Genomes and Genes
Summary: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
Publications256 found, 100 shown here
- Public perceptions of public drug use in four UK urban sitesLinda Cusick
Institute for Applied Social and Health Research, University of Paisley, The Gardner Building, Paisley PA1 2BE, UK
Int J Drug Policy 18:10-7. 2007..are often put forwards as solutions to social and health problems associated with poverty, drug use and crime. Debates about establishing drug consumption rooms (DCRs) are also concerned with providing services to drug use-..
- Combating the illegal trade in African elephant ivory with DNA forensicsSamuel K Wasser
Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 1800, USA
Conserv Biol 22:1065-71. 2008International wildlife crime is burgeoning in this climate of global trade. We contend that the most effective way to contain this illegal trade is to determine where the wildlife is being removed...
- The built environment, neighborhood crime and constrained physical activity: an exploration of inconsistent findingsSarah Foster
School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
Prev Med 47:241-51. 2008..This paper reviews the quantitative evidence to date, seeking to explain the inconsistencies, and offers recommendations for future research...
- Seeing black: race, crime, and visual processingJennifer L Eberhardt
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 87:876-93. 2004..Study 1 demonstrates that Black faces influence participants' ability to spontaneously detect degraded images of crime-relevant objects. Conversely, Studies 2-4 demonstrate that activating abstract concepts (i.e...
- Love thy neighbour? Associations of social capital and crime with physical activity amongst womenKylie Ball
Deakin University, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
Soc Sci Med 71:807-14. 2010..Neither neighbourhood crime against the person nor incivilities were associated with any form of physical activity...
- Use of social audits to examine unofficial payments in government health services: experience in South Asia, Africa, and EuropeSergio Paredes-Solís
Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Acapulco, Mexico
BMC Health Serv Res 11:S12. 2011..We reviewed the main lessons from social audits of petty corruption in health services in South Asia (Bangladesh, Pakistan), Africa (Uganda and South Africa) and Europe (Baltic States)...
- Very early predictors of conduct problems and crime: results from a national cohort studyJoseph Murray
Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, Sidgwick Avenue, England
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:1198-207. 2010Longitudinal research has produced a wealth of knowledge about individual, family, and social predictors of crime. However, nearly all studies have started after children are age 5, and little is known about earlier risk factors.
- Treating drug abuse and addiction in the criminal justice system: improving public health and safetyRedonna K Chandler
Services Research Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
JAMA 301:183-90. 2009..We summarize relevant neuroscientific findings and evidence-based principles of addiction treatment that, if implemented in the criminal justice system, could help improve public heath and reduce criminal behavior...
- Crime victimization in adults with severe mental illness: comparison with the National Crime Victimization SurveyLinda A Teplin
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 710 N Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:911-21. 2005Since deinstitutionalization, most persons with severe mental illness (SMI) now live in the community, where they are at great risk for crime victimization.
- Crime prevention and active livingAnastasia Loukaitou-Sideris
Department of Urban Planning, University of California, Los Angeles, 3250 Public Policy Building, Box 951656, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Am J Health Promot 21:380-9, iii. 2007This paper addresses the question of whether crime is a barrier to active living and if it is, what can be done about it? The authors introduce a theoretical model that addresses how crime might influence physical activity behavior...
- A 30-year prospective follow-up study of hyperactive boys with conduct problems: adult criminalityJames H Satterfield
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:601-10. 2007....
- Association of prenatal and childhood blood lead concentrations with criminal arrests in early adulthoodJohn Paul Wright
Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Division of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America
PLoS Med 5:e101. 2008..The objective of this study was to determine if prenatal and childhood blood lead concentrations are associated with arrests for criminal offenses...
- Reducing corruption in a Mexican medical school: impact assessment across two cross-sectional surveysSergio Paredes-Solís
Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Mexico
BMC Health Serv Res 11:S13. 2011....
- Psychiatric disorders and repeat incarcerations: the revolving prison doorJacques Baillargeon
Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
Am J Psychiatry 166:103-9. 2009..The authors examined this association in a retrospective cohort study of the nation's largest state prison system...
- Neighborhood and individual factors in activity in older adults: results from the neighborhood and senior health studyDiane King
Clinical Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, CO 80237 8066, USA
J Aging Phys Act 16:144-70. 2008..01). For seniors, the importance of characteristics of the built environment in promoting PA and general activity engagement might be secondary to attributes of the social environment that promote safety and social cohesion...
- Pathways to depression: the impact of neighborhood violent crime on inner-city residents in Baltimore, Maryland, USAAaron Curry
Surveillance Data Incorporated, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Soc Sci Med 67:23-30. 2008b>Crime and neighborhood disorder may negatively impact the health of urban residents. Neighborhoods with high levels of violent crime may also increase residents' risk of experiencing violence...
- Packers, pushers and stuffers--managing patients with concealed drugs in UK emergency departments: a clinical and medicolegal reviewR J Booker
Emergency Department, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, UK
Emerg Med J 26:316-20. 2009..Guidance is given for doctors who are faced with requests from the authorities to perform intimate searches and diagnostic imaging for forensic purposes...
- Childhood predictors of male criminality: a prospective population-based follow-up study from age 8 to late adolescenceAndre Sourander
Department of Child Psychiatry, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 45:578-86. 2006..To study childhood predictors for late adolescence criminality...
- Neighborhood factors relevant for walking in older, urban, African American adultsNancy Ambrose Gallagher
University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
J Aging Phys Act 18:99-115. 2010..salient factors that emerged included the presence of other people, neighborhood surroundings, and safety from crime, followed by sidewalk and traffic conditions, animals, public walking tracks and trails, and weather...
- Pervasive developmental disorders and criminal behaviour: a case control studySvend Erik Mouridsen
Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 52:196-205. 2008..1% and 18.4%, respectively. The corresponding rate of convictions in the comparison groups was 18.9%, 14.7%, and 19.6% respectively. Particular attention is given to arson in Asperger's syndrome (p= .0009)...
- Searching for first-degree familial relationships in California's offender DNA database: validation of a likelihood ratio-based approachSteven P Myers
California Department of Justice Jan Bashinski DNA Laboratory, 1001 West Cutting Blvd, Suite 110, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
Forensic Sci Int Genet 5:493-500. 2011..An investigative lead created through this process recently led to an arrest in the Los Angeles Grim Sleeper serial murders...
- Lifetime criminality among boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a prospective follow-up study into adulthood using official arrest recordsSalvatore Mannuzza
New York University Child Study Center, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
Psychiatry Res 160:237-46. 2008....
- Young children who commit crime: epidemiology, developmental origins, risk factors, early interventions, and policy implicationsR Loeber
University of Pittsburgh, USA
Dev Psychopathol 12:737-62. 2000..Policy recommendations are presented to improve methods of dealing with child delinquents by juvenile justice, child welfare, and mental health agencies...
- Violence, abuse, and crime exposure in a national sample of children and youthDavid Finkelhor
Crimes against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA
Pediatrics 124:1411-23. 2009The objective of this research was to obtain national estimates of exposure to the full spectrum of the childhood violence, abuse, and crime victimizations relevant to both clinical practice and public-policy approaches to the problem.
- ISFG: recommendations regarding the use of non-human (animal) DNA in forensic genetic investigationsA Linacre
School of Biology, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia
Forensic Sci Int Genet 5:501-5. 2011..of a species, or products derived from a species, which is contrary to legislation; as evidence where the crime is against a person or property; instances of animal cruelty; or where the animal is the offender...
- Urban scaling and its deviations: revealing the structure of wealth, innovation and crime across citiesLuis M A Bettencourt
Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e13541. 2010..15). As a result larger cities are disproportionally the centers of innovation, wealth and crime, all to approximately the same degree...
- The association of perceived and objectively measured crime with physical activity: a cross-sectional analysisAileen P McGinn
Dept of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
J Phys Act Health 5:117-31. 2008b>Crime is one aspect of the environment that can act as a barrier to physical activity...
- Psychiatric morbidity, violent crime, and suicide among children and adolescents exposed to parental deathHolly C Wilcox
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287 3325, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 49:514-23; quiz 530. 2010..This retrospective cohort study examined the risk for suicide, psychiatric hospitalization, and violent criminal convictions among offspring of parents who died from suicide, accidents, and other causes...
- Schizophrenia, substance abuse, and violent crimeSeena Fazel
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, England
JAMA 301:2016-23. 2009Persons with schizophrenia are thought to be at increased risk of committing violent crime 4 to 6 times the level of general population individuals without this disorder...
- Predictors of antisocial personality. Continuities from childhood to adult lifeEmily Simonoff
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Guy s, King s and St Thomas Medical School and Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
Br J Psychiatry 184:118-27. 2004..Antisocial behaviour in adult life has its roots in childhood...
- Male and female offending trajectoriesDavid M Fergusson
Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine, New Zealand
Dev Psychopathol 14:159-77. 2002..These risk factors appeared to operate in a similar fashion for both males and females. Implications of these findings for trajectory theories of offending are discussed...
- Early identification of chronic offenders: who is the fledgling psychopath?D R Lynam
University of Kentucky, Department of Psychology, Lexington 40506 0044, USA
Psychol Bull 120:209-34. 1996..The author discusses treatment implications and supporting evidence for each model. Finally, he recommends that the subtype theory receive further consideration and examination...
- Body packing--the internal concealment of illicit drugsStephen J Traub
Department of Emergency Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, Bellevue Hospital Center, New York, USA
N Engl J Med 349:2519-26. 2003
- Young adults, alcohol, crime and disorderAnna Richardson
Drugs and Alcohol Research Unit, Home Office, London, UK
Crim Behav Ment Health 13:5-16. 2003BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related crime is increasingly being recognized as a problem in cities and towns with popular entertainment districts...
- Crack across Canada: Comparing crack users and crack non-users in a Canadian multi-city cohort of illicit opioid usersBenedikt Fischer
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Univrersity of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Addiction 101:1760-70. 2006..To examine possible differences between crack users and crack non-users across Canada...
- Deviant peer affiliations, crime and substance use: a fixed effects regression analysisDavid M Fergusson
Christchurch School of Medicine, New Zealand
J Abnorm Child Psychol 30:419-30. 2002The present study was designed to assess the influence of deviant peer affiliations on crime and substance use in adolescence/young adulthood...
- Using DNA to track the origin of the largest ivory seizure since the 1989 trade banSamuel K Wasser
Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:4228-33. 2007..Such outcomes demonstrate the potential of genetic analyses to help combat the expanding wildlife trade by identifying origin(s) of large seizures of contraband ivory. Broader applications to wildlife trade are discussed...
- Medium secure forensic psychiatry services: comparison of seven English health regionsJ Coid
Forensic Psychiatry Research Unit, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, UK
Br J Psychiatry 178:55-61. 2001..New standards are required for service specification and resource allocation to redress inequality. Traditional performance measures were of limited usefulness in comparing services...
- Treatment at the front end of the criminal justice continuum: the association between arrest and admission into specialty substance abuse treatmentSheryl Pimlott Kubiak
School of Social Work, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 1:20. 2006..e., probation or parole status)...
- Interim methadone treatment: impact on arrestsRobert P Schwartz
Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 103:148-54. 2009..It was hypothesized that IM participants would have a: (1) lower number of arrests at 6 and 12 months and (2) lower mean crime severity scores at 6 and 12 months post-baseline.
- Crime and health: a preliminary study into the effects of crime on the mental health of UK university studentsP Morrall
Institute of Diagnostics and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 17:821-8. 2010In this paper we report on the findings from a preliminary study in the UK into the effects of crime on health...
- Association between perceived environmental attributes and physical activity among adults in Recife, BrazilPedro C Hallal
Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
J Phys Act Health 7:S213-22. 2010..To evaluate the association between perceived environmental factors and leisure-time and transport-related physical activity...
- The risky business of body packers and body stuffersSheila Goertemoeller
Cincinnati Drug and Poison Information Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45219, USA
J Emerg Nurs 32:541-4. 2006
- Explaining the effectiveness of heroin-assisted treatment on crime reductionsRebecca Löbmann
Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony, Hanover, Germany
Law Hum Behav 33:83-95. 2009..The multivariate analysis reveals that the effects are due to a decrease of illegal drug use and absence from the drug scene...
- The relationship between risky alcohol consumption, crime and traffic accidents in Australian rural communitiesDennis J Petrie
University of Dundee, UK
Addict Behav 35:359-62. 2010To estimate the alcohol-attributable crime and traffic accidents for rural communities in Australia, controlling for potential bias.
- From conduct disorder to severe mental illness: associations with aggressive behaviour, crime and victimizationS Hodgins
Department of Forensic Mental Health Science, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
Psychol Med 38:975-87. 2008Conduct disorder (CD) prior to age 15 has been associated with an increased risk of aggressive behaviour and crime among men with schizophrenia...
- Establishment of a definitive protocol for the diagnosis and management of body packers (drug mules)Nageswara Mandava
Department of Surgery, Caritas Health Care, New York Medical College Brooklyn and Queens Program, New York, USA
Emerg Med J 28:98-101. 2011..These people are otherwise healthy and their management should maintain minimal morbidity. In this study, experience with body packers is presented and an algorithm for conservative and surgical management is provided...
- The effect of objectively measured crime on walking in minority adultsNoreen C McDonald
Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 317 New East Building, CB 3140, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3140, USA
Am J Health Promot 22:433-6. 2008Evaluate the relationship between neighborhood crime and the amount of daily walking by minority adults.
- Low cholesterol and violent crimeB A Golomb
Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 92093 0995, USA
J Psychiatr Res 34:301-9. 2000..Psychosom. Med 1994;56:479-84.). In this study we test for the first time whether cholesterol level is related to commission of violent crimes against others in a large community cohort...
- Criminal history and assault of dating partners: the role of type of prior crime, age of onset, and genderMurray A Straus
Family Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
Violence Vict 19:413-34. 2004..have found that most of the perpetrators are not violent outside the family, which suggests a specialized type of crime. However, other studies found domestic violence offenders tend to have extensive criminal histories...
- Methadone maintenance and drug-related crimeJ Bell
Drug and Alcohol Unit, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, NSW, Australia
J Subst Abuse 9:15-25. 1997..of methadone maintenance treatment, this study investigated factors associated with continued involvement in crime during treatment, and in particular whether there appeared to be differences in effectiveness of treatment between ..
- Epileptic automatisms in the criminal courts: 13 cases tried in England and Wales between 1975 and 2001Markus Reuber
Academic Neurology Unit, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Epilepsia 49:138-45. 2008..To explore the relationship of epilepsy and criminal behavior...
- Clinical management of cocaine body packers: the Hillingdon experienceIan Beckley
Department of Surgery, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London, UK
Can J Surg 52:417-21. 2009..To date, however, a consistent approach for the management of these patients has not been established...
- Real-time forensic DNA analysis at a crime scene using a portable microchip analyzerPeng Liu
UCSF UC Berkeley Joint Graduate Group in Bioengineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Forensic Sci Int Genet 2:301-9. 2008..To critically evaluate the capabilities of our portable microsystem as well as its compatibility with crime scene investigation processes, real-time STR analyses were carried out at a mock crime scene prepared by the Palm ..
- Effects of perceived and objective neighborhood crime on walking frequency among midlife African American women in a home-based walking interventionApril Y Oh
Health Promotion Research Branch, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
J Phys Act Health 7:432-41. 2010b>Crime may be a significant barrier to physical activity for urban African American women, yet few studies have examined this relationship in intervention studies...
- Explaining the relationship between age and crime: contributions from the developmental literature on personalityDaniel M Blonigen
Center for Health Care Evaluation, Department of Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System and Stanford University School of Medicine, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
Clin Psychol Rev 30:89-100. 2010The robust link between age and crime has received considerable inquiry. However, the etiology of this association remains elusive...
- Predicting aberrant drug behavior in patients treated for chronic pain: importance of abuse historyEdward Michna
Pain Management Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Pain Symptom Manage 28:250-8. 2004..05). This study demonstrates that questions about abuse history and legal problems can be useful in predicting aberrant drug-related behavior with opioid use in persons with chronic noncancer pain...
- The prevalence and nature of intellectual disability in Norwegian prisonsE Søndenaa
St Olavs University Hospital Trondheim, Forensic Department Brøset and Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Medicine, Trondheim, Norway
J Intellect Disabil Res 52:1129-37. 2008..The objective of the study was to calculate the prevalence of inmates with intellectual disabilities (ID), and identify historical, medical and criminological characteristics of a certain impact...
- Interrelationships between crime, substance abuse, and aggressive behaviours among persons with traumatic brain injuryJ S Kreutzer
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond 23298-0542, USA
Brain Inj 9:757-68. 1995..Findings also indicated relatively high levels of aggressive behaviours. Discussion focuses on implications for evaluation, rehabilitation, and future research...
- Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and the shape of the age-crime curveAnthony Fabio
Department of Epidemiology, Epidemiology Data Center, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Am J Public Health 101:S325-32. 2011We sought to better determine the way in which neighborhood disadvantage affects the shape of the age-crime curve.
- Brain injury and violent crimeL Turkstra
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
Brain Inj 17:39-47. 2003To test the hypothesis that TBI is associated with violent crime, the prevalence and characteristics of traumatic brain injury (TBI) were compared between men convicted of domestic violence and a matched comparison group.
- Mental disorder is a cause of crime: the cornerstone of forensic psychiatryHenrik Anckarsater
Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Int J Law Psychiatry 32:342-7. 2009The assumption that mental disorder is a cause of crime is the foundation of forensic psychiatry, but conceptual, epistemological, and empirical analyses show that neither mental nor crime, or the causation implied, are clear-cut ..
- Blows to the head during development can predispose to violent criminal behaviour: rehabilitation of consequences of head injury is a measure for crime preventionJose Leon-Carrion
Human Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Seville, Spain
Brain Inj 17:207-16. 2003..The results suggest to the authors that the treatment of the cognitive, behavioural and emotional consequences of brain injury could be a measure for crime prevention. Measures both for prevention and rehabilitation are discussed.
- Identifying crime victims who are at high risk for post traumatic stress disorder: developing a practical referral instrumentT Wohlfarth
Department of Clinical Psychology, Free University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Acta Psychiatr Scand 105:451-60. 2002To construct a practical instrument for the identification and referral of crime victims who are at high risk for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
- Supporting the habit: income generation activities of frequent crack users compared with frequent users of other hard drugsJ C Cross
Vassar College, Box 500, Poughkeepsie, New York, NY 12604, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 64:191-201. 2001....
- Drug use, street crime, and sex-trading among cocaine-dependent women: implications for public health and criminal justice policyJ A Inciardi
Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies, University of Delaware, Newark 19716-2582, USA
J Psychoactive Drugs 33:379-89. 2001..Analyses focus on drug use, criminality and HIV/AIDS risk behaviors. Implications for policy alternatives in criminal justice and public health approaches for assisting this population are discussed...
- Bipolar disorder and violent crime: new evidence from population-based longitudinal studies and systematic reviewSeena Fazel
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, England
Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:931-8. 2010Although bipolar disorder is associated with various adverse health outcomes, the relationship with violent crime is uncertain.
- Who is at greatest risk of adverse long-term outcomes? The Finnish From a Boy to a Man studyAndre Sourander
Department of Child Psychiatry, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:1148-61. 2007..To study associations between comorbid psychopathology and long-term outcomes in a large birth cohort sample from age 8 to early adulthood...
- The effectiveness of protective clothing in the reduction of potential DNA contamination of the scene of crimeG N Rutty
Division of Forensic Pathology University of Leicester, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Robert Kilpatrick Building, PO Box 65, Leicester, LE2 7LX, UK
Int J Legal Med 117:170-4. 2003..Trace evidence accidentally left at a scene of crime (SOC) by the investigating team may be inadvertently collected and analysed, potentially leading to spurious ..
- Child and adolescent psychiatric patients and later criminalityUlf Engqvist
Department of Women and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Astrid Lindgren Children s Hospital at Karolinska University Hospital, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
BMC Public Health 7:221. 2007..This study investigated the risk for patients treated 1975-1990 to be registered as criminals until the end of 2003...
- Development and validation of the GAIN Short Screener (GSS) for internalizing, externalizing and substance use disorders and crime/violence problems among adolescents and adultsMichael L Dennis
Chestnut Health Systems, Bloomington, IL 61701, USA
Am J Addict 15:80-91. 2006..likely to need along four dimensions (internalizing disorders, externalizing disorders, substance disorders, and crime/violence)...
- Neighborhood crime, deprivation, and preterm birthLynne C Messer
Departments of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Ann Epidemiol 16:455-62. 2006Significant racial disparity in preterm birth (PTB; birth at <37 weeks' gestation) exists, poorly explained by Individual-level factors. This research explores whether neighborhood crime contributes to the racial disparity in PTB.
- Effects of a gun dealer's change in sales practices on the supply of guns to criminalsDaniel W Webster
Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
J Urban Health 83:778-87. 2006..changed sales policy was associated with a 96% decrease in recently sold, small, inexpensive handguns use in crime in Milwaukee, a 73% decrease in crime guns recently sold by this dealer, and a 44% decrease in the flow of all new,..
- Neighbourhood inequalities in physical inactivity: the role of neighbourhood attractiveness, proximity to local facilities and safety in the NetherlandsF J van Lenthe
Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Centre Rotterdam, Erasmus University, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Soc Sci Med 60:763-75. 2005..The direction of neighbourhood inequalities differs for aspects of physical inactivity. Neighbourhood characteristics are related to physical inactivity and contribute to neighbourhood socioeconomic inequalities in physical inactivity...
- Course of patients with histories of aggression and crime after discharge from a cognitive-behavioral programMichael Kunz
Huntington Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, West Virginia, USA
Psychiatr Serv 55:654-9. 2004..The predictors of poor outcome may be used to develop a follow-up treatment program that focuses more resources on patients who are at the highest risk...
- Progress in combating cigarette smuggling: controlling the supply chainL Joossens
Framework Convention Alliance FCA, Brussels, Belgium
Tob Control 17:399-404. 2008....
- Substance misuse and violent crime: Swedish population studyMartin Grann
Centre for Violence Prevention, Karolinska Institute, PO Box 23000, SE-104 35 Stockholm, Sweden
BMJ 328:1233-4. 2004
- The association between community crime and childhood asthma prevalence in ChicagoRuchi S Gupta
Institute for Healthcare Studies, Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ilinois, USA
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 104:299-306. 2010Little attention has been given to exposure to crime as a possible socioenvironmental contributor to variability in urban childhood asthma prevalence.
- Responsivity: the value of providing intensive services to high-risk offendersMeridith H Thanner
Bureau of Governmental Research, University of Maryland College Park, 4511 Knox Road, Suite 301, College Park, MD 20740, USA
J Subst Abuse Treat 24:137-47. 2003..Nonetheless, findings offer important implications for the delivery of substance abuse treatment. Future analyses are also recommended to further explore the impact of different service delivery systems...
- Spatial dynamics of alcohol availability, neighborhood structure and violent crimeD M Gorman
School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M University System Health Science Center, Bryan 77802, USA
J Stud Alcohol 62:628-36. 2001This study examined the relationship between neighborhood social structure, alcohol outlet densities and violent crime in Camden, New Jersey.
- Less guilty by reason of adolescence: developmental immaturity, diminished responsibility, and the juvenile death penaltyLaurence Steinberg
Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
Am Psychol 58:1009-18. 2003..The uniqueness of immaturity as a mitigating condition argues for a commitment to a legal environment under which most youths are dealt with in a separate justice system and none are eligible for capital punishment...
- Turning off the tap: the real solution to cigarette smugglingL Joossens
International Union Against Cancer UICC ECL, EU Liaison Office, Brussels, Belgium
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:214-22. 2003..It is therefore profitable because duty has been illegally evaded. The key to controlling cigarette smuggling is not lowering taxes, it is controlling the tobacco manufacturing industry and its exporting practices...
- Average household income, crime, and smoking behaviour in a local area: the Finnish 10-Town studyMarianna Virtanen
Work and Organizations, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, Helsinki FIN 00250, Finland
Soc Sci Med 64:1904-13. 2007..status with morbidity, mortality and health risk behaviour, little is known of the health effects of neighbourhood crime rates...
- Factors associated with experts' opinions regarding criminal responsibility in The NetherlandsMarko Barendregt
yNetherlands Institute of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, Location Pieter Baan Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Behav Sci Law 26:619-31. 2008..Clinical, demographic and crime related variables, as well as MMPI-2 profiles, were collected from final reports concerning defendants of serious ..
- Psychopathic traits in adolescent offenders: an evaluation of criminal history, clinical, and psychosocial correlatesMary Ann Campbell
Psychology Department, University of New Brunswick Saint John, PO Box 5050, Saint John, New Brunswick, E2L 4L5, Canada
Behav Sci Law 22:23-47. 2004..In conclusion, the data partially support the construct validity of psychopathy with adolescent offenders, but some inconsistencies with prior adult and adolescent psychopathy research were evident. These issues are discussed...
- Supply control and harm reduction: lessons from the Australian heroin 'drought'Don Weatherburn
NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, Sydney, Australia
Addiction 98:83-91. 2003..To examine the effects of supply-side drug law enforcement on the dynamics of the Australian heroin market and the harms associated with heroin...
- A cross-sectional study of psychosocial and criminal factors associated with arrest in mentally ill female detaineesHoward M Kravitz
Department of Psychiatry, Section on Psychiatry and Law, Department of Preventive Medicine, Department of Pharmacology, Rush Medical College of Rush University, Rush Presbyterian St Luke s Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:380-90. 2002..Criminal offense categories were based on the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting Program...
- Role of social disadvantage in crime, joblessness, and homelessness among persons with serious mental illnessJeffrey Draine
Department of Psychiatry, Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA
Psychiatr Serv 53:565-73. 2002Research on mental illness in relation to social problems such as crime, unemployment, and homelessness often ignores the broader social context in which mental illness is embedded...
- Effects of undercover police stings of gun dealers on the supply of new guns to criminalsD W Webster
Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 1996, USA
Inj Prev 12:225-30. 2006..To assess the effects of undercover police stings and lawsuits against gun dealers suspected of facilitating illegal gun sales in three US cities (Chicago, Detroit, Gary) on the flow of new firearms to criminals...
- Fear of crime and health in residential tower blocks. A case study in Liverpool, UKGeoff Green
Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research, Sheffield Hallam University, City Campus, Sheffield S1 1WB, UK
Eur J Public Health 12:10-5. 2002Though it is often assumed that fear of crime erodes mental health, research evidence is limited. Our study seeks to assess the relationship between these attributes in residents of the city of Liverpool.
- The fear of crime and area differences in healthT Chandola
Nuffield College, New Road, Oxford OX1 1NF, UK
Health Place 7:105-16. 2001..One of the mechanisms which could explain area differences in health is the fear of crime in the local area or neighbourhood. This study examines data from the 1996 British Crime Survey (N=16,090)...
- Psychopathy (PCL-R) predicts violent recidivism among criminal offenders with personality disorders in SwedenM Grann
Division of Forensic Psychiatry, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden
Law Hum Behav 23:205-17. 1999..7 years) with reconviction for violent crime as endpoint variable (base rate 34%)...
- The prediction of criminal and violent recidivism among mentally disordered offenders: a meta-analysisJ Bonta
Policy Branch, Solicitor General Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Psychol Bull 123:123-42. 1998..The findings suggest that the risk assessment of mentally disordered offenders can be enhanced with more attention to the social psychological criminological literature and less reliance on models of psychopathology...
- Neighborhood economic disadvantage, violent crime, group density, and pregnancy outcomes in a diverse, urban populationChristopher M Masi
University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Soc Sci Med 65:2440-57. 2007..between pregnancy outcomes and specific neighborhood characteristics, including economic disadvantage, violent crime, and racial/ethnic segregation...
- Smuggling treaty could reduce tobacco tollDeborah Arnott
Action on Smoking and Health, London E1 6JE, UK
Lancet 371:458-60. 2008
- Medicine. Race and reification in scienceTroy Duster
Institute for the History of the Production of Knowledge, New York University, 269 Mercer Street, New York, NY 10003-6687, USA
Science 307:1050-1. 2005
- Fear of crime, mobility and mental health in inner-city London, UKRob Whitley
Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, 1033 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Que, Canada H3A 1A1
Soc Sci Med 61:1678-88. 2005This paper examines the relationship between fear of crime and mental health, and assesses the role interventions may have in helping overcome any negative impact arising from this fear...
- Fear of walking outdoors. A multilevel ecologic analysis of crime and disorderCaterina G Roman
The Urban Institute, Justice Policy Center, Washington, DC 20006, USA
Am J Prev Med 34:306-12. 2008..networks, the built environment, and active living, few neighborhood-based studies have considered the role of crime and violence...
- Desorption electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry: A rapid screening tool for veterinary drug preparations and forensic samples from hormone crime investigationsM W F Nielen
RIKILT Institute of Food Safety, P O Box 230, 6700 AE Wageningen, The Netherlands
Anal Chim Acta 637:92-100. 2009..It is envisaged that DESI will achieve a prominent role in hormone and veterinary drug analysis in the near future...
- Possible association between serotonin transporter promoter region polymorphism and extremely violent crime in Chinese malesDing Lieh Liao
Department of General Psychiatry, Pali Psychiatric Hospital, Central Taiwan Office, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Neuropsychobiology 50:284-7. 2004..this 5-HTTLPR genetic polymorphism in a group of Chinese males who had been convicted for extremely violent crime (n = 135) and a normal control group (n = 111)...
- Effectiveness of first eight methadone maintenance treatment clinics in ChinaLin Pang
National Centre for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
AIDS 21:S103-7. 2007..To evaluate the effectiveness of the first phase of eight methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinics in China...
- Multivalent Vaccine for Opiate AddictionPaul R Pentel; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition to disrupting the lives of the addict, family and friends, it is associated with crime, increased health care expenditures, and intravenous drug abuse contributes substantially to the spread of HIV/..
- Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular RiskSheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2010..Neighborhood level factors such as crime, walk ability and resources for physical activity and healthful food attributes will be assessed...
- Preclinical studies of a heroin/morphine vaccine for opiate addictionPaul R Pentel; Fiscal Year: 2010..2 million heroin addicts in the U.S. Heroin addiction is associated with disruption of crime, social disruption, and severe health consequences including the spread of HIV and hepatitis C...
- HDL Dysfunction and Vascular InflammationKirkwood A Pritchard; Fiscal Year: 2010..central role in impairing vascular dysfunction by determining how the sickling red cell raises up new "partner in crime" to induce vascular disease...
- Assessing Patterns of HIV Risk Among IDUs in Neighborhood Environments over TimeAlexander H Kral; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. Census, the Census Neighborhood Change Database, HIV/AIDS reports, crime reports, and geocoded locations of HIV prevention services (including HIV testing sites, drug treatment programs, ..
- Assessing Patterns of HIV Risk Among IDUs in Neighborhood Environments over TimeAlexander H Kral; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. Census, the Census Neighborhood Change Database, HIV/AIDS reports, crime reports, and geocoded locations of HIV prevention services (including HIV testing sites, drug treatment programs, ..
- Assessing Patterns of HIV Risk Among IDUs in Neighborhood Environments over TimeALEXANDER KRAL; Fiscal Year: 2009..S. Census, the Census Neighborhood Change Database, HIV/AIDS reports, crime reports, and geocoded locations of HIV prevention services (including HIV testing sites, drug treatment programs, ..
- Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women: Multilevel AnalysisQing Li; Fiscal Year: 2005..were small in size (ranged from 157 cases locally to 1,440 couples nationally), and most mainly relied on police crime reports or national surveys, which are prone to selection and reporting bias...
- COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICSMICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007..Poverty and crime have disproportionately impacted ethnic minority communities (Reese et al., 2001)...
- Expanding Treatment of Opioid Dependence Among the Privately InsuredCOLLEEN BARRY; Fiscal Year: 2009..including financial hardship, under-employment, transmission of hepatitis C and HIV, impaired driving, and crime. Restrictive insurance benefits for substance abuse may partially explain low treatment rates among the 53 percent ..
- Implementing Evidence-Based Drug Treatment in Criminal Justice SettingsSteven Belenko; Fiscal Year: 2006..conference will be held in Philadelphia, PA under the direction of the Center on Evidence-based Interventions for Crime and Addiction (CEICA), housed at the Treatment Research Institute...
- Expanding Treatment of Opioid Dependence Among the Privately InsuredSusan H Busch; Fiscal Year: 2010..including financial hardship, under-employment, transmission of hepatitis C and HIV, impaired driving, and crime. Restrictive insurance benefits for substance abuse may partially explain low treatment rates among the 53 percent ..
- Neighborhood Effects on Drug Use Among African American AdultsClaire Sterk; Fiscal Year: 2009..S. Census, Part 1 crime data and drug arrest data from the Atlanta Police Department which will be combined into an assessment of ..
- Neighborhood Effects on Drug Use Among African American AdultsClaire E Sterk; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. Census, Part 1 crime data and drug arrest data from the Atlanta Police Department which will be combined into an assessment of ..
- REDUCING BIAS--THE COMMON INGROUP IDENTITY MODELSAMUEL GAERTNER; Fiscal Year: 2001..as to minority groups involve the loss of human and financial resources as the result of unemployment, poverty, crime, drugs, ill-health, and personal, social and family dysfunction (see Bowser & Hunt, 1981; Jones, 1986; McLoyd, ..
- The Health of Low-Income Adults in New York City Subsidized Housing: A RandomizedJeanne Brooks Gunn; Fiscal Year: 2010..perspective, moving to subsidized housing, to less poor neighborhoods, to housing developments with low rates of crime, or to more mixed income settings might reduce health disparities through multiple pathways...
- Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular RiskSheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2009..Neighborhood level factors such as crime, walk ability and resources for physical activity and healthful food attributes will be assessed...
- The Opioid mesolimbic system in heroin abuseYasmin Hurd; Fiscal Year: 2009..with high mortality due to overdose, high risk of contracting diseases such as HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis, and crime that often exceed that of most other abused drugs...
- Efficacy of Extended Release Tramadol for Treating Prescription Opioid WithdrawalMICHELLE RENEE LOFWALL; Fiscal Year: 2010..public health problems (individual morbidity and mortality, increased transmission of infectious diseases, and crime), more efficacious treatment options for this disorder are needed...
- COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICSMICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009..Poverty and crime have disproportionately impacted ethnic minority communities (Reese et al., 2001)...
- The Opioid mesolimbic system in heroin abuseYasmin L Hurd; Fiscal Year: 2010..with high mortality due to overdose, high risk of contracting diseases such as HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis, and crime that often exceed that of most other abused drugs...
- Translation of a robbery and violence prevention program to high risk businessesCARRI H CASTEEL; Fiscal Year: 2010..access control, and signage to indicate safety procedures have shown great success in reducing robbery and violent crime in retail and service settings...
- Weight Development and Mental Health Symptoms in Adolescent GirlsKathleen McTigue; Fiscal Year: 2009..g. poverty, crime or other safety issues)...
- The Impact of Neighborhoods, Networks and Depression on Drug Users' HIV RisksCarl A Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2010..Social network characteristics and urban neighborhood conditions of crime, violence, physical decay, drug use, residential mobility, unemployment, incarceration, and crowding may directly ..
- Neighborhood Effects on HIV Risk-TakingClaire E Sterk; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. Census, and part 1 crime, drug arrests, and alcohol outlet data...
- Neighborhood Effects on HIV Risk-TakingClaire Sterk; Fiscal Year: 2009..S. Census, and part 1 crime, drug arrests, and alcohol outlet data...
- The Impact of Neighborhoods, Networks and Depression on Drug Users' HIV RisksCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007..Social network characteristics and urban neighborhood conditions of crime, violence, physical decay, drug use, residential mobility, unemployment, incarceration, and crowding may directly ..
- Preventing HIV Infection Among MSM in Southern IndiaDavid D Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2010..Yet Indian MSM remain hidden from public view as marriage is expected and anal intercourse has historically been a crime punishable by the Indian Penal Code (Section 377), only recently overturned...
- ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR FROM CHILDHOOD TO ADULTHOODTerrie Moffitt; Fiscal Year: 1993..At the same time that the majority of delinquents abandon crime for more pro-social lifestyles, a smaller number of individuals continue their crime careers into young adulthood ..
- Obesity and the Environment: The Transition to AdulthoodPenny Gordon Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., public and public gyms, recreation facilities, crime rates) that explain the differential distribution of physical activity and overweight patterns by ethnicity and ..
- Strengthening social capital to reduce youth violenceTrudy Harpham; Fiscal Year: 2003..research in the USA by Sampson et at (1997) has demonstrated the association between social capital and violent crime, which is independent of poverty levels...
- Reducing Cocaine/Heroin Abuse with SR-Amphetamine and BuprenorphineMark Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2007..public health, social, and economic problems via increased risk of medical and psychiatric morbidities, crime, and poor treatment outcome...
- Reducing Cocaine/Heroin Abuse with SR-Amphetamine and BuprenorphineMark Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2009..public health, social, and economic problems via increased risk of medical and psychiatric morbidities, crime, and poor treatment outcome...
- BEHAVIORAL MECHANISM IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONSDON CHEREK; Fiscal Year: 2001..and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are associated with an increased risk for drug dependence, crime and other antisocial behaviors...
- CRIME VICTIMIZATION, GENDER & MORTALITY IN OLDER ADULTSMark Lachs; Fiscal Year: 2004The specific aims of this research are (1) to identify risk factors for crime victimization in an observational cohort of community dwelling older adults, and to estimate the independent contribution of crime victimization to (2) erosion ..
- Improving Safety and Access for Physical ActivityDAWN WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2007..focus groups that low-income minority adults would like to increase the safe places for PA (areas free from crime, containment of stray dogs, increased police patrol) and access to PA (sidewalks/trails and expand opportunities ..
- Improving Safety and Access for Physical ActivityDAWN WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..focus groups that low-income minority adults would like to increase the safe places for PA (areas free from crime, containment of stray dogs, increased police patrol) and access to PA (sidewalks/trails and expand opportunities ..