agriculture

Summary

Summary: The science of soil cultivation, crop production, and livestock raising.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Global consequences of land use
    Jonathan A Foley
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Science 309:570-4. 2005
  2. ncbi The molecular genetics of crop domestication
    John F Doebley
    Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Cell 127:1309-21. 2006
  3. ncbi Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100
    O E Sala
    Department of Ecology and Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas vinculadas a la Agricultura, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Avenida San Martin 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Argentina
    Science 287:1770-4. 2000
  4. ncbi Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people
    H Charles J Godfray
    Department of Zoology and Institute of Biodiversity at the James Martin 21st Century School, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 327:812-8. 2010
  5. ncbi Solutions for a cultivated planet
    Jonathan A Foley
    Institute on the Environment IonE, University of Minnesota, 1954 Buford Avenue, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 478:337-42. 2011
  6. ncbi Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security
    R Lal
    Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 304:1623-7. 2004
  7. ncbi Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 418:671-7. 2002
  8. pmc Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20260-4. 2011
  9. pmc Insect pollinated crops, insect pollinators and US agriculture: trend analysis of aggregate data for the period 1992-2009
    Nicholas W Calderone
    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e37235. 2012
  10. pmc AgBase: a functional genomics resource for agriculture
    Fiona M McCarthy
    Department of Basic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    BMC Genomics 7:229. 2006

Detail Information

Publications371 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Global consequences of land use
    Jonathan A Foley
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Science 309:570-4. 2005
    ..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
  2. ncbi The molecular genetics of crop domestication
    John F Doebley
    Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Cell 127:1309-21. 2006
    Ten thousand years ago human societies around the globe began to transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture. By 4000 years ago, ancient peoples had completed the domestication of all major crop species upon which human survival ..
  3. ncbi Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100
    O E Sala
    Department of Ecology and Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas vinculadas a la Agricultura, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Avenida San Martin 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Argentina
    Science 287:1770-4. 2000
    ..Plausible changes in biodiversity in other biomes depend on interactions among the causes of biodiversity change. These interactions represent one of the largest uncertainties in projections of future biodiversity change...
  4. ncbi Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people
    H Charles J Godfray
    Department of Zoology and Institute of Biodiversity at the James Martin 21st Century School, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 327:812-8. 2010
    ..A multifaceted and linked global strategy is needed to ensure sustainable and equitable food security, different components of which are explored here...
  5. ncbi Solutions for a cultivated planet
    Jonathan A Foley
    Institute on the Environment IonE, University of Minnesota, 1954 Buford Avenue, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 478:337-42. 2011
    Increasing population and consumption are placing unprecedented demands on agriculture and natural resources...
  6. ncbi Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security
    R Lal
    Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 304:1623-7. 2004
    ..5 to 1 kg/ha for cowpeas. As well as enhancing food security, carbon sequestration has the potential to offset fossil fuel emissions by 0.4 to 1.2 gigatons of carbon per year, or 5 to 15% of the global fossil-fuel emissions...
  7. ncbi Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 418:671-7. 2002
    ..New incentives and policies for ensuring the sustainability of agriculture and ecosystem services will be crucial if we are to meet the demands of improving yields without compromising ..
  8. pmc Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20260-4. 2011
    ..Quantitative assessments show that the environmental impacts of meeting this demand depend on how global agriculture expands...
  9. pmc Insect pollinated crops, insect pollinators and US agriculture: trend analysis of aggregate data for the period 1992-2009
    Nicholas W Calderone
    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e37235. 2012
    ....
  10. pmc AgBase: a functional genomics resource for agriculture
    Fiona M McCarthy
    Department of Basic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    BMC Genomics 7:229. 2006
    ....
  11. ncbi Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 292:281-4. 2001
    ..Should past dependences of the global environmental impacts of agriculture on human population and consumption continue, 10(9) hectares of natural ecosystems would be converted to ..
  12. ncbi Genetic discontinuity between local hunter-gatherers and central Europe's first farmers
    B Bramanti
    Institute for Anthropology, University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany
    Science 326:137-40. 2009
    ..Together, these analyses provide persuasive evidence that the first farmers were not the descendants of local hunter-gatherers but immigrated into central Europe at the onset of the Neolithic...
  13. pmc Pyrosequencing-based assessment of bacterial community structure along different management types in German forest and grassland soils
    Heiko Nacke
    Department of Genomic and Applied Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e17000. 2011
    ..In contrast to the importance of soil bacteria for ecosystem functioning, we understand little how different management types affect the soil bacterial community composition...
  14. ncbi An SNP caused loss of seed shattering during rice domestication
    Saeko Konishi
    Institute of the Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries, 446 1 Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
    Science 312:1392-6. 2006
    ....
  15. ncbi Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication
    Jared Diamond
    Department of Physiology, University of California Medical School, Los Angeles, 90095 1751, USA
    Nature 418:700-7. 2002
    ....
  16. ncbi Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food webs
    Jason M Tylianakis
    Agroecology, Georg August University, Waldweg 26, Goettingen D 37073, Germany
    Nature 445:202-5. 2007
    Global conversion of natural habitats to agriculture has led to marked changes in species diversity and composition. However, it is less clear how habitat modification affects interactions among species...
  17. pmc Soil type is the primary determinant of the composition of the total and active bacterial communities in arable soils
    Martina S Girvan
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, England, UK
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:1800-9. 2003
    ..The active population was therefore more indicative of short-term management changes...
  18. ncbi The global stock of domesticated honey bees is growing slower than agricultural demand for pollination
    Marcelo A Aizen
    Laboratorio Ecotono, INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, 8400 Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina
    Curr Biol 19:915-8. 2009
    ..In contrast, our analysis of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) data reveals that the global population of managed honey-bee hives has increased ..
  19. pmc Major evolutionary transitions in ant agriculture
    Ted R Schultz
    Department of Entomology and Laboratories of Analytical Biology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, P O Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013 7012, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:5435-40. 2008
    b>Agriculture is a specialized form of symbiosis that is known to have evolved in only four animal groups: humans, bark beetles, termites, and ants...
  20. ncbi Reconciling food production and biodiversity conservation: land sharing and land sparing compared
    Ben Phalan
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Science 333:1289-91. 2011
    ..and land sparing, in which high-yield farming is combined with protecting natural habitats from conversion to agriculture. To test these alternatives, we compared crop yields and densities of bird and tree species across gradients of ..
  21. ncbi Plant-microbe interactions promoting plant growth and health: perspectives for controlled use of microorganisms in agriculture
    Gabriele Berg
    Environmental Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 84:11-8. 2009
    ..Altogether, the use of microorganisms and the exploitation of beneficial plant-microbe interactions offer promising and environmentally friendly strategies for conventional and organic agriculture worldwide.
  22. ncbi Microbial diversity in soil: selection microbial populations by plant and soil type and implications for disease suppressiveness
    P Garbeva
    Netherlands Institute of Ecology, NIOO KNAW, Center for Terrestrial Ecology, Heteren, The Netherlands
    Annu Rev Phytopathol 42:243-70. 2004
    ..A conceptual framework, based on the relative strengths of the shaping forces exerted by plant and soil versus the ecological behavior of microorganisms, is proposed...
  23. ncbi Prioritizing climate change adaptation needs for food security in 2030
    David B Lobell
    Food Security and Environment Program, Woods Institute for the Environment and the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 319:607-10. 2008
    ..We also find that uncertainties vary widely by crop, and therefore priorities will depend on the risk attitudes of investment institutions...
  24. ncbi The use of push-pull strategies in integrated pest management
    Samantha M Cook
    Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, UK
    Annu Rev Entomol 52:375-400. 2007
    ..We describe the principles of the strategy, list the potential components, and present case studies reviewing work on the development and use of push-pull strategies in each of the major areas of pest control...
  25. ncbi Farmers and their languages: the first expansions
    Jared Diamond
    Department of Geography, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1524, USA
    Science 300:597-603. 2003
    ..Further progress will depend on interdisciplinary research that combines archaeology, crop and livestock studies, physical anthropology, genetics, and linguistics...
  26. ncbi The domestication process and domestication rate in rice: spikelet bases from the Lower Yangtze
    Dorian Q Fuller
    Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London WC1H 0PY, UK
    Science 323:1607-10. 2009
    ..In addition, an assemblage of annual grasses, sedges, and other herbaceous plants indicates the presence of arable weeds, typical of cultivated rice, that also increased over this period...
  27. ncbi Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate
    Eugenia Kalnay
    University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20770 2425, USA
    Nature 423:528-31. 2003
    ..influences on climate are the emission of greenhouse gases and changes in land use, such as urbanization and agriculture. But it has been difficult to separate these two influences because both tend to increase the daily mean ..
  28. ncbi Impact of deforestation and agricultural development on anopheline ecology and malaria epidemiology
    Junko Yasuoka
    Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:450-60. 2007
    ..This study suggests the possibility of predicting potential impacts of future deforestation on vector density by using information on types of planned agricultural development and the ecology of local anopheline species...
  29. ncbi Carbon-negative biofuels from low-input high-diversity grassland biomass
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 314:1598-600. 2006
    ..32 megagram hectare(-1) year(-1)). Moreover, LIHD biofuels can be produced on agriculturally degraded lands and thus need to neither displace food production nor cause loss of biodiversity via habitat destruction...
  30. pmc The origin of the naked grains of maize
    Huai Wang
    Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Nature 436:714-9. 2005
    ..Our results demonstrate that modest genetic changes in single genes can induce dramatic changes in phenotype during domestication and evolution...
  31. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
    ....
  32. pmc Association of in utero organophosphate pesticide exposure and fetal growth and length of gestation in an agricultural population
    Brenda Eskenazi
    Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, 94720 7380, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1116-24. 2004
    ..However, despite these observed associations, the rate of preterm delivery in this population (6.4%) was lower than in a U.S. reference population...
  33. pmc Domestication and early agriculture in the Mediterranean Basin: Origins, diffusion, and impact
    Melinda A Zeder
    Archaeobiology Program, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:11597-604. 2008
    The past decade has witnessed a quantum leap in our understanding of the origins, diffusion, and impact of early agriculture in the Mediterranean Basin...
  34. ncbi The impacts of climate change on water resources and agriculture in China
    Shilong Piao
    Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Science, Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, and Center of Climate Research, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    Nature 467:43-51. 2010
    ..does not allow a clear assessment of the impact of anthropogenic climate change on China's water resources and agriculture and therefore China's ability to feed its people...
  35. pmc Rapid, global demographic expansions after the origins of agriculture
    Christopher R Gignoux
    University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6044-9. 2011
    The invention of agriculture is widely assumed to have driven recent human population growth. However, direct genetic evidence for population growth after independent agricultural origins has been elusive...
  36. pmc Diverse applications of electronic-nose technologies in agriculture and forestry
    Alphus D Wilson
    USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Center for Bottomland Hardwoods Research, Southern Hardwoods Laboratory, Stoneville, MS 38776, USA
    Sensors (Basel) 13:2295-348. 2013
    ..types of aroma-sensor technologies, have been developed for a diversity of applications in the broad fields of agriculture and forestry...
  37. pmc Anopheles gambiae distribution and insecticide resistance in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé (Cameroon): influence of urban agriculture and pollution
    Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio
    Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Organisation de Coordination pour la lutte contre les Endémies en Afrique Centrale OCEAC, P O Box 288, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Malar J 10:154. 2011
    ..A study was undertaken to assess the importance of urban pollution and agriculture practice on the distribution and susceptibility to insecticide of malaria vectors in the two main cities in ..
  38. ncbi Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR): emergence in agriculture
    P N Bhattacharyya
    Department of Botany, Microbial Ecology Laboratory, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, 781014, India
    World J Microbiol Biotechnol 28:1327-50. 2012
    ..The potentiality of PGPR in agriculture is steadily increased as it offers an attractive way to replace the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and ..
  39. ncbi What's new about old fields? Land abandonment and ecosystem assembly
    Viki A Cramer
    School of Environmental Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:104-12. 2008
    ..Yet intensification of agriculture and rapid environmental change will lead to increasing numbers of old fields that show little recovery towards ..
  40. ncbi Assessing the impact of the green revolution, 1960 to 2000
    R E Evenson
    Department of Economics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Science 300:758-62. 2003
    ..Productivity gains, however, have been uneven across crops and regions. Consumers generally benefited from declines in food prices. Farmers benefited only where cost reductions exceeded price reductions...
  41. pmc Reducing environmental risk by improving N management in intensive Chinese agricultural systems
    Xiao Tang Ju
    Key Laboratory of Plant and Soil Interactions, Ministry of Education, China, and College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:3041-6. 2009
    ....
  42. ncbi Changes in land use alter the structure of bacterial communities in Western Amazon soils
    Ederson da C Jesus
    Center for Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University, MI 48824, USA
    ISME J 3:1004-11. 2009
    ..Pasture and crop soil communities were among the most diverse, showing that these land use types did not deplete bacterial diversity under the conditions found in our sites...
  43. ncbi Ancient DNA reveals lack of continuity between neolithic hunter-gatherers and contemporary Scandinavians
    Helena Malmström
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Curr Biol 19:1758-62. 2009
    ..Furthermore, our data are consistent with the view that the eastern Baltic represents a genetic refugia for some of the European hunter-gatherer populations...
  44. ncbi Farming and the fate of wild nature
    Rhys E Green
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK
    Science 307:550-5. 2005
    ..Empirical data on such density-yield functions are sparse, but evidence from a range of taxa in developing countries suggests that high-yield farming may allow more species to persist...
  45. pmc Organophosphate pesticide exposure and neurodevelopment in young Mexican-American children
    Brenda Eskenazi
    Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 7380, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:792-8. 2007
    Organophosphate (OP) pesticides are widely used in agriculture and homes. Animal studies suggest that even moderate doses are neurodevelopmental toxicants, but there are few studies in humans.
  46. pmc Genetic modifications of pigs for medicine and agriculture
    Jeffrey J Whyte
    National Swine Resource and Research Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Mol Reprod Dev 78:879-91. 2011
    Genetically modified swine hold great promise in the fields of agriculture and medicine...
  47. ncbi Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: food and agriculture
    Sharon Friel
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Lancet 374:2016-25. 2009
    ..Coordinated intersectoral action is needed across agricultural, nutritional, public health, and climate change communities worldwide to provide affordable, healthy, low-emission diets for all societies...
  48. pmc Domestication of plants in the Americas: insights from Mendelian and molecular genetics
    Barbara Pickersgill
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Reading, Reading, UK
    Ann Bot 100:925-40. 2007
    ....
  49. ncbi Antibiotic use in plant agriculture
    Patricia S McManus
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706 1598, USA
    Annu Rev Phytopathol 40:443-65. 2002
    ..Nonetheless, the role of antibiotic use on plants in the antibiotic-resistance crisis in human medicine is the subject of debate...
  50. ncbi Pesticides in dust from homes in an agricultural area
    Martha E Harnly
    Environmental Health Investigations Branch, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 43:8767-74. 2009
    ..0, a very low vapor pressure, or both. Health risk assessments for pesticides that have these properties may need to include evaluation of exposures to house dust...
  51. pmc Food consumption trends and drivers
    John Kearney
    Department of Biological Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology DIT, Dublin, Eire
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2793-807. 2010
    ..Future food policies must consider both agricultural and health sectors, thereby enabling the development of coherent and sustainable policies that will ultimately benefit agriculture, human health and the environment.
  52. ncbi Decline and conservation of bumble bees
    D Goulson
    School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
    Annu Rev Entomol 53:191-208. 2008
    ..Suggested measures include tight regulation of commercial bumble bee use and targeted use of environmentally comparable schemes to enhance floristic diversity in agricultural landscapes...
  53. ncbi Plant-pathogen interactions: disease resistance in modern agriculture
    Lesley A Boyd
    National Institute for Agricultural Botany, Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0LE, UK
    Trends Genet 29:233-40. 2013
    ..Here, we review these recent advances and progress towards the ultimate goal of developing disease-resistant crops...
  54. pmc Decoupling of deforestation and soy production in the southern Amazon during the late 2000s
    Marcia N Macedo
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:1341-6. 2012
    ..It remains uncertain whether government- and industry-led policies can contain deforestation if future market conditions favor another boom in agricultural expansion...
  55. ncbi Climate change, deforestation, and the fate of the Amazon
    Yadvinder Malhi
    Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
    Science 319:169-72. 2008
    ..We also discuss the implications of new proposals to finance preservation of Amazonian forests...
  56. pmc Investigation of the bottleneck leading to the domestication of maize
    A Eyre-Walker
    Department of Plant Sciences and Center for Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08902, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:4441-6. 1998
    ..For example, the breadth of genetic diversity in maize is consistent with a founding population of only 20 individuals when the domestication event is 10 generations in length...
  57. pmc Conversion of the Amazon rainforest to agriculture results in biotic homogenization of soil bacterial communities
    Jorge L M Rodrigues
    Department of Biology, University of Texas, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:988-93. 2013
    ....
  58. ncbi Meeting the demand for crop production: the challenge of yield decline in crops grown in short rotations
    Amanda J Bennett
    School of Life Sciences, Wellesbourne Campus, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 87:52-71. 2012
    There is a trend world-wide to grow crops in short rotation or in monoculture, particularly in conventional agriculture. This practice is becoming more prevalent due to a range of factors including economic market trends, technological ..
  59. ncbi Plant protection and growth stimulation by microorganisms: biotechnological applications of Bacilli in agriculture
    Alejandro Pérez-García
    Departamento de Microbiologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Malaga, Instituto de Hortofruticultura Subtropical y Mediterranea, Boulevard Louis Pateur Campus Universitario de Teatinos s n, 29071 Malaga, Spain
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 22:187-93. 2011
    ..Bacillus-based biopesticides are widely used in conventional agriculture, by contrast, implementation of Bacillus-based biofungicides and biofertilizers is still a pending issue.
  60. ncbi Nitrogen turnover in soil and global change
    Julien Ollivier
    Technical University Munich, Chair of Soil Ecology, Oberschleissheim, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 78:3-16. 2011
    ..N-fixation and mineralization are highly influenced by changing climatic conditions, intensification of agriculture and the application of new chemicals to a so far unknown extent...
  61. ncbi Comparing the yields of organic and conventional agriculture
    Verena Seufert
    Department of Geography and Global Environmental and Climate Change Center, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H2T 3A3, Canada
    Nature 485:229-32. 2012
    Numerous reports have emphasized the need for major changes in the global food system: agriculture must meet the twin challenge of feeding a growing population, with rising demand for meat and high-calorie diets, while simultaneously ..
  62. pmc Ultrasonic and LIDAR sensors for electronic canopy characterization in vineyards: advances to improve pesticide application methods
    Jordi Llorens
    Department of Agri Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Campus del Baix Llobregat, Edifici D4, Esteve Terradas, 8, 08860 Castelldefels, Spain
    Sensors (Basel) 11:2177-94. 2011
    ..The proposed new technologies seems very appropriate as complementary tools to improve the efficiency of pesticide applications, although further improvements are still needed...
  63. pmc How much does agriculture depend on pollinators? Lessons from long-term trends in crop production
    Marcelo A Aizen
    INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Rio Negro, Argentina
    Ann Bot 103:1579-88. 2009
    ..The change in pollinator dependency over 46 years was also evaluated, considering the developed and developing world separately...
  64. pmc Plant genetics, sustainable agriculture and global food security
    Pamela Ronald
    University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Genetics 188:11-20. 2011
    ..and evaluated in light of their environmental, economic, and social impacts-the three pillars of sustainable agriculture. In this review, I describe some lessons learned, over the last decade, of how genetically engineered crops ..
  65. ncbi Agricultural intensification and biodiversity partitioning in European landscapes comparing plants, carabids, and birds
    Andreas Flohre
    Agroecology, Department of Crop Science, Georg August University, Waldweg 26, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
    Ecol Appl 21:1772-81. 2011
    ..In conclusion, a more detailed understanding of AI effects on diversity patterns of various taxa and at multiple spatial scales would contribute to more efficient agri-environmental schemes in agroecosystems...
  66. ncbi Significant acidification in major Chinese croplands
    J H Guo
    College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    Science 327:1008-10. 2010
    ..In comparison, acid deposition (0.4 to 2.0 kilomoles of H+ per hectare per year) made a small contribution to the acidification of agricultural soils across China...
  67. ncbi Soil fertility and biodiversity in organic farming
    Paul Mäder
    Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, Ackerstrasse, CH 5070 Frick, Switzerland
    Science 296:1694-7. 2002
    ..Enhanced soil fertility and higher biodiversity found in organic plots may render these systems less dependent on external inputs...
  68. pmc Ancient DNA from European early neolithic farmers reveals their near eastern affinities
    Wolfgang Haak
    Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    PLoS Biol 8:e1000536. 2010
    ....
  69. ncbi Life systems of polyphagous arthropod pests in temporally unstable cropping systems
    G G Kennedy
    Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695 7630, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 45:467-93. 2000
    ..The life systems of three selected polyphagous pests are presented to demonstrate how an understanding of such systems in agricultural ecosystems improves our ability to predict and hence manage these populations...
  70. ncbi Communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in arable soils are not necessarily low in diversity
    Isabelle Hijri
    Botanical Institute, University of Basel, Hebelstrasse, 1, CH 4056 Basel, Switzerland
    Mol Ecol 15:2277-89. 2006
    ..These data show that the diversity of AMF is not always low in arable soils. Furthermore, low-input agriculture involving crop rotation may provide better conditions to preserve AMF diversity, by preventing the selection ..
  71. ncbi Ecological impacts of early 21st century agricultural change in Europe--a review
    C Stoate
    The Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust, Allerton Project, Loddington, Leics LE7 9XE, UK
    J Environ Manage 91:22-46. 2009
    ..Research into ecosystem services associated with agriculture may provide further pressure to develop policy that is targeted at their continuous provisioning, fostering ..
  72. pmc Y-chromosomal evidence of the cultural diffusion of agriculture in Southeast Europe
    Vincenza Battaglia
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    Eur J Hum Genet 17:820-30. 2009
    ..To investigate the possible involvement of local people during the transition of agriculture in the Balkans, we analysed patterns of Y-chromosome diversity in 1206 subjects from 17 population samples, ..
  73. ncbi Loss of functional diversity under land use intensification across multiple taxa
    Dan F B Flynn
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Ecol Lett 12:22-33. 2009
    ..In over one-quarter of the bird and mammal communities impacted by agriculture, declines in FD were steeper than predicted by species number...
  74. ncbi Mechanisms underlying plant resilience to water deficits: prospects for water-saving agriculture
    M M Chaves
    Departamento Botânica e Engenharia Biológica, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349 017 Lisboa, Portugal
    J Exp Bot 55:2365-84. 2004
    ..Emphasis is given to the most successful or promising cases of genetic engineering in crops, using functional or regulatory genes. as well as to promising technologies, such as the transfer of transcription factors...
  75. ncbi Differences in vegetation composition and plant species identity lead to only minor changes in soil-borne microbial communities in a former arable field
    Anna Kielak
    Department of Terrestrial Microbial Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Heteren, The Netherlands
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 63:372-82. 2008
    ....
  76. ncbi Atmospheric science. Land use and climate change
    Roger A Pielke
    Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Science 310:1625-6. 2005
  77. ncbi Insecticidal toxins from Photorhabdus bacteria and their potential use in agriculture
    Richard H Ffrench-Constant
    Center for Ecology and Conservation, School of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter in Cornwall, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9EZ, UK
    Toxicon 49:436-51. 2007
    Most of the insecticidal toxins used in agriculture come from a single bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis or 'Bt'...
  78. ncbi Long-term global trends in crop yield and production reveal no current pollination shortage but increasing pollinator dependency
    Marcelo A Aizen
    Laboratorio Ecotono, INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, 8400 Bariloche Río Negro, Argentina
    Curr Biol 18:1572-5. 2008
    ..We further report, however, that agriculture has become more pollinator dependent because of a disproportionate increase in the area cultivated with ..
  79. ncbi Influence of the farming system and vine variety on yeast communities associated with grape berries
    Gustavo Cordero-Bueso
    Departamento de Agroalimentacion, Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural Agrario y Alimentario, Autovía A2, Km 38, 2 28800 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 145:132-9. 2011
    ....
  80. pmc The tomato rhizosphere, an environment rich in nitrogen-fixing Burkholderia species with capabilities of interest for agriculture and bioremediation
    Jesus Caballero-Mellado
    Centro de Ciencias Genomicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ap Postal 565 A, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:5308-19. 2007
    ..Most of the diazotrophic Burkholderia species produced hydroxamate-type siderophores. Certainly, the N2-fixing Burkholderia species associated with plants have great potential for agro-biotechnological applications...
  81. ncbi A decade of land use contributes to changes in the chemistry, biochemistry and bacterial community structures of soils in the Cerrado
    R S Peixoto
    LEMM Laboratório de Ecologia Microbiana Molecular, Instituto de Microbiologia Professor Paulo de Goes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 98:403-13. 2010
    ..05), indicating that the different changes in soil properties induced by soil use or management may drive the formation of the soil BCS...
  82. ncbi Bacterial gene abundances as indicators of greenhouse gas emission in soils
    Sergio E Morales
    Microbial Ecology Program, Division of Biological Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 1006, USA
    ISME J 4:799-808. 2010
    ..We also link greenhouse gas emissions with specific compositional responses in the soil bacterial community and assess the use of denitrifying gene abundances as proxies for determining nitrous oxide emissions from soils...
  83. pmc Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pig farming
    Andreas Voss
    Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1965-6. 2005
    ..While spa-type t108 is apparently a more widespread clone among pig farmers and their environment, we did find other spa-types...
  84. ncbi Primitive agriculture in a social amoeba
    Debra A Brock
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, Texas 77005, USA
    Nature 469:393-6. 2011
    b>Agriculture has been a large part of the ecological success of humans...
  85. pmc Determinants of agricultural pesticide concentrations in carpet dust
    Robert B Gunier
    Cancer Prevention Institute of California, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:970-6. 2011
    ..Residential proximity to agricultural pesticide applications has been used as a surrogate for exposure in epidemiologic studies, although little is known about the relationship with levels of pesticides in homes...
  86. pmc Unravelling soil fungal communities from different Mediterranean land-use backgrounds
    Alberto Orgiazzi
    Department of Life Science and Systems Biology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e34847. 2012
    ..Therefore, to achieve a balance between conservation and human development, a better understanding of the impact of land use on the underlying fungal communities is needed...
  87. pmc Evaluating the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis with genetic variation exhibited by populations in the Southwest and Mesoamerica
    Brian M Kemp
    Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4910, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:6759-64. 2010
    ..Hypothesis posits that prehistoric population expansions, precipitated by the innovation or early adoption of agriculture, played an important role in the uneven distribution of language families recorded across the world...
  88. pmc Prostate cancer and ambient pesticide exposure in agriculturally intensive areas in California
    Myles Cockburn
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 173:1280-8. 2011
    ..The associations appear specific to compounds with a plausible biologic role in prostate carcinogenesis...
  89. pmc Assessment of a pesticide exposure intensity algorithm in the agricultural health study
    Kent W Thomas
    US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:559-69. 2010
    ..Refinement of the algorithm may be possible using the results from this and other measurement studies...
  90. pmc The relationship between mosquito abundance and rice field density in the Republic of Korea
    Erin E Richards
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 9:32. 2010
    ..Rice fields were manually digitized inside 1.5 km buffer zones surrounding U.S. military installations on high-resolution satellite images, and the proportion of rice fields was calculated for each buffer zone...
  91. ncbi Helminth infections among people using wastewater and human excreta in peri-urban agriculture and aquaculture in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Thuy Trang Do
    Division of Enteric Infections, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Trop Med Int Health 12:82-90. 2007
    To assess the prevalence of helminth infections and their associated risks in a community using both wastewater and human excreta in agriculture and aquaculture.
  92. ncbi Evidence of previous avian influenza infection among US turkey workers
    G Kayali
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Zoonoses Public Health 57:265-72. 2010
    ..These data further support increasing surveillance and other preparedness efforts to include not only confinement poultry facilities, but more importantly, also small scale farms...
  93. ncbi Understanding water deficit stress-induced changes in the basic metabolism of higher plants - biotechnologically and sustainably improving agriculture and the ecoenvironment in arid regions of the globe
    Hong Bo Shao
    Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Science, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, China
    Crit Rev Biotechnol 29:131-51. 2009
    ..Productive and sustainable agriculture necessitates growing plants (crops) in arid and semiarid regions with less input of precious resources such as ..
  94. ncbi Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birds
    Bjorn Olsen
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
    Science 312:384-8. 2006
    ....
  95. ncbi Malaria in tree crop plantations in south-eastern and western provinces of Thailand
    P Singhasivanon
    Department of Tropical Hygiene, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 30:399-404. 1999
    ..dirus and An. minimus are prevalent and have adapted to such changed ecosystems...
  96. ncbi Breast cancer risk in Hispanic agricultural workers in California
    Paul K Mills
    Cancer Registry of Central California, Fresno, California 93710, USA
    Int J Occup Environ Health 11:123-31. 2005
    ..41 (0.66-3.02). Chlordane, malathion, and 2,4-D were associated with increased risk. Risk associated with chemical use was stronger in younger women, those with early-onset breast cancer, and those diagnosed earlier (1988--1994)...
  97. ncbi Ranking the magnitude of crop and farming system effects on soil microbial biomass and genetic structure of bacterial communities
    Martin Hartmann
    Molecular Ecology, Agroscope FAL Reckenholz, Swiss Federal Research Station for Agroecology and Agriculture, Zurich, Switzerland
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 57:378-88. 2006
    ..Effects of management and plant protection regimes occurred on an intermediate level, while the two stages in the crop rotation had a marginal influence that was not significant...
  98. pmc Genetic variation, population structure and linkage disequilibrium in peach commercial varieties
    Maria Jose Aranzana
    IRTA, Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica CSIC IRTA UAB, Carretera de Cabrils Km 2, 08348 Cabrils, Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Genet 11:69. 2010
    ..For this we genotyped 224 peach cultivars using 50 SSRs evenly distributed along the 8 linkage groups of the Prunus reference map...
  99. ncbi N uptake and distribution in crops: an agronomical and ecophysiological perspective
    F Gastal
    Unité d Ecophysiologie des Plantes Fourragères, INRA UEPF, 86600 Lusignan, France
    J Exp Bot 53:789-99. 2002
    ..Therefore, N uptake and distribution in plants and crops involves many aspects of growth and development. Regulation of nitrogen assimilation needs to be considered in the context of these interregulatory processes...
  100. ncbi Natural and within-farmland biodiversity enhances crop productivity
    Luísa Gigante Carvalheiro
    Applied Biodiversity Research, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Kirstenbosch Research Centre, Private Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa
    Ecol Lett 14:251-9. 2011
    Ongoing expansion of large-scale agriculture critically threatens natural habitats and the pollination services they offer...
  101. ncbi Impact of pesticides used in agriculture and vineyards to surface and groundwater quality (North Spain)
    Alain Hildebrandt
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Jordi Girona 18 26, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Water Res 42:3315-26. 2008
    ..Only trace levels were rarely detected in the Miño river basin. Groundwater levels were higher than surface water levels for the studied pesticides...

Research Grants77

  1. A Low-Cost Upper-Extremity Prosthesis for Under-Served Populations
    BRADLEY VEATCH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to be as high as 25,000,000 persons; approximately 80% of these live in rural areas and survive through agriculture and animal husbandry...
  2. Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women
    Eileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. Department of Agriculture and the Institute of Medicine...
  3. Novel Zebrafish Models to Study Toxicity of PCBs and Pesticides During Pregnancy
    Lisa Satterwhite; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The reporter strains then will be used to screen pesticides used in agriculture, in combinations and sequence typical of a growing season...
  4. UNDERSTANDING VIBRATION INJURY
    Danny A Riley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5 million workers use powered tools in the construction, manufacturing, agriculture-forestry and fishing, and mining Sectors and are currently exposed to levels of hand-arm vibration putting them ..
  5. Maternal nutrient restriction and nonhuman primate fetal skeletal muscle developm
    Min Du; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A 2002 study by the Economic Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture, 11.1 percent of US households (12 million households) experienced either food insecurity or hunger...
  6. Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Rocky Mountain Virology Association
    Joel Rovnak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the University of Northern Colorado, the Centers for Disease Control (Fort Collins) and the Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service as well as scientists from industry, other universities in Colorado, ..
  7. Tyrosinase Model Complexes using Imidazole Ligands
    JOHN BRANNON GARY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As such, the tyrosinase enzyme is quite significant in medicine, agriculture, and industry...
  8. Towards a vaccine against Fasciola hepatica using FhSAP2 as an antigen
    Ana M Espino; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Fascioliasis causes losses in agriculture estimated at >US3.2billion per year...
  9. Defining evolutionary trajectories: Molecular adaptation to antibiotic resistance
    ADIL YOUSIF SHAMOO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition to human-to-human transmission within clinical settings, the widespread use of antibiotics in agriculture and aquaculture has also led to the proliferation of resistant strains...
  10. Bangladesh Centre for Global Environmental and Occupational Health
    Dewan Shamsul Alam; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that areas such as Bangladesh may suffer the most severe impact from climate change due to its impact on agriculture and water scarcity...
  11. Delivery of Polyphenols in Gum for Treatment of Gingivitis
    Craig S Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The investigators have assembled a highly interdisciplinary team encompassing collaborations between the agriculture industry, oral biologists, small business, and Tom's of Maine, a large healthcare company that focuses on ..
  12. Evaluating Economic Subsidies To Improve Dietary Intake Among Low Income Families
    Marian L Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..dietary intake and address the high prevalence of obesity among low-income children, the US Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service (USDA-FNS) published an interim rule in the Federal Register revising the food ..
  13. Re-Wiring Cellular Metabolism to Control Biofilm Formation and Virulence BY...
    Thomas K Wood; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..S. or 3% GNP), forming hydrogen for fuel cells, rhizoremediation and biocontrol in agriculture, and patterning in microfluidic devices...
  14. Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from Swine: application to genetic modification
    ROBERT MICHAEL ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to delete both alleles of LDLR and thereby produce a genetically modified pig with potential interest to both agriculture and medicine by NT...
  15. Substituting Brown Rice for White Rice: Effect on Diabetes Risk Factors in India
    Mohan Viswanathan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Such policies could also encourage ministries of agriculture to support production of whole grains, thereby improving accessibility and regulate costs...
  16. Mucosal innate immune defense to Rift Valley fever virus
    Amy G Hise; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..virus (RVFV) is designated a priority pathogen based upon its projected severe impact on public health and agriculture in North America in the event of a deliberate release...
  17. Epidemiology of asthma: risk and prognosis in a cohort from birth to adolescence
    Syed Hasan Arshad; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and environmental risk factors (including, breastfeeding, tobacco smoke exposure, markers of pollution and agriculture exposure)...
  18. Role of pattern recognition receptors in organic dust-induced airway inflammation
    Jill A Poole; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..could lead to the development of novel treatments to prevent and manage organic dust-induced airway disease in agriculture workers...
  19. Aerosol Delivery of a Recombinant Butyrylcholinesterase "BioShield" to Protect Ag
    YVONNE J ROSENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Organophosphorus (OPs) compound are potent neurotoxic chemicals that are widely used in medicine, industry and agriculture;most notably as insecticides...
  20. Tsetse Transmitted African Trypanosomiasis
    Serap Aksoy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4) Develop a community of researchers/mentors in DECs with strong knowledge in bioethics, good clinical and laboratory practice, biosafety, data management and research administration as well as strong publication skills and ethics ..
  21. Impact of maternal work in the Ecuadorian flower industry on infant development
    Alexis Handal; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by investigator): Industrial agriculture is an increasingly important component of the economies of developing countries and women of reproductive age are an integral part of this labor force...
  22. Innate Immune Sensing of Rift Valley Fever Virus
    Amy G Hise; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is designated a Category A biodefense pathogen based upon its projected severe impact on public health and agriculture in North America in the event of a deliberate release...
  23. Impact of corn grind diameter and housing environment on performance and presence
    Kenneth Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Piedmont Research Station, North Carolina Department of Agriculture and the Department of Poultry Science, North Carolina State University will provide experimental animals (White ..
  24. Research Training on Chronic Lung Diseases in Southern Africa
    Thomas G Robins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mining &construction industries, respirable dust in coal mines, allergens and endotoxin associated with agriculture and food processing) exposures...
  25. Molecular and Genetic Dissection of Ultraviolet-B Signaling in Arabidopsis
    Zheng Hui He; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the molecular mechanism of how cells sense and respond to UV-B at all levels is fundamentally important to both agriculture and human health...
  26. Small Molecule Signaling in Caenorhabditis elegans
    FRANK CLEMENS SCHROEDER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..elegans, but also of nematode species relevant in agriculture or medicine. Furthermore, methodology developed for characterizing C...
  27. Mid-Atlantic Nutrition Obesity Research Center
    Alan R Shuldiner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville), with multidisciplinary expertise and a strong track record of collaboration and NIH funding...
  28. Signaling Mechanisms in Plant Innate Immunity
    Jen Sheen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..molecular mechanisms in innate immune signaling, and provide innovative tools for future improvement of agriculture, environment and renewable energy production, as well as human health in treating infectious, inflammatory and ..
  29. Precocious immune senescence induced by pre- & postnatal atrazine exposure
    John B Barnett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..One, atrazine is both the most heavily used single herbicide employed in USA agriculture at this time and, the most common herbicide contaminant detected in ground water in the USA (http://water.usgs...
  30. MSU Clinical Center Animal Facility HVAC Upgrade
    Joseph R Haywood; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The first institution of higher learning in the United States to teach scientific agriculture, MSU offers more than 200 programs of study offered by 17 degree-granting colleges that attract scholars ..
  31. Manipulation of host immunity by a bacterial E3 ubiquitin ligase
    Gregory B Martin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The knowledge gained will contribute to strategies to lessen the impact of bacterial diseases of importance to both agriculture and human health.
  32. Modeling Developmental Neurotoxicity of Pesticides in Zebrafish
    Lori A White; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Pyrethroid pesticides are the predominant pesticide for household use along with their uses in agriculture and public health...
  33. Consequences of Agricultural Injuries
    Susan Goodwin Gerberich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..generated from the lists of operations in these states, maintained by the United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service, the proposed study will result in a final eligible cohort of ..
  34. The Rosetta Enzyme ReDesign: Targeting PON1 as OP Scavenger
    Jennifer M Bui; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..compounds are potent cholinesterase inhibitors and have extensively been used as pesticides and insecticides in agriculture, as a flame retardant in plastics and rubbers, and even as a gasoline additive [1-3]...
  35. Agricultural Intervention to Improve Health of HIV-infected and Affected Children
    Lisa Michelle Butler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and training in sustainable farming techniques and financial management provided by the Kenyan Ministry of Agriculture. The parent study will include 120 HIV-infected adults (60 intervention and 60 control) from two rural ..
  36. Food and Drug Administration Research FERN Chemistry Cooperative Agreement: MN De
    MICHELLE DAWN CAMPBELL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Minnesota Department of Agriculture FDA Food Safety and Security Monitoring Project (U18), FERN Chemical Laboratories Abstract for RFA-FD-10-003 ABSTRACT The Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA) Laboratory Services Division is ..
  37. Developmental Origins of Decreased Resilience
    Rodney W Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As stress resilience is important to human health and animal agriculture, understanding the developmental origins of decreased resilience has dual purpose with dual benefit...
  38. GENETIC ANALYSIS OF OLFACTION
    Dean P Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Insects also impact agriculture, destroying billions of dollars worth of crops annually...
  39. Connecticut Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory
    GUILLERMO ROBERTO RISATTI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Health (particularly in areas of zoonotic diseases and emergency response), as well as the CT Department of Agriculture and USDA APHIS Veterinary Services...
  40. Natural engineering of multi-electron biological oxidation &reduction
    PETER LESLIE DUTTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The benefits of such achievement include the development of new medical interventions, and clinical devices, and an array of new inexpensive green catalysts important in ecology, agriculture and solar energy conversions.
  41. Realtime Monitoring of Trace Amounts of Pesticides from Water Using Carbo
    ANNE M contact SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These were common pesticides used in agriculture that were thought to be safe...
  42. Can noise-induced TTS cause persistent impairment of speech understanding?
    Anthony Brammer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the Hearing Loss Prevention Cross-Sector Program and all NORA Sector Programs in which hearing loss may occur (Agriculture, Forestry, Construction, Manufacturing, Mining, and Transportation)...
  43. Environmental Health Programs through the Environmental Health Specialists Networ
    Guthrie S Birkhead; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..closely with various external partners including local health departments and The New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets...
  44. Efficacy and Safety of an Aerosolized Recombinant Butyrylcholinesterase Pretreatm
    YVONNE J ROSENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Organophosphorus (OPs) compound are potent neurotoxic chemicals that are widely used in medicine, industry and agriculture;most notably as insecticides...
  45. Pesticide Use & Breast Cancer Risk in Large Cohort of Female Agriculture Workers
    LAWRENCE STUART ENGEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study will help address these important gaps in our knowledge and help to inform the debate among policy makers and individuals concerning the risks and benefits of these chemicals. ..
  46. Organophosphate Action in the Central Nervous System
    NEIL MARC NATHANSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Organophosphate (OP) acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are used widely in agriculture as pesticides and also have been used in terrorist attacks against civilian populations...
  47. Feed Safety and BSE/Ruminant Feed Ban Support Project (U18)
    CLAUDIA G COLES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Abstract: The Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) stages its feed program relative to capabilities that active partners in an integrated national food safety system should possess and concludes that without laboratory ..
  48. Organochlorine-Mediated Generation of a Dopamine Derived Neurotoxin
    Jonathan A Doorn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Specifically, pesticides used in agriculture, such as the organochlorine dieldrin, are associated with PD incidence;however, the link between exposure and ..
  49. Exploiting pathogen-induced cell death to create disease resistant plants:R01GM05
    Jean T Greenberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum affects potato, one of the most important crop of Bolivian agriculture. To create more durable and efficient resistant plants we will identify defense-response inducing effectors.
  50. Morgan State University-Public Health Program-CAM Research Training Program (Inst
    YVONNE LAFAYETTE BRONNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Hopkins University School of Medicine, Tai Sophia Institute for the Healing Arts, United States Department of Agriculture Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, and The Maryland Research and Applied Sciences Consortium) to ..
  51. ICBG: "Training, Conservation and Drug Discovery using Panamanian Microorganisms
    William H Gerwick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..extracts, and pure compounds in the following therapeutic areas: Cancer, Central Nervous System biology, Agriculture, and Tropical diseases (malaria, leishmania and Chagas'disease), 4) Utilize an integrated approach of ..
  52. GO-ing Forward
    Isabel C Scarinci; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..systems and sectors-economic development, business, education, labor, housing, transportation, environment, agriculture, and healthcare-as well as academic investigators from disciplines such as clinical and social sciences, health ..
  53. Food Safety &BSE/Ruminant Feed Ban Support Project
    TRAVIS JAY KNIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    SUMMARY Pre-Application for Cooperative Agreement Submitted by Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship (IDALS) Title RFDA-FD-10-002 Feed Safety and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)/Ruminant Feed Ban Support Project (..
  54. Biosynthesis of HSAF, an antifungal natural product with a novel mode of action
    Liangcheng Du; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..was isolated from Lysobacter enzymogenes C3, a bacterium used in the biological control of fungal diseases in agriculture. HSAF exhibits potent activities against a wide range of fungal species, including the life-threatening human ..
  55. Arizona Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics
    Raymond L Woosley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..with the AZ Association of CHCs, clinical laboratories, the Area Health Education Centers (AHEC), UA College of Agriculture Cooperative Extension and Cox Cable...
  56. Asparagus to Zucchini: A Nutrition Education System for Persons with Dementia
    Cameron J Camp; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Our aim is to develop an agriculture-based educational program (Asparagus to Zucchini - A2Z) for use in long-term care facilities and other care ..
  57. Microfluidic Platform for Multiplexed Diagnostics
    Anup K Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Bio-Rad, two institutions for developing animal models for intoxication/infection - United States Department of Agriculture's Western Regional Research Center (USDA-WRRC) in Albany, CA and University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) ..
  58. Agricultural Livelihoods, Food Security, and Women's Risk of HIV Infection
    SANDRA MCCOY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This proposal takes an innovative approach to HIV prevention by focusing on agriculture, which is inextricably linked to poverty and food security in the developing world...
  59. Inhibition of Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin
    Mark S McClain; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Department of Agriculture have classified the epsilon toxin as a select agent...
  60. Molecular Bioscience Graduate Training Program
    John H Nilson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..primary appointments in other departments and colleges at WSU (Sciences, Veterinary Medicine, Pharmacy, and Agriculture)...
  61. TLR Ligand and Pesticide Exposure in Farms: Role in Atopic Immune Responses
    Atin Adhikari; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..In this R21 project we will explore immunological activities of unpurified but clinically relevant environmental samples collected in farms (before and after pesticide application) in ovalbumin allergen sensitized mice. ..
  62. TRAINING GRANT IN MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF TOXICITY.
    Mary Vore; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Joint faculty from Medicine, Pharmacy, Agriculture, and Arts &Sciences enrich the diversity of training opportunities;25 of these Core and Joint Faculty with ..
  63. ORGANOPHOSPHATE PESTICIDES AND HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
    Xiping Xu; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..S.; and (9) the population possesses unique characteristics for examining the proposed hypothesis, i.e., a stable workforce, a non-smoking group and excellent compliance rates. ..
  64. A Plant-Derived Recombinant Bioscavenger to Prevent Insecticide Neurotoxicity
    Yvonne Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Organophosphorus (OPs) compound are potent neurotoxic chemicals that are widely used in medicine, industry and agriculture; most notably as insecticides...
  65. Rural Environmental Health in Central/Eastern Europe
    Thomas Cook; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It has the following goals: (1) to raise the level of understanding about agriculture and its relationship to rural health, occupational health and the environment in Central Europe, specifically ..
  66. Mixture Modeling: Pesticide Drug Interactions
    Charles Timchalk; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It is fully anticipated that this approach will facilitate the understanding of a variety of complex chemical interactions as it relates to the occupational health implications of working with insecticides. ..
  67. Nipah Virus Pathobiology and Effects on Innate Immunity
    Linda Baum; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The co-investigators have a unique combination of expertise, and propose an innovative set of studies into the glycobiology of NiV pathogenesis. ..
  68. Nanoparticle Modified Textiles for Protective Clothing
    RUYA OZER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The increase in disease transmission, the widespread use of pesticides in agriculture, and the increased proliferation of chemical and biological weapons worldwide have increased the need for the ..
  69. Trypanosoma brucei-induced dyshematopoiesis: blocked B lymphopoiesis
    Samuel Black; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We propose to identify the affected B cell developmental stage and the nature of the developmental block as a step towards elucidating the molecular basis of this newly identified mechanism of disease-associated immuno-depression. ..
  70. ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROMETER
    Cecilia Giulivi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Engineering, and Nutrition), representing four different Colleges/Schools (Veterinary Medicine, Medicine, Agriculture, and Engineering) with interests in free radical medicine...
  71. Reactive Materials for Protective Clothing
    WAHEGURU SINGH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The increase in disease transmission, the widespread use of pesticides in agriculture, and the increased proliferation of chemical and biological weapons worldwide have increased the need for the ..
  72. HEMATOLYMPHOPOIETIC MALIGNANCIES IN ITALY
    Paolo Vineis; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The study will have a statistical power of 90% to detect a relative risk of 2.0 for the associations between organic solvent exposure and leukemias and between herbicide exposure and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas in men (p=0.05)...
  73. ACTIONS OF INSECTICIDES ON SODIUM CHANNEL ISOFORMS
    DAVID SODERLUND; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Abstract) Synthetic pyrethroids are an important class of neurotoxic insecticides used worldwide in agriculture and public health...
  74. Challenges to Farmworkers' Health at the US-Mexico Border
    Cecilia Rosales; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will identify aspects of border residence that affect health and that can be addressed through educational and policy- related programs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  75. Assessing Vulnerability of the Adolescent Brain to Organophosphorus Pesticides
    Diane S Rohlman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are used extensively in agriculture throughout the world, and workers who apply pesticides range in age from children in their teens to adults in their 60s...
  76. ISSUES IN ANIMAL HEALTH AND VETERINARY MEDICINE
    Mary Poos; Fiscal Year: 1993
    A standing Panel on Animal Health and Veterinary Medicine will be established jointly by the Board on Agriculture (BA) and the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine (IOM)...