Summary: An abnormal opening or fissure between two adjacent teeth.

Top Publications

  1. Milnar F. Mastering minimal intervention and discretionary aesthetic procedures when placing direct composites. Pract Proced Aesthet Dent. 2005;17:428-32 pubmed
  2. Keränen S, Kettunen P, Aberg T, Thesleff I, Jernvall J. Gene expression patterns associated with suppression of odontogenesis in mouse and vole diastema regions. Dev Genes Evol. 1999;209:495-506 pubmed
    Rodents have a toothless diastema region between the incisor and molar teeth which may contain rudimentary tooth germs...
  3. Løes S, Kettunen P, Kvinnsland H, Luukko K. Mouse rudimentary diastema tooth primordia are devoid of peripheral nerve fibers. Anat Embryol (Berl). 2002;205:187-91 pubmed
    ..In rodents there is a toothless diastema region between incisors and molars that in the mouse maxilla contains three rudimentary tooth anlagen...
  4. Mulligan T. Diastema closure and long-term stability. J Clin Orthod. 2003;37:560-74 pubmed
  5. Almog D, Sanchez Marin C, Proskin H, Cohen M, Kyrkanides S, Malmstrom H. The effect of esthetic consultation methods on acceptance of diastema-closure treatment plan: a pilot study. J Am Dent Assoc. 2004;135:875-81; quiz 1035-6, 1038 pubmed
    The authors conducted a study to determine which of four consultation methods helped patients best understand a proposed treatment plan for maxillary anterior diastema closure.
  6. Witter K, Lesot H, Peterka M, Vonesch J, Misek I, Peterkova R. Origin and developmental fate of vestigial tooth primordia in the upper diastema of the field vole (Microtus agrestis, Rodentia). Arch Oral Biol. 2005;50:401-9 pubmed
    ..Similar to other rodents, the functional dentition of the vole includes a toothless diastema. At its mesial end, a vestigial tooth bud has been found in the upper jaw of vole embryos...
  7. Yamamoto H, Cho S, Song S, Hwang H, Lee M, Kim J, et al. Characteristic tissue interaction of the diastema region in mice. Arch Oral Biol. 2005;50:189-98 pubmed
    Rodents have a toothless diastema between the incisor and the first molar, which may contain rudimentary tooth germs...
  8. Klein O, Minowada G, Peterkova R, Kangas A, Yu B, Lesot H, et al. Sprouty genes control diastema tooth development via bidirectional antagonism of epithelial-mesenchymal FGF signaling. Dev Cell. 2006;11:181-90 pubmed
    ..who have a continuous row of teeth, mice have only molars and incisors separated by a toothless region called a diastema. Although tooth buds form in the embryonic diastema, they regress and do not develop into teeth...
  9. Yuan G, Zhang L, Zhang Y, Fan M, Bian Z, Chen Z. Mesenchyme is responsible for tooth suppression in the mouse lower diastema. J Dent Res. 2008;87:386-90 pubmed
    Between the incisor and molars in each dental quadrant, mice have a toothless gap (diastema) that may contain vestigial tooth primordia...

More Information

Publications143 found, 100 shown here

  1. Gkantidis N, Kolokitha O, Topouzelis N. Management of maxillary midline diastema with emphasis on etiology. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2008;32:265-72 pubmed
    The importance of the presence of a maxillary midline diastema resides in its position and the concern it causes to patients...
  2. Porntaveetus T, Ohazama A, Choi H, Herz J, Sharpe P. Wnt signaling in the murine diastema. Eur J Orthod. 2012;34:518-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Mice have only one incisor and three molars in each jaw quadrant that are divided by a tooth-less region, the diastema. Although mice lost teeth in the diastema during evolution, the remnants of the evolutionary lost teeth are ..
  3. Chae Y, Jin Y, Kim H, Gwon G, Sohn W, Kim S, et al. Proteome analysis of developing mice diastema region. BMB Rep. 2012;45:337-41 pubmed
    ..dentition of teeth, mice have only three molars and one incisor separated by a toothless region called the diastema in the hemi mandibular arch...
  4. Hassanali J, Amwayi P. Biometric analysis of the dental casts of Maasai following traditional extraction of mandibular permanent central incisors and of Kikuyu children. Eur J Orthod. 1993;15:513-8 pubmed
    ..There was no significant difference between the male and female dental arch dimensions. ..
  5. Hoexter D. Closing the gap. A team-based treatment plan yields "you've changed my life" results. Dent Today. 2003;22:48-50 pubmed
  6. Trinkner T, Roberts M. Anterior restoration utilizing novel all-ceramic materials. Pract Proced Aesthet Dent. 2007;19:543-5 pubmed
  7. Tipton P. Aesthetic tooth alignment using etched porcelain restorations. Pract Proced Aesthet Dent. 2001;13:551-5; quiz 556-8 pubmed
    ..While orthodontic treatment remains the standard for the majority of these cases, other modalities are required for patients who refuse it. ..
  8. Sondhi A. Anterior interferences: their impact on dental health function. J Indiana Dent Assoc. 2004;83:4-6, 8-17 pubmed
  9. Matsumura H, Aida Y, Ishikawa Y, Tanoue N. Porcelain laminate veneer restorations bonded with a three-liquid silane bonding agent and a dual-activated luting composite. J Oral Sci. 2006;48:261-6 pubmed
    ..Combined use of the Clearfil bonding agents and Clapearl DC luting composite is an alternative to conventional materials for seating porcelain laminate veneer restorations, although the system is inapplicable to dentin bonding. ..
  10. Aikins E, Onyeaso C. Prevalence of malocclusion and occlusal traits among adolescents and young adults in Rivers State, Nigeria. Odontostomatol Trop. 2014;37:5-12 pubmed
    ..05). Angles Class I malocclusion is the predominant occlusal pattern among these students. This finding compares favorably with other studies done in other parts of Nigeria. ..
  11. Lambert D. Simplified solutions to daily anterior aesthetic challenges using a nano-optimized direct restorative material. Dent Today. 2005;24:94-7 pubmed
  12. Giordano M, Turatti G, Parodi G, Luciani M, Laganà D. The maxillary protraction treatment: description of a laser Er:Yag-assisted surgical technique. Case report. Minerva Stomatol. 2009;58:307-15 pubmed
    ..The orthodontic treatment has been performed according to the standard protocol and the results were similar to the referred in literature. ..
  13. de Araujo E, Fortkamp S, Baratieri L. Closure of diastema and gingival recontouring using direct adhesive restorations: a case report. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2009;21:229-40 pubmed publisher
    ..This paper reports a case on diastema closure in anterior teeth that was successfully treated using gingival recontouring and composite resin ..
  14. Vicéns J, Russo A. Comparative use of Invisalign by orthodontists and general practitioners. Angle Orthod. 2010;80:425-34 pubmed publisher
    ..general practitioners regarding the level of experience necessary to treat a Class I malocclusion with a large diastema, and whether a Class II subdivision case should be treated with Invisalign. The hypothesis is rejected...
  15. Chaimattayompol N, Wong S. Diagnostic management of interdental spacing. J Prosthet Dent. 2000;84:467-9 pubmed
    ..This procedure can be used as proposed or for various situations in which complex restorative treatment is needed. ..
  16. Hu M, Li H, Liu L, Wu H, Chen Y, Xu Y. [Biomechanical study of open bite treatment with tip forward bend]. Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2004;39:233-5 pubmed
    ..Arch wire with tip forward bend depends on the elongation and lingual movement of anterior teeth to treat open bite, but the anchorage molar will incline mesially further, which is not consistent with the mechanism to treat open bite. ..
  17. McNamara C, Foley T, McNamara C. Multidisplinary management of hypodontia in adolescents: case report. J Can Dent Assoc. 2006;72:740-6 pubmed
    ..The scope of orthodontic and restorative management depends on the severity of the hypodontia. ..
  18. Luppanapornlarp S, Leelataweewud P, Putongkam P, Ketanont S. Periodontal status and orthodontic treatment need of autistic children. World J Orthod. 2010;11:256-61 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the periodontal status and orthodontic treatment need of autistic children and compare these findings to nonaffected, same-age individuals...
  19. Ziemba Z. [Histomorphologic evaluation of upper lip frenum in relation to the method of treating diastema]. Ann Acad Med Stetin. 2003;49:353-65 pubmed
    ..Differences in collagen density may cause problems in diastema closure and may eventually result in relapse of this condition...
  20. Foulger T, Tredwin C, Gill D, Moles D. The influence of varying maxillary incisal edge embrasure space and interproximal contact area dimensions on perceived smile aesthetics. Br Dent J. 2010;209:E4 pubmed publisher
    ..Whilst there is broad agreement in what the participant groups deem to be aesthetic, our findings do not wholly correspond to the 'ideals' that have been previously suggested in the dental literature. ..
  21. Ittipuriphat I, Leevailoj C. Anterior space management: interdisciplinary concepts. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2013;25:16-30 pubmed publisher
    ..By conservative and practical treatment approaches used in this case, the clinician will be able to manage to obtain the highest result of esthetic treatment. ..
  22. Subramaniam P, Neeraja G. Witkop's tooth and nail syndrome: a multifaceted approach to dental management. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2008;26:22-5 pubmed
    ..The nail involvement is more severe in childhood. The present case describes a 14-year-old boy who showed the characteristic features of Witkop's syndrome. A multifaceted approach to the dental management of the patient is discussed. ..
  23. Waldman A. Smile design for the adolescent patient--interdisciplinary management of anterior tooth size discrepancies. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2008;36:365-72 pubmed
    ..This article describes a clinical approach for treatment of these complex cases, focusing on the importance of tooth form, gingival esthetics, and treatment sequencing. ..
  24. Nazarian A. Closing the gap with minimal preparation veneers. Dent Today. 2006;25:70-1 pubmed
  25. Strassler H. Minimally invasive porcelain veneers: indications for a conservative esthetic dentistry treatment modality. Gen Dent. 2007;55:686-94; quiz 695-6, 712 pubmed
    ..While conservation of tooth structure is important, so is selecting the right treatment modality for each patient based on clinical findings. ..
  26. Suzuki E, Suzuki B. Treatment of a periodontally compromised patient with mini-implant anchorage. World J Orthod. 2009;10:350-60 pubmed
    ..A combined orthodontic, periodontic, and restorative treatment approach with adequate patient motivation can lead to improved masticatory function, esthetics, and periodontal conditions. ..
  27. Barreto B, Lima A, Catelan A, da Silva G, Gaglianone L, Martins L, et al. A complete esthetic approach with multiple diastemata in anterior teeth: 1-year follow-up. Gen Dent. 2013;61:54-6 pubmed
    ..The relevant aspects of etiology and treatment planning are discussed. ..
  28. Wolford L. Identifying the functional and esthetic factors associated with dentofacial deformities. Tex Dent J. 2002;119:1034-43 pubmed
  29. Defraia E, Baroni G, Marinelli A. Dental arch dimensions in the mixed dentition: a study of Italian children born in the 1950s and the 1990s. Angle Orthod. 2006;76:446-51 pubmed
    ..The present population has a greater probability of developing a malocclusion as a consequence of the secular trend toward the reduction of the width of the upper arch...
  30. Cogulu D, Oncag O, Celen E, Ozkinay F. Kabuki Syndrome with additional dental findings: a case report. J Dent Child (Chic). 2008;75:185-7 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this report is to describe common and additional dental findings and dental treatment of an 11-year old female patient with KS. This case report emphasises the importance of oral and dental manifestations for diagnosis. ..
  31. van Amerongen B, Verhey J. Relative importance of eight oral conditions for a fit dentition according to Dutch general practitioners. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1988;16:232-5 pubmed
    ..a fit dentition: plaque, calculus, gingivitis, a pocket, a cavity, a root/radicle, a fistula and an extraction diastema. The assessments were made by a sample of Dutch general practitioners under contract to the National Health ..
  32. Cavassan A, de Albuquerque M, Filho L. Rapid maxillary expansion after secondary alveolar bone graft in a patient with bilateral cleft lip and palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2004;41:332-9 pubmed
    ..showed opening of the intermaxillary suture in the premaxillary area, which was clinically confirmed by the diastema between the maxillary central incisors. No radiographic alteration was observed in the grafted area...
  33. Kumar S, Gandhi S, Valiathan A. Perception of smile esthetics among Indian dental professionals and laypersons. Indian J Dent Res. 2012;23:295 pubmed publisher
    ..Alterations were made in the crown length, crown width, midline diastema, and gingiva-to-lip relationship of the maxillary anterior teeth in the close-up photograph of a woman's smile...
  34. Ahammed A, Shetty V, Panda A, Gunda S, Pradhan D, Husain N, et al. Prevalence of malocclusion among 12 to 15 years age group orphan children using dental aesthetic index. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2013;14:111-4 pubmed
    ..So, they should be identified and corrective measures instituted at the earliest to prevent a widespread impact on their psychological development. ..
  35. Calamia V, Pantzis A. Simple Case Treatment Planning: Diastema Closure. Dent Clin North Am. 2015;59:655-64 pubmed publisher
    ..evaluation form as an adjunct in arriving at diagnosis and developing a treatment plan for a patient desiring Diastema closure...
  36. Rosenstiel S, Rashid R. Public preferences for anterior tooth variations: a web-based study. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2002;14:97-106 pubmed
    ..Strongest preferences concerned diastema and midline shift and the weakest concerned whiteness and proportion...
  37. Warren J, Slayton R, Yonezu T, Kanellis M, Levy S. Interdental spacing and caries in the primary dentition. Pediatr Dent. 2003;25:109-13 pubmed
    ..Absence of interdental spaces is weakly associated with greater decay experience in the primary dentition. ..
  38. Hamamci N, Ozer T, Hamamci O, Tümen E, Ağaçkiran E. Treatment of an adolescent with total ankyloglossia. World J Orthod. 2010;11:278-83 pubmed
    ..This led to a functional occlusion and an acceptable facial appearance. ..
  39. Martinez D. Improving visual communications in aesthetic and restorative dentistry: tips for successfully applying digital imaging in your practice. Dent Today. 2004;23:100-1 pubmed
  40. Ozalp S, Tuncer B, Tulunoglu O, Akkaya S. Endodontic and orthodontic treatment of fused maxillary central incisors: a case report. Dent Traumatol. 2008;24:e34-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, instead of extracting the supernumerary teeth, the anomaly was treated successfully in a conservative way. ..
  41. Feng Y, Fang B, Xia Y, Shu R, Hans M. Mia-assisted orthodontic treatment for dental malocclusion secondary to periodontal disease. World J Orthod. 2009;10:49-56 pubmed
    ..The results demonstrate that MIA is useful in enhancing anchorage in patients with bone loss associated with severe periodontal disease. ..
  42. Ramzan P, Palmer L. The incidence and distribution of peripheral caries in the cheek teeth of horses and its association with diastemata and gingival recession. Vet J. 2011;190:90-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Diastemata were found predominantly in the mandibular arcades (80%) and 75% of animals had at least one diastema. Peripheral caries was uniformly distributed between the maxillary and mandibular CT, being most prevalent on the ..
  43. Chu F, Siu A, Newsome P, Wei S. Management of median diastema. Gen Dent. 2001;49:282-7; quiz 288-9 pubmed
    In mixed and early permanent dentitions, median diastema can be a major esthetic concern for patients and/or their parents. The space can be transient or created by developmental, pathological, or iatrogenic factors...
  44. Chi J, Johnson M, Harkness M. Age changes in orthodontic treatment need: a longitudinal study of 10- and 13-year-old children, using the Dental Aesthetic Index. Aust Orthod J. 2000;16:150-6 pubmed
    ..The DAI, in common with other malocclusion indices, is unreliable over time because it is affected by developmental changes in the occlusal traits measured. ..
  45. Chong D, Chun Y. Use of bonded power arms in cases with missing upper lateral incisors. J Clin Orthod. 2004;38:539-42 pubmed
  46. Abu Alhaija E, Al Shamsi N, Al Khateeb S. Perceptions of Jordanian laypersons and dental professionals to altered smile aesthetics. Eur J Orthod. 2011;33:450-6 pubmed publisher
    ..manipulated to create changes in buccal corridor space (BCS), the amount of gingival display, and the midline diastema. These altered images were rated by three groups of Jordanians: 200 laypeople (100 females and 100 males), 200 ..
  47. Gürel G, Sesma N, Calamita M, Coachman C, Morimoto S. Influence of enamel preservation on failure rates of porcelain laminate veneers. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2013;33:31-9 pubmed
    ..parameters were analyzed: type of preparation (depth and margin), crown lengthening, presence of restoration, diastema, crowding, discoloration, abrasion, and attrition. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method...
  48. Traberg C, Seggelin I, Wenzel A. [Odontomas and their pathologic sequelae]. Tandlaegebladet. 1985;89:627-32 pubmed
  49. Rahilly G, Crocker C. Pathological migration: an unusual cause of midline diastema. Dent Update. 2003;30:547-9 pubmed
    A 34-year-old female attended the orthodontic department and was concerned with a midline diastema in the lower arch...
  50. Mugonzibwa E, Kuijpers Jagtman A, van t Hof M, Kikwilu E. Perceptions of dental attractiveness and orthodontic treatment need among Tanzanian children. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2004;125:426-33; discussion 433-4 pubmed
    ..0005). This suggests that, from the children's point of view, grades 8-10 of the AC and 4-5 of the DHC could be given the first priority when considering an orthodontic treatment policy in Tanzania. ..
  51. Feldens E, Kramer P, Feldens C, Ferreira S. Distribution of plaque and gingivitis and associated factors in 3- to 5-year-old Brazilian children. J Dent Child (Chic). 2006;73:4-10 pubmed
  52. Takei K, Sueishi K, Yamaguchi H, Ohtawa Y. Dentofacial growth in patients with Sotos syndrome. Bull Tokyo Dent Coll. 2007;48:73-85 pubmed
    ..The face showed midface retraction and a tapered mandible. Maxillary median diastema with an OJ of 2.5 mm and OB of 1.0 mm was observed, and the molar region showed mandibular mesial occlusion...
  53. Song Y, Yan M, Muneoka K, Chen Y. Mouse embryonic diastema region is an ideal site for the development of ectopically transplanted tooth germ. Dev Dyn. 2008;237:411-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we describe a protocol to transplant a tooth germ into the mandibular diastema region of mouse embryos using exo utero surgery...
  54. Cortellazzi K, Pereira S, Tagliaferro E, Ambrosano G, Zanin L, Meneghim M, et al. Risk indicators of gingivitis in 5-year-old Brazilian children. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2008;6:131-7 pubmed
    ..The prevalence of gingivitis in 5-year-old preschool children in Piracicaba was 16.6%. Also, family income of up to 4 minimum wages, male gender, the presence of initial caries lesion and crowding were risk indicators of gingivitis. ..
  55. Volchansky A, Cleaton Jones P. A misadventure with an elastic band, 38 years later. Quintessence Int. 2009;40:187-9 pubmed
    ..This case report is of maxillary central incisors still in place 38 years after periodontal surgery to correct the damage to supporting tooth structure caused by an orthodontic elastic band. ..
  56. Pereira L, Pereira Cenci T, Del Bel Cury A, Pereira S, Pereira A, Ambosano G, et al. Risk indicators of temporomandibular disorder incidences in early adolescence. Pediatr Dent. 2010;32:324-8 pubmed
    ..Gender was the only factor associated with the incidence of TMD in 12-year-old adolescents. ..
  57. Farronato G, Giannini L, Riva R, Galbiati G, Maspero C. Correlations between malocclusions and dyslalias. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2012;13:13-8 pubmed
    ..This was to evaluate the relationship between malocclusions and dyslalias and to plan a multidisciplinary approach between orthodontics and speech therapy...
  58. Lowe E. Simplifying diastema closure in the anterior region. Dent Today. 2003;22:50-2, 54-5 pubmed
  59. Goldstein M. Minimal prep, minimal fuss: direct composite bonding. Dent Today. 2006;25:122, 124, 126 pubmed
  60. Baurmash H. Comparing the titanium arch bar with the bonded arch bar. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007;65:359-62 pubmed
  61. Johal A, Cheung M, Marcene W. The impact of two different malocclusion traits on quality of life. Br Dent J. 2007;202:E2 pubmed
    ..007, p = 0.003 and p = 0.9, respectively. Occlusal traits such as an increased overjet and a spaced dentition have a significant negative impact on both the children's and their families' quality of life. ..
  62. Accurso B, Mercado A, Allen C. Multiple endocrine neoplasia-2B presenting with orthodontic relapse. Angle Orthod. 2010;80:585-90 pubmed publisher
    ..We describe a 17-year-old male whose initial diagnosis of MEN-2B was triggered by his orthodontist's request for an oral and maxillofacial pathology consultation to evaluate the patient's oral abnormalities...
  63. Flax H. Soft and hard tissue management using lasers in esthetic restoration. Dent Clin North Am. 2011;55:383-402, x pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, conservative laser and cosmetic modalities are discussed that allows a clinician to be more comfortable in buying a soft/hard tissue laser and also to more quickly become adept with implementing these techniques. ..
  64. Kurbad A, Kurbad S. A new, hybrid material for minimally invasive restorations in clinical use. Int J Comput Dent. 2013;16:69-79 pubmed
    ..The material features a high fracture load value of 2980 N, and is straightforward to process in CAD/CAM milling machines. This article presents a case example describing the manufacture of a veneer restoration...
  65. Gottlieb E, Cozzani M, de Harfin J, Helmholdt R, Logan L, Warren D. Stability of orthodontic treatment. Part 1. J Clin Orthod. 2006;40:27-38 pubmed
  66. Fiorillo G, Mazza V, Festa F. Controlling erupted and unerupted permanent teeth in the mixed dentition with preadjusted appliances. J Clin Orthod. 2006;40:485-92 pubmed
  67. Cardaropoli D, Re S, Corrente G, Abundo R. Reconstruction of the maxillary midline papilla following a combined orthodontic-periodontic treatment in adult periodontal patients. J Clin Periodontol. 2004;31:79-84 pubmed
    ..At baseline, all patients presented opening of the interdental diastema and loss of the papilla. At 7-10 days after open-flap surgery, the intrusive movement started...
  68. Dixon P, Barakzai S, Collins N, Yates J. Treatment of equine cheek teeth by mechanical widening of diastemata in 60 horses (2000-2006). Equine Vet J. 2008;40:22-8 pubmed
    ..To assess the response to mechanical widening in the treatment of diastema. Details of the presenting signs and treatment of cases of CT diastema by widening were recorded and the response ..
  69. Murakami C, Nahás Pires Corrêa M, Nahás Pires Corrêa F, Nahás Pires Corrêa J. Dental treatment of children with Angelman syndrome: a case report. Spec Care Dentist. 2008;28:8-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The dental literature on the syndrome is scarce. The purpose of paper is to describe the interesting aspects of the dental treatment of a child with AS. ..
  70. Gomes C, Jham B, Souki B, Pereira T, Mesquita R. Sequential supernumerary teeth in nonsyndromic patients: report of 3 cases. Pediatr Dent. 2008;30:66-9 pubmed
    ..This article demonstrates the importance of clinical and radiographic follow-up of ST patients, regardless of age, family history, or systemic condition. ..
  71. Gunduz K, Celenk P, Zengin Z, Sumer P. Mesiodens: a radiographic study in children. J Oral Sci. 2008;50:287-91 pubmed
    ..The main complications were delayed eruption of the permanent incisors (38.8%), maxillary midline diastema (17.6%), axial rotation or inclination of erupted permanent incisors (16...
  72. Mukhopadhyay S. Mesiodens: a clinical and radiographic study in children. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2011;29:34-8 pubmed publisher
    ..9% were asymptomatic. The prevalence of mesiodens was 0.8% .Conical shape, palatal position and vertical orientation were common characteristic observations in the study. ..
  73. Asiry M. Anterior open bite treated with myofunctional therapy and palatal crib. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2015;16:243-7 pubmed
    ..The importance of myofunctional therapy in adopting normal tongue position and in maintaining the stability of open bite correction is emphasized. ..
  74. Singh J, Deshpande R. Pathologic migration--spontaneous correction following periodontal therapy: a case report. Quintessence Int. 2002;33:65-8 pubmed
    ..The central incisors had pathologically migrated, resulting in a 2-mm diastema. Periodontal treatment was planned and completed...
  75. Chan L, Hodes D. When is an abnormal frenulum a sign of child abuse?. Arch Dis Child. 2004;89:277 pubmed
  76. Willhite C. Diastema closure with freehand composite: controlling emergence contour. Quintessence Int. 2005;36:138-40 pubmed
  77. Ritter A. Diastema closure. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2004;16:389 pubmed
  78. Marques C, Couto G, Orestes Cardoso S. Assessment of orthodontic treatment needs in Brazilian schoolchildren according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Community Dent Health. 2007;24:145-8 pubmed
    ..The distribution of DAI scores among Brazilian adolescents is different from that reported in other populations. This study provides baseline data on the need and demand for orthodontic treatment among Brazilian students. ..
  79. Davila J, Miller J, Hodges J, Beyer J, Larson B. Effect of neonatal capsaicin treatment on orthodontic tooth movement in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011;139:e345-52 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Diastema measurements between the first and second molars were made at 2 and 4 weeks after appliance placement...
  80. Sabri R. Management of congenitally missing second premolars with orthodontics and single-tooth implants. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2004;125:634-42 pubmed
    ..Various treatment alternatives are discussed, and the final treatment plan of space opening for 3 implants and space closure of the maxillary left second premolar site is presented. ..
  81. Shapira Y, Kuftinec M. Rootless eruption of a mandibular permanent canine. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011;139:563-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Current theories on tooth eruption and the important role of the dental follicle in the process of eruption are discussed. ..
  82. Willis M, Bothun R. Oral hygiene knowledge and practice among Dinka and Nuer from Sudan to the U.S. J Dent Hyg. 2011;85:306-15 pubmed
    ..Most participants wished to have all teeth in place, bright white coloration and a maxillary diastema. Few had visited a U.S...
  83. Closs L, Weissbluth M, Nakamura E, Hermann F. Esthetic and functional rehabilitation for oligodontia in the mixed dentition: case report. J Dent Child (Chic). 2012;79:193-6 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this paper is to describe a 5-year clinical follow-up of a case of oligodontia in a young female patient in mixed dentition. ..
  84. Gonçalves T, Gonçalves L, Sabino Bezerra J, Santos Silva A, da Silva W, Garcia R. Multidisciplinary therapy of extensive oligodontia: a case report. Braz Dent J. 2013;24:174-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The multidisciplinary treatment involving orthodontics, speech and prosthetic therapies have reestablished the masticatory function and aesthetics, allowing the patient to achieve greater self-esteem and better social acceptance. ..
  85. Furuse A, Franco E, Mondelli J. Esthetic and functional restoration for an anterior open occlusal relationship with multiple diastemata: a multidisciplinary approach. J Prosthet Dent. 2008;99:91-4 pubmed publisher
  86. Madan N, Pannu K. Restoration of maxillary anterior esthetics using lava all-ceramic fixed dental prostheses. Int J Comput Dent. 2011;14:47-53 pubmed
    ..This clinical report describes the use of the Lava All-ceramic system, based on Y-TZP, for the fabrication of two fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) in the maxillary anterior region of the patient, restoring both esthetics and function...
  87. Brown D. Using plumber's teflon tape to enhance bonding procedures. Dent Today. 2002;21:76-8, 80-1 pubmed
  88. Dalvit D, Parker M, Cameron S. Quick chairside diagnostic wax-up. J Prosthet Dent. 2002;87:581-2 pubmed
  89. Melkers M. Direct placement alternatives for anterior, esthetic rehabilitation. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2003;24:582-6, 588, 590-2 pubmed
  90. Anderson C. Cautions regarding computer imaging. J Am Dent Assoc. 2004;135:1516, 1518; author reply 1518, 1520 pubmed
  91. Bernabé E, Flores Mir C. Orthodontic treatment need in Peruvian young adults evaluated through dental aesthetic index. Angle Orthod. 2006;76:417-21 pubmed
    ..In this population, malocclusion was characterized by a relatively high frequency of missing teeth, appreciable dental crowding, and inadequate anteroposterior relationships...
  92. Jälevik B, Möller M. Evaluation of spontaneous space closure and development of permanent dentition after extraction of hypomineralized permanent first molars. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2007;17:328-35 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate spontaneous space closure, development of the permanent dentition, and need for orthodontic treatment after extraction of permanent first molars due to severe molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH)...