochemistry Group, Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 2115, USA
Environ Sci Technol 39:1547-54. 2005
Historic placer gold mining in the Clear Creek tributary to the Sacramento River (Redding, CA) has highly impacted the hydrology and ecology of an important salmonid spawning stream...
- Human exposure to methylmercury through rice intake in mercury mining areas, Guizhou province, China
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550002, China
Environ Sci Technol 42:326-32. 2008
..Although the general population is primarily exposed to Me-Hg through contaminated fish and marine mammals, in Hg mining areas a long history of mining activities can produce serious Hg pollution to the local environment In a study of ..
- Excess of mesotheliomas after exposure to chrysotile in Balangero, Italy
Unit of Cancer Epidemiology, CeRMS and CPO Piemonte, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
Occup Environ Med 65:815-9. 2008
..However, follow-up ended in 1987 and white-collar workers and the employees of subcontractors were not studied...
- Community-directed risk assessment of mercury exposure from gold mining in Suriname
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Rev Panam Salud Publica 22:202-10. 2007
- Present status of asbestos mining and related health problems in India--a survey
A L Ramanathan
School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Ind Health 39:309-15. 2001
..The quality of asbestos produced in India is very poor. The mining and milling and other related processes expose the people to cancer and related diseases...
- Environmental exposure and fingernail analysis of arsenic and mercury in children and adults in a Nicaraguan gold mining community
Joel B Wickre
Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA
Arch Environ Health 59:400-9. 2004
Gold mining can release contaminants, including mercury, into the environment, and may increase exposure to naturally occurring elements such as arsenic...
- Isotopic variability of mercury in ore, mine-waste calcine, and leachates of mine-waste calcine from areas mined for mercury
Sarah J Stetson
Colorado School of Mines, Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, 1500 Illinois St, Golden, Colorado 80401, USA
Environ Sci Technol 43:7331-6. 2009
..calcine (retorted ore), and leachates obtained from water leaching experiments of calcine from two large Hg mining districts in the U.S...
- Health survey among people living near an abandoned mine. A case study: Jales mine, Portugal
Olga N Mayan
Center of Environmental and Occupational Health, National Institute of Health Porto Portugal
Environ Monit Assess 123:31-40. 2006
..The area is heavily contaminated with heavy metals and dusts from large tailings piles as result of centuries of mining operations. The aim of this study is to investigate potential health threats associated with site contamination...
- Evidence of declining STD prevalence in a South African mining community following a core-group intervention
AIDSCAP Family Health International, Nairobi, Kenya
Sex Transm Dis 27:1-8. 2000
To reduce the prevalence of curable sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in a South African mining community through provision of STD treatment services, including periodic presumptive treatment and prevention education to a core group of ..
- A new chemolithoautotrophic arsenite-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a gold mine: phylogenetic, physiological, and preliminary biochemical studies
J M Santini
Department of Microbiology, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia
Appl Environ Microbiol 66:92-7. 2000
..This recently discovered organism is the most rapidly growing chemolithoautotrophic arsenite oxidizer known...
- Fibre-optic bacterial biosensors and their application for the analysis of bioavailable Hg and As in soils and sediments from Aznalcollar mining area in Spain
National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics, Akadeemia tee 23, Tallinn 12618, Estonia
Biosens Bioelectron 22:1396-402. 2007
..to the respective non-immobilised sensors was assessed on 10 natural soil and sediment samples from Aznalcollar mining area (Spain). On the average 0.2% of the total Hg and 0...
- Investigation and risk assessment modeling of As and other heavy metals contamination around five abandoned metal mines in Korea
Arsenic Geoenvironment Laboratory (NRL, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712, South Korea
Environ Geochem Health 27:193-203. 2005
..The concentration reduction factor (CRF) of As in both soil and groundwater follows the order: Songchun>Dongjung>Dongil>Myoungbong>Duckum mine...
- The art of perpetuating a public health hazard
J Occup Environ Med 47:137-44. 2005
..b>Mining started in the late 1870s, and reports of disability and death followed in Britain (1898), in France (1906), and ..
- Survival from HIV-1 seroconversion in Southern Africa: a retrospective cohort study in nearly 2000 gold-miners over 10 years of follow-up
Judith R Glynn
Department of Epidemiology and Population Sciences, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
AIDS 21:625-32. 2007
..To obtain robust estimates of survival with HIV in individuals with known dates of seroconversion in Africa in the pre-antiretroviral era...
- Environmental risk assessment of metals contaminated soils at silvermines abandoned mine site, Co Tipperary, Ireland
Centre for Environmental Research, Lonsdale Building, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
Environ Geochem Health 25:247-66. 2003
A centuries long history of mining and mineral processing has resulted in elevated Cd, Pb and Zn soil concentrations in the vicinity of the Silvermines abandoned mine site (AMS), Co. Tipperary, Ireland...
- Characterization and speciation of mercury-bearing mine wastes using X-ray absorption spectroscopy
C S Kim
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, CA 94305 2115, USA
Sci Total Environ 261:157-68. 2000
b>Mining of mercury deposits located in the California Coast Range has resulted in the release of mercury to the local environment and water supplies...
- Heavy metal accumulation and tolerance in plants from mine tailings of the semiarid Cartagena-La Unión mining district (SE Spain)
Héctor M Conesa
Soil Protection Group, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, ETH Zurich, Universitatstrasse 16, 8902 Zürich, Switzerland
Sci Total Environ 366:1-11. 2006
..edaphic factors were investigated, including heavy metal concentrations, in three mine tailings from a semiarid mining zone in Southeast Spain...
- Mercury speciation by X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy and sequential chemical extractions: a comparison of speciation methods
Christopher S Kim
Surface and Aqueous Geochemistry Group, Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 2115, USA
Environ Sci Technol 37:5102-8. 2003
Determining the chemical speciation of mercury in contaminated mining and industrial environments is essential for predicting its solubility, transport behavior, and potential bioavailability as well as for designing effective remediation ..
- Distribution of inorganic arsenic species in mine tailings of abandoned mines from Korea
Myoung Jin Kim
Future Technology Research Division, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Cheongryang, Seoul
Chemosphere 49:307-12. 2002
..The results of XRD and SEM in the mine tailings showed that main arsenic-containing minerals were pyrite (FeS2) and arsenopyrite (FeAsS) which would be the source of arsenic contamination in the study area...
- Mortality among workers at a talc mining and milling facility
Environmental Health Sciences Program, Institute of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
Ann Occup Hyg 46:575-85. 2002
This study evaluated mortality among workers at a talc mining and milling facility.
- The history of uranium mining and the Navajo people
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass 02111, USA
Am J Public Health 92:1410-9. 2002
From World War II until 1971, the government was the sole purchaser of uranium ore in the United States. Uranium mining occurred mostly in the southwestern United States and drew many Native Americans and others into work in the mines and ..
- The ethical issues in uranium mining research in the Navajo Nation
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, Massachusetts, USA
Account Res 14:121-53. 2007
..analysis of public health (epidemiological) research conducted in the Navajo lands since the inception of uranium mining from the 1950s untill the end of the 20th century, we analyze the successes and failures in the research ..
- Environmental impact of mining activities on the surface water quality in Tibet: Gyama valley
Laboratory of Applied Environmental Chemistry, University of Eastern Finland, Patteristonkatu 1, FIN 50100 Mikkeli, Finland
Sci Total Environ 408:4177-84. 2010
Nearly 20years of industrial scale metal mining operations in Tibet have caused an impact on the region's surface water quality. However, no information with respect to the pollution has been provided to the public...
- Exposure pathways and health effects associated with chemical and radiological toxicity of natural uranium: a review
Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Rev Environ Health 20:177-93. 2005
Natural uranium exposure derives from the mining, milling, and processing of uranium ore, as well as from ingestion of groundwater that is naturally contaminated with uranium...
- The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD among former Basotho goldminers
Brendan V Girdler-Brown
School of Health Systems and Public Health, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Am J Ind Med 51:640-7. 2008
..The burden of silicosis, pulmonary tuberculosis and COPD is described in 624 South African gold miners 18 months after cessation of work...
- Rapid dissolution of soluble uranyl phases in arid, mine-impacted catchments near Church Rock, NM
Jamie L deLemos
Tufts University School of Engineering, USA
Environ Sci Technol 42:3951-7. 2008
We tested the hypothesis that runoff of uranium-bearing particles from mining waste disposal areas was a significant mechanism for redistribution of uranium in the northeastern part of the Upper Puerco River watershed (New Mexico)...
- Mercury speciation and microbial transformations in mine wastes, stream sediments, and surface waters at the Almadén Mining District, Spain
John E Gray
US Geological Survey, MS 973, Denver, Colorado 80225, USA
Environ Sci Technol 38:4285-92. 2004
..These data indicate substantial downstream transport of Hg from the Almadén mine and significant conversion to methyl-Hg in the surface environment...
- Chrysotile asbestos as a cause of mesothelioma: application of the Hill causation model
Richard A Lemen
Int J Occup Environ Health 10:233-9. 2004
..Many policymakers have relied upon this model in forming public health policy as well as deciding litigation issues. Chrysotile asbestos meets Hill's nine proposed criteria, establishing chrysotile asbestos as a cause of mesothelioma...
- Arsenicicoccus bolidensis a novel arsenic reducing actinomycete in contaminated sediments near the Adak mine (northern Sweden): impact on water chemistry
Department of Geology and Geochemistry, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Sci Total Environ 379:216-25. 2007
..A. bolidensis reduced 0.06-0.20 mM day(-1) As(V). As(V) reduction displays a direct correlation between the initial As(V) concentration, growth rate, and biomass yield...
- The present environmental scenario of the Nador Lagoon (Morocco)
Departamento de Geodinámica y Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad de Huelva, Avda Fuerzas Armadas, s n 21071, Huelva, Spain
Environ Res 102:215-29. 2006
..In addition, these microcrustaceans are absent in polluted bottom sediments or areas with high hydrodynamic gradients, whereas they decrease in both density and diversity if the subaerial exposure increases...