Genomes and Genes
track and field
Summary: Sports performed on a track, field, or arena and including running events and other competitions, such as the pole vault, shot put, etc.
Publications215 found, 100 shown here
- Track compliance does not affect sprinting performanceSawas Stafilidis
Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopaedics, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany
J Sports Sci 25:1479-90. 2007..More research on tracks with lower stiffness is required...
- Reinjury after acute posterior thigh muscle injuries in elite track and field athletesNikolaos Malliaropoulos
National Track and Field Centre, Sports Injury Clinic, Thessaloniki, Greece
Am J Sports Med 39:304-10. 2011..Hamstring muscle strains often recur. The authors studied the effect of the grade of initial injury on the subsequent risk of reinjury...
- Posterior thigh muscle injuries in elite track and field athletesNikolaos Malliaropoulos
National Track and Field Centre, Sports Medicine Clinic S E G A S, Thessaloniki, Greece
Am J Sports Med 38:1813-9. 2010..Posterior thigh muscle injuries in athletes are common, and prediction of recovery time would be of value...
- Aging performance for masters records in athletics, swimming, rowing, cycling, triathlon, and weightliftingA Barry Baker
Department of Anaesthesia, University of Sydney at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Exp Aging Res 36:453-77. 2010..There may be real physiological differences for these strength events, or there may be other explanations such as training or competitive considerations or smaller numbers participating...
- Reinjury after acute lateral ankle sprains in elite track and field athletesNikolaos Malliaropoulos
National Track and Field Centre, Sports Injury Clinic, Sports Medicine Clinic of S E G A S, Thessaloniki, Greece
Am J Sports Med 37:1755-61. 2009..Lateral ankle sprains can lead to persistent disability in athletes. The authors studied the effect of a lateral ankle sprain on reinjury occurrence in the same region...
- Percentage decline in masters superathlete track and field performance with agingA B Baker
Department of Anaesthetics, University of Sydney, Royal Prince Albert Hospital, Camperdown, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia
Exp Aging Res 29:47-65. 2003Masters athletic records in track and field events, published in September 1999, were analyzed to evaluate the percentage decline in maximum physiological performance with increasing age...
- The ACE I/D polymorphism in elite Greek track and field athletesI D Papadimitriou
Laboratory of Sports Biomechanics, Aristotle University, Serres, Greece
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 49:459-63. 2009The aim of this study was to examine genetic differences among 101 elite Greek track and field athletes and a representative random control group of 181 Greek individuals, by analyzing the I/D polymorphism in exon 16 of the ACE gene.
- Gender, age, and sport differences in relative age effects among US Masters swimming and track and field athletesNikola Medic
School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, WA, Australia
J Sports Sci 27:1535-44. 2009..we examined how these three variables influenced possible relative age effects among Masters swimmers and track and field athletes...
- Nutritional supplement practices in UK junior national track and field athletesA Nieper
UK Athletics, Crystal Palace, Ledrington Road, Norwood, SE19 2BB, UK
Br J Sports Med 39:645-9. 2005The nutritional supplementation practices of 32 national track and field athletes competing at the 2004 World Junior Championships were studied using an anonymous questionnaire...
- No influence of age, gender, weight, height, and impact profile in achilles tendinopathy in masters track and field athletesUmile Giuseppe Longo
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Biomedico University, Rome, Italy
Am J Sports Med 37:1400-5. 2009..Achilles tendinopathy is commonly reported by athletes involved in activities that include running and jumping. Despite the prevalence of the problem, causative factors in Achilles tendinopathy remain poorly understood...
- Does lifelong training temper age-related decline in sport performance? Interpreting differences between cross-sectional and longitudinal dataBradley W Young
School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Exp Aging Res 34:27-48. 2008..Discussion focuses on methodological considerations for advancing future research that contrasts CS and longitudinal samples, and the importance of encouraging sport involvement opportunities to aging individuals...
- Ultrasound as a primary evaluation tool of bone stress injuries in elite track and field athletesAgapi Papalada
National Track and Field Centre, Sports Medicine Clinic of SEGAS, Thessaloniki, Greece
Am J Sports Med 40:915-9. 2012..Little is known about therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) to diagnose bone stress injuries...
- Determination of future prevention strategies in elite track and field: analysis of Daegu 2011 IAAF Championships injuries and illnesses surveillanceJuan Manuel Alonso
RFEA Servicios Médicos, Avenida de Valladolid, 81, 28008 Madrid, Spain
Br J Sports Med 46:505-14. 2012..To determine the incidence and characteristics of newly incurred injuries and illnesses during international Athletics Championships, by improving the medical surveillance coverage, in order to determine future prevention strategies...
- Internal imagery training in active high jumpersC J Olsson
Department of Integrative Medical Biology Physiology, Umea University, Sweden
Scand J Psychol 49:133-40. 2008..No other differences were found. The results suggest that internal imagery training may be used to improve a component of a complex motor skill. Possible explanations and future recommendations are discussed...
- Prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries in Swedish elite track and field athletesJenny Jacobsson
Section of Social Medicine and Public Health, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
Am J Sports Med 40:163-9. 2012Little is known of injury patterns in track and field (athletics). Injury prevalence has been proposed as the most appropriate measure of the injury rate in sports where athletes are at risk for overuse problems.
- Older women track and field athletes have enhanced calcaneal stiffnessJ M Welch
Maine Center for Osteoporosis Research and Education, St Joseph Hospital, Bangor, Maine, USA
Osteoporos Int 16:871-8. 2005..One hundred and thirty-nine women 40-88 years old, all competitors in a USA National Masters Track and Field Championships, volunteered for the study. Masters refers to competitors > or =40 years old...
- A prospective study of injury patterns in high school pole vaultersGregory S Rebella
Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Children s Corporate Center, Suite C550, 999 North 92nd Street, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA
Am J Sports Med 36:913-20. 2008The pole vault is a track and field event that has witnessed a large increase in participants during the past 5 years. Currently there are no prospective studies that have evaluated injury patterns in pole vaulters.
- Sex differences in the cross-sectional areas of psoas major and thigh muscles in high school track and field athletes and nonathletesYoshihiro Hoshikawa
Sports Photonics Laboratory, Hamamatsu Photonics K K
J Physiol Anthropol 30:47-53. 2011..in the cross-sectional areas of the psoas major, quadriceps femoris, hamstrings, and adductors in high school track and field athletes and nonathletes...
- Causes of dropouts in decathlon. A pilot studyPascal Edouard
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital of Saint Etienne, Faculty of Medicine, Jean Monnet University, 42055 Saint Etienne, France
Phys Ther Sport 11:133-5. 2010..Knowing the frequency and causes of dropouts in combined events seems relevant and helpful to develop strategies of injury prevention and to better define/understand the necessary qualities for decathletes...
- The use of drugs and nutritional supplements in top-level track and field athletesPhilippe Tscholl
Fédération Internationale de Football Association FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Centre F MARC, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
Am J Sports Med 38:133-40. 2010..High use of medication and nutritional supplements has been reported in several sports...
- Evaluation of the BOD POD for estimating percent body fat in collegiate track and field female athletes: a comparison of four methodsKeren M Bentzur
Health, Exercise and Sports Sciences, Exercise Physiology Laboratory, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
J Strength Cond Res 22:1985-91. 2008This investigation examined the accuracy of the BOD POD on a group of Division I collegiate track and field female athletes (N = 30). Hydrostatic weighing (HW) was used as the gold standard method...
- Prevalence of blood doping in samples collected from elite track and field athletesPierre Edouard Sottas
Swiss Laboratory for Doping Analyses, Epalinges, Switzerland
Clin Chem 57:762-9. 2011..Since 2001, the international governing body for athletics has implemented a blood-testing program to detect altered hematological profiles in the world's top-level athletes...
- Relationship between kinematic factors and countermovement jump height in trained track and field athletesJuan José González-Badillo
Department of Sports and Informatics, University of Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain
J Strength Cond Res 24:3443-7. 2010..study was to determine the relationship between kinematic factors of CMJ height in a large sample of trained track and field athletes...
- Health of master track and field athletes: a 16-year follow-up studyJyrki A Kettunen
ORTON Orthopaedic Hospital, Invalid Foundation, and Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Clin J Sport Med 16:142-8. 2006..To study different aspects of health in master athletes...
- Doping test reveals high concentrations of salbutamol in a Swiss track and field athleteCarine Schweizer
Swiss Laboratory for Analysis of Doping, Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Clin J Sport Med 14:312-5. 2004..We report a case of a track and field athlete who tested well above this limit during a competition...
- Static stretching impairs sprint performance in collegiate track and field athletesJason B Winchester
Department of Kinesiology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
J Strength Cond Res 22:13-9. 2008..05), and for the entire 40 m with a time of 5.6 +/- 0.4 versus 5.7 +/- 0.4 seconds (P < or = .05). The results of this study suggest that performing a SS protocol following a DW will inhibit sprint performance in collegiate athletes...
- Relationships and significance of lactate minimum, critical velocity, heart rate deflection and 3 000 m track-tests for runningH G Simoes
Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia DF, Brazil
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 45:441-51. 2005..000 m (V(3000)) and 10 000 m performance (V10km) were compared. Additionally the ability of V(lm) and V(HRd) on identifying sustainable velocities was investigated...
- Shot trajectory parameters in gold medal stationary shot-putters during world-class competitionLaurent Frossard
School of Engineering Systems, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Adapt Phys Activ Q 24:317-31. 2007..47 degrees) and females (9.02 degrees - 34.52 degrees). The position of the shot from a fixed reference point at release revealed a similar trend for both males (2.01 m - 2.68 m) and females (1.16 m - 1.98 m), although it was weaker...
- A kinematics and kinetic comparison of overground and treadmill runningPatrick O Riley
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908 1004, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1093-100. 2008..The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematic and kinetic parameters of treadmill running to those of overground running...
- Why do high jumpers use a curved approach?John C C Tan
Physical Education and Sports Science, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
J Sports Sci 23:775-80. 2005..It was concluded that the main advantage of a curved approach was that it resulted in the generation of somersault velocity providing the curve tightened towards the end of the approach...
- Determination of critical parameters among elite female shot puttersMichael Young
Department of Kinesiology, Louisiana University, Baton Rouge, USA
Sports Biomech 4:131-48. 2005..The unique observation about the knee positions at specific events should assist in new training and coaching developments...
- Effects of an inclined board as a training tool on the take-off motion of the long jumpHiroyuki Koyama
Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
Sports Biomech 4:113-29. 2005..These results suggest that the raised flat board and inclined boards would be effective in improving long jumpers' techniques during the take-off and airborne phases...
- Modeling and analysis of the effect of training on V O2 kinetics and anaerobic capacityJ R Stirling
Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte INEF, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid UPM, c Martín Fierro s n, 28040, Madrid, Spain
Bull Math Biol 70:1348-70. 2008....
- Career-span analyses of track performance: longitudinal data present a more optimistic view of age-related performance declineBradley W Young
Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Exp Aging Res 31:69-90. 2005..Graphical trends showed that the moderation of age-related decline appeared greater for the longitudinal 10 km performances than for the 1500m event...
- Physiological adaptations to soccer specific endurance training in professional youth soccer playersK McMillan
Glasgow Celtic Football Club, Medical Department, 95 Kerrydale Street, Glasgow G40 3RE, UK
Br J Sports Med 39:273-7. 2005..Large improvements in oxygen uptake have been shown using interval running. A similar physiological load arising from interval running could be obtained using the soccer ball in training...
- Biochemical evaluation of antioxidant function after a controlled optimum physical exercise among adolescentsEbere C Anyanwu
CAHERS Clinical Neuroscience Research Inc, Conroe, Texas 77385, USA
Int J Adolesc Med Health 17:57-66. 2005..It is therefore suggested that after intensive physical exercise, antioxidant functions should be monitored and supplemented whenever necessary to maintain the integrity of the cellular function...
- Medical coverage for track and field eventsBernadette Pendergraph
Harbor UCLA Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship, 1403 Lomita Boulevard, Harbor City, CA 90710, USA
Curr Sports Med Rep 4:150-3. 2005Providing medical coverage at a track and field event is similar to other spectator events, but there are some important differences...
- Energy system contribution to 400-metre and 800-metre track runningRob Duffield
School of Human Movement and Exercise Science, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia
J Sports Sci 23:299-307. 2005..Additionally, the relative importance and speed of interaction of the respective metabolic pathways has implications to training for these events...
- [Chronic knee joint discomfort]R Wittke
MMW Fortschr Med 147:28-9, 31-2. 2005..These must be differentiated from pes anserinus syndrome and a plica mediopatellaris...
- Effects of intra-session concurrent endurance and strength training sequence on aerobic performance and capacityM Chtara
Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Nutrition, Faculte des Sciences de Tunis, El Manar, Tunisia
Br J Sports Med 39:555-60. 2005..To examine the effects of the sequencing order of individualised intermittent endurance training combined with muscular strengthening on aerobic performance and capacity...
- A three-dimensional kinematic analysis of the long jump take-offPhilip Graham-Smith
Directorate of Sport, University of Salford, Frederick Road, Salford, Greater Manchester M6 6PU, UK
J Sports Sci 23:891-903. 2005..This has implications for a better understanding of the long jump event and it is likely that this finding can be generalized to other technical sports skills...
- Effects of allometric scaling and isokinetic testing methods on the relationship between countermovement jump and quadriceps torque and powerYong Hao Pua
Department of Physiotherapy, Rehabilitative Services, Alexandra Hospital, 159964 Singapore
J Sports Sci 24:423-32. 2006..Normalization for body size by allometrically scaling may further improve correlations with CMJ performance...
- The effect of caffeine ingestion on 8 km run performance in a field settingC A Bridge
Sport and Exercise Research Group, Edge Hill College, Ormskirk, UK
J Sports Sci 24:433-9. 2006..05). We conclude that ingestion of 3 mg . kg(-1) body mass of caffeine can improve absolute 8 km run performance in an ecologically valid race setting...
- The relationship between discus throwing performance and combinations of selected technical parametersSteve Leigh
Center for Human Movement Science, Division of Physical Therapy, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7135, USA
Sports Biomech 7:173-93. 2008..Males and females were analysed separately. Suggestions for controlling the height of release and the vertical component of the speed of release using an effective technique are made...
- Use of field-based tests to identify risk factors for injury to fast bowlers in cricketR J Dennis
NSW Injury Risk Management Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Br J Sports Med 42:477-82. 2008..To identify risk factors for injury to cricket fast bowlers using field-based tests...
- Different interpretation of the effect of two different intense training regimens on repeated sprint abilityDavid J Bishop
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 293:R1459; author reply R1460. 2007
- Considerations that affect optimised simulation in a running jump for heightCassie Wilson
Cardiff School of Sport, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, Cardiff CF23 6XD, UK
J Biomech 40:3155-61. 2007..It is concluded that such considerations have a substantial influence on optimum technique and must be included in studies using optimised simulations...
- Pulmonary O2 uptake on-kinetics in sprint- and endurance-trained athletesNicolas J A Berger
School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, St Luke s Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, EX1 2LU, UK
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32:383-93. 2007..It appears that indices of aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance differentially influence the fundamental and slow components of the oxygen uptake kinetics...
- Neuromuscular control and performance in shot-put athletesG Terzis
Track and Field Division, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 47:284-90. 2007..The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the activation level of certain protagonist muscles of the upper and lower body during the shot-put with the shot-put performance in skilled athletes...
- Sprint and vertical jump performances are not affected by six weeks of static hamstring stretchingDavid M Bazett-Jones
Department of Exercise and Sports Science, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin, USA
J Strength Cond Res 22:25-31. 2008..Twenty-one healthy division III women's track and field athletes participated in the study...
- Coordination variability and skill development in expert triple jumpersCassie Wilson
Cardiff School of Sport, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, Cardiff, UK
Sports Biomech 7:2-9. 2008..This study highlights the need to address the learning effect when analysing coordination variability from a dynamical systems perspective...
- The acute effects of combined static and dynamic stretch protocols on fifty-meter sprint performance in track-and-field athletesIain M Fletcher
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, University of Luton, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom
J Strength Cond Res 21:784-7. 2007..It was concluded that passive static stretching in a warm-up decreases sprint performance, despite being combined with dynamic stretches, when compared to a solely dynamic stretch approach...
- Changes in spring-mass model parameters and energy cost during track running to exhaustionJean Slawinski
Laboratory of Biomechanics and Physiology, National Institute of Sports INSEP, Paris, France
J Strength Cond Res 22:930-6. 2008..The inverse correlation was only observed between Cr and Kleg during the 2000-meter run and not before or after the exercise, suggesting that the stiffness of the runner may be not associated with the Cr...
- Acute effects of heavy-load squats on consecutive squat jump performanceKurt R Weber
Human Performance Laboratory, California State University, Fullerton, California, USA
J Strength Cond Res 22:726-30. 2008..7% +/- 5.0%, 4.0% +/- 4.9%, and 1.3% +/- 7.5%, respectively. The results indicate that performing a heavy-load back squat before a set of consecutive SJs may enhance acute performance in average and peak jump height, as well as peak GRF...
- [Dependence of endurance performance on ACE gene polymorphism in athletes]I N Voroshin
Fiziol Cheloveka 34:129-31. 2008
- Immediate effects of the use of modified take-off boards on the take-off motion of the long jump during trainingHiroyuki Koyama
Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
Sports Biomech 5:139-53. 2006....
- Changes in technique within a sprint hurdle runAki I T Salo
Sport and Exercise Science, School for Health, University of Bath, UK
Sports Biomech 5:155-66. 2006..This way, athletes could learn to clear the hurdle with a higher horizontal velocity, even when fatigue is potentially influencing the performance...
- Joint torque and mechanical energy flow in the support legs of skilled race walkersKoji Hoga
Aomori Prefectural Institute for Sports Sciences, Aomori City, Japan
Sports Biomech 5:167-82. 2006..Our findings suggest that race walkers in the final part of the support phase should exert the torque of the knee extensors and hip flexors to transfer the mechanical energy more effectively to the support thigh and shank...
- The take-off phase in transtibial amputee high jumpLee Nolan
Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control, Karolinska Institutet and The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Stockholm, Sweden
Prosthet Orthot Int 32:160-71. 2008..Understanding transtibial amputee high jump technique and the differences compared to what is known about non-amputee technique has implications for coaching and improving performance in prosthetic sport...
- Heart rate variability, blood pressure variability, and baroreflex sensitivity in overtrained athletesMathias Baumert
Department of Medical Engineering, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Germany
Clin J Sport Med 16:412-7. 2006..To assess the effects of abruptly intensified physical training on cardiovascular control...
- Estimated age effects in athletic events and chessRay C Fair
Cowles Foundation, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8281, USA
Exp Aging Res 33:37-57. 2007Rates of decline are estimated using record bests by age for chess and for various track and field, road running, and swimming events...
- Influence of training background on jumping heightCarlos Ugrinowitsch
Department of Sport, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
J Strength Cond Res 21:848-52. 2007..High RFD jumps should be performed during training only when sport skills have a time constraint for force application...
- Mechanical properties of the take-off leg as a support mechanism in the long jumpYuya Muraki
Doctoral Programme of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
Sports Biomech 4:1-15. 2005....
- Creatine supplementation and exercise performance: recent findingsMichael G Bemben
Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Department of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
Sports Med 35:107-25. 2005..There appears to be no strong scientific evidence to support any adverse effects but it should be noted that there have been no studies to date that address the issue of long-term Cr usage...
- Neural adaptations with sport-specific resistance training in highly skilled athletesLarry W Judge
Department of Athletics, University of Florida, Gainsville, FL 32611, USA
J Sports Sci 21:419-27. 2003..to systematically emphasize the development of strength, power and motor performance in 14 highly skilled track and field athletes (e.g. discus, hammer, javelin, shot put and weight)...
- Relationship between shot put performance and triceps brachii fiber type composition and power productionG Terzis
Track and Field Division, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Athens, Ethnikis Antistassis 41, Daphne, 172 37, Athens, Greece
Eur J Appl Physiol 90:10-5. 2003..The magnitude of the correlation coefficients between shot put and the upper-body power tests suggests that other body parts (e.g., lower extremities) may play a significant role in this event...
- Optimising high-intensity treadmill training using the running speed at maximal O(2) uptake and the time for which this can be maintainedTimothy P Smith
School of Human Life Sciences, University of Tasmania, 7250 Launceston, Tasmania, Australia
Eur J Appl Physiol 89:337-43. 2003..In conclusion, 3000-m running performance can be significantly improved in a group of well-trained runners, using a 4-week treadmill interval training program at v.VO(2max) with interval durations of 60% T(max)...
- Differences in lactate exchange and removal abilities in athletes specialised in different track running events (100 to 1500 m)C Bret
Laboratoire de Physiologie de l Exercice, GIP Exercice EA 645, Faculté de médecine Lyon Sud, Chemin du petit Revoyet BP 12, 69 921 Oullins cedex, France
Int J Sports Med 24:108-13. 2003..55, p < 0.05). In conclusion, the lactate exchange ability seems to play a role on the athlete's capacity to sustain exercise close to 2-min-duration and specifically to run 800 m...
- The effect of plyometric training on distance running performanceRobert W Spurrs
Human Movement Department, School of Leisure, Sport and Tourism, University of Technology, Sydney, PO Box 222, Lindfield NSW 2070, Australia
Eur J Appl Physiol 89:1-7. 2003..It is postulated that the increase in MTS resulted in improved RE. We speculate that the improved RE led to changes in 3-km running performance, as there were no corresponding alterations in VO(2max) or Th(la)...
- Maximum strength-power-performance relationships in collegiate throwersMichael H Stone
Sports Science USOC, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80909, USA
J Strength Cond Res 17:739-45. 2003..e., IPF) is strongly associated with dynamic PF. In addition, maximum strength is strongly associated with PP even at relatively light loads such as those associated with sport-specific dynamic explosiveness (i.e., SN, SP, WGT)...
- A kinetic analysis of discus-throwing techniquesBing Yu
Center for Human Movement Sciences, Division of Physical Therapy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7135, USA
Sports Biomech 1:25-46. 2002..These results provide critical information regarding the training of discus-throwing techniques, and the direction of future biomechanical studies on this event...
- Release parameters at the foul line and the official result in javelin throwingJukka Viitasalo
Research Institute for Olympic Sports, Jyvaskyla, Finland
Sports Biomech 2:15-34. 2003..s-1 in the release speed was from 2.25 to 3.68 m. The study emphasises the importance of investigating javelin throwing biomechanics on an individual thrower basis...
- Effect of gender on mechanical power output during repeated bouts of maximal running in trained teenagersT Yanagiya
Department of Sports Sciences, School of Human Sciences, Waseda University Saitama, Japan
Int J Sports Med 24:304-10. 2003Seven high school boys (16.4 +/- 0.5 y, mean +/- SD) and 7 girls (16.4 +/- 0.5 y), who specialized in track and field events, performed ten 5-s maximal sprint runs with an interval of 10s between each sprint on a non-motorized running ..
- A mathematical analysis of the 4 x 100 m relayA J Ward-Smith
Department of Sport Sciences, Brunel University, Isleworth, Middlesex, UK
J Sports Sci 20:369-81. 2002..For teams composed of athletes with different times over 100 m, we show that the fastest relay times are achieved with the fastest athlete taking the first leg, with the slowest two runners allocated to the final two legs...
- Effects of resisted sled towing on sprint kinematics in field-sport athletesRobert G Lockie
Human Performance Laboratory, University of Technology, Sydney, Kuring gai Campus, New South Wales, Australia
J Strength Cond Res 17:760-7. 2003..The heavier load generally resulted in a greater disruption to normal acceleration kinematics compared with the lighter load. The lighter load is likely best for use in a training program...
- Increased shoe bending stiffness increases sprint performanceDarren Stefanyshyn
Human Performance Laboratory, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Sports Biomech 3:55-66. 2004..It is speculated that individual differences in the force-length and force-velocity relationships of the calf muscles may influence the appropriate shoe stiffness for each athlete to obtain their maximal performance...
- Effects of power training on muscle structure and neuromuscular performanceH Kyrolainen
Department of Biology of Physical Activity, Neuromuscular Research Center, University of Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland
Scand J Med Sci Sports 15:58-64. 2005..The enhanced performance in jumping as a result of power training can be explained, in part, by some modification in the joint control strategy and/or increased RFD capabilities of the KE...
- A "functional biopsy" of muscle properties in sprinters and distance runnersGregory J Crowther
Department of Radiology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, 98195 7115, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1719-24. 2002..We asked whether comparable flux differences are evident in the muscles of athletes specializing in extremely different (i.e., sprint and long-distance) running events...
- Isokinetic dynamometry of knee flexors and extensors: comparative study among non-athletes, jumper athletes and runner athletesCássio Marinho Siqueira
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo
Rev Hosp Clin Fac Med Sao Paulo 57:19-24. 2002..Prevention of injury requires specific functional muscular evaluation in all athletes and for any kind of sport...
- CD4+ lymphocyte responses to pulmonary infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in naÃ¯ve and vaccinated BALB/c miceC M Mason
Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Tuberculosis (Edinb) 81:327-34. 2001..This will help to improve knowledge concerning radiation conditions inside of spacecrafts, necessary to secure a maximum possible protection to the astronauts...
- Younger age of escalation of cardiovascular risk factors in Asian Indian subjectsRajeev Gupta
Department of Medicine, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Jaipur 302017, India
BMC Cardiovasc Disord 9:28. 2009..We conducted epidemiological studies to determine prevalence and age-specific trends in cardiovascular risk factors among adolescent and young urban Asian Indians...
- Single track effects, Biostack and risk assessmentS B Curtis
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California 94720, USA
Radiat Meas 23:5-8. 1994..It is also pointed out, however, that there may be unique effects from single tracks of heavy ions that do not occur from light-ion tracks. For such effects, the concepts of both RBE and RPPE lose their meaning...
- Beverage intake among preschool children and its effect on weight statusTeresia M O'Connor
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, 6621 Fannin St, CCC1540 00, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Pediatrics 118:e1010-8. 2006....
- Laparoscopic appendectomy in children can be done as a fast-track or same-day surgeryHarsh Grewal
Section of Pediatric Surgery, Temple University Children s Medical Center, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
JSLS 8:151-4. 2004..We, therefore, looked at our data to assess whether laparoscopic appendectomy in children could be performed as fast-track or same-day surgery (< or = 24-hour postoperative stay)...
- A combined analysis of North American case-control studies of residential radon and lung cancerDaniel Krewski
Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
J Toxicol Environ Health A 69:533-97. 2006..Collectively, these results provide direct evidence of an association between residential radon and lung cancer risk, a finding predicted by extrapolation of results from occupational studies of radon-exposed underground miners...
- Effects of 'navicular' shoeing on equine distal forelimb kinematics on different track surfaceC J Scheffer
Department of Equine Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Vet Q 23:191-5. 2001..The extra forward rotation of the hoof induced by heel wedges on hard tracks was almost the same on soft track surfaces. Eggbars and fibre/sand mix tracks have intermediate effects on unloading of the distal forelimb...
- DNA DSB induced in human cells by charged particles and gamma rays: experimental results and theoretical approachesA Campa
Health and Technology Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, INFN Sezione di Roma1, Gruppo Collegato Sanità, Roma, Italy
Int J Radiat Biol 81:841-54. 2005..To quantify the role played by radiation track structure and background fragments in modulating DNA fragmentation in human cells exposed to gamma-rays and light ions...
- Fast-track rehabilitation for lung cancer lobectomy: a five-year experienceJoão Carlos Das-Neves-Pereira
Thoracic Surgery Department of Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 36:383-91; discussion 391-2. 2009..Our objective is to describe a five-year experience with fast-track rehabilitation for lung cancer lobectomy...
- Readmission and mortality in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery with fast-track recovery protocolM Adnan Celkan
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, School of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey
Heart Vessels 20:251-5. 2005..045) as independent predictors of hospital readmission. FTRC protocols can be performed safely in patients with off-pump CABG, and the mortality and readmission rates following this protocol were found to be within acceptable ranges...
- Access to potable water and sanitation in Cameroon within the context of Millennium Development Goals (MDGS)Andrew Ako Ako
Graduate School of Science and Technology, Isotope Hydrology Laboratory, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan
Water Sci Technol 61:1317-39. 2010....
- Intercomparison of retrospective radon detectorsR W Field
Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Environ Health Perspect 107:905-10. 1999..Further calibration of the retrospective detectors' models for interpretation of track rate density may allow the pooling of studies that use glass-based retrospective radon detectors to determine historic residential radon exposures...
- Evaluation of a joint Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics international course in PeruWalter H Curioso
School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
BMC Med Educ 8:1. 2008....
- Application of electronic surveillance and global information system mapping to track the epidemiology of pediatric pedestrian injuryEvan J Weiner
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Florida 32209, USA
J Trauma 66:S10-6. 2009..To compare the epidemiology of pediatric pedestrian injury in Jacksonville, FL to national trends, to analyze geographic distribution of these injuries, and to analyze pedestrian injury severity trends over time...
- Practice trends of dental hygiene students completing specialty tracksJennifer M Ledford
J Dent Hyg 78:4. 2004..The purpose of this research was to determine the practice trends of dental hygiene baccalaureate degree recipients who participated in a specialty track...
- The impact of point of care testing on diabetes services along Victoria's Mallee Track: results of a community-based diabetes risk assessment and management programMark D S Shephard
Flinders University Rural Clinical School, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Rural Remote Health 5:371. 2005..The use of on-site point-of-care (POC) pathology testing equipment was the key component of both arms of the project...
- Itch and atopic dermatitis: clinical and experimental studiesC F Wahlgren
Department of Dermatology, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh) 165:1-53. 1991..abstract truncated at 400 words)..
- Vibration and shock exposure of maintenance-of-way vehicles in the railroad industryEckardt Johanning
Occupational and Environmental Life Science, 4 Executive Park Drive, Albany, NY 12203, USA
Appl Ergon 42:555-62. 2011..Epidemiological studies validating the different shock risk models are lacking. Work modifications and adequate suspension seats would be beneficial for prevention of harmful exposure to vibration and shocks...
- A randomized controlled trial of the effect of service delivery information on patient satisfaction in an emergency department fast trackMelissa L McCarthy
Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Acad Emerg Med 18:674-85. 2011..The objective was to determine the effect on patient satisfaction of providing patients with predicted service completion times...
- Perioperative strategy in colonic surgery; LAparoscopy and/or FAst track multimodal management versus standard care (LAFA trial)Jan Wind
Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands
BMC Surg 6:16. 2006....
- Look--but also listen! ReQuest: an essay on a new validated scale to assess the outcome of GERD treatmentKarna D Bardhan
District General Hospital, Rotherham, UK
Digestion 75:87-100. 2007..This paper reviews the background, development, testing, and validation of the instrument and shows how its flexibility allows it to be used in new ways to assess different aspects of GERD...
- [No potentiation of fentanyl by use of transdermal buprenorphine in patients undergoing fast-track anesthesia for open-heart surgery]E Freye
Klinik für Gefässchirurgie und Nierentransplantation, Universitätskliniken Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf
Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 41:86-92. 2006..Data was compared with another randomised group (n = 21) undergoing similar open-heart procedures with no other opioid than fentanyl on board...
- Impact of Antibiotics and Vaccines on the in vivo Evolution of S. pneumoniaeGarth Ehrlich; Fiscal Year: 2009..Genetic constructs and crosses will have t..
- Pancreas Cancer Specialized Program of Research Excelle*Anton Wellstein; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Bioconductor: an open computing resource for genomicsRobert Gentleman; Fiscal Year: 2007..While that type of "success measure" is hard to assess, more effort in this area in subsequent proposals would be helpful. ..
- COMPUTER-AIDED TOOL FOR DIAGNOSTIC BREAST ULTRASOUNDMichael Galperin; Fiscal Year: 2007..Significant support from potential commercial partners has already been received. ..
- GRADUATE TRAINING IN GENETICSMichael Bender; Fiscal Year: 2006..Kathehne R.' Type the name of the program director at the top of each printed page and each continuation page. (For type specifications, see instructions on page 6.) INSTITUTIONAL NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARD ..
- Consequences of Cardiac Arrest: Brain InjuryNITISH VYOMESH THAKOR; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our work has compelling translational applications: to monitor brain injury after CA in patients and to optimize hypothermia delivery after CA guided by neurological monitoring. ..
- MODULAR BIO-BEHAVIORAL CLOSED-LOOP CONTROL OF TYPE 1 DIABETESBoris Kovatchev; Fiscal Year: 2009..A modular approach will also permit incremental testing and deployment of system features, which will structure and facilitate the progress towards the automated closed-loop control commonly known as artificial pancreas. ..
- CONVENTIONAL INFERTILITY THERAPY VS FAST TRACK TO IVFRichard Reindollar; Fiscal Year: 2004..2) Because insurance coverage for infertility is required by Massachusetts law for all participants, the choice of therapeutic alternatives is not affected by the patients' ability to pay for treatment. ..
- Fatty Acid Synthase Inhibitors: Ovarian Cancer TherapyALBERT OWENS; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..