Genomes and Genes
Summary: The science of soil cultivation, crop production, and livestock raising.
Publications302 found, 100 shown here
- Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100O E Sala
Department of Ecology and Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas vinculadas a la Agricultura, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Avenida San Martin 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Argentina
Science 287:1770-4. 2000..Plausible changes in biodiversity in other biomes depend on interactions among the causes of biodiversity change. These interactions represent one of the largest uncertainties in projections of future biodiversity change...
- The molecular genetics of crop domesticationJohn F Doebley
Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Cell 127:1309-21. 2006Ten thousand years ago human societies around the globe began to transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture. By 4000 years ago, ancient peoples had completed the domestication of all major crop species upon which human survival ..
- Soil type is the primary determinant of the composition of the total and active bacterial communities in arable soilsMartina S Girvan
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, England, UK
Appl Environ Microbiol 69:1800-9. 2003..The active population was therefore more indicative of short-term management changes...
- The domestication process and domestication rate in rice: spikelet bases from the Lower YangtzeDorian Q Fuller
Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London WC1H 0PY, UK
Science 323:1607-10. 2009..In addition, an assemblage of annual grasses, sedges, and other herbaceous plants indicates the presence of arable weeds, typical of cultivated rice, that also increased over this period...
- Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human healthP Daszak
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Science 287:443-9. 2000....
- Association of in utero organophosphate pesticide exposure and fetal growth and length of gestation in an agricultural populationBrenda Eskenazi
Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, 94720 7380, USA
Environ Health Perspect 112:1116-24. 2004..However, despite these observed associations, the rate of preterm delivery in this population (6.4%) was lower than in a U.S. reference population...
- Global consequences of land useJonathan A Foley
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Science 309:570-4. 2005..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
- AgBase: a functional genomics resource for agricultureFiona M McCarthy
Department of Basic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
BMC Genomics 7:229. 2006....
- Pesticides in dust from homes in an agricultural areaMartha E Harnly
Environmental Health Investigations Branch, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, USA
Environ Sci Technol 43:8767-74. 2009..0, a very low vapor pressure, or both. Health risk assessments for pesticides that have these properties may need to include evaluation of exposures to house dust...
- Long-term global trends in crop yield and production reveal no current pollination shortage but increasing pollinator dependencyMarcelo A Aizen
Laboratorio Ecotono, INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Quintral 1250, 8400 Bariloche Río Negro, Argentina
Curr Biol 18:1572-5. 2008..We further report, however, that agriculture has become more pollinator dependent because of a disproportionate increase in the area cultivated with ..
- Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental changeD Tilman
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Science 292:281-4. 2001..Should past dependences of the global environmental impacts of agriculture on human population and consumption continue, 10(9) hectares of natural ecosystems would be converted to ..
- Ancient DNA from European early neolithic farmers reveals their near eastern affinitiesWolfgang Haak
Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
PLoS Biol 8:e1000536. 2010....
- Anopheles gambiae distribution and insecticide resistance in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé (Cameroon): influence of urban agriculture and pollutionChristophe Antonio-Nkondjio
Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Organisation de Coordination pour la lutte contre les Endémies en Afrique Centrale OCEAC, P O Box 288, Yaounde, Cameroon
Malar J 10:154. 2011..A study was undertaken to assess the importance of urban pollution and agriculture practice on the distribution and susceptibility to insecticide of malaria vectors in the two main cities in ..
- Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practicesDavid Tilman
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
Nature 418:671-7. 2002..New incentives and policies for ensuring the sustainability of agriculture and ecosystem services will be crucial if we are to meet the demands of improving yields without compromising ..
- Plant-microbe interactions promoting plant growth and health: perspectives for controlled use of microorganisms in agricultureGabriele Berg
Environmental Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 84:11-8. 2009..Altogether, the use of microorganisms and the exploitation of beneficial plant-microbe interactions offer promising and environmentally friendly strategies for conventional and organic agriculture worldwide.
- Pyrosequencing-based assessment of bacterial community structure along different management types in German forest and grassland soilsHeiko Nacke
Department of Genomic and Applied Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg August University Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
PLoS ONE 6:e17000. 2011..In contrast to the importance of soil bacteria for ecosystem functioning, we understand little how different management types affect the soil bacterial community composition...
- Significant acidification in major Chinese croplandsJ H Guo
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Science 327:1008-10. 2010..In comparison, acid deposition (0.4 to 2.0 kilomoles of H+ per hectare per year) made a small contribution to the acidification of agricultural soils across China...
- Assessment of a pesticide exposure intensity algorithm in the agricultural health studyKent W Thomas
US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:559-69. 2010..Refinement of the algorithm may be possible using the results from this and other measurement studies...
- Antibiotic use in plant agriculturePatricia S McManus
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706 1598, USA
Annu Rev Phytopathol 40:443-65. 2002..Nonetheless, the role of antibiotic use on plants in the antibiotic-resistance crisis in human medicine is the subject of debate...
- Evidence of previous avian influenza infection among US turkey workersG Kayali
Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
Zoonoses Public Health 57:265-72. 2010..These data further support increasing surveillance and other preparedness efforts to include not only confinement poultry facilities, but more importantly, also small scale farms...
- Decline and conservation of bumble beesD Goulson
School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
Annu Rev Entomol 53:191-208. 2008..Suggested measures include tight regulation of commercial bumble bee use and targeted use of environmentally comparable schemes to enhance floristic diversity in agricultural landscapes...
- Understanding water deficit stress-induced changes in the basic metabolism of higher plants - biotechnologically and sustainably improving agriculture and the ecoenvironment in arid regions of the globeHong Bo Shao
Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Science, Northwest A and F University, Yangling, China
Crit Rev Biotechnol 29:131-51. 2009..Productive and sustainable agriculture necessitates growing plants (crops) in arid and semiarid regions with less input of precious resources such as ..
- Helminth infections among people using wastewater and human excreta in peri-urban agriculture and aquaculture in Hanoi, VietnamThuy Trang Do
Division of Enteric Infections, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
Trop Med Int Health 12:82-90. 2007To assess the prevalence of helminth infections and their associated risks in a community using both wastewater and human excreta in agriculture and aquaculture.
- Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birdsBjorn Olsen
Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
Science 312:384-8. 2006....
- The relationship between mosquito abundance and rice field density in the Republic of KoreaErin E Richards
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Int J Health Geogr 9:32. 2010..Rice fields were manually digitized inside 1.5 km buffer zones surrounding U.S. military installations on high-resolution satellite images, and the proportion of rice fields was calculated for each buffer zone...
- The sustainable farm families project: changing attitudes to healthSusan A Brumby
Western District Health Service, Hamilton, Victoria, Australia
Rural Remote Health 9:1012. 2009..The SFF project illustrates how increasing health literacy through education and physical assessment can lead to improved health and knowledge outcomes for farm families...
- Selection on grain shattering genes and rates of rice domesticationLin Bin Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
New Phytol 184:708-20. 2009..The fixation of sh4 could have been achieved later through strong selection for the optimal phenotype...
- General principles of attraction and competitive attraction as revealed by large-cage studies of moths responding to sex pheromoneJ R Miller
Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22-7. 2010..This analysis system also offers a unique approach to quantifying animal foraging behaviors and could find applications across the natural and social sciences...
- Agriculture. Sustainable biofuels reduxG Philip Robertson
W. K. Kellogg Biological Station and Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, Hickory Corners, MI 49060, USA
Science 322:49-50. 2008
- Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food securityR Lal
Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Science 304:1623-7. 2004..5 to 1 kg/ha for cowpeas. As well as enhancing food security, carbon sequestration has the potential to offset fossil fuel emissions by 0.4 to 1.2 gigatons of carbon per year, or 5 to 15% of the global fossil-fuel emissions...
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 in swine farm personnel, BelgiumOlivier Denis
Universite Libre de Bruxelles Hopital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium
Emerg Infect Dis 15:1098-101. 2009..Surveys showed that 48 (37.8%) persons carried MRSA ST398 and 1 (0.8%) had concurrent skin infection. Risk factors for carriage were MRSA carriage by pigs, regular contact with pigs and companion animals, and use of protective clothing...
- Preventing zoonotic influenza virus infectionAlejandro Ramirez
University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 12:996-1000. 2006..Multivariate modeling showed that workers who seldom used gloves (odds ratio [OR] 30.3) or who smoked (OR 18.7) most frequently had evidence of previous H1N1 swine virus. These findings may be valuable in planning for pandemic influenza...
- The evolution of agriculture in beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae and Platypodinae)B D Farrell
Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
Evolution 55:2011-27. 2001....
- Interactions between environment, species traits, and human uses describe patterns of plant invasionsWilfried Thuiller
Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, CNRS, Universite Joseph Fourier, BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
Ecology 87:1755-69. 2006..This information is useful for assessing the extent to which the potential spread of recent introductions can be predicted by considering the interaction of their biological attributes, region of origin, and human use...
- Pesticides and their metabolites in the homes and urine of farmworker children living in the Salinas Valley, CAAsa Bradman
Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7380, USA
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:331-49. 2007..The child activity timeline, a novel, low-literacy instrument based on pictures, was successfully used by our participants. Future uses of these data include the development of pesticide exposure models and risk assessment...
- How much does agriculture depend on pollinators? Lessons from long-term trends in crop productionMarcelo A Aizen
INIBIOMA CONICET and Centro Regional Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Rio Negro, Argentina
Ann Bot 103:1579-88. 2009..The change in pollinator dependency over 46 years was also evaluated, considering the developed and developing world separately...
- Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: recent trends, questions, and potential solutionsJames N Galloway
Environmental Sciences Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
Science 320:889-92. 2008..cycle at a record pace, reflecting an increased combustion of fossil fuels, growing demand for nitrogen in agriculture and industry, and pervasive inefficiencies in its use...
- Food-based strategies to meet the challenges of micronutrient malnutrition in the developing worldKraisid Tontisirin
Food and Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAO-ESNA, C-244 Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy
Proc Nutr Soc 61:243-50. 2002....
- Animal antibiotic use has an early but important impact on the emergence of antibiotic resistance in human commensal bacteriaDavid L Smith
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:6434-9. 2002..Our model indicates that the greatest impact occurs very early in the emergence of resistance, when AR bacteria are rare, possibly below the detection limits of current surveillance methods...
- Development of vegetable farming: a cause of the emergence of insecticide resistance in populations of Anopheles gambiae in urban areas of BeninAnges William M Yadouleton
Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou, Benin
Malar J 8:103. 2009A fast development of urban agriculture has recently taken place in many areas in the Republic of Benin...
- Mixed biodiversity benefits of agri-environment schemes in five European countriesD Kleijn
Nature Conservation and Plant Ecology Group, Wageningen University, Bornsesteeg 69, 6708 PD Wageningen, The Netherlands
Ecol Lett 9:243-54; discussion 254-7. 2006....
- Optimizing the control of disease infestations at the landscape scaleGraeme A Forster
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EA, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:4984-9. 2007..Finally, we test the robustness of the analytical results, derived from the mean-field approximation, on the spatially explicit contact process and demonstrate robustness to implementation errors and misestimation of crucial parameters...
- The impact of HIV/AIDS on labour productivity in KenyaMatthew P Fox
Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Trop Med Int Health 9:318-24. 2004..To estimate the impact of HIV/AIDS on individual labour productivity during disease progression...
- Pesticide exposure and self-reported Parkinson's disease in the agricultural health studyF Kamel
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Am J Epidemiol 165:364-74. 2007..4). Prevalent PD was not associated with overall pesticide use. This study suggests that exposure to certain pesticides may increase PD risk. Findings for specific chemicals may provide fruitful leads for further investigation...
- Effects of local anthropogenic changes on potential malaria vector Anopheles hyrcanus and West Nile virus vector Culex modestus, Camargue, FranceNicolas Ponçon
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1810-5. 2007..of these species increased as rice cultivation expanded in the region in a political context that supported agriculture. They then fell, likely because of decreased cultivation and increased pesticide use to control a rice pest...
- Adapting agriculture to climate changeS Mark Howden
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Sustainable Ecosystems, GPO Box 284, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19691-6. 2007..A crucial component of this approach is the implementation of adaptation assessment frameworks that are relevant, robust, and easily operated by all stakeholders, practitioners, policymakers, and scientists...
- Green revolution: the way forwardG S Khush
Division of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biochemistry, International Rice Research Institute, DAPO PO Box 777 Metro Manila, The Philippines
Nat Rev Genet 2:815-22. 2001The origin of agriculture led to the domestication of many plant species and to the exploitation of natural resources...
- Pesticide use in developing countriesD J Ecobichon
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Queen's University, Ont, Kingston, Canada K7L 3N6
Toxicology 160:27-33. 2001..There is a lack of rigorous legislation and regulations to control pesticides as well as training programs for personnel to inspect and monitor use and to initiate training programs for pesticide consumers...
- The roots of a new green revolutionGriet Den Herder
Genetics, Faculty of Biology, University of Munich LMU, D 82152 Martinsried München, Germany
Trends Plant Sci 15:600-7. 2010..of mankind; the first green revolution about half a century ago represented a crucial step towards contemporary agriculture and the development of high-yield varieties of cereal grains...
- Wide variability in kernel composition, seed characteristics, and zein profiles among diverse maize inbreds, landraces, and teosinteSherry A Flint-Garcia
USDA ARS, Plant Genetics Research Unit, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Theor Appl Genet 119:1129-42. 2009..of the wild relatives may provide insight into target traits and valuable allelic variants for modern agriculture. This is especially true for maize (Zea mays ssp. mays), where its wild ancestor, teosinte (Z. mays ssp...
- Associations between attributes of live poultry trade and HPAI H5N1 outbreaks: a descriptive and network analysis study in northern VietnamRicardo J Soares Magalhaes
Royal Veterinary College, Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health Group, Dpt Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Herts AL9 7TA, UK
BMC Vet Res 6:10. 2010..The aims of this study were to document and study the flow of live poultry in a poultry trade network in northern Vietnam, and explore its potential role in the risk for HPAI H5N1 during 2003 to 2006...
- Global mammal conservation: what must we manage?Gerardo Ceballos
Instituto de Ecologia, UNAM, Apdo Postal 70 275, Mexico D F 04510, Mexico
Science 309:603-7. 2005..Different approaches, from protection (or establishment) of reserves to countryside biogeographic enhancement of human-dominated landscapes, will be required to approach this minimal goal...
- Communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in arable soils are not necessarily low in diversityIsabelle Hijri
Botanical Institute, University of Basel, Hebelstrasse, 1, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland
Mol Ecol 15:2277-89. 2006..These data show that the diversity of AMF is not always low in arable soils. Furthermore, low-input agriculture involving crop rotation may provide better conditions to preserve AMF diversity, by preventing the selection ..
- Community composition, host range and genetic structure of the fungal entomopathogen Beauveria in adjoining agricultural and seminatural habitatsNicolai V Meyling
Department of Agriculture and Ecology, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Mol Ecol 18:1282-93. 2009..Multilocus microsatellite genotyping revealed polymorphism in all five phylogenetic species of B. bassiana s.s.; however, all show evidence of clonal genetic structure...
- Mirid bug outbreaks in multiple crops correlated with wide-scale adoption of Bt cotton in ChinaYanhui Lu
State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, People s Republic of China
Science 328:1151-4. 2010..Hence, alterations of pest management regimes in Bt cotton could be responsible for the appearance and subsequent spread of nontarget pests at an agro-landscape level...
- Multi-scale spatial structure of heavy metals in agricultural soils in BeijingHuo Xiaoni
College of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China
Environ Monit Assess 164:605-16. 2010..Thus, the multi-scale kriging nested model is a useful tool for revealing spatial variability of heavy metals in soils, while the spatial distribution maps allow the identification of hot spots with high concentrations of heavy metals...
- Field trial for evaluating the effects on honeybees of corn sown using Cruiser and Celest xl treated seedsPaolo Tremolada
Department of Biology, University of Milan, Via Celoria 26, 20133, Milan, Italy
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 85:229-34. 2010..A theoretical contact exposure was calculated for a bee when flying over the sown fields, revealing a dose of 9.2 ng bee(-1) close to the contact LD(50) of thiamethoxam...
- [Use of agricultural insecticides in Benin]M C Akogbeto
Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou, 06 BP. 2604,
Bull Soc Pathol Exot 98:400-5. 2005The use of insecticides in households and in agriculture has been incriminated in the emergence of insecticide resistance in insect vectors...
- Assessing impact and impact pathways of a homestead food production program on household and child nutrition in CambodiaDeanna K Olney
International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA
Food Nutr Bull 30:355-69. 2009..Homestead food production programs have the potential to improve maternal and child health and nutrition through multiple pathways...
- Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: food and agricultureSharon Friel
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
Lancet 374:2016-25. 2009..Coordinated intersectoral action is needed across agricultural, nutritional, public health, and climate change communities worldwide to provide affordable, healthy, low-emission diets for all societies...
- Domestication and early agriculture in the Mediterranean Basin: Origins, diffusion, and impactMelinda A Zeder
Archaeobiology Program, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:11597-604. 2008The past decade has witnessed a quantum leap in our understanding of the origins, diffusion, and impact of early agriculture in the Mediterranean Basin...
- Neurologic symptoms in licensed pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health StudyF Kamel
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, PO Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Hum Exp Toxicol 26:243-50. 2007..These results suggest that neurologic symptoms are associated with cumulative exposure to moderate levels of organophosphate and organochlorine insecticides, regardless of recent exposure or history of poisoning...
- Rapid, global demographic expansions after the origins of agricultureChristopher R Gignoux
University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6044-9. 2011The invention of agriculture is widely assumed to have driven recent human population growth. However, direct genetic evidence for population growth after independent agricultural origins has been elusive...
- Tracing the history of goat pastoralism: new clues from mitochondrial and Y chromosome DNA in North AfricaFilipe Pereira
Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal
Mol Biol Evol 26:2765-73. 2009..Finally, we also detected traces of gene flow between goat populations from the Maghreb and the Iberian Peninsula corroborating evidence of past cultural and commercial contacts across the Strait of Gibraltar...
- Review of the nutritional implications of farmers' markets and community gardens: a call for evaluation and research effortsLacey Arneson McCormack
E A Martin Program in Human Nutrition, South Dakota State University, Brookings, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 110:399-408. 2010..Recommendations for future research on the dietary influences of farmers' markets and community gardens are provided...
- Natural and within-farmland biodiversity enhances crop productivityLuísa Gigante Carvalheiro
Applied Biodiversity Research, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Kirstenbosch Research Centre, Private Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa
Ecol Lett 14:251-9. 2011Ongoing expansion of large-scale agriculture critically threatens natural habitats and the pollination services they offer...
- Reducing environmental risk by improving N management in intensive Chinese agricultural systemsXiao Tang Ju
Key Laboratory of Plant and Soil Interactions, Ministry of Education, China, and College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:3041-6. 2009....
- Organic agriculture promotes evenness and natural pest controlDavid W Crowder
Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164, USA
Nature 466:109-12. 2010..Our results strengthen the argument that rejuvenation of ecosystem function requires restoration of species evenness, rather than just richness. Organic farming potentially offers a means of returning functional evenness to ecosystems...
- Control of tillering in riceXueyong Li
Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Nature 422:618-21. 2003..MOC1 encodes a putative GRAS family nuclear protein that is expressed mainly in the axillary buds and functions to initiate axillary buds and to promote their outgrowth...
- Radically rethinking agriculture for the 21st centuryN V Fedoroff
Office of the Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State and to the Administrator of USAID, U S Department of State, Washington, DC 20520, USA
Science 327:833-4. 2010..growth, arable land and fresh water limits, and climate change have profound implications for the ability of agriculture to meet this century's demands for food, feed, fiber, and fuel while reducing the environmental impact of their ..
- Direct and indirect impacts of integrated pest management on pesticide use: a case of rice agriculture in Java, IndonesiaJoko Mariyono
AVRDC ACIAR Integrated Disease Management Project, Tegal Indonesia
Pest Manag Sci 64:1069-73. 2008..In this case, the IPM technology is not a pest control technique. CONCLUSION There is an indication that IPM technology has been adopted by farmers. This is evidence that the IPM programme in Indonesia was successful in this area...
- Evolution of an agriculture-associated disease causing Campylobacter coli clade: evidence from national surveillance data in ScotlandSamuel K Sheppard
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e15708. 2010..coli infection. Taken together these analyses are consistent with an evolutionary scenario describing the emergence of agriculture-associated C. coli lineage that is an important human pathogen.
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in people living and working in pig farmsI V F VAN DEN Broek
Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, Centre Infectious Disease Control, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Epidemiol Infect 137:700-8. 2009..Working in pig stables with MRSA-positive pigs poses a high risk for acquiring MRSA, increasingly so when contact with live pigs is more intensive or long lasting...
- Distribution and toxicity of sediment-associated pesticides in agriculture-dominated water bodies of California's Central ValleyD P Weston
Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, 3060 Valley Life Sciences Building, Berkeley, California 94720 3140, USA
Environ Sci Technol 38:2752-9. 2004..Seventy sediment samples were collected over a 10-county area in the agriculture-dominated Central Valley of California, with most sites located in irrigation canals and small creeks dominated ..
- A geo-referenced modeling environment for ecosystem risk assessment: organophosphate pesticides in an agriculturally dominated watershedYuzhou Luo
Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou 325035, China
J Environ Qual 38:664-74. 2009..Improved irrigation techniques and management practices were also suggested to reduce the violations of pesticide concentrations during irrigation seasons...
- Epidemiologic studies in agricultural populations: observations and future directionsAaron Blair
Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
J Agromedicine 14:125-31. 2009..Because exposures vary by type of farm operation, exposures for individual farmers can differ considerably. Studies in the future need to focus on the full range of exposures to fully understand the cancer pattern in farmers...
- Local attitudes and perceptions toward crop-raiding by orangutans (Pongo abelii) and other nonhuman primates in northern Sumatra, IndonesiaGail Campbell-Smith
Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, United Kingdom
Am J Primatol 72:866-76. 2010..Our results suggest that efforts to mitigate human-orangutan conflict may not, per se, change negative perceptions of those who live with the species, because these perceptions are often driven by fear...
- Distance threshold for the effect of urban agriculture on elevated self-reported malaria prevalence in Accra, GhanaJustin Stoler
Department of Geography, San Diego State University, California 92182, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:547-54. 2009Irrigated urban agriculture (UA), which has helped alleviate poverty and increase food security in rapidly urbanizing sub-Saharan Africa, may inadvertently support malaria vectors...
- Pesticides in stream water within an agricultural catchment in southern Sweden, 1990-1996J Kreuger
Department of Soil Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
Sci Total Environ 216:227-51. 1998....
- Y-chromosomal evidence of the cultural diffusion of agriculture in Southeast EuropeVincenza Battaglia
Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Eur J Hum Genet 17:820-30. 2009..To investigate the possible involvement of local people during the transition of agriculture in the Balkans, we analysed patterns of Y-chromosome diversity in 1206 subjects from 17 population samples, ..
- Application of transgenesis in livestock for agriculture and biomedicineHeiner Niemann
Department of Biotechnology, Institut für Tierzucht Mariensee, FAL, 31535 Neustadt, Germany
Anim Reprod Sci 79:291-317. 2003..The availability of these technologies are essential to maintain "genetic security" and to ensure absence of unwanted side effects...
- Suicides on farms in South Australia, 1997-2001Keith Miller
Flinders University, School of Social Work, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Aust J Rural Health 16:327-31. 2008..This paper seeks to determine the number of residents on farms in South Australia, along with the suicide rate...
- Soil microbial community response to land use change in an agricultural landscape of western KenyaD A Bossio
World Agroforestry Center, ICRAF, P O Box 30677, Nairobi, Kenya
Microb Ecol 49:50-62. 2005....
- Pesticides in Lebanon: a knowledge, attitude, and practice studyPascale R Salameh
Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Environ Res 94:1-6. 2004..Pesticide safety education is necessary in order to induce protective behavior among agricultural workers. The general population may also benefit from increasing their awareness regarding pesticides...
- Cereal mycorrhiza: an ancient symbiosis in modern agricultureRuairidh J H Sawers
Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Lausanne, Biophore Building, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Trends Plant Sci 13:93-7. 2008..ecosystems impacted AM associations, and do these ancient symbioses potentially have a role in modern agriculture? Here, we review recent advances in AM research and the use of breeding approaches to generate new crop ..
- Depression and pesticide exposures among private pesticide applicators enrolled in the Agricultural Health StudyCheryl L Beseler
Colorado Injury Control Research Center, Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
Environ Health Perspect 116:1713-9. 2008..We evaluated the relationship between diagnosed depression and pesticide exposure using information from private pesticide applicators enrolled in the Agricultural Health Study between 1993 and 1997 in Iowa and North Carolina...
- Agriculture and the new challenges for photosynthesis researchE H Murchie
Division of Plant and Crop Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington LE12 5RD, UK
New Phytol 181:532-52. 2009....
- The progressive increase of food waste in America and its environmental impactKevin D Hall
Laboratory of Biological Modeling, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e7940. 2009..Food waste now accounts for more than one quarter of the total freshwater consumption and approximately 300 million barrels of oil per year...
- Characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 from cases of bovine mastitisAndrea Fessler
Institute of Farm Animal Genetics, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Neustadt Mariensee, Germany
J Antimicrob Chemother 65:619-25. 2010....
- Effects of nitrogen fertilizer application on greenhouse gas emissions and economics of corn productionSeungdo Kim
Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1226, USA
Environ Sci Technol 42:6028-33. 2008..Therefore, an appropriate NAR could enhance profitability as well as reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with corn grain...
- Plasmid-mediated multiple antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli in crude and treated wastewater used in agricultureS Pignato
Dipartimento G F Ingrassia, Igiene e Sanità Pubblica, Universita di Catania, Via S Sofia 87, I 95123, Catania, Italy
J Water Health 7:251-8. 2009..and in reaching WHO microbiological standards for safe use of wastewater in agriculture, they were ineffective in reducing significantly the frequency of plasmid-mediated multiple antibiotic ..
- Identifying the cause and source of sediment toxicity in an agriculture-influenced creekDonald P Weston
Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, 3060 Valley Life Sciences Building, Berkeley, California 94720 3140, USA
Environ Toxicol Chem 27:953-62. 2008..The methods employed in this study are likely to be of considerable value in total maximum daily load efforts in Del Puerto Creek or other California surface water bodies known to have pyrethroid-related aquatic toxicity...
- Autosomal resequence data reveal Late Stone Age signals of population expansion in sub-Saharan African foraging and farming populationsMurray P Cox
ARL Division of Biotechnology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e6366. 2009..human populations began to expand: was demographic growth associated with the invention of particular technologies or behavioral innovations by hunter-gatherers in the Late Pleistocene, or with the acquisition of farming in the Neolithic?..
- Insights into the substrate specificity of plant peptide deformylase, an essential enzyme with potential for the development of novel biotechnology applications in agricultureLynnette M A Dirk
Plant Physiology Biochemistry Molecular Biology Program, Department of Horticulture, University of Kentucky, 441 Plant Science Building, Lexington, KY 40546 0312, USA
Biochem J 413:417-27. 2008..The results suggest that, whereas Tyr(178) can influence catalytic activity, other residues contribute to the overall preference for the D1 polypeptide...
- Risk of childhood cancers associated with residence in agriculturally intense areas in the United StatesSusan E Carozza
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843 1266, USA
Environ Health Perspect 116:559-65. 2008..The potential for widespread exposure to agricultural pesticides through drift during application raises concerns about possible health effects to exposed children living in areas of high agricultural activity...
- Monitoring the world's agricultureJeffrey Sachs
Earth Institute, Columbia University
Nature 466:558-60. 2010..To feed the world without further damaging the planet, Jeffrey Sachs and 24 foodsystem experts call for a global data collection and dissemination network to track the myriad impacts of different farming practices...
- Intervening to improve health indicators among Australian farm familiesJustin Blackburn
Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
J Agromedicine 14:345-56. 2009....
- How has agriculture influenced the geography and genetics of animal parasites?Benjamin M Rosenthal
Animal Parasitic Disease Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MA 20705 2350, USA
Trends Parasitol 25:67-70. 2009....
- Rainfall and tillage effects on transport of fecal bacteria and sex hormones 17beta-estradiol and testosterone from broiler litter applications to a Georgia Piedmont UltisolMichael B Jenkins
USDA ARS Natural Resource Conservation Center, Watkinsville, GA 30677, USA
Sci Total Environ 403:154-63. 2008..Poultry litter application rates commensurate for corn appeared to enhance only soil concentrations of E. coli, and runoff concentrations of testosterone above background levels...
- [Microbial activity in Eastern Venezuelan savannas turned into grasslands]Y Gomez
Universidad de Oriente, Núcleo de Anzoátegui, Laboratorio de Investigaciones Biológicas, Apdo 1231, Puerto La Cruz, Estado Anzoátegui, Venezuela
Rev Biol Trop 54:273-85. 2006..capitata increased the organic matter content in soil. The AA and the basal respiration were sensible indicators to estimate changes in soil quality and also reflected the interaction of temporal changes and management practices...
- Hydrological controls on nutrient concentrations and fluxes in agricultural catchmentsJ Petry
Department of Geography and Environment, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
Sci Total Environ 294:95-110. 2002....
- A Low-Cost Upper-Extremity Prosthesis for Under-Served PopulationsBRADLEY VEATCH; Fiscal Year: 2006..to be as high as 25,000,000 persons; approximately 80% of these live in rural areas and survive through agriculture and animal husbandry...
- Evaluation of Hearing Loss in Farmworkers, Texas- Mexico Border AreaMartha S Vela Acosta; Fiscal Year: 2007..Hearing loss may cause professional and financial difficulties leading to social isolation and stigmatization. Agriculture work has been associated with a high prevalence of hearing loss, both in adults and youth...
- Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant WomenEileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. Department of Agriculture and the Institute of Medicine...
- Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant WomenEileen Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2009..S. Department of Agriculture and the Institute of Medicine...
- Roles of host RNA binding proteins in virus replicationPeter Nagy; Fiscal Year: 2007DESCRIPTION: Plus-stranded RNA viruses, which pose significant risks to human health and cause major losses for agriculture, depend heavily on host factors to replicate in infected cells...
- ORGANOPHOSPHATE PESTICIDES AND HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE HEALTHXiping Xu; Fiscal Year: 2003..S.; and (9) the population possesses unique characteristics for examining the proposed hypothesis, i.e., a stable workforce, a non-smoking group and excellent compliance rates. ..
- A Plant-Derived Recombinant Bioscavenger to Prevent Insecticide NeurotoxicityYvonne Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..Organophosphorus (OPs) compound are potent neurotoxic chemicals that are widely used in medicine, industry and agriculture; most notably as insecticides...
- PESTICIDE INDUCED DIFFERENTIATION OF BREAST CANCER CELLSScott Willard; Fiscal Year: 2002Many pesticides, synthetic chemicals used in production agriculture to control insects (insecticides), fungi (fungicides) and weeds (herbicides), have been shown to have estrogenic activity in mammalian systems, including neoplasias of ..
- Rural Environmental Health in Central/Eastern EuropeThomas Cook; Fiscal Year: 2002..It has the following goals: (1) to raise the level of understanding about agriculture and its relationship to rural health, occupational health and the environment in Central Europe, specifically ..
- Mixture Modeling: Pesticide Drug InteractionsCharles Timchalk; Fiscal Year: 2009..It is fully anticipated that this approach will facilitate the understanding of a variety of complex chemical interactions as it relates to the occupational health implications of working with insecticides. ..
- Mixture Modeling: Pesticide Drug InteractionsCharles Timchalk; Fiscal Year: 2007..It is fully anticipated that this approach will facilitate the understanding of a variety of complex chemical interactions as it relates to the occupational health implications of working with insecticides. ..
- Mountain and Plains Education and Research CenterLee Newman; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., mining, energy, agriculture), and geographic distance from educational centers of excellence in occupational health...
- Nipah Virus Pathobiology and Effects on Innate ImmunityLinda Baum; Fiscal Year: 2009..The co-investigators have a unique combination of expertise, and propose an innovative set of studies into the glycobiology of NiV pathogenesis. ..
- Reactive Materials for Protective ClothingWAHEGURU SINGH; Fiscal Year: 2005..The increase in disease transmission, the widespread use of pesticides in agriculture, and the increased proliferation of chemical and biological weapons worldwide have increased the need for the ..
- Research Training on Chronic Lung Diseases in Southern AfricaThomas Robins; Fiscal Year: 2009..mining & construction industries, respirable dust in coal mines, allergens and endotoxin associated with agriculture and food processing) exposures...
- Molecular Determinants of Pyrethroid NeurotoxicityDAVID SODERLUND; Fiscal Year: 2009Synthetic pyrethroids, an important class of neurotoxic insecticides used worldwide in agriculture and public health, cause toxic effects in animals by modifying the normal function of voltage-sensitive sodium channels...
- Molecular Determinants of Pyrethroid NeurotoxicityDAVID SODERLUND; Fiscal Year: 2007Synthetic pyrethroids, an important class of neurotoxic insecticides used worldwide in agriculture and public health, cause toxic effects in animals by modifying the normal function of voltage-sensitive sodium channels...
- Environmental Changes and Mosquito-Borne Diseases in Arid EnvironmentsJOHN C C BEIER; Fiscal Year: 2010..In Upper Egypt, there are major concerns that projects underway to transform desert environments for irrigated agriculture in the Old Nile Valley (about 70,000 acres) and in the Toshka Valley (nearly 1 million acres) will ..
- Organophosphate Action in the Central Nervous SystemNEIL MARC NATHANSON; Fiscal Year: 2010Organophosphate (OP) acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are used widely in agriculture as pesticides and also have been used in terrorist attacks against civilian populations...
- Morgan State University-Public Health Program-CAM Research Training Program (InstYvonne Bronner; Fiscal Year: 2007..Hopkins University School of Medicine, Tai Sophia Institute for the Healing Arts, United States Department of Agriculture Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, and The Maryland Research and Applied Sciences Consortium) to ..
- Occupational Safety and Health Surveillance in IowaRITA GERGELY; Fiscal Year: 2007..For the fundamental program, IDPH will collaborate with key stakeholders in academia, business, agriculture, and healthcare to establish the surveillance system. Initially, the system will be comprised of 15 indicators...