physical fitness

Summary

Summary: A state of well-being in which performance is optimal, often as a result of physical conditioning which may be prescribed for disease therapy.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth
    William B Strong
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA
    J Pediatr 146:732-7. 2005
  2. ncbi Calibration of the Computer Science and Applications, Inc. accelerometer
    P S Freedson
    University of Massachusetts, Department of Exercise Science, Amherst 01003, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:777-81. 1998
  3. ncbi How many steps/day are enough? Preliminary pedometer indices for public health
    Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona 85212, USA
    Sports Med 34:1-8. 2004
  4. pmc Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence
    Darren E R Warburton
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, and the Healthy Heart Program, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 174:801-9. 2006
  5. doi Cardiorespiratory fitness as a quantitative predictor of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in healthy men and women: a meta-analysis
    Satoru Kodama
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tsukuba Institute of Clinical Medicine, 3 2 7 Miya machi, Mito, Ibaraki 310 0015, Japan
    JAMA 301:2024-35. 2009
  6. ncbi Is physical activity or physical fitness more important in defining health benefits?
    S N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:S379-99; discussion S419-20. 2001
  7. doi Physical activity, fitness and fatness: relations to mortality, morbidity and disease risk factors. A systematic review
    M Fogelholm
    The Academy of Finland, Health Research Unit, 00501 Helsinki, Finland
    Obes Rev 11:202-21. 2010
  8. pmc Effect of school based physical activity programme (KISS) on fitness and adiposity in primary schoolchildren: cluster randomised controlled trial
    Susi Kriemler
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, 4052 Basel, Switzerland
    BMJ 340:c785. 2010
  9. pmc Meta-analysis of workplace physical activity interventions
    Vicki S Conn
    School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:330-9. 2009
  10. ncbi Effects of comprehensive lifestyle modification on diet, weight, physical fitness, and blood pressure control: 18-month results of a randomized trial
    Patricia J Elmer
    Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon 97227, USA
    Ann Intern Med 144:485-95. 2006

Research Grants

  1. IMPACT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND EXERCISE ON HEALTH
    Steven Blair; Fiscal Year: 2001
  2. Prospective effects of psychosocial factors on bariatric surgical success
    Erin Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2006
  5. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2009
  6. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas A Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. The Effect of Behavioral and Physiological Factors on Obesity Risk in Children
    Karen B Dorsey; Fiscal Year: 2010
  9. EXERCISE--NURSING INTERVENTION FOR FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
    Beverly Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2000
  10. EXERCISE--NURSING INTERVENTION FOR FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
    Beverly Roberts; Fiscal Year: 1999

Detail Information

Publications303 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth
    William B Strong
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA
    J Pediatr 146:732-7. 2005
    ..To review the effects of physical activity on health and behavior outcomes and develop evidence-based recommendations for physical activity in youth...
  2. ncbi Calibration of the Computer Science and Applications, Inc. accelerometer
    P S Freedson
    University of Massachusetts, Department of Exercise Science, Amherst 01003, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:777-81. 1998
    ..We established accelerometer count ranges for the Computer Science and Applications, Inc. (CSA) activity monitor corresponding to commonly employed MET categories...
  3. ncbi How many steps/day are enough? Preliminary pedometer indices for public health
    Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona 85212, USA
    Sports Med 34:1-8. 2004
    ..or=10000 steps/day indicates the point that should be used to classify individuals as 'active'. Individuals who take >12500 steps/day are likely to be classified as 'highly active'...
  4. pmc Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence
    Darren E R Warburton
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, and the Healthy Heart Program, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 174:801-9. 2006
    ..There appears to be a linear relation between physical activity and health status, such that a further increase in physical activity and fitness will lead to additional improvements in health status...
  5. doi Cardiorespiratory fitness as a quantitative predictor of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in healthy men and women: a meta-analysis
    Satoru Kodama
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tsukuba Institute of Clinical Medicine, 3 2 7 Miya machi, Mito, Ibaraki 310 0015, Japan
    JAMA 301:2024-35. 2009
    ..Epidemiological studies have indicated an inverse association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and coronary heart disease (CHD) or all-cause mortality in healthy participants...
  6. ncbi Is physical activity or physical fitness more important in defining health benefits?
    S N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:S379-99; discussion S419-20. 2001
    ..activity and health? 2) Is there a dose-response relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and health? 3) If both activity and fitness have a dose-response relation to health, is it possible to determine which exposure is more important?..
  7. doi Physical activity, fitness and fatness: relations to mortality, morbidity and disease risk factors. A systematic review
    M Fogelholm
    The Academy of Finland, Health Research Unit, 00501 Helsinki, Finland
    Obes Rev 11:202-21. 2010
    ..The conclusions of the present review may not be applicable to individuals with BMI > 35...
  8. pmc Effect of school based physical activity programme (KISS) on fitness and adiposity in primary schoolchildren: cluster randomised controlled trial
    Susi Kriemler
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, 4052 Basel, Switzerland
    BMJ 340:c785. 2010
    ..To assess the effectiveness of a school based physical activity programme during one school year on physical and psychological health in young schoolchildren...
  9. pmc Meta-analysis of workplace physical activity interventions
    Vicki S Conn
    School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:330-9. 2009
    ..This comprehensive meta-analysis integrated the extant wide range of worksite physical activity intervention research...
  10. ncbi Effects of comprehensive lifestyle modification on diet, weight, physical fitness, and blood pressure control: 18-month results of a randomized trial
    Patricia J Elmer
    Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon 97227, USA
    Ann Intern Med 144:485-95. 2006
    ..The main 6-month results from the PREMIER trial showed that comprehensive behavioral intervention programs improve lifestyle behaviors and lower blood pressure...
  11. ncbi Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular risk in children: a cross-sectional study (The European Youth Heart Study)
    Lars Bo Andersen
    Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Lancet 368:299-304. 2006
    ..This study's aim was to assess the associations of objectively measured physical activity with clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and derive guidelines on the basis of this analysis...
  12. ncbi Low levels of leisure-time physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness predict development of the metabolic syndrome
    David E Laaksonen
    Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland Research Institute of Public Health, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
    Diabetes Care 25:1612-8. 2002
    ..We studied the associations of LTPA and cardiorespiratory fitness with development of the metabolic syndrome (World Health Organization [WHO] and the National Cholesterol Education Program [NCEP] definitions)...
  13. ncbi Toward a better understanding of the influences on physical activity: the role of determinants, correlates, causal variables, mediators, moderators, and confounders
    Adrian E Bauman
    School of Community Medicine and Public Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 23:5-14. 2002
    ..This article examines the factors that are correlated with and that may have a causal relationship to physical activity...
  14. ncbi Cardiorespiratory fitness is inversely associated with the incidence of metabolic syndrome: a prospective study of men and women
    Michael J LaMonte
    Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Circulation 112:505-12. 2005
    ..Few studies have reported the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and metabolic syndrome incidence, particularly in women...
  15. ncbi Physical activity assessment in children and adolescents
    J R Sirard
    Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Sports Med 31:439-54. 2001
    ....
  16. ncbi Reassessment of the cost of chronic helmintic infection: a meta-analysis of disability-related outcomes in endemic schistosomiasis
    Charles H King
    Center for Global Health and Diseases, Wolstein 4126, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7286, USA
    Lancet 365:1561-9. 2005
    ..To develop an evidenced-based reassessment of schistosomiasis-related disability, we did a systematic review of data on disability-associated outcomes for all forms of schistosomiasis...
  17. ncbi Resistance exercise in men receiving androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer
    Roanne J Segal
    Department of Medical Oncology, Ottawa Regional Cancer Centre General Site, 503 Smyth Rd, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 1C4, Canada
    J Clin Oncol 21:1653-9. 2003
    ..These physical changes can negatively affect health-related quality of life. Resistance exercise may help to counter some of these side effects by reducing fatigue, elevating mood, building muscle mass, and reducing body fat...
  18. ncbi Health benefits of a pedometer-based physical activity intervention in sedentary workers
    Catherine B Chan
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PE, Canada C1A 4P3
    Prev Med 39:1215-22. 2004
    ..Here, we examined the effects of a pedometer-based physical activity intervention (Prince Edward Island-First Step Program, PEI-FSP) on activity and specific health indices in 106 sedentary workers...
  19. pmc A global clinical measure of fitness and frailty in elderly people
    Kenneth Rockwood
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS
    CMAJ 173:489-95. 2005
    ..We aimed to develop a tool that would be both predictive and easy to use...
  20. ncbi Independent associations of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness with metabolic risk factors in children: the European youth heart study
    U Ekelund
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Fulbourn Road, Cambridge, CB1 9NL, UK
    Diabetologia 50:1832-40. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi Physical demands at work, physical fitness, and 30-year ischaemic heart disease and all-cause mortality in the Copenhagen Male Study
    Andreas Holtermann
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 36:357-65. 2010
    ..No previous long-term prospective studies have examined if workers with low cardiorespiratory fitness have an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality due to high physical work demands. We tested this hypothesis...
  22. ncbi Resistance exercise in individuals with and without cardiovascular disease: 2007 update: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Clinical Cardiology and Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism
    Mark A Williams
    Creighton University
    Circulation 116:572-84. 2007
    ..The purpose of this update is to provide clinicians with recommendations to facilitate the use of this valuable modality...
  23. ncbi The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ): a study of concurrent and construct validity
    Maria Hagstromer
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition Novum, Department of Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, S 141 57 Huddinge, Sweden
    Public Health Nutr 9:755-62. 2006
    ..The short version of the IPAQ has been tested extensively and is now used in many international studies. The present study aimed to explore the validity characteristics of the long-version IPAQ...
  24. ncbi Meta-analysis of the effect of structured exercise training on cardiorespiratory fitness in Type 2 diabetes mellitus
    N G Boulé
    School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetologia 46:1071-81. 2003
    ..Therefore the aim of this study was to systematically review and quantify the effects of exercise on cardiorespiratory fitness in Type 2 diabetic individuals...
  25. ncbi Validation and calibration of physical activity monitors in children
    Maurice R Puyau
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Obes Res 10:150-7. 2002
    ....
  26. ncbi Relations of moderate and vigorous physical activity to fitness and fatness in adolescents
    Bernard Gutin
    Georgia Prevention Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:746-50. 2005
    ..It is unclear how moderate and vigorous intensities of physical activity (PA) are associated with cardiovascular fitness (CVF) and percentage of body fat (%BF) in adolescents...
  27. ncbi Effects of different doses of physical activity on cardiorespiratory fitness among sedentary, overweight or obese postmenopausal women with elevated blood pressure: a randomized controlled trial
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge 70808 4124, USA
    JAMA 297:2081-91. 2007
    ..However, a poor understanding of the physical activity-fitness dose response relation remains...
  28. ncbi Effects of aerobic and resistance exercise in breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy: a multicenter randomized controlled trial
    Kerry S Courneya
    Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Clin Oncol 25:4396-404. 2007
    ..We evaluated the relative merits of aerobic and resistance exercise in blunting these effects...
  29. ncbi Aerobic fitness reduces brain tissue loss in aging humans
    Stanley J Colcombe
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:176-80. 2003
    ..We examined the relationship between aerobic fitness and in vivo brain tissue density in an older adult population, using voxel-based morphometric techniques...
  30. ncbi Public health and clinical recommendations for physical activity and physical fitness: special focus on overweight youth
    Janet E Fulton
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Sports Med 34:581-99. 2004
    Numerous physical activity and physical fitness recommendations exist for youth...
  31. doi Associations between physical fitness and HbA₁(c) in type 2 diabetes mellitus
    J LaRose
    University of Ottawa, Montpetit Hall, ON, Canada
    Diabetologia 54:93-102. 2011
    In people with type 2 diabetes, exercise improves glucose control (as reflected in HbA₁(c)) and physical fitness, but it is not clear to what extent these exercise-induced improvements are correlated with one another...
  32. doi Metabolic syndrome and physical fitness in a sample of Azorean adolescents
    Carla Moreira
    Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 8:443-9. 2010
    ..This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components and to analyze the relationship between metabolic syndrome and overall physical fitness levels in a sample of Azorean adolescents.
  33. ncbi A longitudinal study of the development of low back pain in an industrial population
    J M Stevenson
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:1370-7. 2001
    ..This is a longitudinal study in which industrial workers without chronic low back pain (LBP) were initially assessed with a comprehensive test battery and surveyed every 6 months thereafter for 2 years...
  34. ncbi Assessing cardiorespiratory fitness without performing exercise testing
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:185-93. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study is to extend previous work on a non-exercise test model to predict CRF from health indicators that are easily obtained...
  35. ncbi Effects of high-intensity interval walking training on physical fitness and blood pressure in middle-aged and older people
    Ken ichi Nemoto
    Department of Sports Medical Sciences, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan
    Mayo Clin Proc 82:803-11. 2007
    ..To examine whether high-intensity interval walking training increased thigh muscle strength and peak aerobic capacity and reduced blood pressure more than moderate-intensity continuous walking training...
  36. ncbi The physical fitness and work performance of agricultural workers infected with Schistosoma mansoni in Zimbabwe
    J Ndamba
    Blair Research Laboratory, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 87:553-61. 1993
    ..Those with elevated blood pressure were excluded from the study. Physical fitness and work performances were assessed in 287 infected and 210 uninfected cane cutters aged (mean +/- S.D.) 36...
  37. ncbi Fitness versus physical activity patterns in predicting mortality in men
    Jonathan Myers
    Cardiology Division, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Am J Med 117:912-8. 2004
    ..To compare the contributions of fitness level and physical activity patterns to all-cause mortality...
  38. doi Exercise capacity and mortality in older men: a 20-year follow-up study
    Peter Kokkinos
    Cardiology Division, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 50 Irving St NW, Washington, DC 20422, USA
    Circulation 122:790-7. 2010
    ..Epidemiological findings, based largely on middle-aged populations, support an inverse and independent association between exercise capacity and mortality risk. The information available in older individuals is limited...
  39. ncbi The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity. A systematic review
    Emily B Kahn
    Division of Prevention Research and Analytic Methods, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Prev Med 22:73-107. 2002
    ..These recommendations should serve the needs of researchers, planners, and other public health decision makers...
  40. ncbi Accelerated longitudinal decline of aerobic capacity in healthy older adults
    Jerome L Fleg
    Laboratory of Cardiovascular Science, Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Circulation 112:674-82. 2005
    ..Although peak aerobic capacity is widely recognized to decline with age, its rate of decline has been estimated primarily from cross-sectional studies that may provide misleading, overly optimistic estimates of aging changes...
  41. ncbi Relationship of physical activity, fitness, and fatness with clustered metabolic risk in children and adolescents: the European youth heart study
    Nico S Rizzo
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Novum, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
    J Pediatr 150:388-94. 2007
    ..To examine the associations of physical activity (PA) at different levels and intensities and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with a clustering of metabolic risk factors in children and adolescents with special consideration of body fat...
  42. doi Patterns of objectively measured physical activity in the United States
    Jesse S Metzger
    Departments of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:630-8. 2008
    ..We used latent class analysis (LCA) to assess patterns of physical activity among adults, using the 7 d of accelerometer data from the 2003-2004 NHANES...
  43. pmc Defining accelerometer thresholds for activity intensities in adolescent girls
    Margarita S Treuth
    Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1259-66. 2004
    ....
  44. ncbi Muscle mass, muscle strength, and muscle fat infiltration as predictors of incident mobility limitations in well-functioning older persons
    Marjolein Visser
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:324-33. 2005
    ..This study aims to investigate whether low muscle mass, low muscle strength, and greater fat infiltration into the muscle predict incident mobility limitation...
  45. doi Prospective associations between early childhood television exposure and academic, psychosocial, and physical well-being by middle childhood
    Linda S Pagani
    Ecole de psychoéducation and Groupe de Recherche sur les Environnements Scolaires, Universite de Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Canada
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:425-31. 2010
    ..To estimate the influence of early childhood television exposure on fourth-grade academic, psychosocial, and lifestyle characteristics...
  46. ncbi The effects of physical activity and physical fitness on children's achievement and cognitive outcomes: a meta-analysis
    Alicia L Fedewa
    Department of Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 82:521-35. 2011
    ..A number of moderator variables were also found to play a significant role in this relationship. Findings are discussed in light of improving children's academic performance and changing school-based policy...
  47. doi Prognostic effect of exercise capacity on mortality in older adults with diabetes mellitus
    Eric S Nylen
    Department of Endocrinology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC 20422, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:1850-4. 2010
    ..To investigate the prognostic effect of exercise capacity in older individuals with diabetes mellitus...
  48. ncbi Intensity of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and body mass index in youth
    Luisa Aires
    Research Centre in Physical Activity Health and Leisure, FADE UP, Porto, Portugal
    J Phys Act Health 7:54-9. 2010
    ....
  49. ncbi Using objective physical activity measures with youth: how many days of monitoring are needed?
    S G Trost
    Department of Exercise, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:426-31. 2000
    ..The purpose of this study was to establish the minimal number of days of monitoring required for accelerometers to assess usual physical activity in children...
  50. doi Frail institutionalized older persons: A comprehensive review on physical exercise, physical fitness, activities of daily living, and quality-of-life
    Elizabeth Weening-Dijksterhuis
    Centre for Applied Research in Health Care and Nursing, Hanze University Groningen, The Netherlands
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 90:156-68. 2011
    The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review on training outcomes influencing physical fitness, activity of daily living performance, and quality-of-life in institutionalized older people...
  51. doi Interval training for patients with coronary artery disease: a systematic review
    Aimee K Cornish
    Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:579-89. 2011
    ..Further research is required to determine optimal IT protocols for the use in cardiac rehabilitation programmes, potentially contributing to novel exercise prescription guidelines for this patient population...
  52. pmc Physical fitness and activity as separate heart disease risk factors: a meta-analysis
    P T Williams
    Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:754-61. 2001
    ....
  53. doi Body composition, physical fitness, functional performance, quality of life, and fatigue benefits of exercise for prostate cancer patients: a systematic review
    Justin W L Keogh
    Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
    J Pain Symptom Manage 43:96-110. 2012
    ..Because ADT acts by means of reducing testosterone production, exercise may offset many of the ADT side effects and those of the cancer itself...
  54. ncbi The association between work performance and physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and obesity
    Nicolaas P Pronk
    Center for Health Promotion, HealthPartners, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1309, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:19-25. 2004
    ..It is concluded that lifestyle-related modifiable health risk factors significantly impact employee work performance...
  55. doi Physical activity as a long-term predictor of peak oxygen uptake: the HUNT Study
    Stian Thoresen Aspenes
    K G Jebsen Center of Exercise in Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:1675-9. 2011
    ..No population-based study has prospectively assessed the association of physical activity levels with long-term peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak))...
  56. pmc Lifetime risks for cardiovascular disease mortality by cardiorespiratory fitness levels measured at ages 45, 55, and 65 years in men. The Cooper Center Longitudinal Study
    Jarett D Berry
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390 9047, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 57:1604-10. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the association between fitness and lifetime risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  57. doi Blood pressure and circulatory relationships with physical activity level in young normotensive individuals: IPAQ validity and reliability considerations
    Mahmoud A Alomari
    Division of Physical Therapy, Department of Allied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    Clin Exp Hypertens 33:345-53. 2011
    ..Additionally, the IPAQ is reliable, can discriminate between populations, and reasonably valid against health-related fitness...
  58. ncbi A 30-s chair-stand test as a measure of lower body strength in community-residing older adults
    C J Jones
    Division of Kinesiology and Health Promotion at California State University Fullerton, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 70:113-9. 1999
    ..0001). It was concluded that the 30-s chair stand provides a reasonably reliable and valid indicator of lower body strength in generally active, community-dwelling older adults...
  59. doi Metabolic syndrome status changes with fitness level change: a retrospective analysis
    Mark S Maxwell
    School of Health Sciences, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309 4482, USA
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 6:8-14. 2008
    ..Cardiorespiratory fitness level is inversely related to the incidence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). This study examined the effects of changes in cardiorespiratory fitness level on MetS status...
  60. pmc Physical activity and physical fitness as predictors of all-cause mortality in Korean men
    Min Seon Park
    Department of Family Medicine and Center for Health Promotion, Seoul National University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    J Korean Med Sci 24:13-9. 2009
    ..Our result suggested that regular PA and fitness predicted mortality in men. The influence of fitness on mortality was pronounced in the men who did not engage in regular PA...
  61. pmc Long-term effects of changes in cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men: the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study
    Duck Chul Lee
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Circulation 124:2483-90. 2011
    ..The combined associations of changes in cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index (BMI) with mortality remain controversial and uncertain...
  62. doi Assessment of physical activity - a review of methodologies with reference to epidemiological research: a report of the exercise physiology section of the European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation
    Janet M Warren
    MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:127-39. 2010
    ..A framework is presented to guide researchers on the selection of the most suitable tool for use in a specific study...
  63. doi Fitness, fatness and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in children from Denmark, Estonia and Portugal: the European Youth Heart Study
    Lars B Andersen
    Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Pediatr Obes 3:58-66. 2008
    ..Numerous studies have measured changes in body mass index (BMI), but few have assessed the independent effects of low fitness, overweight and physical inactivity on cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors...
  64. pmc Lifetime cognitive performance is associated with midlife physical performance in a prospective national birth cohort study
    Diana Kuh
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 71:38-48. 2009
    ..To examine whether measures of cognitive performance across life are related to physical performance at age 53 years, allowing for potential confounders...
  65. pmc Effect of exercise training intensity on abdominal visceral fat and body composition
    Brian A Irving
    Department of Human Services, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1863-72. 2008
    ..The metabolic syndrome is a complex clustering of metabolic defects associated with physical inactivity, abdominal adiposity, and aging...
  66. doi Children's physical activity and psychological health: the relevance of intensity
    Gaynor Parfitt
    School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Acta Paediatr 98:1037-43. 2009
    ..To examine the relevance of physical activity intensity when assessing the relationship between activity and psychological health in 9-10-year-old children...
  67. doi What factors are associated with physical activity in older people, assessed objectively by accelerometry?
    T J Harris
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, Tooting, London, SW17 ORE, UK
    Br J Sports Med 43:442-50. 2009
    ..To assess physical activity (PA) levels measured objectively using accelerometers in community-dwelling older people and to examine the associations with health, disability, anthropometric measures and psychosocial factors...
  68. doi Evaluation of a 6-month multi-disciplinary healthy weight management program targeting urban, overweight adolescents: effects on physical fitness, physical activity, and blood lipid profiles
    Ronald K Evans
    Department of Health and Human Performance, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284 2020, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:130-3. 2009
    This study evaluated preliminary physical fitness, physical activity, and blood lipid profile data obtained from overweight adolescents upon enrolling in a healthy weight management program and following 6 months of program participation...
  69. pmc A standard procedure for creating a frailty index
    Samuel D Searle
    Geriatric Medicine Research Unit, Dalhousie University and Capital District Health Authority, Halifax, Canada
    BMC Geriatr 8:24. 2008
    ..A frailty index can be developed from most ageing databases. Our objective is to systematically describe a standard procedure for constructing a frailty index...
  70. ncbi Temporal trends in physical activity: a systematic review
    Alan G Knuth
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
    J Phys Act Health 6:548-59. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to systematically review articles on temporal trends of PA and fitness, with emphasis on differences between children/ adolescents and adults...
  71. ncbi Effect of physical training on pain sensitivity and trapezius muscle morphology
    Pernille Kofoed Nielsen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, Copenhagen DK 2100, Denmark
    Muscle Nerve 41:836-44. 2010
    ..This study shows clinically relevant improvement in pain sensitivity and muscle strength capacity in response to SST...
  72. ncbi Functional impact of relative versus absolute sarcopenia in healthy older women
    Marcos Estrada
    UConn Center on Aging, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1712-9. 2007
    ..To determine whether adjustment of muscle mass for height(2) or for body mass represents a more-relevant predictor of physical performance...
  73. pmc Objective measures of physical capability and subsequent health: a systematic review
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Division of Population Health, University College London, London, UK
    Age Ageing 40:14-23. 2011
    ....
  74. doi Physical fitness in relation to transport to school in adolescents: the Danish youth and sports study
    L B Andersen
    Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 19:406-11. 2009
    ..b>Physical fitness was assessed through a number of field tests, including a maximal cycle test, dynamic and static strength in ..
  75. doi Comparisons of leisure-time physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness as predictors of all-cause mortality in men and women
    D C Lee
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Br J Sports Med 45:504-10. 2011
    ..To examine the combined associations and relative contributions of leisure-time physical activity (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with all-cause mortality...
  76. doi Combined effects of cardiorespiratory fitness, not smoking, and normal waist girth on morbidity and mortality in men
    Chong Do Lee
    Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University, Mesa, 85212, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:2096-101. 2009
    ..We investigated the combined effects of not having these risk factors on CHD events and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality in men...
  77. ncbi Objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time of breast cancer survivors, and associations with adiposity: findings from NHANES (2003-2006)
    Brigid M Lynch
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Cancer Causes Control 21:283-8. 2010
    ..We report the cross-sectional associations of objectively assessed physical activity and sedentary time with adiposity in a sample of breast cancer survivors from the United States...
  78. doi Cardiovascular fitness modifies the associations between physical activity and abdominal adiposity in children and adolescents: the European Youth Heart Study
    F B Ortega
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition at Novum, Karolinska Institutet, 14157 Huddinge, Sweden
    Br J Sports Med 44:256-62. 2010
    ..To examine the associations between physical activity (PA) and abdominal adiposity, as measured by waist circumference, in children and adolescents, and to test whether cardiovascular fitness (CVF) modifies these associations...
  79. ncbi Exercise, physical fitness, and dietary habits of first-year female nursing students
    Amaia Irazusta
    School of Nursing, Instituto Médico Basurto, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain
    Biol Res Nurs 7:175-86. 2006
    ....
  80. ncbi Determinants of socioeconomic differences in change in physical and mental functioning
    P Martikainen
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 49:499-507. 1999
    ..Analyses of change in determinants may provide further insight into the underlying pathways. Early detection of functional decline and intervention may be a key to better functioning in ageing populations...
  81. pmc Role of lifestyle and aging on the longitudinal change in cardiorespiratory fitness
    Andrew S Jackson
    Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:1781-7. 2009
    ..Low CRF is associated with risk of diseases and the ability of older persons to function independently. We defined the longitudinal rate of CRF decline with aging and the association of aging and lifestyle with CRF...
  82. ncbi Physical activity patterns assessed by accelerometry in older people
    Mark G Davis
    Exercise, Nutrition, and Health Sciences, School of Applied and Community Health, Centre for Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TP, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 100:581-9. 2007
    ..This study is the first to provide objective data on a large sample of adults aged 70 years and over and indicates low levels of daily movement that are likely to be inadequate for optimal health benefit...
  83. ncbi Effects of physical inactivity and obesity on morbidity and mortality: current evidence and research issues
    S N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 31:S646-62. 1999
    ..or obese individuals? 2) Do obese but active individuals actually have a lower morbidity and mortality risk than normal weight persons who are sedentary? 3) Which is a more important predictor of mortality, overweight or inactivity?..
  84. ncbi Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome across cardiorespiratory fitness levels in women
    Stephen W Farrell
    The Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Obes Res 12:824-30. 2004
    ..To determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome across age strata and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) levels in women...
  85. ncbi Effects of exercise intensity on cardiovascular fitness, total body composition, and visceral adiposity of obese adolescents
    Bernard Gutin
    Georgia Prevention Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:818-26. 2002
    ..Little is known about how the intensity of exercise influences cardiovascular fitness and body composition, especially in obese adolescents...
  86. ncbi Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000
    Ali H Mokdad
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    JAMA 291:1238-45. 2004
    ..Modifiable behavioral risk factors are leading causes of mortality in the United States. Quantifying these will provide insight into the effects of recent trends and the implications of missed prevention opportunities...
  87. ncbi Physical activity in U.S. adults with diabetes and at risk for developing diabetes, 2003
    Elaine H Morrato
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, School of Pharmacy, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:203-9. 2007
    ..Given the risk of obesity and diabetes in the U.S., and clear benefit of exercise in disease prevention and management, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of physical activity among adults with and at risk for diabetes...
  88. ncbi Physical activity, physical fitness, and general health perception among individuals with rheumatoid arthritis
    Eva Eurenius
    Skellefteå Hospital, Skellefteå, Sweden
    Arthritis Rheum 53:48-55. 2005
    To describe self-reported physical activity and physical fitness and to identify correlates of physical activity and general health perception.
  89. ncbi Inverse association between physical inactivity and mental health in men and women
    Daniel I Galper
    Mood Disorders Research Program and Clinic, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75235, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:173-8. 2006
    ..The Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS) provides the opportunity to evaluate associations between measures of physical activity and mental health in a large and well-characterized population of men and women...
  90. ncbi Older adults with chronic disease: benefits of group-mediated counseling in the promotion of physically active lifestyles
    W Jack Rejeski
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27109, USA
    Health Psychol 22:414-23. 2003
    ..Results suggest that teaching older adults to integrate physical activity into their lives via GMCB leads to better long-term outcomes than standardized exercise therapy...
  91. ncbi Adolescent physical activity and health: a systematic review
    Pedro C Hallal
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Sports Med 36:1019-30. 2006
    ..Physical activity promotion must start in early life; although the 'how much' remains unknown and needs further research, the lifelong benefits of adolescent physical activity on adult health are unequivocal...
  92. ncbi Estimating activity energy expenditure: how valid are physical activity questionnaires?
    Heather K Neilson
    Division of Population Health and Information, Alberta Cancer Board, Calgary, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:279-91. 2008
    ..Small sample sizes, use of correlation coefficients, and limited information on individual validity were problematic. Future research should address these issues to clarify the true validity of PAQs for estimating AEE...
  93. pmc Physical performance and risk of hip fractures in older men
    Peggy Mannen Cawthon
    Research Institute, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94107 1762, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 23:1037-44. 2008
    ..The repeated chair stands exam should be considered in clinical settings for evaluation of hip fracture risk. Concurrent poor performance on multiple physical function exams is associated with an increased risk of hip fractures...
  94. pmc Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and the metabolic syndrome in youth
    Rebekah M Steele
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Box 285, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Rd, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 105:342-51. 2008
    ..Public health approaches that encourage increased physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors may prove useful in reducing the population burden associated with metabolic risk...
  95. ncbi Physical activity and all-cause mortality: an updated meta-analysis with different intensity categories
    H Lollgen
    Department of Medicine, Ruhr Universtity, Remscheid, Germany
    Int J Sports Med 30:213-24. 2009
    ..There is a dose-response curve especially from sedentary subjects to those with mild and moderate exercise with only a minor additional reduction with further increase in activity level...
  96. pmc Promoting physical activity in middle school girls: Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls
    Larry S Webber
    Department of Biostatistics, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:173-84. 2008
    ..Physical activity is important for weight control and good health; however, activity levels decline in the adolescent years, particularly in girls...
  97. ncbi Aerobic fitness and mode of travel to school in English schoolchildren
    Christine Voss
    Centre for Sports and Exercise Science, School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:281-7. 2010
    ..The aim of the present study was to determine whether a positive association exists between active travel and aerobic fitness in English schoolchildren, where cycling to school is rare...
  98. pmc Socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors for mortality in a national 19-year prospective study of U.S. adults
    Paula M Lantz
    Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, United States
    Soc Sci Med 70:1558-66. 2010
    ....
  99. ncbi Effects of exercise on mental and physical health parameters of persons with schizophrenia
    Lora Humphrey Beebe
    University of Florida, College of Nursing, Gainesville, 32610, USA
    Issues Ment Health Nurs 26:661-76. 2005
    ..Research is needed to identify effective exercise interventions and feasible delivery modalities for persons with schizophrenia in community settings...
  100. ncbi Improving physical activity assessment in prepubertal children with high-frequency accelerometry monitoring: a methodological issue
    Georges Baquet
    Laboratory of Human Movement Studies EA 3608, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Lille 2, 9 rue de l Université 59790, Ronchin, France
    Prev Med 44:143-7. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the duration of physical activity (PA) bouts in prepubertal children with high-frequency accelerometry monitoring...
  101. ncbi Validity and reliability of activity measures in African-American girls for GEMS
    Margarita S Treuth
    Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:532-9. 2003
    ..To determine the reliability and validity of physical activity monitors and self-report instruments suitable for young African-American girls...

Research Grants81

  1. IMPACT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND EXERCISE ON HEALTH
    Steven Blair; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The investigators state that they expect that extension of this study will have the potential to make important additional contributions to understanding the health benefits of a fit and active way of life. ..
  2. Prospective effects of psychosocial factors on bariatric surgical success
    Erin Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of the present proposal integrate several objectives of 2 key priority areas outlined in Healthy People 2000: physical fitness (priority area 1) and nutrition (priority area 2)...
  3. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..symptoms and asthma among teenage children in rural and city schools, focusing on the interaction between physical fitness, obesity, and metabolic syndrome on the one hand, and allergic responses and inflammation on the other...
  4. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..symptoms and asthma among teenage children in rural and city schools, focusing on the interaction between physical fitness, obesity, and metabolic syndrome on the one hand, and allergic responses and inflammation on the other...
  5. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..symptoms and asthma among teenage children in rural and city schools, focusing on the interaction between physical fitness, obesity, and metabolic syndrome on the one hand, and allergic responses and inflammation on the other...
  6. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..symptoms and asthma among teenage children in rural and city schools, focusing on the interaction between physical fitness, obesity, and metabolic syndrome on the one hand, and allergic responses and inflammation on the other...
  7. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas A Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..symptoms and asthma among teenage children in rural and city schools, focusing on the interaction between physical fitness, obesity, and metabolic syndrome on the one hand, and allergic responses and inflammation on the other...
  8. The Effect of Behavioral and Physiological Factors on Obesity Risk in Children
    Karen B Dorsey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..additional training through coursework, mentorship, and research to understand how physical activity and physical fitness relate to adiposity in children. Drs...
  9. EXERCISE--NURSING INTERVENTION FOR FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
    Beverly Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Co-morbidity and previous physical fitness may influence the rate of functional recovery, and physical therapy and participation in regular exercise ..
  10. EXERCISE--NURSING INTERVENTION FOR FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
    Beverly Roberts; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Co-morbidity and previous physical fitness may influence the rate of functional recovery, and physical therapy and participation in regular exercise ..
  11. ALTERATIONS IN BODY COMPOSITION AND GROWTH AT PUBERTY
    Alan Rogol; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..energy expenditure (EE; via doubly labeled water, indirect calorimetry, 7 day physical activity recall) and physical fitness (via V02 peak), which act on the genetic background...
  12. Concurrent Upper/Lower Extremity SCI Exercise with Stimulation
    LEE BARNETT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Exercise for people with spinal cord injury not only enhances physical fitness but has the potential to slow or reverse many of the secondary complications of SCI such as diabetes, ..
  13. Improving Health Habits: Self-Care Priorities
    Lillian Gelberg; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels) and psychometrically-tested self-report measures of nutrition and physical fitness, to accurately assess the magnitude of changes in diet and physical activity among study participants over a ..
  14. PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF HEALTH IN RUNNERS AND WALKERS
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2000
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from Investigator's Abstract) Current government physical fitness guidelines state that: 1) the majority of the health benefits from physical activity can be obtained by walking 2 miles briskly on most days of the ..
  15. PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF HEALTH IN RUNNERS AND WALKERS
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from Investigator's Abstract) Current government physical fitness guidelines state that: 1) the majority of the health benefits from physical activity can be obtained by walking 2 miles briskly on most days of the ..
  16. PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF HEALTH IN RUNNERS AND WALKERS
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2001
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from Investigator's Abstract) Current government physical fitness guidelines state that: 1) the majority of the health benefits from physical activity can be obtained by walking 2 miles briskly on most days of the ..
  17. PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF HEALTH IN RUNNERS AND WALKERS
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from Investigator's Abstract) Current government physical fitness guidelines state that: 1) the majority of the health benefits from physical activity can be obtained by walking 2 miles briskly on most days of the ..
  18. Prospective effects of psychosocial factors on bariatric surgical success
    Erin E Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the present proposal integrate several objectives of 2 key priority areas outlined in Healthy People 2000: physical fitness (priority area 1) and nutrition (priority area 2)...
  19. REPRODUCTIVE DEVELOPMENT & BONE ACCRETION IN YOUNG WOMEN
    Thomas Lloyd; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..We evaluated the interrelationships among physical activity, physical fitness, nutrient intake, pubertal progression and bone development in girls from age 12 through age 15 and ..
  20. Comparative Genetics of Sweet Taste in Carnivora
    Peihua Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of sweetness probably evolved to maximize the evolutionary fitness of humans, but it now detracts from our physical fitness, increasing the prevalence of obesity (which is due in part to the overconsumption of sweet, calorie-rich ..
  21. Randomized Trial of Achieving Healthy Lifestyles in Psych Rehabilitation
    Gail Daumit; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Secondary outcomes will be change at 6 and 18 months for: a) moderate physical activity by accelerometry and physical fitness by 6 minute walk;b) waist circumference;c) lipids;d) blood pressure;e) Framingham cardiovascular risk score;f)..
  22. Randomized Trial of Achieving Healthy Lifestyles in Psych Rehabilitation
    Gail L Daumit; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Secondary outcomes will be change at 6 and 18 months for: a) moderate physical activity by accelerometry and physical fitness by 6 minute walk;b) waist circumference;c) lipids;d) blood pressure;e) Framingham cardiovascular risk score;f)..
  23. Randomized Trial of Achieving Healthy Lifestyles in Psych Rehabilitation
    Gail L Daumit; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Secondary outcomes will be change at 6 and 18 months for: a) moderate physical activity by accelerometry and physical fitness by 6 minute walk;b) waist circumference;c) lipids;d) blood pressure;e) Framingham cardiovascular risk score;f)..
  24. Comparative Genetics of Sweet Taste in Carnivora
    Peihua Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of sweetness probably evolved to maximize the evolutionary fitness of humans, but it now detracts from our physical fitness, increasing the prevalence of obesity (which is due in part to the overconsumption of sweet, calorie-rich ..
  25. FAT AND FAT-FREE BODY COMPOSITION DEVELOPMENT IN AGING
    Richard Boileau; Fiscal Year: 1990
    Body composition assessment is an important aspect in evaluating health, nutritional status and physical fitness. The proposed research is designed to investigate methodological approaches to assess body composition throughout the life-..
  26. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS AND MODULATION OF GLIAL ACTIVATION
    Linda Van Eldik; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..as factors associated with the development of obesity: energy partitioning during growth, energy expenditure, physical fitness and activity, hormones, metabolites, and neurotransmitters...
  27. An Exotendon Prosthesis to Improve Walking for Lower Limb Amputees
    BRIAN GLAISTER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The physical fitness and strength requirements for lower limb amputee gait are so high that thirty-seven percent of amputees are unable to walk with a prosthesis and another twenty-three percent are ..
  28. NURSING INTERVENTION FOR MIDLIFE WOMEN--WALKING PROGRAM
    JoEllen Wilbur; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..intensity walking program in alleviating common physical and psychological health symptoms and improving physical fitness and exercise behavior in sedentary employed midlife women...
  29. OBESITY PREVENTION IN AMERICAN INDIANS--FIELD CENTER
    Larry Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..During the second and third years we propose extensive pilot testing of the curricula in physical fitness, psychosocial development and nutrition education...
  30. Handcycle Attachment for Pushrim Manual Wheelchairs
    BART KYLSTRA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition to preventing RSI, the proposed design will also extend users'range and encourage physical fitness and participation in society, both of which have been shown in studies to result in net health care cost ..
  31. Handcycle Attachment for Pushrim Manual Wheelchairs
    BART KYLSTRA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to preventing RSI, the proposed design will also extend users'range and encourage physical fitness and participation in society, both of which have been shown in studies to result in net health care cost ..
  32. Molecular Epidemiology of Cryptosporidiosis in India
    Honorine Ward; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Cryptosporidial infection in early childhood may result in subsequent impairment in growth, physical fitness and cognitive function...
  33. Molecular Epidemiology of Cryptosporidiosis in India
    Honorine Ward; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Cryptosporidial infection in early childhood may result in subsequent impairment in growth, physical fitness and cognitive function...
  34. Molecular Epidemiology of Cryptosporidiosis in India
    Honorine Ward; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Cryptosporidial infection in early childhood may result in subsequent impairment in growth, physical fitness and cognitive function...
  35. Exercise Versus Cognitive Interventions for Elders at Risk for Dementia
    David Loewenstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the impact of exercise training, cognitive training, and a combination of exercise and cognitive training on physical fitness, inflammatory and immunological biomarkers, and cognitive function among Hispanic and non-Hispanic older ..
  36. GWAS of longitudinal blood pressure profiles from young adulthood to middle-age
    Myriam Fornage; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to characterize their interactions with relevant environmental factors, specifically body weight profiles, physical fitness, psychosocial influences, and dietary intake...
  37. IMPACT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND EXERCISE ON HEALTH
    Steven Blair; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The investigators state that they expect that extension of this study will have the potential to make important additional contributions to understanding the health benefits of a fit and active way of life. ..
  38. IMPACT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND EXERCISE ON HEALTH
    Steven Blair; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The investigators state that they expect that extension of this study will have the potential to make important additional contributions to understanding the health benefits of a fit and active way of life. ..
  39. Examining the Dynamic Relationship between Motor Competence and Physical Activity
    JACQUELINE GOODWAY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..activity patterns of children, along with potential mediating factors of perceived motor competence and physical fitness. It also examines how these four factors relate to obesity from early through late childhood...
  40. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..girls and (2) a dance intervention can result in significant reductions in body mass index (BMI) and improved physical fitness among girls...
  41. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..girls and (2) a dance intervention can result in significant reductions in body mass index (BMI) and improved physical fitness among girls...
  42. Evaluation of California's SB19 Pupil Nutrition Act
    William McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Baseline measures of BMI and physical fitness will have already been collected, by state law...
  43. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..girls and (2) a dance intervention can result in significant reductions in body mass index (BMI) and improved physical fitness among girls...
  44. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..girls and (2) a dance intervention can result in significant reductions in body mass index (BMI) and improved physical fitness among girls...
  45. Evaluation of California's SB19 Pupil Nutrition Act
    William McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Baseline measures of BMI and physical fitness will have already been collected, by state law...
  46. INNOVATIVE OBESITY PREVENTION FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS
    Thomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..girls and (2) a dance intervention can result in significant reductions in body mass index (BMI) and improved physical fitness among girls...
  47. Evaluation of California's SB19 Pupil Nutrition Act
    William McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Baseline measures of BMI and physical fitness will have already been collected, by state law...
  48. Community Exercise and Metabolic Syndrome in Black Families
    Diane Becker; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..community and implemented by a trained coach from the community will result in a significant improvement in physical fitness and exercise adherence, and 2)...
  49. Community Exercise and Metabolic Syndrome in Black Families
    Diane Becker; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..community and implemented by a trained coach from the community will result in a significant improvement in physical fitness and exercise adherence, and 2)...
  50. INSULIN RESISTANCE IN CHILDHOOD
    Silva Arslanian; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..methodologies, indirect calorimetry, assessment of body composition and body fat topography, assessment of physical fitness and activity and assessment of free-living energy expenditure...
  51. INSULIN RESISTANCE IN CHILDHOOD
    Silva Arslanian; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..methodologies, indirect calorimetry, assessment of body composition and body fat topography, assessment of physical fitness and activity and assessment of free-living energy expenditure...
  52. PRIMARY PREVENTION TRIAL (DPT-2)
    BOYD METZGER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..with diet, (low fat moderated fiber reduced calorie) and exercise (supervise instruction and maintenance of physical fitness) or drug treatment (sulfonylurea oral hypoglycemic agent or an anorectic agent) with conventional advice ..
  53. PRIMARY PREVENTION TRIAL (DPT-2)
    BOYD METZGER; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..with diet, (low fat moderated fiber reduced calorie) and exercise (supervise instruction and maintenance of physical fitness) or drug treatment (sulfonylurea oral hypoglycemic agent or an anorectic agent) with conventional advice ..
  54. OCCUPATIONAL KNEE INJURY AND DISABILITY IN THE U.S. ARMY
    Sandra Sulsky; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..As such, post- injury factors may include injury severity, physical fitness, having job demands amenable to modification to allow for recovery, and other, less measurable factors ..
  55. Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover Concept
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A related objective is to understand how various life situations (physical fitness, diet, gender, age) affect the balance of substrate utilization (partitioning) in humans...
  56. INSULIN RESISTANCE IN CHILDHOOD
    Silva Arslanian; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..methodologies, indirect calorimetry, assessment of body composition and body fat topography, assessment of physical fitness and activity and assessment of free-living energy expenditure...
  57. PRIMARY PREVENTION TRIAL (DPT-2)
    BOYD METZGER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..with diet, (low fat moderated fiber reduced calorie) and exercise (supervise instruction and maintenance of physical fitness) or drug treatment (sulfonylurea oral hypoglycemic agent or an anorectic agent) with conventional advice ..
  58. PRIMARY PREVENTION TRIAL (DPT-2)
    Mark Molitch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..with diet, (low fat moderated fiber reduced calorie) and exercise (supervise instruction and maintenance of physical fitness) or drug treatment (sulfonylurea oral hypoglycemic agent or an anorectic agent) with conventional advice ..
  59. INSULIN RESISTANCE IN CHILDHOOD
    Silva Arslanian; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..methodologies, indirect calorimetry, assessment of body composition and body fat topography, assessment of physical fitness and activity and assessment of free-living energy expenditure...
  60. Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover Concept
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A related objective is to understand how various life situations (physical fitness, diet, gender, age) affect the balance of substrate utilization (partitioning) in humans...
  61. INSULIN RESISTANCE IN CHILDHOOD
    Silva Arslanian; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..methodologies, indirect calorimetry, assessment of body composition and body fat topography, assessment of physical fitness and activity and assessment of free-living energy expenditure...
  62. Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover Concept
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A related objective is to understand how various life situations (physical fitness, diet, gender, age) affect the balance of substrate utilization (partitioning) in humans...
  63. Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover Concept
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A related objective is to understand how various life situations (physical fitness, diet, gender, age) affect the balance of substrate utilization (partitioning) in humans...
  64. Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover Concept
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A related objective is to understand how various life situations (physical fitness, diet, gender, age) affect the balance of substrate utilization (partitioning) in humans...
  65. OCCUPATIONAL KNEE INJURY AND DISABILITY IN THE U.S. ARMY
    Sandra Sulsky; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..As such, post- injury factors may include injury severity, physical fitness, having job demands amenable to modification to allow for recovery, and other, less measurable factors ..
  66. EFFECT OF NAVAJO INTERPRETERS ON DIABETES OUTCOMES
    Melvina McCabe; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..in self-care practices (self-blood glucose monitoring (SBGM), medication adherence, daily activities and physical fitness). 5...
  67. Comparative Genetics of Sweet Taste in Carnivora
    Peihua Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of sweetness probably evolved to maximize the evolutionary fitness of humans, but it now detracts from our physical fitness, increasing the prevalence of obesity (which is due in part to the overconsumption of sweet, calorie-rich ..
  68. EXERCISE AND DIET INTERVENTION AFTER LIVER TRANSPLANT
    Patricia Painter; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..for the functioning of their organ, however little attention and no interventions are incorporated to improve physical fitness or minimize weight gain and cardiovascular risk...
  69. Muscle quality, exercise and weight loss in older women: A quantitative MRI stud
    JOHN GEORGIADIS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..obese), and normal weight women will be further blocked on physical fitness (sedentary vs...
  70. EXERCISE AND DIET INTERVENTION AFTER LIVER TRANSPLANT
    Patricia Painter; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..for the functioning of their organ, however little attention and no interventions are incorporated to improve physical fitness or minimize weight gain and cardiovascular risk...
  71. Muscle quality, exercise and weight loss in older women: A quantitative MRI stud
    JOHN GEORGIADIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..obese), and normal weight women will be further blocked on physical fitness (sedentary vs...
  72. Systemic and Localized Stress Resilience in Aging: Effects of Physical Fitness.
    TINNA TRAUSTADOTTIR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..One factor that inversely correlates with morbidity and mortality in older adults is physical fitness. This study will investigate the effects of physical fitness on stress resilience in two areas related to ..
  73. EFFECT OF NAVAJO INTERPRETERS ON DIABETES OUTCOMES
    Melvina McCabe; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..in self-care practices (self-blood glucose monitoring (SBGM), medication adherence, daily activities and physical fitness). 5...
  74. EFFECT OF NAVAJO INTERPRETERS ON DIABETES OUTCOMES
    Melvina McCabe; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..in self-care practices (self-blood glucose monitoring (SBGM), medication adherence, daily activities and physical fitness). 5...
  75. EFFECT OF NAVAJO INTERPRETERS ON DIABETES OUTCOMES
    Melvina McCabe; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..in self-care practices (self-blood glucose monitoring (SBGM), medication adherence, daily activities and physical fitness). 5...
  76. EFFECT OF NAVAJO INTERPRETERS ON DIABETES OUTCOMES
    Melvina McCabe; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..in self-care practices (self-blood glucose monitoring (SBGM), medication adherence, daily activities and physical fitness). 5...
  77. Factors Affecting the Bone Response and Non-Response
    Laura Milliken; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..the volume of exercise performed, leisure-time physical activity, nutritional data, body composition, physical fitness, hormonal data, markers of bone formation and resorption, and psycho-social variables such as self-esteem, ..
  78. Brain and behavioral correlates of fitness, cerebrovascular health and aging
    Monica Fabiani; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mediating role that the health status of the cerebrovascular system may have on the beneficial effects of physical fitness on brain anatomy and function and cognitive performance...