Genomes and Genes
Summary: Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.
Publications238 found, 100 shown here
- Know your place: neural processing of social hierarchy in humansCaroline F Zink
Unit for Systems Neuroscience in Psychiatry, Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Neuron 58:273-83. 2008..Our results identify neural mechanisms that may mediate the enormous influence of social status on human behavior and health...
- Masculinized dominant females in a cooperatively breeding speciesNadia Aubin-Horth
Harvard University, Bauer Center for Genomics Research, 7 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Mol Ecol 16:1349-58. 2007....
- Corticotropin releasing factor influences aggression and monoamines: modulation of attacks and retreatsR E Carpenter
Department of Biology, University of South Dakota, 414 East Clark Street, Vermillion, SD 57069 2390, USA
Neuroscience 158:412-25. 2009..With broad effects on aggressive behavior, anxiety, stress responsiveness, and central monoaminergic activity, CRF plays an important role in modulating the behavioral components of social interaction...
- Stress coping style predicts aggression and social dominance in rainbow troutØyvind Øverli
Biology Department and Neuroscience Group, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD 57069, USA
Horm Behav 45:235-41. 2004..These findings support the view that distinct behavioral-physiological stress coping styles are present in teleost fish, and these coping characteristics influence both social rank and levels of aggression...
- Fish and chips: functional genomics of social plasticity in an African cichlid fishSusan C P Renn
Harvard University, Bauer Center for Genomics Research, 7 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
J Exp Biol 211:3041-56. 2008....
- Neoliberal reform and health dilemmas: social hierarchy and therapeutic decision making in SenegalEllen E Foley
International Development, Community, and Environment Clark University, USA
Med Anthropol Q 22:257-73. 2008..Rather than "neoliberal subjects" who behave as rational economic actors, men and women coping with illness are social beings embedded in fields of power characterized by highly stratified household social relations...
- The effects of familiarity and social hierarchy on group membership decisions in a social fishLyndon A Jordan
Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, University of NSW, Australia
Biol Lett 6:301-3. 2010..These results suggest a complex decision process in N. pulcher when choosing among groups, dependent not only on familiarity but also on the social and life-history consequences of joining new groups...
- Memory of opponents is more potent than visual sign stimuli after social hierarchy has been establishedWayne J Korzan
Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, United States
Behav Brain Res 183:31-42. 2007..social rank during a second interaction between opponents that had previously established a natural dyadic social hierarchy. Prior to a second interaction, eyespots of familiar size-matched combatants were manipulated to reverse ..
- Social hierarchy and adrenocortical stress reactivity in menD H Hellhammer
Center for Psychobiological and Psychosomatic Research, Trier University, Germany
Psychoneuroendocrinology 22:643-50. 1997..of the training, the recruits were randomly distributed to nine groups, and weekly measurements of the social hierarchy within each group were obtained...
- Fasting or feasting in a fish social hierarchyMarian Y L Wong
School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia
Curr Biol 18:R372-3. 2008
- Wing disc development during caste differentiation in the ant Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)Shin Ya Sameshima
Department of Biology, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, 3 8 1 Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153 8902, Japan
Evol Dev 6:336-41. 2004..Our results suggest that each worker caste shows a different degeneration process to express the wingless character and that apoptotic degeneration has been adopted in association with the evolution of worker dimorphism...
- Aberrant responses in social interaction of dopamine transporter knockout miceRamona M Rodriguiz
Department of Psychiatry, Mouse Behavioral and Neuroendocrine Analysis Core Facility, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Behav Brain Res 148:185-98. 2004..These data suggest that KO mice may serve as a useful animal model for understanding not only how DA dysfunction contributes to social abnormalities, but also how behavioral inflexibility distorts their social responses...
- Behavioral coping strategies in a cichlid fish: the role of social status and acute stress response in direct and displaced aggressionTricia S Clement
Neuroscience Program and Department of Biological Sciences, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 2130, USA
Horm Behav 47:336-42. 2005The African cichlid fish, Astatotilapia burtoni, has a complex social system with a sophisticated social hierarchy that offers unique opportunities to understand how social rank and its physiological substrates relate to behavioral ..
- Neural basis of preference for human social hierarchy versus egalitarianismJoan Y Chiao
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1167:174-81. 2009..Implications of these findings for research on the social neuroscience of fairness, justice, and intergroup relations are discussed...
- Effects of host social hierarchy on disease persistenceRoss S Davidson
Animal Nutrition and Health Department, SAC, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JG, UK
J Theor Biol 253:424-33. 2008The effects of social hierarchy on population dynamics and epidemiology are examined through a model which contains a number of fundamental features of hierarchical systems, but is simple enough to allow analytical insight...
- Differential gene expression in queen-worker caste determination in bumble-beesJeffrey J M Pereboom
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, UK
Proc Biol Sci 272:1145-52. 2005..This conclusion is of potential importance in the further study of phenotypic diversification via differential gene expression...
- Androgen level and male social status in the African cichlid, Astatotilapia burtoniVictoria N Parikh
Program in Human Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Behav Brain Res 166:291-5. 2006..These results underscore how internal and external cues related to reproduction are integrated at the level of the HPG axis...
- Experimentally increased social competition compromises humoral immune responses in house finchesDana M Hawley
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Horm Behav 49:417-24. 2006..Overall, we documented that two universal components of social behavior, intraspecific competition and social status, modulated the strength of a humoral immune response in house finches...
- Comparison of social ranks based on worm-running and aggressive behaviour in young domestic fowlSylvie Cloutier
Department of Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Center for the Study of Animal Well being, Washington State University, P O Box 646520, Pullman, WA 99164 6520, USA
Behav Processes 65:79-86. 2004..05) but were not correlated with ranks based on the aggression index (P > 0.05). Our results indicate that worm-running ranks are not predictive of success in aggressive interactions. Instead, worm-running fits some criteria for play...
- Social evolution: early production of deadly males by competing queensJoan E Strassmann
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, MS 170 Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, Texas 77005 1892, USA
Curr Biol 16:R1023-5. 2006....
- Social correlates of testosterone and ornamentation in male mandrillsJoanna M Setchell
Evolutionary Anthropology Research Group, Department of Anthropology, Durham University, UK
Horm Behav 54:365-72. 2008..Further, our findings provide support for the "challenge hypothesis" as originally proposed for birds by Wingfield...
- Social bonds of female baboons enhance infant survivalJoan B Silk
Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles UCLA, CA 90095, USA
Science 302:1231-4. 2003..Our results are consistent with the evidence that social support has beneficial effects on human health and well-being across the life span. For humans and other primates, sociality has adaptive value...
- The evolution of worker caste diversity in social insectsElse J Fjerdingstad
Evolutionary Genetics Laboratory, School of Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
Am Nat 167:390-400. 2006....
- One-male harems and female social dynamics in Guinea baboonsDario Maestripieri
Animal Behavior Research Group, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Folia Primatol (Basel) 78:56-68. 2007....
- Similarities in affiliation and aggression between cross-fostered rhesus macaque females and their biological mothersDario Maestripieri
Animal Behavior Research Group, University of Chicago, 5730 S Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Dev Psychobiol 43:321-7. 2003..Heritable variation in female social behavior may be maintained by natural selection and leads to adaptation to different socioecological niches within macque populations...
- Are perceptions of fairness relationship-specific? The case of noblesse obligeLaurence Fiddick
Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:16-31. 2007..In a series of five experiments, we show that the norm of noblesse oblige predicts tolerance of free riding better than individual self-interest does...
- Workplace mobbing and effects on workers' healthMariano Meseguer de Pedro
Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
Span J Psychol 11:219-27. 2008..The results revealed a significant and positive relation between workplace mobbing and psychosomatic symptoms, but not with absenteeism. The implications of the results for future research are discussed...
- Peer contagion of aggression and health risk behavior among adolescent males: an experimental investigation of effects on public conduct and private attitudesGeoffrey L Cohen
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
Child Dev 77:967-83. 2006..The role of status-maintenance motivations in aggression and risk behavior, and implications for preventive intervention, are discussed...
- Distribution of vasopressin in the forebrain of spotted hyenasGreta J Rosen
Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroendocrine Studies, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
J Comp Neurol 498:80-92. 2006..This contrasts with findings in many other vertebrate species, in which VP innervation of the lateral septum is consistently greater in males than in females...
- Social relationships in a herd of Sorraia horses Part II. Factors affecting affiliative relationships and sexual behavioursFilipa Heitor
Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Edificio C2, 1749 016 Lisboa, Portugal
Behav Processes 73:231-9. 2006..However, the influence of kinship does not imply that horses possess a kin recognition system and alternative explanations are discussed...
- Social relationships in a herd of Sorraia horses Part I. Correlates of social dominance and contexts of aggressionFilipa Heitor
Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Edificio C2, 1749 016 Lisboa, Portugal
Behav Processes 73:170-7. 2006..The results suggest that dominance relationships based on age as a conventional criterion were established to reduce aggressiveness in a herd where the costs of aggression are likely to outweigh the benefits...
- Crossing the taxonomic divide: conflict and its resolution in societies of reproductively totipotent individualsA G Hart
Laboratory of Apiculture and Social Insects, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
J Evol Biol 18:383-95. 2005..We hope that by providing an explicit transfer of social theory between ants and naked mole-rats we will stimulate further cross-taxonomic studies that will greatly broaden our understanding of sociality...
- Psychology. Evolution of the social brainRobin Dunbar
School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK
Science 302:1160-1. 2003
- Social correlates of fecal testosterone in male ursine colobus monkeys (Colobus vellerosus): the effect of male reproductive competition in aseasonal breedersJulie A Teichroeb
Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive N W, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
Horm Behav 54:417-23. 2008..Male parental investment in the form of infant defense was associated with increased fT, rather than the decline expected from other forms of paternal care...
- The destructiveness of laissez-faire leadership behaviorAnders Skogstad
University of Bergen, Faculty of Psychology, Bergen, Norway
J Occup Health Psychol 12:80-92. 2007..The results support the assumption that laissez-faire leadership behavior is a destructive leadership behavior...
- Controversy over the application of current socioecological models to folivorous primates: Colobus vellerosus fits the predictionsTania L Saj
Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4
Am J Phys Anthropol 133:994-1003. 2007..We also discuss reasons why some folivores do not appear to fit the predictions of the current socio-ecological model...
- Measuring social structure: a comparison of eight dominance indicesKaren L Bayly
Animal Behaviour Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
Behav Processes 73:1-12. 2006..Taken together, our results read as a cautionary tale. We suggest that selection of a dominance index requires careful consideration both of algorithm properties and of the factors affecting social status in the system of interest...
- Robustness mechanisms in primate societies: a perturbation studyJessica C Flack
Santa Fe Institute, NM 87501, USA
Proc Biol Sci 272:1091-9. 2005....
- Communal nesting, an early social enrichment, affects social competences but not learning and memory abilities at adulthoodEnrico Alleva
Section of Behavioural Neurosciences, Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, I 00161 Rome, Italy
Behav Brain Res 183:60-6. 2007..of home-cage social behavior, taking into account the time of the day and absence/presence of an established social hierarchy, and of learning and memory abilities in the water maze...
- Mountain gorilla tug-of-war: silverbacks have limited control over reproduction in multimale groupsBrenda J Bradley
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9418-23. 2005..Instead, as long-term assemblages of related and unrelated individuals, gorilla groups are similar to chimpanzee groups and so offer interesting possibilities for kin-biased interactions among individuals...
- Peer group status as a moderator of group influence on children's deviant, aggressive, and prosocial behaviorWendy E Ellis
King s University College, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
Child Dev 78:1240-54. 2007..Results suggest group influence on behavior is not uniform but depends on group status, especially group visibility within the larger peer context...
- Influence of reproductive season and rank on fecal glucocorticoid levels in free-ranging male Verreaux's sifakas (Propithecus verreauxi)Claudia Fichtel
Department of Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, German Primate Center, Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Gottingen, Germany
Horm Behav 51:640-8. 2007..In sum, our data generally support the findings on the relationship between environmental and social factors and glucocorticoid output found in non-lemurid primates...
- Demography of male reproductive queues in cooperatively breeding superb fairy-wrens Malurus cyaneusAndrew Cockburn
Evolutionary Ecology Group, School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 Australia
J Anim Ecol 77:297-304. 2008..6. Fairy-wren queues are likely to be stable because older birds are superior, and because extra-pair mating provides direct benefits to subordinates...
- Validation of oppressed group behaviors in nursingLinda Kay Matheson
Marquette University, P O Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI, USA
J Prof Nurs 23:226-34. 2007....
- Intercolony aggression within and among local populations of the invasive ant, Myrmica rubra (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in coastal MaineJeffrey R Garnas
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Dartmouth College, 103 Gilman Hall, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
Environ Entomol 36:105-13. 2007..These findings contradict the loss of intraspecific aggression and unicolonial social structure over large geographic areas that have previously been observed in other invasive ant species, particularly Linepithema humile Mayr...
- The role of the self-concept and the social context in determining the behavior of power holders: self-construal in intergroup versus dyadic dispute resolution negotiationsElizabeth Seeley Howard
Stern School of Business, New York University, New York 10012, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 93:614-31. 2007..Implications for the understanding of power and self-construal are discussed...
- Social parasitism by workers in queenless and queenright Apis cerana coloniesP Nanork
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Mol Ecol 16:1107-14. 2007..8% of workers were non-natal, but these laid 5.2% of the eggs and produced 5.5% of the pupae. Unlike A. florea, the proportion of non-natal workers does not increase in queenless nests...
- Verbal abuse from outsiders versus insiders: comparing frequency, impact on emotional exhaustion, and the role of emotional laborAlicia A Grandey
Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
J Occup Health Psychol 12:63-79. 2007..The authors conclude that better integration of customer aggression and insider aggression research is needed...
- Influence of seed size and seed nature on recruitment in the polymorphic harvester ant Messor barbarusA Heredia
Service d Ecologie Sociale, C P 231, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Campus de la Plaine, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Behav Processes 70:289-300. 2005....
- [Conflicts with uncomfortable dynamics]Lucien Portenier
Krankenpfl Soins Infirm 99:32, 71. 2006
- The costs of benefits: help-refusals highlight key trade-offs of social lifeJoshua M Ackerman
Yale University, Department of Psychology, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Rev 12:118-40. 2008..This approach can generate a variety of novel empirical predictions and suggest new implications for the delivery of aid...
- Predictors of reproductive success in female white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus)Linda Marie Fedigan
Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
Am J Phys Anthropol 137:82-90. 2008..Based on these findings, we conclude that male and female reproductive strategies are at odds in this species, with male strategies strongly influencing female reproductive success...
- Influence of gene action across different time scales on behaviorY Ben-Shahar
Department of Entomology, Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Science 296:741-4. 2002..Previous research showed that allelic differences in PKG expression result in two Drosophila foraging variants. The same gene can thus exert different types of influence on a behavior...
- Rapid behavioral and genomic responses to social opportunitySabrina S Burmeister
Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
PLoS Biol 3:e363. 2005....
- The relationship between nature of social change, age, and position of new neurons and their survival in adult zebra finch brainEinat Adar
Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 61391, Israel
J Neurosci 28:5394-400. 2008....
- Social status and sex independently influence androgen receptor expression in the eusocial naked mole-rat brainMelissa M Holmes
Center for Neuroendocrine Studies and Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
Horm Behav 54:278-85. 2008..Surprisingly, breeders had significantly fewer AR+ nuclei than subordinates in all brain regions examined (VMH, BST, PVN, MeA, and PMv). Thus, social status is strongly correlated with AR immunoreactivity in this eusocial species...
- Genetics. One gene determines bee social statusElizabeth Pennisi
Science 296:636. 2002
- Spread of arbitrary conventions among chimpanzees: a controlled experimentKristin E Bonnie
Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
Proc Biol Sci 274:367-72. 2007..Since the action-sequences lacked meaning before the experiment and had no logical connection with reward, chimpanzees must have extracted both the form and benefits of these sequences through observation of others...
- Spiteful soldiers and sex ratio conflict in polyembryonic parasitoid waspsAndy Gardner
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
Am Nat 169:519-33. 2007....
- Social status and cortisol levels in singing rock hyraxesLee Koren
Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
Horm Behav 54:212-6. 2008....
- Occurrence of infanticide among wild proboscis monkeys (Nasalis larvatus) in Sabah, Northern BorneoGovindasamy Agoramoorthy
Tajen Institute of Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan
Folia Primatol (Basel) 76:177-9. 2005
- Display rule "regulators": the relationship between supervisors and worker emotional exhaustionSteffanie L Wilk
Management Department, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
J Appl Psychol 90:917-27. 2005..Worker career identity moderated the interpersonal-job-demands--emotional-exhaustion relationship, but self-efficacy did not. Study conclusions and suggestions for future research are provided...
- Helping one's way to the top: self-monitors achieve status by helping others and knowing who helps whomFrancis J Flynn
Department of Psychology, Columbia University, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 91:1123-37. 2006..This behavior provides one explanation for why high self-monitors acquire elevated status among their peers--they are more attuned to status dynamics in exchange relations and adapt their behavior in ways that elicit status...
- Models of social networks based on social distance attachmentMarián Boguñá
Departament de Fisica Fonamental, Universitat de Barcelona, Av Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys 70:056122. 2004..The model is confronted with the social network formed by people that shares confidential information using the Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) encryption algorithm, the so-called web of trust of PGP...
- Social play in bonobos (Pan paniscus) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Implications for natural social systems and interindividual relationshipsElisabetta Palagi
Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, 56011 Calci Pisa, Italy
Am J Phys Anthropol 129:418-26. 2006....
- The impact of relational demographics on perceived managerial trustworthiness: similarity or norms?Dora C Lau
Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Management, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, PRC
J Soc Psychol 148:187-208. 2008..The authors discuss the theoretical and practical implications of the study...
- Sex, kings and serial killers and other group-selected human traitsJ T Bowles
Med Hypotheses 54:864-94. 2000..A recent issue of Science suggests that the evolutionary purpose of sex is unknown...
- Consumption of salmon by Alaskan brown bears: a trade-off between nutritional requirements and the risk of infanticide?Merav Ben-David
Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, P O Box 3166, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
Oecologia 138:465-74. 2004..The role of the social hierarchy of males and females, mating history, and paternity in affecting the risk of infanticide and foraging ..
- Aggressiveness and brain amine concentration in dominant and subordinate finishing pigs fed the beta-adrenoreceptor agonist ractopamineR Poletto
USDA ARS Livestock Behavior Research Unit, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
J Anim Sci 88:3107-20. 2010Under farm conditions, aggression related to the formation of social hierarchy and competition for resources can be a major problem because of associated injuries, social stress, and carcass losses...
- Male urine signals social rank in the Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)Eduardo N Barata
CCMAR CIMAR Laboratório Associado, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005 139 Faro, Portugal
BMC Biol 5:54. 2007..Furthermore, we assessed urinary volume stored in the bladder of males in a stable social hierarchy and the olfactory potency of their urine by recording of the electro-olfactogram.
- The influence of social class on health status: American and British research on health inequalitiesO Fein
Cornell University Medical College, New York, New York 10021, USA
J Gen Intern Med 10:577-86. 1995..most important factors contributing to this association, although data from longitudinal studies implicate social hierarchy. CONCLUSION: The reviewed studies point to growing inequalities in health status between those of lower and ..
- Factors affecting fecal glucocorticoid levels in semi-free-ranging female mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx)Joanna M Setchell
Evolutionary Anthropology Research Group, Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom
Am J Primatol 70:1023-32. 2008..This may be because female mandrills have a stable social hierarchy, with low levels of aggression and high social support...
- Fecal testosterone is elevated in high ranking female ibexes (Capra nubiana) and associated with increased aggression and a preponderance of male offspringD Shargal
Department of Life Sciences, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
Theriogenology 69:673-80. 2008..The social hierarchy was linear with age in adult males and nearly linear in adult females...
- Arginine vasotocin activates advertisement calling and movement in the territorial Puerto Rican frog, Eleutherodactylus coquiGary R Ten Eyck
Biopsychology Area, Department of Psychology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
Horm Behav 47:223-9. 2005..Males have a distinctive social hierarchy and can be any of the following: satellite (non-calling), territorial (calling), or paternal (guards and ..
- "They don't trust us; we're just kids:" views about community from predominantly female inner city youthRuta Valaitis
School of Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Health Care Women Int 23:248-66. 2002..run everything" (they had no actual decision-making power), "we're just kids" (they were low in the social hierarchy), and "they don't trust us" (they felt mutual mistrust of and by adults)...
- Health disparities and health equity: concepts and measurementPaula Braveman
Center on Social Disparities in Health, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0900, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 27:167-94. 2006..Social advantage" refers to one's relative position in a social hierarchy determined by wealth, power, and/or prestige...
- Demons, nature, or God? Witchcraft accusations and the French disease in early modern VeniceLaura J McGough
HIV AIDS prevention, CARE, and treatment program, Cote d Ivoire
Bull Hist Med 80:219-46. 2006..common ailment was the French disease (syphilis), widely distributed throughout Venice's neighborhoods and social hierarchy, and evenly distributed between men and women...
- The influence of social environmental condition on the production of stress-induced 22 kHz calls in adult male Wistar ratsHideaki Inagaki
Department of Comparative Pathophysiology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1 1 1 Yayoi, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
Physiol Behav 84:17-22. 2005..One group of rats was housed individually, and the other two groups were housed in pairs, in which social hierarchy of the pair was determined by social dominance-subordination relationships...
- The social gradient in life expectancy: the contrary case of Okinawa in JapanW C Cockerham
Department of Sociology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 3359, USA
Soc Sci Med 51:115-22. 2000..Aldine de Gruyter, New York]. They maintain that social hierarchy is the determining factor in the health of large populations largely because it promotes differences in ..
- Fecal hormone variation during prolonged social interaction in male Tscheskia tritonDawei Wang
State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100101, China
Physiol Behav 97:347-52. 2009Agonistic behavior is crucial for conspecific members to maintain a social hierarchy, optimum population density, and high fitness...
- Eye color as an indicator of social rank in the fish Nile tilapiaG L Volpato
Research Center on Animal Welfare RECAW, Laborat rio de Fisiologia e Comportamento Animal, Departamento de Fisiologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brasil
Braz J Med Biol Res 36:1659-63. 2003..Twenty minutes after pairing, eye color and fights were quantified for 10 min. Clear establishment of social hierarchy was observed in 7 of 10 pairs of fish. Number of attacks ranged from 1 to 168 among pairs...
- Social inequality in walking speed in early old age in the Whitehall II studyEric Brunner
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:1082-9. 2009..We investigated social inequalities in walking speed in early old age...
- 'White liquor hits black livers': meanings of excessive liquor consumption in South Africa in the second half of the twentieth centuryAnne Mager
Historical Studies Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town 7700, South Africa
Soc Sci Med 59:735-51. 2004..By tying drinking habits to 'race' and by locating 'race' in a social hierarchy, state institutions determined access to liquor and welfare services...
- Direct benefits of social dominance in juvenile crayfishJens Herberholz
Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
Biol Bull 213:21-7. 2007..We tested the hypothesis that social hierarchy formation in crayfish serves to determine access to future resources...
- [Effect of genotype and social stress on cAMP- and substrate-dependent mechanisms of regulating hormonal function of testis in mice]T V Bysygina
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Genetika 37:649-56. 2001..The secretory activity of the testes decreased at the early establishment of social hierarchy in experimental micropopulations, then returned to the initial level, and again decreased in the case of ..
- A theory of leadership in human cooperative groupsPaul L Hooper
Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
J Theor Biol 265:633-46. 2010Two types of models aim to account the origins of rank differentiation and social hierarchy in human societies...
- Disturbance of social hierarchy by an invasive species: a gene transcription studyChristian Roberge
Departement de Biologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
PLoS ONE 3:e2408. 2008..The genetic and molecular actors underlying phenotypic plasticity are poorly understood...
- Stocking density and feed barrier design affect the feeding and social behavior of dairy cattleJ M Huzzey
Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, V6T 1Z4, Canada
J Dairy Sci 89:126-33. 2006..Cows ranked lower in the social hierarchy at the feed bunk were displaced more often when feeding at a post-and-rail barrier, particularly at high ..
- Acoustical mimicry in a predatory social parasite of antsF Barbero
Department of Animal and Human Biology, University of Turin, 10123 Turin, Italy
J Exp Biol 212:4084-90. 2009..by worker ants, but that caterpillars and pupae of both predatory and cuckoo butterflies employ acoustical mimicry of queen ant calls to elevate their status towards the highest attainable position within their host's social hierarchy.
- Differential effects of lipopolysaccharide in the social behavior of dominant and submissive miceDaniel Wagner Hamada Cohn
Department of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Physiol Behav 87:932-7. 2006..p.) in the social behavior of dominant and submissive mice. Results showed that social hierarchy influences the expression of sickness behavior...
- Sex differences in neural activation to facial expressions denoting contempt and disgustAndre Aleman
BCN Neuroimaging Center, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
PLoS ONE 3:e3622. 2008..Contempt has been conceptualized as signaling perceived moral violations of social hierarchy, whereas disgust would signal violations of physical purity...
- Economic and cultural correlates of road-traffic accident fatality rates in OECD countriesEsma Gaygisiz
Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University, 06531 Ankara, Turkey
Percept Mot Skills 109:531-45. 2009..were characterized by higher power distance and uncertainty avoidance as well as embeddedness and emphasis on social hierarchy. Countries with lower road-traffic accident fatality rates were more individualistic, egalitarian, and ..
- Manipulating the symbolic meaning of meat to encourage greater acceptance of fruits and vegetables and less proclivity for red and white meatMichael W Allen
Department of Psychology, University of Newcastle, Callaghasn, NSW 2038, Australia
Appetite 38:118-30. 2002..in the treatment group were informed of a previous scientific study which found that people who endorse social hierarchy and human dominance over nature consume more red and white meat, and that people who reject hierarchy and ..
- Escalated conflict in a social hierarchyM A Cant
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
Proc Biol Sci 273:2977-84. 2006..The results provide the first evidence that reproductive suppression of subordinates increases the threat of escalated conflict, and hence that reproductive sharing can promote stability of the dominant-subordinate relationship...
- Higher or lower? The functional anatomy of perceived allocentric social hierarchiesTom F D Farrow
SCANLab Sheffield Cognition and Neuroimaging Laboratory, Academic Clinical Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, University of Sheffield, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, UK
Neuroimage 57:1552-60. 2011..concerning visually-presented target pairs of human individual's relative superiority within a specific social hierarchy or their perceived degree of social alliance (i.e., whether they were "friends or enemies")...
- Acculturative and neighborhood influences on subjective social status among Spanish-speaking Latino immigrant smokersLorraine R Reitzel
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77230 1402, USA
Soc Sci Med 70:677-83. 2010Subjective social status (SSS) reflects an individual's perception of her/his relative position in the social hierarchy. However, little is known about culturally-relevant, multilevel predictors of low SSS among low socioeconomic status (..
- Socioeconomic influences at different life stages on health in Guangzhou, ChinaTimothy M Elwell-Sutton
The University of Hong Kong, School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
Soc Sci Med 72:1884-92. 2011..We examined these associations in a developing country with a history of efforts to reorganize the social hierarchy. Taking a life course perspective, we used multi-variable logistic regression to assess the association of ..
- Changes in reproductive roles are associated with changes in gene expression in fire ant queensYannick Wurm
Department of Ecology and Evolution, Biophore, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Mol Ecol 19:1200-11. 2010In species with social hierarchies, the death of dominant individuals typically upheaves the social hierarchy and provides an opportunity for subordinate individuals to become reproductives...
- Repeatability of standard metabolic rate, active metabolic rate and aerobic scope in young brown trout during a period of moderate food availabilityTommy Norin
Zoophysiology, Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
J Exp Biol 214:1668-75. 2011..Previous studies on fish have found SMR to closely correlate with dominance and position in the social hierarchy, and to be highly repeatable over time when fish were provided an ad libitum diet...
- Cultural influences on neural basis of intergroup empathyBobby K Cheon
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, USA
Neuroimage 57:642-50. 2011..Here we examined the effect of cultural variation in preference for social hierarchy on the neural basis of intergroup empathy...
- A role for glucocorticoids in the long-term establishment of a social hierarchyMarjan Timmer
Laboratory of Behavioral Genetics, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Psychoneuroendocrinology 35:1543-52. 2010..a first social encounter between two rats of a dyad in the establishment and the long-term maintenance of a social hierarchy. We show that pre-social encounter corticosterone treatment does not affect the outcome of the hierarchy ..
- Development of social comparison and its effect on empathyMina Cikara; Fiscal Year: 2011..above by: 1) testing the predicted link between children6s emerging concern with their place in a competitive social hierarchy and a reduction in empathy, around age 8 or 9 years (Study 1);and 2) examining modulation of known neural ..
- INTRAVENOUS SELF-ADMINISTRATION IN DRUG-NAIVE MICEEdwin Zvartau; Fiscal Year: 2003..using the IVSA protocol (acquisition - extinction - reinstatement); 3) to evaluate impact of social (social hierarchy status) and genetic (different strains of mice) factors on acquisition of drug self-administration (IVSA ..
- Psychobiology of Parenting and DevelopmentDario Maestripieri; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finally, this research could also elucidate the mechanisms underlying individual differences in vulnerability or resilience to the effects of early abuse. ..
- PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF INFANT ABUSE IN PRIMATESDario Maestripieri; Fiscal Year: 2002..This project will significantly enhance our understanding of the causes and consequences of infant abuse in primates and could have important implications for prevention and treatment of child maltreatment as well. ..
- Social and psychological risk for infectious illnessSheldon A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Examining a Model of Local-Driven AttentionJULIE NEIWORTH; Fiscal Year: 2006..The research will also contribute to our understanding of how perceptual processing evolved in primates, and how it may differ among monkeys, apes, and humans. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effects of Antioxidants and Inflammation in Older PeoplePeifeng Hu; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Gene Therapy, Stress and Hippocampal FunctionRobert Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will then determine whether these vectors can protect neurogenesis from the inhibitory effects of GCs and, in the case of the chimeric vector, harness this to produce stimulatory estrogenic effects. ..
- Origins and Health Impact of Relational Conflict at WorkScott Schieman; Fiscal Year: 2007..By employing a wide lens to assess the entire role-set, we can investigate the potentially different sources and effects of conflict while accounting for the complexity of organizational and authority structures. ..
- Self-Esteem and Norm-Consistent Goal PursuitAriel Malka; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Providers' Views of the Roles of Medical InterpretersI LING HSIEH; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Functional Organization of Cardiovascular ReactivityPeter Gianaros; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Health disparities and aging in societies in transitionMichael Marmot; Fiscal Year: 2008..Analyses will examine cross-sectional outcomes, changes in health and functioning between the baseline and Wave II, and incidence of CVD and mortality since the baseline. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MODELING THE MENOPAUSAL TRANSITION AND MENOPAUSEJAY KAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2008..Therefore the proposed program is directly relevant to the missions of multiple NIHInstitutes, including - butnot limited to - NIA, NICHD, NHLBI, NIDDKand NIMH. ..
- Exploring the mistreatment of Native eldersLori Jervis; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CHANGES IN HEALTH: SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND PATHWAYSMichael Marmot; Fiscal Year: 2008..Fortypespecifications,see instructions onpage 6.) RESEARCHGRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS PageNumbers FacePage 1 description, ..
- The Effects of Perceived Discrimination on Mental and Physical HealthBRENDA N MAJOR; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Parasite/Host Interactions and the Neurobiology of FearRobert Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2006..In Specific Aim 3, we will examine the effects of Toxoplasma infection on cell number and volume, and on dendritic morphology in brain regions implicated in the prior two Specific Aims in the effects of Toxo. ..
- Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health ReportingRonald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004..The project will inform discussion of the ethics of public health surveillance and contribute to the development of public policy sensitive to privacy and confidentiality as well as the demands of research and public health. ..
- Judgement of Objects--Orientation, Movement & MembershipJULIE NEIWORTH; Fiscal Year: 2002..At a time when much is written about the uniqueness of human thought, categorical representation, and language, it is essential that we determine primate-general and human-unique skills in defining and determining the fate of objects. ..
- Stress, Identity, and Mental HealthIlan Meyer; Fiscal Year: 2005..Practically, it can direct us toward areas that could be targeted for public health and clinical interventions. ..
- Rural women breast cancer survivorsB Bettencourt; Fiscal Year: 2004..Furthermore the proposed study will provide the foundation for a long-term research program for understanding cancer survivorship among rural people. ..
- Gene therapy against conditioned fearRobert Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Transition to Cocaine Abuse in Monkey:Role of DopamineMichael Nader; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- CNS Estrogen Receptors and Social BehaviorBRUCE CUSHING; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- DO GLUCOCORTICOIDS EXACERBATE GP120 NEUROENDANGERMENTRobert Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2002..That, coupled with the possible implications of the stressfulness of HIV infection prompt the proposed studies. ..
- PET Imaging of Mesolimbic Dopamine in Heroin DependenceDiana Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Progestin Levels and Inflammation in PostmenopausePeifeng Hu; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Pro-inflammatory glucocorticoid effects in the CNSRobert M Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposal begins to dissect the molecular mechanisms underlying these unexpected and damaging pro-inflammatory GC effects. ..
- Native Elders, Dementia and Family CaregivingLori Jervis; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Co-Rumination and Adjustment: A Multi-Method AssessmentAmanda J Rose; Fiscal Year: 2010..Understanding co-rumination may be important for anticipating the emotional risks for youth who have close relationships and for developing prevention and treatment programs to promote their mental health. ..
- HORMONES AND BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENTBRUCE CUSHING; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Breeding status and delayed motoneuron maturation in a eusocial mammalMarianne Seney; Fiscal Year: 2008..This information could be used to develop treatments for degenerative diseases characterized by loss or atrophy of motoneurons, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prenatal development, spatial ability, and hippocampusRebecca Herman; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Regulatory effects of stress on reproductive behaviorRYAN EARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006..The results obtained will provide a foundation for developing an integrative, comparative model for reproductive suppression that can be applied across taxa. ..
- Activation & Proliferation of Hematopoietic Stem CellsPeter Lansdorp; Fiscal Year: 2006..Such information is relevant for a basic understanding of hematopoiesis as well as applications of stem cells in and outside hematology. ..
- Female mate choice and cultural transmissionLEE DUGATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Here, I propose to continue my work with Dr. Cunningham, and examine mate copying in an experimental scenario that moves away from a written survey, and provides a more realistic evaluation of human mate copying. ..
- SOY, LIFE STAGE, STRESS AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN FEMALESJAY KAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2009....