ectopic tooth eruption

Summary

Summary: An abnormality in the direction of a TOOTH ERUPTION.

Top Publications

  1. Ely N, Sherriff M, Cobourne M. Dental transposition as a disorder of genetic origin. Eur J Orthod. 2006;28:145-51 pubmed
    ..Together, these results suggest a mutifactorial aetiology to this disorder, with both genetic and environmental factors playing an important role. ..
  2. Ferrazzini G. Maxillary molar transposition. ASDC J Dent Child. 2002;69:73-6, 13 pubmed
    ..Investigation of other family members (especially parents and siblings) could not substantiate an hypothesis of inheritance of this anomaly. Other possible causes (trauma, caries, tooth agenesis) were also absent in these cases. ..
  3. Bruno M, Barroso Salomão M, Vilella O, Mucha J. A new spring for correction of maxillary canine-premolar transposition. J Clin Orthod. 2008;42:303-7 pubmed
  4. Galie N, Enache M, Podoleanu L, David D, Podoleanu E, Spinu T, et al. Evaluation of dental and maxillary development in patients with cleft lip alveolus. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2009;50:91-5 pubmed
    ..We concluded that patients with isolated cleft lip and alveolus present perturbations in dental and maxillary arch development, a more severe disruption being recorded on the cleft side. ..
  5. Shapira Y, Kuftinec M. Maxillary tooth transpositions: characteristic features and accompanying dental anomalies. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2001;119:127-34 pubmed
    ..This dominance of the affected side suggested that unknown local factors may play a major role in these dental anomalies. ..
  6. Shapira Y, Kuftinec M. Intrabony migration of impacted teeth. Angle Orthod. 2003;73:738-43; discussion 744 pubmed
    ..The second premolar most often migrates distally, sometimes past the gonial angle and as far as the coronoid process. Surgical and orthodontic treatment options are presented for the three intrabony migrating teeth. ..
  7. Apajalahti S, Arte S, Pirinen S. Short root anomaly in families and its association with other dental anomalies. Eur J Oral Sci. 1999;107:97-101 pubmed
    ..An association with tooth agenesis and ectopic canines was noted, the prevalences of which were 46% and 33%, respectively. We stress the importance of not misdiagnosing this anomaly as resorption. ..
  8. Wong M, Che Fatimah Awang -, Ng L, Norlian D, Rashidah Dato Burhanudin -, Gere M. Role of interceptive orthodontics in early mixed dentition. Singapore Dent J. 2004;26:10-4 pubmed
    ..This article presents a general view of the scope of interceptive orthodontics that can be carried out in early mixed dentition, i.e. when the permanent incisors and molars are erupting into the oral cavity. ..
  9. Baykul T, Dogru H, Yasan H, Cina Aksoy M. Clinical impact of ectopic teeth in the maxillary sinus. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2006;33:277-81 pubmed

More Information

Publications115 found, 100 shown here

  1. Babacan H, Kilic B, Biçakçi A. Maxillary canine-first premolar transposition in the permanent dentition. Angle Orthod. 2008;78:954-60 pubmed publisher
  2. Johal A. The Orthoworld Specialist Practitioner Prize Cases 2000. J Orthod. 2002;29:251-65 pubmed
    ..This paper describes the orthodontic management of three diverse malocclusions that were awarded the Orthoworld Specialist Practitioner Prize (2000) and presented at the British Orthodontic Conference in Harrogate 2001. ..
  3. Papagrigorakis M, Synodinos P, Baziotopoulou Valavani E. Dental status and orthodontic treatment needs of an 11-year-old female resident of Athens, 430 BC. Angle Orthod. 2008;78:152-6 pubmed publisher
  4. Kamel S, Kau C, Wong M, Kennedy J, English J. The role of Cone beam CT in the evaluation and management of a family with Gardner's syndrome. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2009;37:461-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Management of dental problems in GS may be challenging due to the presence of odontomas and increased bone density. A multidisciplinary approach in the management of GS can achieve the best treatment results. ..
  5. Ericson S, Kurol P. Resorption of incisors after ectopic eruption of maxillary canines: a CT study. Angle Orthod. 2000;70:415-23 pubmed
    ..The sensitivity of intraoral films was low when diagnosing the resorptions, being calculated to 0.68. ..
  6. Kim Y, Park K. Simple treatment of ectopic eruption with a triangular wedging spring. Pediatr Dent. 2005;27:143-5 pubmed
    ..This clinical report demonstrates that a triangular wedging spring can be utilized as a simple, less irritable, and more effective way of correcting ectopic eruption of the permanent first molar. ..
  7. Auluck A, Nagpal A, Setty S, Pai K, Sunny J. Transmigration of impacted mandibular canines--report of 4 cases. J Can Dent Assoc. 2006;72:249-52 pubmed
    ..We report 4 cases of mandibular canine transmigration to emphasize the need to supplement periapical radiographs with a panoramic radiographic examination in patients with over-retained deciduous canines or missing permanent canines. ..
  8. Demir A, Basciftci F, Gelgor I, Karaman A. Maxillary canine transposition. J Clin Orthod. 2002;36:35-7 pubmed
  9. Saldarriaga J, Patiño M. Ectopic eruption and severe root resorption. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2003;123:259-65 pubmed
    ..The multidisciplinary approach and treatment sequence used to achieve an esthetic and functional result are discussed in this case report. ..
  10. Pini Prato G, Baccetti T, Magnani C, Agudio G, Cortellini P. Mucogingival interceptive surgery of buccally-erupted premolars in patients scheduled for orthodontic treatment. I. A 7-year longitudinal study. J Periodontol. 2000;71:172-81 pubmed
    ..01). Mucogingival interceptive surgery is an effective approach to conserve the keratinized buccal gingiva of ectopically erupting premolars. ..
  11. Cozzani M, Lupini D, Siciliani G. Early lightwire treatment of bilateral impacted mandibular cuspids. J Clin Orthod. 2003;37:627-30; quiz 626 pubmed
  12. Auluck A, Mupparapu M. Transmigration of impacted and displaced maxillary canines: orientation of canine to the midpalatine suture. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2006;129:6-7; author reply 7 pubmed
  13. Sirak S, Sletov A, Alimov A, Tskhovrebov A, Fedurchenko A, Afanas eva O. [Clinical-experimental substantiation of preparation Kollost and bioresorbable membranes Diplen-Gum and Parodoncol use in cases of retained and dystopic mandibular third molar]. Stomatologiia (Mosk). 2008;87:10-4 pubmed
    ..The data of experimental research and examples of clinical use of osteoplastic materials and bioresorbable membranes are presented. ..
  14. Hajdaragic Ibricevic H, Al Jame Q. Ectopic eruption of maxillary canine and premolars: case report. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 1999;24:23-7 pubmed
  15. Jan A, Vora K, Sandor G. Sporadic Burkitt's lymphoma of the jaws: the essentials of prompt life-saving referral and management. J Can Dent Assoc. 2005;71:165-8 pubmed
  16. Chaushu S, Sharabi S, Becker A. Tooth size in dentitions with buccal canine ectopia. Eur J Orthod. 2003;25:485-91 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that combining male and female subjects into an overall BDC group obscures important differences that exist between the two sexes. ..
  17. Halazonetis D. Horizontally impacted maxillary premolar and bilateral canine transposition. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2009;135:380-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The patient was treated without extractions, and both canines were brought to their correct positions in the maxillary arch. Treatment mechanics during the various stages are discussed...
  18. Artmann L, Larsen H, Sørensen H, Christensen I, Kjaer I. Differences between dentitions with palatally and labially located maxillary canines observed in incisor width, dental morphology and space conditions. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2010;11:82-6 pubmed
    ..Two subgroups of palatally located ectopic maxillary canine cases based on registration of space, incisor width and deviations in the morphology of the dentition were identified. ..
  19. Salmeron J, Del Amo A, Plasencia J, Pujol R, Vila C. Ectopic third molar in condylar region. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;37:398-400 pubmed
    ..A description of the management of this pathology through open surgery and extraction of the molar is given, while preserving the anatomy of the condylar region...
  20. Sørensen H, Artmann L, Larsen H, Kjaer I. Radiographic assessment of dental anomalies in patients with ectopic maxillary canines. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2009;19:108-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Dental deviations may be considered a risk factor for maxillary canine ectopia. Early identification of patients at risk and appropriate interceptive treatment may reduce ectopic eruption of maxillary canines. ..
  21. Bartolo A, Camilleri A, Camilleri S. Unerupted incisors--characteristic features and associated anomalies. Eur J Orthod. 2010;32:297-301 pubmed publisher
    ..006) was found between unerupted incisors and other inherited dental anomalies, namely ectopic teeth, hyperdontia, and enamel hypoplasia. Unerupted incisors may be considered part of a spectrum of inheritable dental anomalies. ..
  22. Brown N, Sandy J. Spontaneous improvement in position of canines from apparently hopeless positions. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2001;11:64-8 pubmed
    ..Three out of four primary canines were removed. These cases highlight the difficulties in predicting canine eruption for individual patients...
  23. Shapira Y, Kuftinec M. A unique treatment approach for maxillary canine-lateral incisor transposition. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2001;119:540-5 pubmed
    ..The long-term esthetic outcome warrants the longer treatment time and greater efforts required in the successful treatment of this unusual abnormality. ..
  24. Gupta Y, Shah N. Intranasal tooth as a complication of cleft lip and alveolus in a four year old child: case report and literature review. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2001;11:221-4 pubmed
    ..The tooth was extracted under general anaesthesia when it was found to be very loosely attached to the nasal mucosa. The case is discussed in the light of relevant literature on intranasal teeth in cases of cleft lip and palate. ..
  25. Willems G, De Bruyne I, Verdonck A, Fieuws S, Carels C. Prevalence of dentofacial characteristics in a belgian orthodontic population. Clin Oral Investig. 2001;5:220-6 pubmed
    ..Several clinically relevant correlations were found between the examined dentofacial characteristics. This Belgian orthodontic population from the Leuven region seems to be comparable to other orthodontic populations in Europe. ..
  26. Ching B, Dean J. The role of general anesthesia in pediatric dentistry. Hawaii Dent J. 2002;33:16-7 pubmed
  27. Fleming P, Scott P, Heidari N, DiBiase A. Influence of radiographic position of ectopic canines on the duration of orthodontic treatment. Angle Orthod. 2009;79:442-6 pubmed publisher
    ..937). Accurate prediction of treatment duration for orthodontic alignment of palatally impacted maxillary canines is difficult. However, the mesiodistal position of the canine may be a useful predictor of treatment duration. ..
  28. Reuland Bosma W, Reuland M, Bronkhorst E, Phoa K. Patterns of tooth agenesis in patients with Down syndrome in relation to hypothyroidism and congenital heart disease: an aid for treatment planning. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2010;137:584.e1-9; discussion 584-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Absence of both mandibular central incisors was a high predictor for oligodontia. Congenital heart disease and hypothyroidism are parameters involved in tooth agenesis. ..
  29. Ferguson J. The use of visible light cured periodontal dressing after surgical exposure of palatal canines. Dent Update. 1992;19:380-2, 384 pubmed
    ..The procedure is very quick and simple to perform, with some distinct advantages over alternative methods. ..
  30. Gyulai gaál S, Takács D, Barabás J, Tarjan I, Martonffy K, Szabo G, et al. [Mixed odontogenic tumors in children and adolescents]. Fogorv Sz. 2007;100:65-9 pubmed
    ..Early diagnosis and treatment of mixed odontogenic jaw tumors in children may prevent the serious orthodontic complications and jaw deformations...
  31. Morris D. Forestadent Young Specialist Prize (1999). J Orthod. 2003;30:101-18 pubmed
    ..e. growth modification, orthodontic camouflage, and a combined surgical-orthodontic approach. ..
  32. Kavadia Tsatala S, Sidiropoulou S, Kaklamanos E, Chatziyanni A. Tooth transpositions associated with dental anomalies and treatment management in a sample of orthodontic patients. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2003;28:19-25 pubmed
    ..Attempts to correct tooth order usually resulted in untoward effects on periodontal tissues. Consequently, individual anatomical conditions may be decisive in successful clinical management of such cases. ..
  33. Bjerklin K, Bondemark L. Ectopic maxillary canines and root resorption of adjacent incisors. Does computed tomography (CT) influence decision-making by orthodontists?. Swed Dent J. 2008;32:179-85 pubmed
    ..e. involving the pulp and 37% when the resorption reached half way to the pulp. In cases without space deficiency 82% preferred to extract these resorbed lateral incisors not until the resorption reached the pulp. ..
  34. Shalish M, Peck S, Wasserstein A, Peck L. Increased occurrence of dental anomalies associated with infraocclusion of deciduous molars. Angle Orthod. 2010;80:440-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To test the null hypothesis that there is no relationship between infraocclusion and the occurrence of other dental anomalies in subjects selected for clear-cut infraocclusion of one or more deciduous molars...
  35. Taner T, Uzamis M. Orthodontic management of mandibular lateral incisor-canine transpositions: reports of cases. ASDC J Dent Child. 1999;66:110-5, 85 pubmed
    ..If complete transposition occurs, two treatment alternatives may be possible: Extraction of the transposed tooth or keep the teeth in their transposed positions. ..
  36. Isono H, Kaida K, Hamada Y, Kokubo Y, Ishihara M, Hirashita A, et al. The reconstruction of bilateral clefts using endosseous implants after bone grafting. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2002;121:403-10 pubmed
    ..The results illustrate that this protocol can be expected to provide an acceptable occlusion and good dentoalveolar stability in adult cleft patients. ..
  37. Gilbride M, Smith W. Eruption of teeth in the nose following trauma to the primary and permanent dentitions. Br Dent J. 2005;198:199-200 pubmed
    ..Other anatomical sites should be considered to ensure they do not contain traumatically displaced teeth. These two case reports show the late presentation of incisor teeth in the nasal cavity following dentoalveolar trauma. ..
  38. Dereudre B. [Rare earth magnets in conjunction with fixed orthodontics. An "attractive" solution for the positioning of impacted teeth]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 2001;102:334-41 pubmed
    ..The adjustments allowed by fixed appliance create better final tooth position than with removable appliance. Our experience depicts an improvement of stability in results and a diminution of periodontal breakdown. ..
  39. Haro Montero M, Romero Maroto M, Bravo Gonzalez L, Sanchez del Pozo J. New dental findings in the median cleft facial syndrome. J Am Dent Assoc. 2005;136:631-4 pubmed
    ..Median cleft facial syndrome is a rare pathology; however, dentists should know its possible alterations at an oral level, because children with this syndrome need dental treatment to achieve good esthetics and correct occlusion. ..
  40. Abu Alhaija E, Al Khateeb S, Al Nimri K. Prevalence of malocclusion in 13-15 year-old North Jordanian school children. Community Dent Health. 2005;22:266-71 pubmed
    ..However, some dental anomalies showed significant differences. Prevalence of malocclusion among north Jordanians is comparable with other populations. ..
  41. Segura J, Hattab F, Ríos V. Maxillary canine transpositions in two brothers and one sister: associated dental anomalies and genetic basis. ASDC J Dent Child. 2002;69:54-8, 12 pubmed
  42. Shapira Y, Kuftinec M. Unusual intraosseous transmigration of a palatally impacted canine. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2005;127:360-3 pubmed
    ..Transmigration of an impacted maxillary canine across the midpalatal suture to the opposite side of the maxilla has not been previously observed and is reported here for the first time. ..
  43. Kennedy D. Management of an ectopically erupting permanent mandibular molar: a case report. Pediatr Dent. 2008;30:63-5 pubmed
  44. Langberg B, Peck S. Tooth-size reduction associated with occurrence of palatal displacement of canines. Angle Orthod. 2000;70:126-8 pubmed
    ..Further, the presence of generalized tooth-size reduction in cases with palatally displaced canines helps explain why most orthodontic treatment plans for PDC patients are of the nonextraction type. ..
  45. Camilleri S, Lewis C, McDonald F. Ectopic maxillary canines: segregation analysis and a twin study. J Dent Res. 2008;87:580-3 pubmed
    ..The low concordance rate is consistent with the low penetrance determined by the segregation analysis and further supports the existence of environmental factors. ..
  46. Rebellato J, Schabel B. Treatment of a patient with an impacted transmigrant mandibular canine and a palatally impacted maxillary canine. Angle Orthod. 2003;73:328-36 pubmed
    ..Through a collaborative effort of a team made up of an orthodontist, periodontist, prosthodontist, and oral surgeon, these techniques were used to achieve an excellent esthetic and functional outcome. ..
  47. Giancotti A, Arcuri C, Barlattani A. Treatment of ectopic mandibular second molar with titanium miniscrews. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2004;126:113-7 pubmed
    ..We concluded that the titanium miniscrew for skeletal anchorage is effective in treating deeply impacted mandibular second molars. ..
  48. Leonardi M, Armi P, Franchi L, Baccetti T. Two interceptive approaches to palatally displaced canines: a prospective longitudinal study. Angle Orthod. 2004;74:581-6 pubmed
    ..There was no significant difference between the two interceptive approaches in the time required for canine eruption. ..
  49. Leite H, Oliveira G, Brito H. Labially displaced ectopically erupting maxillary permanent canine: interceptive treatment and long-term results. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2005;128:241-51 pubmed
    ..A long-term follow-up is presented, and the biologic mechanisms are discussed. ..
  50. Peck S, Peck L, Hirsh G. Mandibular lateral incisor-canine transposition in monozygotic twins. ASDC J Dent Child. 1997;64:409-13 pubmed
    ..I2.C) transposition. Interceptive orthodontic treatment for children with this rare occlusal abnormality should be considered. ..
  51. Kitamura A, Motohashi N, Kawamoto T, Baba Y, Suzuki S, Kuroda T. Tooth eruption into the newly generated bone induced by recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2002;39:449-56 pubmed
    ..Results showed that bone remodeling and tooth eruption through the newly generated bone appear to be dose dependent. Accordingly, proper dosage of rhBMP-2 should be determined for successful clinical application. ..
  52. Mupparapu M. Patterns of intra-osseous transmigration and ectopic eruption of mandibular canines: review of literature and report of nine additional cases. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2002;31:355-60 pubmed
    ..5%). Patterns of mandibular canine transmigration can be classified into five distinct patterns. The majority of cases demonstrated Type 1 transmigratory pattern. No clear aetiology of this disorder could be found. ..
  53. Leifert S, Jonas I. Dental anomalies as a microsymptom of palatal canine displacement. J Orofac Orthop. 2003;64:108-20 pubmed
    ..In patients exhibiting the stated microsymptoms, close clinical follow-up of the maxillary permanent canine eruption during the late exfoliation period is strongly recommended. ..
  54. Ibricevic H, Al Mesad S, Mustagrudic D, Al Zohejry N. Supernumerary teeth causing impaction of permanent maxillary incisors: consideration of treatment. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2003;27:327-32 pubmed
    ..The paper presents a discussion on etiology and treatment of maxillary central incisors impactions. Different treatment approaches which advocate teamwork approach, and importance of early diagnosis of such conditions is discussed. ..
  55. Mupparapu M, Auluck A, Suhaz S, Pai K, Nagpal A. Patterns of intraosseous transmigration and ectopic eruption of bilaterally transmigrating mandibular canines: radiographic study and proposed classification. Quintessence Int. 2007;38:821-8 pubmed
    ..Five new cases are reported in this article. Classification of the bilaterally transmigrating mandibular canines is proposed for better understanding, ease of communication, and appropriate management of this aberrant migratory pattern. ..
  56. Nagpal A, Pai K, Sharma G. Palatal and labially impacted maxillary canine-associated dental anomalies: a comparative study. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2009;10:67-74 pubmed
    ..These anomalies could serve as an easily recognized, early warning sign for the monitoring of the canine position and timely early referral in appropriate cases. ..
  57. Buyukkurt M, Omezli M, Miloglu O. Dentigerous cyst associated with an ectopic tooth in the maxillary sinus: a report of 3 cases and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2010;109:67-71 pubmed publisher
    ..We report 3 cases of dentigerous cysts associated with an ectopic tooth in the maxillary sinus and review the literature reports of this condition over the past 29 years...
  58. Camm J, Schuler J. Premature eruption of the premolars. ASDC J Dent Child. 1990;57:128-33 pubmed
    ..Clinical sequelae including ectopic eruption, alteration of eruption sequence, arch-length inadequacy and tooth impaction are illustrated by five case reports. ..
  59. Jiménez Rubio A, Segura J, Feito J. A case of combined dental development abnormalities: importance of a thorough examination. Endod Dent Traumatol. 1998;14:99-102 pubmed
    ..This case highlights the importance of a thorough examination, including complementary radiography, of patients with a dental anomaly. ..
  60. Turkkahraman H, Sayin M, Yilmaz H. Maxillary canine transposition to incisor site: a rare condition. Angle Orthod. 2005;75:284-7 pubmed
    ..This report shows 2 cases of this rare condition, with 1 of them documented with long-term records. ..
  61. Erasmus J, Morkel J. Ectopic antral teeth: diagnosis and management implications. SADJ. 2005;60:66-8 pubmed
  62. Di Pasquale P, Shermetaro C. Endoscopic removal of a dentigerous cyst producing unilateral maxillary sinus opacification on computed tomography. Ear Nose Throat J. 2006;85:747-8 pubmed
    ..A nasal endoscope was used to create a middle meatal antrostomy and deliver the tooth and its cystic contents. The patient recovered without complications, and she exhibited no signs of recurrence at the 2-year follow-up...
  63. Savage R, Kokich V. Restoration and retention of maxillary anteriors with severe root resorption. J Am Dent Assoc. 2002;133:67-71 pubmed
    ..Attaining stability with lingual splinting can cause esthetic problems. An interdisciplinary approach is necessary to provide optimal care for the patient. ..
  64. Kurol J. Early treatment of tooth-eruption disturbances. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2002;121:588-91 pubmed
  65. Ray B, Singh L, Das C, Roy T. Ectopic supernumerary tooth on the inferior nasal concha. Clin Anat. 2006;19:68-74 pubmed
    ..Knowledge of such an anomaly is of paramount importance to otorhinolaryngologists, reconstructive and dental surgeons, and radiologists for identification of such rarities encountered during invasive or non-invasive procedures. ..
  66. Chalakkal P, Thomas A, Chopra S. Reliability of the magnification method for localisation of ectopic upper canines. Aust Orthod J. 2009;25:59-62 pubmed
    ..The magnification method did, however, accurately identify canines that were not palatally placed. Additional radiographs may be required to accurately localise an ectopic canine. ..
  67. Bocchieri A, Braga G. Correction of a bilateral maxillary canine-first premolar transposition in the late mixed dentition. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2002;121:120-8 pubmed
    ..The correct tooth order was obtained by moving the teeth into their proper positions. The treatment mechanics and the sequencing of treatment are described. ..
  68. Gunduz K, Zengin Z, Celenk P, Ozden B, Kurt M, Gunhan O. Regional odontodysplasia of the deciduous and permanent teeth associated with eruption disorders: A case report. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2008;13:E563-6 pubmed
    ..A case of RO in an 8 year-old male whose chief complaint was the absence of eruption of permanent teeth is presented. Clinical, radiographic and histological findings are described. ..
  69. Kotecha S, Rout P. An unerupted tooth?--who nose?. Dent Update. 2009;36:119-20 pubmed
    ..It is useful for the general dental practitioner to be aware of the existence of foreign bodies, their sequelae and management. ..
  70. Lukacs J. Canine transposition in prehistoric Pakistan: Bronze Age and Iron Age case reports. Angle Orthod. 1998;68:475-80 pubmed
  71. Shapira Y, Kuftinec M. Maxillary molar transposition. ASDC J Dent Child. 2002;69:237; author reply 238 pubmed
  72. Ngan D, Kharbanda O, Darendeliler M. Considerations in the management of transposed teeth. Aust Orthod J. 2004;20:41-50 pubmed
    ..Methods of camouflaging transposed teeth are described in detail. The treatment options are illustrated with case reports. ..
  73. Chhatwani B, Schneider B. Maximum anchorage in orthodontics with the palatal implant: maximum anchorage in orthodontics with the palatal implant. J Orofac Orthop. 2006;67:459-70 pubmed
    ..The cephalometric analysis at the end of therapy confirms that the upper molars did not slip forward during treatment (no anchorage loss). ..
  74. Dagistan S, Cakur B, Goregen M. A dentigerous cyst containing an ectopic canine tooth below the floor of the maxillary sinus: a case report. J Oral Sci. 2007;49:249-52 pubmed
    ..condyle, coronoid process, palate, maxillary sinuses and nasal cavity can infrequently be the site of ectopic tooth eruption. One of the nondental sites for ectopic eruption is the maxillary sinus...
  75. da Fonseca M, Hoge C. Extraction of "killer" teeth: the case of two Somali siblings. J Dent Child (Chic). 2007;74:143-6 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this manuscript was to discuss the case of two Somali siblings who had tooth buds enucleated at a young age, leading to significant dental problems...
  76. Larsen H, Sørensen H, Artmann L, Christensen I, Kjaer I. Sagittal, vertical and transversal dimensions of the maxillary complex in patients with ectopic maxillary canines. Orthod Craniofac Res. 2010;13:34-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In patients with ectopic maxillary canines, the maxillary complex is shorter sagittally as well as vertically, while it is wider transversally. ..
  77. Kakuta H, Sone S, Matsumoto H, Tanaka M. Severe root resorption associated with ectopically erupting teeth: a case report. J Dent Child (Chic). 2010;77:118-22 pubmed
    ..The mandibular second molars were moved distally with an appliance designed to minimize the load on the teeth. The treatment is discussed with consideration of the diagnosis and appliances. ..
  78. Dhawan P, Roychoudhury A, Prakash H, Duggal R. Transmigrated mandibular permanent canine: a case report. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2001;19:80-3 pubmed
    ..A case of transmigration of mandibular canine is presented. The importance of anesthetizing the transmigrated tooth from the side of origin is highlighted. ..
  79. Epstein J, Hollender L, Pruzan S. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a young adult: recognition, diagnosis, and treatment and responsibility. Gen Dent. 2004;52:434-9; quiz 440 pubmed
    ..Professional responsibility and liability for recognition of abnormality and subsequent diagnosis is emphasized. ..
  80. Lewis B, Durning P, McLaughlin W, Nicholson P. Canine transposition following trauma and loss of a central incisor: treatment options. J Orthod. 2005;32:11-9 pubmed
    ..Using two case reports it considers the opportunities for rehabilitation of the occlusion, and discusses surgical, orthodontic and restorative considerations. ..
  81. Kim S, Kim M, Chae C, Jung Y, Choi J. Downregulation of matrix metalloproteinases in hyperplastic dental follicles results in abnormal tooth eruption. BMB Rep. 2008;41:322-7 pubmed
    ..However, HDFs showed stronger expression of MMP-3 than NDFs (P < 0.001). Collectively, these results indicate that defective regulation of MMPs mediating connective tissue remodeling may be responsible for abnormal tooth eruption. ..
  82. Aminabadi N, Farahani R, Sohrabi A, Pouralibaba F. Lingual eruption of mandibular permanent incisors: a space correlated phenomenon?. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2009;10:25-32 pubmed
    ..These types of data should not be regarded as standards but as illustrative of several key factors that are still not well-understood or which are still ignored. ..
  83. Vuchkova J, Farah C. Canine transmigration: comprehensive literature review and report of 4 new Australian cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2010;109:e46-53 pubmed publisher
    ..One case shows a vertically positioned transmigrated canine, whereas the other shows a horizontally transmigrated canine underlying an impacted canine. Furthermore, this cohort is the first to be reported in an Australian population. ..
  84. Peck S, Peck L, Kataja M. Mandibular lateral incisor-canine transposition, concomitant dental anomalies, and genetic control. Angle Orthod. 1998;68:455-66 pubmed
    ..In an appendix, clinical orthodontic management of Mn.I2.C transposition is discussed, based on treatment data derived from the study sample. ..
  85. Dash J, Sahoo P. Mandibular lateral incisor-canine transposition (Mn.12.C): a case report. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2003;21:13-5 pubmed
    ..This article reports a rare case of Mn.12.C anomaly affecting right mandibular arch of a (11 year old) female child causing shifting of midline and crowding. ..
  86. Ionescu E, Duduca I, Preoteasa E, Suciu I, Dragoi C. [Canine tooth transposition study on a group of patients orthodontically treated]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2006;110:978-81 pubmed
    ..Our study, which was conducted on a small group of 34 patients, shows the results of the analysis of the anomaly versus the gender, the type of the transposition, the affected maxillary etc. ..
  87. Swart R, Kiekens R, Berge S, Kuijpers Jagtman A. [Orthodontics in general practice. 2. Treatment of eruption failures]. Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd. 2007;114:416-22 pubmed
    ..However, independent of the surgical technique applied, general practitioners play a crucial role in diagnostics of eruption failures and timely referral to an orthodontist. ..
  88. Asensi J. Mixed unilateral transposition of a maxillary canine, central incisor, and lateral incisor. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2010;137:S141-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The diagnosis, appliance design, and treatment sequence are described. ..
  89. Ucuncu N, Ertugay E. The use of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment need (IOTN) in a school population and referred population. J Orthod. 2001;28:45-52 pubmed
    ..Grade 8 was 28.8 per cent out of the 36.8 per cent great need percentage in referred population. Therefore, it can be concluded that the ectopic canines were the driving factor for the referred population. ..
  90. Kim D, Kim J, Chae S, Hwang S, Lee S, Lee H. Endoscopic removal of an intranasal ectopic tooth. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2003;67:79-81 pubmed
    ..The endoscopic surgical approach used in this case caused less morbidity than do the more common methods of removing an intranasal ectopic tooth. ..
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    ..Autotransplantation should be given consideration as a reasonable option for the treatment of missing incisors in mixed dentition. ..