Genomes and Genes
Summary: Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.
Publications208 found, 100 shown here
- Know your place: neural processing of social hierarchy in humansCaroline F Zink
Unit for Systems Neuroscience in Psychiatry, Genes, Cognition, and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Neuron 58:273-83. 2008..Our results identify neural mechanisms that may mediate the enormous influence of social status on human behavior and health...
- Corticotropin releasing factor influences aggression and monoamines: modulation of attacks and retreatsR E Carpenter
Department of Biology, University of South Dakota, 414 East Clark Street, Vermillion, SD 57069 2390, USA
Neuroscience 158:412-25. 2009..With broad effects on aggressive behavior, anxiety, stress responsiveness, and central monoaminergic activity, CRF plays an important role in modulating the behavioral components of social interaction...
- Neural basis of preference for human social hierarchy versus egalitarianismJoan Y Chiao
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, 2029 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1167:174-81. 2009..Implications of these findings for research on the social neuroscience of fairness, justice, and intergroup relations are discussed...
- Neoliberal reform and health dilemmas: social hierarchy and therapeutic decision making in SenegalEllen E Foley
International Development, Community, and Environment Clark University, USA
Med Anthropol Q 22:257-73. 2008..Rather than "neoliberal subjects" who behave as rational economic actors, men and women coping with illness are social beings embedded in fields of power characterized by highly stratified household social relations...
- Differential gene expression in queen-worker caste determination in bumble-beesJeffrey J M Pereboom
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, UK
Proc Biol Sci 272:1145-52. 2005..This conclusion is of potential importance in the further study of phenotypic diversification via differential gene expression...
- Memory of opponents is more potent than visual sign stimuli after social hierarchy has been establishedWayne J Korzan
Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, United States
Behav Brain Res 183:31-42. 2007..social rank during a second interaction between opponents that had previously established a natural dyadic social hierarchy. Prior to a second interaction, eyespots of familiar size-matched combatants were manipulated to reverse ..
- The effects of familiarity and social hierarchy on group membership decisions in a social fishLyndon A Jordan
Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, University of NSW, Australia
Biol Lett 6:301-3. 2010..These results suggest a complex decision process in N. pulcher when choosing among groups, dependent not only on familiarity but also on the social and life-history consequences of joining new groups...
- Fasting or feasting in a fish social hierarchyMarian Y L Wong
School of Marine and Tropical Biology and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia
Curr Biol 18:R372-3. 2008
- Effects of host social hierarchy on disease persistenceRoss S Davidson
Animal Nutrition and Health Department, SAC, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JG, UK
J Theor Biol 253:424-33. 2008The effects of social hierarchy on population dynamics and epidemiology are examined through a model which contains a number of fundamental features of hierarchical systems, but is simple enough to allow analytical insight...
- Androgen level and male social status in the African cichlid, Astatotilapia burtoniVictoria N Parikh
Program in Human Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Behav Brain Res 166:291-5. 2006..These results underscore how internal and external cues related to reproduction are integrated at the level of the HPG axis...
- Wing disc development during caste differentiation in the ant Pheidole megacephala (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)Shin Ya Sameshima
Department of Biology, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, 3 8 1 Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153 8902, Japan
Evol Dev 6:336-41. 2004..Our results suggest that each worker caste shows a different degeneration process to express the wingless character and that apoptotic degeneration has been adopted in association with the evolution of worker dimorphism...
- Aberrant responses in social interaction of dopamine transporter knockout miceRamona M Rodriguiz
Department of Psychiatry, Mouse Behavioral and Neuroendocrine Analysis Core Facility, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Behav Brain Res 148:185-98. 2004..These data suggest that KO mice may serve as a useful animal model for understanding not only how DA dysfunction contributes to social abnormalities, but also how behavioral inflexibility distorts their social responses...
- Masculinized dominant females in a cooperatively breeding speciesNadia Aubin-Horth
Harvard University, Bauer Center for Genomics Research, 7 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Mol Ecol 16:1349-58. 2007....
- Fish and chips: functional genomics of social plasticity in an African cichlid fishSusan C P Renn
Harvard University, Bauer Center for Genomics Research, 7 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
J Exp Biol 211:3041-56. 2008....
- Behavioral coping strategies in a cichlid fish: the role of social status and acute stress response in direct and displaced aggressionTricia S Clement
Neuroscience Program and Department of Biological Sciences, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 2130, USA
Horm Behav 47:336-42. 2005The African cichlid fish, Astatotilapia burtoni, has a complex social system with a sophisticated social hierarchy that offers unique opportunities to understand how social rank and its physiological substrates relate to behavioral ..
- Stress coping style predicts aggression and social dominance in rainbow troutØyvind Øverli
Biology Department and Neuroscience Group, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD 57069, USA
Horm Behav 45:235-41. 2004..These findings support the view that distinct behavioral-physiological stress coping styles are present in teleost fish, and these coping characteristics influence both social rank and levels of aggression...
- Social hierarchy and adrenocortical stress reactivity in menD H Hellhammer
Center for Psychobiological and Psychosomatic Research, Trier University, Germany
Psychoneuroendocrinology 22:643-50. 1997..of the training, the recruits were randomly distributed to nine groups, and weekly measurements of the social hierarchy within each group were obtained...
- Verbal abuse from outsiders versus insiders: comparing frequency, impact on emotional exhaustion, and the role of emotional laborAlicia A Grandey
Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
J Occup Health Psychol 12:63-79. 2007..The authors conclude that better integration of customer aggression and insider aggression research is needed...
- Robustness mechanisms in primate societies: a perturbation studyJessica C Flack
Santa Fe Institute, NM 87501, USA
Proc Biol Sci 272:1091-9. 2005....
- Controversy over the application of current socioecological models to folivorous primates: Colobus vellerosus fits the predictionsTania L Saj
Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 1N4
Am J Phys Anthropol 133:994-1003. 2007..We also discuss reasons why some folivores do not appear to fit the predictions of the current socio-ecological model...
- Mountain gorilla tug-of-war: silverbacks have limited control over reproduction in multimale groupsBrenda J Bradley
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9418-23. 2005..Instead, as long-term assemblages of related and unrelated individuals, gorilla groups are similar to chimpanzee groups and so offer interesting possibilities for kin-biased interactions among individuals...
- Influence of reproductive season and rank on fecal glucocorticoid levels in free-ranging male Verreaux's sifakas (Propithecus verreauxi)Claudia Fichtel
Department of Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, German Primate Center, Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Gottingen, Germany
Horm Behav 51:640-8. 2007..In sum, our data generally support the findings on the relationship between environmental and social factors and glucocorticoid output found in non-lemurid primates...
- Predictors of reproductive success in female white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus)Linda Marie Fedigan
Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
Am J Phys Anthropol 137:82-90. 2008..Based on these findings, we conclude that male and female reproductive strategies are at odds in this species, with male strategies strongly influencing female reproductive success...
- Social correlates of fecal testosterone in male ursine colobus monkeys (Colobus vellerosus): the effect of male reproductive competition in aseasonal breedersJulie A Teichroeb
Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive N W, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4
Horm Behav 54:417-23. 2008..Male parental investment in the form of infant defense was associated with increased fT, rather than the decline expected from other forms of paternal care...
- The destructiveness of laissez-faire leadership behaviorAnders Skogstad
University of Bergen, Faculty of Psychology, Bergen, Norway
J Occup Health Psychol 12:80-92. 2007..The results support the assumption that laissez-faire leadership behavior is a destructive leadership behavior...
- Social parasitism by workers in queenless and queenright Apis cerana coloniesP Nanork
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Mol Ecol 16:1107-14. 2007..8% of workers were non-natal, but these laid 5.2% of the eggs and produced 5.5% of the pupae. Unlike A. florea, the proportion of non-natal workers does not increase in queenless nests...
- Social correlates of testosterone and ornamentation in male mandrillsJoanna M Setchell
Evolutionary Anthropology Research Group, Department of Anthropology, Durham University, UK
Horm Behav 54:365-72. 2008..Further, our findings provide support for the "challenge hypothesis" as originally proposed for birds by Wingfield...
- Intercolony aggression within and among local populations of the invasive ant, Myrmica rubra (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in coastal MaineJeffrey R Garnas
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Dartmouth College, 103 Gilman Hall, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
Environ Entomol 36:105-13. 2007..These findings contradict the loss of intraspecific aggression and unicolonial social structure over large geographic areas that have previously been observed in other invasive ant species, particularly Linepithema humile Mayr...
- Crossing the taxonomic divide: conflict and its resolution in societies of reproductively totipotent individualsA G Hart
Laboratory of Apiculture and Social Insects, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
J Evol Biol 18:383-95. 2005..We hope that by providing an explicit transfer of social theory between ants and naked mole-rats we will stimulate further cross-taxonomic studies that will greatly broaden our understanding of sociality...
- Workplace mobbing and effects on workers' healthMariano Meseguer de Pedro
Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
Span J Psychol 11:219-27. 2008..The results revealed a significant and positive relation between workplace mobbing and psychosomatic symptoms, but not with absenteeism. The implications of the results for future research are discussed...
- Influence of seed size and seed nature on recruitment in the polymorphic harvester ant Messor barbarusA Heredia
Service d Ecologie Sociale, C P 231, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Campus de la Plaine, Boulevard du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Behav Processes 70:289-300. 2005....
- [Conflicts with uncomfortable dynamics]Lucien Portenier
Krankenpfl Soins Infirm 99:32, 71. 2006
- Merging social hierarchies: Effects on dominance rank in male green swordtail fish (Xiphophorus helleri)R L Earley
Department of Biology, University of Louisville, Life Sciences Building, Room 139, Louisville, KY 40292, United States
Behav Processes 73:290-8. 2006..We discuss our results in terms of the potential factors involved in within- and between-group rank maintenance, including individual recognition, winner and loser effects, or asymmetries in dominance-related characteristics...
- Validation of oppressed group behaviors in nursingLinda Kay Matheson
Marquette University, P O Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI, USA
J Prof Nurs 23:226-34. 2007....
- The role of the self-concept and the social context in determining the behavior of power holders: self-construal in intergroup versus dyadic dispute resolution negotiationsElizabeth Seeley Howard
Stern School of Business, New York University, New York 10012, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 93:614-31. 2007..Implications for the understanding of power and self-construal are discussed...
- Peer contagion of aggression and health risk behavior among adolescent males: an experimental investigation of effects on public conduct and private attitudesGeoffrey L Cohen
Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
Child Dev 77:967-83. 2006..The role of status-maintenance motivations in aggression and risk behavior, and implications for preventive intervention, are discussed...
- Communal nesting, an early social enrichment, affects social competences but not learning and memory abilities at adulthoodEnrico Alleva
Section of Behavioural Neurosciences, Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, I 00161 Rome, Italy
Behav Brain Res 183:60-6. 2007..of home-cage social behavior, taking into account the time of the day and absence/presence of an established social hierarchy, and of learning and memory abilities in the water maze...
- Distribution of vasopressin in the forebrain of spotted hyenasGreta J Rosen
Department of Psychology and Center for Neuroendocrine Studies, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA
J Comp Neurol 498:80-92. 2006..This contrasts with findings in many other vertebrate species, in which VP innervation of the lateral septum is consistently greater in males than in females...
- Social relationships in a herd of Sorraia horses Part II. Factors affecting affiliative relationships and sexual behavioursFilipa Heitor
Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Edificio C2, 1749 016 Lisboa, Portugal
Behav Processes 73:231-9. 2006..However, the influence of kinship does not imply that horses possess a kin recognition system and alternative explanations are discussed...
- Social relationships in a herd of Sorraia horses Part I. Correlates of social dominance and contexts of aggressionFilipa Heitor
Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Edificio C2, 1749 016 Lisboa, Portugal
Behav Processes 73:170-7. 2006..The results suggest that dominance relationships based on age as a conventional criterion were established to reduce aggressiveness in a herd where the costs of aggression are likely to outweigh the benefits...
- Are perceptions of fairness relationship-specific? The case of noblesse obligeLaurence Fiddick
Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:16-31. 2007..In a series of five experiments, we show that the norm of noblesse oblige predicts tolerance of free riding better than individual self-interest does...
- The evolution of worker caste diversity in social insectsElse J Fjerdingstad
Evolutionary Genetics Laboratory, School of Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
Am Nat 167:390-400. 2006....
- One-male harems and female social dynamics in Guinea baboonsDario Maestripieri
Animal Behavior Research Group, University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Folia Primatol (Basel) 78:56-68. 2007....
- Measuring social structure: a comparison of eight dominance indicesKaren L Bayly
Animal Behaviour Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
Behav Processes 73:1-12. 2006..Taken together, our results read as a cautionary tale. We suggest that selection of a dominance index requires careful consideration both of algorithm properties and of the factors affecting social status in the system of interest...
- Genetic caste determination in termites: out of the shade but not from MarsRoss H Crozier
School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
Bioessays 30:299-302. 2008..This remarkable system may be widely applicable throughout termites, although it cannot be universal, and may provide a window into causal aspects of the molecular biology of caste determination...
- Social evolution: early production of deadly males by competing queensJoan E Strassmann
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, MS 170 Rice University, 6100 Main Street, Houston, Texas 77005 1892, USA
Curr Biol 16:R1023-5. 2006....
- Experimentally increased social competition compromises humoral immune responses in house finchesDana M Hawley
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Horm Behav 49:417-24. 2006..Overall, we documented that two universal components of social behavior, intraspecific competition and social status, modulated the strength of a humoral immune response in house finches...
- The costs of benefits: help-refusals highlight key trade-offs of social lifeJoshua M Ackerman
Yale University, Department of Psychology, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Rev 12:118-40. 2008..This approach can generate a variety of novel empirical predictions and suggest new implications for the delivery of aid...
- Peer group status as a moderator of group influence on children's deviant, aggressive, and prosocial behaviorWendy E Ellis
King s University College, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
Child Dev 78:1240-54. 2007..Results suggest group influence on behavior is not uniform but depends on group status, especially group visibility within the larger peer context...
- Comparison of social ranks based on worm-running and aggressive behaviour in young domestic fowlSylvie Cloutier
Department of Veterinary and Comparative Anatomy, Center for the Study of Animal Well being, Washington State University, P O Box 646520, Pullman, WA 99164 6520, USA
Behav Processes 65:79-86. 2004..05) but were not correlated with ranks based on the aggression index (P > 0.05). Our results indicate that worm-running ranks are not predictive of success in aggressive interactions. Instead, worm-running fits some criteria for play...
- Social bonds of female baboons enhance infant survivalJoan B Silk
Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles UCLA, CA 90095, USA
Science 302:1231-4. 2003..Our results are consistent with the evidence that social support has beneficial effects on human health and well-being across the life span. For humans and other primates, sociality has adaptive value...
- Psychology. Evolution of the social brainRobin Dunbar
School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK
Science 302:1160-1. 2003
- Similarities in affiliation and aggression between cross-fostered rhesus macaque females and their biological mothersDario Maestripieri
Animal Behavior Research Group, University of Chicago, 5730 S Woodlawn Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Dev Psychobiol 43:321-7. 2003..Heritable variation in female social behavior may be maintained by natural selection and leads to adaptation to different socioecological niches within macque populations...
- Age at group formation alters behavior and physiology in male but not female CD-1 miceAlessandro Bartolomucci
Dipartimento di Biologia Evolutiva e Funzionale, Universita di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 11A, 43100, Italy
Physiol Behav 82:425-34. 2004..In conclusion, it is clear that mixing groups at different ages has profound effects on mouse behavior and physiology...
- Demography of male reproductive queues in cooperatively breeding superb fairy-wrens Malurus cyaneusAndrew Cockburn
Evolutionary Ecology Group, School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 Australia
J Anim Ecol 77:297-304. 2008..6. Fairy-wren queues are likely to be stable because older birds are superior, and because extra-pair mating provides direct benefits to subordinates...
- Influence of gene action across different time scales on behaviorY Ben-Shahar
Department of Entomology, Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Science 296:741-4. 2002..Previous research showed that allelic differences in PKG expression result in two Drosophila foraging variants. The same gene can thus exert different types of influence on a behavior...
- Rapid behavioral and genomic responses to social opportunitySabrina S Burmeister
Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
PLoS Biol 3:e363. 2005....
- Heat and social rank impact behavior and physiology of PRRS-virus-infected pigsMhairi A Sutherland
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, 1207 W Gregory, 392 ASL, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Physiol Behav 90:73-81. 2007..Moreover, heat stress does not have additive negative impact on physiological or performance traits in pigs challenged with PRRS virus...
- The relationship between nature of social change, age, and position of new neurons and their survival in adult zebra finch brainEinat Adar
Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 61391, Israel
J Neurosci 28:5394-400. 2008....
- Social status and sex independently influence androgen receptor expression in the eusocial naked mole-rat brainMelissa M Holmes
Center for Neuroendocrine Studies and Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
Horm Behav 54:278-85. 2008..Surprisingly, breeders had significantly fewer AR+ nuclei than subordinates in all brain regions examined (VMH, BST, PVN, MeA, and PMv). Thus, social status is strongly correlated with AR immunoreactivity in this eusocial species...
- Genetics. One gene determines bee social statusElizabeth Pennisi
Science 296:636. 2002
- Spread of arbitrary conventions among chimpanzees: a controlled experimentKristin E Bonnie
Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
Proc Biol Sci 274:367-72. 2007..Since the action-sequences lacked meaning before the experiment and had no logical connection with reward, chimpanzees must have extracted both the form and benefits of these sequences through observation of others...
- Spiteful soldiers and sex ratio conflict in polyembryonic parasitoid waspsAndy Gardner
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
Am Nat 169:519-33. 2007....
- Exchange, affiliation, and protective interventions in semifree-ranging brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)Renata G Ferreira
Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Am J Primatol 68:765-76. 2006..The overall low rate of coalitions may be due to a period of social stability...
- Social status and cortisol levels in singing rock hyraxesLee Koren
Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
Horm Behav 54:212-6. 2008....
- Occurrence of infanticide among wild proboscis monkeys (Nasalis larvatus) in Sabah, Northern BorneoGovindasamy Agoramoorthy
Tajen Institute of Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan
Folia Primatol (Basel) 76:177-9. 2005
- Display rule "regulators": the relationship between supervisors and worker emotional exhaustionSteffanie L Wilk
Management Department, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
J Appl Psychol 90:917-27. 2005..Worker career identity moderated the interpersonal-job-demands--emotional-exhaustion relationship, but self-efficacy did not. Study conclusions and suggestions for future research are provided...
- Helping one's way to the top: self-monitors achieve status by helping others and knowing who helps whomFrancis J Flynn
Department of Psychology, Columbia University, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 91:1123-37. 2006..This behavior provides one explanation for why high self-monitors acquire elevated status among their peers--they are more attuned to status dynamics in exchange relations and adapt their behavior in ways that elicit status...
- Models of social networks based on social distance attachmentMarián Boguñá
Departament de Fisica Fonamental, Universitat de Barcelona, Av Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys 70:056122. 2004..The model is confronted with the social network formed by people that shares confidential information using the Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) encryption algorithm, the so-called web of trust of PGP...
- Social play in bonobos (Pan paniscus) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Implications for natural social systems and interindividual relationshipsElisabetta Palagi
Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, 56011 Calci Pisa, Italy
Am J Phys Anthropol 129:418-26. 2006....
- The impact of relational demographics on perceived managerial trustworthiness: similarity or norms?Dora C Lau
Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Management, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, PRC
J Soc Psychol 148:187-208. 2008..The authors discuss the theoretical and practical implications of the study...
- Sex, kings and serial killers and other group-selected human traitsJ T Bowles
Med Hypotheses 54:864-94. 2000..A recent issue of Science suggests that the evolutionary purpose of sex is unknown...
- Consumption of salmon by Alaskan brown bears: a trade-off between nutritional requirements and the risk of infanticide?Merav Ben-David
Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, P O Box 3166, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
Oecologia 138:465-74. 2004..The role of the social hierarchy of males and females, mating history, and paternity in affecting the risk of infanticide and foraging ..
- Aggressiveness and brain amine concentration in dominant and subordinate finishing pigs fed the beta-adrenoreceptor agonist ractopamineR Poletto
USDA ARS Livestock Behavior Research Unit, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
J Anim Sci 88:3107-20. 2010Under farm conditions, aggression related to the formation of social hierarchy and competition for resources can be a major problem because of associated injuries, social stress, and carcass losses...
- Male urine signals social rank in the Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)Eduardo N Barata
CCMAR CIMAR Laboratório Associado, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005 139 Faro, Portugal
BMC Biol 5:54. 2007..Furthermore, we assessed urinary volume stored in the bladder of males in a stable social hierarchy and the olfactory potency of their urine by recording of the electro-olfactogram.
- The influence of social class on health status: American and British research on health inequalitiesO Fein
Cornell University Medical College, New York, New York 10021, USA
J Gen Intern Med 10:577-86. 1995..most important factors contributing to this association, although data from longitudinal studies implicate social hierarchy. CONCLUSION: The reviewed studies point to growing inequalities in health status between those of lower and ..
- Factors affecting fecal glucocorticoid levels in semi-free-ranging female mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx)Joanna M Setchell
Evolutionary Anthropology Research Group, Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom
Am J Primatol 70:1023-32. 2008..This may be because female mandrills have a stable social hierarchy, with low levels of aggression and high social support...
- Fecal testosterone is elevated in high ranking female ibexes (Capra nubiana) and associated with increased aggression and a preponderance of male offspringD Shargal
Department of Life Sciences, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
Theriogenology 69:673-80. 2008..The social hierarchy was linear with age in adult males and nearly linear in adult females...
- Arginine vasotocin activates advertisement calling and movement in the territorial Puerto Rican frog, Eleutherodactylus coquiGary R Ten Eyck
Biopsychology Area, Department of Psychology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
Horm Behav 47:223-9. 2005..Males have a distinctive social hierarchy and can be any of the following: satellite (non-calling), territorial (calling), or paternal (guards and ..
- "They don't trust us; we're just kids:" views about community from predominantly female inner city youthRuta Valaitis
School of Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Health Care Women Int 23:248-66. 2002..run everything" (they had no actual decision-making power), "we're just kids" (they were low in the social hierarchy), and "they don't trust us" (they felt mutual mistrust of and by adults)...
- Health disparities and health equity: concepts and measurementPaula Braveman
Center on Social Disparities in Health, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0900, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 27:167-94. 2006..Social advantage" refers to one's relative position in a social hierarchy determined by wealth, power, and/or prestige...
- Demons, nature, or God? Witchcraft accusations and the French disease in early modern VeniceLaura J McGough
HIV AIDS prevention, CARE, and treatment program, Cote d Ivoire
Bull Hist Med 80:219-46. 2006..common ailment was the French disease (syphilis), widely distributed throughout Venice's neighborhoods and social hierarchy, and evenly distributed between men and women...
- The influence of social environmental condition on the production of stress-induced 22 kHz calls in adult male Wistar ratsHideaki Inagaki
Department of Comparative Pathophysiology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1 1 1 Yayoi, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
Physiol Behav 84:17-22. 2005..One group of rats was housed individually, and the other two groups were housed in pairs, in which social hierarchy of the pair was determined by social dominance-subordination relationships...
- [The role of genotype, social stress, and season of the year in regulation of hormonal function of murine testis in vitro]T V Busygina
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Genetika 37:97-106. 2001..Interlinear differences in the level of social dominance and the effects of genotype, social hierarchy, and season on in vitro testosterone production by testes were examined under different incubation conditions...
- The social gradient in life expectancy: the contrary case of Okinawa in JapanW C Cockerham
Department of Sociology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294 3359, USA
Soc Sci Med 51:115-22. 2000..Aldine de Gruyter, New York]. They maintain that social hierarchy is the determining factor in the health of large populations largely because it promotes differences in ..
- Fecal hormone variation during prolonged social interaction in male Tscheskia tritonDawei Wang
State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100101, China
Physiol Behav 97:347-52. 2009Agonistic behavior is crucial for conspecific members to maintain a social hierarchy, optimum population density, and high fitness...
- Eye color as an indicator of social rank in the fish Nile tilapiaG L Volpato
Research Center on Animal Welfare RECAW, Laborat rio de Fisiologia e Comportamento Animal, Departamento de Fisiologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brasil
Braz J Med Biol Res 36:1659-63. 2003..Twenty minutes after pairing, eye color and fights were quantified for 10 min. Clear establishment of social hierarchy was observed in 7 of 10 pairs of fish. Number of attacks ranged from 1 to 168 among pairs...
- A theory of leadership in human cooperative groupsPaul L Hooper
Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
J Theor Biol 265:633-46. 2010Two types of models aim to account the origins of rank differentiation and social hierarchy in human societies...
- 'White liquor hits black livers': meanings of excessive liquor consumption in South Africa in the second half of the twentieth centuryAnne Mager
Historical Studies Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town 7700, South Africa
Soc Sci Med 59:735-51. 2004..By tying drinking habits to 'race' and by locating 'race' in a social hierarchy, state institutions determined access to liquor and welfare services...
- [Effect of genotype and social stress on cAMP- and substrate-dependent mechanisms of regulating hormonal function of testis in mice]T V Bysygina
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Genetika 37:649-56. 2001..The secretory activity of the testes decreased at the early establishment of social hierarchy in experimental micropopulations, then returned to the initial level, and again decreased in the case of ..
- Direct benefits of social dominance in juvenile crayfishJens Herberholz
Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
Biol Bull 213:21-7. 2007..We tested the hypothesis that social hierarchy formation in crayfish serves to determine access to future resources...
- Social inequality in walking speed in early old age in the Whitehall II studyEric Brunner
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:1082-9. 2009..We investigated social inequalities in walking speed in early old age...
- Stocking density and feed barrier design affect the feeding and social behavior of dairy cattleJ M Huzzey
Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, V6T 1Z4, Canada
J Dairy Sci 89:126-33. 2006..Cows ranked lower in the social hierarchy at the feed bunk were displaced more often when feeding at a post-and-rail barrier, particularly at high ..
- Disturbance of social hierarchy by an invasive species: a gene transcription studyChristian Roberge
Departement de Biologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
PLoS ONE 3:e2408. 2008..The genetic and molecular actors underlying phenotypic plasticity are poorly understood...
- Social hierarchy affects gene expression for catecholamine biosynthetic enzymes in rat adrenal glandsLarissa A Pohorecky
Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08855 8001, USA
Neuroendocrinology 80:42-51. 2004....
- Acoustical mimicry in a predatory social parasite of antsF Barbero
Department of Animal and Human Biology, University of Turin, 10123 Turin, Italy
J Exp Biol 212:4084-90. 2009..by worker ants, but that caterpillars and pupae of both predatory and cuckoo butterflies employ acoustical mimicry of queen ant calls to elevate their status towards the highest attainable position within their host's social hierarchy.
- Differential effects of lipopolysaccharide in the social behavior of dominant and submissive miceDaniel Wagner Hamada Cohn
Department of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Physiol Behav 87:932-7. 2006..p.) in the social behavior of dominant and submissive mice. Results showed that social hierarchy influences the expression of sickness behavior...
- Economic and cultural correlates of road-traffic accident fatality rates in OECD countriesEsma Gaygisiz
Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University, 06531 Ankara, Turkey
Percept Mot Skills 109:531-45. 2009..were characterized by higher power distance and uncertainty avoidance as well as embeddedness and emphasis on social hierarchy. Countries with lower road-traffic accident fatality rates were more individualistic, egalitarian, and ..
- Sex differences in neural activation to facial expressions denoting contempt and disgustAndre Aleman
BCN Neuroimaging Center, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
PLoS ONE 3:e3622. 2008..Contempt has been conceptualized as signaling perceived moral violations of social hierarchy, whereas disgust would signal violations of physical purity...
- Social mobility and social accumulation across the life course in relation to adult overweight and obesity: the Whitehall II studyA Heraclides
Department of Epidemiologyand Public Health, University College LondonMedical School, London, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 64:714-9. 2010Social mobility (movement up or down the social hierarchy) and social accumulation (accumulating social advantage or disadvantage) across the life course have been shown to affect adult health...
- Influence of subjective social status on the relationship between positive outcome expectations and experimentation with cigarettesAnna V Wilkinson
Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77230 1439, USA
J Adolesc Health 44:342-8. 2009..social status (SSS), that is, the adolescents' subjective views of where they lie in the school-based social hierarchy, are independent predictors of smoking...
- Genomics analysis of social stress and individual variation in ethanol drinkingMichael Miles; Fiscal Year: 2007..This individual variation in ethanol drinking is modified by environmental factors, including formation of social hierarchy through group housing with non-siblings...
- BIODEMOGRAPHY OF HEALTH, SOCIAL FACTORS & LIFE CHALLENGEMaxine Weinstein; Fiscal Year: 2003..The social environment, encompassing position in social hierarchy as well as linkages within social networks and support systems, affects exposure to challenge and mediates ..
- SOCIAL REORGANIZATION, HPA REACTIVITY AND INFLAMMATIONJohn Sheridan; Fiscal Year: 2003..The following specific aims are proposed to test this hypothesis: 1) Examine the social hierarchy and interactions during social reorganization that lead to the development of functional glucocorticoid ..
- INTRAVENOUS SELF-ADMINISTRATION IN DRUG-NAIVE MICEEdwin Zvartau; Fiscal Year: 2003..using the IVSA protocol (acquisition - extinction - reinstatement); 3) to evaluate impact of social (social hierarchy status) and genetic (different strains of mice) factors on acquisition of drug self-administration (IVSA ..
- Psychobiology of Parenting and DevelopmentDario Maestripieri; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finally, this research could also elucidate the mechanisms underlying individual differences in vulnerability or resilience to the effects of early abuse. ..
- PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF INFANT ABUSE IN PRIMATESDario Maestripieri; Fiscal Year: 2002..This project will significantly enhance our understanding of the causes and consequences of infant abuse in primates and could have important implications for prevention and treatment of child maltreatment as well. ..
- The Effects of Neighborhood Characteristics on Smoking CessationLORRAINE REITZEL; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Health disparities and aging in societies in transitionMichael Marmot; Fiscal Year: 2007..The expected total size of the new study is 28,000 subjects. Analyses will examine cross-sectional outcomes, changes in health and functioning between the baseline and Wave II, and incidence of CVD and mortality since the baseline. ..
- Progestin Levels and Inflammation in PostmenopausePeifeng Hu; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- MODELING THE MENOPAUSAL TRANSITION AND MENOPAUSEJAY KAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Therefore the proposed program is directly relevant to the missions of multiple NIHInstitutes, including - butnot limited to - NIA, NICHD, NHLBI, NIDDKand NIMH. ..
- Role of the Follicle-Depleted Ovary in the Pathogenesis of Chronic DiseasesJAY KAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Exploring the mistreatment of Native eldersLori Jervis; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Depression and Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis in Premenopausal PrimatesCAROL SHIVELY; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Socio-economic status and heterogeneity in agingMichael Marmot; Fiscal Year: 2009..Research in this domain is crucial as positive health trajectories are related to higher quality of life, longer independence and considerably lower medical and social care costs. ..
- Neural Reactivity to StressPeter Gianaros; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- PET Imaging of Mesolimbic Dopamine in Heroin DependenceDiana Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Role of the Follicle-Depleted Ovary in the Pathogenesis of Chronic DiseasesJAY KAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Pro-inflammatory glucocorticoid effects in the CNSRobert M Sapolsky; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposal begins to dissect the molecular mechanisms underlying these unexpected and damaging pro-inflammatory GC effects. ..
- Native Elders, Dementia and Family CaregivingLori Jervis; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- BIODEMOGRAPHY--HEALTH, SOCIAL FACTORS & LIFE CHALLENGENoreen Goldman; Fiscal Year: 2003..The social environment, encompassing position in social hierarchy as well as linkages within social networks and support systems, affects exposure to challenge and mediates ..
- ENGLISH LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF AGINGPROFESSOR SIR MICHAEL MARMOT; Fiscal Year: 2001..4. To construct two waves of accessible and well documented panel data, and incorporate the HSE data. 5. Provide these data in a convenient and timely way to the scientific and policy research community. ..
- SOCIAL STRESS--VULNERABILITY TO COCAINE ABUSEMichael Nader; Fiscal Year: 1999..A better understanding of the variables that contribute to enhanced sensitivity to the reinforcing effects of cocaine may lead to better behavioral and/or pharmacological strategies for the treatment and prevention of cocaine abuse. ..
- Genetic Resources of the English Longit Study of AgingMichael Marmot; Fiscal Year: 2004..The repository will serve as the basis for the specified research questions and will provide genetic information for other studies concentrating on other research questions. ..
- English Longitudinal Study of AgeingMichael G Marmot; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Socioeconomic gradient in CHD in early old ageMichael Marmot; Fiscal Year: 2009..The wealth of data from midlife places Whitehall II in pole position to elucidate the contribution of inequalities in health and the mechanisms through which they operate in early old age. ..
- Depression and Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis in Premenopausal Carol A Shively; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Imaging the Neurochemistry of Binge-Drinking in College-Aged Young AdultsDIANA M MARTINEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010..The goal of the present study is to investigate whether these alterations are present in young-adult binge drinkers, and to investigate potential mechanisms behind the disruptions in dopamine transmission. ..
- Co-Rumination and Adjustment: A Multi-Method AssessmentAmanda J Rose; Fiscal Year: 2010..Understanding co-rumination may be important for anticipating the emotional risks for youth who have close relationships and for developing prevention and treatment programs to promote their mental health. ..
- HORMONES AND BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENTBRUCE CUSHING; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Activation & Proliferation of Hematopoietic Stem CellsPeter Lansdorp; Fiscal Year: 2006..Such information is relevant for a basic understanding of hematopoiesis as well as applications of stem cells in and outside hematology. ..
- Regulatory effects of stress on reproductive behaviorRYAN EARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006..The results obtained will provide a foundation for developing an integrative, comparative model for reproductive suppression that can be applied across taxa. ..
- Breeding status and delayed motoneuron maturation in a eusocial mammalMarianne Seney; Fiscal Year: 2007..This information could be used to develop treatments for degenerative diseases characterized by loss or atrophy of motoneurons, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). ..
- Prenatal development, spatial ability, and hippocampusRebecca Herman; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Female mate choice and cultural transmissionLEE DUGATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Here, I propose to continue my work with Dr. Cunningham, and examine mate copying in an experimental scenario that moves away from a written survey, and provides a more realistic evaluation of human mate copying. ..
- SOY, LIFE STAGE, STRESS AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN FEMALESJAY KAPLAN; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTORS IN PRIMATE MODELS OF COCAINE ABUSEMichael Nader; Fiscal Year: 2004..Such knowledge will be vital for understanding the neuropharmacology of cocaine and to the development of effective pharmacotherapies for cocaine abuse. ..
- Social Stress: Vulnerability to Cocaine Abuse in MonkeysMichael Nader; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such information will lead to better treatment and prevention strategies. ..