crime

Summary

Summary: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Public perceptions of public drug use in four UK urban sites
    Linda Cusick
    Institute for Applied Social and Health Research, University of Paisley, The Gardner Building, Paisley PA1 2BE, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 18:10-7. 2007
  2. doi Combating the illegal trade in African elephant ivory with DNA forensics
    Samuel K Wasser
    Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 1800, USA
    Conserv Biol 22:1065-71. 2008
  3. pmc Urban scaling and its deviations: revealing the structure of wealth, innovation and crime across cities
    Luis M A Bettencourt
    Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e13541. 2010
  4. doi The built environment, neighborhood crime and constrained physical activity: an exploration of inconsistent findings
    Sarah Foster
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Prev Med 47:241-51. 2008
  5. pmc Physical activity among elderly people in a city population: the influence of neighbourhood level violence and self perceived safety
    Fredrik N Piro
    Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, PO Box 1130 Blindern, N 0317 Oslo, Norway
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:626-32. 2006
  6. doi Psychophysiological and behavioral measures for detecting concealed information: the role of memory for crime details
    Galit Nahari
    Department of Criminology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
    Psychophysiology 48:733-44. 2011
  7. ncbi Startling secrets: startle eye blink modulation by concealed crime information
    Bruno Verschuere
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 76:52-60. 2007
  8. ncbi The role of psychophysiology in forensic assessments: deception detection, ERPs, and virtual reality mock crime scenarios
    Ralf Mertens
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 0068, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:286-98. 2008
  9. ncbi Seeing black: race, crime, and visual processing
    Jennifer L Eberhardt
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:876-93. 2004
  10. pmc Crime victimization in adults with severe mental illness: comparison with the National Crime Victimization Survey
    Linda A Teplin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 710 N Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:911-21. 2005

Detail Information

Publications294 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Public perceptions of public drug use in four UK urban sites
    Linda Cusick
    Institute for Applied Social and Health Research, University of Paisley, The Gardner Building, Paisley PA1 2BE, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 18:10-7. 2007
    ..are often put forwards as solutions to social and health problems associated with poverty, drug use and crime. Debates about establishing drug consumption rooms (DCRs) are also concerned with providing services to drug use-..
  2. doi Combating the illegal trade in African elephant ivory with DNA forensics
    Samuel K Wasser
    Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 1800, USA
    Conserv Biol 22:1065-71. 2008
    International wildlife crime is burgeoning in this climate of global trade. We contend that the most effective way to contain this illegal trade is to determine where the wildlife is being removed...
  3. pmc Urban scaling and its deviations: revealing the structure of wealth, innovation and crime across cities
    Luis M A Bettencourt
    Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e13541. 2010
    ..15). As a result larger cities are disproportionally the centers of innovation, wealth and crime, all to approximately the same degree...
  4. doi The built environment, neighborhood crime and constrained physical activity: an exploration of inconsistent findings
    Sarah Foster
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Prev Med 47:241-51. 2008
    ..This paper reviews the quantitative evidence to date, seeking to explain the inconsistencies, and offers recommendations for future research...
  5. pmc Physical activity among elderly people in a city population: the influence of neighbourhood level violence and self perceived safety
    Fredrik N Piro
    Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine, PO Box 1130 Blindern, N 0317 Oslo, Norway
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:626-32. 2006
    ..To study the associations between neighbourhood level violence/fear of violence and physical activity among elderly people, accounting for somatic health...
  6. doi Psychophysiological and behavioral measures for detecting concealed information: the role of memory for crime details
    Galit Nahari
    Department of Criminology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel Department of Psychology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
    Psychophysiology 48:733-44. 2011
    This study examined the role of memory for crime details in detecting concealed information using the electrodermal measure, Symptom Validity Test, and Number Guessing Test...
  7. ncbi Startling secrets: startle eye blink modulation by concealed crime information
    Bruno Verschuere
    Department of Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Biol Psychol 76:52-60. 2007
    ..Autonomic responding was measured together with eye blink responses to startle probes presented during mock crime and control pictures...
  8. ncbi The role of psychophysiology in forensic assessments: deception detection, ERPs, and virtual reality mock crime scenarios
    Ralf Mertens
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 0068, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:286-98. 2008
    ..P. Rosenfeld, M. Soskins, G. Bosh, and A. Ryan's (2004) study by utilizing a virtual reality crime scenario to determine whether ERP-based procedures, including brain fingerprinting, can be rendered less effective ..
  9. ncbi Seeing black: race, crime, and visual processing
    Jennifer L Eberhardt
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:876-93. 2004
    ..Study 1 demonstrates that Black faces influence participants' ability to spontaneously detect degraded images of crime-relevant objects. Conversely, Studies 2-4 demonstrate that activating abstract concepts (i.e...
  10. pmc Crime victimization in adults with severe mental illness: comparison with the National Crime Victimization Survey
    Linda A Teplin
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 710 N Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:911-21. 2005
    Since deinstitutionalization, most persons with severe mental illness (SMI) now live in the community, where they are at great risk for crime victimization.
  11. ncbi Estimating the validity of the guilty knowledge test from simulated experiments: the external validity of mock crime studies
    David Carmel
    Department of Psychology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Exp Psychol Appl 9:261-9. 2003
    This experiment was designed to examine the external validity of the standard mock-crime procedure used extensively to evaluate the validity of polygraph tests. The authors manipulated the type of mock-crime procedure (standard vs...
  12. ncbi Crime prevention and active living
    Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris
    Department of Urban Planning, University of California, Los Angeles, 3250 Public Policy Building, Box 951656, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Am J Health Promot 21:380-9, iii. 2007
    This paper addresses the question of whether crime is a barrier to active living and if it is, what can be done about it? The authors introduce a theoretical model that addresses how crime might influence physical activity behavior...
  13. ncbi Love thy neighbour? Associations of social capital and crime with physical activity amongst women
    Kylie Ball
    Deakin University, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 71:807-14. 2010
    ..Neither neighbourhood crime against the person nor incivilities were associated with any form of physical activity...
  14. doi Emotional arousal modulates the encoding of crime-related details and corresponding physiological responses in the Concealed Information Test
    Judith Peth
    Department of Systems Neuroscience, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
    Psychophysiology 49:381-90. 2012
    Previous studies demonstrated that concealed crime-related memories can be validly identified using the Concealed Information Test (CIT)...
  15. ncbi Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale: validity and development of a short form
    Ester Cerin
    Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1682-91. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the factorial and criterion validity of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) and to develop an abbreviated version (NEWS-A)...
  16. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of interim methadone maintenance
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:102-9. 2006
    ..Effective alternatives to long waiting lists for entry into methadone hydrochloride maintenance treatment are needed to reduce the complications of continuing heroin dependence and to increase methadone treatment entry...
  17. pmc Neighborhood factors relevant for walking in older, urban, African American adults
    Nancy Ambrose Gallagher
    University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Aging Phys Act 18:99-115. 2010
    ..salient factors that emerged included the presence of other people, neighborhood surroundings, and safety from crime, followed by sidewalk and traffic conditions, animals, public walking tracks and trails, and weather...
  18. doi Searching for first-degree familial relationships in California's offender DNA database: validation of a likelihood ratio-based approach
    Steven P Myers
    California Department of Justice Jan Bashinski DNA Laboratory, 1001 West Cutting Blvd, Suite 110, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 5:493-500. 2011
    ..An investigative lead created through this process recently led to an arrest in the Los Angeles Grim Sleeper serial murders...
  19. doi Psychiatric disorders and repeat incarcerations: the revolving prison door
    Jacques Baillargeon
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 166:103-9. 2009
    ..The authors examined this association in a retrospective cohort study of the nation's largest state prison system...
  20. pmc Use of social audits to examine unofficial payments in government health services: experience in South Asia, Africa, and Europe
    Sergio Paredes-Solís
    Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Acapulco, Mexico
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:S12. 2011
    ..We reviewed the main lessons from social audits of petty corruption in health services in South Asia (Bangladesh, Pakistan), Africa (Uganda and South Africa) and Europe (Baltic States)...
  21. doi Very early predictors of conduct problems and crime: results from a national cohort study
    Joseph Murray
    Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, Sidgwick Avenue, England
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:1198-207. 2010
    Longitudinal research has produced a wealth of knowledge about individual, family, and social predictors of crime. However, nearly all studies have started after children are age 5, and little is known about earlier risk factors.
  22. doi Summarizing the evidence on the international trade in illegal wildlife
    Gail Emilia Rosen
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University, 80 Waterman Street, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Ecohealth 7:24-32. 2010
    ....
  23. ncbi Human genetics. Finding criminals through DNA of their relatives
    Frederick R Bieber
    Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Science 312:1315-6. 2006
  24. doi Schizophrenia, substance abuse, and violent crime
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, England
    JAMA 301:2016-23. 2009
    Persons with schizophrenia are thought to be at increased risk of committing violent crime 4 to 6 times the level of general population individuals without this disorder...
  25. pmc Association between fear of crime and mental health and physical functioning
    Mai Stafford
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 97:2076-81. 2007
    Studies have reported an inverse association between fear of crime and subjective mental and physical health. We investigated the direction of causality and the curtailment of physical and social activities as a possible mediating pathway.
  26. ncbi Callous-unemotional traits and conduct problems in the prediction of conduct problem severity, aggression, and self-report of delinquency
    Paul J Frick
    Department of Psychology, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana 70148, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 31:457-70. 2003
    ....
  27. ncbi Psychiatric symptoms in methamphetamine users
    Joan E Zweben
    East Bay Community Recovery Project, Oakland, CA, USA
    Am J Addict 13:181-90. 2004
    ..Findings continue to support the value of integrated treatment for co-occurring conditions, especially the importance of training counseling staff to handle psychotic symptoms when needed...
  28. ncbi A 30-year prospective follow-up study of hyperactive boys with conduct problems: adult criminality
    James H Satterfield
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:601-10. 2007
    ....
  29. pmc Association of prenatal and childhood blood lead concentrations with criminal arrests in early adulthood
    John Paul Wright
    Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Division of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e101. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to determine if prenatal and childhood blood lead concentrations are associated with arrests for criminal offenses...
  30. doi The accuracy of recidivism risk assessments for sexual offenders: a meta-analysis of 118 prediction studies
    R Karl Hanson
    Corrections Research, Public Safety Canada, Ontario, Canada
    Psychol Assess 21:1-21. 2009
    ..Further research should identify the psychologically meaningfully factors that contribute to risk for reoffending. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
  31. pmc Prevalence and risk of violence and the physical, mental, and sexual health problems associated with human trafficking: systematic review
    Siân Oram
    Section for Women s Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 9:e1001224. 2012
    ..This systematic review reports on studies investigating the prevalence and risk of violence while trafficked and the prevalence and risk of physical, mental, and sexual health problems, including HIV, among trafficked people...
  32. pmc The impact of ADHD and conduct disorder in childhood on adult delinquency: a 30 years follow-up study using official crime records
    Marianne Mordre
    Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Norway
    BMC Psychiatry 11:57. 2011
    ..Of special interest was the impact of disturbance of activity and attention (ADHD) and mixed disorder of conduct and emotions on later delinquency, as these disorders have been variously associated with delinquent development...
  33. ncbi Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: an evaluation of two self-report scales among crime victims
    Tamar D Wohlfarth
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Free University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Assess 15:101-9. 2003
    ..IES) and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptom Scale, Self-Report version (PSS-SR) was examined among crime victims. Both instruments performed well as screeners for PTSD. For the IES, sensitivity ranged between .93 and 1...
  34. ncbi Crime, social capital, and community participation
    Susan Saegert
    Graduate School, City University of New York, New York, New York 10016, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 34:219-33. 2004
    ..However,a very much smaller body of literature addresses the effects of crime on community organizations...
  35. ncbi Race-ethnicity, crime, and other factors associated with adherence to inhaled corticosteroids
    L Keoki Williams
    Department of Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 119:168-75. 2007
    ..Environmental stressors, such as crime exposure, which has been associated with asthma morbidity, might also predict ICS adherence.
  36. doi The relationship between risky alcohol consumption, crime and traffic accidents in Australian rural communities
    Dennis J Petrie
    University of Dundee, UK
    Addict Behav 35:359-62. 2010
    To estimate the alcohol-attributable crime and traffic accidents for rural communities in Australia, controlling for potential bias.
  37. pmc The population effect of crime and neighbourhood on physical activity: an analysis of 15,461 adults
    Roger A Harrison
    Evidence for Population Health Unit, Epidemiology and Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:34-9. 2007
    ..likely to be physically active, but no associations were found for vandalism, assaults, muggings or experience of crime. The number of physically active people would increase by 3290 if feelings of "unsafe" during the day were removed,..
  38. ncbi Crime, fear of crime, environment, and mental health and wellbeing: mapping review of theories and causal pathways
    Theo Lorenc
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK
    Health Place 18:757-65. 2012
    This paper presents the findings from a review of the theoretical and empirical literature on the links between crime and fear of crime, the social and built environment, and health and wellbeing...
  39. doi A comparative study of violence risk assessment tools: a systematic review and metaregression analysis of 68 studies involving 25,980 participants
    Jay P Singh
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Clin Psychol Rev 31:499-513. 2011
    ..Risk assessment procedures and guidelines by mental health services and criminal justice systems may need review in light of these findings...
  40. pmc An overview of the "Positive Action for Today's Health" (PATH) trial for increasing walking in low income, ethnic minority communities
    Dawn K Wilson
    Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, United States
    Contemp Clin Trials 31:624-33. 2010
    ..The Positive Action for Today's Health (PATH) trial compares three communities that are randomly assigned to different levels of an environmental intervention to improve safety and access for walking in low income communities...
  41. ncbi From conduct disorder to severe mental illness: associations with aggressive behaviour, crime and victimization
    S Hodgins
    Department of Forensic Mental Health Science, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Psychol Med 38:975-87. 2008
    Conduct disorder (CD) prior to age 15 has been associated with an increased risk of aggressive behaviour and crime among men with schizophrenia...
  42. ncbi Bipolar disorder and violent crime: new evidence from population-based longitudinal studies and systematic review
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:931-8. 2010
    Although bipolar disorder is associated with various adverse health outcomes, the relationship with violent crime is uncertain.
  43. ncbi Outlet density and criminal violence in Norway, 1960-1995
    T Norstrom
    Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Sweden
    J Stud Alcohol 61:907-11. 2000
    ..To analyze the relationship between criminal violence and number of outlets for on-premise sales of alcohol...
  44. ncbi Socioeconomic status and chronic stress. Does stress account for SES effects on health?
    A Baum
    University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:131-44. 1999
    ..of important social and environmental conditions that contribute to chronic stress burden, including crowding, crime, noise pollution, discrimination, and other hazards or stressors...
  45. ncbi Association between perceived environmental attributes and physical activity among adults in Recife, Brazil
    Pedro C Hallal
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
    J Phys Act Health 7:S213-22. 2010
    ..To evaluate the association between perceived environmental factors and leisure-time and transport-related physical activity...
  46. pmc Reducing corruption in a Mexican medical school: impact assessment across two cross-sectional surveys
    Sergio Paredes-Solís
    Centro de Investigacion de Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Mexico
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:S13. 2011
    ....
  47. pmc Lifetime criminality among boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a prospective follow-up study into adulthood using official arrest records
    Salvatore Mannuzza
    New York University Child Study Center, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Psychiatry Res 160:237-46. 2008
    ....
  48. ncbi Childhood predictors of male criminality: a prospective population-based follow-up study from age 8 to late adolescence
    Andre Sourander
    Department of Child Psychiatry, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 45:578-86. 2006
    ..To study childhood predictors for late adolescence criminality...
  49. doi Packers, pushers and stuffers--managing patients with concealed drugs in UK emergency departments: a clinical and medicolegal review
    R J Booker
    Emergency Department, Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, UK
    Emerg Med J 26:316-20. 2009
    ..Guidance is given for doctors who are faced with requests from the authorities to perform intimate searches and diagnostic imaging for forensic purposes...
  50. ncbi Young children who commit crime: epidemiology, developmental origins, risk factors, early interventions, and policy implications
    R Loeber
    University of Pittsburgh, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 12:737-62. 2000
    ..Policy recommendations are presented to improve methods of dealing with child delinquents by juvenile justice, child welfare, and mental health agencies...
  51. ncbi The association of perceived and objectively measured crime with physical activity: a cross-sectional analysis
    Aileen P McGinn
    Dept of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:117-31. 2008
    b>Crime is one aspect of the environment that can act as a barrier to physical activity...
  52. ncbi Psychiatric morbidity, violent crime, and suicide among children and adolescents exposed to parental death
    Holly C Wilcox
    Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287 3325, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 49:514-23; quiz 530. 2010
    ..This retrospective cohort study examined the risk for suicide, psychiatric hospitalization, and violent criminal convictions among offspring of parents who died from suicide, accidents, and other causes...
  53. ncbi Neighborhood and individual factors in activity in older adults: results from the neighborhood and senior health study
    Diane King
    Clinical Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, CO 80237 8066, USA
    J Aging Phys Act 16:144-70. 2008
    ..01). For seniors, the importance of characteristics of the built environment in promoting PA and general activity engagement might be secondary to attributes of the social environment that promote safety and social cohesion...
  54. ncbi Alcohol abuse and crime: a fixed-effects regression analysis
    D M Fergusson
    Christchurch School of Medicine, New Zealand
    Addiction 95:1525-36. 2000
    To examine linkages between patterns of alcohol abuse and crime in a New Zealand birth cohort studied to the age of 21 taking into account confounding factors through the use of fixed-effects regression methods.
  55. pmc Treating drug abuse and addiction in the criminal justice system: improving public health and safety
    Redonna K Chandler
    Services Research Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    JAMA 301:183-90. 2009
    ..We summarize relevant neuroscientific findings and evidence-based principles of addiction treatment that, if implemented in the criminal justice system, could help improve public heath and reduce criminal behavior...
  56. ncbi Predictors of antisocial personality. Continuities from childhood to adult life
    Emily Simonoff
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Guy s, King s and St Thomas Medical School and Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 184:118-27. 2004
    ..Antisocial behaviour in adult life has its roots in childhood...
  57. ncbi Male and female offending trajectories
    David M Fergusson
    Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine, New Zealand
    Dev Psychopathol 14:159-77. 2002
    ..These risk factors appeared to operate in a similar fashion for both males and females. Implications of these findings for trajectory theories of offending are discussed...
  58. ncbi Violence, abuse, and crime exposure in a national sample of children and youth
    David Finkelhor
    Crimes against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA
    Pediatrics 124:1411-23. 2009
    The objective of this research was to obtain national estimates of exposure to the full spectrum of the childhood violence, abuse, and crime victimizations relevant to both clinical practice and public-policy approaches to the problem.
  59. pmc Pathways to depression: the impact of neighborhood violent crime on inner-city residents in Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Aaron Curry
    Surveillance Data Incorporated, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 67:23-30. 2008
    b>Crime and neighborhood disorder may negatively impact the health of urban residents. Neighborhoods with high levels of violent crime may also increase residents' risk of experiencing violence...
  60. doi Fear of walking outdoors. A multilevel ecologic analysis of crime and disorder
    Caterina G Roman
    The Urban Institute, Justice Policy Center, Washington, DC 20006, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:306-12. 2008
    ..networks, the built environment, and active living, few neighborhood-based studies have considered the role of crime and violence...
  61. doi ISFG: recommendations regarding the use of non-human (animal) DNA in forensic genetic investigations
    A Linacre
    School of Biology, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 5:501-5. 2011
    ..of a species, or products derived from a species, which is contrary to legislation; as evidence where the crime is against a person or property; instances of animal cruelty; or where the animal is the offender...
  62. pmc Doctors face trial for manslaughter as criminal charges against doctors continue to rise
    Clare Dyer
    BMJ 325:63. 2002
  63. ncbi Neighborhood disorder, psychophysiological distress, and health
    Terrence D Hill
    Department of Sociology, 336 Burdine Hall, University of Texas, University Station A1700, Austin, TX 78712 1008, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 46:170-86. 2005
    ..is the neighborhood where disadvantaged persons live, which may expose them to chronic stressors in the form of crime, trouble, harassment, and other potentially distressing signs of disorder and decay...
  64. ncbi Pervasive developmental disorders and criminal behaviour: a case control study
    Svend Erik Mouridsen
    Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 52:196-205. 2008
    ..1% and 18.4%, respectively. The corresponding rate of convictions in the comparison groups was 18.9%, 14.7%, and 19.6% respectively. Particular attention is given to arson in Asperger's syndrome (p= .0009)...
  65. ncbi Early identification of chronic offenders: who is the fledgling psychopath?
    D R Lynam
    University of Kentucky, Department of Psychology, Lexington 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Bull 120:209-34. 1996
    ..The author discusses treatment implications and supporting evidence for each model. Finally, he recommends that the subtype theory receive further consideration and examination...
  66. ncbi Body packing--the internal concealment of illicit drugs
    Stephen J Traub
    Department of Emergency Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, Bellevue Hospital Center, New York, USA
    N Engl J Med 349:2519-26. 2003
  67. ncbi Medium secure forensic psychiatry services: comparison of seven English health regions
    J Coid
    Forensic Psychiatry Research Unit, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 178:55-61. 2001
    ..New standards are required for service specification and resource allocation to redress inequality. Traditional performance measures were of limited usefulness in comparing services...
  68. ncbi Crack across Canada: Comparing crack users and crack non-users in a Canadian multi-city cohort of illicit opioid users
    Benedikt Fischer
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Univrersity of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Addiction 101:1760-70. 2006
    ..To examine possible differences between crack users and crack non-users across Canada...
  69. ncbi Deviant peer affiliations, crime and substance use: a fixed effects regression analysis
    David M Fergusson
    Christchurch School of Medicine, New Zealand
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 30:419-30. 2002
    The present study was designed to assess the influence of deviant peer affiliations on crime and substance use in adolescence/young adulthood...
  70. ncbi Young adults, alcohol, crime and disorder
    Anna Richardson
    Drugs and Alcohol Research Unit, Home Office, London, UK
    Crim Behav Ment Health 13:5-16. 2003
    Alcohol-related crime is increasingly being recognized as a problem in cities and towns with popular entertainment districts...
  71. pmc Using DNA to track the origin of the largest ivory seizure since the 1989 trade ban
    Samuel K Wasser
    Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:4228-33. 2007
    ..Such outcomes demonstrate the potential of genetic analyses to help combat the expanding wildlife trade by identifying origin(s) of large seizures of contraband ivory. Broader applications to wildlife trade are discussed...
  72. ncbi Establishments licensed to serve alcohol and their contribution to police-recorded crime in Australia: further opportunities for harm reduction
    Shelley C Rowe
    School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan NSW, Australia
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 71:909-16. 2010
    ..opportunities for reducing harm, has been limited by inadequate information regarding incidents of alcohol-related crime. To address this deficiency, this study was undertaken to describe the association between such establishments and ..
  73. doi Violent crime in Asperger syndrome: the role of psychiatric comorbidity
    Stewart S Newman
    University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1848-52. 2008
    Although several studies have suggested an association between violent crime and Asperger syndrome (AS), few have examined the underlying reasons...
  74. ncbi Prozac and crime: who is the victim?
    Susan E Mason
    Wurzweiler School of Social Work, Yeshiva University, New York, New York 10033, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 72:445-55. 2002
    ..Defendants assert that they are victimized by their own involuntary intoxication or that of witnesses and crime victims who have been adversely influenced by Prozac...
  75. ncbi Are inner-cities bad for your health? Comparisons of residents' and third parties' perceptions of the urban neighbourhood of Gospel Oak, London
    Rob Whitley
    Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Sociol Health Illn 27:44-67. 2005
    ..Finally, we warn against making assumptions of collective social and physical pathology in urban neighbourhoods, urging a more critical approach to the study of the inner-city in the health sciences...
  76. ncbi [Alcohol, drugs and crime]
    Miguel Chalub
    Hospital de Custódia e Tratamento Psiquiátrico Heitor Carrilho, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    Rev Bras Psiquiatr 28:S69-73. 2006
    ..These problems are the psychoactive substance use disorder and crime. The form will be told as diverse researchers associate them, as well as the situation of the exam of users and ..
  77. ncbi Factors associated with history of non-fatal overdose among opioid users in the Swedish criminal justice system
    A Hakansson
    Clinical Alcohol Research, Lund University, Sweden, Malmo University Hospital, entrance 108, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Drug Alcohol Depend 94:48-55. 2008
    ..Overdose (OD) is a common cause of death in opioid users. Also, many current opioid users report a history of non-fatal OD. The present study aimed to identify factors associated with a history of non-fatal OD...
  78. doi Heritability, assortative mating and gender differences in violent crime: results from a total population sample using twin, adoption, and sibling models
    Thomas Frisell
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institute, PO Box 281, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden
    Behav Genet 42:3-18. 2012
    ..4), appeared to result from both phenotypic assortment and social homogamy, but had only minor effect on variance components. Finally, we found significant gender differences in the etiology of violent crime.
  79. doi Antisocial personality disorder as a predictor of criminal behaviour in a longitudinal study of a cohort of abusers of several classes of drugs: relation to type of substance and type of crime
    Mats Fridell
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Addict Behav 33:799-811. 2008
    ..001), and 2.44 times more likely to be charged committing multiple types of crime during an observation year (p<0.001)...
  80. ncbi Crime, hysteria and belle époque hypnotism: the path traced by Jean-Martin Charcot and Georges Gilles de la Tourette
    Julien Bogousslavsky
    Department of Neurology and Neurorehabilitation, Clinique Valmont, Genolier Swiss Medical Network, Glion Montreux, Switzerland
    Eur Neurol 62:193-9. 2009
    ..susceptibility was identified with hysteria by Charcot and Gilles de la Tourette, who saw rape as the only crime associated with hypnotism...
  81. doi Effects of perceived reliability and generalization of crime-related information on detection in the concealed information test
    Eitan Elaad
    Ariel University Center, Ariel, Israel
    Int J Psychophysiol 75:295-303. 2010
    ..participants was assessed under varying levels of probability that the obtained information is related to the crime and is therefore correct...
  82. ncbi An evaluation of the effects of neighborhood mobilization on community problems
    Patrick G Donnelly
    Department of Sociology, Antrhopology and Social Work, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH 45469 1442, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 32:61-80. 2006
    ..of mini-neighborhoods with a series of gates to moderate traffic flow, increase neighborliness, and reduce crime. An analysis of official data from police crime reports shows that crime was significantly reduced in the ..
  83. pmc Interim methadone treatment: impact on arrests
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 103:148-54. 2009
    ..It was hypothesized that IM participants would have a: (1) lower number of arrests at 6 and 12 months and (2) lower mean crime severity scores at 6 and 12 months post-baseline.
  84. pmc Treatment at the front end of the criminal justice continuum: the association between arrest and admission into specialty substance abuse treatment
    Sheryl Pimlott Kubiak
    School of Social Work, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 1:20. 2006
    ..e., probation or parole status)...
  85. doi Crime and health: a preliminary study into the effects of crime on the mental health of UK university students
    P Morrall
    Institute of Diagnostics and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 17:821-8. 2010
    In this paper we report on the findings from a preliminary study in the UK into the effects of crime on health...
  86. ncbi The risky business of body packers and body stuffers
    Sheila Goertemoeller
    Cincinnati Drug and Poison Information Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45219, USA
    J Emerg Nurs 32:541-4. 2006
  87. ncbi Epileptic automatisms in the criminal courts: 13 cases tried in England and Wales between 1975 and 2001
    Markus Reuber
    Academic Neurology Unit, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Epilepsia 49:138-45. 2008
    ..To explore the relationship of epilepsy and criminal behavior...
  88. pmc Clinical management of cocaine body packers: the Hillingdon experience
    Ian Beckley
    Department of Surgery, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, London, UK
    Can J Surg 52:417-21. 2009
    ..To date, however, a consistent approach for the management of these patients has not been established...
  89. doi Explaining the effectiveness of heroin-assisted treatment on crime reductions
    Rebecca Löbmann
    Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony, Hanover, Germany
    Law Hum Behav 33:83-95. 2009
    ..The multivariate analysis reveals that the effects are due to a decrease of illegal drug use and absence from the drug scene...
  90. ncbi The effect of objectively measured crime on walking in minority adults
    Noreen C McDonald
    Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 317 New East Building, CB 3140, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3140, USA
    Am J Health Promot 22:433-6. 2008
    Evaluate the relationship between neighborhood crime and the amount of daily walking by minority adults.
  91. doi Establishment of a definitive protocol for the diagnosis and management of body packers (drug mules)
    Nageswara Mandava
    Department of Surgery, Caritas Health Care, New York Medical College Brooklyn and Queens Program, New York, USA
    Emerg Med J 28:98-101. 2011
    ..These people are otherwise healthy and their management should maintain minimal morbidity. In this study, experience with body packers is presented and an algorithm for conservative and surgical management is provided...
  92. ncbi Real-time forensic DNA analysis at a crime scene using a portable microchip analyzer
    Peng Liu
    UCSF UC Berkeley Joint Graduate Group in Bioengineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 2:301-9. 2008
    ..To critically evaluate the capabilities of our portable microsystem as well as its compatibility with crime scene investigation processes, real-time STR analyses were carried out at a mock crime scene prepared by the Palm ..
  93. ncbi Low cholesterol and violent crime
    B A Golomb
    Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 92093 0995, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 34:301-9. 2000
    ..Psychosom. Med 1994;56:479-84.). In this study we test for the first time whether cholesterol level is related to commission of violent crimes against others in a large community cohort...
  94. ncbi Methadone maintenance and drug-related crime
    J Bell
    Drug and Alcohol Unit, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, NSW, Australia
    J Subst Abuse 9:15-25. 1997
    ..of methadone maintenance treatment, this study investigated factors associated with continued involvement in crime during treatment, and in particular whether there appeared to be differences in effectiveness of treatment between ..
  95. ncbi Criminal history and assault of dating partners: the role of type of prior crime, age of onset, and gender
    Murray A Straus
    Family Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
    Violence Vict 19:413-34. 2004
    ..have found that most of the perpetrators are not violent outside the family, which suggests a specialized type of crime. However, other studies found domestic violence offenders tend to have extensive criminal histories...
  96. ncbi Effects of perceived and objective neighborhood crime on walking frequency among midlife African American women in a home-based walking intervention
    April Y Oh
    Health Promotion Research Branch, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
    J Phys Act Health 7:432-41. 2010
    b>Crime may be a significant barrier to physical activity for urban African American women, yet few studies have examined this relationship in intervention studies...
  97. ncbi Drug use, street crime, and sex-trading among cocaine-dependent women: implications for public health and criminal justice policy
    J A Inciardi
    Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies, University of Delaware, Newark 19716-2582, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 33:379-89. 2001
    ..Analyses focus on drug use, criminality and HIV/AIDS risk behaviors. Implications for policy alternatives in criminal justice and public health approaches for assisting this population are discussed...
  98. pmc Child and adolescent psychiatric patients and later criminality
    Ulf Engqvist
    Department of Women and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Astrid Lindgren Children s Hospital at Karolinska University Hospital, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 7:221. 2007
    ..This study investigated the risk for patients treated 1975-1990 to be registered as criminals until the end of 2003...
  99. ncbi Predicting aberrant drug behavior in patients treated for chronic pain: importance of abuse history
    Edward Michna
    Pain Management Center, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 28:250-8. 2004
    ..05). This study demonstrates that questions about abuse history and legal problems can be useful in predicting aberrant drug-related behavior with opioid use in persons with chronic noncancer pain...
  100. ncbi Identifying crime victims who are at high risk for post traumatic stress disorder: developing a practical referral instrument
    T Wohlfarth
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Free University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 105:451-60. 2002
    To construct a practical instrument for the identification and referral of crime victims who are at high risk for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
  101. ncbi Who is at greatest risk of adverse long-term outcomes? The Finnish From a Boy to a Man study
    Andre Sourander
    Department of Child Psychiatry, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:1148-61. 2007
    ..To study associations between comorbid psychopathology and long-term outcomes in a large birth cohort sample from age 8 to early adulthood...

Research Grants90

  1. MULTIDIMENSIONAL HORMONAL ASSESSMENT OF PTSD
    Sheila Wang; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Thirty women with PTSD related to sexual trauma will be recruited from the Crime Victims Study Program at the University of South Carolina in Charleston...
  2. Treatment Implications of Trauma Memory Modulation for PTSD & Alcohol Dependence
    Michael Saladin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..placebo, administered immediately after exposure to scripted imagery of a crime-related trauma, on the subjective, physiological and stress responses occurring during a subsequent test session ..
  3. Treatment Implications of Trauma Memory Modulation for PTSD & Alcohol Dependence
    Michael E Saladin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..placebo, administered immediately after exposure to scripted imagery of a crime-related trauma, on the subjective, physiological and stress responses occurring during a subsequent test session ..
  4. Community-based Methamphetamine Use & HIV Risk in China
    Brian Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The United Nations Office on Drugs &Crime (2004) reports large increases in methamphetamine production and abuse in China...
  5. Community-based Methamphetamine Use & HIV Risk in China
    Brian C Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The United Nations Office on Drugs &Crime (2004) reports large increases in methamphetamine production and abuse in China...
  6. The Demography of Prisoner Reentry: Residential Moves & Changing Social Contexts
    Jeffrey Morenoff; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Neighborhoods with high unemployment, poverty and crime rates are likely to have fewer resources that address the health and economic needs of returning prisoners, exert ..
  7. The Demography of Prisoner Reentry: Residential Moves & Changing Social Contexts
    JEFFREY D contact MORENOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Neighborhoods with high unemployment, poverty and crime rates are likely to have fewer resources that address the health and economic needs of returning prisoners, exert ..
  8. Multivalent Vaccine for Opiate Addiction
    Paul Pentel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition to disrupting the lives of the addict, family and friends, it is associated with crime, increased health care expenditures, and intravenous drug abuse contributes substantially to the spread of HIV/..
  9. Multivalent Vaccine for Opiate Addiction
    Paul R Pentel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to disrupting the lives of the addict, family and friends, it is associated with crime, increased health care expenditures, and intravenous drug abuse contributes substantially to the spread of HIV/..
  10. Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular Risk
    Sheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Neighborhood level factors such as crime, walk ability and resources for physical activity and healthful food attributes will be assessed...
  11. Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular Risk
    Sheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Neighborhood level factors such as crime, walk ability and resources for physical activity and healthful food attributes will be assessed...
  12. HDL Dysfunction and Vascular Inflammation
    Kirkwood Pritchard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..central role in impairing vascular dysfunction by determining how the sickling red cell raises up new "partner in crime" to induce vascular disease...
  13. Preclinical studies of a heroin/morphine vaccine for opiate addiction
    Paul R Pentel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2 million heroin addicts in the U.S. Heroin addiction is associated with disruption of crime, social disruption, and severe health consequences including the spread of HIV and hepatitis C...
  14. HDL Dysfunction and Vascular Inflammation
    Kirkwood A Pritchard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..central role in impairing vascular dysfunction by determining how the sickling red cell raises up new "partner in crime" to induce vascular disease...
  15. OPERATIONS CORE
    Nancy Wolff; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..1313a But, tough on crime legislation has advanced over the past 20 years making it more difficult to get out and stay out of the criminal ..
  16. GEMS: Geographic Enforcement Management Service for Liquor Control/Public Safety
    JOSEPH KABEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..consumption by the perpetrator (Spunt et al 1995, Goldstein et al 1992), and almost one in four victims of violent crime report that the perpetrator had been drinking prior to committing the violent act (Greenfield 1998)...
  17. GEMS: Geographic Enforcement Management Service for Liquor Control/Public Safety
    JOSEPH KABEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..consumption by the perpetrator (Spunt et al 1995, Goldstein et al 1992), and almost one in four victims of violent crime report that the perpetrator had been drinking prior to committing the violent act (Greenfield 1998)...
  18. AIDS DEMONSTATION--THREE LEVELS OF METHADONE MAINTENANCE
    ANNA CHILDRESS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..criteria it is argued that more potential clients could be treated and in turn, the risks for continued drug use, crime, and AIDS could be reduced...
  19. Assessing Patterns of HIV Risk Among IDUs in Neighborhood Environments over Time
    Alexander H Kral; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. Census, the Census Neighborhood Change Database, HIV/AIDS reports, crime reports, and geocoded locations of HIV prevention services (including HIV testing sites, drug treatment programs, ..
  20. Assessing Patterns of HIV Risk Among IDUs in Neighborhood Environments over Time
    Alexander H Kral; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. Census, the Census Neighborhood Change Database, HIV/AIDS reports, crime reports, and geocoded locations of HIV prevention services (including HIV testing sites, drug treatment programs, ..
  21. Assessing Patterns of HIV Risk Among IDUs in Neighborhood Environments over Time
    ALEXANDER KRAL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. Census, the Census Neighborhood Change Database, HIV/AIDS reports, crime reports, and geocoded locations of HIV prevention services (including HIV testing sites, drug treatment programs, ..
  22. HDL Dysfunction and Vascular Inflammation
    Kirkwood Pritchard; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..central role in impairing vascular dysfunction by determining how the sickling red cell raises up new "partner in crime" to induce vascular disease...
  23. Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women: Multilevel Analysis
    Qing Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..were small in size (ranged from 157 cases locally to 1,440 couples nationally), and most mainly relied on police crime reports or national surveys, which are prone to selection and reporting bias...
  24. HDL Dysfunction and Vascular Inflammation
    Kirkwood Pritchard; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..central role in impairing vascular dysfunction by determining how the sickling red cell raises up new "partner in crime" to induce vascular disease...
  25. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Poverty and crime have disproportionately impacted ethnic minority communities (Reese et al., 2001)...
  26. Jail-Based Treatment to Reduce Substance Abuse, Recidivism and Risky Behavior
    June P Tangney; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..project imports social-personality theory and research on moral emotions and cognitions to the applied problems of crime, substance abuse, and HIV risk behavior. The primary aims are to better understand the role of moral emotions (i.e...
  27. MI Youth Violence Prevention Center
    Marc A Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2, over 5 times that of the rate for MI and the nation. The 2007 rate of all violent crime with victims under 25 in our intervention area was 614.5/10,000;it was 566.4 in the comparison tracts and 603...
  28. Implementing Evidence-Based Drug Treatment in Criminal Justice Settings
    Steven Belenko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..conference will be held in Philadelphia, PA under the direction of the Center on Evidence-based Interventions for Crime and Addiction (CEICA), housed at the Treatment Research Institute...
  29. Expanding Treatment of Opioid Dependence Among the Privately Insured
    COLLEEN BARRY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..including financial hardship, under-employment, transmission of hepatitis C and HIV, impaired driving, and crime. Restrictive insurance benefits for substance abuse may partially explain low treatment rates among the 53 percent ..
  30. EFFECTS OF POVERTY ENVIRONMENTS ON ELDERLY WELL BEING
    Valerie Brown; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..of urban poverty environments and associated negative area social conditions (high rates of: juvenile delinquency; crime; unemployment; female head of house; welfare assistance; and teenage pregnancy; poor housing quality and age ..
  31. Expanding Treatment of Opioid Dependence Among the Privately Insured
    Susan H Busch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..including financial hardship, under-employment, transmission of hepatitis C and HIV, impaired driving, and crime. Restrictive insurance benefits for substance abuse may partially explain low treatment rates among the 53 percent ..
  32. Psychobiology of Trauma and Resilience Across Lifespan
    Dean Kilpatrick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..prevalence of exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTEs) such as child maltreatment, interpersonal violence, crime, disasters, terrorism, and war is high, and exposure is demonstrated to increase risk of several mental disorders ..
  33. Frontal Striatal Activity During Decision Making in Substance Abuse
    Jody Tanabe; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..is substantial, estimated to be $180 billion reflecting costs related to health care, loss of productivity, crime, and social welfare (2004)...
  34. REDUCING BIAS--THE COMMON INGROUP IDENTITY MODEL
    SAMUEL GAERTNER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..as to minority groups involve the loss of human and financial resources as the result of unemployment, poverty, crime, drugs, ill-health, and personal, social and family dysfunction (see Bowser & Hunt, 1981; Jones, 1986; McLoyd, ..
  35. REDUCING BIAS--THE COMMON INGROUP IDENTITY MODEL
    SAMUEL GAERTNER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..as to minority groups involve the loss of human and financial resources as the result of unemployment, poverty, crime, drugs, ill-health, and personal, social and family dysfunction (see Bowser & Hunt, 1981; Jones, 1986; McLoyd, ..
  36. REDUCING BIAS--THE COMMON INGROUP IDENTITY MODEL
    SAMUEL GAERTNER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..as to minority groups involve the loss of human and financial resources as the result of unemployment, poverty, crime, drugs, ill-health, and personal, social and family dysfunction (see Bowser & Hunt, 1981; Jones, 1986; McLoyd, ..
  37. Neighborhood Effects on Decision-Making Processes by Low-Income Adults and Youths
    Jens Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A wide range of social, economic, and health behaviors-such as school dropout, crime, injury, drug use, teen fertility, and obesity-vary dramatically across neighborhoods in America...
  38. The Health of Low-Income Adults in New York City Subsidized Housing: A Randomized
    Jeanne Brooks Gunn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..perspective, moving to subsidized housing, to less poor neighborhoods, to housing developments with low rates of crime, or to more mixed income settings might reduce health disparities through multiple pathways...
  39. Multiple Levels of Analysis: Trauma, Violence and PTSD Among Youths'
    Paul Boxer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite national trends showing declines in violent crime, studies show that violence remains alarmingly high in some communities as well as in homes, schools, and the media...
  40. Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular Risk
    Sheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Neighborhood level factors such as crime, walk ability and resources for physical activity and healthful food attributes will be assessed...
  41. Disparities in sexually transmitted infections among young women: Role of individ
    Sarah Wiehe; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..High rates of incarceration and crime in a community have also been associated with higher STI prevalence in that community...
  42. Disparities in sexually transmitted infections among young women: Role of individ
    SARAH ELIZABETH WIEHE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..High rates of incarceration and crime in a community have also been associated with higher STI prevalence in that community...
  43. The Opioid mesolimbic system in heroin abuse
    Yasmin L Hurd; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..with high mortality due to overdose, high risk of contracting diseases such as HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis, and crime that often exceed that of most other abused drugs...
  44. WORKSITE INTERVENTION TO REDUCE ASSAULT INJURY
    Jess Kraus; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..about compliance to or long-term effects of these programs, and that few evaluations controlled for trends in crime rates...
  45. The Opioid mesolimbic system in heroin abuse
    Yasmin L Hurd; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..with high mortality due to overdose, high risk of contracting diseases such as HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis, and crime that often exceed that of most other abused drugs...
  46. Changes in Health Care Access and Utilization in the US-Mexico Border Region
    KIMBERLEY LYNN H GEISSLER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Since 2006, violent crime has risen rapidly in the northern Mexican states;this violent crime is likely to increase the cost of crossing the ..
  47. Efficacy of Extended Release Tramadol for Treating Prescription Opioid Withdrawal
    MICHELLE RENEE LOFWALL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..public health problems (individual morbidity and mortality, increased transmission of infectious diseases, and crime), more efficacious treatment options for this disorder are needed...
  48. The Opioid mesolimbic system in heroin abuse
    Yasmin Hurd; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..with high mortality due to overdose, high risk of contracting diseases such as HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis, and crime that often exceed that of most other abused drugs...
  49. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Poverty and crime have disproportionately impacted ethnic minority communities (Reese et al., 2001)...
  50. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Poverty and crime have disproportionately impacted ethnic minority communities (Reese et al., 2001)...
  51. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Poverty and crime have disproportionately impacted ethnic minority communities (Reese et al., 2001)...
  52. Efficacy of Extended Release Tramadol for Treating Prescription Opioid Withdrawal
    MICHELLE LOFWALL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..public health problems (individual morbidity and mortality, increased transmission of infectious diseases, and crime), more efficacious treatment options for this disorder are needed...
  53. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Poverty and crime have disproportionately impacted ethnic minority communities (Reese et al., 2001)...
  54. Translation of a robbery and violence prevention program to high risk businesses
    Carri Casteel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..access control, and signage to indicate safety procedures have shown great success in reducing robbery and violent crime in retail and service settings...
  55. Translation of a robbery and violence prevention program to high risk businesses
    CARRI H CASTEEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..access control, and signage to indicate safety procedures have shown great success in reducing robbery and violent crime in retail and service settings...
  56. Weight Development and Mental Health Symptoms in Adolescent Girls
    Kathleen McTigue; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g. poverty, crime or other safety issues)...
  57. The Impact of Neighborhoods, Networks and Depression on Drug Users' HIV Risks
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Social network characteristics and urban neighborhood conditions of crime, violence, physical decay, drug use, residential mobility, unemployment, incarceration, and crowding may directly ..
  58. Neighborhood Effects on HIV Risk-Taking
    Claire E Sterk; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. Census, and part 1 crime, drug arrests, and alcohol outlet data...
  59. The Impact of Neighborhoods, Networks and Depression on Drug Users' HIV Risks
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Social network characteristics and urban neighborhood conditions of crime, violence, physical decay, drug use, residential mobility, unemployment, incarceration, and crowding may directly ..
  60. The Impact of Neighborhoods, Networks and Depression on Drug Users' HIV Risks
    Carl A Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Social network characteristics and urban neighborhood conditions of crime, violence, physical decay, drug use, residential mobility, unemployment, incarceration, and crowding may directly ..
  61. Neighborhood Effects on HIV Risk-Taking
    Claire Sterk; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. Census, and part 1 crime, drug arrests, and alcohol outlet data...
  62. Preventing HIV Infection Among MSM in Southern India
    David D Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Yet Indian MSM remain hidden from public view as marriage is expected and anal intercourse has historically been a crime punishable by the Indian Penal Code (Section 377), only recently overturned...
  63. Preventing HIV Infection Among MSM in Southern India
    David D Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Yet Indian MSM remain hidden from public view as marriage is expected and anal intercourse has historically been a crime punishable by the Indian Penal Code (Section 377), only recently overturned...
  64. Effects of Alcohol Control Policies on Violent Crime: A Time-Series Analysis
    Hope Corman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Violent crime imposes enormous costs on victims, their families, and society. One factor that has been frequently cited as a potential causal factor in violent crime is the use/abuse of alcohol...
  65. Obesity and the Environment: The Transition to Adulthood
    Penny Gordon Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., public and public gyms, recreation facilities, crime rates) that explain the differential distribution of physical activity and overweight patterns by ethnicity and ..
  66. ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR FROM CHILDHOOD TO ADULTHOOD
    Terrie Moffitt; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..At the same time that the majority of delinquents abandon crime for more pro-social lifestyles, a smaller number of individuals continue their crime careers into young adulthood ..
  67. Obesity and the Environment: The Transition to Adulthood
    Penny Gordon Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., public and public gyms, recreation facilities, crime rates) that explain the differential distribution of physical activity and overweight patterns by ethnicity and ..
  68. ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR FROM CHILDHOOD TO ADULTHOOD
    Terrie Moffitt; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..At the same time that the majority of delinquents abandon crime for more pro-social lifestyles, a smaller number of individuals continue their crime careers into young adulthood ..
  69. Obesity and the Environment: The Transition to Adulthood
    Penny Gordon Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., public and public gyms, recreation facilities, crime rates) that explain the differential distribution of physical activity and overweight patterns by ethnicity and ..
  70. Obesity and the Environment: The Transition to Adulthood
    Penny Gordon Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., public and public gyms, recreation facilities, crime rates) that explain the differential distribution of physical activity and overweight patterns by ethnicity and ..
  71. Obesity and the Environment: The Transition to Adulthood
    Penny Gordon Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., public and public gyms, recreation facilities, crime rates) that explain the differential distribution of physical activity and overweight patterns by ethnicity and ..
  72. Neighborhood Effects on Drug Use Among African American Adults
    Claire Sterk; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. Census, Part 1 crime data and drug arrest data from the Atlanta Police Department which will be combined into an assessment of ..
  73. Neighborhood Effects on Drug Use Among African American Adults
    Claire E Sterk; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. Census, Part 1 crime data and drug arrest data from the Atlanta Police Department which will be combined into an assessment of ..
  74. Strengthening social capital to reduce youth violence
    Trudy Harpham; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..research in the USA by Sampson et at (1997) has demonstrated the association between social capital and violent crime, which is independent of poverty levels...
  75. Strengthening social capital to reduce youth violence
    Trudy Harpham; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..research in the USA by Sampson et at (1997) has demonstrated the association between social capital and violent crime, which is independent of poverty levels...
  76. Strengthening social capital to reduce youth violence
    Trudy Harpham; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..research in the USA by Sampson et at (1997) has demonstrated the association between social capital and violent crime, which is independent of poverty levels...
  77. BEHAVIORAL MECHANISM IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    DON CHEREK; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are associated with an increased risk for drug dependence, crime and other antisocial behaviors...
  78. Reducing Cocaine/Heroin Abuse with SR-Amphetamine and Buprenorphine
    Mark Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..public health, social, and economic problems via increased risk of medical and psychiatric morbidities, crime, and poor treatment outcome...
  79. BEHAVIORAL MECHANISM IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    DON CHEREK; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are associated with an increased risk for drug dependence, crime and other antisocial behaviors...
  80. Reducing Cocaine/Heroin Abuse with SR-Amphetamine and Buprenorphine
    Mark Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..public health, social, and economic problems via increased risk of medical and psychiatric morbidities, crime, and poor treatment outcome...
  81. Reducing Cocaine/Heroin Abuse with SR-Amphetamine and Buprenorphine
    Mark Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..public health, social, and economic problems via increased risk of medical and psychiatric morbidities, crime, and poor treatment outcome...
  82. BEHAVIORAL MECHANISM IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    DON CHEREK; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are associated with an increased risk for drug dependence, crime and other antisocial behaviors...
  83. Improving Safety and Access for Physical Activity
    DAWN WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..focus groups that low-income minority adults would like to increase the safe places for PA (areas free from crime, containment of stray dogs, increased police patrol) and access to PA (sidewalks/trails and expand opportunities ..
  84. CRIME VICTIMIZATION, GENDER & MORTALITY IN OLDER ADULTS
    Mark Lachs; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The specific aims of this research are (1) to identify risk factors for crime victimization in an observational cohort of community dwelling older adults, and to estimate the independent contribution of crime victimization to (2) erosion ..
  85. Improving Safety and Access for Physical Activity
    DAWN WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..focus groups that low-income minority adults would like to increase the safe places for PA (areas free from crime, containment of stray dogs, increased police patrol) and access to PA (sidewalks/trails and expand opportunities ..
  86. TIME SERIES ANALYSIS OF DRUG USE AND CRIME IN NYC
    Hope Corman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..the effects, over time, of local law enforcement efforts at reducing drug use and drug trafficking on: property crime, violent crime, local heroin and cocaine prices, and drug use indicators in New York City...
  87. ELDER VICTIMIZATION--A PILOT FEASIBILITY STUDY
    Ronald Acierno; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..this pilot feasibility study will enable researchers to efficiently conduct a population-based national study of crime against elders and its effects...
  88. CRIME VICTIMIZATION, GENDER & MORTALITY IN OLDER ADULTS
    Mark Lachs; Fiscal Year: 2001
    The specific aims of this research are (1) to identify risk factors for crime victimization in an observational cohort of community dwelling older adults, and to estimate the independent contribution of crime victimization to (2) erosion ..
  89. CRIME VICTIMIZATION, GENDER & MORTALITY IN OLDER ADULTS
    Mark Lachs; Fiscal Year: 2003
    The specific aims of this research are (1) to identify risk factors for crime victimization in an observational cohort of community dwelling older adults, and to estimate the independent contribution of crime victimization to (2) erosion ..
  90. CRIME VICTIMIZATION, GENDER & MORTALITY IN OLDER ADULTS
    Mark Lachs; Fiscal Year: 2002
    The specific aims of this research are (1) to identify risk factors for crime victimization in an observational cohort of community dwelling older adults, and to estimate the independent contribution of crime victimization to (2) erosion ..