agriculture

Summary

Summary: The science of soil cultivation, crop production, and livestock raising.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The molecular genetics of crop domestication
    John F Doebley
    Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Cell 127:1309-21. 2006
  2. ncbi Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100
    O E Sala
    Department of Ecology and Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas vinculadas a la Agricultura, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Avenida San Martin 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Argentina
    Science 287:1770-4. 2000
  3. ncbi Global consequences of land use
    Jonathan A Foley
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Science 309:570-4. 2005
  4. doi Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people
    H Charles J Godfray
    Department of Zoology and Institute of Biodiversity at the James Martin 21st Century School, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 327:812-8. 2010
  5. doi Solutions for a cultivated planet
    Jonathan A Foley
    Institute on the Environment IonE, University of Minnesota, 1954 Buford Avenue, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 478:337-42. 2011
  6. ncbi Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 292:281-4. 2001
  7. pmc Pyrosequencing-based assessment of bacterial community structure along different management types in German forest and grassland soils
    Heiko Nacke
    Department of Genomic and Applied Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e17000. 2011
  8. ncbi Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication
    Jared Diamond
    Department of Physiology, University of California Medical School, Los Angeles, 90095 1751, USA
    Nature 418:700-7. 2002
  9. pmc Anopheles gambiae distribution and insecticide resistance in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé (Cameroon): influence of urban agriculture and pollution
    Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio
    Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Organisation de Coordination pour la lutte contre les Endémies en Afrique Centrale OCEAC, P O Box 288, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Malar J 10:154. 2011
  10. pmc Soil type is the primary determinant of the composition of the total and active bacterial communities in arable soils
    Martina S Girvan
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, England, UK
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:1800-9. 2003

Detail Information

Publications345 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The molecular genetics of crop domestication
    John F Doebley
    Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Cell 127:1309-21. 2006
    Ten thousand years ago human societies around the globe began to transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture. By 4000 years ago, ancient peoples had completed the domestication of all major crop species upon which human survival ..
  2. ncbi Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100
    O E Sala
    Department of Ecology and Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas vinculadas a la Agricultura, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Avenida San Martin 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Argentina
    Science 287:1770-4. 2000
    ..Plausible changes in biodiversity in other biomes depend on interactions among the causes of biodiversity change. These interactions represent one of the largest uncertainties in projections of future biodiversity change...
  3. ncbi Global consequences of land use
    Jonathan A Foley
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Science 309:570-4. 2005
    ..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
  4. doi Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people
    H Charles J Godfray
    Department of Zoology and Institute of Biodiversity at the James Martin 21st Century School, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 327:812-8. 2010
    ..A multifaceted and linked global strategy is needed to ensure sustainable and equitable food security, different components of which are explored here...
  5. doi Solutions for a cultivated planet
    Jonathan A Foley
    Institute on the Environment IonE, University of Minnesota, 1954 Buford Avenue, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 478:337-42. 2011
    Increasing population and consumption are placing unprecedented demands on agriculture and natural resources...
  6. ncbi Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 292:281-4. 2001
    ..Should past dependences of the global environmental impacts of agriculture on human population and consumption continue, 10(9) hectares of natural ecosystems would be converted to ..
  7. pmc Pyrosequencing-based assessment of bacterial community structure along different management types in German forest and grassland soils
    Heiko Nacke
    Department of Genomic and Applied Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e17000. 2011
    ..In contrast to the importance of soil bacteria for ecosystem functioning, we understand little how different management types affect the soil bacterial community composition...
  8. ncbi Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication
    Jared Diamond
    Department of Physiology, University of California Medical School, Los Angeles, 90095 1751, USA
    Nature 418:700-7. 2002
    ....
  9. pmc Anopheles gambiae distribution and insecticide resistance in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé (Cameroon): influence of urban agriculture and pollution
    Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio
    Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Organisation de Coordination pour la lutte contre les Endémies en Afrique Centrale OCEAC, P O Box 288, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Malar J 10:154. 2011
    ..A study was undertaken to assess the importance of urban pollution and agriculture practice on the distribution and susceptibility to insecticide of malaria vectors in the two main cities in ..
  10. pmc Soil type is the primary determinant of the composition of the total and active bacterial communities in arable soils
    Martina S Girvan
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, England, UK
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:1800-9. 2003
    ..The active population was therefore more indicative of short-term management changes...
  11. ncbi An SNP caused loss of seed shattering during rice domestication
    Saeko Konishi
    Institute of the Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries, 446 1 Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
    Science 312:1392-6. 2006
    ....
  12. ncbi Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 418:671-7. 2002
    ..New incentives and policies for ensuring the sustainability of agriculture and ecosystem services will be crucial if we are to meet the demands of improving yields without compromising ..
  13. doi The global stock of domesticated honey bees is growing slower than agricultural demand for pollination
    Marcelo A Aizen
    Laboratorio Ecotono, INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, 8400 Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina
    Curr Biol 19:915-8. 2009
    ..In contrast, our analysis of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) data reveals that the global population of managed honey-bee hives has increased ..
  14. doi The domestication process and domestication rate in rice: spikelet bases from the Lower Yangtze
    Dorian Q Fuller
    Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London WC1H 0PY, UK
    Science 323:1607-10. 2009
    ..In addition, an assemblage of annual grasses, sedges, and other herbaceous plants indicates the presence of arable weeds, typical of cultivated rice, that also increased over this period...
  15. ncbi Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security
    R Lal
    Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 304:1623-7. 2004
    ..5 to 1 kg/ha for cowpeas. As well as enhancing food security, carbon sequestration has the potential to offset fossil fuel emissions by 0.4 to 1.2 gigatons of carbon per year, or 5 to 15% of the global fossil-fuel emissions...
  16. pmc Rapid, global demographic expansions after the origins of agriculture
    Christopher R Gignoux
    University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6044-9. 2011
    The invention of agriculture is widely assumed to have driven recent human population growth. However, direct genetic evidence for population growth after independent agricultural origins has been elusive...
  17. pmc Association of in utero organophosphate pesticide exposure and fetal growth and length of gestation in an agricultural population
    Brenda Eskenazi
    Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, 94720 7380, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1116-24. 2004
    ..However, despite these observed associations, the rate of preterm delivery in this population (6.4%) was lower than in a U.S. reference population...
  18. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
    ....
  19. pmc Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20260-4. 2011
    ..Quantitative assessments show that the environmental impacts of meeting this demand depend on how global agriculture expands...
  20. doi Plant-microbe interactions promoting plant growth and health: perspectives for controlled use of microorganisms in agriculture
    Gabriele Berg
    Environmental Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 84:11-8. 2009
    ..Altogether, the use of microorganisms and the exploitation of beneficial plant-microbe interactions offer promising and environmentally friendly strategies for conventional and organic agriculture worldwide.
  21. ncbi Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food webs
    Jason M Tylianakis
    Agroecology, Georg August University, Waldweg 26, Goettingen D 37073, Germany
    Nature 445:202-5. 2007
    Global conversion of natural habitats to agriculture has led to marked changes in species diversity and composition. However, it is less clear how habitat modification affects interactions among species...
  22. ncbi Antibiotic use in plant agriculture
    Patricia S McManus
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706 1598, USA
    Annu Rev Phytopathol 40:443-65. 2002
    ..Nonetheless, the role of antibiotic use on plants in the antibiotic-resistance crisis in human medicine is the subject of debate...
  23. pmc Domestication of plants in the Americas: insights from Mendelian and molecular genetics
    Barbara Pickersgill
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Reading, Reading, UK
    Ann Bot 100:925-40. 2007
    ....
  24. doi Pesticides in dust from homes in an agricultural area
    Martha E Harnly
    Environmental Health Investigations Branch, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 43:8767-74. 2009
    ..0, a very low vapor pressure, or both. Health risk assessments for pesticides that have these properties may need to include evaluation of exposures to house dust...
  25. ncbi Microbial diversity in soil: selection microbial populations by plant and soil type and implications for disease suppressiveness
    P Garbeva
    Netherlands Institute of Ecology, NIOO KNAW, Center for Terrestrial Ecology, Heteren, The Netherlands
    Annu Rev Phytopathol 42:243-70. 2004
    ..A conceptual framework, based on the relative strengths of the shaping forces exerted by plant and soil versus the ecological behavior of microorganisms, is proposed...
  26. pmc Plant genetics, sustainable agriculture and global food security
    Pamela Ronald
    University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Genetics 188:11-20. 2011
    ..and evaluated in light of their environmental, economic, and social impacts-the three pillars of sustainable agriculture. In this review, I describe some lessons learned, over the last decade, of how genetically engineered crops ..
  27. ncbi Agricultural intensification and biodiversity partitioning in European landscapes comparing plants, carabids, and birds
    Andreas Flohre
    Agroecology, Department of Crop Science, Georg August University, Waldweg 26, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
    Ecol Appl 21:1772-81. 2011
    ..In conclusion, a more detailed understanding of AI effects on diversity patterns of various taxa and at multiple spatial scales would contribute to more efficient agri-environmental schemes in agroecosystems...
  28. ncbi Soil fertility and biodiversity in organic farming
    Paul Mäder
    Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, Ackerstrasse, CH 5070 Frick, Switzerland
    Science 296:1694-7. 2002
    ..Enhanced soil fertility and higher biodiversity found in organic plots may render these systems less dependent on external inputs...
  29. doi Significant acidification in major Chinese croplands
    J H Guo
    College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    Science 327:1008-10. 2010
    ..In comparison, acid deposition (0.4 to 2.0 kilomoles of H+ per hectare per year) made a small contribution to the acidification of agricultural soils across China...
  30. pmc Ancient DNA from European early neolithic farmers reveals their near eastern affinities
    Wolfgang Haak
    Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    PLoS Biol 8:e1000536. 2010
    ....
  31. doi Differences in vegetation composition and plant species identity lead to only minor changes in soil-borne microbial communities in a former arable field
    Anna Kielak
    Department of Terrestrial Microbial Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Heteren, The Netherlands
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 63:372-82. 2008
    ....
  32. ncbi Atmospheric science. Land use and climate change
    Roger A Pielke
    Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Science 310:1625-6. 2005
  33. ncbi Mechanisms underlying plant resilience to water deficits: prospects for water-saving agriculture
    M M Chaves
    Departamento Botânica e Engenharia Biológica, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349 017 Lisboa, Portugal
    J Exp Bot 55:2365-84. 2004
    ..Emphasis is given to the most successful or promising cases of genetic engineering in crops, using functional or regulatory genes. as well as to promising technologies, such as the transfer of transcription factors...
  34. ncbi Insecticidal toxins from Photorhabdus bacteria and their potential use in agriculture
    Richard H Ffrench-Constant
    Center for Ecology and Conservation, School of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter in Cornwall, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9EZ, UK
    Toxicon 49:436-51. 2007
    Most of the insecticidal toxins used in agriculture come from a single bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis or 'Bt'...
  35. ncbi Impact of deforestation and agricultural development on anopheline ecology and malaria epidemiology
    Junko Yasuoka
    Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:450-60. 2007
    ..This study suggests the possibility of predicting potential impacts of future deforestation on vector density by using information on types of planned agricultural development and the ecology of local anopheline species...
  36. ncbi Decline and conservation of bumble bees
    D Goulson
    School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
    Annu Rev Entomol 53:191-208. 2008
    ..Suggested measures include tight regulation of commercial bumble bee use and targeted use of environmentally comparable schemes to enhance floristic diversity in agricultural landscapes...
  37. doi Primitive agriculture in a social amoeba
    Debra A Brock
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, Texas 77005, USA
    Nature 469:393-6. 2011
    b>Agriculture has been a large part of the ecological success of humans...
  38. doi Reconciling food production and biodiversity conservation: land sharing and land sparing compared
    Ben Phalan
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Science 333:1289-91. 2011
    ..and land sparing, in which high-yield farming is combined with protecting natural habitats from conversion to agriculture. To test these alternatives, we compared crop yields and densities of bird and tree species across gradients of ..
  39. doi Bacterial gene abundances as indicators of greenhouse gas emission in soils
    Sergio E Morales
    Microbial Ecology Program, Division of Biological Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 1006, USA
    ISME J 4:799-808. 2010
    ..We also link greenhouse gas emissions with specific compositional responses in the soil bacterial community and assess the use of denitrifying gene abundances as proxies for determining nitrous oxide emissions from soils...
  40. pmc Insect pollinated crops, insect pollinators and US agriculture: trend analysis of aggregate data for the period 1992-2009
    Nicholas W Calderone
    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e37235. 2012
    ....
  41. pmc The tomato rhizosphere, an environment rich in nitrogen-fixing Burkholderia species with capabilities of interest for agriculture and bioremediation
    Jesus Caballero-Mellado
    Centro de Ciencias Genomicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ap Postal 565 A, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:5308-19. 2007
    ..Most of the diazotrophic Burkholderia species produced hydroxamate-type siderophores. Certainly, the N2-fixing Burkholderia species associated with plants have great potential for agro-biotechnological applications...
  42. pmc Investigation of the bottleneck leading to the domestication of maize
    A Eyre-Walker
    Department of Plant Sciences and Center for Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08902, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:4441-6. 1998
    ..For example, the breadth of genetic diversity in maize is consistent with a founding population of only 20 individuals when the domestication event is 10 generations in length...
  43. pmc Unravelling soil fungal communities from different Mediterranean land-use backgrounds
    Alberto Orgiazzi
    Department of Life Science and Systems Biology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e34847. 2012
    ..Therefore, to achieve a balance between conservation and human development, a better understanding of the impact of land use on the underlying fungal communities is needed...
  44. doi Influence of the farming system and vine variety on yeast communities associated with grape berries
    Gustavo Cordero-Bueso
    Departamento de Agroalimentacion, Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural Agrario y Alimentario, Autovía A2, Km 38, 2 28800 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 145:132-9. 2011
    ....
  45. doi Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: food and agriculture
    Sharon Friel
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Lancet 374:2016-25. 2009
    ..Coordinated intersectoral action is needed across agricultural, nutritional, public health, and climate change communities worldwide to provide affordable, healthy, low-emission diets for all societies...
  46. pmc Y-chromosomal evidence of the cultural diffusion of agriculture in Southeast Europe
    Vincenza Battaglia
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    Eur J Hum Genet 17:820-30. 2009
    ..To investigate the possible involvement of local people during the transition of agriculture in the Balkans, we analysed patterns of Y-chromosome diversity in 1206 subjects from 17 population samples, ..
  47. pmc Evaluating the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis with genetic variation exhibited by populations in the Southwest and Mesoamerica
    Brian M Kemp
    Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4910, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:6759-64. 2010
    ..Hypothesis posits that prehistoric population expansions, precipitated by the innovation or early adoption of agriculture, played an important role in the uneven distribution of language families recorded across the world...
  48. pmc Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pig farming
    Andreas Voss
    Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1965-6. 2005
    ..While spa-type t108 is apparently a more widespread clone among pig farmers and their environment, we did find other spa-types...
  49. doi Long-term global trends in crop yield and production reveal no current pollination shortage but increasing pollinator dependency
    Marcelo A Aizen
    Laboratorio Ecotono, INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, 8400 Bariloche Río Negro, Argentina
    Curr Biol 18:1572-5. 2008
    ..We further report, however, that agriculture has become more pollinator dependent because of a disproportionate increase in the area cultivated with ..
  50. pmc Prostate cancer and ambient pesticide exposure in agriculturally intensive areas in California
    Myles Cockburn
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 173:1280-8. 2011
    ..The associations appear specific to compounds with a plausible biologic role in prostate carcinogenesis...
  51. pmc Determinants of agricultural pesticide concentrations in carpet dust
    Robert B Gunier
    Cancer Prevention Institute of California, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:970-6. 2011
    ..Residential proximity to agricultural pesticide applications has been used as a surrogate for exposure in epidemiologic studies, although little is known about the relationship with levels of pesticides in homes...
  52. pmc How much does agriculture depend on pollinators? Lessons from long-term trends in crop production
    Marcelo A Aizen
    INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Rio Negro, Argentina
    Ann Bot 103:1579-88. 2009
    ..The change in pollinator dependency over 46 years was also evaluated, considering the developed and developing world separately...
  53. doi A decade of land use contributes to changes in the chemistry, biochemistry and bacterial community structures of soils in the Cerrado
    R S Peixoto
    LEMM Laboratório de Ecologia Microbiana Molecular, Instituto de Microbiologia Professor Paulo de Goes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 98:403-13. 2010
    ..05), indicating that the different changes in soil properties induced by soil use or management may drive the formation of the soil BCS...
  54. doi Meeting the demand for crop production: the challenge of yield decline in crops grown in short rotations
    Amanda J Bennett
    School of Life Sciences, Wellesbourne Campus, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 87:52-71. 2012
    There is a trend world-wide to grow crops in short rotation or in monoculture, particularly in conventional agriculture. This practice is becoming more prevalent due to a range of factors including economic market trends, technological ..
  55. doi Evidence of previous avian influenza infection among US turkey workers
    G Kayali
    Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    Zoonoses Public Health 57:265-72. 2010
    ..These data further support increasing surveillance and other preparedness efforts to include not only confinement poultry facilities, but more importantly, also small scale farms...
  56. ncbi Helminth infections among people using wastewater and human excreta in peri-urban agriculture and aquaculture in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Thuy Trang Do
    Division of Enteric Infections, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Trop Med Int Health 12:82-90. 2007
    To assess the prevalence of helminth infections and their associated risks in a community using both wastewater and human excreta in agriculture and aquaculture.
  57. doi Understanding water deficit stress-induced changes in the basic metabolism of higher plants - biotechnologically and sustainably improving agriculture and the ecoenvironment in arid regions of the globe
    Hong Bo Shao
    Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Science, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, China
    Crit Rev Biotechnol 29:131-51. 2009
    ..Productive and sustainable agriculture necessitates growing plants (crops) in arid and semiarid regions with less input of precious resources such as ..
  58. ncbi Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birds
    Bjorn Olsen
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
    Science 312:384-8. 2006
    ....
  59. pmc The relationship between mosquito abundance and rice field density in the Republic of Korea
    Erin E Richards
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 9:32. 2010
    ..Rice fields were manually digitized inside 1.5 km buffer zones surrounding U.S. military installations on high-resolution satellite images, and the proportion of rice fields was calculated for each buffer zone...
  60. pmc Assessment of a pesticide exposure intensity algorithm in the agricultural health study
    Kent W Thomas
    US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:559-69. 2010
    ..Refinement of the algorithm may be possible using the results from this and other measurement studies...
  61. pmc Food consumption trends and drivers
    John Kearney
    Department of Biological Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology DIT, Dublin, Eire
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2793-807. 2010
    ..Future food policies must consider both agricultural and health sectors, thereby enabling the development of coherent and sustainable policies that will ultimately benefit agriculture, human health and the environment.
  62. ncbi Malaria in tree crop plantations in south-eastern and western provinces of Thailand
    P Singhasivanon
    Department of Tropical Hygiene, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 30:399-404. 1999
    ..dirus and An. minimus are prevalent and have adapted to such changed ecosystems...
  63. pmc Genetic modifications of pigs for medicine and agriculture
    Jeffrey J Whyte
    National Swine Resource and Research Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Mol Reprod Dev 78:879-91. 2011
    Genetically modified swine hold great promise in the fields of agriculture and medicine...
  64. ncbi N uptake and distribution in crops: an agronomical and ecophysiological perspective
    F Gastal
    Unité d Ecophysiologie des Plantes Fourragères, INRA UEPF, 86600 Lusignan, France
    J Exp Bot 53:789-99. 2002
    ..Therefore, N uptake and distribution in plants and crops involves many aspects of growth and development. Regulation of nitrogen assimilation needs to be considered in the context of these interregulatory processes...
  65. ncbi Farming and the fate of wild nature
    Rhys E Green
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK
    Science 307:550-5. 2005
    ..Empirical data on such density-yield functions are sparse, but evidence from a range of taxa in developing countries suggests that high-yield farming may allow more species to persist...
  66. pmc AgBase: a functional genomics resource for agriculture
    Fiona M McCarthy
    Department of Basic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    BMC Genomics 7:229. 2006
    ....
  67. doi Natural and within-farmland biodiversity enhances crop productivity
    Luísa Gigante Carvalheiro
    Applied Biodiversity Research, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Kirstenbosch Research Centre, Private Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa
    Ecol Lett 14:251-9. 2011
    Ongoing expansion of large-scale agriculture critically threatens natural habitats and the pollination services they offer...
  68. pmc Genetic variation, population structure and linkage disequilibrium in peach commercial varieties
    Maria Jose Aranzana
    IRTA, Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica CSIC IRTA UAB, Carretera de Cabrils Km 2, 08348 Cabrils, Barcelona, Spain
    BMC Genet 11:69. 2010
    ..For this we genotyped 224 peach cultivars using 50 SSRs evenly distributed along the 8 linkage groups of the Prunus reference map...
  69. ncbi Ranking the magnitude of crop and farming system effects on soil microbial biomass and genetic structure of bacterial communities
    Martin Hartmann
    Molecular Ecology, Agroscope FAL Reckenholz, Swiss Federal Research Station for Agroecology and Agriculture, Zurich, Switzerland
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 57:378-88. 2006
    ..Effects of management and plant protection regimes occurred on an intermediate level, while the two stages in the crop rotation had a marginal influence that was not significant...
  70. doi Impact of pesticides used in agriculture and vineyards to surface and groundwater quality (North Spain)
    Alain Hildebrandt
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Jordi Girona 18 26, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Water Res 42:3315-26. 2008
    ..Only trace levels were rarely detected in the Miño river basin. Groundwater levels were higher than surface water levels for the studied pesticides...
  71. ncbi The effects of meteorological factors on atmospheric bioaerosol concentrations--a review
    Alan M Jones
    School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Sci Total Environ 326:151-80. 2004
    ..The vertical concentration of bacteria is noted to decline less rapidly than that of fungal spores. The short-term variation of pollen, fungal spore, and bacterial concentrations are also considered...
  72. doi Wide variability in kernel composition, seed characteristics, and zein profiles among diverse maize inbreds, landraces, and teosinte
    Sherry A Flint-Garcia
    USDA ARS, Plant Genetics Research Unit, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Theor Appl Genet 119:1129-42. 2009
    ..of the wild relatives may provide insight into target traits and valuable allelic variants for modern agriculture. This is especially true for maize (Zea mays ssp. mays), where its wild ancestor, teosinte (Z. mays ssp...
  73. ncbi Life systems of polyphagous arthropod pests in temporally unstable cropping systems
    G G Kennedy
    Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695 7630, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 45:467-93. 2000
    ..The life systems of three selected polyphagous pests are presented to demonstrate how an understanding of such systems in agricultural ecosystems improves our ability to predict and hence manage these populations...
  74. ncbi Breast cancer risk in Hispanic agricultural workers in California
    Paul K Mills
    Cancer Registry of Central California, Fresno, California 93710, USA
    Int J Occup Environ Health 11:123-31. 2005
    ..41 (0.66-3.02). Chlordane, malathion, and 2,4-D were associated with increased risk. Risk associated with chemical use was stronger in younger women, those with early-onset breast cancer, and those diagnosed earlier (1988--1994)...
  75. ncbi The sustainable farm families project: changing attitudes to health
    Susan A Brumby
    Western District Health Service, Hamilton, Victoria, Australia
    Rural Remote Health 9:1012. 2009
    ..The SFF project illustrates how increasing health literacy through education and physical assessment can lead to improved health and knowledge outcomes for farm families...
  76. doi Does 'no pesticide' reduce suicides?
    Lakshmi Vijayakumar
    Sneha and Voluntary Health Services, Adyar, Chennai, India
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 55:401-6. 2009
    ..Ingestion of pesticides is the most common method of suicide, particularly in China, Sri Lanka and India. Reported pesticide suicides in India numbered 22,000 in the year 2006...
  77. doi Selection on grain shattering genes and rates of rice domestication
    Lin Bin Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    New Phytol 184:708-20. 2009
    ..The fixation of sh4 could have been achieved later through strong selection for the optimal phenotype...
  78. doi Agriculture. Sustainable biofuels redux
    G Philip Robertson
    W K Kellogg Biological Station and Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, Hickory Corners, MI 49060, USA
    Science 322:49-50. 2008
  79. pmc General principles of attraction and competitive attraction as revealed by large-cage studies of moths responding to sex pheromone
    J R Miller
    Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22-7. 2010
    ..This analysis system also offers a unique approach to quantifying animal foraging behaviors and could find applications across the natural and social sciences...
  80. ncbi Pesticides and their metabolites in the homes and urine of farmworker children living in the Salinas Valley, CA
    Asa Bradman
    Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7380, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:331-49. 2007
    ..The child activity timeline, a novel, low-literacy instrument based on pictures, was successfully used by our participants. Future uses of these data include the development of pesticide exposure models and risk assessment...
  81. ncbi Interactions between environment, species traits, and human uses describe patterns of plant invasions
    Wilfried Thuiller
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, CNRS, Universite Joseph Fourier, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
    Ecology 87:1755-69. 2006
    ..This information is useful for assessing the extent to which the potential spread of recent introductions can be predicted by considering the interaction of their biological attributes, region of origin, and human use...
  82. ncbi The evolution of agriculture in beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae and Platypodinae)
    B D Farrell
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Evolution 55:2011-27. 2001
    ....
  83. pmc Preventing zoonotic influenza virus infection
    Alejandro Ramirez
    University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:996-1000. 2006
    ..Multivariate modeling showed that workers who seldom used gloves (odds ratio [OR] 30.3) or who smoked (OR 18.7) most frequently had evidence of previous H1N1 swine virus. These findings may be valuable in planning for pandemic influenza...
  84. doi Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: recent trends, questions, and potential solutions
    James N Galloway
    Environmental Sciences Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
    Science 320:889-92. 2008
    ..cycle at a record pace, reflecting an increased combustion of fossil fuels, growing demand for nitrogen in agriculture and industry, and pervasive inefficiencies in its use...
  85. ncbi Food-based strategies to meet the challenges of micronutrient malnutrition in the developing world
    Kraisid Tontisirin
    Food and Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO ESNA, C 244 Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy
    Proc Nutr Soc 61:243-50. 2002
    ....
  86. pmc Development of vegetable farming: a cause of the emergence of insecticide resistance in populations of Anopheles gambiae in urban areas of Benin
    Anges William M Yadouleton
    Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou, Benin
    Malar J 8:103. 2009
    A fast development of urban agriculture has recently taken place in many areas in the Republic of Benin...
  87. pmc Animal antibiotic use has an early but important impact on the emergence of antibiotic resistance in human commensal bacteria
    David L Smith
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:6434-9. 2002
    ..Our model indicates that the greatest impact occurs very early in the emergence of resistance, when AR bacteria are rare, possibly below the detection limits of current surveillance methods...
  88. pmc The importance of barley genetics and domestication in a global perspective
    Mohammad Pourkheirandish
    National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences NIAS, Tsukuba 305 8602, Japan
    Ann Bot 100:999-1008. 2007
    ..Archaeological evidence has revealed that barley (Hordeum vulgare) is one of the oldest crops used by ancient farmers. Studies of the time and place of barley domestication may help in understanding ancient human civilization...
  89. pmc Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 in swine farm personnel, Belgium
    Olivier Denis
    Universite Libre de Bruxelles Hopital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1098-101. 2009
    ..Surveys showed that 48 (37.8%) persons carried MRSA ST398 and 1 (0.8%) had concurrent skin infection. Risk factors for carriage were MRSA carriage by pigs, regular contact with pigs and companion animals, and use of protective clothing...
  90. ncbi Green revolution: the way forward
    G S Khush
    Division of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biochemistry, International Rice Research Institute, DAPO PO Box 777 Metro Manila, The Philippines
    Nat Rev Genet 2:815-22. 2001
    The origin of agriculture led to the domestication of many plant species and to the exploitation of natural resources...
  91. ncbi Pesticide exposure and self-reported Parkinson's disease in the agricultural health study
    F Kamel
    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:364-74. 2007
    ..4). Prevalent PD was not associated with overall pesticide use. This study suggests that exposure to certain pesticides may increase PD risk. Findings for specific chemicals may provide fruitful leads for further investigation...
  92. ncbi Mixed biodiversity benefits of agri-environment schemes in five European countries
    D Kleijn
    Nature Conservation and Plant Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Bornsesteeg 69, 6708 PD Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Ecol Lett 9:243-54; discussion 254-7. 2006
    ....
  93. pmc Effects of local anthropogenic changes on potential malaria vector Anopheles hyrcanus and West Nile virus vector Culex modestus, Camargue, France
    Nicolas Ponçon
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1810-5. 2007
    ..of these species increased as rice cultivation expanded in the region in a political context that supported agriculture. They then fell, likely because of decreased cultivation and increased pesticide use to control a rice pest...
  94. pmc Adapting agriculture to climate change
    S Mark Howden
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Sustainable Ecosystems, GPO Box 284, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19691-6. 2007
    ..A crucial component of this approach is the implementation of adaptation assessment frameworks that are relevant, robust, and easily operated by all stakeholders, practitioners, policymakers, and scientists...
  95. pmc Optimizing the control of disease infestations at the landscape scale
    Graeme A Forster
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EA, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:4984-9. 2007
    ..Finally, we test the robustness of the analytical results, derived from the mean-field approximation, on the spatially explicit contact process and demonstrate robustness to implementation errors and misestimation of crucial parameters...
  96. ncbi The impact of HIV/AIDS on labour productivity in Kenya
    Matthew P Fox
    Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 9:318-24. 2004
    ..To estimate the impact of HIV/AIDS on individual labour productivity during disease progression...
  97. ncbi Pesticide use in developing countries
    D J Ecobichon
    Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Queen's University, Ont, Kingston, Canada K7L 3N6
    Toxicology 160:27-33. 2001
    ..There is a lack of rigorous legislation and regulations to control pesticides as well as training programs for personnel to inspect and monitor use and to initiate training programs for pesticide consumers...
  98. doi The roots of a new green revolution
    Griet Den Herder
    Genetics, Faculty of Biology, University of Munich LMU, D 82152 Martinsried München, Germany
    Trends Plant Sci 15:600-7. 2010
    ..of mankind; the first green revolution about half a century ago represented a crucial step towards contemporary agriculture and the development of high-yield varieties of cereal grains...
  99. ncbi Assessing impact and impact pathways of a homestead food production program on household and child nutrition in Cambodia
    Deanna K Olney
    International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:355-69. 2009
    ..Homestead food production programs have the potential to improve maternal and child health and nutrition through multiple pathways...
  100. doi Tracing the history of goat pastoralism: new clues from mitochondrial and Y chromosome DNA in North Africa
    Filipe Pereira
    Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal
    Mol Biol Evol 26:2765-73. 2009
    ..Finally, we also detected traces of gene flow between goat populations from the Maghreb and the Iberian Peninsula corroborating evidence of past cultural and commercial contacts across the Strait of Gibraltar...
  101. doi Mirid bug outbreaks in multiple crops correlated with wide-scale adoption of Bt cotton in China
    Yanhui Lu
    State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, People s Republic of China
    Science 328:1151-4. 2010
    ..Hence, alterations of pest management regimes in Bt cotton could be responsible for the appearance and subsequent spread of nontarget pests at an agro-landscape level...

Research Grants83

  1. A Low-Cost Upper-Extremity Prosthesis for Under-Served Populations
    BRADLEY VEATCH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..to be as high as 25,000,000 persons; approximately 80% of these live in rural areas and survive through agriculture and animal husbandry...
  2. Evaluation of Hearing Loss in Farmworkers, Texas- Mexico Border Area
    Martha S Vela Acosta; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Hearing loss may cause professional and financial difficulties leading to social isolation and stigmatization. Agriculture work has been associated with a high prevalence of hearing loss, both in adults and youth...
  3. Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women
    Eileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. Department of Agriculture and the Institute of Medicine...
  4. Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women
    Eileen Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. Department of Agriculture and the Institute of Medicine...
  5. ORGANOPHOSPHATE PESTICIDES AND HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
    Xiping Xu; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..S.; and (9) the population possesses unique characteristics for examining the proposed hypothesis, i.e., a stable workforce, a non-smoking group and excellent compliance rates. ..
  6. Roles of host RNA binding proteins in virus replication
    Peter Nagy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    DESCRIPTION: Plus-stranded RNA viruses, which pose significant risks to human health and cause major losses for agriculture, depend heavily on host factors to replicate in infected cells...
  7. A Plant-Derived Recombinant Bioscavenger to Prevent Insecticide Neurotoxicity
    Yvonne Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Organophosphorus (OPs) compound are potent neurotoxic chemicals that are widely used in medicine, industry and agriculture; most notably as insecticides...
  8. PESTICIDE INDUCED DIFFERENTIATION OF BREAST CANCER CELLS
    Scott Willard; Fiscal Year: 2002
    Many pesticides, synthetic chemicals used in production agriculture to control insects (insecticides), fungi (fungicides) and weeds (herbicides), have been shown to have estrogenic activity in mammalian systems, including neoplasias of ..
  9. Rural Environmental Health in Central/Eastern Europe
    Thomas Cook; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It has the following goals: (1) to raise the level of understanding about agriculture and its relationship to rural health, occupational health and the environment in Central Europe, specifically ..
  10. Mixture Modeling: Pesticide Drug Interactions
    Charles Timchalk; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It is fully anticipated that this approach will facilitate the understanding of a variety of complex chemical interactions as it relates to the occupational health implications of working with insecticides. ..
  11. Mixture Modeling: Pesticide Drug Interactions
    Charles Timchalk; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is fully anticipated that this approach will facilitate the understanding of a variety of complex chemical interactions as it relates to the occupational health implications of working with insecticides. ..
  12. Mountain and Plains Education and Research Center
    Lee Newman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., mining, energy, agriculture), and geographic distance from educational centers of excellence in occupational health...
  13. Nipah Virus Pathobiology and Effects on Innate Immunity
    Linda Baum; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The co-investigators have a unique combination of expertise, and propose an innovative set of studies into the glycobiology of NiV pathogenesis. ..
  14. Reactive Materials for Protective Clothing
    WAHEGURU SINGH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The increase in disease transmission, the widespread use of pesticides in agriculture, and the increased proliferation of chemical and biological weapons worldwide have increased the need for the ..
  15. Research Training on Chronic Lung Diseases in Southern Africa
    Thomas Robins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..mining & construction industries, respirable dust in coal mines, allergens and endotoxin associated with agriculture and food processing) exposures...
  16. Molecular Determinants of Pyrethroid Neurotoxicity
    DAVID SODERLUND; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Synthetic pyrethroids, an important class of neurotoxic insecticides used worldwide in agriculture and public health, cause toxic effects in animals by modifying the normal function of voltage-sensitive sodium channels...
  17. Molecular Determinants of Pyrethroid Neurotoxicity
    DAVID SODERLUND; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Synthetic pyrethroids, an important class of neurotoxic insecticides used worldwide in agriculture and public health, cause toxic effects in animals by modifying the normal function of voltage-sensitive sodium channels...
  18. Environmental Changes and Mosquito-Borne Diseases in Arid Environments
    JOHN C C BEIER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In Upper Egypt, there are major concerns that projects underway to transform desert environments for irrigated agriculture in the Old Nile Valley (about 70,000 acres) and in the Toshka Valley (nearly 1 million acres) will ..
  19. Organophosphate Action in the Central Nervous System
    NEIL MARC NATHANSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Organophosphate (OP) acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are used widely in agriculture as pesticides and also have been used in terrorist attacks against civilian populations...
  20. Morgan State University-Public Health Program-CAM Research Training Program (Inst
    Yvonne Bronner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Hopkins University School of Medicine, Tai Sophia Institute for the Healing Arts, United States Department of Agriculture Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, and The Maryland Research and Applied Sciences Consortium) to ..
  21. Occupational Safety and Health Surveillance in Iowa
    RITA GERGELY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..For the fundamental program, IDPH will collaborate with key stakeholders in academia, business, agriculture, and healthcare to establish the surveillance system. Initially, the system will be comprised of 15 indicators...