blood stains

Summary

Summary: Antigenic characteristics and DNA fingerprint patterns identified from blood stains. Their primary value is in criminal cases.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Comparison of modern techniques for saliva screening
    Jarrah R Myers
    Kansas City Police Crime Laboratory, 6633 Troost Avenue, Kansas City, MO 64131, USA
    J Forensic Sci 53:862-7. 2008
  2. ncbi [Interpretation of DNA profiles for mixed stains]
    De jian Lu
    Department of Forensic Serology, Sun Yat Sen University of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, 510089
    Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 18:185-8. 2002
  3. ncbi Spectral enhancement of leucocrystal violet treated footwear impression evidence in blood
    Lindsay Spence
    Forensic Services Group, New South Wales Police Service, 9 11 Mann Street, Gosford, NSW 2250, Australia
    Forensic Sci Int 132:117-24. 2003
  4. ncbi Messenger RNA profiling: a prototype method to supplant conventional methods for body fluid identification
    Jane Juusola
    Graduate Program in Biomolecular Science, University of Central Florida, PO Box 162366, Orlando, FL 32816 2366, USA
    Forensic Sci Int 135:85-96. 2003
  5. ncbi Hyperspectral imaging for the age estimation of blood stains at the crime scene
    Gerda Edelman
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, P O Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Forensic Sci Int 223:72-7. 2012
  6. ncbi Quantification of RNA degradation by semi-quantitative duplex and competitive RT-PCR: a possible indicator of the age of bloodstains?
    Martin Bauer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Wuerzburg, Versbacher Str 3, Wuerzburg 97078, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 138:94-103. 2003
  7. ncbi Successful mRNA profiling of 23 years old blood stains
    Fanni Kohlmeier
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital, University of Cologne, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 6:274-6. 2012
  8. ncbi The age estimation of blood stains up to 30 days old using visible wavelength hyperspectral image analysis and linear discriminant analysis
    Bo Li
    School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough TS1 3BA, UK
    Sci Justice 53:270-7. 2013
  9. ncbi Detection of epithelial cells in dried blood stains by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction
    M Bauer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Wuerzburg, Germany
    J Forensic Sci 44:1232-6. 1999
  10. ncbi Age determination of blood spots in forensic medicine by force spectroscopy
    Stefan Strasser
    Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Munich, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 170:8-14. 2007

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications190 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Comparison of modern techniques for saliva screening
    Jarrah R Myers
    Kansas City Police Crime Laboratory, 6633 Troost Avenue, Kansas City, MO 64131, USA
    J Forensic Sci 53:862-7. 2008
    ....
  2. ncbi [Interpretation of DNA profiles for mixed stains]
    De jian Lu
    Department of Forensic Serology, Sun Yat Sen University of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, 510089
    Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 18:185-8. 2002
    ..The statistics methods for mixed stain has also been reviewed...
  3. ncbi Spectral enhancement of leucocrystal violet treated footwear impression evidence in blood
    Lindsay Spence
    Forensic Services Group, New South Wales Police Service, 9 11 Mann Street, Gosford, NSW 2250, Australia
    Forensic Sci Int 132:117-24. 2003
    ....
  4. ncbi Messenger RNA profiling: a prototype method to supplant conventional methods for body fluid identification
    Jane Juusola
    Graduate Program in Biomolecular Science, University of Central Florida, PO Box 162366, Orlando, FL 32816 2366, USA
    Forensic Sci Int 135:85-96. 2003
    ..Collectively these findings constitute the basis of a prototype RNA based assay system that may eventually supplant conventional methods for body fluid identification...
  5. ncbi Hyperspectral imaging for the age estimation of blood stains at the crime scene
    Gerda Edelman
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, P O Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Forensic Sci Int 223:72-7. 2012
    The age estimation of blood stains can provide important information on the temporal aspects of a crime. As previously shown, visible spectroscopy of blood stains can successfully be used for their age estimation...
  6. ncbi Quantification of RNA degradation by semi-quantitative duplex and competitive RT-PCR: a possible indicator of the age of bloodstains?
    Martin Bauer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Wuerzburg, Versbacher Str 3, Wuerzburg 97078, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 138:94-103. 2003
    ..This can be of value when evidence from old cases is re-investigated. Our data show, that, although RNA continues to be degraded in dried bloodstains, mRNA suitable for RT-PCR can be isolated from samples stored for at least 15 years...
  7. ncbi Successful mRNA profiling of 23 years old blood stains
    Fanni Kohlmeier
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital, University of Cologne, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 6:274-6. 2012
    In this study, 23 years old human blood stains on different and problematic carrier materials, such as jeans, leather, wood, wallpaper, carpet, wool, and nylon fabric, were investigated by mRNA analysis of the blood markers HBB and SPTB...
  8. ncbi The age estimation of blood stains up to 30 days old using visible wavelength hyperspectral image analysis and linear discriminant analysis
    Bo Li
    School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough TS1 3BA, UK
    Sci Justice 53:270-7. 2013
    A novel application of visible wavelength hyperspectral image analysis has been applied to determine the age of blood stains up to 30 days old...
  9. ncbi Detection of epithelial cells in dried blood stains by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction
    M Bauer
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Wuerzburg, Germany
    J Forensic Sci 44:1232-6. 1999
    The identification of menstrual blood stains can be improved by detection of messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) specific for epithelial (endometrial) cells...
  10. ncbi Age determination of blood spots in forensic medicine by force spectroscopy
    Stefan Strasser
    Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Munich, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 170:8-14. 2007
    ..The preliminary data demonstrates the capacity of this method to use it for development of calibration curves, which can be used for estimation of bloodstain ages during forensic investigations...
  11. pmc A blue spectral shift of the hemoglobin soret band correlates with the age (time since deposition) of dried bloodstains
    Erin K Hanson
    National Center for Forensic Science, Orlando, Florida, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e12830. 2010
    ..We demonstrate that it might be possible to perform TSD measurements at the crime scene using a portable low-sample-volume spectrophotometer...
  12. ncbi Age estimation of blood stains by hemoglobin derivative determination using reflectance spectroscopy
    Rolf H Bremmer
    Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Forensic Sci Int 206:166-71. 2011
    b>Blood stains can be crucial in reconstructing crime events. However, no reliable methods are currently available to establish the age of a blood stain on the crime scene...
  13. ncbi Estimation of the age of human bloodstains by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy: long-term controlled experiment on the effects of environmental factors
    Yoshihiko Fujita
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3 18 15 Kuramoto, Tokushima 770 5803, Japan
    Forensic Sci Int 152:39-43. 2005
    ..Therefore, one should take such factors into account in estimating the period since bleeding by this method...
  14. ncbi New markers for old stains: stable mRNA markers for blood and saliva identification from up to 16-year-old stains
    Dmitry Zubakov
    Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Dr Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Legal Med 123:71-4. 2009
    ..Moreover, our findings imply that forensic RNA testing can be reliable and robust if degraded samples are considered in the marker ascertainment procedure, with promising expectations beyond tissue identification purposes...
  15. ncbi Polymerase chain reaction amplification of DNA from aged blood stains: quantitative evaluation of the "suitability for purpose" of four filter papers as archival media
    Margaret C Kline
    Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899, USA
    Anal Chem 74:1863-9. 2002
    ..Standards and Technology recently evaluated the performance of a short tandem repeat multiplex with dried whole blood stains on four different commercially available identification card matrixes...
  16. ncbi Attempted cleaning of bloodstains and its effect on the forensic luminol test
    Jonathan I Creamer
    Chemistry, M313, School of Biomedical and Chemical Sciences, Centre for Forensic Science, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Luminescence 20:411-3. 2005
    ..Examination of bleach drying time suggested that any interfering effect becomes negligible after 8 h...
  17. ncbi Estimating age of humans based on telomere shortening
    Akiko Tsuji
    Department of Forensic Pathology and Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
    Forensic Sci Int 126:197-9. 2002
    ..fragment (TRF) length, as telomere length, using Southern blot analysis of peripheral human blood and blood stains. All blood stains had been stored at room temperature for 5 months...
  18. ncbi The identification of newborns using messenger RNA profiling analysis
    Michelle Alvarez
    Graduate Program in Biomolecular Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, 32816, USA
    Anal Biochem 357:21-34. 2006
    ..The results indicate that the assays provide the ability to determine whether a bloodstain originated from a newborn...
  19. ncbi Exploring the limits for the survival of DNA in blood stains
    Jørgen Dissing
    Research Laboratory, Institute of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederik V Vej 11, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Forensic Leg Med 17:392-6. 2010
    ..We have explored the environmental limits for this property. Air-dried blood stains were incubated at different conditions of relative humidity (RH) and temperature...
  20. ncbi Inhibition of bleach-induced luminol chemiluminescence
    Erina J M Kent
    The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Forensic Sci 48:64-7. 2003
    ..If time allows, an alternative method for reducing interference from hypochlorite bleach is to wait several days until the bloodstains have dried thoroughly, by which time the hypochlorite will have decomposed...
  21. ncbi A method for determining the age of a bloodstain
    Stacey Anderson
    Department of Biology, West Virginia University, P O Box 6057, Morgantown, WV 26506 6057, USA
    Forensic Sci Int 148:37-45. 2005
    ....
  22. ncbi The feasibility of external blind DNA proficiency testing. II. Experience with actual blind tests
    Joseph L Peterson
    Department of Criminal Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607 7140, USA
    J Forensic Sci 48:32-40. 2003
    ..Two cross-state case-to-case CODIS "hits" were "planted" among the first series of ten blind tests. One pair was detected. One member of the second pair went to a lab that was not CODIS-ready...
  23. ncbi The evidential value in the DNA database search controversy and the two-stain problem
    Ronald Meester
    Divisie Wiskunde, Faculteit der Exacte Wetenschappen, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1081a, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Biometrics 59:727-32. 2003
    ..This approach helps resolving the above-mentioned conflict...
  24. ncbi A novel multiplex PCR system consisting of Y-STRs DYS441, DYS442, DYS443, DYS444, and DYS445
    Reiko Iida
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Fukui Medical University, Fukui 910 1193, Japan
    J Forensic Sci 48:1088-90. 2003
    ..Fifty pg DNA per 10 microL reaction volume was required for the correct typing of five STRs. Using this system, the five Y-STRs were correctly typed from blood and semen stains that had been stored for several years at room temperature...
  25. ncbi [Study of species specificity of the amelogenin system for genetic sex determination]
    E Iu Zemskova
    Sud Med Ekspert 46:19-22. 2003
    ..It can be attributed to an incorrectly selected standard of the molecular weight or to its remote location on the gel as well as to the use of an inaccurately calculated algorithm designed for determining the sizes of analyzed fragments...
  26. ncbi The use of Polilight in the detection of seminal fluid, saliva, and bloodstains and comparison with conventional chemical-based screening tests
    Nicholas Vandenberg
    Victoria Police Forensic Services Center, Macleod, VIC 3085, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 51:361-70. 2006
    ..The ability of Polilight to locate potential semen, saliva, and blood stains on a range of substrates and at different dilutions was tested...
  27. ncbi DNA typing from cigarette butts
    Yoshihisa Watanabe
    Criminal Investigation Laboratory, Gifu Prefectural Police Headquarters, 2 1 1 Yabuta minami, Gifu 500 8501, Japan
    Leg Med (Tokyo) 5:S177-9. 2003
    ..The present data indicate that the degradation of high-molecular weight DNA and the inhibition of PCR by dyes of the cigarette end should be kept in mind when performing DNA typing using cigarette ends...
  28. ncbi Physical match: insole and shoe
    Yaron Shor
    Toolmarks and Materials Laboratory, DIFS, Israel Police H Q Jerusalem
    J Forensic Sci 48:808-10. 2003
    ..In this case, the critical questions were how conclusive can the complexity of the random contours be, and whether the physical match between the two objects could pass the "Daubert challenge."..
  29. ncbi [Modification of absorption-elution reaction in the investigation of the contaminated biological objects]
    Z I Ausheva
    Sud Med Ekspert 46:44. 2003
  30. ncbi Forensic utility of mitochondrial DNA analysis based on denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography
    Greggory S Laberge
    Denver Police Department, Crime Laboratory Bureau, Denver, Colorado 80204, USA
    Croat Med J 44:281-8. 2003
    ..To determine the forensic utility for pairwise DNA comparisons and DNA mixture resolution with denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)...
  31. ncbi Application of the BioMek 2000 Laboratory Automation Workstation and the DNA IQ System to the extraction of forensic casework samples
    Susan A Greenspoon
    Virginia Division of Forensic Science, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
    J Forensic Sci 49:29-39. 2004
    ..Sexual assault (mixed stain) samples, cigarette butts, blood stains, buccal swabs, and various tissue samples were successfully extracted with the BioMek 2000 Laboratory ..
  32. ncbi [Estimating the efficiency of DNA isolation methods in semen, blood and saliva stains using the QuantiBlot system]
    Adam Prośniak
    Z katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej w Lodzi
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 56:19-23. 2006
    ..The Sherlock kit was proven to be effective in blood samples stored for one year. DNA concentration values obtained in semen and saliva samples were very low and characterized by a low repeatability...
  33. ncbi A new HLA-DRB1 genotyping method using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis with multiplex primer extension reactions and its application to mixed samples
    Kiyomi Imabayashi
    Department of Legal Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine and Dentistry, Okayama, Japan
    Acta Med Okayama 59:179-94. 2005
    ..In a criminal case, DRB1 alleles detected from mixed bloodstains on a sword found at the scene enabled us to explain the case. This method is expected to be useful for forensic medicine...
  34. ncbi Bloodstain pattern analysis in a case of fatal varicose vein rupture
    Anny Sauvageau
    Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:35-7. 2007
    ..Until now, the bloodstain patterns in these fatal cases have not been described. An examination of the bloodstain pattern in a case of fatal varicose vein rupture in an 84-year-old man is here reported...
  35. ncbi [Research on DNA polymorphism in mixed biological traces]
    Kornelia Droździok
    Slaskiej Akademii Medycznej w Katowicach
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 55:138-42. 2005
    ..In the paper the results obtained while identifying biological traces from sexual offences in which mixed DNA occurred have been also presented...
  36. ncbi Characterization of UVC-induced DNA damage in bloodstains: forensic implications
    Ashley Hall
    Graduate Program in Biomolecular Science, University of Central Florida, PO Box 162366, Orlando, FL 32816 2366, USA
    Anal Bioanal Chem 380:72-83. 2004
    ..We demonstrate here that a significant measure of protection against UVC-mediated genetic profile loss in dried biological stain material is afforded by the dehydrated state of the DNA and, to a lesser extent, the DNA cellular milieu...
  37. ncbi DNA forensics and the poaching of wildlife in Italy: a case study
    Rita Lorenzini
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell Abruzzo e del Molise G Caporale, Campo Boario, I 64100 Teramo, Italy
    Forensic Sci Int 153:218-21. 2005
    ..Based upon the forensic evidence obtained, the suspect was convicted of poaching and of cruelty to animals...
  38. ncbi [ABO genotyping by duplex amplification and oligonucleotide arrays assay]
    Li Li
    Institute of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Justice, PRChina, Shanghai 200063, China
    Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 20:193-6. 2004
    ..ABO genotyping for forensic identification by oligonucleotide chip...
  39. ncbi Usefulness of a latex agglutination assay for FDP D-dimer to demonstrate the presence of postmortem blood
    Koichi Sakurada
    National Research Institute of Police Science, 6 3 1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa City, Chiba 277 0880, Japan
    Int J Legal Med 119:167-71. 2005
    ..The present study indicates that the latex agglutination assay for D-dimer can be useful to demonstrate the presence of postmortem blood...
  40. ncbi ABO genotyping by PCR-RFLP and cloning and sequencing
    Wolfgang Haak
    Institute of Anthropology, Molecular Archaeology Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
    Anthropol Anz 62:397-410. 2004
    ..However, working with ancient DNA requires additional cloning and sequencing of the RFLP-typing results due to DNA post mortem damages such as deaminations, which could lead to false typing results...
  41. ncbi [Specific research of antigens of the ABO system in samples of decayed blood]
    N A Zlobina
    Sud Med Ekspert 47:35. 2004
    Liquid blood and blood stains were examined after storage under different conditions and temperature regimes ranging from 18 to 26 degrees C. Blood stains were washed by distilled water or heated to 120 degrees C for as long as 4 hours...
  42. ncbi Performance characteristics of commercial Y-STR multiplex systems
    Kathleen A Mayntz-Press
    Forensic Biochemistry Track, Graduate Program in Chemistry, University of Central Florida, PO Box 162366, Orlando, FL 32816 2366, USA
    J Forensic Sci 52:1025-34. 2007
    ..Complete Y-STR profiles of the male donors up to 72 h postcoitus were obtained with all of the multiplex systems tested, except for Y-Plex12, which gave partial profiles...
  43. ncbi [Effect of bovine serum albumin and restriction enzyme on quality of DNA profile of tissues extracted from paraffin blocks and histological slides]
    Dorota Piasecka-Pazik
    Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej AM w Gdańsku
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 54:7-15. 2004
    ..Obtained results of purification DNA with the use of restriction enzyme were verified in paternity testing case...
  44. ncbi Comparison of presumptive blood test kits including hexagon OBTI
    Emma Johnston
    Department of Forensic Science and Drug Monitoring, King s College London, London SE1 9NJ, UK
    J Forensic Sci 53:687-9. 2008
    ..This study also investigated whether the OBTI buffer within the kit could be utilized for DNA profiling after presumptive testing. The results show that DNA profiles can be obtained from the Hexagon OBTI kit buffer directly...
  45. ncbi Blood stain pattern interpretation in cases of fatal haemorrhage from ruptured varicose veins
    Roger W Byard
    Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    J Forensic Leg Med 14:155-8. 2007
    ....
  46. ncbi Blood-spatter patterns: hands hold clues for the forensic reconstruction of the sequence of events
    Kathrin Yen
    Forensic Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 24:132-40. 2003
    ..Therefore, in shooting incidents, analysis and documentation of blood-spatter findings on the hands is recommended before hands are tested for gunpowder residue or wrapped for the transport of the body...
  47. ncbi Bounding the number of contributors to mixed DNA stains
    Steffen L Lauritzen
    Department of Mathematical Sciences, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7G, DK 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
    Forensic Sci Int 130:125-6. 2002
    ..We then show how this inequality can be used to obtain an upper bound for the number of unknown contributors needed to be considered...
  48. ncbi Results of the 1999-2000 collaborative exercise and proficiency testing program on mitochondrial DNA of the GEP-ISFG: an inter-laboratory study of the observed variability in the heteroplasmy level of hair from the same donor
    Antonio Alonso
    Departamento de Madrid, Instituto de Toxicologia, Seccion de Biologia, Luis Cabrera 9, 28002 Madrid, Spain
    Forensic Sci Int 125:1-7. 2002
    ..Two laboratories also described more than one heteroplasmic position from a single hair. The relevance of these findings for the interpretation of mtDNA data in the forensic context is also discussed...
  49. ncbi [Antigenic differentiation of blood stains by the Lewis system in practical forensic medical expert evaluation]
    G S Iudina
    Sud Med Ekspert 45:24-7. 2002
    ..A new technology for preparing anti-Le(a) and anti-Le(b) immunoreagents is described...
  50. ncbi [Effect of PCR reaction volume on the accuracy of human identification tests]
    Huai gu Zhou
    Shanghai Institute of Criminal Science and Technology, Shanghai 200083
    Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 18:155-9. 2002
    ..To investigate the effect of different PCR amplification volume on the accuracy of human identification test...
  51. ncbi A simple automated instrument for DNA extraction in forensic casework
    Shawn A Montpetit
    Forensic Biology Section, San Diego Police Department, San Diego, CA 92101, USA
    J Forensic Sci 50:555-63. 2005
    ..The incorporation of the BioRobot EZ1 into forensic casework has streamlined the DNA analysis process by reducing the need for labor-intensive phenol-chloroform extractions...
  52. ncbi Background correction in forensic photography. I. Photography of blood under conditions of non-uniform illumination or variable substrate color--theoretical aspects and proof of concept
    John H Wagner
    Forensic Science Programme, Department of Chemistry, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Forensic Sci 48:593-603. 2003
    ..The technique is illustrated using blood as the target analyte, using bands of light centered at 395, 415, and 435 nm. The extension of the method to detection of blood by fluorescence quenching is also described...
  53. ncbi The forensic use of luminol chemiluminescence to detect traces of blood inside motor vehicles
    T I Quickenden
    Department of Chemistry, M313 School of Biomedical and Chemical Sciences, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Luminescence 19:271-7. 2004
    ..This effect was attributed to the thermal conversion of haemoglobin to the more brighter catalyst for chemiluminescence, methaemoglobin. The enthalpy of this conversion in the solid state was found to be 14.1 kJ/mol...
  54. ncbi [New possibilities of detecting blood and seminal fluid in traces on material evidence using Fluorat-02-3M analyzer]
    V L Sidorov
    Sud Med Ekspert 45:27-30. 2002
    ..This allows detection of blood in both washed and clearly seen blood stains on pieces of material evidence...
  55. ncbi Immunohistochemical analysis of forensic evidence from a double homicide
    Rodney T Miller
    Immunohistochemistry Division, ProPath Laboratory, Inc, Dallas, Texas 75247, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 23:321-5. 2002
    ..This report demonstrates that shirt or similar cloth fragments can be processed into paraffin blocks and subsequently immunostained to search for and classify types of tissue fragments that may be present on the fabric...
  56. ncbi Sudden death from massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage associated with crack cocaine use: case report and review of the literature
    Daniel C Lingamfelter
    Department of Pathology, University of Missouri Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 31:98-9. 2010
    ..Further investigation revealed blood stains on upholstery, and a toilet filled with fresh blood...
  57. ncbi A novel fluorescence-based method in forensic science for the detection of blood in situ
    Richard Thorogate
    King s College London, Department of Forensic Science and Drug Monitoring, London, UK
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 2:363-71. 2008
    ..The technique was also tested on older blood stains and was still found to be sensitive and cell-specific after 4 months...
  58. ncbi [Mallory-Weiss syndrome as the cause of sudden, unexpected death]
    Elisabeth E Turk
    Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität Hamburg
    Arch Kriminol 209:36-44. 2002
    ..If death is due to a bleeding Mallory-Weiss-tear, however, massive blood stains on the corpse and around it frequently give rise to the suspicion of an unnatural cause of death...
  59. ncbi Comparison of the welfare of layer hens in 4 housing systems in the UK
    C M Sherwin
    University of Bristol, England, UK
    Br Poult Sci 51:488-99. 2010
    ..recorded by producers: proportion of egg shells with calcification spots, proportion of egg shells with blood stains, weight of hens found dead, temporal change in the proportion of egg shells with stains, and temporal change in ..
  60. ncbi Use of cytochrome b polymorphism for species identification of biological material derived from cattle, sheep, goats, roe deer and red deer
    Małgorzata Natonek-Wiśniewska
    Department of Immuno and Cytogenetics of Animals, National Research Institute of Animal Production, Krakowska 1, 30 083 Balice, Poland
    Folia Biol (Krakow) 58:47-50. 2010
    The objective of this study was species identification of the following biological trace material: skin, blood stains, meat samples and jawbone with a tooth, which were the subject of expert opinion ordered by a court...
  61. ncbi Forensic issues in cases of Diogenes syndrome
    Roger W Byard
    Discipline of Pathology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:177-81. 2007
    ..around the body from purging of putrefactive fluids, injuries from falls, or postmortem animal activity and "blood stains" throughout the house from antemortem injuries and/or fluid spread by animals...
  62. pmc Ribonucleotide and ribonucleoside determination by ambient pressure ion mobility spectrometry
    Abu B Kanu
    Department of Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4630, USA
    Anal Chim Acta 658:91-7. 2010
    ..holds great promise for nucleotide analysis in the area of separating DNA fragments in genome sequencing and also for forensics DNA typing examinations used for the identification of blood stains in crime scenes and paternity testing.
  63. ncbi The use of the cuffed oropharyngeal airway in paediatric patients
    L Bussolin
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Meyer Children Hospital, Florence, Italy
    Paediatr Anaesth 12:43-7. 2002
    ..There are few reports on the use of the COPA in children. In this study, the authors assessed the COPA in paediatric patients undergoing minor surgery...
  64. pmc MicroRNA markers for forensic body fluid identification obtained from microarray screening and quantitative RT-PCR confirmation
    Dmitry Zubakov
    Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Legal Med 124:217-26. 2010
    ..We therefore propose the application of several stable miRNA markers for the forensic identification of blood stains and several others for semen stain identification, using commercially available TaqMan assays...
  65. ncbi An autopsy report case of rape victim by the application of PSA test kit as a new innovation for sexual assault investigation in Thailand
    Jate Talthip
    Forensic Division, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 90:348-51. 2007
    ..Thai female found dead on the floor at the base of a small monument on Rajadumnern Road, Bangkok, Thailand with blood stains around the body and a naked bottom...
  66. ncbi [Murder without a body or "just" an unusual case of child abuse?]
    Jennifer Görndt
    Aus dem Institut für Rechtsmedizin der Universität Hamburg
    Arch Kriminol 226:99-106. 2010
    ..When the apartment was searched and evidence was collected, a bow saw with blood stains was found along with dental crowns in the bathtub drain...
  67. ncbi Report of the European DNA Profiling Group (EDNAP)--an investigation of the hypervariable STR loci ACTBP2, APOAI1 and D11S554 and the compound loci D12S391 and D1S1656
    P Gill
    Catholic University, Rome, Italy
    Forensic Sci Int 98:193-200. 1998
    ..Laboratories were asked to test 7 blood stains, one of which was a known control, and to report the results to the co-ordinating laboratory...
  68. ncbi Developmental validation of the PrepFiler Forensic DNA Extraction Kit for extraction of genomic DNA from biological samples
    Maxim G Brevnov
    Applied Biosystems Inc, 850 Lincoln Centre Drive, Foster City, CA 94404, USA
    J Forensic Sci 54:599-607. 2009
    ..on cotton fabric, samples exposed to environment, samples with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) inhibitors, blood stains (on denim, cotton cloth, and FTA paper), and touch evidence-type samples...
  69. ncbi Multiple displacement amplification to create a long-lasting source of DNA for genetic studies
    Lovisa Lovmar
    Molecular Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Hum Mutat 27:603-14. 2006
    ..especially useful for analysis of DNA extracted from stored histology slides, tissue samples, buccal swabs, or blood stains collected on filter paper...
  70. pmc Hematology, cytochemistry and ultrastructure of blood cells in fishing cat (Felis viverrina)
    Kreangsak Prihirunkit
    Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Vet Sci 8:163-8. 2007
    ..in fishing cat (Felis viverrina) were evaluated using complete blood cell counts with routine and cytochemical blood stains, and scanning and transmission electron microscopy...
  71. ncbi Study of animal species (human, dog and cat) identification using a multiplex single-base primer extension reaction in the cytochrome b gene
    Shin ichi Nakaki
    Forensic Science Laboratory, Hiroshima Prefectural Police Headquarters, Kounan, Naka ku 2 26 3, Hiroshima, Japan
    Forensic Sci Int 173:97-102. 2007
    ..The present method was able to identify animal species from hair shaft (2 cm) and forensic casework samples (blood stains and hair shafts), and is thus a useful tool for animal species (human, dog and cat) identification in forensic ..
  72. ncbi A camera handler for Miccoli's minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy and paratiroidectomy procedures
    F Rulli
    Department of Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Policlinico Universitario di Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    Surg Endosc 21:1017-9. 2007
    ..Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy and paratiroidectomy (MIVAT/P) are surgical procedures performed with 5-mm cameras handled by a camera assistant...
  73. ncbi Deducing drop size and impact velocity from circular bloodstains
    Lee Hulse-Smith
    Princess Margaret Hospital, 610 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2M9
    J Forensic Sci 50:54-63. 2005
    ..Equations are presented that explicitly relate drop diameter and impact velocity to measurements of stain diameter and number of spines...
  74. ncbi Analysis of DNA in minute volumes of blood from stains and crusts
    J A Soares-Vieira
    Departamento de Medicina Legal, Facultade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Instituto Oscar Freire, Brasil
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 22:308-12. 2001
    ..It was also concluded that five leukocytes are not enough material to render consistent DNA identification...
  75. ncbi The effect of firearm muzzle gases on the backspatter of blood
    Michael C Taylor
    Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Int J Legal Med 125:617-28. 2011
    ..Implications for experts testifying in court and for bloodstain pattern instructors are discussed...
  76. ncbi Raman spectroscopy coupled with advanced statistics for differentiating menstrual and peripheral blood
    Aliaksandra Sikirzhytskaya
    Department of Chemistry, University at Albany, SUNY, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, USA
    J Biophotonics 7:59-67. 2014
    Body fluids are a common and important type of forensic evidence. In particular, the identification of menstrual blood stains is often a key step during the investigation of rape cases...
  77. ncbi Using digital anaglyphy to improve the relief effect of SEM micrographs of bloodstains
    Policarp Hortolà
    Rovira i Virgili University, Placa Imperial Tarraco 1, E 43005 Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain
    Micron 40:409-12. 2009
    ....
  78. ncbi Developmental validation of reduced-size STR Miniplex primer sets
    Kerry L Opel
    International Forensic Research Institute, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    J Forensic Sci 52:1263-71. 2007
    ..Our results demonstrate that Miniplex STR amplification procedures are a robust and sensitive tool for the analysis of degraded DNA...
  79. ncbi The morphology of fecal and regurgitation artifacts deposited by the blow fly Lucilia cuprina fed a diet of human blood
    Annalisa Durdle
    Department of Genetics, School of Molecular Sciences, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, 3086, Australia
    J Forensic Sci 58:897-903. 2013
    ..Flowcharts have been devised to facilitate the analysis. ..
  80. ncbi Bloodstain pattern analysis in a case of suicide with a compound bow and arrow
    Christopher I Wilson
    Office of the Medical Examiner, Palm Beach County, Palm Beach, Florida, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 25:80-2. 2004
    ..When investigating deaths due to bows and arrows, thorough scene investigation along with bloodstain pattern analysis is essential in determining the mechanism of injury and manner of death...
  81. pmc Detection of HIV-1 in alternative specimen types using the APTIMA HIV-1 RNA Qualitative Assay
    C Thomas Nugent
    Gen Probe Incorporated, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Virol Methods 159:10-4. 2009
    ..Together, these studies demonstrate that the APTIMA HIV-1 RNA Qualitative Assay can be used to process a diverse array of specimen types with minimal impact on analytical sensitivity for most specimen types...
  82. ncbi Mitochondrial diversity in Amerindian Kichwa and Mestizo populations from Ecuador
    Miriam Baeta
    Laboratory of Forensic Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
    Int J Legal Med 126:299-302. 2012
    ....
  83. ncbi Black and green tea--how to make a perfect crime
    Martina Bancirova
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry, Palacky University, Hnevotinska 3, 775 15 Olomouc, Czech Republic
    J Forensic Leg Med 20:635-9. 2013
    ..The significant decrease of the luminol chemiluminescent emission caused by the presence of the black and green teas (and comparable for both of them) was observed in comparison with the presence of white wine. ..
  84. ncbi Blood drop size in passive dripping from weapons
    N Kabaliuk
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8041, New Zealand
    Forensic Sci Int 228:75-82. 2013
    ..Dripping of blood produced slightly smaller drops, with more accompanying droplets, than dripping water...
  85. ncbi Human bloodstains on biological materials: high-vacuum scanning electron microscope examination using specimens without previous preparation
    Policarp Hortolà
    Area de Prehistoria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Avinguda de Catalunya 35, ES 43002 Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain
    Microsc Microanal 19:415-9. 2013
    ..A cautionary issue regarding bloodstains on nondehydrated biological substrates is that the waiting time required for initiating the HV-SEM examination is by far higher than when using inorganic bloodstain substrates...
  86. ncbi Affect of impact angle variations on area of origin determination in bloodstain pattern analysis
    Candace Connolly
    Ontario Provincial Police, Forensic Identification Service Unit, 441 Lansdowne Street East, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada K9L 0A4
    Forensic Sci Int 223:233-40. 2012
    ..The study confirms that with proper stain selection, straight-line trajectories to estimate area of origin are valid and reliable...
  87. ncbi Interpreting the formation of bloodstains on selected apparel fabrics
    Therese de Castro
    Department of Engineering and Applied Science, Cranfield Defence and Security, Cranfield University, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Shrivenham, Wiltshire, SN6 8LA, UK
    Int J Legal Med 127:251-8. 2013
    ..Some differences between the two fabrics were noted, therefore fabric structure and properties must be considered when conducting BPA on apparel fabrics...
  88. ncbi Homicidal smothering: vital histological confirmation of orofacial injury despite a prolonged post-mortem interval
    Stephen Michael Wills
    Forensic Pathology Unit, Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust, Duncan Building, Daulby Street, Liverpool L69 3GA, UK
    Forensic Sci Med Pathol 5:28-31. 2009
    ..Histological sampling of suspected injuries can be rewarding, even in the presence of severe post-mortem deterioration...
  89. ncbi Forensic typing of autosomal SNPs with a 29 SNP-multiplex--results of a collaborative EDNAP exercise
    J J Sanchez
    Section of Forensic Genetics, Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 11 Frederik V s Vej, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 2:176-83. 2008
    ..The results of the collaborative exercise were surprisingly good and demonstrate that SNP typing with SBE, capillary electrophoresis and multicolour detection methods can be developed for forensic genetics...
  90. ncbi [Application of direct amplification with PowerPlex 16 HS system for detection of DNA in conventional evidence materials]
    Mi Zhou
    Criminal Police Branch, Wuhu Public Security Bureau, Wuhu 241000, China
    Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 26:285-6. 2010
    ..To study the effectiveness of direct amplification with PowerPlex 16 HS system for DNA detection in three conventional materials: fresh blood, oral swab, and cigarette butt...
  91. ncbi A novel nonionic surfactant- and solvent-stable alkaline serine protease from Serratia sp. SYBC H with duckweed as nitrogen source: production, purification, characteristics and application
    G Y Li
    The Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Department of Education, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Lihu Road 1800, 214122, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China
    J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 38:845-53. 2011
    ..The protease is strongly inhibited by PMSF, suggesting that it is a serine protease. Washing experiments revealed that the protease has an excellent ability to remove blood stains.
  92. ncbi Difficulties encountered in bite mark analysis
    H Afsın
    Council of Forensic Medicine, Yenibosna, Istanbul Turkey
    J Forensic Odontostomatol 31:133. 2013
    ..As an effective evidence, bite marks are important as much as blood stains, fingerprints and semen samples in the cases of unidentified sexual assaults and unidentified murders...
  93. ncbi Methods for the enhancement of fingermarks in blood
    Lydia C A M Bossers
    Centre for Forensic Science, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney 2007, Australia
    Forensic Sci Int 210:1-11. 2011
    ....
  94. pmc Biphasic oxidation of oxy-hemoglobin in bloodstains
    Rolf H Bremmer
    Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 6:e21845. 2011
    ..In this study, we further analyze the conversion of HbO(2) to met-Hb and HC, and determine the effect of temperature and humidity on the conversion rates...
  95. ncbi Precise pathologic examination decreases the false-negative rate of sentinel lymph node biopsy in gastric cancer
    Hye Seung Lee
    Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
    Ann Surg Oncol 19:772-8. 2012
    ..Although accurate evaluation of SLNs is essential for applying the SLN concept to gastric cancer surgery, there is no standardized pathologic examination protocol for SLNs in gastric cancer...
  96. ncbi Laryngeal mask airway vs. uncuffed endotracheal tube for nasal and paranasal sinus surgery: paediatric airway protection
    Khalid A Al-Mazrou
    Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Eur J Anaesthesiol 27:16-9. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to determine whether a LMA could provide adequate airway protection from the expected intraoperative bleeding...
  97. ncbi A study of the sensitivity and specificity of four presumptive tests for blood
    M Cox
    Criminal Justice and Forensic Science Department, University of Southern Mississippi, Long Beach
    J Forensic Sci 36:1503-11. 1991
    ..The author concludes that the phenolphthalein test is the best single test for evaluating suspected bloodstains...
  98. ncbi [Determination of polymorphic DNA sequences STR-PCR in decomposed human tissues]
    Dorota Piasecka-Pazik
    Katedry i Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej AM w Gdańsku
    Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 53:209-14. 2003
    ..Worse results similar to the manual method were obtained for DNA extracted from the liver. The soft tissues, also decomposed by putrefaction can be a useful source of genomic DNA in personal identification and paternity testing...
  99. ncbi Two unusual stab injuries to the neck: homicide or self-infliction?
    T Fracasso
    Department of Legal Medicine, University of Genova, Via A De Toni 12, 16132 Genova, Italy
    Int J Legal Med 120:369-71. 2006
    ..The mechanism of producing the accidental injury is very extraordinary, in that the woman actively moved into a shattered wine glass instead of falling into an intact architectural glass surface...
  100. ncbi Comparison of five commercial kits for DNA extraction from human blood, saliva and muscle samples
    Witold Pepinski
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Academy of Bialystok, Biłaystok
    Rocz Akad Med Bialymst 47:270-5. 2002
    ..The purpose of the study was to compare yield and quality of DNA samples obtained with the use of five commercial DNA extraction kits...
  101. ncbi A family exhibiting heteroplasmy in the human mitochondrial DNA control region reveals both somatic mosaicism and pronounced segregation of mitotypes
    M R Wilson
    DNA Analysis Unit II, FBI Headquarters, Washington, D C 20535, USA
    Hum Genet 100:167-71. 1997
    ..This family consists of a mother, daughter, and son. DNA samples extracted from blood stains, buccal swabs, and hairs from these individuals were amplified by PCR and sequenced utilizing fluoresence-..

Research Grants1

  1. Methods for Promoting Public Dialogue on the Use of Residual Newborn Screening Sa
    JEFFREY ROBERT BOTKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The project also will compare 3 methods of obtaining public input on this important set of issues. The project is directly relevant to policies in public health departments that affect virtually every newborn in the country. ..