Genomes and Genes
Summary: Antigenic characteristics and DNA fingerprint patterns identified from blood stains. Their primary value is in criminal cases.
Publications190 found, 100 shown here
- Comparison of modern techniques for saliva screeningJarrah R Myers
Kansas City Police Crime Laboratory, 6633 Troost Avenue, Kansas City, MO 64131, USA
J Forensic Sci 53:862-7. 2008....
- [Interpretation of DNA profiles for mixed stains]De jian Lu
Department of Forensic Serology, Sun Yat Sen University of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, 510089
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 18:185-8. 2002..The statistics methods for mixed stain has also been reviewed...
- Spectral enhancement of leucocrystal violet treated footwear impression evidence in bloodLindsay Spence
Forensic Services Group, New South Wales Police Service, 9 11 Mann Street, Gosford, NSW 2250, Australia
Forensic Sci Int 132:117-24. 2003....
- Messenger RNA profiling: a prototype method to supplant conventional methods for body fluid identificationJane Juusola
Graduate Program in Biomolecular Science, University of Central Florida, PO Box 162366, Orlando, FL 32816 2366, USA
Forensic Sci Int 135:85-96. 2003..Collectively these findings constitute the basis of a prototype RNA based assay system that may eventually supplant conventional methods for body fluid identification...
- Hyperspectral imaging for the age estimation of blood stains at the crime sceneGerda Edelman
Department of Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, P O Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Forensic Sci Int 223:72-7. 2012The age estimation of blood stains can provide important information on the temporal aspects of a crime. As previously shown, visible spectroscopy of blood stains can successfully be used for their age estimation...
- Quantification of RNA degradation by semi-quantitative duplex and competitive RT-PCR: a possible indicator of the age of bloodstains?Martin Bauer
Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Wuerzburg, Versbacher Str 3, Wuerzburg 97078, Germany
Forensic Sci Int 138:94-103. 2003..This can be of value when evidence from old cases is re-investigated. Our data show, that, although RNA continues to be degraded in dried bloodstains, mRNA suitable for RT-PCR can be isolated from samples stored for at least 15 years...
- Successful mRNA profiling of 23 years old blood stainsFanni Kohlmeier
Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital, University of Cologne, Germany
Forensic Sci Int Genet 6:274-6. 2012In this study, 23 years old human blood stains on different and problematic carrier materials, such as jeans, leather, wood, wallpaper, carpet, wool, and nylon fabric, were investigated by mRNA analysis of the blood markers HBB and SPTB...
- The age estimation of blood stains up to 30 days old using visible wavelength hyperspectral image analysis and linear discriminant analysisBo Li
School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough TS1 3BA, UK
Sci Justice 53:270-7. 2013A novel application of visible wavelength hyperspectral image analysis has been applied to determine the age of blood stains up to 30 days old...
- Detection of epithelial cells in dried blood stains by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reactionM Bauer
Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Wuerzburg, Germany
J Forensic Sci 44:1232-6. 1999The identification of menstrual blood stains can be improved by detection of messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) specific for epithelial (endometrial) cells...
- Age determination of blood spots in forensic medicine by force spectroscopyStefan Strasser
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Munich, Germany
Forensic Sci Int 170:8-14. 2007..The preliminary data demonstrates the capacity of this method to use it for development of calibration curves, which can be used for estimation of bloodstain ages during forensic investigations...
- A blue spectral shift of the hemoglobin soret band correlates with the age (time since deposition) of dried bloodstainsErin K Hanson
National Center for Forensic Science, Orlando, Florida, USA
PLoS ONE 5:e12830. 2010..We demonstrate that it might be possible to perform TSD measurements at the crime scene using a portable low-sample-volume spectrophotometer...
- Age estimation of blood stains by hemoglobin derivative determination using reflectance spectroscopyRolf H Bremmer
Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Forensic Sci Int 206:166-71. 2011b>Blood stains can be crucial in reconstructing crime events. However, no reliable methods are currently available to establish the age of a blood stain on the crime scene...
- Estimation of the age of human bloodstains by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy: long-term controlled experiment on the effects of environmental factorsYoshihiko Fujita
Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3 18 15 Kuramoto, Tokushima 770 5803, Japan
Forensic Sci Int 152:39-43. 2005..Therefore, one should take such factors into account in estimating the period since bleeding by this method...
- New markers for old stains: stable mRNA markers for blood and saliva identification from up to 16-year-old stainsDmitry Zubakov
Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Dr Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Int J Legal Med 123:71-4. 2009..Moreover, our findings imply that forensic RNA testing can be reliable and robust if degraded samples are considered in the marker ascertainment procedure, with promising expectations beyond tissue identification purposes...
- Polymerase chain reaction amplification of DNA from aged blood stains: quantitative evaluation of the "suitability for purpose" of four filter papers as archival mediaMargaret C Kline
Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899, USA
Anal Chem 74:1863-9. 2002..Standards and Technology recently evaluated the performance of a short tandem repeat multiplex with dried whole blood stains on four different commercially available identification card matrixes...
- Attempted cleaning of bloodstains and its effect on the forensic luminol testJonathan I Creamer
Chemistry, M313, School of Biomedical and Chemical Sciences, Centre for Forensic Science, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
Luminescence 20:411-3. 2005..Examination of bleach drying time suggested that any interfering effect becomes negligible after 8 h...
- Estimating age of humans based on telomere shorteningAkiko Tsuji
Department of Forensic Pathology and Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
Forensic Sci Int 126:197-9. 2002..fragment (TRF) length, as telomere length, using Southern blot analysis of peripheral human blood and blood stains. All blood stains had been stored at room temperature for 5 months...
- The identification of newborns using messenger RNA profiling analysisMichelle Alvarez
Graduate Program in Biomolecular Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, 32816, USA
Anal Biochem 357:21-34. 2006..The results indicate that the assays provide the ability to determine whether a bloodstain originated from a newborn...
- Exploring the limits for the survival of DNA in blood stainsJørgen Dissing
Research Laboratory, Institute of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederik V Vej 11, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
J Forensic Leg Med 17:392-6. 2010..We have explored the environmental limits for this property. Air-dried blood stains were incubated at different conditions of relative humidity (RH) and temperature...
- Inhibition of bleach-induced luminol chemiluminescenceErina J M Kent
The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
J Forensic Sci 48:64-7. 2003..If time allows, an alternative method for reducing interference from hypochlorite bleach is to wait several days until the bloodstains have dried thoroughly, by which time the hypochlorite will have decomposed...
- A method for determining the age of a bloodstainStacey Anderson
Department of Biology, West Virginia University, P O Box 6057, Morgantown, WV 26506 6057, USA
Forensic Sci Int 148:37-45. 2005....
- The feasibility of external blind DNA proficiency testing. II. Experience with actual blind testsJoseph L Peterson
Department of Criminal Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607 7140, USA
J Forensic Sci 48:32-40. 2003..Two cross-state case-to-case CODIS "hits" were "planted" among the first series of ten blind tests. One pair was detected. One member of the second pair went to a lab that was not CODIS-ready...
- The evidential value in the DNA database search controversy and the two-stain problemRonald Meester
Divisie Wiskunde, Faculteit der Exacte Wetenschappen, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1081a, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Biometrics 59:727-32. 2003..This approach helps resolving the above-mentioned conflict...
- A novel multiplex PCR system consisting of Y-STRs DYS441, DYS442, DYS443, DYS444, and DYS445Reiko Iida
Department of Forensic Medicine, Fukui Medical University, Fukui 910 1193, Japan
J Forensic Sci 48:1088-90. 2003..Fifty pg DNA per 10 microL reaction volume was required for the correct typing of five STRs. Using this system, the five Y-STRs were correctly typed from blood and semen stains that had been stored for several years at room temperature...
- [Study of species specificity of the amelogenin system for genetic sex determination]E Iu Zemskova
Sud Med Ekspert 46:19-22. 2003..It can be attributed to an incorrectly selected standard of the molecular weight or to its remote location on the gel as well as to the use of an inaccurately calculated algorithm designed for determining the sizes of analyzed fragments...
- The use of Polilight in the detection of seminal fluid, saliva, and bloodstains and comparison with conventional chemical-based screening testsNicholas Vandenberg
Victoria Police Forensic Services Center, Macleod, VIC 3085, Australia
J Forensic Sci 51:361-70. 2006..The ability of Polilight to locate potential semen, saliva, and blood stains on a range of substrates and at different dilutions was tested...
- DNA typing from cigarette buttsYoshihisa Watanabe
Criminal Investigation Laboratory, Gifu Prefectural Police Headquarters, 2 1 1 Yabuta minami, Gifu 500 8501, Japan
Leg Med (Tokyo) 5:S177-9. 2003..The present data indicate that the degradation of high-molecular weight DNA and the inhibition of PCR by dyes of the cigarette end should be kept in mind when performing DNA typing using cigarette ends...
- Physical match: insole and shoeYaron Shor
Toolmarks and Materials Laboratory, DIFS, Israel Police H Q Jerusalem
J Forensic Sci 48:808-10. 2003..In this case, the critical questions were how conclusive can the complexity of the random contours be, and whether the physical match between the two objects could pass the "Daubert challenge."..
- [Modification of absorption-elution reaction in the investigation of the contaminated biological objects]Z I Ausheva
Sud Med Ekspert 46:44. 2003
- Forensic utility of mitochondrial DNA analysis based on denaturing high-performance liquid chromatographyGreggory S Laberge
Denver Police Department, Crime Laboratory Bureau, Denver, Colorado 80204, USA
Croat Med J 44:281-8. 2003..To determine the forensic utility for pairwise DNA comparisons and DNA mixture resolution with denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)...
- Application of the BioMek 2000 Laboratory Automation Workstation and the DNA IQ System to the extraction of forensic casework samplesSusan A Greenspoon
Virginia Division of Forensic Science, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
J Forensic Sci 49:29-39. 2004..Sexual assault (mixed stain) samples, cigarette butts, blood stains, buccal swabs, and various tissue samples were successfully extracted with the BioMek 2000 Laboratory ..
- [Estimating the efficiency of DNA isolation methods in semen, blood and saliva stains using the QuantiBlot system]Adam Prośniak
Z katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej w Lodzi
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 56:19-23. 2006..The Sherlock kit was proven to be effective in blood samples stored for one year. DNA concentration values obtained in semen and saliva samples were very low and characterized by a low repeatability...
- A new HLA-DRB1 genotyping method using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis with multiplex primer extension reactions and its application to mixed samplesKiyomi Imabayashi
Department of Legal Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Okayama, Japan
Acta Med Okayama 59:179-94. 2005..In a criminal case, DRB1 alleles detected from mixed bloodstains on a sword found at the scene enabled us to explain the case. This method is expected to be useful for forensic medicine...
- Bloodstain pattern analysis in a case of fatal varicose vein ruptureAnny Sauvageau
Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:35-7. 2007..Until now, the bloodstain patterns in these fatal cases have not been described. An examination of the bloodstain pattern in a case of fatal varicose vein rupture in an 84-year-old man is here reported...
- [Research on DNA polymorphism in mixed biological traces]Kornelia Droździok
Slaskiej Akademii Medycznej w Katowicach
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 55:138-42. 2005..In the paper the results obtained while identifying biological traces from sexual offences in which mixed DNA occurred have been also presented...
- Characterization of UVC-induced DNA damage in bloodstains: forensic implicationsAshley Hall
Graduate Program in Biomolecular Science, University of Central Florida, PO Box 162366, Orlando, FL 32816 2366, USA
Anal Bioanal Chem 380:72-83. 2004..We demonstrate here that a significant measure of protection against UVC-mediated genetic profile loss in dried biological stain material is afforded by the dehydrated state of the DNA and, to a lesser extent, the DNA cellular milieu...
- DNA forensics and the poaching of wildlife in Italy: a case studyRita Lorenzini
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell Abruzzo e del Molise G Caporale, Campo Boario, I 64100 Teramo, Italy
Forensic Sci Int 153:218-21. 2005..Based upon the forensic evidence obtained, the suspect was convicted of poaching and of cruelty to animals...
- [ABO genotyping by duplex amplification and oligonucleotide arrays assay]Li Li
Institute of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Justice, PRChina, Shanghai 200063, China
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 20:193-6. 2004..ABO genotyping for forensic identification by oligonucleotide chip...
- Usefulness of a latex agglutination assay for FDP D-dimer to demonstrate the presence of postmortem bloodKoichi Sakurada
National Research Institute of Police Science, 6 3 1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa City, Chiba 277 0880, Japan
Int J Legal Med 119:167-71. 2005..The present study indicates that the latex agglutination assay for D-dimer can be useful to demonstrate the presence of postmortem blood...
- ABO genotyping by PCR-RFLP and cloning and sequencingWolfgang Haak
Institute of Anthropology, Molecular Archaeology Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
Anthropol Anz 62:397-410. 2004..However, working with ancient DNA requires additional cloning and sequencing of the RFLP-typing results due to DNA post mortem damages such as deaminations, which could lead to false typing results...
- [Specific research of antigens of the ABO system in samples of decayed blood]N A Zlobina
Sud Med Ekspert 47:35. 2004Liquid blood and blood stains were examined after storage under different conditions and temperature regimes ranging from 18 to 26 degrees C. Blood stains were washed by distilled water or heated to 120 degrees C for as long as 4 hours...
- Performance characteristics of commercial Y-STR multiplex systemsKathleen A Mayntz-Press
Forensic Biochemistry Track, Graduate Program in Chemistry, University of Central Florida, PO Box 162366, Orlando, FL 32816 2366, USA
J Forensic Sci 52:1025-34. 2007..Complete Y-STR profiles of the male donors up to 72 h postcoitus were obtained with all of the multiplex systems tested, except for Y-Plex12, which gave partial profiles...
- [Effect of bovine serum albumin and restriction enzyme on quality of DNA profile of tissues extracted from paraffin blocks and histological slides]Dorota Piasecka-Pazik
Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej AM w Gdańsku
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 54:7-15. 2004..Obtained results of purification DNA with the use of restriction enzyme were verified in paternity testing case...
- Comparison of presumptive blood test kits including hexagon OBTIEmma Johnston
Department of Forensic Science and Drug Monitoring, King s College London, London SE1 9NJ, UK
J Forensic Sci 53:687-9. 2008..This study also investigated whether the OBTI buffer within the kit could be utilized for DNA profiling after presumptive testing. The results show that DNA profiles can be obtained from the Hexagon OBTI kit buffer directly...
- Blood stain pattern interpretation in cases of fatal haemorrhage from ruptured varicose veinsRoger W Byard
Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, SA, Australia
J Forensic Leg Med 14:155-8. 2007....
- Blood-spatter patterns: hands hold clues for the forensic reconstruction of the sequence of eventsKathrin Yen
Forensic Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 24:132-40. 2003..Therefore, in shooting incidents, analysis and documentation of blood-spatter findings on the hands is recommended before hands are tested for gunpowder residue or wrapped for the transport of the body...
- Bounding the number of contributors to mixed DNA stainsSteffen L Lauritzen
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7G, DK 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
Forensic Sci Int 130:125-6. 2002..We then show how this inequality can be used to obtain an upper bound for the number of unknown contributors needed to be considered...
- Results of the 1999-2000 collaborative exercise and proficiency testing program on mitochondrial DNA of the GEP-ISFG: an inter-laboratory study of the observed variability in the heteroplasmy level of hair from the same donorAntonio Alonso
Departamento de Madrid, Instituto de Toxicologia, Seccion de Biologia, Luis Cabrera 9, 28002 Madrid, Spain
Forensic Sci Int 125:1-7. 2002..Two laboratories also described more than one heteroplasmic position from a single hair. The relevance of these findings for the interpretation of mtDNA data in the forensic context is also discussed...
- [Antigenic differentiation of blood stains by the Lewis system in practical forensic medical expert evaluation]G S Iudina
Sud Med Ekspert 45:24-7. 2002..A new technology for preparing anti-Le(a) and anti-Le(b) immunoreagents is described...
- [Effect of PCR reaction volume on the accuracy of human identification tests]Huai gu Zhou
Shanghai Institute of Criminal Science and Technology, Shanghai 200083
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 18:155-9. 2002..To investigate the effect of different PCR amplification volume on the accuracy of human identification test...
- A simple automated instrument for DNA extraction in forensic caseworkShawn A Montpetit
Forensic Biology Section, San Diego Police Department, San Diego, CA 92101, USA
J Forensic Sci 50:555-63. 2005..The incorporation of the BioRobot EZ1 into forensic casework has streamlined the DNA analysis process by reducing the need for labor-intensive phenol-chloroform extractions...
- Background correction in forensic photography. I. Photography of blood under conditions of non-uniform illumination or variable substrate color--theoretical aspects and proof of conceptJohn H Wagner
Forensic Science Programme, Department of Chemistry, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
J Forensic Sci 48:593-603. 2003..The technique is illustrated using blood as the target analyte, using bands of light centered at 395, 415, and 435 nm. The extension of the method to detection of blood by fluorescence quenching is also described...
- The forensic use of luminol chemiluminescence to detect traces of blood inside motor vehiclesT I Quickenden
Department of Chemistry, M313 School of Biomedical and Chemical Sciences, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
Luminescence 19:271-7. 2004..This effect was attributed to the thermal conversion of haemoglobin to the more brighter catalyst for chemiluminescence, methaemoglobin. The enthalpy of this conversion in the solid state was found to be 14.1 kJ/mol...
- [New possibilities of detecting blood and seminal fluid in traces on material evidence using Fluorat-02-3M analyzer]V L Sidorov
Sud Med Ekspert 45:27-30. 2002..This allows detection of blood in both washed and clearly seen blood stains on pieces of material evidence...
- Immunohistochemical analysis of forensic evidence from a double homicideRodney T Miller
Immunohistochemistry Division, ProPath Laboratory, Inc, Dallas, Texas 75247, USA
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 23:321-5. 2002..This report demonstrates that shirt or similar cloth fragments can be processed into paraffin blocks and subsequently immunostained to search for and classify types of tissue fragments that may be present on the fabric...
- Sudden death from massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage associated with crack cocaine use: case report and review of the literatureDaniel C Lingamfelter
Department of Pathology, University of Missouri Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, USA
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 31:98-9. 2010..Further investigation revealed blood stains on upholstery, and a toilet filled with fresh blood...
- A novel fluorescence-based method in forensic science for the detection of blood in situRichard Thorogate
King s College London, Department of Forensic Science and Drug Monitoring, London, UK
Forensic Sci Int Genet 2:363-71. 2008..The technique was also tested on older blood stains and was still found to be sensitive and cell-specific after 4 months...
- [Mallory-Weiss syndrome as the cause of sudden, unexpected death]Elisabeth E Turk
Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität Hamburg
Arch Kriminol 209:36-44. 2002..If death is due to a bleeding Mallory-Weiss-tear, however, massive blood stains on the corpse and around it frequently give rise to the suspicion of an unnatural cause of death...
- Comparison of the welfare of layer hens in 4 housing systems in the UKC M Sherwin
University of Bristol, England, UK
Br Poult Sci 51:488-99. 2010..recorded by producers: proportion of egg shells with calcification spots, proportion of egg shells with blood stains, weight of hens found dead, temporal change in the proportion of egg shells with stains, and temporal change in ..
- Use of cytochrome b polymorphism for species identification of biological material derived from cattle, sheep, goats, roe deer and red deerMałgorzata Natonek-Wiśniewska
Department of Immuno and Cytogenetics of Animals, National Research Institute of Animal Production, Krakowska 1, 30 083 Balice, Poland
Folia Biol (Krakow) 58:47-50. 2010The objective of this study was species identification of the following biological trace material: skin, blood stains, meat samples and jawbone with a tooth, which were the subject of expert opinion ordered by a court...
- Forensic issues in cases of Diogenes syndromeRoger W Byard
Discipline of Pathology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:177-81. 2007..around the body from purging of putrefactive fluids, injuries from falls, or postmortem animal activity and "blood stains" throughout the house from antemortem injuries and/or fluid spread by animals...
- Ribonucleotide and ribonucleoside determination by ambient pressure ion mobility spectrometryAbu B Kanu
Department of Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4630, USA
Anal Chim Acta 658:91-7. 2010..holds great promise for nucleotide analysis in the area of separating DNA fragments in genome sequencing and also for forensics DNA typing examinations used for the identification of blood stains in crime scenes and paternity testing.
- The use of the cuffed oropharyngeal airway in paediatric patientsL Bussolin
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Meyer Children Hospital, Florence, Italy
Paediatr Anaesth 12:43-7. 2002..There are few reports on the use of the COPA in children. In this study, the authors assessed the COPA in paediatric patients undergoing minor surgery...
- MicroRNA markers for forensic body fluid identification obtained from microarray screening and quantitative RT-PCR confirmationDmitry Zubakov
Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Int J Legal Med 124:217-26. 2010..We therefore propose the application of several stable miRNA markers for the forensic identification of blood stains and several others for semen stain identification, using commercially available TaqMan assays...
- An autopsy report case of rape victim by the application of PSA test kit as a new innovation for sexual assault investigation in ThailandJate Talthip
Forensic Division, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 90:348-51. 2007..Thai female found dead on the floor at the base of a small monument on Rajadumnern Road, Bangkok, Thailand with blood stains around the body and a naked bottom...
- [Murder without a body or "just" an unusual case of child abuse?]Jennifer Görndt
Aus dem Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität Hamburg
Arch Kriminol 226:99-106. 2010..When the apartment was searched and evidence was collected, a bow saw with blood stains was found along with dental crowns in the bathtub drain...
- Report of the European DNA Profiling Group (EDNAP)--an investigation of the hypervariable STR loci ACTBP2, APOAI1 and D11S554 and the compound loci D12S391 and D1S1656P Gill
Catholic University, Rome, Italy
Forensic Sci Int 98:193-200. 1998..Laboratories were asked to test 7 blood stains, one of which was a known control, and to report the results to the co-ordinating laboratory...
- Developmental validation of the PrepFiler Forensic DNA Extraction Kit for extraction of genomic DNA from biological samplesMaxim G Brevnov
Applied Biosystems Inc, 850 Lincoln Centre Drive, Foster City, CA 94404, USA
J Forensic Sci 54:599-607. 2009..on cotton fabric, samples exposed to environment, samples with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) inhibitors, blood stains (on denim, cotton cloth, and FTA paper), and touch evidence-type samples...
- Multiple displacement amplification to create a long-lasting source of DNA for genetic studiesLovisa Lovmar
Molecular Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Hum Mutat 27:603-14. 2006..especially useful for analysis of DNA extracted from stored histology slides, tissue samples, buccal swabs, or blood stains collected on filter paper...
- Hematology, cytochemistry and ultrastructure of blood cells in fishing cat (Felis viverrina)Kreangsak Prihirunkit
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
J Vet Sci 8:163-8. 2007..in fishing cat (Felis viverrina) were evaluated using complete blood cell counts with routine and cytochemical blood stains, and scanning and transmission electron microscopy...
- Study of animal species (human, dog and cat) identification using a multiplex single-base primer extension reaction in the cytochrome b geneShin ichi Nakaki
Forensic Science Laboratory, Hiroshima Prefectural Police Headquarters, Kounan, Naka ku 2 26 3, Hiroshima, Japan
Forensic Sci Int 173:97-102. 2007..The present method was able to identify animal species from hair shaft (2 cm) and forensic casework samples (blood stains and hair shafts), and is thus a useful tool for animal species (human, dog and cat) identification in forensic ..
- A camera handler for Miccoli's minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy and paratiroidectomy proceduresF Rulli
Department of Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Policlinico Universitario di Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
Surg Endosc 21:1017-9. 2007..Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy and paratiroidectomy (MIVAT/P) are surgical procedures performed with 5-mm cameras handled by a camera assistant...
- Deducing drop size and impact velocity from circular bloodstainsLee Hulse-Smith
Princess Margaret Hospital, 610 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2M9
J Forensic Sci 50:54-63. 2005..Equations are presented that explicitly relate drop diameter and impact velocity to measurements of stain diameter and number of spines...
- Analysis of DNA in minute volumes of blood from stains and crustsJ A Soares-Vieira
Departamento de Medicina Legal, Facultade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Instituto Oscar Freire, Brasil
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 22:308-12. 2001..It was also concluded that five leukocytes are not enough material to render consistent DNA identification...
- The effect of firearm muzzle gases on the backspatter of bloodMichael C Taylor
Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited, Christchurch, New Zealand
Int J Legal Med 125:617-28. 2011..Implications for experts testifying in court and for bloodstain pattern instructors are discussed...
- Raman spectroscopy coupled with advanced statistics for differentiating menstrual and peripheral bloodAliaksandra Sikirzhytskaya
Department of Chemistry, University at Albany, SUNY, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, USA
J Biophotonics 7:59-67. 2014Body fluids are a common and important type of forensic evidence. In particular, the identification of menstrual blood stains is often a key step during the investigation of rape cases...
- Using digital anaglyphy to improve the relief effect of SEM micrographs of bloodstainsPolicarp Hortolà
Rovira i Virgili University, Placa Imperial Tarraco 1, E 43005 Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain
Micron 40:409-12. 2009....
- Developmental validation of reduced-size STR Miniplex primer setsKerry L Opel
International Forensic Research Institute, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, FL 33199, USA
J Forensic Sci 52:1263-71. 2007..Our results demonstrate that Miniplex STR amplification procedures are a robust and sensitive tool for the analysis of degraded DNA...
- The morphology of fecal and regurgitation artifacts deposited by the blow fly Lucilia cuprina fed a diet of human bloodAnnalisa Durdle
Department of Genetics, School of Molecular Sciences, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, 3086, Australia
J Forensic Sci 58:897-903. 2013..Flowcharts have been devised to facilitate the analysis. ..
- Bloodstain pattern analysis in a case of suicide with a compound bow and arrowChristopher I Wilson
Office of the Medical Examiner, Palm Beach County, Palm Beach, Florida, USA
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 25:80-2. 2004..When investigating deaths due to bows and arrows, thorough scene investigation along with bloodstain pattern analysis is essential in determining the mechanism of injury and manner of death...
- Detection of HIV-1 in alternative specimen types using the APTIMA HIV-1 RNA Qualitative AssayC Thomas Nugent
Gen Probe Incorporated, San Diego, CA, USA
J Virol Methods 159:10-4. 2009..Together, these studies demonstrate that the APTIMA HIV-1 RNA Qualitative Assay can be used to process a diverse array of specimen types with minimal impact on analytical sensitivity for most specimen types...
- Mitochondrial diversity in Amerindian Kichwa and Mestizo populations from EcuadorMiriam Baeta
Laboratory of Forensic Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
Int J Legal Med 126:299-302. 2012....
- Black and green tea--how to make a perfect crimeMartina Bancirova
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry, Palacky University, Hnevotinska 3, 775 15 Olomouc, Czech Republic
J Forensic Leg Med 20:635-9. 2013..The significant decrease of the luminol chemiluminescent emission caused by the presence of the black and green teas (and comparable for both of them) was observed in comparison with the presence of white wine. ..
- Blood drop size in passive dripping from weaponsN Kabaliuk
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8041, New Zealand
Forensic Sci Int 228:75-82. 2013..Dripping of blood produced slightly smaller drops, with more accompanying droplets, than dripping water...
- Human bloodstains on biological materials: high-vacuum scanning electron microscope examination using specimens without previous preparationPolicarp Hortolà
Area de Prehistoria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Avinguda de Catalunya 35, ES 43002 Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain
Microsc Microanal 19:415-9. 2013..A cautionary issue regarding bloodstains on nondehydrated biological substrates is that the waiting time required for initiating the HV-SEM examination is by far higher than when using inorganic bloodstain substrates...
- Affect of impact angle variations on area of origin determination in bloodstain pattern analysisCandace Connolly
Ontario Provincial Police, Forensic Identification Service Unit, 441 Lansdowne Street East, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada K9L 0A4
Forensic Sci Int 223:233-40. 2012..The study confirms that with proper stain selection, straight-line trajectories to estimate area of origin are valid and reliable...
- Interpreting the formation of bloodstains on selected apparel fabricsTherese de Castro
Department of Engineering and Applied Science, Cranfield Defence and Security, Cranfield University, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Shrivenham, Wiltshire, SN6 8LA, UK
Int J Legal Med 127:251-8. 2013..Some differences between the two fabrics were noted, therefore fabric structure and properties must be considered when conducting BPA on apparel fabrics...
- Homicidal smothering: vital histological confirmation of orofacial injury despite a prolonged post-mortem intervalStephen Michael Wills
Forensic Pathology Unit, Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust, Duncan Building, Daulby Street, Liverpool L69 3GA, UK
Forensic Sci Med Pathol 5:28-31. 2009..Histological sampling of suspected injuries can be rewarding, even in the presence of severe post-mortem deterioration...
- Forensic typing of autosomal SNPs with a 29 SNP-multiplex--results of a collaborative EDNAP exerciseJ J Sanchez
Section of Forensic Genetics, Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 11 Frederik V s Vej, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
Forensic Sci Int Genet 2:176-83. 2008..The results of the collaborative exercise were surprisingly good and demonstrate that SNP typing with SBE, capillary electrophoresis and multicolour detection methods can be developed for forensic genetics...
- [Application of direct amplification with PowerPlex 16 HS system for detection of DNA in conventional evidence materials]Mi Zhou
Criminal Police Branch, Wuhu Public Security Bureau, Wuhu 241000, China
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 26:285-6. 2010..To study the effectiveness of direct amplification with PowerPlex 16 HS system for DNA detection in three conventional materials: fresh blood, oral swab, and cigarette butt...
- A novel nonionic surfactant- and solvent-stable alkaline serine protease from Serratia sp. SYBC H with duckweed as nitrogen source: production, purification, characteristics and applicationG Y Li
The Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Department of Education, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Lihu Road 1800, 214122, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China
J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 38:845-53. 2011..The protease is strongly inhibited by PMSF, suggesting that it is a serine protease. Washing experiments revealed that the protease has an excellent ability to remove blood stains.
- Difficulties encountered in bite mark analysisH Afsın
Council of Forensic Medicine, Yenibosna, Istanbul Turkey
J Forensic Odontostomatol 31:133. 2013..As an effective evidence, bite marks are important as much as blood stains, fingerprints and semen samples in the cases of unidentified sexual assaults and unidentified murders...
- Methods for the enhancement of fingermarks in bloodLydia C A M Bossers
Centre for Forensic Science, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney 2007, Australia
Forensic Sci Int 210:1-11. 2011....
- Biphasic oxidation of oxy-hemoglobin in bloodstainsRolf H Bremmer
Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
PLoS ONE 6:e21845. 2011..In this study, we further analyze the conversion of HbO(2) to met-Hb and HC, and determine the effect of temperature and humidity on the conversion rates...
- Precise pathologic examination decreases the false-negative rate of sentinel lymph node biopsy in gastric cancerHye Seung Lee
Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
Ann Surg Oncol 19:772-8. 2012..Although accurate evaluation of SLNs is essential for applying the SLN concept to gastric cancer surgery, there is no standardized pathologic examination protocol for SLNs in gastric cancer...
- Laryngeal mask airway vs. uncuffed endotracheal tube for nasal and paranasal sinus surgery: paediatric airway protectionKhalid A Al-Mazrou
Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Eur J Anaesthesiol 27:16-9. 2010..This study was conducted to determine whether a LMA could provide adequate airway protection from the expected intraoperative bleeding...
- A study of the sensitivity and specificity of four presumptive tests for bloodM Cox
Criminal Justice and Forensic Science Department, University of Southern Mississippi, Long Beach
J Forensic Sci 36:1503-11. 1991..The author concludes that the phenolphthalein test is the best single test for evaluating suspected bloodstains...
- [Determination of polymorphic DNA sequences STR-PCR in decomposed human tissues]Dorota Piasecka-Pazik
Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej AM w Gdańsku
Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 53:209-14. 2003..Worse results similar to the manual method were obtained for DNA extracted from the liver. The soft tissues, also decomposed by putrefaction can be a useful source of genomic DNA in personal identification and paternity testing...
- Two unusual stab injuries to the neck: homicide or self-infliction?T Fracasso
Department of Legal Medicine, University of Genova, Via A De Toni 12, 16132 Genova, Italy
Int J Legal Med 120:369-71. 2006..The mechanism of producing the accidental injury is very extraordinary, in that the woman actively moved into a shattered wine glass instead of falling into an intact architectural glass surface...
- Comparison of five commercial kits for DNA extraction from human blood, saliva and muscle samplesWitold Pepinski
Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Academy of Bialystok, Biłaystok
Rocz Akad Med Bialymst 47:270-5. 2002..The purpose of the study was to compare yield and quality of DNA samples obtained with the use of five commercial DNA extraction kits...
- A family exhibiting heteroplasmy in the human mitochondrial DNA control region reveals both somatic mosaicism and pronounced segregation of mitotypesM R Wilson
DNA Analysis Unit II, FBI Headquarters, Washington, D C 20535, USA
Hum Genet 100:167-71. 1997..This family consists of a mother, daughter, and son. DNA samples extracted from blood stains, buccal swabs, and hairs from these individuals were amplified by PCR and sequenced utilizing fluoresence-..
- Methods for Promoting Public Dialogue on the Use of Residual Newborn Screening SaJEFFREY ROBERT BOTKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..The project also will compare 3 methods of obtaining public input on this important set of issues. The project is directly relevant to policies in public health departments that affect virtually every newborn in the country. ..