impacted tooth


Summary: A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.

Top Publications

  1. Litvin M, Caprice D, Infranco L. Dentigerous cyst of the maxilla with impacted tooth displaced into orbital rim and floor. Ear Nose Throat J. 2008;87:160-2 pubmed
    ..This in turn simplified the surgical enucleation of the specimen and removal of the unerupted tooth without the excessive loss of the bony contours of the maxilla...
  2. Mesgarzadeh A, Esmailzadeh H, Abdolrahimi M, Shahamfar M. Pathosis associated with radiographically normal follicular tissues in third molar impactions: a clinicopathological study. Indian J Dent Res. 2008;19:208-12 pubmed
    ..The follicular tissue around impacted third molars has a potential to develop pathosis. However, it is generally assumed that the absence of abnormal radiolucency indicates the presence of a normal follicle...
  3. Yamaoka M, Ono Y, Takahashi M, Ishizuka M, Uchihashi T, Yasuda K, et al. Acute inflammation in horizontal incompletely impacted third molar with radiolucency in the elderly. Clin Interv Aging. 2009;4:337-42 pubmed
    ..76-158.27; P < 0.01). These odds ratios indicate an association of acute pericoronitis, including the severe forms of acute inflammation that result from pericoronitis, with pericoronal radiolucency below the crown in the elderly. ..
  4. Yamaoka M, Takahashi M, Ishihama K, Uematsu T, Furusawa K. Age-related disruption of the lamina dura: evidence in the mandibular horizontal incompletely impacted third molar. Clin Interv Aging. 2009;4:451-6 pubmed
    ..Disruption of the lamina dura was related to age, but with no alveolar bone resorption in the mandible...
  5. Kim D, Ahn S, Kim J, Yoon J. Comparative Ki-67 expression and apoptosis in the odontogenic keratocyst associated with or without an impacted tooth in addition to unilocular and multilocular varieties. Yonsei Med J. 2003;44:841-6 pubmed
    It is not known whether the presence of an impacted tooth or the radiographic types in an odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) change the clinical biologic behavior and therapeutic approaches...
  6. Krithika C, Vardhan B, Saraswathy K, Koteeswaran D, Sivapathasundaram B. Radiolucency in the anterior maxilla associated with an impacted tooth. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;103:164-8 pubmed
  7. Kirtiloglu T, Bulut E, Sumer M, Cengiz I. Comparison of 2 flap designs in the periodontal healing of second molars after fully impacted mandibular third molar extractions. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65:2206-10 pubmed
    ..05). The modified Szmyd flap, which leaves intact gingiva around the second molar, has better primary periodontal healing than the 3-cornered flap after surgical removal of the fully impacted mandibular third molar. ..
  8. Bonardi J, da Costa F, Matheus R, Ito F, Pereira Stabile C. Rare presentation of adenomatoid odontogenic tumor in a pediatric patient: a case report. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016;20:215-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In the follicular type, the tumor is associated with an impacted tooth, and maxillary canines are the most frequently affected. Association with primary teeth is very rare...
  9. Haris P, Balan A. Importance of localization of impacted teeth. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2007;36:372-3 pubmed

More Information

Publications113 found, 100 shown here

  1. Benazzou S, Cheynet F, Brignol L, Guyot L, Chossegros C, Blanca J. Third molar extraction with massive hemorrhage treated by embolization. J Craniofac Surg. 2009;20:575-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We report a case of bleeding that occurred after a left upper third molar extraction, which necessitated in emergency an angiography with embolization. ..
  2. Rai B, Anand S. Accuracy of BR regression equation for impacted teeth in age estimation in Haryana population of India. J Forensic Sci. 2009;54:662-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Hence, the BR regression equation can be used in medicolegal as well as in forensic odontology for age estimation. ..
  3. Farronato G, Periti G, Giannini L, Farronato D, Maspero C. Straight-wire appliances: standard versus individual prescription. Prog Orthod. 2009;10:58-71 pubmed
    ..The clinician is required to make the diagnosis and treatment plan before ordering the appliance. Two clinical cases are described with the aim to present the advantages of this technique. ..
  4. Pinho T, Maciel P, Pollmann C. Developmental disturbances associated with agenesis of the permanent maxillary lateral incisor. Br Dent J. 2009;207:E25 pubmed publisher
    ..The frequencies of supernumerary teeth, permanent maxillary canine impaction, general health condition and minor anomalies were not significantly different between the three groups. ..
  5. Degerliyurt K, Akar V, Denizci S, Yucel E. Bone lid technique with piezosurgery to preserve inferior alveolar nerve. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2009;108:e1-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This article presents an alternative technique that uses piezoelectricity to minimize trauma to the inferior alveolar nerve, vascular tissues, or surrounding dental tissues. ..
  6. O Hanrahan S, MacAuley D. An audit of orthodontic referrals using IOTN as a comparison. J Ir Dent Assoc. 2007;53:29-31 pubmed
    ..Recommendations arising from the 2003 audit relating to the filling of referral forms and the improvement of study model quality were found to have been effective. ..
  7. Trost O, Kadlub N, Robe N, Lepine J, Rombi H, Noirot Letourneau M, et al. [Third molar surgery under general anesthesia: a review of 180 patients]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 2008;109:91-5; discussion 95-7 pubmed publisher
    ..These were all transient cases. Third molar surgery is an important and profitable part of the activity in a maxillofacial surgery department. Standardized information is necessary even if the rate of complications remains low. ..
  8. Sandhu S, Kaur T. Radiographic study of the positional changes and eruption of impacted third molars in young adults of an Asian Indian population. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;66:1617-24 pubmed publisher
    ..5%. Unpredictable changes in the position and angulation of teeth continued to occur even after the age of 19 years, more so in vertical and distoangular teeth than in mesioangular teeth. ..
  9. Lalla K, Mahomed F, Meer S. Keratinizing odontogenic cysts with a spectrum of verrucoid morphology: investigation of a potential role of human papillomavirus. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2016;122:625-630 pubmed publisher
    ..1 years; 79.3% of the OCs occurred in the mandible and 46.4% were associated with an impacted tooth. The phenotypic characteristics koilocytes, hypergranulosis, and a verrucous pattern of the cyst-lining ..
  10. Vegas Bustamante E, Micó Llorens J, Gargallo Albiol J, Satorres Nieto M, Berini Aytes L, Gay Escoda C. Efficacy of methylprednisolone injected into the masseter muscle following the surgical extraction of impacted lower third molars. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;37:260-3 pubmed publisher
    ..05). The results obtained show that 40 mg of methylprednisolone injected into the masseter muscle in the immediate postoperative period reduces swelling, trismus and pain. ..
  11. Fujita Y, Takahashi T, Maki K. Orthodontic treatment for an unerupted and severely rotated maxillary central incisor. A case report. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2008;9:43-7 pubmed
    ..At 27 months following extraction of the supernumerary tooth, and comprehensive orthodontic treatment led the malposititioned central incisors to a functional position and stable occlusion. ..
  12. Baccetti T, Mucedero M, Leonardi M, Cozza P. Interceptive treatment of palatal impaction of maxillary canines with rapid maxillary expansion: a randomized clinical trial. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2009;136:657-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of a rapid maxillary expander as an early interceptive approach is effective for increasing the rate of eruption of palatally displaced canines. ..
  13. Chew B, Cheng W, Tay S, Fei Y. Comparison of two commercially available mouth rinses on gingival inflammation, pain and acceptability after third molar surgery. Singapore Dent J. 2007;29:34-40 pubmed
    ..Non-alcohol chlorhexidine mouth rinse had similar properties without the adverse effects of alcohol, such as dryness of the mouth and addiction. Likewise, they were less likely to result in alcohol-induced pain. ..
  14. Mettes T, van der Sanden W, Bronkhorst E, Grol R, Wensing M, Plasschaert A. Impact of guideline implementation on patient care: a cluster RCT. J Dent Res. 2010;89:71-6 pubmed publisher
    ..1%) (p = 0.01). Guideline-adherent bitewings showed mixed results. We conclude that multifaceted intervention had a moderate but relevant effect on the performance of GDPs, which is consistent with other findings in primary care. ..
  15. Langsten R, Dunn W. The impact of retained third molars on the deployed airman. Mil Med. 2008;173:27-8 pubmed
    ..Recommendations for future study are presented. ..
  16. LoPiccolo M, Crestanello J, Yoo S, Sciubba J, Fernandez C, Tausk F. Facial erythema ab igne of rapid onset. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2008;105:e38-40 pubmed publisher
    ..We present the first case of rapid-onset erythema ab igne in the setting of a dental practice. Physicians and dentists should be aware of this disease following short-term local application of heat. ..
  17. Hazza a A, Bataineh A, Odat A. Angulation of mandibular third molars as a predictive factor for pericoronitis. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2009;10:51-8 pubmed
    ..The soft tissues at highest risk of developing pericoronitis are those adjacent to mandibular third molars that are partially erupted, in a vertical position, and erupted to the level of or above the occlusal plane. ..
  18. Rai B. Coronal displacement of cementum in impacted teeth: as age marker. J Forensic Leg Med. 2009;16:5-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A significant correlation (r=0.56) between age and coronal displacement of cementum in impacted teeth was calculated and a regression equation was derived for age determination. ..
  19. Nawal R, Sehgal R, Ansari I, Talwar S, Sood A, Verma M. Endodontic management of horizontally placed molars after gunshot injury to mandible: a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2009;108:e82-8 pubmed publisher
    ..It also highlights the usefulness of spiral CT scan in diagnosis of traumatic sequelae such as pulp canal obliteration and internal resorption. ..
  20. Borel J, Deschaumes C, Devoize L, Huard C, Orliaguet T, Dubray C, et al. [Treating pain after dental surgery: a randomised, controlled, double-blind trial to assess a new formulation of paracetamol, opium powder and caffeine versus tramadol or placebo]. Presse Med. 2010;39:e103-11 pubmed publisher
  21. Szarmach I, Szarmach J, Waszkiel D. Complications in the course of surgical-orthodontic treatment of impacted maxillary canines. Adv Med Sci. 2006;51 Suppl 1:217-20 pubmed
    ..Thus, any case of the ectopic canine requires observation and proper choice of radiological diagnostics. ..
  22. Huang G, Drangsholt M, Rue T, Cruikshank D, Hobson K. Age and third molar extraction as risk factors for temporomandibular disorder. J Dent Res. 2008;87:283-7 pubmed
    ..4, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.9-2.2). The relative risk was slightly higher in those under 21, but was also not statistically significant (1.6, CI: 0.8-3.1). ..
  23. Huber K, Suri L, Taneja P. Eruption disturbances of the maxillary incisors: a literature review. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2008;32:221-30 pubmed
    ..The focus of this paper is to present a systematic review of the literature including classification, etiology and treatment modalities available for eruption disturbances of the maxillary incisors. ..
  24. Scheper M, Chaisuparat R, Nikitakis N, Sauk J. Expression and alterations of the PTEN / AKT / mTOR pathway in ameloblastomas. Oral Dis. 2008;14:561-8 pubmed publisher
    ..0% of the cases. Immunohistochemical analysis of aberrant signaling in the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in ameloblastomas may represent a valuable tool for elucidating pathogenesis, aggressiveness and selecting optimal therapeutics. ..
  25. Popat H, Drage N, Durning P. Mid-line clefts of the cervical vertebrae - an incidental finding arising from cone beam computed tomography of the dental patient. Br Dent J. 2008;204:303-6 pubmed publisher
    ..CBCT wherever they are undertaken should be reported by someone who has undergone adequate training in their interpretation particularly when machines using a large field of view are employed. ..
  26. Tanaka E, Kawazoe A, Nakamura S, Ito G, Hirose N, Tanne Y, et al. An adolescent patient with multiple impacted teeth. Angle Orthod. 2008;78:1110-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Since a delay in the treatment of impacted teeth may induce secondary problems such as root dilacerations and ankylosis, it is highly recommended to perform early treatment of multiple impacted teeth during adolescence. ..
  27. Syrynska M, Budzyńska A. [The incidence of uni- and bilateral impacted maxillary canines and their position in dental arch depending on gender and age]. Ann Acad Med Stetin. 2008;54:132-7 pubmed
    ..Impacted maxillary canine is more often localized in palatal position and was more often found in women than men. Left canine was more often impacted than the right one in unilateral impacted maxillary canine group. ..
  28. Curley A, Hatcher D. Cone beam CT--anatomic assessment and legal issues: the new standards of care. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2009;37:653-62 pubmed
    ..This article discusses the uses and benefits of 3-D imaging, as well as the impact on the standard of care. ..
  29. Al Muharraqi M, O Sullivan E. Unilateral facial nerve paralysis following an infected lower third molar. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;39:192-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors discuss the aetiology of this hemifacial paralysis and its significance as a clinical sign of third molar odontogenic infection...
  30. Sencimen M, Ortakoglu K, Aydin C, Aydintug Y, Ozyigit A, Ozen T, et al. Is endodontic treatment necessary during coronectomy procedure?. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:2385-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Coronectomy appears to be a reliable technique to protect the IAN from damage. This procedure has a low incidence of complications. Endodontic treatment does not affect the success of this method according to our results. ..
  31. Torres Lagares D, Gutierrez Perez J, Hita Iglesias P, Magallanes Abad N, Flores Ruiz R, Basallote Garcia M, et al. Randomized, double-blind study of effectiveness of intra-alveolar application of chlorhexidine gel in reducing incidence of alveolar osteitis and bleeding complications in mandibular third molar surgery in patients with bleeding disorders. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:1322-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the bioadhesive 0.2% CHX gel in reducing the incidence of impacted third molar postextraction AO in patients with bleeding disorders...
  32. Canger E, Celenk P, Yenisey M, Odyakmaz S. Amelogenesis imperfecta, hypoplastic type associated with some dental abnormalities: a case report. Braz Dent J. 2010;21:170-4 pubmed
    ..The patient received instructions on cleansing of the subpontic and interproximal areas. Follow-up visits were scheduled at 3 months and then at 6 months. No esthetic or functional problems were seen after the follow up period. ..
  33. Tolstunov L, Brickeen M, Kamanin V, Susarla S, Selvi F. Is the angulation of mandibular third molars associated with the thickness of lingual bone?. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016;54:914-919 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings could be of prognostic value. ..
  34. Masood F, Robinson W, Beavers K, Haney K. Findings from panoramic radiographs of the edentulous population and review of the literature. Quintessence Int. 2007;38:e298-305 pubmed
    ..Panoramic radiography is a valuable diagnostic tool in the pretreatment assessment of partially and completely edentulous patients, but their routine use in such patients should be discouraged. ..
  35. Farahani R, Zonuz A. Triad of bilateral duplicated permanent teeth, persistent open apex, and tooth malformation: a case report. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2007;8:94-100 pubmed
    ..The anatomical, geometrical, and spatial relationships of supernumerary teeth with their erupted equivalents may shed light on some controversial aspects of the etiology. ..
  36. DeAngelis A, Chambers I, Hall G. Temporomandibular joint disorders in patients referred for third molar extraction. Aust Dent J. 2009;54:323-5 pubmed publisher
    ..3 per cent also had symptomatic third molar teeth. The results of this study suggest that the signs of temporomandibular joint disorders are common in patients referred for third molar extractions. ..
  37. Hegde C, Hegde M, Parajuli U. Orthodontic repositioning of a malposed and dilacerated central incisor. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 2009;7:435-7 pubmed
    ..A case of a dilacerated and malposed right central incisor in an eleven-year-old male patient is presented here. The tooth was orthodontically repositioned despite its unusual position and severely dilacerated root. ..
  38. Bouloux G, Steed M, Perciaccante V. Complications of third molar surgery. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2007;19:117-28, vii pubmed
    ..Complications that are discussed further include alveolar osteitis, postoperative infection, hemorrhage, oro-antral communication, damage to adjacent teeth, displaced teeth, and fractures. ..
  39. Jenkins F, Nichol R. Atypical retention of infraoccluded primary molars with permanent successor teeth. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2008;9:51-5 pubmed
    ..Detrimental effects on the adjacent teeth and occlusion were observed and surgical intervention was required. ..
  40. Akadiri O, Obiechina A, Arotiba J, Fasola A. Relative impact of patient characteristics and radiographic variables on the difficulty of removing impacted mandibular third molars. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2008;9:51-8 pubmed
  41. Planinić D, Bodina I, Perić B. Prevalence of odontogenic keratocysts associated with impacted third molars. Coll Antropol. 2010;34 Suppl 1:221-4 pubmed
    ..Finally, based on the results from this study we cannot suggest that the CK10 staining should be considered an useful marker in differential diagnosis of the OKCs. ..
  42. Conley R, Boyd S, Legan H, Jernigan C, Starling C, Potts C. Treatment of a patient with multiple impacted teeth. Angle Orthod. 2007;77:735-41 pubmed
  43. Sudhakar S, Patil K, Mahima V. Localization of impacted permanent maxillary canine using single panoramic radiograph. Indian J Dent Res. 2009;20:340-5 pubmed publisher
    ..When they lie in the apical zone it is recommended to explore their presence with other conventional or advanced imaging modalities. ..
  44. Bedoya M, Park J. A review of the diagnosis and management of impacted maxillary canines. J Am Dent Assoc. 2009;140:1485-93 pubmed
  45. Sharma D, Garg S, Singh G, Swami S. Trauma-induced dentigerous cyst involving an inverted impacted mesiodens: case report. Dent Traumatol. 2010;26:289-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Development of trauma-induced dentigerous cyst around an inverted impacted mesiodens associated with the periapical area of a traumatized, non-vital, immature permanent central incisor is a rare occurrence...
  46. Ribeiro C, Santos T, de Castro S, de Carli M, Sperandio F, Hanemann J, et al. Extensive Mandibular Ameloblastic Fibro-Odontoma. J Craniofac Surg. 2016;27:e563-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Enucleation and curettage was performed and led to good outcome. There was no recurrence after an 8-year follow-up, and oral rehabilitation was performed with dental implants. ..
  47. Srivatsan P, Aravindha Babu N. Mesiodens with an unusual morphology and multiple impacted supernumerary teeth in a non-syndromic patient. Indian J Dent Res. 2007;18:138-40 pubmed
    ..We present the case of a 19 year-old girl who presented with a mesiodens of an unusual morphology and multiple impacted supernumerary teeth not associated with any syndrome. ..
  48. Sussman H. Impacted molars. N Y State Dent J. 2007;73:8 pubmed
  49. da Fonseca M, Hoge C. Extraction of "killer" teeth: the case of two Somali siblings. J Dent Child (Chic). 2007;74:143-6 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this manuscript was to discuss the case of two Somali siblings who had tooth buds enucleated at a young age, leading to significant dental problems...
  50. Schubert M, Baumert U. Alignment of impacted maxillary canines: critical analysis of eruption path and treatment time. J Orofac Orthop. 2009;70:200-12 pubmed publisher linear measurement representing the distance covered by the canine's crown tip during the alignment of the impacted tooth. The length of overall treatment time and canine alignment, its axial inclination and the distance covered by ..
  51. Markovic L, Fotouhi K, Lorenz H, Jordan R, Gaengler P, Zimmer S. Effects of bleaching agents on human enamel light reflectance. Oper Dent. 2010;35:405-11 pubmed publisher
    ..This effect is irrespective of the bleaching protocol used and the bleaching agent concentration. ..
  52. Becker A, Casap N, Chaushu S. Conventional wisdom and the surgical exposure of impacted teeth. Orthod Craniofac Res. 2009;12:82-93 pubmed publisher
    To provide evidence against the notion that direct contact between the crown of an impacted tooth and alveolar bone is an impediment to orthodontically assisted eruption of teeth.
  53. Farronato G, Maspero C, Farronato D. Orthodontic movement of a dilacerated maxillary incisor in mixed dentition treatment. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25:451-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The panoramic radiograph after the traumatic injury is compared with the one at the end of treatment. The results were sustainable over long-term in both periodontal and aesthetic terms...
  54. Janson M, Janson G, Santana E, de Castro R, de Freitas M. Orthodontic-surgical treatment of Class III malocclusion with extraction of an impacted canine and multi-segmented maxillary surgery. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2010;137:840-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This treatment approach allowed correction of the maxillary dental midline discrepancy to the midsagittal plane and establishment of good occlusion and optimal esthetics. ..
  55. Hu T, Zhang J, Ma J, Shao L, Gu Y, Li D, et al. A novel method in the removal of impacted mandibular third molar: buccal drainage. Sci Rep. 2017;7:12602 pubmed publisher
    ..An impacted tooth on one side of each patient was extracted by occlusal drainage using the conventional method, whereas the ..
  56. Infante Cossio P, Hernandez Guisado J, Acosta Feria M, Carranza Carranza A. Cementoblastoma involving the maxillary sinus. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;46:234-6 pubmed
    ..The initial presentation was misleading and resulted in inadequate management. The definitive diagnosis had not been established until 2 years later...
  57. Kashani H, Kanagaraja S, Kahnberg K. A randomized double-blind comparative study of Biolight light therapy following surgical extraction of impacted lower third molars. Swed Dent J. 2007;31:165-70 pubmed
    ..The results from this study showed that Phototherapy using monochromatic light Biolight therapy had no significant differences compared to the placebo group. ..
  58. Limeres J, Sanromán J, Tomás I, Diz P. Patients' perception of recovery after third molar surgery following postoperative treatment with moxifloxacin versus amoxicillin and clavulanic acid: a randomized, double-blind, controlled study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009;67:286-91 pubmed publisher
  59. Rai B. Effect of nutrition on coronal displacement of cementum in impacted teeth. Ann Hum Biol. 2009;36:431-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus nutritional status of the individual should be considered when the BR regression equation is applied in age estimation from impacted teeth. ..
  60. Catherine Z, Scolozzi P. Mandibular Sagittal Split Osteotomy for Removal of Impacted Mandibular Teeth: Indications, Surgical Pitfalls, and Final Outcome. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017;75:915-923 pubmed publisher
    ..Local factors, such as bone remodeling, concomitant large lesions (cysts and/or tumors), and the mandibular canal within the buccal cortex, represent pitfalls that might increase the risk of complications developing. ..
  61. Al Khateeb T, Nusair Y. Effect of the proteolytic enzyme serrapeptase on swelling, pain and trismus after surgical extraction of mandibular third molars. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;37:264-8 pubmed publisher
    ..05), but no significant difference in mean maximal interincisal distance was found between the 2 groups (P>0.05)...
  62. Nalbantgil D, Sayinsu K, Capa N, Basal N. Interdisciplinary management of a patient with skeletal anteroposterior discrepancy, impacted canine, and missing teeth. World J Orthod. 2008;9:35-42 pubmed
  63. Menezes R, Vieira A. Dental anomalies as part of the cleft spectrum. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2008;45:414-9 pubmed publisher
    ..004). Future studies should consider the inclusion of a complete dental description to aid in the definition of cleft subphenotypes to be studied. ..
  64. O Dowling I. The unerupted maxillary canine--a post-surgical review. J Ir Dent Assoc. 2009;55:232-6 pubmed
    ..The presence of peg-shaped lateral incisors associated with the impacted maxillary canine tooth was 3.4% of the total number of impacted teeth and congenital absence was found in 1.7% of impacted teeth. ..
  65. Larrazabal C, Garcia B, Penarrocha M, Penarrocha M. Influence of oral hygiene and smoking on pain and swelling after surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:43-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A lower brushing frequency before surgery and during the first postoperative week as well as smoking after surgery were related to greater pain scores. ..
  66. Cantelmi P, Singer S, Tamari K. Dental caries in an impacted mandibular second molar: using cone beam computed tomography to explain inconsistent clinical and radiographic findings. Quintessence Int. 2010;41:627-30 pubmed
    ..This article presents a case where CBCT was used to identify the potential route of caries infection from the oral cavity to an impacted mandibular second molar. ..
  67. Jung Y, Chung S, Nam W, Cho I, Cha I, Park H. Spontaneous bone formation on the maxillary sinus floor in association with an extraction socket. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;36:656-7 pubmed
    ..spontaneous bone formation on the maxillary sinus floor associated with the extraction socket of a maxillary impacted tooth. An impacted maxillary second premolar of a 20-year-old male had been pushed into the maxillary sinus during ..
  68. Bayram B, Aydin E, Uckan S. External auditory canal injury following removal of an impacted third molar: a case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65:1372-4 pubmed
  69. Stubinger S, von Rechenberg v, Zeilhofer H, Sader R, Landes C. Er:YAG laser osteotomy for removal of impacted teeth: clinical comparison of two techniques. Lasers Surg Med. 2007;39:583-8 pubmed
    ..However, for now, the lack of depth control and the time required to perform the necessary osteotomy limit routine clinical application. ..
  70. Schulz M, Reichart P, Stich H, Lussi A, Bornstein M. Bilateral malformation of maxillary third molars. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2009;108:e25-31 pubmed publisher
    ..A case of bilateral compound odontomas in the region of the third molars in the maxilla is reported. The differential diagnosis for this case is discussed. ..
  71. Leung Y, Cheung L. Safety of coronectomy versus excision of wisdom teeth: a randomized controlled trial. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2009;108:821-7 pubmed publisher
    ..There are fewer complications in terms of IDN deficit, pain, and dry socket after coronectomy, but the infection rate is similar to that of total excision. ..
  72. Fernandes M, Ogden G, Pitts N, Ogston S, Ruta D. Actuarial life-table analysis of lower impacted wisdom teeth in general dental practice. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2010;38:58-67 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition the authors believe that there is evidence to suggest that general dental practitioners might not be following current guidelines when deciding whether or not to extract an impacted lower third molar in the centres studied. ..
  73. Combes J, McColl E, Cross B, McCormick R. Third molar-related morbidity in deployed Service personnel. Br Dent J. 2010;209:E6 pubmed publisher
    ..Dental treatment for troops in combat situations is fraught with difficulty. Special consideration must be given to the management of third molars in military personnel. ..
  74. Polat H, Ozan F, Kara I, Ozdemir H, Ay S. Prevalence of commonly found pathoses associated with mandibular impacted third molars based on panoramic radiographs in Turkish population. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2008;105:e41-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Angulation and impaction depth of the ILTM should be taken into consideration when making a decision whether to extract an ILTM or not. ..
  75. Kolokitha O, Papadopoulou A. Impaction and apical root angulation of the maxillary central incisors due to supernumerary teeth: combined surgical and orthodontic treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008;134:153-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Close monitoring and multidisciplinary cooperation during the various treatment phases led to a successful esthetic result, with good periodontal health and functional occlusion. ..
  76. Reich P. Autogenous transplantation of maxillary and mandibular molars. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;66:2314-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This report shows the successful transplantation of 42 of 44 molars in 32 patients with a mean follow-up period of 19 months. ..
  77. Bonetti D, Johnston M, Pitts N, Deery C, Ricketts I, Tilley C, et al. Knowledge may not be the best target for strategies to influence evidence-based practice: using psychological models to understand RCT effects. Int J Behav Med. 2009;16:287-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Using psychology models elucidated intervention effects and allowed the identification of factors associated with evidence based practice, providing the basis for improving future intervention design. ..
  78. Moloney J, Stassen L. Pericoronitis: treatment and a clinical dilemma. J Ir Dent Assoc. 2009;55:190-2 pubmed
    ..A case of pericoronitis in a 52-year-old patient is discussed, which illustrates the risks and benefits of removal of wisdom teeth; removal can lead to nerve damage, retention can precipitate serious, even life-threatening infection. ..
  79. Guarnieri R, Cavallini C, Vernucci R, Vichi M, Leonardi R, Barbato E. Impacted maxillary canines and root resorption of adjacent teeth: A retrospective observational study. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2016;21:e743-e750 pubmed
  80. Karaca I, Simsek S, Uğar D, Bozkaya S. Review of flap design influence on the health of the periodontium after mandibular third molar surgery. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;104:18-23 pubmed
    ..The decision to use on one or the other of the flaps should be based on surgeon's preference. ..
  81. Messieha Z, Ananda R, Hoffman I, Hoffman W. Five year outcomes study of dental rehabilitation conducted under general anesthesia for special needs patients. Anesth Prog. 2007;54:170-4 pubmed
    ..Dental rehabilitation of special needs patients under general anesthesia is safe. While morbidity is very low, larger studies are needed to establish risk versus benefit stratification among this patient population. ..
  82. Celikoglu M, Miloglu O, Kazanci F. Frequency of agenesis, impaction, angulation, and related pathologic changes of third molar teeth in orthodontic patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:990-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The objectives of the present study were to investigate the frequency of impaction, agenesis, angular position, and related pathologic changes of third molar teeth in a group of orthodontic patients...
  83. Anand R, Shankar D, Manodh P, Devadoss P, Aparna M, Neelakandan R. Short-Term Evaluation of Gustatory Changes After Surgical Removal of Mandibular Third Molar-A Prospective Randomized Control Trial. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2018;76:258-266 pubmed publisher
  84. Buyukkurt M, Aras M, Caglaroglu M, Gungormus M. Transmigrant mandibular canines. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65:2025-9 pubmed
    ..If the mandibular canine that has migrated across the mandible is associated with pathology, it may be removed. Otherwise, it should be kept under observation. ..
  85. Marques Silva L, Castro W, Gomez E, Guimaraes A, Silva M, Gomez R. The impact of dental surgery on HSV-1 reactivation in the oral mucosa of seropositive patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65:2269-72 pubmed
    ..2%) was not statistically different from that in the control group (2.1%). The results indicate that oral surgical trauma does not have a significant impact on HSV-1 shedding in the oral mucosa. ..
  86. Treasure T, Bennett J. Office-based anesthesia. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2007;19:45-57, vi pubmed
    ..The topic is vast and too extensive to be fully discussed in this article. The intent of this article is to provide a discussion of some fundamental concepts that can optimize anesthetic safety and care. ..
  87. Syrynska M, Budzyńska A. [Localisation of maxillary impacted canines by using a selected angle and linear indices]. Ann Acad Med Stetin. 2008;54:136-41 pubmed
    ..2. They assume various values for right- and left-sided impacted upper canines, both palatally and vestibularly positioned. 3. The value of the oz angle is dependent on syntopie of IMC. ..
  88. Akural E, Järvimäki V, Länsineva A, Niinimaa A, Alahuhta S. Effects of combination treatment with ketoprofen 100 mg + acetaminophen 1000 mg on postoperative dental pain: a single-dose, 10-hour, randomized, double-blind, active- and placebo-controlled clinical trial. Clin Ther. 2009;31:560-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Adverse events were not significantly different between the study groups. These results support the clinical practice of combining ketoprofen with acetaminophen for the management of acute pain. ..
  89. Franklin A, Carrico C, Laskin D. Societal Preference for Gender of Surgeons Performing Patients' Surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017;75:458-461 pubmed publisher
    ..There was no difference in gender preference based on the respondents' gender, educational level, or age. There does not appear to be a gender bias against female oral and maxillofacial surgeons in the general population. ..
  90. Tsesis I, Fuss Z, Rosenberg E, Taicher S. Radiographic evaluation of the prevalence of root resorption in a Middle Eastern population. Quintessence Int. 2008;39:e40-4 pubmed
    ..6% of root resorption cases, mainly in maxillary incisors ( P< .01). Impacted tooth or tumor pressure resorption was observed in 10...
  91. Arigbede A. Bilaterally impacted supplemental premolar: a case report and review of the literature. Niger J Med. 2008;17:363-5 pubmed
    ..A full mouth clinical and radiological examination of every patient presenting at the dental clinic for the first time should not be taken for granted. ..
  92. Kolokitha O, Chatzistavrou E. A severe reaction to ni-containing orthodontic appliances. Angle Orthod. 2009;79:186-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Diagnostic patch testing performed by the allergist revealed sensitization to nickel (++++ score). Treatment was achieved with nickel-free appliances. ..