child abuse

Summary

Summary: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)

Top Publications

  1. doi Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high-income countries
    Ruth Gilbert
    Centre for Evidence based Child Health and MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Lancet 373:68-81. 2009
  2. ncbi Development and validation of a brief screening version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire
    David P Bernstein
    Department of Psychology, Fordham University, Dealy Hall, 3rd Floor, Bronx, NY 10458, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 27:169-90. 2003
  3. pmc The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood. A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology
    Robert F Anda
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Adult and Community Health, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:174-86. 2006
  4. ncbi Childhood abuse, household dysfunction, and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study
    S R Dube
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Adult and Community Health, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, MS K 45, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    JAMA 286:3089-96. 2001
  5. ncbi Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of depressive disorders in adulthood
    Daniel P Chapman
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Mailstop K 67, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Affect Disord 82:217-25. 2004
  6. pmc Childhood maltreatment and telomere shortening: preliminary support for an effect of early stress on cellular aging
    Audrey R Tyrka
    Mood Disorders Research Program, Butler Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 67:531-4. 2010
  7. ncbi Insights into causal pathways for ischemic heart disease: adverse childhood experiences study
    Maxia Dong
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Circulation 110:1761-6. 2004
  8. ncbi Long-term effects of home visitation on maternal life course and child abuse and neglect. Fifteen-year follow-up of a randomized trial
    D L Olds
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80203, USA
    JAMA 278:637-43. 1997
  9. pmc Influence of child abuse on adult depression: moderation by the corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor gene
    Rebekah G Bradley
    Atlanta VA Medical Center, Georgia, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:190-200. 2008
  10. pmc Childhood adversities and adult psychopathology in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
    Ronald C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 197:378-85. 2010

Detail Information

Publications299 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high-income countries
    Ruth Gilbert
    Centre for Evidence based Child Health and MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Lancet 373:68-81. 2009
    ..The high burden and serious and long-term consequences of child maltreatment warrant increased investment in preventive and therapeutic strategies from early childhood...
  2. ncbi Development and validation of a brief screening version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire
    David P Bernstein
    Department of Psychology, Fordham University, Dealy Hall, 3rd Floor, Bronx, NY 10458, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 27:169-90. 2003
    ..The goal of this study was to develop and validate a short form of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (the CTQ-SF) as a screening measure for maltreatment histories in both clinical and nonreferred groups...
  3. pmc The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood. A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology
    Robert F Anda
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Adult and Community Health, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 256:174-86. 2006
    ..Epidemiological studies have documented the impact of childhood maltreatment on health and emotional well-being...
  4. ncbi Childhood abuse, household dysfunction, and the risk of attempted suicide throughout the life span: findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study
    S R Dube
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Adult and Community Health, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, MS K 45, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    JAMA 286:3089-96. 2001
    ..An expanding body of research suggests that childhood trauma and adverse experiences can lead to a variety of negative health outcomes, including attempted suicide among adolescents and adults...
  5. ncbi Adverse childhood experiences and the risk of depressive disorders in adulthood
    Daniel P Chapman
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Mailstop K 67, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Affect Disord 82:217-25. 2004
    ..As previous research has documented that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are highly interrelated, we examined the association between the number of such experiences (ACE score) and the risk of depressive disorders...
  6. pmc Childhood maltreatment and telomere shortening: preliminary support for an effect of early stress on cellular aging
    Audrey R Tyrka
    Mood Disorders Research Program, Butler Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 67:531-4. 2010
    ..Based on previous evidence linking psychosocial stress to shorter telomere length, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of childhood adversity on telomere length...
  7. ncbi Insights into causal pathways for ischemic heart disease: adverse childhood experiences study
    Maxia Dong
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Circulation 110:1761-6. 2004
    ....
  8. ncbi Long-term effects of home visitation on maternal life course and child abuse and neglect. Fifteen-year follow-up of a randomized trial
    D L Olds
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80203, USA
    JAMA 278:637-43. 1997
    ..Home-visitation services have been promoted as a means of improving maternal and child health and functioning. However, long-term effects have not been examined...
  9. pmc Influence of child abuse on adult depression: moderation by the corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor gene
    Rebekah G Bradley
    Atlanta VA Medical Center, Georgia, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:190-200. 2008
    Genetic inheritance and developmental life stress both contribute to major depressive disorder in adults. Child abuse and trauma alter the endogenous stress response, principally corticotropin-releasing hormone and its downstream ..
  10. pmc Childhood adversities and adult psychopathology in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
    Ronald C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 197:378-85. 2010
    ..Although significant associations of childhood adversities with adult mental disorders are widely documented, most studies focus on single childhood adversities predicting single disorders...
  11. ncbi Child maltreatment in the "children of the nineties": a cohort study of risk factors
    Peter Sidebotham
    Division of Health in the Community, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    Child Abuse Negl 30:497-522. 2006
    ..To analyze the multiple factors affecting the risk of maltreatment in young children within a comprehensive theoretical framework...
  12. pmc Gender differences in long-term health consequences of physical abuse of children: data from a nationally representative survey
    Martie P Thompson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 0745, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:599-604. 2004
    ..This study investigated the effects of physical abuse in childhood on health problems in adulthood and assessed gender differences in these associations...
  13. ncbi Childhood adversities associated with risk for eating disorders or weight problems during adolescence or early adulthood
    Jeffrey G Johnson
    Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:394-400. 2002
    ..A community-based prospective longitudinal study was conducted to investigate the association between childhood adversities and problems with eating or weight during adolescence and early adulthood...
  14. ncbi Trauma and psychosis: an analysis of the National Comorbidity Survey
    Mark Shevlin
    Psychiatric Epidemiology Research Unit, University of Ulster at Magee College, Londonderry BT48 7JL, United Kingdom
    Am J Psychiatry 164:166-9. 2007
    ..The authors hypothesized that the likelihood of psychosis classification would increase with traumatic experiences...
  15. ncbi Prevalence of child maltreatment in The Netherlands
    Eveline M Euser
    Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    Child Maltreat 15:5-17. 2010
    ..6% of all maltreatment cases were reported to the CPS. Training of professionals in observing and reporting child maltreatment is badly needed. The absence of a legal obligation to report in The Netherlands needs reconsideration...
  16. doi Neurobiological and psychiatric consequences of child abuse and neglect
    Christine Heim
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 52:671-90. 2010
    ..Guidance for the management of patients with depression and a history of child abuse and neglect are provided...
  17. ncbi Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated children
    Avshalom Caspi
    Medical Research Council Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Science 297:851-4. 2002
    ..These findings may partly explain why not all victims of maltreatment grow up to victimize others, and they provide epidemiological evidence that genotypes can moderate children's sensitivity to environmental insults...
  18. ncbi Severe physical punishment and mental health problems in an economically disadvantaged population of children and adolescents
    Isabel Altenfelder Santos Bordin
    Social Psychiatry Division, Department of Psychiatry, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Rev Bras Psiquiatr 28:290-6. 2006
    ..To estimate the prevalence of severe physical punishment of children/adolescents in a low-income community, and to examine child mental health problems as a potential correlate...
  19. ncbi Childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction and the risk of illicit drug use: the adverse childhood experiences study
    Shanta R Dube
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adult and Community Health, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3717, USA
    Pediatrics 111:564-72. 2003
    ..Improved understanding of the influence of stressful or traumatic childhood experiences on initiation and development of drug abuse is needed...
  20. pmc Hypertension in adult survivors of child abuse: observations from the Nurses' Health Study II
    E H Riley
    Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:413-8. 2010
    ..Limited research has shown a possible association between exposure to physical or sexual abuse prior to age 18 and the risk of developing hypertension as an adult. The factors mediating this relationship are unknown...
  21. doi Reduced anterior cingulate and orbitofrontal volumes in child abuse-related complex PTSD
    Kathleen Thomaes
    GGZ inGeest, Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, A J Ernststraat 887, 1081 HL Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 71:1636-44. 2010
    ..We investigated whether child abuse-related complex PTSD--a severe form of PTSD with affect dysregulation and high comorbidity--showed similar ..
  22. pmc The varying impact of type, timing and frequency of exposure to childhood adversity on its association with adult psychotic disorder
    H L Fisher
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Psychol Med 40:1967-78. 2010
    ..Therefore, we sought to explore the prevalence of more specific adverse childhood experiences amongst those with and without psychotic disorders using detailed assessments in a large epidemiological case-control sample (AESOP)...
  23. doi Early adverse experiences in schizophrenia and unipolar depression
    I Alex Rubino
    Department of Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Nerv Ment Dis 197:65-8. 2009
    ..These findings stress the role of social developmental factors in the etiology of schizophrenia...
  24. doi Child maltreatment: variation in trends and policies in six developed countries
    Ruth Gilbert
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Lancet 379:758-72. 2012
    ..These analyses draw attention to the need for robust research to establish whether the high and rising rates of agency contacts and out-of-home care in some settings are effectively reducing child maltreatment...
  25. doi The relationship between child abuse, parental divorce, and lifetime mental disorders and suicidality in a nationally representative adult sample
    Tracie O Afifi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada
    Child Abuse Negl 33:139-47. 2009
    To determine how the experiences of child abuse and parental divorce are related to long-term mental health outcomes using a nationally representative adult sample after adjusting for sociodemographic variables and parental ..
  26. pmc A randomized pilot study of the Engaging Moms Program for family drug court
    Gayle A Dakof
    Center for Treatment Research on Adolescent Drug Abuse, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 38:263-74. 2010
    ..EMP showed equal or better improvement than ICMS on all outcomes. The results suggest that EMP in family drug court is a viable and promising intervention approach to reduce maternal addiction and child maltreatment...
  27. pmc Detection of child abuse in emergency departments: a multi-centre study
    Eveline C F M Louwers
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Dis Child 96:422-5. 2011
    This study examines the detection rates of suspected child abuse in the emergency departments of seven Dutch hospitals complying and not complying with screening guidelines for child abuse.
  28. pmc Individual, family, and neighborhood factors distinguish resilient from non-resilient maltreated children: a cumulative stressors model
    Sara R Jaffee
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 31:231-53. 2007
    ..characteristics distinguish resilient from non-resilient maltreated children? Do children's individual strengths promote resilience even when children are exposed to multiple family and neighborhood stressors (cumulative stressors model)?..
  29. ncbi Long-term effects of childhood abuse on the quality of life and health of older people: results from the Depression and Early Prevention of Suicide in General Practice Project
    Brian Draper
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:262-71. 2008
    ..To determine whether childhood physical and sexual abuse are associated with poor mental and physical health outcomes in older age...
  30. pmc Abuse in childhood and adolescence as a predictor of type 2 diabetes in adult women
    Janet W Rich-Edwards
    Connors Center for Women s Health and Gender Biology, Brigham and Women s Hospital Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Am J Prev Med 39:529-36. 2010
    Although child abuse is associated with obesity, it is not known whether early abuse increases risk of type 2 diabetes.
  31. ncbi Altered pituitary-adrenal axis responses to provocative challenge tests in adult survivors of childhood abuse
    C Heim
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1639 Pierce Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 158:575-81. 2001
    ..On subsequent stress exposure, women with a history of childhood abuse may hypersecrete CRF, resulting in down-regulation of adenohypophyseal CRF receptors and symptoms of depression and anxiety...
  32. pmc Effectiveness of the Antenatal Psychosocial Health Assessment (ALPHA) form in detecting psychosocial concerns: a randomized controlled trial
    June C Carroll
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 173:253-9. 2005
    ..Assessment (ALPHA) form incorporates 15 risk factors associated with poor postpartum outcomes of woman abuse, child abuse, postpartum depression and couple dysfunction...
  33. ncbi Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and health-risk behaviors among adults in a developing country setting
    Laurie S Ramiro
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines Manila, Padre Faura st, Ermita, Manila, Philippines
    Child Abuse Negl 34:842-55. 2010
    ..This study aimed to examine the association among adverse childhood experiences, health-risk behaviors, and chronic disease conditions in adult life...
  34. ncbi Patterns of health care use that may identify young children who are at risk for maltreatment
    Eron Y Friedlaender
    Emergency Medicine, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Pediatrics 116:1303-8. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether children who are at risk for maltreatment have characteristic patterns of health care use before their diagnosis of abuse or neglect that distinguish them from other children...
  35. pmc Associations of child sexual and physical abuse with obesity and depression in middle-aged women
    Paul Rohde
    Oregon Research Institute, 1715 Franklin Boulevard, Eugene, OR 97403 1983, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 32:878-87. 2008
    ....
  36. doi Safeguarding children in dentistry: 2. Do paediatric dentists neglect child dental neglect?
    J C Harris
    Sheffield Salaried Primary Dental Care Service, Firth Park Clinic, North Quadrant, Sheffield, S5 6NU
    Br Dent J 206:465-70. 2009
    ....
  37. doi The neurobiological toll of child abuse and neglect
    Gretchen N Neigh
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Trauma Violence Abuse 10:389-410. 2009
    ..Recognition of the biological consequences and transgenerational impact of violence and abuse has critical importance for both disease research and public health policy...
  38. ncbi Orthopaedic injuries in children with nonaccidental trauma: demographics and incidence from the 2000 kids' inpatient database
    Randall T Loder
    James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 27:421-6. 2007
    ..In addition to presence of long bone fractures in infants and toddlers, older children with concomitant psychiatric or neurological conditions presenting with nonaccidental injuries should be assessed for possible abuse...
  39. ncbi A prospective investigation of major depressive disorder and comorbidity in abused and neglected children grown up
    Cathy Spatz Widom
    Department of Psychiatry, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 183 S Orange Avenue, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:49-56. 2007
    ..Few prospective longitudinal studies have examined the relationship between abuse or neglect in childhood and depression in adulthood...
  40. pmc Environment and schizophrenia: environmental factors in schizophrenia: childhood trauma--a critical review
    Craig Morgan
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Schizophr Bull 33:3-10. 2007
    ..However, there remain a number of conceptual and methodological issues, which mean much more research is needed before firm conclusions can be drawn about whether childhood trauma is a cause of psychosis...
  41. pmc Associations between childhood adversity and depression, substance abuse and HIV and HSV2 incident infections in rural South African youth
    Rachel K Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, South Africa
    Child Abuse Negl 34:833-41. 2010
    ..To describe prevalence of childhood experiences of adversity in rural South African youth and their associations with health outcomes...
  42. pmc Reliability of routinely collected hospital data for child maltreatment surveillance
    Kirsten McKenzie
    National Centre for Health Information Research and Training, School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove QLD Australia
    BMC Public Health 11:8. 2011
    ..However, there has been limited research to examine the reliability of these data for child maltreatment surveillance purposes. This study examined the reliability of coding of child maltreatment in Queensland, Australia...
  43. ncbi The interrelatedness of multiple forms of childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction
    Maxia Dong
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, N E, MS K 67, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 28:771-84. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine the degree to which ACEs co-occur as well as the nature of their co-occurrence...
  44. ncbi Analysis of missed cases of abusive head trauma
    C Jenny
    Department of Pediatrics, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI, USA
    JAMA 281:621-6. 1999
    Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a dangerous form of child abuse that can be difficult to diagnose in young children.
  45. ncbi Measuring child maltreatment in the United Kingdom: a study of the prevalence of child abuse and neglect
    Corinne May-Chahal
    Department of Applied Social Science, County South, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YL, UK
    Child Abuse Negl 29:969-84. 2005
    ..To provide reliable measures of the prevalence of all forms of child maltreatment in the UK that will be robust in the context of social and cultural differences due to social class, ethnicity and, region...
  46. pmc Adverse childhood events as risk factors for substance dependence: partial mediation by mood and anxiety disorders
    Kara R Douglas
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT 06030 2103, USA
    Addict Behav 35:7-13. 2010
    ..Adverse childhood events (ACEs) are associated with negative health outcomes. We examined ACEs as risk factors for substance dependence (SD) and the mediating effects of mood and anxiety disorders on the relations between ACEs and SD risk...
  47. ncbi Adverse childhood experiences and the association with ever using alcohol and initiating alcohol use during adolescence
    Shanta R Dube
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    J Adolesc Health 38:444.e1-10. 2006
    ....
  48. ncbi Childhood abuse and familial violence and the risk of panic attacks and panic disorder in young adulthood
    Renee D Goodwin
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 43, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Psychol Med 35:881-90. 2005
    ....
  49. ncbi Predicting suicide attempts in young adults with histories of childhood abuse
    Jelena Brezo
    McGill Group for Suicide Studies, Douglas Hospital Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Br J Psychiatry 193:134-9. 2008
    ..Although childhood abuse is an important correlate of suicidality, not all individuals who were abused as children attempt suicide...
  50. ncbi The importance of childhood trauma and childhood life events for chronicity of depression in adults
    Jenneke E Wiersma
    Department of Psychiatry and Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center and Academic Outpatient Clinic for Affective Disorders, GGZ inGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 70:983-9. 2009
    ....
  51. ncbi Childhood maltreatment and early alcohol use among high-risk adolescents
    Merle E Hamburger
    Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mail Stop F 64, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 69:291-5. 2008
    ..The current study examines the associations between early child maltreatment and (1) preteen alcohol-use initiation and (2) heavy episodic drinking among students in a large study of adolescents...
  52. doi Depressive symptoms in disadvantaged women receiving prenatal care: the influence of adverse and positive childhood experiences
    Esther K Chung
    Department of Pediatrics, Alfred I duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 8:109-16. 2008
    ..To determine the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), positive influences in childhood (PICs), and depressive symptoms among low-income pregnant women...
  53. ncbi Clinicians' description of factors influencing their reporting of suspected child abuse: report of the Child Abuse Reporting Experience Study Research Group
    Rise Jones
    Evaluation Solutions, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Pediatrics 122:259-66. 2008
    Primary care clinicians participating in the Child Abuse Reporting Experience Study did not report all suspected physical child abuse to child protective services...
  54. pmc Childhood trauma and children's emerging psychotic symptoms: A genetically sensitive longitudinal cohort study
    Louise Arseneault
    Medical Research Council Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, King s College London, UK
    Am J Psychiatry 168:65-72. 2011
    ..K. cohort of young twins...
  55. ncbi Factors accounting for youth suicide attempt in Hong Kong: a model building
    Gloria W Y Wan
    Clinical Psychology Service, Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui Welfare Council, 5 F, Holy Trinity Bradury Center, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
    J Adolesc 33:575-82. 2010
    ..This model was cross-validated by gender. This study moved research on youth suicide from identification of individual risk factors to model building, integrating separate findings of the past studies...
  56. ncbi Relationship between multiple forms of childhood maltreatment and adult mental health in community respondents: results from the adverse childhood experiences study
    Valerie J Edwards
    Centers for Diseade Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1453-60. 2003
    ....
  57. ncbi Adolescent violence perpetration: associations with multiple types of adverse childhood experiences
    Naomi N Duke
    Center for Adolescent Nursing, School of Nursing, Division of Academic General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, 5 140 Weaver Densford Hall, 308 Harvard St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Pediatrics 125:e778-86. 2010
    ..This study identified relationships between multiple types of adverse events and distinct categories of adolescent violence perpetration...
  58. doi Neck injuries in young pediatric homicide victims
    Laura K Brennan
    Division of General Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Neurosurg Pediatr 3:232-9. 2009
    ....
  59. ncbi Obesity and type 2 diabetes risk in midadult life: the role of childhood adversity
    Claudia Thomas
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 121:e1240-9. 2008
    b>Child abuse has been associated with poorer physical health in adulthood, but less is known about childhood adversity more broadly, including neglect and family problems, or the pathways from adversity to adult disease...
  60. ncbi Childhood victimization and illicit drug use in middle adulthood
    Cathy Spatz Widom
    Department of Psychiatry, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 20:394-403. 2006
    ..These new results reinforce the need for targeted interventions with abused and neglected children, adolescents, and adults, and particularly for women...
  61. doi Value of cerebral microhemorrhages detected with susceptibility-weighted MR Imaging for prediction of long-term outcome in children with nonaccidental trauma
    Cherie A Colbert
    Department of Radiology, Forensic Medicine, Loma Linda University Children s Hospital, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
    Radiology 256:898-905. 2010
    ....
  62. pmc Exposure to interparental violence and psychosocial maladjustment in the adult life course: advocacy for early prevention
    C Roustit
    UMR S 707 INSERM Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris6, Research Group on Social Determinants of Health and Health Care, 27, rue Chaligny, 75012 Paris, France
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:563-8. 2009
    ....
  63. pmc Child maltreatment prevention: a systematic review of reviews
    Christopher Mikton
    Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 87:353-61. 2009
    ....
  64. doi The utility and challenges of using ICD codes in child maltreatment research: A review of existing literature
    Debbie Scott
    National Centre for Health Information Research and Training, School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove 4059, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Child Abuse Negl 33:791-808. 2009
    ..the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) has been used in child abuse research, to describe how the ICD system has been applied, and to assess factors affecting the reliability of ..
  65. doi Epidemiology of burn injuries II: psychiatric and behavioural perspectives
    Jodi B A McKibben
    Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814 4799, USA
    Int Rev Psychiatry 21:512-21. 2009
    ....
  66. ncbi Hippocampal volume and memory performance in a community-based sample of women with posttraumatic stress disorder secondary to child abuse
    Cathy L Pederson
    Biology Department, Wittenberg University, Springfield, Ohio 45501 0720, USA
    J Trauma Stress 17:37-40. 2004
    ..Women with PTSD did not express significant deficits in memory performance or hippocampal volume when compared with the abuse and normal control groups...
  67. doi Child abuse and neglect in Saudi Arabia: journey of recognition to implementation of national prevention strategies
    Majid Al Eissa
    National Family Safety Program, King Abdulaziz Medical City for the National Guard, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Child Abuse Negl 34:28-33. 2010
    To describe increased child abuse and neglect (CAN) reporting and the characteristics of the reports in the context of the development of a system of intervention for one of the hospital-based child protection centers in Riyadh, Saudi ..
  68. doi Recognising and responding to child maltreatment
    Ruth Gilbert
    Centre for Evidence based Child Health and MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Lancet 373:167-80. 2009
    ....
  69. pmc Emotion understanding in postinstitutionalized Eastern European children
    Alison B Wismer Fries
    University of Wisconsin at Madison, 53706 8190, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 16:355-69. 2004
    ..These results are discussed in terms of the importance of emotional input early in life on later developmental organization...
  70. ncbi The risk of child abuse in infants and toddlers with lower extremity injuries
    Carla Coffey
    The Trauma Program, Children s Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 40:120-3. 2005
    The aim of this study was to assess the risk of child abuse in children younger than 18 months admitted to a pediatric trauma service with lower extremity injuries.
  71. doi Screening for child abuse at emergency departments: a systematic review
    Eveline C F M Louwers
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Arch Dis Child 95:214-8. 2010
    b>Child abuse is a serious problem worldwide and can be difficult to detect...
  72. ncbi Critical review of 'temporary brittle bone disease'
    Kenneth L Mendelson
    Department of Radiology, South Shore Hospital, 55 Fogg Road, South Weymouth, MA 02190, USA
    Pediatr Radiol 35:1036-40. 2005
  73. ncbi Evaluation of suspected child physical abuse
    Nancy D Kellogg
    Pediatrics 119:1232-41. 2007
    ..Accurate and timely diagnosis of children who are suspected victims of abuse can ensure appropriate evaluation, investigation, and outcomes for these children and their families...
  74. ncbi Child abuse and neglect in the Arab Peninsula
    Fadheela T Al-Mahroos
    Sulmaniya Medical Complex, Ministry of Health, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, PO Box 11602, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
    Saudi Med J 28:241-8. 2007
    To provide an overview of the problem and patterns of child abuse and neglect in the 7 countries of the Arab Peninsula, and to highlight some of the difficulties and shortcomings.
  75. ncbi The association of child abuse and neglect with adult disability in schizophrenia and the prominent role of physical neglect
    Alexei Gil
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Medicina, Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Ramiro Barcelos, 2400 2 degrees andar, 90035 003 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Child Abuse Negl 33:618-24. 2009
    ..To assess long-lasting effects of childhood trauma on the functional outcome of adult patients diagnosed with schizophrenia...
  76. pmc Simple intervention to improve detection of child abuse in emergency departments
    Jonathan R Benger
    Emergency Department, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol BS16 1LE
    BMJ 324:780. 2002
    b>Child abuse is easily overlooked in a busy emergency department.
  77. ncbi Fractures in biliary atresia misinterpreted as child abuse
    Patricia A DeRusso
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Pediatrics 112:185-8. 2003
    Bone fractures in children without a history of injury are highly suspicious for child abuse. Biliary atresia is a disorder associated with metabolic bone disease, and there are numerous reports of osteopenia, rickets, and/or fractures ..
  78. ncbi Child abuse in infants with proximal physeal injuries of the femur
    Joshua C W Jones
    General Pediatric Division, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 20:157-61. 2004
    b>Child abuse has been recognized to be a common cause of femur fractures in infants. Fractures of the proximal femoral physis in abused infants have been less emphasized...
  79. ncbi The role of childhood trauma in the neurobiology of mood and anxiety disorders: preclinical and clinical studies
    C Heim
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 49:1023-39. 2001
    ..The identification of the neurobiological substrates of early adverse experience is of paramount importance for the development of novel treatments for children, adolescents, and adults...
  80. ncbi The lesson of temporary brittle bone disease: all bones are not created equal
    Marvin E Miller
    Bone 33:466-74. 2003
    ..The child abuse and pediatric radiology communities have, for the most part, been unwilling to accept this as a real condition, ..
  81. ncbi Concomitance between childhood sexual and physical abuse and substance use problems. A review
    Tracy L Simpson
    Department of Psychology, Addictive Behaviors Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 22:27-77. 2002
    ....
  82. ncbi Features of femoral fractures in nonaccidental injury
    C Rex
    Manchester Children s Hospitals, University of Manchester, United Kingdom
    J Pediatr Orthop 20:411-3. 2000
    ..It is important medicolegally to establish a diagnosis of child abuse. Fourteen femoral fractures from definite nonaccidental injury were analysed and compared with 33 femoral ..
  83. ncbi Interactions of child maltreatment and serotonin transporter and monoamine oxidase A polymorphisms: depressive symptomatology among adolescents from low socioeconomic status backgrounds
    Dante Cicchetti
    Institute of Child Development and Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 19:1161-80. 2007
    ..The results highlight the protective functions of genetic polymorphisms and coping strategies in high risk youth and offer direction for understanding resilience and its promotion from a multiple levels of analysis perspective...
  84. ncbi Childhood adversity in an Australian population
    Stephen Rosenman
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 39:695-702. 2004
    ..The aim of this paper is to report and to explore the distribution of childhood family adversity in an Australian population...
  85. doi Importance of early neglect for childhood aggression
    Jonathan B Kotch
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7445, USA
    Pediatrics 121:725-31. 2008
    ....
  86. ncbi Exposure to abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction among adults who witnessed intimate partner violence as children: implications for health and social services
    Shanta R Dube
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Adult and Community Health, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Violence Vict 17:3-17. 2002
    ....
  87. ncbi Child neglect and adolescent violence: examining the effects of self-control and peer rejection
    Constance L Chapple
    Department of Sociology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln 68588 0324, USA
    Violence Vict 20:39-53. 2005
    ..Contrary to theoretical predictions, child neglect was not a significant predictor of self-control. Implications for delinquency and child maltreatment researchers are discussed...
  88. ncbi An update on child abuse and neglect
    Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Protection Program, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Curr Opin Pediatr 16:233-7. 2004
    ..Whereas prevention is the key to ending child abuse and neglect, diagnosis and treatment continue to be the mainstays of practice...
  89. pmc Prediction of child abuse risk from emergency department use
    Elisabeth Guenther
    Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, University of Utah Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84158, USA
    J Pediatr 154:272-7. 2009
    To examine whether pre-abuse rates and patterns of emergency department (ED) visits between children with supported child abuse and age-matched control subjects are useful markers for abuse risk.
  90. ncbi [Increase in the number of reported cases of child abuse following adoption of a structured approach in the VU Medical Centre, Amsterdam, in the period 2001-2004]
    G Bleeker
    VU Medisch Centrum, afd Kindergeneeskunde, Postbus 7057, 1007 MB, Amsterdam
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 149:1620-4. 2005
    Description of the characteristics of (suspected) child abuse after the establishment of a Child Abuse Team and the introduction of guidelines on how to deal with child abuse and a standardised registration form for suspicions of child ..
  91. ncbi Child abuse by burning: a review of the literature and an algorithm for medical investigations
    Michael D Peck
    Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27514, USA
    J Trauma 53:1013-22. 2002
    Investigations of suspected child abuse must be conducted thoroughly to protect the abused child and to bring the abuser to trial...
  92. ncbi Overreporting and underreporting of child abuse: teachers' use of professional discretion
    Stephen W Webster
    Department of Sociology, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 29:1281-96. 2005
    ..initial recognition that a child may have been abused and the subsequent reporting of that suspected case of child abuse to the responsible agency would, at first glance, appear to be clear...
  93. ncbi Are abusive fractures in young children becoming less common? Changes over 24 years
    John M Leventhal
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, P O Box 208064, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520 8064, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 31:311-22. 2007
    ..Fractures were chosen as an example of serious injuries in young children...
  94. ncbi Ocular autopsy and histopathologic features of child abuse
    M Vaughn Emerson
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 114:1384-94. 2007
    To study the ocular histopathologic features in eyes of children with fatal suspected child abuse.
  95. ncbi Clinical response to child abuse
    Mark Hudson
    Midwest Children s Resource Center, Children s Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, 347 North Smith Avenue, Suite 401, St Paul, MN 55102, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 53:27-39, v. 2006
    ..We will review diagnostic and management issues in the major manifestations of physical and sexual abuse are reviewed. This article serves as an aide to practitioners in the recognition of and response to child maltreatment...
  96. ncbi Brain-derived neurotrophic factor-5-HTTLPR gene interactions and environmental modifiers of depression in children
    Joan Kaufman
    Child and Adolescent Research and Education Program, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 59:673-80. 2006
    b>Child abuse and genotype interact to contribute to risk for depression in children. This study examined gene-by-gene and gene-by-environment interactions.
  97. pmc Patterns of skeletal fractures in child abuse: systematic review
    Alison M Kemp
    Welsh Child Protection Systematic Review Group, Clinical Epidemiology Interdisciplinary Research Group, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, University Hospital of Wales Heath Park, Cardiff CF 2XX
    BMJ 337:a1518. 2008
    ....
  98. ncbi Fractures associated with non-accidental injury--an orthopaedic perspective in a local regional hospital
    C M Fong
    Paediatric Orthopaedic Team, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, United Christian Hospital, Kwun Tong, Hong Kong
    Hong Kong Med J 11:445-51. 2005
    To identify the potential risk factors for fractures due to non-accidental injury in children, and to alert clinicians and health care workers to the diagnosis of child abuse.
  99. ncbi The positive predictive value of rib fractures as an indicator of nonaccidental trauma in children
    Katherine A Barsness
    Department of Surgery, The Children s Hospital, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, USA
    J Trauma 54:1107-10. 2003
    ..The purposes of this study were to evaluate rib fractures in children to determine (1) the positive predictive value of a rib fracture in defining NAT and (2) the frequency of rib fractures as the only skeletal manifestation of NAT...
  100. ncbi Women who kill their children
    Clotilde Rougé-Maillart
    Forensic Medicine Department, Angers, France
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 26:320-6. 2005
    ..A child aged 1 through 16 has a different role in the family, and their murder is perceived differently. We would expect mothers charged with filicide to be drawn from a slightly different population than other child-killing mothers...
  101. ncbi A systematic review of the features that indicate intentional scalds in children
    S Maguire
    Department of Child Health, Cardiff University, United Kingdom
    Burns 34:1072-81. 2008
    ..Most intentional burns are scalds, and distinguishing these from unintentional causes is challenging...

Research Grants95

  1. Development and Validation of a Diagnostic Tool for Infant Head Injuries from Fal
    SUSAN SHEPS contact MARGULIES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The predominant etiologies of TBI in young children are motor vehicle accidents, firearm incidents, falls, and child abuse. Unfortunately, falls are the leading cause of non-inflicted head injury in infants less than a year old, and ..
  2. Development and Validation of a Diagnostic Tool for Infant Head Injuries from Fal
    Susan Margulies; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The predominant etiologies of TBI in young children are motor vehicle accidents, firearm incidents, falls, and child abuse. Unfortunately, falls are the leading cause of non-inflicted head injury in infants less than a year old, and ..
  3. Perceptions of Social Risk in Medical Child Abuse Evaluation
    Heather T Keenan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our long-term objective is to decrease the variability in evaluations and diagnoses of injured children by child abuse specialists...
  4. Teleconsultation and Quality Review in Child Maltreatment
    PATRICIA GOEDE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Child abuse is a common and unfortunate problem in the United States. Approximately one million children are physically or sexually abused each year...
  5. All Babies Cry: Shaken Baby Syndrome Parent Education Toolkit
    Allison C Morrill; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): Abusive head trauma or Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) is the most common cause of death from child abuse. Hospital-based, parent education programs targeting parents of newborns have been proven effective in reducing ..
  6. All Babies Cry: Shaken Baby Syndrome Parent Education Toolkit
    LISA MCELANEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by applicant): Abusive head trauma or Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) is the most common cause of death from child abuse. Hospital-based, parent education programs targeting parents of newborns have been proven effective in reducing ..
  7. PENNSYLVANIA ABUSIVE HEAD TRAUMA PREVENTION PROGRAM
    Mark Dias; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abusive head trauma (AHT) represents the most serious form of child abuse with a 13-30% mortality and significant neurological impairment in over half of survivors (1-6)...
  8. PENNSYLVANIA ABUSIVE HEAD TRAUMA PREVENTION PROGRAM
    MARK STEVEN DIAS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abusive head trauma (AHT) represents the most serious form of child abuse with a 13-30% mortality and significant neurological impairment in over half of survivors (1-6)...
  9. PENNSYLVANIA ABUSIVE HEAD TRAUMA PREVENTION PROGRAM
    Mark Dias; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Abusive head trauma (AHT) represents the most serious form of child abuse with a 13-30% mortality and significant neurological impairment in over half of survivors (1-6)...
  10. COCAINE AND MATERNAL NEGLECT: INTERGENERATIONAL EFFECTS
    JOSEPHINE JOHNS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..b>Child abuse and maternal neglect has long been strongly correlated with drug abuse in women...
  11. COCAINE AND MATERNAL NEGLECT: INTERGENERATIONAL EFFECTS
    JOSEPHINE JOHNS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..b>Child abuse and maternal neglect has long been strongly correlated with drug abuse in women...
  12. COCAINE AND MATERNAL NEGLECT: INTERGENERATIONAL EFFECTS
    JOSEPHINE JOHNS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..b>Child abuse and maternal neglect has long been strongly correlated with drug abuse in women...
  13. COCAINE AND MATERNAL NEGLECT: INTERGENERATIONAL EFFECTS
    JOSEPHINE JOHNS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..b>Child abuse and maternal neglect has long been strongly correlated with drug abuse in women...
  14. CHILD AND FAMILY FUNCTIONING AFTER PEDIATRIC HEAD TRAUMA
    JoAnne Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..living in a foster home before admission, being evaluated with brain criteria, injury suspected to be due to child abuse, parent(s) hospitalized concurrently or death of a parent in the accident...
  15. CHILD AND FAMILY FUNCTIONING AFTER PEDIATRIC HEAD TRAUMA
    JoAnne Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..living in a foster home before admission, being evaluated with brain criteria, injury suspected to be due to child abuse, parent(s) hospitalized concurrently or death of a parent in the accident...
  16. CHILD AND FAMILY FUNCTIONING AFTER PEDIATRIC HEAD TRAUMA
    JoAnne Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..living in a foster home before admission, being evaluated with brain criteria, injury suspected to be due to child abuse, parent(s) hospitalized concurrently or death of a parent in the accident...
  17. THE ILLINOIS FAMILIES STUDY: CHILD WELL-BEING
    Jane Holl; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Insurance database, the New-Hire registry, and all social agency registries (Food Stamps, Medicaid, Child Abuse) will be linked for each subject...
  18. THE ILLINOIS FAMILIES STUDY: CHILD WELL-BEING
    Jane Holl; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Insurance database, the New-Hire registry, and all social agency registries (Food Stamps, Medicaid, Child Abuse) will be linked for each subject...
  19. THE ILLINOIS FAMILIES STUDY: CHILD WELL-BEING
    Jane Holl; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Insurance database, the New-Hire registry, and all social agency registries (Food Stamps, Medicaid, Child Abuse) will be linked for each subject...
  20. THE ILLINOIS FAMILIES STUDY: CHILD WELL-BEING
    Jane Holl; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Insurance database, the New-Hire registry, and all social agency registries (Food Stamps, Medicaid, Child Abuse) will be linked for each subject...
  21. THE ILLINOIS FAMILIES STUDY: CHILD WELL-BEING
    Jane Holl; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Insurance database, the New-Hire registry, and all social agency registries (Food Stamps, Medicaid, Child Abuse) will be linked for each subject...
  22. THE ILLINOIS FAMILIES STUDY: CHILD WELL-BEING
    Jane Holl; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Insurance database, the New-Hire registry, and all social agency registries (Food Stamps, Medicaid, Child Abuse) will be linked for each subject...
  23. THE ILLINOIS FAMILIES STUDY: CHILD WELL-BEING
    Jane Holl; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Insurance database, the New-Hire registry, and all social agency registries (Food Stamps, Medicaid, Child Abuse) will be linked for each subject...
  24. Biomechanical Investigation of Pediatric Accidents
    Gina Bertocci; Fiscal Year: 2002
    b>Child abuse and neglect is the leading cause of trauma-related death in children < 4 years age, killing more children than motor vehicle crashes and drowning combined...
  25. Biomechanical Investigation of Pediatric Accidents
    Gina Bertocci; Fiscal Year: 2003
    b>Child abuse and neglect is the leading cause of trauma-related death in children < 4 years age, killing more children than motor vehicle crashes and drowning combined...
  26. The Role of Corticotropin-Releasing Factor in Primate Maternal Behavior
    Wendy Saltzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and post-traumatic stress disorder, can lead to impaired maternal behavior and increased likelihood of child abuse. The mechanisms by which stress and stress- related psychopathology disrupt maternal behavior are not known...
  27. Stress, Anxiety, and Paternal Behavior in Fathers
    Wendy Saltzman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..fathers and father surrogates perpetrate a disproportionately large number of instances of severe physical child abuse and child neglect, often in association with high levels of stress or stress-related psychopathology...
  28. PRENATAL/EARLY INFANCY PROJECT FOLLOWUP
    David Olds; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..standards for their children's behavior and more consistent enforcement of those standards; reduced rates of child abuse and neglect perpetrated by parents; a greater sense of mastery and control over their life circumstances; lower ..
  29. Measuring and Reducing Excessive Infant Crying: A Randomized Trial
    Christopher S Greeley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Christopher Greeley, MD, the youngest Helfer Awardee to date for clinical and advocacy achievements in child abuse prevention and a recipient of a $100K Clinical Investigator Award for outstanding participants in our MS ..
  30. Cocaine, Self-Regulation, and Maternal/Child Aggression
    Denise Hien; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of empathic involvement, poor monitoring, parent-child conflicts and use of harsh discipline, as well as for child abuse or neglect...
  31. Cocaine, Self-Regulation, and Maternal/Child Aggression
    Denise Hien; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of empathic involvement, poor monitoring, parent-child conflicts and use of harsh discipline, as well as for child abuse or neglect...
  32. Cocaine, Self-Regulation, and Maternal/Child Aggression
    Denise Hien; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of empathic involvement, poor monitoring, parent-child conflicts and use of harsh discipline, as well as for child abuse or neglect...
  33. Cocaine, Self-Regulation, and Maternal/Child Aggression
    Denise Hien; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of empathic involvement, poor monitoring, parent-child conflicts and use of harsh discipline, as well as for child abuse or neglect...
  34. Cocaine, Self-Regulation, and Maternal/Child Aggression
    Denise Hien; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of empathic involvement, poor monitoring, parent-child conflicts and use of harsh discipline, as well as for child abuse or neglect...
  35. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGIC STUDY OF CHILD ABUSE IMAGERY IN ADULTS
    Roger Pitman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..In addition, the physiologic responses of the child abuse subjects will be compared with the responses of military and civilian, PTSD and non-PTSD trauma victims already ..
  36. The Role of Corticotropin-Releasing Factor in Primate Maternal Behavior
    Wendy Saltzman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..and post-traumatic stress disorder, can lead to impaired maternal behavior and increased likelihood of child abuse. The mechanisms by which stress and stress- related psychopathology disrupt maternal behavior are not known...
  37. EXTENDED CASE MANAGEMENT OF COCAINE ADDICTED PREGNANCY
    Farrokh Alemi; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..services, utilization of well child care, weight at birth infant growth and development, and the incidence of child abuse and neglect. Data will be analyzed using time series analysis...
  38. EXTENDED CASE MANAGEMENT OF COCAINE ADDICTED PREGNANCY
    Farrokh Alemi; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..services, utilization of well child care, weight at birth infant growth and development, and the incidence of child abuse and neglect. Data will be analyzed using time series analysis...
  39. 1/2-Familial Pathways to Early-Onset Suicide Attempt
    David A Brent; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., child abuse and neglect) and protective factors (e.g...
  40. PARENT RESPONSE TO INFANT CRY--ABUSE POTENTIAL
    Chandice Covington; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..including infant crying propensity, parental physiologic response, social support, family functioning and child abuse potential, and the parent-infant relationship; (2) evaluate child abuse potential and the adequacy of the ..
  41. 1/2-Familial Pathways to Early-Onset Suicide Attempt
    David Brent; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., child abuse and neglect) and protective factors (e.g...
  42. 2/2 - Familial Pathways to Early-Onset Suicide Attempts
    JOSEPH MANN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., child abuse and neglect) and protective factors (e.g...
  43. 2/2 - Familial Pathways to Early-Onset Suicide Attempts
    JOSEPH JOHN MANN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., child abuse and neglect) and protective factors (e.g...
  44. Alcohol Policies and Child Maltreatment
    Sara Markowitz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..project is to empirically estimate the propensity for alcohol-related public policies to influence rates of child abuse and neglect...
  45. Outcomes of Traumatic Brain Injury
    Heather Keenan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Assistant Professor of Social Medicine and Pediatrics, to be an independent clinician-scientist in the area of child abuse research. The applicant has worked closely with Dr...
  46. Outcomes of Traumatic Brain Injury
    Heather Keenan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Assistant Professor of Social Medicine and Pediatrics, to be an independent clinician-scientist in the area of child abuse research. The applicant has worked closely with Dr...
  47. Outcomes of Traumatic Brain Injury
    Heather Keenan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Assistant Professor of Social Medicine and Pediatrics, to be an independent clinician-scientist in the area of child abuse research. The applicant has worked closely with Dr...
  48. Outcomes of Traumatic Brain Injury
    Heather Keenan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Assistant Professor of Social Medicine and Pediatrics, to be an independent clinician-scientist in the area of child abuse research. The applicant has worked closely with Dr...
  49. Outcomes of Traumatic Brain Injury
    Heather Keenan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Assistant Professor of Social Medicine and Pediatrics, to be an independent clinician-scientist in the area of child abuse research. The applicant has worked closely with Dr...
  50. Violence Exposure Outcomes in Children with Disabilities
    Patricia Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..have access to an extensive database, dating from the early 1980's, that includes the Nebraska Central Child Abuse Register, the Foster Care Review Board, which includes records of all children placed in foster care due to ..
  51. Violence Exposure Outcomes in Children with Disabilities
    Patricia Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..have access to an extensive database, dating from the early 1980's, that includes the Nebraska Central Child Abuse Register, the Foster Care Review Board, which includes records of all children placed in foster care due to ..
  52. Violence Exposure Outcomes in Children with Disabilities
    Patricia Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..have access to an extensive database, dating from the early 1980's, that includes the Nebraska Central Child Abuse Register, the Foster Care Review Board, which includes records of all children placed in foster care due to ..
  53. Violence Exposure Outcomes in Children with Disabilities
    Patricia Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..have access to an extensive database, dating from the early 1980's, that includes the Nebraska Central Child Abuse Register, the Foster Care Review Board, which includes records of all children placed in foster care due to ..
  54. Outcomes of Traumatic Brain Injury
    Heather Keenan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Assistant Professor of Social Medicine and Pediatrics, to be an independent clinician-scientist in the area of child abuse research. The applicant has worked closely with Dr...
  55. Physical Abuse and Child Aggression:Role of ANS Arousal
    Elana Gordis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Training includes coursework and close mentoring with experts in research on child abuse, domestic violence, psychophysiology, aggression,, measurement design, and multi-variate data analysis...
  56. Physical Abuse and Child Aggression:Role of ANS Arousal
    Elana Gordis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Training includes coursework and close mentoring with experts in research on child abuse, domestic violence, psychophysiology, aggression,, measurement design, and multi-variate data analysis...
  57. Physical Abuse and Child Aggression:Role of ANS Arousal
    Elana Gordis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Training includes coursework and close mentoring with experts in research on child abuse, domestic violence, psychophysiology, aggression,, measurement design, and multi-variate data analysis...
  58. Child Abuse, HIV Risks and Reproductive Outcomes
    Tamra Loeb; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results will be used to increase knowledge of how HIV risks, the severity of CSA, and reproductive outcomes are associated for women. ..
  59. Early Stress, PTSD, and the Neurobiology of Addiction
    Martin Teicher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Subjects will either have: (1) had no history of exposure to child abuse trauma; (2) childhood traumatic stress, and PTSD; or (3) childhood traumatic stress and recurrent major ..
  60. Child Abuse, HIV Risks and Reproductive Outcomes
    Tamra Loeb; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results will be used to increase knowledge of how HIV risks, the severity of CSA, and reproductive outcomes are associated for women. ..
  61. Cocaine Exposed Children at School Age
    Lynn Singer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..with numerous other risk conditions which can negatively affect child outcomes, such as increased risk for child abuse/neglect, greater maternal psychological distress, altered parenting behavior, and violence exposure...
  62. Cocaine Exposed Children at School Age
    Lynn Singer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..with numerous other risk conditions which can negatively affect child outcomes, such as increased risk for child abuse/neglect, greater maternal psychological distress, altered parenting behavior, and violence exposure...
  63. Child Abuse and Trauma Related Psychopathology: Multiple Levels of Analysis
    Fred Rogosch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    b>Child abuse, a form of violence inflicted on children, is a complex, insidious problem that, although occurring more frequently in families residing in poverty, cuts across all sectors of society...
  64. Child Abuse and Trauma Related Psychopathology: Multiple Levels of Analysis
    FRED A contact ROGOSCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    b>Child abuse, a form of violence inflicted on children, is a complex, insidious problem that, although occurring more frequently in families residing in poverty, cuts across all sectors of society...
  65. Cocaine Exposed Children at School Age
    Lynn Singer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..with numerous other risk conditions which can negatively affect child outcomes, such as increased risk for child abuse/neglect, greater maternal psychological distress, altered parenting behavior, and violence exposure...
  66. Cocaine Exposed Children at School Age
    Lynn Singer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..with numerous other risk conditions which can negatively affect child outcomes, such as increased risk for child abuse/neglect, greater maternal psychological distress, altered parenting behavior, and violence exposure...
  67. Cocaine Exposed Children at School Age
    Sonia Minnes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..with numerous other risk conditions which can negatively affect child outcomes, such as increased risk for child abuse/neglect, greater maternal psychological distress, altered parenting behavior, and violence exposure...
  68. Cocaine Exposed Children at School Age
    Lynn Singer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..with numerous other risk conditions which can negatively affect child outcomes, such as increased risk for child abuse/neglect, greater maternal psychological distress, altered parenting behavior, and violence exposure...
  69. Using Biochemical Markers to Detect Abusive Head Trauma
    Rachel Berger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    b>Child abuse is a leading cause of serious traumatic brain injury (TBI) in infants and young children. Proper diagnosis of abusive head trauma (AHT) is difficult even for experienced, astute physicians...
  70. Using Biochemical Markers to Detect Abusive Head Trauma
    Rachel Berger; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Child abuse is a leading cause of serious traumatic brain injury (TBI) in infants and young children. Proper diagnosis of abusive head trauma (AHT) is difficult even for experienced, astute physicians...
  71. Using Biochemical Markers to Detect Abusive Head Trauma
    Rachel Berger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    b>Child abuse is a leading cause of serious traumatic brain injury (TBI) in infants and young children. Proper diagnosis of abusive head trauma (AHT) is difficult even for experienced, astute physicians...
  72. Using Biochemical Markers to Detect Abusive Head Trauma
    Rachel Berger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    b>Child abuse is a leading cause of serious traumatic brain injury (TBI) in infants and young children. Proper diagnosis of abusive head trauma (AHT) is difficult even for experienced, astute physicians...
  73. Using Biochemical Markers to Detect Abusive Head Trauma
    Rachel Berger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Child abuse is a leading cause of serious traumatic brain injury (TBI) in infants and young children. Proper diagnosis of abusive head trauma (AHT) is difficult even for experienced, astute physicians...
  74. Racial Stereotypes and the Recognition of Child Abuse
    Antoinette Laskey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal will lead to an R01 application to further study quality improvement in the diagnosis of child abuse. Abusive head trauma is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for young children...
  75. Racial Stereotypes and the Recognition of Child Abuse
    Antoinette Laskey; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This proposal will lead to an R01 application to further study quality improvement in the diagnosis of child abuse. Abusive head trauma is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for young children...
  76. Racial Stereotypes and the Recognition of Child Abuse
    Antoinette L Laskey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposal will lead to an R01 application to further study quality improvement in the diagnosis of child abuse. Abusive head trauma is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for young children...
  77. CHILD MALTREATMENT AND PARTNER VIOLENCE: BRIDGING THE MEDICAL/SOCIAL SCIENCE GAP
    CAROL WOLF RUNYAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Child abuse and neglect and intimate partner violence are prevalent and extremely harmful public health concerns in the United States...
  78. Racial Stereotypes and the Recognition of Child Abuse
    Antoinette Laskey; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This proposal will lead to an R01 application to further study quality improvement in the diagnosis of child abuse. Abusive head trauma is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for young children...
  79. Defining Fatherhood Among Drug Dependent Men
    Susan Witte; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..on IPV have revealed a significant problem among men being treated for drug abuse, and an overlap of IPV and child abuse occurring in families...
  80. Training Social Work Providers: intervention for Maltreating Families of Infants
    Monica L Oxford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..need for parenting services is extensive, few intervention programs have proven to be efficacious in reducing child abuse and neglect within the CWS population, especially for infants and toddlers...
  81. Defining Fatherhood Among Drug Dependent Men
    Susan Witte; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..on IPV have revealed a significant problem among men being treated for drug abuse, and an overlap of IPV and child abuse occurring in families...
  82. Novel Approaches to Screening for Inflicted Childhood Neurotrauma
    Rachel Berger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Inflicted childhood neurotrauma (ICN) - traumatic brain injury due to child abuse - is the leading cause of death from traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children less than 2 yrs of age...
  83. PAST ABUSE AND CURRENT SYMPTOMS IN PSYCHIATRIC INPATIENT
    EVE CARLSON; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..But the specific consequences of this abuse are not well understood, in part because victims of child abuse typically do not report their experiences...
  84. Novel Approaches to Screening for Inflicted Childhood Neurotrauma
    Rachel P Berger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Inflicted childhood neurotrauma (ICN) - traumatic brain injury due to child abuse - is the leading cause of death from traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children less than 2 yrs of age...
  85. Death in the PICU/NICU: Parent and Family Functioning
    JoAnne M Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Exclusion criteria are: injury suspected to be due to child abuse, parent(s) hospitalized concurrently or death of a parent in the illness/injury event...
  86. Death in the PICU/NICU: Parent and Family Functioning
    JoAnne Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Exclusion criteria are: injury suspected to be due to child abuse, parent(s) hospitalized concurrently or death of a parent in the illness/injury event...
  87. Physical Abuse and Child Aggression:Role of ANS Arousal
    Elana Gordis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Training includes coursework and close mentoring with experts in research on child abuse, domestic violence, psychophysiology, aggression,, measurement design, and multi-variate data analysis...
  88. Physical Abuse and Child Aggression:Role of ANS Arousal
    Elana Gordis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Training includes coursework and close mentoring with experts in research on child abuse, domestic violence, psychophysiology, aggression,, measurement design, and multi-variate data analysis...
  89. EMORY CONTE CENTER FOR NEUROSCIENCE OF MENTAL DISORDERS
    Charles Nemeroff; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..University (PI: Nemeroff) and Yale University (PI: Bremner), will examine the neurobiological consequences of child abuse by studying women with a past history of child abuse who are currently suffering from an episode of major ..
  90. Physical Abuse and Child Aggression:Role of ANS Arousal
    Elana Gordis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Training includes coursework and close mentoring with experts in research on child abuse, domestic violence, psychophysiology, aggression,, measurement design, and multi-variate data analysis...
  91. EMORY CONTE CENTER FOR NEUROSCIENCE OF MENTAL DISORDERS
    Charles Nemeroff; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..University (PI: Nemeroff) and Yale University (PI: Bremner), will examine the neurobiological consequences of child abuse by studying women with a past history of child abuse who are currently suffering from an episode of major ..