Genomes and Genes
Summary: The science of soil cultivation, crop production, and livestock raising.
Publications345 found, 100 shown here
- The molecular genetics of crop domesticationJohn F Doebley
Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Cell 127:1309-21. 2006Ten thousand years ago human societies around the globe began to transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture. By 4000 years ago, ancient peoples had completed the domestication of all major crop species upon which human survival ..
- Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100O E Sala
Department of Ecology and Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas vinculadas a la Agricultura, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Avenida San Martin 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Argentina
Science 287:1770-4. 2000..Plausible changes in biodiversity in other biomes depend on interactions among the causes of biodiversity change. These interactions represent one of the largest uncertainties in projections of future biodiversity change...
- Global consequences of land useJonathan A Foley
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Science 309:570-4. 2005..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
- Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion peopleH Charles J Godfray
Department of Zoology and Institute of Biodiversity at the James Martin 21st Century School, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Science 327:812-8. 2010..A multifaceted and linked global strategy is needed to ensure sustainable and equitable food security, different components of which are explored here...
- Solutions for a cultivated planetJonathan A Foley
Institute on the Environment IonE, University of Minnesota, 1954 Buford Avenue, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
Nature 478:337-42. 2011Increasing population and consumption are placing unprecedented demands on agriculture and natural resources...
- Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental changeD Tilman
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Science 292:281-4. 2001..Should past dependences of the global environmental impacts of agriculture on human population and consumption continue, 10(9) hectares of natural ecosystems would be converted to ..
- Pyrosequencing-based assessment of bacterial community structure along different management types in German forest and grassland soilsHeiko Nacke
Department of Genomic and Applied Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
PLoS ONE 6:e17000. 2011..In contrast to the importance of soil bacteria for ecosystem functioning, we understand little how different management types affect the soil bacterial community composition...
- Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domesticationJared Diamond
Department of Physiology, University of California Medical School, Los Angeles, 90095 1751, USA
Nature 418:700-7. 2002....
- Anopheles gambiae distribution and insecticide resistance in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé (Cameroon): influence of urban agriculture and pollutionChristophe Antonio-Nkondjio
Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Organisation de Coordination pour la lutte contre les Endémies en Afrique Centrale OCEAC, P O Box 288, Yaounde, Cameroon
Malar J 10:154. 2011..A study was undertaken to assess the importance of urban pollution and agriculture practice on the distribution and susceptibility to insecticide of malaria vectors in the two main cities in ..
- Soil type is the primary determinant of the composition of the total and active bacterial communities in arable soilsMartina S Girvan
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, England, UK
Appl Environ Microbiol 69:1800-9. 2003..The active population was therefore more indicative of short-term management changes...
- An SNP caused loss of seed shattering during rice domesticationSaeko Konishi
Institute of the Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries, 446 1 Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
Science 312:1392-6. 2006....
- Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practicesDavid Tilman
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
Nature 418:671-7. 2002..New incentives and policies for ensuring the sustainability of agriculture and ecosystem services will be crucial if we are to meet the demands of improving yields without compromising ..
- The global stock of domesticated honey bees is growing slower than agricultural demand for pollinationMarcelo A Aizen
Laboratorio Ecotono, INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, 8400 Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina
Curr Biol 19:915-8. 2009..In contrast, our analysis of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) data reveals that the global population of managed honey-bee hives has increased ..
- The domestication process and domestication rate in rice: spikelet bases from the Lower YangtzeDorian Q Fuller
Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London WC1H 0PY, UK
Science 323:1607-10. 2009..In addition, an assemblage of annual grasses, sedges, and other herbaceous plants indicates the presence of arable weeds, typical of cultivated rice, that also increased over this period...
- Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food securityR Lal
Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Science 304:1623-7. 2004..5 to 1 kg/ha for cowpeas. As well as enhancing food security, carbon sequestration has the potential to offset fossil fuel emissions by 0.4 to 1.2 gigatons of carbon per year, or 5 to 15% of the global fossil-fuel emissions...
- Rapid, global demographic expansions after the origins of agricultureChristopher R Gignoux
University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6044-9. 2011The invention of agriculture is widely assumed to have driven recent human population growth. However, direct genetic evidence for population growth after independent agricultural origins has been elusive...
- Association of in utero organophosphate pesticide exposure and fetal growth and length of gestation in an agricultural populationBrenda Eskenazi
Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, 94720 7380, USA
Environ Health Perspect 112:1116-24. 2004..However, despite these observed associations, the rate of preterm delivery in this population (6.4%) was lower than in a U.S. reference population...
- Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human healthP Daszak
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Science 287:443-9. 2000....
- Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agricultureDavid Tilman
Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20260-4. 2011..Quantitative assessments show that the environmental impacts of meeting this demand depend on how global agriculture expands...
- Plant-microbe interactions promoting plant growth and health: perspectives for controlled use of microorganisms in agricultureGabriele Berg
Environmental Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 84:11-8. 2009..Altogether, the use of microorganisms and the exploitation of beneficial plant-microbe interactions offer promising and environmentally friendly strategies for conventional and organic agriculture worldwide.
- Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food websJason M Tylianakis
Agroecology, Georg August University, Waldweg 26, Goettingen D 37073, Germany
Nature 445:202-5. 2007Global conversion of natural habitats to agriculture has led to marked changes in species diversity and composition. However, it is less clear how habitat modification affects interactions among species...
- Antibiotic use in plant agriculturePatricia S McManus
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706 1598, USA
Annu Rev Phytopathol 40:443-65. 2002..Nonetheless, the role of antibiotic use on plants in the antibiotic-resistance crisis in human medicine is the subject of debate...
- Domestication of plants in the Americas: insights from Mendelian and molecular geneticsBarbara Pickersgill
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Reading, Reading, UK
Ann Bot 100:925-40. 2007....
- Pesticides in dust from homes in an agricultural areaMartha E Harnly
Environmental Health Investigations Branch, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, USA
Environ Sci Technol 43:8767-74. 2009..0, a very low vapor pressure, or both. Health risk assessments for pesticides that have these properties may need to include evaluation of exposures to house dust...
- Microbial diversity in soil: selection microbial populations by plant and soil type and implications for disease suppressivenessP Garbeva
Netherlands Institute of Ecology, NIOO KNAW, Center for Terrestrial Ecology, Heteren, The Netherlands
Annu Rev Phytopathol 42:243-70. 2004..A conceptual framework, based on the relative strengths of the shaping forces exerted by plant and soil versus the ecological behavior of microorganisms, is proposed...
- Plant genetics, sustainable agriculture and global food securityPamela Ronald
University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Genetics 188:11-20. 2011..and evaluated in light of their environmental, economic, and social impacts-the three pillars of sustainable agriculture. In this review, I describe some lessons learned, over the last decade, of how genetically engineered crops ..
- Agricultural intensification and biodiversity partitioning in European landscapes comparing plants, carabids, and birdsAndreas Flohre
Agroecology, Department of Crop Science, Georg August University, Waldweg 26, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
Ecol Appl 21:1772-81. 2011..In conclusion, a more detailed understanding of AI effects on diversity patterns of various taxa and at multiple spatial scales would contribute to more efficient agri-environmental schemes in agroecosystems...
- Soil fertility and biodiversity in organic farmingPaul Mäder
Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, Ackerstrasse, CH 5070 Frick, Switzerland
Science 296:1694-7. 2002..Enhanced soil fertility and higher biodiversity found in organic plots may render these systems less dependent on external inputs...
- Significant acidification in major Chinese croplandsJ H Guo
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Science 327:1008-10. 2010..In comparison, acid deposition (0.4 to 2.0 kilomoles of H+ per hectare per year) made a small contribution to the acidification of agricultural soils across China...
- Ancient DNA from European early neolithic farmers reveals their near eastern affinitiesWolfgang Haak
Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
PLoS Biol 8:e1000536. 2010....
- Differences in vegetation composition and plant species identity lead to only minor changes in soil-borne microbial communities in a former arable fieldAnna Kielak
Department of Terrestrial Microbial Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Heteren, The Netherlands
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 63:372-82. 2008....
- Atmospheric science. Land use and climate changeRoger A Pielke
Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Science 310:1625-6. 2005
- Mechanisms underlying plant resilience to water deficits: prospects for water-saving agricultureM M Chaves
Departamento Botânica e Engenharia Biológica, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349 017 Lisboa, Portugal
J Exp Bot 55:2365-84. 2004..Emphasis is given to the most successful or promising cases of genetic engineering in crops, using functional or regulatory genes. as well as to promising technologies, such as the transfer of transcription factors...
- Insecticidal toxins from Photorhabdus bacteria and their potential use in agricultureRichard H Ffrench-Constant
Center for Ecology and Conservation, School of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter in Cornwall, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9EZ, UK
Toxicon 49:436-51. 2007Most of the insecticidal toxins used in agriculture come from a single bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis or 'Bt'...
- Impact of deforestation and agricultural development on anopheline ecology and malaria epidemiologyJunko Yasuoka
Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:450-60. 2007..This study suggests the possibility of predicting potential impacts of future deforestation on vector density by using information on types of planned agricultural development and the ecology of local anopheline species...
- Decline and conservation of bumble beesD Goulson
School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
Annu Rev Entomol 53:191-208. 2008..Suggested measures include tight regulation of commercial bumble bee use and targeted use of environmentally comparable schemes to enhance floristic diversity in agricultural landscapes...
- Primitive agriculture in a social amoebaDebra A Brock
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, Texas 77005, USA
Nature 469:393-6. 2011b>Agriculture has been a large part of the ecological success of humans...
- Reconciling food production and biodiversity conservation: land sharing and land sparing comparedBen Phalan
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
Science 333:1289-91. 2011..and land sparing, in which high-yield farming is combined with protecting natural habitats from conversion to agriculture. To test these alternatives, we compared crop yields and densities of bird and tree species across gradients of ..
- Bacterial gene abundances as indicators of greenhouse gas emission in soilsSergio E Morales
Microbial Ecology Program, Division of Biological Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 1006, USA
ISME J 4:799-808. 2010..We also link greenhouse gas emissions with specific compositional responses in the soil bacterial community and assess the use of denitrifying gene abundances as proxies for determining nitrous oxide emissions from soils...
- Insect pollinated crops, insect pollinators and US agriculture: trend analysis of aggregate data for the period 1992-2009Nicholas W Calderone
Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e37235. 2012....
- The tomato rhizosphere, an environment rich in nitrogen-fixing Burkholderia species with capabilities of interest for agriculture and bioremediationJesus Caballero-Mellado
Centro de Ciencias Genomicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ap Postal 565 A, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Appl Environ Microbiol 73:5308-19. 2007..Most of the diazotrophic Burkholderia species produced hydroxamate-type siderophores. Certainly, the N2-fixing Burkholderia species associated with plants have great potential for agro-biotechnological applications...
- Investigation of the bottleneck leading to the domestication of maizeA Eyre-Walker
Department of Plant Sciences and Center for Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08902, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:4441-6. 1998..For example, the breadth of genetic diversity in maize is consistent with a founding population of only 20 individuals when the domestication event is 10 generations in length...
- Unravelling soil fungal communities from different Mediterranean land-use backgroundsAlberto Orgiazzi
Department of Life Science and Systems Biology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
PLoS ONE 7:e34847. 2012..Therefore, to achieve a balance between conservation and human development, a better understanding of the impact of land use on the underlying fungal communities is needed...
- Influence of the farming system and vine variety on yeast communities associated with grape berriesGustavo Cordero-Bueso
Departamento de Agroalimentacion, Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural Agrario y Alimentario, Autovía A2, Km 38, 2 28800 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain
Int J Food Microbiol 145:132-9. 2011....
- Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: food and agricultureSharon Friel
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
Lancet 374:2016-25. 2009..Coordinated intersectoral action is needed across agricultural, nutritional, public health, and climate change communities worldwide to provide affordable, healthy, low-emission diets for all societies...
- Y-chromosomal evidence of the cultural diffusion of agriculture in Southeast EuropeVincenza Battaglia
Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Eur J Hum Genet 17:820-30. 2009..To investigate the possible involvement of local people during the transition of agriculture in the Balkans, we analysed patterns of Y-chromosome diversity in 1206 subjects from 17 population samples, ..
- Evaluating the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis with genetic variation exhibited by populations in the Southwest and MesoamericaBrian M Kemp
Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4910, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:6759-64. 2010..Hypothesis posits that prehistoric population expansions, precipitated by the innovation or early adoption of agriculture, played an important role in the uneven distribution of language families recorded across the world...
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pig farmingAndreas Voss
Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1965-6. 2005..While spa-type t108 is apparently a more widespread clone among pig farmers and their environment, we did find other spa-types...
- Long-term global trends in crop yield and production reveal no current pollination shortage but increasing pollinator dependencyMarcelo A Aizen
Laboratorio Ecotono, INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, 8400 Bariloche Río Negro, Argentina
Curr Biol 18:1572-5. 2008..We further report, however, that agriculture has become more pollinator dependent because of a disproportionate increase in the area cultivated with ..
- Prostate cancer and ambient pesticide exposure in agriculturally intensive areas in CaliforniaMyles Cockburn
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089 9175, USA
Am J Epidemiol 173:1280-8. 2011..The associations appear specific to compounds with a plausible biologic role in prostate carcinogenesis...
- Determinants of agricultural pesticide concentrations in carpet dustRobert B Gunier
Cancer Prevention Institute of California, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
Environ Health Perspect 119:970-6. 2011..Residential proximity to agricultural pesticide applications has been used as a surrogate for exposure in epidemiologic studies, although little is known about the relationship with levels of pesticides in homes...
- How much does agriculture depend on pollinators? Lessons from long-term trends in crop productionMarcelo A Aizen
INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Rio Negro, Argentina
Ann Bot 103:1579-88. 2009..The change in pollinator dependency over 46 years was also evaluated, considering the developed and developing world separately...
- A decade of land use contributes to changes in the chemistry, biochemistry and bacterial community structures of soils in the CerradoR S Peixoto
LEMM Laboratório de Ecologia Microbiana Molecular, Instituto de Microbiologia Professor Paulo de Goes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 98:403-13. 2010..05), indicating that the different changes in soil properties induced by soil use or management may drive the formation of the soil BCS...
- Meeting the demand for crop production: the challenge of yield decline in crops grown in short rotationsAmanda J Bennett
School of Life Sciences, Wellesbourne Campus, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 87:52-71. 2012There is a trend world-wide to grow crops in short rotation or in monoculture, particularly in conventional agriculture. This practice is becoming more prevalent due to a range of factors including economic market trends, technological ..
- Evidence of previous avian influenza infection among US turkey workersG Kayali
Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
Zoonoses Public Health 57:265-72. 2010..These data further support increasing surveillance and other preparedness efforts to include not only confinement poultry facilities, but more importantly, also small scale farms...
- Helminth infections among people using wastewater and human excreta in peri-urban agriculture and aquaculture in Hanoi, VietnamThuy Trang Do
Division of Enteric Infections, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
Trop Med Int Health 12:82-90. 2007To assess the prevalence of helminth infections and their associated risks in a community using both wastewater and human excreta in agriculture and aquaculture.
- Understanding water deficit stress-induced changes in the basic metabolism of higher plants - biotechnologically and sustainably improving agriculture and the ecoenvironment in arid regions of the globeHong Bo Shao
Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Science, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, China
Crit Rev Biotechnol 29:131-51. 2009..Productive and sustainable agriculture necessitates growing plants (crops) in arid and semiarid regions with less input of precious resources such as ..
- Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birdsBjorn Olsen
Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
Science 312:384-8. 2006....
- The relationship between mosquito abundance and rice field density in the Republic of KoreaErin E Richards
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Int J Health Geogr 9:32. 2010..Rice fields were manually digitized inside 1.5 km buffer zones surrounding U.S. military installations on high-resolution satellite images, and the proportion of rice fields was calculated for each buffer zone...
- Assessment of a pesticide exposure intensity algorithm in the agricultural health studyKent W Thomas
US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:559-69. 2010..Refinement of the algorithm may be possible using the results from this and other measurement studies...
- Food consumption trends and driversJohn Kearney
Department of Biological Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology DIT, Dublin, Eire
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2793-807. 2010..Future food policies must consider both agricultural and health sectors, thereby enabling the development of coherent and sustainable policies that will ultimately benefit agriculture, human health and the environment.
- Malaria in tree crop plantations in south-eastern and western provinces of ThailandP Singhasivanon
Department of Tropical Hygiene, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 30:399-404. 1999..dirus and An. minimus are prevalent and have adapted to such changed ecosystems...
- Genetic modifications of pigs for medicine and agricultureJeffrey J Whyte
National Swine Resource and Research Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
Mol Reprod Dev 78:879-91. 2011Genetically modified swine hold great promise in the fields of agriculture and medicine...
- N uptake and distribution in crops: an agronomical and ecophysiological perspectiveF Gastal
Unité d Ecophysiologie des Plantes Fourragères, INRA UEPF, 86600 Lusignan, France
J Exp Bot 53:789-99. 2002..Therefore, N uptake and distribution in plants and crops involves many aspects of growth and development. Regulation of nitrogen assimilation needs to be considered in the context of these interregulatory processes...
- Farming and the fate of wild natureRhys E Green
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK
Science 307:550-5. 2005..Empirical data on such density-yield functions are sparse, but evidence from a range of taxa in developing countries suggests that high-yield farming may allow more species to persist...
- AgBase: a functional genomics resource for agricultureFiona M McCarthy
Department of Basic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
BMC Genomics 7:229. 2006....
- Natural and within-farmland biodiversity enhances crop productivityLuísa Gigante Carvalheiro
Applied Biodiversity Research, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Kirstenbosch Research Centre, Private Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa
Ecol Lett 14:251-9. 2011Ongoing expansion of large-scale agriculture critically threatens natural habitats and the pollination services they offer...
- Genetic variation, population structure and linkage disequilibrium in peach commercial varietiesMaria Jose Aranzana
IRTA, Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica CSIC IRTA UAB, Carretera de Cabrils Km 2, 08348 Cabrils, Barcelona, Spain
BMC Genet 11:69. 2010..For this we genotyped 224 peach cultivars using 50 SSRs evenly distributed along the 8 linkage groups of the Prunus reference map...
- Ranking the magnitude of crop and farming system effects on soil microbial biomass and genetic structure of bacterial communitiesMartin Hartmann
Molecular Ecology, Agroscope FAL Reckenholz, Swiss Federal Research Station for Agroecology and Agriculture, Zurich, Switzerland
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 57:378-88. 2006..Effects of management and plant protection regimes occurred on an intermediate level, while the two stages in the crop rotation had a marginal influence that was not significant...
- Impact of pesticides used in agriculture and vineyards to surface and groundwater quality (North Spain)Alain Hildebrandt
Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Jordi Girona 18 26, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Water Res 42:3315-26. 2008..Only trace levels were rarely detected in the Miño river basin. Groundwater levels were higher than surface water levels for the studied pesticides...
- The effects of meteorological factors on atmospheric bioaerosol concentrations--a reviewAlan M Jones
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Sci Total Environ 326:151-80. 2004..The vertical concentration of bacteria is noted to decline less rapidly than that of fungal spores. The short-term variation of pollen, fungal spore, and bacterial concentrations are also considered...
- Wide variability in kernel composition, seed characteristics, and zein profiles among diverse maize inbreds, landraces, and teosinteSherry A Flint-Garcia
USDA ARS, Plant Genetics Research Unit, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Theor Appl Genet 119:1129-42. 2009..of the wild relatives may provide insight into target traits and valuable allelic variants for modern agriculture. This is especially true for maize (Zea mays ssp. mays), where its wild ancestor, teosinte (Z. mays ssp...
- Life systems of polyphagous arthropod pests in temporally unstable cropping systemsG G Kennedy
Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695 7630, USA
Annu Rev Entomol 45:467-93. 2000..The life systems of three selected polyphagous pests are presented to demonstrate how an understanding of such systems in agricultural ecosystems improves our ability to predict and hence manage these populations...
- Breast cancer risk in Hispanic agricultural workers in CaliforniaPaul K Mills
Cancer Registry of Central California, Fresno, California 93710, USA
Int J Occup Environ Health 11:123-31. 2005..41 (0.66-3.02). Chlordane, malathion, and 2,4-D were associated with increased risk. Risk associated with chemical use was stronger in younger women, those with early-onset breast cancer, and those diagnosed earlier (1988--1994)...
- The sustainable farm families project: changing attitudes to healthSusan A Brumby
Western District Health Service, Hamilton, Victoria, Australia
Rural Remote Health 9:1012. 2009..The SFF project illustrates how increasing health literacy through education and physical assessment can lead to improved health and knowledge outcomes for farm families...
- Does 'no pesticide' reduce suicides?Lakshmi Vijayakumar
Sneha and Voluntary Health Services, Adyar, Chennai, India
Int J Soc Psychiatry 55:401-6. 2009..Ingestion of pesticides is the most common method of suicide, particularly in China, Sri Lanka and India. Reported pesticide suicides in India numbered 22,000 in the year 2006...
- Selection on grain shattering genes and rates of rice domesticationLin Bin Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
New Phytol 184:708-20. 2009..The fixation of sh4 could have been achieved later through strong selection for the optimal phenotype...
- Agriculture. Sustainable biofuels reduxG Philip Robertson
W K Kellogg Biological Station and Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, Hickory Corners, MI 49060, USA
Science 322:49-50. 2008
- General principles of attraction and competitive attraction as revealed by large-cage studies of moths responding to sex pheromoneJ R Miller
Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22-7. 2010..This analysis system also offers a unique approach to quantifying animal foraging behaviors and could find applications across the natural and social sciences...
- Pesticides and their metabolites in the homes and urine of farmworker children living in the Salinas Valley, CAAsa Bradman
Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7380, USA
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:331-49. 2007..The child activity timeline, a novel, low-literacy instrument based on pictures, was successfully used by our participants. Future uses of these data include the development of pesticide exposure models and risk assessment...
- Interactions between environment, species traits, and human uses describe patterns of plant invasionsWilfried Thuiller
Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, CNRS, Universite Joseph Fourier, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
Ecology 87:1755-69. 2006..This information is useful for assessing the extent to which the potential spread of recent introductions can be predicted by considering the interaction of their biological attributes, region of origin, and human use...
- The evolution of agriculture in beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae and Platypodinae)B D Farrell
Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
Evolution 55:2011-27. 2001....
- Preventing zoonotic influenza virus infectionAlejandro Ramirez
University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 12:996-1000. 2006..Multivariate modeling showed that workers who seldom used gloves (odds ratio [OR] 30.3) or who smoked (OR 18.7) most frequently had evidence of previous H1N1 swine virus. These findings may be valuable in planning for pandemic influenza...
- Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: recent trends, questions, and potential solutionsJames N Galloway
Environmental Sciences Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
Science 320:889-92. 2008..cycle at a record pace, reflecting an increased combustion of fossil fuels, growing demand for nitrogen in agriculture and industry, and pervasive inefficiencies in its use...
- Food-based strategies to meet the challenges of micronutrient malnutrition in the developing worldKraisid Tontisirin
Food and Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO ESNA, C 244 Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy
Proc Nutr Soc 61:243-50. 2002....
- Development of vegetable farming: a cause of the emergence of insecticide resistance in populations of Anopheles gambiae in urban areas of BeninAnges William M Yadouleton
Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou, Benin
Malar J 8:103. 2009A fast development of urban agriculture has recently taken place in many areas in the Republic of Benin...
- Animal antibiotic use has an early but important impact on the emergence of antibiotic resistance in human commensal bacteriaDavid L Smith
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:6434-9. 2002..Our model indicates that the greatest impact occurs very early in the emergence of resistance, when AR bacteria are rare, possibly below the detection limits of current surveillance methods...
- The importance of barley genetics and domestication in a global perspectiveMohammad Pourkheirandish
National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences NIAS, Tsukuba 305 8602, Japan
Ann Bot 100:999-1008. 2007..Archaeological evidence has revealed that barley (Hordeum vulgare) is one of the oldest crops used by ancient farmers. Studies of the time and place of barley domestication may help in understanding ancient human civilization...
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 in swine farm personnel, BelgiumOlivier Denis
Universite Libre de Bruxelles Hopital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium
Emerg Infect Dis 15:1098-101. 2009..Surveys showed that 48 (37.8%) persons carried MRSA ST398 and 1 (0.8%) had concurrent skin infection. Risk factors for carriage were MRSA carriage by pigs, regular contact with pigs and companion animals, and use of protective clothing...
- Green revolution: the way forwardG S Khush
Division of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biochemistry, International Rice Research Institute, DAPO PO Box 777 Metro Manila, The Philippines
Nat Rev Genet 2:815-22. 2001The origin of agriculture led to the domestication of many plant species and to the exploitation of natural resources...
- Pesticide exposure and self-reported Parkinson's disease in the agricultural health studyF Kamel
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Am J Epidemiol 165:364-74. 2007..4). Prevalent PD was not associated with overall pesticide use. This study suggests that exposure to certain pesticides may increase PD risk. Findings for specific chemicals may provide fruitful leads for further investigation...
- Mixed biodiversity benefits of agri-environment schemes in five European countriesD Kleijn
Nature Conservation and Plant Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Bornsesteeg 69, 6708 PD Wageningen, The Netherlands
Ecol Lett 9:243-54; discussion 254-7. 2006....
- Effects of local anthropogenic changes on potential malaria vector Anopheles hyrcanus and West Nile virus vector Culex modestus, Camargue, FranceNicolas Ponçon
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1810-5. 2007..of these species increased as rice cultivation expanded in the region in a political context that supported agriculture. They then fell, likely because of decreased cultivation and increased pesticide use to control a rice pest...
- Adapting agriculture to climate changeS Mark Howden
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Sustainable Ecosystems, GPO Box 284, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19691-6. 2007..A crucial component of this approach is the implementation of adaptation assessment frameworks that are relevant, robust, and easily operated by all stakeholders, practitioners, policymakers, and scientists...
- Optimizing the control of disease infestations at the landscape scaleGraeme A Forster
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EA, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:4984-9. 2007..Finally, we test the robustness of the analytical results, derived from the mean-field approximation, on the spatially explicit contact process and demonstrate robustness to implementation errors and misestimation of crucial parameters...
- The impact of HIV/AIDS on labour productivity in KenyaMatthew P Fox
Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Trop Med Int Health 9:318-24. 2004..To estimate the impact of HIV/AIDS on individual labour productivity during disease progression...
- Pesticide use in developing countriesD J Ecobichon
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Queen's University, Ont, Kingston, Canada K7L 3N6
Toxicology 160:27-33. 2001..There is a lack of rigorous legislation and regulations to control pesticides as well as training programs for personnel to inspect and monitor use and to initiate training programs for pesticide consumers...
- The roots of a new green revolutionGriet Den Herder
Genetics, Faculty of Biology, University of Munich LMU, D 82152 Martinsried München, Germany
Trends Plant Sci 15:600-7. 2010..of mankind; the first green revolution about half a century ago represented a crucial step towards contemporary agriculture and the development of high-yield varieties of cereal grains...
- Assessing impact and impact pathways of a homestead food production program on household and child nutrition in CambodiaDeanna K Olney
International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA
Food Nutr Bull 30:355-69. 2009..Homestead food production programs have the potential to improve maternal and child health and nutrition through multiple pathways...
- Tracing the history of goat pastoralism: new clues from mitochondrial and Y chromosome DNA in North AfricaFilipe Pereira
Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal
Mol Biol Evol 26:2765-73. 2009..Finally, we also detected traces of gene flow between goat populations from the Maghreb and the Iberian Peninsula corroborating evidence of past cultural and commercial contacts across the Strait of Gibraltar...
- Mirid bug outbreaks in multiple crops correlated with wide-scale adoption of Bt cotton in ChinaYanhui Lu
State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, People s Republic of China
Science 328:1151-4. 2010..Hence, alterations of pest management regimes in Bt cotton could be responsible for the appearance and subsequent spread of nontarget pests at an agro-landscape level...
- A Low-Cost Upper-Extremity Prosthesis for Under-Served PopulationsBRADLEY VEATCH; Fiscal Year: 2006..to be as high as 25,000,000 persons; approximately 80% of these live in rural areas and survive through agriculture and animal husbandry...
- Evaluation of Hearing Loss in Farmworkers, Texas- Mexico Border AreaMartha S Vela Acosta; Fiscal Year: 2007..Hearing loss may cause professional and financial difficulties leading to social isolation and stigmatization. Agriculture work has been associated with a high prevalence of hearing loss, both in adults and youth...
- Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant WomenEileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. Department of Agriculture and the Institute of Medicine...
- Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant WomenEileen Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2009..S. Department of Agriculture and the Institute of Medicine...
- ORGANOPHOSPHATE PESTICIDES AND HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE HEALTHXiping Xu; Fiscal Year: 2003..S.; and (9) the population possesses unique characteristics for examining the proposed hypothesis, i.e., a stable workforce, a non-smoking group and excellent compliance rates. ..
- Roles of host RNA binding proteins in virus replicationPeter Nagy; Fiscal Year: 2007DESCRIPTION: Plus-stranded RNA viruses, which pose significant risks to human health and cause major losses for agriculture, depend heavily on host factors to replicate in infected cells...
- A Plant-Derived Recombinant Bioscavenger to Prevent Insecticide NeurotoxicityYvonne Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..Organophosphorus (OPs) compound are potent neurotoxic chemicals that are widely used in medicine, industry and agriculture; most notably as insecticides...
- PESTICIDE INDUCED DIFFERENTIATION OF BREAST CANCER CELLSScott Willard; Fiscal Year: 2002Many pesticides, synthetic chemicals used in production agriculture to control insects (insecticides), fungi (fungicides) and weeds (herbicides), have been shown to have estrogenic activity in mammalian systems, including neoplasias of ..
- Rural Environmental Health in Central/Eastern EuropeThomas Cook; Fiscal Year: 2002..It has the following goals: (1) to raise the level of understanding about agriculture and its relationship to rural health, occupational health and the environment in Central Europe, specifically ..
- Mixture Modeling: Pesticide Drug InteractionsCharles Timchalk; Fiscal Year: 2009..It is fully anticipated that this approach will facilitate the understanding of a variety of complex chemical interactions as it relates to the occupational health implications of working with insecticides. ..
- Mixture Modeling: Pesticide Drug InteractionsCharles Timchalk; Fiscal Year: 2007..It is fully anticipated that this approach will facilitate the understanding of a variety of complex chemical interactions as it relates to the occupational health implications of working with insecticides. ..
- Mountain and Plains Education and Research CenterLee Newman; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., mining, energy, agriculture), and geographic distance from educational centers of excellence in occupational health...
- Nipah Virus Pathobiology and Effects on Innate ImmunityLinda Baum; Fiscal Year: 2009..The co-investigators have a unique combination of expertise, and propose an innovative set of studies into the glycobiology of NiV pathogenesis. ..
- Reactive Materials for Protective ClothingWAHEGURU SINGH; Fiscal Year: 2005..The increase in disease transmission, the widespread use of pesticides in agriculture, and the increased proliferation of chemical and biological weapons worldwide have increased the need for the ..
- Research Training on Chronic Lung Diseases in Southern AfricaThomas Robins; Fiscal Year: 2009..mining & construction industries, respirable dust in coal mines, allergens and endotoxin associated with agriculture and food processing) exposures...
- Molecular Determinants of Pyrethroid NeurotoxicityDAVID SODERLUND; Fiscal Year: 2009Synthetic pyrethroids, an important class of neurotoxic insecticides used worldwide in agriculture and public health, cause toxic effects in animals by modifying the normal function of voltage-sensitive sodium channels...
- Molecular Determinants of Pyrethroid NeurotoxicityDAVID SODERLUND; Fiscal Year: 2007Synthetic pyrethroids, an important class of neurotoxic insecticides used worldwide in agriculture and public health, cause toxic effects in animals by modifying the normal function of voltage-sensitive sodium channels...
- Environmental Changes and Mosquito-Borne Diseases in Arid EnvironmentsJOHN C C BEIER; Fiscal Year: 2010..In Upper Egypt, there are major concerns that projects underway to transform desert environments for irrigated agriculture in the Old Nile Valley (about 70,000 acres) and in the Toshka Valley (nearly 1 million acres) will ..
- Organophosphate Action in the Central Nervous SystemNEIL MARC NATHANSON; Fiscal Year: 2010Organophosphate (OP) acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are used widely in agriculture as pesticides and also have been used in terrorist attacks against civilian populations...
- Morgan State University-Public Health Program-CAM Research Training Program (InstYvonne Bronner; Fiscal Year: 2007..Hopkins University School of Medicine, Tai Sophia Institute for the Healing Arts, United States Department of Agriculture Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, and The Maryland Research and Applied Sciences Consortium) to ..
- Occupational Safety and Health Surveillance in IowaRITA GERGELY; Fiscal Year: 2007..For the fundamental program, IDPH will collaborate with key stakeholders in academia, business, agriculture, and healthcare to establish the surveillance system. Initially, the system will be comprised of 15 indicators...