physical fitness

Summary

Summary: A state of well-being in which performance is optimal, often as a result of physical conditioning which may be prescribed for disease therapy.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Calibration of the Computer Science and Applications, Inc. accelerometer
    P S Freedson
    University of Massachusetts, Department of Exercise Science, Amherst 01003, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:777-81. 1998
  2. ncbi Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth
    William B Strong
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA
    J Pediatr 146:732-7. 2005
  3. ncbi Cardiorespiratory fitness as a quantitative predictor of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in healthy men and women: a meta-analysis
    Satoru Kodama
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tsukuba Institute of Clinical Medicine, 3 2 7 Miya machi, Mito, Ibaraki 310 0015, Japan
    JAMA 301:2024-35. 2009
  4. pmc Effects of aerobic and resistance training on hemoglobin A1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    JAMA 304:2253-62. 2010
  5. ncbi Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular risk in children: a cross-sectional study (The European Youth Heart Study)
    Lars Bo Andersen
    Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Lancet 368:299-304. 2006
  6. ncbi Independent associations of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness with metabolic risk factors in children: the European youth heart study
    U Ekelund
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Fulbourn Road, Cambridge, CB1 9NL, UK
    Diabetologia 50:1832-40. 2007
  7. ncbi A 30-s chair-stand test as a measure of lower body strength in community-residing older adults
    C J Jones
    Division of Kinesiology and Health Promotion at California State University Fullerton, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 70:113-9. 1999
  8. ncbi Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000
    Ali H Mokdad
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    JAMA 291:1238-45. 2004
  9. ncbi Physical activity, fitness and fatness: relations to mortality, morbidity and disease risk factors. A systematic review
    M Fogelholm
    The Academy of Finland, Health Research Unit, 00501 Helsinki, Finland
    Obes Rev 11:202-21. 2010
  10. pmc Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence
    Darren E R Warburton
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, and the Healthy Heart Program, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 174:801-9. 2006

Detail Information

Publications334 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Calibration of the Computer Science and Applications, Inc. accelerometer
    P S Freedson
    University of Massachusetts, Department of Exercise Science, Amherst 01003, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 30:777-81. 1998
    ..We established accelerometer count ranges for the Computer Science and Applications, Inc. (CSA) activity monitor corresponding to commonly employed MET categories...
  2. ncbi Evidence based physical activity for school-age youth
    William B Strong
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA
    J Pediatr 146:732-7. 2005
    ..To review the effects of physical activity on health and behavior outcomes and develop evidence-based recommendations for physical activity in youth...
  3. ncbi Cardiorespiratory fitness as a quantitative predictor of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in healthy men and women: a meta-analysis
    Satoru Kodama
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tsukuba Institute of Clinical Medicine, 3 2 7 Miya machi, Mito, Ibaraki 310 0015, Japan
    JAMA 301:2024-35. 2009
    ..Epidemiological studies have indicated an inverse association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and coronary heart disease (CHD) or all-cause mortality in healthy participants...
  4. pmc Effects of aerobic and resistance training on hemoglobin A1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 4124, USA
    JAMA 304:2253-62. 2010
    ..Exercise guidelines for individuals with diabetes include both aerobic and resistance training although few studies have directly examined this exercise combination...
  5. ncbi Physical activity and clustered cardiovascular risk in children: a cross-sectional study (The European Youth Heart Study)
    Lars Bo Andersen
    Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Lancet 368:299-304. 2006
    ..This study's aim was to assess the associations of objectively measured physical activity with clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and derive guidelines on the basis of this analysis...
  6. ncbi Independent associations of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness with metabolic risk factors in children: the European youth heart study
    U Ekelund
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Fulbourn Road, Cambridge, CB1 9NL, UK
    Diabetologia 50:1832-40. 2007
    ....
  7. ncbi A 30-s chair-stand test as a measure of lower body strength in community-residing older adults
    C J Jones
    Division of Kinesiology and Health Promotion at California State University Fullerton, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 70:113-9. 1999
    ..0001). It was concluded that the 30-s chair stand provides a reasonably reliable and valid indicator of lower body strength in generally active, community-dwelling older adults...
  8. ncbi Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000
    Ali H Mokdad
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    JAMA 291:1238-45. 2004
    ..Modifiable behavioral risk factors are leading causes of mortality in the United States. Quantifying these will provide insight into the effects of recent trends and the implications of missed prevention opportunities...
  9. ncbi Physical activity, fitness and fatness: relations to mortality, morbidity and disease risk factors. A systematic review
    M Fogelholm
    The Academy of Finland, Health Research Unit, 00501 Helsinki, Finland
    Obes Rev 11:202-21. 2010
    ..The conclusions of the present review may not be applicable to individuals with BMI > 35...
  10. pmc Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence
    Darren E R Warburton
    School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, and the Healthy Heart Program, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC
    CMAJ 174:801-9. 2006
    ..There appears to be a linear relation between physical activity and health status, such that a further increase in physical activity and fitness will lead to additional improvements in health status...
  11. ncbi Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men and women
    S N Blair
    Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research, Dallas, Tex 75230, USA
    JAMA 276:205-10. 1996
    ..We calculated CVD and all-cause death rates for low (least fit 20%), moderate (next 40%), and high (most fit 40%) fitness categories by strata of smoking habit, cholesterol level, blood pressure, and health status...
  12. pmc Effect of school based physical activity programme (KISS) on fitness and adiposity in primary schoolchildren: cluster randomised controlled trial
    Susi Kriemler
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, 4052 Basel, Switzerland
    BMJ 340:c785. 2010
    ..To assess the effectiveness of a school based physical activity programme during one school year on physical and psychological health in young schoolchildren...
  13. ncbi Is physical activity or physical fitness more important in defining health benefits?
    S N Blair
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:S379-99; discussion S419-20. 2001
    ..activity and health? 2) Is there a dose-response relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and health? 3) If both activity and fitness have a dose-response relation to health, is it possible to determine which exposure is more important?..
  14. ncbi How many steps/day are enough? Preliminary pedometer indices for public health
    Catrine Tudor-Locke
    Department of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona 85212, USA
    Sports Med 34:1-8. 2004
    ..or=10000 steps/day indicates the point that should be used to classify individuals as 'active'. Individuals who take >12500 steps/day are likely to be classified as 'highly active'...
  15. ncbi Individual differences in response to regular physical activity
    C Bouchard
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:S446-51; discussion S452-3. 2001
    ..The purpose of this review was to address the question of interindividual variation in responsiveness to regular exercise training and to define the contributions of age, sex, race, and pretraining phenotype level to this variability...
  16. ncbi Time course of haemoglobin mass during 21 days live high:train low simulated altitude
    Sally A Clark
    Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, PO Box 176, Belconnen, ACT, 2616, Australia
    Eur J Appl Physiol 106:399-406. 2009
    ..04, P = 0.89) between the increase in sEPO and the increase in Hb(mass). Athletes seeking to gain erythropoietic benefits from moderate altitude need to spend >12 h/day in hypoxia...
  17. ncbi Low levels of leisure-time physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness predict development of the metabolic syndrome
    David E Laaksonen
    Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland Research Institute of Public Health, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
    Diabetes Care 25:1612-8. 2002
    ..We studied the associations of LTPA and cardiorespiratory fitness with development of the metabolic syndrome (World Health Organization [WHO] and the National Cholesterol Education Program [NCEP] definitions)...
  18. ncbi Features of the metabolic syndrome are associated with objectively measured physical activity and fitness in Danish children: the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS)
    Søren Brage
    Institute of Sport and Health Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense
    Diabetes Care 27:2141-8. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the metabolic syndrome and objectively measured physical activity and whether fitness modified this relationship...
  19. ncbi Muscle mass, muscle strength, and muscle fat infiltration as predictors of incident mobility limitations in well-functioning older persons
    Marjolein Visser
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:324-33. 2005
    ..This study aims to investigate whether low muscle mass, low muscle strength, and greater fat infiltration into the muscle predict incident mobility limitation...
  20. pmc Effect of exercise training intensity on abdominal visceral fat and body composition
    Brian A Irving
    Department of Human Services, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1863-72. 2008
    ..The metabolic syndrome is a complex clustering of metabolic defects associated with physical inactivity, abdominal adiposity, and aging...
  21. ncbi Effects of comprehensive lifestyle modification on diet, weight, physical fitness, and blood pressure control: 18-month results of a randomized trial
    Patricia J Elmer
    Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Oregon 97227, USA
    Ann Intern Med 144:485-95. 2006
    ..The main 6-month results from the PREMIER trial showed that comprehensive behavioral intervention programs improve lifestyle behaviors and lower blood pressure...
  22. ncbi Low cardiorespiratory fitness and physical inactivity as predictors of mortality in men with type 2 diabetes
    M Wei
    The Cooper Institute and The Cooper Clinic, Dallas, Texas 75230, USA
    Ann Intern Med 132:605-11. 2000
    ..Although physical activity is recommended as a basic treatment for patients with diabetes, its long-term association with mortality in these patients is unknown...
  23. pmc Meta-analysis of workplace physical activity interventions
    Vicki S Conn
    School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:330-9. 2009
    ..This comprehensive meta-analysis integrated the extant wide range of worksite physical activity intervention research...
  24. ncbi Low cardiorespiratory fitness is a strong predictor for clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children independent of country, age and sex
    Sigmund A Anderssen
    Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 14:526-31. 2007
    ..This cross-sectional study examined the association between fitness and clustered CVD risk in children and adolescents from three European countries...
  25. ncbi Toward a better understanding of the influences on physical activity: the role of determinants, correlates, causal variables, mediators, moderators, and confounders
    Adrian E Bauman
    School of Community Medicine and Public Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 23:5-14. 2002
    ..This article examines the factors that are correlated with and that may have a causal relationship to physical activity...
  26. ncbi Criterion-related validity of field-based fitness tests in youth: a systematic review
    J Castro-Piñero
    Department of Physical Education, School of Education, University of Cadiz, Puerto Real, Spain
    Br J Sports Med 44:934-43. 2010
    ..The results of the present systematic review should be interpreted with caution due to the substantial lack of consistency in reporting and designing the existing validity studies...
  27. ncbi The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity. A systematic review
    Emily B Kahn
    Division of Prevention Research and Analytic Methods, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Am J Prev Med 22:73-107. 2002
    ..These recommendations should serve the needs of researchers, planners, and other public health decision makers...
  28. pmc Soil-transmitted helminth infections and physical fitness in school-aged Bulang children in southwest China: results from a cross-sectional survey
    Peiling Yap
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, P O Box CH 4002, Basel, Switzerland
    Parasit Vectors 5:50. 2012
    Chronic soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections have been associated with reduced physical fitness, but available evidence is limited...
  29. ncbi Physical activity patterns assessed by accelerometry in older people
    Mark G Davis
    Exercise, Nutrition, and Health Sciences, School of Applied and Community Health, Centre for Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TP, UK
    Eur J Appl Physiol 100:581-9. 2007
    ..This study is the first to provide objective data on a large sample of adults aged 70 years and over and indicates low levels of daily movement that are likely to be inadequate for optimal health benefit...
  30. ncbi Comparison of cardioprotective benefits of vigorous versus moderate intensity aerobic exercise
    David P Swain
    Department of Exercise Science, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
    Am J Cardiol 97:141-7. 2006
    ..In conclusion, if the total energy expenditure of exercise is held constant, exercise performed at a vigorous intensity appears to convey greater cardioprotective benefits than exercise of a moderate intensity...
  31. ncbi Physical activity assessment in children and adolescents
    J R Sirard
    Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Sports Med 31:439-54. 2001
    ....
  32. ncbi Reassessment of the cost of chronic helmintic infection: a meta-analysis of disability-related outcomes in endemic schistosomiasis
    Charles H King
    Center for Global Health and Diseases, Wolstein 4126, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7286, USA
    Lancet 365:1561-9. 2005
    ..To develop an evidenced-based reassessment of schistosomiasis-related disability, we did a systematic review of data on disability-associated outcomes for all forms of schistosomiasis...
  33. ncbi Resistance exercise in men receiving androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer
    Roanne J Segal
    Department of Medical Oncology, Ottawa Regional Cancer Centre General Site, 503 Smyth Rd, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 1C4, Canada
    J Clin Oncol 21:1653-9. 2003
    ..These physical changes can negatively affect health-related quality of life. Resistance exercise may help to counter some of these side effects by reducing fatigue, elevating mood, building muscle mass, and reducing body fat...
  34. ncbi Tracking physical fitness and physical activity from childhood to adolescence: the muscatine study
    K F Janz
    Department of Sport, Health, and Leisure Studies, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:1250-7. 2000
    b>Physical fitness and physical activity tracking data enhance our understanding as to when children settle into their long-term exercise and fitness patterns and, therefore...
  35. ncbi Adolescent physical activity and health: a systematic review
    Pedro C Hallal
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Sports Med 36:1019-30. 2006
    ..Physical activity promotion must start in early life; although the 'how much' remains unknown and needs further research, the lifelong benefits of adolescent physical activity on adult health are unequivocal...
  36. ncbi Interventions to promote physical activity by older adults
    A C King
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California 94304 1583, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:36-46. 2001
    ....
  37. pmc Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and the metabolic syndrome in youth
    Rebekah M Steele
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Box 285, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Rd, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 105:342-51. 2008
    ..Public health approaches that encourage increased physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors may prove useful in reducing the population burden associated with metabolic risk...
  38. pmc A global clinical measure of fitness and frailty in elderly people
    Kenneth Rockwood
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS
    CMAJ 173:489-95. 2005
    ..We aimed to develop a tool that would be both predictive and easy to use...
  39. ncbi Resistance exercise in individuals with and without cardiovascular disease: 2007 update: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Clinical Cardiology and Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism
    Mark A Williams
    Creighton University
    Circulation 116:572-84. 2007
    ..The purpose of this update is to provide clinicians with recommendations to facilitate the use of this valuable modality...
  40. ncbi Health benefits of a pedometer-based physical activity intervention in sedentary workers
    Catherine B Chan
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PE, Canada C1A 4P3
    Prev Med 39:1215-22. 2004
    ..Here, we examined the effects of a pedometer-based physical activity intervention (Prince Edward Island-First Step Program, PEI-FSP) on activity and specific health indices in 106 sedentary workers...
  41. ncbi Physical demands at work, physical fitness, and 30-year ischaemic heart disease and all-cause mortality in the Copenhagen Male Study
    Andreas Holtermann
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Scand J Work Environ Health 36:357-65. 2010
    ..No previous long-term prospective studies have examined if workers with low cardiorespiratory fitness have an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality due to high physical work demands. We tested this hypothesis...
  42. ncbi The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ): a study of concurrent and construct validity
    Maria Hagstromer
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition Novum, Department of Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, S 141 57 Huddinge, Sweden
    Public Health Nutr 9:755-62. 2006
    ..The short version of the IPAQ has been tested extensively and is now used in many international studies. The present study aimed to explore the validity characteristics of the long-version IPAQ...
  43. pmc Physical fitness and activity as separate heart disease risk factors: a meta-analysis
    P T Williams
    Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:754-61. 2001
    ....
  44. ncbi Cardiorespiratory fitness is inversely associated with the incidence of metabolic syndrome: a prospective study of men and women
    Michael J LaMonte
    Cooper Institute, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Circulation 112:505-12. 2005
    ..Few studies have reported the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and metabolic syndrome incidence, particularly in women...
  45. ncbi Validation and calibration of physical activity monitors in children
    Maurice R Puyau
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Obes Res 10:150-7. 2002
    ....
  46. ncbi Relations of moderate and vigorous physical activity to fitness and fatness in adolescents
    Bernard Gutin
    Georgia Prevention Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:746-50. 2005
    ..It is unclear how moderate and vigorous intensities of physical activity (PA) are associated with cardiovascular fitness (CVF) and percentage of body fat (%BF) in adolescents...
  47. ncbi Effects of different doses of physical activity on cardiorespiratory fitness among sedentary, overweight or obese postmenopausal women with elevated blood pressure: a randomized controlled trial
    Timothy S Church
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge 70808 4124, USA
    JAMA 297:2081-91. 2007
    ..However, a poor understanding of the physical activity-fitness dose response relation remains...
  48. ncbi Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: a powerful marker of health
    F B Ortega
    Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1-11. 2008
    This review aims to summarize the latest developments with regard to physical fitness and several health outcomes in young people...
  49. pmc Long-term trends in cardiorespiratory fitness and the incidence of type 2 diabetes
    Susumu S Sawada
    Health Promotion Center, Tokyo Gas Co, Tokyo, Japan
    Diabetes Care 33:1353-7. 2010
    ..We investigated the relationship between long-term trends in fitness and the incidence of type 2 diabetes...
  50. ncbi The effectiveness of healthy physical fitness programs on people with intellectual disabilities living in a disability institution: six-month short-term effect
    Chia Ling Wu
    Chung Hua Foundation for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities, Taipei County, Taiwan
    Res Dev Disabil 31:713-7. 2010
    Little information is available on the provision of physical fitness and intervention program among people with intellectual disabilities...
  51. ncbi Muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness are independently associated with metabolic risk in adolescents: the HELENA study
    Enrique G Artero
    EFFECTS 262 Research Group, Department of Medical Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada 18012, Spain
    Pediatr Diabetes 12:704-12. 2011
    ..To examine the independent associations of muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness with clustered metabolic risk in adolescents...
  52. ncbi Meta-analysis of the effect of structured exercise training on cardiorespiratory fitness in Type 2 diabetes mellitus
    N G Boulé
    School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetologia 46:1071-81. 2003
    ..Therefore the aim of this study was to systematically review and quantify the effects of exercise on cardiorespiratory fitness in Type 2 diabetic individuals...
  53. pmc Physical fitness and telomere length in patients with coronary heart disease: findings from the Heart and Soul Study
    Jeffrey Krauss
    School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e26983. 2011
    Short telomere length (TL) is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the relationship between physical fitness and TL has not been explored in these patients.
  54. pmc Changes in fitness and fatness on the development of cardiovascular disease risk factors hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and hypercholesterolemia
    Duck Chul Lee
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 59:665-72. 2012
    ....
  55. pmc Evidence for secular trends in children's physical activity behaviour
    J Dollman
    School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Br J Sports Med 39:892-7; discussion 897. 2005
    ....
  56. ncbi Aerobic fitness reduces brain tissue loss in aging humans
    Stanley J Colcombe
    Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 58:176-80. 2003
    ..We examined the relationship between aerobic fitness and in vivo brain tissue density in an older adult population, using voxel-based morphometric techniques...
  57. ncbi Public health and clinical recommendations for physical activity and physical fitness: special focus on overweight youth
    Janet E Fulton
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Sports Med 34:581-99. 2004
    Numerous physical activity and physical fitness recommendations exist for youth...
  58. ncbi Effects of aerobic and resistance exercise in breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy: a multicenter randomized controlled trial
    Kerry S Courneya
    Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Clin Oncol 25:4396-404. 2007
    ..We evaluated the relative merits of aerobic and resistance exercise in blunting these effects...
  59. ncbi Associations between physical fitness and HbA₁(c) in type 2 diabetes mellitus
    J LaRose
    University of Ottawa, Montpetit Hall, ON, Canada
    Diabetologia 54:93-102. 2011
    In people with type 2 diabetes, exercise improves glucose control (as reflected in HbA₁(c)) and physical fitness, but it is not clear to what extent these exercise-induced improvements are correlated with one another...
  60. ncbi Metabolic syndrome and physical fitness in a sample of Azorean adolescents
    Carla Moreira
    Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 8:443-9. 2010
    ..This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components and to analyze the relationship between metabolic syndrome and overall physical fitness levels in a sample of Azorean adolescents.
  61. ncbi Physiological and metabolic responses of repeated-sprint activities:specific to field-based team sports
    Matt Spencer
    Team Sport Research Group, School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Sports Med 35:1025-44. 2005
    ..Assessment of RSA, as a training and research tool, is also discussed...
  62. ncbi Physical activity dose-response effects on outcomes of depression and anxiety
    A L Dunn
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:S587-97; discussion 609-10. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the scientific evidence for a dose-response relation of physical activity with depressive and anxiety disorders...
  63. ncbi Effects of high-intensity interval walking training on physical fitness and blood pressure in middle-aged and older people
    Ken ichi Nemoto
    Department of Sports Medical Sciences, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan
    Mayo Clin Proc 82:803-11. 2007
    ..To examine whether high-intensity interval walking training increased thigh muscle strength and peak aerobic capacity and reduced blood pressure more than moderate-intensity continuous walking training...
  64. ncbi Assessing cardiorespiratory fitness without performing exercise testing
    Radim Jurca
    The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:185-93. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study is to extend previous work on a non-exercise test model to predict CRF from health indicators that are easily obtained...
  65. ncbi A longitudinal study of the development of low back pain in an industrial population
    J M Stevenson
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:1370-7. 2001
    ..This is a longitudinal study in which industrial workers without chronic low back pain (LBP) were initially assessed with a comprehensive test battery and surveyed every 6 months thereafter for 2 years...
  66. ncbi The physical fitness and work performance of agricultural workers infected with Schistosoma mansoni in Zimbabwe
    J Ndamba
    Blair Research Laboratory, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 87:553-61. 1993
    ..Those with elevated blood pressure were excluded from the study. Physical fitness and work performances were assessed in 287 infected and 210 uninfected cane cutters aged (mean +/- S.D.) 36...
  67. ncbi Neighbourhood deprivation and physical activity in UK older adults
    K R Fox
    Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TN, UK
    Health Place 17:633-40. 2011
    ..These results suggest the importance of strategies to help older adults maintain physical function, healthy weight, and remain active in their communities...
  68. ncbi Assessment of physical activity - a review of methodologies with reference to epidemiological research: a report of the exercise physiology section of the European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation
    Janet M Warren
    MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 17:127-39. 2010
    ..A framework is presented to guide researchers on the selection of the most suitable tool for use in a specific study...
  69. ncbi Physical fitness and physical activity in obese and nonobese Flemish youth
    Benedicte Deforche
    Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Obes Res 11:434-41. 2003
    To assess different aspects of physical fitness and physical activity in obese and nonobese Flemish youth.
  70. ncbi Using objective physical activity measures with youth: how many days of monitoring are needed?
    S G Trost
    Department of Exercise, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:426-31. 2000
    ..The purpose of this study was to establish the minimal number of days of monitoring required for accelerometers to assess usual physical activity in children...
  71. ncbi Evidence for prescribing exercise as therapy in chronic disease
    B K Pedersen
    The Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Department of Infectious Diseases, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 16:3-63. 2006
    ..we review the effect of exercise therapy on disease pathogenesis, on symptoms specific to the diagnosis, on physical fitness or strength and on quality of life...
  72. ncbi Active travel to school and cardiovascular fitness in Danish children and adolescents
    Ashley R Cooper
    Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1724-31. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the way that children and adolescents travel to school is associated with level of cardiovascular fitness...
  73. ncbi Relationship of physical activity, fitness, and fatness with clustered metabolic risk in children and adolescents: the European youth heart study
    Nico S Rizzo
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Novum, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
    J Pediatr 150:388-94. 2007
    ..To examine the associations of physical activity (PA) at different levels and intensities and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with a clustering of metabolic risk factors in children and adolescents with special consideration of body fat...
  74. pmc Defining accelerometer thresholds for activity intensities in adolescent girls
    Margarita S Treuth
    Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1259-66. 2004
    ....
  75. ncbi Exercise capacity and mortality in older men: a 20-year follow-up study
    Peter Kokkinos
    Cardiology Division, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 50 Irving St NW, Washington, DC 20422, USA
    Circulation 122:790-7. 2010
    ..Epidemiological findings, based largely on middle-aged populations, support an inverse and independent association between exercise capacity and mortality risk. The information available in older individuals is limited...
  76. ncbi Accelerated longitudinal decline of aerobic capacity in healthy older adults
    Jerome L Fleg
    Laboratory of Cardiovascular Science, Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Circulation 112:674-82. 2005
    ..Although peak aerobic capacity is widely recognized to decline with age, its rate of decline has been estimated primarily from cross-sectional studies that may provide misleading, overly optimistic estimates of aging changes...
  77. ncbi Fitness versus physical activity patterns in predicting mortality in men
    Jonathan Myers
    Cardiology Division, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA
    Am J Med 117:912-8. 2004
    ..To compare the contributions of fitness level and physical activity patterns to all-cause mortality...
  78. ncbi Patterns of objectively measured physical activity in the United States
    Jesse S Metzger
    Departments of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:630-8. 2008
    ..We used latent class analysis (LCA) to assess patterns of physical activity among adults, using the 7 d of accelerometer data from the 2003-2004 NHANES...
  79. ncbi The association between decline in physical functioning and atrophy of medial temporal areas in community-dwelling older adults with amnestic and nonamnestic mild cognitive impairment
    Hyuma Makizako
    Department of Health and Medical Care, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Aichi, Japan
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 92:1992-9. 2011
    ....
  80. ncbi Contributions of cardiorespiratory fitness and visceral adiposity to six-year changes in cardiometabolic risk markers in apparently healthy men and women
    Caroline Rheaume
    Department of Family and Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada G1V 0A6
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 96:1462-8. 2011
    ..Both excess visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) levels are associated with a deteriorated cardiometabolic risk profile...
  81. ncbi Assessing muscular strength in youth: usefulness of standing long jump as a general index of muscular fitness
    José Castro-Piñero
    Department of Physical Education, School of Education, University of Cadiz, Puerto Real, Spain
    J Strength Cond Res 24:1810-7. 2010
    ..694-0.851). The SLJ test might be therefore considered a general index of muscular fitness in youth. The SLJ test is practical, time efficient, and low in cost and equipment requirements...
  82. pmc The effects of free-living interval-walking training on glycemic control, body composition, and physical fitness in type 2 diabetic patients: a randomized, controlled trial
    Kristian Karstoft
    Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Department of Infectious Diseases and CMRC, Rigshospitalet, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Diabetes Care 36:228-36. 2013
    ..the feasibility of free-living walking training in type 2 diabetic patients and to investigate the effects of interval-walking training versus continuous-walking training upon physical fitness, body composition, and glycemic control.
  83. ncbi Functional limitations and occupational issues in obesity: a review
    Paolo Capodaglio
    Rehabilitation Unit and Research Laboratory in Biomechanics and Rehabilitation, Istituto Auxoxlogico Italiano IRCCS, Verbania Piancavallo, Italy
    Int J Occup Saf Ergon 16:507-23. 2010
    ..Due to the relationship between obesity, musculoskeletal disorders, disability and health costs, prevention of obesity and ergonomic interventions on-site are a priority in the work place...
  84. pmc A prospective study of muscular strength and all-cause mortality in men with hypertension
    Enrique G Artero
    Department of Medical Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
    J Am Coll Cardiol 57:1831-7. 2011
    ..This study sought to assess the impact of muscular strength on mortality in men with hypertension...
  85. ncbi Reliability of field-based fitness tests in youth
    E G Artero
    EFFECTS 262 Research Group, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Granada, Avenida Madrid s n, Granada, Spain
    Int J Sports Med 32:159-69. 2011
    ....
  86. ncbi Serum basal hormone concentrations, nutrition and physical fitness during strength and/or endurance training in 39-64-year-old women
    E Sillanpää
    University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Int J Sports Med 31:110-7. 2010
    We examined effects of 21 weeks of strength and/or endurance training and nutrition on serum hormones and physical fitness in 39-64-year-old women...
  87. ncbi Secular trends in physical fitness and obesity in Danish 9-year-old girls and boys: Odense School Child Study and Danish substudy of the European Youth Heart Study
    N Wedderkopp
    Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense University, Odense NV, Denmark
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 14:150-5. 2004
    Low physical fitness and obesity have been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Obesity is on the increase in many countries, but little is known about physical fitness trends...
  88. pmc Trajectories of gait speed predict mortality in well-functioning older adults: the Health, Aging and Body Composition study
    Daniel K White
    Department of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 68:456-64. 2013
    ..Although gait speed slows with age, the rate of slowing varies greatly. To date, little is known about the trajectories of gait speed, their correlates, and their risk for mortality in older adults...
  89. ncbi Carotid stiffness in young adults: a life-course analysis of its early determinants: the Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study
    Isabel Ferreira
    Department of Internal Medicine, School for Cardiovascular Diseases, Maastricht University Medical Centre, P Debyelaan 25, P O Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Hypertension 59:54-61. 2012
    ..Blood pressure and central fatness have a pivotal role herein and should be specifically targeted to prevent arterial stiffening and its cardiovascular sequelae...
  90. ncbi Physical activity and all-cause mortality: an updated meta-analysis with different intensity categories
    H Lollgen
    Department of Medicine, Ruhr Universtity, Remscheid, Germany
    Int J Sports Med 30:213-24. 2009
    ..There is a dose-response curve especially from sedentary subjects to those with mild and moderate exercise with only a minor additional reduction with further increase in activity level...
  91. ncbi Urban-rural disparity in physical fitness of elementary schoolchildren in Taiwan
    Jiun Hao Wang
    Department of Bio Industry Communication and Development, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Pediatr Int 55:346-54. 2013
    ..More so than the fitness level at any other stage of life, the level of physical fitness in childhood will have a marked effect on an individual's physical development and overall health in ..
  92. ncbi The association between work performance and physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and obesity
    Nicolaas P Pronk
    Center for Health Promotion, HealthPartners, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1309, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 46:19-25. 2004
    ..It is concluded that lifestyle-related modifiable health risk factors significantly impact employee work performance...
  93. pmc Physical activity and physical fitness as predictors of all-cause mortality in Korean men
    Min Seon Park
    Department of Family Medicine and Center for Health Promotion, Seoul National University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    J Korean Med Sci 24:13-9. 2009
    ..Our result suggested that regular PA and fitness predicted mortality in men. The influence of fitness on mortality was pronounced in the men who did not engage in regular PA...
  94. ncbi Physical activity as a long-term predictor of peak oxygen uptake: the HUNT Study
    Stian Thoresen Aspenes
    K G Jebsen Center of Exercise in Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:1675-9. 2011
    ..No population-based study has prospectively assessed the association of physical activity levels with long-term peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak))...
  95. ncbi Metabolic syndrome status changes with fitness level change: a retrospective analysis
    Mark S Maxwell
    School of Health Sciences, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309 4482, USA
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 6:8-14. 2008
    ..Cardiorespiratory fitness level is inversely related to the incidence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). This study examined the effects of changes in cardiorespiratory fitness level on MetS status...
  96. ncbi Prospective associations between early childhood television exposure and academic, psychosocial, and physical well-being by middle childhood
    Linda S Pagani
    Ecole de psychoéducation and Groupe de Recherche sur les Environnements Scolaires, Universite de Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Canada
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164:425-31. 2010
    ..To estimate the influence of early childhood television exposure on fourth-grade academic, psychosocial, and lifestyle characteristics...
  97. ncbi Intensity of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and body mass index in youth
    Luisa Aires
    Research Centre in Physical Activity Health and Leisure, FADE UP, Porto, Portugal
    J Phys Act Health 7:54-9. 2010
    ....
  98. ncbi Blood pressure and circulatory relationships with physical activity level in young normotensive individuals: IPAQ validity and reliability considerations
    Mahmoud A Alomari
    Division of Physical Therapy, Department of Allied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    Clin Exp Hypertens 33:345-53. 2011
    ..Additionally, the IPAQ is reliable, can discriminate between populations, and reasonably valid against health-related fitness...
  99. ncbi Body composition, physical fitness, functional performance, quality of life, and fatigue benefits of exercise for prostate cancer patients: a systematic review
    Justin W L Keogh
    Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
    J Pain Symptom Manage 43:96-110. 2012
    ..Because ADT acts by means of reducing testosterone production, exercise may offset many of the ADT side effects and those of the cancer itself...
  100. ncbi Frail institutionalized older persons: A comprehensive review on physical exercise, physical fitness, activities of daily living, and quality-of-life
    Elizabeth Weening-Dijksterhuis
    Centre for Applied Research in Health Care and Nursing, Hanze University Groningen, The Netherlands
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 90:156-68. 2011
    The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review on training outcomes influencing physical fitness, activity of daily living performance, and quality-of-life in institutionalized older people...
  101. pmc Long-term effects of changes in cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men: the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study
    Duck Chul Lee
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Circulation 124:2483-90. 2011
    ..The combined associations of changes in cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index (BMI) with mortality remain controversial and uncertain...

Research Grants67

  1. IMPACT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND EXERCISE ON HEALTH
    Steven Blair; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The investigators state that they expect that extension of this study will have the potential to make important additional contributions to understanding the health benefits of a fit and active way of life. ..
  2. ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE CENTER
    Thomas A Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..symptoms and asthma among teenage children in rural and city schools, focusing on the interaction between physical fitness, obesity, and metabolic syndrome on the one hand, and allergic responses and inflammation on the other...
  3. Metabolic Syndrome and Breast Cancer: Effects of a Combined Exercise Intervention
    Christina Dieli-Conwright; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The second specific aim is to determine whether a 16-week exercise intervention will improve physical fitness in breast cancer survivors soon after completion of cancer-related treatments by measuring cardiorespiratory ..
  4. The Effect of Behavioral and Physiological Factors on Obesity Risk in Children
    Karen B Dorsey; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..additional training through coursework, mentorship, and research to understand how physical activity and physical fitness relate to adiposity in children. Drs...
  5. Efficacy of Resistance Training as an Aid To Smoking Cessation Treatment
    Joseph T Ciccolo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., lung function, HbA1c, blood lipids, body composition, bone mass, blood pressure), physical fitness, and exercise behavior at each follow-up;and (c) the association between each of these variables and smoking ..
  6. MSI-FLASH: An Exercise Intervention for Women with Menopausal Symptoms
    Barbara Sternfeld; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..before and after the intervention, as will important protocol-specific variables, such as physical activity, physical fitness, and body size...
  7. Concurrent Upper/Lower Extremity SCI Exercise with Stimulation
    LEE BARNETT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Exercise for people with spinal cord injury not only enhances physical fitness but has the potential to slow or reverse many of the secondary complications of SCI such as diabetes, ..
  8. Health Promotion and Fitness for Younger and Older Adults With SMI
    Stephen J Bartels; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the following 3 specific aims: Aim 1) To compare the effectiveness of In SHAPE and HCME with respect to physical fitness outcomes, including: (a) engagement in regular exercise and dietary change and (b) indicators of physical ..
  9. Community Exercise and Metabolic Syndrome in Black Families
    Diane M Becker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..community and implemented by a trained coach from the community will result in a significant improvement in physical fitness and exercise adherence, and 2)...
  10. Randomized Trial of Achieving Healthy Lifestyles in Psych Rehabilitation
    Gail L Daumit; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Secondary outcomes will be change at 6 and 18 months for: a) moderate physical activity by accelerometry and physical fitness by 6 minute walk;b) waist circumference;c) lipids;d) blood pressure;e) Framingham cardiovascular risk score;f)..
  11. Developing and Maintaining Physical Fitness in Adolescents with Down Syndrome
    HEIDI ISABEL STANISH; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Physical activity is listed prominently as a leading health indicator in Healthy People 2010, and objectives include improving activity levels and reducing sedentary behavior in children with disabilities. ..
  12. Determinants of Human Longevity and Healthy Aging
    S Michal Jazwinski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will be assessed by physical examination, activity of daily living (ADL) surveys, and ADL-based tests of physical fitness. Cognitive capacity will be ascertained by examination of individual differences in general intellectual ..
  13. Promoting Physical Activity Behavior for Persons with Multiple Sclerosis
    Matthew A Plow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Questionnaires on physical function, quality of life, and PA adherence as well as objective tests of physical fitness, such as estimated VO2max, will be administered and analyzed to evaluate the intervention...
  14. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS AND MODULATION OF GLIAL ACTIVATION
    Linda Van Eldik; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..as factors associated with the development of obesity: energy partitioning during growth, energy expenditure, physical fitness and activity, hormones, metabolites, and neurotransmitters...
  15. Comparative Genetics of Sweet Taste in Carnivora
    Peihua Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of sweetness probably evolved to maximize the evolutionary fitness of humans, but it now detracts from our physical fitness, increasing the prevalence of obesity (which is due in part to the overconsumption of sweet, calorie-rich ..
  16. Determinants of Insulin Mediated Glucose uptake in South Asians
    THEMISTOCLES LEONARD ASSIMES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..context, Specific Aim 1 proposes to quantify IR and its primary established determinants of adiposity and physical fitness in ~330 South Asians and ~100 white/Europeans using 'gold standard'measuring tools...
  17. Impact of a CBPR School Program on Obesity-Related Outcomes in Underserved Youth
    MICHAEL LEE PRELIP; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and subjective activity measures including SOPLAY (System for Observing Plan and Leisure Activity in Youth), physical fitness via the FitnessGram assessment, measured by body composition (decreased BMI and skinfold thickness), aerobic ..
  18. An Exotendon Prosthesis to Improve Walking for Lower Limb Amputees
    BRIAN GLAISTER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The physical fitness and strength requirements for lower limb amputee gait are so high that thirty-seven percent of amputees are unable to walk with a prosthesis and another twenty-three percent are ..
  19. Brain and behavioral correlates of fitness, cerebrovascular health and aging
    Monica Fabiani; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mediating role that the health status of the cerebrovascular system may have on the beneficial effects of physical fitness on brain anatomy and function and cognitive performance...
  20. Self Reported Fitness Survey
    NICOLE RUTH KEITH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..NiCole R.Keith, Ph.D., is an exercise physiologist specializing in issues of physical fitness among minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged adults...
  21. Efficacy of Yoga as an Alternative Therapy for Smoking Cessation
    Beth C Bock; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the same properties as traditional (Western) aerobic exercise in that yoga has been shown to improve mood, physical fitness, weight control, self-image and quality of life in healthy and ill populations...
  22. Exercise Versus Cognitive Interventions for Elders at Risk for Dementia
    David Loewenstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the impact of exercise training, cognitive training, and a combination of exercise and cognitive training on physical fitness, inflammatory and immunological biomarkers, and cognitive function among Hispanic and non-Hispanic older ..
  23. Examining the Dynamic Relationship between Motor Competence and Physical Activity
    JACQUELINE DAWN GOODWAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..activity patterns of children, along with potential mediating factors of perceived motor competence and physical fitness. It also examines how these four factors relate to obesity from early through late childhood...
  24. Exercise for Bone Health: Young Breast Cancer Survivors
    Joan Bloom; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..will receive a one-year YMCA membership and be assigned a Y Coach (personal trainer) who will assess her physical fitness, develop a tailored exercise program, monitor adherence, and provide social support and counseling...
  25. A Community-Academic Partnership to Address Disparities in Obesity Among Youth
    Mark A Schuster; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..facility checklists, debriefing interviews with staff and students, and analyses of cafeteria records and physical fitness data...
  26. ENLACE: A Promotora-Led Physical Activity Intervention Trial for Latinas in Texas
    DEBORAH M PARRA-MEDINA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The primary outcome is minutes per week of MVPA (measured with accelerometers). Secondary outcomes are physical fitness and weight maintenance...
  27. Physical Activity and Substance Abuse
    Mark A Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moreover, epidemiological studies report that participation in activities that promote physical fitness is associated with a lower incidence of tobacco and substance use among adolescent populations...
  28. Motivational Interventions for Exercise in Hazardous Drinking College Students
    Jeremiah Weinstock; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Secondary outcomes include health-related physical fitness (e.g., tests of body composition, cardiovascular endurance, and muscle strength)...
  29. Targeting Wave Reflections in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction
    JULIO ALONSO CHIRINOS MEDINA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..administered for 24 weeks will improve diastolic function, LV remodeling and clinically-relevant endpoints (physical fitness, quality of life) among 42 patients with HFpEF...
  30. Efficacy of Exercise Videogames for Physical Activity Adoption and Maintenance
    Beth C Bock; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..exercise program (Standard) and contact-control (Control) to increase time spent in PA and changes in physical fitness and cardiovascular health...
  31. Physical Activity and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in US Adolescents
    Jennifer Trilk; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This study will examine the associations of adolescent physical activity, physical fitness and NAFLD to help provide information for promoting policies to increase physical activity and reduce NAFLD ..
  32. Impact of Interactive Video Games on Underserved Children's Health
    NIDA RONCESVALLES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..evident that the development of motor skill competence is related to physical activity and health-related physical fitness levels...
  33. Sympathetic-somatomotor coupling in human SCI
    Brian D Schmit; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..it is relevant to exercise training paradigms that are designed to improve somatomotor function or enhance physical fitness. Our approach will be to measure tendon tap reflexes, voluntary muscle activation, and blood flow of the knee ..
  34. Handcycle Attachment for Pushrim Manual Wheelchairs
    BART KYLSTRA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to preventing RSI, the proposed design will also extend users'range and encourage physical fitness and participation in society, both of which have been shown in studies to result in net health care cost ..
  35. Multilevel Influences on Childhood Obesity Disparities
    EMMA SANCHEZ-VAZNAUGH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..disparities over time, focusing on counties, communities and schools;(2) the extent to which trends in physical fitness disparities among children explain changing patterns of obesity disparities;and (3) child behavior-..
  36. APOE and the Effects of Malnutrition on Cognitive and Intestinal Development
    Richard L Guerrant; Fiscal Year: 2010
    In long-term studies, we have discovered important associations of impaired cognitive development, physical fitness, and growth with early childhood diarrhea and malnutrition in favela (shantytown) children in Northeast Brazil...
  37. Multilevel Influences of Neighborhood and School Environments on Obesity
    JOSEPH TOMAKA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..surveillance dataset (2006-2009), which includes objectively measured body mass index (BMI) and physical fitness assessment gathered on an annual basis by trained school officials for all elementary school children...
  38. The Connie Wofsy Women's HIV Study
    Phyllis C Tien; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..forward an increased focus on functional outcomes, including specific organ functional measures, and total physical fitness and morphology (such as kyphosis)...
  39. Exercise as Alcohol Use Disorders Intervention for Non-Treatment Seeking Adults
    Jeremiah Weinstock; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Secondary outcomes include health-related physical fitness (e.g., tests of body composition, cardiovascular endurance, and muscle strength)...
  40. RCT of hatha yoga for persistent depression
    Lisa A Uebelacker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..symptoms;b) improving work / role and family functioning;and c) improving physical functioning, pain, and physical fitness at endpoint (8 weeks) and follow-up...
  41. EXERCISE--NURSING INTERVENTION FOR FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY
    Beverly Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Co-morbidity and previous physical fitness may influence the rate of functional recovery, and physical therapy and participation in regular exercise ..
  42. Predicting Cognitive Inconsitency from Physical Activity and Sleep in Late-Life
    JOSEPH MICHAEL DZIERZEWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The current proposal seeks support to conduct secondary data analyses of a study of physical fitness promotion for older adults in which participants received 18 weekly assessments of multiple cognitive tasks (..
  43. ALTERATIONS IN BODY COMPOSITION AND GROWTH AT PUBERTY
    Alan Rogol; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..energy expenditure (EE; via doubly labeled water, indirect calorimetry, 7 day physical activity recall) and physical fitness (via V02 peak), which act on the genetic background...
  44. PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF HEALTH IN RUNNERS AND WALKERS
    Paul Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from Investigator's Abstract) Current government physical fitness guidelines state that: 1) the majority of the health benefits from physical activity can be obtained by walking 2 miles briskly on most days of the ..
  45. REPRODUCTIVE DEVELOPMENT & BONE ACCRETION IN YOUNG WOMEN
    Thomas Lloyd; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..We evaluated the interrelationships among physical activity, physical fitness, nutrient intake, pubertal progression and bone development in girls from age 12 through age 15 and ..
  46. FAT AND FAT-FREE BODY COMPOSITION DEVELOPMENT IN AGING
    Richard Boileau; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Body composition assessment is an important aspect in evaluating health, nutritional status and physical fitness. The proposed research is designed to investigate methodological approaches to assess body composition throughout the life-..
  47. Petersburg Wellness Consortium
    Maghboeba Mosavel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..interventions that are family based, community wide and that can be supported City wide to increase physical fitness and improve nutritional choices...
  48. Prospective effects of psychosocial factors on bariatric surgical success
    Erin E Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the present proposal integrate several objectives of 2 key priority areas outlined in Healthy People 2000: physical fitness (priority area 1) and nutrition (priority area 2)...
  49. Molecular Epidemiology of Cryptosporidiosis in India
    Honorine Ward; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Cryptosporidial infection in early childhood may result in subsequent impairment in growth, physical fitness and cognitive function...
  50. Evaluation of California's SB19 Pupil Nutrition Act
    William McCarthy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Baseline measures of BMI and physical fitness will have already been collected, by state law...
  51. OCCUPATIONAL KNEE INJURY AND DISABILITY IN THE U.S. ARMY
    Sandra Sulsky; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..As such, post- injury factors may include injury severity, physical fitness, having job demands amenable to modification to allow for recovery, and other, less measurable factors ..
  52. EFFECT OF NAVAJO INTERPRETERS ON DIABETES OUTCOMES
    Melvina McCabe; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..in self-care practices (self-blood glucose monitoring (SBGM), medication adherence, daily activities and physical fitness). 5...
  53. Factors Affecting the Bone Response and Non-Response
    Laura Milliken; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..the volume of exercise performed, leisure-time physical activity, nutritional data, body composition, physical fitness, hormonal data, markers of bone formation and resorption, and psycho-social variables such as self-esteem, ..
  54. IMPACT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND EXERCISE ON HEALTH
    Steven Blair; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Continuation of this study has the potential to make important additional contributions to our understanding of the health benefits of a fit and active way of life. ..
  55. MOTIVATION IN MAINTENANCE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
    Julie Fleury; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..are significant predictors of physical activity, including state of activity maintenance, exertion level, and physical fitness, over time, in individuals with diagnosed CHD who have completed a program of cardiac rehabilitation; and 2) ..
  56. Systemic and Localized Stress Resilience in Aging: Effects of Physical Fitness.
    TINNA TRAUSTADOTTIR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..One factor that inversely correlates with morbidity and mortality in older adults is physical fitness. This study will investigate the effects of physical fitness on stress resilience in two areas related to ..
  57. Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover Concept
    George Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..A related objective is to understand how various life situations (physical fitness, diet, gender, age) affect the balance of substrate utilization (partitioning) in humans...
  58. Obesity in school staff:Participatory environmental model
    Judith Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..2. To evaluate the impact of the program on health (e.g., BMI, physical fitness), health behaviors (e.g., dietary intake, physical activity level), and work productivity (e.g., absenteeism)...
  59. Examining the effects of improved physical fitness on cognitive/psychological fun
    ADRIENNE MORGAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..study seeks to better clarify these routes to cognitive improvement via (a) assessment of both potential physical fitness and psychosocial mediators of exercise effects on cognition, and (b) inclusion of a control group that ..
  60. AEROBIC FITNESS: SLEEP AND ITS CORRELATES IN THE AGED
    Michael Vitiello; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..One such treatment might be regular exercise leading to increased aerobic fitness. Physical fitness in older individuals has been associated with decreased incidence of coronary heart disease, increased ..
  61. Muscle quality, exercise and weight loss in older women: A quantitative MRI stud
    JOHN GEORGIADIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..obese), and normal weight women will be further blocked on physical fitness (sedentary vs...
  62. PHYSICAL FITNESS/CARDIOVASCULAR MORTALITY--FIREFIGHTERS
    Wendy Mack; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Epidemiologic studies have found that vigorous levels of physical fitness and activity are associated with reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) as well as total mortality...
  63. GWAS of longitudinal blood pressure profiles from young adulthood to middle-age
    Myriam Fornage; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to characterize their interactions with relevant environmental factors, specifically body weight profiles, physical fitness, psychosocial influences, and dietary intake...
  64. TRIAL OF ACTIVITY FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS - FIELD CENTER
    Russell Pate; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..examine the effects of a comprehensive, school-based, community-linked intervention on physical activity and physical fitness in middle school girls...
  65. EXERCISE AND DIET INTERVENTION AFTER LIVER TRANSPLANT
    Patricia Painter; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..for the functioning of their organ, however little attention and no interventions are incorporated to improve physical fitness or minimize weight gain and cardiovascular risk...
  66. CUSTOMIZED ELECTRICAL STIMULATION FOR SCI REHABILITATION
    Eric Hartman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..for this device are: 1) individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) who are interested in improving their physical fitness through electrically stimulated lower-extremity exercise, 2) individuals with SCI who seek to develop or ..
  67. DEVELOPMENT OF AN ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY RISK PROFILE
    Michael Smith; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..risk of death of an individual, no HRA currently provides risk estimates including an objective measure of physical fitness. During Phase I, logistic regression equations for all-cause mortality risk were developed, combining an ..